Scenes from a gas station

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Harry, our Friend Of The Blog ™ over at Self Sufficient Mountain Living is still noting the effects of the regional gas shortage. The stations have gas, but only Premium. Fancy that…the only gas they have available is the most expensive. Whoda thunk it?

Speaking of gas, I’m rotating some fuel and saw this at the local gas station:

20160925_112219There is probably a lot of truth to this. When I go grocery shopping, I often look in other peoples carts and try to imagine what their lives are like based on the things they are buying. I think you might be able to do the same thing with the things people keep in their vehicle. I know one person who had a really nice truck, big, spacious, hardcover on the bed….lotsa room. And you could not fit more than one person in that truck because it was full of gear. It was like a rolling showroom for US Cavalry or Brigade Quartermaster. I’m only a tad less subtle than that, but you could look at all the things in my vehicle and make some pretty solid guesses about where my interests lay.

Gas rotation continues….cycling through the 2-3 year old gas and making sure there are no empty cans. As we’ve discovered, there is no guarantee that the pumps will be running tomorrow, and fuel is right up there in terms of ‘things that are a good idea to stock up on’.

13 First Aid Myths That Could Get Someone Hurt (Or Worse)

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Hollywood and Dr. Google have made everyday people into self-proclaimed medical experts. People with no experience in the medical field know terms like “tension pneumothorax ” because they heard it on television. They know just how to fix it, too. Just jab a pen or a straw into a person’s chest, right? Then there are […]

The post 13 First Aid Myths That Could Get Someone Hurt (Or Worse) appeared first on Urban Survival Site.

GPS Map Datum

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For most hikers, the map datum selection isn’t critical.  New and right out of the box, GPS receivers are set to Map Datum WGS84. And for most hikers that setting will be just fine. Out and back – no problem.


But if you are going to take coordinates taken from a map or from a friend, AND accuracy is important, ensure you use the right map datum.

Map Datum is defined as:

“A mathematical model of the Earth used by map makers.  Datum allows for the accurate transfer of geographic data from a spherical earth to a flat map.  In the United States, there are three common map datum’s found on topographic maps.  These are WGS 84, North American Datum 1927 (NAD27) and NAD83.  Select the datum that is used on the map. ” 

 Not selecting the correct map datum could induce an error of over 100 meters/yards. I emphasize that hiking groups should all be on the “same page” regarding the set-up options of their GPS receivers. 

Map Datum information is found in the map key on most maps.  


While planning a journey or at the trail head, taking the time to adjust settings among hiking partners is critical.  Before departing, validating map datum and coordinate format should be a priority.


First, match the map’s datum.  A topographic map identifies datum in the map key.  Once the datum is identified ensure that all GPS receivers are set to match the correct datum.  See the illustration below.



For more information on GPS setup setting check out:

Improving GPS AccuracySetup Your GPS


     







10 Ways To Heat A Cold Frame Over Winter

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No matter what part of the country you live in, at some point the growing season will come to an end as winter draws near. The days get shorter, the sun gets lower in the sky, and the ground cools and sometimes even freezes. One good hard frost is all it takes to wipe out most garden crops. There is a way, however, to extend your growing season by planting in a cold frame.

A cold frame is basically a box which is slanted and positioned toward the south for maximum sun exposure. The sides can be made of wood, rocks, bricks, metal, plastic, or even hay bales, with a glass or clear plastic lid. Sunlight enters the cold frame and is trapped in the box, keeping your plants much warmer than they would otherwise be out in the garden, allowing them to thrive when they’d otherwise freeze.

Cold frames can be used to start seedlings early to get a jumpstart on the garden. They can also be used to continue growing cool weather crops, such as leafy greens, year-round.

IMPORTANT:

The biggest fallback with Cold Frames is accidentally forgetting to let in cool fall or spring air on really SUNNY days… doing so is like leaving a dog in your car on a hot day with the windows rolled up, LETHAL.  So make sure you use a cold frame that has a NON electric thermostat like this one.

Click here for your NON Electric “thermostat” regulated Cold Frames

If you live in an area that experiences mild winters, you shouldn’t need to artificially heat a cold frame. As a matter of fact, you’ll need to vent it during the daytime so that you don’t fry your plants when the sun is high (been there, done that!). If, however, you live in an area that experiences hard winters and extreme freezing temperatures, you might want to look into alternative ways to add additional heat to your cold frames to keep them above freezing- especially overnight.

Here are 10 ways to heat cold frames over winter…

 

1. Light it up!

Light bulbs can add much needed heat to a cold frame during chilly winter days. Even a string of Christmas lights will add some warmth. You can hang them in the box to dangle over the plants, or weave a string of lights between the plants to keep them nice and cozy.

2. Compost is hot stuff.

As compost breaks down, the fermentation process creates natural heat. Dig a trench and fill it with layers of “brown” and “green” materials: leaves, sticks, compost, manure, grass clippings, etc. As the “lasagna” layers decompose, they release heat which steams up from the soil and keeps the plants warm under the cold frame’s glass.

3. Insulating with bubble wrap.

Insulating a cold frame will help to hold the sun’s natural heat in. Thick bubble wrap taped either to the outside or the inside walls and lid of a cold frame (or greenhouse, as shown) acts as an amazing insulator.

4. Lots of leaves create heat.

This guy shows how he uses a four foot thick pile of leaves to heat his greenhouse during the winter months. The process could easily be converted to use with a cold frame by making the backside of the frame out of chicken wire covered with plastic with holes poked in it, and stacking leaves to insulate this northern wall of the frame. As the leaves break down they’ll introduce the heat of fermentation to the cold frame, warming your plants and helping them to grow.

coldframeplansad

5. Double it up!

By covering a cold frame with an arched plastic hoop house you can trap in even more solar heat, building a nice little microclimate to grow in.

