ReadyNutrition Readers, this piece covers some of the basic fundamentals on road marching. Yes, this is a typical military exercise, but it has several applications for you in terms of preparations and in training. Road marches can be both physically demanding and challenging. They should not be attempted without proper preparation, and if you have any underlying health conditions, consult with your doctor prior to doing them.
As I have mentioned in previous articles, I prefer the large-frame Alice Pack of the US Army, the one I have been using for many decades, now. It is both sturdy and affordable, and can meet a person’s needs from a training and a survival perspective. That mentioned, it is up to you to find one that feels both comfortable and offers you the support you need to be able to move on the road or cross-country with weight on your back.
Don’t road march cold: you need to take the time to do some light calisthenics to warm your muscles up prior to the physical exertion. The weight you will tote with you will vary according to your abilities and physical condition, as well as the needs of the exercise. It is a training event: you need to keep it as such and hold it in that regard. You need proper footgear and comfortable clothing, as well as a water supply. You need to prepare for it the night before, with a good meal and plenty of rest and fluids prior to your start.
Your stretches can include (but not be limited to) the side-straddle hop (referred to as “jumping jacks,”) as well as half-squats, squats, hamstring and calf stretches, and so forth. I prefer boots to support my ankles, although I have seen many people using tennis shoes and hiking shoes. Whatever your preference, as long as it gives your arch the support it needs.
Start out small, with a lighter amount of weight. That will be on you to gauge. Start by doing a mile, and then work your way up. A good conservative plan for a road marching “schedule” can be one per week with lighter weights and shorter distances. As you “work your way up” you’ll want to make the road marches less frequent. The reason being is you don’t want to damage yourself with a potential stress fracture or a hairline fracture from continuously pounding the pavement with your feet and heavy weight on the shoulders. Shin splints are a common occurrence over time, as well.
Medically, they’re referred to as MTSS (medial tibial stress syndrome), and are pains within the connective muscle and tissue surrounding your knee and the outside of your tibia. It is a chronic “dull” aching feeling that arises in about 15 to 20% of people who run, walk, or (in this case) march long distances. Ice packs and rest can enable you to recover in a short period of time. For any question of it, consult with your physician if the problem persists.
The road marches will strengthen your legs and back, and also develop your cardiovascular capabilities. You should time every one of them, and attempt gains each time you undertake a march. Gains would take the form of quicker times, or more weight carried. You have to do it gradually. Eventually, your end goal is to carry what you normally would in a rucksack if the SHTF and you were out in the woods. Cross-country is markedly different from doing it on the side of the road due to the uneven terrain as well as other factors, such as water, thick vegetation, an abundance of rocks, etc.
Weather is also a factor, and in the warmer months great care must be taken to ensure you don’t dehydrate yourself. Remember: thirst is a late sign of dehydration, and means you’re already depleted when you feel thirsty. It would also be good to undertake these marches with a partner, so that if an emergency arises you have someone with you to rely upon for first aid or to go for help.
Your endurance will improve with time, and it also takes adjustment for your feet to become accustomed to both your pace and the work. It is an excellent lower-body exercise that still manages to work your upper body. It requires discipline, determination, and preparation to accomplish. Eventually you will see results, and can road march 2 to 4 times per month successfully as part of your physical regimen.
Remember to take account of the water you will carry when you initially weigh your rucksack. You can pick up a good fishing and game scale that will enable you to find out exactly how much you tote. Try it out. It is cost effective and will give you some good results. Happy rucking! JJ out!
Jeremiah Johnson is the Nom de plume of a retired Green Beret of the United States Army Special Forces (Airborne). Mr. Johnson was a Special Forces Medic, EMT and ACLS-certified, with comprehensive training in wilderness survival, rescue, and patient-extraction. He is a Certified Master Herbalist and a graduate of the Global College of Natural Medicine of Santa Ana, CA. A graduate of the U.S. Army’s survival course of SERE school (Survival Evasion Resistance Escape), Mr. Johnson also successfully completed the Montana Master Food Preserver Course for home-canning, smoking, and dehydrating foods.
Mr. Johnson dries and tinctures a wide variety of medicinal herbs taken by wild crafting and cultivation, in addition to preserving and canning his own food. An expert in land navigation, survival, mountaineering, and parachuting as trained by the United States Army, Mr. Johnson is an ardent advocate for preparedness, self-sufficiency, and long-term disaster sustainability for families. He and his wife survived Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath. Cross-trained as a Special Forces Engineer, he is an expert in supply, logistics, transport, and long-term storage of perishable materials, having incorporated many of these techniques plus some unique innovations in his own homestead.
Mr. Johnson brings practical, tested experience firmly rooted in formal education to his writings and to our team. He and his wife live in a cabin in the mountains of Western Montana with their three cats.
This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition