10 Surprising Household Uses For Ordinary Table Salt

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10 Surprising Household Uses For Ordinary Table Salt

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Salt is a regular household staple, and almost everyone knows it can add a tremendous amount of flavor to your food. But there are many other uses for salt around your house that have very little to do with food.

Here are 10 household hacks using regular old table salt:

1. Remove watermarks

If your wood furniture has watermarks on it, then mix some salt with just enough water to make a thick paste. Put the paste over the watermark and rub it in a circular motion until the watermark is gone. Spray furniture polish on it afterward to keep your furniture looking new and shiny.

2. Soothe a bee sting

With a paste of salt and water you can make the “sting” from a bee sting go away. This paste reduces the pain and swelling and also minimizes the time it takes for the bee sting to heal.

3. Refresh silk flowers

If you have silk flowers around your home and notice they’re not looking as fresh as they should, then grab the salt from the kitchen. Place salt in a brown paper bag, followed by your flowers. Shake the bag for a few minutes.

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Upon removing them from the bag, you’ll find them looking fresh and new. If they aren’t looking as fresh as you’d like, then repeat the process as necessary.

4. Clean cast iron

Put a couple tablespoons of oil into the skillet and heat up the pan until it’s warm. Add salt to the skillet, and a paste will form. Scrub the skillet with an SOS pad or something similar, and then rinse with hot water, drying thoroughly.

5. Make vases shiny

10 Surprising Household Uses For Ordinary Table SaltFlowers make any home look fresh and lively, but a dull-looking vase can ruin the ambience. Rinse your vases out with salt water to remove the residue. Then, wash them out with hot soapy water and sit them out to air dry (or dry with a clean towel).

6. Remove coffee or tea stains

We all have that favorite coffee mug. You know — the one your children made for you in kindergarten or the one you purchased at a souvenir shop during one of your most memorable vacations. To clean out the stains, mix one tablespoon of salt with one tablespoon of vinegar. Let the mixture sit in the cup for two or three hours; then, rinse out with dish soap and towel dry.

7. Brush your teeth

A teaspoon of salt mixed with a teaspoon of baking soda makes a great alternative to toothpaste. Take a wet toothbrush and dip it into the mixture. Brushing your teeth with this alternative will remove all stains and potentially some tarter from your teeth.

8. Clean your face

Mixing salt with olive oil will give you an amazing exfoliating skin mask. You can apply this to your elbows, knees, heels or anywhere else you might have dry skin. Rub this mixture lightly onto your skin to remove any dead skin. The olive oil in this mixture helps to soften your skin while the salt, which is naturally abrasive, removes the dead skin and exfoliates the skin underneath.

9. Remove odors

If you have been preparing food in your kitchen, especially onions or peppers, then a mixture of salt and lemon juice can help to remove the odor from your hands. After rubbing it between your hands, thoroughly wash them with soap and water and towel dry.

10. Clean floors

When cleaning your floors, add a tablespoon of salt to a bucket of hot water to help leave your floors looking even more fresh and clean. To take it one step further, add some lemon juice for a nice scent.

What uses would you add? Share your tips in the section below:  

Top Seven Articles on Prepper Website for the Week! Just In Case You Missed It! (4/8/17)

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Here are the top 7 articles (by clicks) that appeared on Prepper Website over the last week, just in case you missed it! They appear in order, from highest to lowest clicks.  But remember, even the article at the bottom still received a lot of clicks!

Top 7 on Prepper Website – Week of 4/1/17 – 4/8/17

Peace,
Todd

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Top Seven Articles on Prepper Website for the Week! Just In Case You Missed It! (4/8/17)

Here are the top 7 articles (by clicks) that appeared on Prepper Website over the last week, just in case you missed it! They appear in order, from highest to lowest clicks.  But remember, even the article at the bottom still received a lot of clicks!

Top 7 on Prepper Website – Week of 4/1/17 – 4/8/17

Peace,
Todd

Follow Me:
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The stuff that dreams are made of

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20170412_152810Yup…one kilogram of fine gold. There is very little in my or anyone elses life that this will not fix, or go a long way towards fixing. It is not even as big as a PopTart, yet it’s enough to buy a brand new truck, put a down payment on a house, buy five Barrett M82A1s, or get you the best night of your life in Vegas.

Really, what you’re looking at is the most concentrated form of energy that doesn’t require lead shielding to use.

Being a survivalist, your day-to-day is a Venn diagram of gun dealers, precious metals dealers, tradesmen, and a few other colorful folks…and they often have cool stuff. In this case, a kilogram of gold. What didn’t fit in my hand was the 100 gold 1oz. rounds that were sitting next to it.

Kinda looks like something out of Kelly’s heroes, doesn’t it?

Survivalism: introducing you to new experiences since…always.

Some Simple Truths about Survival

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In today’s society, if you haven’t noticed already, there are some people that describe themselves as victims, a group of so-called unfortunates who demand others take care of them, they need rescuing from their own victimhood it seems because of some perceived slight or oppression, and even harsh talk sends some over the edge never […]

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Lever action 22LR: Winchester or Henry?

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This is about the most ridiculous article I’ve ever read. Perhaps if someone is independently wealthy, a $1200 + .22 rifle might be something they want to add to their collection but for most of us, that would never be a consideration when you could pick up 3 Henry lever action rifles for the price of 1 9422. If the reviews are to be believed, the Henry is every bit as reliable if not more so. For the price of just 1 9422, a wise shopper could conceivably purchase a .22 lever action Henry, a 12 guage pump, a self defense sidearm chambered in 9mm or .40 caliber and a .22 semi auto such as the Ruger 10/22. Trying to persuade your readers that a $1200 .22 has any practical purpose in survival is ludicrous.

-A

I suppose you didn’t read the part about “In my opinion you are best served with a semi auto 22LR such as a Ruger 10/22 or a Marlin.” My posts aren’t that long, try reading them in full next time before getting so upset.

And no, the Henry is a great 22 (clearly the way to go for the money ) but better than the Winchester it is not. The fact that the 9422 can get pretty expensive to buy doesn’t change in any way its performance as a firearm. I can buy two Hi-Point 9mm for the price of a Glock… I’d still rather have the Glock.

 

That rifle has been out of production for many years and they have gotten very expensive, if you can locate one. People would be better served with a Henry lever gun. Excellent quality, affordable, and currently available.

-Kurt

.

Other than the superior construction, the same traits and qualities of the Winchester apply to the Henry. Basically you’re still talking about a reliable, handy .22 lever action that can handle S, L and LR.

I actually had to pick between the Winchester 9422 XTR (pictured in the post below, which I bought) and a Henry rifle. I wanted something affordable because this was mostly intended for my son. Can’t remember the exact price but I believe I paid around 350 USD for it, plus shipping and paperwork. The used Henry was about the same price, maybe 50 USD cheaper. The Henry was sold by someone local, so I was saving on shipping money.

You see, I didn’t spend $1000, and actually knowing which one was best allowed me to make an informed decision. So if you’re buying a used one, find a good deal somewhere, or if you so happen to be rich which some people are, it’s good to know what you’re dealing with.

The Henry is also a great little 22LR for the money, but obviously the Winchester 9422 is better. It has an all steel construction, forged steel receiver and is simply built to a higher standard. In fact that standard was so high and it was so expensive to make, that’s why they stopped producing it in the first place. This is why you see some very old Winchesters, beaten the crap out of and with almost no bluing left still ticking, the kind of gun that outlasts its owner with ease. This is why they are highly regarded and go for pretty high prices.

As I said in the previous post, if you want to keep it simple and cheap get a Ruger 10/22. You should own one anyway.

For what I had in mind (and yes, given that the price wasn’t an issue) the Winchester presented certain advantages.

As a heirloom gun, its hard to go wrong with a lever action Winchester. For a novel shooter the lever action makes the shooter take his time, be more aware of the round in the chamber and overall keeps things simple and at a nice slow pace to learn proper marksmanship, even if with practice he can become pretty fast with it. In my son’s case playing “Fallout” and liking to use the lever action in the game was an added bonus.

As for the price, of course it makes no sense to spend a grand on a 22 unless you have money to throw around, but if you can get it for a great price like I did then more power to you. Nothing wrong with owning a gun that keeps gaining value as time goes by, rather the opposite.

FerFAL

Fernando “FerFAL” Aguirre is the author of “The Modern Survival Manual: Surviving the Economic Collapse” and “Bugging Out and Relocating: When Staying is not an Option”.

Protecting Your Online Communications

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Protecting Your Online Communications There is going to be a boom in counterintelligence. With the advent of the NSA and other intel agencies overstepping their bounds the American people are going to change their motivations. The online presence of each individual is continuously growing. This means that security in the online world is becoming just …

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Growing Tobacco In Early America

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Growing Tobacco In Early America
Published on Apr 13, 2017

Today Justin Filipowski from George Washington’s Mount Vernon sits down with Jon to talk about the tobacco trade in early America.

