The 1800s Pain-Relief Plant That Doctors Used

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The 1800s Pain-Relief Plant That Doctors Used

Every time we are afflicted with a headache, hangnail or even the common cold, most of us simply pop down to the local drugstore and pick up an over-the-counter remedy. But chemical-induced drugs aren’t always best for us, and we also should consider: What if the drugstore is closed – or we can’t make it there – next time?

Trust our ancestors to have the answers. While we can’t really ask the pioneers what they used, they left records of their commonly used herbs and home remedies to guide us.

One herb that has been all but forgotten in today’s modern age is feverfew. This plant was very valuable to the Native American tribes as well as to the 1800s-era pioneers.

Fast, All-Natural Pain Relief With No Nasty Side Effects!

Let’s take a look at how it was used and how you might be able to grow your own for an unlimited supply.

What is Feverfew?

Feverfew (tanacetum parthenium) is a perennial flowering herb that is sometimes called “bachelor’s buttons.” In certain areas, it can grow 24 inches tall and equally as wide. It also is one of the oldest herbs known to man. While no one is sure when it started being used, it was first mentioned during the first century by Greek physician Pedanius Dioscorides.

Feverfew can cause allergic reactions, so it is best to try a small amount first. It is related to chrysanthanims, so if you are allergic to those, steer clear!

Also, even though this plant is pretty to look at, do not put fresh leaves or flowers in your mouth, as it has a natural irritant. While it may not actually harm you, it can cause a burning sensation and even mouth sores.

How Did Our Ancestors Use It?

This plant has a pretty impressive background in that not only has it been used for centuries, but modern research has backed up quite a few of these folk remedy uses.

The name, obviously, implies that it can reduce fevers, and that is perhaps what it is best known for. However, it can be used for much more.

Feverfew is a terrific way to stop migraine headaches (when consumed at the onset) as well as other types of headaches and muscle tension. It is also a general pain reliever.

It is a natural anti-inflammatory herb, which makes it perfect for healing and reducing the pain of twisted ankles, arthritis and even menstrual cramps. In the case of arthritis and cramps, one needs to consume it on a regular basis. Women should start consuming feverfew a week before their cycle is to start and continue until the second day of their period.

The 1800s Pain-Relief Plant That Doctors Used

Image source: Pixabay.com

Prior to the discovery of willow bark and aspirin, it was feverfew that midwives and doctors turned to for pain relief, fever reducing, and most types of muscle cramps.

Like chamomile, feverfew will calm most muscle spasms, which makes it not only a good pain reliever for general muscle pain due to overuse, but it causes the muscles to relax.

How To Use It

As mentioned earlier, don’t put fresh leaves or flowers in your mouth. You can certainly buy feverfew capsules, but why not grow your own?

New ‘Survival Herb Bank’ Gives You Access to God’s Amazing Medicine Chest

Feverfew leaves and flowers can be washed and then used in either a tea or a tincture form. Many people find that two or three cups of tea each day works best to stop pain, inflammation and persistent headaches.

Grow It Yourself

This pretty flowering plant is hardy to zone 5. Don’t cover the seeds completely with soil, as they must have sunlight to sprout; sprinkle lightly with water each day until they sprout. You can thin them to 15 inches apart when they are about five inches tall.

They aren’t fussy plants, but they do need sunlight, so try to find a spot where they get a  minimum of six hours each day. Harvest and dry the flowers and leaves as they grow. It will reseed itself if you allow a few plants to go to seed. Any remaining plants should be cut to the ground with the first frost. It will grow back again in the spring and generally produces flowers between July and October.

Good to Know

Doctors in the days of the pioneers used to suggest feverfew for “women who are a bit giddy in the head.” They didn’t mean giddy the way we do today, but rather for those who suffer from what we today call migraines.

In the Middle Ages, feverfew was believed to clean the air of germs and stop rabies.

Bugs of all kinds do not like this plant — including bees!

Have you ever grown or used feverfew? Share your tips in the section below:

hydrogen peroxide report

Cash? Gold? Silver? Bitcoins?

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Cash? Gold? Silver? Bitcoins? Everything we do in life involves money, being in the preparedness community, the question now is what kind of money. That probably makes no sense but im sorry to say my friends… the world is changing whether we like it or not. You have to adapt in order to survive and …

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27 Clever Alternative Uses For Kitchen Appliances

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27 Clever Alternative Uses For Kitchen Appliances This is a really good article to read and get some extra usage from an old appliance you may have laying around the kitchen, remember any item that has more than one use is worth it’s weight in gold, especially if you are a frugal homesteader. We all …

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It’s All Dead: on Canda’s Pacific Coast, And in Wisconsin 2 Wins, Help for Bees

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(CNN)The carcasses of thousands of sea creatures have mysteriously washed up on the western coast of Nova Scotia. As many as 20,000 fish, lobsters, starfish, scallops, crabs and other animals have turned up dead at Savory Park, Canadian authorities said. And they have no idea why.

http://www.cnn.com/2016/12/30/world/canada-massive-fish-kill/ 

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Wisconsin 2 wins in a day.  

  1. Packers advance to Playoffs, the eighth year in a row. 
  2. Wisconsin scientist unveil a newly discovered species of backterium that is present in 70% of dead bee colonies.

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0167752

Abstract

Global loss of honey bee colonies is threatening the human food supply. Diverse pathogens reduce honey bee hardiness needed to sustain colonies, especially in winter. We isolated a free-living Gram negative bacillus from hemolymph of worker honey bees (Apis mellifera) found separated from winter clusters. In some hives, greater than 90% of the dying bees detached from the winter cluster were found to contain this bacterium in their hemolymph. Throughout the year, the same organism was rarely found in bees engaged in normal hive activities, but was detected in about half of Varroa destructor mites obtained from colonies that housed the septic bees. Flow cytometry of hemolymph from septic bees showed a significant reduction of plasmatocytes and other types of hemocytes. Interpretation of the16S rRNA sequence of the bacterium indicated that it belongs to the Serratia genus of Gram-negative Gammaproteobacteria, which has not previously been implicated as a pathogen of adult honey bees. Complete genome sequence analysis of the bacterium supported its classification as a novel strain of Serratia marcescens, which was designated as S. marcescens strain sicaria (Ss1). When compared with other strains of S. marcescens, Ss1 demonstrated several phenotypic and genetic differences, including 65 genes not previously found in other Serratia genomes. Some of the unique genes we identified in Ss1 were related to those from bacterial insect pathogens and commensals. Recovery of this organism extends a complex pathosphere of agents which may contribute to failure of honey bee colonies.

A Realistic Bug Out

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Re-Posted from the MDSA blog _________________________________________________________________ Most who know me, know that I am staunchly against most people planning to just “Bug Out”to the mountains when the SHTF. I advise people to plan on “Bugging In” where they are, or “Bugging To” a pre-planned location. The are a number of reasons why I’m against a “Bug Out”, […]

Emergency Storage of Wild Plant Foods

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squirrel_eating_food_storage

hickory_nuts_acorns_food_storageWild foods are largely known as survival foods for emergencies or as novel delicacies to spice up normal kitchen fare.  In either case long term storage is not a primary concern.  In the event of a long-term survival situation you would want to store surplus food away as soon as you were feeling well-fed enough to have it.  If you were faced with fending for yourself for unknown duration while far removed from electricity and the globalized food network, you would want plenty of time to enjoy the beauty and quiet of your surroundings.  I figure the luxury would come only after many daily chores and activities, and only alongside a nice storage cache of food.   How could this be accomplished without electricity?

By Nathaniel Whitmore a Contributing Author to SHTFBlog and SurvivalCache

Today’s food is riddled with preservatives.  Such chemicals are so commonplace that the average person might think nothing of it.  Certain items, like bread that remains soft longer than natural, have become everyday foods.  If you have made bread at home or purchase it from a bakery you know that bread begins to get stale very quickly.  For countless generations making bread was a daily or weekly task.  Even storage of flour would have been relatively difficult – bugs, mold, and rancidity were all very real problems, as they still are today.  Grains, however, in their whole form (better yet, unhulled form) will store rather well.  Once cracked or ground, seeds are dead and won’t germinate.  In their whole form, seeds are “designed to last”.  Of course, many do have short shelf-lives.  Gardeners often know which veggie seeds can be saved for years and which should be all planted rather than saved for a later season.  Some seeds have been proven viable after thousands of years.

Related: Choosing the Best Survival Food for Your Bug Out Bag

The storable properties of seeds is a major reason grains and beans became primary staple foods around the globe.  Likewise, roots, which also have the capacity to store energy, have been primary storage foods around the world.  Many roots will sprout leaves even after sitting in a root cellar through a whole winter, or in the fridge for longer than you intended.  This is a clear indication that the root still has life.  Once the root has died, however, it will begin to rot.

apples_food_storage_rotMany plant parts do not store away energy in the manner of a seed or perennial root.  Perhaps this is most obvious in fruits. Fruits are, in a certain way of looking at them, designed to rot.  The fruit carries the seeds and “wants” to be eaten in order to assist seed dispersal.  Consider the various berries, for instance.  When birds eat the fruits the seeds pass through their digestive system and get deposited, with a nice bit of fertilizer, in a different location.  (It should be noted that the term “fruit” has different uses.  In some context “fruit” might refer to the seed itself.  Here we are talking about the fleshy fruits that surround seeds, such as what is commonly thought of as fruit when considering the food groups, including things like Apples and Cherries.)  The nature of fruit is such that at the peak of ripeness it has already begun to rot.  So, while certain hearty fruits, like Apples, are well-known storage foods, many fruits are difficult to keep around.  Of course, as will be discussed later in this article, there are many ways to prepare fruits for storage.

If we consider the vegetative (the green, leafy) portions of plants we can see that they also do not have the same storage properties as the roots and seeds.  The nature of the stems and leaves is to grow, not so much to store energy for later use.  We know that cuttings can take root, which indicates that the living aspect of the plant remains even in the part that is removed.  (Compare this to the animal organism.  If you lost your arm, it wouldn’t so easily grow another person.)  But it doesn’t take long before the leaf or stem cannot survive after it has been removed.  The leaf quickly perishes.  With drying we can save much of the nutritive properties of vegetative plant parts.

Methods of Storing Wild Foods

There are few basic methods of storing wild foods.  As with most things, there are pros and cons of each storage method.

Root Cellar Storage – If lost in the wild, you may not have a root cellar per se – here we refer to the simple storage of whole roots and similar plant parts in some form of insulated chamber.  Just as a proper root cellar puts the plants below the ground for insulation, you might do the same with a hole or natural structure like a rock ledge.  The idea here is to get the food away from the freezing temperatures that could destroy them.  The same idea applies to high temperature in which the insulation prevents spoilage by keeping the food cooler than the outside air.  

Drying – This is one of the oldest food storage methods.  It can be easy with electricity.  Without modern electricity, drying foods well poses many potential problems.

Pickling – Though another ancient and relatively simple preservation method, pickling does pose distinct problems in a survival situation.  The challenges mostly related to having the appropriate materials like vessels and plenty of salt or vinegar.  

Pemmican – This preparation is a mixture of protein, fat, and fruit.  The ingredients are preserved through drying and preservation is assisted by the fat content.  

Submersion in Water – This method came to mind mostly in relation to acorns, which are submersed in order to leach the tannins and render edible.  It is a traditional method of storage to leave them underwater, besides that it is a method of leaching.  It might be worth considering such a method for other foods as well.  

Root “Cellar” Storage / The Cache

squirrel_food_eatingStoring foods in a root cellar or similar structure is one of the oldest and most time-proven methods.  Even animals like squirrels store foods in a cache.  Just recently I turned over a sort of compost pile that was composed of weeds and cuttings from the yard and garden and included a large number of sticks and twigs.  The thicker, woody branches provided a certain structure to the heap that the local red squirrels (not knowing my intentions to flip the pile) thought perfect for storing the Black Walnuts in, which were growing nearby.  The entire heap was full of Black Walnuts.

