The One Shotgun That Passed The U.S. Military’s Torture Test

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The One Shotgun That Passed The U.S. Military’s Torture Test

Image source: MossbergOwners.com

If the average gun owner is asked what the most important weapon to own for home defense is, the answer often is the 12-gauge shotgun. Yes, some will say go with a pistol and others will prefer a semi-automatic rifle, but the 12 gauge is probably the most commonly recommended firearm for home defense.

There’s good reason for that. Twelve gauge 00 buckshot or any other kind of defensive load is devastating at close range and will incapacitate the attacker, likely with only a single shot. The pump-action shotgun itself is a very rugged, reliable and simple weapon that practically anybody can pick up and quickly learn how to use.

Many will claim that the pump-action design is now outdated in the age of automatic rifles such as the AR-15 or AK-47, and indeed, there are some very high-quality semi-automatic shotguns out there. That said, semi-auto shotguns (at least the quality ones) almost always tend to be more expensive than pump actions, and they also can be just a little more finicky with certain types of ammo. For those reasons, the pump action is still an excellent defensive weapon even in the 21st century and likely will continue to be for many years to come.

Be Prepared. Learn The Best Ways To Hide Your Guns.

The next question then is: What is the absolute best 12-gauge pump-action shotgun for home defense? Well, if you knew that there was only one pump shotgun that has passed the U.S. military’s brutal and unforgiving torture test, you would probably agree that that shotgun would be a top contender, right?

The specific shotgun is the Mossberg 590A1, a further development of the hugely successful Mossberg 500 and 590 series of shotguns. The 590A1 incorporates all of the same features of the 590 and then makes several improvements of its own. The overall weapon itself is insanely rugged and durable.

Why It’s So Rugged

First of all, let’s become familiar with how the Mossberg 500 series of shotguns work. The 500/590 is a very basic pump shotgun that features a polymer safety, trigger guard, and blued barrels (that are easily interchangeable). The safeties of Mossberg 500s are ambidextrous and located behind the receiver, while the slide release lever is located behind the trigger guard for convenience.

Right off the bat, the 590A1 uses more durable materials than the 500 and 590. All of the parts of the gun are constructed out of aluminum (trigger guard, safety, slide release lever, etc.). Furthermore, the 590A1 also uses a heavier durable barrel that is intended to better take abuse, as well.

The overall finish of the 590A1 is parkerized, which is rust- and corrosion-resistant in contrast to the standard bluing of the 500 or 590 that will require constant care and attention. In other words, the 590A1 is a shotgun you can take out in wet environments and not have to worry as much about.

Granted, 500 and 590 models called the Mariner are made in a corrosion-resistant stainless steel finish (called Marinecote), but these specific models tend to be significantly more expensive.

Additional notable features of the 590A1 includes a bayonet lug on the front for mounting an M7 bayonet. The 590A1 also incorporates a swivel mount on the stock for easily adding a sling. In contrast to this, you generally have to add the swivels yourself to the 500 or 590, which, of course, increases the amount of money you have to spend. The 590A1 will have a 6+1, 7+1, or 8+1 capacity, depending on the model that you get.

All in all, the 590A1 is essentially the ultimate pump-action combat shotgun and a superb choice for home defense or personal protection. The Remington 870 is also a great shotgun, no doubt, but keep in mind it was the 590A1 that passed the military’s torture test, which says a lot about its capabilities and quality.

Do you own a 590A1? What is your favorite pump-action shotgun? Share your tips in the section below:

Pump Shotguns Have One BIG Advantage Over Other Shotguns For Home Defense. Read More Here.

Two Americas-Battle Lines are Being Drawn

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Bob Griswold of ReadyMadeResources.com joins me on the show today to talk about the growing division between the left and right.

Watch through the eyes of Noah Parker as the world descends into chaos, a global empire takes shape, ancient writings are fulfilled and the last days fall upon the once great United States of America. The Days of Noah is now available as a complete box set for Kindle.

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Trading Post in the Woods is ran by veteran crisis responders who know how important it is to be prepared. They specialize in comprehensive natural survival remedy kits, preparedness and homesteading supplies as well as skills training. Visit them online today at TradingPostInTheWoods.com.

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CampingSurvival.com has all of your preparedness needs including; bug out bags, long term food storage, water filters, gas masks, and first aid kits. Use coupon code PREPPERRECON to get 5% off your entire order at Camping Survival.

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The dollar has lost over 90% of its purchasing power since 1971. Silver, on the other hand, has proved to be a very stable form of wealth preservation over the years. Silver.com offers fantastic prices on silver and gold. Check out Silver.com today.

Ready Made Resources is a trusted name in the prepper community, because they’ve been around for 18 years. They offer great prices on Night Vision, water filtration, long term storage food, solar energy components and provide free technical service. Get ready for an uncertain future at ReadyMadeResources.com!

Happy Prepping!

Mark

The post Two Americas-Battle Lines are Being Drawn appeared first on Prepper Recon.

SHTF Mystery Gear Box: Worth It? Maybe.

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If you are like me you’ve spent countless cumulative hours in various big box stores, outdoor stores, dollar stores and even at swap meets looking for useful or even just cool preparedness items.  It can get to a point where you are once again standing in front of that vending machine in the break room, you know everything that is in the machine but you stand there anyway pondering your next move.  Boring.

Why not let someone else make that choice for you with respect to your next move?  Granted I wouldn’t roll the dice and let a stranger mail me my next firearm (even if they could) , but for smaller less “big decision purchase” items why not give it a go.  There is something to be said for anticipation and the unknown and at the price points offered by SHTF Club one really can afford to take a leap of faith…besides you can cancel at any time per their website.  Here are the plans they offer as well as some additional information.

A new mystery box every month. (Usually ships around the 15th.)

Three tiers – Basic: $19.99, Pro: $49.99 and Elite: $89.99.

The $19.99 box is guaranteed to be worth more than what you pay.

The $49.99 box is guaranteed to be worth more than $80.

The $89.99 box is guaranteed to be worth more than $120.

Cancel or renew at any time.

So your next question is probably going to be, what’s in the box?  According to their website it’s some variation of (but not limited to): knives, fire starters, emergency prep (SOS), hydration, survival gear, hard use tools, paracord and other accessories.   You are probably thinking, well that’s cool but how good is this stuff?  I’m glad you asked because I should be receiving a box from them in the next few days and will be reviewing the contents inside.  Some of my thoughts are:

Are the contents worth the price of admission?

What about the quality of the contents?  Good knife or $5 OTC at Ace Hardware type knife?

Relevant to preparedness?

Presentation:  How packaged, as in neatly with applicable instructions for those who may need them or dumped in a box?

I am fairly confidence that I will be pleasantly surprised with this product, after all they have good reviews out there and seem to be serious about advancing the preparedness message.  I will follow up shortly with a review but in the meantime, check out their website for yourselves and see if anything strikes your fancy.

 

Are You Planning to Fail If SHTF?

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Written by Pat Henry on The Prepper Journal.

3.78/5 (9)

You could encapsulate just about anything in the world of prepping under one simple word: planning. Preppers are planning for different scenarios where they must implement one or more plans for how to deal with various aspects of said scenario. We plan on how we will act, what prepping supplies we will need to acquire and we plan how to talk to family members and avoid neighbors.

Preppers plan for medical emergencies by selecting the right medical supplies, books and resources such as wilderness training to put us in a better position to render first aid to wounded family and friends. We plan for economic collapse by investing in precious metals, or diversifying our income by a second or even third job. Preppers plan to bug out and deal with violent confrontations from displaced and possibly hostile individuals or groups that will stop at nothing, including your life to survive themselves. Gardens, food, shelter, alternate power, FEMA, government abuses and on and on we have our plans. But are you planning to fail? Is what you are doing really a plan at all?

What is your prepping plan?

I have written a few articles on the subject of planning with respect to prepping because it seems to me like a logical step but I was reminded of this topic again while planning a backpacking trip with a small group of my daughter’s friends. We would be going into the woods in a remote location that I had been to before, but my “plan” focused on me really – the basics I knew I would need to take into consideration and I had not fully appreciated this group of kids that I hardly knew. I hadn’t expanded my scope of thinking outside of my own little bubble. Almost instinctively I was making lists in my head of what gear I would need and where it was stored. Mentally I calculated the weight I would be packing in and pictured myself walking through the woods with my faithful dog and a bunch of teenagers lagging somewhere on the trail behind me. It didn’t take long for me to figure out that I certainly couldn’t “plan” on each of these kids knowing what they were getting into and what they would need.

I started writing out a list of the basics: Who, What, When, Where, and How. I left out the Why because I don’t need an excuse to go live in the woods for a few days, I have been waiting for almost a year for the opportunity! In my revised plan, I focused on what they would each need to have, the conditions of the voyage into the great unknown and many details the parents would likely need to know. Before long my plan was a two-page word doc that my daughter laughingly said “detailed enough, Dad?” It’s a simplistic example, but I started thinking about my prepping plans considering that exercise.

A list isn’t a plan

When I started prepping, the first thing I did resembling a plan was to write out a long list of the items I thought I needed to focus on in order to “be prepared”. I still have that list around here somewhere but I remember exactly the types of things I scribbled down back so many years ago. There were sections for Food, Water, Shelter, Security, Finances, Gardening and Medical. Each section had a list of items I knew from my research could help me and my family. It was a good start but just writing down these supplies I needed wasn’t really a plan. It was a shopping list.

My list helped me get started with the acquisition of food. I was able to focus on first a 30-day supply of food and that grew as I had other items checked off. My list was constantly being analyzed for priority. If I got an extra $100 to spend I would look at my list and see where I had the biggest hole in my preps and move in that direction. Some months I was able to cross items off my list and other months I wasn’t able to. It helped me but again this was not a plan.

Having a ton of supplies isn’t a plan

Eventually my supplies stared to add up and I was feeling more comfortable with the odds of my family being able to survive, I still didn’t have a plan other than to stay in my house and use the supplies we had been scraping together. I had a supply of ammo, weapons, rain barrels, our garden was started and the pantry was filled with canned beans, rice and corn. I had freeze-dried food under the beds and medical supplies stashed in bins at the bottom of closets but after all this, the only thing I could really say was that my plan was not to need to go to the store for a while. I could sit pretty while the world collapsed at least for some time.

It wasn’t too long after that I realized a few things:

  • No matter how much you stock up, it will run out eventually.
  • Your plan to stay on your piece of land might need to change against your wishes.
  • If the world goes to hell, your reality will likely change. Your health, responsibilities and abilities could all suffer in a long-term collapse.

Going back to my backpacking analogy, I started to reflect on all the other people whose lives could impact my prepping ideals. It is wise to take these other people into account when I made my plans. My neighbors, the people down the street, law enforcement, rescue services, the military, gangs, relatives, friends. A disaster will likely be a dynamic event that you will have to adjust to and make changes to your plans on a daily basis in some cases. A warehouse of supplies is nice, but what if you are forced to leave all those behind?

So, in some ways all the work we think of as being the bulk of Prepping – the accumulation of gear, guns, ammo and supplies only gets us maybe 15% of the way to this mythical point of preparedness. The rest is what we will do with those supplies we have accumulated, how will we use them with our families in various situations. How will we ensure the use is done in a manner consistent with how you envisioned them when you purchased the supplies. Do we need to ration and when? Who can access the supplies and how will you deal with resupply? Who will you share with and what are you prepared to do in situations where you don’t want to share? But that’s just the Stuff part of it. There is so much more!

Prepping is not simply distilled only to the acquisition of gear. You should not relax when you have a pantry full of food and some camping gear and a rifle or two. Granted, that will put you ahead of many people, but that is only a short-term gain. If you are searching for true preparedness, your plans must begin to imagine a life without many of those supplies you have stockpiled because in a true grid-down disaster, end of the world calamity that you are imagining there is a pretty good chance your MRE’s will be long gone, your ammo could be gone and any medical supplies you had might have vanished months ago.

For me, a true prepping plan is being able to live without any of the supplies I am stocking up. I am pointed in that direction now with efforts on self-reliant power, food production and living off the land as much as possible. Does that mean I am not stocking up anything and I am only going to be prepared to eat bark and roots? Nope, but I won’t be sitting in my suburban bunker eating my canned peaches watching DVD’s on my solar-powered player either as the world burns outside. The supplies will only buy me time. That time is going to need to be spent on many initiatives that will lend themselves to survival. Survival for my family and everyone I can bring along with me.

