Nat Geo Bought By a Global Media Mogul born on March 11, 1933

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Murdoch just bought Nat Geo.

Nat Geo had unmoderated comments and a huge following.   When I posted there on nuclear information matters, a lot of people heard.     hmmmmmm

21st Century Fox’s Takeover of National Geographic Just Got Off to an Ugly Start—With Layoffs

Comment to NRC on Recalculating Risk and Value of Life Comment Period NUREG

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Comment to the NRC

I think it is good thing to properly increase the value of life, in evaluating how radiation and heavy metal releases from nuclear plants under normal operating conditions and when emergencies happen.

So the purported intent of this regulation is supported.

I am well educated in the nuclear, radiation, and overall energy fields.     Having an MSME from the University of Michigan in Thermal Fluids and Material Science, and having worked in the energy industry since 1985, I feel well justified in making the following comments:  

But not how it is worded, which appears to leave plenty of “outs” to allow continued damage to the citizens and ratepayers who pay the salaries of the NRC and our government overall. 

1st, the older you get, does not make your life less valuable.   And this also assumes that all radiation does is cause cancer, indeed it does a lot more than that, causes immune system suppression which allow many types of disease to take a pot shot, at any age, but especially at the over 50 crowd.

2nd, it is disingenuous at best to use a discount rate to discount the current value of life from a future value, absurdly created by an accident of unknown date that “you can’t prove”.    We don’t know inflation going forward, but with no end in sight to money printing, regardless of jawboning to give confidence in holding T bills, but we can easily assume that the value of US dollars will continue to go down as we overspend on the government budget.   This is exactly the same as printing.    therefore the cost of a future cancer should not be discounted backwards, but should be inflated forwards.   Even if we accepted the “discount backwards” model, using a rate of 7% is absurd, when is the last time you thought you could get a 7% return on any investment, short of high risk junk bonds.

3rd, Using the ICRP model instead of taxpayer funded BEIR 7 is just a way to lowball the cost.   The ICRP model is flawed, as an example ICRP indicates that Cesium 137 is only twice as dangerous as natural Potassium K40.   Live has thrived on earth for hundreds of millions of years, with little change in the k40 present, and almost all live forms using K and thus K40 as an important element.

4th, whenever I see the phrase “to be consistent with” my ears immediately perk up and look for the real intention…usually a deception of some sort.    So when I saw ““2 In order to be consistent with the Commission’s policy on metrication (57 FR 46202), the conversion factor should be expressed in dollars per person-sievert (Sv) with the value in English units following parenthetically.”

My take on this?   Using Sievert is just plain wrong, it is a huge measure of radiation, and a way to minimize things to the average citizen who hasn’t studied radiation.  Plus it makes the “payout” or value of life appear to be very high.     It is much more appropriate to express all terms in mSV, please do so.

5th, not only does this need to take into account the “human cost” of not just Mortality, but also of Morbidity, and I really don’t see how ICRP does this, even though the docket claims that it does.   Also, it appears that health care cost itself is not included, which is amazing, almost incredulous.     My ACA care costs $750 a month and that is with a $12,000 deductible per year.     Many cancer drugs cost over $100,000 per year and its getting worse.   Ignoring the cost of health care is wrong.

6th, what about the costs related to plants and animals?   This human centric view of things does limits the damage.   Even if you don’t care about animals….they have value to humans and you should care about that.

7th, ALARA, well that will be conveniently be able to be discarded if the other NRC proposal generated from the radiation industry to throw out LNT and then just, replace it with “hormesis, radiation is good for you”  or as “doctor” Carol Marcus states…..”why deprive them (the general public due to random radiation releases) of the benefits of radiation”.

Concluding:    this document starts with a worthy premise, but the construct seems to be disingenious.  We all know the nuclear industry is challenged by more economic energy technologies, and even without the negative side effects of uranium mining and “normal” releases from nuclear plants, and the long term danger of nuclear waste……even without those, it would still make sense to not try to “support” an industry that has been proven to be too complex, too costly.

Homemade Pumpkin Butter

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Homemade Pumpkin Butter
I got this nifty, little book in the mail the other day called Fiercely D.I.Y. Guide to Jams, Jellies, & Fruit Butters by Kathie N. Lapcevic.
I’m always on the hunt for good food preservation resources and when I saw this book here on, I knew I had to get me a copy. 
Kathie’s booklet is filled with 13 yummy recipes, plus how-to instructions for water bath canning. It’s a handy guide to have—especially if you’re new to canning.
Today, I thought I’d share one of Kathie’s recipes with you. Homemade pumpkin butter. It’s one way to use pumpkins from your garden or the local farm stand. And it’s so delicious. You can eat it on toast, muffins, waffles, and pancakes. It also tastes great in oatmeal, yogurt parfaits and on sandwiches. Which ever way you choose, you’re gonna love it. It’s like pumpkin pie in a jar! 
Before we get started, there’s one thing to note. As Kathie points out in her book, the USDA canning guidelines say that winter squash (Yes, pumpkins are winter squash.) puree is not safe to process in a home canner.  So, this isn’t a canning recipe. You’ll want to refrigerate or freeze the pumpkin butter after you make it.  
Okay, ready to start?

How to Make Homemade Pumpkin Butter 

You’ll Need:
  • 9 cups of cooked, mashed pumpkin
  • 6 cups sugar
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons ground cinnamon
  • 3/4 teaspoon ground cloves
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons lemon juice
Now about the pumpkin…Jack-’o-lantern pumpkins are not the best ones to use because they have stringy flesh.  “Pie pumpkins”, the small ones measuring 6 to 8 inches in diameter, are a better choice. If you haven’t cooked pumpkin before, read How to Make Pumpkin Puree + 10 Pumpkin Recipes You Need to Try for a quick how-to.  
Gather up your ingredients. Combine all ingredients in a medium saucepan and stir well.  
Bring the mixture to a boil, then reduce the heat. Simmer uncovered for 30 minutes until the mixture is smooth and thickened. 
I added a step to Kathie’s recipe. I transferred the mixture to my food processor and processed it for a minute or two. This removed any lumpy pumpkin bits hiding in the butter. It won’t hurt to leave them if that’s your thing but I prefer my butters to be super smooth.
Once you have the butter to the consistency you desire, pour it into your storage containers and refrigerate or freeze.

This article may contain affiliate links. For more information, read the Disclaimers & Disclosures here. Thank you for your support!

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From the Desk of John Rourke – November 4th, 2015

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Wasn’t sure if I was going to be able to write this up tonight. A lot of issues at work and thought I had to go into the plant to deal with some things but will wait until the weekend.

◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊

Capt. Michaels sent in a link to a story about the US Government plan to deal with a massive solar flare/storm.  The government should prepare for such an event and work to harden numerous non-government entities. This is common sense. What Capt. suggested and I agree is that this government action may be cloaking their real concern which would be EMP.

◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊

Hillary Clinton met with the mothers of Trayvon Martin and Michael Brown and then went on an anti-gun tirade. Interesting. Has she visited the mothers of victim of the Fort Hood shooting where victims were killed by a Muslim terrorist? How about the victim of the Chattanooga shooting where another Muslim terrorist killed innocent people?

Not likely.

◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊

We are running out of time. It’s not fear mongering – it is a fact.





Hacking as a Prepper Skill :: Demonstration by Kevin Mitnick

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Though there are many hacking demonstrations online by Kevin Mitnick, I never get tired of watching them or listening to Kevin’s story.  Part of the connection I feel with Kevin is that I was messing around with many of the same things that he was… just a few years later.

If you want an intro to what the hacking world is like, then this is probably one of the best places to start.  This is a great demonstration using real world tools.

Kevin demonstrates some things here using Kali Linux.  You can learn more about Kali Linux at Udemy.  Discover Udemy’s featured courses! (if you use the link, be sure to search for Kali).

Where Should You Be When the SHTF?

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United States Region Map SHTF

While people are asking themselves this very question, the “online experts” are telling you where you should be once the SHTF. The problem is you do not currently live in any of the “safe areas” that they recommend. There are, of course, areas that for whatever reason would be better suited over other locations, but no one really knows until something actually happens.

There is essentially no history of events from which to harvest information. It’s all conjecture at this point. What happens if one of the best places to be according to the experts is attacked, destroyed by a natural disaster, or overrun with panicked citizens?

Then what, the home you bugged out from may not look so bad once you have figured out that the grass is not as green on the other side of the fence as you had once thought.

Ted Koppel’s “Lights Out: A Cyberattack, A Nation Unprepared, Surviving the Aftermath”.

The United States, according to the book, is woefully unprepared, and that a cyber-attack on the power grid in this country is not a matter of if but when. Stark assessments, and yet more likely today than yesterday, according to some experts.

Mr. Koppel is a noted journalist, and so you cannot simply brush off what he is saying. People are taking a second look. The ones that brushed off all the other proclamations may be paying more attention today. They may be asking themselves what happens if, and living where I live, does it put me in more danger.

Most people cannot simply pick up and move to a safer area, even if one existed. How do you know it’s safer? On one hand, some are saying that the golden hordes will overtake rural areas so using this logic then, the cities would be a better place during a catastrophe, because of less competition for resources, well that is if the experts writing on blogs and websites are correct.

Still following this line of logic all the recommended places would be quickly overrun with refugees from metropolitan areas. People, because of the Internet would know where to go during a crisis. Thus the problems associated with heavily populated areas would simply be moved from one location to another.

From one pile to another as the saying goes, it doesn’t go exactly like that, but you get the meaning. This, of course, assumes that people are paying attention and realize they may be confronted with this very question not too far into the future.

If you are reading this then you are paying attention and you may even be confused at this point. Do I stay or do I go.

Well you have a home now, a shelter, so that right there may be a deciding factor. Unless your home is destroyed by fire, flooding, or some other disaster, you have a shelter, a home, and common sense tells you the best place to be is there regardless of what the experts are touting online. The best place to be may be right where you are when the SHTF.

If as Ted Koppel predicts the power grid will go down, then the problem will be nationwide and any area would essentially have the same problems. Obviously, if you had an established homestead you would be better off than say someone living in an apartment in a heavily populated area, but again those living in an apartment today cannot just decide to start homesteading, and be set up tomorrow, and they certainly cannot decide to do this once the grid goes down. Therefore, the circle has come back around to the fact that you will have to survive where you currently are.

You Have To Decide

You cannot move, you do not own property out in the country, and you barely have enough resources to survive day-to-day let alone gather enough to survive a year or more once the grid has gone down. Many people are facing this very problem. They may know what they need to do, but simply cannot do enough to ensure they have all the bases covered.

There are things that you can do that only cost you some time and energy. Once left with only one option, then you have to make the best of that option. Learn what resources are available once the grid goes down. Know what is available just outside of town.

Are there lakes, rivers and streams, are there public parks with ponds within the city, for example. Of course these resources are temporary ones, and you would have to move quickly to gain any use from them, but knowing where to go before disaster strikes gives you the advantage.

Do a resource analysis in your area now to identify any resources than can be used during a crisis, and remember others will be thinking of the same things. One thing a city has is structures, which can be used as shelters. If you live on the fifth floor of an apartment building, for example, you would probably want to relocate within the area. You would not want to be on the upper floors when the grid goes down.

Learn how to survive where you are now, because it does no good to wonder if somewhere else is a better option. It is not an option when you simply do not have the means to get there. If you have the financial means to make a move now then so be it, otherwise structure your survival plans around where you live now.

The post Where Should You Be When the SHTF? appeared first on Preparing for shtf.

Obama and UN Join Forces to Fight US “Extremism”

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Excerpt below come courtesy

On Wednesday, Attorney General Loretta Lynch announced at the United Nations that her office would be working in several American cities to form what she called the Strong Cities Network (SCN), a law enforcement initiative that would encompass the globe.

This amounts to nothing less than the overriding of American laws, up to and including the United States Constitution, in favor of United Nations laws that would henceforth be implemented in the United States itself – without any consultation of Congress at all.

The United Nations is a sharia-compliant world body, and Obama, speaking there just days ago, insisted that “violent extremism” is not exclusive to Islam (which it is). Obama is redefining jihad terror to include everyone but the jihadists. So will the UN, driven largely by the sharia-enforcing Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and the pro-Islamic post-American President Obama, use a “global police force” to crush counter-jihad forces?

 *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *

Concerning? I think so.

Although the article is written with a bit of exaggeration the premise for concern is accurate. An international law enforcement presence in the United States involved the United Nations is unacceptable. We here in the US have a certain perspective on things. Let’s take FREEDOM for example. I suspect that the United Nations may look at freedom a little different from us. We certainly believe in the freedom to bear arms while they believe in gun confiscation.

And there lies the danger. They will assist in targeting violent extremism. Who determines that? Who determines what is “extreme” and what isn’t? Will the United Nations consider members of the Tea Party as extreme? How about members of the NRA? What about people that stockpile food, weapons, and medical supplies?

I don’t believe that anytime soon we are going to have UN troops or sponsored law enforcement rounding people up. It is a piece of the puzzle that will eventually lead to the disintegration of this Republic.

By the way – special thanks to JohnP for alerting me about this initiative.







8 Places You Can Store Your Drinking Water

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Water is one of the most important things to store and one of the most difficult things to store. You need a LOT of water to sustain the average family, even for just a month. So if you’re trying to store enough water to last several months, you’ve probably realized […]

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The Easiest 100 Gallons of Emergency Water Storage Possible

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The Easiest 100 Gallons of Emergency Water Storage Possible I guess I feel stupid for not even thinking about posting about this awesome product before. No, I am not trying to sell you anything, I am not even linking to a page where they sell them either. I want you to have the information and …

Continue reading »

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Expired Neosporin: What In The World Should You Do With It?

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Expired Neosporin In A Box

Maybe you finally got around to cleaning out your cluttered medicine cabinet. Or maybe you got a nasty cut on your knuckle and you’re debating using some old Neosporin.

So does Neosporin really expire? Yes, well, sort of…

You deserve a better answer than this. But to answer this question properly, we need to dig deeper into expired Neosporin. We need to investigate these questions:

  • Once it’s expired, does it still have any healing potency remaining?
  • Should you consider using expired Neosporin?
  • Could it possibly be harmful using expired Neosporin?
  • Should you just toss it out the day after it expires?
  • Should you keep it forever? If so, why?

The honest answer to all of these questions is: IT DEPENDS.

It depends because there’s a lot of controversy around these questions. Just like their seems to be controversy around all things “expiration” related. Yet, all is not lost.

My goal is to provide enough information so you can make an informed decision when it comes to using expired Neosporin.

So let’s get started, but first a quick note…

Disclaimer: I am not a doctor or a physician. I’m not providing any health advice, but rather collecting and sharing other people’s information and my personal (non-professional) opinions on what I’ve decided to do.

You should always consult your doctor or a licensed professional for all your health related decisions.

neosporin tubeDoes Expired Neosporin Still Have Any Potency Remaining?

As I have already suggested, the right answer is “It Depends”. OK, You Got It!

Depends on what?

1) How Far Is The Expired Neosporin Past Its Date?

Neosporin is a medical consumable. As with most medical consumables, its healing potency degrades over time. The older it gets, the less ability it has to perform as intended.

Ok, makes sense. So what is the exact degradation pace of Neosporin?

Unfortunately, that information is not publicly available. The makers of Neosporin do not share that information.

However, I discovered that all pharmaceutical companies must follow strict labeling guidelines.

These guidelines require the active ingredient in medications to meet a specific potency range. When the active ingredients fall outside this specific range, the product must be considered “expired”.

This potency range is unique depending upon the makeup of the product and its active ingredients. But the range is typically very high in the pharmaceutical field.

An example of an acceptable active ingredient range in pharmaceuticals is between 95% to 105% potency.

So in order to follow these strict requirements, the manufacturers of Neosporin must test their products in controlled storage environments. They record potency test data over a period of time, taking note of when it drops below their required range threshold (i.e. 95%).

Using this collected data, the medical companies use statistics to determine the required expiration date. A data supported date that meets the strict industry guidelines.

So the bottom line is this:

The closer your expired Neosporin is to its labeled expiration date, the higher the potency of active ingredient remains.

Sure, it’s probably slipped below the strict 95% guideline, but should you toss out Neosporin that has an active ingredient potency of 88%?

2) Where And How Has Your Neosporin Been Stored?

Storage practices are always a variable when it comes to expiration dates. Poor storage practices lead to shorter expiration dates. Good storage practices lead to longer expiration dates.

The two major conditions that significantly shorten Neosporin’s shelf life are:

  • Stored in direct sunlight
  • Stored in high-temperature environments

So if we store our Neosporin in locations that avoids these conditions then we will prolong the useful life of our Neosporin.

Or as Marvin Lipman (Consumer Reports Chief Medical Consultant) suggests:

“To assure that medicines stay effective after their expiration dates, don’t store them in the bathroom medicine cabinet. Heat and humidity accelerate how fast a drug deteriorates, so store drugs in a cool, dry place and well out of the reach of children.”

Should You Apply Neosporin After It Expires?

We now understand that expired Neosporin can still be useful. But should you apply it after its expired?

Are there any associated risks with ignoring the label? Does Neosporin expire and go toxic after a certain amount of time?

Again, information on these questions is sparse and the little information that I was able to find is not from highly trusted sources (i.e. medical journals, or medical websites). These suggestions are from people who are answering people’s questions on Q/A based sites.

Q/A Link 1 – Q/A Link 2 – Q/A Link 3

However, as you can tell people tend to agree that Neosporin does not become toxic after expiration.

It should also be noted what was NOT found. If Neosporin did turn toxic after expiration there would be a whole lot of information about that on the web (and most likely many court cases).

I found no evidence of this, which also supports the idea that Neosporin does not become toxic after it expires.

neosporin expiration dateShould You Use It? Toss It Out? Or Keep It After Its Expiration Date?

What’s your mindset?

Are you a survivalist prepper (like me)?

If times are normal, and you can easily buy a new tube of Neosporin from Walgreens, then you should just purchase a new tube. I won’t argue that it’s worth using expired Neosporin if a new tube is readily available.

However, as a survivalist, I tend to think about worse case scenarios such as TEOTWAWKI (The End Of The World As We Know It).

This survivalist mindset changes how I think about expiration dates. “Expiration Dates” and “Best If Used By Dates” are valid in normal times (where food and medical supplies are in abundance). But they become nearly meaningless the day our modern medical resources become scarce.

In such a world, many items that have value today will become worthless; while many undervalued items today will skyrocket in value.

Neosporin Is Item #42 Of My #104 Item Bug Out Checklist.  Click Here To Snag Your FREE Copy Of It.

I believe Neosporin will skyrocket in value in a SHTF or TEOTWAWKI world. Even if it’s expired Neosporin. Why?

Let Me Share With You A Short Hypothetical Story:

Let’s pretend that TSHTF happens and life as we know if is over. Maybe it’s a highly contagious virus that wipes out 87% of the worlds population. Maybe it’s world war III that leaves behind a scorched earth. Maybe it’s a massive EMP attack.

Whatever this cause, medical attention and medical supplies will become very limited. You won’t be stopping over at your local drug store to pick up cold medicine, nasal spray or Neosporin.

For this hypothetical story, let’s pretend that you have a 6-year-old son.

Maybe he was walking around your beat up neighborhood in a pair of worn out sneakers and stepped on a large shard of glass.

He’s left with a nasty cut on his heel. In haste, you clean it with a semi-sanitary source and wrap it with the cleanest bandages you can find.

You then pray it doesn’t become infected.

After a few hours, the cut starts to turn a pinkish-red hue, begins to swell and looks to be in the early stages of a deadly infection.

Remember in this new world, getting access to regular antibiotics is all but impossible. Unless you planned ahead.

For this story, you didn’t. Your son is doomed.

But wait…

Your neighbor (who is a prepared survivalist) happens to have Neosporin. It’s 3 years past its “expiration date”, but who cares, this is your son’s life we are talking about.

Your neighbor wants to help, but he also knows that in this world of limited medical supplies you don’t just give stuff away for free. Especially something as valuable as infection-fighting Neosporin.

So he proposes a barter.

He will give you a small amount of Neosporin in exchange for one month worth of food and a brick of .22 bullets.

But you didn’t prepare. You never thought life could ever change so drastically. You don’t have a brick of 22 shells to trade.

“That’s OK” he says, “How about instead you trade your firewood?” That large pile in your backyard. The pile you bought for your fireplace because your family enjoys fires at Christmas. It’s about a cord of firewood in total.

Without electricity, you were planning on this firewood to keep your family from freezing on the coldest winter nights.

But what options do you have?

You can forego the trade and your son will surely die.

Or you can make the trade and improve your son’s odds of surviving.

You realize it’s not really a choice at all.

You do the deal.

Moral Of The Story Is This…

If you’re worried about the future of our world (and you should be), maybe you should hang on to your expired Neosporin.

Neosporin Is Item #42 Of My #104 Item Bug Out Checklist.  Click Here To Snag Your FREE Copy Of It.

The date that’s stamped onto your Neosporin is just the time in which the drug manufacturer can guarantee its maximum safety and potency based on product testing. However, this leaves many months (possibly  many years) where the medicine will still be effective.

  • So Does Neosporin Expire? Yes, eventually.
  • Will I throw mine out? Nope.

I will continue to keep my Neosporin well after its expiration date.

  • I keep it stored in a dark, cool location.
  • I keep it for the “what if” scenarios.

It’s an item that will have a skyrocketing value for bartering and an item that may help protect my own family from infections.

This is my personal stance on keeping and using expired Neosporin.

Remember: Prepare, Adapt and Overcome,
“Just In Case” Jack

The post Expired Neosporin: What In The World Should You Do With It? appeared first on Skilled Survival.

5 Delicious Fall Recipes That Actually Include Pumpkin Spice

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Pumpkin pie spice recipes.Another autumn has crept up on us quickly, and with this change in weather comes the flurry of  pumpkin spice everything. It was in 2004, in fact, that the pumpkin spice phenomenon really took off, after Starbucks introduced their Pumpkin Spice Latte nationwide. And ever since, the obsession with this flavor has simply taken over the season, flooding advertisements and hitting the shelves of supermarkets and menus of coffee shops with equal fervour. It’s so in-your-face you can surely almost taste it.

There’s pumpkin spice vodka, pumpkin spice hummus, pumpkin spice bagels, and pumpkin spice Pringles. The fiercely followed spice is in granola bars, pudding, soy milk, Clif Bars, popcorn, Peeps, Four Loko… and the list goes on, and on… and on.

I myself have never tasted the annual Starbucks treat or purchased the various items filling up the shelves as I saunter through the aisles of the grocery store, but it has concerned me that the mass production of the flavour, in such a wide range of items for such a short period of time, is a marketing ploy by companies to get it while it’s hot, and not while it’s real. And when The Wall Street Journal broke the news that Starbucks’ most beloved fall beverage contains no real pumpkin, rather natural and artificial pumpkin spice flavor, the jig was truly up.

So what’s a pumpkin spice fanatic to do? Well, you could carry on trying to pick apart every product presented to you in hopes that it does, indeed, come complete with real pumpkin spice, or you can try to make the following five recipes from scratch that actually come complete with the real deal.

Healthy Homemade Pumpkin Spice Latte

Homemade Pumpkin Spice Latte

Source: Eating Bird Food

This drink can be whipped up in a total of 10 minutes. Complete with pumpkin puree, pumpkin pie spice, unsweetened vanilla almond milk, vanilla extract, and cinnamon, you’ll be happy to find Starbucks isn’t your only option. Try the recipe here.

No Bake Pumpkin Spice Energy Bars


Pumpkin Spice Energy Bars



Source: Happy Healthy Mama

Granola bars are one of the go-to options for a healthy snack when time isn’t on your side. But not all bars are created equal, so it’s important to be mindful of what’s really in the ones you get. And if DIY is your thing, then these no-bake bars featuring dates, walnuts, almonds, pumpkin puree, and pumpkin pie spice ought to be on your list. All you have to do is put the ingredients in a food processor and pulse until the mixture is well combined. Here’s the recipe.

Healthy Pumpkin Pie Spiced Hummus With Cinnamon Graham Crackers

Pumpkin Spiced Hummus Recipe

Source: Gringalicious

Whip up this sweet snack in no time. The crackers call for ingredients like honey, vanilla extract, whole wheat flour, and cinnamon, while the hummus includes pumpkin puree, garbanzo beans, molasses, and walnuts. Find the recipe here.

Pumpkin Spice Baked Apples

Clean Eating Pumpkin Spice Baked Apples

Source: The Gracious Pantry

It’s fall, so undoubtedly apples are in abundance. This 5-ingredient healthy dessert is full of fiber and vitamins. All there is to it is one apple, honey, pumpkin spice, dried cranberries, and walnuts. Get the recipe here.

Pumpkin Spiced Nuts

IMG_4169.jpgSource: Bare Root Girl

Mix together avocado oil, maple syrup, vanilla, salt, pumpkin pie spice, cayenne pepper, and almonds to bake for a crazy good recipe that will feel festive for the season, satisfy your sweet tooth, and still leave you feeling full with healthy fuel. Here’s the recipe.


Featured Image: Gimme Some Oven

CE inspires us to begin expanding our way of thinking so we can take conscious steps towards creating BIG change on the planet. CE’s Mission!

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition

Poverty In The US: Causes, Facts And The Most Afflicted States

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The current state of poverty, hunger and social and economic distress has started with the downfall of the economy that came to be in 2008. The effects of the event were felt world-wide, but most probably, nobody was as affected like the US was. That financial crisis destroyed many private businesses (big or small), left many jobless, homeless and even laid to waste one of our most emblematic cities: Detroit.  This economic freefall has somewhat diminished by late 2013, but the aftershock of the financial earthquake is still being felt amongst the masses even today. But there is more to this problem than actual meets the eye. We know for sure what set everything in motion (the economic collapse of 2008), but we must understand what’s keeping us (still) down; the reasons why getting back on the saddle is harder than anticipated. It’s not just based on the faults of our economy, but also on our political system and our place in the world’s economy, that’s not doing too well either.

The economy in the US

The way things are going in the US economic scene today are in no way beneficial to the American people. The way the system has functioned in these last 6 or 7 years has significantly increased the amount of poverty amongst the masses. This is how the free capitalist enterprise system actually operates: employers create a competitive market in which the most adequate and prepared people compete for the best jobs available. The downside is, however, that this also leaves out a great deal of people that remain jobless; these are the ones who qualify least or do not interest employers at all. In a utopia, the market would generate enough jobs for everybody, so that even the least qualified would get a spot (more or less desirable). But in an economy that’s already facing problems, the rate of unemployment grows even larger, because the system is not able to provide enough jobs for everyone. According to a CNBC report, the real unemployment rate is about 10.5%, still far from what it should be.

Politics in the US

The political system in the US is focused on external and internal affairs alike. But the actual situation of the middle-to-lower class in the US receives very little attention or funding from our politicians. It comes as no surprise to anyone that most of ourfunding and attention is directly channeled into our military and security systems.

The US federal government is distributing large budgets to the military and to annexed political and financial connections for safety purposes (aka. the military-industrial complex). These investments are necessary in order to secure our dominance on the world’s stage (and our wellbeing and safety while doing so). Another factor worth mentioning is the ability of rich people and powerful corporations to obtain subsidies and tax breaks. Not only that, but they are also get access to large funds that get spent on projects like political campaigns, congresses and many more. For example, the shift of the Democratic Party, which changed its sights from the working class (it’s now targeting middle class), will require a great deal of effort and a lot of money spent on political propaganda and reorganization.

Poverty worldwide

The US has known poverty in these last few years, but the level of poverty here is nothing compared to the level of poverty in many other places around the globe. It’s estimated that around 1 billion people worldwide are forced to live with an average income of $1.35 a day. We’re situated way above this standard of living, but it’s nothing more than a domino effect, and if we don’t want to find ourselves in a similar spot, we’d best pick up our pace. The best solution to a worldwide economic crisis is trading (importation and exportation). It’s a commonly known fact that most rich and powerful countries have enough labor force for all the industrial quarters available. Not only that, but these countries are also technologically superior, holding enough machinery and technology to improve production. In poor countries, things are different: they have very little capital but a lot of labor force. Because the labor force is cheaper in poor countries (due to high competition), production costs are lower than those in poor countries. That’s how China has raised its economy lately: the overall costs for imported Chinese goods are lower than the production costs in richer countries. This is how economics can easily be explained and the tendency of poor countries to grow financially, while stronger ones tend to crumble. And of course, the ones that get to deal with all the misery are the lower and middle classes.

The most poverty-stricken states in the US

In late 2014, The Center for American Progress Action Fund has released a report (State of the States Report) that’s reporting on all the US states in terms of poverty, inequality or opportunity. These studies have concluded that 45.3 million Americans (14.5% of the total population) are situated below the poverty line, with an income that’s less than $23,834 / year for a family of 4. The South seems to have the highest concentration of poor people than any other place in the US. Let’s have a look at the 3 poorest states at the moment:

3 – Louisiana (19.8% poverty rate)

Louisiana seems to be the most uneven and unusual state. Its unemployment rate seemed to be no bigger than 6.2%, but despite this, there was a strange unevenness regarding income: the richer 20% made staggering incomes (18 time higher) than what the poorest 20% used to make. Not only that, but the gender income gap was significant as well. Throughout 2014 women have earned only about 66% of what men used to make.

2 – New Mexico (22% poverty rate)

New Mexico has been gravely affected by the recession in 2008, as many people working in the public sector lost their jobs (3.900 alone only in 2013). Here about 31% of the children live in conditions of poverty, many of whom are homeless. It’s the holder of a shaming record, as it’s the US capital of teen birth: about 47 out of 1000 women (ages 15 – 19). Despite this controversial figure, it ranks fairly low when it comes to abandoned children, as only 4 in 1000 kids are placed in foster care.

1 – Mississippi (24.1% poverty rate)

This is undoubtedly the poorest state in the country, where about 696.000 people live below poverty conditions. It’s also takes the take when it comes to child poverty (33.8% children) and food insecurity. It has no defined minimum wage (just like Alabama, South Carolina and Tennessee) and the unemployed are sustained mainly by government-funded welfare programs.

No matter the political systems going around, no matter the fluctuation of the economy, no matter how many successful investments a government makes, we will never eradicate poverty. For some to ascend on the social and economical scale, other needs to descend. We’ll never be all rich; this is only a naïve utopia. But what we can do is address the problem as seriously as we can and intervene as much as possible. Take a stance against poverty and counter it with education and donations.


By Alec Deacon


The post Poverty In The US: Causes, Facts And The Most Afflicted States appeared first on My Family Survival Plan.

How To Establish Global Type Control of Energy, Buying and Selling, and well, Everything

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White Lives Do Not Matter — Could be the title of this article

Something startling is happening to middle-aged white Americans. Unlike every other age group, unlike every other racial and ethnic group, unlike their counterparts in other rich countries, death rates in this group have been rising, not falling.

It is difficult to find modern settings with survival losses of this magnitude,” wrote two Dartmouth economists

New York Times Article

 stock here
This is part of the overall plan for global control.

The plan—the only truly “free” class in the world used to be the middle class whites, especially in the USA.     They had time, and ability to understand, to protest against Government misactions, often with only 1 spouse working, and that a 40 hour week.    Additionally within this class, the predominant religion by a long shot was Christian.

No largess of governmental control, especially a global one could occur with a strong white Christian middle class.   So the long plot to marginalize them, weaken them, even eliminate them in numbers (genocide).     First, blow up the financial system, stealing wealth and stocks from the “invested middle”, advertise and get them deep into debt, then take their houses.    Tax them while 50% of America pays no taxes and openly give their wealth to the moocher class with obama phones.

Show them how, as Muslims kill them outright and chop their heads off, that our president tells us to not just tolerate muslims, but to respect them and promote them.    Allow in millions of illegal aliens to take jobs at lower pay from the whites.   

Penalize Christians who have “the audacity” to display their faith.    Make symbols of religion such as crosses illegal in public places.   Penalize high school athletes who display a christian belief.    Penalize public workers who are forced to act completely against their christian beliefs, force them to marry gays.

See how that works?    In the same day today, articles on astounding death rates for whites, and the lowest Christian faith in God, ever.   

Well done Globalists, well done.    Now stick a fork in us, we are toast.

Of course, it is also important that officials feel no threat from what even a marginalized person could perform with a gun.   Therefore it is also very important to take away gun rights, one step at a time.    Sandy Hook was a drill, that they decided could be rolled out as real.  

Funny how on the NYT comments, one guy tried to spin the excess deaths as possibly being caused by guns…….


New Hartford, CT 1 hour ago

Within the suicide number, how many are gun deaths? Does increased access to guns among white middle aged males, or ownership of multiple guns, correlate with increased risk of suicide and domestic violence death? Is there a ‘smoking gun’ health issue?

On this same day

Comment on the NYT

This is a silent genocide by the ruling elite via directing resources and laws to siphon wealth, security and dignity from the general population via:

1. Rigged trade agreements that destroy jobs and wages
2. Massive healthcare costs that are twice those of the rest of the world
3. Broken education markets that have inflated education costs
4. A banking and credit system that is usurious and destructive
5. A national security state that wastes trillions on wars and equipment
6. A lack of investment that broadly benefits the citizenry

In other words we have murder and tyranny by the powerful via a unique form of American totalitarianism.

6 Food-Storage Mistakes That Even The Experts Make

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6 Food-Storage Mistakes That Even The Experts Make

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Long-term food storage is a common-sense approach to ensuring that you and your family can survive a catastrophic event that significantly affects our food supply. But there’s more to it than just stacking cans in the attic. In fact, that may be the worst place to store any kind of food.

A lot can go wrong if you have food in storage for years and simply assume that everything will be okay when the day comes that you need to open those cans.

There are fundamentally six things you should consider with regards to any long-term food storage plan:

1. Consider nutrition.

There are some fundamental considerations you have to think about with regards to long-term food storage. The first is diversity. Storing 200 #10 cans of macaroni and 50 #10 cans of dry milk is not a nutritious solution. You have to think in terms of nutritional diversity. Many companies offer pre-packaged solutions for three months’ to one year’s worth of food. If you can’t afford a large package offering, look carefully at what they include so you can purchase a diversified collection of foods over a period of time.

The World’s Healthiest Survival Food — And It Stores For YEARS and YEARS!

You should also keep a running tally on what you have stored.  You may think you have it all figured out, but you don’t want to find out the hard way that you have too much of one item and barely enough of something that may be more essential. A good way to make this assessment gets to the next point.

2. Eat what you store and store what you eat.

Failure to follow this simple suggestion may be the biggest fail for anyone stockpiling food supplies. While many products in hermetically sealed, #10 cans will survive for years and years, some in 5-gallon buckets aren’t as dependable. I opened a five-gallon bucket of sugar after six years and it was permeated with mildew.

You’ll also find great value in this practice of eating what you store. We’ve never bought a box of macaroni and cheese in the last 10 years when we figured out that a can of macaroni and a can of cheese powder was essentially the same ingredients.

Eating what you store also gives you experience with how to prepare these foods and combine them with available fresh ingredients to create a pattern of recipes you and your family will enjoy.

3. Watch out for heat.

6 Food-Storage Mistakes That Even The Experts Make

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The standard recommendation is to store your foods in a cool, dark place. That’s why an attic is a bad idea. Not only is it sometimes inaccessible on a regular basis, but the heat that can develop in an attic space will quickly compromise the shelf life of any stored food. A dedicated pantry is ideal and a basement is also an option. Darkness is not as critical as ambient temperature, because most long-term foods are hermetically sealed in cans, but direct sunlight at any time can raise temperatures.

4. Watch out for moisture, too.

If your basement is damp, that’s a problem. Even though cans are sealed to prevent moisture from affecting the contents, oxidation or rust from moisture can affect the integrity of any metallic item over time. Moisture can also permeate food even if it’s sealed. This was my experience with the five-gallon bucket of sugar. A bit of dampness in my basement was all it took to compromise the entire bucket.

Just 30 Grams Of This Survival Superfood Provides More Nutrition Than An Entire Meal!

You should also take your cans out of the cardboard boxes if you have purchased foods in bulk. The standard package is six #10 cans in a box. That’s great for shipping, but cardboard absorbs moisture and can continually compromise the cans inside. Get the cans out and do whatever you can to keep them free of moisture.

5. Use common sense when opening food.

When we eat what we store we have to remember that the minute a can is opened, it is subject to the standard shelf-life of any consumer packaged goods. Most #10 cans come with a plastic lid and you can even buy additional lids if you lose one, but resealing a can with a plastic lid doesn’t mean you can return it to the storage area for another five years. Once it’s opened, you need to consume it on a regular basis.

6. Rehydrate your food properly.

What allows most foods to have a long-term shelf life is dehydration. In order to prepare most of these foods, the addition of water or some form of liquid is required to rehydrate the foods. Failure to rehydrate properly is perhaps the greatest fail when it comes to the enjoyable consumption of long-term foods stores. We’ve prepared an article on this subject that gives you guideline for various rehydration methods and food types. (Recommended: The Right Way To Rehydrate Long-Term Storage Food.)

This gets back to the fundamental concept of eating what you store and storing what you eat. You’ll gain valuable experience with various types of stored foods that will ensure that you can prepare meals that not only sustain you nutritionally, but that you’ll actually enjoy.

What would you add to this list? Share your suggestions in the section below:

Discover The Secret To Saving Thousands At The Grocery Store. Read More Here.

What Are Your Prepping Blind Spots?

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Written by Pat Henry on The Prepper Journal.

5/5 (1) The cooler temperatures in the air remind me of the approach of winter and with it many of the things I take pleasure in. Colder days give me excuses to wear my big warm coats that have been stuck in a plastic bin all year. I get to break out a completely new […]

The post What Are Your Prepping Blind Spots? appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

Best budget every day carry knife? Check out the L.T. Wright Bushcrafter

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Looking for an inexpensive, quality bushcraft knife? Then consider the L.T. Wright Bushcrafter. At $75, you can ‘t beat this deal.

by Leon Pantenburg

I bought this knife to evaluate and was not paid to write this review.

I thought the advertised Bushcrafter HC price was a mis-print – L.T. Wright makes top quality, high end knives, and this one cost $75 – shipped.

The L.T. Wright Bushcrafter is an inexpensive, well-made bushcraft tool.

The L.T. Wright Bushcrafter is an inexpensive, well-made bushcraft tool.

The photo showed a Kephart-style blade. I ordered a Bushcrafter to check it out.

Horace Kephart was a prolific writer and one of the pioneers of camping/outdoor skills. His outdoor writings were published regularly in national publications such as Field and Stream. Kephart’s first edition of Camping and Woodcraft was published in 1906. In it, Kephart described his EDC knife:

“Its blade and handle are each 4-1/4 inches long, the blade being 1 inch wide, 1/8 inch thick on the back, broad pointed, and continued through the handle as a hasp and riveted to it. It is tempered hard enough to cut green hardwood sticks, but soft enough so that when it strikes a knot or bone it will, if anything, turn rather than nick; then a whetstone soon puts it in order.”

“The handle of this knife is of oval cross-section, long enough to give a good grip for the whole hand, and with no sharp edges to blister one’s hand. The handle is of light but hard wood, 3/4 inch thick at the butt and tapering to 1/2 inch forward, so as to enter the sheath easily and grip it tightly.

“This knife weighs only 4 ounces. It was made by a country blacksmith, and is one of the homeliest things I ever saw; but it has outlived in my affections the score of other knives that I have used in competition with it, and has done more work than all of them put together.”

Bushcrafter Specifications:

  • Total Length: 8 3/8 Inches
  • Blade Length: 3 5/8 Inches
  • Blade Thickness: 1/8 Inches
  • Weight: 8 oz.
  • Handle Material: Natural Micarta
  • Blade-Steel: 1075 High Carbon Steel
  • Rockwell Hardness: 57-59 HRC

As soon as the knife arrived, it was put to work. I test knives by first using them in the kitchen. The next step is to use them for their intended purposes. In this case, the Bushcrafter did a lot of wood carving to make feather sticks and firebows. Here’s what I discovered.

The good stuff:

Patina: High carbon steel rusts. Inevitably, the blade will darken and build up a patina with use, and this surface can

The patina helps protect the carbon steel blade.

The patina helps protect the carbon steel blade.

help protect the steel. The Bushcrafter comes with a dark patina. (Here’s one way to force a patina on a blade.)

The patina was just a little rough and dark for my tastes, so I used some fine steel wool to knock it back a little. This is strictly personal preference – this doesn’t affect the use at all, and you might like the deeper color.

A slicer should have a polished blade to work well. In this case, the patina adds a little friction to slicing, but that is not a deal-breaker.

Grind: The flat grind with a secondary bevel is a good choice for a utility knife. It is a good slicer for meat and vegetables and works well for carving and bushcraft.

Point: The spear point is one of the most useful points imaginable. It has enough belly that it makes a good skinner for big game or large animals. On an all-around knife, it may be the best choice. (Here’s how to choose a knife point.)

Steel: The blade is made of 1075 high carbon steel, tempered to 57-59 HRC. To the user, that means the steel combines hardness, without being too difficult for the average person to sharpen. The edge holds up very well.

Blade spine: The Bushcrafter has a spine ground at 90 degree angles, like an ice skate. This gives you another edge for scrapping a ferrocerium rod to make sparks, or for shredding tinder.

Handle: Made of natural micarta, the 4-inch design works well for my (glove-size) large hands. It is abut 3/4-inch

The micarta handle is well-designed to fit large hands.

The micarta handle is well-designed to fit large hands.

thick, which makes for a nice handful. I like the appearance of the natural-looking micarta on a user knife – it looks a little weather beaten and worn, but it’s tough and rugged. When wet, a micarta handle seems to get almost tacky, and that improves the grip tremendously.

Micarta is a good choice for a knife handle that will get a lot of use.

No sheath: For me, that is no big deal. I switch around knives and sheaths as circumstances and the mood strikes me. The sheath for a canoe trip should hold the knife safely and securely and retain the knife should there be an unexpected dunking. (Here’s how I know…)

My hunting knife sheath will probably be a dangler, for comfortable carry. It might ride on my belt, or clipped to the outside of my fanny pack. Making a standard knife into a dangler is cheap and easy.

The lack of sheath should not be a problem. If push comes to shove, you can make one from cardboard and duct tape. Here’s how.

The other stuff:

I had a hard time coming up with things I didn’t like about this knife. For what it is, that is, a useful, inexpensive utility knife, the bushcrafter is a fantastic choice. It will be able to handle any tasks thrown at it without any problems whatsoever.

There is a place in your preparedness gear for moderately-priced utility knives. These Bushcrafters are inexpensive enough to get one for a beginner to use and abuse. Nobody will get traumatized if the knife gets lost or stolen.

But the Bushcrafter is also reliable enough to include in your emergency kit. For $75, you can’t beat this deal.

Please click here to check out and subscribe to the YouTube channel, and here to subscribe to our weekly email update – thanks! Widgets



A “Must-Try” Recipe: 18th Century Bread Pudding

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A “Must-Try” Recipe: 18th Century Bread Pudding

Published on Nov 2, 2015 We’ve tried many recipes from various 18th century cookbooks, but every now and again one rises above the rest. Today’s featured dish is one of these exceptional recipes. It’s found in Amelia Simmons’ 1796 cookbook, “American Cookery.” A “Must-Try” Recipe: 18th Century Bread Pudding To purchase the items featured in […]

The post A “Must-Try” Recipe: 18th Century Bread Pudding appeared first on Around The Cabin.

Getting to Know Your New Permaculture Site

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“Nobody sees a flower – really – it is so small it takes time – we haven’t time – and to see takes time, like to have a friend takes time”

– Georgia O’Keefe

the-edge-of-a-forestTo truly see one flower takes as much time as it takes to make a new friend. We can assume, then, that to truly see an entire landscape might take a lifetime. Yet, seeing a landscape truly and in its entirety is a critical task that every permaculture designer must learn to do. We need to know the entire landscape like an old friend. We need to know its history and its aspirations, its preferences and desires, its quirky habits – good and bad. We need to know how it behaves in the light of day, when strangers are present – and how it behaves in the dark of night, when it is all alone and no one is looking.

Too often, when we approach a new permaculture site, haste and excitement take over. We quickly develop grand visions in our mind of the completed design, with key elements springing to the forefront of our mental pictures and our rough sketches on paper. But at this early stage in the design process, haste must be avoided at any cost. Patient observation, instead, is required now. And patience at this pivotal point is the cornerstone upon which successful permaculture projects are built.

Indeed, observation is the very foundation of permaculture, and this is why observation is the first principle we learn. Thorough observation allows us to design effectively and with confidence; knowing that we are working with, rather than against, the natural patterns and processes of the site we are developing. Without observation, a design is likely to conflict with the natural elements of a site. And so observation is the sine qua non of permaculture – that without which no project can be successful.

How to Approach a New Site

Approach a new permaculture site much like you would approach a new friend. Taking this approach, you will first focus on a pleasant introduction. Be mindful not to come on too strong; after all, you’ve only just met. No cheesy pickup lines, and no overzealous attempts to impress. A warm smile and a humble handshake will do just fine. After you have made your best first impression, continue to put your best foot forward and schedule a few casual meetings to get to know your site better. Engage in thoughtful conversation, go for a leisurely stroll, sit down in the shade and share some laughs together – just be yourself and you can’t go wrong. And when you’ve established a good rapport, if all goes well you’ll be ready to begin getting to know your site more intimately. Please allow at least 3 meetings, and don’t rush your site if it is not ready!

As you get more intimate with your new site, your bonds will grow ever stronger. You will learn about its past, its potential, and its most closely guarded secrets. With patience, you will soon find yourself in a lasting and faithful relationship. Congratulations, you will have made a new old friend. And it is from the perspective of this meaningful friendship that a permaculture designer can truly excel, painting a masterpiece on the most complex canvas available – life.

The Introduction – Putting Your Best Foot Forward

When you meet your new site, don’t worry about taking detailed notes. There will be plenty of time later to focus on specific details. Instead, turn your early attention to the energy you feel as you walk the ground. Use all of your senses to survey the site, noting the energy and experiences you encounter at the highest level. What are the smells, sights, sounds, and feelings that grab your attention? Bring with you as little of your own energy as possible – you are here to observe an established ecosystem as an outsider. The energy you project should be passive and non-threatening. Conduct your initial observation under the assumption that you will make minimal changes to the existing landscape.

As you move about, note any energy you experience that beckons to you and draws you in. And note any energy you experience that repels you and drives you away. Note the locations where you experience these differing energies – which areas of your site are warm and inviting; with soft soil, tender leaves, and sweet smells. And notice which areas are more coarse and guarded; protected by prickly spines or rocky terrain.

Notice the general contour of the land – the predominant slopes, planes, ditches, and hills. At this stage you are focusing only on becoming aware of the features present. You will have time to plot elevations and draw individual features in detail after you have finished making your initial introductions.

Who are the obvious stakeholders that instantly make themselves known to you? Are there mighty trees, social birds, aggressive insects, or curious critters? These friendly neighbors are only the tip of the iceberg, and you should know that for every stakeholder you meet today, there are perhaps ten more that you will meet in the future as you become more intimate with the site.

As you begin to absorb the site’s energy and become familiar with its inhabitants and features, give thanks. Give thanks for every observation you are able to make. Recognize the splendor and abundance that is already present here. Your goal is to build upon the resources that nature has already planted here, and to maximize the abundance that already exists.

The First Few Meetings – Getting to Know Your Site

Now that you are familiar with the top-level terrain features, stakeholders, and natural patterns, you are ready to begin delving deeper. Subsequent visits to the site should be as varied as possible, in an attempt to observe as many as possible of the natural phenomena that exist on your site. Visit in the early morning hours to watch the sun rise on the land. Visit in the heat of the afternoon when the sun’s rays are at the peak of their intensity. Visit in the evening as the sun sets and the land cools, and stay to observe the area after night has fallen.

Spend some time looking further into the energies you felt during your initial introduction to the site. Try to begin defining the zones of energy and begin to sketch the borders of the different zones you find. Approach each area slowly and with reverence, because as you approach and enter you will change the energy and activity taking place there. Allow yourself time to sit or lay down in each area, and wait patiently as the land slowly returns back to its routine and comes back to life with you and your energy now blended in to the whole. Remain silent and passive until your presence is accepted by all, and then continue to be quiet and respectful – you are the newcomer here.

Begin to take more detailed notes. Expand the list of stakeholders that you met during your first visits. Take note of every living thing that lives in, makes use of, or simply passes through your site. There is no way for you to build a conclusive list of stakeholders – some of them are hidden from your view within the soil or in the canopy overhead, some of them are too small for you to see, and some of them are only present for a short season each year. But build your list as best you can, knowing that the decisions you make will be better informed with each new stakeholder you can identify. During the early morning and again at dusk, watch the wooded areas and any water sources for larger animals who may pass through regularly. Listen carefully for rustling leaves and identify the source of every sound you hear. Watch for rabbits on the ground, squirrels in the trees, beavers, chipmunks, porcupines, raccoons and skunks. Examine the ground for burrows and determine who did the burrowing. Look for amphibians and reptiles by gently lifting stones and fallen limbs. Look carefully in every nook and cranny. For each animal you identify, ask yourself – what do they eat? Where do they live? And, what eats them?

Locate the spaces on your site that are used by birds. There may be understory thickets where mixed flocks congregate. There may be open meadows where birds scavenge for seeds and insects. There may be seasonal birds that use your site as a mating ground each year, or only as a short haven during long seasonal migrations.

Note the insects that you observe flying and walking in each zone. What do they eat? Where do they live? What eats them?

forest-floor-with-mossWhile the animals and insects that have a stake in your site will be numerous, they are probably dwarfed in numbers by the plant stakeholders. Even if your site is relatively homogenous, a close inspection will likely reveal a staggering diversity of plant life, and each of these plants is a stakeholder in your design. If your site has a diversity of terrain – open meadows, dense forests, rocky hillsides, wet marshland, etc. – the job of identifying plant stakeholders will compound exponentially with each different terrain. If horticulture is not your strong suit, don’t get hung up here by trying to identify each and every species you find. It’s fine to classify things in groups like “leafy annual weeds” or “shrubby understory trees.” But if you can identify each and every species, go for it. Your design will be stronger with each stakeholder you understand. I recommend starting with the largest plants and working your way down. Identify the trees that make up the canopy. Next, identify the understory trees and shrubs, woody perennials, grasses, leafy annuals, and groundcovers. Take the time to hunt for miniature plants, too – mosses, liverworts, and algae. You might find large stands of moss on east-facing slopes and the north side of large tree trunks, and you’re likely to find liverworts growing from the nooks in dead branches.