Caches of nuts and acorns that were stowed away by wildlife could be important survival foods.  One method of storage is to simply let the animals do their thing and make a note of where they have done so.  I suppose a main problem with such a method is that you might not be able to predict when the squirrels will return to their cache and remove the nuts.

It is possible to imitate the squirrels and store your own harvest of Hickory nuts, Black Walnuts, or acorns by mounding them up with leaves and other forest debris.  However, you might then find that your cache has been raided by some critter when you go to uncover it.  This could be very disappointing.

Native Americans regularly stored food by burying it in the ground.  I imagine this was often the only method available because of the nature of the camp and travelling needs.  As is often depicted in tales and stories of the semi-nomadic days of the Native, such caches would spoil relatively easily.  Mold would have been a common problem.

Much of the benefit of the root cellar is related to the ground remaining around 55 degrees at a certain depth.  That constant is generally not attained with the depth of a root cellar, but any depth provides more consistency than the outside air.  For this reason foods can also be kept cooler in the summer with this kind of storage just as they are kept from getting too cold in winter.

In the wild there are far too many variables for us to exhaust here.  Depth and insulation requirements depend on the conditions, timeline, and more.  The main point is that through burying or covering material various storage requirements can be attained.  One can consider natural rock forms and other natural formations that might lend themselves to cold storage.  Rocks and logs can be used to build up sides.  There are many possibilities.  The principle is that the earth is the insulation, potentially with the help of rocks and wood.

The cardinal directions apply (one should always have a good compass and pay attention to the movement of the sun and moon in relation to north, east, south, and west).  A north-facing slope, which receives less sun, will generally be cooler than the south-facing slope.  Water also affects the temperature changes of the area.  Such things are all taken into consideration of site and design.

One method of winter storage is to bury things in layers so that an assortment of foods are available each time you dig up a layer.  Leaves or straw can be used to keep your goods from direct contact with the earth and to provide insulation and marking for each layer.  Roots, certain fruits, and other storage foods can do surprisingly well if put away properly with consideration of temperature and humidity.

Drying

russula_food_storageDrying is one of the oldest methods of food preservation.  I have even seen squirrels drying mushrooms for storage (Russula spp.)  It is quite natural.  However, it can also be difficult.  Without proper airflow, temperature, and humidity, drying can be quite difficult.  In many cases drying of certain mushrooms, perhaps aging as well, could help remove mild toxins and help transform something usually avoided to an edible.

Air drying is easiest in dry climates and seasons.  Sufficient airflow is often an issue.  With increased humidity is an increased need for airflow.  If electricity is available, a simple fan can help.  Exposure to sun can help.  Certainly it is good to avoid areas so cut off from the sun that they remain constantly moist.  Too much sunlight, however, could be damaging and foods should be removed from exposure when they are dry enough.

A great way to utilize the sun is to construct a solar dehydrator.  There are many possible ways to do so, though I like the idea of the heat-trap channelling to a container with shelves and vents.  A simple design is like that of a small children’s slide.  The heat-trap is like a slide painted black with glass or plexiglass covering it.  As it heats up in the sun, the hot air is allowed to rise into the area with racks of plant material.  Vents can be adjusted to regulate the temperature.

Another method that might prove useful in a survival situation is to use fire to assist in drying.  Perhaps nice flat rocks used for the fire-ring can act as drying plates as they heat up by the fire.  Another possibility is to construct racks near a fire.

Of course, today many people simply use an electric dehydrator.  They come in several varieties.  They work quite well and can be used for preparing many different foods for storage.

Pickling

pickles_food_storagePickling requires salt or vinegar.  Some methods also require pressure.  Pressure is obtained through the old-fashioned plate and rock method, which is just that – a plate and a rock placed on top of the contents of the crock to provide weight, or by the mechanics of a pickle press. A major nutritional consideration of pickles and other fermented food is probiotics.  Probiotics help with digestion in general, which is particularly a concern during nutritional imbalances that might occur in a survival situation.  Probiotics also help recovery from certain illnesses, especially diarrhea and other imbalances that can affect the gut flora.

Pemmican

Pemmican is a method of storing protein, fat, and berries.  Animal meat and fat, such as from buffalo or deer, is mashed up with berries.  The items are dried to some degree before being ground together.  Then patties are formed and allowed to dry appropriately for storage.  Pemmican is considered to be an ideal survival food and was a staple food of North American Natives of cold areas.

Submersion in Water

acorns_food_storageOne time I held an acorn-shelling party.  Well, I like to call it a party, but more of a gathering set on shelling significant quantities of acorns.  In spite of protests from friends who had helped with the tedious task, I wanted to test out the primitive method of leaching the astringent tannins out of the acorns by leaving them in a stream.  My comrades we sure something would go wrong, and they were right.  Because of the time that it takes for the tannins to leach out of the acorns I had left them in the stream for quite a while.  Then, the stream froze and this enabled the squirrels to use the ice bridge as a trail to my stash of acorns.

Read Also: Emergency Foods From Wild Plants

Another traditional method was to dig the acorns into the mud below a body of water.  I have never tried it.  It would certainly help to avoid the problem I just described, and would avoid leaving them somewhere to get frozen in the ice. Though I have mostly regarded submersion as a method for acorns, I wonder about other potential.

An additional form of submersion is to submerse food in the snow or ice.  This has been practiced by arctic people and through winters since ancient times.  I imagine the drawbacks are similar to leaving acorns in the stream.  Though I wonder who might come around to find meat submersed in wintery insulation.  Freezing damages root crops and you would not want to subject your stored seed to that much above-ground moisture.

Preparation

Maybe this is all seeming a little nuts.  I did, after all, mention squirrels at least twice.  (Strange how similar we could be to the little critters.)  It has become my work, as an herbalist and educator, to learn the traditional practices of foraging for wild foods and I have spend a lot of time off the grid wondering how these things might be done, if food and electricity were suddenly unavailable.  In my opinion this knowledge should be kept alive as a matter of general responsibility.

While some of the above discussion relates directly to being separated from the civilized world, much of it can be adapted to the common kitchen.  Drying and pickling can take place right on the counter, and it should not be difficult to create a root cellar in even the modern kitchen or just outside one’s home.  Learning these things can reduce your reliance on electricity while increasing your food storage space at home.

 

How Will You Communicate in an Emergency?

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How Will You Communicate in an Emergency? Are you planning on using your cell phone to send texts? While that may be more reliable than making calls, the communication grid is not especially reliable. You have certainly experienced small outages not just on landlines and internet connection, but cell phone connection as well. History will …

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How to Pick the Best Personal Protection Firearm

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women_handguns_personal_protection

gun_store_choosingPicking the best personal protection firearm is a huge question. Just for a little background, I am a firearms instructor and teach four to six classes a month on Basic and Concealed Carry/Defensive shooting.  I work at a reputable “big box” store in the firearms department, and I give lectures frequently on personal protection techniques and tools. That is just small snapshot of my background to give you some insight.

By Dan C., a Contributing Author to SHTFBlog and SurvivalCache

In each of those scenarios, I am frequently asked what is the best personal protection gun, and the people that ask that question, usually say they’ve already gotten some information from various sources. Such as, “My friend who is a cop said I should buy this one” or “I read about this one; it looks like a good one.” or “I wanted something small I can carry in my purse or pocket” or one of the best ones: “I want a 45 because I want knock down power.” Naturally, all these have some validity, but none have any real substance.

Yes, there are lots of magazines that you can read about personal protection handguns. And there are at least a hundred websites you can read about the same topic. Many are written by well trained and highly experienced professionals, while some clearly are not. So you are presented with a dilemma. Who and what is right? Because every week the websites you read tell you about the BEST handgun on the market today, and every month the cover of your favorite gun magazine has an article about the BEST personal protection handgun on the market. This just complicates your decision making.

So let’s go back to basics. But I must say one thing before I do that with you–yes, I do have MY favorite handgun that I feel is the BEST personal protection weapon. But I feel it may be helpful for you to review the basics of choosing your personal protection handgun.  Here are the characteristics I feel you should consider when choosing your next personal protection handgun. These characteristics should be researched and evaluated in this order.

Manufacturer

army_handgun_trainingOne of the most important aspects of buying a handgun for personal protection is the manufacturer of your firearm. Here are my reasons why I feel this way. First and foremost, you want the best quality you can afford. This is a tool that you are buying for a time when your life or someone else’s life is in danger. You want something that is going to be very dependable, reliable, and has a reputation for high quality. If you are truly buying this weapon for personal protection, that means you are going to be shooting it frequently as you practice your shooting skills. Thus, it needs to be a firearm that can stand up to lots of shooting.

I personally look for manufacturers that have a longstanding reputation for providing handguns to the military or large government agencies. Why? Because in most cases, they do the most extensive and critical evaluations of the weapons and follow very strict rules about quality control. Secondly, in most cases, these handguns are used often and in a wide range of environments, so they know if they work when you need them or not.

Warranty

warranty_gunsThis a very important aspect of buying your firearm that is related to the characteristics mentioned above. If the manufacturer is of high quality, they will most likely offer a very good warranty on their handguns. Some manufacturers offer lifetime warranties so you know they stand behind their product. Others offer warranties only for a limited time. You also want to know what modifications or ammo you that will void your warranty. Such as, will polishing the trigger void the warranty or will shooting +P ammo void the warranty? These are important factors you need to take into consideration.

Semi Auto/Revolver

revolver_vs_handgunThis is most likely one of the most common areas of disagreement. Many like a revolver because they say it is “simple” and “easy” to use. I personally am not a fan of revolvers for two reasons. First, if something bad should happen, I want a gun I can shoot well and LOTS of bullets, and a revolver does not meet that requirement. Secondly, most revolvers have a very long and hard trigger pull. That makes it more likely you will be inaccurate with the weapon.

Read Also: The Katrina Pistol

I prefer semi-automatics for two reasons. First, in most cases, they allow you to have more bullets–two or three times as many rounds as a revolver. To me, that is very important. Secondly and equally importantly, I like the trigger pull on semiautomatics. We will go more into this below. But, having lots of bullets and being able to easily pull the trigger are two factors I find very valuable in a personal protection firearm.

Grip

This is the key physical factor of buying your personal protection handgun. I cannot stress how important this factor plays into your ability to hold, shoot and control your handgun. There are three factors in gripping a handgun– technique, weight, and size.

The first part of determining your grip on a handgun is to know HOW to grip a handgun. IF you do not know how to properly grip a handgun, you will most likely make a huge error when buying your weapon. I watch daily as people looking to buy their hand gun grip it incorrectly. I am amazed at how many salespeople do not try to help or correct the customer. Thus, LOTS of people buy a handgun without ever properly gripping it. Then they wonder why they do not like shooting their handgun and why they are not accurate with it. It all comes back to grip.

The next two components of gripping can be considered as one. Weight and size. Both play a critical role in managing a handgun, thus are very important.

glock_19_katrina_pistol_trijicon_streamlight_tlr2_surefire_light_onFirst is the visual aspect of the handgun. Most people look at a handgun and on looks alone determine if it is too big. Without even holding the firearm they have already determine it is too big. Thus, they rule out very acceptable handguns on looks alone. Secondly, they want something small and light so it is easy to carry and hold. But they do not understand that the weight of the handgun correlates to the recoil, thus the lighter the weapon the more recoil; conversely, a heavier weapon reduces recoil. You want to find a handgun that might feel a little heavy in your hand at first but is very easy to grip. You should look for a gun whose grip is slim enough to allow your hand to encircle it easily, with a reasonable reach forward to the trigger while the gun is in alignment with your wrist and forearm. A gun with a short grip frame may not allow your pinky finger to get a grip on the gun, and this will make the weapon less controllable, although it may be easier to carry concealed it will be hard to shoot accurately.

The best way to address these issues is to handle numerous firearms and to understand that small is not necessarily good and slightly heavy is not necessarily bad. Once most people have the opportunity to grip numerous firearms and really get a feel for a proper grip, they soon realize that weight and size make a big difference.

I have seen so many people walk into the range or store with one concept of what they were going to buy and walk out with something totally different. These individuals then come back and say they were so glad they did not buy what they originally thought they wanted. I feel strongly this is where a good knowledgeable sales person comes into play. So when you buy you first firearms or if you are a novice buyer, make sure you ask what the sales person’s background is before you listen to their pitch. And make sure they give you a comparison of firearms to evaluate.

Trigger Control

beretta-pico-3Trigger control is essential to accuracy. Trigger pulls can be hard, up to 15 lbs, staged, and hard to reach with your finger. Thus, it is essential that you choose a handgun with a trigger you can easily reach and comfortably pull. The harder the trigger is to reach or pull the less accurate you will be. Thus, when evaluating a handgun for personal protection, it is imperative that you have the opportunity to hold the handgun and place your finger on the trigger. Then whenever possible, you should be allowed to dry fire the weapon. That is the ONLY way to fully appreciate and evaluate the trigger pull.

What you want in a trigger pull is the following features, one that is within your fingers reach when you finger is correctly on the trigger, smooth pull with no roughness, easy, relatively short trigger stroke back, and a short trigger reset. A Short Trigger Reset (STR) means you only need to allow the trigger to release a short distance after it has fired the weapon before you are able to pull it again and fire your next shot.

Caliber

9_19_parabellum_fmjBullets have gone through tremendous improvements over the last twenty years. The weights, velocity, materials and aerodynamics of bullets are incredibly better today than they were even ten years ago. Thus, the choice of caliber is not that critical today, and calibers that were considered marginal a generation ago are often considered excellent performers with the best modern loads.

Related: Prepper Guns on a Budget

In making the choice of what caliber to buy, beware of a number of common misconceptions. First is in the area of knock down power. This term in highly misunderstood and misused. There is the misconception that a bigger bullet results in more knock down power. Recent studies have demonstrated that this term is widely incorrect.

When  humans are shot with traditional bullets used for personal protection, they do not go flying through the saloon doors nor get knocked back like you see in the movies. If a human is hit in a vital area they just collapse. There are numerous videos on the internet of humans being shot and when hit with a lethal shot they just collapse. So knock down power is way over used in relation to its actual impact.

Another misconception is penetration. Most think that bigger bullets penetrate deeper and cause more damage. In actuality smaller 9mm bullets have greater penetration ability than 45 caliber bullets. Based on substantial research, the FBI has reverted back to 9mm bullets for their agents for three very important reasons. One, they penetrated further thus doing more damage. Secondly, the agents that shot 9mm weapons were more accurate than those shooting 40 and 45’s. Finally, the lethality of the shots were the same, provided that a vital area on the suspect was hit.

There are strong arguments that the 9mm cartridge (AKA 9mm Luger, 9mm Parabellum, or 9×19 mm) is the top logistical choice for a defensive handgun for most people:

  1. It is the least expensive of all personal protection ammo so you are more likely to practice more.
  2. More handguns are made in 9mm than any other caliber, so you are more likely to find a 9mm handgun that fits your hand.
  3. Most 9mm handguns allow for high capacity magazines, so you have lots of bullets when you need them, and many 9mm magazines even hold more ammo than the smaller 380 pistols’ magazines.
  4. The recoil of 9mm is easily manageable.
  5. The lethality is the same as larger bullets when a vital area is hit.
  6. More people carry 9mm that any other caliber; thus you could share ammo, if needed.

Ammunition capacity

As mentioned a few times in this article, I feel strongly that I want to have as many cartridges in my gun as I can, should something go wrong. No matter how well you are trained, if a bad event occurs and you need to fire your weapon while you are running, taking cover, hiding, or avoiding getting shot, you will miss a lot.

glock_19_katrina_pistol_trijicon_streamlight_tlr2_surefire_ammo_pileNumerous times a day I have novice shooters tell me that they only need a gun with five or six bullets because they will hit the target in the first one or two shots. Clearly, they have not watched any videos of our heroic men and women in law enforcement in shoot-outs, nor have they watched our brave American military heroes in firefights. As good as these well trained professionals are, they still miss a lot. Not because they are unskilled– they are exceptional marksmen (and women) by any standard of training and testing. But it is exceedingly hard to hit a moving target when you are being shot at, beat up, or mugged.

So the more bullets the better. A semi-auto that uses a magazine with a staggered or double-column row of ammunition might hold 13-17 rounds of 9mm. That’s my recommendation. The brand, warranty, action style, trigger pull, grip, ammo capacity, and caliber are all the features and characteristic you want in your personal protection handgun. Each has its own importance and value in helping you chose the correct handgun for your personal use. Not all handguns are meant for everyone. You need one that fits you.

Here are some handguns that I find meet the above criteria; they are my choices in order of preference.

Sig P320

Manufacturer – Sig Sauer has produced handguns for many of our elite fighting forces and government agencies for a long time including but not limited to: SEALS, Secret Service, Air Marshals and numerous law enforcement agencies.

Warranty – Lifetime

Grip – Very nice and comfortable stippling, ergonomically and anatomically correct, and a great weight that allows for reduced recoil and easy handling.

Trigger Control – Excellent trigger, one of the hallmarks of this handgun, very short smooth trigger reset.

Caliber – 9mm, but the 320 is modular. The trigger and firing assembly is easily removed from the gun and barrels and frames in 380, 357 Sig and 40 can be purchased from Sig. so you get multiple caliber capability with this handgun.

Bullet Capacity: comes with two 15 rounds mags, can take 17 round mags.

Ruger SR9C

Manufacturer – Ruger high quality firearms made since 1949

Warranty – Lifetime

Grip – Very ergonomic grip, nice stippling. Very good weight

Trigger Control – Good but can be a little rough

Caliber – 9mm

Bullet Capacity – Comes with two 15 rounds mags

Walther CCP

Manufacturer — Walther is a German firearms maker that dates back to 1886. It has an excellent reputation, and its handguns have always been popular in both military and police use worldwide through the 20th century.

Warranty — Lifetime, transferable to subsequent purchasers, but only so long as that model firearm is still being produced and serviced, and is not a discontinued model.

Grip —  Comfortable grip, no bigger than it has to be to allow all your fingers to fit on it, with stippling for better control and an undercut area at the base of the trigger guard.

Trigger Control — A short trigger stroke of just over a quarter-inch, with only 5.5 lbs. of pressure.

Caliber — 9mm.

Bullet Capacity —  8 rounds in the magazine (with one in the chamber, that’s 9 total)

Glock 19

Manufacturer – Glock was the first to make polymer-framed striker-fired guns, and it has held its place in that market for a long time. Glock has produced handguns for many military branches, elite forces, FBI, and numerous law enforcement agencies.

Warranty – Limited to one year, and with several situations where Glock disclaims any warranty responsibility. But in practice, they have been more helpful than the terms of their written warranty would require.

Grip – Nice grip good stippling, light weight.  

Trigger Control – Nice trigger, my experience is that a lot people push the handgun when shooting it by not getting their finger on top of the trigger safety.  

Caliber – 9mm

Bullet Capacity – Comes with two 15 round mags. Your spare magazines could be larger to hold even more, such as 17 or even 33 rounds.

Photos Courtesy of:

Sean Savage
The US Army
Mike
David Trawin

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Review: Check out the Zoe Crist Santa Fe – it may be the hunting knife you need

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Kniveshipfree is a sponsor of Survivalcommonsense.com, but I don’t get free knives from the company, nor do they have any input in any knife reviews.

by Leon Pantenburg

I’m always looking for a good hunting knife. So when the Zoe Crist Santa Fe became available last year, I got one and tried it.

There are many things I like about the knife, but the handle just wasn’t comfortable for my large hands. The handle rubbed between my index and second fingers, and for extended use, it wasn’t going to work.

Phil Brummett in his natural environment.

Phil Brummett in his natural environment.

In such cases, I pass the knife on to an experienced outdoorsperson and ask them to wring it out. (Check out Bob Patterson’s review of the Bark River Trakker Companion.)

Several months ago, the Santa Fe went to my friend Phil Brummett, a fellow Boy Scout volunteer, former scoutmaster and skilled wilderness survival guy.

Phil is also a Central Oregon fishing guide, and is on the water a couple hundred days a year. Any knife that can meet his standards has to be really good. And Phil’s hands are smaller than mine.

Here are the Santa Fe specs:

  • Overall Length: 9.5 Inches
  • Blade Length: 5 Inches
  • Steel: 1095 Carbon Steel @ 58-60rc
  • Blade Thickness: .174 Inch
  • Weight: 8.125 Ounces
  • Made in the United States of America

Here’s the good stuff:

Overall length is about right for a hunting knife. My favorite blade length in a hunting knife is about five inches. A four-inch length is fine, and six is very usable, but five inches just seems to work out best for Phil and me. (My go-to Ambush Tundra has a 4.5-inch blade.)

Steel: 1095 is a good, durable choice, and it won’t break the bank like some of the super steels. Phil commented the Santa Fe’s edge-holding ability is great, and re-sharpening is easy.

1095 high carbon steel will stain or rust if not cared for properly.

1095 high carbon steel will probably stain and may rust if not cared for properly.

A concern for some buyers is rust. Carbon steel can develop rust overnight if the humidity is high, the blade is put away wet, and the knife is ignored.

In Phil’s case, the knife is used in wet circumstances more often than not. Most of the time, that includes blood and fish slime. But Phil wipes the blade off after using it, and had no issue with rust.

Patina is another matter. Any carbon steel blade, over time, will develop some patina, or discoloration. Phil’s knife shows some, probably because it has cleaned a lot of fish and been used for a lot of bushcrafting. Both of us like the appearance – it shows honest use and wear. And it looks cool. Phil wouldn’t let me polish the patina off.

Spine: The spine is ground at a 90-degree angle, like an ice skate for the half of the blade next to the handle. It tapers down to a sharp point with the swedge.

This spine grind is useful for processing tinder or scraping a ferrocerrium to create firemaking sparks. The spine is one of those parts of a knife that is generally forgotten, but learn how to use it and it can be useful.

Grind: The Santa Fe comes with a full height convex grind, which is my personal favorite. I’ve had a couple of Tundras re-ground into full height convex, because that grind works so well for me.

Belly: The belly is from the tip, and includes the curve that blends into the straight edge. Though not designed to be a skinner, the Santa Fe would work fine. Phil commented that the blade design works well for cleaning steelhead salmon and other large fish.

Point: The clip point with swedge is outstanding. It combines two of my favorite designs. For field dressing big game, I like the clip point for that initial cut to open up the abdomen, without nicking the entrails. The swedge makes the under-the-tail work of field dressing a whitetail easy.

The handle is well designed, but doesn't work for my large hands.

The handle is well designed, but doesn’t work for my large hands.

Handle: Like I mentioned, the handle design isn’t the best for me. It could probably be reworked with some sandpaper so the finger grooves were more comfortable. That also means the Santa Fe might be perfect for you if your hands are smaller!

You can get your choice of handle materials. For a user, I generally opt for micarta, since it is apparently bullet proof. But I also love the natural look of wood, and have a definite weakness for desert ironwood and curly maple. Get what you want.

Sheath: The knife comes with a sturdy leather dangler sheath that secures the knife well. Both Phil and I like this  setup – you can wear the knife on your belt, under a coat, very comfortably. You can also get in a car and fasten your seatbelt with it on. This becomes really nice when you’re getting in and out of a truck or drift boat all day.

So do you need a Santa Fe?