What’s your prepping plan?

If you liked this article, please rate it.

The post Are You Planning to Fail If SHTF? appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

Looking for landbuddies in Texas

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Hi

I am a 56 yr old woman with off grud land in southwest Texas.I would like to GO off grid and use land for myself and others wanting off-grid living.this is something I Do not want to try alone.I am searching for a few people that are creative team spirited not afraid of working for the off grid lifestyle.Would like this land to be a tiny off grid community.Be advised this is as is.raw land No amenities.want stable non troublemakers.want a cohesive group that can help their neighbor and feel good about being off grid but not alone. Would like to discuss any details with interested folks.ASAP!

 

The post Looking for landbuddies in Texas appeared first on Living Off the Grid: Free Yourself.

Acquiring and Managing Survival Gear and Equipment

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survival_clutter_equipment_things

gear_equipment_survivalFor the sake of excusing any semantical argument over words here, we are going to basically equate the terms gear and equipment as the same.  I suppose one could separate the two.  For example, equipment might be an electric generator while support gear might be a gasoline can, electrical extension cords and connectors.  But, why bother?  

By Dr. John J. Woods, a contributing author to SHTFBlog & Survival Cache

The important part for preppers and survivalists is to have the proper gear and equipment to overcome any kind of a disaster scenario.  But, certainly not just to have all the essential survival stuff, but to organize it and know how to use it when the time of necessity arrives.

However you approach the acquisition of gear and equipment, have an organized plan to do so including a system of categorizing what you are gathering in support of your survival efforts.  Organization is essential.  This is to avoid just buying gear and equipment willy-nilly, this or that, and chunking it all into the garage in a heap of stuff.  You know, like it looks the Monday after you get home from a weekend long camping trip?  Begin the process with an organizational system.

The Prepper Notebook

plan_active_shooterWhen it comes to prepping and most other phases of life demanding a sense of organization, I tend to be a bit anal retentive.  That is, I have to have a plan, and an on-going record of everything to do with the entire process.  This helps me track all the efforts, intents, goals, objectives and not to mention the actual acquisition of gear and equipment as with prepping.  At my age it pays big time dividends to have it all written down where it can be consulted, changed, or updated regularly.  

When asked by wannabe preppers how to get started, my first recommendation is to start a prepping notebook.  This helps organize everything for everybody.  You devise the book however it works best for you, by gear category, equipment type, bug in emphasis, bug out concentration, or whatever.  Develop chapters, lists, files, or any form of organization that is simple for you to follow and keep up.  This notebook becomes your Prepper Bible so to speak.  

Sure the notebook can take many forms.  Mine is a simple three-ring binder that allows me to update it with new pages, re-do or replace old pages as lists change or new ideas come to the forefront of the overall organizational plan.  Some do this but use a separate binder for each prepping survival category.  As the system grows over time, this might be a workable approach.  You decide what works best for you.

The Foundation Categories

survival_garden_forage_foodCommon sense and logistics vary from person to person.  The goal is simply to find a system you understand and that works for you.  Everybody’s does not have to be the same.  However, if you happen to be working with a team, several families, or even a neighborhood, then standardization would be the most plausible way to go.  

As you review survival information and planning guides, you may begin to see familiar terms and references to the most logical ways to organize survival gear and equipment.  I use a set of basic foundations to organize everything for me.  

My own basic survival foundations or essentials include (1) food, (2) water, (3) shelter issues, (4) hardware gear, (5) software gear, (6) security and weapons issues, (7) communication modes, and (8) health and sanitation.  Your categories may be different as you develop your own unique working organization system.  But create one and use it.  

Now let me go through each to briefly describe what kinds of items ought to be included in each survival foundation.

canned_miscellaneous_prep1) Food. This encompasses everything you will stock up to eat for 3-6 months.  It should cover both options of staying home or escaping to an alternative site.  Survival food kept at home could be considerably different than foods hauled to a bug out site.  At home you can keep bulky, heavy, high volume space items like canned goods, and big bags of rice, beans, wheat flour and such.  

Related: Preppers and Survivalists Must be Hunters and Gatherers

If you have not already pre-stocked a bug out site, then you may be limited to easier to handling foods to carry out of the house.  This might mean MREs, freeze-dried foods, or classic pre-packaged survival foods commercially purchased.  

Try to vary your menus by adding a balanced diet of meat proteins, vegetables, and fruits.  Watch your plan to keep lots of carbs and starches under control.  As with an everyday diet now, try to mix things up not only for nutritional value, but variety as well.  

glass_of_water2) Water.  If you are lucky, you’ll have access to continued water service or a private well even if it has to be hand pumped.  Calculate ahead to plan for at least one gallon of water per person per day.  That is a lot of water.  A water purification system will be needed for essential daily water needs but also as a backup way to purify any available nearby water source.  There are chemical ways to purify water, so look into those methods, too.

winter_shelter_survival_fire3) Shelter Issues.  Bugging in or out, make sure you have shelter and that it is sound and secure.  Deal with maintenance issues or be prepared to.  In storm areas you may want to pre-plan for window and door covers.  Beef up security with locks, bars, or other security efforts.  If the power grid is down, think ahead for ways to cool, heat, and light your shelter.  This may mean an outside generator and fuel supplies to power the basics if not only for short periods of time.  Have a plan for shelter security, monitoring and observing areas surrounding the shelter.  

4) Hardware Gear.  This includes everything from common mechanical tools, to construction tools, and everything thought of as hardware.  Add an AM-FM radio, weather alert radio, lanterns, flashlights, knives, utensils, cookware, cook stoves, hatchets, axes, machetes, gardening tools, chainsaws, sledge hammers, jacks, storage boxes, tote boxes, and such.  Have a thorough diverse selection of hardware repair items including nails, screws, bolts, nuts, and you name it.  Supplying hardware gear probably never ends, but is easier to organize for a permanent home than perhaps a bug out location, but try.  Even if you are forced to bug out, you will still need most all of this gear.  

5) Software Gear.  Software is basically anything canvas or nylon or such for bags, cases, packs, backpacks, fanny packs, sleeping bags, all garments for all weather conditions and seasons, and the same for shoes, and boots.  Also think of software in terms of gear that supports your weapons arsenal including cases, holsters, gear totes, ammo bags, magazine pouches, slings, and all else.  

300_blackout_blk_rifle_with_supressor_silencer_outdoors_hunting6) Security and Weapons.  A selection of weapons will be needed for self-protection, property protection, thwarting external threats of all kinds, two and four-footed, and for securing additional foods for survival by hunting and foraging.  A well rounded weapons arsenal will include handguns, rifles, and shotguns.  Acquiring the appropriate guns is a study of its own and requires much consideration, thought, comparisons, and planning.  Seek out professional advice at gun shops, gun ranges, and through a host of information sources available these days.  Shop carefully and buy prudently.  

Check Out: The KISS AR-15

Owning weapons also means everything that goes with it including an extensive ammunition supply of ammo types for both self-defense and hunting.  You will need storage capacity, boxes, or ammo cases.  Guns will need safes, or lockable cabinets.  Maintenance supplies will be needed including gun cleaning kits to handle every firearm and the consumables that go with it.  See also software above for weapons uses as well.  

Security plans and firearm’s training will be needed.  This should be a regular on-going activity to support all other survival training and activities.  Security should include both for the physical residence or bug out shelter, but also for vehicle escape during any SHTF scenario.  

communications7) Communications.  During a SHTF  scenario, communications will be important between you, family or other survival team members and or with the outside world.  IPhones may or may not be operational.  Hand radios can help for short range talk at home, or in the neighborhood, or bug out property.  Having a HAM radio is not out of the question as well. Emergency communication devices may be needed too including lights, flares, bonfires, signal mirrors, beacon strobes, message flags, PLBs (personal locator beacons) or anything else to draw attention when you need help.  Know the Morse Code SOS signal of 3 dots, 3 dashes, and 3 dots as a universally recognized emergency rescue signal.  That could come in handy, too.

8) Health and Sanitation.  This is a big one and not covered last because of a lack of importance.  Just the opposite.  During any SHTF or disaster of any kind, personal hygiene and sanitation is paramount.  Plan ahead how you will attempt to stay as clean as regularly as possible, and how to handle human waste issues.  Look into a variety of options for a porta-potty on site.  

medical_bag_packedPersonal health is critical especially if you take regular medications.  Be absolutely certain you maintain ample supplies of all required medications.  In this day and age of Obamacare or whatever the next plan is to be, it can be difficult to secure much more than 90 days of most prescription medicines.  Talk to your doctor about this.  Maybe you can find a pro-survivalist physician to help out.  Also keep a full supply of every kind of OTC meds you might use.  Have a comprehensive first aid kit, and backups for all frequently used items.  

Gear and equipment is a big issue in the survival movement.  You have to devise a plan to acquire everything that is needed, next, keep it organized and then to manage it for both long term storage and use.  The process never ends, so get started as soon as you can.

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Attacks on women are up – with a Seven News investigation finding more than 600 a day are being harassed, beaten or sexually assaulted.

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Australians not legally allowed to carry anything for self defence!

Attacks on women are up – with a Seven News investigation finding more than 600 a day are being harassed, beaten or sexually assaulted.

The police suggest that cameras may help stop Australian citizens from being beaten, raped & murdered!!! Anything but what we really need, something with which to protect ourselves & our families. Cameras are the same as the police arriving too late to help! Disarming citizens is criminal negligence!




Vote for Your Favorite – Prepper Writing Contest Round Eight

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Written by Pat Henry on The Prepper Journal.

Today you get another chance to voice your opinion! I have chosen the 5 finalists for the latest round of the Prepper Writing Contest. This round offered yet another wide array of topics that are valuable sources of information and discussion for our readers. Thank you to everyone who entered! Don’t forget round Nine of the writing contest has already started so get your entries in now. Previous winners can still win again!

I will leave the voting open for a few days so please let me know which article you think is the best. The five articles in contention for the 3 prizes of Amazon gift cards are (in no particular order):

Vote Now!

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Round Eight - Which Article Was the Best?

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If you liked this article, please rate it.

The post Vote for Your Favorite – Prepper Writing Contest Round Eight appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

7 Survival Uses For Alcohol You May Not Have Considered

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7 Survival Uses For Alcohol You May Not Have Considered

Image source: Pixabay.com

A critical part of preparing for survival is learning about everyday items that are present in most homes, and then repurposing those items into a variety of uses.

One such item is alcohol. Here are seven uses for it:

1. Fire-starter

In the event that you find yourself in a cold and wet survival situation with no dry tinder, alcohol just may be what saves your day. Simply soaking a piece of cloth in alcohol and then lighting it up with a match or lighter will get a fire started quickly. Of course, you’ll want to have extra fuel on hand to keep the fire going, but for transforming that initial spark into a flame, alcohol will work wonders.

2. Wound disinfectant

When you sustain an open wound, it’s essential to clean it with a disinfectant before bandaging in order to prevent the spread of harmful bacteria.

Get The Essential Secrets Of The Most Savvy Survivalists In The World!

Alcohol is a very effective wound disinfectant because it can kill bacteria instantly. The only downside to this is that it also can kill or damage tissue around an open wound, so you’ll want to be very conservative in how you apply it.

3. Surface disinfectant

This would come in handy for disinfecting knife blades, thermometers, medical equipment and cooking utensils.

4. Bartering commodity

In the event of an economic collapse where paper money becomes worthless, the new currency will be necessities: food, water, personal hygiene items, fire-starters, first-aid equipment, toilet paper, and so on.

While alcohol may not be a “necessity,” it is definitely something that will be in high demand during a disaster scenario. Even if you don’t drink alcohol, it may still be wise to set aside some beverages that you can use for bartering and trading when the time comes.

5. Bug repellent

Repelling bugs needs to be a bigger survival priority than most people realize. In any kind of a long-term disaster, sanitation standards are going to plummet, and diseases can spread quickly via mosquitoes, flies or other pests. Blend alcohol together with olive oil and then apply it directly to your skin. It will keep mosquitoes and other bugs at bay.

6. Mouthwash

Sip some alcohol into your mouth and then swish it around for about a minute. It will kill the bacteria on your teeth and gums. Spit it out and then rinse with water.

7. Firearm cleaner

When your usual gun-cleaning oils are no longer available during a survival situation, you can use alcohol as an alternative. Simply clean your gun like you would with cleaning oils, and then rub it down with a rag.

