Zaycon Bulk Meat for Food Storage

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Zaycon bulk ground beef

I wanted to share with you real quick that Zaycon has ground beef back.
I have purchased their bacon, chicken, and ground beef and have never been disappointed.
Before you say “Oh, I don’t need THAT much ground beef. Or Chicken” Notice nobody says they don’t need that much bacon.
I love Zaycon for their bulk options for food storage. I have pressure canned all of their meat with success.
You can read my instructions about ground beef and also my review about their chicken thighs. I also pressure canned their bacon.

I feel a sense of urgency with storing food so I wanted to pass this tip on. Enjoy!

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17 Soothing Natural Sunburn Home Remedies

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17 Soothing Natural Sunburn Home Remedies Check out these amazing natural sunburn remedies to sooth sunburn pain and prevent peeling. Natural sunburn remedies are just great to know. If you are at home and you find yourself burned from the sun and you have no other store bought creams or maybe you want to live …

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Cuben fiber

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Clearly I need to get out more, because up until the other day I had never heard of Cuben fiber.

Silnylon is the shizznits when it comes to lightweight materials for backpacking gear. But, apparently the new kid on the block is this material called Cuben fiber. I was talking to a guy the other day and he was showing me his gear. He had the lightest bivvysack I’ve ever seen… the ground-side was Cuben fiber, the top side was snetting and silnylon. Apparently the CF was waterproof/resistant enough to be a good choice for that task.

It reminds me of Tyvek in terms of the feel and color. Apparently it got its start as sailcloth material for high-tech sailboats and, as with a ll technology, it eventually trickled into other fields.

I need to do some investigating to see if it comes in some more useful colors. And I’d like to test it out to see how waterproof it really is. With the ridiculous light weight it would make an awesome ‘tarp’ to take along in case you have to shelter overnight when on a hunting trip or something.

Clearly, more investigation is in order.

Household Medications For Pets

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Household Medications For Pets If SHTF or you are hundreds of miles away from a Vet… this chart of household medications may just help your beloved pet in an emergency. I am not a Vet, I do not know if using these medications will harm your pet, so always seek advice from a trained veterinarian …

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How to Make Vinegar From Wine

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How to Make Vinegar From Wine Have you ever ended up with lots of odds and ends of leftover wine and thought to yourself ‘I really should make some vinegar?’ Well, I hadn’t either. For those that make wine at home, their biggest fear is actually turning their barrel of tasty wine into vinegar. But there are …

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13 Attractive Ways To Create Privacy In Your Yard

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13 Attractive Ways To Create Privacy In Your Yard If you live in a city or neighborhood you know the age old issue of no privacy. In fact you probably feel like if you go outside you are being watched. I know when I lived in the city, I felt like I couldn’t even sunbath …

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16 Food Storage Tips for the Space Challenged Prepper

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16 Food Storage Tips for the Space Challenged Prepper One of the more common prepper challenges is finding room for stored food and water.  Lucky you if you have a large home with a basement or cellar – you have plenty of space at just the right temperature.  But the rest of us?  Not so …

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Guest Post: The Role of Warfighter in Intelligence

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Since “Guerrillamerica” is no longer up, I asked Sam Culper if he would write some “guest post” articles that were along the “Intel” line, and his expertise (Some claim Intel expertise, Culper has the boafides). Here’s the first, enjoy. ________________________________________________________________ Intelligence is about supporting the warfighter.  The Intelligence Cycle, our intelligence requirements, our collection methods, […]

First Aid for Heat-Related Illnesses

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Heat Exhaustion

With warmer weather fast approaching, it’s time to start thinking about ways to stay cool this summer.  There are a variety of heat-related illnesses that can strike you and your loved ones. These illnesses are caused by prolonged or intense exposure to hot temperatures, typically occurring in the summer months.

It’s important to remember that the elderly, the obese, children and those who work outside are at a greater risk of suffering from hyperthermia, an elevated internal body temperature. Athletes who exercise in hot weather are also at an increased risk. Those who live in humid environments may be more susceptible as well.

Here are some common heat-related illnesses and how to treat them.

  • Overheating – Overheating is an elevated body temperature that occurs when the body tries to cool itself through profuse sweating. The first symptoms of overheating that many people experience is muscle cramps. Cramps are caused by the loss of salt and other minerals through sweating. If you experience heat cramps, drink water with a snack or consume a sports drink with electrolytes. Seek medical attention if the cramps last more than an hour.
  • Heat exhaustion – Heat exhaustion occurs with the loss of an excessive amount of water and electrolytes through sweating. This loss can cause problems with circulation and brain function. Symptoms of heat exhaustion include dizziness, headaches, nausea, irritability and the decreased ability to urinate. You can treat heat exhaustion by moving the person to a cooler location and having them lie down. Loosen their clothing and apply cool, wet cloths to their body. Have them take small, frequent sips of water. If they lose consciousness or have slurred speech, call 911 immediately.
  • Heat stroke – The most serious heat-related illness, heat stroke, can cause death or permanent disability without emergency medical treatment. Heat stroke occurs when the body becomes unable to regulate its temperature. Sweating stops and the body can’t cool itself. Symptoms of heat stroke include confusion or an altered mental state, a loss of consciousness, hot/dry skin and seizures. If someone around you is suffering from heat stroke, call 911 immediately. Move the person to a cooler area and try to reduce their body temperature with cold cloths or submersion in cold water if possible.

Being proactive can decrease the risk of overheating and heat-related illnesses this summer. When the temperatures warm up, there are some things you can do like wearing loose, lightweight clothing and drinking plenty of fluids. Avoid alcoholic beverages and other drinks that dehydrate you.

If you plan to be outside, let your body acclimate to the heat and avoid sunburns by wearing a hat and applying sunscreen. Never leave children or pets in a parked car. Remember to pay attention to your body and seek a cooler location if you experience symptoms related to heat exposure.

The Forgotten Fire-Starting Ingredient The Pioneers Used

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3 Natural Materials For Starting A Fire in a Pinch (The Pioneers Used No. 1)

Image source: Pixabay.com

 

Fire has rightly earned its reputation as one of the most important aspects of survival. Anyone with experience in bushcraft and primitive living will tell you fire is not only essential for the direct benefits it offers, but also for other skills: making primitive glues, tanning and arrow making are just a few examples. This is beside the fact that meat cooked over a fire is much more palatable and safer to eat as well. Fire is simply a necessary component of any survival situation.

In reality, we live in a world where fire starting is ridiculously easy. For a few bucks you can buy enough Bic lighters to last you for years. Even with that being the case, though, some people want the ability to start a flame in other ways – say, when they don’t have a lighter. One of the simplest ways that was extremely popular prior to the invention of matches is flint and steel.

Flint and steel has been used for fire since before Roman times. It is the fire technology with which our frontier was opened, and men like Daniel Boone and other mountain men used it. The process is incredibly simple and effective. All you really need is a piece of steel and something to strike it against that throws a spark. Flint works superbly for this purpose and is the most popular material for the job. There is, however, a secret ingredient our ancestors used that plays the biggest role in this process: char.

Char refers to any natural material that has been “charred,” a process we will dive into in a moment. Charring certain natural materials changes their chemical composition. I’m no scientist, but the technical term for this change is called “pyrolysis.” Regardless of the name, most bushcrafters are only concerned with one thing: It works. Once charred, certain natural material will catch a spark from the flint and steel and create an ember. From this ember, a person who understands the basic elements of fire can create a blaze in a few short minutes. It is almost spellbinding the first time you see it in action.

Discover The Secrets Of The Word’s Top Survivalists!

To be sure, not every natural material can easily be turned into char. Here are three popular natural materials for making char.

1. Rotten wood

3 Natural Materials For Starting A Fire in a Pinch (The Pioneers Used No. 1)People who were removed from civilization for an extended period of time had to use materials they could find. One of the best char materials, and most abundant ones, is rotten wood. Rotten wood is typically scattered all about, so one huge benefit is not having to pack it with you as you go. When selecting wood, try and select small pieces that are punky, or in other words, porous and light. It is best to look for suitable material near creek beds or in low-lying locations. These locations have more moisture, which helps to rot the wood faster. Rotten wood would have been the most popular choice of char material for experienced woodsmen and frontiersmen.

2. Cattail

A third popular material for making char is cattail. Cattails are abundant in many parts of the country and make suitable char material. When you are gathering cattail for char, you want to be sure and get full heads that have not begun to release their seeds. Before you make the char, you will need to pull the seeds from the plant and get only the cattail “fluff.” Cattail fluff is an easy-and-abundant way to make char, but keeping the fluff together can be a challenge. I would not recommend cattail fluff for a first-time firemaker, but after practice it can be used easily.

3. 100 percent cotton

Most people are introduced into the world of flint and steel through what’s called “char cloth.” Anything 100 percent cotton works just fine. Beware of any shirt blended with synthetics, as these will not catch a spark like natural cotton will. While cotton is popular today, and historically was used as well, it wasn’t the most popular method for people removed from civilization; they would soon run out of it after significant time in the wild. In our modern world, we can get cotton cheaply and easily enough that it is the best option for beginners.

3 Natural Materials For Starting A Fire in a Pinch (The Pioneers Used No. 1)For anyone interested in making char cloth, the process is fittingly simple as well. You can accomplish the task in 10 simple steps:

  1. Find a fire-resistant container of some kind that can be closed. An Altoids tin has become the iconic flint-and-steel container of our day.
  2. Punch a small hole into your container or tin.
  3. Get a fire going and get a good bed of coals burning.
  4. While your fire burns, break your char material down to a size that can fit in the tin.
  5. Fill the tin with the desired amount of material. For efficiency sake, it is best to fill the tin fairly full.
  6. Close the lid and place the tin on the coals. At this point it is worth noting that you don’t actually want the material to catch fire. It needs to bake more than anything, and coals serve this purpose the best.
  7. char 4Soon, the tin will begin to smoke. This means the charring process has started and things are moving along just fine.
  8. Once the tin has quit smoking, that means your char is made and you should remove the container.
  9. Allow the container to cool for a few minutes before opening the lid.
  10. You should now have char material made that will catch a spark for your next fire-making adventure.

As you can see, making char is an extremely simple process, but nonetheless invaluable to know for long-term self-reliance escapades. Learn the ins and outs of the flint-and-steel fire-starting method and you are not only learning a skill to help you develop more self-reliance, but you also are carrying a torch from the past.

What advice would you add? How do you make char? Share your tips in the section below:

Learn How To ‘Live Off The Land’ With Just Your Gun. Read More Here.

Great Forest Fire article

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This is a great article about first-hand experience with forest fires.

It’s a two part article. Here are the links.

http://www.motherearthnews.com/homesteading-and-livestock/off-grid-and-freethe-terror-of-forest-fires-part-1-zbcz1605.aspx

http://www.motherearthnews.com/homesteading-and-livestock/off-grid-and-free-the-terror-of-forest-fires-part-2-zbcz1606.aspx

Many times people move to a house in the sticks and think that’s it. They’ll never have to worry about anything because they “already bugged out”. Wrong. First, wherever it is that you live, that place can no longer be your bug out location. By definition a bug out location is the place where you go when your main place of residence is compromised, so it can’t be both at the same time. Second, living in the sticks doesn’t mean bad things can’t happen. There’s a number of things that can go wrong forcing you to either evacuate or rearrange your lifestyle due to personal circumstances like sickness, family, employment, etc. Forest fires are a good example, and these affect a lot of people every year. As always, a bit of preparation goes a long way.

FerFAL

Fernando “FerFAL” Aguirre is the author of “The Modern Survival Manual: Surviving the Economic Collapse” and “Bugging Out and Relocating: When Staying is not an Option”.

Peach Pie

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I had to go to town today to get my prescriptions filled and when I got home I just couldn’t stand the thought of peeling a million peaches for jam. Something about 7 cups of sugar for jam which we really don’t eat, just didn’t motivate me today. Maybe I will do some tomorrow but I still have all those peaches and had to make a small dent in them anyway so I made a peach pie….well, a peach/cherry pie because I still have all those dried cherries my sister-in-law gave me (as a matter a fact, they gave me another quart bag after the first ones) and they need to be used too.
I didn’t use a recipe. Nothing wrong with using a recipe but after years of cooking, I think I can put together a simple pie without one. It’s a lost art, I know but really pies are pretty easy. I peeled, and peeled, and peeled my peaches until I had a pie tin full, then I put them in a bowl, added a cup of sugar, a handful or so of the dried cherries, some cinnamon, a little less nutmeg, and a little flour. Readied the bottom crust and put it in the pan, poking holes in it here and there, put in the peaches/cherries, dabbed some butter on top and then put the top crust on.

I cooked it for 40 minutes and the crust was not real brown but since I tend to get it too brown usually, I thought this was good enough and took it out. Will let you know how good it is tonight after dinner (in the comments) but I imagine this is going to be pretty tasty.

How to Repair Fasteners on Field Gear and Clothing

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repair fasteners

Sewing supplies

Hopefully you have stocked up on a good selection of sewing supplies.  So you look in your supplies and find a zipper repair kit.  Instead of having to rip out the old one, which you may or may not have a replacement for, you can save time and money by replacing what is wrong with it.  I don’t know about you, but it’s hard to replace zippers in coats and jackets, even in jeans.

These are some of the types of kits, I found on the internet:

  • Zipper kit for; outdoor gear like tents, backpacks and tents
  • Zipper kit for: clothing
  • Zipper kit for; tab replacement
  • Ezy zipper Glide; helps with sticky zippers
repair fasteners

Zipper repair kits

Now this is just one example of how you can solve a problem with a little bit of preplanning.  Depending on your needs, you may want to stock some or all of the following.

  • Sewing machine needles of the following types: regular point, (fine point) ballpoint, (knit material) and chisel point (leather) Sizes 9 for the thinnest to 16 the thickest.
  • Crocheting needles all sizes
  • Knitting needles all sizes
  • Quilting needles all sizes
  • Hand sewing needles; sizes #1 to 10, plus heavy-duty needles, for carpet, canvas, tents, leather, mattress and furs.
  • Self- threading needles (for bad eyes) yes I have several packages.  Just don’t pull to hard or the thread comes out of slot.
  • Grommets all sizes and shapes (good for canvas and heavy duty material) a good source is Amazon
  • repair fasteners

    Snaps all sizes and needed tools

    Snaps, all sizes – a good source is Amazon

  • Regular and pinking shears
  • Seam ripper, it’s a one in a million tool (I own three)
  • Extra bobbins for your machine
  • Pincushions
  • Threat in all sizes and strengths
  • Buttons
  • Canvas strapping various weights
  • Thimbles, If you are having to sew heavy materials by hand you will need them.
  • Speedy stitcher
repair fasteners

This works great for stitching heavy materials

My husband sometimes comes home with military surplus that he finds in garage sales.  We go through and look for damaged items, if they are beyond repair; we remove any usable straps and fasteners before throwing them out.

Think about what items you need to have on hand to repair fasteners on your clothing and field gear.  You need to try to repair a few items now before and emergency, this will help you to develop your skill and help you decide what to put in your preps.

Preparedness Mom

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98 Amazing Uses for Bandanas

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Bandanas are incredibly versatile. They’re just little pieces of cloth, yet they can be used in so many ways: making fire, filtering water, cleaning gear, building shelter, treating the wounded… the list goes on and on. Originally I was going to write my own post about survival uses for bandanas, but then I came across […]

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Starving Venezuelans Find Off-Grid Way To Survive Societal Collapse

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Starving Venezuelans Find Off-Grid Way To Survive Societal Collapse

Image source: Flickr

Fruit trees are no longer just a decorative plant in Venezuela; they are now the only source of food for some people.

A major food shortage that has emptied supermarket shelves and forced some in the city to eat dogs and cats has led others to forage – and some are doing it successfully.

For these Venezuelans, the primary source of food now is mango, coconut and papaya trees.

“Sometimes when there’s nothing in the fridge, I grab two mangoes,” 13-year old Juany Iznaga told Reuters. “Mangoes help a little; they fill you up.”

In recent years it was common to get the fruit only when wanting a sweet treat. Often, fruit would rot.

Be Prepared! Store An ‘Emergency Seed Bank’ For A Crisis Garden

Now, Venezuelans are regularly using long poles to knock mangoes and other fruit such as papayas off trees. The nation’s economy has collapsed.

“Now we can’t throw anything away, not even the skin,” Iris Garcia said of mangoes.

In fact, a black market for fruit has developed in Venezuela. As supermarket shelves empty, many people are making ends meet by selling fruit on street corners.

“This work is easier,” Josue Moreno said. Moreno quit his job at a bottled water factory to sell coconuts on the street. “Coconuts take care of themselves; you don’t have to do anything.”

When he worked at the bottled water plant, Moreno made just $7 a month on the black market rate, Reuters reported.

Another man, Adrian Vega, is eating a diet of crackers topped with mangoes.

“And by the looks of it,” he told the news service, “I’ll be eating mangoes for several more days because that’s what we have.”

Do you think such a scenario could ever happen in the US? Share your thoughts in the section below:

Harness The Power Of Nature’s Most Remarkable Healer: Vinegar

Best EDC knife? We review the Bark River Gunny Vortex

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I didn’t need another Bark River Gunny. But I couldn’t pass up this latest addition to the Gunny line.

by Leon Pantenburg

KnivesShipFree is a SurvivalCommonSense.com sponsor, but the company did not supply a free knife and I was not paid to do this review.

I remember hearing something to the effect of  “If you really like a piece of equipment, buy two. The company will surely quit making it.”

Well, I just got my third Gunny, the Gunny Vortex, and so far it’s looking really good.

The Vortex is the latest in the popular Bark River Gunny line.

The Vortex is the latest in the popular Bark River Gunny line.

Specifications:

  • Overall Length: 9.5 Inches
  • Blade Length: 4.7 Inches
  • Blade Height: .90 Inch
  • Blade Thickness: .156 Inch
  • Blade Steel: A-2 tool Steel @ 58-60RC
  • Weight: 6 Ounces
  • Made in USA

High-quality leather sheath included.

My introduction to the Gunny came when I ran into a Texas big game guide. We talked knives and guns, and he recommended a Bark River Rampless Gunny for a deer hunting knife.

Years later, I got my first Gunny. After using it for awhile, I sent it back to the factory to get a full height convex grind, and clip point with swedge. That knife was later given to my sister, Karla Pantenburg Moore, one of the most savvy homesteader types I know.

My second Gunny is my most-carried EDC knife. (A very, very close second is my L.T. Wright Next Gen.) Most recently, it was used for opening boxes at the Mother Earth News Preparedness Expo in Albany, Oregon.

I was helping out at the Azure Standard booth, and we went through several dozen boxes of samples, catalogues and products. Dr. Bones and Nurse Amy had no knives, since they had to go through TSA at the airport, so I opened a box for them. (Check out the interview we did.)

Unboxing the Vortex showed the quality I expect from Bark River. The knife was hair-popping sharp, and finish was impeccable. It will be used later today to trim some elk meat, and if I get to go fishing this weekend, the Vortex will go along.

Here’s the good stuff:

Handle: I wear size large gloves, and any handle less than four inches long won’t work for me. The Gunny handle fits me really well. I’ve used Gunnys for virtually every out door task and never had a problem hanging onto the knife. This includes cleaning fish, where the handle got bloody and slimy.

The Vortex fits my glove-size large hands very well.

The Vortex fits my glove-size large hands very well.

Micarta is my first choice for a user knife, but I have a weakness for curly maple handles. They match the stock on my flintlock rifle, and the wood makes a durable, longlasting handle. Also, maple won’t break the bank. Strange as it may seem, the stabilized wood does not get slippery when wet with blood or fish slime.

Steel: The Vortex comes in A2. I’ve used A2 and CPM 3V extensively, and I can’t say that I can tell much difference. After the Mother Earth expo, I cleaned the tape residue off my Gunny’s CPM 3V blade and the knife was still really sharp. A few passes on the plain leather strop restored the edge to scary, wicked sharp.

But I’ve also used A2 a lot in my BR Sahara. Two years ago, I field dressed, skinned and quartered a whitetail buck without needing to sharpen the blade. Then I carved the Thanksgiving turkey. I finally stropped the blade because of this obsessive/compulsive thing I have about really, really sharp knives.

Grind: The Vortex comes with a full convex grind. That’s my first choice  in most of my user knives. I’ve sent knives back to the factory to have them reground to full convex. For everything from field dressing elk to cleaning panfish, convex works best for me.

But, a better choice for a dedicated bushcraft knife might be the scandi grind. In my experience, the scandi is a really good selection for a knife that will be used mostly for wood working, tinder processing and splitting firewood. It’s also easier for the beginner or newcomer to sharpen.

Point: The Vortex has a slight drop point, which is a good choice for an overall knife. My favorite remains a clip point with a swedge, and there is always the potential of my Vortex getting sent back to the factory for a re-grind. (Bark River will modify knife grinds and point for the cost of shipping and handling – $15.)

The Vortex, top, and the Gunny Hunter show a strong family resemblance.

The Vortex, top, and the Gunny Hunter show a strong family resemblance.

Blade length: The 4.7-inch blade is a good choice for a hunting/survival knife. My personal favorite blade length is about four to four-and-one-half inches long.

Blade thickness: The Vortex is .156 inches thick, which is a good choice for an all around knife. I personally prefer thinner blades for what I will use a knife for outdoors.

Sheath: The Vortex comes with a sturdy leather sheath that protects the edge and the carrier from each other. I modify virtually every sheath I get. I wet form the leather, to make it fit the knife better, and then add a D ring to the belt loop. These modifications are simple to do, and can add greatly to comfortable carry.

Made in USA: Every Bark River knife is made in Escanoba, Michigan, by American craftsmen. These folks, and the company, pay taxes and contribute to their community. Quality control and customer support has proven to be outstanding. Support American small business!

The jury is still out:

Both the Bravo Vortex and the Gunny Vortex come with “the handle slabs with a unique thumb index detent for use holding the knife in side grip and for indexing in the hand without having to look at the knife,” according to the BR website.

I haven’t had occasion to use these, and have not felt the need for such a modification. So, I will use this option whenever possible and let you know how it works out.

Do you need a Gunny Vortex?

It all boils down to is what you’re looking for in an overall, every day carry knife. I love my Gunny, and the Vortex will have to provide serious additional benefits before it replaces my standard Gunny.

Basically, the Vortex is a Gunny with a longer blade, with a detent in the handle. It’s the knife for you if a longer blade is preferred. And I can see where that longer blade could be handy, especially with a knife that may end up cleaning fish.

Price difference between the two is a wash – in A2, both knives start out at about $190.00.

If you’ve narrowed down your knife investment choices to either the Gunny Hunter or Vortex – congratulations! You will love either model, and may ending up getting one of each. That’s not a bad thing.

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The US Government Has Recently Issued 2 Alarming Warnings to Prep…But Is Anybody Listening?

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When the US government steps outside of the apple pie and baseball narrative of the American dream and issues warnings to prep, you’d better pay strict attention and start upping Read the rest

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Best Tactical Tomahawks for Survival in 2016: Bushcraft & Military Tomahawk Reviews

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Many people are familiar with the different varieties knives on the market (tactical knives, fixed blades and EDC folders).  But far fewer people are aware of what a tactical tomahawk is or how effective they can be in a survival situation.  Why would you want to purchase a tactical tomahawk instead of a knife you might ask?  The fact is that a tactical tomahawk can provide you with significantly more reach than a tactical knife.  It can also be used in many other emergency or survival situations such as freeing someone who may be trapped in a wreck.

In addition, due to their weight, they are also capable as an effective game processing tool when separating limb from prey after a hunt.  It’s also important to note that many designs also serve as multi-function tools for rescue personnel and as breaching tools for both law enforcement and military personnel.  Some people have argued that tactical tomahawks can be used for skinning.  Generally you are better off using a tool specifically designed for that purpose, but tomahawks can be effective if used in conjunction with a good skinning knife.

The fact is that in life or death situation, any tomahawk can be a great tactical addition to any survival arsenal.  Don’t feel like an in-depth read?  Our top three choices are below or continue on for our in-depth buyer’s guide and our top 15 choices.

Our Top 3 Picks:

#1. Gerber Downrange Tomahawk
#2. United Cutlery M48 With Compass
#3. SOG Specialty Knives Tactical Tomahawk

Tactical Tomahawk Buyer’s Guide:

When Europeans first began to explore the Americas, their home forests were all tame, coppiced, woodlands that were also reserved for the rich and powerful.  As a result, Europeans (unlike the peoples of the Thailand, Malaysia, and the Philippines who all live in woody jungles) lacked the concept of a large, heavy duty machete  for use as both a woodsman’s tool and as a means of self defense.  They were however well acquainted with both the battle axe and its smaller cousin the hand axe or, “hatchet”.

Survival Hatchet Buried in Wood

Hatchets (like shown above) are actually very different from tactical tomahawks.

A hatchet is specifically designed for to be a compact, woodsman’s, chopping tool making it ill suited for self defense.  American frontiersmen developed the tomahawk which is the offspring of a European battle axe and a hatchet.

It was specifically designed to function as both a woodsman’s tool and for self defense. A good tomahawk displays some very distinct characteristics that distinguish it from both a battle axe and a hatchet.

Let’s break down some of the major differences.

Head design – The first thing you need to understand about tomahawk design is that it differs drastically from both the European battle axe and the common hatchet in purpose.  This means that it differs in design as well.  For example, the European battle axe almost always features a very wide head with a curved cutting edge and a spike on the reverse side.  Hatchets have a much more narrow head with a significantly less curved cutting edge and, instead of a spike on the back, they have a flat surface.

Both the battle axe and the hatchet are relatively heavy for their size. The tomahawk was developed by North American frontiersmen who needed a tool that could chop, split, and shape wood as well as serve as a reliable tool for self defense.  This means that they needed a hatchet with a longer handle and a much narrower and lighter head so that it would still be able to chop and spit but, would also be much quicker in the hand when needed for quick use.

Head steel – The steel that a tomahawk’s head is made from is also an important consideration.  Because a tomahawk is often a multi-use tool as well as a survival tool, it must be made from a tough steel that is formulated to withstand impact without chipping, breaking, or shattering.  It must also be reasonably hard so that it holds an edge well.  As a general rule, non-stainless, high carbon, tool steels such as 1055, 1095, and SK5, tend to be a better choice for making tomahawk heads than stainless steels such as 420 HC or AUS8.