If you’re looking for a good hunting knife that can handle many hunting/survival tasks, the Santa Fe could be your best choice. The knife retails for $187.47. This is a good price for a solid piece of cutlery that will last for many years.

Any reservations I have about the knife are strictly personal, based on ticky, nit-picky opinions I developed from a life-long, obsessive-compulsive need to find that one perfect knife for everything.

But Phil needs a Santa Fe. I offered to swap him out another knife (and I have A LOT of high quality blades with different designs) for the Santa Fe if it didn’t do everything he wanted his knife to do.

Phil opted to hang on to his Santa Fe.  I think he made an excellent choice!

Please click here to check out and subscribe to the SurvivalCommonSense.com YouTube channel, and here to subscribe to our weekly email update – thanks!

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Insulate a Shipping Container Part 1

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This post shows how I started to insulate a shipping container. I am working on my 40 foot shipping container so that I have a nice condensation free insulated room that I can both heat and cool.  the first thing I did was frame in a wall about 10 feet from the back of the […]

The post Insulate a Shipping Container Part 1 appeared first on Dave’s Homestead.

Summates Solar Light 2-Pack

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I am a big fan of solar lights, and after reviewing a similar product a few weeks ago, I got the opportunity to review this 2-pack of similar LED solar lights. Compared to the original lights, this product had some changes. This model had a easy to operate on and off switch at the bottom […]

The post Summates Solar Light 2-Pack appeared first on Dave’s Homestead.

Summates Solar Light Unpower LED light Wall Light Montion Sensor Light,2-Pack

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I am a big fan of solar lights, and after reviewing a similar product a few weeks ago, I got the opportunity to review this 2-pack of similar LED solar lights. Compared to the original lights, this product had some changes. This model had a easy to operate on and off switch at the bottom […]

The post Summates Solar Light Unpower LED light Wall Light Montion Sensor Light,2-Pack appeared first on Dave’s Homestead.

Young tinkerer seeks experienced partners

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Hey, I’m a man, age 18, an aspie (look it up) and I’ve wanted to go off the grid for a while.  Why?  I was ruined by a system that I would like to save myself from, and others in hopes of creating a better future… and I want to have fun and mess around with my own projects, such as creating a blast-furnace in my backyard (to be completely honest 🙂 ).  I don’t have a lot of experience with independent living, so that would be an ideal characteristic in a partner.  What I do have though – I am an amateur woodworker and some people have called me a genius, that’s got to count for something.  I’d like to live in Vermont where I go to school now, but I’m open to other locations and we can discuss details later.  I’m looking for any number of people who are motivated and trustworthy, roughly my age.  Oh, and no smoking or drugs.  If you’re interested, send an email to phoenixking6931@gmail.com.  Happy new year

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Review of Twod Pistol & Rifle Flashlight/QR/Compact 200 Lumen Flashlight

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This $15.00 Pistol & Rifle Flashlight is pretty functional for the price.  It installed easily and worked well.  While it is not as sturdy feeling as a more expensive light, it shot well and was bright. My main concern with the light is the switch.  I killed the battery it came with the first night, […]

The post Review of Twod Pistol & Rifle Flashlight/QR/Compact 200 Lumen Flashlight appeared first on Dave’s Homestead.

Staying outside longer during the winter months

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Most people prefer to go out camping during the good, warm season and they do not appreciate the winter months due to the “issues” they have to face. Staying outside longer during the winter months requires some preparations and a good knowledge of the environment you live in. Winter weather conditions should not discourage you … Read more…

The post Staying outside longer during the winter months was written by Bob Rodgers and appeared first on Prepper’s Will.

All Alone for the End of the World

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All Alone for the End of the World I’ve seen a lot of hardcore survivalists and preppers promote the lone-wolf survival scenario and I can’t help but notice a few flaws in their prepping plans. If the world around you crumbles and the law no longer applies, surviving as one is almost impossible without investing …

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Emergency Communications: Nationwide Blackout, EMP, or Solar Flare “We’ve lost contact … with everyone.”

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Emergency Communications: Nationwide Blackout, EMP, or Solar Flare “We’ve lost contact … with everyone.”

Alternative communication system during disaster: your safest bet to surviving a power outage.

Lately, there have been many natural disasters in the US and other countries. In fact, at the current rate of things, there’s going to be an increase in disasters like tropical storms, earthquakes, and even volcano eruptions.

Besides, there are other potential threats too, such as the much discussed and warned about solar eruptions (solar flares that occur on the Sun) that can paralyze our entire global system of communications by frying satellites and communications infrastructure on the ground. In fact, that’s what all these natural disasters can lead to: power loss, no phone service, and no internet.

Risk of EMP to Communications Networks, Fragile Power Grid

Finally, there is the risk of EMP (electro-magnetic pulse attack from a terrorist group or rogue government like Iran or North Korea). North Korea has made enough threats, haven’t they? They have tested enough rockets that anyone with a pulse should realize that an EMP is a possibility that we may see in the next few years, whether that’s from North Korea or a terrorist group that North Korea or another U.S. enemy has sold a nuclear weapon to. (For information on protecting sensitive equipment from an EMP with a “Faraday Cage“)

A Nationwide Blackout is a Real Threat

In such a scenario, survival includes having the best alternative communication system for disasters. In this article we will look at several alternative ways to stay powered and a handful of ways to remain in communication with your loved ones.

But before we discuss exactly what these alternatives consist of, let’s take a look at:

What damages can actually occur to the communications network?

Understanding this part will tell you exactly why dealing with this subject is important when preparing for emergency survival.

Material damage

The network system is likely to fail when the lines of communication are damaged at their most basic level. For instance, a hurricane can actually break the cables and a solar flare can incur magnetic waves that disrupt and permanently damage equipment in orbit over the earth and our sensitive infrastructure on the earth’s surface. The result? No phone, radio, TV, or internet service anywhere!

This sort of disruption is pretty hard to deal with because repairing the infrastructure is expensive and would involve multiple agencies and people. Besides, it takes a lot of time to make the repairs if only a single cell tower goes down and the disaster has been so extensive that a repair team can’t even get access to it. And if it’s about fiber-optic cables, the situation isn’t any better: fiber optic cables run underground and you can’t possibly know where the problem is without digging them up almost completely.

So the real problems begin when there’s no easy way of access to the damaged equipment or when there’s no crew left (or simply no crew reachable) to make the necessary repairs.


RELATED : How to Build a Faraday Cage to Protect Your Electronics


System overload

If there are still some ways of communication available to the general public, you can bet these are the ones that everyone will use. It’s normal that in a state of emergency people will try to reach their loved ones by phoning them or contacting them via social networks, etc. That’s coupled of course with the networks being bogged down by mass amounts of photos and video uploads of whatever disaster or catastrophic event that has taken place. Finally, those who need medical help, police, or fire departments will also flood the lines.

All that communication clogs up networks, causing a network overload and therefore a complete loss of signal altogether. When that happens, the whole system may go down completely for a period of time (or permanently, depending on the severity of the disaster).

What happens if you can’t communicate via the usual ways?

If you’re a loner of sorts, you may not have put a whole lot of weight on keeping in touch with the modern world. But not being able to connect means:

You wouldn’t be able to contact emergency services.

No ambulance would come for you.

No police response to save your life if you were attacked.

You wouldn’t get any news of what’s happening on a larger scale.

You wouldn’t know if the disaster has affected other parts of the globe.

You wouldn’t know whether help is coming or if things are getting better.

You would have no news of your people and your people would have no news of you.

False rumors could spread like wildfire between communities … leading to any number of consequences.

There would be a general sense of confusion and uncertainty.

Catastrophic Disasters and Rogue Groups

Finally, any rogue groups who happen to live and operate in a geographical region could take advantage of the situation and attack locals, some even attempting to seize power, seizing control of fuel stations, supermarkets, supply warehouses, armories, etc.

Basically, no means of communication equals no information and no official control, which would determine an increase in criminal acts of all kinds.

Are there measures being taken already?

Of course, we’re not the first people who’ve thought about what would happen to communications in emergency situations and how we would deal with that. That’s why prevention measures have been already considered and the authorities have sought to:

Increase network diversity

That can be done by:

Using various network connections.

Employing different technologies.

Having various physical pathways.

Constantly checking the security of this equipment.

Making sure that the information conveyed is the same through each different network connection.

The different networks used are:

Dark fiber paths.

Fiber-optic cables.

Wireless networks that use millimeter wave technologies.

You can also take this into account, and have various means of communication at your disposal.

Create arranged networks

This will happen in the event when the previous networks we’ve talked about fail or become overloaded. It’s important to have fast communication especially in the areas that are more affected by the disaster. That can be done with a few wireless systems that are placed inside some sort of vehicle and activated inside the problem zone. These are called COWs and they stand for Cellular on Wheels. The advantages of these systems are:

The immediate response from authorities.

Ability to communicate fast with people in the affected area.

Increased control over the situation.

Focus and organization of efforts at the core of the problem.

Opportunity to search for volunteers.


RELATED : How To Make a Foxhole Radio


What can you do?

This is the focal point of this article, because while it’s good to have confidence in the authorities, you can’t solely rely on them to solve all your problems. As such, you have to prepare yourself with some sort of alternative system that you can use if a disaster strikes. But before that, make sure: You have an appropriate copper land line that doesn’t need power to function.

You have access to a backup generator or way to generate electricity for up to several hours (several days would be preferable).

You have another type of phone that can work with batteries.

Always keep your phone charged and also have a charger that will work in a car or truck’s cigarette lighter.

Stash spare batteries that aren’t passed their expiration date.

Keep these batteries in different locations and periodically check to see if they still… replace those that expire.

Keep other gadgets charged and ready to go, like your laptop.

Have at least one USB cable ready to be used in case you can charge your smartphone from your laptop or a car cigarette lighter that has a usb port instead of a typical cigarette lighter port.

Buy an emergency radio that doesn’t need power to work. Hand-crank radios, for example, are a great choice because you don’t need to have a stash of operating batteries, nor will you need connection to solar panels. It is still good to have a battery powered radio on hand though as back-up, just in case the hand-crank radio fails.

Use your car charger sparing for charging your gadgets. Your car charger will only work as long as your car has energy stored in the battery. Letting your car idle will recharge it’s battery, but do that sparingly so as not to deplete your fuel.

These are the things you’re advised to do in case there’s a breach in the communications network. But what you shouldn’t do can be even more important than the things you have to do, because otherwise, you might put yourself or other people in danger. So:

Try not to overload the network by making unnecessary phone calls. Some people need the line free to call the police or an ambulance.

Don’t call if you have the option to text or use the Internet to get in touch with family.

Don’t use up phone batteries on useless things like listening to music to keep you entertained. A good idea would be to even turn it off altogether when you’re not using it.

Don’t use the redial option constantly, since that leads to an overload of the communication system.

Don’t use the emergency line if all you want is new updates.

 

How can you make gadgets work?

Having a substitute communication system in place also relates to having new ways to power your gadgets. The main ways you can do that are: Generators These are more expensive, but they can power up your entire house. They’re better for a disaster that doesn’t last too long, and apart from giving you a good way to get in touch with the real world, they can provide running water and heat — though honestly, using a generator to power a heater or air conditioning unit for that matter is a bad idea. Your generator will quickly go through fuel. The better direction to take is to either layer up your clothing to keep warm or create shade and good ventilation to stay cool.

In the end, try to ration the way in which you use your backup generators, and to prioritize your needs. Batteries The marvel of technology, batteries can activate different sorts of gadgets, as well as chargers to keep them up and running at all times. For instance, it’s always a good idea to have a battery-activated radio on hand in order to hear the relevant news and get updates on the emergency status.

Try to have a stash of batteries spread around your house, in your car or even at your workplace. You never know when and where trouble hits.

