SurvivalRing News … Updates and Trends. New Year, New Everything

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Good evening my friends… I’m going to try to keep this short, because it’s been a very long day of training in Meat World (my day job for the state of Wyoming)…12 hours worth (1st aid, CPR, AED use, policy, procedure, etc…you know, basic in-service prison annual re-certification training)  Even had  a working lunch…which was […]

Faith and Freedom Friday- God Contends With Those Who Contend With His People-Pt 1

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bible

Thanks to Dr. Mike Spaulding of Calvary Chappel Lima, Ohio for today’s Faith and Freedom Podcast

God will defend His people against those who oppose Him and them. How far will God go and how far should the Christian go in denouncing evil? Psalm 35 gives us an in-depth look into the answer to that question and much more. Buckle up for this 5-part teaching through Psalm 35. You might be surprised by what you will learn.

This Part 1 lays the groundwork for the studies that will follow and as such serves as an introduction to the principles that are drawn out of the text in the last 4 parts.

View other teachings from Pastor Mike on his YouTube channel HERE – Calvary Chapel of Lima.

The post Faith and Freedom Friday- God Contends With Those Who Contend With His People-Pt 1 appeared first on Prepper Recon.

GP325: Decision Making Considerations Before Rendering Aid

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For every critical situation you find yourself in, there should always be a plan, even if it’s just a “Battle Drill”. George Patton gives some great insight into some of the considerations necessary, when making those decisions, and implementing those plans.

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Oregon Lessons Learned – Or – Lessons You Better Learn

Regular readers know that I am a huge advocate of local preparation and execution.

There will be times though when other groups will call for aid and support.

You might be inclined to assist. Today, we’ll discuss some criteria to help you decide if you want to or should provide support.

Will leaving your local area leave you and your tribe at risk?

  • Your number one priority is you, your family, and your local area.  Do you have enough trained members of your group to send some of them somewhere else?
  • It’s the same thing with logistics. Do you have access to extra supplies?  You should never give your core supplies to someone else

Do the folks that you are going to assist have a clear statement of why they are taking the action? Does it have an obtainable end state? In other words, have they defined success?

  • A good objective needs to be getting the middle 40% of America to see us as not evil. We shouldn’t expect then to love our cause, but certainly they need to see that we are being wronged.  If we can show the government as overbearing and overreaching, we win.

Another thing to consider is whether or not you have local support.

  • It doesn’t matter if the liberty event is in the middle of BLM controlled land, or in a town with a tyrannical sheriff, or something else. If the locals are happy with the atrocities or evilness, we are wasting your time with an occupation.
  • In Oregon, it’s not that the locals are ambivalent. They are overwhelmingly against the occupation.  The Hammonds, who are claimed to be one of the reasons for the occupation, are adamant in their statements that they don’t support the occupation.  And other than Tom Baugh, no one seems to be talking about how to help the Hammond family as they try to make it with while their bread-winners are in prison.
  • Stealing government vehicles and driving them around town, destroying government property, and otherwise causing the taxpayer who actually owns the stuff to have to pay for repairs, sends a terrible message to the locals.
  • In Oregon, there was an outstanding opportunity to seize the high ground by protecting the historical artifacts, but it seems that they took the ISIS approach to the artifacts.
  • Remember that the locals lived there before we got there and will live there after we leave.
  • Quite frankly, other than the lack of logistical support, this was the thing that I found so bizarre with the Jedburgh concept. The notion that some folks would get together from God knows where and show up in my locality seemed bizarre. I always figured that they would be shot on contact.

Consider who you are going to support.

  • Someone else started the fight. If you go to help, you won’t be in charge and will have to willingly follow their rules. If you can’t do that, you best not go. If the group in question gets a bad reputation, you will too, just for having been there.
  • If you don’t know them at all, but think the objective is strong, and there is local support, be cautious and be prepared to disengage if you have to.  Plan your own exit strategy from the beginning.

Do the folks conducting the action have a comprehensive public relations plan?

  • Obviously, if there isn’t a clear objective, it’s hard to garner support. However, even if you have a clear objective, it is critical that you keep the locals informed of your daily actions and what is being done (or should be done) to achieve your end state.
  • A media center is very important.   The message needs to be consistent and professional.  As the situation develops, there may be a time where you can’t talk to the media directly.  Consider the use of “pirate radio” to get your message out to the masses.

What logistical support are the fighters depending on?

  • Assuming that a clear objective was established and local support was available, the planners must have an idea of how long the fight is going to last.  They must show up with enough supplies to last for the initial estimate, and develop a plan for resupply

In conclusion, choosing to support an effort with “boots on the ground” requires some serious thinking.

  • If you can’t leave your local area, you shouldn’t go at all.
  • If you can leave your local area, but have no access to extra logistical supplies, you shouldn’t go at all.
  • If you can leave your local area and you do have extra supplies, but the folks doing the action have no clear objective or feasible end state, you shouldn’t go at all.
  • If you can meet all of the criteria, but the action is in a place where there is no local support at best, or the locals are hostile at worst, you shouldn’t go at all.

It’s time to remember that it’s all local.

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Remember SMB’s words “Keep it local. Keep it sane. Keep it military. Keep it disciplined.”.

JCD

American by BIRTH, Infidel by CHOICE

Checking Batteries and Fighting Load Out Conveyance

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While on vacation I visited some family in Montana. We did some shooting. Took out my AR for them to play with. While shooting it the illuminated reticle on my Burris MTAC died. I did not have another battery readily available and forgot about it.

Later that trip I grabbed a random mag light (they are fairly cheap and I have a half dozen or so) to use in the dark and it didn’t work. Grabbed another one and got on with my day.

There is not a good excuse for my failure to keep a good battery in the MTAC. I check it most times when I handle the rifle but the way it died after 5 minutes on the range showed that plan is a failure. Clearly I need to just replace the battery at some regular interval like 2x a year. The only plus side is with the MTAC you an still shoot just using the normal reticle. Granted that is less than optimal at night but if I am shooting a long gun at something in the dark it will probably be pretty close. Also I may want to look into one of the pistol grips that would hold a set of batteries for the rifle and maybe some spare parts.

Went to change the batteries in the darn mag light and I guess they had corroded in there. Managed to knock them out by slamming the light on a hard (carpet over concrete) floor. Went to put new ones in and they would not go in as it was corroded. When I have my tools back I will scrape it out and try to put some batteries in, mostly just to see if it still works.

At the start of this move I wanted a relatively discrete way to move my rifle and fighting load into and out of places. Went with a pretty standard gym bag because well I had it. All I did was put my rifle, pistol, pistol belt and chest rig in the bag. The bag is a bit short for the rifle, it fits but not optimally, though otherwise it works OK. A better bag is eventually in order but right now I am working with that I have.

Got to thinking about what I might reasonably do with that system to enhance it.

-First I want to put some more first aid gear in a side pouch. Something closer to a trauma kit than an IFAK.

-Second as noted by the recent issues with batteries a small container with spare batteries, cleaning stuff and some likely to break parts would be a good idea.

Since I can do these largely with stuff I have on inventory it is an easy decision to implement. This should leave me with a discrete way to transport (albeit taken down) my rifle and fighting load plus some likely to be needed items. A simple grab and go solution.

I am curious about whether any of you have thought about this issue and what you have done. Bonus points if the answer isn’t throwing money at the problem as I’m not long on that these days.

As always the comments section is open

Update on the Murder of Alexander Litvinenko

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Alexander Litvinenko before his death  ( www.independent.co.uk  )

                 Alexander Litvinenko was a former Russian citizen who came to London to live with his wife Marina and three children.  He had been a former agent of the KGB and later of the FSB while Vladimir Putin ran both operations.  Litvinenko was murdered in 2006.   A particularly rare isotope of polonium 210 was added to his tea and resulted in a painful deterioration and death within a British hospital.   This not only killed Litvinenko but exposed a number of people during the public transport of the polonium, in the tea room and in days when nurses and physicians cared for the patient when they did not yet know why he was dying.

                  It took a lengthy British inquiry before the results of the investigation was released today.
          
It has long been surmised that Vladimir Putin himself ordered the murder of Litvinenko using this rare isotope which is exclusively available to the Russian military. 

The results of the report can be found here:

http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-35370819

My prior post on this matter in detail can be found here:

http://rationalpreparedness.blogspot.com/2015/01/remembering-murder-of-alexander.html

 

Some Counter Arguments to the Lies About New Nuclear

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Lie: their is a “ban” on reprocessing spent (used) nuclear fuel into enriched Plutonium

The stoppage of reprocessing fuel, meaning making an enriched plutonium fuel rod, occurred because of numerous problems with the process, and even when it worked, it cost 10 times more than storage.

So the “new nuke” without “reprocessed MOX fuel” will be 200% to 300% increase in rates in order to “fight carbon”.     With MOX will it be 500%?   Who knows, those plutonium projects run 300% to 2000% over budget on average. 

Are you willing to triple your bill to “fight carbon” aka plant food?

Kewaunee was closed on economic reasons, that plant only cost the buyer $180M.   The new nuke (example is Vogtle in Georgia) is going to cost, they say $18 Billion, that is 100 times more, 18,000 Million.    For a device to boil water.

Can those economics even pass a straight face test?

Lie: No one is talking about storing spent fuel where it can get into groundwater

Actually in Canada, they have already approved a plan to store nuclear waste on a Peninsula that juts into Lake Huron.   They say it will be just low level waste, but the reality is that 1 quart of that low level waste is enough to contaminate 1 Billion chickens to being too hot.   

The “new nuke” has waste that has half life of “only” 300 years.    Wow, much better than 24,000 years for the old nuke.  

Does anyone with a brain want to saddle your grandkids with the cost of maintaining that storage…for 10 half lives, until it halflives away and is then only a hazardous heavy metal?   

If you can say yes to that question, I would have to ask if you are a sociopath. 

Snowmageddon in the east

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The media is full of panic over this east coast snow threat thats been announced. There’s all sorts of footage of people stripping supermarkets of bread, eggs and milk (because, apparently, blizzards are prime French Toast occasions). Then, naturally, the video cuts to footage of people in the south playing bumper cars when the heavens drop a staggering 3/4 inch of snow. Im pretty sure they don’t even plow the streets here until there’s about 4″ on the ground.

These snowstorms arent exactly uncommon, either. Isn’t there one every three or four years over there? And why doesn’t anyone remember from the last time to have supplies in place?

There are times I genuinely wish that we would have that big event that reads like something out of a bad novel…just so these short-sighted, stupid, dimwits would experience some natural selection and clean up the gene pool a tad.

It’s snow. It’s not radioactive anthrax falling from the skies. Stay home for two or three days and then go back to living a normal life.

Our Favorite Bread Recipe in the WonderMix Mixer

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We’ve posted before about the BEST whole wheat bread recipe. Yes we said BEST! We both make it quite frequently, sometimes doing a half batch, sometimes doing a full one. In the world of kitchen mixers people have normally had two options, a KitchenAid or a Bosch. Well we just recently got a new WonderMix Kitchen Mixer (produced by the makes of the WonderMill) to try out so of course I knew the real test would be in its ability to make our favorite recipe. It is too large to fit in a KitchenAid so we’ve always preferred to make it in a Bosch. Check out my video below to see how well it did in the WonderMix!

More About the WonderMix

I’ve used both a KitchenAid and a Bosch so it was fun to try out another kitchen mixer option. The WonderMix is not totally comparable to either one of them, it has some distinct pros and cons. Here is a summary of what I found just with this first experiment. I’m excited to try it out on some other baking adventures over the next few weeks.

Pros

  • Compact size
  • Large capacity for big batches of dough
  • Comes with lots of attachments
  • Dough divider helps knead small batches evenly
  • Great price point for a powerful mixer

Cons

  • Noisy
  • Dough comes up over the hook
  • Possibly feels less rugged than a Bosch but need to experiment more
  • When you take the bowl off the mixer it doesn’t sit flat on the counter, the center rod pokes out at the bottom

There are so many different things you can use the WonderMix to do such as: creaming butter, mixing cookie dough, whipping meringue, mashing bananas and potatoes, shredding meat, making smoothies, and much more!

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SURPRISE! You’re Eating Fukushima Radiation

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SURPRISE! You’re Eating Fukushima Radiation; Bloody Cancerous Tumors in Fish & Seafood

Americans and Canadians have been eating radioactive fish filled with bloody, cancerous tumors, as a result of contamination with radiation in the Pacific ocean from the Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan.

Why hasn’t this cancerous fish been banned from our consumption????

Ground water, flowing from inland, IS STILL seeping beneath the blown-up rectors, coming into contact with the melted-down reactor cores, becoming highly radioactive, then flowing into the Pacific Ocean. This issue is far from over and looks like the Pacific Ocean may become a waste land. Why aren’t the world governments on top of this as a Priority? It has been 5 years since the disaster and still no proven solution.

In March, 2011 an earthquake off the coast of Japan caused a Tsunami which hit the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant, causing three reactors to melt down and explode.

Read the rest of this very disturbing story and cancerous fish photo’s at this link:

How Government Stupidity Tainted Flint’s Water With Lead

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How Government Action Tainted Flint's Water With LeadThe state of Michigan forced nearly 100,000 of its residents to drink toxic tap water in violation of federal law and ignored citizens’ complaints, a lawsuit alleges. Residents of Flint, a city of 100,000 people, were exposed to high levels of lead and other toxins when the state switched the city’s drinking water from Lake Huron to the Flint River in order to save money.

“The water would come in brown and my daughter was like ‘Mom … why is the water brown?’” Flint resident Rhonda Kelso told CNN.

In fact, the water that started coming out of Kelso’s tap was so brown she thought it was sewage.

The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) switched the city’s water supply from Lake Huron to the Flint River in April 2014

“We thought it was a joke,” Kelso said when she heard of the plans to use Flint River water “People my age and older, thought ‘They’re not going to do that.’”

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The river was known among residents as a polluted body of water. Shortly after the switch to river water, a General Motors plant stopped using city water, saying it rusted parts. That was in October 2014 – nearly a year before government officials acknowledged a problem. In September 2015, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder called for more lead testing, and in October 2015, he said the city’s water should be switched back to Lake Huron. But by then, the health damage had been done.

The state failed to add an anticorrosive agent to the river water, a practice not required in other bodies of water, the lawsuit alleges. That caused the water to corrode the pipes, tainting the supply with not only iron but lead. Many of the service lines to homes contain lead.

Later, tests showed the water to be five times that of the EPA’s “concern” level. In one area in Flint, it was 31 times the concern level.

Kelso is one of the plaintiffs in the lawsuit. The effect of the lead included skin lesions, hair loss, brain damage, seizures, stomach problems and mental illness.

Disturbingly, adding the anticorrosive agent to the water would have cost the city just $100 a day, CNN reported. The agent could have eliminated 90 percent of the problems, CNN said.

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One of the first people to notice the problem was Dr. Mona Hanna-Attisha, a pediatrician who discovered that toddlers in Flint had high levels of lead in their blood. Parents, she said, were concerned about hair loss and rashes on children.

Hanna-Attisha shared her concerns with the state, which at first ignored her and attacked her findings, CNN said. It was as if the state was wearing “blinders,” she said.

“If you were to put something in a population to keep them down for generations and generations to come, it would be lead,” Hanna-Attisha said. “It’s a well-known, potent neurotoxin. There’s tons of evidence on what lead does to a child, and it is one of the most damning things that you can do to a population. It drops your IQ, it affects your behavior, it’s been linked to criminality, it has multigenerational impacts. There is no safe level of lead in a child.”

Now, politicians are pointing fingers and looking to distribute blame.

The New York Times reported that Miguel Del Toral, an expert for the Environmental Protection Agency, had expressed concern early in 2015 that the state was using the wrong lead tests.

“Given the very high lead levels found at one home and the preflushing happening in Flint, I’m worried that the whole town may have much higher lead levels than the compliance results indicated, since they are using preflushing ahead of their compliance sampling,” Del Toral wrote in an email.

Preflushing involves running the water for five minutes before testing it.

“You know, I never thought this was something that we would be begging for, crying for … clean, affordable water,” Flint Mayor Karen Weaver told CNN.

The state is currently handing out water filters and bottled water.

What is your reaction to this story? Share your thoughts in the section below:

Clean Water Is Becoming More Rare Than Oil. Read What To Do Here.

How and Why to Pick a Lock

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Most people don’t like to think about this, but during a disaster there are many moral gray areas. Obviously stealing is wrong, but what if you’re doing it to save someone’s life? For example, what if your child has an infection and desperately needs antibiotics, but the only […]

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Imodium’s Survival Applications: What It Is & Why Carry It Everywhere

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Imodium’s Survival Applications: What It Is & Why Carry It Everywhere

When discussing survival, we often gravitate towards the bad-ass, like which knife to carry or the fashionably practical question of which tactical backpack is best. It’s fun, it’s interesting, no issues with that – so long as we aren’t completely ignoring the negative realities of survival – it’s dirty, it’s messy, and chances are, your bowels… Read More

This is just the start of the post Imodium’s Survival Applications: What It Is & Why Carry It Everywhere. Continue reading and be sure to let us know what you think in the comments!


Imodium’s Survival Applications: What It Is & Why Carry It Everywhere, written by Thomas Xavier, was created exclusively for readers of the survival blog More Than Just Surviving.

Grid Down: A Strike against America – An EMP Survival Story

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Grid Down: A Strike against America – An EMP Survival Story- Book Two was a free kindle book at the time of this posting. Great read for when cooped up during a winter storm.

** Free Link to Best Selling Prequel Grid Down: The Beginning- Included for Free in every copy!***

An EMP leaves a small northeastern town in ruins, with no assistance from the government, military, or law enforcement. As a result, a ruthless band of criminals take over the town and terrorize its residents. But one town isn’t enough as they set their sights on a hidden community of preppers who fled into the mountains.  

Rob Parker is having one hell of a day. His camp was attacked and his children were kidnapped. Mila, his wife, is in hysterics and his small survivalist community is quickly falling apart. But despite insurmountable odds, he must pull his fractured group together to get their children back. Their plan will bring them into direct confrontation with Rob’s nemesis, the psychotic mayor who runs the town. The brutal journey begins here where nothing will be easy and carnage is sure to follow. Can Rob and his family survive their harsh new reality? Or was the destruction of the power grids only the beginning of their demise?  Find out in the third installment of “Grid Down!”

In this new thrilling disaster series, author Roger Hayden continues the saga of his best-selling EMP series, “The Pulse,” taking readers on an intense, terrifying journey through a digital-dependent world striped of both its modern conveniences and humanity.

Carla Emery’s Daughter Goes Off-Grid

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Forty years after Carla Emery wrote her bestseller homesteading resource “Encyclopedia of Country Living” and a decade after she passed away, her daughter, Esther, is continuing her mom’s off-grid tradition while developing new skills that past generations probably wouldn’t recognize.

Esther Emery is this week’s guest on Off The Grid Radio, as she tells us what it was like to grow up under such a famous off-grid expert. But more significantly, she shares with us skills you won’t find in her mom’s landmark book, which sold some 750,000 copies.

Esther and her husband Nick Fouch have been living off-grid for only a few years, but they have taken homestead education into the digital age with a YouTube channel that has thousands of subscribers. And they’ve done it all with three children.

Esther tells us:

  • Why she ran away from the self-sufficient lifestyle after childhood, only to return to it as an adult.
  • Why she and Nick live in a yurt, and how they ensure it is durable and storm-safe.
  • What it’s like to live in the woods, nearly an hour from the nearest store or gas station.
  • How they made a bicycle-powered washing machine that works just as well as a grid-powered one.
  • How they built a composting outhouse that doesn’t stink, no matter the weather.

Finally, Esther gives us a preview of a book she is writing that is scheduled to be published in 2017.

If you own Carla Emery’s “Encyclopedia of Country Living” or you’re just wanting to learn more off-grid skills, then this show is one you don’t want to miss!

Water Filters and Failing Municipal Water Systems

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water filters

Corrosion in the city water pipes, Flint Michigan

One thing that I have been concerned about is the fact that we are no longer maintaining much of our infrastructure properly.  Just look at the problems with water systems, levees, bridges and highways that have occurred over the last few years.  While these failures are all bad the one that concerns me the most are the water system failures.  While there have been numerous small failures, two large ones have recently came to light that bring the problem into focus and show why you need your own water filters.

In 2011, the state took over control in Flint after a budget emergency.  State officials made the decision to switch the city’s water system from Lake Huron to the Flint River in an effort to save money.  This was supposed to be temporary while a new water source from Lake Huron was developed.

The Flint River had a reputation for being dirty and full of chemicals before the change. After the change, residents complained their water looked, smelled and tasted funny.

Tests performed by a University revealed that the water was highly corrosive.  Since much of the waters piping system was old lead piping, this caused them to corrode.  This released lead into the water system and many residents have been found to have a high concentration of lead in their system.

In Sacramento Ca., residents were exposed to carcinogens in their drinking water for over a year.  In 2013 and 2014, the City of Sacramento tested a new chemical at its main water treatment plant, and the subsequent investigation found the substances that formed in the city’s drinking water system could cause cancer.  The chemical called aluminum chlorohydrate, or ACH, almost immediately sent up warning signs that something was seriously wrong, and even though those red flags continued for an entire year, the city didn’t stop and didn’t warn people about a hazard.

People in Sacramento were never notified about the dangers or given the choice to use bottled water, even though the city had all kinds of data showing they had a serious problem.water filters

These infrastructure failures, I feel are just the beginning.  You will see more in the future.  Personally, I filter all my drinking water and suggest that you consider doing the same.   At this time, I feel that we have to take personal responsibly for our own heath and protection.

In my home, I run all our drinking and cooking water through a Seagull Water Filter.  However there are many good water filters on the market such as the Berkey A Review of the Berkey Water Filter, the Bucket Berkey An Inexpensive Water Filter the Bucket Berkey and the AquaRain The AquaRain Water Filter.   With a bit of research you can find many other good choices that connect to your water system.

While we all need good water filters in case of TEOTWAWKI, don’t ignore the warning signs that we are already seeing.  If you are on a municipal water system or have a questionable water source, don’t wait until it is too late, take the responsibility for your drinking water now.

Howard

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Prepare For Winter Storm

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We had pretty nice weather the last couple of months and now the winter is coming on big time. We are under a winter storm watch and it is time to be prepared for it. I don’t agree with people I see in the stores buying up all of the bread and milk. I really do not understand why they would just get that. You need to get canned food and other types of food that would be easy to prepare if your power goes out. Items like, canned chili and beef stew. Serve them with rice or noodles. They can easily be cooked on a camping stove if you had to. Plus , they will fill you up.

Have all of your blankets handy. If you have to keep warm you can close off one room and keep warm. Have a couple of different ways to be able to keep your family warm. You could use a kerosene heater or a Mr. Heater Portable Propane Heater.

Prepare for the winter storm before it gets to you. If you are prepared for it ahead of time than your family will be comfortable during it and have no worries. Be well-fed and not frozen.

Homemade Liquid Smoke

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I saw this once on “Good Eats” and had to try it, it works well, but I have also seen a guy on YouTube do this on a large scale and use it to run an engine, so I would not drink this mess straight. Homemade Liquid Smoke is probably used the most in flavoring sausage, and while it will give you a good taste, it will not give you the smoked color or help preserve your food. The process is pretty easy, and I was able to get it to work on a lark using stuff scrounged from my kitchen.

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Introduction to Emergency Kits (like BOBs, INCH, GHB, IFAK, EDC, and GOOD bags)

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From my experience working in disaster response, I know the work and thought that goes into running a shelter during a disaster.  Emergency management workers try very hard to make shelters safe and comfortable.  However, the lack of privacy, resources, and independence makes me pretty hesitant to choose to go to a shelter as long as I have other options. Personally, it would take a very severe reason for me to evacuate or “bug out” from my home in the first place.  Leaving the house would entail me having to leave many of my in-place systems and make me more

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Handgun Scenario Discussion #6

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This is the last scenario, and in a lot of ways the most likely to occur, as well as the most realistic. In Tennessee it is not a legal requirement to inform a law enforcement officer of your carry permit and armed status. (In some states it is – so know your law). However, I believe it is a good idea. Like my CCW vs Open carry video I am making a distinction between your rights and what is the response that is most likely to shorten rather than lengthen your encounter with the police. If you choose not to

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Book: Protecting the Gift

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Protecting the Gift is a great companion book to DeBecker’s first book The Gift of Fear. This book takes those concepts and applies them to raising a secure child that can operate safely in today’s world. I did not have a child the first time I read this, and did not see as much value in it as I did when reading it AFTER I became a parent. Of course, from this side of the line I see that there is a huge change in attitude after becoming a parent. This book is not a parenting guide, but it does

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How Much Water Should I Drink

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See larger image Greenco Sport Water Bottle with Fruit Infuser – Set of 2 Refresh your body and skin by staying hydrated and drink fresh fruity water. Instruction and tips: wash the bottle and infuser with warm water and mild dish soap before first use. Fill the water bottle 3/4 full with water or crushed ice. Add your favorite fresh fruits and Herbs to the infuser. Be sure to cut, muddle or squeeze the fruits and Herbs in order to get the most flavor out of them. Screw the infuser top on to the infuser and place inside the bottle

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Einstein’s Secret to Amazing Problem Solving (and 10 Specific Ways You Can Use It)

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I was researching an Einstein quote (the one from the image to the left), and found a really cool website called Litemind.  This site “Explores ways to use our minds efficiently”.  After spending an hour or two reading the articles, I realized that it has some relevance to the self reliant. In the new world forming, resources are becoming limited – paradigms are shifting, and the ability to think is becoming less valued but more important to survival. I believe that anything that helps us solve problems and become more mentally flexible is something we need to share between the

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Equipment: Chainsaw Wrench

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There is a neat Instructables article that combines several things that you can use a chainsaw wrench for besides working on chainsaws. I have to admit, before I started all this DIY stuff I had one of these tools in my tool box and used it to open paint cans because I did not know what it was for. The author of the Instructables post and I agree, this is a very useful tool. A chainsaw wrench is small, lightweight, cheap, and versatile. It combines a screwdriver with two box wrenches. I don’t think I would take it over my knife

The post Equipment: Chainsaw Wrench appeared first on Dave’s Homestead.