After a rain, watch for flowering fungi to reveal themselves above the ground. Fungi can tell you a lot about the soil properties of an area, and they should typically be welcomed and left undisturbed whenever possible.

And finally, look for the lowly lichens. Even in the most inhospitable spots on your site, you are likely to find some lichen clinging onto rocks in the full southern sun – a symbiotic teaming of algae and fungus that can establish a foothold for larger life forms in the harshest environments. Lichens expose the potential for life where none seems possible.

When you have sufficiently identified your stakeholders, you are ready to examine the elements. Here you will need to understand sunshine, water, wind, and soil – and how each interacts with your site.

Depending on the size and complexity of your site, a rough sketch may be all you need to understand the sun and shade. Sometimes the structure of shade is simple – a heavily wooded area is mostly shaded, and a wide open area is mostly sunny. Buildings, large trees, and forest edges can greatly complicate shade structure on a site. There are some tools available online that can help you to accurately draw shadows for simple shade structure by inputting your latitude and choosing the desired season. For very complex shade structure, a simpler approach is to sketch the shade as you observe it on a simple top-down drawing or map of the site. On your drawing, use colored pencils to lightly shade the areas that are shaded from the sun at regular intervals over the course of a day. As an example, you might draw the shade lightly in gray at 9 am, in green at noon, in red at 3 pm, and in blue at 6pm. The darkest areas are the shadiest, and the different colors reveal which areas get morning sunlight with afternoon shade, etc. In most regions it is advisable to chart your shade in different seasons throughout the year to account for differences in the angle of the sun. While it is important to draw the shade on paper for planning and reference, these drawings are only a guide. When the time comes to select plants and locate plantings, your personal knowledge of the site should be the final consideration.

Water is a powerful force in nature, and it would be hard to overstate the importance of understanding how water interacts with your site. You can get a good general idea about how water will flow across the land by plotting the elevation and contour of the property. Your county or state may have already done this work for you, and a call to your regional geographic survey service could save you hours of hard work and headache here. If no topographic maps exist for your site, you can use a laser level to accurately show contour and transfer the laser lines by drawing them onto your plan. Or you can find the contour manually by walking the site with a bunyip water level and marking the contour with flags or markers as you go. However you get elevation and contour lines onto your plan, these again are only a guide to inform your decision-making as you progress your design. There is simply no substitute for standing on the property during a heavy rain and watching the water move over the land with your own eyes. Note any spots where the contour of the land causes drainage or run-off. Note any channels with high volumes of water flow. Compare what you see to your contour maps, and note any differences between what you expected to see and what you actually saw.

The effects of wind on a permaculture site can be very subtle and hard to observe. Wind’s effect on an area plays out invisibly – both in the short term as changes in air temperature, and in the long term as erosion and accretion. Learn the prevailing wind directions for your region in different seasons, and then walk your site while envisioning the prevailing winds in both winter and summer. Can you identify existing pockets of protection where a wind screen is already established? Remember that a living wind screen is only effective in winter if the plants that make up the screen are evergreen. And, the smaller the leaf (or needle), the more effective the wind screen – large leaves block the sun well, but the wind blows right through them. Are there large areas that are void of any protection, completely exposed to harsh winter winds? Those same areas will likely enjoy a gentle breeze in spring and summer. Try to identify areas where winter winds may be a concern, and where summer winds may be an asset.

Intimacy – Establishing a Deeper Connection with Your New Site

Now that you’ve spent some time getting to know your new permaculture site through patient observation, you’re ready to take things to the next level. Here you will delve deeper – into your site’s energy and into its soil – to establish a stronger connection with the land.

hands-full-of-soilMuch of what you can learn about the soil, you will already know through careful observation of the plant life throughout the site. Plants can expose much information about soil depth and fertility, without requiring you to even pick up a spade. Now you will make a more focused effort to understand the soil. Walk your site again, this time with a spade, and pay special attention to the soil. Identify areas where the soil feels especially soft and fluffy, or especially hard and rocky. In each area you identify, randomly select a few spots and sink your spade. Pop up a small sampling of the topsoil and take notes on what you find. Is the soil dry, light in color, and full of rocky substrate – or is it dark, heavy, and full of organic material? What life do you find in the soil? Are there worms, grubs, or beetles? Are there thin white strands of mycorrhizae – the fungal filaments that help plants feed? Smell the soil – crumble it in your hand and inhale its essence through your nose – healthy soil has a distinct smell and with practice your nose is a valuable tool to identify problems in the soil. Note any off-putting smells and plot them on your plan to investigate later. Notice the composition of the soil – is there a large concentration of sand, clay, or silt? Does the soil crumble with light pressure – indicating a coarse texture, or is it solid like a rock – indicating a fine clayey texture? You can do a simple test yourself by filling a mason jar one third of the way full with topsoil and then adding water to fill the jar, leaving an inch at the top for air. Seal the jar and shake it vigorously for fifteen or twenty minutes. When the particles settle, they will settle with the largest sand particles at the bottom, and the finest clay particles at the top. In this way you can see a simple visual representation of the composition of your soil. Depending on your plans for each area, you may wish to send a soil sample in to your local university agricultural extension, or a privately owned lab. Be sure to read their instructions thoroughly to get the most accurate information from the test.

Return to each of the energy zones you identified in your initial introduction, and do a closer inspection now that you are more familiar with the site, this time on a micro level. Become intimate with the different energies of your site. Stop to meditate in each area at length, alternating between keeping your eyes open and allowing them to close. Notice any subtle changes in the way that you feel in the different areas. Take your shoes off and slowly fox walk the entire site – notice where the energy changes, and examine the edges that separate the different areas of your site.

Look for microclimates within the terrain. Find areas where a change in contour or elevation creates a small pocket of exceptional conditions – a depression in the ground can create a wet spot, and a sudden drop in elevation can create a pocket of protection from the wind and sun. Note each microclimate that you find and plot it on your plan.

Survey your site to begin understanding its history. Can you identify areas where water and wind have created pockets of deep soil through accretion? Are there other areas where water and wind have eroded the soil over time? Which areas have sustained old growth with a developed canopy, which have been managed and mowed, and which are recovering from having been clear cut in the recent past? Look for telltale pioneer plants that are reestablishing dense growth in an area where the old growth has been removed. Examine the surface rocks that you find throughout your site, both small rocks that have been pushed up through the soil and larger outcroppings where the bedrock shows through – are these rocks all made of the same materials; if so what are they? An exposed cliff can give you a glimpse into the ancient history of your site, showing the gradual development of the land over recent centuries and millennia. For a fresh perspective, try to find a nearby highpoint where you can view your site from afar, in light of the surrounding terrain.

And finally, do a little comparative analysis. Visit several nearby sites and do a quick survey of the plants, animals, and soil conditions that you find there. Are there any notable differences between your site and similar sites in the region? If so, try to understand what causes these differences and try to understand whether the relative differences on your site are desirable or not.

Moving Forward in a Faithful Relationship

When you have truly attempted to understand your site, its energies, its stakeholders, and its history, then you will be ready to begin planning changes. Edit carefully and thoughtfully – always showing respect, faith, and gratitude for your new friend. Apply the principles of permaculture to identify solutions and maximize abundance. Because you have observed the site thoroughly, you will have confidence that the changes you create will work with, and not against, the processes and phenomena that define the nature of your site. Most of all, celebrate the satisfaction that this new relationship will bring to you and your site – good friends are truly hard to come by.

Reprinted with permission from Permaculture Design Magazine, Volume #98, Fall 2015


#AskPaulKirtley Episode 14: Toxic Firewood, Down Bags, What To Do If Lost, Minimum Bushcrafter Knowledge and Rewilding Britain

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In this episode of #AskPaulKirtley I answer questions on toxic firewood, down sleeping bag cost vs weight, what to do if lost in the woods, what knife to carry, sharpening knives on coffee mugs, using contact lenses outdoors for extended periods, the minimum knowledge to be a bushcrafter and rewilding Britain…

This first appeared on Paul Kirtley’s Blog. If you like my content, CLICK HERE to get 20 free videos today.

15 Ways to Survive and Escape a Riot Without a Scratch

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15 Ways to Survive and Escape a Riot Without a Scratch

15 Ways to Survive and Escape a Riot Without a Scratch

It’s a scene of SHTF chaos. Large riots can suddenly become a place of carnage and tragedy, shootings, mob beatings, critical injuries, rape and death. Rocks, knives, clubs, and guns are all common weapons you may suddenly face one day soon. Here’s how to escape with your life and a proven way to even turn the tables on a few rioters.

Included: 10 ways to escape a riot and … 7 specific tips for women to avoid being targeted and dragged away by a rapist.

A lot of people have a good reason to be worried about riots, and the worries are growing.

There have been two waves of riots in the U.S. and a third wave might just take things to a whole new level.

This next wave of rioting stands to involve more people, more unrest, more deaths, and more crime than ever before in U.S. history. I have to say that for our U.K. readers in London and those living in major cities like Toronto, Canada and Sidney, Australia — don’t expect it to be much better. Once the riots hit U.S. cities it’s likely to spread to other major cities. Europe, Australia won’t be spared. A recipe for a real explosion of social chaos appears to be shaping up.

Europe’s migrant crisis

Plus, the migrant crisis in Europe, with dozens of thousands of people taking The Old Continent by storm show us there’s a veritable clash of civilizations coming. The more people of different cultures and beliefs you put together, the more likely it is they will fight.

First, there was the fear of zombies and asteroids. Then came the fear of an economic collapse. Now the EMP is the biggest disaster most preppers face but not for long, because riots are already scaring the daylights out of people. To me, riots are the SHTF events with the biggest likelihood of affecting the average Joe and it’s easy to see why: They’re already happening.

Just to put things into perspective, here are a few of the most recent ones:

March, 2014: Madrid (Spain) saw 101 injured and 29 arrested in a violent riot against high unemployment.

2014, Brussels (Belgium): 100,000 rioters clashed with the police against austerity measures, one of which being the cutting of welfare benefits.

October, 2014: A pumpkin festival turned into a riot in the town of Keene, New Hampshire, showing that even a small town with a population of 23,000 people can be affected by them.

November, 2014: The Ferguson riots not only took the United States by surprise, spreading in over 170 cities but also in London.

April, 2015: The Baltimore riots cause a total of $9mn in total damage.

Now, in the examples above I only chose riots from the US and Western Europe, although you can imagine countries in Central Europe, Eastern Europe and the Middle East are also getting their fair share.

READ : 6 Discreet Weapons You Can Carry Anywhere

As you can see, riots get triggered by any number of things, from austerity measures to cult religious factions, and even during a small town’s pumpkin festival. The ingredients are there and, if you ask me, it’s a miracle they aren’t happening more often!

The point I’m trying to make is that these things can occur in your town or city at any time (if they haven’t already). And if they did, bad news: You have a sleeping army of rioters in your proximity, waiting for an excuse to do their thing again.

Let’s see what some of the ways to get out of a riot unharmed are.

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#1. Know your city well

Knowing every street, every back alley and every dead end in your town is something you should collect information on in advance. You can do this by walking a lot (at safe hours of the day, depending on where you live) and paying attention to street names and road junctions, and even marking on a map all possible ways to get back home — and that includes escape from the interstate freeway, if you have an commute to and from work on state freeways or highways.

Not only does walking help you get to know neighborhood streets and side paths, it’s also a great way to stay in shape in case you’ve put on a few extra pounds because, during a riot, your physical condition could make it or break it.

#2. Blend in

If you look white-collar or even look like a tourist or someone else well to do, getting out from a riot is going to be tough. When things start taking a turn for the worse, one of the first things you should do is remove any sign that you have money or a high-paying job or are simply a tourist — you look like an easy target and someone to beat down first.

Protesters are usually from the lower classes and some of them hate people who are doing better than them financially.

To blend in, remove ALL accessories (watches, tie clip, hats, and ties) and don’t forget to ditch your sport coat or blazer and, if possible, put a t-shirt, sweatshirt or something more casual on.

READ : 3 Essentials To Prevent Home Invasions

Loose the brief case or ditch the purse — one way to do both is to include a black pillow case in whatever designer bag you might be carrying. Transfer the contents into the pillow case and hopefully your contents will make it out of the riot ok.

Blending in with counter culture – If you live in an area known for anarchists, throw on a black t-shirt with some counter culture designs on it. If you live in an area not far from the ‘hood, throw on a shirt with the local big name sports team or local smoke shop or popular liquor. Whatever shirt you throw on, don’t throw on something brand new and too clean. In fact, the best shirts, pants, and coats (don’t forget to grab a matching beanie cap) you can throw on to blend in are probably at your local thrift store and selling for just a couple bucks that you can pick up this weekend.

Personally, I recommend some black polyester or nylon running pants (loose fitting); these fold up tightly and won’t take much space in your brief case, back pack, or purse. Hopefully whatever shoes you wear to and from work or into town are the kind you can run in. They need to lace up well and you need to know how to tie them in advance so that they don’t come untied if you have to make a run for it. Something as simple as a shoe coming untied can make or break you when trying to escape a riot or group of rioters who are hot on your trail.

Some of the things NOT to do to blend in are wearing a hoodie over your head or a bandana over your mouth (unless you’re trying to protect yourself from tear gas). Why? Because law enforcement officers might mistake you for a bad guy. That means they can put you down with tear gas, rubber bullets or even brute force before they arrest you.

#3. Stay calm

The key to doing all of this is to stay calm. The more afraid you appear to be, the more likely it is that rioters will notice. Avoid looking afraid and like you’re part of the “establishment” they hate. Instead, put on an instant poker face and take control of your demeanor:

When rioters look your way, look pissed off, just like they do, even raise a fist and shout something (but don’t let the police see you raising your fists — this is for the rioters); then just run right passed the rioters, kicking at things on the ground, etc, as you run by, all part of your act.

When you finally see police, demonstrate to the police you are not part of the riot by running over to a wall and away from the crowd, covering your head with your arms while you run (to protect yourself from punches and flying debris like rocks and bottles); ultimately, you want to look like a scared refugee and make your escape that way. Your body language tells the police that you are probably not a rioter and in fact may be one of the people they are down here to attempt to help and not crack over the head with a baton by mistake.

If you pull this off, congratulations — you’re adapting traits into your riot escape plan that an accomplished spy or overseas journalist have probably used on more than one occasion to escape dangerous rioting.

By staying calm and using a strategy to escape, you help avoid making a mistake and getting singled out by rioters or law enforcement and hurt or killed in some capacity.

READ : How to Create a Safe Room in Your House or Apartment

Remember, if caught in a riot, the two things that can hurt you are:

1) Looking scared (so don’t look scared)

2)Looking like part of the “establishment” they hate (so have something to throw on that helps you blend in with the locals)

Final word on blending in: Don’t forget to pray — If that’s not your thing maybe it needs to start becoming your thing. It is the only thing to make sense of the modern world spinning so fast out of control. Combined with faith, I personally think it will be the only thing that saves a lot of people from the disasters that are heading our way.

Staying calm during a riot shouldn’t be just an act – This isn’t something you should just act, you really need to work on yourself and your mind to find calm and control your demeanor. Prayer is a powerful tool for that. Some other ways include:

Using visualization techniques.

Tackling more work at your job (thus, exposing yourself to more stress, which will force you to learn to stay calm).

Tackling a job where you can lead other people or becoming a volunteer to develop your social skills and become a problem solver.

Tackling a job at a day care center (if you can stay calm in front of a bunch of children, you can probably stay calm in most situations that might come your way).

…and by putting yourself in a variety of situations where staying calm is key (extreme sports, martial arts, ocean kayaking, and so on).

#4. Move away from the riot

The last thing you want is to start running the moment you see a way out. You never know who’s gonna come out and block your way or, even worse, a few rioters might start chasing you. The method to getting out safely from a riot is this:

Move in the same direction and at the same pace with the rioters but be on the lookout for ways out of the turmoil. You have to move at a slight angle to advance towards the exit.

Whether you can find a way out or not, put as much space between you and the rioters as you can.

Now, just because there’s a distance between you and them, that doesn’t mean you’re safe. Who knows who might sneak up on you from behind. Even worse, you might realize you’re still unable to get out of there. It’s not over until it’s over and, with no way out, you might have to find temporary shelter inside a building (more on that later).

Here’s where most people get it wrong… whether they see a peaceful protest or even sporadic fights, people are always curious to know what’s happening. 60 seconds later, blood starts to spill, chaos breaks loose and they realize they’re right in the middle of the chaos.