6. A homemade terracotta pot heater.

I’ve seen these homemade terracotta heaters made several different ways, but the idea is to use tea light candles to warm up the terracotta pots, which then absorb and radiate the heat for hours after the candles have burned out. This idea could potentially be used in a cold frame to add warmth. Just be sure to keep it away from flammable materials, as this could definitely be a fire hazard if you aren’t careful. Not something I’ve tried yet, but could be worth experimenting with.

7. Keep it toasty with a rocket stove.

The guys in this video show how they used a wood burning rocket stove to heat a greenhouse. A large row of cold frames could benefit from a similar setup.

Some additional ideas…

  1. Cover the cold frame with a thick blanket overnight to keep in some warmth.
  2. Build the north side of the frame (the back wall) using bricks, blocks, or stones to help absorb the heat from the sun.
  3. Add water bottles painted black to help hold thermal mass inside the cold frame.

 

Do you have any other thoughts on how to heat a cold frame? Please share in the comments section below.

The post 10 Ways To Heat A Cold Frame Over Winter appeared first on .

Sustainable Sundays #19

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It’s Sunday again and time for #SustainableSundays. Maybe this week I’ll get the code right and it’ll actually work. You folks need to drop me a comment when I do something silly like that! Seriously, we are crazy up to our eyeballs in getting ready to move. Just FIVE DAYS! We have appointments for internet […]

The post Sustainable Sundays #19 appeared first on Just Plain Living.

Patriots’ Prayers for 9-25-2016

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A Healing Prayer for America


Heavenly Father, thank you for Your enduring love. A love so great that You sent Your only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. Jesus died a violent death to pay the penalty for our sins, to free us from the powers of darkness. On the third day, He rose from the dead, ascended into heaven, and sits at Your right hand.

As individuals, we are all sinners. As a people, as a nation, we also have sinned and turned away from You. As a nation, we have replaced the authority and perfection of Your Word with the whim of our own opinions for our standards of right and wrong. We no longer keep Your commandments, or follow Your teachings.

We come before You now to place all our sins upon the cross of Jesus, and ask to be washed clean by His precious blood. Forgive us, and help us to turn back to You as our Lord, our Standard, our Authority. We confess Your lordship over every aspect of our lives and our nation. Help us to turn back to You, and follow Your ways once again.

In the Name of our Savior, Jesus the Christ, we pray.  Amen.

Please read the Word of God this week!

Reading the Bible on a regular basis is something everyone needs to do. Not just occasionally. Not just once a week. Daily reading of God’s Word is essential for building  solid relationship with our Father in Heaven. If you are not doing so already, please make daily Bible reading a part of your life. There are dozens, if not hundreds or more, Bible reading plans you can follow. Your Bible may contain a daily reading plan. Several others can be found at the Bible Gateway website. Ask your pastor or priest for one. I will also start listing suggested readings each week as part of Patriot’s Prayers. Or simply design your own reading plan, as random or as organized as you wish. Whatever plan you choose, please start reading the bible every single day.

Sunday = Genesis 1:1 – 2:3
Monday = Genesis 2:4 – 3:24
Monday = John 3:1-21
Tuesday = Ephesians 6:10-19
Wednesday = Psalm 51
Thursday = Luke 5:1-11
Friday = Luke 6:27-36
Saturday = Psalm 119

Survival Medicine Hour: Larry Keilberg of SelfDefenseFund, Diabetes, More

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gunshot wound kit

Legal Self Defense (pictured: Amy’s Gunshot Kit)

Survival Medicine Hour, September 23, 2016, with Joe and Amy Alton. We discuss the prevalent market on Ebay for fake C.A.T tourniquets, and a couple things to look out for. The increasing epidemic of diabetes, and what the world might look like if we make changes and if we don’t. The World Health Organization announced a 4-fold increase in the number of diabetic diagnoses in the past 35 years.

If you plan to defend you or your family from harm, through self defense, using ANY item, whether gun, knife, a lamp or even hands, this interview with Larry Keilberg may provide your best protection from going to jail. When force is used, deadly or otherwise, the police and court systems are not always quick to render you innocent. Long trials and expensive defense teams can ruin your life. The SelfDefenseFund.com offers a very reasonable policy to cover you and family members in the case of self defense. From expert testimony, top lawyers and a team of defense planning, you will be defended by the best. Larry Keilberg is a founding member of The National Association for Legal Gun Defense, and is an excellent source of information. Don’t miss this interview.

To listen in, click below:

http://www.blogtalkradio.com/survivalmedicine/2016/09/23/survival-medicine-hour-larry-keilberg-of-selfdefensefund-diabetes-more

 

Wishing you the best of health in good times or bad,

 

Joe and Amy Alton

joe and amy radio

Fill those holes in your medical supplies by checking out Nurse Amy’s entire line of medical kits and supplies at AltonFirstAid.com!

The Simple House Photo Tour Update – One Week Till Move In Day!

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It’s hard to believe, but we are down to just 6 short days until Move In Day at the farm! The water, electric, gas, heat and air have all been hooked up – and the mad dash to complete a million little last-minute projects is

The post The Simple House Photo Tour Update – One Week Till Move In Day! appeared first on Old World Garden Farms.

Matthew 16:18

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 And I say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church; and the gates of Hades (death) will not overpower it [by preventing the resurrection of the Christ].