Winter Travel Car Kit – Don’t Leave Home Without It

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Make sure you have a winter travel car kit | PreparednessMama

Your winter travel car kit can take the unexpected by storm. I’m a big baby when it come to traveling in the snow so for me winter travel can be stressful, you never know what kind of conditions you might have to face. I thought it would be a good idea to review the items […]

The post Winter Travel Car Kit – Don’t Leave Home Without It appeared first on PreparednessMama.

Popular Mechanics Weighs In On New Nuclear in USA — Too Costly

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COST

“Let me just give you a bald fact,” says J. Doyne Farmer, an Oxford University professor of math and complexity economics. “Nuclear power and solar photovoltaics both had their first recorded prices in 1956. Since then, the cost of nuclear power has gone up by a factor of three, and the cost of PV has dropped by a factor of 2,500.”
It’s really expensive to develop nuclear power plants, and first big reason why is sheer size. They are huge. The average generating capacity of coal plants in the United States is 547 megawatts. That’s in the same ballpark as America’s smallest nuclear reactor, at Fort Calhoun in Nebraska, which has a capacity of 479 megawatts. Meanwhile, the largest single nuclear reactor in the United States is the Grand Gulf Nuclear Generating Station, with 1,500 megawatts in generating capacity.

http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/energy/a18818/can-us-nuclear-power-get-un-stuck/

Boycott All Things Canadian If They Put a Nuclear Waste Dump On A Penisula Jutting Into Lake Huron

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stock here:

money talks, boycotts will get their attention

———————————————————————

This is from London News, London Ontario that is.

http://www.lfpress.com/2016/01/20/6000-page-megapetition-dumps-on-nuke-vault-plan

Report an error

A petition — so big that, with accompanying comments, it would have run 6,000 pages — is in the federal environment minister’s in-box to argue against a deep nuclear waste storage vault along the Great Lakes near ­Kincardine.
The document represents “a very strong voice” opposed to the underground nuclear-waste repository, said Beverly Fernandez, head of Stop the Great Lakes Nuclear Dump, which has lobbied against the plan by provincial electricity producer Ontario Power Generation (OPG).
Environment Minister Catherine McKenna is expected to rule this spring whether to endorse OPG’s plan, already green-lighted by a federal review panel, to bury low-grade radioactive waste from Ontario’s nuclear plants in a proposed limestone vault deeper than the CN Tower is high.

A Prioritized Top 5 List of the Best Guns For Any Survival Situation

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A Prioritized Top 5 List of the Best Guns For Any Survival Situation

A Prioritized Top 5 List of the Best Guns For Any Survival Situation

Some people have the money or resources to have an entire arsenal locked up in their gun safe.  Many others don’t have that same luxury.  We’ve gone ahead and listed out in priority how we feel you should start your collection based on practicality and budget if you are somewhat new to the firearms scene.

While all of what we have listed below should become part of any person’s collection, we will give you our approach on how you should build your collection (even if on a budget) and why.  Let’s jump in to our Top 5 list of the guns we recommend and why.

We will also say that you could easily swap out #1 and #3 depending on your survival strategy, but for our purposes we plan on choosing what is the most economical first in order of budget if we were just building our firearms collection from scratch.

Again, these are placed in order of priority from our opinion so you can feel free to disagree, but it’s how we would build our own arsenal if we were starting from scratch.

1.  The Rimfire Rifle:  A Must Have

A rimfire rifle is an absolute must.  We’ve already covered what we feel are the best .22 rifles on the market in previous articles, and there are plenty of other rimfire rifle options to choose from.

We aren’t going to get into the ballistic differences of rimfire versus centerfire but we will tell you generally speaking rimfire ammunition is generally cheaper and more available depending on the caliber of gun you choose.

Rimfire-Rifles

While there are plenty of choices to pick from, we feel that the .22 rifle, especially the Ruger 10/22 is one of the best choices you can make for a rimfire rifle.  You can usually find a brand new Ruger 10/22 for under 300.00 at any major retailer and .22 LR ammunition is extremely cheap if you live in an area where you can find it.

If we had only one gun to pick during any survival situation, the .22 rifle would be our absolute first choice as a go to weapon.

2.  The Semi-Auto Defensive Handgun:  Trust Your Sidearm

Let’s start off by saying we really aren’t going to dive too deep into the caliber arguments here.  The bottom line is that you need to test the caliber choices out there to find what’s right for you.  With that being said, owning a handgun for defensive purposes is an absolute must.

You want something that has enough stopping power to protect yourself and your family in a survival situation so we’d lean more towards a 9mm due to the larger magazine capacity over some of the other calibers.

Black Handgun and bullets on a wooden background.

The Glock 17 or Glock 19 are great economical buys in the 9mm Caliber and we’d recommend the CZ-SP -01 if you can afford to shell out 650.00 for a more expensive option that has a full metal frame.

You can find 40 caliber handguns with high capacity magazines, but there are several 9mm options that offer 30 round magazines in the states where it is legal to own.  30 round mags may not be entirely practical for everyone, but they are loads of fun to shoot and will serve well in a survival situation.

We’d also recommend you don’t overlook owning a .22 caliber handgun, especially if you are making the .22 rimfire rifle your first choice of firearm because the ammunition will be used in both guns making it extremely convenient in any survival situation.

3.  The Combat Rifle:  Great for Any Situation

The case could be made for a defensive handgun and a combat rifle to be exchanged here between our rankings at #1, #2 and #3.  If you already own a well equipped combat rifle like an AR-15, then you can easily swap this out in the number 1 slot and look at a defensive handgun next.

There are absolutely tons of choices here and the most economical and available guns will probably be the AR-15 with a .223 Caliber Round.  The AR-15 is a more expensive option than the .22 rimfire rifle which is why we don’t have this ranked higher on our list.

An American AR-15 assault rifle in a studio environment

If you have the cash, you could easily make the argument that either an AR-15, AR-10 or AK-47 in this category.

We’d recommend looking at a .308 caliber AR-10 due to the fact it can be used in taking down larger game and can serve a dual purpose between hunting and survival.

4.  The Shotgun:  Great for Home Defense

The shotgun is a great gun for home defense.  Simply cycling your shotgun can send most intruders running for the hills.  It’s an integral part of every firearms collection but we’d never prioritize a shotgun over a good rifle if you are just starting your collection.

Some people might make the case that a shotgun is a good choice over a handgun, but from a survival perspective, you want to be able to actually carry your gun with you.  If you already own a rifle, you’d be strapping a rifle to your back while carrying a shotgun.

Shotguns

From our perspective, you should be carrying your rifle and a shotgun should only be used for close quarters unless it’s a hunting model.

A shotgun is a great gun to have and it may be the top choice for HOME DEFENSE, but it is not the first gun we’d pick in a go-to survival situation unless it was specifically built for survival.

5.  Surplus Guns:  Great On A Budget

Surplus guns are essentially cheaper guns that might be used as a backup weapon.  Usually these are used and you can find pretty good deals on them depending on where you shop.  These could serve as a primary weapon if you are on a budget because there’s a lot of surplus out there on the market.

You can generally find cheap Chinese SKS rifles at a local used gun store and if you don’t mind going the Russian route, there’s always the option of building a pretty well equipped Mosin Nagant rifle as well which can be great for any budget.

Mosin-Nagant

We’d prioritize other rifles over this category but these are definitely an option if you are on a tight budget and can’t afford to prioritize with a combat rifle after you’ve purchased your first rimfire rifle.

M1’s are more expensive and less available but they are also an option here.

Wrap Up & Thoughts:

While these are just the opinions of a couple of guys, you could argue that all of these guns should be in your arsenal.  While we’d definitely recommend you prioritize your shopping list according to our recommendations, if you have the cash go grab all of them because each and every gun will serve the intended purpose.

More than anything we recommend you go to a local gun range, shoot all different variations of guns safely and securely to find what works best for you.

 BulletproofHomeDefense

 

Source : www.armsbearingcitizen.com

Other Useful Resources :    

Mega Drought USA:(Discover The Amazing Device That Turns Air Into Water)-DIY

Survive The End Days (Biggest Cover Up Of Our President)

Survival MD (Best Post SHTF Medical Survival Guide Ever)

Blackout USA (EMP survival and preparedness guide)

Bullet Proof Home (A Prepper’s Guide in Safeguarding a Home )

Backyard Innovator (All Year Round Source Of Fresh Meat,Vegetables And Clean Drinking Water)-DIY

Conquering the coming collapse (Financial advice and preparedness )

Liberty Generator (Easy DIY to build your own off-grid free energy device)

Backyard Liberty (Easy and cheap DIY Aquaponic system to grow your organic and living food bank)

Family Self Defense (Best Self Defense Strategies For You And Your Family)

The post A Prioritized Top 5 List of the Best Guns For Any Survival Situation appeared first on Backdoor Prepper.

Prepping for Tomororw

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This week: “Prepping For Tomorrow!”  1/21/2016

TOM ABRAHAMS: Award Winning Journalist, Best Selling Author

On this week’s episode of the Prepping for Tomorrow program with Author Bobby Akart, award winning journalist and bestselling tom-abrahams-bio-pic-300author Tom Abrahams will be my special guest. As a weekend evening anchor for ABC News 13 in Houston, a top ten media market, Tom has reported to viewers from distant places such as Chernobyl and the Panama Canal, to The Amazon Jungle and the Black Sea.

Tom also covers national politics and stories that relate to energy, the environment, and the economy. His vast experience and excellence in his award-winning reports have earned him three regional Edward R. Murrow Awards, the most recent in 2010 for an in-depth look at overcrowded trauma centers.

He’s reported from the East Room of White House and Capitol Hill, interviewed Presidents and presidential candidates, and was at the Pentagon while smoke still rose in the hours after 9/11.

Post-apocalyptic and dystopian fiction, by the nature of the genre, places the characters in a world full of desperation and despair. Tom’s first hand knowledge gives him unique insight into this genre. He has applied this incredible background to writing post-tom-abrahams-home-300apocalyptic thrillers, action adventure, and political conspiracies.  In addition to his critically acclaimed Jackson Quick Adventure series, Tom has penned three novellas for The Perseid Collapse Kindle World entitled the Pilgrimage series.

We’ll discuss Tom’s adventures in journalism, and what led him to writing fabulous political thrillers and post-apocalyptic fiction. Join in the conversation as I welcome Tom Abrahams, author of the #1 best selling post-apocalyptic book on Amazon – Home, book one in the Traveler series to the Prepping for Tomorrow program Thursday night!

The post Prepping for Tomororw appeared first on The Prepper Broadcasting Network.

Dropping Out Of Society: How To Prepare For A Solo Life Off-Grid

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Dropping Out Of Society: How To Prepare For A Solo Life

Image source: Flickr

Many of us dream or desire to live off-grid by ourselves, enjoying a peaceful life of solitude. But it’s easy to underestimate the difficulty of this. Living off the grid is hard enough if you have family and other homesteaders around you. Going it alone is even more challenging. Here are some things to think about before deciding to live alone on your off-grid homestead:

1. Consider your physical strength

An off-grid lifestyle requires a lot of physical labor. Tilling the garden, delivering a calf, or chopping firewood are all common tasks on the homestead. So if you’re going it alone, be prepared to do all the hard work yourself.