Do you know of other survival uses for alcohol? Share your tips in the section below:

Learn How To ‘Live Off The Land’ With Just Your Gun. Read More Here.

Survival Gear Review: Magpul X-22 Hunter Stock for Ruger 10/22 Takedown and TANDEMKROSS Upgrades

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Magpul_X-22_Hunter_Stock_Ruger_1022_snowbank

1_Magpul_X-22_Hunter_Stock_Ruger_1022_boxThe Tree Trunk of a rifle is the “stoc” or as we say today, stock. In a nutshell the stock holds the important gun parts and is placed against one’s shoulder when shooting. I think tree trunk is an apt description since until recently, gun stocks have evolved about as fast as trees. But today there is little sacred ground with rifle stocks to the point they have jumped species and the thing we used to call a stock might now be called a chassis and could be confused for an alien visiting from another planet.

By Doc Montana, a contributing author of Survival Cache and SHTFBlog

I decided I was done with wood stocks back in the 1980s and have never looked back. Sure I enjoy the beauty of a artistically carved and finished gunstock, but for real world applications in my life, tree trunks are out. So with my loyalty to the woodstock in the rear view mirror, I am quick to adopt new designs and new technology especially when it comes to interface points between me and the machine. So optics, triggers and stocks are are always on my radar.

Magpul Magic

2_Magpul_X-22_Hunter_Stock_Ruger_1022_apart_sunlightFew companies in the history of the world have revolutionized the rifle stock as fast Magpul. And given that the stock has been referred to as such since 1571, Magpul’s ability to shake up an almost 450 year old technology really says something. Of course, others have dabbled in the buttstock but none with the same vim and vigor as Magpul and its polymer wizards. Beginning with the AR-15 platform, Magpul quickly diversified our appreciation for choice and customization. And then just as fast, Magpul moved beyond the AR and just recently entered the glorious 10/22 marketplace.

See also: 10/22 Takedown Review

Magpul’s first 10/22 stock was the Hunter X-22. An overbuilt chassis with fabulous ergonomics and features. Frankly, my first thought when I held an X-22 Hunter was that Magpul cares more about the 10/22 than Ruger does. My feeling was an outgrowth of something I’ve noticed in the past, and that is that often aftermarket builders of gun parts put quality into their designs proportional to the initial cost of a gun or by its cartridge. And thus the lowly .22 Long Rifle was not worth a full-on stock. Just plastics, lookalikes, and underbuilt experiments. Sure, some were much better than others, but it seemed any major upgrade in .22 stock was as special order.

Compared to the base model Ruger 10/22 Takedown’s black plastic factory stock, the Magpul takes all of the “toy” feel out of original and moves the gun into a whole new rifle experience. There are two primary pieces to a takedown stock, the buttstock with grip and the forend which in the case of the Magpul also contains a separate barrel tray. The weight of the Magpul buttstock is 29.6 ounces while the factory Ruger buttstock weighs 16.7. The Magpul forend weighs in at 8.6 ounces, and the factory Ruger forend is 5.7 ounces. So overall, the Magpul X-22 Hunter stock adds about one pound more than an out-of-the-box Ruger 10/22. The price in weight of the X-22 Hunter is more than made up in performance and off-hand accuracy.

There are two ways to look at the 10/22 Takedown. One way leans heavily towards minimalism. And the other is to overcome the limitations or shortcomings of a light rifle that breaks in two. The Magpul X-22 Hunter Stock clearly bends towards making the 10/22 a better shooter regardless of adding some additional size and weight. But don’t fear, Magpul is working on bending the otherway as well. Stay tuned on that.

3_Magpul_X-22_Hunter_Stock_Ruger_1022_buttstock_mounting_pointThe Magpul X-22 Hunter stock has an M-Lok friendly forend, and a sling-ready back stock. There are also several points to screw in Quick-Detach receptacles. To adjust the length of pull, the Magpul X-22 Hunter comes with additional buttplate spacers. Two spacers are installed at point of purchase, and two more are included in the box allowing the shooter to dial in the perfect length of pull to fit their needs. Additionally, Magpul sells cheek risers that fit the X-22 Hunter. So you can really customize this chassis for serious precision shooting and hunting.

4_Magpul_X-22_Hunter_Stock_Ruger_1022_stock_slingIn my case, I installed a M-Lok AFG or Angled Fore Grip on the underside of the X-22 Hunter’s forend. On the right side of the forend I M-Loked (there is no noun I can’t verb) a QD Sling Mount. So of course I put on a Magpul MS1 Padded Sling. I’ve been using Magpul slings since they first appeared in the homeland, but this is the first padded Magpul sling I’ve used. First of all, the MS1 works as great as the other Magpul slings but the padding really takes the bite out of a long carry over the shoulder or across the back. And for those high-speed situations, the I attacked an Magpul MS1/MS4 Adapter to add a QD or Quick Detach option to the top end of the sling. The Adapter snaps into the M-Lok QD attachment point on the forend

Read also: Leatherman MUT Gun Tool Review

The forend of the Magpul X-22 Hunter stock has a reversible barrel tray that accommodates the so-called “pencil barrel” of base model 10/22s as well as the 0.920 diameter bull barrels. And proving that Magpul really loves us, adjustable shims are included that allow the shooter to adjust the barrel harmonics through a set screw directly under the shim.

The Next Level

5_Magpul_X-22_Hunter_Stock_Ruger_1022_Tandemkross_bolt_leupoldTo trick out my 10/22 Takedown Hunter X-22, I first swapped out some internals of Bill Ruger’s 10/22 clockwork. There are obvious upgrades that 10/22s need right out of the chute. The first is a bolt buffer pin and the second is a bolt release plate. To soften the bolt’s equal and opposite motion backward when a shot is fired, I replaced the metal pin from the Ruger factory with a TANDEMKROSS “Shock Block” Bolt Buffer. The Shock Block is a polymer cylinder that works like a drift pin, but is softer and absorbs the shock of a cycling bolt. The Shock Block also reduces the wear on the bolt from repeatedly slamming into a metal stop. I’ve struggled to insert a softer pin into the 10/22 receiver on many occasions so I usually put a mild taper onto the far end of the buffer pin, a TANDEMKROSS Shock Block in this case. To install a subtle taper on the polymer pin to aid in seating without risk of mushrooming either end, I first insert the polymer pin into the jaws of my drill’s chuck. Then I spin it with a piece of sandpaper pinched around the the tip. Ten seconds later I have just the hint of taper to make the pin behave just like a metal one. Better in fact.

See Also: Survival Rifle Debate

In order to sling-shot the bolt closed, I used the TANDEMKROSS “Guardian” Bolt Release Plate. Rather than the “tired but true” clunky bolt release plate of the factory 10/22, a quick swap of the plate makes the 10/22 behave like one would expect this far into the 21st century.

Another important TANDEMKROSS upgrade I made to my X-22 Hunter 10/22 Takedown included swapping out the factory bolt for hardened tool steel CNC-machined “KrossFire Bolt. The KrossFIre is a thing of beauty and has a vertical movement restricted firing pin for more reliable and predictable .22 ignition reducing misfires.

Since I was replacing the bolt, I also swapped out the small but dense factory charging handle with a longer Spartan Skeletonized Charging lever. The TANDEMKROSS Spartan is easier to grab thorough its larger and more ergonomic human interface. But the low mass of the skeletonized grip keeps the bolt cycling at the proper speed.

Check Out: How to Pick the Best Personal Protection Firearm

6_Magpul_X-22_Hunter_Stock_Ruger_1022_Tandemkross_slide_LeupoldThe final receiver upgrade I made, well almost the final one, was to replace the factory bolt-on scope rail with the TANDEMKROSS “Advantage” Charging Handle and Picatinny Scope Base. While providing a slightly elevated scope platform, the real advantage of the “Advantage” is that you can easily cycle or charge the 10/22 bolt from both the left and the right side of the rifle. Rather than being a total rework of the bolt, the Advantage charging handle is component that engages the existing charging handle but offers an ambidextrous option. When I first saw a picture of the Advantage charging handle, I was skeptical that it would offer the fluid and smooth charging of the factory bolt. But at the 2015 SHOT Show I got some hands-on time with one and was impressed. It worked beautifully.

Shooting the Dream

In the field, the Ruger 10/22 Takedown with Magpul X-22 Hunter stock was like a whole new level of 10/22. The feel of the stock in hand felt so much more precise and natural compared to the classic but ancient lines of the traditional stock.
The Ruger rotary magazines are legendary for their durability and reliability. But there is still some room for improvement and I thought I would take a few mag upgrades for a spin. First is a TANDEMKROSS “Companion” magazine bumper. The Ruger magazines are known are smooth and fairly featureless which makes them difficult to extract when they don’t pop out on their own. The Companion bumper adds a rigid base with wings onto the factory magazine.

7_Magpul_X-22_Hunter_Stock_Ruger_1022_Tandemkross_magazine_enhancementsAnother TANDEMKROSS adventure is the “Double Kross” dual magazine body. The Double Kross is a transparent housing that combines two magazines into one piece with a two 10-rounds mags 180 degrees apart but in one housing. The Double Kross works great, just like the original. However, it uses the internal parts of two existing magazines so one must swap out the guts, twice. And that is where the adventure is. If you’ve never disassembled a Ruger rotary magazine, you are in for a treat. So much so that TANDEMKROSS makes a “10/22 Rotary Magazine Tune-up Tool which I can attest is worth it’s weight in gold when the springs start flying.

With all this 10/22 magazine goodness, I went ahead and installed a TANDEMKROSS “Fireswitch” extended mag release lever. Using a cantilevered design, the Fireswitch will release the magazine with either a push or a pull on the lever. The Fireswitch is also much easier to use while wearing gloves compared to the stock mag release.

9_Magpul_X-22_Hunter_Stock_Ruger_1022_backpack_slotsRuger packaged the 10/22 Takedown with an oversized backpack. I was not thrilled with the pack, and considered it far too large for the svelte Takedown. But a 10/22 Takedown wearing the Magpul X-22 furniture fits wonderfully into the Ruger backpack. So I put it back into service again.

Big Boy Pants

The Ruger 10/22 Takedown is finally maturing into the rifle I knew it would be someday. But wait, there’s more. But you will have to wait. So stay tuned right here.

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Top 6 Indoor Succulents and How to Care For Them

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The post Top 6 Indoor Succulents and How to Care For Them is by
Kevin and appeared first on Epic Gardening, the best urban gardening, hydroponic gardening, and aquaponic gardening blog.

Recently succulents have taken the gardening world by storm. They’re showing up all over magazines and homes because they’re such an easy way to add life to a room. Getting into succulents is easy and fun, but it helps to know your succulents before you start throwing them into some glass and sand. Although they […]

The post Top 6 Indoor Succulents and How to Care For Them is by
Kevin and appeared first on Epic Gardening, the best urban gardening, hydroponic gardening, and aquaponic gardening blog.

By the case? Buy the case….Pt III

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So….my daily pass through the meat department looking for bargain meats. And, to my surprise, the spaghetti sauce I usually  prefer is on sale. Hmmm. Ok, I bought about 120# pasta a week ago…I guess I need enough spaghetti sauce to go with it. And it is on sale, after all. Ten cases please.

20170308_125222Annnnnd…another 120 Monopoly game pieces.

On the bright side, a trip to CostCo for a case of Italian sausage and I’ll be ready to have my favorite reasonably-quick comfort meal on hand for the next….mmmm…..two years. On the negative side, even for me, this is a quantity not usually kept…I need to do some re-arrangements of things in the food storage area. But…there is comfort (and economy!) in these sorts of maneuvers.

Analyzing 4 Of The Best Military Surplus Rifles For Survival

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Military Surplus RiflesWould a time tested, durable, dependable, reliable, reasonably accurate firearm at a low price interest you? A firearm also tinged with historical significance? Then I’ve got news for you: You’re looking for a military surplus rifle.

With the end of the Cold War, stockpiles of older Warsaw pact weapons have been making their way to our shores. As nations like Russia seek to turn their old military surplus rifles into dollars.

To be fair, these older rifles no longer have much military value on a modern battlefield. But, this shouldn’t detract from their worth to a savvy firearms enthusiast. Which makes a military surplus rifle an excellent choice for survivalists, preppers, and hunters.

Today, I will be limiting this discussion to bolt-action military surplus battle rifles.

Why Invest In A Military Surplus Rifle

So why invest in a military surplus battle rifle versus a new Remington, Savage or Winchester? Let’s look for a moment at that brand new rifle.

There’s nothing wrong with a brand new Remington 700. They are wonderful rifles. Variants of which are still used by our own military. But then again, there’s nothing wrong with a 1903 Springfield.

When it comes to sheer power, bullet weight, and velocity, the older battle rifles are roughly in the .30-06 power range, the cartridge of the Springfield.

So the cartridge power and range are comparable to modern rifles.

If you need the .300 Win Mag (or another of the other popular modern rounds), then don’t bother with a military surplus rifle.

What About The Cost?

Some surplus battle rifles are cheaper than modern rifles, some are not. One thing all the battle rifles have in common over a modern rifle, though, is durability.

These weapons are stout, heavy, and for the most part easy on the recoil. Many are encased in wood all the way down the barrel.

Modern rifles are precision machined wonders. But for sheer durability in the muck, mire, rain, snow and sleet, give me a Soviet Mosin-Nagant.

How About Accuracy?

Here’s where the modern rifle does come out on top. If you’re looking to drive a nail at 200 yards, the Remington 700 or a quality AR-15 will beat most old battle rifles.

These old warrior rifles are designed to hit man-sized targets from 100 to 2000 yards out. (Of course, just because the rear sight graduations run out to 2000 yards doesn’t mean your Mark One Eyeball can see that far).

However, some of these old gems in scoped sniper versions can give the modern rifles a run for their money.

So here are the 4 military surplus rifles we’ll examine in detail today:

  1. Mosin Nagant 9130 – Russian/Soviet Union – 7.62x54R
  2. Mauser Model 98 – Nazi Germany – 8 mm Mauser
  3. Lee Enfield No 1 Mark III – England – .303 British
  4. Arisaka Type 99 – Imperial Japan – 7.7 Jap
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Russian Mosin Nagant1 – Mosin-Nagant 9130

The Mosin-Nagant was arguably the most prolific battle rifle ever manufactured. Over 17 million of these rifles were produced over a 50 plus year lifespan. Russia has been dumping these military surplus rifles on the market for the last twenty years.

The 7.62x54R cartridge it fires is currently the longest serving rifle cartridge still in front line service in a major military force. This round is still used in the famous Russian Dragunov sniper rifles.

It has a rimmed bottleneck cartridge paired with a boat-tailed, 148 grain, full metal jacketed bullet. It can reach speeds of up to 2840 feet per second.

The Mosin-Nagant 9130 holds five of these rounds in an internal magazine. Which can be loaded individually or using a stripper clip.

Surplus ammunition can still be found for this rifle. Though most have corrosive Berdan primers and require a thorough cleaning after firing. Otherwise, the chemicals will destroy your rifling and barrel.

The Mosin Nagant was first conceived in Imperial Russia during the 1890s. This is the result of an arms competition between Leon Nagant and a Russian Army captain named Mosin.

The Russian military could not decide which rifle it favored. So it took elements of both designs and combined them into the first Mosin-Nagant 1891.

The rifle was manufactured in standard infantry lengths. Shorter Cossack versions for use on horseback. Then later carbine versions such as the M39 and M44 variants.

In 1930 the Mosin Nagant went through a major upgrade to become the Model 9130. The rifle overall length was shorten down to a manageable 48.5”!

This is the most commonly found Mosin on the market today.

The rifle is both durable and heavy at 8.8 lbs. It is not a pretty rifle. It is solid and functional; very Russian.

The action is good with the firing pin cock coming as the bolt comes out of battery to eject the fired round. It cocks on opening, rather than closing the action.

My one major complaint about the action is its bolt is a tad short. Tho, I wouldn’t have noticed had I not owned other military surplus rifles to compare it.

Sometimes a cartridge swells during firing and takes a fair amount of force to eject the round and cock the firing pin. This often requires a smack on the bolt with the palm of the hand, rather than a smooth ejection.

Many of these hard to eject incidences occur when using commercial ammunition. I’ve never seen this happen with military surplus rounds.

The trigger pull of the Mosin is typical Russian. It’s not bad, but it doesn’t break near as easy as a Mauser or Lee-Enfield.

If you want accuracy, you have to consider trigger pull with this weapon.

Keep the rifle clean, oiled and practice, practice, practice. Here are a few interesting tidbits of trivia about the Mosin:

1. The rifle barrel is harmonically tuned to be fired with the bayonet in place. You will lose some accuracy with the bayonet removed.

2. The Mosin was designed to hit high from point of aim. Russian peasants were told to aim at the enemy’s belt buckle, this being a prominent point of aim. The rifle sights were set to his about 4-6” above this at roughly 100 meters. I’ve read this from various sources, but I own two 9130 Mosins and neither of them hit that high from point of aim. Of course, I don’t fire it with the bayonet attached, either.

During testing, I averaged within 2” from point of aim at 100 yards and within 2.5” at 200 yards. These results were with 50-year-old eyes and shooting military surplus, steel core ammo.

The front sight is a single post, protected by a steel loop. I don’t particularly like this sight. The post is about as wide as my target at 100 yards, not allowing for much fine aiming.

The rear sight is a notch sight on a slide with graduations out to 2000 meters.

Recoil. This rifle has it.

The Russians, in the typical sensitivity we expect from them, installed a thick, hard-edged, stamped steel butt plate on the end of this rifle.

This is more of a skull crusher than a butt plate. It absorbs no recoil. It transmits it beautifully into your shoulder.

Twenty rounds through this rifle with no add-on recoil pad will leave you bruised. It can be brutal. My first accessory for this rifle was a Limb Saver recoil pad.

That being said, I do like the kick in the shoulder and the blast of the round but I don’t like to be bruised in the process. Besides, it’s harder to control your shot if you know you are about to get hit in the shoulder with a Louisville Slugger.

Mosin-Nagant M44 Carbine

I also own a Mosin-Nagant M44 carbine. The carbine is several inches shorter than the full 9130. It has an integral, attached folding bayonet.

This little carbine is actually a little heavier than the full sized battle rifle at 9 lbs even. This is due to the integral bayonet. It’s also a blast to shoot and I mean a blast.

The 7.62×54 R is designed for long range and uses the full length of the 9130 barrel to gain velocity. This means the powder is burning all along behind the bullet and the powder is completely consumed by the time the bullet leaves the barrel. This, in turn, imparts as much of its chemical energy into the bullet’s velocity.

However, the carbine is a shorter version, yet fires the same round. So the powder is not completely burned as the bullet leaves the barrel. This unburned powder produces a fireball of spectacular proportions (and a much louder boom).

It is loud and visibly impressive. The bullet is actually slower, but who cares, it looks and feels amazing to shoot.

Accuracy is also pretty decent with the carbine, though it does tend to shoot high in testing.

Also, the felt recoil from that blast actually feels worse than the full-sized rifle. This makes no sense since the rifle is heavier and the bullet has less kinetic energy. Still, the bruises don’t lie.

Mosin-Nagant Sniper Rifle

My last Mosin-Nagant is a sniper version – yes, like the one Jude Law used in Enemy at the Gates.
The little PU scope is a simple, non-adjustable 4 power scope.

Hitting a man sized target at 300 yards would not be a problem and further kill shots were made by real Russian snipers in WWII.

Though I laugh at the movie where Jude Laws cuts a telephone wire at 155 meters.I don’t think you’d even see the wire in a 4 power scope at that distance.

The rifle itself is exactly the same; a 9130 only with a scope and side rail mount.

I’m told Russians did pick the best 9130s from the assembly line to be used as snipers. Especially the ones with a light trigger pull.

My Mosin sniper is far more accurate than a standard 9130. However, due to my aging eyes, I’d take my 1903 sniper over the Mosin any day.

Mosin-Nagant Pricing

To give you some idea of pricing, I bought my first 1942 Mosin in 2011 for $99. Then I picked up a 1933 Mosin in 2012 for $150. A 1942 sniper version in 2012 for $595 (yes, a $100 rifle with a five hundred dollar scope). And finally my M44 carbine in 2014 for $245.

Mosin Nagant 9130 battle rifles can still be found for under $200 today. But, the prices are starting to creep upwards as the Russian stockpiles are running out.

If you wonder how good a $200 rifle could be, let your heart not be troubled, it’s a damn good rifle for $200. The price is $200 because they made 17 million of them. Supply outweighs demand.

If you are looking for quality, fit and finish, buy a pre-war version.

My 1933 Mosin is visibly superior to my 1942 version in machine finish and smoothness of the action. Although they shoot about the same accuracy.

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German Mauser Military Surplus RifleK98-Karabiner Mauser

Germany first produced the Mauser Gewehr 98 in 1898. It was a revolutionary design for its day. It includes multiple locking lugs on the bolt, a five round internal magazine, magazine cut-off lever and firing the 7.92×57 mm cartridge.

Earlier, the United States first encountered Mausers in its 7mm form in Cuba during Teddy Roosevelt’s ride up San Juan Hill.

The Spanish troops fired down at the Americans with a very high velocity, flat shooting 7 mm round. While the Americans returned fire with Krag-Jorgenson rifles firing ballistically inferior rounds.

The Mausers were deadly accurate; at a distance.

This led to the development of the 1903 Springfield to counter the Mauser. And it countered it very well since it was almost a direct copy. Even the courts at the time thought so and awarded Mauser a judgment for patent infringement. The payments were discontinued during WWI.

Like other major powers, early GEW 98s were long. This was intentional to take full advantage of the cartridge. To get every foot per second of velocity possible from the 8 mm round.

The Mauser evolved in through WWI with the Gew 98, eventually evolving into the shorter K98 of World War II in 1935.

The 8 mm Mauser round was almost as revolutionary as the rifle that fired it. It was a rimless design, copied by both the US and Japan for their rifle cartridges.

The 7.92x57mm Mauser was first produced in 1905. It’s often referred to as 8 mm Mauser and sports a bottle-necked, rimless design. It’s a .323” diameter bullet of 198 grains.

Velocities are around 2600 feet/second.

In general, the Germans opted for less speed and more heft in their bullets. However, there were some military ammo versions that could hit as high as 2700 feet per second with this massive bullet.

The good news is that the 8 mm Mauser is still popular among hunters and sportsmen. It’s also readily available online and in specialty gun shops.

The K98K I own was produced in Nazi Germany in 1942. However, at some time during the war, it was captured on the battlefield by the Yugoslavians. They refurbished it and placed in their arsenal sometime after WWII.

How do I know this?

Three reasons:

1. A Yugo code on the rifle defines it as a foreign refurbished rifle from a factory known for this operation.
2. The words Mod 98 appear on the action. Only German rifles say Mod 98. Yugo rifles have a different designation.
3. I can see the “ghosting” in the metal of the original date of manufacture that has been removed—1942.

K98-Karabiner Mauser Pricing

In any event, I got a deal on this rifle.

Yugo Mausers are actually very good rifles. And they don’t cost nearly as much as a German manufactured version.

I got the German rifle for the Yugo price. Like I said a good deal.

Typical Yugo versions Model 24 and 48 go for $300-400. A true typical German Model 98s in the $400-800 range.

The rifle’s action is butter smooth. With a bent bolt, cocking on opening, like the Mosin-Nagant, but much smoother. Although the bolt is bent, the bolt rotation is still a full 90 degrees, like the Russian.

The rifle’s action is butter smooth. With a bent bolt, cocking on opening, like the Mosin-Nagant, but much smoother. Although the bolt is bent, the bolt rotation is still a full 90 degrees, like the Russian.

The trigger pull is firm, but breaks cleanly and is very easy to control. Accuracy is pretty good once you get the sights dialed.

One odd thing about my Mauser: I have to dial the rear sights out to about 300 yards to hit level at 100 yards. The sight graduations go all the way to 2000 meters. Left and right error are typically within 2” at 100 yards.

I fire from a rest, but not from a clamped vice like a Lead Sled. In other words, a lot of the error I describe for these rifles is most likely mine.

The rifle is solid and heavy; like all the other military surplus rifles.

It’s slightly shorter at 43.5” length, being designated a carbine or karabiner K98K. It’s also a bit lighter than its Russian adversary. At 8.2-9 lbs it is still a handful of steel and wood.

The barrel is protected in wood out to a few inches from the end of the barrel. The front sight is protected by a spring style steel hood.