Another solution is to invest some money in buying a marine deep cycle 12-volt battery. This sort of battery has a price ranging from $50 to $200, but it can provide a couple of hundred recharge cycles for power consuming motors of various vehicles. Imagine how well that would work for a measly smartphone and a radio — you could get more than enough power to see you through an average-length emergency situation. Solar panels If you need an option that you can use for months at a time, solar panels do the job. Even battery powered chargers will run out of battery power at some point, and your stash may end too. So you need something to recharge them with smartly, and this is where solar panels come in. You can even recharge your marine deep cycle 12-volt battery with this sort of solar panel, or you can use it on other stuff like your charger or a radio. Because there are solar panel radios too, you know.

Besides, solar panels work to provide electricity for your whole house if you reside in a sunny region and you have big enough panels, or can at least provide sufficient energy to recharge basic gadgets like a phone, radio, GPS, and laptop.

The downsides regard the fact that they need sunshine to work, and some of them can’t wholly recharge your stuff, but they’re definitely an option to consider.

What are the real alternatives?

After taking all that into account, let’s look at some real substitutes for your basic means of communication. The truth of the matter is that even if you have a smartphone or a laptop with enough batteries to work or enough electricity provided by a backup generator or solar panels, these ways of connecting might become useless.

That might happen if the communication networks fall at a higher level, and in this case, an emergency communication system is required. Granted, it costs a bit more than your average phone but it gets the job done because it saves you a lot of hassle. Since it can convey info without delay and without interruptions or jams, it’s a lifesaver in a crisis situation. Besides, the best such systems are easy to operate even if you haven’t read all their instructions and you can also receive feedback from authorities.

So the things you can really use are: Radio waves

Of course, you would need a radio to do the trick first. And for that radio, you would also need batteries, or you could choose an emergency radio that can be recharged with included solar panels or by a hand crank.

Apart from the short wave signals that can be used to convey messages at a large scale, the weather band is also a good frequency to follow. That will give you constant updates and new, reliable information from the authorities.

But the best thing to have is a two-way radio, which you can use to communicate with your loved ones every day if they have the same system. Satellites Because satellites orbit the Earth above its atmosphere and aren’t affected by most disasters which occur on the surface of our planet, they’re the safest bet when it comes to keeping the lines of communication open. In fact, when a catastrophic earthquake rocked Haiti in 2010, satellites saved the day.

So to be prepared for a catastrophic emergency, you can invest in communications systems that use the following:

– Geostationary Satellite Systems (GEO).

– Low Earth Orbit Satellites (LEO).

GEO are employed for various services like voice or even videos, and they’re generally appropriate for public warnings during disasters. LEO are satellites that convey information at a lower speed and are easily used in almost every emergency if you have a satellite unit.

These devices come in different sizes, but only two of them can be owned by private individuals:

Satellite phones. They’re pretty cheap and easy to operate. They’re fast and you can communicate with other people, getting timely feedback.

Satellite car systems. If you need to talk while moving and get information faster even in the form of videos, you’ll need something bigger. These systems fit in a car, from where they’re handled and they’re of course more expensive.


RELATED : TOTAL BLACKOUT: HOW TO TELL IF AN EMP HAS HAPPENED


What’s the plan?

These are the main things you can use during a disaster from the point of view of communication, but it’s always a good idea to have a plan in check. That’s especially important when you’ll be trying to connect with friends and family. You want your efforts and plans to synchronize so you can easily communicate. Besides, if you have kids, having and rehearsing various emergency/ disaster plans will likewise make things run smoothly.

The main steps you should take are:

Get the necessary alerts. Everyone in your family should have access to a means of receiving information regarding possible emergencies in your area. Whether Internet, TV or radio, you need something to get alerts.

Make sure you all have the important contact info. Besides making sure all family members know each other’s phone numbers, emails, and social accounts, you should know emergency numbers for the Police, Ambulance, and Fire Department.

Work out a strategy. There are various disasters your region is more prone to. For example, some people live in an area mostly affected by tornados, while others are more concerned about earthquakes. Outline an escape route if something like this happens, and establish a pre-set meeting place in case you can’t talk to each other in the meantime.

Improve your survival skills. It’s also good to learn as much distress signals as you can, but the universal way requires giving out help signals in batches of three. It can be anything from 3 piles of rocks in the forest or 3 loud whistles. Making an “X” sign in a vast open space acts like an international help too.

Keep in touch with each other. … but only as necessary; don’t overload the network or unnecessarily use up phone batteries.

Make rehearsals Things can change, so it’s important to rehearse your plan and take into account new factors, ideas or situations that influence the original strategy.

After discussing all these forms of communication, the conclusion is that you always need to be prepared.

Modern technology might not always be our ally, and if it turns against us we should be ready to get back to the basics. Having the necessary tools is a great help, so make sure your emergency backpack includes the basic things for your communication needs in case of a disaster.


Source : secretsofsurvival.com

 

The post Emergency Communications: Nationwide Blackout, EMP, or Solar Flare “We’ve lost contact … with everyone.” appeared first on .

Fish Snares – Yo-yos, Gill Nets and Trotlines

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Everyone has heard the saying “Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach him to fish and you give him an occupation that will feed him for a lifetime.” This saying takes on more significance when you put that man in a SHTF scenario. If the world as we know it endures catastrophe and people are scrambling to feed their families, then the food animals in your region will likely be hunted out fast. Both hunted and foraged food will become scarce fairly quickly. Thankfully, since fish reproduce rapidly, there will likely continue to be high quality protein available in larger lakes, rivers, and our oceans. So, becoming proficient at using fish snares is a skill that could mean the difference between starvation and survival.

There are many different ways to catch fish. Fishing with a rod and reel is fun, but time consuming. Just like snares on land can be more productive than hunting, “fish snares” can do the fishing for you while you are doing other things. In this post we cover three different types of automatic fishing solutions: fishing yo-yos, gill nets and trotlines.

Fishing Yoyo

I had never heard of a fishing yo-yo until I was reading the Grid Down Reality Bites book series. Yo-yos are a very low cost way of fishing multiple spots, using a variety of different baits set at different depths. Each automatic fishing reel is made of galvanized steel so it will not rust. They have a spring loaded action that automatically sets the hook and reels in the line when the fish takes the bait. After catching the fish it allows the fish to pull on the line and continues to reel them in. This keeps the fish fresh and alive until you have a chance to retrieve them.

Fish Yoyo

These little mechanical fishing devices can be attached to tree branches, boat docks, the side of a boat, floats, buoys or any way that will suspend the reel a couple of inches above the water. Since they are light and small you can pack a dozen in a bug out bag easily.

Fish Yoyo on Amazon

Gill Net Fishing

What is a gill net? It’s really nothing more than a net wall, weighted at the bottom, with floats pulling the top of the net taut. Each end is attached to buoys or to the shoreline of small waterways. Fishing with a gill net is incredibly effective when they are set up properly. Unfortunately gill nets do not have a very good reputation, especially in the oceans where endangered turtles, dolphins and sharks are often snagged along with the fish the nets are intended to catch. Often very large nets are left unattended, ending up as ocean trash that kills fish needlessly. Many states ban them completely. But used as a survival gill net in a SHTF situation, you can efficiently harvest fish for food.

Gill net Drawing
Image from Michigan Sea Grant

The weight and bulk of the gill net varies depending on the length of the net and the size of the flotation devices. But you can save space for a bug out bag item by removing the floats and tying wood chunks to the top like the Native Americans did.

best glide adventurer survival gill net

Trotline Fishing

What is a trotline? It is really nothing more than a long line with a bunch of hooks on it. Obviously the construction of the line is a little more complicated. There are trotline clips with swivels on them to allow the hooks to move around a little. Then there are trotline brads attached to the main line so that the clips stay spaced properly.

Trotline Parts Pic

If you know how to run a trotline you can catch different types of fish. If you let it rest on the bottom you will catch bottom-feeding fish. Known as a catfishing trotline, these can catch a lot of large fish if left out over night. The best trotline bait for bottom feeders tends to be smelly. Use cut up fish, liver, or commercial catfish baits.

If you add floats to the line or pull the line tight between two solid structures you can raise the line off the bottom and catch a whole different type of fish.

Once you have seen a trotline, you know how to make a trotline for yourself. But unless you want to do something special you might as well buy one that is already put together. They typically come with a trotline winder and a plastic bag to keep the trotline hooks from getting caught on things. This makes it convenient to add to a bug out bag.

magic bait big catch 150 feet trotline white

If you are interested in a crab trotline, click over to Crabbing HQ for more information.

Be Careful With Fish Snares

Just like land snares there are laws and restrictions in every state and country for fish snaring. In a SHTF situation, you do what you have to do to survive. But until then, find out what laws apply in your area while you experiment and practice your snaring skills.

 

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The post Fish Snares – Yo-yos, Gill Nets and Trotlines appeared first on Surviving Prepper.

Hiding in Plain Sight – Innovative Ways to Discreetly Wear Survival Gear

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

In this article I list some of the most unique ways that some basic survival gear, weapons, and defensive tools can be disguised in items you already wear every day.

The post Hiding in Plain Sight – Innovative Ways to Discreetly Wear Survival Gear appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

4 Things to Do For Your Survival in 2017

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4 Things to Do For Your Survival in 2017 Another year has passed and, thankfully, we’re all still alive and well. Most of us, at least, because people die every day and there’s nothing we can do about it. What we can do is make sure we increase our chances of survival even further by … Continue reading 4 Things to Do For Your Survival in 2017

The post 4 Things to Do For Your Survival in 2017 appeared first on Prepper Broadcasting |Network.

Israel & The U.S.: Will We Be Blessed or Cursed?

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     If you have any knowledge of the Bible and how God feels about His inheritance, Israel, then you were as astonished as I was to hear out-going Secretary of State, John Kerry support the UN resolution against Israel: “If the choice is one-state, Israel can either be Jewish or democratic, it cannot be both and it won’t ever live in peace.”  How arrogant!  Who are we to counsel another sovereign nation on their faith and their form of government?  Oh, yeah, I forgot … we seem to have done that quite a bit in the last few decades.  But when it comes to Israel, we are playing with fire; and I mean heavenly fire!
     There is a very real and stark reality that this modern world does not comprehend, and it goes back all the way to the Tower of Babel.  Remember that in Genesis, Chapter 11, God was displeased that the peoples of the earth had come together to build a city and a tower, “with its top in the heavens”.  The Bible then tells us, So the Lord dispersed them from there [Babel/Babylon] over the face of all the earth.  But that’s not the end of the story!  Deuteronomy 32 gives us a fuller picture:  Remember the days of old …. When the Most High gave to the nations their inheritance, when He divided mankind, He fixed the borders of the peoples according to the number of the sons of God (elohim, lesser gods).  But the Lord’s portion (share) is His people, Jacob (Israel) His allotted heritage.
     Here’s the picture we need to see:  God was so angry with His creation, mankind, at the building of the Tower of Babel, that He, in essence, divided them into nations to be ruled by lesser gods.  But He kept a portion for Himself.  That allotment He called Israel — before the nation of Israel even existed! This is long before He calls Abraham out of the world, and before He establishes Jacob and his offspring as a nation unto themselves.  It has alway been His plan that there would be a nation Israel that He called His own!
     At this point, I want to make it clear that I do not think that the modern state of Israel completely fulfills the description of the people that YHWH plans to restore at the end of this Age.  But they are the Diaspora returned to their original homeland; God’s Holy Land that He has determined will be restored to the remnant of Judah.  There are many Believing Jews living in Israel right now, and I do believe Jerusalem is the eternal capital of His chosen people.  I believe the Bible when it says there will be a restoration of Israel and physical and spiritual salvation of God’s people. One can learn a lot of how God feels about this nation and this people if only one would read His Word!
     So, that is why I was dumbfounded when I heard Secretary Kerry say Israel cannot be both Jewish and democratic.  That’s how God established them in the Bible, and that’s why they can still be both today.  There is a fascinating book, written by Robert Kimball Shinkoskey, titled Democracy and the Ten Commandments: The Politics of Limited Government in the Bible.  The author does a great job of explaining how God guided Moses to set up a democratic government within the twelve tribes of Israel… “It is telling that God’s first commandment to Moses, ‘Go and gather the elders of Israel together’, later inspired the first commandment given to the entire nation at Sinai (You shall have no other gods before Me).  The priority and content of the first constitutional article was to define and empower a legislative body to rule in Israel.  The God of Israel was the originator and protector of this national legislature.

     Shinkoskey goes on to expound that God essentially receded into the background to let the people begin the work of civic policy-making.  The encouragement of God to Moses to “Go and gather” the elders of Israel essentially meant, “Go and make sure the voices of the people in every tribe, clan, and family are heard”.  They would do that by organizing themselves into governing bodies in the tribes and deciding policy for themselves.  The tribes came together from a tremendous variety of religious and political views, and they found a way to govern themselves as a nation.  In effect, they were a democratic confederation — a society that used locally elected representatives to make the laws for a people, who then agreed to live by them.  And they continued in their covenant faith with YHWH. The ultimate fate of the Biblical nation of Israel was that they would remain democratic AND Jewish.
     Now, I understand that modern secularist politicians probably don’t care what the Bible has to say about ancient Israel or any implications that may pertain to the current state of Israel.  But they do that at their own peril — and ours!  God has made it clear throughout history that those who bless His inheritance, Israel, will be blessed, and those who come against her will be cursed.
      Being at the center of regional conflict is nothing new for Israel.  Throughout her history, the nation of Israel has been the target of its neighbors’ hatred for God’s chosen people.  This has been Israel’s fate from the ancient Canaanite kings, to the Syrian/Egyptian/Greek wars, to Roman occupation, to the Jewish–Roman wars of 66–136 AD, during which the Romans expelled most of the Jews from the area and replaced the nation of Israel with the Roman province of Palestine, beginning the Jewish Diaspora. And along with all of Israel’s previous enemies, the Roman Empire was doomed to fail!  And for nearly 1850 years, the Jewish people were separated from their God-designated homeland.
     Was God’s Hand involved with the re-establishment of a homeland for the world’s Jews in 1948?  The fact that they are back in the land that God established for His people gives us pause to consider how we treat this nation.  Have they, as a nation, confessed “Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord”?  Only a minority in the modern state of Israel have made that declaration and see Jesus as their Messiah.  So, in that sense, they are still rebellious in their denial of Christ.
     But the world should not forget that YHWH made this declaration in Ezekiel 28:25-26: “This is what the Sovereign Lord says: The people of Israel will again live in their own land, the land I gave my servant Jacob. For I will gather them from the distant lands where I have scattered them. I will reveal to the nations of the world my holiness among my people. They will live safely in Israel and build their homes and plant their vineyards. And when I punish the neighboring nations that treated them with contempt, they will know that I am the Lord their God.” 
     So, as soon as I heard the discouraging words coming out of John Kerry’s mouth, I said the following prayer:  Please, God, do not judge those of us who love Israel because of the words of our leaders!  Do not hold us accountable for their actions! We recognize that Your Word says You will gather Israel and once again do a work in them that will bring them into their fulness.  We recognize that means the full number of Jews who will see Salvation in Jesus; that they will operate in their full power as a Godly nation; that they will operate in their full character as a righteous people; and that they will enter into their full purpose of world leadership.
     We acknowledge that hasn’t happened yet, and that it will occur in your timing, and only after Israel has repented for her sins and rebellion against You.  But, Father, until that glorious day, we stand by Your chosen people, Israel, as we pledge to fulfill our purpose, which is to witness to all the nations.  Lord, forgive our transgressions as a nation, and turn the hearts of our leaders back to Israel. We pledge our loyalty and allegiance to You and Your people.  And we look forward to the day You return to Jerusalem to dwell among men as you did before sin entered this world.  I ask for Your blessing, Father, for this nation of Believers and for those in Israel, who know the risen Christ. Amen.

Psalm 122:6     Pray for the peace of Jerusalem! May they be secure who love you!

17 Ways A Prepper Can Reuse Motor Oil

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survivopedia_17-ways-a-prepper-can-reuse-motor-oil

Motor oil is commonly considered a waste material, but it may become something of value to people trying to put their lives back together in a post-crisis world. People will try to scavenge whatever may be of use, and it’s understandable since it will take some time for mechanization to re-emerge with new products.

You’ll also have to deal with what you have, so learn to speak multipurpose, and don’t skip motor oil from this equation. So here’s how to reuse motor oil regardless of whether there is a major crisis to deal with or not.

Where to Find Used Motor Oil

Right now, used motor oil is more of a nuisance than something else you might consider valuable in the post crisis world.

For the most part, mechanic shops and recycling facilities will be the first places to go for used motor oil, but you should also consider:

  • Abandoned cars – any car that has been abandoned may still have motor oil in the bottom pan. While you are scavenging, don’t forget to look for other things that may be of value such as wire, springs, and anything else that can be reused.
  • Abandoned home garages – even though many people take their car to a shop for basic maintenance, just about everyone has a quart or two of used motor oil hanging around in the garage.
  • Junk yards – no matter whether the junk yard caters to cars or other kinds of abandoned equipment, you are likely to find motor oil in many different places.  As with any other abandoned car, you are sure to find any number of useful items once you start looking around.
  • Trash piles, back yards, or rubbish storage sites – aside from looking for used motor oil stored in containers, be on the lookout for oil filters that appear to be intact.  If the filter does not have a hole punched through the top of the dome, there is a good chance that some motor oil can be found inside the filter.  To release, the oil, simply punch a hole in the top of the filter, and let the oil escape from the bottom into a clean container.

Read This BEFORE Reusing Motor Oil

While used motor oil is a common part of daily life, that does not mean it can be handled without precautions, and here are a few of them.

  • At a minimum, wear latex or rubber gloves. Aside from tiny bits of metal, reused motor oil also contains all kinds of chemicals that can cause rashes, dizziness, nausea, or other ailments if they get absorbed by your skin.  It is best to use oil resistant gloves, or ones that are rated for use with a wide range of toxic chemicals.
  • Oil resistant garments – any kind of spill can allow oil to get through your clothing and into contact with your skin. It does not matter if this contact occurs on your face, neck, hands, or other body parts. The toxins from the oil can still get past your skin and wreak havoc.
  • Oil resistant shoes or boots – make sure that the soles are also oil resistant.
  • If you don’t handle motor oil very often, it may not make much sense to wear a mask. On the other hand, if you are going to repurpose motor oil, then the amount of exposure might be enough to irritate or harm your lungs. Therefore, get a breathing mask or respirator that will filter out any harmful agents that might be found in the motor oil.

17 Uses to Keep in Mind

And finally, here’s how to use the motor oil instead of throwing it away.

1. Mix with Creosote to Weatherize Wood

Even though many people have used plain motor oil to preserve wood over the years, it is best to mix it with some creosote in order to avoid dry rot. You will also find that used motor oil can make a very slick surface.

While this may be ok for fence posts, it can pose problems for floors or other areas where you need some traction.

Video first seen on Anlex Garden Centre

2. Protect Wood From Insects and Animals

When people think about protecting wood from the elements, they are usually most concerned with water and dampness. Insects and animals can also wreak havoc on wood and cause it to be destroyed very quickly.

In particular, if you have a homestead or farm with horses or other large animals, they might want to chew on wooden posts or other objects.  Motor oil mixed into creosote will create a taste these animals do not like; and thus deter them from chewing on the wood.

3. Mix With Diesel to Make Penetrating Oil

If you are plagued by corroded or stuck bolts, screws, or other fasteners, then you may be well accustomed to using penetrating oil to try and loosen them up. While you may already have a few cans of good quality oil in your stockpile, the need for penetrating oil will never end as long as there are metal fasteners to contend with.

If you have some diesel and used motor oil, you can mix them together to make penetrating oil. Give this a try now to see how it works when compared to other formulas. Knowing when and how to use this replacement can help reduce the need to draw from your stockpile as well as enable you to innovate during an actual crisis.

4. Burn as Fuel

When you have nothing else for fuel, used motor oil can be burned to provide heat.

But used motor oil has many contaminants in it that can be toxic when burned and then released in the air. You will be better served by burning used motor oil outdoors.

Aside from reducing the smell of burning fumes in your home, tent, or other enclosure, you will also avoid deposits of toxins on the walls and ceilings.

5. Make a Torch

As plentiful as flashlights and batteries might be right now, that can all change faster than you realize. If you find yourself in a situation where you only have motor oil, some rags, and a wooden stick on hand, you can still make a torch that will produce light and heat.

Just remember to use the torch in a well ventilated area so that the fumes from it do not make you sick.

Video first seen on Jennies Garage

6. Prevent Attackers from Scaling a Wall

There is no question that many people wind up thinking about high tech or “modern” solutions when it comes to protecting their home from invaders. On the other hand, sometimes the simplest and cheapest answers may be found in items such as used motor oil.

For example, if you want to keep attackers from scaling a fence, or even climbing up to the roof of your home, just pour used motor oil on the walls.

If you are fortunate enough to have stone walls far enough away from your home, you can also set the oil on fire and make the invaders even more uncomfortable.

7. Fireballs for a Siege Engine

It is fair to say if you have a few acres of land, eventually you will become a target for roaming gangs of thugs and others that will want to take what you have. When it comes to military grade fortifications or weapons to strike attackers, you may find it difficult or impossible to get useful systems for your property.

Siege engines, on the other hand, have been used successfully for centuries as attack and perimeter defense devices. You can do some research on siege engines construction plans and make your own with relatively few problems.

If you need to stave off attackers, you can simply lob fireballs fueled by used motor oil at the attackers and have a reasonable chance of stopping them in their tracks.

Dead Simple Trick Brings Any Battery Back To Life (Never Buy Batteries Again)

8. Kill Mange, Mites, and Fleas

If you have pets, then you have probably also encountered flea infestations. Chances are, you have also felt quite helpless when your pets developed allergies to modern flea medications, or worse yet, got very sick from them.  Surprisingly enough, motor oil can be used to get rid of fleas, mites, and mange.

Just be sure to wash it off thoroughly and use with caution.  Motor oil can be used both in a crisis and in these times if you have no other remedy available for these problems.

9. Keep Hand Tools Clean and Rust Free

Hand saws, drills, and many other hand tools require cleaning and oiling in order to keep them in the best possible condition. No matter how much lubricating oil you keep on hand, chances are your stock pile will run out long before your hand tools need to be discarded.

You can always try used motor oil to keep your tools free of dirt and rust.

10. Filter and Reuse as a Lubricant

Once motor oil is too dirty for use in an auto engine, there is no point to trying to filter it and reuse it for that purpose. There are still many other devices that build up less heat or have less stringent tolerances between parts that may still benefit from used motor oil as a lubricant.

Just be sure to filter out the oil so that you remove as much debris as possible.

When using discarded motor oil as a lubricant, it is also important to bear in mind that the oil itself may have broken down a good bit from heat generated by the engine.

Even if you filter the oil, it will not alleviate this problem.

You may need to change the oil more often, or pay more attention to device operation in order to avoid the kinds of damage that would normally be avoided by using oil as a lubricant.

11. Mix With Gas to Run Tractors

Unlike motor vehicles, older style tractors can run on a surprising number of different fuels without being damaged.  In this case, you can stretch fuel reserves for your tractor by adding some motor oil. You may be well served by filtering out the oil so that stray bits of metal or other contaminants do not damage the tractor engine.

Since every tractor is a bit different, you should start off with small amounts of oil and then see how the engine performs.  The last thing you will want to do is add too much oil and wind up with a seized engine.

