A Complete Guide to Bone Broth

Click here to view the original post.

What Is Bone Broth?

Have you heard of bone broth? Maybe you’ve heard it mentioned, or you have friends who gush over how much they love it, but you aren’t quite sure what it is why it is so highly praised by many.

Bone broth is a liquid obtained from simmering bones from chicken, turkey, pork or beef in water.

Honestly, that’s it. What everyone calls bone broth today is what Grandma called ‘soup bones’ and Mom called ‘broth’ – it comes from long, slow simmering of bones in water. The biggest difference between bone broth and regular stock is that bone broth is cooked a lot longer. The end result is a tasty liquid that’s delicious on its own, but also makes a wonderful and nutritious base for soups and stews.

Nutrition is one of the main reasons people make and consume bone broth regularly. Of course it’s also very tasty, but more on that in a minute. When you boil bones for a long period of time, you leach all sorts of nutrients, minerals and other things that are good for you like glucosamine and collagen.

It’s also good for your immune system. Remember Mom or Grandma making a big pot of chicken soup anytime someone would get sick? The same principal is at work here. Think of bone broth as a more concentrated version of Grandma’s healing soup. The broth may even help you sleep better at night. Sip a cup of the tasty liquid before bed. It’ll work better than the hot milk your mom used to bring you.

To make bone broth you take bones like those from that leftover chicken or turkey carcass that’s still sitting in your fridge from last night. Cover it with plenty of water and simmer for several hours. How long you cook your broth is up to you. Twelve hours gives you a very decent broth, but cooking it even longer makes it even more nutritious. If you’re using the bones from a roasted chicken, consider tossing them in a large slow cooker and making your broth right in there. They can safely bubble away as you go about your day. A pressure cooker makes incredible bone broth and cuts the time down considerably.

You can drink the finished hot broth as is, season it up with your favorite herbs and spices, or use it to make a pot of soup or stew. The cooled broth can be stored in the fridge for about 4 days or in the freezer for up to a year.

The next time you pick up a rotisserie chicken from the grocery store or roast that Thanksgiving turkey, don’t toss out the bones when you’re done. Use them to make a batch of delicious bone broth. Once you try it, you’ll be surprised just how easy it is to make and how truly wonderful it is.

Why Make Bone Broth?

Okay, it’s fine for me to tell you that bone broth is good for you, but what exactly do I mean by that?

It’s Tasty

My mother’s excited that I featured her freshly made bone broth. Thanks, Mom!

Let’s start with the obvious – homemade bone broth tastes really good. If you haven’t tried making any of these, do yourself a favor and get on it. Bone broth has a deep rich flavor that you just won’t get out of a cartoon of chicken stock.

Drink the broth on its own, or use it as the base for soups, stews and sauces. You can use bone broth in any recipe that calls for broth or stock. Or try simmering your rice or vegetables in the broth for added flavor and nutrition. Rice that has been cooked in dark, nutritious bone broth rarely requires any other seasoning.

After you taste your homemade broth, and then try cooking with that insipid colourless stuff from the grocery store, you’ll be convinced.

It’s Frugal

Bone broth is made from water and the bones you’d toss in the green bin (or garbage if you don’t have compostable pickup). It doesn’t get a lot more frugal than cooking … let’s face it … garbage! For no more than the cost of a little power to simmer the bones, you have something that’s even tastier than high-end stock you buy at the store. Mom says the old folks just called this ‘soup bones’ – and it simmered forever on the back of the wood cookstove.

If you’re buying quality chicken, turkey or beef, you can make the most of every dollar you spend by using every little bit including the bones. Then take it even further by making soups and stews with the broth. It’s a great way to make even little bits of meat and veggies go a long way.

It’s Good For You

Let’s not forget about the health benefits of bone broth. There’s a reason Grandma would put on a pot of homemade chicken soup when someone got sick. Bone broth is full of minerals including magnesium and calcium. The fat content in the broth helps our bodies absorb the various minerals. It’s also full of collagen and gelatin which are good for your skin, hair and joints. Add to that the immunity boosting properties of a good cup of broth and it’s no wonder this has been praised for centuries.

There you have it. Bone broth is one of the tastiest and inexpensive health foods that you can make right in your own kitchen. Grab that chicken carcass leftover from last night’s dinner from the fridge, get out your large stock pot and get cooking.

How To Make Broth

Bone broth gets better the longer you simmer the bones in the water. Good bone broth has cooked for at least 12 hours. Great bone broth takes a good 48 to 72 hours. There are a few different ways to make it. We’ll go over them in more detail, but the general idea is to either use a stock pot on the stove, put your slow cooker to work, or make something called perpetual broth where you continually cook and use the broth.

The method you use is a matter of preference. If you are going to be around, use the stove top method. If you work outside the home or want to keep the broth going overnight, a crockpot will be a better choice. And if you have a pressure cooker, that’s probably the fastest, most energy-efficient method. Pick what works for you and start making some of this delicious broth.

Pressure Cooking

You can also use your pressure canner to preserve your broth for later!

There are two ways to pressure cook, and I have done both. I have a 23 Quart Presto Pressure Canner/Cooker (despite several years of insisting that I’m getting rid of it, I haven’t yet!) and an 8 Quart Gourmia Electric Pressure Cooker.

On the stovetop, simply bring your big canning pot full of bones and water to pressure and then lower the heat so that it cooks at 10 PSI (adjust if you are at a higher altitude) for an hour. Let the pressure decrease naturally until the safety lock opens, and then carefully open the lid.

My electric pressure cooker has a Soup option that runs for 25 minutes. I actually run it through that twice in order to get intensely rich and flavourful broth.

Stock Pot Broth

This is the traditional way of making broth and when I made it on my wood cook stove, this is the method I used. I use my 21 gallon pressure canner pot – it has a good solid lid and is heavy enough to handle hours and hours of slow cooking. You can make a large batch of bone broth and use even the largest batch of bones or the Thanksgiving turkey carcass.

The easiest way to make your first batch of bone broth is to start with a cooked chicken. Roast it yourself or head to your local grocery store and pick up a rotisserie chicken. (Home cooked is best, but those pre-cooked chickens are definitely convenient!)

Pull the cooked meat of the chicken and serve it for dinner. Store any leftover meat in the fridge to use later on to make chicken and noodle or chicken and rice soup with the bone broth you’re about to make.

Put everything that’s left – all the bones and any remaining bits and pieces of meat – into a large pot that has a lid.  I include the skin, too, because it has nutritional value that is better off in my broth.

Fill it with plenty of cold water. The more water you add, the more broth you’ll get in the end.  Don’t fill it all the way to the top or you risk the liquid bubbling over.

Next, add a good splash of apple cider vinegar to the pot.  If you don’t have the vinegar in your pantry don’t fret it. You can add a splash of red wine or white vinegar if you have that, and even some fresh lemon juice works. The acid in the vinegar helps get all the minerals out of the bones and into the broth. But again, don’t worry if you don’t have it. Your broth will be just as tasty and almost as good for you without it.

Cover the pot with the lid and crank up the heat until everything comes to a full boil. Reduce the heat to a simmer. Cook your bone broth for a minimum of 12 hours. Letting it simmer even longer – up to 72 hours – would be perfect, but you don’t want it on the stove while you’re out of the house or sleeping. Of course you can use your slow cooker for that long, but what if you don’t have one?

Start the broth in the morning on a day when you know you’ll be home, using a heavy pot that has a very tight lid. I use my heavy duty pressure canner since it seals tight. Simmer it all day until you’re ready to go to bed, and then turn up the heat just long enough to bring it to a boil. Turn off the burner for the night, and make sure the lid is on tightly, but keep the broth sitting on the stove. Do not remove the lid. In the morning, as soon as you wake up bring the liquid back to a boil without taking off the lid. After it has become bubbly hot again, lower the heat and continue simmering.

This is actually, in my experience, safer than trying to cool down that big pot of broth quickly enough and then bringing it back to boiling.  The trick is to bring it to a boil briefly in the evening and then again in the morning, both times with the lid on.

The broth will be tasty after a few hours of simmering but will get better with time. After it has cooked for 12 hours you can start to use it. Just replace the liquid you’re taking out with more water to keep stretching the broth.

Strain some of the finished bone broth into a smaller pot, add the shredded chicken along with some rice or noodles and leftover veggies to make some soup. Or just drink the broth. It’s delicious.

Strain the liquid and store it in the fridge for 3 to 4 Days. You can also freeze the broth for up to a year.

Crock Pot Broth

If you don’t want to “baby-sit” your broth all day or continue to simmer it for 24 to 72 hours straight, and you don’t have a pressure cooker, put your slow cooker to work. This works particularly well for a chicken carcass or any small batch of bones. (Why don’t you have a pressure cooker or canner?)

Put the bones in the crockpot and cover them with plenty of water. Again, adding a splash of apple cider vinegar will help get the most nutrients and minerals from the bones. Cover and cook on low as long as desired.

Strain out the liquid and if you’d like, start another bath with the same bones, since you’re using a lot less water than if you were using a stock pot. You can get up to 3 batches of bone broth out of each batch of bones.

Perpetual Broth

Last but not least there’s something called perpetual bone broth. The basic idea is that you have a pot of broth simmering at all times. You dip out what you need to drink or cook with, add more water and bones as needed and keep it going. You can do this on the back of the stove, turning it off at night, but unless you have a wood stove it may be safer and more efficient to make your perpetual broth in the slow cooker.

This is a good idea if you’re sick and are trying to get a constant supply of hot broth to sip on without a lot of work. Put your chicken bones in the slow cooker along with any herbs or seasonings you like, cover with water and cook for 12 hours. Then start dipping out a cup or two of broth at a time, refilling it with water each time.  Use the broth for 3 to 6 days, then remove everything from the slow cooker, clean it and start over.

What Bones Can Be Used?

Bone broth can be made from just about any type of bone, but for best result, make sure you include some larger bones containing marrow and some knuckles and/or feet (chicken) to get plenty of collagen. Let’s look at some of the different types of bones you can use and where to find them.

Chicken Bones

Here’s something easy. Chicken bones are the perfect “gateway” bones to make your first batch of bone broth. Go buy a nice organic chicken. Roast it and enjoy the meat for dinner. Toss everything else into a large stock pot, cover with water and simmer at least 12 hours.  It’s a great way to make sure you’re using up every little bit of the bird and you and up with some tasty broth.

If you have a farmer in your area that raises chickens for meat or eggs, ask what they do with the bones. You may just find a source of chicken bones free of charge. You can make broth from raw bones, but the flavor will be better if you roast them in the oven first.

Turkey Bones

Turkey works just as well as chicken. You may just want a larger pot. Before you toss that turkey carcass leftover from Thanksgiving or Christmas dinner, make a big batch of broth. Bone broth freezes really well. Make a big batch and run the broth through a strainer. Store it in containers and freeze until you’re ready to use it.

Bones can be boiled several times to make more batches of broth. Make one batch to freeze and then another one to use right away. Use less water the second time around to still get a flavorful broth.