    This is a very well known, and powerful Bible verse.  In fact, I have written on it before, but from a completely different perspective.  But because I believe that one Scripture can speak to us on multiple levels, I have no problem accepting both viewpoints.  
     First, let’s establish the context in which Jesus is speaking.  He has just asked one of His Disciples, Simon, son of Jonah, who men claim Jesus to be, and Simon bar-Jonah has answered that some say He is John the Baptist, while others say He is Elijah, Jeremiah, or another of God’s prophets.  But, Christ wants to know who Simon bar-Jonah says He is, and Simon answers truthfully, and correctly, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God!” 
     Simon then receives Jesus’s blessing because he had received that knowledge directly from the Father, Himself, rather than man.  And then Jesus bestows upon Simon bar-Jonah a worthy designation … calling him Peter, which in Greek, was Petros, meaning a specific, detached large fragment of rock.  It is my opinion, that by bestowing that appellation on Peter, Jesus is signifying that Peter will be a solid, substantial disciple, fixed and stayed, and one that can be counted on for strength and stability in the face of opposition that will come concerning Him.
     This statement is followed by a comma, which in grammar is used for separating parts of a sentence such as clauses, and items in lists, particularly when there are three or more items listed.  Well we have three items listed here:  1) proclaiming Peter as a rock, or Petros (masculine form of the word),  2) on this rock, or Petra (feminine form of the word, meaning “a massive rock; a high rocky peak) Jesus will build His Church, and 3) the gates of Hades will not overpower it.  Besides the difference, in Greek, between Petros and Petra, this is the first indication that the second mention of “the rock” is different than the first.
     For as long as I can remember, the Church has taught that Jesus was declaring that He was building His Church upon Peter’s leadership  (whose name meant “rock”).  In fact, the Roman Catholic Church sees Peter as the first pope upon whom God had chosen to build His church, and that Peter had supremacy over the other apostles.  I’m sorry, but I do not see that in Scripture.
     Rather, it makes more sense to me that Jesus is praising Peter for his steadfastness and his faith, and then announces that He, Himself, will be the bedrock or cornerstone of His Church.  I can now read this simple sentence in a new light, and picture what it is portraying … Jesus with His hand on Peter’s shoulder, saying “Yes, you are a rock”.  Then, pointing to Himself, says, “And it is on this rock that I will build My church”.  Perhaps he laid his hand on his breast, as he did in John 2:19, Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days.”
     Peter, himself, identifies Jesus as “the chief cornerstone” in 1 Peter 2, and refers to all believers as “living stones”.  There is no other rock upon which the Church stands.  It is imperative that we understand that Christ is both the Founder and the Foundation of the Church.  It just seems logical to me that Jesus was praising Peter for his accurate statement about Him, and was introducing His work of building the church upon Himself.
     And then because it is His Church, and He is the cornerstone and foundation upon which it is built, He goes on to declare that the forces of death and darkness can’t prevail against or conquer the Church. I like how the Greek New Testament states this truth:  And the councils of the unseen world cannot overpower it.  That certainly speaks to my understanding of the principalities, authorities, and rulers of wickedness in the spiritual realm that Paul refers to in Ephesians 6. 
     Another way to look at what Jesus is saying is that this is a declaration that neither the plots, strategies, nor strength of Satan and his angels, will ever destroy the sacred truths of the Gospel Message; that Jesus is the Son of God, He died to pay for our sins, and He was resurrected by the power of God. 
     We get the sense that Jesus is promising to preserve and secure His Church — that while the world still exists, Christ will have a Church in it, in spite of all the opposition of the powers of darkness… They shall not prevail against it.  
     This is the philosophical and psychological explanation of this profound Scripture.  But as I mentioned at the beginning, there is a different perspective.  And it happens to be the historical perspective, which sees this verse in the context of where they were standing when Jesus was speaking.  At the time that I wrote that post, I was convinced that the historical perspective was the correct one.  But I now believe that both perspectives have validity and have no problem accepting both positions as Truth, because neither invalidates the supremacy of Christ or His Church.  I believe that the Truth of the Bible is big enough to accommodate several levels of understanding.  That is what makes it such an amazing testament of our God!

12 Animals To Learn Climbing Skills From

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survivopedia-12-animals-to-learn-climbing-tips-from

It’s amazing to see how coordinated animals are when they climb, like a ballet played out in nature. Still, climbing skills are not about music or art, but reaching a safe point to stand on. Sometimes, climbing it’s only about survival.

Many people overlook improving their climbing skills, and when it comes time to use a rope for climbing, they are unable to manage the situation.

Being able to climb is vital for many areas of interest. It is often done competitively, in jobs that rely on it, for recreational purposes, in emergency rescue, and in military operations. No matter whether you are trying to climb a mountain, a tree, stairs, or scale a building, there is much you can learn by watching how animals achieve similar goals.

If you take the time to watch and observe animals in the wild, each animal group has developed their own special way to climb and descend mountains, trees, and different objects with various textures. Some of these climbing and descending techniques are very simple and quite remarkable to watch and study.

The animals play out great acts of balance as they carry out death defying actions. These activities would kill or seriously injure us if we tried to duplicate them without adapting the techniques to the human form.

These 12 animals are the best for teaching you the climbing tips required in a survival situation. Do you know them?

1. Bears

When bears climb, they look very much like humans climbing. Bears are excellent climbers of both trees and cliffs. They have sharp rugged claws on their front and back feet they can easily grip the surface of trees and cliffs.