One thing I like about the Mauser is the front sight. Unlike many old battle rifles with blade or post front sights, it comes to a point, which helps in fine aiming.

The butt plate is steel, but is curved and contoured, conforming nicely to the shoulder. Felt recoil is not as bad as the Mosin Nagant.

For the size and power of the round, this rifle is a pleasure to shoot. No additional recoil pad is required.

To be fair, the Russian butt plate would be a better choice for crushing your opponent’s skull. However, for a pleasant day at the range; I’ll take the Mauser thanks.

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Lee Enfield Mark IIILee Enfield Number 1 Mark III

The British Lee Enfield Number 1 Mark III was the main battle rifle of the British Empire through World War I and well into World War II.

Like the other military surplus rifles I am reviewing, this rifle is heavy and durable.

In fact, this rifle takes barrel protection to a whole new level. It’s encased in wood all the way out to the tip of the barrel, making this rifle a little heavier than its peers. The overall length comes in at 44.25”.

The action of the Enfield is also extraordinarily smooth. It cocks on closing, unlike its German and Russian contemporaries.

The bolt rotation is only 60 degrees. So in the hands of an expert, allows for quicker bolt manipulation and a faster rate of manual fire.

This was hailed as revolutionary at the time of its introduction. Some even claiming two Enfields firing was equal to three rifles with 90 degree bolt actions.

Indeed, the world record for rapid, accurate fire from a bolt action rifle was set in a Lee Enfield. However, it is a stretch to say an Enfield is the equivalent of two other rifles.

The trigger of the Enfield, in my humble opinion, is the best of the lot. It’s smooth with a very clean break.

The front sight is a blade side protected on both sides by guards integral to the end cap of the rifle. The whole end cap assembly bolts to the front of the rifle. Which in turn holds the front wood handguards, bayonet and front sight guards in place. This is good and bad.

It makes for a very durable design. But also means you can’t adjust your front sight without removing the whole end cap. Of course, one the front sight is adjusted and locked down you may never have to do this again, so it’s a minor annoyance.

The one thing I don’t like about the front sight is that it’s nearly the thickness of the two vertical sight guards. It is very easy to look down the barrel, cocked a little sideways, and pick up one of the guards instead of the blade.

One day at the range, I shot three rounds into the weeds. Puzzled by my Enfield’s sudden lack of accuracy, I discovered I was sighting on the right sight guard instead of the the sight itself. Of course. I felt like an idiot; with some justification.

The Number 1 Mark III Enfield’s rear sight is a notch design with graduations out to 2000 yards. Later model Enfields used in World War II came with aperture sights, like the 1903 Springfield and M1 Garand.

The Enfield fires a uniquely British cartridge, the .303 British. This round is similar in appearance and power to the Russian 7.62 x 54R.

It’s a rimmed, bottle-necked round with a 174 grain, hollow-point, boat-tailed bullet. Riding out front at a sedate 2500 feet per second.

This round can still be found from time to time in sporting goods stores, for a hefty price. Better to buy cheaper European commercial ammo online, or even better reload your own.

I invested in several boxes of ammo and a reloading die and now I reload all the ammo my Enfield digests.

Most Lee Enfields were produced in the United Kingdom. However, some were produced in Australia and India. Don’t be afraid of these. I own an Indian Enfield manufactured in 1916 and it looks and shoots beautifully.

The Enfield’s produced in India during British rule have the same quality standards as any Lee Enfield.
After liberation in 1948, the Indian government continued to produce Enfields into the early 1960s.

Abandoning the .303 British for the 7.62 NATO round. The quality of those rifles may be adequate, but I can’t confirm that.

The Lee Enfield Number 1 Mark III is a pleasure to shoot.

I don’t attach the additional recoil pad when firing this rifle. The recoil is firm, but more of a shove than a slam. I admit, as durable a rifle as mine is, I look at it more like a treasured heirloom than a rifle to take into the woods.

In an emergency, you will also be hard-pressed to find .303 British ammo anywhere. So it’s not a top survival rifle.

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Arisaka Type 99Arisaka Type 99

This military surplus rifle has been the biggest surprise of all my battle rifles.

The Japanese Type 99 in 7.7 Jap was designed to replace the Type 38 in 6.5 Jap. However, both rifles were produced in large quantities during the war. And the pre-war supply of Type 38s was too valuable to throw out.

Since they fired non-compatible cartridges, this presented an ammunition logistics problem. The simple solution was to assign the two rifles to different theaters of combat. That way they didn’t have to supply two types of ammunition.

It also eliminated confusion for the soldiers, sailors, and marines who would worry about using the wrong ammo.

The Type 99 fires a rimless, bottlenecked cartridge, like the 8mm Mauser, with a 150-grain 7.7-millimeter bullet riding out front. It moves at a leisurely 2600 feet per minute.

The previous round, the 6.5-millimeter was deemed too small and the 7.7-millimeter was viewed as an upgrade with more power.

The rifle itself screams simplicity. Although actually a half inch longer than the K98K, it feels shorter to its dimensions and weight. The woodwork is adequate to protect the rifle but is both lighter and smaller in diameter. The rifle feels thin and lightweight, which it is at 8.4 lbs.

The front sight is a simple blade, which can be drifted right and left. The rear sight is an aperture with graduations out to 1500 meters.

On some Type 99s, the rear sight actually folds up with two wings that extend outward. These wings have speed references on them and act as primitive anti-aircraft sights.

The trigger pull is surprisingly light with a crisp break, nearly as good as the Enfield and not a liability.

The action is okay, with a straight 90 bolt turning to 90- degrees to chamber and eject the round. The firing pin cocks on closing.

Type 99 has an integral 5 round magazine, like most other WWII battle rifles.

I don’t know if it’s a function of the aperture sights or what, but this is my most accurate WWII battle rifle. Especially when it’s fired off-hand or standing.

The weapon is light and easy to keep on target.

I’ve always heard the aperture sights were the best for accuracy. And this sight is best suited to the human eye and how it focuses. When tested I could hit within a 1-2” from point of aim at 100 yards with the Type 99.

Arisakas were never imported to the United States in huge numbers. But there were a lot of GI bring them back from WWII. So there are still lots of them on the market. Though nowhere near as many as the Mosin-Nagants or Mausers out there.

When the Arisakas were in the Emperor’s arsenal, they engraved a chrysanthemum (“mum”) on the receiver. Most Arisakas had the “mum” ground off, though a few out there still have an intact engraving. A rifle picked up off the battlefield likely had an intact “mum”.

Having the “mum” intact raises the value of the rifle a few hundred dollars for its historical accuracy.

Rifles physically taken from a Japanese soldier or captured “off battle” will likely be missing the “mum.” The “mum” is a symbol of the emperor and designates the rifle as his property. Out of respect for Hirohito, Japanese soldiers ground off the “mum” if they knew the rifle would fall into Allied hands.

Type 99s with an intact “mum” can go for $400-$600, depending on condition. My Type 99 has the “mum” ground off. I paid $240 for the rifle a few years ago.

It’s an early version manufactured at the Nagoya arms factory in the first quarter of 1941. Pre-Pearl Harbor.

Early Type 99s have a chrome-lined barrel, a neat option that was eliminated as the war progressed when both time and money became critical.

Other Arisakas known as “Last Ditch” rifles were produced late in WWII.

These rifles do not have near the machine work or detail of the previous rifles. Gone is the chrome-lined barrel. The butt plate is wood, rather than steel. The aircraft sights are gone. The knurled knob at the back of the bolt was replaced with an awful-looking welded knob.

These rifles got a bad name because, frankly, they look bad.

There is no evidence, though, they were made of inferior metals or are dangerous to fire. US GIs did have a series of deaths and injuries in the days immediately following WWII while firing “Type 99” rifles. It turns out many of these accidents occurred because the GI wasn’t firing a Type 99.

Instead, it was a training rifle or color guard rifle that looked like Type 99s.

These replicas looked like the real thing. Even chambering their ammo and using real bolts and firing pins. They also blew up in some GI’s faces.

These “accidents” gave the Arisaka, and particularly the Last Ditch versions, a bad name. In fact, the Arisaka has one of the strongest actions of any WWII battle rifle. After the war, it was tested to over 112,000 PSI before failure.

So Of These Four Military Surplus Rifles, Which Is The Best?

  • Which should you buy?
  • Which is the best deal?
  • Which offers the most utility?

All good questions. So here’s my final analysis:

While the Enfield is fantastic, the ammo isn’t prevalent enough. Plus, the rifles are a little pricey due to supply and demand.

While the Arisaka is a pleasure to shoot, very accurate and easy to lug through the wilderness due to its light weight; the ammo is too rare.

The high quality but more expensive runner up is the K98 Mauser (or Yugoslavian variants which are a little cheaper),

The best military surplus rifle for price, availability, acceptable accuracy and price of ammo is the Mosin-Nagant 91/30.

As A Way To Introduce You To Skilled Survival, We’re Giving Away 5 Free SplatterBurst Glow Targets. Just $1.95 shipping and handling.

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The post Analyzing 4 Of The Best Military Surplus Rifles For Survival appeared first on Skilled Survival.

20 Things You Should Never Throw Away

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With all the garbage piling up in our landfills, everyone should take the time to recycle whatever they can. Especially if their local government provides recycling bins. But even if they don’t, it’s still worthing finding ways to recycle and upcycle used items, if only to save a little bit of money. Odds are, you’re […]

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Simplify Your Life: Disconnect to Reconnect

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Simplify, Unplug, Disconnect, Reconnect, Social Media

Unplug from social media and take some time out

We all need to simplify our lives. We live in a world where we are constantly connected, consistently plugged in and never switched off. The demands and responsibilities of life: jobs, bills, children, insurance, medical care and social media means we are constantly occupied. Balancing and juggling a hundred tasks whilst ensuring Facebook and Twitter knows only the best version of ourselves. The version that is carefree and doesn’t have a million things racing around in our mind. Our lives are anything but simple.

In fact perhaps in this world we live in, the hardest thing to do is simplify our lives.

We are constantly surrounded by external stimulation – the text message beep, the Facebook notification, the ever growing number of rules and regulations we must live our lives by.

Do we blame technology for this? More often than not, the answer is probably yes.

Should we blame technology for this? If we think deeply enough, perhaps the answer is no. We have the power to simplify.

Technology has given us the option to be connected. But it does not force us to remain so. We have a choice, and too often we choose to remain embroiled in all of life’s demands and responsibilities. When in fact we have a responsibility to ourselves to take time out. To remove ourselves from the constant clamour and buzz of modern day life – to “chillax” as the kids would say.

Even those who live off-grid, a supposedly “simple” life, can still feel the need for a release of responsibility.

Off-grid living is far from simple! Hunting, scavenging, collecting water, the mere act of trying to survive in isolation is complicated. Whilst city dwellers are dealing with the tirade of information from the huge numbers of people around them, off-gridders are trying to control the rampages of their own thoughts and imagination.

For Christmas, I received a book titled “The Little Book of Hygge”. The word “hygge” derives from a Norwegian word meaning “well-being”. It has lead me to think that simplifying my life doesn’t have to be releasing myself from the demands of everyday life – or my responsibilities.  It is instead a state of mind.  Ensuring that every so often I indulge myself in some time out – a mental release if you will – allows me to be clear minded when it comes to coping with life’s stresses.

Everyone has their own way of unplugging and finding time for themselves. Some do yoga and meditation; others sink into a good book or wander around an art gallery lost in thought. My dad tinkers with his pride and joy, a classic car, and I take my camera and amble off into the countryside. Whatever it takes for you to take a mental release and come back refreshed, make sure you make the time to do it on a regular basis.

Whether on or off-grid, simplifying your life is really very simple – it is your state of mind.

The post Simplify Your Life: Disconnect to Reconnect appeared first on Living Off the Grid: Free Yourself.

Rising Electricity Prices cause Farmers to go Off-Grid

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Solar, Farmers, Off-grid, solar panels, bills, charges

Australian farmers face utility bill increases of 300% and US farmers face spiking charges

Australia’s farm exports have been increasing consistently for the past 6 years and agriculture contributed the most to the country’s economic growth during the last financial quarter. The Australian Bureau of Agriculture and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES) said that a rise in the cash income of South Australia’s farms will be head and shoulders above the 10 year average for the region. But despite this, farmers are being faced with huge electricity bills which are becoming impossible to absorb.