12. Start a  Fire

Rainy weather, damp wood, and other conditions require something a bit more than a match to ignite.  A little bit of used motor oil can help you start and maintain a fire in just about any situation.

Video first seen on sixtyfiveford

13. Kill Mosquitoes in Stagnant Water

The vast majority of preppers already suspect that insects such as mosquitoes will multiply beyond belief when a social collapse occurs. While these insects do play a role in nature, they still spread enormous amounts of disease and wreak havoc among humans.

You can use discarded motor oil to seal off stagnant water and kill off mosquito eggs before they have a chance to hatch. When using motor oil for this purpose, remember that even small amounts can contaminate large amounts of water and the ground that the water seeps into.

If you must use motor oil on stagnant water, make sure that the water is fully contained and cannot get into the ground or some other source of water.

Do not be surprised if you find that it is easier to simply dump out or drain stagnant pools of water as opposed to trying to treat them with used motor oil.

14. Use With Steel Wool to Remove Rust

If you are scavenging for all kinds of metal items, you’re also very likely to find that possible replacements for needed items have a good bit of rust on them.

Rather than discard these items on sight, you can use motor oil and steel wool to clean the items up a bit. Needless to say, if you have items in your stockpile with rust on them, you can also use this method to remove the rust and restore them to good order.

15. Soften or Clean Leather Boots

Unless you have a stockpile full of shoes and boots made from synthetic materials, it is likely that you will need to use leather conditioners to keep footwear in good condition. You will also wind up making shoes from leather that must also be kept clean and soft.

Using discarded motor oil for this purpose will work well enough now as well as in a crisis situation.

16. Temper Steel

It is fair to say that the art and science of forging metals into knives and other useful items can be very complex. If you study metallurgy carefully, however you will find that the tools and materials required are not especially difficult to build and maintain.

In this case, if you want to temper or harden steel, you can dip the item in used motor oil to cool or “quench” it from the red hot stage down to black.

17. Attract Wild Hogs

Individuals that believe they can live off the land after a social collapse occurs are apt to find they need to expand their list of edible plants and animals. In this case, you can draw wild hogs to you by leaving some used motor oil around. As may be expected, you should be well prepared to kill the hogs and remain safe while you are attempting to take them for food.

Used motor oil is one of those materials that you may believe is useless now, and probably serves no purpose in a crisis situation. If you look at the basic properties of used motor oil, you will soon realize that it can be effectively used for heat, home defense, and even keeping tools in good condition.

Rather than throw away this valuable resource, go ahead and store some away for future use, or make a list of places where you can obtain used motor oil in time of need. And keep these tips in mind, they might save you one day!

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This article has been written by Carmela Tyrell for Survivopedia. 

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The Winchester ’94: Take Your Hunt to the Next Level

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deer-huntReadyNutrition Guys and Gals, we wrote one not long ago on basics of hunting, and now I’m going to recommend to you an excellent rifle.  The Winchester Model 1894 (called the Winnie ’94) is an outstanding lever-action rifle in 30-30 caliber.  It is compact (technically a carbine, which is a rifle with an 18 – 20-inch barrel), and is, in this author’s opinion the finest brush gun for stalking deer.  The rifle was designed by none other than John M. Browning and (as its name suggests) began to be produced in 1894.  Browning is famous for designing the .45 ACP (Automatic Colt Pistol) model 1911.

hunting-rifleWinchester ceased production of them when the New Haven, CT plant closed down; however, they are still readily available throughout the U.S.  The Winnie ’94 is a very nice weapon, and other firms also make lever-action models in the 30-30 caliber, such as Marlin, Savage, and Sako.  I prefer the Winnie ’94 over all of the rest, and it has (in my experience) only one drawback: as it ejects spent casings from the top, a scope must be side-tapped to be mounted.  Marlins eject from the right side and can be mounted on top with a scope.

The 30-30 round is a pretty powerful round, and is more than enough muscle to put down a large deer.  The bullets come in 150 grains jacketed round-noses, as well as the larger 170 grain jacketed flat tips that have a lot of stopping power, and are sufficient for whitetail and mule deer, as well as elk and antelope.  The 150 grain bullets have a velocity on average of about 2,000 fps (feet per second), and the 170 grain bullets run about 1,875 fps on average…a tad bit slower, as it is a heavier round.

From a ballistics perspective, a high-velocity round is not the answer to all of your challenges.  Flat-tip bullets tend to spread out and increase the diameter of the round upon impact, whereas round-tips are better for deeper penetration.  The shot also has a large bearing on it, as your primary target is either the head or low and just behind the shoulder.

The rifle has a tubular magazine that holds up to eight rounds.  The finger lever (that “loop” on the lever) has a safety that must be squeezed in order to fire, and a pop-in safety is located up by the trigger mechanism that will prevent the hammer from making contact with the primer.  As I mentioned earlier, the rifle is excellent for stalking and walking through brush, as being shorter (a carbine) it is easier to manage in areas with heavy sapling and ground cover, as well as thorns and other niceties that impede travel.

I prefer iron sights, as you are usually going to have a shot within 50 feet if you’re busting brush.  This is not to say it cannot be used in a stand, but it is optimal if you’re walking game trails or negotiating terrain with any kind of underbrush.  The 30-30 cartridge is quoted by Lyman’s reloading manual in the following glowing terms:

 “Probably no other cartridge in North America has put as much venison on the table as the venerable old “thirty-thirty.”

The cartridges can be reloaded simply and at an affordable price.  The Winnie ’94 doesn’t kick excessively and is not prone to jamming or any kind of feeding problems.  Most do not come tapped for a sling, so you may have to mount your swivels or have it done.  You can also pick up a nice elastic-type of cartridge holder that will slide snugly onto the stock for extra rounds as you hunt.  It is a really nice piece and a pleasure to shoot.  Another tip: although there are lighter rounds you can target shoot with, be sure to target shoot with the actual sized rounds you plan on hunting with.  In this manner, you’ll be able to iron out any variables that may come with your switching ammo types.  So, try out that Winchester Mod. ‘94, and I believe you’ll be pleasantly surprised at just how nice it fires and how dependable it is for a hunting rifle.  Keep your powder dry and be safe at all times!  JJ out!

Jeremiah Johnson is the Nom de plume of a retired Green Beret of the United States Army Special Forces (Airborne). Mr. Johnson was a Special Forces Medic, EMT and ACLS-certified, with comprehensive training in wilderness survival, rescue, and patient-extraction. He is a Certified Master Herbalist and a graduate of the Global College of Natural Medicine of Santa Ana, CA. A graduate of the U.S. Army’s survival course of SERE school (Survival Evasion Resistance Escape), Mr. Johnson also successfully completed the Montana Master Food Preserver Course for home-canning, smoking, and dehydrating foods.

Mr. Johnson dries and tinctures a wide variety of medicinal herbs taken by wild crafting and cultivation, in addition to preserving and canning his own food. An expert in land navigation, survival, mountaineering, and parachuting as trained by the United States Army, Mr. Johnson is an ardent advocate for preparedness, self-sufficiency, and long-term disaster sustainability for families. He and his wife survived Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath. Cross-trained as a Special Forces Engineer, he is an expert in supply, logistics, transport, and long-term storage of perishable materials, having incorporated many of these techniques plus some unique innovations in his own homestead.

Mr. Johnson brings practical, tested experience firmly rooted in formal education to his writings and to our team. He and his wife live in a cabin in the mountains of Western Montana with their three cats.

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition

Pizzagate Fake News or Real Cover-Up?

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by Isabella

Prior the alleged shooting at Comet Pizza in Washington DC on dec 5th 2016, the mainstream media was doing everything it could to avoid any mention of the so-called “fake news” scandal that Wikileaks released a few weeks before called Pizzagate.  In fact, if you went on to CNN’s website and performed a search for the term “Pizzagate,” you would only come up with some obscure and asinine articles about how the mayor of New York once ate pizza with a fork.

However, if you were to search social media or YouTube, especially prior to Facebook and Reddit censoring the results, you would find that there is a disturbing conspiracy theory about a child sex ring involving high-level members of the Democratic party centering around Hillary Clinton’s campaign manager, former Chief of Staff to Bill Clinton, and councelor to Barak Obama, Mr. John Podesta, President Obama himself, and a pizza parlor in Washington DC called Comet Ping Pong Pizza.  I say “disturbing” not only because it involves child sex slaves, but also because there is an overwhelming about of circumstantial evidence to support this conspiracy theory.

However naturally, this is not according to the mainstream media.

So, let’s take a look at this in reverse.  What happened on Sunday the 4th of December at Comet Pizza in DC, and what is the media saying about it?

Allegedly, and I say “allegedly” not only cause the accused gunman hasn’t been convicted yet, but because the mainstream media loves to use the word “allegedly” whenever they deny the validity of a claim, on Sunday the 4th, Edgar Maddison Welch, a man from North Carolina, went into Comet Pizza and pointed a rifle at an employee.  He (allegedly) said that he was there to conduct an investigation.  He (allegedly) fired multiple shots into the ground, no one was hurt.  Twenty eight-year-old Welch surrendered to law enforcement and was charged with assault with a deadly weapon.

Why did Welch do this, according to the mainstream narrative?  Because of “right-wing” blogs spreading “groundless theories” about a child sex trade ring that involved, among others, the restaurant owner of Comet Ping Pong Pizza, James Alefantis.

No word on the results of Welch’s investigation.  Just that the right-wing conspiracy theory that caused all of this is totally without merit and spread by white supremacists.

So, is it this supposedly completely groundless right-wing conspiracy theory that caused Welch to storm the pizza parlor with a semi-automatic weapon?  Where did it all come from in the first place?

Depending on who you get your information from, the theory can get rather complicated. It is after all, whether you believe it to have any merit or not, definitely still just a theory.

The basic theory is this: that DC power players like Alefantis, the Podesta brothers, and even president Obama are involved, to various degrees, in the kidnapping, trafficking, molestation, rape, and possible killing of children.  There are more complexities (including some that are so unbelievable I’m only going to briefly touch on them later), but that’s the basic accusation.

So, where did it come from?

Most of it comes from the cryptic and creepy content of John Podesta’s emails that were obtained, then released by Wikileaks.org.  As I mentioned, Podesta is the former chairman of the 2016 Hillary Clinton presidential campaign. He previously served as chief of staff to President Bill Clinton (an accused rapist himself) and counselor to President Barack Obama.  After tens of thousands of his emails were made public, people on the web began pouring over them looking for evidence of political corruption.  They found that of course, but what they also found was what seemed to be a code involving food.  Before we look at the emails themselves, the code is theorized to go something like this…

Pizza = Girl

Hotdog = Boy

Cheese = Little girl

Pasta = Little boy

Map = semen

Dominos = BDSM sex

There is more, but that is enough to get us started.  Now let’s take a look at a just a few of the suspicious emails. 

On Thursday, December 24, 2015, Sandler, Herbert <hms@sandlerfoundation.org> wrote:

Mary and John

I think you should give notice when changing strategies which have been long in place. I immediately realized something was different by the shape of the box and I contemplated who would be sending me something in the square shaped box. Lo and behold, instead of pasta and wonderful sauces, it was a lovely, tempting assortment of cheeses, Yummy. I am awaiting the return of my children and grandchildren from their holiday travels so that we can demolish them. Thank you so much. I hope you and your gang are well. I miss you both Best wishes fro a merry Christmas and Happy New Year.

Herb

Ps. Do you think I’ll do better playing dominos on cheese than on pasta?

It doesn’t make much sense that someone would want “notice” about the shape of the box food was sent to them in.  If we look at this email with the alleged code in mind, if you can stomach it, we notice that the email takes on a whole new meaning, especially the post script section which doesn’t make any sense the way it is written.