Black bears have short, strong claws, a smaller size, and less weight than grizzly bears. The grizzly bear has thicker and longer claws that are more of a hindrance, however they can still climb a tree or cliff faster than a human. Both of these bears wrap their long limbs around the trunk of trees to climb upward or downward. Because of their weight the bears will stay closer to the main trunk and not go out on the smaller weaker branches.

When bears climb up cliffs they use their claws for gripping the rough cliffs walls and to make hand holds to better climb.

Video first seen on Stephanie Latimer.

Climbing Tip: To mimic bears climbing methods, you can use tree climbing spikes commonly used to climb telephone poles.

2. Domestic Cats and Wild Cats

Cats have the ability to climb almost anything from trees to stucco walls. All cats, both big and small, rely on their sharp claws and their will to climb up or down man-made structures, mountains, or trees. Cats – whatever their breed and size are – are very strong climbers and use their strength and balance to overcome any problems during the climb.

Video first seen on Mark Mckelvie.

Climbing Tip: You can learn a lot about how to balance by watching cats climb. While they use their tail as a counterweight, you can use your posture.

3. Monkeys and Baboons

Monkeys and baboons, which are built a lot like humans, are excellent tree climbers and also have the ability to climb cliffs. Like cats, monkeys and baboons benefit from having long tails which they move around as a counter balance.

With their flexible toes they can grab outcroppings or branches as easily as humans can with their fingers. Some monkeys and baboons prefer to live on sheer cliff faces because this keeps them up and out of reach of natural predators like leopards and cheetahs.

Video first seen on Animals World.

Climbing Tip: Since these creatures are built a lot like humans and look similar to us when they climb, you can mimic some of their climbing methods.

4. Goats in Morocco’s Argan Forest

These domesticated goats have been trained to climb trees to graze. When the Argan fruit nuts on these trees are ready to be harvested, the goats eat the fruit, digest it, and passes the seed nuts. The nuts shells are now softer and easier to crack open by the farmers.

The goats’ hooves have two toes that can grip the nut tree as they climb up. Although this tree is about 25 feet tall, it bushes out with thick heavy branches that will hold the weight of several goats.

Video first seen on CBSN.

Climbing Tip: Watch the way the goats use two toes to climb and think about how you can do something similar with tabi boots.

5. Mountain Goats

The mountain goat has the ability to climb almost vertical mountain walls. They do this with a beautiful grace of movement. The sides of the goat’s toes consist of the same hard keratin found on the hoof of a horse or deer. Each of the toes has wrap around toenails that can be used to catch and hold to a crack or a tiny knob of rock.

Since there is also a traction pad that extends slightly past the nail, it can support the weight of the goat as it climbs upwards. This pad also has a rough textured surface that provides a great amount of friction on smooth rock or ice.

Video first seen on Arvor Pepper.

And wait, there is more to tell about climbing goats! Look at these Alpin goats climbing a dam wall in Italy:

Video first seen on AFP news agency.

Climbing Tip: Man can learn balance, being sure footed, path planning, and grace from the mountain goats. You can also look for climbing aides that resemble the nail and toe structure of these animals.

6. Sloths

Sloths are very slow moving animals, but still very effective climbers. They use long, hooked claws to reach upper branches, and then simply dangle from them. When a sloth climbs up a tree, they climb head up with their arms, legs, and claws wrapped around the tree.

When a sloth descends a tree, they back down the tree carefully with their arms, legs, and claws gripping the tree.

Video first seen on mermaid5651.

Climbing Tip: The sloth can teach man to take it easy when climbing. Do your climb slowly and methodically. Finally plan out your climb to be as safe as possible.

7. Raccoons

Racoons are excellent climbers no matter whether they are trying to navigate exterior walls of houses, fences, or trees.

With their long claws and very flexible fingers and toes, they can grip very rough surfaces or smooth ones with ease. They can be quick and methodical in their climbing techniques. Some people believe that a raccoon can think and that they can solve climbing problems quickly.

Video first seen on Newsflare.

Climbing Tip: A raccoon can teach you to study what you are about to climb and choose the best tools for safety. You can use some of their finger and toe techniques as long as you also understand how the lack of claws may make it more difficult for you to use the same methods.

8. Snakes

The fact that snakes can climb trees is common knowledge. Snakes can also climb vertical walls if need be. These reptiles use a form of locomotion in which some parts of their body stop and grip while other parts extend forward to climb. Snakes have unbelievable flexibility with hundreds of vertebrae and very precise muscle control. They can also extend scales on the underside of their body for increased grip.

Video first seen on Steve Crumbaker.

Climbing Tip: From snakes, you can learn about the use of suction and gripping when climbing.

9. Squirrels

Not only can squirrels climb trees, but they also have the ability to climb a vertical concrete wall. This is due to their sharp, hook like claws. They also have highly mobile ankles that allows them to rotate their back feet around backwards, which allows them to hang from and climb a variety of surfaces.

Video first seen on jazevox.

Climbing Tip: Squirrels teach man to be flexible and not stiff when climbing. Balance is also very important to stay on the mountain or when climbing a tree.

10. Coconut Crab

The coconut crab is one of the few crabs that can climb trees. These crabs are found on islands in the Indian Ocean. They can grow to about three feet across and weighs about ten pounds and they feed mainly on fruits and vegetables.

As their name implies, they also have a great love for coconuts. The coconut crabs will actually climb trees using their long, spiny legs, which they wrap around the tree trunk. When they are high enough, they use their large heavy claws to cut and snatch down coconuts. Sometimes the crabs drop the coconuts to the ground, or they will carry them down the tree to the ground.

Video first seen on clynt25.