Mount Vernon Website ▶ http://www.mountvernon.org/ ▶▶

Help support the channel with Patreon ▶ https://www.patreon.com/townsend ▶▶

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Avoid Rookie Prepper Mistakes

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Avoid Rookie Prepper Mistakes There is much to be said about learning from your mistakes. and when it comes to preparedness there are two trains of thought. It pays to make mistakes and get better When the time comes there is no room for error Depending on the situation a mistake could cost you your …

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Medical Preparedness

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Medical Preparedness A topic that many people attempt to avoid, medical preparedness is important. There are very few who spend lots of time on understanding how to be medically prepared for a disaster. Much of this has to do with the fact that to be a doctor you spend untold amounts of time in school …

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Natural Health: Plantain

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Natural Health: Plantain One of the most common growing “weeds” in the nation. This is not an article about the hard bananas you see in the market. No. This is about a small, leafy green that grows with a low profile in your driveway. You may be shocked to find out just how much can be …

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25 Make Ahead Camping Meals

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25 Make Ahead Camping Meals It may seem like 25 make ahead camping meals wouldn’t be much of a topic for SHTF. In fact, that couldn’t be further from the truth. There are many opportunities for make ahead camping meals. The most obvious of course is the food storage department. The meals that are shelf …

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SHTF Ammo Debate .308 or .223

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SHTF Ammo Debate .308 or .223 On a subject like this there is an awful lot of conjecture. You find that many people have opinions but very few have factual data to support those opinions. Of course, either round would be a great on to stockpile. I think this article offers some insight that will …

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10 How-To Books Worth Owning

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10 How-To Books Worth Owning They say knowledge is power and that you need wits to survive when the world around you crumbles. As preppers, we are used to stockpile food, water and survival gear. We gather all the things we might need during a crisis and we hope for the best. However, gathering knowledge …

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He Was Eating Pizza. In The Wrong Place. And Got Arrested

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He Was Eating Pizza. In The Wrong Place. And Got Arrested

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Eating pizza in some locations is now a crime in one American city.

An unidentified elderly man faces a $250 fine for eating in a San Francisco bus shelter earlier this month, The San Francisco Chronicle reported. If he had walked just a few feet outside of the shelter, it would have been permitted.

The man was homeless.

“This is a real waste of police services,” Kelley Cutler of the Coalition on Homelessness complained.

Weird Gadget Can Jump-Start Your Car — And Charge Your Smartphone!

Eating on mass transit is illegal in the city but the regulation is rarely enforced, Cutler said.

San Francisco’s transit agency, Muni, prohibits eating on buses, trains and trolleys and in stations, spokesman Paul Rose told The Chronicle. But Rose added, “food prohibition doesn’t necessarily extend to bus shelters.”

Eating in the shelter is what is called a quality of life enforcement, Carter said.

“The problem is, whose quality of life are you talking about?” Cutler asked. “The officer can say, ‘Move along, move along.’ The problem is, there’s nowhere to move along to.”

Do you think eating food on public transportation should be illegal? Share your thoughts in the section below:  

Keeping Yourself in Shape for Your Next Backpacking Trip

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A new post by Lee.
If you have a big backpacking trip planned for the near future, you definitely want to be in the kind of shape where you can enjoy it. You won’t have nearly as much fun if you’re huffing and puffing after the first mile. It doesn’t take training like Rocky to be ready for backpacking, as all you need to do is follow a few simple steps to keep yourself in good condition.
Go on Walks, Runs, and Hikes

The best way to train for a physical activity is to mimic that physical activity as closely as possible. For backpacking, your best option is going on hikes while wearing a backpack, since that’s exactly what you’ll be doing on your trip. Do this frequently enough in the weeks and months leading up to your trip, and you shouldn’t have any issues.

You may not be in a situation where you can hike much, if at all, depending on where you live and the weather. If that’s the case, running and walking are both good alternatives, with running being better since you need to work harder. You can wear a backpack or substitute it with a weight vest so you still get the feeling of carrying weight.

Stick to Healthy Eating Habits

What you eat is a huge part of your overall health. The key to eating healthy is to make it part of your lifestyle, instead of looking at it as a diet. If you don’t currently have the best eating habits, start substituting healthier food choices one meal at a time. By changing your eating gradually instead of all at once, it’s easier to commit to the changes.

As far as what you should eat, you should focus on natural foods, which means anything that comes from an animal or the ground. Healthy food choices include lean meats, fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. You can usually find the natural foods towards the outer edges of a supermarket, while the processed junk food will be concentrated in the center aisles.

Work on Any Bad Habits

If you’re smoking a pack a day or drinking heavily, it’s going to be nearly impossible to get in good shape for your backpacking trip. One different alternative to tobacco is vaping. You may find that getting a vape helps you cut back on cigarettes. The nice thing about vaping is you can try all kinds of different flavors. Online sites like the e cig juice page from Halocigs can give you a variety of many flavors you can check out.

When it comes to drinking, alcohol isn’t an issue if you use it in moderation. If you find that your drinking is getting out of hand, you may want to commit to staying sober for a certain amount of time or at least cutting down on your alcohol intake.

Get Enough Rest

Make sure you don’t push yourself too hard to the point where you end up injured or burnt out before it’s time for your trip. Whenever you start a new workout routine, take it slow and gradually build up to higher frequencies and intensities. Get at least six to eight hours of sleep every night, as that’s when your body will dot the bulk of its recovering.

If you start feeling very tired or sore, that’s a sign that it’s time to slow down. Take a couple days to let your body recover from everything. You may also want to do some lighter intensity work, such as yoga, on occasion. Remember that you want to be at your best for your trip.

The sooner you start preparing for your backpacking trip, the better. In the leadup to your trip, try to get a workout in at least three or four days per week. Eat healthy, reduce those bad habits, and rest up so you’ll be ready to go when it’s trip time.

How Iodine Supplements Protect You From Radiation Exposure

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It seems like there is a radiation scare at least once a year. The Japanese Fukushima disaster of 2011 spewed radiation across large portions of the world. And it’s problems are still periodically in the news. And we have North Korea actively testing and sabre rattling about nuclear weapons. Plus, the Iran may still be…

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How Training For a 5K Race Taught Me To Be a Better Prepper

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When I sat down last December to write down my goals for the year, I knew one of them had to be getting in better shape. Many preppers know they need to be in good shape to survive hard times. I decided 2016 would be the year I would try to become a runner. There is an annual 5K/10K/half/full marathon race near us every fall, so I registered for the 5K in January and started on the path to better health. I also learned several lessons along the way that taught me how to be a better prepper.

Part of my motivation is the extra baby weight I carry from having children. I’ve spent many years just focusing on the number on the scale and have realized that it wasn’t a great motivator. My weight would fluctuate, and I would feel discouraged rather quickly. Also, I wasn’t getting a full night’s sleep on a regular basis and that made it hard to work out consistently.

So, my goal changed from losing weight to increasing activity. Running is an activity that should be done consistently and constantly. It requires a commitment of a few days of every week to see improvement. I started focusing on my health and knew that the weight would eventually come off.

The first thing I had to do after registering for the 5K was to decide how I wanted to train. There are many programs out there that work for a lot of people (Pinterest is full of them). Couch to 5K is a very popular training plan. However, I didn’t think that would work well for me. I wanted to train to become a runner, not just run one race. I decided to just start running and add to my time bit by bit. I planned for 30 minutes on the treadmill and I started with jogging for 3 minutes and walking the rest of the time. Then, when that got easier, I tried jogging for 5 minutes, but not less than 3. Then for 7 minutes. At about that point, I realized I was jogging for half a mile. That was then my baseline and I added distance and increased speed.

I was careful to only increase my time, distance, or speed in small increments. I would stay at the same rate for at least a week before moving on to the next increment. There were times due to lack of sleep or sickness that I stayed at the same rate for 3-4 weeks, but I never went lower than my most recently established baseline. I did this to not get discouraged and also to avoid injury. I wanted to do my best to insure I would reach my goal.

And I did! In September, after training for eight solid months, I ran a full 5K. There was a hill I wasn’t expecting, but I ran up the whole thing. I did have to walk for 30 seconds a few times, but I think the hill cancelled out those walking times. I felt so good finishing the race.

Throughout my training, I realized there wre several lessons I learned along the way that also apply to being a good prepper.

Learn what works for you

I chose to train in a different way than most people do for 5Ks, but that’s because I realized I had different goals than most people do who want to run a 5K. I also knew I couldn’t focus on the number on the scale anymore or I would lose motivation very quickly.

Every situation preppers face and prepare for is different and unique. One family’s plan for a hurricane may be different from another family’s but that doesn’t mean one is better than the other. Each person and family has to decide what is best for them after evaluating the type of threat using a threat analysis like this one, the resources on hand, and what the family can handle financially and otherwise.