The National Farmer’s Federation are calling for a transformation of the national electricity market. Currently farmers are facing tariff increases of up to 300%! This has been especially sobering for dairy farmers who are predicted to have a fall in cash income. This is due to falling prices for products such as milk.

Fiona Simson, president of the NFF, said, “We need affordable, secure and reliable and low emission electricity.” She spoke of how farmers are turning to off-grid solutions, dusting off diesel generators to avoid a “crippling overnight electricity bill”.

It is not just Australia’s farmers turning to off-grid energy.

US farmers are also beginning to show signs of a solar revolution, to avoid fees for electricity spiking. Even though the start-up costs for solar energy are still more than fossil fuel, with a combination of state incentives, a demand for energy and higher electricity prices in some states, the initial investment starts to pay off.

For the moment solar energy seems to be a supplement for activities such as water pumping and charging electric fences. Farmers in some states have been quicker on the uptake than others. For instance, a five year drought in California has meant farms having to use more electricity to pump ground water. When electricity intensive activities like this take place, it draws a high amount of energy from the local grid all in one go. This leads to a large “spiking” charge for the farmer.

Not only this, but some electricity companies like Pacific Gas and Electric charge more during day time summer hours. This is when there is more demand on the grid. Therefore, turning to solar during this time makes financial sense to avoid higher bills. Using batteries to store excess solar energy to avoid using grid electricity is also a good option for lowering bills. However, the main limitation for many farmers is the cost and storage size of the battery packs they would require. For a lot of farmers with solar power, its use stops when the sun goes down.

In some states like Washington, where electricity prices are low, solar panels are few and far between. However, as electricity prices continue to increase, this easily deploy-able green energy source is likely to become a popular solution.

The post Rising Electricity Prices cause Farmers to go Off-Grid appeared first on Living Off the Grid: Free Yourself.

Great off-grid land in Arizona

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I have several 1-3 acre parcels near Show Low, Arizona in Apache County that are about 15 miles away from the closest city. The parcels all vary in features and may be perfect for your next step in helping you get off-grid.

Please feel free to take a look at our website and feel free to contact me if you have any questions or are interested in purchasing a parcel.

The post Great off-grid land in Arizona appeared first on Living Off the Grid: Free Yourself.

Survival Medicine Hour: Dental Supplies, Tornadoes

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tornado1

Tornado in the Midwest

 

The Survival Medicine Hour is hosted by Joe Alton, MD aka Dr. Bones, and Amy Alton, ARNP, aka Nurse Amy, of https://www.doomandbloom.net/, where you can find over 900 posts, videos and podcasts on disaster and survival strategies.

 

In this episode, we’re on the road speaking in places like Memphis and New Orleans! Tornadoes have hit the area as well as the Midwest, so we discuss keeping your family safe in a twister. Plus, a rundown of what you’d need in the line of dental supplies for long term disaster preparedness.

 

dental_extraction_forcep

dental extractor

To listen in, click below:

 

http://www.blogtalkradio.com/survivalmedicine/2017/03/03/survival-medicine-hour-tornados-dental-supplies

 

Wishing you the best of health in good times or bad,

 

Joe and Amy Alton

LabCoatsBonesAmy1

The Altons

Check out our latest 700 page edition of the Survival Medicine Handbook: The Essential Guide for When Medical Help is Not on the Way, now available on Amazon!

Dysentery in Survival Settings

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bacteria

dysentery may be caused by bacteria or parasites

 

In survival scenarios, many believe that trauma from gunfights at the OK corral will cause the most deaths. The truth, however, is that many avoidable losses will occur due to more basic issues, such as dehydration from infectious diarrheal diseases. These most often occur from failure to assure the sterilization of water, proper preparation of food, and safe disposal of human waste. One of the many duties of the medic in austere settings is to supervise these activities.

 

I’ve written about some of these diseases before, such as Cholera, but I haven’t discussed dysentery in much detail. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines dysentery as diarrhea in which blood is present in loose, watery bowel movements. Unlike Cholera, dysentery is a diarrheal disease that can be caused by several different organisms. It can be spread from human to human or, less commonly, from animals to humans.

 

Most cases of diarrhea are mild and easily treated with fluids and avoidance of certain food products, like dairy. Dysentery, however, is a more serious form where inflammation of the large intestine causes watery stools mixed with blood, pus, and mucus.

 

There are two types of dysentery:

 

Bacillary: Most often caused by several variants of the bacteria family Shigella, but E. Coli, Salmonella, and Campylobacter may also be involved.

 

Amoebic: A parasite, Entamoeba Histolytica, is more commonly seen in tropical and subtropical climates.

 

Dysentery was the cause of death of many soldiers in the Civil War. In total, infectious diseases like Cholera, Typhoid, and others killed more men than bullets or shrapnel.

 

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DYSENTERY

cholera 1

Nausea and vomiting can be seen in dysentery and other diarrheal diseases

 

About 2-10 days after infection, the patient will begin to show symptoms. Some will experience mild effects but others will progress to more severe disease. Beside frequent watery stools mixed with blood and mucus (sometimes 20-30 times a day!), you may see:

 

·        high fevers

·        abdominal pain and bloating

·        Excessive gas

·        Loss of appetite

·        Weakness and fatigue

·        Urgent need to evacuate

·        Vomiting

 

All of the above leads to significant dehydration, which is complicated in severe bacillary dysentery by erosion of the lining of the gut, leading to ulcers that cause bleeding from the rectum. Combined with the effect of bacterial toxins, death may occur quickly without antibiotic therapy and IV fluids. Amoebic dysentery may follow a similar course or be more prolonged in nature, leading to a weakened system and the formation of pockets of pus in the liver.  

 

TREATING DYSENTERY

oralrehydrationpack

oral rehydration salts

 

As you can imagine, any form of this disease will greatly decrease the chance for survival off the grid. As the well-prepared medic can intervene early with certain medicines, a high index of suspicion will decrease avoidable deaths.

 

For bacillary dysentery like that caused by Shigella, antibiotics like ciprofloxacin (Fish-Flox) or azithromycin (Aquatic Azithromycin) are used as treatment.  Amoebic dysentery can be treated with an anti-parasitic drug such as metronidazole (Fish-Zole). Dosing can be found in our book “The Survival Medicine Handbook: The Essential Guide for When Medical Help is Not on the Way” or in various articles at doomandbloom.net. Loperamide (Imodium) and Pepto-Bismol (Bismuth Subsalicylate) are additional items that will be useful tools in the medical woodshed.

 

Of course, it’s especially important to rehydrate victims aggressively. Oral rehydration salts contain electrolytes that will more effectively aid recovery. These can be purchased commercially or improvised using the following formula:

 

To one liter of water (2 liters for children), add:

·        6-8 teaspoons of sugar

·        ½-3/4 teaspoons of salt

·        ¼-1/2 teaspoons of salt substitute (used by people who can’t use regular salt. This item has potassium, an important electrolyte, and can be found wherever regular salt is found.)

·        A pinch of baking soda for bicarbonate

 

PREVENTION

 

vegetables wash

prevent infectious disease with thorough washing

Prevention of dysentery requires understanding of how it’s spread. Transmission often occurs by infected individuals who handle food without washing first or use unsterilized water. Some people may carry the organisms and show no symptoms, at least for a time. As contamination with human feces is a big factor, the medic has to closely supervise the building and use of latrines and other facilities.

 

Dysentery is just one of the issues that can cause headaches and heartaches for the survival medic. With some knowledge and supplies, you’ll have a better chance to keep your family safe in times of trouble.

 

Joe Alton, MD

JoeAltonLibrary3

Joe Alton, MD

Fill those holes in your medical storage by checking out Nurse Amy’s entire line of often-imitated, never-equaled kits and supplies at store.doomandbloom.net!

Travel Hotel Preparedness

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Some or many of you may travel once in a while (or more often) for work. Others will occasionally go on a trip, a visit, or a vacation where you will be staying in a hotel overnight. So the issue of the day is, How do you apply preparedness for an overnight stay in a […]

It Seemed Like A Good Idea At the Time….

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Sure it did. Let the hens keep their eggs, we’ll just sell the chicks…..And then three hens got on the huge nest together and 21 days later the chicks started to hatch…and the other two hens that were in the pen….kept laying in the nest…and a few chicks hatched one day…and then a few more the next and then a few more….
I advertised them on the local Sale facebook pages….and no one responded….no one at all…and the chicks keep coming…
And I set up a second brooder because there were just too many in the first one….
There are now 32 chicks. Some of them are getting rather big. I think I’ll make a sign and advertise on a few more sale sites…and hope.

America Now Ranks Behind These 16 Countries In Economic Freedom, New Study Says

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America Now Ranks Behind These 16 Countries In Economic Freedom, New Study Says

Image source: Wikimedia

WASHINGTON – The United States has less economic freedom than New Zealand, Australia, Estonia, Ireland, Chile, the United Kingdom and Lithuania. That’s the conclusion of the Heritage Foundation’s Index of Economic Freedom for 2017, which saw the United States rank 17th.

The total score of 75.1 for the U.S. was its lowest total ever.

The index ranks countries using a scoring system of one to 100. The freest place on the planet was Hong Kong, which had a score of 89.8. The least free was the Communist country of North Korea with a score of 4.9, which put it last at 180.

“The substantial expansion in the size and scope of the U.S. government, increased regulatory and tax burdens in many sectors, and the loss of trust and confidence that has accompanied a growing perception of cronyism have severely undermined America’s global competitiveness,” the report said.

The score is based on the Heritage Foundation’s “four pillars” of economic freedom: rule of law, government size, regulatory efficiency and open markets. It also examines other factors such as fiscal health, judicial effectiveness and government integrity.

Looking For A Second Country? Read More Here.

Some of the highlights of this year’s Index include:

  • Only five nations — Hong Kong, Singapore, New Zealand, Switzerland and Australia — are considered “truly free” by Heritage’s experts. That means they have an economic freedom score of more than 80.
  • The U.S. ranked better in economic freedom than some other major powers including Germany (26), Japan (40) and China (111).
  • The U.S. still has less economic freedom than Canada, which was ranked seventh. Mexico was No. 70.
  • Venezuela (179) now has less economic freedom than Cuba, which was ranked 178. Only North Koreans enjoy less economic freedom than Venezuelans.
  • Only one Islamic country – the United Arab Emirates — enjoyed a high level of economic freedom. The UAE was ranked No. 8.
America Now Ranks Behind These 16 Countries In Economic Freedom, New Study Says

Image source: Pixabay.com

All total, 73 countries fell in their rankings this year.

“Sixteen of these 73 countries, including notably the Bahamas, Bahrain, El Salvador, Pakistan, Venezuela, and the United States, recorded their lowest economic freedom scores ever,” the Index said.

It was the 23rd Index of Economic Freedom.

Following is the Top 20, including the 16 countries ranked ahead of the U.S.:

  1. Hong Kong
  2. Singapore
  3. New Zealand
  4. Switzerland
  5. Australia
  6. Estonia
  7. Canada
  8. Unite Arab Emirates
  9. Ireland
  10. Chile
  11. Taiwan
  12. United Kingdom
  13. Georgia
  14. Luxembourg
  15. Netherlands
  16. Lithuania
  17. United States
  18. Denmark
  19. Sweden
  20. Latvia

Despite the ranking of the U.S., economic freedom has “advanced in a majority of the world’s countries over the past year,” with 103 nations showing advances, according to the report. It looks as if economic freedom is increasing around the world, even as it declines in America. There is still a great deal of work to be done.

What is your reaction? Share it in the section below:

Goofy Gadget Can Jump-Start Your Car — And Charge Your Smartphone!

Group Prepping Vs Solo Prepping | episode 140

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Group Prepping Vs Solo Prepping | episode 140

http://www.survivalpunk.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/Groups-vs-solo-prepping-episode-140.mp3

Download

 

Do you plan to go it solo for a disaster or go it in a group? Group Prepping vs Solo prepping is the topic this week. 
 
In this episode, we weigh the pro and cons on Group Prepping Vs Solo Prepping. Which is better for your situation.
 
We talk about what you have to do if you want to successfully go it alone in your prepping. 
 
In solo prepping during the SHTF you now have to do it all yourself. 
 
You need to be doctor, farmer, and soldier. 
 
If you are injured nothing gets done. 
 
You also don’t have to worry about who to trust.  How to divide supplies or what to punish. 
 