High carbon tool steels are also far more prone to corrosion than stainless steels.  As a result they do require additional care to keep them corrosion free. It should be noted that the hardness of some tomahawk heads is tested and rated according to the Rockwell Hardness C scale.  This is a very accurate measure of just how hard a particular piece of steel is.

This means that a tomahawk head with a Rockwell Hardness of 44-48 would be considered relatively soft but very tough.  A tomahawk with a Rockwell Hardness of 54-58 would be considered to be relatively hard but somewhat brittle. Ideally a tomahawk with a Rockwell Hardness of 50-52 would be an excellent compromise between toughness and edge holding ability.

Military Guy Carrying Gerber Downrange Best Tactical Tomahawk

Handle length can be an important for anything from chopping brush to breaching a door.

Handle length – The length of the handle a tomahawk has also has a significant effect on its suitability.  When splitting wood or performing precision chopping tasks such as removing debris or wreckage from around an injured individual, a shorter handle provides the user with significantly more control over the head.

It also provides less leverage.  This means that a tomahawk with a shorter handle will not generate as much force when chopping as a tomahawk with a longer handle.

A tomahawk with a relatively long handle provides the user with a significant advantage in both leverage and reach in a survival situation.

If the handle is designed well, the user can “choke up” on the handle when precision is needed or in self defense or in tight quarters.  You can then slide your hand down on the handle when more reach or more leverage is needed.

Handle material – Because a tomahawk is specifically designed for chopping, the handle must be every bit as tough as the steel that the head is made from. Traditionally hickory wood has long been the favored material of choice for tomahawk handles.  Today there are modern materials such as fiberglass reinforced nylon or even steel which are both tougher than wood.

It should be noted that all plastics or polymer handles are prone to degradation when exposed to ultraviolet light.  While wood may last longer, it’s prone to absorb moisture and, it often allows the head to become somewhat loose over an extended period of use.  To prolong the life of your tomahawk with a plastic handle, keep it out of the sunlight.

Head weight – The last aspect that you need to keep in mind is the weight of its head. Tomahawk heads that are optimized for chopping through tough materials are  heavy to provide them with enough momentum to drive the cutting edge into or through the material.

These tomahawks are also difficult to wield effectively in self defense situations because the heavy head makes then difficult to control.  Lighter tomahawk heads that are optimized for use in survival situations are relatively light weight to make them highly maneuverable.  This is preferred for mobility and also penetrating doors and walls when used as a breaching tool.

Choosing the correct tactical tomahawk design for your intended purpose is a lot like choosing the right knife.  Whether that’s a field bushcraft knife or surival knife, etc., it really boils down to choosing a cutting edge that is appropriate to the task  along with the appropriate head weight, handle length, steel type and handle material.

The 15 Top Tactical Tomahawks For Survival in 2016:


Gerber Downrange Tomahawk:

Although the Gerber Downrange Tomahawk is really designed to be a tactical breaching tool first and foremost. Featuring a three-tiered approach to tactical breaching, this hand axe features a large head made from 420 HC stainless steel with a tough Cerakote finish that is capable of chopping through drywall and turning doors to splinters! Below is a great video that outlines some of the primary selling points of the Gerber Downrange Tomahawk.

Also, it features a hammer head positioned opposite of the ax head which serves to get you through hinges, locks, doorknobs and anything else that’s might be in your way. Also, it features a 19.27 inch steel handle shaft with a pry bar at the end of the handle which is easily controlled by a cutaway grip in the ax head. Plus, it features desert tan G-10 handle scales to keep the tool firmly in your hands no matter the conditions.

  •  Gerber Downrange Military Tomahawk For Field Bushcraft SurvivalOverall Length: 19.275”
  • Weight: Unknown
  • Blade Width: 2.75″
  • Head Steel: 420 High Carbon
  • Rockwell Hardness: 50-55
  • Handle Shaft Material: Hand Wrapped Nylon Paracord

SOG Tactical Tomahawk model F01TN CP:

Although it’s billed as a tactical tomahawk, the SOG Tactical Tomahawk is actually specifically designed to be a multi-use tool. Often times, both military and law enforcement professionals have a need for a heavy duty tool that will breach, excavate, extract, remove obstacles.  The SOG Tactical Tomahawk is an extreme evolution of the original Vietnam Tomahawk.

It features a 2.75” wide head made from 420 stainless steel with a black, “hardcased”, coating and an unusual blade design with two round holes to make it lighter. It features a rather large spike opposite the blade that is very well suited for penetrating hard materials.  This is helpful when penetrating wooden doors or shattering car windows to facilitate extracting injured passengers. In addition, the head is secured to the fiberglass reinforced nylon (FRN) handle by two bolts and a metal ferrule for an extra tight fit. Plus, with an overall length of 15.75”, it provides significant reach when. Last, it comes with a heavy-duty, black, nylon sheath with a belt loop.

  • SOG Tactical Tomahawk F01TNOverall Length: 15.75”
  • Weight: 24 oz.
  • Blade Width: 2.75”
  • Head Steel: 420 Stainless Steel
  • Rockwell Hardness: 51-53 HRC
  • Handle Shaft Material: Fiberglass Reinforced Nylon

SOG Fasthawk Tactical Tomahawk:

Although the SOG Fasthawk appears to be identical to the SOG Tactical Tomahawk at first glance, upon closer examination, you will see that there are minor, but significant, differences between the two. For instance, it features a 2” wide blade instead of a 2.75″ wide blade made from 420 stainless steel with a black, “hardcased” , coating and the same unusual blade design with two round holes to make it lighter.

Plus, like the SOG Tactical Tomahawk, it also features a rather large spike opposite the blade that is very well suited for emergency or survival duties. It features a 12.5″ fiberglass reinforced nylon (FRN) handle to which the head is secured by two bolts and a metal ferrule for an extra tight fit. Last, it too comes with a heavy-duty, black, nylon sheath with a belt loop.

  •  SOG Fasthawk TomahawkOverall Length: 12.5”
  • Weight: 19 oz.
  • Blade Width: 2”
  • Head Steel: 420 Stainless Steel
  • Rockwell Hardness: 51-53 HRC
  • Handle Shaft Material: Fiberglass Reinforced Nylon

SOG Voodoo Hawk:

The SOG Voodoo Hawk was designed to be a combination of their Tactical Tomahawk and their FastHawk.  It features 3.5 inch blade made from 3Cr13 stainless steel with a Rockwell Hardness of 51-53 HRC and black, “hardcased”, corrosion resistant, coating secured to the handle shaft with two bolts and a metal ferrule.

It also features a glass reinforced nylon handle shaft with a metal butt cap that both helps to balance the head as well as preventing the tomahawk from sliding out of the hand when in use. Lastly, it includes a heavy duty nylon belt sheath.

  • SOG Voodoo TomahawkOverall Length: 12. 5”
  • Weight: 28.5 oz.
  • Blade Width: 3.5”
  • Head Steel: 3Cr13 Stainless Steel
  • Rockwell Hardness: 51-53 HRC
  • Handle Shaft Material: Fiberglass Reinforced Nylon

SOG Survival Hawk:

Specifically designed for use as a survival tool, the SOG Survival Hawk is a great option for any survival arsenal.  Featuring a 3 inch blade made from 2Cr high carbon tool steel with a black, “hardcased”, corrosion resistant coating.  It’s then balanced by a heavy duty spike on the opposite side secured to the 12.1 inch glass reinforced nylon handle shaft with three bolts.  The Survival Hawk is literally “ready” wherever you go.

In addition, it also features a ferrocerium fire starter rod in the handle, an integral nail puller on the spike.  It also has a textured hammering surface on the side. This makes the Survival Hawk from SOG is the perfect outdoor companion for your survival or camp knife.

  • SOG Survival HawkOverall Length: 12.1”
  • Weight: 19.5 oz.
  • Blade Width: 3”
  • Head Steel: 2Cr High Carbon Steel
  • Rockwell Hardness: 17-19 HRC
  • Handle Shaft Material: Fiberglass Reinforced Nylon

SOG Throwing Hawks 3-pack:

Unlike the other tomahawks in the SOG line, the SOG Throwing Hawk is specifically designed for throwing.  It features a 1.75 inch blade made from 3Cr13MoV stainless steel with a Rockwell Hardness of 50-56 HRC.  It’s equipped with two round holes in the blade to reduce weight balanced by a heavy duty spike on the opposite side.  It has a black, “hardcased”, coating to help prevent corrosion.

The throwing hawks feature a solid steel handle shaft with a paracord wrapped grip. Therefore, the balance, aerodynamics, and proportions of this tomahawk make it great throwing tomahawk.  With its all steel construction, it’s practically indestructible. But, best of all, when you purchase the SOG Throwing Hawk, you get three separate tomahawks for the price of one.  They all fit together in the included heavy duty nylon sheath.

  • SOG Throwing HawkOverall Length: 10.75”
  • Weight: 25 oz.
  • Blade Width: 1.75”
  • Head Steel: 3Cr13MoV Stainless Steel
  • Rockwell Hardness: 50-56 HRC
  • Handle Shaft Material: Fiberglass Reinforced Nylon

Smith & Wesson Extraction & Evasion Tomahawk:

Manufactured by Taylor Brands (makers of Schrade, Old Timer, and Uncle Henry) for Smith & Wesson, the S & W Extraction and Evasion Tomahawk is a formidable survival tool. Significantly heavier than most other tactical tomahawks on the market with an overall weight of 35 oz. and featuring a head made from 3/8″, 1070, high carbon tool steel bar stock with a black, corrosion resistant, coating and a heavy duty spike positioned on the opposite side, this tactical tomahawk makes an awesome wilderness companion!

It also features a steel handle shaft with an overall length of 15.9″ and two removable handle scales made from Thermoplastic Elastomer (aka Krayton/Hypalon) with a slightly textured surface for a secure grip. Last, it includes a heavy duty canvas belt sheath with a snap closure.

  • Smith & Wesson Extraction TomahawkOverall Length: 15.9”
  • Weight: 35 oz.
  • Blade Width: Unknown
  • Head Steel: 1070 High Carbon Steel
  • Rockwell Hardness: Unknown
  • Handle Shaft Material: Krayton

Browning Shock N’ Awe Tactical Tomahawk:

Although the Browning Shock N’ Awe Tomahawk has a significantly shorter handle than most tactical tomahawks, it is still an awesome little tomahawk. Featuring a overall length of just 10.5 inches with a 2.75 inch blade made from 1055 high carbon tool steel with a Rockwell Hardness of 54 and black powder coat to inhibit corrosion, the head is balanced by a large, heavy duty, curved, penetration spike.

Also, it features a steel handle shaft with a hand-wrapped black nylon paracord grip and a generously-sized lanyard hole. Plus, it includes a Blade-Tech molded polymer sheath with a Tek-Lok belt clip that easily adjusts for carry angle and belt loop width.  Browning is synonymous with quality outdoor products, from trail and game cameras to sleeping bags and camping tents that are big enough for families.  They also make several accessories for 22 caliber rifles.

  • Browning Shock N Awe TomahawkOverall Length: 10.5”
  • Weight: Unknown
  • Blade Width: 2.75″
  • Head Steel: 1055 High Carbon Steel
  • Rockwell Hardness: 54 HRC
  • Handle Shaft Material: Hand Wrapped Nylon Paracord

Kershaw Siege Tomahawk Knife:

The Kersha Siege Tomahawk is a great tactical model that has a full tang blade.  It’s designed to be a multi-functional tool that can do everything well including breaching doors and opening crates.  The back spike is great for penetration in rescue scenarios.  It also has a nail puller built into the handle which effectively doubles up as a pry bar.

Also, the riveted glass-filled nylon scales on the handle contribute to an extra secure grip. Last, it also includes a heavy duty, black, nylon belt sheath.  The coating is black oxide built for a rugged long term abuse.  This Tomahawk is great for survival, comping and just about any outdoor activity you can throw at it.

  • Kershaw TomahawkOverall Length: 16”
  • Weight: Unknown
  • Blade Width: 4.0″
  • Head Steel: 3Cr13 Steel Oxide Coated Steel
  • Rockwell Hardness: Unknown
  • Handle steel: Glass Reinforced Nylon

CRKT Chogan T-Hawk:

Designed by custom bladesmith Ryan Johnson, the Columbia River Knife & Tool Chogan T-Hawk is designed to be a dedicated survival tool. Featuring a rather unique head shape that is not only sharpened on the leading edge but is also sharpened on the top edge but is lacking the customary spike on the opposite side, making it a rather unusual tactical tomahawk.

Made from SK5 high carbon tool steel with black, corrosion resistant, powder coat and a Rockwell Hardness of 54-55, the steel handle shaft is accompanied by two removable handle scales made from textured glass reinforced nylon with grip choils along the front for an enhanced grip. Last, it includes a MOLLE compatible Kydex sheath with a buckle strap.

  • CRKT ChoganOverall Length: 14”
  • Weight: 24.6 oz.
  • Blade Width: 2.93″
  • Head Steel: SK5 High Carbon Steel
  • Rockwell Hardness: 54-55 HRC
  • Handle Shaft Material: Glass Filled Nylon

CRKT Kangee T-Hawk:

Like the CRKT Chogan T-Hawk, the Columbia River Knife & Tool Kangee T-Hawk is also designed by custom bladesmith Ryan Johnson. Featuring a rather unique head shape that is not only sharpened on the leading edge but is also sharpened on the top edge, unlike the Chogan T-Hawk, the Kangee T-Hawk does feature a spike opposite the cutting edge.

Also, it too is made from SK5 high carbon tool steel with black, corrosion resistant, powder coat and a Rockwell Hardness of 54-55 and, the steel handle shaft is accompanied by two removable handle scales made from textured glass reinforced nylon with grip choils along the front for an enhanced grip. Last, it includes a MOLLE compatible Kydex sheath with a buckle strap.

  • CRKT Kangee TomahawkOverall Length: 13.75”
  • Weight: 24.4
  • Blade Width: 2.93″
  • Head Steel: SK5 High Carbon Steel
  • Rockwell Hardness: 54-55
  • Handle Shaft Material: Glass Filled Nylon

United Cutlery M48 Hawk Axe Tactical Tomahawk:

Designed specifically as a tactical survival tool, the United Cutlery M48 Hawk Axe is without a doubt a great option for any survivalist.  Featuring a wide, upswept, battle axe type blade for serious chopping and cutting combined with a head that is constructed of precision cast 2Cr13 stainless steel, the M48 Hawk Axe makes an efficient personal defense and breaching tool as well as a great camping tool.

Plus, the blade is securely attached to the sturdy, glass reinforced nylon, handle with three separate bolts to hold it in place and, it includes a nylon snap button sheath.

  • United Cutlery M-48 TomahawkOverall Length: 15”
  • Weight: Unknown
  • Blade Width: 3.75”
  • Head Steel: 2Cr13 Stainless Steel
  • Rockwell Hardness: Unknown
  • Handle Shaft Material: Fiberglass Reinforced Nylon

United Cutlery M48 Ranger Hawk Axe w/Compass:

Nearly identical to the United Cutlery M48 Hawk Axe, the M48 Ranger Hawk Axe is also designed specifically as a survival tool. Like the United Cutlery Hawk Axe, this tactical tomahawk features a wide, upswept, battle axe type blade for serious chopping, slashing, and cutting.  It has a head that is constructed of precision cast AUS-6 stainless steel which makes the M48 Ranger Hawk Axe an efficient personal defense and breaching tool as well as a great camping tool.

Plus, the blade is securely attached to the sturdy, olive drab, glass reinforced nylon, handle with three separate bolts to hold it in place. But, rather than the black handle featured on the Hawk Axe, the Ranger Hawk Axe features an olive drab handle with a paracord wrapping and it too includes a nylon snap button sheath and comes with a matching lensactic compass.

  •  United Cutlery M48 RangerOverall Length: 15”
  • Weight: Unknown
  • Blade Width: 3.75”
  • Head Steel: AUS-6 Stainless Steel
  • Rockwell Hardness: Unknown
  • Handle Shaft Material: Fiberglass Reinforced Nylon

Estwing Black Eagle Tomahawk:

Best known for their hammers, the American made Estwing Black Eagle Tomahawk is an excellent example of the quality tools they are famous for. This tomahawk features a head made from 1070 high carbon tool steel with a relatively narrow blade and a cutout to lessen the weight.

It also has a black, corrosion resistant coating, making it an awesome tactical tool. It also features an overall length of 16.25 inches with Estwing’s signature, all steel, handle shaft with the same shock absorbing rubber grip featured on their hammers.

  • Estwing Tactical TomahawkOverall Length: 16.25”
  • Weight: 27oz.
  • Blade Width: Unknown
  • Head Steel: 1070 High Carbon Steel
  • Rockwell Hardness: Unknown
  • Handle Shaft Material: Shock Absorbing Rubber

SOG FastHawk Tactical Tomahawk model F06TN CP:

Identical to the SOG Tactical Tomahawk model FO1TN CP in every way except for the finish on the head and the length of the tomahawk.  This tomahawk features a 2” wide head made from 420 stainless steel with a bright, polished, finish and an unusual blade design with two round holes to make it lighter. Like the F01TN CP, it features a rather large spike opposite the blade that is very well suited for penetrating hard materials such as wooden door as well as for shattering car windows to facilitate extracting injured passengers.

In addition, the head is secured to the fiberglass reinforced nylon (FRN) handle by two bolts and a metal ferrule for an extra tight fit. Plus, with an overall length of 12.75”, it provides a shorter more compact reach. Last, it comes with a heavy-duty, black, nylon sheath with a belt loop.

  • SOG Mini Tomahawk FastHawkOverall Length: 12.75”
  • Weight: 24 oz.
  • Blade Width: 2”
  • Head Steel: 420 Stainless Steel
  • Rockwell Hardness: 51-53 HRC
  • Handle Shaft Material: Fiberglass Reinforced Nylon

Wrapping Up & Parting Thoughts:

Adding a tactical tomahawk to your survival arsenal is no different than piecing together the right hunting accessories like laser rangefinders or two way radios for your next hunting trip.  A hatchet or an axe may be a better all around tool to take camping.  With that being said, a tactical tomahawk is still an excellent survival tool that can be used in a variety of methods.  It’s something that you can take with you on your next hunting trip while out hunting deer with your crossbowcompound bow or recurve bow, yet still be effective enough in the most dire survival circumstances.

Having a tactical tomahawk by your side can provide you a significant advantage out in the wild for both self protection and basic survival use.  Any accomplished survivalist will tell you that having a good variety of survival tools at your side in any life threatening situation is of the utmost importance.  Our list here isn’t all inclusive but it’s a good representation of some of the best tactical tomahawks on the market today.  As always, if you feel we’ve missed something, leave us a note in the comments section below!

Gerber Image Credits:  Gerber Gear on Facebook

The post Best Tactical Tomahawks for Survival in 2016: Bushcraft & Military Tomahawk Reviews appeared first on Wilderness Today.

8 Simple Homemade Mosquito Repellents

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Summertime is fast approaching and that means mosquito season.

And this year may be worst than usual.

Floods and early tropical storms create the wet, moist environment that mosquitoes love. They leave behind lots and lots of puddles and hidden water spots that are perfect for mosquito eggs to develop in safety.

Plus, this seems […]

The post 8 Simple Homemade Mosquito Repellents appeared first on The Weekend Prepper.

Northern Pike Fishing Tips: How to Fish for Northen Pike and Catch Them

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Northern pike — often called water wolves, gators, dragons, or toothies — have a long, powerful body, big mouth full of sharp teeth, and an insatiable predatory appetite. These fish are are one of the most thrilling freshwater fish to pursue and catch. If you want to get in on the action and learn how to catch northern pike, this article outlines everything you need to know to get started.

The Basics – Getting to Know The Northern Pike:

Northern pike is a freshwater fish species like crappie that prefers cool water. They average 24 to 30 inches long and weigh between 3 and 7 pounds. In certain areas, particularly isolated lakes in the northern wilderness, pike can grow to over 50 inches long and weigh well over 40 pounds.

Pike are found in lakes and rivers all throughout North America, Europe, Russia, and some parts of Asia. In North America, pike populations extend from Alaska through Canada, into the lower 48 from Washington to Maine, and as far south as Colorado, Nebraska, and Missouri.

Unlike the common carp, Northern Pike are at the top of the food chain in their environment and have very few natural predators other than anglers. Pike are primarily ambush predators, eating just about anything that will fit in their mouths — baitfish, frogs, small birds, muskrat, mice, etc. They’ll even go after members of their own species — anglers often catch pike with wounds caused by the jaws of another pike.

If you want to consistently catch pike, the key is to trigger a predatory response with your lure or bait.  Below is a quick video by ProFishermanJones that walks through an effective predatory response simulation before catching a pike.

Pike have well developed lateral lines that start on the head and extend to the tail. Made up of a series of sense organs, pike use their lateral lines to detect low-frequency vibrations. They also use their sensitive inner ear to detect high-frequency vibrations. Both of these elements combined give pike significant predatory advantage when hunting prey, even in low light conditions.

Using lures that create a lot of movement and vibration in the water to will help you catch more pike.

Gearing Up For Your Fishing Trip:

Rod: Although pike can get very large, the majority of the fish you’ll catch will likely be in the 3- to 7-pound range. For that reason, many anglers use a typical bass fishing setup to catch pike. A 7-foot, medium-action rod paired with either a baitcasting or spinning reel is ideal. The reel should have a maximum drag of at least 15 pounds, and should be spooled with 15- to 20-pound braid. With this setup, you’ll be able to land just about any pike that hits your lure.

Reel: If you know there are trophy-sized pike in the water you’ll be fishing — fish in the 20- to 40-pound class — you may want to beef up your rig a bit. Upgrading to a medium-heavy action rod and increasing your line strength to 30-pound test will do the trick.

Line: Whether you choose a lighter or heavier setup, you’ll want a reel that allows you to cast long distances. Covering lots of water is key to successful pike fishing, so for most anglers, this means using a quality spinning reel with a large diameter spool that releases line effortlessly. A reel such as the Shimano Spirex would in the 2500 size would make a perfect pike fishing reel.

Net: Landing pike can be kind of tricky; a good boat net is essential. Any net in the ballpark of 20 by 23 inches will work well for scooping up a thrashing pike. Be sure to get a net with a long handle such as the Frabill Conservation Series to aid in landing the fish.

Pliers: Removing hooks from a pike’s mouth can be intimidating. Bring along a pair of long needle nose pliers like the Piscifun Fishing Pliers to remove the hook quickly and safely. If the hook is set very deep, you may need to use a set of jaw spreaders to remove the hook without losing a finger.

Terminal Tackle:

Pike Fishing With an Effective Wire Leader

Using a wire leader while fishing for Pike is extremely effective.

When you’re fishing for pike, most of your problems will take place at the end of your line. Pike have incredibly sharp teeth and are known to cut line like it’s nothing. To increase your chances of bringing fish to the boat and decrease the number of lures lost, wire leader material is highly recommended.

Some of the best wire leader material for pike fishing is made by American Fishing Wire. Their Surfstrand Micro Supreme is the perfect size — 90-pound test, but has a small diameter and is very flexible so it won’t interfere with the action of your lure.

When rigging up your lures or bait, you can attach a 3- to 4-foot length of 20 to 30 pound fluorocarbon to your mainline as a leader, then attach the wire leader to the fluorocarbon. But, if you like to keep things simple, you can skip the fluorocarbon and attach 12 to 14 inches of wire leader directly to your main line using a barrel swivel.

To attach your lure to the line, it’s common practice to tie a snap swivel to the end of the wire leader and attach the lure to the swivel. This makes switching lures much faster and easier, and also conserves wire.

Choosing the Best Bait and Lures for Northern Pike:

Pike can be caught on a wide variety of lures as well as live bait. Using artificial lures is arguably the most fun and engaging way to catch pike, but there are times when you need some meat to satisfy a pike’s hunger.

Live Bait for Pike:

Live minnows and other small bait fish are the go-to live bait for pike fishing. Try to match whatever food source is actively swimming around the water you’re fishing. Use a cast net to catch your own bait fish, or head to the local bait shop to buy some. Look for bait fish that are 4- to 6-inches long. Shiners are always a good choice for pike fishing and are usually readily available.

 Live Bait for Pike

Live Bait can be extremely effective for Pike Fishing.

Several different rigs can be used to fish for pike with live bait. The most common is a simple bobber rig consisting of a bobber, a length of fluorocarbon leader, a length of wire leader, and a 1/0 hook. Hook the minnow through its back and fish it suspended one or two feet above a bed of weeds.

When pike are in deeper water, rig your live bait on a 1/4 to 3/4 ounce jig head by hooking it through the lips. This rig can be bounced along the bottom with 2- to 3-foot lifts, letting the bait sit momentarily before lifting and retrieving. Pike will often take the bait on the fall, so be ready to set the hook at any moment.

Lures for Pike:

There are a ton of pike specific lures on the market but if you’re just starting out there are only three you need to worry about: the spoon, the inline spinner, and the soft plastic swimbait. These three lures in different color combinations will cover 99% of the pike fishing scenarios you encounter.

Spoons for Pike:

When you let a spoon fall and flutter on the retrieve, it imitates an injured baitfish. If you stick with pike fishing, you’ll no doubt end up with a hefty collection of spoons. Start stocking your tackle box with a small assortment of spoons weighing 1/4 to 1 ounce in silver and gold plus any local favorites. Be sure to get the classic Johnson Silver Minnow and any others that catch your eye.

Inline Spinners for Pike:

One of the best ways to cover lots of water when searching for pike is by casting and retrieving an inline spinner. The most important part of an inline spinner is the blade. On the retrieve, the blade spins and pulsates, sending vibrations in every direction. This action capitalizes on the pike’s sensitive lateral line which is exactly what you need to do to get a strike.

Some inline spinners are dressed with natural materials like bucktail, marabou, and feathers, while others feature rubber skirts like what you’d find on a spinnerbait for bass. Get a few varieties in basic colors like white, chartreuse, and yellow, along with some darker colors for low-light conditions and murky water.

Soft Plastic Swimbaits for Pike:

 Plastic Swimbaits for Pike

Plastic Swimbaits can be effective lures for Pike.