2. Review your technical knowledge and skills

Most off-grid homesteads generate power from the land’s resources. Typical power sources are the sun for solar power, the wind for wind power, and flowing water for hydropower. Many times these primary power systems are backed up with a diesel generator.

New Solar Generators Deliver 4 Times More Power Than Previous Models!

The common power generation technologies can malfunction or simply stop working. For example, solar power is a great technology. However, it generally entails electronic controllers like an inverter to convert captured energy into a form usable by modern appliances and equipment. You’ll need to know how to program, maintain and troubleshoot the inverter. Generating power from the wind or water rely on mechanical parts that can wear down, stop working together, or simply break. Finally, while diesel generators are reliable workhorses, many years of experience with them have taught me that the smallest issue can make a diesel generator come to a crashing halt.

So learn how to maintain, troubleshoot and repair the power generation equipment you rely on. Sure, you can get experts to come out and fix things, but this is expensive, especially if you live a long way from metropolitan areas.

3. Prepare for medical emergencies

For the solo off-gridder living in a remote location, it is critical to have first-aid knowledge and access to emergency medical care in case of a serious injury.

Dropping Out Of Society: How To Prepare For A Solo Life

Image source: Flickr

For first-aid knowledge, take both the standard and advanced first-aid courses available through local schools or government agencies. After mastering the skills, make sure the homestead is fully stocked to handle everything from a minor burn to a gunshot wound to a severed limb.

You also need access to emergency medical care. If you live far away from a hospital, look into plans where you can pay a small annual fee to get helicopter transfer to the nearest hospital. Research the plans carefully to understand how they work and their limitations.4. Don’t forget security

4. Don’t forget security

Living by yourself on an isolated property is a dream come true for many — including me. But it’s not a safe world out there. There are those who have no compunction about stealing what is yours, whether or not you’re home at the time.

New Survival Energy Product Makes Every Window A Powerful Solar Charger

So learn self-defense, and get the guns you need to protect your life in the case of robbery or home invasion. You’ll also need to consider the wildlife around you, and select the right firearms to protect yourself against curious bears, mountain lions, or any of the other predators out there that roam sparsely populated areas.

5. Cultivate working relationships

I get it. You want to live on your off-grid homestead alone and take care of yourself by yourself. But things happen when you’ll simply need someone else’s help. For example, there are probably a lot of chores around the homestead — tending the garden, feeding the chickens, milking the goat — that really need to be done every day. If you seriously hurt yourself and end up bedridden or in the hospital for a few days, it’s good to have someone you can trust who can competently care for the homestead during your absence. So get out there and make some friends and build some relationships, even if it’s the last thing you want to do.Conclusion

Conclusion

Living alone is hard work. Learn the right skills and build the right relationships to be successful at it. Taking the right steps now will allow you to continue your solitude, even after a major injury or other incident prevents you from caring temporarily for the homestead.

Related:

A Survivalist’s Dream: Dropping Out Of Society

What advice would you add to this story? Share your thoughts in the section below:

Are You Prepared For Blackouts This Winter? Read More Here.

Blizzard To Unload Immobilizing Snow From DC To Philadelphia, NYC

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By AccuWeather

A blizzard will threaten to bring travel to a standstill from Washington, D.C., to New York City as well as across the southern Appalachians by the weekend. Heavy snow and wind will also slam southern New England.

Winds and the rate of snowfall will increase as the storm strengthens. Thunder and lightning could accompany the heavy snow in some locations. An all-out blizzard will unfold from northern Virginia to southwestern Connecticut. White-out conditions will occur farther west from south-central Pennsylvania to part of western North Carolina.

Virginia Governor Terry McAuliffe declared a state of emergency at 8 a.m. EST on Thursday, Jan. 21, 2016, to help channel state assistance to local communities fighting the storm.

The storm is likely to shut down some highways and could cause some airports to close. Ahead of the storm, Delta Air Lines announced travel waivers for flights through Jan. 24 at 19 different airports in the Northeast and mid-Atlantic region.

Continue reading at AccuWeather; Blizzard to unload immobilizing snow from DC to Philadelphia, NYC

RELATED:
Northeast US interactive weather radar
Ice, severe weather and blizzard conditions to slam southern US into Friday
AccuWeather winter weather center

Filed under: News/ Current Events, Weather

Volcanoes Today, 20 Jan 2016: Fuego Volcano

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Small pyroclastic flow at Fuego volcano this morning

Fuego (Guatemala): Another phase of increased explosive activity and lava effusion is taking place at the volcano. Small pyroclastic flows were observed this morning.
After the violent phase during the first days of 2016, this is the second paroxysm of the volcano this year already. Over the past months, such phases have occurred at astonishing rhythmic intervals of 3-4 weeks (see the peaks on the thermal signal graphic).

Continue reading at Volcano Discovery: Volcanoes Today, 20 Jan 2016: Fuego Volcano

Filed under: News/ Current Events, Volcanic Activity

Sun Waking Up, 9th Planet Discovered? | S0 News Jan.21.2016

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By Suspicious0bservers

Published on Jan 21, 2016

Books/Tickets
https://otf.selz.com

Observing the Frontier Conference Page:
http://spaceweathernews.com/otf/

http://www.Suspicious0bservers.org
http://www.SpaceWeatherNews.com
http://www.MagneticReversal.org
http://www.ObservatoryProject.com
http://www.EarthChangesMedia.com

Solar Alerts on Twitter: https://twitter.com/TheRealS0s

Good Videos/Articles:
The Sun is Going to Sleep: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7whL9…
Discussing Earthquakes with Kongpop: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ThCUZ…
Earth’s Magnetic Reversal: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sIayx…
Top 6 Climate Change Problems: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Ew05…
Pause on Pausing the Pause: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CZH46…
Sun Series: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=…
STARWATER Article: http://wavechronicle.com/wave/?p=1151
S0 Notes on Solar Shutdown: http://www.suspicious0bservers.org/fo…
IPCC History: http://www.suspicious0bservers.org/se…

Today’s Featured Links:
2015 Climate Report: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/…
Netherlands on Belgian Nuke Plants: http://www.sciencedaily.com/videos/ef…
9th Planet? https://www.caltech.edu/news/caltech-…
Planet Diagram: http://www.solarsystemscope.com

Filed under: Climate, Earthquakes, Environment, News/ Current Events, Science, Space Weather, Volcanic Activity, Weather

Todays Latest Earthquakes Worldwide Thursday, 21 January 2016

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earthquake35

Source: Volcano Discovery

Earthquake list: past 24 hours (only M>=2.6) (142 quakes)

Updated: Thu, 21 Jan 15:08 UTC (GMT)

Time Mag. / Depth Nearest volcano (distance) Location Map Source
Thu, 21 Jan (90 earthquakes)
Thu, 21 Jan 14:40 UTC M 3.0 / 10 km – [info] (915 km) ALBOR
I FELT IT

[Map]

IGN
Thu, 21 Jan 14:39 UTC M 2.8 / 5 km – [info] (159 km) IZMIR KORFEZI (AEGEAN SEA) REVISE01 (2016.01.21
I FELT IT

[Map]

KOERI-RETMC
Thu, 21 Jan 14:26 UTC M 3.4 – [info] (146 km) Peru-Ecuador Border Region
I FELT IT

[Map]

IGEPN
Thu, 21 Jan 14:25 UTC M 3.2 – [info] Reventador (10 km) Ecuador – Napo
I FELT IT

[Map]

IGEPN
Thu, 21 Jan 14:10 UTC M 2.9 / 10 km – [info] (924 km) ALBOR

[Map]

IGN
Thu, 21 Jan 14:02 UTC M 3.3 / 17.9 km – [info] (150 km) SE OFF MIYAGI PREF
I FELT IT

[Map]

NIED
Thu, 21 Jan 14:01 UTC M 3.0 / 30 km – [info] (386 km) OFFSHORE COQUIMBO, CHILE
I FELT IT

[Map]

EMSC
Thu, 21 Jan 13:57 UTC M 4.2 / 2 km – [info] (905 km) STRAIT OF GIBRALTAR
I FELT IT

[Map]

EMSC
Bades / MMI II (Very weak shaking): Light shaking while reading.
Driouch / MMI III (Weak shaking)
Fuengirola / MMI III (Weak shaking): Table starting rocking as did chair when I got up
Camapanillas / MMI II (Very weak shaking)
Marbella / MMI III (Weak shaking): Sitting indoors on 5th floor of apartment building. Felt house moving and saw walls move slightly. Sensation lasted about 5 seconds.
torrox costa / MMI IV (Light shaking)
Thu, 21 Jan 13:57 UTC M 3.0 – [info] (916 km) ALBOR
I FELT IT

[Map]

IGN
Thu, 21 Jan 13:57 UTC M 3.2 – [info] (916 km) ALBOR
I FELT IT

[Map]

IGN
Fuengirola / MMI II (Very weak shaking): 10th floor – sea front – room vibrated for about a minute
Thu, 21 Jan 13:48 UTC M 3.1 / 10 km – [info] (547 km) 老挝
I FELT IT

[Map]

CEIC
Thu, 21 Jan 13:47 UTC M 3.5 / 10 km – [info] (90 km) 3.5 SICILY, ITALY
I FELT IT

[Map]

EMSC
Thu, 21 Jan 13:47 UTC M 5.1 / 10 km – [info] (910 km) Strait of Gibraltar
I FELT IT

[Map]

GFZ
Fuengirola / MMI III (Weak shaking)
Málaga (Spain) (123 km NW from epicenter)(no details): lasted about 10 seconds. (via EMSC)
Málaga / MMI III (Weak shaking): Málaga city (via app)
fuengirola / MMI II (Very weak shaking)
Fuengirola / MMI IV (Light shaking)
Nador (Morocco) (98 km SE from epicenter)(no details): j’ai ressenti un seisme mintenant a nador maroc (via EMSC)
Nador (Morocco) (99 km SE from epicenter)(no details): La secousse a duré 8 secondes (via EMSC)
Torrox (Spain) (112 km NW from epicenter)(no details): We were sitting down. The settee beneath us just started vibrating, and gradually built up. This lasted about 10/15 seconds, it stopped and then started again for another 5 seconds. (via EMSC)
Torre del Mar (Spain) (114 km NW from epicenter)(no details): Very short duration, (2 seconds) but significant side to side swaying of armchair I was sat on (via EMSC)
Marbella (Spain) (132 km NW from epicenter)(no details): A slight tremor felt. Against bed frame (via EMSC)
Read all reports
Thu, 21 Jan 13:41 UTC M 2.8 / 2.5 km – [info] Bardarbunga (2 km) – Central Iceland 2.7 km SSE of Bárðarbunga
I FELT IT

[Map]

IMO
Thu, 21 Jan 13:36 UTC M 4.6 / 43.7 km – [info] (369 km) 16 km al S de Tongoy
I FELT IT

[Map]

GUG (U. Chile)
Thu, 21 Jan 13:02 UTC M 5.1 / 10 km – [info] (1156 km) Southwest Indian Ridge
I FELT IT

[Map]

GFZ
Thu, 21 Jan 13:01 UTC M 4.4 – [info] (335 km) Peru-Ecuador Border Region
I FELT IT

[Map]

IGEPN

Continue reading at Volcano Discovery: Todays Latest Earthquakes Worldwide Thursday, 21 January 2016

Filed under: Earthquakes, News/ Current Events

Caring For The Wounded: 5 Techniques You Must Know!

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Survival WoundWe live in an era where safety isn’t a given, where there are evils in our world that have designs on attacking us, and where simple things like food and clean water depend on a complicated linked chain of events that could fall apart if even one link in the chain is disrupted.

And we won’t always have advanced notice or we’ll have the same notice as everyone else and there will be a mad dash to the grocery stores and pharmacies, with a good chance that what you need will be something the stores are all out of.

After the disaster, trauma will account for 70-80% in the acute phase. After that, during the next phase in the second part of survival, the proportion will probably reverse, 70-80% of chronic diseases will gain importance, and 20% will be trauma-related. How many of these trauma could you handle by yourself if there is no doctor around?

That’s the reason you need to learn at least five medical techniques, which are clearly described in the following article.

1. How to Stop Bleeding

You need to know the difference between venous and arterial bleeding.

  • Arterial bleeding has red, purple blood, it’s a strikingly clear blood, because it oxygenated, and the oxygen content lightens the color.
  • Venous bleeding has a black, dark blood because it contains carbon dioxide, it’s usually dark and it doesn’t leak, usually it gushes or pulses from the arteries as high as 6 to 9 feet. That’s because it’s being pumped by the heart.