With a group, you can have trained people fill the roles they are accustomed to. 
 
Your Where there’s no doctor book can not compete with the experience of a real doctor. 
 
 

 

Topics

 
Solo Pros
 
No sharing 
You can trust yourself
Your area can sustain you longer
Power needs are less
Hiding is easier
 
 
 
 
Solo Prepping Cons
 
Won’t be any help
Have to learn all skills
have to defend alone
Humans as social animals
 
 
Group Prepping Pros
 
Have more help in gathering resources, ie Farming, hunting
More to defend
More resources brought into
Social environment
 
 
Group Prepping Cons
Politics come into play
Have to get along with others
Have to trust…
 
 

Links

 
 

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The post Group Prepping Vs Solo Prepping | episode 140 appeared first on Survival Punk.

10 Requirements for Long-Term Food Storage

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We live in a world where a disaster is bound to hit us sooner or later. Food storage is one of the basics of emergency preparedness and it requires proper planning. No matter how you look at things, food will always become your number one priority during a long-term disaster. Having a well-equipped pantry doesn’t … Read more…

The post 10 Requirements for Long-Term Food Storage was written by Rhonda Owen and appeared first on Prepper’s Will.

Women Warriors Unite!

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     Yesterday, I shared what the heart and soul of men who are Spiritual Warriors looks like. They are the front line of God’s army of mortal saints, determined to help establish the Kingdom of Heaven on earth. They are our husbands, fathers, sons, and brothers who love us, protect us, provide for us, teach us, and encourage us.  At the basic level, it is part of the Warrior make-up to fight for what is righteous and good, and defeat what is evil. And men who are Spiritual Warriors display the strength, courage, determination, and relationship with God that makes them so valuable to the Kingdom and a formidable foe to the Enemy.

     And that is why I am beginning to see all the ways that Satan is attacking the stature of our men in order to diminish their power and authority, and shatter any chance of the Kingdom of Heaven being established on this earth.  The Enemy knows the importance and significance that God has placed on His male creation. If Satan can destroy the reputation — and, more importantly — the position and identity of men in this world, then he can greatly decrease their spiritual power on this earthly battlefield.  He knows his time is short to win souls, and I’m certain that he recognizes there is a new generation [and renewed force] of spiritual warriors being raised against him.  That means he is determined to defeat them in anyway possible. And that’s why I see the need for us women to get in the fight!
     Now, before you think this is going to be a post on women becoming co-equal to men in their roles as physical and spiritual warriors, I’d like to show you what the Holy Spirit is revealing to me. As I listened to the three men with whom I spent precious time with this last week, I gave thanks to God that they had won their battles against the Enemy; that they had defeated the works of the devil to keep them from their victory in Christ. But the Holy Spirit whispered to me that the attacks of Satan have done tremendous damage to men in our society, and that we women need to get in the fight to spiritually protect our men!
     I realize that God designed our half of His creation to be the helpmate and nurturer, but He has given us His authority to use His power, too. And when it comes to defeating the spiritual battles that our men face, then we need to put our armor on and battle beside them.
     I received that message loud and clear from the Holy Spirit, and then He began downloading all the tactics that Satan has used to remove our men from their God-given place in the Kingdom.  Here are just a few that immediately came to mind:  Pornography, Radical Feminism, Pedophilia, Sexual Molestation, and the Welfare System. Think about it … each of these practices has undermined who God made men to be. Each constricts their identity as Godly men and weakens their relationship with God.  They are all effective schemes by Satan to remove men from the spiritual battlefield.
     Pornography leads to sexual immorality which disgusts God.  It becomes an obsession for men, thereby taking their focus off being holy and changing how they see themselves. Whether they see themselves as unworthy of God [or] above His moral laws; either way they aren’t interested in getting on the battlefield.
     Pedophilia and Sexual Molestation are among the most wicked of the devil’s schemes. I believe that both practices are designed to destroy the spirit of both men and women.  But Satan uses it most cruelly among men, attacking their sense of power, control, and confidence — all of which are needed to be effective Kingdom warriors. And I remember well, the singular voice of Dr. Laura Schlessinger, who in the early 1990’s waged a media war against NAMBLA (North American Man/Boy Love Association) who lobbied the public on the notion that children (boys) were sexual beings who should be given rights to have consensual sex with adults. My spirit tells me that when Jesus says, “But if anyone causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to stumble, it would be better for him to have a large millstone hung around his neck and to be drowned in the depths of the sea”.  That is how strongly Jesus hates these works of the devil.
     I also believe the Welfare System is the handiwork of our Enemy, too.  It’s not hard to see how the last 50 years have destroyed the place of men within the family unit. Coupled with radical feminism, the devil has whispered to women that they don’t need men.  The Government has replaced the husband and father as the Provider of the family; Science has replaced men as the sperm donor; and the Medical field can even help them get rid of the product of an actual sexual liaison. And all you have to is look at advertising to see how men are celebrated in our culture today.  They are being feminized; and the rugged, strong, muscular man has been replaced by the thin, skinny-jean wearing, soft, wimpy guy who likes to watch chick flicks.
     SIDE NOTE: Would it interest you to know that in Matthew 4:23 and 9:35, that the Bible speaks to this very perception?  The Bible says, Jesus went throughout Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every disease and sickness among the people.
     When recently researching all the Scriptures about the healings done by Jesus, I wondered why there were several instances where “sickness” and “disease” were listed as if they were different entities.  Weren’t they the same, I asked myself?  But a quick look at my Strong’s Concordance revealed that “sickness” referred to a malady; an infirmity; while “disease” was defined as softness; bodily weakness; and came from a root word which meant effeminate; not simply of a male who practices forms of lewdness, but persons in general, who are guilty of addiction to sins of the flesh; voluptuous.  Interesting, isn’t it?
     But, now that I have laid out all these methods of the devil to deprive a man of his male role and identity (especially those men who are destined to become spiritual warriors), I am inviting us women to wake up and come to the defense of our men!  It is their inherent nature to be warriors, not weakened, ineffective men.  We wives and mothers must become warriors in our own right; guarding our sons from predators and social temptations, and fighting in the spiritual realm when our husbands are attacked by the Enemy — when Satan tries to kill that Warrior Spirit by whispering a lie about who he is. Because when men see themselves through these dirty veils, then they don’t see the Light of Jesus in themselves.
     As the women in their lives, we can go to battle against these lies and break years-old cycles of bondage in our men; we can let our men know that we are not only a spiritual refuge for them, but we know their true identity, and we are willing to put on our armor and go to battle for them.  We can be just like Deborah, the only woman Judge of ancient Israel. She was a simple homemaker; a woman of simple faith, and her role was that of a keeper of the tabernacle lamps.  When Israel suffered 20 years under evil King Jabin of Canaan, the men were oppressed by weariness and fear.  Deborah burned with indignation at the abuse and injustice heaped upon the men of her nation. She refused to concede to King Jabin and through the authority given to her by God, she waged a military campaign that resulted in 40 years of peace for her nation.
     And here is what we modern women need to apply from Deborah’s example: Like Deborah, we need to recognize that we are in a spiritual battle for our men.  We need to trust God and obey the insight He gives us about the exact struggles and bondage that our men may be experiencing.  We need to focus on God as our strength; and we need to exercise the authority and power He has given to us to wage this spiritual battle — Focus on Him; do not give the Enemy any credibility.  Do not be intimidated by the Enemy’s tactics and do not compromise with him.  Declare in a loud voice that you will not cede ground to him … that your loved one belongs to Jesus Christ and he (the devil) can’t have him! Shout that the enemy has no power over your loved one and that they are sealed by the Holy Spirit with the promise of eternal life! Picture yourself in full armor battling the demons that threaten your son, brother, father, or husband. See yourself tearing down the wall, brick-by-brick, that Satan has erected around them to keep them in captivity. And know that the battle is the Lord’s; Jesus is beside you and you have nothing to fear! And last, but not least, we need to tell our men that we see them as Jesus sees them, and nothing less than that. We celebrate their Warrior spirit and have full confidence and trust in them; that there is nothing the devil can do to change who they are in Christ, or in our eyes and hearts.
     In summary, Deborah is not unique in her leadership role in the Bible.  We have plenty of examples of women who displayed courage and a willingness to serve the Kingdom of God.  From Mary, the mother of Jesus; to Mary Magdalene, who was given the honor of being the first person to see the risen Christ; to Jael; Judith; Phoebe; Priscilla; Junia; Euodia and Syntyche; the Wise Woman of Abel Beth Maacah in 2 Samuel 20; King Lemuel’s mother, whose oracle in Proverbs 31 guided her son; the Shunamite woman in 2 Kings 4; the prophetess Hulda in 2 Chronicles 34; and many more named and unnamed women.
     I believe that God has made us women extra-sensitive to the spiritual realm, and that He has given us the strength, courage, and endurance to wage the spiritual battles necessary to support our men and help them to reclaim their identities. I know without a doubt, that I have the authority, and God’s Power, to go to battle for the men in my life.  I pledge to serve them – and God’s Kingdom — believing and trusting that I can partner with Jesus [in the spiritual realm]. And armed with the strength of God, I will be successful in defeating any oppression coming from Satan. Will you join me in the spiritual war before us, and partner with Jesus to deliver our men from evil? All we have to do is be willing and obedient, and Jesus’s victory is ours!

Ezra 10:4   “Stand up, for it is your duty, and we will be with you. Be brave and act.”

How To Turn Your Bike Into A Bug Out Vehicle

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The first thing that people do in the movies when there’s a catastrophic event is try to get out of town. They end up in gridlocked traffic and end up surrounded by panicking people abandoning vehicles that can’t go any further. Obviously, there was a lack of planning.

As preppers, we’re prepared to avoid these types of situations either by bugging in, or by having bug out vehicles that can navigate terrain, and will allow us to avoid major roads so that we have a better chance of getting safely away.

Though many people don’t consider a motorcycle a good choice for a bug out vehicle, don’t discount the advantages out of hand. After all, while all of those cars are gridlocked, you can ride the berm or split the lanes to continue traveling. This would, of course, come with the risk of somebody knocking you off your bike, so you’d have to be extremely cautious while also traveling quickly.

You can also travel off-road if you have the right bike and it’s properly equipped. Oh, and if you have an EMP room that’s at least 5 or 6 feet square, you can keep the bike right in there along with an extra motor and parts and still have plenty of room left for your other stuff.

Also, a motorcycle gets anywhere from 30-70 mpg. The average dual sport bike has anywhere from a 3-6 gallon tank, which means that you can make it 150-300 miles on one tank. They’re also versatile and do well both on the street and off-road assuming you choose a good bike and put knobby tires on it.

Many people like to use a 250cc for a bug out vehicle, but I like a little more speed and power – I’d recommend a 600 – it doesn’t weight that much more than a 250, though you will lose a little mpg. That’s negligible, though – 10mpg maybe. Chances are good that your bug out place is still going to be well within your tank range.

There are downsides. You can’t realistically take more than two people and will only be able to take the bare essentials with you. Ideally, you should probably use a bike to get you to a pre-stocked bug out location. Most sport bikes, enduros, motocross bikes and duel sports are light enough that 2 people can lift them up into the back of a truck.

However, there are a few modifications that you should probably make in order to optimize it for bugging out. These are just general suggestions – you’ll have to account for your individual terrain and bug out plans.

Put Headlights on Toggle Switch

Motorcycles typically have headlights that turn on as soon as you turn the key as a standard safety feature. Since you may need to hide, it’s probably a good idea to put the headlight on a toggle switch. Fortunately, the wiring on a motorcycle is fairly simple, so this is easy to do.

Paint to Match Your Terrain

I absolutely love the electric blue and neon green paintjob on my GSXR, but it doesn’t exactly lend itself to hiding.

Not only do you want to keep from being seen on it if possible, but you don’t want it to stand out for somebody to target as a potential getaway vehicle for themselves should you need to stop and be away from it. (i.e., bathroom breaks, etc.)

Fortunately, it doesn’t take much paint to cover an entire motorcycle. Choose a paint that will help you blend into your terrain. Whether it’s green or tan, or somewhere in between, camouflage that ride.

Cargo Racks

You can buy a cargo rack for behind the seat, or you can do what I did for my last bike and build it yourself. This allows you quite a bit of customization because you can add a little bit of storage here and there.

For instance, you can potentially add a rifle carrier that would ride under your thigh, or a storage rack in front of it. You can also buy or build saddle bags. We are, after all, the kings and queens of DIY.

Use Quiet Exhaust

On a standard day, I’ll preach that loud pipes save lives all day long, but not in this case. Your goal is to fly under the radar, so you want the bike to be as quiet as possible. Because of the way a motorcycle motor works, you’re not going to be able to get it whisper-quiet like a car is, but you can muffle it significantly by modifying the pipes.

Especially if you’ve opted to use a small-cc bike, don’t do too much in the way of modifying the heads to muffle the sound because you don’t want to restrict the airflow.

Have an Extra Motor and Parts in Your EMP Room

If you have an EMP room, you have room for a motorcycle motor. They’re small and fairly light – less than 150 pounds in many cases.

Discover how to assemble a simple device that will shield your electronics from the EMP!

Magnetic and Handlebar Bags

Once you start looking, you’re going to be surprised by how many places you can put a storage bag on your bike. There are handlebar bags made to sit in the triple tree. I put mine on the front between the forks when I carry it.

You can also get magnetic tank bags that will carry a surprising amount of gear and supplies.

Magnetic Holsters

These are great. The magnets are seriously strong enough to hold onto the tank even if things get rough. I had one on my last bike that I used when we went camping and I kept it on the front of my tank up by my gauges. You can, of course, always customize them or have them custom made.

Backpack

This is probably my most important piece of survival gear because it stays right with me all the time. I don’t have to worry about it falling off or catching on things, or slowing me down as long as I’m on my bike. Put what you can’t live without in here, in case somebody steals your bike.

I always keep, at a minimum:

Sounds like a lot, but actually if you think about it, the only big item is water. It all fits in the bottom of one of my pouches, and I have a nice little “just in case” kit.

I also keep a toolkit underneath my seat that holds the main 3 sockets and small wrenches that work on my bike, a pair of pliers, and zip ties.

Suspension

Depending on the bike that you have, you may need to adjust the suspension so that it’s fit to ride off-road. This is a topic best researched before you decide on a bike. I can’t really offer much advice that would be any good because everything depends on what you have to work with.

Tires

If you’re going to take your bike off-road, you need to have knobby tires on it. If you’re not, you need to keep your street tires in excellent condition because in the middle of an emergency is the worst time possible for you to have a blowout.

These are just a few tips to help you get your motorcycle ready to use as a bugout vehicle. I considered recommending armoring the tank and you can do that if you want, but truthfully, you’re using it as a vehicle that is light, nimble, and maneuverable. You want to avoid weight where you can.

Do you have any other tips to help prepare a motorcycle so that it will serve as a good bug out vehicle?

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This article has been written by Theresa Crouse for Survivopedia. 

10 Awesome Tips You Never Knew About Using Wood Stoves That May Change Your Life

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 ReadyNutrition Readers, we’re having a heatwave out here in Montana…it’s 9 degrees Fahrenheit while I’m writing this.  I hope you guys and gals are nice and warm and you have a good wood stove in front of you keeping it so.  You recall I wrote one on wood stoves not too long ago, and I wanted to supplement this for a few more things you can do with yours.  Aside from using wood stoves to stay warm and cook food on, here are a few tips you never knew on how to get the most out of your wood stove.

10 Ways to Make the Most of a Wood Stove

Ashes

One of the things you should consider is the potash that comes from your stove.  Yes, all that wood turns into ashes that can be recycled and used.  One of the things that you can do is to store them in a container (preferably a metal one that has a tightly-fitting lid) and use them later for producing your own soap.  The ashes are boiled down in water (yes, this too can be done on your wood stove!), and combined with lye and other ingredients.

Your ashes can also be used for metal polishing, for the likes of metals such as brass and silver.  It works really well straight up, or mixed with just a few drops of water.  The ashes can also be combined with your compost piles and used as a form of fertilizer to replace many valuable minerals and nutrients that comes from carboniferous materials being burned.  Why do you suppose a new forest sprouts up in a few years after a forest fire?   All of that burned wood goes into the soil and enriches it.  You can turn it into your gardens when you’re planting in the springtime for the same effect.

Charcoal

Charcoal is another product that you can take from your wood stove.  Used for a variety of things besides just cooking, charcoal can also be finely-crushed and added to your ash supply to make soap.  It can be set aside for use as cooking material or a fire-starting ingredient and even used to clean teeth.  Charcoal can also be used to filter water (see previous articles on water purification).

Soot

There’s also soot from the chimney (although you’ll probably have to wait until springtime to obtain it when you brush your chimney pipe).  Soot is the black substance formed by the combustion of your wood in the stove.  This is fine particulate matter that adheres to your pipe walls, and is blackened, consisting mainly of carbon that has not been completely burned. Soot is responsible for many chimney fires.  Soot can be mixed (in small quantities as needed) with a little bit of vegetable oil and some water to make your own ink.  A type of soot is called lampblack, and is used in enamels, paints, and inks from a commercial perspective.

That soot also has a great deal of unburned oils and resins in it (especially if you burn a lot of pine…don’t scoff…if you live in the Rockies, you will burn pine unless your last name is Rockefeller, believe me).  The oils, resins, and unburned carbon are excellent to mix with things such as sawdust and lint, with some wax for fire starters for the wood stove or camping and backpacking.

Dehydrate Food

The top of the stove is great for dehydrating food as well.  You have recipes from ReadyNutrition for pemmican and jerky.  You can make your own on top of the stove with small-aperture wire racks…of the type to cool off hot sandwiches and the like.  Lay your meat on top of the wood stove top on the racks and allow that heat to dry them right out.

We’d love to hear any suggestions of things that you have found to do with your wood stoves (along with heating your home and cooking, of course).  It is all part of your preps and homesteading and learning to economize and obtain the maximum use for all of the materials you have at your disposal.  Explore some of these and let us know what you think, as well as things you have discovered on your own.  Keep up that good fight, drink a good cup of coffee, and stay warm!

 

JJ

 

Don’t forget to join us March 9th 7 p.m. (CST) for a FREE interactive webinar about solar cooking. Click here for more details!

MARCH9G

Jeremiah Johnson is the Nom de plume of a retired Green Beret of the United States Army Special Forces (Airborne). Mr. Johnson was a Special Forces Medic, EMT and ACLS-certified, with comprehensive training in wilderness survival, rescue, and patient-extraction. He is a Certified Master Herbalist and a graduate of the Global College of Natural Medicine of Santa Ana, CA. A graduate of the U.S. Army’s survival course of SERE school (Survival Evasion Resistance Escape), Mr. Johnson also successfully completed the Montana Master Food Preserver Course for home-canning, smoking, and dehydrating foods.

Mr. Johnson dries and tinctures a wide variety of medicinal herbs taken by wild crafting and cultivation, in addition to preserving and canning his own food. An expert in land navigation, survival, mountaineering, and parachuting as trained by the United States Army, Mr. Johnson is an ardent advocate for preparedness, self-sufficiency, and long-term disaster sustainability for families. He and his wife survived Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath. Cross-trained as a Special Forces Engineer, he is an expert in supply, logistics, transport, and long-term storage of perishable materials, having incorporated many of these techniques plus some unique innovations in his own homestead.

Mr. Johnson brings practical, tested experience firmly rooted in formal education to his writings and to our team. He and his wife live in a cabin in the mountains of Western Montana with their three cats.

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition

Raising Meat Chickens

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Raising Meat Chickens Host: Austin Martin “Homesteady Live“ Audio in player below! Should you raise meat chickens on your homestead? Chickens are commonly called the “Gateway Animal”, and so it makes sense that Chickens are a great way to get started with raising your own meat. But raising meat birds is not the same as … Continue reading Raising Meat Chickens

The post Raising Meat Chickens appeared first on Prepper Broadcasting |Network.

Why Forgiveness Is So Important (Day Four)

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When we forgive, a self-built prison of anger and pain comes down and we move on with our lives. But what happens when we ignore forgiveness? When we hold onto anger, hurt, grudges and feelings of revenge, it prevents us from moving on. That means that end up feeling stuck and trapped in the anger.

5 Dumb Seed-Starting Mistakes That Nearly Everyone Makes

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5 Dumb Seed-Starting Mistakes That Nearly Everyone Makes

Image source: Pixabay.com

I’ve been gardening since I was knee-high to a grasshopper. I grew up on a farm and we kids were expected to help in my mom’s large vegetable garden. Many of the gardening maxims that I still adhere to were picked up while working alongside Mom. But just because I’ve been doing things the same way for 40-odd years, it doesn’t mean those are the right — or best — things to do.

I was surprised last spring when a local friend mentioned that he had directly sowed peas in April. April?! Really?! Where I live, our last frost date is May 15, and most local people get their seeds in during the first weekend following that date. This guy, however, was totally new to gardening and, unfamiliar with conventional wisdom, he followed the directions on the seed package. Go figure. Since the package said to sow the seeds as soon as the ground was workable, that’s what he did. He got a terrific pea harvest, too.

Whether you’re just starting out as a gardener, or you’ve been working the soil your whole life, you might be making some of these common mistakes.

Need Non-GMO Heirloom Seeds? Get Them From A Company You Can Trust!

Here are five dumb-but-common seed-starting mistakes:

1. Not reading seed packages

If you’ve been gardening for a long time, chances are you’re like me: just doing things the same way you always have instead of reading the seed packages. As my story above illustrates, that’s not always the best idea. Maybe you’ve been sowing seeds directly — seeds that would really benefit from being started earlier indoors (like broccoli, which needs to mature before the hottest days of summer or it will bolt). Or maybe you’ve been planting your seeds a little too deeply and as a result, your germination rate is low. Reading seed packages can save time and money. It’s worth it.

2. Forgetting to label

Many of us who are old hands at gardening can identify our vegetable plants even before they set their true leaves. But can we identify the different varieties? That’s unlikely. Keeping track of how different varieties perform can help us decide whether to grow the same ones next year; and if so, if there is anything that we can change that might optimize their growth.

Don’t forget to label!

3. Not watering properly

It can be hard getting the moisture levels right for those tiny pots. A slip of the wrist, and they’re flooded. A busy day where you forget to water, and they turn into little Saharas, complete with wilted seedlings. It happens to the best of us. But we should try neither to underwater or overwater.

5 Dumb Seed-Starting Mistakes That Nearly Everyone Makes

Image source: Pixabay.com

Start by making sure your potting mix is thoroughly wet, but not soaking, before you even plant. Purchased potting mix is often quite dry. Put some in a container, add water, stir, and let it sit for a little while to absorb moisture before you start planting.

Once planted, it’s best to water by misting the pots, rather than using a watering can, as a heavier stream of water can disturb the soil and dislodge seeds. Let the soil dry out just a little between waterings. If the soil is too moist, the seeds and seedlings will be more susceptible to mold, fungus, disease, and rot.

4. Starting seeds too early

In our eagerness to start gardening again, we might start our seeds too early. What could possibly be wrong with growing bigger, sturdier plants over a longer period of time? Well, particularly if you use seed flats or peat pots, you may need to repot large seedlings before the ground is warm enough for transplanting. Repotting means an increased cost to purchase more potting mix and larger pots; it also means more work. Also, some plants fare better if they are transplanted when they are smaller or less mature. For instance,   if they are transplanted before they start flowering.

The All-Natural Fertilizer That Doubles Your Garden Yield!

A general guideline is to start seeds 4-6 weeks prior to your local last frost date; however, some herbs and vegetables can be started 8-10 weeks prior. Refer to   at Off The Grid News for more information about when to start seeds indoors.

5. Not cleaning and sterilizing equipment

We gardeners are a thrifty lot, and we tend to adhere to the “reduce, reuse, recycle” mantra. However, when it comes to “reuse,” make sure your materials are clean and sterile. A quick rinse with the garden hose last summer was not adequate to ready your supplies for this spring.

It’s about more than just cleanliness; disease and fungi can lurk on dirty equipment.   is one fungal-borne disease that can kill off your seedlings. If you’re reusing any equipment this spring, start by sterilizing everything in one part bleach to 10 parts water.

Gardening is truly a lifelong learning process. There are often different and better ways of doing things. Always keep an open mind. You might learn better methods through trial and error, neighborly advice, written articles, or even seed packages. Go figure.

What seed-starting mistakes have you made? What did you learn? Share your tips with others in the section below:

Seamazing: The Low-Cost Way To Re-mineralize Your Soil