Equipment matters

When I first started running, I only had loose workout pants, old tennis shoes, and sports bras meant for walking. I quickly realized that I needed the right equipment if I wanted to succeed. Blisters and backaches were not going to help me achieve my goal. I spent the most money on a good pair of shoes at a store that looks at your feet and gait – it was worth every penny! I found good deals on workout clothes and supportive sports bras. Some runners swear that something like a FitBit that tracks their calories and steps is invaluable, while others use a simple pedometer. The right clothing made the running more enjoyable, which encouraged me to continue.

With prepping it’s key to prepare for situations with the right equipment, too. If the spare pair of shoes under your bed are the old pair that gave you blisters, then you’re going to get blisters if you have to use them in an emergency. It can be an investment to have the proper equipment, but it will make surviving easier.

Friends make it easier

I had a support group through Facebook that helped encourage me as I was training. We offered each other encouragement, tips, and motivation. I tried running a practice 5K by myself early in the summer, and I found myself running too fast and then stopping to walk too much. When I ran the 5K in September, a friend ran with me and kept me at the right pace and encouraged me to keep running when I wanted to stop. A group like Skinny Survival Moms can encourage you, too.

Having friends to help you prepare can be encouraging, too. I have two friends that I talk with often and we share tips and things we’re noticing in the world to help us all be better prepared. It’s nice to not feel alone when you’re facing a big task.

Baby steps accomplish goals

As I explained, I took my time training for the 5K. I knew I wouldn’t be going from walking 30 minutes three times a week to running a 12-minute mile in a few weeks. I made small goals that I could attain and then set another goal. Having small accomplishments along the way made me feel good and kept me motivated.

The same can be true of prepping. You probably won’t have a ton of skills and three months of food storage in a matter of weeks. It takes time, but you can set small goals of learning a skill or getting a single week’s worth of food and then feel good about meeting that goal. Then you set the next goal and keep going. After time, you’ll look back and see that you’ve accomplished a lot. Running is something that must be constantly done to maintain or improve and prepping is the same way. There is always something to do!

TIP: Use this list of prepper baby steps!

In the end, determination makes a difference

Being a successful runner is more than just a physical endeavor. It is also a mental and even spiritual game. I did a lot of talking to myself, doing mind tricks to run farther, and I did a lot of praying. I really, really wanted to accomplish this goal and that sense of determination kept me going on the days I felt like skipping the workout.

If there is a skill you truly want to learn, you will find the determination to make sure it happens. If you want to become a HAM radio operator, your desire will ensure you find the time to study and pass the test for your license. Saving money to buy extra food and equipment can also require the sense of determination. The stronger the desire, the more determination you’ll have.

TIP: Many Survival Moms use the 52 Week Savings Challenge to meet savings goals. You can read all about it here.

You don’t have to train for a 5K in order to learn how to be a better prepper, but in my case, I realized how important it is to customize my prepping, get encouragement from others, invest in the right equipment, and, above all, never quit.

how to be a prepper

What You Didn’t Learn About Easter In Sunday School

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Josh Volk

Easter is nearly here, which means Christians and even non-Christians are focusing once again on the story of Jesus’ death and resurrection.

But as we’ll discover on this week’s edition of Off The Grid Radio, there’s more to the biblical narrative than we may have realized.

Joining us is Solutions from Science and Heirloom Audio founder Bill Heid, who tells us about a new Easter video he produced that goes far beyond the typical Easter video seen in churches.

He made it for his family and friends, but then decided to release it to the public following a ton of positive feedback. (Quite a few people even cried while watching it.)

Bill also tells us:

  • Why he calls Easter the most important event in human history.
  • What many Christians simply miss when they’re reading the Easter story.
  • Why it is essential to have the right “philosophy” of Easter.
  • What churches must do if they are to retain teens as they grow older.

Finally, Bill gives us tips on talking to children about Easter.

We were inspired not only by the video but by our conversation with Bill – and we think you will be, too!

 

Feds Mull Tax On Organic Food, Farms

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Feds Mull Tax On Organic Food, Farms

WASHINGTON — Some supporters of organic farming are warning about a sneaky effort to impose what amounts to a federal tax on organic farmers and products.

The proposal by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) would collect funds from organic farmers and food producers to fund pro-organic advertising programs. The funding is called a “checkoff.”

The Organic Trade Association (OTA) supports the idea, but other organic organizations oppose it and are calling the checkoff a tax. The checkoff would impact all organic certificate holders who vote on the issue – whether they support or oppose the idea.

“After reviewing the proposal, we’ve determined that this Check-Off would be a grossly unfair tax imposed upon small personal care processors, and we question the legality of its application to non-food personal care businesses,” businesswoman Diana Kaye wrote at NoOrganicCheckoff.com.

The All-Natural Fertilizer That Can Double Your Garden Yield!

Kaye operates Terressentials, a small company that makes and markets organic care products.

Feds Mull Tax On Organic Food, Farms

Image source: Pixabay.com

The Cornucopia Institute also opposes the checkoff, saying it will harm family farms and small business people.

The Farm and Ranch Freedom Alliance sent an email to supporters stating, “Say no to a new tax on organic farmers!”

Checkoffs fund some popular and successful advertising campaigns including “Beef, It’s What’s for Dinner,” “Got Milk?” and the “Incredible Edible Egg.” The intent is to help farmers by increasing consumption of those products.

The problem by using a checkoff for organic food, though, is that – by rule – an organic advertising campaign cannot say anything negative about other foods.

“Checkoff dollars,” Cornucopia said on its website, “could almost certainly not be used to advocate for claims of organic food health, superior food quality, safety, sustainability or be used to expose differences between ‘natural’ and GMO-free food claims because these types of messages can be viewed as disparaging conventional food commodities.”

Another fear is unfair competition from big retailers and processors, such as Kroger and other large grocery stores, which would big beneficiaries of the publicity. Kroger, the nation’s largest standalone grocer, is expected to sell $16 billion worth of natural and organic products in 2017.

Another concern: the governing board for the checkoff program would be selected by the USDA. Farmers would have less than half of the seats, according to Cornucopia, which asserted that people “with political and corporate connections would likely be appointed by the USDA secretary.”

“We don’t trust OTA and USDA to speak for us in describing organic food to the public,” said Jim Crawford, an organic farmer at New Morning Farm in Pennsylvania. “We don’t want OTA and USDA to form another board, which is weighted in favor of corporate organics and which would control our message to the public.”

Persons can give their thoughts on the checkoff through a federal website. The USDA will close comments at midnight on April 19.

Do you support the checkoff program? Share your thoughts in the section below:

Foot Fungus Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

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athletes-foot-large

Tinea Pedis

The medic in austere settings may have to deal with major medical issues; there are minor issues, however, that don’t threaten your patients’ lives, but can seriously affect their quality of life or work efficiency.  In times of trouble, you’ll need your people at 110%, and many issues, such as toothaches or foot infections, can become a nuisance or worse.

One problem that is very common (and will be more so off the grid) is foot and toenail fungus, also called “Athlete’s Foot”.  When your dogs (by that, I mean your feet) are howling because you aren’t able to change socks often, Athlete’s Foot might be the cause.  Expect this to be particularly relevant in scenarios where you’re constantly on the move.

Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s foot (also known as “tinea pedis”) is an infection of the skin caused by a type of fungus known as Trychophyton. A fungus is a microscopic organism that likes dark and humid conditions.

This condition may be a chronic issue, lasting for years if not treated. Neglect can lead to its spread from between the toes to hands and groin.

It’s important to know that fungal infections are likely to be contagious. They can be passed by sharing shoes or socks and even from wet surfaces such as shower floors.  Those affected by Athlete’s Foot may also find themselves with other fungal conditions like Ringworm or Jock Itch (“Tinea Cruris”).

What Are Risk Factors For Athlete’s Foot?

 

Any fungal infection is made worse by moist conditions. People who are prone to Athlete’s foot commonly:

  • Spend long hours in closed shoes
  • Keep their feet wet for prolonged periods
  • Have had a tendency to get cuts on feet and hands
  • Perspire a lot
  • Are male
  • Are older or have chronic medical conditions like diabetes

What Does Foot Fungus Look Like?

athletes-foot

typical appearance of tinea pedis

To make a diagnosis, look for whitish flaky skin between the toes or fingers., which often appear red and raw. The nails may be yellowed, thickened, and “crumbly”.  Toenails may even separate from the underlying nail bed. Itching and burning in the affected areas is common and sometimes becomes severe. If the skin has been traumatized by scratching, you might see some fluid drainage.  Often, the damage caused by scratching is worse than the infection itself, leading to secondary bacterial infections like cellulitis.

Although toenails will appear yellowish in Athlete’s Foot, dark spots (brown, blue, or black) under the nail may be just debris or could be related to other issues. After an injury, a collection of blood under the nail (called a “hematoma”) will be dark and, often, painful. Less often, a tumor such as a cancer called “melanoma”, may first present with a dark or mottled appearance.

Treatment of Foot Fungus

If the condition is mild, keeping your feet clean and dry may be enough to allow slow improvement of the condition. Oftentimes, however, topical antifungal ointments or powders such as miconazole or clotrimazole are required for relief.  In the worst cases, oral prescription antifungals such as fluconazole (Diflucan) or terbinafine (Lamisil) are needed.

Although creams and ointments cover the skin between the toes more thoroughly, don’t use them too often; excessive moisture may delay healing.

In the worse cases, an infected nail may require removal. If so, it may take a year to grow back.

Patience is a virtue when monitoring the healing process, which may take more than a month for a significant case of Athlete’s Foot to resolve. In the meantime, disinfect shoes with antifungal powders on at least a weekly basis.

Home Remedies

vinegar

cloudy vinegar useful for relief

A favorite home remedy for Athlete’s Foot involves placing Tea Tree Oil liberally to a foot bath and soaking for 20 minutes or so.  Dry the feet well and then apply a few drops onto the affected area. Repeat this process twice daily. Try to keep the area as dry as possible otherwise. For prevention of future outbreaks of Athlete’s Foot, apply tea tree oil once a week before putting on socks and shoes.

5% Apple cider vinegar foot soaks (2-4 cups) may work as well. The acid will kill the fungus, as well as soften and break down the skin changes it causes. Use a washcloth to gently scrub the infected areas. If you notice irritation from the bath, dilute with water.

Others recommend soaks with other items, such as black tea, cinnamon, betadine, or Epsom salts.

Long-term therapy with Snakeroot extract may help. Apply every third day for the first month, and once a week thereafter for two to three months. Alternatively, dip a cotton ball in the vinegar and hold to affected areas for several minutes.

Vicks Vap-o-Rub, applied with a swab, shows partial important in more than half of cases.

One method that doesn’t work is urinating on your feet in the shower. Although there is ammonia in urine that might kill germs, it’s not strong enough to kill the Athlete’s foot fungus.

You might have your own home remedy for foot fungus. If so, feel free to post it in the comments section.

 

Joe Alton, MD

AuthorJoe

Joe Alton, MD

Find out more about foot fungus and other minor and major medical issues related to survival, check out a copy of our Third Edition (700 pages) of The Survival Medicine Handbook: The Essential Guide for When Medical Help is Not on the Way, available at amazon.com and here at store.doomandbloom.net.

20 Survival Uses for Wire Coat Hangers

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Most people use plastic hangers nowadays. But if you’re like me, you have an extra closet with dozens of wire coat hangers inside. Before you throw all those old hangers away, you should know there are several ways you can make use of them in a survival scenario. Sensible Prepper made a video all about […]

The post 20 Survival Uses for Wire Coat Hangers appeared first on Urban Survival Site.

Can You Sustain Yourself?

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Image Source: Pexels.com

By The Survival Place Blog

We can’t live without food. It is perhaps the most important skill that anyone with a mind on survival can learn. All your navigation and self-defense skills aren’t going to be of any use when you run out of canned goods and have to rely on your wits to survive. To learn to live in the wild, you need to learn a few tasty skills.

Time for a forage

Foraging for natural foodstuffs is a skill that has mostly died out but it’s part of what got humans this far. If you can’t tell your safe and totally edible morels from your potentially dangerous false morels, it’s time to brush up on your knowledge. Research with the help of foraging apps are a good start, but make sure you cross-reference any info you get with at least one other highly experienced, reputable source. There’s a lot of misinformation on the internet, after all.

The hunt is about more than the thrill

Hunting’s a great pastime, but many people who take part in it realize they’re learning a skill that can be truly handy in a critical situation. Hunting should be more than practiced, however. It should be sustainable. That’s why, above all other techniques, you should consider bow hunting lessons. It’s not enough to learn about how to use them, either. There are lessons in crafting bows and arrows from natural sources that could prove essential when you’re left in the wild.

Image Source: Pexels.com

Find your catch

Hunting’s a great source of meat in a time of survival. However, if you live near a river or a lake then you already have one of your most reliable sources of foods right there. Fishing is a skill that many of us might already know from our childhoods. If you’re out of practice, however, take a trip now and again and try different methods. From traditional rod fishing to fly fishing and even spearfishing. It’s a lot more reliable than hunting when in the wild.

Image Source: Pexels.com

Growing your own

It’s not all about meat, either. Besides foraging, you should work on your skills in growing your own vegetables and herbs. Gardening might not be what most would consider an essential survival skill, but if you learn to grow stock crops like potatoes, then you guarantee yourself a great source of carbs when they might otherwise be scarce.

Image Source: Pexels.com

That vital aqua vitae

The truth is that the human body for go for a surprisingly long time without food. The same can’t be said about water. Water purification tablets are a handy tool to keep in any bug out bag. But you can’t expect to go long periods of isolation and survival without learning how to purify water. Now is the time to start practicing the method of creating your own filters and boiling water. You can even make tea with some of the needles of leaves you might be able to forage.

It’s a good idea to take it slow and practice these skills one at a time. As time goes on and you get more proficient, organize more extended trips out, relying on everything you’ve learned. Don’t be afraid to keep some apps and guides on hand while you start out. It can be dangerous to get it wrong, after all.

Originally published at The Survival Place Blog: Can You Sustain Yourself?

Filed under: Prepping

Bartering, Then and Now!

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Bartering, Then and Now! James Walton “I Am Liberty” Audio in player below! On this special episode of I Am Liberty we talk about taking advantage of the barter economy that is alive and well out there. Dare I say it could even be growing. We are in the most entrepreneurial time in history. Everyone is … Continue reading Bartering, Then and Now!

The post Bartering, Then and Now! appeared first on Prepper Broadcasting |Network.

Paracord EDC Survival Keychain – Product Review

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Every once in a while companies send me products to review. This is the second one from Survival Hax. You may have remembered the survival shovel we reviewed back in November of last year. This time they sent me a 10 in 1 paracord EDC survival keychain with waterproof pill bottle.

Very cool. The whole thing is lightweight, compact, and contains some genuinely useful items. Currently, in my bug out bag, I have an Altoids tin survival kit that I put together myself that holds similar items. But it isn’t waterproof, and it takes up valuable space on the inside of my bag. This kit is waterproof. And it has a strong carabiner (a metal loop with a spring-loaded gate used to quickly connect components) on it that I can clip on the outside of my bag which makes it easy to get to, and leaves space in my bag for items that need more protection from the elements.

Paracord EDC Survival Keychain Item List

– image –

As you can see from the image there is the previously mentioned carabiner, a nice length of paracord, an emergency whistle, a keychain ring, and a waterproof aluminum pill container. Inside that is:

Paracord EDC Keychain - Inside the Pill Container

  • Fishing line
  • Hooks
  • Weights
  • Floaters
  • Sinkers
  • Swivels
  • Eye knife
  • Cotton tinder
  • Fire starter rod
  • Safety pins
  • Wire saw

Someone took a lot of time to think this product through. I could be stranded in the woods with only this keychain and actually survive. It provides me a way to cut firewood, start a fire, and fish for food. A knife to gut and clean the fish, paracord for making a shelter or snares, and a whistle to alert someone for help.

For the price, this is a pretty cool product. It’d be nice to have a few of them. Maybe one for each car. Try taking one on a camping trip and see what you are able to do with it. Buy a few to give out to friends and family.

Take a look at the Paracord EDC Keychain!

The post Paracord EDC Survival Keychain – Product Review appeared first on Surviving Prepper.

Spring Diet Cleanup And Fitness Challenge |episode 144

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Spring Diet Cleanup And Fitness Challenge |episode 144
Spring Diet Cleanup And Fitness Challenge |episode 144

Spring Diet Cleanup And Fitness Challenge |episode 144

http://www.survivalpunk.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/survivalpunk-Spring-Diet-Clean-Up-Episode-144.mp3

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This Week we talk all about a spring diet cleanup and the 6-week survivalpunk Fitness challenge. 

Over winter man of us put on a few pounds. Either from all the baked goods for the holidays or from being inside all winter. 

I’m no exception and with spring here I am evaluating my diet and fitness. 

I’m being my biggest critic and evaluating what has been working and what hasnt. 

Also, I have just finished reading Robb Wolf’s new book, Wired To Eat, and have got some great new ideas. 

It is definitely worth a read if you want to geek out about the neuroregulation of appetite. Or just loose weight. 

Also, don’t forget to stop by the facebook group and join in the 6-week fitness challenge. 

 

 

 

Topics

  • Why bother with dieting? 
  • Seasonally evaluate your diet and GPP.
  • What has and hasn’t been working on your diet 
  • Go back to the basics. Plain paleo. Check that things haven’t slipped in
  •  Hold yourself accounted And check yourself.  
  • Use tools like my fitness pal to track your calories and macros
  • Get friends on board. 
  • Go play outside. Get some Vitamin D and be active

 

Survivalpunk 6 week fitness challenge

 
2-mile time (Can Be Running, or Walking)
For time over 10 minutes or AMRP 20 minute cap
10 burpees
20 push ups
30 Sit Ups
40 Air Squats
 
 
Record every week and compete against yourself.
 