Climbing Tip: As you watch these crabs, you can learn more about how to wrap your arms and legs around a small tree trunk, how to get a better grip on the tree you wish to climb and how to collect coconuts.

11. Spiders

The spider’s legs are studded with microscopic hairs which allow them to stick, and to walk on walls and ceilings by electrostatic attraction. Spiders also have tiny tarsal claws that can grip the minute textures of surfaces, even though these surfaces appear smooth to the naked eye.

Video first seen on Animalist.

Climbing Tip: You can look for suction cups and similar devices that might mimic the hairs and hooks used by spiders.

12. Geckos

Geckos have the ability to walk up the smoothest surfaces. They use micro-hairs on their feet called setae to adhere via van der Waals forces (basically this causes molecules to adhere to each other).

Video first seen on John Tandler.

Climbing Tip: When choosing shoes for climbing, look for ones that have treads that will do something similar to the setae on gecko feet.

Man has a lot of things to learn from animals on how to climb mountains or trees. Animals make it look so simple, but remember it took many generations for their bodies to adapt, and for them to acquire the special skills to use those adaptions.

You can still use some of their methods when developing your own climbing skills, or choosing gear that will make climbing easier and safer.

If you have any experience in using climbing techniques, please share them with our community in the comment section below.

TLW_banner1

This article has been written by Fred Tyrell for Survivopedia.

Further reading

http://www.boredpanda.com/adopted-cat-climbing-partner-craig-armstrong-millie/

https://www.sciencenews.org/blog/wild-things/what-animal-world%E2%80%99s-best-rock-climber

http://blogs.britannica.com/2011/01/mountain-climbing-ruminants-masters-of-locomotion-on-near-vertical-terrain/

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You Need This Much Water To Store For Survival

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You need this much water to store for survival, this is an updated post about the one thing we cannot survive without. Yep, it’s all about water. It is vital we learn the amounts we need to store to sustain life. Many times in natural disasters the electricity goes down and we are unable to access water via our kitchen faucets, etc. Sometimes the water is contaminated from flooding and cross-contamination from sewage. You will need water for a minimum of three days. If we don’t have water, we will not be able to use many of the freeze dried or dehydrated food we plan to eat every day in these kinds of situations. Some garden hoses have lead in them, so be sure use a lead-free hose to fill your containers. There are numerous containers available in which to store water; use a container that works for you and your family.

The big difference between storing water with bleach (that now has different chemicals than years ago) and this other product available, is the fact that Water Preserver only has to be rotated every five years. I’m just giving you the heads up here, it’s the ONLY one I use, period. It’s approved by the EPA. 55 Gallon Water Preserver Concentrate 5 Year Emergency Disaster Preparedness, Survival Kits, Emergency Water Storage, Earthquake, Hurricane, SafetyPlease note the American Red Cross recommends one gallon per person per day. I get thirsty just typing that statement. I have to have more than that to feel safe and secure. It’s who I am. Here is the statement by the American Red Cross: American Red Cross please check out page 7 in this pamphlet.

How much water to store:

  • 1 gallon per day per person to stay hydrated. If you live in a HOT area you might need more.
  • 4 gallons per day, per person, allows for personal hygiene, washing of dishes, etc.
  • 5 to12 gallons per day would be needed for a conventional toilet
  • 1/2 to two gallons for a pour flush latrine

Storing water-boiling water for use:

  • Boil filtered and settled water vigorously for one minute (at altitudes above one mile, boil for three minutes).
  • To improve the flat taste of boiled water, aerate it by pouring it back and forth from one container to another and allow it to stand for a few hours, or add a pinch of salt for each quart or liter of water boiled.

Storing water-bleaching/purifying water:

  • Information from Clorox: “When boiling water for 1 minute is not possible in an emergency situation, you can disinfect your drinking water with Clorox®Regular-Bleach as follows:
  • Remove suspended particles by filtering or letting particles settle to the bottom.
  • Pour off clear water into a clean container.
  • Add 8 drops of Clorox® Regular-Bleach (not scented or Clorox® Plus® bleaches) to one gallon of water (2 drops to 1 quart). For cloudy water, use 16 drops per gallon of water (4 drops to 1 quart).
  • Allow the treated water to stand for 30 minutes. Water should have a slight bleach odor. If not, repeat and wait another 15 minutes. The treated water can then be made palatable by pouring it between clean containers several times”.
  • Clorox: Clorox Website

Water Preserver (rotate every 5 years):

55 Gallon Water Preserver Concentrate 5 Year Emergency Disaster Preparedness, Survival Kits, Emergency Water Storage, Earthquake, Hurricane, Safety

  • Water Preserver is recommended by Top Emergency Professionals
  • It is approved by the EPA

Big Berkey:

Berkey Big BK4X2 Countertop Water Filter System with 2 Black Berkey Elements and 2 Fluoride Filters

  • According to the instructions you can Purify 12,000 gallons before replacing the Elements.
  • It stands about 8.5″ Deep X 19.25″ High (13″ when nestled inside of each other for storage)
  • It is made of stainless steel and can purify approximately 190 gallons a day

Berkey Sport Bottle:

Berkey Sport Bottle Portable Water Purifier

  • Size of a water bottle (great for 72-hour kit):
  • The Berkey Sport-Bottle has a 50-year shelf life. Refill Capacity: 22-ounce bottles
  • Water from any source: 160 refills
  • Water from Municipal Water: 640 refills

Storing water-WaterBrick Water Container :

WaterBrick 1833-0001 Stackable Water and Food Storage Container, 3.5 gal of Liquid, 27 lb of Dry Food Products, Blue

Water Storage Containers – WaterBrick – 8 Pack Blue

WaterBrick WB-0001 Ventless Spigot Assembly, Fits Both WaterBrick Water Container Sizes, Blue/White/Red

  • Dimensions: 9″ X 18″ X 6″
  • Each container holds 3.5 gallons
  • These are stackable; 16 will fit under a queen-sized bed (56 gallons total)
  • They stack/interlock for easy storage as well, yet you can easily grab one and go.
  • Add 1/2 teaspoon of Water Preserver to store for five years, rotate water every five years.