Soft plastic lures are highly versatile, adaptable, and can be customized to fit nearly any fishing scenario. For pike, minnow-style soft plastics in the 5- to 6-inch range are particularly deadly. There are thousands of swimbait styles, sizes, and colors available, but don’t let that intimidate you. Pick out a few different styles in the go-to pike colors — white, yellow, and chartreuse — and you’re set.

Check out the Owner Bullet Head jig hooks in the 3/4 ounce size for a good all purpose jig head for pike fishing. If you’re fishing heavily weeded areas, try rigging your swimbaits on something like a Gamakatsu Weighted Swimbait Hook, that allows for weedless rigging. Then, grab a few different colors of the Storm Wild Eye Swim Shad. The big fat paddle tail on the Yum Minnow vibrates and wiggles in a way pike simply can’t resist.

When fishing with swimbaits, the retrieve pattern you use is often more of a factor than the color or shape of the swimbait. Experiment. Try different retrieve speeds. Try short pauses and long pauses. Mix it up until you find what works. Once you start getting hits, stick with that lure and retrieve pattern until the fish dictate otherwise!

Scouting the Water and Fishing for Northern Pike:

Scouting the Waters for PikeWhen you get to a body of water, before you start blind-casting away, take some time to survey the water. Look for areas that look particularly “fishy.” Aerial maps and depth maps can be a real asset when it comes to scouting a lake for pike. Google Earth is another invaluable tool that can help you find promising fishing locations before you even get to the lake.

Bays, coves, and smaller inlets are some of the first places you’ll want to scope out on a lake for pike. Look for shallow, marshy areas that have lots of weeds and grass. Mark any places that have shoreline structure such as submerged logs, fallen trees, and undercut banks. Areas like this typically hold high numbers of bait fish and other prey.  Find the food, find the pike.

Another key place to look for pike, especially as summer heats up, are drop offs that give pike access to deeper water. Using either your depth finder or a depth map, try to find areas that quickly go from 1 or 2 feet of water to 8 or 10 feet of water. If you can find an area like this with weeds and vegetation, even better.  Typically you should be sticking to docks or boats and avoid kayak fishing or tandem kayak fishing when scouting for pike.

Presenting the Lure:

Once you’ve identified several areas that are bound to hold pike, it’s time to tie on your lure and start casting.

If you’re fishing heavily weeded areas, tie on either a weedless spoon like the Johnson Silver Minnow, or a soft plastic swimbait rigged weedless on a Gamakatsu Swimbait Hook. Most of the time, pike sit motionless in classic ambush fashion as they wait for prey to swim by. Cast your lure past a weedline, then slowly retrieve along the weeds. If a pike is there, he’ll rush out and slam your lure.

Luring PikeIn areas with lots of downed timber, submerged logs, or other sunken structure either along the shoreline or in the middle of a bay, an inline spinner is your best bet. Focus on covering lots of water, but don’t just make random casts; use fan-style casting to thoroughly and methodically cover the entire area. If you don’t get any hits, try to vary your retrieve, going either slower or faster, or by adding brief pauses. If you still aren’t getting any hits try changing lure colors or going somewhere else.

If you find a good drop off, tie on a soft plastic swimbait rigged on a standard 3/4 ounce jig head. When pike go deep, they might not be as aggressive as when they’re actively hunting in the shallows. For this reason, try using a slower lift-glide-pause retrieve, working the lure along the bottom. You’ll have to spend time experimenting with how high to lift, how far to glide, and how long to pause until you find what works. Keep in mind that you don’t have to use this slower retrieve the entire way back to the boat. Instead, you can cast out past where you know the good drop off is, do the lift-glide-pause retrieve in the prime area, then reel in steadily until your lure comes to another likely spot.

Setting the Hook:

When you do find a pike that’s willing to take your lure, it’s usually pretty obvious. Most of the time you’ll feel a solid tug at the end of your line. Give the rod a strong, upward hook set and start reeling.

But, sometimes the bite of a pike is more subtle. When bouncing soft plastic swimbaits rigged on jig heads, a pike will often take the bait when the jig falls back down to the bottom. In this instance, it may feel like just a little nibble, but don’t let that fool you. Lower your rod tip, reel in any slack and give a nice hard hook set.

Landing and Releasing a Pike:

Once you fight the pike and bring it boat-side, things can escalate quickly. Pike are known to thrash upon landing, which can be a dangerous situation if you aren’t prepared. Besides the gnashing teeth and the whipping tail, your lure is in there somewhere and could come flying out at any minute.

Take our advice and come prepared with a net. You’ll thank us later. If possible, a second set of hands can make a day of pike fishing much easier when it comes time to land your trophy. But, with good coordination and a long-handled net you should be able to land a pike by yourself.

To make landing a pike easier, be sure to play the fish long enough to tire it out. Then, when you bring it boat-side, be prepared with your rod in one hand and net in the other. Or, have your buddy ready with the net to scoop up the fish.

Once you get the fish on the deck of your boat, grab the fish’s head behind the eyes. If the fish is too big to hold the head, you can grab it by the gill plates. Then, with your needle nose pliers reach into the fish’s mouth to remove the hook. If the hook is deep, you can go in with your pliers through the gills to get it loose. Jaw spreaders can come in handy if the fish is reluctant to open it’s mouth, but be careful using jaw spreaders on smaller fish that you intend to release as they can cause permanent damage to the jaw. Snap a photo, then lower the fish into the water, giving it a minute to recover before setting it free.

Below is a great video on how to successfully land and release a pike by Matity’s GetFishing channel on youtube.

If you plan on keeping your catch, drop it in your live well or put it on ice. Many anglers catch pike purely for sport and release all fish caught, but many others enjoy eating pike. The common complaint about pike as table fare is that they are very bony. But, with proper fillet technique you can end up with perfectly boneless fillets and a large amount of meat!

Three Final Tips to Help You Catch More Northern Pike:

To conclude our discourse on how to catch northern pike, we’d like to leave you with three tips to make your pike fishing efforts more fruitful.

  • Keep moving. Finding the fish is half the battle, and similar to fly fishing – casting to the same area twice is often wasted effort when searching for pike.
  • Keep casting. Try to work every potential pike holding location for all it’s worth. There is some endurance required to successfully catch pike. If you’re lure isn’t in the water, you can’t catch fish.
  • If you miss a strike, keep working the lure. Sometimes a pike will “play” with your lure. It might hit it, spit it, and keep chasing it. If you feel a bite, but miss setting the hook, keep working your lure and you might be rewarded with a second or third chance to seal the deal.
  • Know your Pike Seasons.  Pike fishing in the winter may give you a slightly different results but can be just as effective if you know where to fish.  Make sure you are setup with the right ice auger to drill in your preferred fishing location.

The post Northern Pike Fishing Tips: How to Fish for Northen Pike and Catch Them appeared first on Wilderness Today.

Jaw-Dropping Video: Heroic Mom Fights Kidnapper Trying To Steal Daughter In A DOLLAR GENERAL

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Jaw-Dropping Video: Heroic Mom Fights Kidnapper Trying To Steal Daughter In A DOLLAR GENERAL

A new dramatic surveillance video out of Florida shows the necessity of always being prepared to defend yourself and your family.

On Tuesday a mother was shopping at a Dollar General in Hernando, Florida, when a man grabbed her 13-year-old daughter and began dragging her through the store, attempting to kidnap her. The mom, though, wouldn’t give up, and fought back, even laying on her daughter to make it more difficult to kidnap her. Eventually he gave up and fled to the parking lot, where an off-duty policeman, Deputy Jonathan Behnen, blocked the man’s car and arrested him.

The attempted kidnapper was 30-year-old Craig Bonello.

My Personal Defender: Low-Cost Way To Defend Yourself Against Lowlife Criminal Scum!

The names of the mom and daughter have not been released.

“This was a chaotic scene with a lot at stake,” Commander Buddy Grant said, according to local TV station WFAA. “Thank goodness the girl’s mother jumped into action to prevent this man from kidnapping her daughter. And, thank goodness Dep. Behnen used his training and experience to stop this man from escaping. This is obviously someone who needs to be behind bars. He won’t be getting out anytime soon to do this again.”

Watch the dramatic video below:

The Growth Equity Phase Is Over While Optimism Will Rapidly Lead To Despair

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According to Goldman Sachs (via a ZeroHedge.com report), the “growth” phase is behind us, we are now in [ending] the “optimism” phase, and it is only a matter of time before “despair” sets in. For Goldman to sound the alarm is actually quite interesting. Are they actually warning us? Most of us who have been […]

Survival And Diabetes Episode 104

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Survival and diabetes

Survival and diabetes

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Survival And Diabetes

This week Mike and I discuss Survival and diabetes. With Mike recently being diagnosed with Diabetes we tackle how it can affect your survival.  We begin by defining some terms. Like what exactly is diabetes. Everyone knows someone with it yet many have no idea what it is and how it affects you.

We go on to talk about some ways to manage it not just now but in a disaster scenario. Most of the strategies focus on type 2 diabetics. There is not much to be done for a type one insulin diabetic.

We hear from listener Matt on alternatives to toilet paper. Both short term and long term. Mike and I begin by talking about a funny book by a 16th century French writer. In it he list the many things you can wipe your ass with. The top thing to wipe with is a gooseneck. The whole thing is crude and hilarious.

 

If you want to be heard on air and have your question answered give me a call at (615) 657-9104 and leave me a voice mail. Yes the msg is funny and it will mess you up.

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Diabetes and the Paleo Diet

 

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Homestead Blog Hop #86

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Homestead Blog Hop will take place every Wednesday featuring real food recipes, natural health remedies, DIY, crafts, Gardening Tips, and more...

Welcome to the Homestead Blog Hop!

 

I have something VERY COOL in the works for my favorite readers! You guys! I can’t wait to show you! Stay tuned!!

Now on to the hop…
Homestead Blog Hop will take place every Wednesday and is for all things homesteading: real food recipes, farm animals, crafts, DIY, how-to’s, gardening, anything from-scratch, natural home/health, self-sufficiency, self-reliance, natural remedies, essential oils, & more! Basically anything related to homesteading.

Meet and Follow Your Hosts!

Homestead Blog Hop will take place every Wednesday featuring real food recipes, natural health remedies, DIY, crafts, Gardening Tips, and more...

Bonnie – The Not So Modern Housewife (Facebook | Pinterest | Twitter | G+ | Instagram)

Danielle – The Rustic Elk (Facebook | Pinterest | Twitter | Instagram)

Gregg – The Rural Economist (Facebook | Pinterest | Twitter | G+ | Instagram)

Jennifer – Homesteading on Grace (Facebook | Pinterest | Twitter | G+)

Katey – Mama Kautz (Facebook | Pinterest | Twitter)

Kelly – Simple Life Mom (Facebook | Pinterest | Twitter | G+)

Featured Posts from the Last Homestead Blog Hop

Each week we will choose three posts to feature. Each post will be shared on all social media platforms by all of the hosts! Here are the features from Last Week’s Hop:

Cleavers - An herbal remedy for you and your cat - Featured on the Homestead Blog Hop

 

1. Cleavers, An Herbal Remedy for You and Your Cat from Oak Hill Homestead

How to Build a Duck House - Featured on the Homestead Blog Hop

 

2. How to Make a Duck House from The Cape Coop

Growing Lavender from Cuttings - Featured on the Homestead Blog Hop

 

 3. Free Lavender Plants From Cuttings Using An Existing Plant from Strangers & Pilgrims on Earth

Congrats! Feel free to grab the featured on button for your post.

Just right click and ‘save image as…’

Homestead Blog Hop every Wednesday featuring real food recipes, natural health remedies, DIY, crafts, Gardening Tips, and more...

Guidelines for this Get-Together:
  1. Click on the “Add your Link” Button below and add a great image of your project or recipe. Make sure you link to the page of your family friendly post – not the main page of your blog!
  2. Try to visit at least a few other blogs at the party. Be sure to leave a comment to let them know you stopped by!
  3. Please link back to the Homestead Blog Hop somehow (a text link is ok). This is one thing we look for when choosing who to feature. We will share on multiple social media if you are featured!
  4. By joining the party, you are giving the hosts permission to use one photo from your post with a link back to your site if it is selected as one of next week’s Features.

Let the Party Begin!

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Homestead Blog Hop will take place every Wednesday featuring real food recipes, natural health remedies, DIY, crafts, Gardening Tips, and more...

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The post Homestead Blog Hop #86 appeared first on Mama Kautz.

The Portals Are Opening

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     The boldness with which satan is showing himself on the world stage is blatant and unrestrained.  By now, you may have heard about the bizarre and strange “celebration” commemorating the opening of the Gotthard Train Tunnel, which is billed as the longest and deepest train tunnel in the world.  It is a feat of engineering, stretching beneath the Swiss Alps, and its completion is being hailed by world leaders this past week as unifying Europe.  This feat was observed at a ceremony that has been characterized as nothing less than a satanic ritual.  I have to agree.
     You can view it for yourself by clicking  here, but I want to warn you it is a disturbing video, and you will be left with no doubt that the godless of the world are summoning Lucifer from the abyss.  In an avant-garde, theatrical production world leaders, dignitaries, and common people are introduced to what Russia Today called a spectacle of “naked torsos and horned beasts”.  The production begins with a military formation of “zombie-fied” miners, marching towards a large screen featuring the rocky formation of the Swiss Alps.  As the miners perform a near tribalistic act of breaking through the rock, they simulate climbing and falling off the mountain as the hole in the mountain is dug.