The bleeding may be large, medium or small, but in the vast majority of cases, (in 80% of them) the bleeding stops through compression. You must have patience and time. Press down on it for 3 to 5 minutes and it will stop eventually. Blood in contact with air and in contact with interrupted tissue normally coagulates naturally.

If blood doesn’t coagulate, that means the patient is suffering from liver problems and you can’t expect that bleeding to stop, it will continue forever or until the patient bleeds out. If you suffer from liver problems, if you have clotting problems, or if you’re a patient on anticoagulation medication, you should wear some sort of medical ID that will let first responders know that; it could mean the difference between living and dying.

medical clampHow to stop a large vessel bleeding? You clamp it with a clamp, you put a thread behind it, and then you tie it up. After you perform the surgical knot, you release the clamp. If more blood flows, that means that you didn’t do it right. If no blood flows, that means that you’ve done it properly, but you should still tie another one as backup.

Double-tie or even triple-tie the knot so that there’s less chance of it coming loose. You’ll need scissors with which to cut above the knot, but not too high up.

There is one thing to keep in mind when you tie a knot, when pulling thread to the left and to the right, the thread must form a straight line, with the vessel exactly in the middle, it mustn’t form a triangle or a crooked line.

Practice these things in advance, on a leg of pork for example.

The surgical clamp is necessary because it makes it possible to grab the tissue and move it aside, because you always have to see everything. You need bandages, because the flowing blood obliterates your field of vision. When you can’t see where the blood comes from you move the tissue with the bandage to help absorb the blood so that you can see. Once you can see where it comes from, that’s where you attach the clamp.

For those who are not clearly informed and can’t do this, the simplest thing is to place bandages on the area and apply pressure for 5 minutes. During this time, don’t release the pressure even a little bit, even to see if it’s still bleeding. Hold down for 5 minutes and if it hasn’t stopped by then, apply pressure another 5 minutes, and it usually stops.

You can also apply a pressure bandage. Tie it tight, but not so tightly that blood can no longer flow from that point down, and it should stop. Once you get the bleeding under control, the wound – no matter how large it is – can be treated.

2. How to Tell if a Wound is New or Old

You need to differentiate between a new and an old wound. In the first 8 hours, the wound is new and you have many treatment options. Everything over 8 hours is considered old. Old wounds are no longer stitched and are no longer closed, no matter how big they are. The body heals without the stitches or closing, but it takes more time, perhaps even months. Still, they will close, with the only condition that they remain clean.

Why don’t you close an old wound? Because it’s considered contaminated. Enough time has passed for many bad bacteria to enter the wound from the outside environment. Some of these include Golden Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and MRSA, (which stands for Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aurous really bad strain of Golden Staphylococcus that developed a resistance against antibiotics).

You can get these from the hospital and from environments that you usually come in contact with, especially through fecal-oral or fecal contamination, namely from your own stool. Germs are everywhere so the takeaway lesson here is that if you get a wound, get it treated immediately in order to have the best treatment options and prognosis.

3. How to Clean an Injury?

Burns are cleansed with a commercial wound cleaner that comes in a spray bottle and should be in your stockpile. The idea is to get off any debris or ash from the burn and to prepare it for covering with bacitracin and gauze.

Lacerations, abrasions, and puncture wounds can be cleaned with commercial wound cleanser.  In the absence of that, use betadine swabs to gently clean the wound, getting off debris.

If you have none of the above, just use a mild soap and water, wiping the wound with gauze to clean off any debris. Then rinse with clean water so you can suture the wound or cover it, depending on its nature.

4. How to Suture the Skin?

Suturing the skin can be tricky because it involves a curved suture. Technically, in a bind, you could suture someone with a sewing needle and sewing thread but they aren’t sterile and you can’t be sure it won’t get infected. Sterile curved needles work the best.

Use the lidocaine and fill the syringe to about 3 cc or more if necessary. Inject the lidocaine all around the wound, entering the tissue beneath the skin as you inject. This hurts less than injecting the lidocaine by puncturing the skin. Save the excess in case you missed a spot. Be generous with your lidocaine.

Take the suture holder in hand. It looks like a scissors but has a pointed device for clamping the needle in its jaws.

Hold the handle in your hand like a scissors but don’t put your fingers in the holes. Clamp the curved needle in the holder about halfway along the curve.

Use the curve to your advantage as you connect one side of the wound to the other. When you’ve made one stitch, tie it in a knot, sparing as much suture as possible. Then cut the suture so the sutured knot is about an eighth of an inch long above the knot. Continue every quarter inch or so, making individual knots until the wound edges are approximated. Do your best when it comes to flap lacerations, curved or jagged cuts. There is only so much you can do.

  • Using a stapler: You can purchase a surgical stapler on the internet. It comes as a device that you staple much like a real stapler. You must first sterilize the wound with betadine and you should have a staple remover, which is a small device that allows for rapid removal of the staple after it has been in the skin for around ten days. For the field, a stapler can be faster than using sutures and the cosmetic result isn’t bad, either.
  • Using Steri strips: Instead of having to stitch the wound, you can place Steri strips on the edge of the wound. On one of the edges, it sticks by itself, and you push the other edge of the wound until the edges adapt to each other, and then pull the Steri strip over to the other side and attach it. Steri strips are as good as stitches, they last for 5 days, you don’t have to replace them, (just change the dressing on top) and they stay in place.

You can place Steri strips half a centimeter apart or you can lay them side by side. The scar looks nice and you don’t have any stitch holes to scar. You can stock up on as many steri strips as you want because they’re not expensive (less than $2) and you can clean on top of them afterwards.

Video first seen on Pass PA School

5. How to Keep a Wound Clean

  • Don’t ever use a wet dressing, because bad bacteria love having a hot and humid environment and nourishment. If the bacteria have these 3 things, they multiply like hell and then infect the wound. That’s why you stop the bleeding, because blood is their development medium; it has all the goodies that bacteria need to feed on.
  • Don’t apply a wet dressing and don’t leave a dressing on for days or weeks. Don’t keep the dressing on long enough for enough nutrients to accumulate for the bacteria, because in a wound you don’t just get blood, you also get lymph and secretions. That’s why you have to change the dressing.
  • Do not cover it with a bag, with plastic or with whatever you find. You think that you protect it so that nothing can enter, that you seal it. False! It must be as aerated as possible. You must bandage it so that you prevent any loose debris from entering, so you don’t bruise it, so that it doesn’t leak a lot and so it doesn’t get dirty, but you need air without the 3 conditions that bacteria need to multiply.

The biggest danger of a wound is to reach the necrotizing fasciitis phase (fascial necrosis).  Bacteria that is commonly anaerobic (it doesn’t need oxygen to feed) enters and finds a patient who has a poor immune system. This could happen for several reasons: liver issues, obesity, diabetes AIDS, alcoholism, or maybe the patient is old and no longer has as much immunoglobulin.

Bacteria find a perfect environment to develop and in a few hours they eat almost everything above the muscle and beneath the skin. It turns everything into necrosis, so it’s dead tissue. The bacterium works so fast that you can’t stop them. You need a doctor. How can you recognize this? You get those general symptoms of malaise, listlessness, fever. It doesn’t hurt, but you can touch and it feels like snow or crepitation. It is the most dreaded infection, but it doesn’t happen to everyone.

You’re also partly to blame because you have no immune system, because you didn’t go to the doctor to take care of yourself and see what other problems you have. Also, if you overeat, drink too much, or otherwise treat your body poorly, you’re setting yourself up for infection if you get hurt.

In conclusion, keep the wound clean. You don’t have to build a German Panzer on top of it; you don’t need a tank of a dressing. Keep it aerated and clean, and as long as it’s clean, it heals on its own. Look at the wound the next day and check to see if it’s okay before you wash it and remove all the dead or black tissue. It shouldn’t hurt, nor bleed. If it bleeds and it hurts that means it’s alive, so you don’t have to cut it off.

These are some of the basic medical techniques that you need to survive a medical emergency. Click on the banner below to find our how you could get more of this knowledge straight from the source.

NewSMDCover3

 

This article has been written by dr.Radu Scurtu for Survivopedia.

DISCLAIMER: The data contained in this article are for informational purposes only, and do not replace by any means professional advice. 

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We Desperately Need Healing!

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     Last week my husband and I each took part in a personal deliverance session.  Now, that may seem like a confusing religious term to many people, and no doubt, means different things to different people.  It also probably conjures up images of charismatic spectacles, with a lot of wailing and histrionics.  Nothing could be further from the truth.
     I guess I would best describe it as a very deep cleansing of our spirits and a process through which we are rescued from the bondage that Satan has imposed, and we are set free through the power of Jesus’s blood.  And again, these, too, are religious expressions that Christians like to spout when discussing our faith, but how many truly experience it?
     “To be delivered“…. what is the meaning of that word?  A simple dictionary definition is the aforementioned “to be saved, rescued, or set free [from]”.  My mind is overwhelmed at all the things that humanity needs to be saved from, or rescued from …. deliverance from abuse (physical, emotional, sexual, psychological); deliverance from addictions; deliverance from disease and death; deliverance from lust and perversion; deliverance from hate; deliverance from holding grudges and unforgiveness; deliverance from pride; deliverance from the love of money and power; deliverance from war; deliverance from bloodshed…. deliverance from Sin!

     And in case you are thinking that only non-believers are in need of deliverance … think again!  I absolutely believe that we Christians need to be rescued and set free as much as anyone!  How many of us know the joy of Jesus as our Savior, but are miserable in our lives?
     Each of us have a past, and oh, how the devil likes to whisper his lies that this very past can never be fully erased from our memories, or the sight of our Lord.  Yes, we’ve heard through the Church that our sins have been washed by the blood of Jesus and we are as white as snow.  But how many of us still feel dirty, or suffer recurring doubt that we can ever be made truly clean?
     How many have trouble believing that Jesus really delights in us?  How many would still feel guilt and shame if they stood before Him today?  Do you have trouble picturing Him hugging you and being proud that you belong to Him?  If any of these thoughts have ever crossed your mind, you are in need of healing those open sores and closing those wounds.
     Both my husband and I are people who have a deep faith in the power of Jesus … but we are also sinners and people who have pasts that we are not proud of.  Through our separate delivery sessions, we were able to identify those areas of our lives; particular events; and specific people who have contributed to feelings of inadequacy, guilt, anger and any number of burdensome feelings that prohibit a full relationship with God, and keep us from seeing ourselves as Jesus sees us.
     We were able to forgive those who have trespassed against us, just as God forgives us for our trespasses.   In doing so, we were set free from satan’s ability to use that unforgiveness against us, and to drive a wedge between us and the flow of God’s joy, peace and love into our lives.  (See, there was a reason that Jesus instructed the Disciples to include that verse when they prayed).
     We were able to picture Jesus present in every situation and to accept His forgiveness as we forgave others.  And perhaps most important of all, we were able to forgive ourselves.  And when all that “garbage” was released off our spirit, we could see ourselves lined up with God’s purpose for us ; to be one with Jesus and the Father, just as They desire us to be.  Our memories were healed just as the spiritual wounds were healed;  and what once seemed dirty and dingy to us, now looked bright white and pristine as we saw the acceptance in Jesus’s eyes.  We were not only healed, but restored; that which had been stolen from us by the Enemy had been repaired and returned.
     Further blessing was released to us in the knowledge that whenever we sense that we are falling for the lies of the devil again — because he won’t just give up; he will try to fool us again because he knows exactly what worked the first time — we now know how to counter his attacks and heal any new wounds (or the attempt to re-open old ones) with the Truth that has been revealed to us.  We know that Jesus wishes us to use the power of the Holy Spirit that has been deposited in each of us to surrender all our hurts and damage to Him.  When we can picture stuffing all that garbage into a box, handing it to Jesus, and watching Him burn it in the Holy Fire, there is a supernatural transformation that takes place in our spirit, and those memories are no longer painful; the wounds that were caused are healed and a scar has formed, closing that injury against harming us.  Remember, when you invite the Holy Spirit and Jesus to take part in this session, you can expect that they will go to work to set you free!
     The greatest blessing that came from our sessions was that I saw my husband released from a spiritual wound that he had been burying, but which was festering for over 10 years.  He was able to forgive himself for believing a lie Satan told him; a lie that was designed to keep him from growing into the warrior he has become for God.  Satan failed, and didn’t stop my husband’s relationship with God and Jesus, but he had been beating himself up because the battle resulted in the death of one of his beloved dogs.  He was able to let Jesus take that guilt and shame and anger off his heart, mind, and spirit, and to become free, at last, of that heavy burden.  He can now speak of it as something in the past that was painful, and that Jesus has changed how he views it in the present.  And he was given an image and a thought that shows him how that event will be restored by Jesus’s love in his eternal future.  I can literally see and feel the heavy weight lifted off his spirit and heart!
     But that is not the end of the blessings.  We were able to share our experience with a group of true believers who received a new revelation of what deliverance and healing is all about, and what it means to be in the presence of Jesus and the Holy Spirit and to be at one with Them.  I believe that spiritual doors were opened and strongholds will be cast down.  Praise the Lord for giving us a picture that shows us He who is in us is greater than he who is in the world!