Storing water-Emergency Purified Drinking Water:

Datrex Emergency Survival Water Pouch (Pack of 64), 125ml

  • This is an envelope size “bag” of water that lasts 5 years. It’s a perfect size for 72-hour kits.
  • These are U.S. Coast Guard approved and have a little over 4 ounces in each packet
  • These have a shelf life of 5 years

My Favorite Canned Water:

Blue Can – Premium Emergency Drinking Water

These might seem expensive at first glance, but they last 50 years. The water does not need to be filtered. Place a box once a month under your bed. You’ll be glad you did!

Canned Water:

Case of Canned Drinking Water (12 cans)

  • Comes in a can and has a shelf life of 30 years.
  • This water will survive severe conditions of extreme cold and intense heat for 30+ years.
  • For complete details of testing and processing information: www.worldgrocer.com

Thanks again for being prepared for the unexpected. May God bless your family for doing what you can afford to do to protect your family. Trust me, the government will not be there to help all the people, they do not have the means to help all of us. We are responsible for our survival, no one else. Please do not depend on your neighbors to have all the water, food or skills to help you. YOU must be prepared for whatever comes your way. We need to store water and lots of it.

My favorite things:

Lodge Camp Dutch Oven, 6 Qt

Lodge A1-12 Camp Dutch Oven Tote Bag, 12-inch

Lodge A5DLL Deluxe Lid Lifter

Goal Zero Torch 250 Flashlight with Integrated Solar Panel

Goal Zero 41022 Guide 10 Plus Solar Recharging Kit

The post You Need This Much Water To Store For Survival appeared first on Food Storage Moms.

Foods Carried on the Oregon Trail

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Food on the Oregon TrailThe Oregon Trail was an exhausting, sometimes treacherous, 2,000-mile journey that connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon and locations in between. Over half a million stalwart souls were brave enough to leave the relative comfort of civilization at that time and venture off into strange and unknown lands.

We know a surprising amount of the Oregon Trail experience because so many travelers wrote journals, sent letters home, and even wrote books and newspaper articles. True Accounts of Life in a Covered Wagon and Ox-Team Days on the Oregon Trail are vivid, first-person accounts of this harrowing journey.

Most of these pioneers traveled by covered wagons, which were pulled by oxen and horses. Those wagons carried not only passengers and a few personal belongings, but over 1000 pounds of food! They were hoping to add to those food stores with hunting, fishing, and foraging, but none of that was guaranteed, so they had to give careful consideration to the most essential food items.

The journey from beginning to end took from 4 to 6 months. When you think about how much food your family consumes in that time frame, it’s a lot of food.

Packing food for the Oregon Trail

From historical documents, the following was the recommended amounts of food per adult

The recommended amount of food to take per adult was 150 pounds of flour, 20 pounds of corn meal, 50 pounds of bacon, 40 pounds of sugar, 10 pounds of coffee, 15 pounds of dried fruit, 5 pounds of salt, half a pound of saleratus (baking soda, baking powder leavening mix), 2 pounds of tea, 5 pounds of rice, and 15 pounds of beans.

These provisions were usually kept in water-tight containers or barrels to minimize spoilage. The usual meal for breakfast, lunch, and dinner along the trail was bacon, beans, and coffee, with biscuits or bread. The typical cost of food for four people for six months was about $150. In today’s dollars, that would be about $3000.

The amount of food required was lessened if beef cattle, calves, or sheep were taken for a walking food supply. Prior to the 1870s, there were vast herds of buffalo in Nebraska which provided fresh meat and jerky for the trip. In general, wild game could not be depended on for a regular source of food, but when found it was relished as a welcome change in a monotonous diet. Travelers could hunt antelope, buffalo, sage hens, trout, and occasionally elk, bear, duck, geese, salmon and deer along the trail. Most travelers carried a rifle or shotgun and ammunition for hunting game and for protection against snakes and Indian attacks.

When they got to the Snake River and Columbia River areas they would often trade with the Indians for salmon. The Indians in Oregon traded potatoes and other vegetables they had learned to grow from the missionaries. Some families took along milk cows, goats, and chickens (penned in crates tied to the wagons). Additional food like pickles, canned butter, cheese, or pickled eggs were occasionally carried, but canned goods were expensive and food preservation was primitive, so few items could be safely kept for the four to six month duration of the trip.

Cooking along the trail was done over a campfire. No cookbooks were used, so pioneer cooks used the feel of dough, the look of cooked beans, and the smell of a hot dish to get their cooking just right. I describe it as an art form in this article.

Fuels used were wood, buffalo chips, willow or sagebrush. Flint and steel were used to start fires. Some carried matches in water-tight containers. Fire was borrowed from a neighbor for ease of starting, and who could blame them? Life on the trail was hard enough without having to make a fire from scratch every single time.

Cooking required simple cooking utensils such as butcher knives, large spoons, spatulas, ladles, Dutch ovens, pots and pans, grills, spits, coffee pots and an iron tripod to suspend the pans and pots over the fire. Some brought small stoves, but these were often jettisoned along the way as being too heavy and unnecessary.