     It’s not long before you get the sense that the workers are getting more and more animated, soon disrobing  and engaging in orgiastic and riotous movements.  Incorporated within this display of digging the tunnel is the Swiss folktale about the Devil’s Bridge.  According to historian Meinrad Lienert, the tale tells how the people of Uri, Switzerland recruited the Devil for the difficult task of building a bridge across the pass of the Schöllenen gorge, a critical point above the Gotthard Train Tunnel route.  The devil requested to receive the soul of the first thing to pass the bridge in exchange for his help.  To trick the devil, who expected to receive the soul of the first man to pass the bridge, the people of Uri sent across a goat by throwing a piece of bread, and the goat was promptly torn to pieces by the devil.
     Enraged at having been tricked, the devil went to fetch a large rock to smash the bridge. While taking a break from exhaustion from the task of carrying the rock back to the bridge, a Christian woman secretly marked the rock with a cross. The devil was then unable to pick up the rock, and was forced to abandon it and flee. This 12 metres tall, 220 ton rock was named “The Devil’s Stone”,  and in 1972, the stone was moved 127 metres and is now situated at the entrance of Gotthard Road Tunnel.  The folktale represents a defeat for the devil.

     But the ceremonial celebration on stage this past week was obviously meant to represent a victory for satan.  As the actors portraying miners continue with digging the tunnel, an image of the devil appears on the screen, as if coming out of a portal (the tunnel) with fire surrounding him, and an actor takes to the stage as a goat with rams horns.  Simultaneously, Egyptian scarab beetles were suspended in front of the screen upon which satan had appeared.  The symbolism of these scarab beetles was obvious:  It seemed to the ancient Egyptians that young scarab beetles emerged spontaneously from the burrow where they were born. Therefore they were worshipped as “Khepera”, which means “he was brought forth.”  At this point in the ceremonial production, the devil has been summoned out of the abyss; and dances on stage with trumpets blowing.  The message is clear … Lucifer is coming out of the abyss.  The orgy of dancing and debauchery tells us that people are proclaiming him and inviting him to come out of the tunnel.
     This is spiritual warfare front and center!  This is an in-your-face satanic ritual, with powerful leaders of the Western World in attendance and endorsing his appearance.  Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, Switzerland’s President Johann Schneider-Ammann, Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel and France’s President Francois Hollande stood and applauded the ceremony which showed satan’s involvement in this world throughout history … from ancient paganism and druidism, to the Industrial and Technology Ages, as the dancers portrayed bestiality, trangenderism, and transhumanism.

     A ticking clock appeared on the giant screen, as the dancers groveled before the goat-ram devil, bringing him offerings and bowing down at his feet.  This was not so much a dedication to the opening of the historic tunnel, as it was a worship service for the devil.  It’s not being disguised or hidden.  As I said, world leaders were openly applauding the opening of the tunnel to the abyss and the appearance of the devil.  It was a ritualistic ceremony in which they took part; it was a summoning of the devil.
     Where is God’s Church, and are we expending as much time, energy, and initiative to call forth our Savior?  This event in Switzerland may seem like bizarre, crazy European-style performance art, but I guarantee it has satan’s hand all over it!  I believe he is instructing his followers to come out into the open because he is nearly ready to make his appearance.  So we see the Satanic Temple getting bolder in performing their rituals in public.  We see the unveiling of a Baphomet statue with people cheering “Hail Satan,” as they rush up to pose with the scultpture of a winged Baphomet with a human body and a goat’s head, and a little boy and girl gazing upon it with devotion.  We see the “nation’s first state-sanctioned Satanic Ceremony in history” being carried out on the steps of the Michigan state capitol.  We see TV shows glorifying a suave and debonair character named Lucifer, and we are seeing increased satanic performances at the Super Bowl, Grammy’s and even Country Music awards shows!
     If all this has not come up on your radar, it should!  We need to start paying attention to the rise of satanic rituals in our entertainment venues, in world events, and in our public squares.  We need to be preparing ourselves for the spiritual battle of our lives.  I believe that the deception in the Church [that there will be a Pre-Tribulation rapture of the saints] will leave many Christians vulnerable and victims of the devil’s evil plans.  We must become as diligent and tireless as our enemy in this spiritual battle.  We need to be on our knees asking Jesus to come quickly with His heavenly host to defeat satan and his army of demonic soldiers.  As evidenced by the satanic worship ceremony in Switzerland this past week, the sounds of the battle are within earshot, and the spectacle of the war between Jesus and Lucifer is in view.  The devil’s troops are openly preparing and shouting for his appearance.  Are you raising your voice to the heavens for Christ’s return?  Are you seeing the approaching battle, and are you readying for it?  Pray for endurance, strength, and wisdom to stand on that day … it’s not far away.

John 14:30   “I will no longer talk much with you, for the ruler of this world is coming. He has no claim on me…”

   

Creating your own electricity in a post SHTF world.

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Hello my friend and welcome back!  In today’s post, we are going to look at creating electricity in a post SHTF world, so grab a cup of coffee and have a seat while we visit. I have to tell you that this is a subject that is near and dear to me, as well as …

The post Creating your own electricity in a post SHTF world. appeared first on American Preppers Online.

Paleo Diet: 5 Basic Recipes You Need To Know

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Survivopedia 5 paleo diet recipes

Our ancestors were hunters and gatherers long before they began farming.  They also rarely made use of cooked or processed foods. Many people today feel it is best to go back to the kind of diet our ancestors consumed, and choose to follow the Paleo diet.

The Paleo diet is meant to mimic the kinds of foods that our ancestors were able to find and eat with relative ease. This means consuming foods that are readily available in nature, and ones that require a minimal amount of preparation.

Just about any type of wild game or fish might be found in a Paleo diet, but you would eat very little milk or cheese. Berries, roots, and fruits tend to be favored over beans and grains that require special preparation.

Here are some common foods you might find in a Paleo diet.  This includes foods that may not be readily available on supermarket shelves, but can be found easily enough in nature, or raised in aquaponic systems.

Recommended Meats

Meat is an essential part of the Paleo diet. Keeping a good supply of meat may be very difficult to some people, because you need to know key breeding seasons and the food requirements of targeted animals.

As you consider this list of healthy paleo meat sources, select a few of interest and see if you can raise them. Finding the best way to prepare alternative meats will also help you and your family in the quest of living a healthy life.

The conventional animal meats are chicken, pork, fish, beef, turkey, lamb, lobster, shrimp, goat, goose, quail, oysters, clams, scallops, crab, and bison. Other healthy Paleo meat sources  are rabbits, rodents, young hedgehogs, termites, earthworms, grasshoppers, grubs, beetles, ants, snails,  caterpillars (non-butterfly), deer, bear, buffalo, freshwater fish, clams, oysters, kangaroo, turtle, snake, and birds.

Recommended Dairy

Since dairy products require a good bit of preparation, they should be avoided as much as possible. Raw goat or cow milk may be permitted, but nut and vegetable blends are preferred. For example, you can use almond or rice milk, but should not use soy milk because it is made from legumes.

Eggs are allowed in the Paleo diet even though they are listed in the dairy food group. If chicken or goose eggs are not available, you can eat eggs from other bird species. Make sure you know when the breeding season starts for different bird species so that you do not destroy eggs with developing embryos.

Recommended Fruits, Herbs, and Vegetables

In the modern world, it becomes all too easy to believe that the vast majority of plants will flourish regardless of climate and seasonal constraints.

When it comes to adapting the Paleo diet to your needs, find out which plants are available in your area. At the very least, even if it takes time to raise crops, you can still make use of local plants to meet your nutritional needs.

  • Conventional (Non-GMO) Fruits, Herbs, and Vegetables – Berries, apples, parsley, basil, thyme, rosemary, spearmint, echinachea, turmeric, sage, paprika, citrus, brussel sprouts, avocados, mango, plum, peaches, pumpkin, sunflower, melons, bananas, papaya, lettuce, figs, carrot, celery, spinach, broccoli, squash, cabbage, pepper, tomato, onion, eggplant, cauliflower, and artichoke.
  • Healthy Paleo Fruits, Herbs, and Vegetables – Wild berries, dandelion, cat tail tubers, apples, lettuce, pumpkin, carrot, onion, broccoli, squash, pepper, tomato, onion, cauliflower, artichoke, seaweed, mushrooms, moss, basil, parsley, thyme, sage, spearmint, Echinacea, rosemary, paprika, and lichen.

paleo food

Plant Based Foods to Avoid

As you look at the list of plants most suitable for a Paleo diet, you may be wondering why rice, wheat, beans, peas, potatoes, and peanuts do not appear on the list. While these foods were all derived from wild sources, it is believed that our ancient ancestors did not make use of them until they began growing things in domestic settings. They are considered less healthy than other foods that were easily obtained in nature.

The Recipes

Rather than follow precise recipes, you are best served by memorizing proportions of some basic staples, and then work with them based on the foods available at hand.

1. Baked Meat with Stuffed Peppers or Tomatoes

  • 3 – 6 bell peppers or tomatoes
  • 1 pound of beef, pork, or lamb
  • 1/2 cups of broccoli or cauliflower (flower portion only)
  • 1 cup of water
  • 1 pound of tomato sauce or diced tomatoes
  • basil and parsley for seasoning.

Remove tops and seeds from peppers or tomatoes so that only outer shell of flesh remains. Cut into bottom until shell sits straight in baking pan. Partially brown beef, pork, or lamb in animal lard or vegetable oil. Chop broccoli or cauliflower until it is grain sized. Stir in with meat and finish to brown.

Combine meat, vegetables, and tomato sauce in mixing bowl. Keep some tomato sauce aside for basting. Fill peppers or tomatoes with mix. Top off with basil, parsley, or other seasoning as desired. Bake at 350 for approximately 1 hour, or until pepper or tomato shells are soft. They will need to be basted 2 -3 times to prevent burning.

2. Basic Omelettes

  • 2 eggs or egg substitute
  • 1/4 cup onion
  • 1/4 cup pepper
  • 6 ounces of pork or chicken
  • 1/4 cup tomato
  • season with parsley, rosemary, thyme or basil

Sear chicken or pork in hot oil until surface is light brown. This seals in juices and also gives a better flavor to the omelette. Dice onions and peppers. Fry lightly in hot oil and set aside. Scramble eggs or prepare egg substitute and pour into hot frying pan. Fold meat, onions, peppers, and seasoning into the omelette. Add tomatoes last to keep them as crispy and fresh as possible.

There is also a baked version for this recipe: after frying meat, mix all ingredients together and pour into an 8 ounce baking dish.  Cook at 350 degrees until center is cooked through, but before edges burn.

3. Vegetable Pancakes

  • 2 eggs or egg substitute
  • 1/2 cup of water
  • 1/4 cup chunk tomato, pepper, or onion
  • 1 tbsp powdered onion, rosemary, or thyme
  • 1/2 cups ground roasted pumpkin or squash seeds
  • 1/2 teaspoon of salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon baking soda

Prepare ground seeds as noted in flour substitute table above. Chunk tomato, pepper, or onion.  While you can also boil and mash vegetables for addition in pancakes, they taste better when left in chunks.

Prepare egg substitute or scramble eggs. Add ground seeds to water and stir until smooth. Fold in vegetables, salt, eggs and seasonings. Add a tablespoon of oil to griddle or pan and allow to heat up. Pour a few drops of batter onto hot griddle, and remove when drops are evenly browned.

Proceed to pour enough batter into pan to make individual 4 inch sized pancakes. Flip pancakes when bottom side is golden brown and remove from skillet when both sides are cooked and inside has sponge like consistency.

paleo meal plan

4. Protein Cookies

  • 1 cup of boiled, mashed pumpkin or squash
  • 1/4 to 1/2 cup boiled, ground dandelion leaves (can be bitter; so add to suit)
  • 3 1/2 cups ground and roasted pumpkin seeds
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt
  • 1/4 cup of shredded chicken

Combine mashed pumpkin, ground dandelion leaves, and ground seeds. Mix in salt and shredded chicken. If dough is too moist, add more ground pumpkin seeds. Flatten out dough on cutting board and cut into 1 x 2 inch squares. Place dough on non-stick cookie pan. Bake for 20 – 30 minutes at 350 degrees until golden brown. Remove cookies from sheet and place on cooling rack as soon as possible.

5. Conventional Vegetable Chips

  • 1 eggplant,
  • 2 tomatoes,
  • 2 peppers,
  • 3 onions, or separated cabbage leaves
  • 1/2 cup powdered dry basil, parsley and thyme

Slice eggplant, tomatoes, or peppers into 1/8 inch slices. For onions, slice into 1/8 thick slices and then separate rings. For cabbage leaves, remove from head one at a time, and try to keep them as whole as possible.

Arrange vegetable slices on a cookie sheet so that they do not overlap and brush with water. Sprinkle with powdered seasoning, but not more than will be absorbed by the water. Bake at 325 for 25 – 30 minutes. Remove from oven when chips are dry and start turning up at edges. Let cool and store in airtight container.

If done correctly, these vegetable chips will have a bit more texture from the cauliflower and broccoli bits.

The Paleo diet’s high energy foods and simplicity also make it ideal for living a healthy life.  No matter how difficult times are, the Paleo diet will help you remain strong and healthy.