Beef and Pork Bones

Both beef and pork bones make for some amazing broth. They are a little bit harder to find though. Talk to the butcher at your local grocery store and ask him to save the bones for you. Sometimes you can even find inexpensive soup bones in the meat department.

Your local farmers market is another great place to source your bones. Talk to the farmers. Even if they don’t raise beef or pork themselves, they can get you in touch with someone who does.

Roast your bones before you make the broth for best results. Just spread them out on a baking dish and bake at 450 F for 20 to 25 minutes. Allow them to cool until they are comfortable and safe to handle. Put the bones in a large stock pot, add plenty of water and boil for at least 12 hours. Use a combination of marrow bones and knuckle bones to get the best broth with the most health benefits.

Bison and Wild Game Bones

If you’re lucky enough to have a hunter in the family, ask him to save the bones for you. Or call up your local game processing business and ask about buying bones from deer. You treat them just like pork or beef bones.

The same goes for bison bones. If you have a bison farm in the area, it is worth making a call. While you’re there, pick up some ground bison too for some of the tastiest burgers you’ve ever had.

How To Use It In Cooking

You’ve made a big batch of broth and end up with more than you can possibly drink before it goes bad. Freeze what you can’t use right away and thaw it down the road to use in your everyday cooking.  Store your broth in glass jars or plastic containers and store them in the fridge or freezer. Thaw them as you need a big batch to make a pot of soup.

Another option is to freeze the finished broth in ice cube trays. Once they are frozen solid, you can transfer them to a freezer bag. Pop some of the frozen broth cubes into the pan / pot whenever you’re cooking veggies for a little extra boost of flavor and nutrition.

Aside from drinking fresh broth by the cup, you can use it anywhere you would use chicken broth or vegetable stock. The obvious first choice is of course as a base for soups and stews. The bone broth will add a lot of extra flavor and nutrition to all your favorite soups. Instead of adding water, or water along with a couple of bouillon cubes, use your bone broth. The broth gives all your soups and stews that yummy homemade flavor. Even something you throw together quickly will taste like you’ve cooked it for hours on the back of the stove.

But don’t just stop there. Try boiling your rice in beef broth instead of plain water for a tasty side dish. Not only will it taste much better, you’re also adding a lot of extra nutrition. You can do the same with pasta. Boil your noodles in the broth, then serve the broth in bowls before the meal.

Speaking of meals, we like to enjoy a cup of bone broth at meal time. In addition to adding lot of minerals and other good nutrients, it fills us up faster and keeps us from over eating.

If you’re making mashed potatoes, add a couple of splashes of broth to thin them out as needed. Much tastier than using water and better for you than adding more milk. Or go all out and make a batch of potato soup instead of mashed potatoes.

If you’re cooking a big pot of dry beans, replace some of the water with bone broth. You’ll get a lot of great flavor without having to add a ham bone or bacon. Give it a try the next time you put on a pot of pinto beans.

Storing and Freezing Broth

Do you remember that first little batch of bone broth you made? Chances are that it was gone before it had time to cool all the way down. Since then you’ve invested in a much larger stock pot and you’re buying soup and knuckle bones by the pounds. The end result is a lot more broth then you can use up right away. Making big batches is a lot easier and more efficient. Now let’s find out how to store everything you can’t use up right away.

Storing Bone Broth In The Fridge

Allow your bone broth to cool completely after you’ve finished boiling it. Anything you haven’t used up by this point should be strained into clean jars and stored in the fridge for up to a week.

You can use the broth straight from the fridge in your favorite soups or stews. If you want a cup to drink, pour some in a small pot and warm over the stove. Add a few herbs and spices to taste. This will come in particularly handy after the broth has set for a few day and doesn’t taste quite as good as the first day.

Freezing Bone Broth For Long Term Storage

If you have more broth than you can use over the course of a few days, it’s probably a good idea to go ahead and freeze the majority of it. Once your pot of broth and bones has cooled enough to be safe to handle, strain the liquid into a large bowl or pitcher.

Depending on how you plan to use the broth later on, you can either freeze it in glass jars or plastic containers, or pour it into ice cube trays for smaller portions of broths that you can add to veggies as you cook them, think out mashed potatoes etc. Or use a combination of both.

Get your freezer containers ready and stir up your broth to make sure all the nutrients are equally distributed. Pour the broth in the freezer containers and allow them to stay on the counter until they have cooled down to room temperature.

Label your containers with the contents and today’s date and move them to the freezer. When using ice cube trays, set them in the freezer for a few hours or until the broth is frozen solid, then pop them out and transfer them to a freezer bag. Label the bag and put it back in the freezer. You can grab individual bone broth cubes as you need them.

Stock vs. Bone Broth vs. Vegetable Broth

It can get a little confusing and many of the terms are used interchangeably. Let’s break down what they mean and how each type of liquid is prepared. Before we dive in, please be aware that there is no standard as to what is called stock and what’s called broth. A recipe may call for stock or you may buy chicken broth at the store. In those instances think of the terms interchangeably. In other words, if a recipe calls for stock and all you can find is broth, go with it. Don’t stop making a recipe because it calls for one of them and you have the other. If you’re making it at home from scratch on the other hand, you can make true stock or broth.

Next, let’s get vegetables out of the way.

When it comes to vegetable broth and stock, they truly are the same thing. You’ll see in a moment that the difference between stock and broth has to do with meat and bones. Since neither are found in vegetable broth or stock, they are the same thing. To make vegetable broth, you simmer things like onion, garlic, carrots, celery, broccoli etc. in a large pot of water. You can even add potatoes or sweet potatoes for extra body. Use whatever you have on hand. Even scraps will work. Boil them in water for an hour or until your broth has a good flavor. Strain and store.

Now let’s get to the meat and bones. We’re talking stock, broth and bone broth here. They can be made from chicken, turkey, beef, pork, etc. You can mix and match but most of us will focus on one type of meat at a time to make chicken stock or beef broth for example.

Broth is usually a lighter liquid. To make it you simmer bits of meat and sometimes bone along with some vegetables and herbs in water. Broth is only cooked for an hour or so and the finished liquid will remain liquid when cooled.

Stock on the other hand includes a lot more bone and cooks for at least a few hours. When I make it, I like to include a mixture of cooked meaty bones and raw bones. Meat and vegetables, herbs etc. are often included as well for more flavor. The longer cooking time allows things like cartilage and fat to dissolve into the broth.  The end result is a liquid with a lot more flavor and body. It also tends to firm up (at least part of it) when cooled. Broth is a lighter liquid while stock has more body and more nutrients.

Bone broth is actually more of a specialty stock. As you’re reading this, if it’s familiar from childhood, you might have had a super frugal mom like mine. Bone broth is the only kind of stock I knew!  It is made mainly from bones without much meat left on them and vegetables are optional. Good bone broth has cooked for at least 24 hours. Adding some apple cider vinegar helps dissolve the cartilage and bring out the nutrition from the marrow. In fact, when I make beef bone broth, I try to crack the big bones to get all of the nutritious marrow into my broth.

Adding Variety to Your Broth With Veggies and Spices

Once you’ve made a few batches of plain bone broth it’s time to spice things up and add a little variety. The beauty of making your own homemade broth is that you can add just about anything to it. It’s your broth and you can fix it how you want it.

There are two ways to do this. You can add some veggies, aromatics and spices during the cooking process, or you can spice things up once the broth is finished.

Adding some spices and seasonings after the fact is a great way to change up the flavor of individual bowls of broth. It also helps your bone broth flavor after it has sat in the fridge for a few days. Bone broth will always be its tastiest right after it’s cooked. But it’s easy to doctor things up with a little garlic salt, some pepper and anything else you like in your spice cabinet.

Keeping things basic when you make a big batch of broth makes it easy to use the broth later. You can boil your rice in it, add it to your favorite stew or drop a little (just a little!) in your green smoothie. With relatively neutral flavor of pure bone broth, you will get good results no matter what you make.

And as mentioned before you can season it to your liking after the broth is done. Here are a couple of herbs, spices and the likes you may want to add to your broth:

  • Salt and Pepper
  • Garlic Salt
  • Onion Powder
  • Green Onion
  • Fresh or Dried Herbs :
    • Parsley
    • Basil
    • Oregano
    • Rosemary
    • Sage
    • Chive
    • Thyme
  • Spices:
    • Cayenne
    • Turmeric
    • Curry
    • Cumin
  • Soy Sauce
  • Hot Sauce

Of course this isn’t an all-inclusive list. If it sounds tasty, try adding it to your broth for added flavor.

The other option is of course to add herbs, spices, veggies and aromatics to add during the cooking process – just remember that that can limit how you use it later.  When you start your bone broth, look through the fridge for veggie scraps. Onions, carrots, celery, garlic and leek are all great options. Add them to the broth as it starts to boil. Even peels and scraps will work since you’ll be straining the broth. Just make sure they are clean before you toss them in the pot.

Dried herbs and spices can also be added in the beginning. When it comes to fresh herbs though, I wait until the end of the cooking process. Most fresh herbs are fairly delicate and you’ll lose all the good flavor and any nutritional benefits if you boil them for 12 hours or longer. Just hold off and throw them in for the last few minutes before cooling and straining your broth.

Now, at the end of this, do you understand how to make bone broth and why you should? This is what Grandma had simmering on the back of the stove for days, but you can make it, too!

6 Reasons Raised Beds Beat Traditional Gardening Nearly Every Time

Click here to view the original post.
6 Reasons Raised Beds Beat Traditional Gardening Nearly Every Time

Image source: Flickr / Creative Commons / https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

As winter gives its last hurrah, my thoughts are turning toward the promise of spring.

Maybe you’re like me, and you love the idea of having a bountiful garden, but the idea of dragging soil additives to the backyard, dealing with weeds and pests, and trying to coax a few tiny tomatoes from their vine seems like more work than it’s worth. Instead of trying to force a garden into the ground, I’ve begun using raised beds. It works better in my suburban yard, and gives me more flexibility in how I garden.

What makes a raised bed garden better than a traditional garden? Glad you asked.

1. Improved soil quality.

One of the key components of a successful garden is good soil. Depending on where you live, this may be one of your biggest challenges. Your soil may be too acidic, too hard, too sandy, too chalky. Skip the headache of trying to figure out what to add to correct the soil by using a raised bed. In your raised bed garden, you can create the perfect soil. Add compost, fertilizer or whatever else is needed to create the ideal growing environment for what you’re planting.

2. Pest management.

Few things are as disheartening as finding your garden ravished by pests. Trying to keep critters, bugs and parasites out of your plants is time consuming and frustrating. A raised bed, however, makes it easier. The frames of the raised beds will help keep out pests and other critters that crawl along the ground out of your garden.

The All-Natural Fertilizer That Can Double Your Garden Yield!

Soil parasites and nematodes can be thwarted with the use of plastic liners. Wire netting can prevent rodents and other burrowing creatures from invading the garden. Raised beds can be secured with fencing. Physical pest control management is easier and faster, thanks to the size of the raised bed. With easy access to all sides of the garden, you can remove interlopers by hand, or apply localized pesticides.

3. Increased production.

Using staggered rows, you can maximize your crop production. Rich soils allow for more plant nutrients, and compact planting areas prevent weeds from invading the garden. This creates an ideal growing situation that gives you more food in less space. In addition, you can extend your growing season by planting earlier and continuing your garden later in the year thanks to your raised bed.

4. Improved drainage.

Plants don’t like to have wet feet. A raised bed allows for rain to seep into the garden, and prevents the runoff that would typically wash away topsoil. Water is able to soak down into the lower level of the bed, giving the plants all the moisture they need, without the stagnating puddles of water they don’t.

5. Improved aeration.

Plant roots need aeration to breathe and to absorb nutrients. By mixing the soil for your raised bed, you are giving the plants loose soil to grow. This provides for circulation to keep the soil (and the plants) healthy.

6. Improved weed control.

Raised beds give you the ability to control weeds by using soil that is free of dormant seeds. In addition, you can use liners, such as newspaper or other bed liners, to prevent weeds from growing up through the raised bed. Close planting of crops prevents weeds from taking root, and the loose soil makes it easier to pull any errant weeds that may make their way into the garden.

This spring, skip the digging. Try a raised bed garden and see what a difference it can make in your homesteading. Your back (and your garden) will thank you.

Do you use raised beds? What are your favorite benefits from them? Share your thoughts in the section below:

Bust Inflation With A Low-Cost, High-Production Garden. Read More Here.

Ex-Tesla Exec mulls Europe’s Biggest Battery line

Click here to view the original post.
Battery factory, gigafactory, Tesla, automotive, electric, renewables,

The revolution – battery factory coming to Europe

Swedish company NorthVolt, which was co-founded by an ex-Tesla executive, has outlined plans to build Europe’s largest battery factory. The project would rival Tesla’s Gigafactory which is based in the Nevada Desert. It would also enable European businesses to move away from Asian battery companies which currently dominate lithium ion battery manufacture for electric cars.

The facility will produce 8 gigawatt hours of batteries per year initially when manufacture begins in 2020. This will rise to 32 gigawatt hours when it is fully operational by 2023. Location is yet to be decided, but a shortlist of possible sites is set to be released in a month. The front runners so far are Sweden and Finland, which would enable the factory to run on renewable energy.

A solid business plan

To meet emission reduction targets set by the Paris Climate Agreement, vehicle efficiency needs to double in the next 5 years. Manufacturers are therefore, turning to battery powered versions of their cars – Volkswagen plans to have 30 different electric car models by 2025. Electrification and battery storage is the key to becoming a zero-carbon economy. Batteries help to plug the gaps from intermittent renewables like solar and wind. Paolo Cerruti, the chief operating officer and another former Tesla executive stated, “The project resonates commercially, since the demand from automotive and energy storage sectors will be huge.”

But co-founder Peter Carlsson sees openings in energy storage and heavy industry too – not just automotive. He said, “We have a solid business plan in place that enables us to produce high quality batteries at an affordable cost.” He aims to supply local manufacturers rather than his previous employer Tesla. If nothing was done, then Europe would be “completely dependent on an Asian supply chain” he told the Financial Times. This is what he hopes to prevent with the gigafactory project which is planned to begin construction in late 2018.

The project needs a €4 billion investment to come to fruition. Currently funding agreements are in place with Stena, Vattenfall, InnoEnergy, the Swedish Energy Agency and Vinnova. Plus, NorthVolt will be applying for a loan from the European Investment Bank. However, Carlsson admits that raising the required funds whilst still maintaining a meaningful stake will be a challenge. But he is clear on one thing, “it is hugely important to accelerate society away from its fossil fuel addiction”.

The post Ex-Tesla Exec mulls Europe’s Biggest Battery line appeared first on Living Off the Grid: Free Yourself.

Seeking grassroots homesteading people

Click here to view the original post.

There’s a little island at the North end of Georgia Strait, not far from Campbell River. Here there is a fellow that seeks to have people be able to own their land at a low cost. He has land he is willing to lease to create a small off the grid grassroots community. The land is raw and would take lots of work to build on it. But aside from your personal lot there is a larger community lot for use. 

The island has a doctor on it and a few stores. There are about 500 people living there year around. There is a ferry daily and many marinas for boats.

The climate is warm in the summer and wet in the winter. Temperatures between -10c & +30c. There is not a lot of work on island but if you have a skill or trade that you can use on the island that would help others, this would be great. I can send some pictures of the land if you are interested. 

The owner would have to approve you for a lease.  And he has a No Drug policy. Hard grassroots homesteading people only.

Just leave your details on the comments below

The post Seeking grassroots homesteading people appeared first on Living Off the Grid: Free Yourself.

The Days of Elijah, Book Two: Wormwood Now Available! Plus IFAK Giveaway

Click here to view the original post.

The Days of Elijah, Book Two, Wormwood is now available on Amazon.com in Paper Back, Kindle and Audiobook. The audio usually takes a little longer, but Kevin Pierce, my audio book producer was able to get it in early so we could start the approval process in time for it to come out with the other versions.

Click HERE to buy your Paperback, Audiobook, or Kindle edition!

 

 

In The Days of Elijah, Book Two: Wormwood, Everett and Courtney Carroll have survived the Seven Seal Judgments which devastated the planet. But have their efforts to stay alive been in vain? The next series of judgments to fall upon the earth are known as the Seven Trumpets. Within this series of cataclysms is the earth’s collision with a giant asteroid, known as Wormwood. The comet will poison much of the planet’s fresh water supplies, making survival nearly impossible. With each subsequent Trumpet Judgement their odds of living grow slimmer. If Everett and Courtney are to survive, they’ll need perseverance, faith, and a great outpouring of providence from The Almighty.

Buy your copy of The Days of Elijah, Book Two: Wormwood  jump into this post-apocalyptic adventure today!

IFAK Giveaway!

As always, I’m hosting a giveaway to celebrate the release. I’m giving away a fully stocked Prepper Recon IFAK complete with an Israeli battle dressing, quick clot, tourniquet, suture kit, EMT shears, nitrile gloves, sanitizer, burn gel, antibiotic gel, Advil, gauze and bandages.

 

To enter the giveaway:

1. Leave a review for The Days of Elijah, Book Two, Wormwood on Amazon.com.

2. Send an email to prepperrecon@gmail.com including your Amazon screen and use Wormwood Giveaway for the subject line.

The winner’s screen name will be posted on Prepper Recon on March 31st and they’ll be notified via email.

Enjoy the book and God speed in the drawing!

Mark

The post The Days of Elijah, Book Two: Wormwood Now Available! Plus IFAK Giveaway appeared first on Prepper Recon.

Bugging Out, Passports and Cash

Click here to view the original post.

Image result for passports and cash

Hi Fernando,

Thanks for your blog!

Here is a link that I thought you might find helpful for your blog readers.  Good reminder to have an updated passport while times are good!

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-03-10/millions-venezuelans-try-flee-country-they-run-problem

Tomás Páez – author of “The Voice of the Venezuelan Diaspora” – told Bloomberg that since Chávez took power in 1999 nearly 2 million Venezuelans have fled the country and hundreds of thousands are marking their time until they obtains the funds and the passport that will allow them to leave.

Maduro has acknowledged the issue of the chronic shortages in passports and last week launched a new “online” option that will rush a passport to customers within 72 hours for about double the price of waiting in line. The website, however, has crashed numerous times and it is unclear how many passports have been expedited through this process. Saime has stated that the backup in processing passport applications is because the agency lacks enough “materials,” but did not specify what that means. Observers say that while the government may not be able to afford the paper to make the passport. Paper products in the country, including toilet paper, are in short supply in Venezuela. But skeptics think the Maduro government may also be trying to keep people from leaving the beleaguered nation.

Karyn from California

Hello Karyn, thanks for your email.

Indeed, passports and money (a good bit of it in cash!).  I’ve explained many times before how these two are the most important assets to have when bugging out abroad.

The thing with passports is, timing is key. In most countries getting a passport takes time. If you want to apply for a second one due to family ancestry it may take years.

The lesson folks is get your passport and keep it updated even if you’re not planning on going anywhere.

Also, if you think you may be able to apply for Irish, British or any other second citizenship, don’t waste any time, contact the embassy and get it done while you can. It can one day be, by far, your most valuable asset… or your grandkids.

FerFAL

Fernando “FerFAL” Aguirre is the author of “The Modern Survival Manual: Surviving the Economic Collapse” and “Bugging Out and Relocating: When Staying is not an Option”.

Australian Government Takes Aim at Guns, Again, After Confiscation Scheme Fails to Disarm Criminals

Click here to view the original post.

In other words, the gun confiscation scheme Hillary Clinton praised on October 16, 2016, as “worth looking at” for gun policy in America actually created an uneven playing field where law-abiding citizens turned in their guns while criminals retained theirs.

Read more by clicking on the above link.
With the increase in violent attacks, rape and murder the Australian government still refuse to make it legal for law abiding citizens to carry anything for self defence and for the defence of family and property. The government’s aim appears to be to disarm all Australian citizens except the Police and Military, and of course criminals. We are now left in the position of being either a victim or a criminal, we have been left to decide whether we want to risk being carried by 6 or tried by 12. Which do you choose?

The Walking Dead, getting back into it

Click here to view the original post.

I’ve been trying to get back into The Walking Dead. I stepped away from it last season when it devolved into hostage-of-the-week storylines. But, I’ve read the comics so I have a general idea how things go. I’ve been catching up and things are moving back towards layered stories that suggest the writers have decided to make some effort.

If you recall, when the show first started there wasn’t an M4 to be had. It was all pump shotguns and bolt rifles. Then the AR’s and Ak’s started making gradual appearances. Now we have awesome high-end suppressed rifles and pistols. I like that. I think that’s fairly representative of how things would go. Like a first person shooter video game….you upgrade your weapons as you come across them. The Internet Movie Firearms Database (IMFDB) covers the guns of the show season by season, so if you’re really curious about what exactly that was someone used to remove the head of that other guy….there you go.

While much of the acting on the show is pretty one-dimensional, I think Melissa McBride is way overdue for some professional awards. For the first few seasons her character was background filler and not very compelling. In the last several seasons she has easily become the most nuanced and deep character on the show. A lot of the time I watch the episodes just to see how her character will react to a situation, but it’s also entertaining to see how McBride conveys that characters turmoil and pathos.

Of course, the backdrop of the end of the world has a tremendous appeal to me as well. I can think of no television drama that has portrayed an apocalypse as stark as this. ‘Jericho’ had to work within the constraints of network television, but still managed to eke out a winning episode or two (and, hey, Lennie James is still killing people after the apocalypse!) There’s no mincing words – the end of the world is going to be all sorts of ugly rolled up into a big ball of suckage….all-Somalia, all-the-time. But, it is, for me, loads of fun to war game. “What would I do in that situation?” or “what if I had this piece of gear?”…I like the intellectual challenge of imagining alternative courses of action.

I won’t tell you to go watch TWD because at this point you either are, or you have no interest in it. But, as a survivalist, I do find it a fascinating thought experiment. Interestingly, the companion show, Fear The Walking Dead, seems a tad more ‘realistic’ since it takes place in the early days of the zombie apocalypse when normalcy bias is still strong.

So..yup, I’m back to watching.
================================
10/22 mags are still available. Don’t go into the zombie apocalypse without.

Islamic Threat Inside Australia.

Click here to view the original post.
Right now I think our own Corporate Government is more of a threat to us than Islam, but the Islamic threat does exist. But instead of meeting this threat head on and banishing offenders back to their own country, the Australian government uses this threat to impose more restrictions on Australian citizen’s rights and freedoms!!!


Why are chimneys on the outside?

Click here to view the original post.
Why are chimneys on the outside?

Why are chimneys on the outside?

Unless you live in a very tropical or year round warm area, you will need a way to keep your home warm. For many of us, that means having a wood burning stove or a fireplace. Have you ever noticed that chimneys are often built on the outside of the house? Ever wonder why?

There are very good reasons why chimneys are often built on the outside. It had a twofold purpose, one was safety. Originally chimneys weren’t lined with anything, just a stack of barely mortared rocks, you might even be able to look through the cracks and see the flames on the inside.

There was always a risk of fire, back in the early days there was not a fire department to come put out a fire, nor was there insurance to cover any loss, and losing your home, especially in winter could have been a matter of life and death assuming you survived the fire. People had to take care of themselves, if there was a chimney fire, if it was on the outside of the house, you could lasso the chimney and pull it down, allowing it to burn itself out in the safety of the yard instead of burning down your home.

The other issue is space, many of the cabins built back then were small but functional. They needed to keep as much room free in the main room as possible, you couldn’t have a fireplace taking up valuable room elsewhere in the house, so it was put on an outside wall. I understand that issue, our place when it was first built was a very small, 16×16 room, we made the front door a sliding door rather than one that would open into the room, that saved us some very valuable floor space.

Watch this video to learn more about chimneys and their location.

https://youtu.be/IrtcgXREz-Y

You might also like
What does your wood stove say?
Heard of a Walker Stove?

web
analytics

The post Why are chimneys on the outside? appeared first on Living Off the Grid: Free Yourself.

He Built A Family-Of-Five Home For … $5,000

Click here to view the original post.

The Family-Of-Five Home That Cost … $5,000

If you daydream about living the tiny house lifestyle but think that building your own tiny house would be either too difficult or too expensive, then you need to hear the story we found.

In a new video, a young father of three shares how he designed and built a tiny house for his family of five, with little to no building experience – all for under $5,000.

First, he did all the work himself over the course of a year. Then, he also saved money by repurposing free or low-cost items, such as returned wood at his local Lowe’s store, which he purchased at a deep discount, and free solid oak kitchen cabinets he found advertised on Craigslist.

This tiny house builder started with the flatbed of a 1960s Layton camper that he purchased for $200. Hoping to get back his purchase price in scrap metal, he dismantled and destroyed the camper in order to get down to its bed.

Story continues below video

He did recoup his $200, but he admits, “For the labor, it definitely wasn’t worth it. It was a lot of work.”

The tiny homebuilder bought all his framing materials at Lowe’s, explaining that after befriending the store manager, he was able to score great deals on returned or slightly damaged wood. As a result, the entire framing of the house, including the siding and the roof, cost only about $500.

He next tackled all the electric wiring himself, calling the job “very messy” but “pretty easy.”

Are You Prepared For A Lengthy Blackout? Get Backup Electricity Today!

The family began their tiny home project in August 2012, and by August 2013, they decided to move the under-construction house to a new location 30 miles away by towing it with their Dodge Ram pickup truck. “It handled it with no problem,” says the builder.

In the new location, they set back to work, staining the home’s exterior red, putting in cedar paneling and window molding, installing hardwood and slate flooring, creating walk-in lofts for sleeping and creating bannisters.

The finishing details were time consuming, the father admits, but his photos show how much character they add to the home.

He made a second video several months after the completion of the home, and those photos reveal a warm and attractive – albeit small — family home both inside and out.

Story continues below video

“We use every single inch of space,” he says. “We have lots of storage nooks and places to hang things like our three guitars, our four guns, our four bows and all our books.”

He says organization is the key to living in a tiny house, but that “after two months, you enjoy the things you like even more than you did previously.

“You get rid of the things that clutter your life and keep the things you want the most.”

The young family is not without modern conveniences. For instance, they have a 42-inch high-definition TV, Internet and a PlayStation for video games. In order to play board games with friends, a table made from reclaimed church pews can slide out from its tucked away location inside a kitchen cabinet.

The couple has enough clothes for one week. “If you get something new, you get rid of something else,” he explains. Out-of-season, clothing and bedding are stored in space bags in cabinets under the couch. Homeschooling books for the kids are under a multi-purpose desk.

“You don’t sacrifice the quality of life (in a tiny house),” he says. “Our quality of life has improved. We have more money, more time and more freedom.

“It has been an awesome journey.”

Would you want to live in a tiny house? Share your thoughts in the section below:

Be Prepared For A Downed Grid. Learn More Here.

Cold Weather Tents – Analyzing 5 Of The Best For Survival

Click here to view the original post.

Cold Weather TentsThere are only two reasons why anyone would sleep outside in the dead of winter. You’re either a hard-core adventurist or a survivalist (or both).

When the winter months coming along camping changes for the colder. For every inch of snow and for every degree colder it gets, sleeping outside becomes more dangerous.

That’s why winter camping requires special gear.

And the most critical peice of winter equipment to invest in is a high-quality cold weather tent. Because your super-lightweight summer tent won’t cut it.

Of course, there are ways to secure shelter and stay warm even if you don’t have a cold weather tent (we’ll get to a few of those later).

But you never want to soley rely on your improvisation skills with something as critical as shelter. Because in the worst climates, cold weather tents become layer between warmth and death.

These winter tents come in all shapes and sizes to accommodate anyone no matter the budget or circumstance. The variety is vast. So many choices in fact, that deciding quickly becomes overwhelming.

That’s why I compiled this short list of excellent winter camping tents. Tents that will keep your butt cozy in the coldest temperatures imaginable.

Some are high tech, a few are more basic but they all serve the same general purpose: warmth and shelter.

Owning a cold weather tent is a major step towards being ready for anything at any time (even during the depths of winter).

Owning one is like having a mobile warming cabin even in a dark desolate winter. But the trick is picking the right one for you
Cold Weather Tent With Man Sitting Outside

Choosing the Right Tent

It was the dead of winter and I was working with a filmmaker in the far Alaskan north on an arctic nature documentary. And let me tell you – it was freaking FRIGID out there.

Colder than I knew nature could get.

Well, the plan was to stay out there for a couple of weeks. A prospect I was altogether reluctant to get excited about.

That was until I saw his cold weather tent. The thing was huge. It had a massive vestibule, a thick waterproof shell, and a wood burning stove complete chimney.

His tent was big enough for five plus the massive amount of film gear we were lugging.

It became our home-base and was always a welcome sight after a long day in the cold.

I tell this story for two reasons: 1) to illustrate how effective these tents can be. The Arctic Oven Tent that we were using out on that freezing tundra kept us cozy as koozies.

And 2) not every tent is right for every situation.

We needed a super-warm form of shelter big enough to house us and all our equipment. We knew we weren’t going to be moving it and we had a bush plane to carry the tent/stove apparatus.

But I wouldn’t want that tent for most situations. It would be way too warm, way too big, and way too heavy for most situations. Sure, it worked for the arctic tundra, but it’s overkill for one night in Rocky Mountain National Park.

So there are a few considerations you need to take into account:

What will you be using your cold weather tent for?

If you plan on staying a month out in the coldest regions of the Yukon, you’re gonna need a big ol’ tent. However, if you’re planning a backpacking trip for a day of ice fishing, you’ll want something far smaller.

Will you be carrying or driving your tent around?

I’ll go back to the big Arctic Oven we used in Alaska – that cold weather tent required heavy equipment to move it around. There’s no conceivable way we could have carried something that heavy over any distance.

So if you intend to use your cold weather tent for vehicle camping only you’ll have no issues going BIG. But if you’re winter backpacking, keep it light and packable.

How many people and how much gear do you plan on housing in your tent?

If you’re taking your entire family, or have a ton of gear and supplies you’ll need a big tent. If you’re by yourself and practicing minimalist camping, go light because you won’t need a large one.

Multiple Cold Weather Tents In Snow 1The Best Cold Weather Tents

These days, nearly every serious outdoor gear company boasts their own version of a cold weather tent. Which is good for you because it means you have more options. Choices for budgetary wiggle room and options for personal preferences.

But it also means there’s lots of comparisons to do. That’s why I’ve compiled this short list of the best rated cold weather tents (and pros – cons for each).

1 – Arctic Oven 12’x18’ With Vestibule

Artic Oven Cold Weather TentI had to start with this tent because The Artic Oven was one of the coolest warmest tents I’ve ever been inside of. There was so much space inside. And the tent trapped SO MUCH heat we started sweating even when it was -7 degrees outside. That’s crazy good.

The tent comes in a variety of options and several sizes – and the prices vary from a few hundred dollars to several thousand.

o PROS:

This one’s extremely warm includes futuristic technology and is HUGE (226 square feet). It’s a four season tent and can fit ten to eleven people inside during the summer. It includes an oven, has a vestibule, and is very durable and wind resistant.

o CONS:

This beast weighs 110 pounds (don’t plan on carrying it anywhere). It only sleeps five to six people during winter (w/ cots and stove) and takes a while to set up. It’s also a bit of an investment.

Click here to check out today’s price.

2 – ALPS Mountaineering Tasmanian 3

Alps Mountaineering Cold Weather TentThis is a lightweight winter tent, but The ALPS Mountaineering Tasmanian 3 is still fairly heavy if you’re carrying it solo. The small dome-shaped 3 person tent is warm and its shape makes it nice and spacious.

o PROS:

This one is cost effective, small, and packable. It’s spacious inside, includes a large and high vestibule. It offers 14 square feet of space for cooking and storage.

o CONS:

Not the most durable tent in the world (could have benefited from rip-stop technology). Unfortunately, it’s fairly heavy at 8 lbs. Heavy enough to be a pain in the back on a long trip. This option is best for people with sleds or cars. Also, the tall sidewalls make it more susceptible to wind.

Click here to check out today’s price.

3 – Big Sky Chinook

Big Sky Chanook TentAnother smaller cold weather tent that’s perfect for people who won’t be lugging along tons of gear or lots of people. The Big Sky Chinook will keep you warm with its doubled walled construction to prevent condensation inside.

o PROS:

One word lightweight! (only 3 lbs 11 oz) making it ideal for winter backpackers. This is the one you want if you’re bugging out in the winter months.

As A Way To Introduce You To Skilled Survival, We’re Giving Away Our #104 Item Bug Out Bag Checklist. Click Here To Get Your FREE Copy Of It.

It comes with three lightweight aluminum poles but works fine with just two to cut down even more on weight. It has a large interior with high ceiling, easy setup, and two vestibules.

o CONS:

This one is small. It’s only big enough for two people. The poles are located on exterior exposing them to elements.

4 – Mountain Hardwear EV 2

Mountain Hardwear EV TentMountain Hardwear makes quality outdoor equipment. And The Hardwear EV 2 is no exception.

This tent is on the forefront of cold weather tent technology. It utilizes Mountain Hardwear’s patented 3-pole Evolution Tension Arch. This is a serious piece of gear for serious winter enthusiasts (which reflects in the price tag).

o PROS

A compact single wall tent, designed for extreme cold weather expeditions. It has a low-to-the-ground shape making it resistant to wind. Plus, it rocks a big vestibule for storage and cook.

o CONS

It’s got a low ceiling and can feel cramped inside with two people and gear. It only comes in one color option.

It weighs in a 5 lbs 4 ozs. Which is enough to be a weighty addition to a backpack. Reportedly (according to reviews) this tent is not completely waterproof. So if it’s exposed to a torrential downpour things might get damp inside.

Click here to check out today’s price.

5 – Marmot Thor 2 Person Tent

Marmot Thor 2 Person TentThis ones a burly two person tent fit for almost any cold weather adventure. The Marmot Thor 2 is both small and packable. This tent is an affordable, dependable option for cold weather camping trips.

o PROS:

It has two doors as opposed to one, 40d Nylon Ripstop fabric (very durable), 38 square feet inside.

o CONS:

This one’s on the heavier side at 8 lbs 6 ozs. The fastening clips for the vestibule are prone to pop off. The front vestibule door is small and may be annoying for tall people to get in and out.

Click here to check out today’s price.

Old School TentA History Brief of Tents

Shelter is necessary for survival. Our human ancestors sought shelter in forests and caves. And eventually in huts, homes, and tents. In fact, portable, packable shelters were extensively used by nomadic cultures throughout history.

The very first recorded ruins of tents were discovered in Russia. Hunter-gatherers of this region used mammoth hides to create warm, wind resistant shelters. In this way, they protected themselves from the intense Siberian weather.

Later in history, teepees, and yurts became popular. They enabled people to set up camp to hunt and gather until resources became scarce and they needed to move on.

Mobile sheltering was a lifestyle for Mongolians and Native Americans. Yurts are still an extremely popular design today. For example, you can find them in use throughout the Rocky Mountains.

The Romans were also big into tents. Not because they moved their civilization from place to place (after all, they built Rome). But their armies conquered most of Europe, parts of Africa and the Middle East. So they needed portable transportation.

They used tents everywhere. Big tents, little tents, fancy tents, whatever kind of old-school tent you can imagine. Most of their tents were fashioned from calf or goat skins.

In fact, tents have been an essential survival tool for every single war since ancient times. The French Revolution, the American Revolution, the American Civil War, WWI, WWII, and beyond.

Tents are such a useful mechanism for portable shelter they’ll likely be popular well into the future.

Today, after all those thousands of years using and refining tent technology we’ve come a long way. And cold weather tents are a perfect example: durable, warm, water resistant, and windproof.

The bottom line is tents have come a long way since the days of hunkering down under mammoth hides.

No Tent? No Problem!

Actually, that isn’t exactly accurate. If you get stuck outside in winter without a cold weather tent to take shelter inside of, you DO have a problem. One that threatens your life, in fact. But there are lots of ways to improvise in such a situation.

Build An Igloo

Tried and tested, the igloo is one of the best cold weather shelters in history. Carve a bunch of bricks of snow and start stacking.

The tough part about building an igloo is the fact that it takes a long time. If you know you’re stranded outside for the night and have all day to prepare, go for an igloo.

The snow and ice walls work very well as insulation against harsh temperatures and winds.

Dig a Snow Cave

Similar to an igloo, this concept uses snow as an insulator to keep you warm. Snow caves are nice because they are faster to dig out, and they don’t have to be very big. Just large enough for you to crawl inside of, curl up and suffer through the harsh night.

Snow caves have saved countless lives over the years. So if you ever need a quick, warm shelter in a pinch, start digging. You need to scoop out enough snow to fit inside, and then jimmy-rig a door.

(Using a large snowball, a chunk of ice, a winter jacket, rain jacket, piece of plywood, etc. works very well). The trick with the door is to make it as airtight as possible. Otherwise, all the heat you build up inside escapes and you freeze to death.

(But be careful, making your snow cave too airtight can result in suffocation. Find that balance…)

Here’s a time-lapse video of an elaborate snow cave being built.

Insulate a Summer Tent With Snow

There have been times I’ve been backpacking in the spring, totally confident it would stay warm and sunny, only to get caught in a freak blizzard.

What can you do? If you’re carrying a tent (even if it is not a cold weather tent) you can add insulation – as long as there’s snow. When you pack a couple inches of snow onto the outside of your tent, you increase that tent’s ability to hold heat.

Unfortunately, if the snow melts and your tent isn’t waterproof chances are you’re getting soaked. But if the snow is melting then it’s not all that cold out anymore. Yeah, you survived.

The Final Word

Hypothermia is a deadly killer – responsible for thousands of deaths a year. The cold weather is dangerous. (This hopefully isn’t news to you).

Sadly, that fact can get in the way of outdoor activities during the winter. But that doesn’t mean you have to let it stop you from enjoying the outdoors! You only need to make sure you’re prepared. And the first step towards preparing yourself for winter camping/survival is to get your hands on a cold weather tent.

Yes, everyone is going to need something different. But I assure you, there’s a winter tent out there with your name on it.

But be careful and do your research before you buy – not all cold weather tents are created equal. Do your research and know your needs.

Owning a cold weather tent is like owning a portable hunting lodge, cross-country skiing yurt, or warming hut. Surviving in winter weather gets a lot more difficult without a cold weather tent. If you consider yourself self-reliant, someone who’s ready for any survival situation, you need a high-quality cold weather tent.

Will Brendza

P.s. –For A Limited Time Only -Get a FREE FireHawk Tactical Flashlight For Visiting Skilled Survival! Just $1.95 s&h. Click Here To Learn More.
Click Here To Get 2 For 1 FireHawk Flashlights

The post Cold Weather Tents – Analyzing 5 Of The Best For Survival appeared first on Skilled Survival.

Caches and Holster Thoughts

Click here to view the original post.
a recent trip saw me checking up on my operational cache. I swapped out my trusty Glock 19 which had been there for awhile. After consideration I realized with one alibi none of the core members of my tribe had ever shot a Glock. My folks like many non serious gun people of their age range got revolvers in .38/.357mag. As such adults in my inner tribe can all shoot double action revolvers comfortably. There is at least one in every household. Also my outer tribe does not have a single Glock 9mm in it. So putting a wheel gun there just made sense. It of course needed accessories like a belt, holster and speed strips. More on this later.

I inspected the guns there and they were fine. I then lubricated them heavily. Like jiggly butt in a rap video heavily.

Another cache was established. I had most of the core stuff on hand for it. As to description it is probably a mix of an operational cache with some survival stuff.

Still I needed some stuff to round it out. Mag pouches and ammo and some various odds n ends. I suspected it would be about $300 total but the actual cost was closer to double that. I wasn’t super worried about it as eliminating dating and going to bars has left my checking account fairly flush. That said I probably could have done a better job estimating costs. The lesson for potentially when putting in a cache on a tighter budget would be to really look at the stuff you need to add and various costs such as shipping.

Also stuff grows faster than you would imagine. What you might envision as a day pack worth of stuff could easily be a full sized ruck. What you might have thought would be one ammo can could easily be 2. I need another ammo can.

Anyway the new cache is established so I am excited about that.

Stuff I forgot to add:
Compass
First aid stuff
Local and state maps

Stuff I wanted to add but couldn’t afford to:
Gps
$10 face silver
Small solar charger with a few sets of batteries
Full sized Glock .40 cal

Back to holsters. So between swapping stuff out for one cache and making another I ended up bringing guns to a couple places. At both places the guns were compatible with ones the people at those places have. That wasn’t an accident.

At both places this led to the inevitable dude gun show and tell. At both places somewhere in the conversation I realized the guy might not really have a holster. At the first he had no holster. So I handed mine to him. At the second he was using a cowboy style leather holster for a Glock.

At the first place I need to buy another holster. If things are bad enough I am carrying that particular gun he will want to be doing the same. Obviously two people cannot use the same holster at the same time. At the second place it wasn’t an issue as I am holster rich for that gun and the open model one size fits any 9/.40 Glock Raven Concealment Eideon just happened to be surplus in my bag.

The thing is that this got me thinking. Lots of people own handguns that live in glove boxes and safes and nighstands without holsters. If you are (as I suspect most here to be) the survivalist in your group and have the resources/ space it might not be a bad idea to fix that. Or give them as Christmas/ b day gifts.

The same could be said for ammo. To a lot of folks 2x 50 drive boxes is a lot of ammo. This reminds me I need to order 500rds of .38 special.

Anyway 

Purple Passion Flower (Passiflora Incarnata) Care and Benefits

Click here to view the original post.

The post Purple Passion Flower (Passiflora Incarnata) Care and Benefits is by
hp4u and appeared first on Epic Gardening, the best urban gardening, hydroponic gardening, and aquaponic gardening blog.

There are hundreds of different species in the passionflower family, all of them absolutely gorgeous. Aside from their beauty, they have a whole host of medicinal benefits that make them a double-whammy in your garden.Read on to learn exactly how to grow, care for, and use the purple passion flower.​ Quick Navigation Passiflora Incarnata OverviewTypes of […]

The post Purple Passion Flower (Passiflora Incarnata) Care and Benefits is by
hp4u and appeared first on Epic Gardening, the best urban gardening, hydroponic gardening, and aquaponic gardening blog.

Christian needs to live & work with others who love God

Click here to view the original post.

I am a 28 year old young man looking for a small christian community where I can live and work and worship God freely. Being around other believers who can come alongside me and help encourage me to reach my God given potential. I don’t have much money and cannot afford to rent out my appartment anymore in Oregon. I am looking for a place preferably in the northwest where I am from, but if God calls me to a place outside of where I think I want to be then I will consider it.

The post Christian needs to live & work with others who love God appeared first on Living Off the Grid: Free Yourself.

2 guys and a cat

Click here to view the original post.

Hello, I’m Wes (22) and my boyfriend is Leo (21). We are wanting to move off-grid and start a life with nature. We’ve spent the last several months researching different building methods and what it actually takes to live off the grid. As it stands we could build a home from recycled/natural materials, but we lack electrician and gardening skills. We are open minded hard working individuals looking to make a difference wherever we may end up. 

We currently live and work in Edmond OK, and we have some income but are not wealthy.  As it stands we do plan on keeping our job during construction to have some money coming in to help with the building and other expenses. If there’s temporary living quarters we could devote almost all of our income to the project. We are very passionate about living in harmony with our world and nature, and we will always strive to be valuable assets to any off-grid community.

 

Oh, we also have a cat that would be coming with us. He’s a large (not fat) silver tabby who would make a wonderful barn cat.

The post 2 guys and a cat appeared first on Living Off the Grid: Free Yourself.