READ : Why To Choose A Remington 870 For Defense

#5. Disappear into the shadows

The less visible you are, the less likely that they’ll pick on you. As you’re moving to safety, make sure you stay as much into the shadows as you can by avoiding well-lit areas, staying close to walls, trees and away from light poles. If possible, always wear dark colors because these won’t reflect as much light.

#6. Don’t waste time

As the Jewish journalist Haggai Matar tells the story, he almost got lynched by an angry mob in downtown Tel Aviv despite his efforts to explain himself and assure everyone that he was doing nothing wrong. Angry mobs don’t have brains and, as it happened in his case, they multiply. Fast.

It’s true that running won’t necessarily help but you can’t waste time either. The key is to not just move away from the crowd but go towards a place you know you’ll be safe.


#7. Comply and avoid eye contact

If you don’t have time to pull off an act, like outlined above, or you don’t have time to lose your business attire our other nice clothing and are suddenly caught in a riot unexpectedly (which can happen, just depends on where you may work or do business or travel to), here are some different strategies that can work for you:

As you’re moving through the riot, you need to avoid eye contact at all costs. Stare at them for more than a second and they’ll want to get to know you better — and figure out if you’re part of the “establishment”.

It’s just human nature to feel challenged when someone maintains eye contact, especially when they feel in charge and are looking for someone to hate right at that moment.

Now, if they stop you, this doesn’t mean you have to look away (at all times) even when they’re screaming at you. You don’t want to look scared and you don’t want to appear cocky either. The rule of thumb is to look at them when you’re talking and look away when you’re not. They key here is to make it look natural.

You’re on their side. You agree with them.

That’s right, you don’t have to be a hero; you’ll be outnumbered anyway. Don’t fight unless you have no other choice, don’t join the fights either and don’t get mad at what the protesters are doing or saying. I don’t care if you agree with them or not, it’s more important that you get to see your wife and kids again.

If they don’t fall for your act — run – If you have the legs to run, keep trying to run, even if you’re being struck by fists. It’s possible to take a few punches and still get away with your life. A friend of mine, former Air Force, got jumped outside a bar several years back in our younger days. He got knocked down by a punch but then simply jumped up and ran and got away. Most people who get jumped simply get beat down because they are overwhelmed by the odds and panic and curl up into a ball, etc. Don’t be that person, if you have the legs to run, run!

So, if someone hits you, avoid the temptation of fighting back — you’ll only make them angrier and, besides, if they had the guts to hit a stranger for no reason, their friends are probably nearby, maybe even heading towards you. Block the punches and kicks as much as you can and keep moving.

If they want something from you such as money, your jacket or your gun, it’s best to comply. In fact, it would be wise to always have some cash on you as part of your everyday carry kit (EDC) to give it to them so they leave you alone. You’re also gonna need it, anyway, in case you find a vending machine to get water and energy bars.

Carry a mugger’s wallet – If you commute to and from a major city, just like any tourist it might be a good time to start carrying a “mugger’s wallet”. This is a proven tactic used by people in the know to help survive muggings and armed robbery. This is a wallet stuffed with some one dollar bills and fake cards and information with bad addresses on it. If you get mugged, or jumped by rioters, hand over your mugger’s wallet and keep your real wallet hidden in another pocket or somewhere else on your body.

READ : How Not To Get Beat, Tazed, or Tear Gassed By The Police

#8. If you see an open door, go inside

I don’t care if it’s a bank or a supermarket. If you can’t go home, it’s better to go inside than to stay outside where the blood is spilling. Caveat: it’s likely that the protesters will go inside as well but you’re still better off inside. For one, not all of them are going to go inside. Second, inside you’ve got options:

You can find a back door to get out.

You can go to an upper floor where no one will follow you or possibly even take shelter up on a roof and wait things out up there.

Or maybe you can barricade either the main door or one of the interior doors.

How do you know which door is open? You don’t, you just have to try them one by one. You might be seconds away from that mob noticing you’re trying to escape.

#9. If a tear gas canister is headed your way, run

Correction: Run like hell. In this case, forget what I said earlier about staying calm and moving at a slower pace. Trust me, when that canister is about to hit you, everyone’s going to run as fast as they can. Take a look at these journalists being attacked by the police with tear gas.

In fact, this could actually be good news to you. The rioters panicking could mean your chance to break away free. But to take advantage of it, you need to know what your possible ways out are. When you’re seconds away from an encounter with tear gas, you may not have time to think, only time to run and, hopefully, you’ll do it in the right direction.

#10. You need a different approach depending on who you’re with

Whether you’re alone or in a group matters because you’ll need a different strategy. You have to prepare yourself for the very likely event that you’ll get separated from your group.

If you’re alone, it’s easier. You don’t have to look out for anyone but yourself and it’s also easier to blend in until you can find a way to escape. Sure, you might see people who are screaming, people who are injured as you walk by but before you decide to help them, you should quickly analyze the situation before spending another minute in these circumstances.

READ : 8 Improvised Weapons that will Probably Kill You

In most cases, giving first aid and, if you’re strong enough, dragging them from the middle of the road to the side may be the only things you can do before you move on.

If you’re with co-workers, sticking together is a good idea because you’ll be less likely to be attacked. With riots, there’s always power in the numbers. However, if you or one of the others finds a way to break free, go for it. It’s ok to leave them behind because you’re not much help anyway staying trapped in the riot.

Now, if you’re with your family, things are complicated. If your kid gets lost, you’re going to want to find them but not before sending your wife and other kids to safety.

If you’re not prepared to do that (i.e. you don’t have a gun), you may want to go back home and get a weapon and some help before you return. You may also need binoculars (or, better yet, a monocular because it’s smaller and lighter) so you can inspect the crowd to find your son before you jump back in there.

I’m not saying that leaving your son out there for half an hour is going to increase his chances of survival but going back in there will surely decrease yours. In fact, your kid has less chances of being attacked than you because he’s small and won’t be seen as a threat, unlike you.

The rule of thumb for families trapped inside riots is to always stick together.

If you see children, do the right thing — help them get to safety

Sometimes a group of children can end up surrounded by rioters, even if they’re not being targeted. This happens when a riot takes place when area schools are being released for the day and kids who may normally walk home are suddenly caught in a riot.

This is a good time for each of us to stop worrying about our own skin and do something to help these kids escape unharmed — if they’re willing to follow you to safety that is. Whatever you do, don’t grab a kid by the arm and start dragging them to safety — you don’t want to look like a potential kidnapper or rapist to a group of local rioters. Depending on the rioters, that might get you killed.

Five Additional Key Points to Survive a Riot

#11. Riots are unpredictable

The most important thing to remember about riots is that they are fluid and unpredictable. Things change by the second and you need to think fast. You may only get one or two chances to get out of there and you cannot hesitate.

The other thing to keep in mind is that you will see people hurt. You will see blood, you will hear people screaming, you will hear gunshots but you can’t let them get to you.

Getting to safety should be the only thing on your mind, no matter what. Even if you don’t die, being crippled for the rest of your life isn’t something to look forward to.

If you have the opportunity, helping drag injured people to safety and help children steer clear of an approaching riot (or escape a riot) is the right thing to do — even if you get a few bumps and bruises along the way. What if these were your kids?

READ : Building Your SHTF Gunshot Survival Kit

#12. Specific tips for women

1. Have clothing to change into that doesn’t show any curves.

2. Don’t just wear dress shoes to work — have some good, dark colored running shoes handy.

3. Be ready to wash off your make-up (if any) in a hurry.

4. Pull your hair up into an old ball cap and have something to cinch it with so that it stays hidden in your cap.

5. Don’t hesitate to spit in your hands and grab a few handfuls of dirt and coat your face and hair in it — if you look dirty and ragged you are less likely to be targeted for a possible rape (a rape that won’t happen on a sidewalk in clear view… it’s the kind of rape where you’re punched in the head and then dragged off somewhere and possibly end up dead behind a house or down an alley).

6. Carry a taser — it’s easy to conceal in a sleeve and if someone grabs you, you can give them the shock of their life, dropping them to the ground so you can make your escape. Pink is not the best color for a taser — a black taser will blend in with your dark clothes and can be easily concealed in a sleeve.

(Some people prefer a tactical pen for it’s stabbing strength.)

7. You can be stronger than the average attacker by training a few key muscles that aid grapplers in the sport of wrestling or MMA fighting. One exercise that you can do to give you serious arm and back strength (essential to grappling/wrestling strength) are bent over dumb bell rows, working one arm at a time. The good news — it’s an easy exercise. The bad news (if you want to call it bad news) — you have to stay dedicated to the routine and push yourself to higher reps over several weeks. Once you’re stronger — and faster at dumb bell rows — you can ease off the pace and just maintain at a certain level as a fitness regimen.

#13. Specific self defense strikes

Think like Jason Bourne – Any attacker who makes the mistake of grabbing you is instantly going to realize that you are ten times stronger than the average person when you suddenly grab or “clinch” (lock up with) your attacker in return.

To clinch, reach fast behind your attacker’s head with your left hand (if you’re right handed) and yank his face toward you — at the same time, start throwing a series of right handed (your power arm) palm-up strikes and break your attacker’s nose and end this encounter quickly.

From this position, you have 3 possible easy targets — as mentioned, the nose (you can break it with a palm strike or repeated palm strikes). The other two targets are the eyes and throat; poke bent fingers into the eyes (cobra strike); punch the throat with pointed knuckles. If this guy is hard to put down though just keep holding on with your left hand (behind his neck) and keep striking at the nose, eyes, and throat (hard, fast strikes) until you finally get somewhere.

A warning about long hair in a conflict – One danger with having long hair (specifically, women) is that an attacker can really inflict pain and control the direction of the conflict if he gets a firm hand full of hair and starts yanking you around by it. Keeping your hair up or (in the worst of riots) hiding somewhere and cutting off your long locks can greatly assist in you escaping danger. Plus, your hair will grow back — it’s not the end of the world! (Well, maybe it actually is).

#14. Concealed carry – turn the tables on a few rioters

For men and women both – If you’re making your escape and are chased onto a side street, this would be a great time for your concealed carry permit to come in handy. Draw a firearm and let these rioters know to back off or they are going to regret it. Most of the time this will work to deter people but only if they think you have the guts to use your gun. Speak in a way so they know you mean business.

READ : How to Build the Ultimate Survival Shotgun

#15. Shoot to kill? Not if you don’t have to

Some people are too quick to shoot to kill, and that includes the police. Shooting to kill is sometimes taking matters to an extreme and just a bit too fast (though sometimes it might be the only way out one day, so keep that in mind; I’m not against it, when it comes to self defense, but only if it’s necessary, let prayer be your guide for every aspect of life; finally, keep in mind you may have to prove that this was “self defense” in a court of law if the authorities decide to prosecute — if you or someone with you can get your clear warnings to threatening rioters on video, you are more likely to get “self defense” in your favor and not face prosecution — that is the hope anyway).

If you have to put a bullet into somebody to save your skin, why not start by putting a bullet into someone’s foot before you take matters to a lethal extreme? Either way, the fight is over and most likely any small group of rioters who have chased you down a side street is likely now to turn up their heels and run when they see their comrade drop to the ground in agony and they know you mean business.

A bottle of pepper spray can also come in handy, but honestly, facing the kind of rioting and social unrest that is probably heading our way soon, a concealed carry permit and knowing how to use a firearm will do a number of people a world of good and may be what turns the tables on a few dangerous rioters that day.

Source :

Other Useful Resources :    

Mega Drought USA:(Discover The Amazing Device That Turns Air Into Water)DIY

Survive The End Days (Biggest Cover Up Of Our President)

Survival MD (Best Post SHTF Medical Survival Guide Ever)

Blackout USA (EMP survival and preparedness guide)

Bullet Proof Home (A Prepper’s Guide in Safeguarding a Home )

Backyard Innovator (All Year Round Source Of Fresh Meat,Vegetables And Clean Drinking Water)DIY

Conquering the coming collapse (Financial advice and preparedness )

Liberty Generator (Easy DIY to build your own off-grid free energy device)

Backyard Liberty (Easy and cheap DIY Aquaponic system to grow your organic and living food bank)

Family Self Defense (Best Self Defense Strategies For You And Your Family)



The post 15 Ways to Survive and Escape a Riot Without a Scratch appeared first on Backdoor Prepper.

It’s Not Your’s If You Can’t Keep It!

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It's Not Your's If You Can't Keep It

It’s not your’s if you cannot defend it, too, because that’s what you are going to have to do, in order to keep whatever you have. You have to have the physical ability to do so, along with the necessary skills of combat in even hand to hand conflict. Life without conveniences is mega strenuous and not even close to what you feel when watching a TV show about it. You would be the star of your own show, or cancelled after just one episode. That’s how fast it would happen in a world without conveniences.

You have to have the mental capacity and neutral mental foundation of principles to do so, and handle the horrors involved in doing so, because it may not be as easy as shooting someone from a distance. You might be covered in blood after defending yourself, your loved ones, and/or your rightful property. I’ve seen fist fights that lasted over one-half hour, with one guy having part of his ear bit off and swallowed. Real life is brutal. This life of Rule of Law and regulations galore is just an illusion of stability that can collapse in an instant.

You have to be spiritually stable(not religious)enough to handle everyday horrors of people killing, raping, beating, destroying, and even cannibalism. One person or even a group of people, will not be able to handle every situation in highly populated areas and protect all people in their communities. You have to be spiritually stable enough to throw body after body onto funeral fires without much ceremony, in order to avoid the spread of disease to the air, ground, and water. You have to accept that once someone dies, the body is just a shell to recycle into the system of nature, and that the spirit or energy of that person moves on. Say goodbye and move on with survival, not numb, but neutral in the solution and reality of life.

You have to have skills to take and receive from the land. You have to learn from the other species that have never had conveniences, and work in concert with them, taking only what you need. Those other species with teach you, feed you, and work as a teammate in the natural cycle of life without conveniences. You will need neutral people skills in order to accept the differences inside and outside of others, or you will be constantly at war with other clans that form as people separate in new or old belief systems. You will have to know how to trap food, hunt food, forage food, build shelters, purify water, store food without refrigeration and salt, make clothing, and so much more. If you hold on to too many of the convenient ways, even will everyday homesteading, and make them your preparedness, then you will eventually fail at some level. You must learn to be part of the cycle of life and not fight against it or attempt to dominate it.

Let go of this era that is close to ending, and accept the natural world internally, so the reality of cycle of life without conveniences. is a part of you and your beliefs and principles. Do this prior to the end, so it acclimates to you and you to it. Reality is not always and easy thing to accept and live in. Strengthen your body and improve your health and immune system by living organically. Let go of all the ritualistic and political bullshit that creates conflict internally and externally, but stay aware of what they are doing in trying to gain control of all people, for they are the tyrants throughout history. Near the end as we are now, they will try even harder to gain control of those that they suck off of like the parasites they are in reality, masking themselves as helpers and saviors. Let go of this technology of distraction and fattening laziness. Stop playing games and start becoming a serious BAMF they can actually handle SHTF/TEOTWAWKI.

Do these things and become a prepared member of the human species of animal. The majority of the human species are like sheep and cattle that graze in the fields of society, never noticing the wolf of dependence that stocks them along the path of destiny. Dependence is vulnerability and death in survival. Neutrality and principles based in the constant solution, without bias, while utilizing good health and strength that is aligned with great depth of skills, is the key to surviving in any culture and any environment, peacefully and in natural reality.

Storage Guidelines for Fruits & Vegetables

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crate-of-peppers-for-storageIt’s harvest time for many [Grow] Network members – and hopefully there is more food coming in than you know what to do with!

Marjory sent me this handy guide from Cornell, and I thought that it would be useful to share it with everybody – to help make decisions about how you’re going to put up your harvest.

This is a PDF from the extension service at Cornell University, with a ton of information about how to properly harvest and store a variety of crops. It’s got recommendations for about 50 fruits and veggies, along with some good information about storage options – different places around the homestead where it’s safe to store a surplus, and some creative ideas for packing materials and containers you can use.

One especially helpful little tidbit that’s in here is to always store your fruits and vegetables separately – fruits release ethylene which can cause your vegetables to ripen more quickly. And stored fruits can take on the taste of nearby vegetables… Who knew?

You can read or download the original PDF here: Storage Guidelines for Fruits & Vegetables

Many thanks to Eric de Long and S. Reiners of the Cornell Cooperative Extension, Chemung County


Fitzpatrick Nuclear Plant is Dead! One More Down, And A Bunch to Go, Morons Want to Put It On Life Support

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Fitzpatrick nuclear plant will be closing. As the Nukepro predicted, this is a happy day.

Each one is a victory. But there is still just shy of 100 plants in the USA.

If we close 5 a year, that takes 20 years to get close them down, and another 5 years after that to dry cask them.

Well, 25 years is better than never.

This is the definition of an Asshat, Gov Cuomo will spend vast amounts of taxpayers dollars on a legal attack to attempt to force this non governmental company to operate at a loss.   What a shithead.