Remember that you need to stay healthy to be among the fittest who survive, and click on the banner below to find out more about the way our ancestors lived!

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This article has been written by Carmela Tyrell for Survivopedia.

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How To Make Quick And Easy Strawberry Freezer Jam

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Today it’s all about how to make quick and easy strawberry freezer jam. Plus, I will share my instructions on how to make raspberry freezer jam as well. The strawberries and raspberries are in all the supermarkets here in St. George, Utah, and man are they delicious! I wish I could say I grew the strawberries and raspberries in my garden, nope, I purchased both of them at two different stores. My son-in-law’s parents grow raspberries in their backyard and I every time I go to my daughter’s house the family brings out one jar of their nana and papa’s homemade raspberry freezer jam. My son-in-law, daughter, and their four daughters (my beautiful granddaughters), help pick the raspberries and make the jam. Well, I absolutely love that raspberry jam so I asked one of my granddaughters to make sure she gets the recipe before her nana passes away. Their nana is fine, but we were talking about some of our family recipes that we can’t get now because the family member that made that certain dish or jam or whatever we can no longer get because they have died.

Well, my granddaughter, Maddie said, “Oh, the recipe is on the box of pectin”. We both laughed because I thought it was a secret family freezer jam recipe. In order to make freezer jam all you need is the fruit, sugar, pectin, water, and jars with lids. Grab some bowls and a good knife or a strawberry slicer: Chef’n Strawberry Slicester Hand-Held Strawberry Slicer and a potato masher: OXO Good Grips Stainless Steel Potato Masher with Cushioned Handle and a saucepan: Farberware Classic Stainless Steel 2-Quart Covered Saucepan and a few measuring cups: Bellemain Stainless Steel Measuring Cup Set, 6 Piece and one of these:
Pyrex Prepware 2-Cup Glass Measuring Cup. You will need one of these: Prepworks by Progressive Canning Funnel for Regular and Wide Mouth Jars and a good ladle: OXO Good Grips Brushed Stainless Steel Ladle

Strawberry Freezer Jam

The first thing you do is wash the fruit and remove the stems and cut them so they are easier to mash with a potato masher or other similar tool. No worries, I will have the instructions and ingredients in a printout below.

Strawberry Freezer Jam

The next step is to add the sugar to the bowl containing the sliced fruit. Stir the mixture and let it sit for ten minutes.

Strawberry Freezer Jam

This is really a “two person job”!!! Now you take a saucepan and add one package of pectin and 3/4 cup of water. Stir constantly and boil one minute.

Strawberry Freezer Jam

After you let the fruit and sugar combination set for ten minutes you pour the hot pectin mixture into the bowl with the fruit and sugar. Stir constantly for three minutes.

Strawberry Freezer Jam

Once you have finished stirring three minutes have your jars ready. I used five 1/2 pint jars for the strawberry freezer jam. Ball Regular Mouth Half Pint Jars with Lids and Bands, Set of 12 and I prefer to use the white lids made by Ball: Ball Regular Mouth Jar Storage Caps Set of 8 You will need a funnel and ladle to fill the jars. Put the lids on and set the filled jars on the counter for 24 hours. After the 24 hours place your jars in the freezer for one year, and then the refrigerator for up to three weeks as you use it up. It won’t last three weeks in my refrigerator, just saying! My family loves this jam! Yes, it has a lot of sugar, I get that. But I still make this fabulous strawberry freezer jam.

Strawberry Freezer Jam

Here’s the raspberry freezer jam. It’s the same recipe on the pectin box but the amount of sugar and raspberries are different than the strawberry freezer jam in the recipe. The raspberry freezer jam will fill seven 1/2 pint jars. Oh my gosh, is your mouth watering right now? The raspberry jam is easier to make because you don’t need to cut the fruit, just wash it.

Strawberry Freezer Jam

Here is the Sure-Jell pectin I used: Sure-Jell Premium Fruit Pectin, 1.75-Ounce Boxes (Pack of 8) and I used the recipe in the box. Easy peasy recipe. If you are wondering if it’s cheaper to buy ready made jam, yes I’m sure it is. Unless you grow the fruit yourself it is more pricey. But it’s totally worth making it!

Kraft makes Sure-Jell and I love it: Kraft Recipe Sure-Jell I made a printable recipe condensed from the Kraft Sure-Jell pectin box below.

Strawberry Freezer Jam by Food Storage Moms

*This recipe is condensed from my Kraft Sure-Jell pectin box

Ingredients:

2 cups washed, stems removed, and sliced strawberries (crush them)

4 cups sugar (do not reduce the sugar or the recipe may fail)

3/4 cup water

1 box (1.75 ounces) Kraft Sure-Jell original premium pectin

Instructions:

Place the cut strawberries in a medium bowl. Add the sugar and stir completely. Let the bowl sit on the kitchen counter for 10 minutes. Place the water and pectin in a saucepan and bring it to a boil. Let it boil for one full minute. Next, pour the hot pectin liquid over the bowl with the strawberries and sugar. Stir for three full minutes. Have the clean 1/2 pint jars and lids ready with a canning funnel and a ladle. Ladle the jam into the jars leaving at least 1/2 inch space at the top of the jars to allow for expansion. Screw the lids on and let the jam set on your kitchen counter for 24 hours. After 24 hours, place the jam in the freezer. The freezer jam will stay good for one year in the freezer and three weeks in the refrigerator. This recipe makes five-1/2 pint jars.

PRINTABLE RECIPE: Strawberry Freezer Jam by Food Storage Moms

Red Raspberry Freezer Jam by Food Storage Moms

*This recipe is condensed from my Kraft Sure-Jell pectin box

Ingredients:

3 cups washed, stems removed, red raspberries (crush them)

5-1/4 cups sugar (do not reduce the sugar or the recipe may fail)

3/4 cup water

1 box (1.75 ounces) Kraft Sure-Jell original premium pectin

Instructions:

Place the cut raspberries in a medium bowl. Add the sugar and stir completely. Let the bowl sit on the kitchen counter for 10 minutes. Place the water and pectin in a saucepan and bring it to a boil. Let it boil for one full minute. Next, pour the hot pectin liquid over the bowl with the raspberries and sugar. Stir for three full minutes. Have the clean 1/2 pint jars and lids ready with a canning funnel and a ladle. Ladle the jam into the jars leaving at least 1/2 inch space at the top of the jars to allow for expansion. Screw the lids on and let the jam set on your kitchen counter for 24 hours. After 24 hours, place the jam in the freezer. The freezer jam will stay good for one year in the freezer and three weeks in the refrigerator. This recipe makes seven-1/2 pint jars.

PRINTABLE RECIPE: Red Raspberry Freezer Jam by Food Storage Moms

Please be prepared for the unexpected, my book can help make that possible: Prepare Your Family for Survival: How to Be Ready for Any Emergency or Disaster Situation

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Grafting Vegetables: The New Way To Cheat Nature And Grow More

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Grafted Vegetables: The New Way To Cheat Nature And Grow More

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We all love to garden and eat what we grow, and we are always looking to get the best crop possible. This desire led to the development of grafting vegetable plants – a method that traditional and organic producers are using. It is growing in popularity in the United States, but is already common in Europe and Asia.

What Are Grafted Vegetables?

The grafting of vegetables takes place when the Scion, or top part of a plant, is attached to the root system, or rootstock, of another vegetable plant. The process is similar to that of fruit tree grafting. The scion provides the flavor and quality of the vegetable, and the rootstock is chosen for disease resistance and vigor. This grafting is supposed to improve the plant in many ways.

Benefits of Grafted Vegetables

Grafted vegetables are known for improved yields — with most being a 50 percent increase — and an improvement in the overall health of the crop. Harvests of grafted vegetables can be larger in both quantity and fruit size. Many of them fight of pests and disease better than non-grafted vegetables, and they don’t need as much heat in greenhouses.

Several soil-borne diseases are also avoided, which is great for areas where rotation is difficult. Grafted vegetables have a high cold tolerance, and increased nutrient and water intake.

Planting

If you have the opportunity to get grafted plants, there are a few simple things to know. You don’t want to put any pressure on the graft or bend it, so make sure you plant the graft above the soil line. Staking will help by adding security to the plant. Remember to remove any suckers that may grow anywhere below the graft.

Need Non-GMO Heirloom Seeds? Get Them Right Here!

You may plant grafted vegetables because they can be harvested earlier, but keep in mind these plants can still have some problems. Diseases and insects that affect the leaves can still come and wreak havoc on a crop. Don’t worry: These pests can easily be handled the same way you would with any other plant.

You also may have to do the grafting yourself, as some places sell only the rootstock and you will have to learn to attach the scion yourself.

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Some Grafted Examples

If you are wondering if grafted vegetables would fit into your gardening lifestyle, here are some ideas to help you decide. The list of available grafted vegetables is long, so don’t feel shy about asking questions at your garden center or doing some research before you start your vegetable shopping.

  • Grafted tomatoes can be planted two to four weeks later than usual, but grow fruits longer. Some varieties of grafting tomatoes are Beaufort, Emperador and Maxifort. Beaufort is a standard and sturdy rootstock, whereas Emperador is new to the rootstock scene.
  • One example of a grafted pepper is the Wonder Bell. It takes about 70 days to mature and is considered highly disease-resistant. This type of pepper has a sweet flavor and a vibrant red color. It is often used in salads, sandwiches and grilling.
  • Ketchup and Fries Plant. Yes, that’s right, there is a plant called Ketchup and Fries. Can you guess what it is made from? This is a plant where tomatoes and potatoes grow on the same plant. It was first grafted in the United Kingdom. Ketchup and Fries does well in a container or in the ground. The tomato part of the plant comes as cherry tomatoes. The potatoes, of course, grow underground. Tomatoes are actually part of the potato family, so that’s one reason these two crops grow so well together.

As always, do your research, ask questions and enjoy the experience.

Have you ever grafted a plant? Share your tips in the section below:

There Are 8 Reasons Heirloom Seeds Are Simply Better. Read More Here.

Natural Indigestion Aids

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Indigestion can ruin a good day. It often pops up unexpectedly and usually at the worst times. Over the counter remedies don’t always help. Worse, they often put harmful chemicals into your body. If you suffer from occasional or chronic indigestion you can use natural herbs to cure it.

Before you head to the pharmacy to cure your indigestion, head to your kitchen cupboard

Peppermint

Peppermint has long been used to cure stomach illness, and I love it so much that I have a huge patch of it in my perennial garden area. It quells nausea. It can also help soothe indigestion. You can use peppermint in a number of ways. Often simply inhaling peppermint oil can help calm an upset stomach.

You can also drink peppermint tea. If you have peppermint oil on hand you can place a drop of oil in a glass of water. Drink the water to help with indigestion.

Make your own indigestion tea by combining 1/3 tsp. dried peppermint leaves, 1/3 tsp. chamomile and 1/3 tsp. peeled and grated ginger into a tea ball. Boil water and steep tea for ten to twelve minutes.

Ginger

Second to peppermint, ginger is another common indigestion cure. Simply chewing on a small piece of candied, pickled or raw ginger can help soothe an upset stomach. You can also add ginger juice to boiling water. Add a little honey and drink it as an indigestion tea.

Before you head to the pharmacy to cure your indigestion, head to your kitchen cupboard

Anise

Anise, which tastes a lot like black licorice, helps cure indigestion. The most basic preparation requires you to crush one to two teaspoons of seeds and steep for ten minutes in boiling water. Use a tea ball or bag to avoid having to strain the seeds from the water.

 Just remember, though, if you hate black licorice as much as I do, this is probably not the best choice for you!

Parsley

Parsley is often eaten after a meal to help squelch bad breath. You can also use it to ease indigestion. You can chew on few leaves after a meal. Or you can juice a bunch of parsley and drink the juice.

Cinnamon

Cinnamon has been commonly used to aid digestion. It aids in liver function and helps boost metabolism. It also helps indigestion. Instead of taking a teaspoon of dried cinnamon orally, consider taking capsules. A teaspoon of dried cinnamon can be very difficult to consume. It doesn’t taste too good in such large quantities. However, even small amounts can be helpful. I have been getting hit with some terrible indigestion over the past couple of days. Bread and butter with a generous sprinkle of cinnamon, and a large glass of homemade ginger beer were the perfect cure!

Finally, consider drinking a warm glass of water with lemon when you’re suffering from indigestion.

Green apples, fennel, dandelion, and chamomile can all be used to cure indigestion too.

Indigestion is a common ailment. It’s often the result of eating foods that aren’t good for you. However, healthy foods can cause it too. Instead of running to the pharmacy, consider opening up your refrigerator or spice cabinet.

You probably have a great natural cure already in your home.

Hurricane Season is Here: Are you Ready?

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This post is by Bernie Carr, apartmentprepper.com Hurricane season began June 1st, and lasts until November 30th, with the peak between August and October. As long time readers know, I started this blog soon after I experienced Hurricane Ike, when I got caught up in long lines at the grocery and gas station, the day before the hurricane hit.  I never want to experience that craziness again, with wall to wall people racing against each other to grab the last […]

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Protect Your Property with a Homestead Declaration

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homestead protectionReadyNutriton Guys and Gals, this article deals with preparation on a different slant: something you may be able to do in your home state to protect you from “Big Daddy” the Federal Government.  Remember, preparation is not only for ELE’s (Extinction Level Events) or an apocalyptic cataclysm.  I would venture to put forth that when one loses their home, this is an apocalyptic event in itself.  One of the things that you may be able to use to prevent this “capture” of your home by the Federal and State government is a Homestead Declaration, and I encourage all of you to pursue this simple avenue if it is available, as I have here in Montana.