Apocalypse Survival Tips

Click here to view the original post.
Post-apocalypse, survival, tips, billionaire, New Zealand, Boltholes, energy, food,

How the 99% can live thru an apocalypse

Recent panic-buying of land in New Zealand has been sparked by worries of a Trumpocalypse. Concerned billionaires, headed up by PayPal co-founder Peter Thiel, are apparently preparing for a catastrophic Apocalypse. Which catastrophe? Well, depends who you speak to – an earthquake, societal collapse, pandemic, World War III. One thing’s for certain, they want to be prepared.

 

Billionaire Boltholes in New Zealand

New Zealand is the location of choice for these panicked moguls. Why? A developed nation, capable of being self-sufficient and conveniently located as far from potential human made catastrophes as possible.  Plus, New Zealand is a pretty politically safe country – it’s not exactly on anyone’s nuclear hit list! It seems to be these reasons that lead to Peter Thiel forking out over $10 million for a 477 acre lakeside estate.

But what about us non-billionaires? The ordinary folk who can’t afford boltholes in New Zealand? What does the common man need to know to survive and ultimately rebuild society?

In his book, “The Knowledge”, Lewis Dartnell lays out the key things you need to know for rebuilding society from scratch. Essentially a quick guide on how to reboot human civilisation. Here, are some of the key messages from the book, from short term survival to long term society building.

 

Water Purification

Purifying your drinking water is very important so as not to contract disease from lurking bacteria. Disease such as cholera could well become prevalent in more developed countries once more in a post-apocalyptic world if drinking dirty water. Boiling may seem like the obvious go to option but this uses a lot of fuel, which will become very valuable.

The method recommended by the World Health Organization for those living in developing countries is solar disinfection. UV waves and other forms of the suns radiation cause DNA damage and photo-oxidative destruction to bacteria and other disease causing organisms.  The method is simple: fill plastic bottles with water (of a low turbidity, this method won’t work with very turbid water) and leave them outside for a period of time. The length of time is dependent on the weather conditions: sunny conditions only needs six hours, compared to cloudy conditions which would require up to 2 days.

The benefits of this method are that it is cheap, easy AND it works. Using this method there is a significantly lower instance of diarrhea related disease compared to drinking untreated water. However, if water is very turbid then it will need to be filtered prior to treatment. Also only a limited volume of water can be treated at one time (i.e. the amount the bottles will hold) and a long period of time is required for treatment.

 

Infection Prevention

Things we take for granted like keeping clean help us to prevent infection. It is important to carry this forward in a post-apocalyptic earth – once again to ensure your survival. Something incredibly simple, like soap helps to protect against gastrointestinal and respiratory infection. There are many links online about how to make your own soap, like this one. Ethanol is also good for disinfection when you have a wound. This can be made from fermented food or grain.

 

Power Generation after Apocalypse

Coming from pre-apocalypse earth where we have a great reliance on power for practically everything, power generation will be very important post-apocalypse. Initially, scavenging diesel generators may provide enough power short term. But longer term power generation will be an important consideration. Renewables would be the way to go post apocalypse, generating electricity from water wheels and similar contraptions, using an alternator from abandoned cars. Excess energy could then be stored in batteries. Car batteries aren’t the best battery for energy storage, but they would be a starting point and would no doubt be in quite good supply! Check out this article for more information on the best batteries.

 

Growing Food

Food, the human energy source, is obviously a very important consideration. Sure to begin with you can scavenge from supermarkets and corner shops, but what about longer term? The store of food from pre-apocalypse earth won’t power the rebuilding of society. Luckily, there is a “back-up plan” in place for rebuilding agriculture and the variety of food as we know it today.

The Svalbard Seed Vault is a stockpile of over 880,000 samples of seed from seed vaults across 233 countries. The bank holds the staples of food security such as wheat, maize and rice. Despite being in a remote location surrounded by beautiful landscape, the Svalbard Seed Bank is anything but Bond villain-esque. It is essentially a hole in a mountain side, culminating in three chambers behind a set of five locked doors. It is built to last 1,000 years, with the permafrost and thick ice ensuring the precious seeds remain frozen without requiring any power. This mountainside storage facility essentially holds a starter pack of viable seeds to help rebuild agriculture and food security.

 

Power Cars – with trees

We have grown very accustomed to easy travel and the need for getting cars and other vehicles working will no doubt be an important factor in survival. But with a lack of fuel for diesel and petrol cars post-apocalypse, thinking back in time may help. During the Second World War millions of cars in Europe were run on fuel from wood. Modifying a car’s internal combustion engine to run on flammable gases produced by incomplete combustion of wood has been done before – it can be done again. Check out this article to find out more on gasifier engines.

 

Learning to Relearn

So we have the beginnings of initially being able to survive in post-apocalyptic earth, but surviving and rebuilding society are different things. How can we rebuild human society? Dartnell points out that “society has an immense collective capability” but alone, we are ignorant. Therefore, the preservation of the scientific method is the key to rebuild and reboot civilisation. We need society to develop and progress through generations and we do this through relearning what we know. “Science built the modern world and science will build the world from scratch again.”

To watch Lewis Dartnell explain the basics of surviving in a post-apocalyptic earth, view this TED conference video.

The post Apocalypse Survival Tips appeared first on Living Off the Grid: Free Yourself.

Safe and Secure: How to Maximize Your Home Defenses

Click here to view the original post.

Keeping your home safe and secure gives you peace of mind. Knowing that your family and belongings are protected can help you to sleep at night. These four tips will help you to maximize your home’s existing defenses against would-be criminals seeking to burglarize or damage your home.

Video Monitoring

Video monitoring is a helpful tool to boost the safety of your home. You can have cameras mounted around your doors so that you can see who is at the door without having to go to the door. Video cameras can also capture images of someone who might try to steal a package that has been delivered in your absence. They will also capture the image of anyone trying to break into your home through the door.

Lighting

Adding proper lighting to your home’s exterior is also essential to maximizing your defenses. Motion detecting lights can be placed along the sidewalk to your home, around your garage and back door and near your front door. Spotlights or directed lights can be shined at side doors and windows. Illuminating these parts of your home will make it more difficult for anyone to gain entry without getting noticed by you or passersby.

Locks

Locks are also a critical step in keeping your home secure. All of your home’s exterior doors should be outfitted with deadbolt locks. Consider having your locksmith, like those at A Carolina Locksmith, install the strike plates with extra-long screws that are drilled into the wooden framing of your home. This helps to prevent your door from getting kicked in. If you have an attached garage, have the same type of lock installed onto the door between the house and the garage. You may also wish to install window locks, but be sure to choose a kind that is easy to open from the inside in case you need to exit through a window during an emergency.

Home Security System

Many homeowners feel more secure with a home security system in place. A home security system consists of alarms placed on the doors and windows. If the alarm is triggered, the monitoring service contacts you. You can respond if it was an accident, but otherwise the police are called to investigate a possible burglary in progress. Every person deserves to feel safe at home. You should also have confidence that your belongings are safe when you’re away from home. These four steps will help to maximize your home’s defenses against burglars and other intruders.

Written by Rachelle Wilber

5 Real Life Stories of Survival

Click here to view the original post.

You never know when you’ll need to put your survival skills to good use. Disasters like plane crashes, car accidents, and getting stranded at sea don’t follow a schedule–they just happen. Here are five real-life stories of people who found themselves right in the middle of a survival scenario and lived to tell about it. […]

The post 5 Real Life Stories of Survival appeared first on Urban Survival Site.

Winter storms: What to do when the power goes off and it’s icy cold outside

Click here to view the original post.

The power goes out and you’re sheltering inside the house. Outside, the temperature plummets, the wind picks up and it starts to snow. You don’t know when the power will be restored. It might be hours or days. How will you stay warm and safe? How do you get started?

Announcement: The Prepper’s Canning Guide Is Now Available

Click here to view the original post.

I’m excited to announce that my new book is out. The Prepper’s Canning Guide: Affordably Stockpile a Lifesaving Supply of Nutritious, Delicious, Shelf-Stable Foods is now available on Amazon.

Here’s

Read the rest

The post Announcement: The Prepper’s Canning Guide Is Now Available appeared first on The Organic Prepper.

The Heal-Everything Herb That Doubles As Bandages … And Toilet Paper

Click here to view the original post.
The Heal-Everything Herb That Also Doubles As Toilet Paper

Image source: Wikimedia

It was brought to the Americas by European settlers and is now considered to be naturalized to North America. The settlers, in fact, had good reason to carry it with them: It has a long list of medicinal qualities.

It is mullein, which grows all over the forests of North America and is also known by several other names: flannel leaf, bunny ears, beggar’s blanket, Quaker rouge, hag’s taper, donkey ears and tinder plant.

Traditional folk medicine praised mullein as a remedy for asthma, bronchitis and tuberculosis. The plant is also said to be a natural painkiller and a cure for earaches and headaches. It also can act as an expectorant and decongestant. As a result, for centuries the plant’s leaves and its flowers have been made into teas and tinctures, and ingested. They even smoked it (which isn’t ideal for health).

Need All-Natural Pain Relief With No Nasty Side Effect?

Mullein is known to affect the respiratory and lymphatic systems. A study performed at Clemson University in 2002 found that the plant also has strong antibacterial properties.[1] Its high mucilage content is likely responsible for its medicinal properties. Astringent tannins and saponins, which help protect the plant when it is injured in nature, give the plant its soothing effect on the respiratory system. It also contains high levels of iron, magnesium, potassium and vitamin C.[2]

The Heal-Everything Herb That Also Doubles As Toilet Paper

Image source: Wikimedia

Even though mullein has been used for centuries, the Western medical community disputes the actual effectiveness of this plant, claiming “a lack of therapeutic validation.”[3] However, the herb has been evaluated and approved by the German (and government-funded) Commission E, which was established to evaluate and approve of substances that were traditionally used in folk medicine — such as mullein.

Mullein is a biennial plant, meaning that it takes two years for it to reach maturity. It is preferable to harvest the flowers and leaves in the plant’s second year of growth.[4] Both the honey-scented flowers of the plant and its soft, fuzzy leaves are used to treat ailments. The flowers are usually extracted in oil and also used to make tea, while, the dried leaves are typically reserved for making steam tents, poultice application and smoking. [5]

Across the centuries, people have used mullein as toilet paper, bandages, torches and to pad in the soles of their shoes. It should be a staple herb in every herbal medicine cabinet.

Mullein is a relatively safe herb to consume, its primary side-effect being it can cause contact dermatitis or irritate the throat when consumed, due to the fine velvety hairs that cover its leaves. It also has been known to interact with antidiabetic drugs and prescription diuretics in a negative way.[6] The seeds of some species of mullein contain high amounts of coumarin and rotenone, which can be toxic if consumed in large quantities. The seeds of the mullein plant should never be consumed under any circumstance.[7]

Have you ever foraged for or eaten mullein? Do you use it for health? Share your tips in the section below:

[1] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12241986

[2] Nutritional Herbology by Mark Pedersen (pg. 124)

[3] Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs (pg. 270)

[4] Medicinal Plants of the Mountain West by Michael Moore (pg. 112)

[5] Rodale’s 21st Century Herbal by Michael J. Balick (pg. 300)

[6] http://www.encyclopedia.com/plants-and-animals/plants/plants/mullein

[7] Edible and Medicinal Plants of the West by Gregory L. Tilford (pg. 102)

hydrogen peroxide report

6 Essentials for Prepping with a Special Needs Child

Click here to view the original post.

Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

5/5 (1)

Editor’s Note: This post was contributed by Saqib. If you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly win a $300 Amazon Gift Card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter today.


Having a child with special needs calls for extra effort and care. You are required to learn a lot, practice an incredible amount of patience and get to know the comfort level of your young one. These are testing times but it is your own loved one at the other corner. It is about being prepared and having your things sorted out well in advance of need and also  adequate quantities enough to last. You can just not go haphazardly with these things because it is someone’s life that is right there in your hands.

Imagine having someone around with one or more disorders that include being non-verbal, delayed development, epilepsy prone, and an ever-growing diet. In a situation where everything is going down the tubes, there is hope. The amazing and joyful personalities these young ones are inspiring. The fact is that these guys are fighters — surviving more in his short life than most people have to in a lifetime.

So prepping for a child with special needs requires some serious thought, and some creativity. Read the following article, for some tips.

Inventory of Needs

It all starts with some good observation. It is not always that your young one will be speaking telling you what they need, he may not even know what he needs. Hence, it is recommended that you observe. Make a list of things that you consider are essential and can bring comfort. You can have a paper list and stick it on your refrigerator or save one on your mobile or tablet. This can include,

  • Routine Medicines
  • First Aid Box
  • Additional Clothing / Accessories (including diapers, wipes, gloves, wheelchair, stander, walker, etc.)
  • Medical Supplies (feeding tube supplies, bags, catheters, etc.)
  • Food Supplements

Communication

There is nothing better than communicating and learning about your child’s needs alongside with making him understand what is good and what is bad and sharing your prepping plans with them. This talking exercise also helps us understand how much the child is grasping, and sometimes that is more than our expectations. The subjects of these talks can be as ordinary as fire escape plans, our family meeting place, why we’re stockpiling certain things, and everything else one can think of. This is crucial. Sometimes simply explaining to the child which floor he lives on and how injurious it could become if he or she jumps out of a window.

Advanced Preparation Saves a Lot

Let’s say you are living in a high-rise building or probably somewhere in open, and are prone to fire or earthquakes. At a time when disaster strikes you can be or cannot be prepared for the emergency. And if you are:

Part of your prepping plans should include alternate transportation ideas like a stroller you can pull behind a bike.

Prepare for the Most Likely Event First

I live in the middle of nowhere surrounded by miles of timber in every direction. Wildfire is the most likely event I should prep for. The odds of having a fire come through my land are greater than other natural disasters.

What event is most likely in your area? If you haven’t yet started getting prepared, prep for that event first. Think through it in your mind, and start gathering what you’ll need.

Start by getting a 3-day supply built up of all your loved one’s essentials. You can look at this like a special bug out bag specifically catered to the needs of your child. It’s a baby step, but an important one.

Medical equipment is heavy. It’s bulky. And it certainly doesn’t move quietly through the woods. Depending on your child’s mobility, leaving home might be very difficult if not impossible.

When you’re making plans for a crisis, you might find it makes more sense to stay put. That way you don’t have to leave all of your equipment and medical stockpiles behind. If we don’t absolutely have to leave the farm, we’re planning on staying here.

Your child may need more supplies than the average person, but take this into account with packing and adjust your plans.

Storing the Right Things

It is not about just stock piling everything that you get your hand on. It is about stock piling the right things and making sure that your supplies are always refilled, and machines re-calibrated. There are ways that you can stockpile the medications your child needs. This again involves keeping a track of history and making a list. Make sure that when you are stock piling there are no expired medications in your cupboard. An essential to stock are baby wipes. These are very much-needed and at times running short of these can cause real-time havoc.

Learn Alternatives to Medication

Before you can think about replacing a medication, you have to know what it does. Ensure that you know the purpose behind every drug your loved one takes. You can see if there are over-the-counter medications that might work in a pinch as an alternative.

When you can no longer pick up medications, take an inventory of everything you have and see how many doses that is. Then, work backwards to slowly cut the doses down. That way instead of going from a full dose to nothing when you run out, you already have a plan in place for stepping off the med.

Author Bio: Saqib Khan, is an inquisitive blogger and loves to spread his knowledge. With a penchant for medical innovations and developments, Saqib’s new field of interest is herbal medicines. He is currently associated with a top online medical pharmacy in Pakistan offering variety of Pathological & Herbal Medicines such as flu medicine, first aid kits, cough medicine, etc.

If you liked this article, please rate it.

The post 6 Essentials for Prepping with a Special Needs Child appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

How To Build A Privacy Fence

Click here to view the original post.

There’s an old saying about good fences making good neighbors.

Until Donald Trump entered the White House, borders, which can be described as the ultimate fence of sorts, were not regarded as very important for our nation’s well-being by the progressive Obama administration. Now that old saying makes sense again.

So in today’s article, I’ll tell you a thing or two about how to build the perfect privacy fence.

Just like a nation’s border, building a privacy fence on your property is useful for a number of reasons. The most important one, which depends very much on where you live, is the fact that a properly built fence will increase your safety, security and privacy.

Of course, I am not talking about those nice white picket fences; those are mostly about aesthetics. A privacy fence will keep your children and pets safely enclosed and it will eliminate sight lines beyond your property.

According to various statistics, security and privacy are among the most common reasons for which Americans go home shopping.

The type of fence you have installed around your property limits plays a key role in both privacy and security, together with improving your home’s exterior design. Whether you’re using wood, wrought iron, or chain link, a properly installed fence will provide you with the true sense of home security and ownership we all desire.

Find out more on how to improve your layered home defense to survive disaster! 

And once you understand the basics of installation techniques and the materials required, you’ll see that DIY-ing a privacy fence can be a fun activity and fairly easy to accomplish.

Here are some important issues to consider before starting building your fence.

Why are You Building a Fence?

Decide on the height before getting knee-deep into the project.

A normal privacy fence is ~6 feet high (or more). Determining the fence height in the early stages of the project is pretty important, as it will influence various other things like post-hole depth and things of that matter.

What Type/Style of Fence are You Looking For?

Prior to DIYing your fence, make sure you have an accurate understanding of the whereabouts of your property lines. Talk to your neighbors and check your property file to make absolutely sure the fence is on your property.

Check with your local utility companies before you start excavating (if that’s the case) for underground utility mains which may be located on your property. Also check zoning laws and, if required, apply for a building permit before proceeding with the job.

Then what materials/design will blend best with the architecture/landscaping of your home?

There are different fence styles and different fence panels to choose from, which may differ in the fine details, but basically there are 3 main prefabricated fence panel styles available:

  • Solid – mostly used for containment fencing as they provide complete privacy and they’re mostly used between property lines and for surrounding swimming pools and the like. These fences are usually 5-6 feet tall and they use closely spaced pickets.
  • Spaced Picket – popular for keeping pets or children (some may argue that’s the same thing) in, and/or for defining boundaries.
  • Shadowbox – a mix of the two

For our intents and purposes, we’ll concentrate on the solid variety, because the name of the game in today’s article is privacy.

The PVC Fence

If you’re looking for the cheapest way to fence in your property, PVC is hands down the best option.

Even if PVC is not as sturdy as wood, it will last you forever without requiring any type of “servicing” and as far as privacy goes, PVC fences are just as impenetrable as wood fences.

The Vinyl Fence

A more high-tech option is vinyl fencing. According to some manufacturers, vinyl fences are 5 times stronger than comparable wood fences and 4 times more flexible.

The caveat is that vinyl  is kind of elite price-wise, but it will resist indefinitely to elements and even paint (read graffiti). All you have to do is to soap it up and put the hose to it and it will look as good as new in a jiffy.

The Bamboo Fence

And there’s bamboo, which is another type of wooden fence but with a more sophisticated touch, as bamboo is a relatively exotic type of wood. Other than being exotic, a bamboo fence is just like any other wooden fence; it just looks more interesting.

However, considering “regular” wood’s versatility and availability, most folks will go for an old-school wooden fence, due to its low-cost maintenance and building. You can also buy prefabricated wood fence panels, which will provide you with more flexibility and greater control in terms of quality (material wise), not to mention that wood is way more aesthetically pleasing compared to PVC for example.

The Wooden Fence

The most popular fencing material across America is wood. Wood fences are not very expensive compared to, let’s say, aluminum fencing. Also, wood gives you a welcoming and warm feeling, together with the sense of privacy wood fencing provides.

A wooden fence can easily be built to last forever, depending on what type of wood you choose. The quality of your fence can be compared with hardwood floors. There’s cheap stuff and more expensive stuff, woods that are better than others, and so on and so forth.

Video first seen on MyFixitUpLife show

The most common species of wood used in privacy fences are fir, spruce, cedar, pine, cypress and redwood (always go for heartwood  instead of sapwood, the former is older, has fewer knots and it will last for longer).

Keep in mind that if you’re choosing the wrong wood, your fence might only last you for 5 years before rot sets in. If you’re going for a high quality wood and you treat it well, a wood fence will last you for more than 20 years. Chemically treated woods are arguably the best option.

How to Build a Privacy Fence

First of all, you’ll have to stake the corner locations and place stakes at the corners, approximately where you wish your fence to go. In the next step, you’ll have to square the corners by tying a string around the stakes then running it between the respective stakes.

Once you’ve squared your corners, stake the middle posts, then dig the holes (step 4) at the locations you’ve staked.

As a general rule of thumb, keep in mind you’ll have to bury the posts at least 33 percent as deep as they’re tall. Then place your posts, get them aligned, then use a post leveler to make sure they’re straight and the corners are still square.

Remember to put 3-4’’ of gravel at the bottom of each hole then pour the concrete footing (instant concrete is best).  Then fill in with dirt once the concrete bed has set.

You can add a mason’s line at the top of the post from one post to another at equal height above the ground, thus keeping the height of your fence equal along the way.

Now it’s time to add your support boards and, in the final step, the privacy boards. Remember to treat the boards for increasing the longevity of your fence by painting them or applying a weatherproof finish.

Video first seen on Brandon & Meredith

If you’ll have to build a wooden fence on a slope, check out this video.

Video first seen on DIY Landscaping

And here’s a wooden fence with metal posts that will last you forever. You may have to change the privacy boards after a number of years, but the skeleton will last you indefinitely.

Video first seen on CAmericaProjects.com

Tips and Tricks on Building Fences

  • Let your wooden fence set before you seal it, as it’s very important that you allow it to dry out. If you try to preserve the wood by staining/painting it ahead of time, the substance will probably not be absorbed by the wood if it’s not dried properly. Remember that painting is required every few years if you care about the longevity of your fence.
  • A common mistake when building fences is failing to anchor down posts. A fence is only as strong as its posts – that’s an axiom – hence posts are essential for a solid fence and also pretty expensive. You must take your time and install the fence posts nice and properly.
  • Another mistake is improper gate placement or size. Gates must be placed out of the path of erosion, in well drained areas. Traffic must be taken into consideration, obviously. Proper gate size is equally important. The gate gets the most wear and tear, so remember to build it using high quality materials, including solid and properly sized hinges. Also the posts supporting the gate must be set much deeper than regular ones and you must add more cement around them.

Interested in keeping you and your family safe? Click the banner below for more!

invisible-bph-banner_2

Family Tips for Effective Preparedness

Click here to view the original post.

Family Tips for Effective Preparedness Anyone who is taking on preparedness knows that one of the biggest hurdles towards preparedness is the family. It sounds insane but most people have a hard time explaining the need to spend money, spend time and prepare for disasters. I know it sound counterintuitive to the survival of those …

Continue reading »

The post Family Tips for Effective Preparedness appeared first on SHTF & Prepping Central.

What Makes a Good Preparedness Radio?

Click here to view the original post.

It was time… time to update my analogue radio to an digital preparedness radio.  What is a preparedness radio?  A preparedness radio is a radio that gets the National Oceanic and Atmospheric (NOAA) stations also known as emergency weather stations.  It also should have multiple power source options.  Preparedness […]

The post What Makes a Good Preparedness Radio? appeared first on Preppers Survive.

Create a Personal Hygiene and Sanitation Kit

Click here to view the original post.

Create a Personal Hygiene and Sanitation Kit Personal hygiene and sanitation are two of the most often overlooked parts of the prepping and survival world. They are not as cool as tactical pants, guns and food storage. The truth is hygiene and sanitation will be the first and one of the most dangerous threats in …

Continue reading »

The post Create a Personal Hygiene and Sanitation Kit appeared first on SHTF & Prepping Central.

Create a Personal Hygiene and Santiation Kit

Click here to view the original post.

Create a Personal Hygiene and Sanitation Kit Personal hygiene and sanitation are two of the most often overlooked parts of the prepping and survival world. They are not as cool as tactical pants, guns and food storage. The truth is hygiene and sanitation will be the first and one of the most dangerous threats in …

Continue reading »

The post Create a Personal Hygiene and Santiation Kit appeared first on SHTF & Prepping Central.

Corned Beef and Cabbage Recipe – An American Irish Tradition

Click here to view the original post.

 So maybe corned beef and cabbage really didn’t originate in Ireland, however, it has become a meal time tradition on St. Patrick’s Day here in America.   And if you are wondering about what the term corned beef means, don’t

The post Corned Beef and Cabbage Recipe – An American Irish Tradition appeared first on Old World Garden Farms.

OFF GRID – Space Available For RV, Tiny House on wheels or….?

Click here to view the original post.

(Picture is taken from my front porch steps)

 

Looking for an older single m/f or couple to live cheaply on my secluded high (5300′) desert land. Being on a fixed income (SS, Disability etc.) is preferred as there is not much in the way of jobs except for Sierra Vista, AZ (20 miles W).

Being that I’m no youngster (66), I’m NOT into building an off grid community & trying to live off the land or things of that nature. Although I do have a 8′ x 12′ greenhouse w/ running water & electricity.

I would like to find like minded people (1-2) to join me for company, to have someone there for emergencies (Yours or Mine) and to help with the maintenance of property, buildings & off-grid systems. (Solar, electric, water, solar batteries, garbage, etc).

Imagine your Tiny house on wheels here

I would like to find someone before my 5 siblings start telling me that I’m too old/disabled to be alone for this “Off Grid” living stuff. They haven’t started yet, thank god. I figure I’m good for at least 5+ years more before that happens.

I am a Full/Time Off-Grid RV-er with 15+ acres just 2.5 miles West SW from the center of Tombstone, AZ.

The property is at 5300 ft. altitude (900 ft. +/- higher than Tombstone) at the end of 2.5 mile dirt/rock road and surrounded by Federal BLM Land. The road is a bit rough but I’ve been driving it with my Nissan Quest for the last 10 years. And I’ve only used a 7” fan for air conditioning for the last 8 years as the altitude, wind usually keeps temps well below 100f. I actually have a 20” 12V swamp cooler but have never bothered to hook it up. It (land) is a actual ‘Patented mining claim’ from 1882 silver days in Tombstone.

I’ve owned the property since 2001 and I have been living there full time off grid for the last 8-9 yrs. I’m now 66 and have been retired on disabilities (COPD,+,+) for the last 4 years. I just prefer my privacy, living on the cheap off grid, on my secluded land with 50-60 mile views to the N & S. I’m a bit of a recluse or agoraphobic actually. The nearest neighbor living on their property is 2 miles away. I pretty much spend my days reading (2-4 books a week), on the Internet or watching movies. I have my own DVD store (6TB of movies, documentaries and TV shows.) I get phone/internet via Verizon and satellite TV is available but too costly for my budget.

(Preference to Veterans, Retirees and Snowbirds)

Also open to visits by people wanting to learn how-to live off grid.

NO HEAVY DRINKERS,

NO DRUGIES (Prescription, OTC or Illegal)

420 FRIENDLY (To a point)

Limited guns OK if not obsessed with them

 

Systems in place

SOLAR :

  • 1300 watts of panels

  • 3500kw Trace inverter

  • 45amp Morning Star MPPT charge controller

Auto BACK-UP :

  • 10,000 KW Koller gas, low revolution generator
    on a trailer for portability.

ELECTRICAL :

  • 30 AMP HOOK-UP

BATTERY BACK-UP :

  • (4) L16 Deep cycle batteries

WATER :

  • MUST be trucked in. Have a 520 gal. water trailer (5000 lb loaded)

  • Have 2800+ gallons of covered storage tanks

  • 1” pressurized water pumping system

GARBAGE :

  • Burn & bury what is possible

  • Recycle – all cans & plastic

  • 4′ x 8′ trash trailer for what needs to go to dump

You would be sharing space with

. Lots of insects incl. Scorpions, centipedes, killer bees, wasps etc.

.

Bobcat

Wildlife – coyotes, wild pigs, gilla monsters, snakes and a occasional mt. Lion or bear

. Cows occasionally

 

I do keep a 22 pistol loaded with snake shot to scare off cows & pigs. The lion & bear, I’ve only seen tracks and scat in 15 yrs a couple of times. But I did have a Bobcat on my roof early one morning. 🙂

 

 

The post OFF GRID – Space Available For RV, Tiny House on wheels or….? appeared first on Living Off the Grid: Free Yourself.

Musk offers Australian energy fix

Click here to view the original post.
Energy, Tesla, South Australia, Energy, Battery Storage,

Oh, Twitter is now the place to do business!

Elon Musk bold claim

Tesla CEO Elon Musk made a bold claim – he could fix South Australia’s power crisis. Better still if he couldn’t do it in 100 days, it would be free. The region has been suffering from blackouts which have been more severe since closure of North Power Station in Port Augusta last May. These blackouts and spikes in energy prices caused a number of farmers in South Australia to off-grid solutions.

It all began with a tweet…

A tweet from the co-founder of Atlassian Corp, a software development company, Mike Cannon-Brookes began the whole conversation. He sent out a plea, offering to fund and support a project for battery storage if Elon Musk could supply the technology to solve the blackout crisis. A short time later and Cannon-Brookes had his reply:

“Tesla will get the system installed and working 100 days from contract signature or it is free. Serious enough for you?”

Of course Mike sent an excited reply back, “You’re on mate.”

This exchange came just a day after the launch of the Tesla Powerwall 2 and Powerpack 2, which are for grid and industrial scale application, respectively. Lyndon Rive, who heads Tesla’s battery division, was at the launch. He commented that Elon Musk has many big pipeline battery storage projects aimed for grid applications. These would help to manage peak demand and would help to solve South Australia’s current grid stresses. By using the existing infrastructure and adding battery storage, the problem is solved. Elon Musk considers there is no need to go down the “clean coal” path that the Australian government have been considering, he added.

The Financial Review reported that Rive also said that by coupling together large centralized storage with residential and commercial solar and battery storage it would be “near impossible to take the grid down”.

The post Musk offers Australian energy fix appeared first on Living Off the Grid: Free Yourself.

This Might Just Be the Coolest and Most Convenient Way to Extinguish a Fire

Click here to view the original post.

Regardless of whether or not you’re a prepper, arguably one of the most important safety devices you should have in your home is a fire extinguisher. Fire presents a possible danger no matter where we live, and having a handy device to put out the flames is a must. And it doesn’t just make sense from a safety perspective. It makes a lot of financial sense too. Most fire extinguishers cost less than a hundred dollars, but can prevent thousands, or even hundreds of thousands of dollars in damages.

However, most people aren’t aware that there is an alternative to the classic red fire extinguisher that we’re all familiar with. Since the fire extinguisher design hasn’t changed much in decades, you might think that there isn’t room for improvement, but there is. Behold, the Elide fire extinguishing ball:

As you can see, the Elide Ball has a distinct advantage over an ordinary fire extinguisher, in that you can put the flames out from a further distance. The ball is designed to automatically burst after being exposed to flames for 3-5 seconds, and won’t go off without the presence of fire. It’s always ready to go, and doesn’t require any training or specific techniques. It uses a fire-retardant chemical called mono ammonium phosphate, which is typically used in ordinary fire extinguishers since it’s non-toxic. Also, the ball only weighs around 3 pounds, so it’s not difficult to throw.

The Elide Ball costs about $120, and is supposed to last 5 years. Since that costs more than a regular extinguisher, that’s really the only disadvantage with the device. So far there aren’t any well-known distributors for the Elide Ball in the United States, but it can be purchased on Ebay. Alternatively, there is a knockoff called the AFO Fire Ball, which can be bought on Amazon and costs half as much. But being a knockoff, it isn’t clear yet if that brand is as effective as Elide, so buyer beware.

Joshua Krause was born and raised in the Bay Area. He is a writer and researcher focused on principles of self-sufficiency and liberty at Ready Nutrition. You can follow Joshua’s work at our Facebook page or on his personal Twitter.

Joshua’s website is Strange Danger

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition

How to Raise Meat Rabbits in Small Spaces

Click here to view the original post.

Raising Meat Rabbits in Small Spaces | Backdoor Survival

Whether you are planning to survive disasters or simply want to be self-sufficient and less dependent on outside resources, raising your own meat animals is a smart choice. That said, raising farm animals can be tough for those who live in urban areas, small homes or apartments, or under the rule of restrictive homeowners associations. If that sounds like you, consider raising meat rabbits. Rabbits make it possible to produce your own meat without raising an eyebrow!

If you have a garage, a basement, a porch, a backyard or even a small corner of a living room, you can raise meat rabbits and produce quite a bit of meat for you and your family. Sound interesting? In this article find detailed information about selecting healthy rabbits, breeding, housing options, butchering, and more.

The post How to Raise Meat Rabbits in Small Spaces by Gaye Levy first appeared on Backdoor Survival.

Go Gray and Stay Out of the Fray

Click here to view the original post.

Go Gray and Stay Out of the Fray Host: Highlander “Survival & Tech Preps “ Audio in player below! The need to go Gray is something all of us prepper’s want, however you might not have heard of going gray before.  Well let’s break it down to what going gray or what a gray man … Continue reading Go Gray and Stay Out of the Fray

The post Go Gray and Stay Out of the Fray appeared first on Prepper Broadcasting |Network.