It’s an absurd twist on socialism.   But like the citizen slaves who toil away, paying 73% of all of their efforts to support an egalitarian ruling (governmental) class….now he wants companies to be walking zombies, forced to operate.    Personally, I don’t think it is very smart to have zombies running Nuclear Plants.  

It seems Cuomo is not the only Socilaist Asshat in the crowd….

Oswego County’s congressional representatives, U.S. Reps. Richard Hanna and John Katko, urged Entergy and the state to continue to meet and reach an agreement that will keep the plant open. 

“Absent a solution, our hope is that the company and the state will do everything possible to mitigate the challenges faced by the community,” Hanna, R-Barneveld, and Katko, R-Camillus, said in a joint statement.

20 Signs That You Might Be A Cheapskate

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20 Signs That You Might Be A Cheapskate Some people say “cheap” like it’s a bad thing. Others prefer words like “frugal” or “thrifty”. The bottom line is, some of us really enjoy the challenge of saving as much money as possible. We see the things that others spend money on and think, “No way! …

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EMP Attack Survival Guide

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  You wake up in the middle of the night and hear a crash sound outside. The lights are off and you stumble in the dark to find a working flashlight. Once you get outside you notice that a power outage hit your neighborhood, you check your phone but it’s dead too. That doesn’t make … Read more…

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What Information Do You, Our Readers Need?

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informationI have been preparing since I was in my twenties and now that I am in my seventies, I will continue to do it as long as possible.  During my life I have seen many changes, as a child I can remember when we had no TV, a party line phone and an outdoor toilet.  Many of the tools that we used prior to the advent of power tools are now collectors items or considered junk.

I look at the electronics and power tools that are available today and how dependent everyone has become on them.  What will happen when the electricity fails?  I have studied history and at some point, ours systems will fail.  History does repeat itself.  Regardless of the cause of the failure, I worry about the youth of today.  They understand technical issues that escape me, but at the same time are dependent on them.  Now many people store their data in the cloud with little to no backup.  What happens when the cloud disappears?

Now many people will say that I am just negative, that the system is to strong and will not fail.  These same people buy fire, life, car and health insurance.  Prepping is just another form of insurance, one that can mean the difference between life and death.

As many of you know we (my wife and I) have been writing this blog for over 4 years.  During this time period, we have covered many different subjects and have tried to pass along what we have learned.  In addition, this has been good for us; it has forced us to expand our knowledge.  It gives us a chance to pass knowledge along to family and friends.

Six days a week, we get up and say what will, we write on today.  Some days this is more challenging than others.  It seems like there is always something new to add, but we want to make sure that this blog is relevant to you.  What are we missing?  What do you want us to cover?  We like your suggestion and questions; they help us know that we are going in the right direction.  It is important to us that we provide you with the information you need.


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13 Trees You SHOULD Start Growing In Your Yard And Why

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13 Trees You SHOULD Start Growing In Your Yard And Why I shared a great article a few months ago about what trees NOT to grow in your yard and I actually have had a lot of positive response from people who have thanked me for the info as they were going to plant some …

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The post 13 Trees You SHOULD Start Growing In Your Yard And Why appeared first on SHTF & Prepping Central.


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GIVEAWAY!!!!! We will soon be giving away a Cold Steel GI Tanto knife and the only way to be eligible to win is to share and like our FACEBOOK page! I personally carry this knife in my own bug out gear. One hell of a knife don’t miss out!!!!!! Filed under: Bug Out, Giveaways!, … Continue reading Giveaway!!!!!!!

Portable Wood Stove For Tents, Bugging Out And Tiny Houses

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Portable Wood Stove For Tents, Bugging Out And Tiny Houses I have for the longest time been a fan of camping, I have told you a million times over the years but I like to go camping 7-8 times a year. I would go more but in the midwest it can get very cold and …

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How To Build A Wind Powered Water Pump

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How To Build A Wind Powered Water Pump Having the ability to pump water either from your well, a pond or a river is vital if you want to live off grid or dealing with an extended power outage. You could scale this up or down and use it to pump water into a pond …

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Secret Island Where Everyone Lives Completely Off-Grid

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An Hour From Vancouver There Is A Secret Island Where Everyone Lives Completely Off-Grid Lasqueti is located between Vancouver and Vancouver Island, home to a little known community of off-gridders who take pride in their isolation from both mainstream culture and the mainland. The 2011 census recorded 426 people living in Lasqueti, who meet up …

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Jimmy & Bekah’s Diner Dream(a gofundme campaign)

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Dateline: 3 November 2015

Jimmy & Bekah in their future diner.

My youngest son, James, and his wife, Bekah, are buying The Gathering, a small-town diner here in Moravia, New York. It will be officially theirs on January 1st of 2016. That’s two months away. James & Bekah are pretty excited about it. 

They don’t have the money to buy a diner, but they have been given the opportunity to purchase it for a modest down payment and regular monthly payments for as many years as it will take to get it paid off. This opportunity has come by way of Bekah’s parents who own the diner, and who have operated it for the past nine years.

The diner seats 80, is on the main road just outside town, and has lots of parking. The location really couldn’t be any better. It’s a nice little diner and has a good customer base.

I’m real pleased with this new development. A properly run small-town diner can support a family. And when a husband and wife work the business together, you have something rare and special in this day and age— a family economy. 

Besides that, if you want to see a great example of community in action, stop by a busy, small town, rural diner (like The Gathering) some morning for breakfast, or at lunchtime. It’s a beautiful thing.

Bekah’s parents will help with the transition. Marlene and I are looking for ways that we can be a help too. I expect I’ll be poking away at various small remodeling projects, and probably posting about them here on this blog. But the first thing I’ve done (earlier today) is set up a GoFundMe campaign to raise some money to help James and Bekah get off to a solid start with this new opportunity.

Go to Jimmy & Bekah’s Diner Dream and you can read all the details. I hope that many readers of this blog will feel like helping with a donation. It doesn’t have to be much. A lot of smaller donations can add up. And every one will be a big encouragement. 

Get a “Free” 
Planet Whizbang Hat

Readers of this blog who donate $50 to the GoFundme campaign will receive a tangible thank you in the form of a Planet Whizbang cap, like this….

click picture for an enlarged view

These Planet Whizbang caps are not an official part of the GoFundMe campaign, so if you donate $50, make sure you send me an e-mail letting me know that you’d like the cap (and give me your mailing address).  My e-mail is

We are currently awaiting the first shipment of these hats. You’ll be able to purchase them (for less than $50) next year. But for now, they’re only available as thank-you gifts.

By the way, I’ve been wearing one of these new Planet Whizbang hats for a couple of weeks and I like it very much. However, I should make it clear that, if you wear one of these hats while shaking the lower branch of a big apple tree (to get food for your pigs) and an apple falls on your head, the hat does not offer much protection.

Back view of the new Planet Whizbang hats. The lettering should be a darker green on the shipment of hats we are awaiting.

You may also send a donation of any amount to James and Bekah to help with their Diner Dream. Make the check out to James Kimball and mail it to me at:

Herrick Kimball
PO Box 1117
Moravia, NY 13118

And we all thank you very much!

Prepper Courtesy Wake-Up Call

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My dog is an a-hole. Seriously, she is. Just before midnight last night, my wife and I are awoken to the sound of her barking from the lower level of our house. It wasn’t the kind of bark that indicated an intruder or stranger on the property, just a sharp, shrill teeth-on-edge bark that she […]

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17 Surprising Off-Grid Ways Salt Can Help You Clean

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17 Incredible Off-Grid Ways Salt Can Help You Clean

Image source: Pinterest

We sprinkle it on our foods, we add it to boiling water and we use it on slippery sidewalks and roads. We even toss it over our shoulders to ward off “bad luck.” However, did you know you can use salt for many cleaning purposes around your home?

You can. Good old common table salt, which is a mineral composed mainly of sodium chloride, can be used either alone or in conjunction with other natural agents such as lemon juice and vinegar, for a myriad of cleaning uses.

As you simplify your lifestyle, you will find that you can do away with many commercial cleaning products and go with natural, non-toxic ones instead. We have put together a list of some of our favorite ways to clean with salt, an abundant and inexpensive natural resource.

1. Grease. Salt can work magic on grease stains since it absorbs grease. Simply sprinkle salt on your greasy pots and pans and then wipe with a clean cloth. Some grease spots on carpet can also be removed with a solution of one part salt and one part rubbing alcohol. Be careful to rub in the direction of the nap of the rug.

2. Sink drains. To help eliminate odors in your sink and to prevent a build-up of grease, pour a solution of salt and hot water down your kitchen drain on a regular basis.

Could This All-Natural ‘Detox’ Capsule Have Extended John Wayne’s Life?

3. Water rings. Make a thin paste of salt and vegetable oil or olive oil and gently rub it on any white marks caused by glasses and hot dishes on your wood furniture.

4. Dried-on egg. You know how cooked egg tends to settle on your frying pan? Use salt to loosen the eggy mess before scrubbing clean.

5. Coffee and tea stains. Fill your stained coffee and teacups with a solution of saltwater to help get rid of unsightly stains. The abrasiveness of the salt helps clean away the stains. Another option is to mix salt with your regular dish soap for added cleaning power on stains.

6. Refrigerator. You want to avoid toxic chemicals when you clean your refrigerator. Try using a mixture of salt and plain soda water to wipe out and deodorize your fridge interior.

17 Incredible Off-Grid Ways Salt Can Help You Clean

Image source:

7. Brass or copper. Make a paste by combining equal parts of salt, vinegar and flour. Rub the paste into the metal and let it sit for about an hour before cleaning and buffing with a soft, dry cloth.

8. Rust. Make a paste with equal parts salt and cream of tartar and a little water. Rub the paste on rust and let it dry. Then brush off the dried paste and buff the area with a soft, dry cloth.

Fast, All-Natural Pain Relief With No Nasty Side Effects!

9. Mildew stains. Moisten mildew spots with a mixture of salt and lemon juice. Place the item in the sun to dry. Then rinse well with water and let dry.

10. Coffee pot. Clean your stained coffee spot by placing salt and ice cubes inside the pot and swirling them around. The ice helps the salt scour off the stains. Another option is to add about four tablespoons of salt to the water you use to fill your coffeemaker. Run it as usual and then discard the water and rinse the pot well before using to make coffee.

11. Cutting board. Clean and deodorize your cutting boards safely by rubbing them with a mixture of salt and lemon juice.

12. Wine stains. First, blot up as much of the stain as you can with a clean cloth. Then cover the stain with salt to absorb any remaining residue. Next rinse the garment or tablecloth with cold water. If the stain is on your carpet, scrape salt away and then vacuum the spot well.

13. Fish tank. You can remove hard water deposits that accumulate on the inside of your fish tank with a salt paste. Be sure to use only plain – not iodized salt – for this purpose and rinse well before returning fish to the tank.

14. Wicker. To clean and to help prevent discoloration of your wicker furniture, scrub it with a stiff brush and a solution of warm saltwater. Allow furniture to air dry out in the sun.

15. Perspiration stains. Mix about four tablespoons of salt into a quart of hot water. Then use a sponge to work the solution into the fabric until stains fade.

16. Blood stains. This method works only for natural fabrics that can take high heat. First, soak the stained fabric in cold saltwater. Then launder in warm, soapy water before rinsing well in hot water.

17. Oven. Sprinkle salt on burned food and spillovers inside the oven or on burners while they are still hot. Later when the surface is cool, simply wipe away the salted area with a stiff brush or sturdy cloth.

You may be wondering about the different types of salt that are available at your local store. For eating purposes, your best bets are unrefined salts, such as sea salt and Himalayan salt, since they are the highest in organic quality. Those salts also have a higher price tag. However, for cleaning purposes, you can use refined salt (table salt) or iodized salt, which often sell for about 50 cents for a 26-ounce package.

Do you know of other uses for salt? Share your tips in the section below:

If You Use Salt To Clean, You’ve Got To Try Vinegar, Too!

21 Facts About The Explosive Growth Of Poverty In America That Will Blow Your Mind

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Poverty In America - Public Domain

By Michael Snyder – The Economic Collapse Blog

What you are about to see is more evidence that the growth of poverty in the United States is wildly out of control.  It turns out that there is a tremendous amount of suffering in “the wealthiest nation on the planet”, and it is getting worse with each passing year.  During this election season, politicians of all stripes are running around telling all of us how great we are, but is that really true?  As you will see below, poverty is reaching unprecedented levels in this country, and the middle class is steadily dying.  There aren’t enough good jobs to go around, dependence on the government has never been greater, and it is our children that are being hit the hardest.  If we have this many people living on the edge of despair now, while times are “good”, what are things going to look like when our economy really starts falling apart?  The following are 21 facts about the explosive growth of poverty in America that will blow your mind…

#1 The U.S. Census Bureau says that nearly 47 million Americans are living in poverty right now.

#2 Other numbers from the U.S. Census Bureau are also very disturbing.  For example, in 2007 about one out of every eight children in America was on food stamps.  Today, that number is one out of every five.

#3 According to Kathryn J. Edin and H. Luke Shaefer, the authors of a new book entitled “$2.00 a Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America“, there are 1.5 million “ultrapoor” households in the United States that live on less than two dollars a day.  That number has doubled since 1996.

#4 46 million Americans use food banks each year, and lines start forming at some U.S. food banks as early as 6:30 in the morning because people want to get something before the food supplies run out.

#5 The number of homeless children in the U.S. has increased by 60 percent over the past six years.

Continue reading at The Economic Collapse Blog: 21 Facts About The Explosive Growth Of Poverty In America That Will Blow Your Mind

About the author:

Michael T. Snyder is a graduate of the University of Florida law school and he worked as an attorney in the heart of Washington D.C. for a number of years.

Today, Michael is best known for his work as the publisher of The Economic Collapse Blog and The American Dream

Read his new book The Beginning of the End

Filed under: Economy, News/ Current Events

Chapala Lashing Yemen With Flooding, Damaging Wind

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By Eric Leister – AccuWeather

Tropical Cyclone Chapala (04A) has made landfall in central Yemen while producing damaging winds and flooding rain. Mudslides also remain a high risk across the region.

Chapala remains the equivalent of a category 1 hurricane, though rapid weakening is expected in the next 24 hours as the cyclone moves inland across central Yemen.

A category 1 storm at landfall, Chapala is the most powerful cyclone to make landfall in Yemen on record though records are more limited in this part of the world than other tropical basins.

Continue reading at AccuWeather: Chapala Lashing Yemen With Flooding, Damaging Wind

Oman Weather Center
Indian Ocean Tropical Cyclone Center
Yemen Weather Center

Filed under: Weather

Magnetic Storm, More Solar Eruptions | S0 News November 3, 2015

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By Suspicious0bservers

Published on Nov 3, 2015

Our Book, OBSERVING THE FRONTIER (Digital Download – PDF)

Observing the Frontier Conference:

Solar Alerts on Twitter:

Good Videos/Articles:
The Sun is Going to Sleep:…
Discussing Earthquakes with Kongpop:…
Earth’s Magnetic Reversal:…
Top 6 Climate Change Problems:…
Pause on Pausing the Pause:…
Sun Series:…
S0 Notes on Solar Shutdown:…
IPCC History:…

Today’s Featured Links:
First Neutrino:…

Filed under: Climate, Earthquakes, Environment, News/ Current Events, Science, Space Weather, Volcanic Activity, Weather

Todays Latest Earthquakes Worldwide Tuesday, 3 November 2015

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Source: Volcano Discovery

Earthquake list: past 24 hours (only M>=2.5) (101 quakes)

Updated: Tue, 3 Nov 14:43 UTC (GMT)

Time Mag. / Depth Nearest volcano (distance) Location Map Source
Tue, 3 Nov (63 earthquakes)
Tue, 3 Nov 14:14 UTC M 3.8 / 70.6 km – [info] (108 km) – 37km WSW of Talkeetna, Alaska


Tue, 3 Nov 14:12 UTC M 3.0 / 28 km – [info] (537 km) 23 km of Mehran, Ilam


Tue, 3 Nov 14:11 UTC M 4.6 / 590 km – [info] (306 km) Fiji Islands Region


Tue, 3 Nov 14:11 UTC M 3.4 / 34.6 km – [info] (277 km) 25 km al SO de Canela Baja


GUG (U. Chile)
Tue, 3 Nov 14:06 UTC M 2.6 / 74.8 km – [info] (155 km) New Zealand


Tue, 3 Nov 13:57 UTC M 2.5 / 0.2 km – [info] (69 km) – 53km W of Gerlach-Empire, Nevada


Tue, 3 Nov 13:57 UTC M 3.3 / 13 km – [info] (157 km) NEVADA


Tue, 3 Nov 13:53 UTC M 3.0 / 10 km – [info] (135 km) 28 km of Kahnooj, kerman


Tue, 3 Nov 13:02 UTC M 3.5 / 2 km – [info] (547 km) 3.5 SLOVAKIA


Brezno (Slovakia) (11 km E from epicenter)(no details): Kolega akurat zavrel dvere. (via EMSC)
Lučatín (Slovakia) (14 km W from epicenter)(no details): pocit otrasu bol podobny podzemnej detonacii, objekt / altanok aj s nami (sediacimi) akoby jemne podskocil ..mali sme pocit akoby sa za domom nieco velke zrutilo.. otras sa udial dnes -3. novembra 2015 zhruba o 14:00 (via EMSC)
Brezno / MMI V (Moderate shaking)
Tue, 3 Nov 13:01 UTC M 3.6 / 12.5 km – [info] (156 km) – 69km ESE of Lakeview, Oregon


Tue, 3 Nov 12:38 UTC M 3.0 / 6 km – [info] (104 km) CENTRAL TURKEY


Tue, 3 Nov 12:31 UTC M 2.7 / 64.1 km – [info] (134 km) New Zealand


Tue, 3 Nov 12:28 UTC M 2.5 / 12 km – [info] (519 km) 27 km of Shirvan, North Khorasan



Continue reading at Volcano Discovery: Todays Latest Earthquakes Worldwide Tuesday, 3 November 2015

Filed under: Earthquakes, News/ Current Events

Blast from the Past in Technology!

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Blast from the Past!
Highlander “Tech Preps

Past maxresdefaultThis Episode we will talk about what I refer to as the Prometheus effect, if we were to bring technology back in time, what would people think? Prometheus, meaning “forethought”)[1] is a Titan in Greek mythology, best known as the deity in Greek mythology who was the creator of mankind and its greatest benefactor, who gifted mankind with fire stolen from Mount Olympus, IE technology to man.

It is said that people believed the technology given to humans was as if it were magic. If we took technology back say 10 years, 20, so on, your cell phone for example or the smart phone back let’s say just to the 80s, it would look as if it we were magic.

PastI will discuss various technologies that we have today that somewhat resemble the past, such as  cassette tapes, cds, dvds, tv’s, all products that have evolved over the past 50+ years. I will put a hypothesis out there about how some people would react to these inventions. If they saw them in the past, would they pay them any attention? Or would they be flabbergasted at the technology and think it is some kind of voodoo. As the old saying goes advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic. So would you jump in your DeLorean and take technology back in time? Say for a cure for a disease, or medical technology, or something that could change the tide of wars.

The same goes if we had a person bring technology from the distant future would we think it is magic or have we gotten to the point where we understand the leaps and bounds of technology and can see evolution’s of our own making? There is a divide of what we create and it differs from the past to present.

11-3-15 downloadI will take questions from the chat about this and will encourage feedback from the audience and input as to what they think about this topic. It has always been on my mind, and even more now with the 30th anniversary of the Back to the Future movie. Famous scientist Michio Kaku said this “If you could meet your grandkids in the year 2100 you would view them as basically Greek gods… that’s where we’re headed.” I figured it would be a good show to honor the movie. Enjoy the show!

Listen to this broadcast or download “Blast from the Past in Technology” in player below!

Get the 24/7 app for your smart phone HERE
Put the 24/7 player on your web site HERE
Listen to archived shows of all our hosts . Go to schedules tabs at top of page!

The post Blast from the Past in Technology! appeared first on The Prepper Broadcasting Network.

8 Common Mistakes of Wilderness Survival

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8 Common Mistakes of Wilderness Survival According to some of the top wilderness survival websites, there are eight common mistakes that can cost you big in the wild. The first is no shelter, which really turns into a double barreled mistake. If you do not have a proper shelter with you or lack the knowledge to build …

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Food Storage Recipe – Spinach & Mushroom Soup

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Quick and easy soup to make.


1 1/2 cup of milk

3 medium potatoes, peeled and chopped

1 box of frozen chopped spinach

1 can of Cream of Mushroom Soup

In a large saucepan , heat the milk and potatoes on medium heat for about 10 minutes.

Add the spinach and the can of soup.

Cook until the soup is bubbly and the potatoes are tender.

Stir it frequently while it is cooking.

More Survival Tips From ‘The Walking Dead’

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Can’t get enough of The Walking Dead? Whether you’re a huge zombie fan or simply became enthralled with this particular show, there are plenty of survival skills to take away from the much-celebrated AMC series. Let’s tack on a few more tips to those we’ve already discussed.

Stay in a group

Take a cue from the cult series as well as any herd of wild animals and stay in a group if you can. More people equal more skills, especially if some in the group know how to wield a knife. Or a crossbow. Or a, well, you get the idea.

Remain aware of your surroundings

You might not have zombies to worry about, but that doesn’t make staying aware of your surroundings any less important. After all, you don’t want to turn around and find yourself face-to-face with a bear. If you’re lost, camping out, or otherwise wandering around the wilderness, keep a weather eye out at all times.

Don’t flip out

One of the most important aspects of survival is staying calm and cool. Freaking the heck out means you aren’t breathing properly, not to mention drawing attention to yourself and your group. You don’t want to get the attention of any nearby predators or crazy people, so remember to take a few deep breaths and think about your next move.

Use what you’ve got

The heroes of The Walking Dead know a thing or three about being resourceful. They regularly take full advantage of what they have around them and are expert scavengers to boot. Making the most of anything you find — anything at all — is a great way to keep yourself, you know, not dead.

Catalog these and other tips — such as procuring food, shelter and water — for when you’re faced with a dire situation!

Have you found yourself stranded before? What did you do to survive? Share your tips in the comments section!

To Drone or not to drone …That is the question!

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To Drone or not to drone …That is the question! Well at least the question for today’s post that is. I was looking through a sales paper over the weekend and found some really good deals on drones with video cameras on them for very little.  By that I mean $200 or less.  I know …

The post To Drone or not to drone …That is the question! appeared first on American Preppers Online.

Sexual Liberty vs Religious Liberty

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      Today is a momentous day in Houston, Texas.  It looks as if the fourth largest city in the country is going to be “Ground Zero” in the non-discrimination wars between the religious faithful and the cultural liberals.  Today, the good citizens of Houston go to the polls to vote.  And a diverse coalition of pastors in the Houston area have joined forces to try to defeat an ordinance proposed by Houston’s lesbian mayor, who seeks to protect people from discrimination based on characteristics such as sex, race, age, marital status, sexual orientation and gender identity.  

     All that sounds good; no one should endorse discrimination — especially Christians, right?  But you have to look beyond the surface language to discern the deeper implications of such a law.  True, the proposed law would make it illegal to be biased or prejudiced against anyone based on those characteristics.  It is a law designed to protect gay and transgender people.  But what about protecting the religious beliefs of Christians?    

     On the surface, many people see it as the “bathroom issue”… business owners oppose the ordinance because of its language on gender identity. It would permit men and women to use whatever public bathroom they choose.  As one business owner explained, “[The law] imposes criminal fines and penalties on me, the business owner, if I don’t allow a person of one gender to go into the other person’s bathroom.”  Would you want your adolescent daughter to be forced to share a public bathroom with a man who “identifies” as a woman?  
     The proposed ordinance is already affecting the practices of many businesses in the Houston area. Photographers and bakers know they are at risk of violating the law, and suffering the legal consequences, should they not want to bake a wedding cake or take wedding photos, based on their religious beliefs.  So, many are altering their business model and vacating the wedding market.  
     It’s important to remember that in May 2014, the Houston City Council originally approved the ordinance.  A coalition of evangelical pastors then organized a signature drive to place the measure on the ballot. After the mayor rejected their signatures, the pastors sued the city, prompting the mayor to subpoena five pastors’ sermons.  We know the underlying threat there… the loss of their 501(c)3 status.  The Texas Supreme Court eventually sided with the pastors and agreed to put the issue before the voters.  I’m sure you would not be surprised to know that national and local LGBT activists have raised close to $3 million to persuade voters to approve the ordinance.  And they say there is no political agenda….
     But, for once, the Faithful who still adhere to Biblical primacy are standing their ground.  And it is not just white, protestant evangelicals that oppose the ordinance.  Pastor Hernan Castaño is the director of Hispanic church development for the Houston Area Pastors Council. He is also the Houston director of the Rivers of Oil Bible Institute, and the founding pastor of the Iglesias Rios De Aceite located in Houston.  Castaño was born in Columbia and migrated with his parents to America when he was five months old.  He feels that history is repeating itself for him and his congregation, many of whom immigrated from countries known for oppressive regimes.  “The dream of coming to America, of being an American citizen and having a business and the freedom to make your choices, of religious freedom — it’s truly in danger,” he said.  “And people see this as a repetition of what happened in their countries, when it all started, and they are concerned and they’re praying.”
     The baker and the photographer have the same concerns.  Baker Jesus Guerrero manages a Houston bakery and said the proposed ordinance would collide with his Christian beliefs.  “If we don’t feel comfortable doing something, we shouldn’t be forced to make a wedding cake … I want to have my freedom of choice to do what is Biblical and that is eroding away.”
     Historically, Houston’s registered voters don’t turn out to vote on local issues, but the stakes surrounding this one may just change their minds.  So it will be interesting to see what happens at the polls today, and if Houston will remain the last major city in the country without a non-discrimination law.  The LGBT agenda has been successful in passing over 200 such ordinances across the country — providing protection for sexual minorities, while quietly stripping away protections for people of faith.  One thing is for certain; Houston is a battleground and “Ground Zero” for the fight between sexual liberty and religious liberty.  May God’s Will be done!
Galatians 5:1   “For freedom Christ has set us free; stand firm therefore, and do not submit again to a yoke of slavery.”

12 Survival & Homesteading Uses For Coffee

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Coffee usesCoffee, that dark, heady brew that gets you out of bed in the morning and keeps you going throughout the day! Though it’s most certainly delicious to drink, coffee has many different uses.

Pour yourself a cup of Joe, pull up a chair, and find out how else coffee may help around the homestead of even save your bacon someday. Oh, and don’t throw away the grounds quite yet – after you read this, you’ll understand why.

1. Compost

Coffee grounds add acidity to your compost pile and may also attract worms and repel pests. Remember that you want to keep the ratio of green matter and brown matter equal and coffee counts as green matter.

Coffee is rich in nitrogen, which your compost needs in order to cure properly. If you’re worried about not having enough phosphorus or potassium in your compost, throw some banana peels on your pile, too.

2. Fertilizer

Coffee grounds have two of the three major components of fertilizer:  nitrogen and potassium. It also adds a nice magnesium boost, which your plants need to grow and thrive. Since you also need phosphorus and calcium, you’ll need to add some lime or wood ash to your mix.

3. Staying Awake

coffee bug outSure, coffee is a great eye-opener, but it’s great to help you KEEP your eyes open, too. If you’re in a survival situation and it’s your watch, you’re not going to want to doze off on your post.

Also, if you have to travel a long distance, the extra energy will help you keep pushing on. An interesting fact for you here: certain tribes in coffee-growing countries used to wrap a coffee bean in fat to carry with them as a source of energy.

This would probably be great to do with Pemmican, too. You’d have fat, protein, carbs and energy. For that matter, coffee is a great source of antioxidants and other goodies that will help you out along the trail.

4. Headaches

One of the primary ingredients in many headache or migraine medications is caffeine. Also, if you’re used to drinking coffee on a daily basis, especially a LOT of coffee, you will likely go through withdrawals from the caffeine addiction.

The primary symptom is a headache. So, whether you’re suffering from a migraine or headache caused by something else, or from caffeine deprivation, drink a cup of coffee to get rid of it.

5. Grow Worms

If you live near water and are going to be depending on fish and a compost pile for food/gardening, worms are your friend. They need gritty substances such as coffee to aid in their digestion so a planter full of dirt and coffee grounds would be heaven for worms.

6. Barter

You know how much you love your coffee. Well, you’re not the only one, but you may be the only one who thought ahead enough to stockpile it! Coffee is going to be a great barter item if SHTF even for a little while.

7. Get Rid of Odors

Whether it’s in your refrigerator or freezer or on your hands, coffee grounds are great for getting rid of gross smells. If you’re wanting to keep your fridge or freezer smelling fresh, put a couple of cups of coffee grounds in an open container and set it inside for a couple of weeks or until you have some stored up that you’re not composting.

If the odor is on your hands after you peel onions or work with garlic, you can get rid of it by rubbing some coffee grounds in your hands like sand, then wet them a bit and keep rubbing.

8. Scrub Dishes, Pots and Pans

Coffee grounds are abrasive and if you’re out of scouring pads or are on the run but don’t have access to your standard cleaners, coffee grounds are abrasive without being scratchy and are great to use to scrub grease and grime off of your dishes. This is also just a great way to re-use the grounds and avoid using chemicals on your dishes.

9. Grow and Rescue Your Carrots

growing carrotsIf you rub your seeds in coffee grounds and add some grounds to your soil when you plant the seeds, you’ll be accomplishing two things at once.

First, you’ll help your carrots grow – they love coffee grounds and it will help you grow bigger, better ones.

Also, underground critters that may want to gnaw on them before you’re ready to often don’t care much for coffee so they’ll leave your carrots alone!

10. Save your plants

Sprinkling some coffee grounds around your plants will keep pests such as harmful insects away. Ants and slugs are particularly averse to coffee grounds.

Just be careful doing this around plants that prefer a more alkaline soil because when it rains, that coffee is going to filter down through your soil and when you weed, the grounds will likely get mixed in with the soil. This is great for those acid-loving plants.

11. Make Rejuvenating Soap

Would you like to really get rejuvenated during your shower or when you’re washing your face? Coffee grounds added to your homemade soap serves two purposes: they act to exfoliate dead skin cells and the caffeine in the coffee can actually be absorbed through your skin to help give you a little boost. It also helps with those bags under your eyes.

12. Boost Morale

When everything in your life seems turned upside down, a bit of normalcy goes a long way. A cup of coffee in the morning helps anchor you and boost your morale by giving you that sense of normalcy. Even the smell of it brewing will give you a comforting boost.

Storing Coffee for Long-Term Stockpiling

coffee powderThere’s quite a debate about whether coffee is best stored ground or in bean form. Just like everything, it will probably taste better longer if you store beans, but are you absolutely positive that you’re going to have a way to grind them?

Also, if you have to run, you’re probably not going to be able to grind your own beans on the trail. For that reason, I’m stepping over the debate line onto the side of “ground”.

The National Coffee Association says that the commercial containers that your coffee comes in aren’t ideal for long term storage but they don’t say why.

They do say that coffee should be stored in an airtight container in a cool dry place. Seriously, that leads me to think that the containers that your coffee comes in would be fine for long-term storage, especially if you’re buying the vacuum-packed bricks.

Be careful with where you store your coffee; in a cabinet by the stove is definitely too warm as is a cabinet that gets direct sunlight. Your best bet would be in a pantry, basement or storage closet.

Coffee has numerous purposes besides just drinking! Throughout our history, it’s been a staple product for people who travel light. Pioneers heading west carried it and many who lived mainly off of it may have survived the trip because the water had to be boiled to make it. That killed the bacteria that was in the water along the way. Many pioneers died of cholera, which boiling water would have prevented.

Our military have always had packs of coffee in their meal packs for both energy and morale purposes. There’s just something about coffee that’s made it as American as apple pie and it deserves a cherished place in your stockpile.

If you have any other good uses for coffee or coffee grounds, please share them in the comments section below!

Interested in surviving off the grid? CLICK HERE to find out how!

This article has been written by Theresa Crouse for Survivopedia.

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How To Make 3 Quick And Easy Vegetable Casseroles

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I feel it’s time to show how to make 3 quick and easy vegetable casseroles since the price of meat is still skyrocketing. You know I really am thinking about becoming a vegetarian. I can grow vegetables fairly well. The vegetable seeds are inexpensive and taste so much better when they are picked fresh from the garden. I started pulling out my old cookbooks and want to share some vegetable casseroles with you. We are all trying cook from scratch and save money, so let’s get to it.

Quick & Easy Vegetable Casseroles

1. Allison’s Cream Cheese Sweet Corn Casserole

2 pounds of frozen corn (the sweet white corn pkg. from Costco)

8 ounces of cream cheese

1 stick of butter

2 tablespoons of sugar

2 tablespoon of water

Combine all the ingredients in your slow cooker in the order as shown. Set the slow cooker for 3-1/2 hours on low. This corn casserole is a favorite at every group gathering, I promise. Don’t look at the fat content, you only make this casserole two or three times a year. It’s a perfect one for family reunions or large family dinners. People practically lick the slow cooker container, just kidding.

2. Joyce’s Funeral Potatoes

Here in Utah these are called cheesy potatoes, or in most cases funeral potatoes. We always run out of these at funeral luncheons. We really do, they so yummy!

12 cooked and grated potatoes, or in my case I buy one 32-ounce package of frozen hashbrowns

1-pint sour cream

2 cans cream of chicken soup

1/2 cube of melted butter

1-1/2 pounds of grated cheese

chopped onions (optional)

2 cups crushed Frosted Flakes or Corn Flakes (my family prefers Frosted Flakes)

Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Combine the potatoes, sour cream, chicken soup, butter, grated cheese and onion, if desired, in a  large bowl. Stir until thoroughly mixed together. Grease a 9-inch by 13-inch cake pan and scoop the mixture into the pan. Salt and Pepper the casserole as desired. Sprinkle the crushed flakes over the top of the casserole. Cover with foil and bake for one hour, or until heated through.