The Homestead Declaration is a homeowner’s sworn statement that claims their property as their “homestead” and that claim is recorded with the clerk of the county courthouse.  This state law enables the property owner to ‘set apart’ their property (the homestead) and ‘designate’ it as such I the interests of protecting their home from a forced sale, thereby protecting its owner equity and denying such a sale to pay off creditors.

Sounds simple? Actually, it is.  This is how I did it in Montana for my property.  I went to a place that specializes in legal forms, and purchased my “Homestead Declaration” form for $9.00.  Then I filled it out in the County Courthouse.  The clerks helped me with it, as it is required to identify the property both by address and by the plat number they have in the courthouse.  You need to bring ID with you and any other persons who are on the actual deed to the property, as the document is notarized.  The fee to file here is $16.00 and it is done.

Here I was able to go directly across the hall, pay the fee, and obtain for 50 cents a copy of the document and a filing number.  The original is then filed, later registered, and in about a week or two they send you the original in the mail with the county seal on it.  There it is!  A done deal!

Let me tell you what this document does and how it protects you.  As mentioned, it is a Constitutionally-protected law, as the states that do this enact it on their own…a power reserved to the states.  In the grand scheme of things: to a certain assessed dollar value, they are not allowed to take your home.  For us here in Montana, that amount is $250,000, and rest assured, my home is much less than that figure.  Now let’s discuss what this does for you, and how it relates to the big picture, specifically Obamacare and Medicare.

The feds and states are almost completely “in-sync” with Obamacare.  What the feds can’t grab the states can scoop up, and vice-versa.  In Montana, if you do not have health insurance, the state government automatically enrolls you in Medicare.  The bills that rack up you will have to pay back, rest assured, for medical treatments under such.  They can grab your assets and gobble up your bank account, garnishing your wages along the way.

                                           But they can’t touch your home.

Same for the feds, because it is under the Constitutionally-protected laws of the state.

JJ’s advice: If you live in a state that permits this, fill out that Homestead Document ASAP.

 The Homestead Declaration is not to be confused with a Homestead Exemption.  This is completely different, and deals with exemption from property taxes and income and such.  Here is a list of states that offer you the chance to fill out a Homestead Declaration:
“Homestead rights don’t exist under common law, but they have been enacted in at least 27 states: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. If you own, and live on, property in any of these states, you should definitely take the time to file this important document.”

Source: http://www.homesteadus.com/faq.htm

There you have it, Readers.  Remember, prepping is not just for a natural disaster or a global thermonuclear war.  You must also take care of business in the context of the present time, and this means protecting your assets, finances, and property in a standard, legal context.

JJ’s advice: While we live in a functioning (although dysfunctional) society, you must use all of the tools – business, legal, and social – that you can use to protect you and yours.

Plain and simple, the Homestead Declaration is a way that can help you safeguard your assets and maintain your home while the society is as it is.  Check and see if you are in one of the listed states and do the research to follow the requirements as I listed them for what I did here, in Montana.  States vary, but the procedure is basically the same, with fees varying and maybe some small changes in procedure or residence requirements.  Use this tool if you can, and if you are considering buying property for a retreat, consider one of the aforementioned states that satisfies your survivability requirements.  Should you commit, fill out the Homestead Declaration form, and protect your home: not just when the SHTF, but before, as well.  Keep up that good fight and tell us about your experiences.  We’d love to hear from you.  JJ out!

 

Jeremiah Johnson is the Nom de plume of a retired Green Beret of the United States Army Special Forces (Airborne). Mr. Johnson was a Special Forces Medic, EMT and ACLS-certified, with comprehensive training in wilderness survival, rescue, and patient-extraction. He is a Certified Master Herbalist and a graduate of the Global College of Natural Medicine of Santa Ana, CA. A graduate of the U.S. Army’s survival course of SERE school (Survival Evasion Resistance Escape), Mr. Johnson also successfully completed the Montana Master Food Preserver Course for home-canning, smoking, and dehydrating foods.

Mr. Johnson dries and tinctures a wide variety of medicinal herbs taken by wild crafting and cultivation, in addition to preserving and canning his own food. An expert in land navigation, survival, mountaineering, and parachuting as trained by the United States Army, Mr. Johnson is an ardent advocate for preparedness, self-sufficiency, and long-term disaster sustainability for families. He and his wife survived Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath. Cross-trained as a Special Forces Engineer, he is an expert in supply, logistics, transport, and long-term storage of perishable materials, having incorporated many of these techniques plus some unique innovations in his own homestead.

Mr. Johnson brings practical, tested experience firmly rooted in formal education to his writings and to our team. He and his wife live in a cabin in the mountains of Western Montana with their three cats.

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition

Surviving a Dog Attack

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by Nicholas

A fun, relaxing day in the park can quickly turn into a nightmare if you’re ever threatened or attacked by an unfriendly dog.  If an attack were to happen, would you know how to react and how to treat yourself after you have been wounded?  And even more importantly, do you know how to avoid or defuse such a situation?

These are just a few of the questions that we are going to answer in this article.  Dog attacks are really a bigger threat than you realize.  Yes, the overwhelming majority of dogs (including the intimidating looking ones) are not scary or aggressive.  In fact, if a dog does attack you, chances are good it’s because they are trying to defend their owner or what they believe is their territory.

Nonetheless, millions of people in the United States alone are the victims of dog attacks, and a significant percentage of those people are injured severely enough to require medical attention.  Knowing how to handle a dog attack is not just something that you should do for your own safety, but for the safety of your family as well.

AVOIDING A DOG ATTACK

Obviously the best way to survive a dog attack is to avoid a dog attack in the first place.  It could also be that the dog you believe is threatening you is actually not threatening you at all. Sometimes it can be difficult to tell if a dog is being aggressive or if they are just playing around.  Yes, some breeds are well known for being more likely to attack than others, but that doesn’t mean that all dogs of that breed are that way.

There are some things that you should look for in a dog that denote aggression.  For example, a dog whose ears are angled back, with teeth bared and growling, is showing classic dog aggression.  In contrast to this, a dog that is barking, with elevated ears could just want to play.

Also pay attention to the dog’s body.  Is the dog relaxed with a curve in their spine, or are they stiff and uptight with their entire body aligned together?  The latter option is a good indicator that the dog is not in a friendly mood.

Some people also believe that a dog, particularly a large dog, running towards them signals aggression.  This is not true at all.  It is true, yes, that a dog charging at you after having displayed the above behaviors could be aggressive, but then again a dog could just be running at you because they want to sniff you and play.  A dog that is simply running towards you is never a good indicator on its own of whether or not they are being aggressive.

Let’s say that you have encountered a dog that is demonstrating the aggressive behaviors we just described to you.  Does this mean that the dog is absolutely going to attack you and you will need to defend yourself?  Not necessarily.  You can still try to defuse the situation in more than one way.

The best thing you can do to defuse the situation is to avoid teasing or irritating the dog.  Many dog breeds are incredibly protective over their property and people, and acting in a teasing manner only makes them more likely to regard you as a threat and attack.

Do not turn and run.  If you do, the dog will almost certainly chase after you because of their instinct to chase animals.  Furthermore, it’s virtually impossible for you to outrun a dog.  They will catch up to you in seconds and then you’re really in trouble.

Rather than run away, simply stay where you are and stand still.  Even if the dog approaches you, you still shouldn’t move.  Allow the dog to approach and sniff you.

DO NOT:

  • make any movements with your limbs; if you do, the dog will take it as a sign of aggression on your part and attack.
  • make eye contact with the dog, or they will take it as a challenge.
  • shout or make loud noises, or they will view it as you trying to assert your dominance over them.

Another trick that you can use is to distract them with an object.  If you have treats or food on you, great, but anything that a dog would like to chew on will work.  The obvious risk to this method is that it involves moving your arms, which a dog could see as a threatening action on your part.  Move very slowly and clearly display the object you have so the dog can see it.  Then, throw the object away from you and hope that the dog goes after it.

Hopefully, these methods will work allowing you to turn and walk away, and you can go about your normal business.  Avoiding or defusing an aggressive dog is always a safer option that fighting the dog head on.  Nonetheless, dogs can still be unpredictable creatures at times, and you can never take for granted that any of these methods will for sure work.  With that in mind, let’s learn how you should defend yourself if you are indeed attacked.

HOW TO DEFEND YOURSELF FROM AN ATTACKING DOG

Once the dog begins to attack you, you need to defend yourself immediately.  Defend the vulnerable areas on your body and strike back at the dog at its vulnerable areas and weak points.  The best areas to strike on the dog are the throat and the back of their neck and head. If you hit the dog hard enough, it can stun them long enough for you to pull yourself away from the fight and to get to safety.

Use any weapons that you have on you or that you can find.  Weapons will especially come in handy if you are having to defend yourself from more than one dog.  If you have a gun, knife, or pepper spray on you, great, but don’t hesitate to grab a stick or a rock too if you have to.

Again, strike the dog at the vulnerable parts of their body like the throat and back of the head if you have a blunt weapon.  If you have a sharp bladed weapon such as a knife, the best places to slice or stab the dog are in the throat, eyes, and jaw muscles.  If you hit, slice, or stab them in the body, it can only make the dog angrier and cause them to intensify their attack.

While you are defending yourself from the dog, you should shout for help.  At this point a raised voice is going to have no effect on the dog one way or the other and you should use it to gain the attention of anyone nearby.

Even if you’re a dog person, you cannot show any mercy when defending yourself.  Treat defending yourself from a dog just as if you were defending yourself from another person.  Dog attacks can be fatal and several people do die from dog attacks each year.  Don’t hurt the dog if it is not necessary, but if the attack is serious and your life is in danger, you need to use as much force as required to end the fight and stop the attack.

While you are fighting the dog, it’s also important that you keep yourself protected as much as possible.  If you have a jacket, wrap it around your defensive arm.  It will help minimize the effect of the dog’s bite and could distract them long enough for you to either get away or deliver a fight ending blow.

The specific parts of your body that you will want to protect are your throat, face, chest, and stomach.  These regions become only more vulnerable if the dog manages to knock you off your feet.  You can’t let the dog to inflict enough damage to these places of the body because if they do, you will be severely injured and stand less of a chance of adequately defending yourself.

If the fight has turned to the dog’s favor and your defensive blows appear to be useless, the best thing that you can do then is to roll your front and curl your limbs and head inwards.  The dog’s attack likely won’t end, but it could provide you with enough time until help arrives and protect the vital areas of your body in the process.

AFTER THE ATTACK

After the attack has happened, you must immediately attend to any wounds that you sustain.  Even the smallest of open wounds are enough to invite an infection, which can be a real killer even in a non-disaster or non-wilderness survival situation.

Once you have identified a wound, immediately apply pressure with a cloth or a piece of your clothing to stop or at least slow down the bleeding.  Use clean water to wash out the wound and then dress it with a sterile bandage, gauze pad, or a large wrapping.

It’s a good idea to seek professional medical help for any dog attack wounds even if you believe that you’ve successfully treated the wound yourself.  The primary reason for seeking medical help is to fully prevent an infection from setting in.  Yes, it is possible to prevent an infection on your own, but if you don’t want to take any chances, you must see a medical professional.

Keep in mind that many doctors have likely had to deal with patients who were the victims of dog attacks before, so they will know exactly how to treat you.  You should absolutely seek professional medical help if you are unable to stop the bleeding or if a bone has been fractured as a result of the attack.

Something that may be on your mind after the dog has attacked you is whether or not it has rabies.  The best way to find this out is to contact the authorities and alert them to what has happened.  If the dog has also survived the attack and run away, it’s a major threat to any other innocent people walking about and the authorities need to catch it.

Once the dog has been caught, the authorities will test it for diseases.  They will then let you know if the dog had rabies or any diseases, and if so, you will be sent to a hospital to be treated.

CONCLUSION

After the dog attack is over and you have been medically treated, the only thing left for you to do is to handle the legal aspects of the attack if a dog owner was involved.  You don’t have to take legal action if you don’t want to, but if you feel that the owner’s negligence caused the attack, you can do so.  Be careful to read up on the dog attack laws relevant to your state if you choose to do so.

In summary, dog attacks are a much bigger issue than many people realize and you don’t want to find yourself as the unfortunate victim of one.  Very few dogs are aggressive but those that are can inflict serious damage and even kill you in the worst of circumstances.

Always try to avoid or defuse an aggressive dog so that you can avoid an attack all together, but if the dog does attack, use the defensive tips that we learned about in this article by striking the vulnerable and weak points of the dog while protecting yourself.  Immediately alert the authorities after the attack so they can prevent the dog from attacking anyone else and give you proper medical attention.

Nicole Apelian from History Channels Alone!

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Nicole Apelian from History Channels Alone Josh “7P’s of Survival” This week we will have Nicole Apelian from History Channels Alone on the show and we will be talking about her life’s journey leading up to her choice to take part in ALONE. Once we learn a little about her background we will dig into … Continue reading Nicole Apelian from History Channels Alone!