John 17:23    “I in them and You in Me, in order that they may become one and perfectly united, that the world may know and [definitely] recognize that You sent Me and that You have loved them [even] as You have loved Me.”

Creating The Any Age Anywhere Garden, A Small Space With Big Yields!

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Every year, we like to try a few new garden experiments at the farm. Some flame out, others hold their own – and every once in a great while, one leads to something really new and exciting. In the case of last

The post Creating The Any Age Anywhere Garden, A Small Space With Big Yields! appeared first on Old World Garden Farms.

Powering Your Survival Homestead

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editor’s Note: This post is another entry in the Prepper Writing Contest from Lancer. If you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly win a $300 Amazon Gift Card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter today.   A perennial problem faced by suburban and rural dwellers is obtaining water […]

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Back To Basics: What You Need In Your Pantry

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Today my post will continue with my Back To Basics series, today it’s all about what you need in your pantry. I am actually staying with my daughter for a 2-3 weeks to hang out with her, her husband and my awesome grandkids. I am making dinner every night to give her a break and I love that her pantry is full. Yay, I can fix something every night in the slow cooker or the pressure cooker. I wrote this post a few months ago but I have now added it to my Back to Basics series.

I remember years ago thinking what can I fix for dinner tonight? Breakfast is easy, lunch is a snap. But dinner takes a little more thought to how to pull everything together. My husband and I purchase ready made salads every 10 days. That’s how long the salads last according to the packaging. Now, you may wonder why am I buying salads when I can make salads. Here’s the deal in the summer when my garden is growing fabulous vegetables I can make my own salads. But in the winter, I calculated the price of these bagged salads with the dressing, nuts, etc. you add before serving, it’s cheaper than if I bought all the stuff separately. Plus, there is no waste. The restaurants all serve chopped salads in a bag, so I thought why not? Unless you are eating at a 5-star restaurant they are serving bagged salads because they are a time saver. I watch for them to go on sale and life is good at dinner time with less time and money spent to prepare meals.

I can make something from my pantry to go with a fresh salad and dinner is ready in no time. Let’s get started, so you know what you need in your pantry.

what-you-need-in-your-pantry

What You Need In Your Pantry:

  1. Beans: you can buy dried beans in a bag or purchase ready to use canned beans. You can make soups, hummus, side dishes, or chili and you have a great protein at the same time. I can make a meal with beans and my favorite spices then add some tortillas and salsa.
  2. Rice: white rice has a longer shelf life than brown rice so I store very little brown rice. I can use rice to stretch so many frugal meals, love it! It’s fairly inexpensive even in smaller bags. I like to buy white rice in #10 cans, the shelf life is 30 years (unopened) because it is commercially packed compared to the bagged rice from supermarkets. I prefer not to use mylar bags. I only want to buy food storage once with zero waste. Brown rice lasts about 6 months from the grocery store because it has a higher fat content over white rice. You can store brown rice in the refrigerator for 2-3 months longer if kept in an airtight container.
  3. Soups: some people make their own creamed soup from scratch. I buy Campbell’s cream of chicken by the case. I can make just about any casserole or soup with it. I watch for the case lot sales in the fall. Be sure and check the expiration dates.
  4. White bread flour: if you can make bread you can barter and survive. Trust me, people love hot bread right out of the oven. You can make muffins, pancakes, waffles, cookies, cakes and so much more with flour of any kind.
  5. Yeast: I purchase the brand SAF Yeast for my bread and biscuits. Period. I have not had good luck with other yeast brands. I store the amount of yeast I will use for a month in the refrigerator. The rest of the packages I store in my freezer. They have lasted three years for me in the freezer if unopened. If you can’t find it where you live, you can buy it online: Saf Instant Yeast, 1 Pound Pouch
  6. Crackers: need I say more. Crackers are great with chili, soups and topped with your favorite chicken salad made with mayonnaise.
  7. Peanut butter: sometimes my husband and I have a peanut butter and jelly sandwich for lunch. I make homemade whole wheat bread which is a bonus for my budget.
  8. Jams and jelly: for sandwiches, biscuits, rolls and bread
  9. Powdered eggs: for baking only, it’s nice to have a can of powdered eggs in the pantry if you run out of eggs. Of course, fresh eggs are better, but if you have an ice storm you can still make cookies and stay off the icy roads if your egg cartons are empty.
  10. Instant milk: this is a bonus for every family. I store my opened #10 can of instant milk in the refrigerator so it’s ready in a flash if I run out of milk. It’s good for two years opened. Check the date on the milk you buy because every manufacturer is different.
  11. Popcorn: popcorn is a great tummy filler and comfort food in a bad storm. Add some melted butter to popped corn with a smidge of salt and you have a great treat for everyone! You can add other spices as well and flavor the popcorn to your preference.
  12. Dehydrated onions: I personally rarely buy fresh onions except maybe in the summer if my garden hasn’t produced enough yet. I love knowing I can add a scoop of dehydrated onions to taco meat, soups, chili, casseroles, omelets and not have to peel, cut or chop them. Love it!
  13. Lemon juice: I do buy lemon juice for the refrigerator, but I also buy these packets I use every day and for emergencies: True Lemon Bulk Pack, 500 Count
  14. Cocoa: can you smell the chocolate cake baking or relish the taste of hot chocolate right now?
  15. Garlic: now you can buy a HUGE jar like my daughter, Heidi and store it in the refrigerator, buy some fresh garlic or buy it like I do from North Bay Trading Company. It’s air dried minced garlic and it is so awesome! I love that I can store it in my pantry, no refrigeration necessary.
  16. Raisins: these are great for snacks, muffins, bread pudding, etc.
  17. Spices: be sure and keep your pantry full with your favorite spices. I can’t get by without vanilla, chili powder, and cinnamon. You know the ones you need, right?
  18. Tortillas: I can make my own tortillas with the stuff on this list, except my corn tortillas. Keep a few tortillas on your pantry shelves (check the expiration dates) and a few in the freezer. If you feel so inclined, learn to make tortillas. They taste yummy and fresh!
  19. Chicken broth: if I have some leftover from cooking a chicken I will freeze it, but I prefer to use: Better Than Bouillon Chicken Base 8 oz. Of course, you will need water. If I see a good buy on canned or boxed chicken broth I will pick up a few for the pantry.
  20. Olive oil/Coconut Oil: we can make so many things with oil. I just added it to the list because we know we need some.
  21. Dehydrated or fresh potatoes: we can mash, fry or bake potatoes. I love dehydrated potatoes to add to soups and chowders. No peeling, chopping or dicing. I can add them right from the can to my soups.
  22. Pasta: who loves spaghetti? Oh, and mac and cheese. Everyone needs pasta in a pantry, right?
  23. Tomato paste or flakes: you can make soups, spaghetti, chili, stews, etc.
  24. Salt: its all about flavor.
  25. Sugar: I have to have sugar to make my bread, cookies, cakes and to put on certain cereals.
  26. Honey: you can make bread with honey, peanut butter with honey sandwiches, make cookies and all kinds of other baked goods. I only buy honey from Cox’s Honey because it’s pure, raw honey. Honey is a natural food and is so good for you.  Give it a try in place of sugar next time.
  27. Baking soda: I need it for baking muffins, cookies, etc.
  28. Baking powder: I need it for baking, muffins, biscuits, etc.
  29. Cream of tartar: I know this is a spice, but I need to make my biscuits and play dough for kids.
  30. Canned meats: if you can your own that’s awesome! I buy mine at Costco. I like the chicken and tuna with water. I stock up big time when they go on sale.
  31. Wheat: if you can grind wheat and make bread that is awesome. You can also make hot cereal with just the wheat and water to make a wholesome meal. Here is how I make hot whole wheat cereal: 1 cup washed whole wheat berries, 3 cups water, 1/4 teaspoon salt (optional), place all the ingredients in a slow cooker at night for 12 hours and you will have hot cereal in the morning. Drain off excess water and store unused wheat in the refrigerator. Add a little milk and honey when serving, if desired. You can double or triple the recipe if your slow cooker will hold it. You can add the cooked wheat to many meals as you do rice or quinoa.
  32. Dehydrated carrots and celery are always in my pantry. I can throw them in soups and stews.
  33. Salsa and green chilies: I can eat these on everything, just saying.
  34. Water: store as much as your budget allows. We need water to survive and to make most meals out of our pantry stash.
  35. Fruit: canned fruit, freeze dried fruit longer shelf life) or dehydrate your own for a short shelf life.
  36. Vegetables: canned, freeze dried or dehydrated.
  37. Oatmeal, typically last about 2-3 years depending on the type you buy whether it’s steel cut, old fashioned or instant (quick). Always store these in airtight containers in a cool place.
  38. Cornstarch, we can always use a thickener, right?

Here’s a printable for you: What You Need in Your Pantry

I added some items my readers suggested from my post months ago. If you have some more ideas about what you need in your pantry, I will add them as well. Here’s to being prepared for the unexpected.

Utah State University Extension Canning

The post Back To Basics: What You Need In Your Pantry appeared first on Food Storage Moms.

Speculations On Civil Unrest And How To Protect Your Survival Preps

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survival preps

Note: This article was contributed by Cory from survivethewild.net.

Being a prepper has many great benefits, you have abundant food storage and supplies, you have a bug out bag ready for any situation and you have knowledge that could mean life and death when the SHTF.

But all of these things could make you a target to those close to you who see the abundance of supplies and knowledge you have.

So we’re going to go over the threats that are likely present to your survival preps right now, whether you live in the suburbs of Los Angeles or the rural dirt roads of Killeen, TX. There’s always someone that wants what you have, and are willing to do whatever it takes to get it.

Also we will take a glimpse into the future of the dangers that could be avoided. No one knows for certain how life will be once the SHTF, but we can make accurate assumptions based on what we know now.

Present Threats to Your Survival Preps

survival preps

Threat #1 Neighbors

While this may not be a big concern if you live out in the sticks, if you live in the city you’ll have people within arms distance no matter where you turn. Which means that eyes will be on you and what you’re doing, whether with intent to get what you have or just out of curiosity.

Neighbors aren’t in themselves a bad thing, community is what we all desire and if you have the right community then great. Just know that if you let your community become aware of your survival preps, then you have put yourself on their list of “resources”, and they’ll likely come knocking your door down when it all goes down.

survival preps

You’ve worked hard to build up survival preps for your family. Be cautious of letting others know about your preparedness efforts. Image via Bob on flickr.

Ways You Can Avoid This                             

  • Unload your preps or more valuable supplies at night
  • Store survival preps away from your home in a bunker or storage unit
  • Convert nosy neighbors to helpers that assist you, this could be dangerous, but pay off in a big way
survival preps

Living in close proximity can make it even more difficult to keep your survival preps on the down low, but your neighbors can also be your allies if you play your cards right.

Threat #2 Isolation

It’s true that there’s safety in isolation, but that goes for the perpetrator as well.

If you do live in the rural areas then you will need to be on your guard more so than people living within the city. Not because there’s more people, but for the fact that there’s less people which can be witnesses.

survival preps

Choose your level of isolation carefully when planning your bug-out location.

Think about it, if someone were to get past your defenses and use mildly silenced weapons to take you and your family down in a blaze of gun fire at night, there probably wouldn’t be anyone to stop them or witness it.

Isolation may be a great defense, but it’s a double-edged sword.

survival preps

Ways You Can Avoid This                

  • Don’t go for complete isolation, a few densely wooded acres is enough to feel secluded
  • Establish relationships with those closest (geographically) to you and have nightly check ins. This can be an excuse to build lasting relationships to prevent cabin fever.

Threat #3 Burglars (Greedy Preppers)  

This sounds like a pretty small factor to a prepper. I mean, you’re someone who’s got plenty of ammunition and know how to take care of a simple burglar. But as is the case in life, it’s not always that simple.