 

Links

Wired To Eat

 

Subscribe to the Survival Punk Survival Podcast. The most electrifying podcast on survival entertainment. 

Want to hear yourself on the podcast? Call in with your questions at (615) 657-9104 and leave us a voice mail. 

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The post Spring Diet Cleanup And Fitness Challenge |episode 144 appeared first on Survival Punk.

Introduction to Gunsmithing – Part 1

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Written by John Hertig on The Prepper Journal.

What is “Gunsmithing”? It is the process of repairing or modifying firearms. You can do it on your own firearms without any problem, and you might be able to do it for friends and family, especially if you don’t get paid for it. But if you do it as a “business”, then you will need to be licensed by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (BATFE).

There are three aspects necessary to do successful gunsmithing: Knowledge (what to do), Skill (capability to do it) and Tools (what to do it with).

Tools are perhaps the “easiest” aspect to achieve. After all, it is a binary condition. You have the tools you need or you don’t have them. If you need a tool and don’t have it, all you need to do is track it down, and be able to afford to buy it (or rent it or borrow it) or be able to make it.

Tools for Disassembly and Reassembly

Gunsmithing tools are often similar to “regular” tools, but sometimes there is that slight, critical difference. For instance, the “first” type of tool to consider is the lowly screwdriver. No you can’t go down to the big box store and buy their no-name cheap screwdriver set. Or go to the fancy tool store and buy their top-of-the-line screwdriver set. Most “regular” screwdriver sets have a limited number of sizes AND their blade shape is a blunt wedge (taper ground). And this is a recipe for disaster when working on firearms. They have a lot of screws, often of the slotted persuasion, and in a wide number of sizes. Your “standard” tapered screwdriver set probably won’t have a blade of the right thickness or width, and without this degree of fit, the screwdriver will mar up the slot. Even if by some lucky coincidence the screwdriver is the right size, the tapered sides of the blade have a tendency to cam the blade out of the slot, which messes up the top edge of the slot. And firearm screws are often blued so any marks you make tend to really stand out. If you are looking at a gun with buggered up screws, the odds are someone who did not know what they were doing (and had the wrong tools) has been monkeying around inside of it (or failed to get inside).

What you need is a screwdriver set with a wide number of sizes AND parallel sides (called “hollow ground”). Because of the number of sizes, the best choice is usually a set with one or more handles and a large number of bits. Kind of the “reference” for this class of tools is a Bownells Magna Tip Set.

Their beginner’s sets are not cheap, and their top of the line set with 75 standard, 4 Phillips, 17 hex (Allen), 11 Torx®, and 13 specialty bits for sights, scope mounts, grip bushings, Ruger ejectors, and other unique applications, along with 7 assorted handles, runs $320. You can get cheaper hollow ground sets, but they usually won’t have the variety of bits and may be of lower quality than the Brownells sets, but can still be quite adequate. It is a reasonable methodology to start out with a small set, and add additional bits as you need them, although when you find you need a bit, you “should” stop what you are doing until you can get the correct bit. But this is often unacceptable in the real world. If you are gunsmithing professionally, get every bit you can; otherwise, get any new bits you need every time you access a new firearm. If there is a bit which you use “a lot”, having a spare of that bit is wise. Note that if you don’t have the right sized bit, you can grind a bigger one to size.

You may find some Phillips screws, particularly in rifle stocks, and Allen (hex) screws have become fairly common. Thus having Phillips screwdrivers (or bits) and a set of Allen wrenches is recommended. Allen bits are available, but the “L” shaped wrenches tend to be more durable.

Another thing found in abundance in firearms are “pins”. These can be solid or “roll” pins. To get them out and back in, you need the “second” type of tool to consider, a set of punches in various sizes. For solid, flat end pins, you use flat face, constant diameter “pin” punches. For roll pins, roll pin punches with a little bump in the middle of the face are strongly suggested. If you will be doing a lot of roll pins, a set of roll pin “holders” would make things easier; since each holds the pin in position and drives it part way through. Occasionally you will have a pin with a rounded end, and a “cup” face punch is optimal for these. If you have a pin which is stuck or extra tight, a “starting” punch is often suggested, but I don’t trust these. They are tapered, and although they do reduce the chances of bending or breaking a punch, only the face is the correct diameter, and I’m concerned they could deform the pin hole. Pin punches come in various lengths; shorter ones tend to be more durable, but if not long enough to drive the pin all the way out, less useful. A non-marring (brass) pin punch set may be useful, but for me, the deformation they could suffer outweighs the low mar factor they offer. However, a non-marring “drift” punch of brass or nylon (or both) should definitely be included.

Weaver Deluxe Gunsmith Tool Kit – beginner set with basic tools.

By themselves, punches are of limited use. When driving a pin in or out, you need a way to provide some impact force to the punch, and you need something to support what you are driving the pin out of, and a place for the pin to go without running into anything. These aspects are provided by a small hammer or mallet, with brass and sometimes rubber or plastic faces, and a “bench block” with holes you can drive the pins into.

To handle small parts, a selection of hemostats, large tweezers and precision “needle nose” pliers is in order. I also include a pair of parallel jaw pliers, a small Vise-Grip and a strip of thick, raw leather (to protect the part from the Vise-Grips) in my pliers assortment, but these are usually not required for normal disassembly or assembly. Assorted picks and probes can help you get gunk out of a tight space as well as help to manipulate small parts.

These are the “universal” basic disassembly/assembly tools. Specific firearms sometimes have specialized tools which make it easier (or in some cases “possible”) to disassemble or reassemble that firearm or class of firearm. If you will be working on that particular firearm, some of its specialized tools could be considered “basic”.

Tools for Maintenance and Testing

In order to keep a firearm functioning optimally, you need to maintain it. Maintenance usually involves cleaning it after use (or after it is exposed to an adverse environment). A cleaning kit is in order to clean out the bore. This includes some solvent, a caliber specific set of patches (squares of cloth), “mops” (fuzzy cylinders) and (soft) wire brushes, and a rod to push these items through the bore. Cleaning rods can damage the muzzle (and thus accuracy), so some sets have a bore guide included in them; some others use a coated rod or a very soft rod material. Some sets, particularly those intended to be carried with you, use a cable to pull the cleaning elements through the bore instead of a rod used to push. Alternatively, some people prefer to use a “bore snake” these days, claiming these pull-through combinations of mop and brush are quicker and safer (than rods). To clean the rest of the gun, a selection of brushes and cloths is in order.

The bore of a firearm is critical to its performance, so a way to check out its condition is necessary if you are considering acquiring a particular firearm. And for that matter, after you clean the bore, you want to check that you did a good job and that no damage has occurred over time. The reasonably priced way to do this is with a bore light; a lighted bulb which fits, or a drives a fiber optic tube which directs the light, into the bore. Alternatively, you can use a mirror, prism or “light pipe” to direct an external light source into the bore. For the well-heeled, there are even “bore camera” systems. If you see crud in there, you need to do (or redo) bore cleaning to get the crud out so you can see if there is any damage under the crud.

Once you get a firearm clean, you want to lubricate it with the appropriate grease and/or oil, and perhaps give it a wipe down with oil or other protectant to provide some protection against rust to the finish.

If the firearm is operating correctly for you, then it is sort of “self-testing”. If there is a new (to you) firearm for which you want to verify the functioning, or an existing one which it seems might be having problems, testing is in order. For testing feeding function safely, some “dummy rounds” are wise. Polymer dummies are cheap, but I prefer machined aluminum ones, or even better (if you can still find them these days), ones made of actual brass and bullets, but of course, no primer. Avoid ones which are “painted”, as the paint tends to flake off in the firearm. If you reload, you could even make your own; just mark them so you can tell them from active ammo at a glance. For testing the hammer and/or trigger function safely, a brightly colored “snap cap” (or six, for revolvers) would be useful. In order to verify a firearm is correctly headspaced and thus safe to fire, “GO” and “NOGO” gauges for that caliber are useful but costly. A complete set for a caliber, with GO (measures against the minimum factory specification), NOGO (measures against the maximum factory specification) and FIELD (measures against the maximum safe headspace after lots of use) will probably run $90 or more. You can buy the gauges individually, but do NOT mix brands of gauges for a caliber.

This is a good starting set of tools. Tune in next time for a discussion of Knowledge and Skills.

The post Introduction to Gunsmithing – Part 1 appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

Curricula in every subject to your 7th grader

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It really is constantly beneficial to make a draft version of your own composition. You’re now ready to begin organizing the way the article may suit together. If you certainly know your things, you have to end up creating a great essay in contrast to merely a exceptional article. The composition plan doesn’t have to get written so long as the article itself, it’s to just supply the bones of the essay. When you might have done some preliminary reading it truly is helpful to generate an idea on your own essay. Once you comprehend the composition issue, the following step within the article planning procedure will be to spark suggestions for your own essay by thinking. Article strategies for essays with a bigger word count may consider the surplus phrases they will have, as well as the writer may possibly aim to include additional info like which educational views they’ll be referring to, together with the tips the composition will confirm. Questions to ask of your own composition articles could be helpful. It’s likewise useful to make a note of the mentions near the quotes within the article plan, to prevent any errors and plagiarism. The most recognizable arrangement for persuasive writing could be the five- sentence essay.

Do not ask a similar thing in two ways that are other.

Certainly one of your own first aims within your article will probably be to present either facet of your own issue with the assessment of each. A judgment should not have any fresh info you’re simply summarising what you’ve previously written. writing a essay These may permit you to answer interview questions additionally. It’s advantageous to breakdown the info into round points within the essay plan, selecting the many pertinent info and jotting down how it could be developed on once the composition itself is written. GradeMiners.co.uk is a customized article service that offers academic pro aid to students. In here you’ll find lots of helpful suggestions about essay writing procedure. In here you may notice examples on various topics in some special formatting styles and of different types of essays.

Tell us whatever you realize here.

You might believe that, for your personal composition, structures for example these feel overly rigid. The essay needs a position on the problem and may supply an extensive framework for discourse. It takes a position on the issue but doesn’t offer a context for discourse. The essay demands a place on the matter and might provide some framework for discussion. It requires a position on the problem and may provide a critical context for discourse. You then should instantly supply a restatement of your own dissertation assertion. In this instance, your dissertation will probably be a statement of your own position on a specific controversial matter. The following phase of the essay strategy is the vital body of the argument, that will presume the better part of the essay.

Wright spoke concerning the american innovation when she visited visit with us.

It can help to write out procedures only at that moment. This will permit you to list the significant factors and evidence you are required to compose your composition and assist you to to understand and consume what you’ve read. You might be looking for a many important subject of debate which will form the backbone of your own article. In a argument article you’ll have to furnish evidence without supplying an excessive amount of play.

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Media’s importance within our life

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essay writing RememberUK article writing isn’t a easy job. When you can’t pay attention to your project and certainly need help writing an essay, just con Tact us. Keep this is supposed as your own academic writing task. With our crew of academic essay writers we can provide you with the leverage you are needed to triumph at every one of these jobs. At MyExcellentWriter, offers aren’t confined to composing documents only. Access it the very first, examine why there’s an cold educational documents. Should you be in this group, worry not for we’ve qualified and committed educational essay authors who’ll help you with articles that are original and that may fit your demands. This type of strategy enables the writers to appear at each aspect and peculiarities of the future educational essay. Occasionally it seems hopeless to detect an on-line article writer who’ll be able of quality workYet we have a complete team of these! S O obtaining an excellent educational essay is nowadays rather easy provided that you’ve uncovered your exceptional educational essay writer.

The biopsy can search for the current presence of cells to rule out melanoma..

Educational essay writing is really our fire and we might like to share that passion along side you. The article author within our firm will attempt to cope at any intricacy that’ll appear to be able to supply you with rank winning paper.

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Different Types of Bows And Their Benefits

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Bows are essential tools in hunting and games. They exist in different forms and shapes. Over the years, bows have evolved and are now made of components like carbon fiber and fiberglass with improved shooting mechanisms. There are different types of bows namely; compound bows, recurve bows, crossbows and traditional bows with their distinct benefits.

Compound bows

A compound bow is a modern form of a long bow. It is easy to use, highly versatile, adjustable, more compact, longer life and extremely powerful and thus preferred by many people. A pulley system is used to draw back the arms which are stiff when drawn by brute force. This bow is considered better than the other bows for its draw weight that is less than half of the original weight. They are made of aluminum alloy that does not distort or warp in the case of temperature, humidity, and moisture. Its developed stabilizers cause less vibration in the release of an arrow. These bows are mostly used in 3D archery, bow hunting and some in target archery.

Recurve bows

These are the only bows allowed by the Olympics and historically they are known to be used by the horsemen. Recurve bow is known for its standard draw weight, low maintenance and highly versatile. Its lower and upper tips curve away from the archer allowing it to store more elastic energy. Less power is needed to use the bow thus a tactical advantage to the user. Recurve bows with a bare bow recurve made of a string, bow limbs, a riser and an arrow rest are mostly used to train the beginners. Some archers also use them in 3D archery and field archery. One can also use them in bow hunting with higher poundage bows.

Crossbows

Modern crossbows resemble firearms with a short bow attached horizontally to the muzzle. For the archer to fire, the string is attached to the trigger mechanism and locked in place. Crossbows have the best bow sights and their shooting range is longer than all the other types of bows. This is a modified bow and arrow mostly use in 3D archery, target field and sometimes in bow hunting.

Traditional bows

A traditional bow is also known as long bow or self-bow. It is the oldest form of a bow with a long piece of wood that is either straight or curved having a bowstring fixed on each end. These bows are easy to make since their materials are locally available. They are easy to maintain, easy to carry and easy to use. It requires a very clear environment to fire a target. When used in bow hunting, it is usually at higher draw weights.

Conclusion

There is a total of four types of bows; compound bows, crossbows, traditional bows and recurve bows. They are useful in hunting, shooting the target, shooting on a course, and competitive shooting. The purpose of the course determines the type of the bow to use. For instance, a recurve bow is instrumental in field archery such as Olympic Games, compound bows in target archery and crossbow in 3D archery with their best bow sights and traditional bows in bow hunting.

Joseph Gleason is the founder of Captain Hunter. CaptainHunter.com is a site dedicated to the sport of hunting. We have a deep respect for nature and for the environment, and we therefore take the sport of hunting very seriously. Never think that you are alone in the woods again. Our goal is to share what we know with who needs it most.

How To Grow Vegetables In Containers – Growing Food In Small Spaces

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With a little preparation, it’s easy to grow vegetables in containers. Whether on a patio, driveway, porch or deck, if you get a little sun, you can grow!  Beyond just space constraints, growing fresh produce in pots, buckets or a couple

The post How To Grow Vegetables In Containers – Growing Food In Small Spaces appeared first on Old World Garden Farms.

How To Build A Walipini Greenhouse

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We use cellars because they maintain a more constant temperature than structures that are built above-ground. We use greenhouses to extend the growing season because they hold in heat. Well what if you combined a greenhouse and a cellar? You’d have a greenhouse that would allow you to grow plants year-round.

This type of greenhouse is called a geothermal, pit or, Walipini greenhouse, and is common in South America. ‘Walipini’ means ‘place of warmth’ in Aymara Indian, and it’s an apt name.

Basically, the idea is that once you get below the frost line (3-5 feet below the surface, the Earth maintains a fairly constant temperature. In the US, that temperature is typically around 45-50 degrees in the northern states and 50-70 in the south. That range makes for perfect plant-growing temperatures, especially when you add a covering to one side that sun can shine through and warm it up a bit.

You’re harnessing the existing geothermal heat by digging 6-8 feet underground and capturing and storing solar radiation in order to create a near-ideal growing climate that’s resistant to surface-level temperature changes.

Benefits of a Walipini Greenhouse

There’s the most obvious benefit – you extend your growing season, or even make it so that you can grow food year-round.

Another reason that this type of greenhouse may appeal to preppers is that, depending on how you build it, it’s not obvious what’s in it so your food will be better hidden.

I’ve even seen articles about Walipinis that are built in such a way that they are a self-sustaining unit containing animals, aquaculture, and hydroponic plants. That’s a bit complicated and beyond the scope of what we’re doing today, but it can be done.

If you live in a dry climate, another advantage is that your Walipini is going to hold moisture from the ground in. You can help this along by using water along the wall to help pull the heat from the earth. That way, you’re making the air warmer and moister. Plants will love you. Actually, take condensation into consideration when you’re building.

The final advantage that a Walipini or pit greenhouse has is that you can build the whole thing for just a few hundred bucks. Less if you already have the materials.

Learn from our ancestors the old lessons of growing your own food.

How to Situate your Walipini Greenhouse

The first thing you need to do before you start gathering materials is determine where you’re going to build. You need to know a couple of things when you make this decision:

  • your local water table
  • how large you want your greenhouse to be. The larger it is, the more stable the temperature will be.

Ideally, a Walipini greenhouse is built by digging into the ground so that 3 sides and the floor are underground, and the exposed side, which is covered with windows or plastic, is built facing the winter sun – south in the northern hemisphere – and at a 90-degree angle to the sun. Think digging into a hillside, then covering the hole with plastic, which is actually a pretty good description.

Of course, what’s ideal isn’t always realistic. We don’t all live in places that even have hills to dig into. You can also dig them so that they’re just a pit and the sun is directly overhead. Of course, you’ll see that you can use the dirt that you remove from the pit to build up the rear side of the pit both for better insulation and to give you that angle for your plastic that will both help with rain run-off and position your light better.

The important things are that you dig beyond the frost-line, provide good insulation that will pull the heat in, and make sure that you don’t dig below the water line. Obviously, that would be bad. You need to make sure that the floor will be at least 4 feet above the water line.

Now, if you live in an area where the water table is measured in inches instead of feet, (many coastal areas) that doesn’t mean that you can’t build this – it just means that you need to be a bit more creative and that most  of your structure will be above ground and you’ll pile dirt around it.

Video first seen on Ben Green

What do you Need to Build a Walipini Greenhouse?

At its most basic, all that’s needed is (maybe) wooden support beams (2x4s or poles), greenhouse plastic or windows, and insulating materials – natural soil may be used for the walls if it’s structurally sound enough to hold up – such as clay or mud bricks, clay, straw bales, earth bags, concrete, cinderblocks, or stone. Of course, you’ll need nails or screws for the support beams, and a door and door frame.

Video first seen on elicia clegg

Digging out your Walipini

When you start to dig, save the topsoil to use as the soil in the floor of your Walipini because the sub-soil won’t be good for growing. You can use the remaining dirt that you remove to build up the back berm of the structure so that you have better insulation and a higher back wall.

Many people dig a drainage ditch around the Walipini to help the water flow around the greenhouse instead of into it.

Dig down at least 6 feet (8 or 10 feet is even better) as long as you’re maintaining your distance from the water line. If you’re building into a hillside, you’re literally going to scoop a section out of the hill so that the back wall is vertical and the floor is horizontal.

If you’re building a pit, pile the soil that you’re removing so that it creates a berm behind and on the north side of the hole.

Remember when you’re digging that you’re going to be insulating the walls and floor so you’ll be adding at least a foot or so back to what you’re digging out. Account for that when you’re designing it.

There are so many different ways to design your Walipini based on your needs and geography that telling you where to put the door wouldn’t be of much help; just remember not to build one into your plans when you’re designing the Walipini.

Once you have your whole dug, reinforce your north, east, and west walls with whatever you chose as your insulator. Natural stone and brick are both great choices because they naturally pull the heat (and moisture) from the ground and into the greenhouse. Some people choose to line the floors with stones and some don’t.

Now, you have to decide if you’re going to plant directly into the floor or are you going to treat this as a standard greenhouse and use containers? I also saw a few great examples of container garden-type methods.

If you’re planting straight onto the floor, it’s a good idea to put a layer of gravel 6 or 8 inches deep under the soil to help with drainage and to pull more heat up from the ground. You can use compost or manure under the topsoil because it naturally generates heat as it decomposes and will help warm things up.

After you get your walls built, it’s time to cover the pit. I’ve seen several examples where people built a vent into the roof in order to let some of the heat escape. This may sound silly, but the inside of a Walipini can be as high as 100 degrees even in its below freezing outside – that’s no exaggeration.

So, either build in a vent or be prepared to leave the door open or cracked for part of the day in case it does get too hot.

The roof (cover) doesn’t have to be fancy. It can be clear plastic stapled over a wooden frame with braces every few feet.

There you have it – the basics on how to build a Walipini greenhouse. It’s a simple yet effective method to help grow plants during the winter or even in climates that aren’t typically conducive to gardening at all.

Click the banner below to discover the long forgotten secrets that helped our forefathers survive during harsh times!

Do you have a Walipini or pit greenhouse? If so, please share your ideas and experiences with us in the comments section below. Also, feel free to ask questions.

This article has been written by Theresa Crouse for Survivopedia. 

Critical Items for your Bug Out Bag

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If you want to start building your bug out bag but don’t know which items to buy first, look no further. There is a list of 9 critical items everyone should have, whether they are in a wilderness, rural or urban setting.

These 9 items should not be compromised upon: they need to be of the highest quality possible, though that doesn’t mean you have to spend a fortune on them.

As you can probably guess, a knife, a water filter and some paracord are on the list, but there are a few more you should consider. You have to tihnk in terms of basic necessities: shelter, water, food and protection.

The Top 9 Most Important Items for Your BOB

A Potential World Destabilizing Event

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A nuclear test is slated for this Saturday.

       It is being reported by multiple foreign news sources that Kim Jong Un has ordered a mass evacuation of Pyonyang. Evacuees are not permitted to bring cellular phones. Kim Jong Un has said that an important announcement will be made later this week.   China has moved 150,000 troops to their border with N. Korea in anticipation of war.  The US also as at least one aircraft carrier en route to the region.

                Some have speculated that testing of nuclear devices is complete and that Kim Jong Un, who has done things that indicate he may well be crazy, may be planning a nuclear war.   China also may have indicated that they will no longer support their neighbor. President Trump also has taken a hard line with N. Korea.  South Korea is also tiring of the tyrant.

              Any type of war on the Korean peninsula has far reaching implications.  South Korea, and the inhabitants of Seoul in particular would be impacted.  Those in Vladivostok and surroundings in Russia would be impacted.  Japan is also quite concerned.  This has all the potential ingredients of a World War III.

            The United States would be invariably drawn in, and that is if we weren’t Kim Jong Un’s first strike plan.  Please pay close attention to this matter.

Can People Eat Pet Food in an Emergency?

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This post is by Bernie Carr, apartmentprepper.com One of my co-workers, a devoted mom and pet owner, told me her toddler accidentally ate a dog biscuit and liked it.  She had turned her back for a minute as the little girl grabbed a dog biscuit from the counter, placed it in her mouth and ate it.  I was a bit taken aback but she said it had all natural, organic ingredients.  And. she tasted it herself after it happened.   […]

The post Can People Eat Pet Food in an Emergency? appeared first on Apartment Prepper.

World War 3 Will Turn Nuclear

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I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones. -Albert Einstein   The worldwide military industrial complex (MIC) has thousands upon thousands of nuclear weapons under the umbrella of various nations and various leaders of varying temperaments. Nuclear bombs come in […]

Natural First Aid: 5 Items To Put In Your Emergency Medical Kit Today

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 When the SHTF and a medical situation does occur simultaneously, things can go to absolute turmoil very quickly. Most medical situations that will arise during this time may not be considered life threatening, but can quickly become one if not appropriately treated. For instance, a simple cut that makes contact with tainted water (a very typical scenario following floods and hurricanes) can quickly become infected. That said, as preppers we need to prepare for medical emergencies and not only learn basic first aid, but also know how to use natural alternatives to care for the wounds themselves.

(Sign up for our FREE newsletter to get the latest prepping advice, gardening secrets, homesteading tips and more delivered straight to your inbox!)

5 Items To Put In Your Emergency Medical Kit Today

1. Books

One cannot become proficient at something without study and application. Going as far as to take medical courses in community colleges, local county extension offices, local fire departments, and with veterans groups, along with other civic clubs and organizations can give you a great edge on acquiring knowledge on medical emergencies and how to treat them. It should go without saying, but stock up on medical manuals like:

2. Kitchen Staples

Since most of us have limited shelf space, it is only logical to find shelf stable foods and products that will perform multiple jobs for us. And some of your kitchen staples can do just that – including medical care. For instance, did you know you can make an antiseptic (first discovered during World War I) made of a diluted solution of baking soda and bleach? It’s called Dakin’s Solution and has been proven to kill most bacteria and viruses.

3. Honey

As well, honey has become a poster child for an alternative to antibiotics. In fact, numerous studies have shown that certain kinds of honey can fight multiple species of bacteria, fungi, and superbugs, making it a viable alternative to antibiotics.

As Ready Nutrition writer, Jeremiah Johnson recently wrote, “Honey is also good for wounds/abrasions/cuts of the mouth, as it is a demulcent that soothes abraded tissues, and it also is a medium that microbes do not live in.  Who doesn’t remember the time-honored honey and lemon mixture for a sore throat?  The thing of it is: it works, and if it works it should be employed. Read more on how to use honey to treat wounds.

4. Medicinal Herbs

Having access to health-inducing herbs is another essential for wound care. Herbs such as oregano, garlic, lavender and thyme can help protect a wound from infection and promote healing. Along those lines, writer, Jeremiah Johnson recommends every prepper have the Three G’s: Ginger, Garlic and Ginseng in their natural medicine cabinet. Further, knowing which herbs can be used for natural pain killers is also paramount in your medical preparedness knowledge. Some pain reducing herbs to add to your herbal first-aid kit are:

  • Aloe (Aloe vera)
  • Calendula (Calendula officinalis)
  • Comfrey (Symphytum officinale)
  • Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica)
  • Tea (Camellia sinensis)
  • Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)

Common pantry items can also be used to help bleeding wounds clot. Many have found that cayenne pepper is an effective alternative and natural version of QuikClot. Cayenne pepper contains an active ingredient, called capsaicin, which has analgesic (pain relieving) properties and various other medicinal uses.

5. Essential Oils

In an extended disaster, bacterial infections and viruses are likely to be one of the reasons that people will die. Historically, essential oils  have been used as a natural therapy to relieve symptoms when modern-day medicine was not available. The most amazing aspect of essential oils lies in their ability to effectively kill bad bacteria while leaving good bacteria alone! Rather than targeting one symptom, as Western medicine does, it targets multiple symptoms. There are two types of essential oils you should stock up on for SHTF planning:

Antibacterial – Due to the increase of antibacterial resistant illnesses, many are turning to essential oils such as basil, cassia, cinnamon, clove, cypress, eucalyptus, geranium, lavender, lemon, marjoram, melaleuca, myrrh, orange, oregano, peppermint, rosemary, tea tree and thyme.

Antiviral – Oils that have been studied to help control viral infections include: basil, cassia, cinnamon, eucalyptus, frankincense, lemon, lemongrass, marjoram, Melaleuca, myrrh, oregano, and thyme.

I started out with a simple beginner’s essential oil kit and have found it of great use! Some more popular ways of using essential oils are aromatherapy, herbal soaks, compresses, tinctures and salves.

Things can go awry very quickly when a medical emergency occurs during a disaster. Having resources to turn to, skills to treat wounds, along with items you have around you can be lifesaving.

The Prepper's Blueprint

Tess Pennington is the author of The Prepper’s Blueprint, a comprehensive guide that uses real-life scenarios to help you prepare for any disaster. Because a crisis rarely stops with a triggering event the aftermath can spiral, having the capacity to cripple our normal ways of life. The well-rounded, multi-layered approach outlined in the Blueprint helps you make sense of a wide array of preparedness concepts through easily digestible action items and supply lists.

Tess is also the author of the highly rated Prepper’s Cookbook, which helps you to create a plan for stocking, organizing and maintaining a proper emergency food supply and includes over 300 recipes for nutritious, delicious, life-saving meals. 

Visit her web site at ReadyNutrition.com for an extensive compilation of free information on preparedness, homesteading, and healthy living.

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition

Natural First Aid: 5 Items To Put In Your Emergency Medical Kit Today

 When the SHTF and a medical situation does occur simultaneously, things can go to absolute turmoil very quickly. Most medical situations that will arise during this time may not be considered life threatening, but can quickly become one if not appropriately treated. For instance, a simple cut that makes contact with tainted water (a very typical scenario following floods and hurricanes) can quickly become infected. That said, as preppers we need to prepare for medical emergencies and not only learn basic first aid, but also know how to use natural alternatives to care for the wounds themselves.

(Sign up for our FREE newsletter to get the latest prepping advice, gardening secrets, homesteading tips and more delivered straight to your inbox!)

5 Items To Put In Your Emergency Medical Kit Today

1. Books

One cannot become proficient at something without study and application. Going as far as to take medical courses in community colleges, local county extension offices, local fire departments, and with veterans groups, along with other civic clubs and organizations can give you a great edge on acquiring knowledge on medical emergencies and how to treat them. It should go without saying, but stock up on medical manuals like:

2. Kitchen Staples

Since most of us have limited shelf space, it is only logical to find shelf stable foods and products that will perform multiple jobs for us. And some of your kitchen staples can do just that – including medical care. For instance, did you know you can make an antiseptic (first discovered during World War I) made of a diluted solution of baking soda and bleach? It’s called Dakin’s Solution and has been proven to kill most bacteria and viruses.

3. Honey

As well, honey has become a poster child for an alternative to antibiotics. In fact, numerous studies have shown that certain kinds of honey can fight multiple species of bacteria, fungi, and superbugs, making it a viable alternative to antibiotics.

As Ready Nutrition writer, Jeremiah Johnson recently wrote, “Honey is also good for wounds/abrasions/cuts of the mouth, as it is a demulcent that soothes abraded tissues, and it also is a medium that microbes do not live in.  Who doesn’t remember the time-honored honey and lemon mixture for a sore throat?  The thing of it is: it works, and if it works it should be employed. Read more on how to use honey to treat wounds.

4. Medicinal Herbs

Having access to health-inducing herbs is another essential for wound care. Herbs such as oregano, garlic, lavender and thyme can help protect a wound from infection and promote healing. Along those lines, writer, Jeremiah Johnson recommends every prepper have the Three G’s: Ginger, Garlic and Ginseng in their natural medicine cabinet. Further, knowing which herbs can be used for natural pain killers is also paramount in your medical preparedness knowledge. Some pain reducing herbs to add to your herbal first-aid kit are:

  • Aloe (Aloe vera)
  • Calendula (Calendula officinalis)
  • Comfrey (Symphytum officinale)
  • Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica)
  • Tea (Camellia sinensis)
  • Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)

Common pantry items can also be used to help bleeding wounds clot. Many have found that cayenne pepper is an effective alternative and natural version of QuikClot. Cayenne pepper contains an active ingredient, called capsaicin, which has analgesic (pain relieving) properties and various other medicinal uses.

5. Essential Oils

In an extended disaster, bacterial infections and viruses are likely to be one of the reasons that people will die. Historically, essential oils  have been used as a natural therapy to relieve symptoms when modern-day medicine was not available. The most amazing aspect of essential oils lies in their ability to effectively kill bad bacteria while leaving good bacteria alone! Rather than targeting one symptom, as Western medicine does, it targets multiple symptoms. There are two types of essential oils you should stock up on for SHTF planning:

Antibacterial – Due to the increase of antibacterial resistant illnesses, many are turning to essential oils such as basil, cassia, cinnamon, clove, cypress, eucalyptus, geranium, lavender, lemon, marjoram, melaleuca, myrrh, orange, oregano, peppermint, rosemary, tea tree and thyme.

Antiviral – Oils that have been studied to help control viral infections include: basil, cassia, cinnamon, eucalyptus, frankincense, lemon, lemongrass, marjoram, Melaleuca, myrrh, oregano, and thyme.

I started out with a simple beginner’s essential oil kit and have found it of great use! Some more popular ways of using essential oils are aromatherapy, herbal soaks, compresses, tinctures and salves.

Things can go awry very quickly when a medical emergency occurs during a disaster. Having resources to turn to, skills to treat wounds, along with items you have around you can be lifesaving.

The Prepper's Blueprint

Tess Pennington is the author of The Prepper’s Blueprint, a comprehensive guide that uses real-life scenarios to help you prepare for any disaster. Because a crisis rarely stops with a triggering event the aftermath can spiral, having the capacity to cripple our normal ways of life. The well-rounded, multi-layered approach outlined in the Blueprint helps you make sense of a wide array of preparedness concepts through easily digestible action items and supply lists.

Tess is also the author of the highly rated Prepper’s Cookbook, which helps you to create a plan for stocking, organizing and maintaining a proper emergency food supply and includes over 300 recipes for nutritious, delicious, life-saving meals. 

Visit her web site at ReadyNutrition.com for an extensive compilation of free information on preparedness, homesteading, and healthy living.

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition

First Aid and Medical Skills For Preppers

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If you are reading this right now I am still working on this post. I will have it finished shortly…
First Aid and Medical Skills For PreppersWhile food, water and shelter are the 3 most important aspects of prepping, first aid and medical skills for preppers aren’t far behind. There could be times when medical help isn’t available, or even times where we can save some money by treating minor injuries and sickness ourselves.

This article isn’t a list of first aid supplies for preppers, you can find more information than you need with a simple Google search. We even have a couple here and here. This article is more about how to decide which medical supplies you might need.

Just like everything with preparedness, we can’t move on to the “bigger and better” until we take care of the basics. First aid for preppers is not always about bullet wounds and Severed limbs, but that doesn’t mean we can ignore that aspect of it.  USCrow: Advanced Medical Care https://uscrow.org/category/survival-skills/advanced-medical-skills/

SPP197 First Aid and Medical Skills For Preppers

The truth is, there are illnesses and accidents that happen on a daily basis. These minor issues could turn into bigger issues if we don’t know how to treat them. Without refrigeration, foodborne illnesses could become commonplace and diseases like Cholera could rear their ugly head once again.

Most Common Issues

Respiratory, Infection, Diarrhea

Diagnosis & Vital Signs (figure out what your dealing with)

Prevention

Personal Hygiene and Sanitation | hygienic conditions (no clean running water)

Tailor your kit to your needs (Family medical conditions, lifestyle, location)

Training – Learn what you need to learn (In order – A,B,C, not A,D,B,C)

Survival Medicine

(shtf applications will require more than the basics) http://americansurvivor.org/home/survival-medics/

The post First Aid and Medical Skills For Preppers appeared first on Survivalist Prepper.

Prepper Book Festival: EMPulse by Deborah Moore+ 10 eBook Giveaway

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EMPulse by Deborah Moore | Backdoor Survival

Deborah Moore’s new book, EMPulse, is a story of what happens to a woman after her world is turned upside down following a catastrophic EMP. Enjoy an interview with the author and enter to win a copy of the eBook version for free. There will be 10 winners!

The post Prepper Book Festival: EMPulse by Deborah Moore+ 10 eBook Giveaway by Gaye Levy first appeared on Backdoor Survival.