Wooden or canvas buckets were brought for carrying water, and most travelers carried canteens or water bags for daily use. A ten gallon water barrel was needed, but it was usually kept nearly empty to minimize weight (some water had to be kept in it to prevent it from drying out and losing its water tightness). It was only filled for long waterless stretches. Some brought a new invention: an India Rubber combination mattress and water carrier.

Clothing and equipment*

Tobacco was popular, both for personal use and for trading with Indians and other pioneers. Each person brought at least two changes of clothes and multiple pairs of boots (two to three pairs often wore out on the trip). About 25 pounds of soap was recommended for a party of four for bathing and washing clothes. A washboard and tub was usually brought for washing clothes. Wash days typically occurred once or twice a month or less, depending on availability of good grass, water and fuel.

Most wagons carried tents for sleeping, though in good weather, most would sleep outside. A thin, fold-up mattress, blankets, pillows, canvas or rubber gutta percha ground covers were used for sleeping. Sometimes an unfolded feather bed mattress was brought for the wagon if there were pregnant women or very young children along. The wagons had no springs, and the ride along the trail was very rough. Despite modern depictions, almost nobody actually rode in the wagons; it was too dusty, too rough, and hard on the livestock.

Travelers brought books, Bibles, trail guides, and writing quills, ink and paper for letters. About one person in 200 kept a diary.

Belts and folding knives were carried by nearly all men and boys. Awls, scissors, pins, needles and thread for mending were required, reminding us that basic sewing skills ar essential for survival. Spare leather was used for repairs to shoes, harnesses, and other equipment. Some used goggles to keep dust out of the eyes. Storage boxes were ideally the same height so they could be arranged to give a flat surface inside the wagon for a sleeping platform.

Saddles, bridles, hobbles, and ropes were needed if the party had a horse or riding mule, and many men did. Extra harnesses and spare wagon parts were often carried. Most carried steel shoes for oxen, mules or horses. Tar was carried to help repair an injured ox’s hoof.

Goods, supplies and equipment were often shared by fellow travelers. Items that were forgotten, broken, or worn out could be bought from a fellow traveler, a post or a fort along the way. New iron shoes for horses, mules, and oxen were put on by blacksmiths found along the way. Equipment repairs and other goods could be procured from blacksmith shops established at some forts and some ferries. Emergency supplies, repairs, and livestock were often provided by local residents in Oregon, California, and Utah for late travelers on the trail who were hurrying to beat the snow.

Non-essential items were often abandoned to lighten the load or in case of emergency. Many travelers would salvage discarded items, picking up essentials, or leaving their behind their lower quality item when a better one was found abandoned along the road. Some profited by collecting discarded items and hauling them back to jumping off places and reselling them.

In the early years Mormons sent scavenging parties back along the trail to salvage as much iron and other supplies as possible and haul it to Salt Lake City, where supplies of all kinds were needed. Others would use discarded wagons, wheels and furniture as firewood. During the 1849 gold rush, Fort Laramie was known as “Camp Sacrifice” because of the large amounts merchandise discarded nearby. Travelers had pushed along the relatively easy path to Fort Laramie with their luxury items but discarded them before the difficult mountain crossing ahead and after discovering that many items could be purchased at the forts or located for free along the way. Some travelers carried their excess goods to Salt Lake City to be sold.

Professional tools used by blacksmiths, carpenters, and farmers were carried by nearly all. Shovels, crow bars, picks, hoes, mattocks, saws, hammers, axes and hatchets were used to clear or make a road through trees or brush, cut down the banks to cross a wash or steep banked stream, build a raft or bridge, or repair the wagon. In general as little road work as possible was done.  Travel was often along the top of ridges to avoid the brush and washes common in many valleys.

A different food list was made by the from Joel Palmer’s guide that would include for each adult:

  • two hundred pounds of flour
  • thirty pounds of pilot bread
  • seventy-five pounds of bacon
  • ten pounds of rice
  • five pounds of coffee
  • two pounds of tea
  • twenty-five pounds of sugar
  • half a bushel of dried beans
  • one bushel of dried fruit
  • two pound of saleratus [baking soda]
  • ten pounds of salt
  • half a bushel of corn meal
  • half a bushel of corn, parched and ground
  • a small keg of vinegar should also be taken

The post Foods Carried on the Oregon Trail appeared first on Preparedness Advice.

Looking to Disappear

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I am a 36 year old white male living in Florida. I am looking to get out of here, as the climate is awful, it’s too coastal, and there are a million laws against living off grid. I do have 2 advanced science degrees and a great job, but not true fulfillment. I am scared with the state of the country, and the world. Things are on a destructive course that I don’t think can be reversed anymore. I am a 9 year Army vet, with 5 in Spec Ops, so I do have strong survival skills and experience.  I’m looking at disappearing in the woods somewhere in TN, AL, WV, NC or somewhere similar. I have all the gear I need and just am looking for a companion. Someone to talk to, look out for each other, and have my back during the zombie apocalypse. I don’t have any family,  and no real ties to anyone, so when I say I want to disappear I mean that completely. No cell phone or computer, no ties to modern conveniences or the grid, no way for the government to track and oppress me or put me in some FINA camp once matrial law starts. If you’re interested in joining me on this permanent, life-changing adventure, contact me and tell me about yourself. I am looking to do this sooner than later for sure.

The post Looking to Disappear appeared first on Living Off the Grid: Free Yourself.

Minimalist Prepping!