There are preppers in the community who would much rather take from those who’ve spent the time storing food and make plans, rather than do it themselves.

And unfortunately these people are a very real threat, mostly because you’re fighting an enemy who is reading from the same playbook as you essentially. Which means that you’ll need to get a little crafty in your defenses.

survival preps

Stay one step ahead by taking security measures to protect your survival cache. Image via *sax on flickr.

How To Avoid

  • Maintain a constant state of awareness as to who’s around your property or neighborhood. Whoever seems out of the norm should be documented, and if needed, approached with caution.
  • Don’t make your routines noticeable, this will make you an easy target because they can predict when you won’t be home and then take your stuff.
Drones-For-Preppers-Intro

Drones can be programmed to perform perimeter surveillance flights. CLICK HERE to learn more.

Threats After The Grid Goes Down

survival preps

A lone stranger can mean big trouble for your bug-out group.

Threat #4 Marauders    

Now don’t expect some greased up motorcycle riding bandits that wear tire clothes and have wild hair. That would make life too easy if all the bad guys were that easy to spot. No when the grid goes down we’ll all be cautious, and the marauders often more so to hide their intentions.

A marauder doesn’t always have to be someone who comes in guns blazing, a more biblical approach is what should be expected. They’ll appear weak and defenseless, left by their friends and starving alone. Then when you let your guard down they’ll take all you’ve got.

How To Avoid

  • Any new comers to your group should be extensively vetted for signs of untrustworthiness. It would be a good idea to have “morality tests” in place to find out the true colors of the new comer in situations where they feel no one’s watching.
  • Don’t accept newcomers to your group, this may be harsh but it will keep you safe. Be careful though, if you hurt someone’s feelings in a lawless world there’s not much to stop them from seeking an apology in the middle of the night…

Threat #5 Insurrections Within The Group

Let’s face it, no one will ever be the perfect leader, and there will always be someone who either thinks they can do it better or just wants the power. Either way, there are bound to be times when your leadership is questioned and the possibility of an insurrection emanates.

Now this decreases a bit if you’re traveling with family. The dynamics of a household that was brought up for this exact scenario will keep their cool a lot better than a suburban family that’s had all they’ve worked so hard for stripped away in a matter of days. It’s these people that will likely turn on each other in a desperate attempt to regain some sense of getting back to what was normalcy.

survival preps

Life after disaster is tough enough. Preparing your family now to work as a team will contribute to your survival success.

How To Avoid

  • Start working with your family now to lay down the laws of how things will be, and set systems in place that provide justice within the group. As well there needs to be checks and balances, a dictatorship isn’t any fun.
  • Make a decision that if you bring strangers into your fold that they know that it’s your way or the highway.

Threat #6 The Governors

survival preps

In the absence of organized government, people will likely resort to intimidation tactics in order to gain power and improve their rank.

This is a Hollywood term given to people who might build a colony or safe haven that “rescues” travelers. But instead of rescuing them, they’re relieved of their lives and supplies for the good of the colony.

This idea was made popular in the tv show “The Walking Dead”. And to be honest it’s something that many have considered a negative likelihood for the post SHTF times. And you need to know how to deal with it so that you can properly take care of your family.

How To Avoid

  • Avoid going into situations like these all together, true there may be some camps that are good, but you only get one chance to make the wrong mistake.
  • If you stumble upon one of these camps take time to observe it from a distance, note if newcomers are made a part of the community or if just what they brought makes it to the community.

Conclusion

I hope this has been a learning experience for you, and while this is a pretty heavy and somewhat depressing subject to talk about, I’m glad that you’re taking the time to learn about the dangers we’re facing now and in the future! With this knowledge I hope you use it to guard your family closely.

If you liked this article, please feel free to come visit us as well over at survivethewild.net. Thank you, Chris for your generosity in letting us come and spend time with your amazing readers.

Your Thoughts

Do you discuss your prepping efforts with your neighbors and friends? How do you decide who to tell about your survival preps? Share your thoughts in the Comments section below, thanks!

The post Speculations On Civil Unrest And How To Protect Your Survival Preps appeared first on The Bug Out Bag Guide.

Stunning New Study: Cheese Ingredient Kills Cancer Cells

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Stunning New Study: Cheese Ingredient Kills Cancer Cells

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A naturally occurring substance that grows on cheese and other dairy products kills cancer cells and a deadly antibiotic-resistant bacteria, researchers at the University of Michigan have discovered.

The natural preservative is called nisin, and in lab tests with rats it killed 70 to 80 percent of tumor cells and colonies of bacteria.

“Mother Nature has done a lot of the research for us; it’s been tested for thousands of years,” Dr. Yvonne Kapila, a professor at the University’s dental school said in a press release. “To date, nobody had found bacteria from humans or living animals that is resistant to nisin.”

Kapila’s team used what it called a “milkshake” of pure nisin in the tests. Kapila said more research will be needed to determine if nisin can be turned into an effective treatment.

Beet Powder: The Ancient Secret To Renewed Energy And Stamina

“The application of nisin has advanced beyond its role as a food biopreservative,” Kapila said. “Current findings and other published data support nisin’s potential use to treat antibiotic resistant infections, periodontal disease and cancer.”

Nisin also was successful in fighting deadly bacteria such as antibiotic-resistant MRSA. Researchers experimented with using nisin to treat infections of the skin, respiratory system and abdomen; and oral health, according to the press release.

Kapila and her team say a megadose of nisin was needed to fight cancer: 800 mg/kg, and not the rate of .25 to 37.5 mg/kg found in foods.

Nisin is a naturally occurring food preservative that grows on dairy products. It is odorless and colorless and found on some popular varieties of cheese, including cheddar, brie and camembert.

Just 30 Grams Of This Survival Superfood Provides More Nutrition Than An Entire Meal!

Nisin works for two reasons, the press release said: 1), “it binds to a static area of bacteria, which gives nisin the opportunity to work before bacteria changes into an antibiotic-resistant superbug,” and, 2), “nisin kills biofilms—colonies of bacteria that group together into a fortress that thwarts antibiotics.”

The next step, researchers said, is to duplicate the findings in a clinic setting with humans.

The study will be published in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy.

Are you surprised by the study’s findings? Share your thoughts in the section below:

If You Like All-Natural Home Remedies, You Need To Read Everything That Hydrogen Peroxide Can Do. Find Out More Here.

hydrogen peroxide report

Killer Whales Spotted Off Hawaii, but No Humpback Whales to Speak Of

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This is extremely rare

http://www.kitv.com/story/30399444/what-a-catch-fisherman-spots-killer-whales-off-makaha

Davis was on his way into the Waianae Boat Harbor last Friday when he spotted a pod of three killer whales less than two miles offshore of Makaha. The encounter took place at about 1 p.m. and lasted 10 minutes. Davis shot video of the whales and news of the face-to-face quickly spread on social media after he posted on Facebook.  
“I’ve seen humpback whales, pilot whales, but never ever killer whales,” he said. “That was crazy! Everybody’s been tripping out.”
Although killer whales, or orcas, have been seen in Hawaiian waters before, there are no resident populations that researchers know of. Marine Mammal Health and Response Program Manager at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, David Schofield, said Davis’ encounter is pure magic.

This unusual activity is not necessarily a good sign, it can be a clue to a damaged ocean eco-systems. All the whale UME in Alaska, and greatly delayed humpbacks are worrisome.

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Shark attacks continue at a massive rate in Hawaii

Notice the Minimization, they throw out an attacks when say the human had the audacity to be fishing….they “provoked” the shark.

http://dlnr.hawaii.gov/sharks/shark-incidents/incident-graphs/

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SEATTLE, Wash. — Scientists from across the country met in Seattle last week to discuss their research about the recent mass sea star die off.
They are making progress in their efforts to understand why sea stars are dying at such rapid rates — they’re calling it the largest wildlife die-off ever recorded.

http://www.kgw.com/news/local/north-coast/nw-starfish-disease-biggest-wildlife-die-off-ever-recorded/19843557

And Humpback whales travelling far up the Columbia River, very unusual.    What makes it even worse is the Columbia is horribly polluted from Hanford, and other nuclear waste dumps.

The recent sightings of humpback whales in the Columbia River was quite a sight for some boaters. Scientists are uncertain what is causing these humpback whales to go so far away from the Pacific Ocean, but the bigger mystery is what is causing the reports of 2015 whale deaths.

Some researchers claim it is possible they are ranging further away from their normal feeding grounds due to the absence of their usual food sources. Biologist Deborah Jacques notes that seeing humpback whales in the Columbia River is very unusual, and she speculates that a strong El Nino weather pattern may be related.
“It’s really great to be able to see it, but you also wonder what’s going on out in the ocean,” she said. “Is there poor productivity out there this year with the blob and El Nino conditions?”

Read more at http://www.inquisitr.com/2443573/humpback-whales-in-columbia-river-a-grim-reminder-of-2015-whale-deaths-video/#C1Wj58g2ITOPA7Ix.99

Prepper Book Festival 10: Complete Survival Shelters Handbook + Giveaway

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Complete Survival Shelters Handbook | Backdoor Survival

Water, food, fire, and shelter are considered the four basic human necessities.  Bloggers tend to focus on the first three because they are easy to research, test, and write about.  But what about shelter?  As much as we all hope we can hunker down in place following a disaster or disruptive event, the truth of the matter is that there may be a time when you have to flee and find shelter elsewhere.

In a worse case scenario (including but not limited to Camp FEMA), would you know how to build a shelter that will keep you warm and safe until danger passes?  After all, lack of shelter can kill you in days, and sometimes hours.

Complete Survival Shelters Handbook | Backdoor Survival

With that introduction, I would like to present the next book in Prepper Book Festival 10: The Best New Books to Help You Prepare.  Written by wilderness expert, journalist, and author Anthonio Akkermans, The Complete Survival Shelters Handbook is a gem.  It takes you through building various types of shelters starting with the most primitive hand built shelters to tents and other modern store-bought shelters.

Complete Survival Shelters Handbook | Backdoor Survival

This is all great stuff but the highlight is the hundreds of photographs that allow you to follow along and really learn as you go.  There is something for everyone, regardless of climate or geographical locale.

Today I share an interview with Anthonio Akkermans, the author The Complete Survival Shelters Handbook.  In addition, I have three copies of his book up for grabs in the latest Prepper Book Festival giveaway..

Enjoy the interview then be sure to check in below to learn about the giveaway.

An Interview with Anthonio Akkermans Author of The Complete Survival Shelters Handbook

Tell me about your book. What is it about?

It’s a book about shelter, starting with clothes and sleeping gear, journeying through so-called “primitive” hand-built all-natural shelters and home-build projects such as the Mongolian Gher/Yurt.  It finishes with modern shelter equipment such as hiking tents, hammock “tents” and family sized bell-tents.

It also deals with improving comfort, such as the correct use of emergency blankets, improving your campfire and building your own mattresses.

Shelter comes first in order of priority on anyone’s list of survival priorities, whether they be out for a long camping trip or surviving natural or man-made disasters.

What type of research did you have to do while writing your book?

Actually, very little as a direct consequence of writing this book. I write the way I teach. I only teach subjects I am intimately familiar with and have mastered through experience. Without this mastery, a book might lack depth or miss important points that a more experienced person would have learned through trial and error.

On the other hand, I have spent most of my life learning skills and knowledge from others who went before me, whether it’s through their books, courses or personal interaction. As such, the process which led to this book started with learning what others had to teach, internalizing the knowledge, mastering the skills, adding knowledge gained through experience of every-day use of the skills, learning some more from others, and so on.

I have no doubt that if I were to write a future edition of the same book, it would be even richer and deeper.

How long did it take to write?

It didn’t take too long to write. I find it hard to give an exact figure, because I didn’t sit down behind my computer and get up three weeks later with a finished manuscript. instead, it was an hour here or there over the space of a few months.

While the writing was easy and fast, the photographs were not. The book contains hundreds of step-by-step photographs that had to show the step accurately in a way that would show the reader clearly what was intended.

Every book, fiction and non-fiction, includes a message. What message do you hope my readers will take with them after reading your book?

The message I keep coming back to is that these skills have to be learned through practice. Sure, a lot of knowledge can be gained by reading books such as these, but that knowledge will not be enough when it really matters.

People will have to go out and practice the skills they read about. They need to internalize them, master them and make them their own. This applies even more so when the skills are needed during times of immense pressure and stress.

It’s all great building that shelter on a sunny day, but how about that car crash during a blizzard with night fast approaching?