3. Baked Brussel Sprouts With Pecans

2-1/2 quarts washed and trimmed brussel sprouts cut in half

1/3 cup brown sugar

1/3 cup butter

1/2 to 3/4 cup chopped pecans

Preheat oven to 400 degrees. Combine brown sugar and butter and heat on the stove until melted. The microwave will work as well. Grab a large bowl and place the brussel sprouts in it. Cover the brussel sprouts with the brown sugar mixture. Spread the mixture evenly on a cookie sheet. Sprinkle with the pecans. Bake for about 20-30 minutes, or until desired doneness. I like mine a bit crunchy. Serve hot.

I am finding I am eating more and more vegetables because the price of meat is so high. Actually, it’s a nice change to eat a variety of veggies and fruits for dinner. Here’s to eating more vegetable casseroles for dinner. Life is good and healthy!

The post How To Make 3 Quick And Easy Vegetable Casseroles appeared first on Food Storage Moms.

80 Percent Chance Of Cyberattack, Mass Starvation In The US — New Ted Koppel Book

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New Ted Koppel Book: 80 Percent Chance Of Cyberattack, Mass Starvation In The USThe American electrical power grid is highly vulnerable to a devastating cyberattack and the United States government has no plan for dealing with such a catastrophe, famed TV newsman Ted Koppel says.

Koppel thinks the danger of such an attack is so great that he has written a book about it called Lights Out: A Cyberattack, A Nation Unprepared, Surviving the Aftermath.

Koppel is best known for serving as anchor of the ABC program Nightline from 1980 to 2005.

“What we have never had is a cyberattack that amounts to a weapon of mass destruction,” Koppel told PBS’s News Hour. “And my point is that, if someone succeeds in taking down one of our power grids — and the Russians and the Chinese can do it and maybe the Iranians and the North Koreans — it would be devastating.”

Experts interviewed by Koppel believe it is not a matter of “if,” but “when.” The grid would not be down days but weeks or months, Koppel says.

Koppel started researching cyberattacks and the power grid in 2013 after President Obama mentioned such a scenario in a State of the Union Address. After intensive research that involved discussions with four former Secretaries of Homeland Security and four former Secretaries of Defense, Koppel concluded that such an attack is likely and the US government is completely unprepared for such a cataclysm.

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Some of Koppel’s disturbing revelations include:

Many of our nation’s leaders believe that such an attack is inevitable.

“When I spoke to Janet Napolitano just after she left as secretary of Homeland Security — and she had been on the job for five years — I said to her, what do you think the chances are of a cyber-attack on the power grid? She said very, very high, 80 to 90 percent,” Koppel told PBS.

Koppel said that the current secretary of Homeland Security, Jeh Johnson, admitted to him that there is no federal strategy for dealing with a cyberattack on the grid.

Such an attack could lead to mass starvation.

Koppel says that all Americans should follow the lead of the Mormons and prepare for the worst.

Story continues below video

“And so the one thing that the Mormons do that I would recommend to Americans in general to do is to have a three to six months’ supply of food and water,” Koppel told Ifill.

A cyberattack that can take down the grid can be carried out by almost anybody, including terrorists, criminals or even an individual madman.

“And the dangerous thing … is, it doesn’t require a government to do it,” Koppel said. “It doesn’t require anyone with a ton of money to do it. Someone sufficiently skilled in cyber-warfare, using an individual laptop, can inflict enormous damage.”

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He added: “I have been told by the man who was the former chief scientist for the NSA, the National Security Agency, that he now believes that there are individual groups, and possibly a group like ISIS, for example, which has about $2 billion, that they could buy the expertise and that the equipment they need is available off the shelf,” Koppel revealed. “That’s a pretty scary prospect.”

Many of the nation’s power companies are completely unprepared for an attack on the grid.

There is little or nothing the federal government can do to make them prepare because of deregulation, Koppel told Salon.

He also thinks Congress is unwilling to change the law to address the situation.

“The smaller companies simply don’t have the resources to engage in that kind of defensive behavior,” Koppel said. “Where the problem arises is, a really skilled hacker could hack into one of the smaller ones, or several of the smaller ones.”

Some foreign governments already have hacked into the US power grid.

“It’s incredibly complex, but there is no question that the Chinese have successfully hacked into at least one of our power grids,” Koppel said. “The Russians have done so also. The Iranians, the North Koreans and possibly individual [hackers] are on the verge of being able to do so, if they haven’t done it already.”

Koppel thinks the biggest danger comes from North Korea. The Russians, Iranians and Chinese would be afraid to hack the US grid because America could retaliate by taking down their grids and shutting down their economies. Since the North Koreans do not have a modern economy or technology, it would be hard to retaliate against them.

Do you believe Ted Koppel’s warning about the power grid? Do you think America is prepared? Share your thoughts in the section below:

Are Your Ready For Blackouts When The Grid Goes Down? Read More Here.

The Conundrum of Bugging Out and What To Do About It

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The Conundrum of Bugging Out | Backdoor Survival

Over the past five years, I have seen the concept of bugging out escalate to the realm of ridiculousness.  Much of this, in my opinion, has come from the commercialization of bug out bags, the glamorization of bug-out preps in the media and within entertainment circles, and, quite simply, blogging sites that promote bug out strategies as part of their down and dirty fear mongering to get you to purchase over-priced info-products or survival gear.

Circling back, bugging out has its place as I will explain in a moment.  But for 99% of the disruptive events out there, my vote is to stay put and hunker down in the comfort of your home, surrounded by your preps.

The Conundrum of Bugging Out | Backdoor Survival

Still, in spite of my personal feelings on the matter, we still need to be ready to evacuate at a moment’s notice.  There are questions we must ask and answer in advance:

When should we bug out?

What should we take with us?

What if we have inadequate means of transportation to get away?

These are just a few of the questions that make up what I call the conundrum of bugging out.

Why Bug Out?

The main reason we need to be prepared to bug out is that at a moment’s notice, our homes could become unsafe.  Starting out with the laundry list of predictable disasters such as hurricanes, wild fires, flash flood, winter storms, pandemic, and more, finding a safe haven out of harm’s way is just good, common sense.

Not so easy are the unpredictable disasters such as an earthquake, tornado, chemical spill, nuclear implosion and terrorist attacks.  There are others but you get the point.

Regardless of where you live, the risk of a potential disaster will always be there and so we must be prepared to bug out.  That said, bugging out should be a solution of last resort; something you do when harm is headed your way and it is no longer safe to stay at home.

Risk Assessment:  When to Bug Out

Sorting out when to stay and when to leave is part of the risk assessment we should all do in advance.  As a matter of fact, risk assessment should be a key component of our preps, and one that should be revisited periodically.  This is especially true when it comes to sorting out whether to bug out or hunker down.

You might be asking what exactly do I mean by risk assessment.  By way of explanation, businesses and insurance companies use the term risk management to describe “the identification, analysis, assessment, control, and avoidance, minimization, or elimination of unacceptable risks”.   As a prepper, you will be ahead of the curve if you start out by doing the following:

  • Evaluate what types of disaster or crisis may occur in your area or in your life
  • Perform a walk-around inventory of your home in order to identify areas that would be damaged if there were a natural disaster or other disruptive event.  Take steps to mitigate damage if a disaster should occur
  • Examine your financial resources and evaluate how long you could survive without an income from your job or other sources
  • Develop an evacuation plan in the event your home or your immediate area becomes unsafe

Bug Out Basics: Three Important Steps

After assessing your risks, there are some additional steps to becoming bug-out ready.

Step 1:  Have someplace to go to.

The first is that you have someplace to go to.  Identifying where you will go to is one of the most overlooked aspects of preparedness.  Not everyone has the financial resources, time, or physical acumen to prepare a remote retreat out in the rural boondocks.  For them, the idea of doing so is more of an impossible dream than anything else.

Likewise, grabbing your bug-out bag and emergency supplies and heading for the hills, perhaps even on foot, is more of a Hollywood script than reality.  Surviving in the wilderness while foraging for food and water is a disaster of its own making unless you are well versed in outdoor living.  The truth is that most of us are creatures of comfort and would not last very long on our own.

A better option is to identify in advance friends and relatives that will be willing to take you in in the event that life becomes untenable where you live.

If that is not possible, finding shelter at a school or church is a possibility although not optimal given the hoards that may be competing for an empty cot and a bottle of fresh water.  A final choice, and one that I personally plan to avoid, is a trip to Camp FEMA where you will subject to the whims of government inspection and rule.  On the other hand, for many that will be the only choice.

Step 2:  Know when to go.

The second step needed to become bug-out ready is to know when to go.  Run through this exercise in advance knowing that the plan is written in pencil but a plan none-the-less.

Will you wait for authorities to tell you to leave or will you leave in advance?  Or will you, as an example, leave when a CAT4 hurricane is being forecast?  The answer to these questions will find their foundation in your existing preps as well as how well you were able to pre-determine somewhere to go to.

Step 3:  Prepare your bug-out bag and emergency kit

In this step, you will take the information from your risk assessment coupled with the knowledge of “where you will go” and fill your bug out bag with what you need to get there.

Bugging out to your brother-in-law’s well stocked place in the mountains is a far cry from going to a shelter.  Other than personal items, the components of your bug-out bag may be very different given these two situations.  Do you see where I am headed here?  It might make sense to have a basic, foundation kit as well as smaller kits that are risk and destination specific.

Here is another way to look at it.  If you work outside the home, there is a likelihood that you have a “get home” kit at the office that you will use to make your way back home if a disaster strikes during work hours.  Your vehicle may also have its own kit that will be put into action if you get stranded on the road somewhere.  Both of these examples are subsets of your main kit.

What I propose is that for various scenarios, you have additional kits.  Using the same example, if you are headed to the BIL’s stocked retreat, you probably will need just a modest kit.

The Foundation Bug Out Bag

A term I have used in this article is “foundation kit”.  This is your basic bug out bag containing everything you need to survive for a short period.  It should include basic emergency gear such as a radio, light source, cordage/paracord, knife and fire making tools and water.  Remember, this is not the 100 pound gorilla that you will use to set up camp in the wilderness!

The exact contents of the foundation bug out bag will vary from person to person. It is, however, is a topic that is frequently requested and so I plan to share the contents of my own kit with you next week.  As with my FAK (first aid kit), my B.O.B. was recently reworked to include the items I felt were most suitable for my needs and the risks I might face given where I live and my lifestyle.

It is not a kit that was was put together using a generic list compiled by some anonymous author in an eBook.  To that point, there are tons of  eBooks out there on how to put together a B.O.B. and other kits.  In my opinion, however, many are quite impractical given that for most of us, heading for the woods to live is a least likely scenario. Heading out of the city to a safer location shared with friends or relatives is much more likely so if that describes you, plan for that.

Finally, lest you forget, when putting your Bug Out Bag together, you should start with an honest evaluation of your financial resources.  I know this is difficult, and with the rise in our cost of living (food, fuel, healthcare, taxes), it is sometimes easier to just get by day to day and not think about the financial impact of a disaster or of sudden economic woes.

Face the reality of your financial resources head on, then plan accordingly  but do plan.  Doing so will ensure your survival if or when a disruptive event really happens.

Resolving the Dilemma of Bugging Out By Bugging In

Bugging out poses a major dilemma for many preppers. Family obligations, money, jobs, and health considerations all play a role in the bug-out, bug-in decision.  So what do I think? 

At the end of the day, I honestly I believe bugging in is preferable to bugging out if circumstances allow you to do so.  By bugging in and hunkering down, you have the benefits of familiarity, not having to traverse treacherous circumstances to get to your retreat, and your supplies are right there at hand.

That being said, the best way to practice bugging in is to take a weekend and have a “no-power, no-water” drill. During this drill, take notes so that you can see what holes in your preps need to be addressed. It goes with out saying that it is much better to realize a shortcoming now than when you are dependent upon your supplies for survival.


The Final Word

The focus today has not been on the specific contents of a bug out bag and a corresponding list of things to buy.  Instead, my hope was to give you the incentive and motivation to think about your risks and plan for your needs in a rational, unemotional matter.

Start with these questions:

What do you need to put in place in order to hunker down?

What conditions would require you to bug out?

If there were a natural disaster, what are the proximity of friends and neighbors to help?

Would Camp FEMA be a bad thing?

By answering these questions honestly and realistically, you will be well on your way to creating a both a bug-out and a bug-in plan that works for you and your family.  At the end of the day, isn’t that what matters?

Enjoy your next adventure through common sense and thoughtful preparation!

If you enjoyed this article, consider subscribing to email updates.  When you do, you will receive a free, downloadable copy of my e-Book, The Emergency Food Buyer’s Guide.

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Bargain Bin:  I plan to share the contents of my newly re-worked Bug Out Bag next week.  In the meantime, however, here are a few of my personal B.O.B. items that are universal to all of us.

can opener_0

GI P38 & P51 Can Opener Combo Pack:  This is one of the army’s greatest tools. They can be used for dozens of jobs:  opening cans, cutting a straight edge, cleaning grooves, screw driver, fingernail cleaner, seam ripper and many, many more practical uses.  For a couple of bucks, they are a good deal for very little money.

Tac Force TF-705BK Tactical Assisted Opening Folding Knife 4.5-Inch Closed: This is a great knife that is currently priced at about $8.603 with free shipping.  Not only that, it is ranked as the #1 best seller at Amazon in both the camping and hunting knives categories.  The reviews raved about this knife so I bought one, used it, and and can recommend it.  See The Inexpensive Tac-Force Speedster Outdoor Knife.

Light My Fire Swedish FireSteel:  This “Scout” is the one I own. Using this basic pocket fire-starter, you can get a nice fire going under almost any conditions. This is a small, compact version and is my personal favorite.

Potable Aqua Water Treatment Tablets: Potable Aqua Water Purification Tablets make questionable water bacteriologically suitable to drink. Easy to use and the water is ready to drink in 30 minutes. One 50 tablet bottle treats 25 quarts of water.

LifeStraw Personal Water FilterThe Amazon Top Ten Most Wanted Survival and Outdoor Items Backdoor Survival:  The LifeStraw is considered the most advanced, compact, ultra light personal water filter available. It contains no chemicals or iodinated resin, no batteries and no moving parts to break or wear out. It weighs only 2oz.  making it perfect for the prepper. For more information, see my LifeStraw review.

Grabber Outdoors Original Space Brand All Weather Blanket:  I was interested in a re-usable emergency blanket so I purchased one of these based upon the excellent reviews.  This space blanket is definitely “heavy duty” compared to the cheapies (not that they don’t have their place because they do).  A Backdoor Survival reader passed on this tip:

We place one of these blankets silver side up on our mattress underneath the fitted sheet or mattress cover.  It reflects body heat like you wouldn’t believe, instead of the heat being absorbed into the mattress.

Emergency Mylar Thermal Blankets (Pack of 10): I do believe in helping my neighbors in the community so a supply of these will be handy to hand out to those in need. You will be surprised at how warm these will keep you. Be sure to test one out in advance so that you have the confidence to trust the blanket in an emergency. About $8 (or less) for 10.


Shop the Emergency Essentials Monthly Specials

For over 25 years Emergency Essentials has been providing the highest quality preparedness products at great prices.  Plus, each month they feature sales that quite honestly are fantastic.

This month is their annual “stock up” month with exceptional values on some of their most popular items.  As I do every month, I like to single out my own favorites.  This month, one of the best deals is on their 4 person 72 hour buckets which is based upon a total of 2,000 calories per day per person.  A 2-pack (2 full buckets) is 50% off at $99.99.  

My favorite Clear Mist 115 Hour Plus Emergency Candles are $4.95 and the Mobile Washer (Hand Operated Washing Machine) is on sale for $11.99.  Finally, prices on Mountain House products continue to be heavily discounted as are the Emergency Essentials brand of food storage items.

Shop the Emergency Essentials Monthly Specials


Need something from Amazon (and who doesn’t)? I earn a small commission from purchases made when you begin your Amazon shopping experience here. You still get great Amazon service and the price is the same, no matter what.

Amazon has a feature called Shop Amazon – Most Wished For Items. This is an easy tool for finding products that people are ‘wishing” for and in this way you know what the top products are.  All you need to do is select the category from the left hand side of the screen.

The Amazon Top Most Wished For and Best Selling Outdoor Items
Emergency Preparedness Items from
Shop Amazon Tactical – Great Selection of Optics, Knives, Cases, Equipment
Amazon Gift Cards

Help support Backdoor Survival. Purchases earn a small commission and for that I thank you!


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The post The Conundrum of Bugging Out and What To Do About It by Gaye Levy first appeared on Backdoor Survival.