So that’s Podesta, now on to Obama himself.

https://wikileaks.org/gifiles/docs/12/1223066_re-get-ready-for-chicago-hot-dog-friday-.html

From: Fred Burton [mailto:burton@stratfor.com]

Sent: Thursday, May 14, 2009 2:39 PM

To: ‘Don Kuykendall’

Cc: ‘Aaric Eisenstein’; ‘Darryl O’Connor’; ‘Copeland Susan’

Subject: RE: Get ready for “Chicago Hot Dog Friday”

I think Obama spent about $65,000 of the tax-payers money flying in

pizza/dogs from Chicago for a private party at the White House not long

ago, assume we are using the same channels?

$65,000 for pizza and hotdogs?  Forget the misuse of tax dollars for a second and just think about how many hotdogs and pizzas that would be, why on earth they would come from Chicago, and why wouldn’t they eat something a little more refined if you are going to throw that kind of cash around?  And I don’t know about you, but when I order pizza with my friends I don’t ask them if they want to “use the same channels”, that’s not really pizza ordering language that I’m familiar with.  Once again, the meaning of the email takes on more significance when read with the suspected code.

There are more of these emails, some of which have reasonable explanations, others are equally creepy  when looked at through the lens of the alleged code, and make no sense what so ever the way they are written.  But is that it?  Those emails are certainly weird, but not exactly reason to storm a pizza place with a deadly weapon, right?  So, what else are these right-wing, white supremacists spreading around the internet in regards to these fine upstanding Democrats?

Well, it is more circumstantial evidence, but the potential implications definitely don’t get any less creepy.

I’m not exactly sure who first noticed this, but John Podesta and his brother Tony Podesta (an American lobbyist best known for founding the Podesta Group and being totally creepy) look just like the police sketches of the suspects in the disappearance of Madeleine McCain.  Remember, back in May of 2007 a little girl from the UK went missing while on holiday with her family in Portugal?  It was all over the news in the States.

Her parents were suspects for a short period of time, then cleared, and the police released two sketches of the suspects based on descriptions given by witnesses.

But what else do we know about either of these two that might give cause for suspicion?  To being with, Tony Podesta has a sick taste in “art,” that includes decapitated statues posed in positions that bare an eerie similarity to pictures that Jeffery Dommer (a pedophile cannibal serial killer) took of the mutilated corpses of some of his victims, as well as paintings of dead looking children laying in shallow water, and for reasons unknown, he has stuffed animals and toys throughout his creepy home despite his not having any children.

Could you imagine if Trump had something like this in the lobby of the Trump Tower, what would the leftist media say about it? How on earth could you possibly justify having any of these in your home?  This is absolutely sick.

Evidence like this, as circumstantial as it is, is disgusting and maddening.  To think of someone victimizing an innocent child evokes a response of either sickness or rage in any morally healthy person.  Unfortunately, it also leads to overenthusiastic acceptance of other, not so verifiable evidence that supports the theory, a sort of chain reaction in the mind.  When you are able to connect the dots between what seem to be coded emails, police sketches, and pedophilia “art”, the understandable anger it arouses in you makes it a little too easy to start accepting as fact other claims and accusations made against these people.

So unwittingly, many people are spreading what is quite possibly “fake news” about Pizzagate all over the internet.  This isn’t making it any easier to draw critical attention to the issue or have an intelligent conversation about it.  Most of the dubious information comes from what is allegedly James Alefantis’ formerly public Instagram account, which has now gone private.

It includes pictures of children taped to a table, pictures of children with sexually suggestive or even sexually overt hashtags, and disturbing “art” that graphically depicts what is unquestionably child rape.  The problem is, there is absolutely no way of verifying whether any of these images were actually from Alefantis’ Instagram.  Casting further doubt on this information is that many who spread the images of the pedophile “art” attribute it to being in Comet Ping Pong, for which there is no evidence.

The result of such dubious information being associated with Pizzagate is that it clouds that waters, so that when you research “Pizzagate pedophile art”, along with the creepy art done by people who have performed at Comet Ping Pong and the horrors that hang on the wall of the Podesta home, you will find images of paintings done by Ria Pratt.

But as far as I can tell, there is no connection that can be reasonably drawn between Pratt (Pratt is not the artist’s real name, she suffers from Disassociate Identity Disorder from childhood trauma, the paintings depict what she was subjected to) and Pizzagate.  All of this gives fuel to the “fake news” accusations leveled towards those that spread information about pizza gate to raise awareness about the legitimate crimes that may have been committed.

So, does the mainstream media address this in the way I just did, drawing a distinction between the evidence that can be found in the verifiable Podesta emails versus the alleged former Instagram images?  Not as far as I can tell.  All I have seen is a general “nothing to see here folks” or even the “you’re not a retard or racist, are you?  Then you must agree that Pizzagate is fake news”.

The media is behaving as though it is completely unreasonable to even suggest that people like the Podesta brothers and Obama, along with the rest of those incriminated in the emails, could ever do such a thing.  And for many people out there, that doesn’t raise an alarm.  But for those that don’t know, this isn’t the first time accusations like this have come out against people in high places.

In June of 1989, the Washington Times reported that aides in the Carter, Raegan, and Bush administration were under investigation for using a “call boy” service.  Some of the “boys” were given mid-night tours of the White House.  Nothing serious resulted from the investigation.

The “Boy’s Town incident” or the “Franklin child sex ring allegations” took place between 1988 and 1991.  Prominent politicians and celebrities were named as those that paid for the service of forced underage prostitutes.  There were no convictions, unless you count the perjury convictions for those that brought the accusations.

The McMartin preschool trial was the longest and most costly trial in American history.  It centered around a family run day care facility in California were children alleged that they were forced into prostitution for celebrities and politicians.  The incident went on from 1983 to 1990 and ended in no convictions.  This despite three-time regional FBI director Ted Gunderson stating that he found the tunnels under the day care, tunnels that the children said they were taken out through, this was independently confirmed by professional geologists and archeologists. Once again, no convictions.

Other than the blanket label of “fake” applied to all these incidents, the high profile of the alleged perpetrators, and the lack of convictions, can you guess what commonality they all share?  Accusations of Satan worship.  That’s right, if it wasn’t weird enough already, these people have all been accused not only of raping children, but sacrificing them to the devil.

So while it would not be unreasonable to say that belief in the child sex trafficking accusations brought up by the Franklin child sex ring allegations, the McMartin preschool allegations, and now Pizzagate, would qualify as a conspiracy theory, since it is a theory that multiple people conspired to victimize these children and to cover the evidence there of, it would be just as true to say that it is a conspiracy theory to suggest that multiple people who have no relation to each other, often then alleged victims including preschool aged children but also including former federal agents and professionals, have concocted fallacious stories about child sex rings and Satanic sacrifice involving politicians.   But which one of those seems more far-fetched?

Sure, small children do make some things up sometimes, but do most three-year-olds come home from school with stories of scoring a questionable number of goals during soccer, or do they come home with stories of being taken out in tunnels and flown to an airstrip in the mountains to be prostituted to the politicians they should only know through the TV while being forced to take part in Satanic rituals involving child sacrifice? That does not sound like your run-of-the-mill exaggerated child’s story.

Sometimes we don’t have all the facts, sometimes theories and circumstantial evidence is all we have.  But we have to choose the most reasonable of those theories to belief if we want to consider ourselves rational people.  So, when you look at the evidence of pizza gate, bring along your skepticism, for the validity of the evidence, and for those that dismiss it, and come to your own conclusions based on reason and all the facts that you do have.

Researching the Harvest Right Home Freeze Dryer

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Stainless steel finish machine shown is more expensive than the brighter colored models.

            Of late, there have been a number of commercials for a remarkable home freeze dryer.
Harvest Right is marketing in fairly large number of colors and varieties, a kitchen appliance which looks a lot like a small dryer which actually freeze dries food. Once freeze dried and packaged as per their directions, many foods will last 25 years.  (Jams and many sugary concoctions will not, although ice cream certainly will.) Even lasagna freeze dries well.  Freeze drying does preserve nutrition, appearance and shelf life of food that either you have grown yourself, or made yourself, or of food you were able to buy on sale. Since this saves you buying freeze dried food in cans, then we should examine this possibility.  Freeze drying is also superior to simple dehydration, because dehydrated food has much less shelf life, (and also because simple dehydration often requires additives including more salt.) Freeze drying also helps to cut down on the waste of food. You need only take out and use what you actually need or will eat.  Sometimes, you will wish to add water to rehydrate freeze dried food as in lasagna. Other times, you might actually want to eat the food in the freeze dried state, such as banana slices, raspberries, apple slices, strawberry slices, etc.  I like freeze dried strawberries in cereal, particularly in oat meal and I don’t usually work to rehydrate the fruit first.

          The pros of having such an appliance is that it will cut down on your need to buy precanned freeze dried food which could represent a substantial cost savings. Having one of these appliances could allow you to preserve almost 100% of the food you grow that you might not consume at harvest. It cuts down on the amount of canning you may need to do.  It might allow you to provide freeze dried emergency food to other family members.  It may allow you to mix together your own entrees for later use. It may allow you to formulate specialty entrees, such as gluten free, low salt or low sugar meals.  Someone at a preparedness show allowed me to taste the low calorie cashew chicken with peas and rice they had freeze dried and reconstituted, and it was excellent.  It does fruits and vegetables, like green peppers, and the fruits I mentioned exceptionally well. It does an exceptional job with hamburgers. You could actually mix fresh spinach and onion in your patties and freeze dry them for later use.

         The negatives of having the machine are as follows: The initial expense is between two and three thousand dollars. Although there are some smaller versions of this device, many families would need to look hard to find kitchen or home space for an appliance of the larger size. The device can freeze dry only about a quart of food at once, and this takes time. A cycle can take 24-36 hours.  Sometimes, the machine freezes and requires being defrosted with a hair dryer. Because you are running a freezer, a heater and a vacuum pump then the net result is heat so the device will need to be located somewhere where heat dissipation is possible, and this might not be fun in summer.   You might notice a slight increase in your electricity bill. Some users think that the device costs about a dollar per pound of food freeze dried.  Lastly, there is a rather expensive oil which must be changed in the device periodically. Some of the oil should actually be drained each time the unit is used, and some of it must be replaced. It also requires pump power flushing periodically. The machine is also noisy. A few customers have reported problems with their machine but generally the customer service to the company is said to be good.  My general impression is that a well informed, curious, diligent, and mechanical family is the most trouble free user of this device.

      The best information on the web about this machine is:

http://commonsensehome.com/home-freeze-drying/


         I do not yet own one of these machines but I am very interested in those who do, and I have been talking to a lot of people who do own the machine.
              

                

Buying a GPS After The Holidays

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The post Holiday Season is a great time to start looking for a new GPS.  There will be sales over the next few weeks.  Manufactures are offering discounts and coupons can be found on line.  Search the Internet for sales promotions and the ads in the Sunday paper.  I will occasionally use www.walmart.com to establish a price baseline.  Take a look at www.gpscity.com too.

Be careful when using “Craig’s List.”


Some models with good discounts could very well be out of production units and discontinued.  Evaluate what your needs are and if the price is right and the receiver fits all your requirements, then you are set.


One web site to take a look at is www.GPStracklog.com.  GPStracklog.com is packed with information on what’s new and happening in the world of GPS.  Importantly, at the top of the page, click on “buyers guide” and then select the category that fits your requirements (e.g., auto, outdoors, etc.)


I think the recommendations provided are spot on the mark.


What would I avoid? I am very cautious when buying used GPS or one that has been refurbished.


I want a model that allows me to:


Start New Year with a New Family Budget

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Do you need a family budget that works for you this year? I can see you squirming. You’re not the only one. For singles, creating a budget is relatively easy. They tend to have a good handle on how much money they have coming in, and when tracking expenses, they only have their own to think about. Of course singles can overspend, too, but it’s at least a bit simpler to see where the income and outgo are. But creating a family budget is a whole new ball game. Most families have multiple sources of income, so it’s not as