Can you tell us a little bit more about yourself?

I started on this path when, as a young teenager, I met a man who taught me through his school and encouraged me to teach the skills on through a youth group. Years later, as a young adult, I moved to Northern Ireland, where I started my own school.

In the years since that first youth group, I have been fortunate to have had the opportunity to travel around the world, teaching primitive skills and learning more skills myself in the process. I feel blessed to have had the opportunity to experience searing deserts, damp rainforest and the freezing sub-arctic regions and see the skills work there.

As an author in the survival, prepping and/or homesteading niche, what are you personally preparing for?

It sounds a bit cliché, but a person tries to prepare for everything and nothing at the same time.

I am fortunate to live in a country that has very little exposure to adverse natural disaster. And though there are still lingering consequences of the so-called “Troubles”, Northern Ireland is a very safe place to live.

What book or movie, fiction or non-fiction, do you think gives the best portrayal of what could go wrong in the outdoors?

Into the Wild” is a fair account of the type of incident that is most likely to befall the unprepared traveler or survivalist. It’s the small things that we would be most at risk of.

I mean, the chances of being in a plane crash in a big wilderness are remote, whereas small mistakes made during a normal outing are much more likely.

In the story, the mistake is eating non-edible berries (a lack of knowledge). It could be something else such as spraining an ankle, losing a piece of equipment, breaking down in a vehicle, misjudging the incoming tide or similar that presages disaster.

Do you have plans for another book?

Yup.  I’m working hard on a book about fire with the same concept of starting simple and primitive and journeying to modern equipment, taking in the making of wood-burning stoves, pit-fires and similar.  I am also working on a book about hunting tools, beginning with traps and knapped tools through to bow & arrow as well as rifles etc.

Again, a journey from old to modern and everything in between.


The Giveaway

Anthonio and his publisher, Ulysses Press, have reserved three copies of The Complete Survival Shelters Handbook for this Book Festival Giveaway.

a Rafflecopter giveaway

The deadline is 6:00 PM Pacific Tuesday with the winner notified by email and announced on the Rafflecopter in the article.  Please note that the winner must claim their book within 48 hours or an alternate will be selected.

Note:  This giveaway is only open residents of the United States.

The Final Word

My hope is that the most complicated homemade shelter you will ever need is one to protect you from a sudden rain squall.  The space blanket in your kit will serve you well in that regard.

On the other hand, the time may come when you need a more substantial shelter.  This book will teach you about all types of outdoor shelters, regardless of climate or wilderness situation. This is a fantastic book to include in your survival library!

Enjoy your next adventure through common sense and thoughtful preparation!
Gaye

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In addition, SUBSCRIBE to email updates  and receive a free, downloadable copy of my e-book The Emergency Food Buyer’s Guide.

Backdoor Survival Emergency Food Buyers Guide

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Spotlight:  The Complete Survival Shelters Handbook: A Step-by-Step Guide to Building Life-saving Structures for Every Climate and Wilderness Situation

You can survive a couple of weeks without food and a few days without water, but in some cases, you would be lucky to survive one night without shelter.

With structures ideally suited for any weather condition, this book presents emergency shelter designs built from a variety of elements, including 100 percent gathered items, a combination of natural and store-bought supplies, and even durable construction materials.

The author offers helpful tips and techniques for mastering your shelter-building skills, as well as tutorials on how to make basic tools, bedding, mattresses and other items to increase shelter comfort.

Packed with easy-to-follow instructions and step-by-step photos, this all-encompassing primer teaches you how to construct a variety of lifesaving shelters, including:

Rock Shelter
Debris Hut
Lean-To
Bent Sapling Shelter
Snow Cave
Subterranean Shelter
Scandinavian Lavvu
Ger/Yurt
Basha/Tarp Shelter

Bargain Bin:  For your convenience, here is a list of all of the books in the current Backdoor Survival Prepper Book Festival as well as a link to the book mentioned by today’s author.

Into the Wild:  In April 1992 a young man from a well-to-do family hitchhiked to Alaska and walked alone into the wilderness north of Mt. McKinley. He had given $25,000 in savings to charity, abandoned his car and most of his possessions, burned all the cash in his wallet, and invented a new life for himself. Four months later, his decomposed body was found by a moose hunter.  How McCandless came to die is the unforgettable story of Into the WildAlso on DVD.

Fall 2015 Prepper Book Festival 10

Middle Ground Prepping: A Sensible Approach
Spy Secrets That Can Save Your Life
START PREPPING!: GET PREPARED-FOR LIFE: A 10-Step Path to Emergency Preparedness
The Pandemic Preparedness Guide
The Complete Survival Shelters Handbook
Lights Out: A Cyberattack, A Nation Unprepared, Surviving the Aftermath
Emergency Evacuations: Getting out fast when it matters most!
Air Rifles: A Buyer’s and Shooter’s Guide (Survival Guns Book 3)
Rimfire Rifles: A Buyer’s and Shooter’s Guide (Survival Guns Book 4)
The Survival Mindset: Situational Awareness to Avoid Violence & Survive Disasters
Playful Preparedness: Prepare Your Children–For Life
The Penny-Pinching Prepper: Save More, Spend Less and Get Prepared for Any Disaster
Book 6: Kerosene Pressure Lanterns (The Non-Electric Lighting Series)
Prepper’s Survival Hacks: 50 DIY Projects for Lifesaving Gear, Gadgets and Kits

Plus: The Preppers Guide to Food Storage

No list of books would be complete without my own book, The Prepper’s Guide to Food Storage.  The eBook is only 99 cent plus the print version is available for less than $6.00.

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Shop the Emergency Essentials Daily & Monthly Sales for Fantastic Deals!

For over 25 years Emergency Essentials has been providing the highest quality preparedness products at great prices.  Plus, each month they feature sales that quite honestly are fantastic.

Their prices on Mountain House products continue to be heavily discounted as are the Emergency Essentials brand of food storage items.  This month they are featuring a #10 tin of Mountain House® Ground Beef for $37.99, a discount of 37%.

Emergency Essentials also carries a wide variety of equipment and supplies – all at competitive prices.

Shop the Emergency Essentials Monthly Specials

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Need something from Amazon (and who doesn’t)? I earn a small commission from purchases made when you begin your Amazon shopping experience here. You still get great Amazon service and the price is the same, no matter what.

Amazon has a feature called Shop Amazon – Most Wished For Items. This is an easy tool for finding products that people are ‘wishing” for and in this way you know what the top products are.  All you need to do is select the category from the left hand side of the screen.

The Amazon Top Most Wished For and Best Selling Outdoor Items
Emergency Preparedness Items from Amazon.com
Shop Amazon Tactical – Great Selection of Optics, Knives, Cases, Equipment
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Help support Backdoor Survival. Purchases earn a small commission and for that I thank you!

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The post Prepper Book Festival 10: Complete Survival Shelters Handbook + Giveaway by Gaye Levy first appeared on Backdoor Survival.

The Dental Survival Kit

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dental survival

Dental Preparedness

Over the years, we have written hundreds of articles on medical preparedness for short or long-term disasters. Many now include medical kits and supplies to add to survival food storage and items for personal protection. Yet, few who are otherwise medically prepared seem to devote much time to dental health. Poor dental health can cause issues that affect the work efficiency of members of your group in survival settings. When your people are not at 100% effectiveness, your chances for survival decrease.
History tells us that problems with teeth take up a significant portion of the medic’s patient load. In the Vietnam War, medical personnel noted that fully half of those who reported to daily sick call came with dental complaints. In a long-term survival situation, you certainly will find yourself as dentist as well as nurse or doctor.
Anyone who has had to perform a task while simultaneously dealing with a bad toothache can attest to the effect on the amount and quality of work done. If your teeth hurt badly, it’s unlikely that your mind can concentrate on anything other than the pain. Therefore, it only makes sense that you must learn basic dental hygiene, care, and procedures to keep your people at full work efficiency. It could easily be the difference between success and failure in a collapse. In normal times, however, you should understand that the practice of dentistry without a license is illegal and punishable by law. Seek modern and standard dental care wherever and whenever it is available.

The Survival Dental Kit

The prepared medic will have included dental supplies in their storage, but what exactly would make sense in austere settings? You would want the kit to be portable, so dentist chairs and other heavy equipment wouldn’t be practical. You would want it to be easily distinguished from the medical kit.
We’ve mentioned that gloves for medical and dental purposes are one item that you should have in quantity. Don’t ever stick your bare hands in someone’s mouth. Buy hypoallergenic nitrile gloves instead of latex. For additional protection, masks should also be stored and worn by the medic.
We’ve researched dental items that should be in the dental kit of those that would be medically responsible in a long-term survival community. After consulting with a number of preparedness-minded dentists, we have put together what we believe will be a reasonable kit that can handle a number of dental issues. Items that would be practical for  the survival “dentist” include:
• Dental floss, dental picks, toothbrushes, toothpaste or baking soda
• Dental or orthodontic wax as used for braces. Wax can be used to splint a loose tooth to its neighbors.
• A Rubber bite block to keep the mouth open. This provides good visualization and protection from getting bitten. A large eraser would serve the purpose.
Cotton pellets, Cotton rolls, Q tips, gauze sponges (cut into small squares)
• Compressed air cans or a bulb syringe for drying up saliva on teeth.
• Commercial temporary filling material, such as Tempanol, Cavit, or Den-temp.
Oil of cloves (eugenol), a natural anesthetic. Often found in commercial preparations such as:
-Dent’s Toothache Drops (benzocaine in combo with eugenol)
It’s important to know that eugenol might burn the tongue, so be careful when touching anything but teeth with it.
• Other oral analgesics like Hurricaine or Orajel (Benzocaine)
Zinc oxide powder; when mixed with 2 drops of clove oil, it will harden into temporary filling cement. Here’s a video of the procedure:   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I3rTF4c26Po
• Spatula for mixing (a tongue depressor will do)
Oil of oregano, a natural antibacterial.
• A bulb syringe to blow air and dry teeth for better visualization, and as a diagnostic tool to elicit discomfort in damaged teeth. A can of compressed air may be an alternative.
• An irrigation syringe to flush areas upon which work is being done
Scalpel #15 or #10 to incise and drain abscesses
Dental probes, also called “explorers”.
Dental scrapers/scalers to remove plaque and probe questionable areas.
Spoon excavators. These instruments have a flat circular tip that is used to “excavate” decayed material from demineralized areas of a tooth. A powered dental drill would be a much better choice, but not likely to be an option off the grid.
Elevators. These are thin but solid chisel-like instruments that help with extractions by separating ligaments that hold teeth in their sockets. #301 or #12B are good choices. In a pinch, some parts of a Swiss army knife might work.
Extraction forceps. These are like pliers with curved ends. They come in versions specific to upper and lower teeth and, sometimes, left and right.
Although there are more types of dental extractors than there are teeth, you should at least have several. Although every dentist has their preferences, you should consider including the following in your dental kit:
-#151 or #79N for lower front teeth
-#150A or #150 for upper front teeth.
-#23, best for lower molars
-#53R, best for upper right molars
-#53L, best for upper left molars
• Blood-clotting Agents: There are a number of products, such as Act-Cel, that help control bleeding in the mouth after extractions or other procedures. It comes a fabric square that can be cut to size and placed directly on the bleeding socket or gum.
• Sutures: A kit consisting of a needle holder, forceps, scissors, and suture material is helpful for the control of bleeding or to preserve the normal contour of gum tissue. We recommend 4/0 Chromic catgut as it is absorbable. It’s small enough for the oral cavity but large enough for the non-surgeon to handle. Don’t forget a small scissors to cut the string. More information on suture materials can be found later in this book.
• Pain medication and antibiotics. Medications in the Penicillin family are preferred if not allergic. For those allergic to Penicillin, Erythromycin can be used. For tooth abscesses, Clindamycin is a good choice. These antibiotics are discussed in detail in the section dedicated to them in this book.
Just as obtaining knowledge and training on medical issues likely in a disaster is important, the study of dental procedures and practices is essential for the aspiring survival medic.

More dental resources

dental survival kit

Article contributed by Joe and Amy Alton, the authors of the 3 category #1 Amazon Bestseller “The Survival Medicine Handbook.  See their articles in Backwoods Home, Survival Quarterly, and other great magazines. For over 600 articles on medical preparedness in wilderness, disaster, or other austere settings, go to their website at www.doomandbloom.net.The opinions voiced by Joe Alton, M.D., and Amy Alton, A.R.N.P. are their own and are not meant to take the place of seeking medical help from a qualified healthcare provider.