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Minimalist Prepping! Tom Martin “Galt$trike” This show in player below! On the following episode of Galt Strike I have Bob Hawkins again to discuss minimalist prepping. Do we really need so much stuff? How about prepping with much less? I always get asked what is the best thing to invest in prepping. My answer is always skills. … Continue reading Minimalist Prepping!

The post Minimalist Prepping! appeared first on Prepper Broadcasting |Network.

7 DAY CHALLENGE – DAY 6: PRIORITIZE

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day5

Sunday September 25

Well aren’t you glad THAT’S over with? It really is amazing how much you can learn when you “practice” preparedness. Now is a good time to reflect with your family, answer some questions, and prioritize what your plan of attack will be to go forward and improve on your preparedness plans.

To help you with prioritizing we have some checklists for you. Print 2 copies of these lists off.
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  • COPY 1: BRAINSTORM– The first time through list ANYTHING you can think of from the last few days that your family needed to learn, to do, and to buy. Don’t worry about the order.
  • COPY 2: PRIORITY LIST– After you have listed all the things you needed to learn, to do, and to buy, re-write them on the second copy in order of importance. This will give you a prioritized actionable game plan moving forward.

Put these lists in a place you will see and be reminded of your goals. Consider asking for some of these items for Christmas or birthdays. Plan family nights around learning new skills. Use family time to do projects you have been putting off.


The post 7 DAY CHALLENGE – DAY 6: PRIORITIZE appeared first on Food Storage Made Easy.

Aftermarket Carriers For Survivalist Blades

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      Over the years I have gone through a number of carriers for different tools. Chief among them are my knives. Although the sheaths some knives come with are acceptable, I usually have a problem with them because I am a southpaw, and most knife sheaths are designed for right handers. The durability […]

Why Fall May Be The Best Time To Plant Your Onions

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Why Fall May Be The Best Time To Plant Your Onions

Image source: Pixabay.com

 

Onions may well have been among the first edible foods grown in domestic gardens, as the history of the domestic onion goes back thousands of years – seeds have been found in ancient Egyptian tombs — and they are still one of the most common vegetables found in modern kitchens.

Most people who grow their own onions plant them during spring, but did you know it is possible to get a head start on your harvest by planting in the fall, as well? There are several advantages of planting in the fall. First, it is a time when there a fewer garden chores that need done. Also, onions that have been planted this time of year are often more productive and reliable than their spring counterparts. They are less vulnerable to common pests that enjoy munching on them.

Like their garlic cousins, onions can be very hardy and cold tolerant. You simply have to keep a few things in mind if you choose to plant them during autumn.

Planting Your Onions

Fall onions tend to do well if planted between early September to late October (provided the ground is not frozen). It often works well to plant them following the harvest of a summer crop such as potatoes, as you already have ground that has been dug.

While it is possible to grow onions from seed, it is much more common (and easier!) for backyard gardeners to grow them from sets or immature bulbs. Over winter, these sets have the opportunity to establish a healthy root system before their green shoots emerge in the spring.

Looking For Onions For Your Garden? Get Them From A Family-Owned Company You Can Trust!

Choose a relatively weed-free area that gets full sun and that has firm, well-draining soil. To avoid possible disease, do not plant onions where you have grown other onions, carrots, beetroot or garlic during the previous season.

Sets of onions should be planted about one-inch deep, allowing the tip of the bulblet to slightly poke above ground level. If the tips are on the long side, you can trim them down to the shoulder of the bulb first. Space your onions 3-4 inches apart.

Caring for Onions

Why Fall May Be The Best Time To Plant Your Onions

Image source: Pixabay.com

One of the nice things about planting onions during the fall is that they don’t really require a great deal of care. Your sets will only grow for a few weeks before the colder temperatures send them into a kind of semi-hibernation mode.

Still, you need to ensure that the area in which they are planted has few weeds and that they do not get waterlogged.

Sets of onions may be watered once after they’ve been planted, and after that normal fall rain should be enough to give them the water that they need. If you live in an area that gets excessive fall rain, you may not find it worth it to plant during autumn.

Varieties to Plant

Planting onions during fall is not something that can be done with every variety. Many types simply will not survive freezing temperatures, so you have to choose carefully. For gardeners in zone 6 or colder, you should cover your plants with straw or mulch and use plastic sheeting or tunnels to help them survive the winter.

Among the best varieties of onions to plant during fall are:

  1. Senshyu yellow – this cold hardy onion produces a semi-flat, average-sized bulb with yellow skin.
  2. Radar – this type of onion has light-brown skin and boasts a mild to medium flavor. This type of onion also stores better than many other varieties of onion when harvested during June.
  3. Electric – a red-skinned onion that has red and white flesh. This variety has a medium to strong flavor and can be stored for up to four weeks.
  4. Valencia – these onions have a golden to brown skin and a mild, somewhat sweet flavor. They tend to do well in almost any region.
  5. Talon F1 – these form hard, uniformly shaped bulbs with golden brown skin and white flesh.
  6. Red baron – a very pretty variety that has deep red skin. The flesh is mostly white, but has red to purple inner rings.
  7. Evergreen hardy bunching onion – one of the most cold-tolerant varieties! Can be overwintered in even northern regions such as Vermont. Grows in dense, green clumps.
  8. Bandit leeks – produces nice blue-green flags and a thick white base with very little bulbing.

Your Spring Harvest

Overwintered onions are generally producing bulbs by May and reach their full size by June. Harvest your onions before or shortly after you see a scape appear.

These onions will not last in storage as long as other onions, so it is best to use them fresh — in the same way you would use scallions.

Do you have any fall-planting tips for onions? Share your tips in the section below: