20 Roadside Emergency Items You Better Store Your Car’s Trunk  

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20 Essential Emergency Items You Better Store Your Car’s Trunk  The trunk of my car is an amazing place. In it, you can find tools and equipment to deal with a variety of situations.

Most of what is there can and has helped me out in an emergency; but pretty much all of it has helped someone else, too, when they were facing problems of their own. I have found that helping others in a time of need is a great opportunity to share the message of preparedness and convert them to our way of looking at things.

I need to mention here that this is different than just being prepared to be caught in a blizzard, which I’ve written about previously. While many of the items overlap, there are things in my trunk which have nothing to do with surviving a blizzard. Besides, where I live, a blizzard could only happen if God gave us one by His miraculous power.

Goofy Gadget Can Recharge Your Laptop — And Jump-Start Your Car!

So, what sorts of things can be found in my trunk?

  1. Tools – While not huge, I have a fairly complete mechanics tool kit in the car. There are always situations where your car or the car of another needs to be repaired.
  2. Hose repair kit – While not the best repair kit in the world, this splicing kit will get you back on the road again if you have a hose that pops.
  3. Emergency belt kit – Once again, this isn’t the best repair going, but there’s a kit you can buy which allows you to put links together and make a belt of any length. While originally intended for V-belts, it works for multi-V, as well.
  4. Water (2 gallons) – Both for drinking and for overheated cars.
  5. Radiator seal – For the obvious reason.
  6. Oil, brake fluid and power steering fluid – Again, for the obvious reasons.
  7. Toilet paper – A life essential. It’s amazing how many times someone is caught in the middle of nowhere, without a bathroom in miles.
  8. Paper towels – Not quite as useful as TP, but a close second.
  9. Emergency food – High-energy bars, nuts and even some canned goods for emergency meals. If you find someone who is stranded, they’ll be hungry, as well.
  10. Blanket – For keeping them warm and dealing with shock. I have an old wool army blanket I use. Being wool, it still retains some insulating value, even when wet.
  11. Firstaid trauma kit – I carry a rather extensive first-aid kit, with enough in it to take care of fairly serious wounds. Car accidents, as well as accidents in the woods, generally require more than just an adhesive bandage. I have a tourniquet, large bandages and even butterfly closures as part of this kit. The water I carry is pure enough for irrigating a wound.
  12. Personal survival kit – My personal (large) EDC kit, which doubles as both a survival kit and a get-home bag, is always in the car. It also contains a number of useful items for everyday needs, ranging from a spork, through a rain poncho to a phone charger.
  13. Jumper cables – No matter how sophisticated cars get, these are still needed.
  14. Tow strap – For towing a vehicle off the highway or to the nearest service station.
  15. Flares and an emergency triangle – It’s always safer to let people know that there’s a reason why you’re pulled over to the side of the road.
  16. Rope and bungee cords – For my own use or the use of others.
  17. Duct tape – What emergency kit is complete without duct tape?
  18. Tire inflator and compressor – Few people’s spare tires actually have enough air in them.
  19. A good hydraulic jack – I don’t know about you, but I don’t trust those scissors jacks, and if you’ve never greased them, they’re hard to work with.
  20. Fire extinguisher – I haven’t needed this often, but when you need one, you need one.

As you can see, this list is rather extensive. Some of those items are actually kits that are sizeable in and of themselves, containing a number of items. All told, the contents of my trunk give me the capability of dealing with a variety of situations, as well as taking care of myself and my car, should the need arise.

I’d like to reiterate that just about everything in my trunk has been used multiple times. Life just seems to hand us a lot of situations which go beyond what would be considered “normal.” As we all know, being ready for these situations requires going beyond what others do. Carrying along some emergency equipment in my car is a small price to pay, for the security it gives me.

Oh, and, all that equipment fits in the space under the back shelf, leaving the majority of my trunk open for carrying food home from the supermarket or materials home from the hardware store. I can even fold the backseat down and carry lumber home, just by moving one box to the side. So, I’m really not losing anything by carrying all that along with me.

What items would you add to our list? Share your tips in the section below:

About Attitude – An Encouragement

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By Denis Korn

Seriously reflect on this post!

Time to look at the importance of attitude once again.  Why?  Look around – read the headlines – talk to family, friends, co-workers – experience the media – both mainstream and alternative – what is your attitude about the current state of our society?  I hope this post “About Attitude – An Encouragement” will help you understand the essential nature of a proper attitude especially during these most trying of times.

What’s your attitude – about anything?  How are you coping?  Do you see a correlation between your attitude and your mental and physical health?  Do you feel helpless and unable to effect any meaningful change?  Is the prospect of impending disaster and lifestyle upheaval generating a overwhelming amount of fear?  Do you feel incapacitated?  Do you feel that others – the government – the banks – the ignorant masses – the evil ones – the self-serving are controlling your life?  What is your responsibility during these most challenging of times?  WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO ABOUT ALL THIS?  WHAT ATTITUDE WILL YOU CHOOSE?  DO YOU REALIZE YOUR ATTITUDE IS YOUR DECISION?

Yes – attitude is a decision – your attitude during a traumatic event or disaster is essential for survival – attitude is everything.  So what does this mean, especially during an emergency, disaster, or catastrophic event?

After over 40 years of educating, supplying, and encouraging folks for emergency preparedness, I am convinced and truly believe that the most important element in emergency and disaster preparedness is one’s attitude.  Where is your focus?  Who relies upon your courage and commitment? Can you be counted upon to encourage others and take charge?

I am also aware that in our society where personal responsibility and owning one’s choices is not the essential value it should be, choosing an appropriate attitude is exceedingly difficult.  It is even more difficult during a situation where you are gripped with stress, anxiety, and fear.

One’s attitude during trying times sets the context or foundation for all the actions taken – or not taken.  Attitude often determines whether your actions and intentions will succeed or fail.  Attitude can often be the difference between life or death – hope or despair – calm or chaos – order or confusion – love or hate – selflessness or selfishness.  Your attitude is your state of mind – your thoughts, and to be able to control and choose how you are going to think and behave in challenging times requires great discipline and focus.  It requires a positive and confident outlook and inlook – a constant awareness of the consequences and results of the attitude you embrace. The benefits of a constructive and encouraging attitude should be self-evident, as are the realities of the struggle in persevering during difficult trials.

The development of a proper and victorious attitude requires determination, strength of will, and constant attention.  If you are with those who also understand the importance of attitude, mutually support each other continually.  For believers earnest prayer is essential.

To encourage you in understanding the value and the importance of developing the right attitude during overwhelming circumstances, I recommend one of the great and influential books written in the 20th century.  I used it in my philosophy classes as required reading, and the response from students was significant.  The book is titled Man’s Search for Meaning by Viktor E. Frankl.  He was a doctor who survived four concentration camps during the Holocaust.  While there are many books written on the importance of a positive attitude, Frankl’s experiences and the conditions he endured gave him an extraordinary perspective.   His insights on attitude during the worst of circumstances is invaluable.

“Everything can be taken from a man but one thing: the last of the human freedoms–to choose one’s attitude in any given set of circumstances, to choose one’s own way.”     Viktor Frankl

“Frankl’s wisdom here is worth emphasizing: it is a question of the attitude one takes toward life’s challenges and opportunities, both large and small.  A positive attitude enables a person to endure suffering and disappointment as well as enhance enjoyment and satisfaction.  A negative attitude intensifies pain and deepens disappointments…”     William Winslade in the Afterword to Man’s Search for Meaning (2006 printing)

You are encouraged to be honest with yourself – answer the questions given – and seriously reflect upon this post!

The post About Attitude – An Encouragement appeared first on Learn To Prepare – Expert Emergency Preparedness Information.

Start your survival kit with the Ten Essentials

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You don’t have any wilderness experience, but you want some. So what do you take along to make sure you get back? Where in that urban wilderness maze of outdoor stores, catalogs, websites and eBay will you find the gear you need? Start your survival kit with the Ten Essentials

Breathe Even While Sleeping: Three Preps for Sleep Apnea

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Breathe Even While Sleeping: Three Preps for Sleep Apnea This topic may sound like something that is a little to niche. I will tell you that breathing at night is an issue that deserves talking about. You will need to prepare to deal with your sleep apnea if you are heading into a SHTF scenario. …

Continue reading »

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5 Steps To Survive A Nuclear Attack

We’ve seen far too many apocalyptic movies to understand how devastating nuclear aftermaths are. But how does one survive in reality when the bombs start to fall? Countries are becoming more powerful each year. Advancing technology and more destructive war capabilities make nuclear attacks a likely doomsday scenario. Nuclear weapons do exist. The fact that international conflicts could arise anytime should be enough to remind us that a nuclear conflict is a definite possibility. Remember the destruction caused by atomic bombs dropped in Nagasaki and Hiroshima? Modern thermonuclear is now a hundred times more powerful than that.

Quick Navigation

  A. Effects of Nuclear Blast
    Step 1: Get Away
    Step 2: Protection
    Step 3: Seek Shelter
    Step 4: Stay Inside
    Step 5: Cover Up
  B. Treating Exposure
  C. Prepping for a Nuclear Blast

 

A) Effects of a Nuclear Blast:

Now you may be wondering- if nuclear attacks are so devastating, is there any chance that anyone can survive it? In this article we outline the steps you can take to improve your chances of surviving a nuclear attack. The truth is that there are may factors that go in a nuclear conflict to determine how survivable it is. Even if you survive the initial destruction, how would you go about surviving from then on? First, there’s the nuclear blast.

The radius of nuclear blasts depend on how big the bomb is, how high it was when it exploded and what the weather was when it detonated. The larger ones would create massive fireballs, each one several miles wide that are as hot as the surface of the sun, with winds that are stronger than a hurricane. Then there’s the radioactive fallout that’s carried for miles all around. The explosion of the nuclear blast alone could kill off millions of lives in an instant. After that, you’ll have to worry about the nuclear fallout that’s just as deadly as the blast itself.

Fallout is an occurrence where radioactive materials resulting from the blast is carried by the wind and falls to earth. People, wildlife and plants could become poisoned and die within minutes. The fallout may also manifest itself as “black rain”, which is not only toxic but is also searing hot. If you’re unlucky enough to be caught in ground zero, or where the fireball blast forms, then the chances of survival are pretty much zero. The fireball resulting from the blast will incinerate all living things within its radius. But if you’re several miles away from the attack, then your survival increases. Keep in mind that you’ll have to go by a set of certain rules to keep it that way.

A nuclear attack is not immediately fatal as long as you know the best way to maximize your survival rate. The best maxim to remember is not to run, but to hide. Or, get inside and keep indoors. Don’t follow movie logic. Those who get outside in panic will be left to the mercy of the radioactive elements. Those who leave in search of their loved ones are most likely to perish. How To Survive A Nuclear Attack The less you get exposed to radiation, the better your chances of survival. Do these steps in order to decrease radiation exposure…

 

Step 1: Get Out Of There

The intense light that comes from the nuclear blast should spur you to action. If you’re still alive and breathing after the initial nuclear blast, you’ll have roughly 10 to 20 minutes to move away from the blast radius as fast as you can, or else the radiation that comes from the mushroom cloud will overtake and claim your life. In about 24 hours, the radiation will be carried by prevailing winds and scattered about. The bottom line is that you’ll have 15 minutes to find a good shelter. Staying behind will get you lethally exposed to radiation.

Those who are in a 5-mile (8 km) vicinity will suffer 3rd-degree thermal burns; even if you’re located at a 20-mile (32 km) distance, there’s a chance that the resulting heat will melt the skin right off your body. Wind will travel at around 600 mph (960 kph), leveling any structure it comes across. Quickly get a feel for where the wind is going and start running at a perpendicular angle. Move downwind and consider the possible shelter locations along the way. You can also do the “duck and cover” being taught in earthquake drills. Granted, it won’t protect you from the flame and the radiation, but it could prove to be useful if you’re in a city that has many high-rise buildings.

 

Step 2: Protect Yourself

Somehow you’re caught dangerously near the blast radius or outdoors with no shelter in sight. What is there to do? The first thing to keep in mind is to NEVER look at the nuclear blast. You could be blinded and incapacitated for what’s to come. The light from the bomb travels much faster than sound- the “flash blindness” could set you back precious minutes and lessen your chances of survival. This phenomenon may affect people who are 13 miles (21 km) away during the day or 50 miles (81 km) away during the night on a 1 megaton scale.

Keep your mouth open and your jaw slack to prevent your ear drums popping due to pressure. Don’t touch anything that’s thrown off by the wind or the blast as it could be radioactive. Cover your nose and all your exposed skin as you run away to seek shelter. Keep an eye open for any combustible or flammable material as you’re navigating as they could ignite once the heat passes over. If you’re already at a suitable shelter, remove any flammable or combustible material.

Oil-based materials such as nylon will melt and ignite from the resulting heat wave. Worst case scenario is that you’re standing out in the open with no shelter for miles around. Do the next best thing and find anything that could provide protection. Search for depressed areas in the lay of the land; lie face-down and leave as little skin exposed as possible. You can also start to dig such a depression where there’s soft soil. Lie completely flat and cover your head. The blast wave could come to you in as little as 30 seconds, so think fast and act quickly.

 

Step 3: Seek Shelter

There are two kinds of shelter from a nuclear attack- shelter from the nuclear blast and shelter from the resulting fallout.

Blast Shelters. These structures could be built in preparation for nuclear attacks in the future. They offer protection from the fire, the heat, the initial radiation and the blast pressure from the nuclear strike. A blast shelter is not a cure-all, and it won’t stand a direct hit from a nuclear bomb.

 

Fallout Shelters. These structures could be found anywhere. As long as an enclosed space is protected and that the roof and walls are thick enough to ward off radiation and fallout particles, they can be classified as a fallout shelter.

The first instinct anyone will have when they see the mushroom blast is that they have to get back home or come get their loved ones. An atmosphere filled with radiation will make this task almost impossible to successfully complete.

Think about your survival and find cover instead. Remember, get indoors or deep underground the minute you see the flash of explosion from a nuclear attack. In urban area environments, basements could be your best bet. In cases where the nuclear blast is on the ground, getting to a higher level in a building could provide the same type of shelter as deep below ground.

 

Stay well away from windows and find a room where there’s none. A closet space or a janitor’s room are the best choices. A nuclear blast could shatter any window and radiation could quickly invade your safe space. Get as much natural protection as possible.

Walls, soil, brick and concrete should be piled between you and the radioactive material that comes from the nuclear blast. The more material you have in-between, the better your chances of survival. The negative attributes of radiation loses its potency the more it passes between materials such as earth, concrete and other solid materials.

 

 

Step 4: Stay Inside!

Get deep below. If that’s not possible, seek the best kind of shelter ASAP. Buildings or houses made from good old brick and mortar and concrete are the best ones. Get inside and stay where you are to protect yourself from the resulting radiation.

You should also gauge whether a structure is sound against heat and possible blast damages before getting in. If you’re at home, keep your radio handy and keep it tuned to gather news as the attack happens. Listen and watch out for official information on how to proceed further. Depending on several circumstances, survivors may be asked to move to a secure location, evacuate the area or stay indoors.

The general rule is that survivors must stay indoors and in the basement if there’s one. Seal all windows, close all the doors and turn off all ventilation systems such as heaters and ACs. A car can provide temporary shelter if you’re caught in the blast. It’s definitely better than having nothing in-between you and the radioactive materials carried by the wind.

Close all windows and shut off the ventilation system. Find a cloth and hold it over your mouth as you drive to a better shelter. Staying inside cannot be stressed enough if you’re facing a nuclear strike scenario.

Wandering outside will result in a quick, painful death- all those dirt, debris and radioactive particles from the mushroom cloud and the wind will poison and irradiate you. Fallout particles usually come in minute-sized sand grains. Keep away from them and don’t go outside if you see particles still falling from the sky. Do a quick estimate- are you within 10 miles of the nuclear blast’s epicenter?

If you are, it’s best to remain inside the shelter for a good 48 to 72 hours after the attack. Do not come out no matter what the situation is! Since you’re stuck indoors, why not reinforce your shelter against radiation and fallout? Stack clumps of mud, cement-based materials and bricks (if any) on the walls of your shelter.

Create a suitable roof if you’re residing in a trench, but don’t go out of your way to gather the materials. If you can acquire canvas from outdoor tents, use it to shield from fallout particles. You can worry about the gamma rays later.

There’s still a ray of hope- fallout from nuclear bombs decay rapidly! After the first hour, fallout loses half its negative energy; in 24 hours, around 80 percent of negative energy is lost in the atmosphere. With this in mind, you should count up to 200 hours and stay inside the shelter for around 8 to 10 days. It’s best to be safe rather than make a fatal mistake.

Plus, any fission products that come from the nuclear blast should be gone after 8 days. Even after 10 days have passed, there are still radioactive particles floating around the atmosphere, so it will be best to limit your time outdoors. Radio-iodine particles are about 1 percent strength after 90 days.

 

Step 5: Cover Up

When you’ve put a safe distance between you and the nuclear blast and found a suitable protective shelter, you should cast your clothes off to eliminate the radioactive dust. If you have access to a shower, take one. Use plenty of water and soap to wash off the radioactive contamination.

Do not scrub or scratch your skin! Do not use conditioner as it could make the radioactive material stick to your hair. If there’s no accessible shower, use a wet cloth to wipe off as much radioactive material from your skin as possible. Use this decontamination procedure- remove your clothes and shake them off constantly to remove minute radioactive particles. Wash them constantly with water. Then, wash your skin with plenty of soap and water. Any residue will result in skin burning and further complicate your survival situation.

 

B) Treating Radiation Exposure

Contaminated clothing should be put in a plastic bag and sealed away. Put the bag where no animal or human can open them to minimize the risk of radioactive exposure. Wear lots of protective clothing to cover your skin. Wear hats, goggles, long-sleeved shirts, long pants, gloves if there are any. This will protect your from the following types of radiation: Alpha Particles. The weakest of all radioactive particles in a nuclear attack.

 

They don’t pose much of a threat to humans, and they survive for just a few seconds after being released to the atmosphere. They could be harmful if inhaled or ingested. Beta Particles. Beta rays penetrate deeper into materials and last longer than Alpha particles. A beta particle can be active while traveling at 10 yards before being absorbed by the earth’s atmosphere.

Exposure to beta particles is not particularly fatal, but if you constantly absorb them then it can prove to be fatal. Beta burns are somewhat akin to sunburns. Make sure to cover your eyes, nose and mouth against them to avoid accidental ingestion or inhalation.

Gamma Rays. The deadliest of all radioactive particles, and also the longest-lived. They can travel for miles and penetrate any shielding. Getting caught with gamma rays will turn your internal organs to mush. You’ll need adequate planning if you want to minimize exposure as much as possible. It’s best to rid your body of all potential radioactive particles or report to the nearest decontamination center in your vicinity.

If possible seek immediate treatment against thermal and radiation burns. Keep away from damaged structures; you’ll see them labeled with signs such as HAZMAT or radiation hazard. It’s best to be cautious as radiation is invisible to us. How To Prepare For A Nuclear Attack Here’s how you can prepare against a nuclear scenario: Keep Abreast of the News. A sudden nuclear attack is an unlikely scenario.

 

C) Prepping for a Nuclear Blast

Chances are that warring nations will engage in skirmishes or talks before pulling out their big guns. A deteriorating political situation, conflicting sides and a terrorist group announcing war will be your nuclear attack indicators.

Coordinate a plan with your loved ones on what you should all do and where you need to go if it happens. Stock Up On Potassium Iodide. These pills help against radiation and the resulting cancer that you can get if you’re exposed to fallout particles. Protect your thyroid from radiation and keep a box of it at home, in your car or in your bug out bag. Read up on what brands are approved by the FDA and the appropriate dosing.

Keep Clean Water and Food Inside Your Shelter. The food and water supply should last for at least 2 weeks. Keep a radio and plenty of batteries. Bath, hygiene supplies and a set of fresh clothes should be stored as well. A Medical Kit. A first-aid kit, a first aid manual and common medical supplies should be kept on your shelter.

You’ll need a blanket, a thermometer, tweezers, scissors, latex gloves, antibiotic ointments, sterile bandages and gauze. Practice First Aid. Read up online or visit the nearest Red Cross station for a quick instructional on how to treat shocks, burns, administer CPR and how to bandage wounds. Keep A Personal Radiation Detector. It’s the next best thing to finding out whether a place or an item is irradiated or not.

The post 5 Steps To Survive A Nuclear Attack appeared first on Geek Prepper.

5 Steps To Survive A Nuclear Attack

Click here to view the original post.

We’ve seen far too many apocalyptic movies to understand how devastating nuclear aftermaths are. But how does one survive in reality when the bombs start to fall? Countries are becoming more powerful each year. Advancing technology and more destructive war capabilities make nuclear attacks a likely doomsday scenario. Nuclear weapons do exist. The fact that international conflicts could arise anytime should be enough to remind us that a nuclear conflict is a definite possibility. Remember the destruction caused by atomic bombs dropped in Nagasaki and Hiroshima? Modern thermonuclear is now a hundred times more powerful than that.

Quick Navigation

  A. Effects of Nuclear Blast
    Step 1: Get Away
    Step 2: Protection
    Step 3: Seek Shelter
    Step 4: Stay Inside
    Step 5: Cover Up
  B. Treating Exposure
  C. Prepping for a Nuclear Blast

 

A) Effects of a Nuclear Blast:

Now you may be wondering- if nuclear attacks are so devastating, is there any chance that anyone can survive it? In this article we outline the steps you can take to improve your chances of surviving a nuclear attack. The truth is that there are may factors that go in a nuclear conflict to determine how survivable it is. Even if you survive the initial destruction, how would you go about surviving from then on? First, there’s the nuclear blast.

The radius of nuclear blasts depend on how big the bomb is, how high it was when it exploded and what the weather was when it detonated. The larger ones would create massive fireballs, each one several miles wide that are as hot as the surface of the sun, with winds that are stronger than a hurricane. Then there’s the radioactive fallout that’s carried for miles all around. The explosion of the nuclear blast alone could kill off millions of lives in an instant. After that, you’ll have to worry about the nuclear fallout that’s just as deadly as the blast itself.

Fallout is an occurrence where radioactive materials resulting from the blast is carried by the wind and falls to earth. People, wildlife and plants could become poisoned and die within minutes. The fallout may also manifest itself as “black rain”, which is not only toxic but is also searing hot. If you’re unlucky enough to be caught in ground zero, or where the fireball blast forms, then the chances of survival are pretty much zero. The fireball resulting from the blast will incinerate all living things within its radius. But if you’re several miles away from the attack, then your survival increases. Keep in mind that you’ll have to go by a set of certain rules to keep it that way.

A nuclear attack is not immediately fatal as long as you know the best way to maximize your survival rate. The best maxim to remember is not to run, but to hide. Or, get inside and keep indoors. Don’t follow movie logic. Those who get outside in panic will be left to the mercy of the radioactive elements. Those who leave in search of their loved ones are most likely to perish. How To Survive A Nuclear Attack The less you get exposed to radiation, the better your chances of survival. Do these steps in order to decrease radiation exposure…

 

Step 1: Get Out Of There

The intense light that comes from the nuclear blast should spur you to action. If you’re still alive and breathing after the initial nuclear blast, you’ll have roughly 10 to 20 minutes to move away from the blast radius as fast as you can, or else the radiation that comes from the mushroom cloud will overtake and claim your life. In about 24 hours, the radiation will be carried by prevailing winds and scattered about. The bottom line is that you’ll have 15 minutes to find a good shelter. Staying behind will get you lethally exposed to radiation.

Those who are in a 5-mile (8 km) vicinity will suffer 3rd-degree thermal burns; even if you’re located at a 20-mile (32 km) distance, there’s a chance that the resulting heat will melt the skin right off your body. Wind will travel at around 600 mph (960 kph), leveling any structure it comes across. Quickly get a feel for where the wind is going and start running at a perpendicular angle. Move downwind and consider the possible shelter locations along the way. You can also do the “duck and cover” being taught in earthquake drills. Granted, it won’t protect you from the flame and the radiation, but it could prove to be useful if you’re in a city that has many high-rise buildings.

 

Step 2: Protect Yourself

Somehow you’re caught dangerously near the blast radius or outdoors with no shelter in sight. What is there to do? The first thing to keep in mind is to NEVER look at the nuclear blast. You could be blinded and incapacitated for what’s to come. The light from the bomb travels much faster than sound- the “flash blindness” could set you back precious minutes and lessen your chances of survival. This phenomenon may affect people who are 13 miles (21 km) away during the day or 50 miles (81 km) away during the night on a 1 megaton scale.

Keep your mouth open and your jaw slack to prevent your ear drums popping due to pressure. Don’t touch anything that’s thrown off by the wind or the blast as it could be radioactive. Cover your nose and all your exposed skin as you run away to seek shelter. Keep an eye open for any combustible or flammable material as you’re navigating as they could ignite once the heat passes over. If you’re already at a suitable shelter, remove any flammable or combustible material.

Oil-based materials such as nylon will melt and ignite from the resulting heat wave. Worst case scenario is that you’re standing out in the open with no shelter for miles around. Do the next best thing and find anything that could provide protection. Search for depressed areas in the lay of the land; lie face-down and leave as little skin exposed as possible. You can also start to dig such a depression where there’s soft soil. Lie completely flat and cover your head. The blast wave could come to you in as little as 30 seconds, so think fast and act quickly.

 

Step 3: Seek Shelter

There are two kinds of shelter from a nuclear attack- shelter from the nuclear blast and shelter from the resulting fallout.

Blast Shelters. These structures could be built in preparation for nuclear attacks in the future. They offer protection from the fire, the heat, the initial radiation and the blast pressure from the nuclear strike. A blast shelter is not a cure-all, and it won’t stand a direct hit from a nuclear bomb.

 

Fallout Shelters. These structures could be found anywhere. As long as an enclosed space is protected and that the roof and walls are thick enough to ward off radiation and fallout particles, they can be classified as a fallout shelter.

The first instinct anyone will have when they see the mushroom blast is that they have to get back home or come get their loved ones. An atmosphere filled with radiation will make this task almost impossible to successfully complete.

Think about your survival and find cover instead. Remember, get indoors or deep underground the minute you see the flash of explosion from a nuclear attack. In urban area environments, basements could be your best bet. In cases where the nuclear blast is on the ground, getting to a higher level in a building could provide the same type of shelter as deep below ground.

 

Stay well away from windows and find a room where there’s none. A closet space or a janitor’s room are the best choices. A nuclear blast could shatter any window and radiation could quickly invade your safe space. Get as much natural protection as possible.

Walls, soil, brick and concrete should be piled between you and the radioactive material that comes from the nuclear blast. The more material you have in-between, the better your chances of survival. The negative attributes of radiation loses its potency the more it passes between materials such as earth, concrete and other solid materials.

 

 

Step 4: Stay Inside!

Get deep below. If that’s not possible, seek the best kind of shelter ASAP. Buildings or houses made from good old brick and mortar and concrete are the best ones. Get inside and stay where you are to protect yourself from the resulting radiation.

You should also gauge whether a structure is sound against heat and possible blast damages before getting in. If you’re at home, keep your radio handy and keep it tuned to gather news as the attack happens. Listen and watch out for official information on how to proceed further. Depending on several circumstances, survivors may be asked to move to a secure location, evacuate the area or stay indoors.

The general rule is that survivors must stay indoors and in the basement if there’s one. Seal all windows, close all the doors and turn off all ventilation systems such as heaters and ACs. A car can provide temporary shelter if you’re caught in the blast. It’s definitely better than having nothing in-between you and the radioactive materials carried by the wind.

Close all windows and shut off the ventilation system. Find a cloth and hold it over your mouth as you drive to a better shelter. Staying inside cannot be stressed enough if you’re facing a nuclear strike scenario.

Wandering outside will result in a quick, painful death- all those dirt, debris and radioactive particles from the mushroom cloud and the wind will poison and irradiate you. Fallout particles usually come in minute-sized sand grains. Keep away from them and don’t go outside if you see particles still falling from the sky. Do a quick estimate- are you within 10 miles of the nuclear blast’s epicenter?

If you are, it’s best to remain inside the shelter for a good 48 to 72 hours after the attack. Do not come out no matter what the situation is! Since you’re stuck indoors, why not reinforce your shelter against radiation and fallout? Stack clumps of mud, cement-based materials and bricks (if any) on the walls of your shelter.

Create a suitable roof if you’re residing in a trench, but don’t go out of your way to gather the materials. If you can acquire canvas from outdoor tents, use it to shield from fallout particles. You can worry about the gamma rays later.

There’s still a ray of hope- fallout from nuclear bombs decay rapidly! After the first hour, fallout loses half its negative energy; in 24 hours, around 80 percent of negative energy is lost in the atmosphere. With this in mind, you should count up to 200 hours and stay inside the shelter for around 8 to 10 days. It’s best to be safe rather than make a fatal mistake.

Plus, any fission products that come from the nuclear blast should be gone after 8 days. Even after 10 days have passed, there are still radioactive particles floating around the atmosphere, so it will be best to limit your time outdoors. Radio-iodine particles are about 1 percent strength after 90 days.

 

Step 5: Cover Up

When you’ve put a safe distance between you and the nuclear blast and found a suitable protective shelter, you should cast your clothes off to eliminate the radioactive dust. If you have access to a shower, take one. Use plenty of water and soap to wash off the radioactive contamination.

Do not scrub or scratch your skin! Do not use conditioner as it could make the radioactive material stick to your hair. If there’s no accessible shower, use a wet cloth to wipe off as much radioactive material from your skin as possible. Use this decontamination procedure- remove your clothes and shake them off constantly to remove minute radioactive particles. Wash them constantly with water. Then, wash your skin with plenty of soap and water. Any residue will result in skin burning and further complicate your survival situation.

 

B) Treating Radiation Exposure

Contaminated clothing should be put in a plastic bag and sealed away. Put the bag where no animal or human can open them to minimize the risk of radioactive exposure. Wear lots of protective clothing to cover your skin. Wear hats, goggles, long-sleeved shirts, long pants, gloves if there are any. This will protect your from the following types of radiation: Alpha Particles. The weakest of all radioactive particles in a nuclear attack.

 

They don’t pose much of a threat to humans, and they survive for just a few seconds after being released to the atmosphere. They could be harmful if inhaled or ingested. Beta Particles. Beta rays penetrate deeper into materials and last longer than Alpha particles. A beta particle can be active while traveling at 10 yards before being absorbed by the earth’s atmosphere.

Exposure to beta particles is not particularly fatal, but if you constantly absorb them then it can prove to be fatal. Beta burns are somewhat akin to sunburns. Make sure to cover your eyes, nose and mouth against them to avoid accidental ingestion or inhalation.

Gamma Rays. The deadliest of all radioactive particles, and also the longest-lived. They can travel for miles and penetrate any shielding. Getting caught with gamma rays will turn your internal organs to mush. You’ll need adequate planning if you want to minimize exposure as much as possible. It’s best to rid your body of all potential radioactive particles or report to the nearest decontamination center in your vicinity.

If possible seek immediate treatment against thermal and radiation burns. Keep away from damaged structures; you’ll see them labeled with signs such as HAZMAT or radiation hazard. It’s best to be cautious as radiation is invisible to us. How To Prepare For A Nuclear Attack Here’s how you can prepare against a nuclear scenario: Keep Abreast of the News. A sudden nuclear attack is an unlikely scenario.

 

C) Prepping for a Nuclear Blast

Chances are that warring nations will engage in skirmishes or talks before pulling out their big guns. A deteriorating political situation, conflicting sides and a terrorist group announcing war will be your nuclear attack indicators.

Coordinate a plan with your loved ones on what you should all do and where you need to go if it happens. Stock Up On Potassium Iodide. These pills help against radiation and the resulting cancer that you can get if you’re exposed to fallout particles. Protect your thyroid from radiation and keep a box of it at home, in your car or in your bug out bag. Read up on what brands are approved by the FDA and the appropriate dosing.

Keep Clean Water and Food Inside Your Shelter. The food and water supply should last for at least 2 weeks. Keep a radio and plenty of batteries. Bath, hygiene supplies and a set of fresh clothes should be stored as well. A Medical Kit. A first-aid kit, a first aid manual and common medical supplies should be kept on your shelter.

You’ll need a blanket, a thermometer, tweezers, scissors, latex gloves, antibiotic ointments, sterile bandages and gauze. Practice First Aid. Read up online or visit the nearest Red Cross station for a quick instructional on how to treat shocks, burns, administer CPR and how to bandage wounds. Keep A Personal Radiation Detector. It’s the next best thing to finding out whether a place or an item is irradiated or not.

The USA: The Ultimate Survival Arm

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Best Survival Rifle

In the never-ending journey for the ultimate survival arm, a quest buried deep in the DNA of everyone concerned Best Survival Riflewith preparedness, yet another giant leap in the evolution of survival arm capability just spread it wings across the USA (via gun stores, UPS and FedEx). The Magpul X-22 Backpacker Stock for the Ruger 10/22 Takedown is finally available!

By Doc Montana, a Contributing Author to SHTFBlog and SurvivalCache.com

It took almost 50 years for Ruger to take the 10/22 from a one-piece 37” wooden stocked masterpiece to a two-piece 37” plastic stocked vision of the future.  Then a scant five years later, Magpul teased us with it’s X-22 Backpacker at SHOT Show 2017. Magpul took the essence of the Takedown to it’s rightful destiny creating a dynamic, integrated, self-contained survival rifle that is just at home in a home, active in the field, or packed away discreetly in a the bug out bag.

For the moment, and likely for many more moments into the future, a Magpul X-22 Backpacker stock filled with Ruger 10/22 and upgrades is the best, yes the best option for such a compact bullet-throwing machine. Add in the shear depth of importance of such an item when the SHTF making every decision and purchase and rifle build just that much more critical. So for this build, I addressed three particular survival gun tangents that are critical to preparedness and performance. The three tangents are 1) Mobility and Concealment, 2) Operational Accountability, and 3) Overall Durability.

Magpul Magic

On the Mobility and Concealment side of things, the stock and a daypack sum up the magic of this tangent. SBRs or Best Short Survival RifleShort Barreled Rifles are advantageous, not in long range shooting, but dexterity and speed. Uncle Sam needs at least 16 full inches of barrel to avoid the SBR label, and this U.S.A. build delivers on that four-squared promise, but when separated into pieces, all bets are off. No matter the law, you have the right, without tax or paperwork (in my neck of these here USA woods anyway) to carry a short rifle as long as it takes time to assemble it into a viable weapon from pieces as long as the pipe is 16 inches chamber to muzzle.

Also Read: Ruger 10-22 Takedown Review

Operational Accountability is both a critical step and demand. As much as I would like firearms to flow from factories with the utmost of perfection there is an unfortunately large number of almosts, nearlys, and close-enoughs. And those are just the ones that work out of the box. In the case of the 10/22, there are some maddening aspects of the gun that Ruger really need apply some attention. Look, I get that Bill Ruger, had specific intents for the 10/22 back before we ever went to the moon, but today, more than five decades later, we have greater expectations that need addressing. Lucky Ruger has plenty of help namely from TandemKross, Volquartsen, and now Magpul.

So to turn up the volume on Operational Accountability, it means that those elements you see fit to enhance on the 10/22 platform are all fair game and likely even some aftermarket competition in that particular space.

Durability is found in both design and materials. The for a semi-automatic, the 10/22 is remarkably durable, but it pure pitcher made in usa EPIC20 english 99.99 400x250 USAdoes have its wear points and limits. Essentially, the 10/22 is an aluminum receiver shell holding steel parts and pins connected to a blued or stainless barrel. The trigger group has some non-ferrous parts, and of the few spring, only one is actually needed to get the rifle to fire. Two if you want the trigger to reset. Three if you want the bolt to cycle. Four if you want the case to eject, and five and six if you want the magazine to stay inserted and actually feed. With a little help and low expectations, it’s often surprising just how few parts are required to make a bang. All the rest of the parts and cost are only essential for making subsequent bangs.

Taking Stock in Stock

The origin of this Ultimate Survival Arm build centers on Magpul’s new X-22 Backpacker stock for the Ruger 10/22 Best 10-22 StockTakedown rifle. Magpul has been in the stock business since shortly after it’s start in 1999. Magpul eased into the residential gun market using the Remington 700 bolt action as the transitional bridge between military pattern accessories to hunting and target shooting upgrades. It seems everything Magpul’s polymer finger touches turns to gold. And the Ruger 10/22 is no exception. Currently Magpul makes three stocks for the Ruger 10/22 rifle. The X-22 Hunter for non-takedown 10/22s, the X-22 Hunter Takedown, and now the X-22 Backpacker Takedown. And it is this latter and latest stock that is catching the attention of just about everyone with more than a passing interest in the Ruger 10/22 Takedown. In fact a few folks I’ve talked to are interested in getting a 10/22 takedown just to take advantage of this new Magpul X-22 Backpacker stock.

The magic of the Magpul X-22 Backpacker stock is that when in two pieces, the foregrip portion of the pair snaps into a receiving mechanism in the main stock locking together the two halves of the 10/22 Takedown rifle. The single unit now can be packed, carried, and mounted numerous ways without concern of separation all while the chamber-end of the barrel is protected inside the receiving hole of the buttstock. The barrel is attached with the top pointed away from the stock meaning that the two halves will mate perfectly regardless of optics or top-rail mounted accessories.

Related: EOTech vs Aimpoint

The Magpul X-22 Backpacker stock has two storage compartments, one on the stock’s comb under a swinging door Survival Riflethat also provides an adjustable cheek weld platform.  A suggested use for this particular compartment is to store extra Ruger 10-round rotary magazines. The space will easily hold three mags, or one mag and a box of shells. The aft end of the compartment dips down about three inches allowing some creative options for storing cleaning supplies or survival gear.

The second storage closet is a lightly watertight O-ring sealed compartment inside the grip similar to those found on AR-15 pistol grips. It is less convenient to access and of interesting shape, but a great long-term storage that leans towards those items you may or may not need anytime soon.

Takedown Lowdown

The rifle choice for the Magpul X-22 Backpacker stock is limited to the Ruger 10/22 Takedown. However, there are many options when it comes to off-the-gun-shelf Takedown variations and almost every part has an aftermarket option. For this U.S.A. build, I kept everything Made in America, and about the only true Ruger parts were found in the receiver, and the mags. Alway use Ruger’s mags. Well, at least until Magpul addresses that. Of the two larger pieces I swapped out, the Magpul X-22 Backpacker stock was the obvious starting point. After that was the pipe. So for the barrel, I chose the Volquartsen carbon fiber bull barrel for its lightweight yet durability composite design, improved accuracy, and thread muzzle. The optic mounting platform on Volquartsen’s barrel is a bolted-on five inch rail that rides above the barrel. The rail is reversible so to minimize the overall length of the folded X-22 Backpacker, the rail was reversed. The downside is that optics are moved further down the barrel and away from the eye. Running a red dot sight on this platform, however, is not significantly affected. And speaking of red dots…

A Dot of Red

For this project, I selected the American made Leupold Deltapoint Pro red dot sight. It is a fine sight that plants a Best Red Dot for Survival Riflerock solid crystal clear red dot on the target. It mounts securely on a standard rail, and is operated by a center push-button just behind the glass display window. Running on the common battery that is changeable without removing the sight from its base such as is required with the Trijicon RMR sights that I used on my Katrina Pistol project.

The Leupold Deltapoint Pro mount attaches with a simple twist of a 3/32” Allen wrench. And that’s the same 3/32” wrench that will separate the DeltaPoint Pro from the Cross Slot Mount, or retighten it to the rail. Additionally, Leupold thoughtfully provided a removable rubber housing that completely covers the DeltaPoint Pro when not in use.

Red dot sights are an incredible invention that gives superpowers to new shooters and simplifies the aiming process when any number of events intervenes with aligning the muzzle and target. In fact, the parallax-free wonderment of spec-ops grade red dot optics leaves little to the imagination: Dot = hit. Well, more or less.

But Wait, There’s More…

A couple other things I built into my build before taking it to the field include Magpul QD ports, a sling, a few receiver action upgrades, and some magazine enhancements. The Magpul X-22 Backpacker stock contains two double-sided round ports for accessory Quick Detach (QD) plugs. I added QD ports fore and aft, which then begged for a sling. The Magpul MS1 Sling with QD points to be exact.

There are four receiver action upgrades I feel are essential for every one of my 10/22s. So when I started this U.S.A. Survival RifleUltimate Survival Arm build, I immediately headed to the TANDEMKROSS website. The four essentials include 1) a better extractor, 2) a bolt buffer, 3) a bolt release plate, and 4) a Takedown Knob that allows you to free the receiver from the stock without tools. While this last upgrade may not be critical for occasional firing operation of the 10/22, but for those of us who launch lead with the 10/22 on a regular basis, taking the system apart is a common practice. So imagine when things go south and you don’t have a nice gun cradle and cleaning supplies, you will thank me and TandemKross for a simple solution to unplug your Ruger receiver from the stock. At that point, you can knock out any necessary pins and work on your gun with reckless abandon.

Related: The Katrina Pistol

The bolt-release plate makes up for Ruger’s insistence that one fiddle with an oddly behaving piece of sheet metal in Best Survival Rifleorder to close the bolt. For a few bucks and a few minutes, you can install TandemKross’s Guardian Bolt Release. And then your 10/22 bolt behaves just like a good bolt should.

As a semi-auto, ejection of a spent case is just as important as feeding a live round. And the key to a good ejection is a good ejector. The stock 10/22 ejector is nothing special, likely make of the same stamped steel as other receiver parts. However, the hooked end on this tiny piece of metal is where all the important stuff happens. If the hook doesn’t grab the case firmly and instantly during its one shot at it, a failure will occur. By using hardened tool steel and a stronger spring, TandemKross’s Eagle’s Talon extractor is an essential upgrade even if the end of the world is not in your plans.

The final essential, so to speak, is a non-metal bolt stop. At the back of the 10/22 receiver is a pin that the bolt crashes into when the gun is fired. While rare, with enough collisions bad things can happen. But the simple remedy is to replace the bolt stop with a bolt buffer. The buffer is a softer polymer material that the bolt can slam into all day long without complaining. Plus it’s quieter, produces a softer vibration, and won’t fall out into the mud should you need to remove your receiver from the stock while outdoors.

Move Out

One of the great things about the QD attachment points is they are at the polar opposites of the stock side of of this stock. With a total length of 19.5 inches, the buttstock of this stock is surprisingly short. That means a small footprint on your back, in your daypack, backpack, car, truck or Bug Out Bag. And it is this last area where I think my Magpul X-22 Backpacker will shine. But for more on that, you will have to wait for part 2 of this story.

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5 Supplies Baby Turkeys Need

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5 Supplies Baby Turkeys Need Though they are not the most popular bird to keep there are some real benefits to keeping turkeys on your land. Of course, they are absolutely delicious and they grow to be much bigger than your average meat chicken. Another big benefit when it comes to turkeys is the vast …

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Planning For Success During And After The SHTF- Part 1, by Old Bobbert

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Planning For Success During And After The SHTF- Part 1, by Old Bobbert Preparedness is all about planning. So what happens to a guy who doesn’t really like planning but wants to be prepared. The good news is there are tons of people who love planning and are creating plans and processes each day. They …

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9 Best Water Storage Solutions and Mistakes To Avoid

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9 Best Water Storage Solutions and Mistakes To Avoid Management of water is a manifold process. Its not going to be enough to simply fill your shed with gallon waters and drink them as it all falls down. I am a firm believer in having access to quality water that is already filtered and in …

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The Super-rich Are Buying Luxury Apocalypse-safe Bunkers

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The Super-rich Are Buying Luxury Apocalypse-safe Bunkers There are certain warnings that we just keep avoiding. The unchecked growth of giant corporations that are now doing business with foreign powers is probably one of the most terrifying signs of all that trouble is ahead. Maybe its the creeping Islamization of the west that is keeping …

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33 Things To Do With Old Jeans

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33 Things To Do With Old Jeans Its hard to imagine clothes wearing out and us not having access to a swath of other choices to buy at stores all around you. If we see a total societal collapse those resources will be few and far between. You will have to learn how to make …

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How To Make An Emergency Car Kit

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How To Make An Emergency Car Kit Articles with a nice story can often times take the monotony out of someone telling you what to do. I always prefer a good story mixed into a how to game. The emergency car kit is very important and you probably have something of your own already. Chances …

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Bureau of Land Management planning to Remove 6,737 wild horses from Land in Nevada

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The federal government is yet again targeting the vestiges of the Wild West, as the Bureau of Land Management plans to remove one of the most iconic symbols of the American West from land in Nevada. […]

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Elections AGAIN?

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Written by Wild Bill on The Prepper Journal.

UGH! – but wait, these are good elections (now there is a statement I NEVER thought I would make!)

This is the “atonement” for not running a “Vote for Your Favorite” article in the Prepper Writing Contest on time. Looks like we are actually two in arrears! “Round Nine” was delayed as a result of the changes on the site and should have been run around May 15th of this year, and “Round Ten” is due NOW! Our bad, we apologize, we see this flaw in our planning and we will correct it like all preppers do.

A review of the site shows that in 2016 there were five (5) contests, and, to date, there have only been two (2) in 2017:

  • Round Seven launched on January 9th
  • Round Eight launched on March 8th

So Look for the delayed “Round Nine” contest to be launched on Thursday of this week – ya gotta give me some time to review all the excellent contributions and come up with my five best.

Then we will follow-up with “Round Ten” as soon as Round Nine votes are in.

Thanks for your patience.

 

 

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Prepper Hardware Supplies

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Best Prepper Gear List

An essential element in building up a comprehensive prepper supply is to include on a planning list a stock of all doomsday prepper gearsorts and types of hardware items.  You can have all the tools and gear in the world, but if something breaks, needs maintenance, or a fresh build, then nothing much can be done without a deep supply of hardware materials.

By Dr. John J. Woods, a contributing author to SHTFBlog & Survival Cache

Sourcing Hard Hardware

The term “hardware” conjures up nostalgic thoughts of old wooden floored, side boarded store buildings with long aisles and shelves of goods stacked to the ceiling.  As a kid they were prime places of wonder to wonder.  Heck, they still are as an adult.  Indeed, any prepper worth his salt, bug out bag, and fire starting kit has to love a good hardware store.

Inside are bins, shelves, racks, and peg boards holding all the supplies for every prepper dream and aspiration to survive if or when a truly serious SHTF ever befalls us.  But, where do you start filling your supply list?  Are there priorities to buy first, other items later?  Let’s just start with a long running brainstorming list.  As you shop, you’ll find more I am certain of that.

Prepper Hardware Stuff

Any prepper hardware list has to start with nails.  All kinds, types, sizes, and lengths of nails.  Much of this world is shtf suppliesheld together by nails first, then screws.  Buy box quantities of screws or better yet the plastic divider sets of a combination of all kinds of screws.  Be sure to have metal and wood screws, flat head, Phillips head, tapered, long shank screws and everything else in between.

Go with this same combination mixed sets for nuts and bolts.  Again you will need lots of small sets with flat washers and lock washers.   You should have some lag bolts for heavy jobs for wood structures, brick and plaster.  Get some screw and bolt, metal and plastic anchors. Add in some metal braces, “L” braces and corner brackets, hinges, hasps, slide bolt locks, metal repair plates or strapping, and the many other fix-it type hardware pieces, parts, and gadgets.

Also Read: Fortifying Your Home

Have some wire for light and heavy duty jobs to hang stuff or fix a fence.  This is not electrical wire, though you may know how to use that, too.  String, twine, and ropes are all handy as are all manner of elastic straps, tie downs straps, ratchet locking straps and other types.  Buy a complete selection of plastic pull lock ties in multiple sizes, strengths, and lengths.  These have a million uses.  Have some metal screw down clamps, and hose clamps of all sizes.

Chemical items may also qualify as hardware in a broad definition.  Glues for wood, metal and plastic, super glue and regular types.  Paints both aerosol and liquid will have many uses.  All types of spray lubricants, general oils, water dispersants, degreasers, and solvents should be on hand.  Have other cleaning solutions like detergents and bleach as well.

Include a wide selection of tapes.  Heavy duct tape, masking tape, painters tape, black electrical tape, and double sticky tape.  Add a roll or two of trail marker material, surveyors tape, or forester timber marking tape.

Include a stock of plumbing parts and repair items, toilet repair kits, floats, valves, flappers, wax seals, and water pure pitcher made in usa NSF shield english 99.99 400x250 USA supply hoses with couplings.  Have an extra flush handle or two as these break as well.  For bigger plumbing, sewer or water supply projects have some supplies of PVC pipe, connectors, angles, and fittings of 2-3 of the most common size types with cans of pipe cleaner and joint adhesives.

There are a gazillion other hardware items you can’t remember or just keep forgetting until the repair need comes up again.  Keep a running “buy” list.  The best way to do this is just to periodically stroll the aisles at a huge building supply or hardware store.  If you you’re not buying, make a list or take some pictures on your phone as a reminder.  When the times comes, and it could be often, you are going to need hardware.

 

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Tips For Walleye Fishing

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Tips For Walleye Fishing The backbone to becoming a good fisher of walleye fish needs not only the physical skill of fisheries but also the knowledge on the fish. Being able to understand your fish will not only help you in making a big catch but also in understanding the characteristics of your fish. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xNJXM21y18 … Continue reading Tips For Walleye Fishing

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Survival Caches: What to Put in Them and Where to Hide Them

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There’s an old proverb that says not to put all your eggs in one basket. When it comes to storing survival supplies, this proverb rings true. By keeping all of your supplies inside your home (or at any one location) you are setting yourself up for disaster. This is where survival caches come in. Coming […]

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How To Grow Your Own Oyster Mushrooms (For Fun Or Profit)

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The post How To Grow Your Own Oyster Mushrooms (For Fun Or Profit) is by
Kevin and appeared first on Epic Gardening, the best urban gardening, hydroponic gardening, and aquaponic gardening blog.

Do you want to know how to grow oyster mushrooms successfully without having to purchase a new kit each time? Perhaps you’d like to grow a variety which isn’t typically found in kits? Let’s see what you need to get started and how to do it! Most oyster mushrooms are low-calorie foods that are high … Read more

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Kevin and appeared first on Epic Gardening, the best urban gardening, hydroponic gardening, and aquaponic gardening blog.

Homegrown Spices and Seasonings For Your Living Spice Cabinet

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(Length: 1:16 minutes)

How old are the spices in your spice cabinet?

If you’re like me, some of spices and seasonings might be just slightly older than two to three years—the point at which they lose potency and should be discarded.
But what if you could have a continual supply of homegrown spices and seasonings that you use most, without having to worry about an expiration date?

In this quick video, I show you a quick solution—a living spice cabinet on your kitchen windowsill filled with homegrown spices and seasonings.

I grow basil, chives, thyme, oregano, rosemary, and sage.

These are all excellent choices for indoor container gardening. And you can add parsley, horehound, winter savory, dill, marjoram, coriander, and mint to that list.

Whether you’re a well-established gardener or your gardening skills are just starting to bloom (sorry, couldn’t resist! 😉 ), you’ll need a few things to get your living spice cabinet started.

Environment: Right Plant, Right Place

One of the most basic principles of successful gardening is “right plant, right place.”

Basically, if you grow a plant in an environment that meets its basic needs for sunlight, temperature, airflow, soil drainage, etc., you’ll be doing yourself a huge favor in the long run.

Your plant will be stronger, healthier, happier, and more productive; have fewer disease and pest issues; and create fewer headaches for you!

So, before you head to the garden center for pots and seedlings, take a few minutes to determine how you’ll provide the right environment for your herbs.

Here’s what you’ll need to consider:

  • Light Sources

Sunlight: Most herbs need six to eight hours of sunlight daily. You can usually provide this via an unobscured window with western or southern exposure. To ensure that the entire plant gets adequate sunlight, rotate it every three to four days.

Artificial Light: If you don’t have an indoor location that provides enough natural light, you can use two 40-watt cool white fluorescent bulbs. Place the plants 6 to 12 inches below the light source, and keep the bulbs lit for two hours per hour of required sunlight. For example, if your plants need eight hours of sunlight, expose them to 16 hours of artificial fluorescent light daily. And if you don’t want to mess with turning the lights on and off at certain times each day, consider buying a plug-in timer to handle the task for you. (Trust me, they’re awesome. Highly recommended!)

  • Temperatures

Herbs prefer moderate temperatures, so choose a location that reaches 65°F–70°F during the day and 55°F–60°F at night. Avoid temperature extremes by keeping your herb plants away from mechanical heat sources and out of chilly drafts.

  • Humidity

Herbs will grow best in a somewhat humid environment. So, if you live where it’s arid, you’ll need to get creative to provide supplemental humidity. You might fill a tray with stones, set your pots in it, and keep it filled with water just to the bottom of the herb containers. Alternately, you can keep a spray bottle handy and mist your herb plants with water as needed.

  • Airflow

Like many other plants, herbs do best with good air circulation. So be sure not to crowd your plants together, maintaining a bit of space between them. And, when possible, crack a window or turn on a fan to keep some air flowing in the area.

Materials: Four Essentials

Now that you’ve figured out the best spot in your house for your homegrown spices and seasonings, it’s time to go shopping—either in your potting shed or at your local garden center!

Here’s what you’ll need:

Fast-Draining Growing Medium

Look for a potting mix designed to drain fast and control moisture.

The main ingredient will be coir or sphagnum peat moss. These amendments have a large texture that helps the soil stay aerated and well drained, and their natural absorptive properties help keep the soil moist. (Interestingly, the more sustainable choice of the two, coir, is also the most useful. Not only is it a renewable resource produced from coconut husks, but it absorbs nearly a third more water than peat, is much easier to re-wet when it’s dry, is more alkaline, is slower to decompose … the list goes on.)

The ingredient list will also include some combination of water-holding minerals, such as vermiculite or perlite.

Many growing mediums will also include additions like compost, fertilizer, and wetting agents.

Or, you can be like Grow Network, Change Maker, David the Good and make your own!

Liquid Fertilizer

Think fish emulsion and seaweed. Make your own liquid fertilizers centered on these ingredients here, or find some premade options at your local garden center.

Recommendations vary on how often to feed your culinary herb plants. Some say to use low-dose liquid fertilizer every couple of weeks, while others recommend feeding them every four weeks, or even less often. If you’re concerned about overfeeding, let your plants be your guide. If they look lush but have poor flavor, it’s time to cut back on the fertilizer.

Plants

Many people prefer to plant seedlings because they get you to your goal of freshly harvested herbs that much faster. However, if you’re willing to wait a little longer, grow your herbs from seed. In either case, follow the planting directions provided on the pot or seed packet, and you’ll have homegrown spices and seasonings in no time.

Water: The Final Ingredient

Finally, remember to water your herbs—but just occasionally.

Almost all herbs grown indoors will do best if you let their soil dry out between waterings. You’ll know it’s time to water if, when you stick your finger into the soil to a depth of one-inch, the soil is dry. Rosemary is the exception to this rule. Its soil needs to be kept moist.

It’s Time to Spice Things Up!

With just a few simple materials, plus a careful choice of environment, you’ll have homegrown spices and seasonings in YOUR living spice cabinet, just like mine.

It will add visual and aromatic appeal to your home and your meals—and, perhaps best of all, help ensure that your favorite spices are always fresh and full of flavor!

 

What are your favorite spices to grow? Do you have a living spice cabinet? Let us know in the comments below.

 

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Building Your Own Firearm (Part 6 – Assembling and Testing the AR-15)

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Written by John Hertig on The Prepper Journal.

Last time (>>> see it here <<<), we completed a receiver.  The “firearm” is complete but not usable.  Now it is time to assemble it and try it out.  As before, I will include a link to a video or videos, and then add my comments.

Tennessee Arms Receiver Notes

Tennessee Arms replaced my less than perfect receivers.  The engraving in the normal location (right side magazine well) was much better, the larger font serial crisp and clear, and the buffer tube socket was fully threaded.  I finished one of them using a router jig, but not the take-down lug pocket part.  For that, I used AC Delco Gear Marking Compound (Dykem may also work) on the lug to find where the existing take-down lug hole needed to be relieved (yellow goo scrapes off onto the receiver to show where it is tight).  It was mostly the sides, which I ground away with a Dremil tool.  The take-down pin detent channel is real close to the take-down lug pocket, so I ground the take-down lug hole at a sleight angle at the top on that side to avoid compromising the channel.  The result of this technique was the best fitting upper yet.  The other replacement receiver appears to have had the take-down lug pocket already widened; I just needed to do a bit of trimming in the back corners.  The take-down detent channel was compromised; a KNS push button take-down pin made this a non-issue.  I made this one with the included jig and end mill bit, and then went over it again with a different end mill bit with the shank the same size as the cutters to get the cavity width correct.  Both still needed the safety plunger tube to be opened up a bit.

Both of these resulted in particularly nice finished receivers, light, and available in a variety of colors.  I also got an additional black one to try out the fiber laser which is better at detail and results in white engraving.  Although it is not really “engraving”, as it does not remove material but rather causes a chemical reaction which changes the color of the surface material.  This was much more precise for detailed images, although the image came out as a “negative” (white areas in the image were unchanged, so were left black and the black areas in the image were converted to white).  As before, a big plus was that the drilling and milling of the polymer was so much less annoying than forged aluminum.  These receivers, when without the earlier flaws and using an end mill bit with the shank the same diameter as its cutters, are a particularly good choice for either the drill press (included jig) or the preferred router (jig purchased separately) methodology.  And the company provides exceptional support.

Easy Jig Notes

I noticed that when drilling the polymer safety and trigger group pin holes with a hand drill, I was getting aluminum shavings, so if you are going to be doing more than a few receivers with a hand drill, I’d suggest getting the slightly higher priced model with the hardened steel drill guides.  Alternatively, using a drill press for the trigger group holes reduces the wear of the jig side walls significantly.

After I invested in the 5D Tactical Jig, I found that 80percentarms.com came out with the Gen 2 Easy Jig, which seems like it could be strong competition for the 5D jig.  At this point, I don’t think I’ll be buying another jig, and certainly not until it has been out long enough to find and fix any problems it might have.

5D Tactical Jig Notes

I found an alternate jig (5dtactical.com) which seemed to be a significant advance in technology over the Easy Jig, so I tried one.  It was on a sale at the same price as the Easy Jig, and 5D also has a solid steel drill guide upgrade available.  The 5D jig is more involved to assemble initially, but once set up, you can change receivers without complete disassembly.  It seems to hold the receiver better and be a bit more universal.  Except they are length constrained and since the Tennessee Arms receivers have about a 1/16″ longer buffer tube socket, they won’t fit.  I made a simple modification to the jig to allow the receiver to fit.

There are three major differences from standard jigs.  Unlike most others, you don’t follow a template with the shank of the mill bit, but have pins in guide depressions on each side of the cavity.  This means there are greatly reduced chances of cutters impacting the jig, as well as reducing the need to look into the cavity while milling.  Of course, you can only use their end mill bit.  Next, there are only two guide holes to be drilled; a boon when doing forged, and less risky when drilling the trigger hole pilot with a hand drill, although using a drill press is still a much safer option.  Lastly, the end mill bit is special, with a 1/4″ shank to allow use with compact routers, expanding to 5/16″ to allow less flex than thinner bits.  The result is supposed to be more accuracy and a smoother finish.  Maybe so in aluminum, but it left “fuzz” in my polymer trigger cavity.  Still, I found this system easier to use and the cavity was the right size, and a sharp knife took care of the polymer “fuzz” left behind.

 

General Process Notes

In addition to the things which did not quite fit already mentioned, the magazine well on the original second Tennessee Arms receiver was a tight fit.  Because I had so many things which I found “didn’t quite fit” AFTER doing the machining that first time, I suggest you try everything you can BEFORE making the first hole.  Some things you can fix; some you’ll need to return for replacement, and it will be much easier to do that, and waste less of your time, to find anything wrong BEFORE you start cutting.

  

In most of the receivers I tried, the take-down lug pocket was too small and I’ve seen receivers which don’t have this pocket done at all.  I suggest you consider fitting the upper first, as if this operation gets messed up, the receiver may still qualify as “not a firearm” to aid in getting it replaced.  Unless, of course, the take-down lug pocket is not milled out at all and then you’ll need to cut it as part of the first passes milling out the trigger group cavity.

If price is a concern, I’m now finding a complete parts kit, except for the lower receiver and sights, for around $300, which makes a $400 build possible (in early May 2017, at least).  If quality or performance is your goal, you’ll have to spend more, of course.

Assembling an AR-15

Here is a good look at how to assemble a lower:   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ReUq61aOB90  and here is another using some “makeshift” tools.

As with any specialized task, there are tools which will make things go much easier and are quite advisable.  You may be able to get by with “standard” tools, but the special tools will often work better and have less chance of messing up your parts.  As shown in the video, a special wrench to tighten the buffer tube castle nut is almost required (be aware that the original nut and the modern M4 nut use different wrenches).   You can get a tool which will do just this, or a “combo” AR-15 wrench which will allow you to work on barrels, hand guards and flash hiders as well.  A “receiver” block allows you to mount the receiver in a vise without damage, which is handy when you need two hands for your task and a third hand to hold the receiver.  An inexpensive set by AIM Sports is available from OpticsPlanet for $33.29 (with 10% discount code); including the wrench, lower receiver vise block, sight tool, and upper receiver vise block.  The latter is useful if you are building or modifying your upper, but with this package, it is essentially “free” so there is no harm in getting it and having it on hand; you will probably need it some day if you deal with the AR-15 platform.  It is highly recommended to get a couple of dummy rounds to test feeding safely, and a brightly colored “snap cap” to test the trigger, hammer and disconnector functions.

My Lower Parts Kit (LPK) came in colored bags, which were not labeled.  The color scheme was (from Anderson Manufacturing, at least) yellow for the trigger group, red for the safety and take-down pins, blue for the bolt catch and buffer retainer, and black for the magazine catch, trigger guard and grip screw.  With some exceptions, installation order is up to you.  I installed the safety plunger and grip first, because that was a known problem with my receivers.  Then I installed the trigger group, so that if there are problems with their functioning, they can be addressed without having to remove any other parts.  For instance, in the original drill press receiver, I found that I had a “bump” which kept the trigger from returning, and all I had to do to fix it was remove the trigger and grind off the bump.  The hammer area needed a bit of grinding as well and I did not even need to remove the trigger until the hammer was working, and then only to clean off the chips.  Other than those steps, I went by parts bag, but any sequence which appeals to you is fine as long as you do the safety and grip in the right order, and the buffer tube and take-down pin, and the trigger before the hammer.

Perhaps the most difficult step is installing the bolt latch roll pin.  I use a pair of channel locks to squeeze the pin into the first side and then the rest of the way after the latch is in place and lined up.  This works very well in polymer and seems to work in aluminum adequately (wrap the jaws in tape to prevent scratching).  If you use a punch, cover the side of the receiver with tape to protect from scratches.

Installing the safety with the pin in place is slightly difficult.  First of all, the hammer must be cocked to get the trigger bar out of the way.  Then, back off the screw holding on the grip until it just barely still catches the frame.  This will relieve the tension on the pin to where the safety will easily get past it.  Then, making sure the spring is still in the hole in the grip and in the frame, re-tighten the grip screw.  If you prefer, you can try to push the pin out of the way with a screwdriver and hold it there with an appropriately sized drill bit shank or pin punch while installing the safety past it.  Or (assuming the safety plunger hole is correct), install the safety first and then the plunger, spring and grip.  Once you get it in place, check it’s operation; it will likely be stiff the first few times.  If it does not loosen up enough, you may need to run the 3/8 drill through both sides of the hole to line them up better.

Installing the front pivot pin is tricky; the way which worked for me was to insert the shank end of a 1/4″ drill or pin punch through the holes backwards, to give the detent something to lean against.  Then (while keeping it pointing in a direction where I might be able to find it if it goes flying), I used the pivot pin to push the detent pin flush and then pushed the pivot pin through the pivot holes, displacing the drill bit/punch.  Make sure the detent pin goes in the slot in the pivot pin.  Or avoid this annoyance by using the KNS push button pivot pin which does not use the detent pin or spring.  KNS has versions with a QD socket or sling stud on the far end of the pivot pin, but these should be avoided unless having the sling attachment is more important than easy removal.  Or, too late for me, I found this trick which makes this task much easier.

When installing the magazine catch, screw in the magazine catch until the threaded end is flush or just slightly below the surface of the magazine release button.  You’ll have to push the magazine release button below the surface of the receiver to manage the last couple of turns.

The way the video guy does the take-down pin detent and spring, as well as the buffer tube, seems more difficult than it needs to be.  Again, a KNS push button take down pin will eliminate much of this annoyance.  Otherwise, there is a bit better way to install the buffer tube and the take down pin detent.  Look at the screw end of the buffer tube.  There should be a slightly extended area around the front edge, perhaps with a small notch in the center if it is a carbine stock tube.  The buffer stop pin will come up into this notch to properly index the stock; pistol tubes may not have the notch, in which case, just put the pin near the center of the extended area.  Put on the castle nut, with the big notches facing towards the rear, and run it all the way to the rear.  Place the receiver plate (or a receiver sling mount plate) over the tube, with the prong in the groove in the buffer tube threads, and the bump on the plate facing forward to match up with the hole in the receiver.  WITHOUT the buffer or spring installed, screw the tube in until the extended edge is right before the edge of the buffer stop hole.  Put the buffer stop spring in the hole, and then put the buffer stop over the spring.  Depress it until the wide part is below the edge of the buffer tube, and screw the buffer tube in until the extended area nearly touches the small pin.  If there is a notch for the buffer stop pin to go into, use a screwdriver or punch to push the buffer stop completely below the buffer tube and tighten the tube until the stop pin is just past where it would spring up into the notch or past the center of the extended area.  This should allow access to the take-down pin detent hole; install the take-down pin, take-down pin detent pin and take-down pin detent pin spring, making sure the detent pin goes into the groove in the take-down pin.  Rotate the buffer tube back to its final position with the receiver plate over the spring, and the stop pin snapped into the notch, if any.  Push the receiver plate against the receiver to hold the take-down stop pin spring in place and tighten the castle nut finger tight.  With the hammer cocked, insert the mainspring and then the buffer and push it in until it passes over the buffer stop pin (using a small screwdriver to depress the stop pin if needed), then let it out until it contacts the stop pin.  Use the correct wrench to torque down the castle nut.

To attach an upper, pull out the pivot pin and take-down pin until they stop (KNS push button pins are completely removed), then put the front lug of the upper between the two receiver lugs, and push the pivot pin through.  Rotate the upper down until you can push the takedown pin through.

Staking

There are two areas of the AR-15 design where things can work themselves loose and lock up the firearm, or worse, cause damage or injury.  One of these is the bolt key.  This transitions gas from the gas tube system into the bolt, so there cannot be any gap between the bolt key and the bolt itself.  The key is fastened to the bolt with two screws, which if they back out, leaves a gap for gas to escape or the extended screws can even mechanically lock up the bolt.  Unfortunately, this area gets too hot for Loc-Tite to be an option.  The other place is the castle nut which holds the buffer tube in place.  If this backs off, then the buffer tube can unscrew which disables the firearm or can even result in an explosion.  The solution to both these problems is called “staking”, where some metal around the threaded object is “mushed” into the object, locking it in place.  Doing this to the bolt key is beyond the scope of this article, since I suggest you get a complete BCG (Bolt Carrier Group).  As for how to stake the castle nut, see this video.  Don’t worry; this staking is not truly permanent.  Alternatively, there are a few places offering “enhanced” castle nuts which incorporate a set screw to lock them in place.

Verification

Check all functions

– Magazine insertion and catch

– Magazine release and removal (falls free)

– Cycle with no magazine (bolt is NOT held back)

– Cycle when magazine is empty (bolt is held back)

– Insert magazine with round(s) and test bolt release (DUMMY ROUNDS for safety and hammer does NOT fall)

– Cycle with magazine not empty (DUMMY ROUNDs for safety)

– Ejection of last dummy round (chamber the SNAP CAP for safety for the next steps)

– Trigger function with safety on (hammer does NOT fall)

– Safety off after pulling and releasing trigger with safety on (hammer does NOT fall)

– Trigger function with safety off (Double check that the SNAP CAP is in the chamber first and there is NO MAGAZINE installed. the hammer should fall) DO NOT RELEASE THE TRIGGER

– With the trigger still pulled, and the hammer still down, cycle the action (hammer should NOT fall)

– IMMEDIATELY (so there is no chance for a live round to sneak in) release the trigger and pull it again (the hammer should fall)

Head Space

The concept of any firearm is that there is an explosion behind a projectile, and that explosion is contained in every direction except for the direction in which the projectile is intended to go.  This has two benefits: all the energy of the explosion is used to propel the projectile, and none of the energy is used to damage the firearm or the person using the firearm.  Any firearm which uses “rimless” ammunition has something which prevents a round of ammunition from falling or being pushed “too far” into the barrel.  It may be a “ledge” to catch the rim of a straight walled cartridge such as the 9mm, or it could be some place on the bottleneck area common to many rifle cartridges such as the .223 or 7.62×39.  There is a “measure” of the distance between this “stop” and the rear of the cartridge chamber (usually the bolt face), called “head space”.

  

Why would you care?  Well, if you have fired a firearm, and it did not blow up in your face, and the ejected casing is in good enough shape to be reloaded (that is, not cracked or significantly deformed), then your head space is probably fine.  Since the firearm blowing up in your face, known as “destructive testing”, is not a preferred test methodology, it is wise to verify the head space of a firearm which has never been fired, and even one which has never been fired by you, before firing it (or taking possession).

The way to do this is with a set of “head space gauges”.  This consists of a “GO” gauge, which verifies that the head space is at least the specified minimum distance, by allowing the bolt to close on the gauge.  If the bolt does NOT close on a GO gauge, the head space is too short, and there will be a gap between the chamber and the bolt, which would not be good.  Never fire such a firearm.  If you don’t have a GO gauge, use an accurate dummy round, or with great care, an actual round.  Next is a “NO GO” gauge, which if the bolt closes with it chambered, indicates the head space is longer than the specified maximum.  This is not necessarily immediately unsafe, but it likely will result in unreliable ignition, firing pin damage and/or the empty casings being too stressed to be reloaded a usual number of times.  There is a third gauge, call a “FIELD” gauge, which is the maximum SAFE head space.  Never fire a firearm whose bolt will close on the FIELD gauge, and have at least the FIELD gauge for each caliber you plan to use a lot.  The head space can change on a firearm during it’s lifetime of use.

The easiest time to measure head space is before you install the barrel; otherwise, remove the upper from the lower to make it easier (and safer).  Everybody tells you to take out the ejector, and many say to take out the extractor as well, and that is definitely the “best” process.  But it is a pain and appears to not really be necessary (if your gauge has an extractor groove).  I put in the gauge, push the bolt forward just far enough for the extractor to click into its groove, pull the bolt out slightly (using the charge handle), then test as normal.  Just be careful when pulling the bolt out, because the gauge going flying across the room would be problematic in several ways.

How Did It Work?

The proof is in the pudding, or in this case, the shooting.  After finally finding a rifle range which had not been closed down and was not a couple hours drive away, I put the newly created firearms through their paces.  First thing I learned was LUBRICATE the bolt; the first one locked up after only a few shots and took rather a lot of effort to free up.  Second was to make sure you have the correct tools necessary to adjust the sights, because they were all way off, and without the tools, stayed that way.  The firearm which locked up also seemed to have something wrong with the lock up (later swapping the BCG with another seems to have fixed it), but the other two firearms fired and functioned flawlessly (they were lubricated after the annoyance with the first one).  Not too shabby for something I made with ‘household” tools.

Oh, and if you fire 30 rounds quickly, these firearms get REALLY warm.  I even slightly burned myself on something in the handguard area of one; I looked for what it was I touched, but it had quickly cooled off to where I could not find it.

Conclusions

Given current laws and technology, this is a real option for those who are interested in acquiring a firearm without the concerns that the information they provide to the government will come back to bite them someday and/or people who like doing things like this.  Just be aware of all the current and potential future ramifications of taking this option.  As for methodology, of the two most common, the router is better.  The drill press can work (quite well for polymer), but it is just not as effective as the router in aluminum.  Plus getting the right depth of final cut is more trial and (hopefully) not error.  Whichever way you choose, the key to success is a good jig and a specialized end mill bit (short cutting area and shank the same size as the cutters), as well as lots of patience

As for receiver types, the polymer ones CAN be very satisfactory.  I’d be reluctant to trust one which did not have metal reinforcement.  The forged ones are just as nice in appearance and functionality, but they are a royal pain to machine.  If I were ever to do another aluminum receiver, I’d try a billet and pray it was less tedious than the forged.

This completes the process of building your own AR-15, or at least one such process.

The post Building Your Own Firearm (Part 6 – Assembling and Testing the AR-15) appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

3 Simple Tips to Help Kids Stay Cool in Back-to-School Weather

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It’s hot out there and kids from coast to coast are going back to school. As a former classroom teacher in Phoenix, I well remember the sight of 25 sweaty, red faces coming in to class after lunchtime recess!help kids stay cool hot weather

If your kids are going back to school and you’re concerned about the heat, here are a few tips that I shared recently on The Weather Channel. They’re simple ways to help kids stay cool.

1. Overheating

Teach kids to be self-aware when it comes to overheating. When kids are outside, playing like crazy, they may very well go past the age of just sweating to full-on heat exhaustion. The next time you see them with sweaty, red faces, point out, “It looks like your body is overheating.” They have probably seen electronics overheat and then shut down. Teach them that their body is very similar. When it overheats, they need to take some time out to allow their body to cool down.

A few symptoms to know and to teach:

  • Nausea — All kids know what it’s like to feel sick to their stomachs. They’ll get the same feeling when their body becomes overheated, to the point of heat exhaustion.
  • Vomiting — An overheated kid may very well start throwing up. At that point they’re not only overheated but losing fluids as well.
  • Cramps — Sharp muscle and stomach cramps are another symptom. The next time your child experiences a cramp, be sure to give it a name, “cramp”, and let them know it’s a muscle saying, “Something is wrong!”
  • Super-thirst — When a body reaches the level of heat exhaustion, it cries out for water and more water. When a few gulps of water isn’t enough, it’s time for your child to know they need to rest and get out of the heat.
  • Dizziness — An over-heated body begins to feel light-headed and dizzy. This is another symptom that many children are familiar with.
  • Weakness — When a child feels too weak to play any longer, it’s a big warning sign that their core temperature is above normal.

As kids learn these symptoms, be sure to give them explicit permission to let their teacher, coach, or another adult know their body is over-heating. In sports, especially, kids are encouraged to, “give it your all,” but not to the point of a heat stroke! Kids need to know that they will not be in trouble for listening to their bodies’ warning signs.

2.  Shade, water, and air flow

These three are needed to create the perfect weapon against heat exhaustion. Fortunately, it’s super easy to put these pieces into play. Teach your kids to memorize these and find ways to

  • Shade
    • A simple cotton hat with a brim is ideal for providing shade that goes wherever the child goes. It can be rolled up and stored in a locker or backpack, and, if you have a Food Saver vacuum sealer, you can seal the hat into a vacuum packed bag so it takes even less room! Bonus: Wet the hat down before wearing to combine shade and water!
    • Teach kids to look for a shady spot to rest when they’re feeling overheated.
    • Bring along a large beach umbrella or a shade canopy to sporting events.
    • The proper clothing for hot weather isn’t what you’d think. Most kids will want to wear shorts and tank tops on hot days, but in fact, exposed skin will overheat far more quickly than skin that is covered in light colored, thin cotton fabric. It also helps protect against sunburn and dehydration.
  • Water
    • A bandana or similar-sized piece of cloth can be tucked into a pocket or backpack. Teach your child to wet the bandana and wear it around his or her neck for an instant cooling effect. A couple of ice cubes rolled into the fabric is even nicer on a hot day. One of these cooling neck wraps require only water to help the body stay cool. It would be a good idea to keep 1 or 2 in the car for those warm-weather breakdowns.
    • Schools will likely not allow kids to bring a spritzer bottle full of water, but do carry one to outdoor school and sports events for instant cool. Check out the Misty Mate, a portable mist system. I used to bring these to my kids’ swim meets, and in the middle of a hot Phoenix summer, they worked great.
    • Add a squeeze of a lemon or orange to your bottle of water to add a bit of flavor and Vitamin C.
    • Get each kid their own color-coded water bottle. I prefer these over the store-bought bottled water, simply because they can be refilled thousands of times.
    • Kids should drink plenty of tepid-to-cool water. Ice water can cause stomach cramps when a child is overheated. Add a few slices of strawberries, apples, and other fruit for an instant hydrating treat.
  • Air Flow
    • It’s probably been a while since you saw an old-fashioned collapsible hand fan, but these do a great job for helping a body stay cool. They can be found at import stores and online. Bonus: They make a great low-tech addition to any emergency kit!
    • Small battery-powered fans don’t take up much room but when combined with shade and water, can go a long way toward avoiding heat exhaustion. If you make no other purchase, buy one or two of these. Not only are they super-handy because they’re so portable, but they are also an invaluable prep for power outages.
    • Teach kids to watch for signs of breezes in trees and other greenery. Sometimes nature provides the ultimate in low-tech air flow!

3. Time

Be aware of how much time is needed for a body to cool down. If your child is just sweaty and red-faced, they may need just a few minutes in the shade and some water before they’re ready to continue. However, a child who is exhibiting the more advanced stages of heat exhaustion will need far more time for their core body temperature to normalize.

If your child reaches that point, immerse them in a tub of tepid water for at least 20-30 minutes. Be sure their head is also immersed in the water. If they show signs of losing consciousness or begin convulsing, call 911 immediately.

Kids can easily learn these signs of overheating and simple strategies to stay cool.

TIP- Discover ways to save on electricity and stay cool when it is hotter than hell outside!

Free 78 Item Preppers Checklist: Not Just What But Why

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Preppers ChecklistThis is Skilled Survival’s Preppers Checklist.

A prepper’s supply list that not only tells you what items and tools to stock for future emergencies but also how and why these resources are important.

We’ll deep dive into all the core essentials everyone needs to survive (like food and water) but also cover some lesser known items you’ll want to acquire as well. We’ll also go over a few of the best solutions for each item.

By the end of this preppers checklist – you’ll have your own stockpiling game plan for a variety of emergencies.

Here at Skilled Survival, we plan for the worst and hope for the best.

That means this preppers checklist is extensive and is written with a worst-case scenario in mind. A long term, widespread, emergency disaster in which life, as we know, becomes changed for a very long time.

Some people call such a major disaster event “TEOTWAWKI” (the end of the world as we know it) others call it “SHTF” (shit hits the fan).

And we could argue endlessly how likely any of these scenarios are, but we’re not interested in that conversation today.

Instead, if you plan for the worst, your plan will cover all emergencies big or small, long or short. If you plan for the worst, you’ll be ready. And that’s what’s important.

Before we jump in, make sure you bookmark this page right now so you can come back to this free preppers checklist often to build out your preps over time. Go ahead, do it now, before you forget.

Want a Downloadable and Printable Version Of This Prepper’s Checklist? Click Here To Get Your FREE Copy Of It.

Water and Hydration

“When the well is dry, we learn the worth of water.” – Benjamin Franklin

For a SHTF event, you’ll want a large abundant source of clean, fresh drinking water at your disposal.

Maybe you live near a river, pond, lake, stream or have your own well. These are all great options if they don’t become contaminated or dry up.

But what’s your back up plan should your main water source become compromised? Or what if you don’t have a reliable source of drinking water should the taps run dry?

Drinking contaminated water will make you sick and can even kill you in some circumstances. But worst yet, having no water will kill you even faster.

We all know the body needs continuous hydration to function properly. It only takes a few days without water to die.

So, you must stock up on water – no exceptions.

You get to decide how much to stock and here are the tools to help you do it right.

1 – Survival Water BricksWater Bricks Stacked

Survival water bricks are the most convenient and simplest way to store a lot of water without taking up much space.

Water bricks are strong, stackable and make hauling water easier with a build in handle. They also take up very little space.

Each brick holds up to 3.5 gallons. So, ten bricks would give you and your family 35 gallons of water.

This amount would last a family of 4 about a week.

So, invest in a few water bricks today, and you can always add more later as your plans and needs grow.

If you don’t have any water stored yet, then this is your number 1 priority. Do this today.

This action alone could buy you weeks of survival in a worst-case scenario.

2 – Rainwater Collection System

We store water to ensure we have what we need in a prolonged emergency to keep ourselves and our families hydrated.

But in a worst-case scenario, we also need to replenish our fresh water stockpile or eventually, you’ll run out.

If you have a river, lake, stream, or even a backyard pool, then you may be all set and can forgo a rainwater collection system. But for everyone else, you should collect as much of the free H2O falling from the sky as you can.

At a minimum, you’ll need a large sturdy rain barrel with a spigot at the bottom. You can install the barrel under a gutter’s downspout to collect rainwater coming off your roof.

However, this is just the quick and easy solution. These systems can become much larger, more complex to handle longer-term scenarios. Here’s an article you should read to get information on this important topic and these complex rainwater collection systems.

Note: if the emergency is nuclear, rain water may be contaminated with fallout.

3 – Filtration System

You should stockpile fresh, clean drinkable water in water bricks or whatever water storage system you choose. But you must always filter and purify all new sources of water you collect. Especially after a worst-case disaster.

You should never consume untreated water unless your 100 percent certain it’s free of harmful contaminants. After a major disaster, you may not be able to trust those rivers, lakes, streams, or ponds the way we do today.

The Big Berkey is an easy gravity feed water filtration solution for families.

The Big Berkey is not small, so it’s not very portable. But we’re talking about stocking up and staying put, not bugging out, so this is the survival water filter you want.

4 – Jugs of Bleach

Many people already know this, but for those who don’t, it’s true that a small amount of bleach added to water will purify and kill most harmful bacteria or viruses.

Bleach is easy to stockpile; you can buy it in bulk and at a reasonable price. Just a few gallons of this stuff will last a long time.

It can also be used as a cleaning agent as well. So, it’s one of those excellent multi-use – multi-purpose items we all cherish and embrace. Get some.

Note: Bleach cannot remove water contaminated with chemicals, oils, poisonous substances, sewage or any physical item contamination. 

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Food Stockpile

Just like water, you must replace the calories you burn off to remain a healthy (happy) human being. The process of not replacing the calories you burn is called starvation.

I won’t go into the gruesome details today, but trust me, starvation is a horrible way to die.

So, while severe dehydration kills much faster, the agony period is also much shorter. Even in a situation of zero calorie intake, you’re still looking at nearly a month (or sometimes longer) for the body to perish due to starvation.

So, it’s a slow, painful way to go. That’s why you want to stock up and avoid this fate at all costs.

5 – Freeze Dried Meals

Valley Food Storage PackagingFirst, we’re going to cover the fastest, easiest, simplest way to get a large food stockpile in place. However, be forewarned – it’s not the cheapest way to go.

Buying a large amount of pre packaged freeze-dried meals from a reputable vendor is the ultimate food stockpile short cut.

If you choose the right vendor, you’ll get a large variety of easy to make meals, stacked, packed in Mylar bags, and delivered straight to your front door.

These are nutritious meals in a pouch; just mix with boiling water, stir, and you have a complete meal.

And the meal options are impressive. Way more variety than those old school MRE’s.

The most important aspect is the meals are usually guaranteed for up to 25 years due to the food being freeze dried and packaged in Mylar bags with nitrogen.

This means you don’t have to worry about the major headaches of food stockpile rotations and spoilage.

Also, these pre packaged meals are nutritious and delicious, so you can avoid the issues of stocking different spices and additives to make your “bags of rice and beans” tasty.

It’s the ultimate “set it and forget it” “done for you,” food stockpile solution. If you have the money, then this is the best way to go.

It may even end up being the best investment you ever make because if you end up needing it; it’ll prevent starvation! That’s an excellent return on your dollars if you ask me.

I personally use and recommend Valley Food Storage’s freeze-dried foods.

You can buy a years’ worth right now and be done with it, or you can buy a few months’ worth at a time. That’s up to you.

Your other option for food stockpiling is the Do It Yourself route…

6 – DIY Food Stockpile

So, your other main option to stockpiling a large amount of food is to do-it-yourself. Lots of people prefer this option, but it does take more time, effort, and planning to do it right.

First, you’ll need a list of the best long shelf life foods. Some of the core stables on this list are rice, beans, wheat, dried pasta, etc.

Then you’ll need to start acquiring those foods at your local grocery store. You’ll want to price shop and look for the best deal based upon calorie per dollar.

Once you bring these long shelf life foods home, you want to store them in a cool, dry, vermin free location.

Cool and dry locations help to prevent premature spoilage, and vermin free keeps the critters from snacking on your hard-earned stockpile.

You should also consider putting these foods into large Mylar bags and then placing them into food grade plastic buckets with lids to seal.

You’ll also need to buy some oxygen absorbers to remove any remaining oxygen from the storage bags to help prolong the shelf life of your stockpile.

As you can see, there’s a lot more to this process than most people realize. You need to educate yourself on this process to avoid any mistakes. Mistakes can jeopardize your hard work and precious calories.

So far all we’ve talked about is bulk foods like rice and beans, but nobody wants to eat plain rice and beans for very long.

Sure, that works for short-term emergencies, but if we’re talking worst case, unseasoned rice and beans will get old fast.

So, you should also plan on adding seasonings and spices to your stockpile.

You’ll also want to add other tasty items that have a bit of a shorter shelf life – for example, peanut butter.

Food Rotation

And this is where food rotation comes into play.

If you buy five large jars of peanut butter over the next few months, you’ll need to consume them in order from oldest to newest.

When your family finishes a jar of peanut butter, you’ll start consuming the oldest remaining peanut butter next (before it spoils) and then buy a new peanut butter to add to the back of peanut butter inventory.

Same idea goes for canned goods or anything under a decade of shelf life.

It’s a process. You must stick to it, but it’s essential. If you don’t properly rotate and stay organized, your large stockpile of food will expire and could spoil.

Not only is spoilage a big waste of energy, time and money, but if you happen to consume it out of desperation in an emergency, you could get ill – which is the last thing you want in a widespread, worst case emergency.

DIY is without a doubt the most affordable way to stockpile a bunch of calories emergency. No argument here but you need to learn how to do it right to avoid disastrous mistakes.

I do some of both. I’ve purchased some food from my recommended vendor (Valley Food Storage) and DIY stockpile lots of food as well.

7 – Daily Multivitamins

I highly recommend stocking up on a good daily multivitamin. Getting all the essential vitamins and minerals in your diet won’t be easy after SHTF.

And while you should plan to have lots of variety in your survival diet through your food stockpiling efforts, it’s good to have a daily dose of everything you need in a gummy.

Plus, you can use these to barter with your less prepared neighbors. There will no doubt be those who are severely nutrition deficient. They may trade quite a lot of their valuable stuff for a bottle of vitamins.

8 – Cooking Fuel Source

In a worst-case survival scenario, we have to assume we won’t have access to standard cooking methods – such as natural gas or electricity.

And to cook food you’ve stockpiled, you’ll need to boil water at a minimum (for freeze dried meals) or an oven for baking.

There are a several survival cooking methods you can consider.

You could stockpile kerosene. You could look at a propane. You could buy a small heater stove with fuel canisters (the setup used by backpackers).

But honestly, these items are typically difficult to store in bulk quantities, and bulk storage can create safety hazards as well.

So, we think the best solution to stockpiling fuel for cooking is firewood. Of course, you need a lot of space to store a lot of firewood (so there are tradeoffs).

But with firewood, you can use it to build natural fires for cooking. And if you just need to boil water, to go with your freeze-dried meals, then you can get yourself a bio stove (or something similar) and easily boil water that way.

Plus, with a bio stove, you can generate electricity from the waste heat to charge batteries for a radio or charge a set of walkie talkies.

But using firewood to make an oven is a different story. You could use a simple Weber grill or even use a Dutch oven. But my favorite way to cook food in an oven is to use the sun’s free rays.

The Sun Oven

The sun oven is an incredible invention, and a must own for everyone who is preparing for a disaster.

It’s not the cheapest piece of gear you’ll buy, but it’s one of the best.

all american sun oven

Of course, you need to live somewhere that gets a fair amount of sun throughout the year. But the sun oven does work on partly cloudy days.

Plus, if you’re not in a hurry, you can even get water up to a boil using it.

So, this device helps ensure you can cook your meals and eat your stockpiled food, without having to load up on a massive amount of liquid or gas fuels.

Plus, in a worst-case scenario, the smell and the sight of fire and cooking food might bring unfriendly starving folks around to relieve you of your meal.

With the sun oven, you can cook your food much more discretely. It’s truly one of the best “worst-case scenario” cooking solutions.

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Clothing and Warmth Items

Too many folks nowadays have way more clothes than they know what to do with. A line up of unworn garments just hanging in the back of the closet, unloved and forgotten about.

But having a few extra shirts, coats, socks and underwear is not a terrible idea when planning for a worst case event.

In a true long term disaster, you may lose the option of purchasing new clothes at the closest mall or online.

You actually may just have to live with what you have for a while after the emergency event.

But not all clothes are created equal. You need to focus on sturdy and warm (especially if you live in cooler regions).

9 – Spare Clothes

I won’t bore you with extreme detail here. Just make sure you have some extra warm clothes (especially if you live in cooler climates).

The items I recommend are things like warm flannel shirts, sturdy blue jeans, thick long johns, long wool socks, bib or full-length overalls, etc.

As humans, we don’t have fur or blubber to protect us from the elements; we have clothes. So, don’t take them for granted.

Take an inventory, make sure you’re comfortable with the number of spares items you have.

Warmth and longevity are more important than fashion. That’s why I trust brands such as Carhartt for my working and warmth needs.

10 – Sewing / Supplies

Home economics 101 – sewing.

It’s not quite a lost art (yet), but the trend is definitely on the way out. But you don’t have to fall into today’s modern throw away society.

Mend is your friend.

Don’t just toss out those blue jeans with a hole in the knees, get a sewing kit and some supplies and learn how to patch ‘em up.

I recommend you do all your sewing by hand. You shouldn’t rely on just a sewing machine because they rely on electricity.

The one exception for this is if you currently produce lots of off grid power already for your home. If this is you, then you can rely on a sewing machine because you’re not affected should the grid go down for good.

For everyone else, get one of these sewing kits and learn how to use it.

11 – Survival Gloves

mechanix-gloves-1

I almost put “gloves” in with the rest of the “spare clothes” category above, but then I thought better of it.

Gloves are crucial for protecting your hands from all sorts of dangers – cold, splinters, cuts, scraps, pinches, etc.

One scrape of the knuckle could turn into a deadly infection in a worst case situation. One where you can’t be certain, there will be medical help or antibiotics readily available.

Also, when it gets cold out, you’ll need a set of warm gloves.

With the right set of gloves on your hands, you’ll have enough dexterity to use your survival knife or a firearm without taking them off.

Stock up on a few sets, because again, you might not be able to get more later.

12  Footwear

Again, footwear deserves its own category. If you don’t take care of your feet, you’ll become a major liability to you and your family’s survival.

Don’t go cheap on footwear. A good set of boots can last a very long time even if worn daily – while a cheap pair will wear out in no time.

Also, while flip flops are technically considered footwear and are nice for a relaxing day on the beach, you’ll want rugged boots for survival.

And strong, healthy feet are a critical resource in a survival essential. Blisters, bruises, rolled ankles will slow you down which you can ill afford in a legit disaster.

You’ll need to be active, alert, and be able to move fast for all sorts of reasons. You’re at a significant disadvantage if you have sore feet due to bad boots.

There’s a reason why soldiers often stole the boots off a dead comrade in WWI. If the boots were the same size and in better shape than what a soldier currently had on, they upgraded on the spot.

13 – Stocking Cap

If you live in cold environments, you want to prepare for this with some good stocking caps or even a few high-quality ski masks.

In a worst-case scenario, you’ll likely have to occasionally venture out into the cold and might not have a heated car or truck to warm up in.

So, bundling up will be your best option and keeping your head and face warm even in blizzard conditions is smart today and for a horrible future emergency.

14 – Hand and Toe Warmers

Keep a few body warming packets stashed away in your stockpile – just in case. Save them for serious emergencies only, like just before the onset of frostbite.

You can’t afford to lose your fingers or toes to frostbite in survival. That would be a “game over” type situation.

15 – Rain Poncho with Hood

Nothing will drain heat from your body (and from your soul) than hiking for working in drenched clothes.

It’s a miserable experience, and it’s very dangerous in the cold.

This Princeton study shows “Generally conductive heat loss accounts for only about 2% of the overall loss. However, with wet clothes, the loss is increased 5x.”

So pack a poncho. Even durable ponchos are lightweight and take up very little space.

Get one with a hood to keep the rain off your head.

Also, get one that’s durable and won’t tear easily in the rugged wilderness. It may cost a few dollars more, but it’s worth it. Because if you’re cold and wet for long, hypothermia is coming.

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kerosene tankHeat and Warmth

If you live in a region with cold seasons, do you have a plan for providing heat that’s not tied to grid power or propane truck deliveries?

Again, in short term scenarios, you can plan to stock up on kerosene or propane. Both are viable, and the choice comes down to personal preference. Here’s an article that goes over the pros and cons of both options.

But in worst-case, it will be difficult to stockpile enough fuel to last you through an entire winter (or multiple winters).

So, what’s a well-prepared survivalist to do?

16 –Woodstove

wood stove

I get that this combination might not be possible for everyone but in my opinion, it’s the best option. So, I’ll cover it first.

Wood stoves are an incredible invention. The newer more efficient models can heat an entire home or cabin using very little firewood.

Having a woodstove and a massive pile of seasoned firewood is a dream setup for preppers.

The only thing that makes this situation better is having access to a bunch of downed trees on your property. These trees equate to an abundance of “free” heat to keep you and your family warm for the long haul.

17 – Alternative Energy and Traditional Heater

Another option to heating your home without grid power is to have an alternative energy source to run your home’s heater.

I won’t go into detail behind each alternative energy source – since we have an entire survival guide dedicated to the topic. So instead I’ll just list the most popular ones you may want to look into further.

  • Hydro-Electric (water wheel)
  • Bio Gas Generator
  • Solar Panels
  • Wind Turbines
  • Bicycle Generator

Each of these DIY energy sources has its pros and cons. Some can be scaled up to large systems others cannot.

For some, it may make sense to invest into one of these systems while others may prefer to setup a couple of smaller systems to run dedicated uses.

The bottom line is getting off the grid for your heating and electricity needs is a real game changer – not only for heat but for all the other things we use electricity for in our daily lives.

18 – Tact Bivvytact bivvy emergency sleeping bag

Finally, if you live in an apartment, trailer home, or none of the above setups are possible for you, then this is your last best option.

Because if you’re not prepared at all, eventually you’ll run out of furniture to burn in a barrel.

So instead, get an emergency bivvy sleeping bag for each member of your family.

We all know the coldest hours of most days occur in the middle of the night when we’re sleeping and not active. These bitter cold night temps and lack of activity are the times you’re most in danger of freezing to death.

So, this emergency sleeping bag is a survival tool that will help prevent this horrible outcome. It works by trapping the heat your body naturally releases inside your sleeping bag.

Traditional sleeping bags are made from cotton or synthetic polymers, and while the really good ones will keep you warm in extreme cold temperature, they don’t hold in your body heat as well as an emergency Tact bivvy.

A Tact Bivvy is made with a space age material that traps up to 90% of your body heat. So even in the coldest of nights, it’ll trap heat your body naturally generates to help keep you above freezing to death temperatures.

Pair this TACT Bivvy with a high quality, low-temperature sleeping bag and you’ll improve your changes of cold weather survival significantly.

I’d even suggest those with a woodstove or alternative energy heat to invest in a few TACT Bivvy’s as a “last resort” solution.

Because they are a very smart item to store in your vehicles glove box for regular winter emergencies as well. It could save your life today and save your life tomorrow so get one for each family member and every vehicle you own.

portable solar panel and phoneSmaller Energy Tools

We touched on some larger alternative energy solutions, but I wanted to show you a few smaller setups. Some everyday tools you can use to generate some electricity on a smaller scale.

19 – Biostove

biolite camping stove

Some technologies make our society more complacent and less self-reliant, but that doesn’t mean all technologies are bad.

Some technologies do the opposite; they make us more self-reliant. The Bio Stove is one of these amazing technologies that are worth investing in – here’s why.

Everyone knows you can burn sticks and leaves to create fire. And you can use that fire to cook food. But did you know you can also generate power from that same fire? You can, if you own this new Bio Stove.

Cook your food and charge your smartphone at the same time.

To me, this is a highly useful device since it kills two birds with one stone. It’s an efficient way to cook a meal, and you can get power from that same heat energy. This is a dream scenario for prepared survivalists.

20 – Solar Charger

goal zero battery recharge kit

Having the ability to create lots of free energy from solar panels is great. It’s a worthwhile goal to get off the grid completely someday, and a few of us have reached this goal.

But for the masses, we’re still totally dependent on the grid. But this doesn’t mean you can’t prepare to capture some of the sun’s rays for a few luxury items in an emergency.

You may want to invest in a solar panel generator system that’s available on the market today for such an emergency.

Goal Zero makes several small, portable solar panel systems worth investing in.

These panels will allow you to power important tools and devices we talk about in other sections of this checklist.

Tools and devices such as radios or walkie talkies. Items such as a computer or a set of rechargeable batteries – batteries that might power a flashlight for illumination.

While even a few of these won’t be enough to support refrigeration, it will provide you a few energy luxuries you’d rather not live without.

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Man Starting A Fire In The Woods 1Fire Starting Tools and Gear

Fire is your life blood in a survival emergency. You need it to purify water, cook food, for nighttime warmth, safety, and it’s a huge morale booster.

But what if you only have a lighter and a few matches in your home right now? Well, then in just a few weeks you might be out of luck.

That is unless you stock up on key fire-starting tools or learn how to start a fire with sticks.

So, everyone should have three independent ways to start a fire, and you should stock up on those methods to ensure fire-starting never becomes an issue.

21 – Stormproof Matches

These Stormproof matches are the real deal.

Regular matches are not good enough. If regular matches get wet, you can forget about having a fire. But with these, you can get them wet and stomp on them, and they’ll still stay lite.

Having a nice stash of matches is smart, but unless you have thousands of them, you may still run out. That’s why you also need a Ferro Rod Striker.

22 – Ferro Rod Striker

Fire Striker’s work great if you know what you’re doing. It helps to understand the fire starting basics – including the use of very fine, very dry tinder to help get the sparks to ignite.

This fire striker is fantastic and is designed with 3,000 strikes, but practice with it a lot before relying on for emergencies.

The key here is this Firestarter cost very little and has the potential of thousands of fires within.

This is an excellent tool to have in your home disaster stock. A couple of these and you’ll never have to worry about running out of sparks ever again.

23 –Electric Lightertesla-coil-lighter

A lighter is a lighter, right? Not really.

Can your cheap BIC lighter work after dropping it in a river? Nope. Will a cheap BIC lighter’s flame stay lite in 80 MPH winds? Nope.

So, I recommend spending a couple of extra dollars on a new badass fire-starting technology: A Rechargeable Coil Lighter.

This lighter doesn’t use fuel; it uses electricity to create an electric arc which is both windproof and waterproof.

It charges via a USB port, so you’ll need a solar charger, a hand crank radio to recharge, or a bio stove to generate free electricity (all items discussed in more detail in other sections of this preppers checklist).

So by pairing the tools to create some free energy and then having a Tesla lighter, you just solved your long term fire starting dilemma.

24 – Tinder

As an experienced survivalist, you can normally find natural tinder in the wilderness. However, how do most of us start a fire? We use old crumpled up newspapers or similar resources, right?

But have you considered what you’ll use as tinder if the daily newspapers and junk mail stop showing up?

This is one area of stocking up that many people overlook because they forget how hard it is to start a fire without a good tinder source.

Cotton balls work well as tinder and you can buy them in bulk. They are also light and take up very little space. They also work even better if you add a small dab of Vaseline to them. So, Vaseline is another great item to stock up on.

You could also stock up on some TinderQuick fire starting tabs. Or you could stockpile all the lint from your dryer’s lint trap.

The other long-term solution we like is to get a tool that can turn a stick into fine tinder. This helps to ensure you never run out – since you can easily make your own with sticks.survival tinderbox magnifying glass

This tool by Gerber is one option. It has a fine grate to create tinder and includes a magnifying glass to start the tinder on fire using the sun and magnification (another fire-starting tool in and of itself).

Or you can add a couple of pencil sharpeners to your stock. Yes, they sharpen pencils, but the tiny shavings make great tinder. And you can use any small stick instead of pencils to create as much fine flammable tinder as your heart desires.

25 – Small Magnifying Glass 

With the sun you can use magnification to focus light energy. This focused energy can be harnessed to make a fire. This device will work if you run out of butane or matches.

Plus, this Gerber Tinderbox helps make fine tinder from sticks and includes the magnifying glass built in.

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Survival Medical Kit ImageFirst Aid and Medical Supplies

When in a worst case, prolonged emergency, we can’t rely on timely professional medical attention. We may have to become our own physicians, and so you need the basic tools to take care of your family’s medical needs.

So, add essential first aid supplies to be able to treat these issues. Remember, a minor cut can kill via infection if not properly treated.

26 – Personal Medications

If you have prescribed medications, then stock up as much as you can now. Hopefully, the meds you take are helpful but not life dependent.

If that’s your situation, then you need to figure out how to stock up as much of it or ration it as long as possible. There’s no guarantee that you’ll be able to get more of your meds in a worst-case emergency.

27 – Antibiotics

Got survival antibiotics?

Before the invention of antibiotics, even a small scratch or cut could turn deadly. Infections are hard to beat, especially once they enter the blood stream.

In a worst case disaster, you won’t be able to see your doctor and get an antibiotics prescription. You’ll instead get to survive on what you stockpiled. That’s why antibiotics are on this list.

However, there’s no easy way to load up on a bunch of prescription antibiotics. Doctors control the amount each patient can purchase.

So, the next best thing for stockpiling is to get a variety of antibiotics for fish and bird antibiotics. You’ll need to do some more research on which varieties to buy.

The bottom line is I’d rather have something to take to fight an infection than to be a helpless soul. 

28 – Wound Gauze Roll

Gauze is the ideal dressing for bad cuts or severe burns.  It’s light and takes up very little pack space.

29 – Surgical Tape

This stuff is made to keep gauze, pads, and bandages in place even when you’re on the move.

30 – Band Aids / Mole Skin Pads

Band-Aids are the best solution for small cuts and lacerations. They help keep open wounds clean and protected, which helps prevent an infection from developing.

You should also add a few moleskin pads for blisters. Band-Aids won’t stay in place on your feet while walking, but moleskin will.

31 – Neosporin (or similar salve)

Add this cream to any cut or laceration to help prevent infections.

32 – Pain Killers

For minor aches and pains, these can help keep you going. For serious injuries, pain killers will take the edge off until you can get more help.

33 – Vaseline

We mentioned Vaseline early since it works so well as a fire accelerant. However, this stuff is great for chapped lips, dry skin, and rashes. It’s an item you should add to your medical kit.

34 – Blood Clotting Sponge

Nasty, deep wounds won’t clot on their own. You have to apply intense pressure to the wound site for a long time to get the blood stop, congeal, and begin the healing process.

These Quick Clot Sponges will help with this life or death effort.

35 – Super Glue

Super glue can be used to seal up small cuts. Plus, it comes in handy in numerous other survival uses.

36 – Sterile Alcohol Prep Pads

Clean all wounds early and often with these alcohol wipes. The alcohol will clean the wound, killing infection-causing bacteria.

37 – Hydrogen Peroxide  

Use hydrogen peroxide to keep wounds clean and bacteria free.

38 – Tourniquet

You won’t need a medical tourniquet unless it’s a very serious life-threatening injury. But if you end up needing one, you’ll be thankful you stock it.

Stopping blood loss in a severed leg or artery saves lies. Belts can work in a pinch, but you’d rather have the real deal.

39 – Cotton Swabs

Use Q-tips to clean your ears. Allowing excess wax to build up in your ears can lead to infection.

And, the wax buildup will also muffle your hearing. And clear hearing is a major advantage in survival.

They are also ideal for applying small amounts of medical salves and liquids.

Lastly, you can tear off the cotton ends and use them as tinder to start a fire.

They are extremely light and useful, so feel free to pack a couple hundred of them.

40 – Tweezers and Nail Clippers

Pack a sharp set of tweezers to get slivers out and a good set of nail clippers to trim your nails.

Also, use the nail clippers to help avoid hand nails. I used to bite my nails and would occasionally get an infected hang nail.

My finger got so infected once I had to take pain pills, use Neosporin and lost my entire finger nail a few weeks later. Don’t make the same mistake, take care of your finger and toe nails the proper way.

41 – Insect Repellent  

Mosquitos are a nuisance and can transmit diseases, so if they are abundant in your region, you’ll want to pack a repellent spray with high amounts of DEET.

42 – Sun Screen  

You should stock up on a fair amount of this stuff. Save it for the worst days and instead, keep your skin covered up with long sleeves and hats (even on warm days).

Get one with an SPF30, like this one, to protect you for longer periods of time. Higher SPF’s than this are mainly just a marketing ploy.

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shower headPersonal Hygiene Items

This is survival we are talking about, so if you enjoy daily hot showers get ready for an abrupt change.

Not only will mass amounts of water be harder to come by post disaster but heating water up to levels that make showers enjoyable will be an extreme luxury. Why? Because it takes a lot of energy to heat water.

And these challenges don’t even consider how you’re going to create the pressure to needed to run water through a shower head.

So the more likely scenario (if you are prepared) would be to have baths (not showers), they would be less frequent, and you would heat the water using a cast iron Dutch oven over a wood stove.

The point here is that unless you invest a lot of time and energy into your preps today, your hygiene is not going to be nearly as good or convenient as it is today.

Improved hygiene and sanitation are both highly dependent upon our modern society’s wonders – grid power and water distribution systems. If these modern wonders go away, so will widespread hygiene and sanitation.

43 – Soap

Stock up on soap. That way you can maintain some level of cleanliness from time to time. Nothing fancy here. Don’t pay extra for skin moisturizing or scented, just a cheap and effective bar of soap like this one.

Buy in bulk. Also, consider learning how to make your own homemade soap. It’s surprisingly easier than you think.

44 – Razor Blades     

There’s a lot of uses for razor blades, one of which is to shave. Now, I don’t plan on shaving much (or at all) in an emergency. I’ll go full ZZ top.

But if that’s not your thing, then you’ll want to have plenty of razors (or you could use a sharp survival knife) to keep your smooth baby face intact.

Plus, most American women shave their legs, so blades of some sort will allow them to avoid having hairy legs.

But in a real worst-case survival situation, the last thing you be worrying about is facial and leg hair. So that’s not the primary reason to have these on hand, they are useful survival tools beyond personal hygiene as well.

45 – Oral Hygiene

I’m not sure there’s anything more painful or annoying than having tooth decay issues. Cavities, gingivitis, abscess, etc.

Without access to dental procedures, you’ll get to live with these issues. So the best way to avoid them is to prevent them. That means you should invest heavily in good oral hygiene.

Dental work will be rare after TEOTWAWKI so taking the extra effort to prevent tooth problems will pay off in the long run.

This means you’ll want to stock up on some good toothbrushes, lots of toothpaste and a bunch of dental floss.

46 – Female Hygiene

You could stock up on a bunch of tampons, or you can invest in a menstrual cup.

Ultimately, the choice is yours but unless you’re stocking up on a lot of tampons, you might also want a backup plan should you ever run out.

47 – Hand Sanitizer

Use a small hand sanitizer to clean your hands before eating. Try to avoid ingesting bacteria from your hands and creating stomach issues or illnesses.

Diarrhea can become deadly if you don’t have access to medical attention or the right medical supplies. Again, prevention is best.

48 – Toilet Paper

For shorter term emergencies, it’s a good idea to have some toilet paper stockpiled. However, you should put a plan together for dealing with a longer-term emergency.

As gross as it sounds you might want to dedicate some small towels for this purpose, where you clean them and reuse them. Better than leaves and corn cobs though.

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Wall Of ToolsEssential Hand Tools

You can have all the power tools in the world, but without fuel or electricity to run them, you’ll be SOL. So, it’s imperative to stock up and collect all the basic hand tools.

Old school, yes, but guaranteed to still work in any emergency.

49 – Hammers

Any head of household worth their salt has at least one standard claw hammer. A good one will last you a lifetime, and for most, that’s all you’ll ever need.

However, there are a few specialty hammers you should acquire as well such as a ball peen hammer, a rubber mallet, sledge hammer, etc.

50 – Shovels

This is another hand tool standard. Digging in an emergency will be required. Not to plant a tree but to dig a latrine trench or an outhouse pit.

Make sure it’s a sturdy shovel and get a backup or 2 as well. The part that’s most prone to breaking on a full-length shovel is the handle.

But if your truly handy, you’ll be able to make yourself a new shovel handle should your break. But to do that you’ll likely need a good survival knife.

You might also want a few specialty shovels as well such as a good snow shovel, a small hand trowel, or a survival shovel.

51 – Survival Knife 

I can’t stress how important it is to invest in a high-quality survival knife.bushcraft survival knife

Spend some quality time researching good survival knives. Find one that meets your needs best because a good survival knife has so many critical survival uses.

Then once you’ve settled on “the one,” make sure you learn how to use it to make lots of items from scratch with it.

52 – Pliers

Have you ever worked on a serious project without the right pliers? Most DIY projects require this essential hand tool.

And there is a vast variety of them you’ll want to own. There are standard pliers, needle nose pliers, vice grips, monkey wrenches just to name a few.survival plyers leatherman

I’m also going to add a bench vise to the category as well. While this is not technically a plier it performs a similar function, but it’s static and not mobile. It holds items firmly place so you can work on stuff with both your hands.

Pliers do things human hands cannot. These are another essential hand tool necessary for successful long-term survival.

53 – Saws

There are a vast variety of saws you’ll want to add to your garage or shop in preparation for a worst-case disaster.

Let’s name a few: hand saw, hack saw, two men saw, coping saw, etc.

Carpentry work will be highly desired if the world is ever thrown into survival mode. Having these tools (and knowing how to use them) will be a craft not only to create tools and fix things. But can be used to help others in a barter economy.

54 – Hatchets and Axes

As we discussed already, wood is an essential resource to create heat for cooking and warmth. But we also use wood to build things.

Before you can begin building things out of wood, you need to turn a tree into useful lumber.

One standard way to down trees for wood or split trees into useful chunks is by hatchet or ax (or a two man saw works as well).

But even if you use a two man saw to down a tree, the fastest way to split wood is by ax or hatchet.

The bottom line is you should own at least one of each at the bare minimum.

55 – Hand Mill  

Let’s move from the shop to the kitchen. Many people forget that the best way to turn wheat into flour without electricity is a good, high-quality hand grinder.

If you don’t have a hand grinder, you only other option to create flours based on raw grain is by using a stone and pestle.

But trust me, you want to invest in a hand mill today to avoid this slow and tedious process.

56 – Hand Pump

Just because life as we know it may change doesn’t mean you’ll no longer have a need for a good hand pump.

For example, the bicycle might become the standard form of local travel for everyone. Especially if the fuel industry stops and the fuel available dries up.

So, having the ability to pump air into tires will be necessary.

Want a Downloadable and Printable Version Of This Prepper’s Checklist? Click Here To Get Your FREE Copy Of It.

Illumination Tools

Illumination is necessary for all emergencies – short or long term. You’ll need good light to work under the darkness of night. And if forced to move or work in the middle of the night you’ll need it to see where you’re going.

I can’t imagine dealing with an emergency without illumination devices. Attempting to do so would put you at an extreme disadvantage.

57 – Super Bright LED Headlamp 

Two words: Hands-Free.

I recommend getting one with both high beam, low beam settings; as well as rechargeable batteries.

And with the rechargeable batteries, you’ll need a way to recharge them. That’s where a solar charger comes in handy to keep your LED headlamp batteries charged up.

58 – Super Bright LED Tactical Flashlight  

firehawk tactical flashlight

While a headlamp is important, you should also stock up a few LED Tactical Flashlights.

You have more control with a handheld LED flashlight and can shine it in multiple directions without having to turn your head. I prefer using a Tactical flashlight instead of a headlamp if I’m not using my hands to accomplish a task.

Get one that’s superb right but only needs a single AA battery. That way you can use rechargeable AA’s and don’t have to stock up on thousands large or unique battery sizes.

59 – LED Lantern

At The Time Of This Post – You Could Get These 4 Lanterns For 19.99

If you took my advice, you now have some headlamps and tactical flashlights, but what if you want to illuminate an entire room? This is why you need a few good LED lanterns.

Get one that uses standard sized batteries so you can use your rechargeable batteries to keep the thing running for years to come.

You can charge the batteries using the bio stove or solar panels setups we talked about earlier.

60 – Glow Sticks

Glow sticks work great to light up an entire area and not just a particular spot, which can be helpful for lots of situations.

However, they can give away your position to potential threats so only use these if you know there’s no one hostile around.

Ham Survival Radio GearCommunications Tools

Communication and Intel are crucial for successful survival. Gathering information and sharing information with a survival coalition improves your chances of survival success.

Whether it’s a severe weather forecast or knowing the location of potential threats. The more you know, the more you can plan and adapt. It’s going to be one of your main defense tactics.

If you’re a part of a small group, you’ll want to communicate with each other over short distances.

And very useful if you get separated or are planning an ambush.

61 – Hand Crank AM/FM/NOAA Digital Radio

You’ll want regular updates on how the “situation” is progressing. This helps to decide your next move – providing confidence you’re heading away from danger and not into it.

The big advantage of a hand cranked radio is that you won’t need to worry about batteries and recharging.

Plus, this hand crank radio has ports so you can use the hand crank function to charge other small electronic devices you’ve brought with you.

You need a surefire way to get all available intel over emergency broadcasts.

62 – Two-Way Radio Walkie Talkies

Owning a set of Walkie Talkies is a smart idea for any survival groups.

If your team gets separated, or you split up for strategic reasons, you’ll still be able to keep in touch at short distances.

Recharge your Walkie Talkies with your solar charger or hand crank radio.5

63 – Ham Radio Setup

Ham radio is hands down the best option to communicate with others at long distances in an emergency situation. While walkie talkies or Hand crank radios can tap into your local communications ham radio setups have been known to communicate around the world.

Want a Downloadable and Printable Version Of This Prepper’s Checklist? Click Here To Get Your FREE Copy Of It.

rifle with a gun suppressorSelf Defense Items

In the worst survival conditions, you’re going to be the hunter or be hunted. You need to be prepared to defend yourself and your group from enemy threats.

Threats from wild game and more importantly threats from other humans.

64 – Survival Firearms

So, which firearm is best for survival? To be honest, you could write an entire book on the subject.

It’s a very personal choice with lots of nuances to consider.

Here are two articles that we wrote that covers the subject to get you started on your research: Survival RiflesSurvival Guns.

The good news is since your hunkering down and not bugging out; you can own an entire arsenal of firepower.

You don’t have to choose just one or two guns; you can stock up on 20 of them and as much ammo as possible as well.

65 – Ammunition

Ammo is to prepping like water is to life; essential.

There’s a reason why we always seem to be in an ammo shortage. Thousands of fellow Patriots are stocking up on as much of the stuff as they can get their hands on. Are you?

Ammo not only makes sense from a self-defense and home defense standpoint. But ammo will also be a highly tradeable commodity in a worst case prolonged disaster.

Obviously, you need to invest in other areas of your emergency stocks as well, but it’s not a terrible idea to make ammo one of your primary stock up items.

66 – Bow and Arrows

A couple of the more significant advantages of owning a survival bow are:

  • Arrows are reusable.
  • Bows are silent to shoot, especially in comparison to a firearm.

Here’s a longer list of reasons why survivalists should own a good compound bow or cross bow.

67 – Traps and Snares

Setting out traps to catch small wild game is a good use of your time. Instead of spending hours hunting in the woods, you can set traps and snares, leave them overnight and check on them each morning.

You should practice getting good at using these and learn all the methods to become an expert. It’s a great survival skill to have.

68 – Camouflage

I’m a big fan of camouflage, probably because I’m a duck hunter. I’ve got an excellent set of real tree 3d printed pants, jacket, waders and hat for the natural surroundings of my area.

Well, in a long-term emergency, you’ll not only want camo gear for hunting, but you’ll also want camo gear for home defense and self-defense purposes.

Why? Because if you use a scouting system, you’ll want the scouts to be hidden. They want to see but not be seen, and that’s what camo does.

You also might take it up a notch and go with a full out ghillie suit. These will keep you well hidden in the right natural surrounds.

Want a Downloadable and Printable Version Of This Prepper’s Checklist? Click Here To Get Your FREE Copy Of It.

Misc. Survival Tools and Supplies

Finally, these are the random survival tools and supplies that will make your bug out just a little bit easier.

69 – Rechargeable Batteries

Add a couple of sets of rechargeable batteries in all the sizes you need for your electronic gear.

Or consider going with this new USB rechargeable battery technology. These units are an excellent device to own a few of for emergencies.

70 – Gold (Not Recommended)

It’s anyone’s guess what currency will be in circulation after SHTF, but stockpiling physical gold is not something we recommend. Though, we do recommend as part of your financial accounts.

This advice is rare online. Most survival sites suggest gold as one of the best items to stockpile. But gold has no immediate survival value.

You can’t drink it; you can’t eat it, you can’t shoot it.

Gold has historically acted as a great hedge against inflation and has held its value in times of financial crisis.

But gold in a long term, worst-case survival situation is more likely to become a liability than an asset.

71 – Paper and Pencils

Paper is abundant today but what if suddenly it wasn’t? Paper was extremely useful for communication an area before the telephone. Well, in a worst-case survival world, it may become highly useful again.

It’s also necessary for certain forms of entertainment – like drawing.

It’s not a terrible idea to keep a box or 2 of paper in your stockpiles along with some number 2 pencils.

72 – All Forms Of Entertainment

Keeping one’s sanity without modern forms of entertainment will be an important (but often overlooked) strategy.

With no TV or internet, there will be no shows or Facebook to fill the down time hours.

Instead, you’ll want a nice stash of excellent books. The sort you don’t mind reading, again and again, is best.

Also, any book on DIY projects or survival skills is worth a spot in your home library.

Puzzles are a great way to keep your mind occupied and challenged. Classic strategy games such as chess will also help pass the time.

Board games are good for adults and kids alike.

Playing cards can be used to play hundreds of different forms of strategic games – poker, gin rummy, solitary or even simple games like “slap jack” or “war” we played as kids.

73 – Corrective Lenses 

Another often overlooked item many of us need to stockpile seriously is prescription glasses.

If you are at a severe disadvantage without glasses or contacts, then this is a major area of focus.

I’d recommend you have at minimum one extra set of glasses and preferably 2 or 3. They don’t need to be designer frames that cost hundreds of dollars.

Look for a sturdy pair at a low price point.

You can also stock up on contact lenses, but you’ll also need to stock up on cleaning agents and cases, etc.

Either way, having a pair of frames or 2 as backups is critical for the visually impaired.

74 –Duct Tape 

There are many survival uses for duct tape.

For a list 25 of these applications check out The Daily Sheeple’s 25 Survival Uses For Duct Tape

Look for a bulk deal online and stock up on this essential “DIY” material.

75 – Scissors

There are a few tasks that you’ll be thankful you have scissors for. Often a good knife can substitute scissors but not always.

Just make sure you have a pair or 2 laying around your house, and you should be good to go.

76 – Gas Mask and Filters

As humans, we have no choice – we must breathe all day long, every day for the remainder of our lives. From our first breath at birth to our last breath on our death beds.

Remember we can live without water for three days and food for three weeks? Well, we can live without breath for only about 3 minutes.

Now, the odds are unlikely for oxygen to disappear suddenly. But what if the air you must breathe is poisoned or infected?

You may be forced to breathe death unless you can filter it out. Stock up on good gas masks and filters. You may never need it but if you do you’ll be glad you did.

77 – Electrical Tape  

Electrical tape has a lot of worthwhile survival uses beyond just electrical.

The stuff stretches and sticks; there’s nothing quite like it.

78 – Vices

Vices are a way for people to cope with stressful situations. Well, what could be more stressful than a widespread crisis?

So feel free to stock up on alcohol, cigarettes, or even dirty magazines (if that’s your thing).

Not to consume these items yourself necessarily but to have valuable items to trade with should these vices stop becoming readily available.

That case of whiskey in your basement will last forever and hold its value – so it’s one of my favorite vices items to hoard.

Preppers Checklist Wrap Up

My final word of advice is to ta­­ke action today using this free stock and defend checklist. Focus on the highest priority items first – food, water, medical, guns, and ammo.

After that, start building the rest of your list of items. Over time you’ll be able to amass a nice long list of critical survival supplies.

Fellow survivalists understand disasters happen when we least expect them. Complacency kills.

If you wait; it might be too late…

Remember: Prepare, Adapt, and Overcome,

“Just In Case” Jack

Want a Downloadable and Printable Version Of This Prepper’s Checklist? Click Here To Get Your FREE Copy Of It.

The post Free 78 Item Preppers Checklist: Not Just What But Why appeared first on Skilled Survival.

Prepper Book Festival: Prepper’s Survival Navigation Book Giveaway

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Don’t get lost. That’s one of the first principles of survival, particularly in the remote areas where many of us might find ourselves. In a SHTF scenario, it’s easy to imagine pushing into the wilderness (or what’s left of it) and away from densely populated areas. Even your prized ultimate bug-out location might (and possibly. . . Read More

The post Prepper Book Festival: Prepper’s Survival Navigation Book Giveaway first appeared on Backdoor Survival.

Tips to Pack Up a Motorcycle for a Long Trip

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There is nothing that compares to the feeling of feeling the wind on your face and the freedom that comes with riding on the bike of a bike. Traveling by motorcycle is a popular choice for solo travelers. You get to experience the freedom of a road trip in a unique way. Going on a long journey can be difficult if you don’t know how to pack everything on the back of your bike. Luckily, there are several tips you can use to pack up your motorcycle.

Roll Your Clothes

By rolling up your personal clothing, you will be able to fit in a lot more of your clothes than you would have if you had folded them. Make sure you pack up synthetic clothing instead of cotton that will dry a lot faster than other materials. This is important when the clothes are washed or rained on. Go for lightweight, non-wrinkle options and fold by outfit so you have ready to wear gear right on hand.

Choose Weather-Appropriate

Make sure you pack all your weather appropriate gear. This depends on the time of year and area where you plan to take your road trip. During the summer months when there will be sun and heat, you are going to need to pack a cool neck wrap, sunscreen, and sunglasses. Leather gear for riding can be found with breathable options for a cooler ride. If you are going to be riding in the winter months, you will need to pack some gloves, heated vest liner, waterproof outerwear, and long underwear. It might also be a good idea to pack both types of seasonal clothes.

Pack Practical

Pack all the tools and supplies you will need for maintenance while on a long road trip. Some of these supplies will include a tool kit, bike cover, jumper cables, motor oil, and the tire inflation kit. It might also be a good idea to pack some spare parts like spark plugs, clutch cable, and replacement fuses. A good long-distance bike will probably have room and places to store these items built on. Don’t forget to pack some personal comforts. This might include ear plugs, toiletries, lip balm, and some of the other things that make you comfortable while on a long trip.

Store Secure

Make sure your luggage is secured safely. Avoid the hanging saddlebags around the exhaust pipes and drive chains. You should also avoid strapping any items to the front fender where you might block the airflow to the engine. It is probably a good idea to use extra straps in order to keep the bags safe and secure. The last tip is to arrange the items based on when you are going to need them. Items that you need while riding should be on the right, while other things can be stored on the left side of the motorcycle for better safety and driving.

Getting on the back of a bike and riding off to your favorite destination is a dream of many motorcyclists. Use these packing tips to stay safe, comfortable, and prepared on your next trip.

About the Author:
Eileen O’Shanassy is a freelance writer and blogger based out of Flagstaff, AZ. She writes on a variety of topics and loves to research and write. She enjoys baking, biking, and kayaking. Check out her Twitter @eileenoshanassy.

Forbes Says Self-Reliant Homesteaders Are “Delusional” and “Mooching” Off “Civil Society”

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It’s always interesting reading when someone smug and sanctimonious writes a clueless diatribe about another group of people being smug and sanctimonious. So when I saw that an economist for … Read the rest

The post Forbes Says Self-Reliant Homesteaders Are “Delusional” and “Mooching” Off “Civil Society” appeared first on The Organic Prepper.

How Camping As A Family Can Teach You A Lot About Preparedness

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Day trips to parks and vacations can be overwhelming, expensive and over planned. Sometimes we overthink and plan too big overlooking some of the simple things you can do, even in your own backyard… Several weekends ago we were fortunate enough to get an extended stay in the wilds. For us, it was incredibly refreshing […]

The post How Camping As A Family Can Teach You A Lot About Preparedness appeared first on Trayer Wilderness.

How Camping As A Family Can Teach You A Lot About Preparedness

Day trips to parks and vacations can be overwhelming, expensive and over planned. Sometimes we overthink and plan too big overlooking some of the simple things you can do, even in your own backyard… Several weekends ago we were fortunate enough to get an extended stay in the wilds. For us, it was incredibly refreshing […]

The post How Camping As A Family Can Teach You A Lot About Preparedness appeared first on Trayer Wilderness.

11 Ways To Stay Warm When You Have No Shelter

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Have you noticed the skyrocketing rate of homelessness that keeps growing since Obamacare and other harmful systems drain jobs, money, and energy from the economy?

Once the final blow comes that spells the beginning of large scale social collapse, the ability to find a shelter will be as scarce as food and water supplies.

Many preppers think they will be able to get into the woods and build shelters, or find some other means to avoid living exclusively outdoors. It will be even worse: a sheer number of problems might lead to illness and disability that will prevent you from building or effectively managing an existing shelter.

You don’t believe you may wind up homeless and disabled so you still need to know how to stay warm when you have no shelter and can’t build much of a fire.

Wear Clothing in Layers

When you know it is going to be cold, you may be tempted to wear the heaviest garments you can find, thinking that weight and dense fabric equate to warmth. On the other hand, the best way to keep heat in close to your body is to have more air pockets that within the clothing itself.

Wearing clothes in layers gives you better air pockets than wearing just one thick garment.

When layering your garments, choose materials that wick moisture away from your body for the innermost layers.  This will enable moisture to be pulled away from your skin, which will reduce the amount of cooling caused by sweat and evaporation from your skin.

Materials in the outer layers should focus more on acting as wind breakers and moisture blocks. Plastics, vinyl, or other non-permeable materials will work well for the outermost layer.

Make sure the outermost layers are large enough to leave some air space between each garment. Remember, you are aiming to keep warm trapped near your body, not simply press a bunch of garments together in order to mimic thicker fabric.

Wear Black or Dark Colors

No matter what you are doing, black, or dark materials will absorb heat and radiation while white or shiny ones will deflect it. Typically, when it is cold, wearing dark colors will enable the fabrics to absorb heat from the sun or any other source of heat that reaches you.

Wear Extra Socks and Large Shoes

As with layering your garments, the best way to keep your feet warm is to wear layers of socks.

Once again, you will need to choose socks that wick better for the inner layers. This will reduce the risk of foot infections from excess moisture as well as help keep your feet warm and comfortable.

Until you’ve walked several miles on a daily basis, you may not realize that bigger shoes truly are more comfortable than ones that seem to “fit just right”. Always look for shoes that have a little extra room in the toes and around the widest part of your foot.

Larger shoes give you more room to layer socks, and they will also reduce problems associated with callouses and foot cramps. If you find that you have too much room around your ankles, just go ahead and wrap them in some fabric and put a brace behind your heels.

3 Second SEAL Test Will Tell You If You’ll Survive A SHTF Situation

Pay Attention to Your Extremities

No matter how warm you manage to keep the core of your body, your arms, legs, hands, feet, and head are going to feel cold a lot faster. These are also the parts of your body that will develop frost bite fastest, so keep them as warm as possible.

To keep temperatures more, slip something thin and flexible into your gloves and shoes that will retain heat. This may be as simple as tin foil or anything else that warms up quickly and can be reused with little effort.

You can also use layers of fabric, plastic, or vinyl to keep heat in as much as possible. Just remember, though for hands and feet, you may need to loosen the plastic from time to time in order to let moisture escape.

Keep Your Head Well Covered

Fur and hair are both excellent insulators, but on the other hand, as an extremity, your head is also an area of your body where you will lose a lot of heat.

Here are some inexpensive things you can do to prevent heat from escaping from your head and neck area in cold weather:

  • Wear a hat with a face mask that you can tuck into the neck area of your innermost garments, to keep the heat close to your body and also help redistribute it if needed. You can easily knit or crochet a hat like this and make it custom fit for your needs.
  • The outermost shell of your garments should have a hood that can be used as a wind breaker and water barrier.
  • Make sure you can cover your nose and mouth to keep them as warm as possible. A black towel or anything else that will keep the cold out can be used for this purpose. You’ll need to leave some openings for ventilation, but you can still reduce heat loss by arranging the garment folds to keep most of the heat near your face.

Use Plastic as an Insulator

Anything from plastic grocery bags to trash bags, and even plastic table cloths can all be used as insulators.  When using plastic as an insulator against the cold remember to:

  • Choose plastics that are as durable as possible. Even though smaller sized trash bags may be cheaper, the larger construction strength bags are almost as heavy as black plastic commonly used for killing weeds. Heavier plastic will last longer and develop fewer weak points created as you move around.
  • Use black or other dark colored plastic as it will help retain heat from the sun or any other external source that you can find.
  • Make sure that you can vent moisture easily from the plastic on a routine basis without losing heat.  For example, if you have a flat sheet of plastic, arrange the layers so you can loosen different areas easily and let the moisture out from them without losing heat in other areas.
  • Avoid using tape or anything else that will pull on the plastic or create holes when you have to loosen the plastic. If you do need to secure the plastic, use light weight rope or even yarn to  form a seal between the plastic and your inner garments.
  • Avoid using plastic right next to your body because water evaporation from your skin can spell disaster and lead to both skin infections and increased risk of frost bite.

Control Moisture

Even though wearing layers of garments can help with moisture control, you should also know what parts of your body are going to sweat the most and cause problems.

For example, if you sweat a lot between your shoulder blades or tend to have sweaty feet, you must always pay extra attention to these areas. Among other things, you can try using an extra towel in these areas, and then change it out every few hours for a dry one.

Avoid using chemical antiperspirants as they can easily irritate your skin even more.  They also may not be easily replaced, which will leave you with another problem on your hands. If you are dealing with a social collapse or a scenario where you cannot buy something to replace what was used, chemicals like this will be a waste of time.

Hot Water Bottles or Other Devices

When it comes to retaining heat, few materials absorb it or hold it as well as water.  Therefore, hot water bottles offer a good way to retain heat near your body and also store any heat you can get from an external source.

A hot water bottle can serve to keep you warm and also meet other needs. In particular, today, you can buy a batch of collapsible, clear plastic, flexible water bottles that can be used to store water and also purify it. All you have to do is leave the bottles in the sun and let them heat up.

If the weather is especially cold, use a cardboard solar oven to increase heat capture.  Once they are warm enough, simply insert them into different layers of clothes. Since you can buy different sized bottles, it is possible to find ones that will suit your needs.

Balloons will also work in a pinch, however you may not be able to get more than one or two uses from them.  They also cannot be used for killing off bacteria in water because UV rays from the sun may not be able to get through the material as easily as they can through clear plastic.

Eat High Calorie or Fatty Foods

If you have ever been on an extended hike, or had to do a lot of physical work in one day, you also increased your caloric intake to meet those needs. Your body uses a tremendous amount of energy when you are out in cold temperatures. Choose foods that your body can turn into energy very quickly, as well ones that will help you stay warm.

This includes fatty foods as well as ones that are fried. If you are looking for the perfect excuse to eat some bacon, fried chicken, or anything else that is usually off the menu because of caloric concerns, being out in the cold with no shelter is a good excuse!

Insofar as food stores, you can also store away foods high in carbohydrates and consume them at regular intervals.

Along with high calorie foods, drink plenty of water. Even if you are feeling cold or chilly, your body is still doing a lot of work to try and maintain a safe temperature, which means you will be using a lot of water, and also sweating more than you might expect.

Keeping hydrated will prevent you from getting sick and also help you stay warmer as your body will be able to carry out necessary tasks as efficiently as possible.

Travel During Night Hours

As simple as it may sound, traveling during night hours is a simple, cost effective way to stay warm.  Since temperatures are warmer during the day hours, you can use this time to sleep or rest, as the sun and other resources will give you some extra heat.

This is also a good time to stay stationary and heat up water bottles or harness other heat sources that you happen to have come across in your travels.

Chances are you already know that your body temperature drops when you are sleeping.  If you are already out in the cold, this can spell disaster. On the other hand, when you are awake and moving around, your body produces more heat. Therefore, when you travel at night, you are producing more heat at time when less is available from the sun.

Build a Portable Solar Heater and Solar Cooker

No matter how cold it may be, the sun will still rise and provide heat for a few hours each day.  Here are two things you can adapt for your needs even if you do not have shelter:

  • You can make a solar heater from tin cans and a few scraps of wood and glass. Simply substitute the wood and glass for lighter weight metal and clear plastic, and you will have a portable solar heater. Count on using about 15 – 20 empty cans. You can pipe warm water or warm air in as close to your body as possible. You can use flexible plastic airline tubing (½ inch will work) in the layers of your clothes to transport both water and air, and a battery operated pump for more efficient circulation. If you are in one location during the day, this can truly be one of the most important pieces of equipment you have on hand.
  • A cardboard box solar cooker.  You can use this device to heat up everything from your dinner and water bottles to bricks and rocks that can be used to retain heat.

When you cannot start a fire and have no shelter, it can be very dangerous for you to be out in the cold weather. While you may not want to think about being homeless or what will drive you to this situation, it is still very important to know how to stay warm without shelter and a fire.

You can devote some of your survival budget to a set of garments and gear that can be used to keep you as warm and comfortable as possible even when the temperatures are freezing and you have nothing else to work with.

You’ll always find a way to survive if you have the will to practice your skills and prepare for survival!

This article has been written by Carmela Tyrell for Survivopedia

Things Just Got a Little Sweeter!

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Written by Wild Bill on The Prepper Journal.

Editor’s Note: As you know we are always looking for new ideas, new innovations and being better prepared for what Mother Nature or our fellow planet inhabitants may throw our way. We’d like to hear about and share things that work, and we especially would like to hear about things that did not work. 

So from today forward we are going to sweeten the pot a bit. If we post your article you will receive a $25 PayPal payment. Yes, this is addition to being entered in our Preppers Journal Writing Contest for the chance to win a $300 Amazon Gift Card to purchase your own prepping supplies, so contribute and enter today!

 

The post Things Just Got a Little Sweeter! appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

Why Hawaii Might Be The Worst Place To Live If The SHTF

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As North Korea’s missile program continues to advance by leaps and bounds, and as the regime’s threats to the US become more aggressive, there’s growing concern that states like Hawaii and Alaska could be targeted with nuclear weapons someday.

It’s an understandable fear, considering the fact that these states are so much closer to North Korea. It’s not clear if the famously isolated nation will ever be able to target the mainland, but it seems very likely that they could at least strike a state like Hawaii in the near future.

That’s why Hawaii’s Emergency Management Agency recently released a statement that informs residents of the state on what they should do in case they come under nuclear attack.

Citizens of Hawaii are advised to look out for emergency sirens, alerts, wireless notifications, or flashes of “brilliant white light” that will indicate that a nuclear detonation is incoming or underway. 

From there, the agency instructs citizens to get indoors, stay indoors, and stay tuned via radio as “cell phone, television, radio and internet services will be severely disrupted or unavailable.” Instead, expect only local radio stations to survive and function. 

If indoors, citizens should avoid windows. If driving, citizens should pull off the road to allow emergency vehicles access to population centers. Once inside, Hawaiians should not leave home until instructed to or for two full weeks, as dangerous nuclear fallout could sicken or kill them. 

The guide also informs Hawaiian residents that water and electrical utilities will likely be disrupted and that they should remain sheltered for up to two weeks. After that, they may be able to leave their homes to search for “food, water, and medical care.”

All of which brings up an important question. How should Hawaiians be preparing for major disasters, like nuclear war or an EMP? It’s a question that isn’t brought up very often in the prepper community, but it should be. The islands are home to nearly 1.5 million people, most of whom reside on Oahu, a densely populated island that is half the size of Rhode Island.

The people living there would have problems that would be daunting to most preppers living in the mainland. If you were stuck in a major city during an event that destroyed society, you would at least have a chance at escaping on foot. Hawaiians don’t have that option. If they were cut off from the outside world, they would have nowhere to flee to. They would be stuck on an island chain that has to import the vast majority of its food, and pretty much all of its fuel. So Hawaiians need all of the weapons, tools, and supplies that most preppers need, but they need more of it. Here’s a short list of what Hawaiian preppers need to consider:

  • They need to stock up on a lot of food. After a major disaster, it could be much harder for the US government to provide relief efforts to islands that are thousands of miles away from the mainland. That difficulty would be multiplied if Oahu’s harbors were damaged in any way.
  • Fuel would be scarce for the same reasons why food would be hard to come by. Hawaii is pretty much 100% dependent on imported oil. It would be wise for Preppers in this state to buy solar panels and stock up on propane.
  • Water would be another major issue. Hawaiians rely almost entirely on underground aquifers for their water needs, which probably aren’t too easy for most urban dwellers to reach. There are a few rivers, but they aren’t very substantial. While most preppers know that they should have some kind of water filtration device, it would be a good idea for Hawaiian preppers to have a water desalination kit, as well as a rainwater collection system.
  • Anyone with a sailboat would have a huge advantage. They could catch fish, or flee from densely populated places like Oahu, and head toward some of the other islands. Unfortunately, this wouldn’t be a very affordable option for most Hawaiians.
  • Of course, the biggest challenge that most Hawaiians in Oahu would have to worry about is space. Hawaii has the most expensive real estate in any state, so most people don’t have sizeable homes. So while Hawaiians would need to stock up on more supplies than people living in the mainland, they have less space to work with.

Here is a list of 100 items that disappear first in a disaster

In the event of a massive disaster, Hawaii could be cut off from the rest of the world for a very long time. The people there would be left to their own devices in a place that simply cannot sustain their population, and there would be no way for most people to bug out. And to top it all off, most people don’t have enough living space to properly prep for that scenario. It would be a nightmare.

Though most people think of luxury and relaxation when the subject of Hawaii comes up, in reality, the people living there may have the most difficult time preparing for the possibility of social collapse. Maybe that’s why the prepping community doesn’t talk about this state very often.

Joshua Krause was born and raised in the Bay Area. He is a writer and researcher focused on principles of self-sufficiency and liberty at Ready Nutrition. You can follow Joshua’s work at our Facebook page or on his personal Twitter.

Joshua’s website is Strange Danger

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition

Best Cheap Portable Radio For AM/FM

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I’ve had this ‘best’ ‘cheap’ (inexpensive) portable radio for several years and I’ve got to tell you that I still believe it’s the best little AM-FM radio for a survival-preparedness kit. That is if you’re looking for a small little battery operated radio that splits cost versus quality pretty well. UPDATE: There is a newer model of this portable radio since I purchased mine: Sony ICFP26 Sony ICFP26 Portable AM/FM Radio It’s great for hearing news and information about what’s going on during an emergency or disaster. And it’s perfectly fine for just plain old listening. When it comes to

The post Best Cheap Portable Radio For AM/FM appeared first on Modern Survival Blog.

How Zip Ties Can Be Used In A Survival Scenario

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Zip ties help in times of emergencies and are a great addition to any survival kit. Anytime you go out camping or fishing or hiking up the mountains take your survival kit along. Choose ties made of plastic as they are very cheap. These tiny tools will occupy a very small space in your kit … Read more…

The post How Zip Ties Can Be Used In A Survival Scenario was written by Bob Rodgers and appeared first on Prepper’s Will.

5 Things STILL Worth Doing Grandma’s Way (That Is, Without Gadgets!)

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5 Things STILL Worth Doing Grandma’s Way (That Is, Without Gadgets!)

Image source: Pixabay.com

No matter how many fancy little electronic gadgets I get, sometimes there is just no substitute for doing things the way your grandmother did.

I’m not going to bash gadgets in this article. I am a big, big fan of anything that makes my life less complicated. (Yes, I am forever grateful for dishwashers, video doorbells and washing machines).

However, some things just don’t seem to work out as planned once they go electronic. I have found that there are a few things that simply work out better when you do them the old-fashioned way. Yes, it might take a bit more effort, but you will find it is well worth it.

1. Use a real camera.

Of course, having a camera on hand for those spontaneous videos or spur-of-the-moment pictures is a great thing, don’t get me wrong, but gathering the family around a cell phone or tablet to view Christmas photos just doesn’t cut it.

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You don’t have to lug around an $800 camera and a box of lenses. A simple digital camera will do nicely for pictures you know you are going to take, including family photos, Christmas and other holiday photos, birthday parties, etc. Save your cell phone for times when you simply must send a picture of these shoes to your sister to see if they go with her new outfit.

2. Make a real photo album.

Again, there is nothing heartwarming about passing around a cell phone to view Susie’s first birthday party pics. It really is worth the effort to take pictures with a real camera (digital is great) and then order prints of the photos you think are the best. Put those photos (don’t forget to write who is in the photo on the back) in photo albums. When your family gets together, sitting around an album is much nicer than a cell phone. In addition, albums can be passed on to other family members throughout the years. I really cherish the pictures of my parents and grandparents, which would most likely be lost in a computer crash.

3. Keep a paper address book.

I only know three phone numbers now: my husband’s cell, my cell, and our home phone. Why? Because I don’t have to. My cell phone keeps track of all my phone numbers and addresses for me.

However, after losing my cell phone for a few hours one day, I realized that I would only have access to whatever backup I had as far as those names and addresses go. When was the last time you backed up your cell phone? Exactly! And what would we do if we had no way to access even our backup files?

For this reason, I now keep an old-fashioned paper address book in my home. I write in pencil and can make changes as often as needed. If I should lose all my contact information, even if it’s slightly out of date, my paper address book will still be there to help me out.

4. Use a paper calendar.

5 Things STILL Worth Doing Grandma’s Way (That Is, Without Gadgets!)

Image source: Pixabay.com

Phone calendars can be a great thing when you are on the road or away from home, but how many times have you relied on your Google or phone calendar, only to find that you forgot to set the alarm or that you put the appointment for 2 p.m., when it should have been 12 p.m.? It has certainly happened to me.

For this reason, I use a paper wall calendar in my kitchen to write big notes or achievements, as well as a small paper calendar in my purse, in addition to my electronic calendar. When I make an appointment, I write it in my paper calendar in my purse, first. Just a simple “John Dr. 12PM” will do the trick. Once I am home and not so rushed, I add it to my cell phone, then to the wall calendar. This way, my husband doesn’t have to ask me six times when his doctor’s appointment is and I have a backup I can check in an instant if my electronic calendar should fail, or if I should misplace my phone. Again.

5. Paper invitations and/or thank-you notes.

Yes, I’ve heard how e-vites and thank-you notes are all the rage because they are “greener” than using paper, but if you use sustainable paper sources, such as bamboo or hemp, that argument quickly falls by the wayside.

There is nothing more personal or sweet that you can send someone than a handwritten, paper invitation or thank you-note. If someone took the time to go to the store, buy a gift, have it wrapped, and show up at your event, is it too much to ask to write a three line thank-you note?! Invitations and thank-you notes are also great mementos to keep in your scrapbook or photo album.

There are plenty of other old-fashioned things that I like to do, but when it comes to electronic gadgets, I prefer my grandmother’s way to the Apple way.

What would you add to our list? Share your thoughts in the section below:

11 Foods That Unclog Arteries, Fight Heart Disease, And Help You Live Longer

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11 Foods That Unclog Arteries, Fight Heart Disease, And Help You Live Longer

Image source: Pixabay.com

Do you exercise regularly, eat healthy foods, do not smoke nor drink alcohol excessively? If that is you, then congratulations, you are in the 2.7 percent of Americans who live a healthy lifestyle. However, the other 97.3 percent live dangerously, even deadly, lifestyles.

It’s not too late to turn your health around, however, with exercise and the right diet. Eating certain foods can help to literally unclog your arteries, resulting in a major reduction in the risk of heart disease.

To help, here is a list of foods that you should be eating regularly:

1. Asparagus

Asparagus comes in at the top of the list because it’s full of minerals, fiber and vitamins, such as B1, B2, C, E and K which can lower blood pressure and prevent clots from forming. For maximum vitamin potential, try steaming raw asparagus.

2. Broccoli

Broccoli is loaded with vitamin K, which helps prevent calcification and the hardening of arteries. It is also full of antioxidants and fiber, which averts oxidation of LDL cholesterol, normalizes blood pressure, and reduces stress that may cause tears and plaque build-up in arterial walls ─ all leading to severe heart conditions.

3. Avocados

Studies show that a daily consumption of avocados literally results in improved cholesterol levels with a decrease of the bad cholesterol by 22 percent and an increase of good cholesterol by 11 percent.

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Additionally, avocados are full of fiber, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals.

4. Cinnamon

According to studies, adding one teaspoon of ground cinnamon to your food daily will help reduce your high cholesterol levels. Cinnamon can clear plaque from the arteries and prevent further build-up. Moreover, cinnamon is full of antioxidants that improve cardiovascular health by protecting blood from destructive oxidation. A simple way to get a daily dose of cinnamon is to add a teaspoon to your tea or coffee.

5. Chia Seeds

Just two ounces of chia seeds eaten daily contain enough fiber and alpha-linolenic acid to help clear out arteries and maintain a healthy blood pressure. Chia seeds additionally reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol, lowering triglycerides and increasing HDL (good) cholesterol. Moreover, they are full of protein and other essential nutrients.

6. Cranberries

11 Foods That Unclog Arteries, Fight Heart Disease, And Help You Live Longer

Image source: Pixabay.com

Cranberries are another “superfood” that lowers bad cholesterol and raises good cholesterol levels due to its high antioxidant content. In fact, cranberry juice has the highest level of antioxidants, coming in only second to 100 percent black or red grape juice. What’s great about cranberries, though, is that they are essential to urinary tract health, as well.

7. Green tea

Matcha green tea contains high levels of catechins, which are antioxidant phenols contained in plants that hinder the absorption of cholesterol during the ingestion of food. Drinking a cup or two of green tea will improve your blood-lipid levels, help to reduce arterial blockage, and even boost your metabolism.

8. Orange juice

Drinking two cups of 100 percent orange juice will reduce inflammation of the arteries and help to improve blood pressure. Orange juice is high in vitamin C, an antioxidant that prevents oxidation from occurring in the blood stream, keeping arteries clear. Additionally, orange juice improves and maintains a healthy circulatory function, keeping your heart and arteries healthy.

9. Spinach

Studies show that eating one serving each day of folate-rich greens, such as spinach, can reduce homocysteine levels that are a known risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis. In fact, spinach is loaded with potassium, folate and fiber, all of which help to keep arteries clear and reduce blood pressure levels.

10. Turmeric

Curcumin, the primary components of Turmeric, is a potent anti-inflammatory. By adding turmeric to your diet, you can reduce inflammation and damage to arterial walls that are leading causes of plaque build-up and blood clots. Moreover, recent studies show that the high levels of curcumin in Turmeric can benefit in the decrease of fatty deposits in the arteries by up to 25 percent.

11. Flaxseeds

Flaxseeds are a potent source of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). Eating them regularly can reduce inflammation and blood pressure significantly. This helps to keep arteries clear and to improve and maintain overall heart health

 

My EDC: 12 Survival Items I Carry Every Single Day To Stay Safe

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My EDC: 12 Survival Items I Carry Every Single Day To Stay Safe

Image source: Flickr / Creative Commons

Every single adult in the world has an EDC – that is, an everyday carry. An EDC is simply the items that one carries on his or her person each day, particularly when they leave the house.

That being said, not all EDCs are equal. While there is no such thing as a “perfect EDC,” it’s still a good idea to carry around items with you that make you prepared for emergencies or other dangerous situations.

Here is what I carry:

1. WALTHER PPQ M2 9MM (IN GALCO SUMMER COMFORT IWB HOLSTER)

My primary carry pistol is the Walther PPQ M2 9mm, which I usually conceal in a leather Galco Summer Comfort IWB holster on my right hip. The PPQ disappears very nicely underneath a jacket, sweatshirt or even under just a normal T-shirt.

The only modifications I’ve made to my PPQ are replacing with the polymer factory night sights with Meprolight Night Sights and the plastic guide rod with a stainless steel one. I use Independence 115 Grain JHP ammunition.

2. SPARE PPQ MAG (IN GALCO MAG HOLDER)

I always like to have at least one spare magazine for my PPQ with me, which I carry on my left hip in a Galco single mag carrier. During the winter or when I’m wearing a heavier coat or jacket, I’ll carry two spare magazines in a double mag carrier.

3. RUGER LCP II .380 ACP (IN RUGER POCKET HOLSTER)

I believe it’s important to carry a secondary/back-up gun for a number of reasons, and my choice is the Ruger LCP II .380. I carry it in my left front pocket in a neoprene holster that shipped with the gun and that works very well at keeping the pistol secure in the pocket. The LCP II is very light and small, so I usually don’t even notice it on me.

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Note: I specifically chose to carry the LCP II in my left pocket rather than my right so I can access a pistol with either hand.

4. BUCK KNIVES REDPOINT KNIFE

My defensive knife is the Buck Knives Redpoint Knife. It’s a manual assisted model with a very ergonomic grip with a sharp serrated blade, and also comes with a window breaker and seatbelt cutter on the opposite side. I keep the Redpoint clipped into my right front pocket.

I’ve practiced with it extensively and am able to pull it out and flip open the blade very quickly despite the fact that you should manually do so rather than just push a switch.

5. SWISS ARMY KNIFE

I also carry a Swiss Army-style knife for utilitarian purposes in my right front pocket. Mine comes with a knife blade, scissors, screwdriver, corkscrew and two saw blades.

6. SCHRADE TACTICAL PEN

Image source: KnifeCenter.com

I keep a Schrade Tactical Pen clipped to my left back pocket, and while I normally use it for simply writing on paper, if I had to I could use it for defense, as well. Tactical pens really do deserve more credit than they receive; the pointed edge could easily puncture holes in an opponent with enough force.

7. CREE ULTRAFIRE FLASHLIGHT

In my right front pocket I also keep a Cree Ultrafire Flashlight. It comes with three different lighting modes (bright, low and strobe).

8. CHAP STICK

Not only do I hate chapped lips, but I also carry chap stick for the fact that it’s very flammable and could come in handy in a survival situation.

9. HAND SANITIZER

On days where I have a jacket or sweatshirt on me, I’ll carry a small bottle of hand sanitizer in one of the jacket pockets for both sanitation purposes and the fact that it’s very flammable should I need to get a fire going in a survival situation.

10. WALLET

Pretty standard, but in my back right pocket I carry a leather wallet with my various licenses, cards and cash. I try to keep cash on me at all times.

11. SMARTPHONE

My current phone is the iPhone 6S. I believe carrying a phone is critical for several reasons, the most important being to get in touch with your family members during a crisis.

12. KEYS

Last but not least, I carry my keys in my front right pocket. Not only do I need my keys to get into my car and my house, but you could also use them defensively by putting a key in between your fingers.

What is in your EDC? Share your list in the section below:

The Low-Maintenance Secret To A Weed-Free Garden

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The Low-Maintenance Secret To A Weed-Free Garden

Image source: Pixabay.com

If you ask a representative sample of gardeners what they least enjoy doing in the garden, you’re likely to get the same answer from most of them: weeding. In my own experience as a low-maintenance landscape designer and professional gardener, I can tell you that it doesn’t have to be this way.

Gardening shouldn’t be about slogging away day after day trying to kill the multi headed-hydras of the plant world. Weeding is by and large unnecessary if your garden is designed well, and although getting to the point of a nearly weed-free garden is an art and science in itself, sheet mulching for weed control is a good place to start.

Sheet mulching, or lasagna gardening as it’s also called, is a technique for smothering and permanently killing weeds in existing garden beds, building soil fertility and organic matter, and starting new garden beds. The basic idea is to create rich soil on the spot through compost building using alternating layers of carbon and nitrogen rich materials (see below). Now that you know the basics, let’s get down to the steps involved:

Step 1: Collect materials

To increase decomposition speed and create balanced compost during a regular composting process, it is recommended that you aim for a carbon-to-nitrogen ratio of about 30 to 1 in the materials used. When sheet mulching, it’s fine if that ratio is a little off, but it’s still a good idea to shoot for a ratio somewhere between 30 to 1 and 100 to 1.

This New All-Natural Fertilizer Doubles Garden Production!

The Low-Maintenance Secret To A Weed-Free Garden

Image source: Pixabay.com

Four to eight yards of mulch will be needed for about 100 to 200 feet square, which is about 6 to 10 bales of very rotten hay or seedless straw, for example. Ideas for materials: Nitrogen-rich materials include things like kitchen scraps and manure, while carbon rich materials include things like leaves, sawdust, cardboard, small branches and wood chips. A good base layer of cardboard can often be acquired from farm supply, appliance or bike stores.

Step 2: Water the soil
The evening or day before your sheet mulching project, water the soil at the site if the ground is not already moist. This helps kickstart microorganisms and will make it easier to ensure the bottom of your pile starts off moist.

Step 3: Cut existing vegetation

Simply cut the area to make putting down your layers easier and leave the debris where it is.

Step 4: Add soil amendments

To create a rich soil add organic fertilizers like greensand, seaweed powder, rock dust and other amendments directly to the existing soil. You might also consider doing a pH test and amending based on pH. For example, overly acidic soil can be amended with lime while overly alkaline soil can be amended with sulfur or gypsum.

Step 5: Break up compaction

Use a spading fork or broad fork to break up and loosen the soil and work in your amendments. This brings oxygen into the soil and helps prepare it for better water and root infiltration. Avoid mixing soil layers, which is bad for the soil ecology.

Step 6: First layer

The first layer is a nitrogen rich layer such as compost, composted manure or livestock bedding (or non-composted things like manure or restaurant kitchen scraps if you’ll be giving it a few months before using the bed). Moisten this first layer, but do not make it soggy.

Step 7: Smothering layer

The second layer is your smothering layer, usually a layer of cardboard or newspaper. I recommend cardboard, which is fairly easy to find and creates a thicker layer more easily. The bigger the pieces you can get, the better. The smothering layer pieces should overlap by at least 6 inches, if not a full foot, and it should be 1/8 of an inch thick. Water the material to keep it from blowing away and avoid walking on it so it doesn’t tear.

Step 8: Nitrogen layer 2

Self-explanatory: another layer similar to the first.

Step 9: Bulk carbon

Now it’s time to add a thick layer (8 to 12 inches) of carbon material such as weed-free straw or rotted hay. If you only have potentially seedy mulch, you can still use it, but in that case it’s important to add further layers on top to ensure the seeds rot rather than germinate. You can also sprinkle in seaweed powder or other nitrogen-rich material here, and water every few inches to dampen.

Step 10: Repeat

Continue adding layers as deep as you like.

Step 11: Compost layer

When you get to your second last layer, it’s time to add at least a couple of inches of compost, or several inches of compostable materials if you will be letting it compost on the spot for a few months prior to planting. This will be your seeding or planting medium.

Step 12: Final layer

The Low-Maintenance Secret To A Weed-Free Garden

Image source: Pixabay.com

Finish it off with at least 3-6 inches of mulch that is completely weed- (and root-) free. Wood chips are great for this layer if possible since they last longer before decomposing. Leaves, rotted hay or seedless straw also will work.

Step 13: Plant

To plant seeds, separate the mulch aside into your desired planting patterns and plant away, leaving the mulch where you don’t plant. Sprinkle a small amount of mulch on top of the seed areas to prevent evaporation and increase seed germination. For plants, make sure to plant into the soil, and tuck the mulch right up to the plant once planted.

That’s all there is to creating low-maintenance, nutrient-rich, moisture-retaining garden beds. It might be a little more work to start, but it is more than worth it once you experience the freedom of a (mostly) weed-free garden full of healthy, disease-free plants. Even the few weeds that do manage to poke their way through or germinate among your plants will be easy to pull since the soil will be loose and moist (as long as you do double-reach, no-walk beds to avoid compaction). At this point, all you have to do is add more mulch each year, or gradually replace it with living mulches to maintain an even lower maintenance, weed-free garden.

Do you have any experience with sheet mulching or other time-saving methods for new garden bed creation? Please share your own experience and comments

Surviving a CME with Vannetta Chapman

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My baby girl was born yesterday and I love her more than I ever could have imagined. Thank you so much to everyone for your prayers and support!

 

Christian Author Vannetta Chapman joins us today to talk about surviving a CME. Get a free Kindle edition copy of her Remnant Series Prequel Overshadowed.

Since the EMP, Danny Walker’s compound has survived waves of violence and the death of many key members. When Danny gets an unexpected piece of news, he pledges to put an end to the persistent threat in Charlotte. He will kill Regent Schlusser and shut down his consortium of depravity, or he will die trying. Get your copy of Seven Cows, Ugly and Gaunt; Book Four: Vengeance today!

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I use JM Bullion because they have the lowest over-spot price of any dealer I have found for silver and gold bullion. JM Bullion now offers free shipping on every order!

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Trading Post in the Woods is ran by veteran crisis responders who know how important it is to be prepared. They specialize in comprehensive natural survival remedy kits, preparedness and homesteading supplies as well as skills training. Visit them online today at TradingPostInTheWoods.com.

Ready Made Resources is a trusted name in the prepper community, because they’ve been around for 18 years. They offer great prices on Night Vision, water filtration, long term storage food, solar energy components and provide free technical service. Get ready for an uncertain future at ReadyMadeResources.com!

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CampingSurvival.com has all of your preparedness needs including; bug out bags, long term food storage, water filters, gas masks, and first aid kits. Use coupon code PREPPERRECON to get 5% off your entire order at Camping Survival.

 

The post Surviving a CME with Vannetta Chapman appeared first on Prepper Recon.

Craigslist

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Ah Craigslist…how I hate thee. Full of severely weird people selling $20 yard sale items for $100 because they aren’t classy enough to have an eBay account.

But…once in a while…..

Picked up a few of these that were only a couple years old for $50/ea. Got ’em on the charger now.  (By the by, I’ve been very pleased with the Schumacher brand of chargers.)

This is part of a small project I’ve been wanting to do. I want to have a small battery bank that I can use for running emergency lighting and communications equipment. Doesn’t have to be terribly fancy, but it does need to be fairly simple and reliable. We’ll see how it goes.

Craigslist

Ah Craigslist…how I hate thee. Full of severely weird people selling $20 yard sale items for $100 because they aren’t classy enough to have an eBay account.

But…once in a while…..

Picked up a few of these that were only a couple years old for $50/ea. Got ’em on the charger now.  (By the by, I’ve been very pleased with the Schumacher brand of chargers.)

This is part of a small project I’ve been wanting to do. I want to have a small battery bank that I can use for running emergency lighting and communications equipment. Doesn’t have to be terribly fancy, but it does need to be fairly simple and reliable. We’ll see how it goes.

Natural Solutions for heartburn and acid reflux

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Herbal and Natural Solutions for Heartburn and Reflux

Heartburn and Reflux is due to the “LACK” of acids in the stomach needed for proper digestion as a result a vapor is emanated throughout the esophageal airway thus allowing the food gases to escape. as a result a burning sensation is felt on the GI track and the esophagus areas.
Tip: try taking a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar and watch how fast it goes away. in some cases reported almost instant like. This is because you are replenishing the necessary acids need for proper digestion the the intestinal tract.  however other herbs are also good for heartburn and achieve similar results through the herbs enzymes. Enzymes are a natural decomposition tool and help not only digest the food but certain demuculant herbs such as marshmallow root are used to coat the sore areas and accelerate the calming of irritation(s) from the original heartburn and or reflux attack(s).
A few good herbs to help are:
Tinctures / Extracts:
  • Marshmallow Root tincture: (glycerine based)
  • Wild Cherry Bark : (glycerine based)
  • Licorice Root: (glycerine based)

Teas:
A cool Mint tea, Spearmint, peppermint, and even Basil. will help with Acid reflux Mints are also mild antispasmodics otherwise know at times as calmatives.
Tonic:
Take t tablespoon of apple cider vinegar  then drink 6 oz. warm (not hot) water to wash it down. or drink the apple cider tonic 
Apple Cider tonic Recipe:
2 tablespoons of apple Cider Vinegar
2 tablespoons of honey
in 12 ounces of warm filtered water.
Directions: Mix well until all ingredients are completely dissolved.

Similar to Morphine: Natural Painkiller in Your Backyard

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Recently I read an article about the medicinal benefits of lactuca virosa, otherwise known as wild lettuce. I found it very interesting because I’ve seen it growing in my neighborhood. Lots of it, in fact. I remember learning that it has effects similar to opium, but since there are other ways to ease pain, I […]

The post Similar to Morphine: Natural Painkiller in Your Backyard appeared first on Urban Survival Site.

Video: 10 Critical Principles of Tourniquet Use

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Video: 10 Critical Principles of Tourniquet Use

SOF-T Tourniquet

In this video, Nurse Amy steps in front of the camera to discuss important principles with regards to tourniquet use to stop massive hemorrhage.  Besides the imperative to apply pressure to stop the bleeding, Amy discusses the concept of pressure loss, the length of time the tourniquet should be placed, and when to transition the tourniquet to a pressure dressing with hemostatic agents. Nurse Amy (an advanced registered nurse practitioner) gives you strategies that will help prevent rebleeds, and other factors that make tourniquet use appropriate and generally safe.

To watch, click below:

Wishing you the best of health in good times or bad,

 

Amy and Joe Alton

Amy Alton ARNP

Find out more about stopping hemorrhage and 150 other medical topics in the survival mindset with the 700 page Third Edition of the Survival Medicine Handbook: The Essential Guide for When Medical Help is Not on the Way. And don’t forget to fill those holes in your medical supplies by checking out Nurse Amy’s entire line of kits and supplies at store.doomandbloom.net!

Over 400 Amazing Meals In A Jar Recipes

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Over 400 Amazing Meals In A Jar Recipes Whether you are trying to save money for a better future, or canning and saving food for a time when money is tight, I pretty much can guarantee you can find some awesome recipes in this HUGE list of recipes. There are a lot of different kinds of recipes to choose from, they are all in alphabetical order so don’t be discouraged if all you see are desserts. There are plenty of breakfasts, dinners and desserts in this list. If you have any other recipes you would like to see on here

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Mid-Summer Garden Photos – It’s Harvest Time In Full Color

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Mid-Summer Garden Photos from Old World Garden Farms. Summertime is here, and that means our Raised Row Garden is bursting at the seams with fresh produce!  From fresh cabbage to cauliflower, cucumbers, onions, green peppers, beans, tomatoes and more, it

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Survival Stockpile: Top Foods To Preserve by Region

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While it’s true that you can get just about anything to grow anywhere in the right conditions, those conditions sometimes have to be contrived to the point that it’s impossible for the average person to pull off.

Fortunately, these types of crops are rare. My goal for this article is to make a list of top foods to preserve by region.

Know that with just a few exceptions, you can  probably grow pretty much whatever you want as long as you make allowances for growth periods and temperatures.

Some things though, you’ll have to just have to break down and buy if you don’t live in say, a tropical area.

For instance, I live in Florida, so I can grow an orange, lemon, lime, grapefruit or banana tree right in my backyard. Same thing with pineapples and sugarcane. Tomatoes, cucumbers, and watermelon grow well here, too because of the soil and the practically year-round growing season.

That’s not the case in most of the rest of the country, with the exception of California (and even they don’t have sugarcane).

On the other hand, if I want a really good apple or peach, I have to pay $2.99/pound for them because Florida is just too hot, too sandy, and pretty much too everything that an apple or peach tree won’t grow in.

Each region has foods that grow particularly well, as well as unique needs that may need to be met in order to allow for long enough growth cycles. That’s what we’re going to talk about today.

Food to Grow by State

First, I’ll share a list that I found from the USDA Economic Research Service. These list the top grown commercial agricultural products, including meat and grains, so that you get an idea of what conditions you may need if you want to grow a particular crop. They only list a few per state, but it’s a start.

I also went through and added other crops that I found in my research, since this was just a sample of exports, not foods that grow particularly well in the state.

Alabama: poultry, cattle, eggs, peanuts
Alaska: greenhouse plants, hay, potatoes
Arizona: dairy, cattle, greenhouse plants, lettuce, barley
Arkansas: poultry, rice, soybeans
California: dairy, greenhouse plants, grapes, citrus, tomatoes
Colorado: cattle, dairy, corn, potatoes
Connecticut: greenhouse plants, dairy, eggs, apples, berries
Delaware: poultry, corn, soybeans, watermelon
Florida: greenhouse plants, oranges, tomatoes
Georgia: poultry, eggs, cotton, peaches, peanuts, blueberries
Hawaii: greenhouse plants, sugarcane, macadamia nuts, pineapples
Idaho: dairy, cattle, potatoes
Illinois: corn, soybeans, hogs, pumpkins
Indiana: corn, soybeans, hogs, tomatoes
Iowa: corn, soybeans, hogs, green peas
Kansas: cattle, wheat, corn, sandhill plums
Kentucky: horses, poultry, corn, watermelon
Louisiana: rice, corn, sugarcane, peppers, tomatoes
Maine: potatoes, dairy, eggs, blueberries
Maryland: poultry, greenhouse plants, corn, watermelon
Massachusetts: greenhouse plants, cranberries, diary
Michigan: dairy, corn, soybeans, cherries
Minnesota: corn, soybeans, hogs, Honeycrisp apples, potatoes, peas
Mississippi: poultry, soybeans, corn, sweet potatoes
Missouri: soybeans, corn, cattle, watermelon
Montana: wheat, cattle, barley, dry peas
Nebraska: cattle, corn, soybeans, dry beans
Nevada: cattle, hay, dairy, potatoes
New Hampshire: greenhouse plants, dairy, apples
New Jersey: greenhouse plants, horses/mules, blueberries, apples
New Mexico: dairy, cattle, hay, chili peppers, pecans
New York: dairy, greenhouse plants, corn, apples
North Carolina: poultry, hogs, greenhouse plants, sweet potatoes
North Dakota: wheat, soybeans, corn, dry beans
Ohio: corn, soybeans, dairy, apples
Oklahoma: cattle, wheat, hogs, peanuts
Oregon: greenhouse plants, cattle, dairy, pears
Pennsylvania: dairy, cattle, eggs, apples, mushrooms
Rhode Island: greenhouse plants, dairy, corn, apples
South Carolina: poultry, greenhouse plants, turkeys, peaches
South Dakota: corn, cattle, soybeans, oats
Tennessee: cattle, poultry, soybeans, snap peas
Texas: cattle, cotton, dairy, rice
Utah: dairy, cattle, hay, cherries, peaches, apples, apricots
Vermont: dairy, cattle, greenhouse plants, maple syrup
Virginia: poultry, cattle, dairy, tomatoes
Washington: apples, dairy, wheat
West Virginia: poultry, cattle, turkeys, apples, maple syrup, ramps, mushrooms
Wisconsin: dairy, corn, cattle, cranberries
Wyoming: cattle, hay, hogs, dry beans

Now, it may be good to find out what conditions certain common crops like, so that you can either choose ones that are best for your area, or make some tweaks in soil, or indoor starts in order to grow what you want.

If you live in a cold area, a greenhouse is always a great option to expand your growing options, and there are some great options for underground greenhouses that are absolutely amazing. I fully intend to have one if I ever move back north.

Growing Basic Food You Need in Your Stockpile

Apples

Apples need a temperate climate with a cold snap in the spring to get nice blooms, but if it frosts after the tree blooms, it likely won’t fruit.

The Honeycrisp apple is an exception; it was developed by the University of Minnesota specifically for growing in cold climates.

Lettuce

Lettuce loves hot climates with lots of sun but you can grow it pretty much anywhere as long as it hits seventy degrees or so.

Leaf lettuce grows quickly – within a few weeks – so you can have fresh lettuce all spring, summer, and fall as long as it doesn’t frost. And you can grow it indoors too, in a window.

Tomatoes and Peppers

They enjoy similar growing conditions. They like the soil a combination of loamy and sandy and it needs to drain well, but hold a little water.

They also need full sun unless you live in a crazy hot place like I do, then they only need about a half-day of sun. They need 3-4 months of warm weather to produce their best.

Potatoes

They are one of the easiest crops to grow, and you can store them as-is for a few months if you have a cool, dry place such as a cellar to do it in. They’re a cool-weather crop and grow best in the northern states, though you can grow them anywhere you want.

They need fertile, well-drained soil that’s loose and slightly acidic (pH 5.8-6.5). If the soil is hard, the potatoes will look deformed. Some people actually grow them in straw instead of planting them!

Beans

Beans are a warm-weather crop, and it’s good to start a few new plants every ten days or so in the spring to ensure beans all summer. Direct sow them into the garden 1-2 weeks after the last frost when the soil is at least 60 degrees.

Start them indoors 2-3 weeks before transplanting. Bush beans are ready in 45-60 (frost-free) days and pole beans mature in 60-85 (frost-free) days. Optimal soil temp is 70-80 degrees F and the like he soil to be just a touch acidic.

Fava Beans

These are the exceptional bean that likes cool weather; as a matter of fact, they don’t grow well in temps over 80 degrees, and their ideal temp is 60-65 degrees. They can withstand a low of 40 and a high of 75, so don’t plant them in the summer if you live in a hot area that exceeds these temperatures.

In areas that experience all 4 seasons, start them in the early spring just as the soil’s starting to thaw. What may be best about them is that they are fabulous for the soil, as ground plants, or “green” manure.

Cucumbers and Squash

They are warm weather plants. Some sites even call them tropical because they like the heat so well, especially cucumbers. The have a short growing season and need full sun.

Unlike tomatoes, they can take the sun all day and grow best in 70-90 degree soil and even a light frost will kill them. They like the soil a little acidic – 6-6.8 pH and can go as far alkaline as 7.6. Anything more alkaline than that isn’t good. They like the soil moist but not wet.

I grew cukes and squash both in WV, which has a moderate climate, and we always had great crops. We covered the garden in black plastic to help warm the soil sooner, and always had wonderful … well … everything.

Corn

Corn is another crop that will grow just about anywhere in the United States. It does need a longer frost-free growing season, but again, we grew it just fine in WV, where the last frost is in April-ish and the first can be as early as October.

Soil temps need to be at least 60 degrees when you plant them, and it needs to stay above 60 for the duration.

Since it has shallow roots, make sure that it has plenty of water when the weather is warm. It’s a heavy feeder and needs nutrient-rich soil, especially nitrogen, so use good compost and, if you practice partner planting, plant it with beans.

Beets

Beets are a great cool-weather crop. They don’t do well in heat at all, which sucks for me now because I love them – especially pickled. And they’re crazy good for you – they’re considered a “superfood” because of all of the antioxidants in them.

However, They like it cold. They also need deep, well-drained, loose soil so that the beet can grow properly, since it’s a root veggie like a carrot.

Plant them in early spring and late fall. They only need about 65 days to mature, and you can plant them as soon as the soil hits 40 degrees.

Now that you have a general idea of what conditions most of the major crops need, you can plan your garden and make the tweaks to your soil that you may need in order to grow most everything that you want.

Did I miss anything, or do you have any other good tips to share? If so, please do so in the comments section below.

This article has been written by Theresa Crouse for Survivopedia.

Hitting the wall

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PB and I have lived off grid for nearly 10 years now, by Christmas this year it will be 10 years. Have you ever done something for so long that you grow tired of it? I will admit, I have hit the off grid fatigue wall… I don’t mind living off grid, I love having few monthly bills, I love being more independent, and I know that I am able to go longer than most at living this way. I hear the comments, usually second hand, wondering how I can stand to live like I do, I suppose they mean living in a more primitive manner, dealing with our own waste (human and otherwise), LOL if they only knew 🙂

Actually, when I think about it, I’m pretty satisfied with how I live, I couldn’t imagine living any other way, in spite of the fact that I occasionally hit that wall, it just makes me stop and think about just how fortunate I truly am, I am living my dream, even if that dream wakes me up from time to time to review and revise what is going on.

I know that one thing that is bothering me right now, we are in the beginnings of our rainy season. We go most of the year with minimal rain, until about mid July, then we get rain, a lot of rain, often on a daily basis. The SkyCastle is pretty well built, it’s sturdy, but since we used quite a bit of recycled (read:used) materials, some parts of it aren’t as “comfortable” as it could be, the roof is one of those things.

We leak, when we get hard rains, sideways rains, hail and the such, we have a few areas that leak inside the house. The roof is made from lots of other people’s castoff metal sheets, a neighbor would be tearing down a shed or other building, or maybe they were re-roofing their home, we would end up with the used materials, it was good for everyone involved, they didn’t have to take the scrap material to a landfill that is FAR away from here, and we got free material to build with. So there are lots of mismatched pieces of metal, different sorts of panels and all of them came with holes from previous use.

It has been something we have lived with and dealt with for many years, since we don’t get a lot of rain for most of the year, it’s pretty easy to ignore it and deal with it when we do get our rains. This year, it’s starting to bother me more. This evening, PB and I sat on the 3rd floor deck, watching the sun go down and swatting mosquitoes. I asked him to work up a plan along with cost estimates for material to re-roof the main part of the SkyCastle, that consists of the living room/kitchen, bedroom and shower area. We also want to build a deck space up there that covers most of the roof, that would give us more outdoor space for us to enjoy and to entertain our friends & family. It would also give some extra thermal protection during the hot part of the summer, which is already over with BTW, can’t complain much about that, except that it lasts about 1-2 months and does get hot, just not humid, it’s bearable, but the extra shade created by another layer (the deck) on the roof would make it even better.

There are a few other things that are causing me to feel like I’m hitting a wall, I will even admit that I briefly considered getting a power pole planted on our property (gasp!!!). Only as a backup, for when the batteries don’t get enough of a charge, for when PB wants/needs to use tools and equipment that require more power than we can generate, but that thought was brief and is fading away. For the cost of getting power on our property, I could easily buy and install a bigger solar system, it was honestly just one of those poor pitiful me moments, we all have those right? Well, I’m getting over that, not to worry, I am not actually going to do it. I only write this to you to be honest, it’s not all roses and unicorns living off grid. We have lasted this long and will continue to push ahead.

I’ll let you know what PB comes up with about the roof, hopefully before next summer (and then rainy season) we will have a spiffy new roof and a party deck for entertaining.

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Five Survival Lessons We’ve Learned From Natural Calamities!

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Five Survival Lessons We’ve Learned From Natural Calamities Since the dawn of man, there have been countless natural disasters responsible for taking innocent lives and causing quite a bit of both material and emotional damage. Fortunately, since technology is so advanced nowadays, we are much better equipped to deal with this kind of scenario than … Continue reading Five Survival Lessons We’ve Learned From Natural Calamities!

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A Republic, If You Can Keep It

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A Republic, If You Can Keep It

“But between a balanced republic and a democracy, the difference is like that between order and chaos.”

—John Marshall, Life of Washington (1805)

“At no time, at no place, in solemn convention assembled, through no chosen agents, have the American people ever proclaimed the United States to be a democracy.”      

—Charles and Mary Beard, America in Midpassage (1939)

Republics and Democracies

At the close of the Constitutional Convention, a Mrs. Powell of Philadelphia walked up to Dr. Franklin to get the inside scoop on what the Convention had finally produced.  “Well, Doctor,” she asked, “what have we got, a republic or a monarchy?”  Without a blink, Franklin replied, “A republic, if you can keep it.”  A republic, he said.  Not a democracy.

The word republic comes from two Latin words:  res publica—literally, the “things public.”  That doesn’t tell us much on the surface.  It isn’t as descriptive as democracy, which means “the rule of the people.”  But in the history of the West, and especially in political history … republics and the republican tradition have been associated with the way Rome governed itself for a period of time on the way to empire.  The Roman republic operated in terms of political representation, and it assumed the existence of some moral and legal standards that every citizen was supposed to assume and acknowledge.

Democracies, on the other hand, have their prototypes in ancient Greece, particularly Athens, during those brief times when tyrants weren’t in charge.  Democracies involve the direct political participation of all the citizens.  (In Athens, this was usually less than 15 percent of the population and was usually adult males.)  All the citizens come together in one place, debate the issues at hand, and then vote.  Anything over 50 percent supposedly settled the matter.

Turn Drive Time Into Fun-Filled, History Time With Your Kids!

Our Founding Fathers, however, understood political democracy and opposed it fiercely.  For example, James Madison wrote that democracies “have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have ever been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of property; and have in general been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their deaths” (Federalist #10).

In the Constitutional Convention, Alexander Hamilton said, “The voice of the people has been said to be the voice of God; and however generally this maxim has been quoted and believed, it is not true in fact.  The people are turbulent and changing; they seldom judge or determine right.”  In a letter to John Taylor in 1814, John Adams wrote, “Remember democracy never lasts long.  It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself.  There never was a democracy yet, that did not commit suicide.”

And then there’s Edmund Randolph, in describing his vision for a senate, said that this house of Congress ought “to provide a cure for the evils under which the U. S. labored; that in tracing these evils to their origin every man had found it in the turbulence and follies of democracy. . . .”

Finally, Fisher Ames, Federalism’s most eloquent spokesmen, wrote: “Liberty has never yet lasted long in a democracy; nor has it ever ended in anything better than despotism.” Without question, the Founders believed that to hand “the majority” political sovereignty was to invite legalized theft, chaos and ultimately tyranny.

Safe for Democracy?

And yet today, most Americans think this nation is a democracy.  What happened?  When did this shift come, and why?

It’s much easier to narrow down the when than to prove the why.  The when lies mostly in the first two decades of the 20th Century.  Though the words democracy and democratic had certainly been tossed about before and after the Civil War … no one with any political authority ever labeled the new republic …  a democracy. Nope.

Heirloom Audio: Putting God Back Into History!

A Republic, If You Can Keep ItThe first blatant attempt to slap that label on the United States came from President Woodrow Wilson in his call for a declaration of war against Imperial Germany (April 2, 1917).  In arguing his case before the Senate, Wilson gave us the immortal words, “The world must be made safe for democracy.”  And as he moved toward the conclusion of his speech, he said further, “And we shall fight for the things which we have always carried nearest our hearts … for democracy … and for the right of those who submit to authority to have a voice in their own governments.” Wilson seems to give “democracy” an even warmer meaning than the Greeks did, but he also rewrote American history and tradition in the process.

But there’s more.  In the middle of his speech, Wilson makes reference to Russia, a faithful ally of Great Britain and France in prosecuting the War:

Does not every American feel that assurance has been added to our hope for the future peace of the world by the wonderful and heartening things that have been happening within the last few weeks in Russia?

What was happening was a murderous revolution that had led to the abdication of the czar.  The Provisional Government (that’s what it was called) was clearly less imperial, but it was heavily influenced by Marxist factions.  Wilson goes on:

Russia was known by those who knew it best to have been always in fact democratic at heart, in all the vital habits of her thought, in all the intimate relationships of her people that spoke their natural instinct, their habitual attitude toward life. The autocracy that crowned the summit of her political structure, long as it had stood and terrible as was the reality of its power, was not in fact Russian in origin, character, or purpose; and now it has been shaken off and the great, generous Russian people have been added in all their naive majesty and might to the forces that are fighting for freedom in the world, for justice, and for peace.

Seriously? In this speech, Wilson completely reinvents the psyche, character, and history of the Russian people.  He also lied about what was happening in Russia in 1917.  And he had every reason to know the truth.  A few days before his call for war, Wilson had authorized an American passport for the Marxist revolutionary Leon Trotsky.  It’s true: Wilson signed off on Trotsky’s plan to return to Russia and turn the Provisional Government into a Marxist dictatorship.  So much for democracy. So much for Wilson.

The War Department on Democracy

Another snapshot of an attempt to shape America into a democracy comes from documents published by the War Department.  In 1928, the War Department’s U. S. Army Training Manual defined democracy like this:

A government of the masses. Authority derived through mass meeting or any other form of “direct expression.” Results in mobocracy. Attitude toward property is communistic — negating property rights. Attitude of the law is that the will of the majority shall regulate, whether it be based upon deliberation or governed by passion, prejudice, and impulse, without restraint or regard to consequences. Results in demagogism, license, agitation, discontent, anarchy.

But within a few years, there was a call in the Senate to change the manual completely. In fact, by 1952 the U.S. Army was pushing new definitions and a new philosophy of government.  Field Manual 21-13, “The Soldier’s Guide,” says:

Meaning of democracy. Because the United States is a democracy, the majority of the people decide how our government will be organized and run – and that includes the Army, Navy, and Air Force. The people do this by electing representatives, and these men and women then carry out the wishes of the people.

Conclusion

The move to the Left was rapid, less than 25 years, at least on paper.  And it was accomplished with intention and malice aforethought.  Next time we’ll consider why.

For Further Reading:

Gary DeMar, God and Government, A Biblical and Historical Study, Vol. 1 (Atlanta, GA:  American Vision, Inc., 1997).

John F. McManus, “A Republic, if You Can Keep It,” The New American, 6 Nov 2000.

Off-grid 5 acres well underway, looking for s.t.o. like minded partners!

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Service-to-other oriented, looking for the same, for an off-grid 5 acre project.  Like minded people only!  No statists, pedos, service to self entities, or nut-jobs (including SJWs).

I purchased 5 acres in 2011 of solid bush.  Since then I have cleared the land, built a driveway and yard site, garden areas, horse pasture, and installed a cistern.  I have also built a cabin which is not yet complete.

The property is 1km from the 7th largest lake in BC, and only 2 hours from prime guide-outfitter territory.  So far I have done almost everything myself, and I am getting burnt out. 

I have a new band-saw mill here, and have saved all the logs from clearing.  Many of them have been sitting to long and are only suitable for firewood now, but there are yet many good, solid logs to be milled.  There is room here for multiple dwellings, and no building permits are required here. 

Interested parties my contact me via email at montyjones@gmail.com.  Send a brief bio, some pictures, why you would want to move out here, and what you expect in return. 

Regards,

Monty Jones.

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Hot Enough For Ya? Tips For Staying Cool When It’s Hotter Than Hell Outside

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This is an excerpt from my book, Survival Mom: How to Prepare Your Family for Everyday Disasters and Worst Case Scenarios.

One of the most critical uses of electricity is staying cool in very hot weather. Our bodies can become quickly overheated, with young children and the elderly being most susceptible. I was in Chicago during one of its worst heat waves in 1995. Employees of the Hyatt Hotel where I was staying had to stand on the roof and hose down giant air-conditioning units with water in order to keep them running. In a matter of days, more than 700 people died because of this heat wave.

How did our ancestors survive, then, without air conditioning? I’ve spent my entire life in the American Southwest, and as you might expect, I have a few tricks up my sleeve when it comes to staying cool:
1. Keep spray bottles of water around and spritz faces and wrists to stay cool.
2. In the earliest morning hours, open windows to let in all that cool air. Be sure to close them again, along with all blinds and curtains, once the day begins to heat up.
3. Just before bedtime, spray bed sheets with plenty of water, aim a battery-powered fan toward your side of the bed, jump in, and go to sleep, quickly!
4. Wear bathing suits around the house.
5. If you’ll be outside, wet a bandanna, place a few ice cubes down the center, diagonally, roll it up, and tie it around your neck.
6. Check doors and windows for incoming warm air and install weather-stripping if necessary. This will do double duty in the winter, when cold air is the enemy. Duct tape can substitute for weatherstripping if you’re desperate.
7. Check the western exposure of your home. If you have windows that face west, check into inexpensive blinds from Home Depot or Lowe’s. Even aluminum foil taped over your windows (gasp!) can help keep your home cooler.
8. If you need to do outside chores, do them in the morning when the sun rises or even earlier.

9. If you must, douse your naked body with water and stand in front of a battery-operated fan. Stock up on these fans and make sure you have plenty of batteries—and please close the blinds!
10. Take a slightly warm bath, as long as there is water in the hot water heater. It will lower your body temperature, making you feel cooler longer once you get out of the tub.

11. Drink those 8 glasses of water per day.
12. Plant fast-growing shade trees, particularly on the west side of your home. If they provide shade for outside windows, so much the better. Shade = cool.
13. Most of the hot air that enters your home comes through the windows. Thermal curtains may be the solution if your home has lots of windows. If that’s not an option, try using pushpins to hang blankets over each window.
14. If you long to be outdoors, fill a kiddie pool with water, sit down, and relax. Be sure to wear sunscreen! When the water gets too warm to enjoy, use it to water the plants.
15. Don’t overexert yourself. Avoid working up a sweat, if possible. Save physical labor for the cooler parts of the day. Take a lesson from desert animals: They rest in the shade or underground during the day and come out at night.
16. Fill a tub with a few inches of water and dangle your feet in it while you read a book.

TIP- because water is so essential when it is hot, make sure you have plenty on hand. Please read about the various ways to store water.

My friend, Debbie, is a fanatic about keeping her electric bills as low as possible in the summer and she follows many of the tips above. Right around lunchtime, when the most intense heat is on its way, she and her kids head for cooler locations: the public library, movie theater, mall, a friend’s house, public swimming pool, etc.

Be aware of the signs of heatstroke:

  • Strong, rapid pulse
  • Elevated body temperature
  • Excessive thirst
  • Hot, dry skin
  • Dilated pupils
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headaches
  • Confusion
  • Seizures

Stay cool!

TIP- along with learning about the signs of heatstroke, consider a first aid/cpr class. Read about the Survival Mom’s experience taking a first aid class with her family.

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Best Manual Grain Mills for Milling at Home

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Grain stores much longer than flour, so its natural for many preppers to prefer to stock up on years worth of grain over the flour itself. By doing this, you also save a pretty penny. But, when SHTF and it is time to open up your five-gallon buckets of grain, you aren’t ready to cook.. . . Read More

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Want Information? The Round Table Grand Slam!

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Want Information? The Round Table Grand Slam! Have you ever felt unsure, will it work kind of unsure? You’ve spent a lot of time and preparation putting this one together and the variables that could cause a major malfunction are many. Check the list and recheck, what was missed? When you’re all done you give … Continue reading Want Information? The Round Table Grand Slam!

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Prep Blog Review: Let’s Go Wild And Test Our Skills

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Did you take any advantage of the summer days and tested your wilderness survival skills? Hunting, hiking, reading nature’s signs, building shelters and learning how to start a fire – they are all perfect to prepare you and sharpen your survival skills and senses.

These guys did the same, and came back from the wild to share their stories.

We checked their survival blogs or websites and found some interesting stuff you might like. Keep reading to see what’s all about!

Safety in the Wild: The Ultimate Survival Shelter Guide

Shelter isn’t just a matter of comfort, exposure can be just as dangerous as dehydration if you’re lost away from civilization. In extreme climates, your life expectancy can become hours to minutes, even if things were going fine before a sudden turn in the weather.

Of course, there’s less serious reasons to learn to build a decent shelter as well. Even if you’re just on a day hike it might be convenient to hunker down for a couple of hours if a storm blows in, or if you’re hunting in the desert you might just need some shade to rest for a while.”

Read more on Deer Hunting Field.

Finding your way home; will you make it?

“Hello my friend and welcome back!  Many people have to travel out-of-town for work, and with modern-day electronic gadgets, it’s pretty easy.

But what if those gadgets suddenly didn’t work, would you know how to get home in a SHTF situation?  This is the subject of today’s post, so grab a cup of coffee and have a seat while we visit.”

Read more on American Preppers Online.

How to Stay Sane When You’re All Alone in a Survival Situation

“When most people imagine various survival scenarios that they could find themselves in, many of those scenarios include isolation.

That’s not surprising, considering that many of the survival stories we hear about in the media, involve people who escaped the hazards of the wilderness all by themselves. Those stories are often the most harrowing and interesting.

Read more on Ready Nutrition.

A Tenderfoot’s Guide to Chopping Firewood at Camp

“Not much has more appeal to a young camper than having the opportunity to use an ax. The lure is irresistible. Yet, ax lore is rarely passed down to our younger generation.

The following is a common sense guide which will help a tenderfoot, young or old, learn to safely use an ax for the most basic camp chore – chopping firewood.

Keep in mind that “safe” is a relative term. There are risks inherit when an ax is moving, or, even when idle.”

Read more on The Survival Sherpa.

About the Bugging Out to the Forest Scenario…

How many times have you heard someone say, “When the SHTF I am just going to bugout to the woods,” and think that such a “plan” is a simple and feasible idea? I have shaken my head in disbelief copious amounts of time when hearing a “kinda” prepper, utter such a phrase.”.

Read more on Survival Sullivan.

This article has been written by John Gilmore for Survivopedia.

What did you do for your preparedness this week? (2017-7-29)

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This weekly post is an open-forum, though preferably focusing on what we all did this week for our prepping & preparedness. Voice your thoughts, opinions, concerns, or questions for others to comment on general topics of preparedness. Because the more who comment, the more who will benefit from the discussion… Are you a first timer? Let’s hear from you too!   ———————————– Note: For articles posted during the week we appreciate that you stay on-topic with your comments. For off-topic comments, post them in the most recent Saturday open-forum: What did you do for your preparedness this week? Note: Click

The post What did you do for your preparedness this week? (2017-7-29) appeared first on Modern Survival Blog.

The Multiple Sides of “Leaven”

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     If you are like me, I was always taught in Sunday School or Bible Study classes that “leaven” equaled sin.  This idea is carried out in the Exodus story, when in preparation for Moses leading the tribes of Israel out of the land of Egypt, God instituted the Lord’s Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. This Feast followed the Passover Day, and lasted 7 days.  During the first day of this week, they were commanded to remove all leaven from their houses. In addition, they were not to eat any bread which contained leaven for the whole week.  This symbolized that God was about to do a mighty work in the nation of Israel by removing all the sinful influence (leaven) of 400 years of bondage in Egypt and the pagan worship of false gods.  Furthermore, because leaven is equated with sin throughout the Bible, the “unleavened bread” was a picture of bread without sin in it, i.e. Jesus, as the Bread of Life.
     But are you aware that Jesus talked about leaven in broader terms?  And in one instance, He even referred to leaven as a good thing? I’m always fascinated by what God shows me; that no matter how much I think I know about Him and His Character and Nature, and the teachings of Jesus, there is always something new that He wants revealed.  So, it was with great interest that I discovered these different facets of leaven.
     My interest was first piqued as I ran across a reference to leaven in Mark, Chapter 8.  This is the second time that Jesus performs the miracle of feeding the multitudes from a few loaves of bread.  You will remember that we have the account in Matthew 14 of Jesus feeding 5,000 with five loaves and two fish.  At a later date, in Mark 8, He feeds a gathering of 4,000 with seven loaves and a few small fish.  After getting into a boat with His disciples and going to a different district, Scripture tells us He encounters the Pharisees, who “began to argue [contentiously and debate] with Him, demanding from Him a sign from heaven, to test Him [because of their unbelief]. He groaned and sighed deeply in His spirit and said, “Why does this generation demand a sign? I assure you and most solemnly say to you, no sign will be given to this generation!” Leaving them, He again boarded the boat and left for the other side”.
     And here is where the subject of leaven comes up … The Disciples had forgotten to bring any bread with them, and only had one loaf between them.  Jesus says, “Watch out! Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod.” So, what did He mean by that?  And why is this His response to the fact that they are discussing their lack of bread?  First of all, remember that these men had already seen Jesus multiply five loaves of bread in order to feed 5,000; and just witnessed Him doing the same thing with seven loaves that fed 4,000!  And they are seriously questioning how they are going to make one loaf feed the 12 of them? Have they forgotten that quickly, Who they are with, and the supernatural works He has done?  But they relate His admonishment about the leaven of the Pharisees and Herod to simply be about the subject of bread, and their lack of it.
     But Jesus wanted them to understand so much more…. here He wanted them to understand leaven as the concept of an impure and pervasive influence that modifies something and spoils it.  In the case of the leaven of the Pharisees, it is the leaven of Religion — their man-made traditions and hypocrisy have pervaded the Jewish Religion, which will result in preventing the nation of Israel from accepting the Messiah.  Luke 12:1 explains it concisely:  In the meantime, after so many thousands of the people had gathered that they were stepping on one another, Jesus began speaking first of all to His disciples, “Be continually on your guard against the leaven of the Pharisees [that is, their pervasive, corrupting influence and teaching], which is hypocrisy [producing self-righteousness]”. The leaven of the Pharisees will cost the nation of Israel their redemption for centuries.
     A second aspect of leaven is the leaven of Herod [Antipas], which is political. His father, Herod the Great, was an Edomite who converted to Judaism, but was not a religious man.  He was appointed King of the Jews by the Roman Senate, and his son, who succeeded him, was also a Jew in name only.  In fact, Herod Antipas was involved in a great deal of lying in his political wheeling and dealing, abusing the power of his office. So the leaven of Herod represents the corrupting influence of politics in the nation of Israel.
     But there is a third leaven that Jesus mentions in both Matthew 13 and Luke 13….  “The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and worked into three measures of flour until all of it was leavened.” This is the first mention of leaven in the New Testament, and it’s significance is quite different from the concept of leaven in the Old Testament, and its later reference, in comparison to the Pharisees and Herod.  Here, Jesus intends leaven to mean something different.  The Hebrew word for leaven, seor, refers specifically to the leavening agent (the Kingdom of Heaven/God coming to earth) as opposed to the dough containing it (the nation of Israel/the world).  Rather than symbolizing impurity and corruption, Jesus is using the illustration of leaven’s ability to permeate a mass of dough many times its own size as a picture of the spread of the Kingdom of heaven throughout the entire earth — spilling over and impacting all mankind. In this instance, leaven as an influence is a very good thing, indeed.
     To be honest with you, it is only very recently that I have understood and seen the positive side in Jesus’s parable about the leaven.  And I believe that I was blinded to the fact that He equated it to the Kingdom of Heaven… all I saw was that word leaven, and I only understood it to be sin.  But I think this points to the bigger realization that I, along with much of the Body of Christ, have been ignorant about how much Jesus taught about the Kingdom of God.  In reality, it was His favorite subject matter and what He focused on more than anything else!
     So, I am grateful for God’s new revelations, day by day, as I glean more of His truth in His Word.  And this broader understanding of leaven is not the only thing I derived from Mark, Chapter 8.  In my next post, I want to share the bigger issue Jesus discussed when admonishing His Disciples about their concern over the lack of bread.  He warned them to not be influenced by hypocritical religion or religious politics, but He also chided them with three questions:  Don’t you see? Don’t you hear? Don’t you remember?  Those are questions we need to ask ourselves. Stay tuned….

Luke 13:18    [ Parables of Mustard Seed and Leaven ] So this led Him to say, What is the kingdom of God like? And to what shall I compare it?
   

The Multiple Sides of “Leaven”

   

     If you are like me, I was always taught in Sunday School or Bible Study classes that “leaven” equaled sin.  This idea is carried out in the Exodus story, when in preparation for Moses leading the tribes of Israel out of the land of Egypt, God instituted the Lord’s Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. This Feast followed the Passover Day, and lasted 7 days.  During the first day of this week, they were commanded to remove all leaven from their houses. In addition, they were not to eat any bread which contained leaven for the whole week.  This symbolized that God was about to do a mighty work in the nation of Israel by removing all the sinful influence (leaven) of 400 years of bondage in Egypt and the pagan worship of false gods.  Furthermore, because leaven is equated with sin throughout the Bible, the “unleavened bread” was a picture of bread without sin in it, i.e. Jesus, as the Bread of Life.
     But are you aware that Jesus talked about leaven in broader terms?  And in one instance, He even referred to leaven as a good thing? I’m always fascinated by what God shows me; that no matter how much I think I know about Him and His Character and Nature, and the teachings of Jesus, there is always something new that He wants revealed.  So, it was with great interest that I discovered these different facets of leaven.
     My interest was first piqued as I ran across a reference to leaven in Mark, Chapter 8.  This is the second time that Jesus performs the miracle of feeding the multitudes from a few loaves of bread.  You will remember that we have the account in Matthew 14 of Jesus feeding 5,000 with five loaves and two fish.  At a later date, in Mark 8, He feeds a gathering of 4,000 with seven loaves and a few small fish.  After getting into a boat with His disciples and going to a different district, Scripture tells us He encounters the Pharisees, who “began to argue [contentiously and debate] with Him, demanding from Him a sign from heaven, to test Him [because of their unbelief]. He groaned and sighed deeply in His spirit and said, “Why does this generation demand a sign? I assure you and most solemnly say to you, no sign will be given to this generation!” Leaving them, He again boarded the boat and left for the other side”.
     And here is where the subject of leaven comes up … The Disciples had forgotten to bring any bread with them, and only had one loaf between them.  Jesus says, “Watch out! Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod.” So, what did He mean by that?  And why is this His response to the fact that they are discussing their lack of bread?  First of all, remember that these men had already seen Jesus multiply five loaves of bread in order to feed 5,000; and just witnessed Him doing the same thing with seven loaves that fed 4,000!  And they are seriously questioning how they are going to make one loaf feed the 12 of them? Have they forgotten that quickly, Who they are with, and the supernatural works He has done?  But they relate His admonishment about the leaven of the Pharisees and Herod to simply be about the subject of bread, and their lack of it.
     But Jesus wanted them to understand so much more…. here He wanted them to understand leaven as the concept of an impure and pervasive influence that modifies something and spoils it.  In the case of the leaven of the Pharisees, it is the leaven of Religion — their man-made traditions and hypocrisy have pervaded the Jewish Religion, which will result in preventing the nation of Israel from accepting the Messiah.  Luke 12:1 explains it concisely:  In the meantime, after so many thousands of the people had gathered that they were stepping on one another, Jesus began speaking first of all to His disciples, “Be continually on your guard against the leaven of the Pharisees [that is, their pervasive, corrupting influence and teaching], which is hypocrisy [producing self-righteousness]”. The leaven of the Pharisees will cost the nation of Israel their redemption for centuries.
     A second aspect of leaven is the leaven of Herod [Antipas], which is political. His father, Herod the Great, was an Edomite who converted to Judaism, but was not a religious man.  He was appointed King of the Jews by the Roman Senate, and his son, who succeeded him, was also a Jew in name only.  In fact, Herod Antipas was involved in a great deal of lying in his political wheeling and dealing, abusing the power of his office. So the leaven of Herod represents the corrupting influence of politics in the nation of Israel.
     But there is a third leaven that Jesus mentions in both Matthew 13 and Luke 13….  “The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and worked into three measures of flour until all of it was leavened.” This is the first mention of leaven in the New Testament, and it’s significance is quite different from the concept of leaven in the Old Testament, and its later reference, in comparison to the Pharisees and Herod.  Here, Jesus intends leaven to mean something different.  The Hebrew word for leaven, seor, refers specifically to the leavening agent (the Kingdom of Heaven/God coming to earth) as opposed to the dough containing it (the nation of Israel/the world).  Rather than symbolizing impurity and corruption, Jesus is using the illustration of leaven’s ability to permeate a mass of dough many times its own size as a picture of the spread of the Kingdom of heaven throughout the entire earth — spilling over and impacting all mankind. In this instance, leaven as an influence is a very good thing, indeed.
     To be honest with you, it is only very recently that I have understood and seen the positive side in Jesus’s parable about the leaven.  And I believe that I was blinded to the fact that He equated it to the Kingdom of Heaven… all I saw was that word leaven, and I only understood it to be sin.  But I think this points to the bigger realization that I, along with much of the Body of Christ, have been ignorant about how much Jesus taught about the Kingdom of God.  In reality, it was His favorite subject matter and what He focused on more than anything else!
     So, I am grateful for God’s new revelations, day by day, as I glean more of His truth in His Word.  And this broader understanding of leaven is not the only thing I derived from Mark, Chapter 8.  In my next post, I want to share the bigger issue Jesus discussed when admonishing His Disciples about their concern over the lack of bread.  He warned them to not be influenced by hypocritical religion or religious politics, but He also chided them with three questions:  Don’t you see? Don’t you hear? Don’t you remember?  Those are questions we need to ask ourselves. Stay tuned….

Luke 13:18    [ Parables of Mustard Seed and Leaven ] So this led Him to say, What is the kingdom of God like? And to what shall I compare it?
   

The Multiple Sides of “Leaven”

   

     If you are like me, I was always taught in Sunday School or Bible Study classes that “leaven” equaled sin.  This idea is carried out in the Exodus story, when in preparation for Moses leading the tribes of Israel out of the land of Egypt, God instituted the Lord’s Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. This Feast followed the Passover Day, and lasted 7 days.  During the first day of this week, they were commanded to remove all leaven from their houses. In addition, they were not to eat any bread which contained leaven for the whole week.  This symbolized that God was about to do a mighty work in the nation of Israel by removing all the sinful influence (leaven) of 400 years of bondage in Egypt and the pagan worship of false gods.  Furthermore, because leaven is equated with sin throughout the Bible, the “unleavened bread” was a picture of bread without sin in it, i.e. Jesus, as the Bread of Life.
     But are you aware that Jesus talked about leaven in broader terms?  And in one instance, He even referred to leaven as a good thing? I’m always fascinated by what God shows me; that no matter how much I think I know about Him and His Character and Nature, and the teachings of Jesus, there is always something new that He wants revealed.  So, it was with great interest that I discovered these different facets of leaven.
     My interest was first piqued as I ran across a reference to leaven in Mark, Chapter 8.  This is the second time that Jesus performs the miracle of feeding the multitudes from a few loaves of bread.  You will remember that we have the account in Matthew 14 of Jesus feeding 5,000 with five loaves and two fish.  At a later date, in Mark 8, He feeds a gathering of 4,000 with seven loaves and a few small fish.  After getting into a boat with His disciples and going to a different district, Scripture tells us He encounters the Pharisees, who “began to argue [contentiously and debate] with Him, demanding from Him a sign from heaven, to test Him [because of their unbelief]. He groaned and sighed deeply in His spirit and said, “Why does this generation demand a sign? I assure you and most solemnly say to you, no sign will be given to this generation!” Leaving them, He again boarded the boat and left for the other side”.
     And here is where the subject of leaven comes up … The Disciples had forgotten to bring any bread with them, and only had one loaf between them.  Jesus says, “Watch out! Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod.” So, what did He mean by that?  And why is this His response to the fact that they are discussing their lack of bread?  First of all, remember that these men had already seen Jesus multiply five loaves of bread in order to feed 5,000; and just witnessed Him doing the same thing with seven loaves that fed 4,000!  And they are seriously questioning how they are going to make one loaf feed the 12 of them? Have they forgotten that quickly, Who they are with, and the supernatural works He has done?  But they relate His admonishment about the leaven of the Pharisees and Herod to simply be about the subject of bread, and their lack of it.
     But Jesus wanted them to understand so much more…. here He wanted them to understand leaven as the concept of an impure and pervasive influence that modifies something and spoils it.  In the case of the leaven of the Pharisees, it is the leaven of Religion — their man-made traditions and hypocrisy have pervaded the Jewish Religion, which will result in preventing the nation of Israel from accepting the Messiah.  Luke 12:1 explains it concisely:  In the meantime, after so many thousands of the people had gathered that they were stepping on one another, Jesus began speaking first of all to His disciples, “Be continually on your guard against the leaven of the Pharisees [that is, their pervasive, corrupting influence and teaching], which is hypocrisy [producing self-righteousness]”. The leaven of the Pharisees will cost the nation of Israel their redemption for centuries.
     A second aspect of leaven is the leaven of Herod [Antipas], which is political. His father, Herod the Great, was an Edomite who converted to Judaism, but was not a religious man.  He was appointed King of the Jews by the Roman Senate, and his son, who succeeded him, was also a Jew in name only.  In fact, Herod Antipas was involved in a great deal of lying in his political wheeling and dealing, abusing the power of his office. So the leaven of Herod represents the corrupting influence of politics in the nation of Israel.
     But there is a third leaven that Jesus mentions in both Matthew 13 and Luke 13….  “The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and worked into three measures of flour until all of it was leavened.” This is the first mention of leaven in the New Testament, and it’s significance is quite different from the concept of leaven in the Old Testament, and its later reference, in comparison to the Pharisees and Herod.  Here, Jesus intends leaven to mean something different.  The Hebrew word for leaven, seor, refers specifically to the leavening agent (the Kingdom of Heaven/God coming to earth) as opposed to the dough containing it (the nation of Israel/the world).  Rather than symbolizing impurity and corruption, Jesus is using the illustration of leaven’s ability to permeate a mass of dough many times its own size as a picture of the spread of the Kingdom of heaven throughout the entire earth — spilling over and impacting all mankind. In this instance, leaven as an influence is a very good thing, indeed.
     To be honest with you, it is only very recently that I have understood and seen the positive side in Jesus’s parable about the leaven.  And I believe that I was blinded to the fact that He equated it to the Kingdom of Heaven… all I saw was that word leaven, and I only understood it to be sin.  But I think this points to the bigger realization that I, along with much of the Body of Christ, have been ignorant about how much Jesus taught about the Kingdom of God.  In reality, it was His favorite subject matter and what He focused on more than anything else!
     So, I am grateful for God’s new revelations, day by day, as I glean more of His truth in His Word.  And this broader understanding of leaven is not the only thing I derived from Mark, Chapter 8.  In my next post, I want to share the bigger issue Jesus discussed when admonishing His Disciples about their concern over the lack of bread.  He warned them to not be influenced by hypocritical religion or religious politics, but He also chided them with three questions:  Don’t you see? Don’t you hear? Don’t you remember?  Those are questions we need to ask ourselves. Stay tuned….

Luke 13:18    [ Parables of Mustard Seed and Leaven ] So this led Him to say, What is the kingdom of God like? And to what shall I compare it?
   

The Multiple Sides of “Leaven”

   

     If you are like me, I was always taught in Sunday School or Bible Study classes that “leaven” equaled sin.  This idea is carried out in the Exodus story, when in preparation for Moses leading the tribes of Israel out of the land of Egypt, God instituted the Lord’s Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. This Feast followed the Passover Day, and lasted 7 days.  During the first day of this week, they were commanded to remove all leaven from their houses. In addition, they were not to eat any bread which contained leaven for the whole week.  This symbolized that God was about to do a mighty work in the nation of Israel by removing all the sinful influence (leaven) of 400 years of bondage in Egypt and the pagan worship of false gods.  Furthermore, because leaven is equated with sin throughout the Bible, the “unleavened bread” was a picture of bread without sin in it, i.e. Jesus, as the Bread of Life.
     But are you aware that Jesus talked about leaven in broader terms?  And in one instance, He even referred to leaven as a good thing? I’m always fascinated by what God shows me; that no matter how much I think I know about Him and His Character and Nature, and the teachings of Jesus, there is always something new that He wants revealed.  So, it was with great interest that I discovered these different facets of leaven.
     My interest was first piqued as I ran across a reference to leaven in Mark, Chapter 8.  This is the second time that Jesus performs the miracle of feeding the multitudes from a few loaves of bread.  You will remember that we have the account in Matthew 14 of Jesus feeding 5,000 with five loaves and two fish.  At a later date, in Mark 8, He feeds a gathering of 4,000 with seven loaves and a few small fish.  After getting into a boat with His disciples and going to a different district, Scripture tells us He encounters the Pharisees, who “began to argue [contentiously and debate] with Him, demanding from Him a sign from heaven, to test Him [because of their unbelief]. He groaned and sighed deeply in His spirit and said, “Why does this generation demand a sign? I assure you and most solemnly say to you, no sign will be given to this generation!” Leaving them, He again boarded the boat and left for the other side”.
     And here is where the subject of leaven comes up … The Disciples had forgotten to bring any bread with them, and only had one loaf between them.  Jesus says, “Watch out! Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod.” So, what did He mean by that?  And why is this His response to the fact that they are discussing their lack of bread?  First of all, remember that these men had already seen Jesus multiply five loaves of bread in order to feed 5,000; and just witnessed Him doing the same thing with seven loaves that fed 4,000!  And they are seriously questioning how they are going to make one loaf feed the 12 of them? Have they forgotten that quickly, Who they are with, and the supernatural works He has done?  But they relate His admonishment about the leaven of the Pharisees and Herod to simply be about the subject of bread, and their lack of it.
     But Jesus wanted them to understand so much more…. here He wanted them to understand leaven as the concept of an impure and pervasive influence that modifies something and spoils it.  In the case of the leaven of the Pharisees, it is the leaven of Religion — their man-made traditions and hypocrisy have pervaded the Jewish Religion, which will result in preventing the nation of Israel from accepting the Messiah.  Luke 12:1 explains it concisely:  In the meantime, after so many thousands of the people had gathered that they were stepping on one another, Jesus began speaking first of all to His disciples, “Be continually on your guard against the leaven of the Pharisees [that is, their pervasive, corrupting influence and teaching], which is hypocrisy [producing self-righteousness]”. The leaven of the Pharisees will cost the nation of Israel their redemption for centuries.
     A second aspect of leaven is the leaven of Herod [Antipas], which is political. His father, Herod the Great, was an Edomite who converted to Judaism, but was not a religious man.  He was appointed King of the Jews by the Roman Senate, and his son, who succeeded him, was also a Jew in name only.  In fact, Herod Antipas was involved in a great deal of lying in his political wheeling and dealing, abusing the power of his office. So the leaven of Herod represents the corrupting influence of politics in the nation of Israel.
     But there is a third leaven that Jesus mentions in both Matthew 13 and Luke 13….  “The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and worked into three measures of flour until all of it was leavened.” This is the first mention of leaven in the New Testament, and it’s significance is quite different from the concept of leaven in the Old Testament, and its later reference, in comparison to the Pharisees and Herod.  Here, Jesus intends leaven to mean something different.  The Hebrew word for leaven, seor, refers specifically to the leavening agent (the Kingdom of Heaven/God coming to earth) as opposed to the dough containing it (the nation of Israel/the world).  Rather than symbolizing impurity and corruption, Jesus is using the illustration of leaven’s ability to permeate a mass of dough many times its own size as a picture of the spread of the Kingdom of heaven throughout the entire earth — spilling over and impacting all mankind. In this instance, leaven as an influence is a very good thing, indeed.
     To be honest with you, it is only very recently that I have understood and seen the positive side in Jesus’s parable about the leaven.  And I believe that I was blinded to the fact that He equated it to the Kingdom of Heaven… all I saw was that word leaven, and I only understood it to be sin.  But I think this points to the bigger realization that I, along with much of the Body of Christ, have been ignorant about how much Jesus taught about the Kingdom of God.  In reality, it was His favorite subject matter and what He focused on more than anything else!
     So, I am grateful for God’s new revelations, day by day, as I glean more of His truth in His Word.  And this broader understanding of leaven is not the only thing I derived from Mark, Chapter 8.  In my next post, I want to share the bigger issue Jesus discussed when admonishing His Disciples about their concern over the lack of bread.  He warned them to not be influenced by hypocritical religion or religious politics, but He also chided them with three questions:  Don’t you see? Don’t you hear? Don’t you remember?  Those are questions we need to ask ourselves. Stay tuned….

Luke 13:18    [ Parables of Mustard Seed and Leaven ] So this led Him to say, What is the kingdom of God like? And to what shall I compare it?
   

Expert Warns of Financial Meltdown. “The Whole System Will Be Wiped Out.”

Click here to view the original post.

For years there has been a lot of financial noise. While many of us are novices at understanding stocks and economics, one thing is for certain, things are not right. In fact, our economy has not been right since the government’s rescue attempts on the “too big to fail” corporations and the housing bubble that peaked in 2006.

But how much longer can they prop up our financial system? Economic advisors such as Mark Armstrong, developer of the Economic Confidence Model theorizes that boom-bust cycles occur once every 3,141 days, or 8.6 years (the number pi multiplied by 1000)

His charts warn of a global economic shift occurring where many trends will have reached their life cycle in 2017. If you have been following the stock market, you are well aware of the incredibly inflated stock market prices and over priced real estate markets.

There are strong parallels to this current market and that of the stock market crash of 1929. Stocks are overvalued and have shattered record highs in recent years and only seem to continue climbing. But, as history dictates, what goes up will come crashing down.

1929 stock market crash versus todayMarket expert, Lynette Zang, Chief Market Strategist at ITM Trading.com recently gave grim predictions of what all of this means and warned that she has never seen a market as rigid as this market is. She’s been studying the market for so long she feels that the overly inflated market we are seeing is intentional and will pop.

So when will we see this financial crash? Zang states that in the next five years, the central bankers will put mechanisms in place to pull the plug and issue a massive reset. Anyone with a brokerage account, 401K, pension, IRA, or any wealth held inside of the system will be wiped out. The system will be reset. This sounds eerily similar to the Greek crisis, doesn’t it?

In an interview with Greg Hunter from USA Watchdog, Zang goes into detail of what to expect when this current financial cycle resets and explains what the warning signs she saw that triggered these startling predictions. Folks, it’s not pretty.

If You’ve Yet to Prepare, the Time is Now

Unlike the recession of 2008, this economic beast will not be held off. There will be extensive amounts of wealth lost leading to drastic cutbacks by consumers. As well, you can anticipate food prices to increase even more than they have over the last few years. In fact, the price for food has drastically risen since the last recession; and according to this chart, prices are set to steadily increase with this next crisis.

food-inflation-since-2010

How to Limit Your Exposure to the Next Financial Crisis

  1. Get prepared. At the very least, buy food, products, and supplies in bulk to help you prepare for price inflation. If you have the means to do so, invest in 30-60 days worth of supplies so that you have everything you need. Having these on hand will help you if times become more difficult. This best-selling book, The Prepper’s Blueprint is a step-by-step reference manual to help insulate you from these types of emergencies. As well, if you can manage, get out of debt, organize your finances and find ways to free up some of your income for an emergency fund to help you create a personal safety net – but keep it out of the banks and out of the market.
  2. Look for secondary events. When the system itself is no longer able to support the tens of millions of Americans secondary events will only increase. Events such as travel restrictions, wealth confiscation, food shortages, squatters rebellions, riots, and martial law.
  3. Preserve wealth. Choose hard assets (dry goods, precious metals, land, livestock, skills, etc.) for long-term investments so they will hold their intrinsic value over time. Holding these types of investments will insulate you from inflation and other economic losses. Further, tying your money up in assets will help you avoid the inflating prices of food sources in the future, thus furthering your cause of self-reliant living.
  4. Invest in food. One thing analysts and financial pundits agree on is that, in general, commodities will continue to rise. Using a combination of shelf stable foods, you can create a well-rounded food supply to depend on when an emergency arises. Further, these foods last a lifetime and would make sound investments for future planning. Ideally, you want to store shelf-stable foods that your family normally consumes, as well as find foods that are multi-dynamic and serve many purposes. Dry goods like rice, wheat, beans, salt, honey, and dry milk will provide you with an investment that will grow in value as prices rise, and also offer you peace of mind in case the economy further degrades.
  5. Learn how to grow your own food. In a homestead environment, a person wants the land to work for them as much as possible. Invest in fruit trees, seeds, and garden supplies. If you really want these peak foods, find a way to grow them yourself. Further, if you live in a rural area, consider investing in trees and bushes that will lure wild game. The trees and bushes can provide you with added sustenance and help you stock meat in your freezer. Here is a how-to guide for creating a garden quickly.
  6. Raise your own food. Rather than paying hard-earned money at the store for eggs, poultry and dairy—raise them yourself. Chickens are very easy to care for and can provide you with meat and eggs throughout the year. Additionally, you can find substitutions for these peak foods with a little research and ingenuity. For example, rabbits would be a suitable protein replacement and can even be raised in more urban areas. Similar to chickens, they don’t require much care and with some effort can be fed from the homestead’s garden or you can grow fodder. They are also great breeders and will provide you with ample amounts of meat. These are the 10 best meat rabbit breeds. As well, for the modest price of purchasing a fishing license, you can stock your freezer with fresh-caught fish.
  7. It all adds up. Again, do what you can to pay off debts ahead of time and work to restructure your outgoing funds to lower your expenses as much as possible. Debt only enslaves you further, and finding ways to detach from the system will break those shackles. As well, look into finding additional income streams. The more income you can set aside, the better off you will be. That way, if your main income dries up, you have a fall back income and won’t have to go into default.

 We Have a Choice

This economic crisis is projected to hit much harder than the 2008 recession and will last longer. The truth of the matter is that we stand at the brink of a precipice and the choice is yours to make: you can ignore the telltale signs or get ready and brace yourselves for it. It’s time to get ready because it’s about to get real.

The Prepper's Blueprint

Tess Pennington is the author of The Prepper’s Blueprint, a comprehensive guide that uses real-life scenarios to help you prepare for any disaster. Because a crisis rarely stops with a triggering event the aftermath can spiral, having the capacity to cripple our normal ways of life. The well-rounded, multi-layered approach outlined in the Blueprint helps you make sense of a wide array of preparedness concepts through easily digestible action items and supply lists.

Tess is also the author of the highly rated Prepper’s Cookbook, which helps you to create a plan for stocking, organizing and maintaining a proper emergency food supply and includes over 300 recipes for nutritious, delicious, life-saving meals. 

Visit her web site at ReadyNutrition.com for an extensive compilation of free information on preparedness, homesteading, and healthy living.

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition

How To Use An Electric Pressure Cooker With Printable List

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I know sometimes people are afraid to use a pressure cooker, not to be confused with a pressure canner to preserve food. If you can afford an electric pressure cooker I would highly recommend getting one because it will save you time, and I mean a lot of time in the kitchen.

Sometimes I forget I have this wonderful kitchen tool called an electric pressure cooker. Here’s the deal, if you want to save time and money get one of these gems. I prefer the Fagor brand: Fagor 670040230 Stainless-Steel 3-in-1 6-Quart Multi-Cooker. Last night I had some company here for dinner and I had a few too many pots going on the stove I was watching.

So let’s get started……………….

How To Use An Electric Pressure Cooker

I decided to grab the pressure cooker and start cooking the small red potatoes. I placed the red potatoes in the pot inside the cooker with one cup water (the minimum required) and locked the lid in place. I set it on HIGH for 8 minutes by pushing the HIGH button 8 times (thus 8 minutes cooking time). I set the dial on top to “pressure” and pushed the “start” button. Then I did laundry and made salads and let the cooker do its thing.Here’s a YouTube I made showing you how to use it: Food Storage Moms.

Here is a FREE printable for veggies: Temperatures-Vegetables. Please adjust the cooking times according to your electric pressure cooker.

Here is a FREE  printable for rice, grains, and beans: Temperatures-Rice, Grains and Beans. Please adjust the cooking times according to your electric pressure cooker.

How To Use An Electric Pressure Cooker With Printable List | by FoodStorageMoms.com

Here is a FREE printable for meat: Temperatures-Meat Please adjust the cooking times according to your electric pressure cooker.

Pasta Recipe

If you want to cook a recipe with pasta, here is the formula I use:

1 pound uncooked pasta

48 ounces of spaghetti sauce or canned tomatoes to cover the ingredients in the pan

Meat, precooked sausage, cooked chopped chicken or cooked fried hamburger

Chopped onions, chopped green pepper

Shredded carrots (optional-I like to sneak in all the veggies I can)

Salt and pepper to taste

Combine all of the ingredients in the pressure cooker. It must be a little watery because the liquid will be absorbed into the pasta.  After cooking, drizzle olive oil and sprinkle with Parmesan cheese. Cook on high for 6 minutes. Use natural release as stated below.

I took this statement from Fagor Website. and I quote:

a) Natural release method: let the pressure drop naturally without turning the pressure regulator knob to “Steam”. This will take several minutes, during which the food inside will continue cooking. Some recipes benefit from this extra cooking time. You will know when the pressure has been released for the floating valve will drop and you will be able to open the lid.

b) Quick release method: release the pressure immediately by turning the pressure regulator knob to STEAM. All the pressure will be released in seconds. CAUTION: The steam coming out of the cooker will be hot, and might contain droplets of hot liquid. Always turn the jet of steam away from your face and hands. NOTE: If you do not press the START/STOP button at the end of the cooking time, the multi-cooker will beep periodically to remind you that the cooking ended.

I hope these charts help you use your electric pressure cooker today or in the future when you are able to get one for your family. Life is good when you eat at home around the dinner table and do so without a lot of unnecessary cooking time. ***** Please do not use one of these for pressure canning. It is NOT safe to do because there is no pressure gauge to regulate the pressure. Please be safe when preserving your food.

My favorite things:

Fagor 670040230 Stainless-Steel 3-in-1 6-Quart Multi-Cooker

Fagor 6Qt. Stainless Steel Removable Cooking Pot

 

The post How To Use An Electric Pressure Cooker With Printable List appeared first on Food Storage Moms.

13 Creative Ways To Eat Kale (And 8 Good Reasons You Should)

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13 Creative Ways To Eat Kale (And 8 Good Reasons You Should)

Image source: Pixabay.com

Kale is everywhere these days — in the produce section of health food and big box stores, on the pages of foodie magazines and nutritional bulletins, and in all sorts of gardens.

But not everyone has jumped on the kale bandwagon. If you already enjoy kale but have run out of ideas for ways to eat it, or have been meaning to try kale but are not sure where to start, or even if you still need a little convincing, this article is for you.

13 Best Ways to Love Kale

1. Raw. Kale makes a great snack straight out of the garden. To make kale—or any vegetable, really—appeal to grazers, it helps to keep it accessible. Prepare kale ahead of time by cleaning, removing the tough stems, and cutting it into snack-size ribbons. Then store it in the refrigerator in a location that’s easy to reach in and grab a handful.

Raw kale also can be added to sandwiches instead of lettuce, used alone or with other greens in salads, and eaten in tacos and burritos.

2. Smoothies. Green smoothies are an excellent way for people who aren’t excited about vegetables to incorporate some leafy greens into their diets. Kale blends perfectly with many fruits such as peaches and oranges and berries for a tasty and healthful drink.

3. Chips. Pieces of mature kale leaves, some olive oil, a little salt, a hot oven, and shazam—a delicious, easy, inexpensive treat that even the kids will love!

4. Stir-fry. Kale leaves can be fried up with winter squashes or other vegetables, any kind of meat, or cashews, and served over rice or noodles.

5. Flash-cooked. Simple and fast, flash-cooking is a great way to enjoy kale. Just toss leaves into hot oil and seasonings in a heated pot until they soften to your liking. You can eat them as-is, or add soft cheese, tomatoes—either fresh or canned—or even a nut or seed butter such as tahini paste or peanut butter.

6. Braised or sautéed. Kale can be cooked by itself or with an infinite variety of add-ins.

To braise, start by heating up olive oil with anything from minced garlic to sliced onions to diced apples to sun-dried tomatoes to red pepper flakes. Add a pound or more of kale sliced into ribbons along with the braising liquid—chicken or vegetable stock, or cooking wine—cover, and simmer until tender.

Just 30 Grams Of This Superfood Provides More Nutrition Than An Entire Meal!

13 Creative Ways To Eat Kale (And 8 Good Reasons You Should)

Image source: Pixabay.com

Sauteeing is similar, but often involves more oil or butter and less liquid, and is cooked uncovered, usually in a wide shallow pan.

Cheese, sausage, ham, any kind of bean, other legumes such as lentils, short pasta, walnuts or pine nuts, flavored vinegar, lemon juice, hot peppers or chili sauce can be added to cooked kale.

7. Added to other dishes. When frying, sauteeing, or roasting other vegetables and meats—from potatoes to summer squash to green beans to ground beef and more—consider throwing in a few leaves of kale.

8. In soups of all kinds. Kale leaves are great in just about every kind of soup. Whether it’s beef, pork, chicken or vegetarian, in stock or tomatoes, with pasta or rice or potatoes, or pureed or left whole—you can’t go wrong by adding kale.

9. In purees. Kale can liven up mashed potatoes, mashed vegetable medleys, brown rice or risotto.

10. On pizza and in calzones. Pre-cook the kale leaves a little first with a little onion and garlic, drain well, and add to your favorite cheeses for a great topping or filling.

11. Gratin. Steamed or parboiled kale leaves, mixed with a cheese sauce and sprinkled with bread crumbs and baked—with or without other vegetables—is hard to go wrong.

12. Pesto. Most people expect pesto to be mostly from basil, but this flavorful paste can be made with just about any green, including kale.

13. And it’s a wrap! Choose kale leaves that are mature enough to resist tearing but still supple enough to roll, and use them in place of a bread wrap for anything from cold cuts to eggs and cheese to enchilada-type fillings.

But Why Bother?

In a word: superfood. Kale is good for you and has few calories, is widely available, and generally affordable. Among the many compelling reasons to eat kale, following are eight possible health benefits:

  1. It contains vitamin K for cardiovascular health.
  2. It contains luteins for healthy eyes.
  3. It has a relatively low number on the glycemic index (GI), which is simply a measure of how sugar is processed by the body. Lower GIs can help lower risk of blood sugar complications.
  4. It is said to help lower cholesterol.
  5. It contains folate, which is key for brain development.
  6. It has calcium, which is good for bones.
  7. It contains vitamins C and E, which can help keep skin and hair healthy.
  8. It can lower risk of chronic inflammation.

Kale is not a cure-all for every deficiency and malady. And not everyone can or should eat it. People taking blood-thinning medication need to be cautious about consuming foods containing vitamin K, and should consult a health care professional before eating kale. Additionally, some sources—but not all—say that kale can increase gout symptoms. Anyone with any doubt whatsoever about the way kale might affect their health should always check with their doctor first, and, of course, extreme overindulgence of any food is never a good idea.

But for those of us who are fortunate enough to be able to embrace hearty helpings of this delicious and versatile leafy green superfood, we can eat well and kale on.

How do you eat kale? Share your tips in the section below:

From Storage to Stovetop: Instant Refried Beans

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In today’s installment of From Storage to Stovetop we are going to show you Instant Refried Beans and how they help us make quick and easy meals. This is such an easy product to use and we love that it has a VERY clean label. Instead of a bunch of oil and preservatives in a can of regular refried beans, all you get in this can is PINTO BEANS!

In the video below Julie shares how to make easy bean burritos, perfect for simple lunches. We love that you can make just a SINGLE burrito without worrying about wasting the rest of a can of traditional refried beans. The bean flakes are also good as a salad or taco topping, or you can rehydrate them and add cheese for a delicious side dish or bean dip.

Favorite Recipes Using Instant Refried Beans

Taco Soup
Bean Quesadillas
7 Layer Bean Dip
Mango Salsa Burrito Wrap

The post From Storage to Stovetop: Instant Refried Beans appeared first on Food Storage Made Easy.

Firewood

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I was a little too low on firewood for this 2017 hurricane season. So I ordered a face cord to get me through the season, after the season is over then I’ll order another face cord to finish out the winter. The reason I like to have some wood on hand is just incase a major storm takes the grid down for a long time and I should run out of propane I can still boil water and cook in the fireplace!  J
Also, I’m thinking about trying some of the “BIO-Bricks” rather than regular firewood. I’m definitely going to pick a few up to see how well the burn in my fireplace before committing to buying a load of them.

Info Link:

https://www.ruralking.com/wood-fuel-blocks-greenheat-20pk.html?utm_source=google&utm_medium=cpc&gclid=EAIaIQobChMIjZTH15ut1QIVDnZ-Ch3z2g9dEAQYAyABEgKJMPD_BwE

Advice for Self-Defense in Europe

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Hello Ferfal.

I have read your “surviving the economic collapse” book and it was very interesting.

Now I want to learn self defense.

I’m from Austria / Vienna.

The problem is, almost all self defense schools I found in Vienna… they dont do sparring at all.

Our culture here in Austria is very pussyfied these days, and in sparring people could get hurt (LOL) so they dont do that…..

So what would you recommend me to do ? I dont think (like you wrote) that it makes sense to take some classes without sparring.

Also our gun laws are very restricted, you are allowed to own a gun but you are not allowed to have it with you when you are out.

Dont really know what to do at this point, and would like to hear your advice ?

 

BR & thanks in advance, Martin.

/

Hello Martin,

Thanks for your email.

I believe many people have your same questions, in different European countries but also towns in USA where finding a good martial arts/ self-defense school isn’t always easy.

For unarmed self-defense you want to include striking and grappling tools to your tool box. Boxing in simply the most refined form of hand striking. Yes, today evolved into an Olympic sport but make no mistake: In a street fight a good boxer will make short work of most opponents. Brazilian jiu-jitsu is a fantastic martial art which gives you precious grappling skills, especially when the fight goes to the floor as it often does, this is why its practically mandatory for mix martial artists to be proficient grapplers and know how to counter them. But don’t mistake MMA with street fights. In a street fight there will be other people around you, there will be objects, there may be weapons and they rarely are one on one. Time and again it’s been proven that an effective 1,2 can put an opponent down before the fight even starts in his mind. This is why boxing is so valuable in a street fight, especially against multiple opponents. An example:

The last clip (black & white security camera) involves a professional boxer. The first man he KO died after hitting his head during the fall.

Boxing is a fairly common sport and even in friendly neighbourhood gyms they are likely to spar. Now you don’t need to become a professional boxer, not for self-defense purposes. Also remember that boxing is one of the most damaging contact sports to the brain. Even if you use sparring headgear and gloves and don’t mind getting punched in the head, it does cumulative damage to your brain. Train a lot, do “gloves” with light contact here and there and only sporadically spar a round or two. That will be enough to keep your hands and reflexes fast, know what its like when someone wants to KO you, yet avoid most of the downside of boxing. BJJ is even better for sparring given that it works around submission and you can practice, spar and compete without nearly the amount of risk of injury involved in boxing.

I understand that time and money are limited and we can’t do it all. Ideally you would find a mix martial arts gym where you have the opportunity to train and spar in various disciplines. At the very least there’s sure to be a Box or BJJ class around town.

In some cases Krav maga seems to be almost ideal given that it borrows from different martial arts applying it to defense. The problem I’ve seen with many KM schools is that a) they are either too commercial, very expensive and installing a sense of proficiency and skill that isnt actually there b) they don’t spar against a non-cooperative opponent. Meaning your first REAL fight will be a life and death one on the streets (and you’ll probably lose it) That doesn’t mean you shouldn’t show up to a local KM school in town if available and see what they are about.

You will be better served joining a MMA, Box or BJJ school and then taking some self-defense seminars to compliment them. Sometimes you get to meet like-minded people in these classes and get together for more training.

For this kind of realistic fighting, Dog Brothers do gatherings in different European countries

https://www.facebook.com/groups/401021296600513/

Something similar happens with firearms.

Instead of worrying too much about what you can’t do, do the things you can.
Get a Glock and a rifle and learn how to shoot them well. Yes, a defensive shootings class is needed and it can be a bit harder to come across in some countries but if you get involved in the local shooting club you’re likely to come across instructors, some of the ones involved in local law enforcement or military. Just like with martial arts, you can complement what you learn in defensive shooting classes with practice from sports shooting like IPSC so as to maintain hand-eye coordination, shoot fast and accurately.

It sounds overwhelming but it really shouldn’t be. Just take advantage of what you can find locally and make the most of it as time and money allows. Getting a Glock though and learning how to run it would be top of the list for me.  Even if you cant carry it, at least you’ll have it and know how to operate it proficiently.

Different countries in Europe have different laws, but if legal to do so I’d look into carrying a folder and OC spray.

Fortunately violent crime all across Europe is noticeably low. Chances of being a victim of a violent crime aren’t that high, and should be reduced even more by practicing some common sense things such as avoiding dangerous places and getting involved with the wrong people.

Good luck!

FerFAL

Fernando “FerFAL” Aguirre is the author of “The Modern Survival Manual: Surviving the Economic Collapse” and “Bugging Out and Relocating: When Staying is not an Option”

Healing update

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On July 10, I posted about getting bit by something, probably a spider, not likely of the recluse variety based on how quickly it blew up, but something sufficient to cause me to go to the doctor. Now nearly 3 weeks later, I’m almost at 100% on how I feel and my leg is looking better, even though there is still a nasty looking sore, and it’s still discolored, the crater is filling in, there is still a lump under it, the skin around it is peeling like I had a sunburn. I call it good. I’m not someone who is afraid or concerned about scars, as long as they are reasonable size (ie I wouldn’t want to be scarred all over my body), I’m not concerned about having small scars here and there, this will most definitely scar and I might end up with a discolored patch on my leg for quite some time, maybe even permanently.

This did make me sick, very sick, the kind of sick that puts you in bed for days. It really zapped my strength, I could really tell it when I would walk around on my mountain, I could take about 5 steps and felt like I had run a marathon, it was physical exhaustion. I would seriously hate to have a chronic condition that made me feel like that all the time, I have a new appreciation for those who have those types of chronic fatigue syndrome and other illnesses that just steal your energy.

Fortunately, it’s all but over for me, I’ve been working, doing longer days with the merchandising company, I’m glad I had a light couple of weeks during the worst of it. I believe the antibiotics that I took also had a hand in slowing me down. It really seemed to affect my digestion quite a bit. I could eat and the next day I felt like I still had that food in my stomach. I took the antibiotics faithfully for the 10 days they were prescribed, well almost faithfully, on about the 7th day, I quit taking the nightly dose of one of them, I still continued taking both of them during the day.

On the 10th day, I had a follow up appointment with my doctor, did I mention that I really like this doctor? It had been about 30 years since I had seen a doctor before finding him, a combination of being healthy enough not to need one, and not wanting to go see one. When I found this doctor, he was treating a friend of mine and spent nearly an hour going over a blood test that he gave her, that and the fact that he is a D.O. and combines modern medicine with food therapy and supplements, he is right up my alley.

I went to see him on the 10th day, he was happy with the way my leg looked, and according to my blood workup, everything looked good, I do not have Lyme disease, something I knew didn’t happen from this bite but could have occurred from previous tick bites, everything else looked good too. Something I noticed was my white blood count was not elevated, so apparently I did not have an infection, so it was just my body reacting to the toxins in whatever spider bit me.

I did mention to the doctor about how the antibiotics were really messing with my digestion, something that is to be expected since it doesn’t discriminate between the bad and the good bacteria in your system. He told me to eat some yogurt, real yogurt not the sugarized adulterated dead yogurts you tend to find on the grocery store shelves. He also suggested kombucha or some other way to get some probiotics into my body. I gladly accepted the advice, in fact I went straight to the grocery store (I know, a grocery store, I didn’t have a healthfood store that I could go to at that moment, it’s in the next town over) and bought the best real yogurt they had, with live cultures. A few days later I did hit our “local” healthfood store, it’s 40+ miles away one way, I found a plethora of yogurt and other goodies with living probiotic cultures. I could tell the difference within a few days.

At any rate, I’m good to go again, I’m able to work a full day without feeling exhausted, I can walk up my hill, even jogging a bit. I did get my refills on the antibiotics so that IF that happens again, I don’t have to go to the doctor and I’ll not wait as long to start treatment.

How has your month been? Hopefully better than mine. 🙂

web
analytics

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BREAKING NEWS: Newest North Korean Missile Could Launch a Nuke As Far As Chicago

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The successful test of a North Korean missile today proved that the country now has the ability to launch an ICBM bearing a nuclear warhead that could reach the middle … Read the rest

The post BREAKING NEWS: Newest North Korean Missile Could Launch a Nuke As Far As Chicago appeared first on The Organic Prepper.

TEPCO wants to dump hundreds of thousands of tonnes of radioactive water into the Pacific Ocean.

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Please Sign The petition Here: https://actions.sumofus.org/a/japan-stop-tepco-dumping-nuclear-waste-in-the-pacific/?akid=32971.5225671.DyeZk3&rd=1&source=fwd&t=1

BREAKING: North Korea Launches ICBM That Could Reach Denver Or Chicago, Warns Of Strike ‘Without Warning’

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North Korea Launches ICBM That Could Reach Denver Or Chicago, Warns Of Strike ‘Without Warning’North Korea on Friday tested an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) that experts say likely could have reached Denver or Chicago if the rogue nation had fired it in that direction

The missile flew for 45 minutes and reached an altitude of 2,300 miles before crashing into the Sea of Japan. But if its trajectory had been toward the U.S. – and not straight up — it likely would have had enough fuel to reach cities throughout the nation, experts say.

38North, a project of The US-Korea Institute at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, posted an assessment noting that “if flown on a flatter trajectory, this missile could reach as far as 9,000 to 10,000 km.” That’s 5,600 to 6,200 miles. Denver is roughly 6,000 miles from North Korea, Chicago 6,341.

Are Your Prepared For A Downed Grid? Get Backup Electricity Today!

Friday’s launch was apparently timed to coincide with the 74th anniversary of the end of the Korean War in 1953, The Washington Post reported.

North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un is attempting to develop a missile with multiple nuclear warheads.

The Hwasong-14 missile tested on Friday is theoretically capable of reaching targets in the Rocky Mountain West or the Midwest. That would include not only Denver and Chicago but also Colorado Springs, Kansas City, St. Louis, Minneapolis and Milwaukee – as well as cities such as Seattle, Los Angeles and San Francisco.

“My guess is that they want to show more range,” Jeffrey Lewis of the Center for Nonproliferation (CNS) studies said. “We basically dared them to do this. We said, ‘It’s not really an ICBM until it can hit Alaska, and they’re, like, ‘OK.’”

Analysts at the CNS believe the Hwasong-14 might be capable of reaching targets on the East Coast, including New York and Washington, if and when it is perfected. Lewis believes the North Koreans are trying to show the Pentagon that they can build a workable ICBM.

It was the second time in a month that North Korea has tested a Hwasong-14. There was another test on the Fourth of July.

This week, North Korea’s defense minister warned the U.S.

“If enemies misunderstand our strategic status and stick to options of staging a preemptive nuclear attack against us, we will launch a nuclear attack on America’s heart as the most relentless punishment without warning or prior notice,” he said.

What do you think America should do? Should the Trump administration launch a pre-emptive strike? Share your thoughts in the section below:

BREAKING: North Korea Launches ICBM That Could Reach Denver Or Chicago, Warns Of Strike ‘Without Warning’

North Korea Launches ICBM That Could Reach Denver Or Chicago, Warns Of Strike ‘Without Warning’North Korea on Friday tested an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) that experts say likely could have reached Denver or Chicago if the rogue nation had fired it in that direction

The missile flew for 45 minutes and reached an altitude of 2,300 miles before crashing into the Sea of Japan. But if its trajectory had been toward the U.S. – and not straight up — it likely would have had enough fuel to reach cities throughout the nation, experts say.

38North, a project of The US-Korea Institute at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, posted an assessment noting that “if flown on a flatter trajectory, this missile could reach as far as 9,000 to 10,000 km.” That’s 5,600 to 6,200 miles. Denver is roughly 6,000 miles from North Korea, Chicago 6,341.

Are Your Prepared For A Downed Grid? Get Backup Electricity Today!

Friday’s launch was apparently timed to coincide with the 74th anniversary of the end of the Korean War in 1953, The Washington Post reported.

North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un is attempting to develop a missile with multiple nuclear warheads.

The Hwasong-14 missile tested on Friday is theoretically capable of reaching targets in the Rocky Mountain West or the Midwest. That would include not only Denver and Chicago but also Colorado Springs, Kansas City, St. Louis, Minneapolis and Milwaukee – as well as cities such as Seattle, Los Angeles and San Francisco.

“My guess is that they want to show more range,” Jeffrey Lewis of the Center for Nonproliferation (CNS) studies said. “We basically dared them to do this. We said, ‘It’s not really an ICBM until it can hit Alaska, and they’re, like, ‘OK.’”

Analysts at the CNS believe the Hwasong-14 might be capable of reaching targets on the East Coast, including New York and Washington, if and when it is perfected. Lewis believes the North Koreans are trying to show the Pentagon that they can build a workable ICBM.

It was the second time in a month that North Korea has tested a Hwasong-14. There was another test on the Fourth of July.

This week, North Korea’s defense minister warned the U.S.

“If enemies misunderstand our strategic status and stick to options of staging a preemptive nuclear attack against us, we will launch a nuclear attack on America’s heart as the most relentless punishment without warning or prior notice,” he said.

What do you think America should do? Should the Trump administration launch a pre-emptive strike? Share your thoughts in the section below:

Survival Medicine Hour: Poison Plants, Setting a Fracture, More

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various fracture types; note open fracture 2nd from left

SURVIVAL MEDICINE HOUR #349

In the this episode of the Survival Medicine Hour with Joe Alton MD and Amy Alton ARNP, aka Dr. Bones and Nurse Amy, our hosts discuss what you would do with a fractured bone off the grid or after a disaster where modern medicine is just not an option. Dr. Alton’s take on the subject might shock modern medical professionals, but you have to do what you can, with what you have, where you are, in tough times. Topics including placing a cast, open fractures, re-aligning bones (known as “reductions”) and more.

typical rash of poison ivy

Also, the Altons talk about what to do when you’re outdoors and surrounded by poison plants like poison ivy, oak, and sumac. How to identify plants, diagnose and treat the rash, plus natural remedies that might help.

All this and more on the latest Survival Medicine Hour with Joe and Amy Alton! To listen in, click below:

http://www.blogtalkradio.com/survivalmedicine/2017/07/28/survival-medicine-hour-poison-plants-setting-a-fracture-more

Hey, do us a big favor and follow us on twitter @preppershow, Facebook: Doom and Bloom or join our group at Survival Medicine Dr Bones Nurse Amy, and YouTube at DrBonesNurseAmy!

Wishing you the best of health in good times or bad,

Joe and Amy Alton

Joe and Amy Alton

 

 

Find out more about poisonous plants, fractures, and 150 other medical topics in the survival mindset with the 700 page Third Edition of the Survival Medicine Handbook: The Essential Guide for When Medical Help is Not on the Way. And don’t forget to fill those holes in your medical supplies by checking out Nurse Amy’s entire line of kits and supplies at store.doomandbloom.net!

Grab and Go Deluxe First Aid Trauma Kit

Grab N Go Medical Kit

First-Aid Procedures You Should Know

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best survival first aid

Everyone should have a basic knowledge of first-aid. It could mean the difference between life and death for you or best first-aid tipssomeone else, and its usefulness isn’t restricted to a survival situation. Here are our recommendations for starting your basic first-aid education.  We’d recommend readers do more than just read the books or online courses recommended on this list. 

By Alex Coyne, a contributing author of Survival Cache and SHTFBlog.com

Free Guides to First-Aid

Take at least one basic practical course in first aid with an instructor that will teach you how. Many hospitals, clinics and community centres offer this for free. Check out First-Aid WikiBooks, The National CPR Foundation, The Red Cross, First-Aid for Free, Grand County Government.

CPR

CPR is short for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation; it is a life-saving procedure used when a pulse and breathing rate Hydro Flask Water Filtercannot be felt. The easiest ways to check for breathing is the rise and fall of the chest, or by holding a mirror up to the mouth and nose. Often, CPR is performed when waiting for an ambulance to arrive.  Your first step is to make sure the airway is clear and that there is nothing obstructing the throat.

Also Read: Wilderness First Aid Guide

Hands are placed over each-other in the middle of the chest, and chest compressions are performed. The Red Cross recommends compressions of “at least two inches deep”. Interestingly, the perfect beat for CPR is 100 beats per minute – which matches songs like Another One Bites the Dust by Queen and Stayin’ Alive by The Bee Gees. Rescue breaths are performed in-between, while keeping an eye on the rise and fall of the chest and continuously feeling for breathing and a pulse.

Severe Bleeding

Arterial blood is bright red due to its high oxygen content, while venous blood is darker. In many first-aid basic survival first aidsituations you might need to put a stop to severe bleeding. Close the wound, if possible, and apply pressure until medical help can be found.  Elevate the area above the heart if necessary and possible. It’s vital that wounds are always kept clear of infection: Washing wounds with salt is painful, but often the most effective thing you’ve got when there’s nothing else around.

Stitches

Some severe cuts and wounds might require stitches. (Some, it’s worth noting, don’t – don’t attempt to close up an open bone fracture yourself as you’ll do far more harm than good.) Always have several types of needles (including curved), sterile thread and cotton balls as part of your kit at the very least. Always sterilize your equipment, hands and the wound before you start: You don’t want to stitch any infections up inside the wound.

Remember that you’ll have to create a knot to hold the stitching together. The best explanation we could find comes from Boston University: Basic Knots & Sutures.

Fighting Infection & Cleaning Wounds

Infection is often the greatest battle when it comes to first-aid, and a lot of it is down to after-care. As part of your first-aid kit, include gloves, alcohol, sterilized water, cotton balls, needles and thread and bandages at the very least; many over-the-counter antibiotics can be purchased and stored – keep in mind that many are penicillin-based and watch out for those who are potentially allergic.

Related: First Aid Training – An Essential Survival Skill

Wounds can be cleaned with a saline solution: Salt is one of the cleanest substances known to man and does far more than just add flavour to your food: It could, in dire circumstances, save your life.

Sprains

It’s fairly easy to sprain a wrist or ankle. Symptoms of sprains include immediate swelling and pain, bruising and impaired movement in the affected joint. (Yes, if you can still move it, it’s sprained and not broken.)  Immediately stop and rest the affected area; if you can, place a hot or cold compress on it and then compress the joint – though not enough to cut off circulation and do any tissue damage. The key-word is avoiding further strain as much as possible and waiting for the swelling to subside.  In some cases, you might be dealing with a dislocation; basic guides to anatomy will teach you which bones should (and shouldn’t) be where.

Concussions

Concussions occur as an (often minor) brain injury; symptoms can include a headache, dizziness, disorientation, vomiting and nausea and migraine-like response to light or sound. In severe cases, memory loss or unconsciousness could accompany concussions. Pupils might respond differently to light, or one might be different in size to the other.

Immediate treatments for a concussion include fluids, a healthy diet and rest; according to Marshfield Clinic, it’s fine to sleep after a concussion providing that the person is able to hold a coherent conversation and symptoms like disorientation and change in pupils have disappeared.

Get in touch and share your first-aid tips and stories with us in the comments.

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5 Easy-To-Catch Freshwater Creatures That Resourceful Off-Gridders Eat

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5 Easy-To-Catch Freshwater Creatures That Off-Gridders Often Eat

Image source: Pixabay.com

Check your local regulations for fishing methods, times and limits. Please make sure also to have your fishing license, too!

1. Crayfish

Where to find: On hot days, you can see them gliding across the rocky bottoms of creeks, lakes and ponds. They like to hide under logs and roots that grow along the banks, as well.

How to catch: Crayfish can be caught in a variety of methods: by trap, hook, net or by hand. Put them in a bucket without water or they will drown. I am a fan of looking under rocks. I can get 50 in less than two hours on a good day. Traps seem to work OK if you have a bunch out, but depending where you are, it may not be that successful. With a hook and bait, you can just drop the bait in front of them, and then lift your bait and shake off the “mud bug.” Nets may work if you put the net behind the crayfish and use a stick to tease it into your net.

How to clean: After catching your crayfish, sort through them. You don’t want to eat a dead crayfish — it could make you sick. Then just rinse them 3-4 times with a garden hose. Try to get off as much dirt as possible.

How to cook: Cooking crayfish can be as simple as sautéing in butter, shell and all. Some people like to make a “mud bug boil.” This means boiling your crayfish with Cajun seasonings. You also can peel the tail and use the meat as you would shrimp. After cooking, try tearing the heads off and sucking all the stuff inside. That is known as the crayfish butter. Yum!

2. Frogs

Where to find: Frogs can be found in the day, hiding in tall grasses and under banks. It’s much easier to find them at night. Best time is usually in the warmer months because the frogs are a little larger than in spring. Using a spotting light (red lenses can be used so frogs won’t see it), just shine along the water banks. They will signal you with shining eyes or by guiding you to them with their croaking call.

How to catch: Catching frogs is usually done with a gig. A gig is a spear with points to impale the frogs, then dump them into a covered bucket or net. As kids, we would just take hot-dog pokers and tape them to a long branch. You can buy commercially made frog gigs now. A few more ways to get them are with nets (nice because you can keep them alive to butcher in the morning), slingshot, 22 rifles with shot shell, bow and arrow, teasing with a spinner on fishing line or by hand.

Get The Essential Secrets Of The Most Savvy Survivalists In The World!

How to clean: Frogs do not need to be cleaned, just skinned. Up north, we only eat the rear legs.

  1. Make a shallow slit around the waste.
  2. Use pliers to grab the skin.
  3. Peel down like you’re taking off his pants.
  4. Cut through the spine where you made the initial cut.
  5. Cut off the feet.
  6. Dump the legs into a pail of ice water.
  7. Cook
5 Easy-To-Catch Freshwater Creatures That Off-Gridders Often Eat

Image source: Pixabay.com

How to cook: Most people like to bread and fry like you would chicken or fish. It’s also good in just about any soup or stew. Treat them like chicken wings.

3. Turtles

Where to find: Many people find turtles, specifically snapper turtles, to be a delicacy. You can find these guys in just about any body of water. Ponds are a favorite, so ask some pond owners, who will probably be glad to be rid of them. Rivers and creeks also hold snappers, so give them a try, too.

How to catch: The main way to catch snappers is with 3-inch turtle hooks and line, but you can also build a turtle trap. Turtle traps are just cages with a spring door. They check in but don’t check out. Hook and line is the preferable method. All you need is the 3-inch turtle hooks on the cord (I also use the cheap nylon) and some bait. Bait can be pieces of fish, liver or rotting meat. I know a few people who use road-killed groundhog chunks. I like to take some stocking material, put some liver in it, and then run my hook through the stocking material. This helps keep the bait on the line so fish won’t pick it off.

Basic turtle line uses about 10 feet of cord hook on one end and a stake or piece of rebar to anchor to the ground. In my state, I must tag each line with all my personal information, so check for your local regulations.

How to clean: I always leave turtles to sit in a tub of clean water for a week. I change it daily; you will get rid of that swampy muddy flavor turtle can have. Every time you butcher a turtle, you will get a little better.

Get the turtle out of the tank and on its back. Have someone pull the cord so that its head is pulled out. Separate the head from the body using a hatchet. Then, separate the bottom shell from the top with a hacksaw. Using a knife, separate the meat and skin.

You can find many other ways (air pressure or a water hose) to help skin your turtle. Just check online and you will see many other ways to get that precious meat out of that shell.

How to cook: Turtle can be used just like chicken. Soup is a good way to eat it, but breaded and fried will trick most into believing you are serving them chicken.

4. Eels

Where to find: You can find eels in rivers and creeks. As a child in Pennsylvania, I found them easily, but it’s been harder as time has passed. The Delaware river water gap still has a healthy stock of eel.

How to catch: Eels can be trapped in eel traps (commercially made) with a gig, such as the one for frogs and hook and line. I prefer hook and line with at least 20-pound fishing line. Not many freshwater fish can fight like eels. Once you have one on the line, get it in as quick as possible or it will tangle into rocks or sunken trees. They will eat just about anything from worms to cut-up fish.

How to clean:

  1. Get a 55-gallon drum and let them soak for a few days.
  2. Make sure they can’t get out of the tank.
  3. Take an eel out with the help of a towel for traction.
  4. Hammer a nail through its head into a post or tree.
  5. Put a small slit all around its neck.
  6. Use pliers to just pull down to strip it.
  7. Now you can gut it and use pruners to decapitate it.

How to cook: Eels are fantastic smoked; cut into chunks and breaded and fried is good enough for most people. Just don’t overcook or it will be tough as leather.

5. Water snails

5 Easy-To-Catch Freshwater Creatures That Off-Gridders Often Eat

Image source: Pixabay.com

Where to find: Freshwater snails can be found in most lakes and clean bodies of water. Just look close and you will be able to pick until your heart’s content!

How to catch: Just a hand is needed for these little guys.

How to clean:

  1. Boil them in water for 15 minutes.
  2. Rinse them in cold water.
  3. Repeat two other times for a total of 45 minutes of boiling.

How to cook: Just toss the boiled snails into some butter and garlic till warm. Season to taste using any herbs you like. Enjoy!

What creatures would you add to our list? What advice would you add on catching or cooking? Share your tips in the section below:

Best Outdoor Storage Sheds: Small, Large, Vertical, & Steel!

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The post Best Outdoor Storage Sheds: Small, Large, Vertical, & Steel! is by
Kevin and appeared first on Epic Gardening, the best urban gardening, hydroponic gardening, and aquaponic gardening blog.

Winter is coming. No, really, it’s coming — and you want to be able to park your car in your overflowing garage again. What can you do? Get an outdoor storage shed, of course! Top Choices: Best Vertical Shed: Suncast BMS1500 Vertical Utility Shed Best Steel Shed: Arrow Sheds HM86 Hamlet Steel Storage Shed Best … Read more

The post Best Outdoor Storage Sheds: Small, Large, Vertical, & Steel! is by
Kevin and appeared first on Epic Gardening, the best urban gardening, hydroponic gardening, and aquaponic gardening blog.

Survival Gear Review: Remington TAC 14 Shotgun

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Bests self defense shotgun

Shotgun manufacturers have been long overdue for a handy smoothbore gun for a Bug Out defense from a vehicle or shtf mad max shotgunother modes.  Remington has really stepped up to the plate with this one.  The new Tac-14 is a prepper dream based on the time honored reliable model 870 pump action 12-gauge shotgun.  First out of the chute is to understand this shotgun has a 14-in barrel.  So, why does it not have to be an NFA registered short gun?

By Dr. John J. Woods, a contributing author to SHTFBlog & Survival Cache

Because, Remington purposed this design to defeat those NFA rules by making the Tac-14 with a 26.2-inch overall length.  These dimensions comply with all NFA compliance rules.  Hoorah, a legal “short” shotgun.

Tac-14 Specs

This shotgun version of the 870 platform is indeed true to form in features and functions.  It works exactly like a The Answer Water Bottle Filtration Solution 300x250standard 870 of any other configuration including loading, unloading, pump cycling, the push button safety, and take down procedures, cleaning and maintenance.  The receiver is the same with its durability, and steel construction.

The obvious differences other than the size of the shotgun, first, is its pronounced grip handle which is a Shockwave Raptor Pistol Grip.  The forend hardware comes from Magpul with M-Lock slots, so you know that is good stuff.  Everything is finished in black and all the metal on the gun is set in a black oxide finish.  It is designed for stealth work, unobtrusive, and covert.

The plain Jane barrel has a cylinder bore choke or open choke as some know it.  There are no screw in Rem-Chokes on this shotgun.  The front barrel “sight” is a brass-like bead set up on a platform so it stands out from the contour of the barrel.  The receiver top is flat and matte for a clean sighting plane.  This is a basic point and shoot smoothbore gun.

Related: Survival Shotgun: 6 Reasons Why You Need One

The factory spec sheet does not mention an official weight for this shotgun, but it tips the not-so-accurate bathroom best shotgun for self defensescales at between 4-5 pounds.  It feels heavier, but upon handling it and carrying it around the house for a trial run, it is easy to move into action, swings up naturally for a point-shoot mode.

The Tac-14’s shotgun shell capacity is one in the chamber and 4 up the magazine tube.  This works for either 2 ¾ or 3-inch shells.  I would suggest trying some of the shorter shells first before stepping up to the 3-inch stuff to see how the shooting recoil control goes for the individual shooter.  For self-defense you are likely going to want a heavy load like buckshot, so be prepared to experiment to see which loads pattern the best for close range self-defense.   I am not for certain yet, but I am guessing the Tac-14 is a 30 yard gun, maybe 40 max.  After all, it is a defensive intent shotgun, not a duck gun.

The only initial issue I have with the Tac-14 so far is how slick handling the pistol grip knob is going to be in every day practical use.  If operating the Tac-14 in wet weather, snow or icing conditions, I could see this gun slipping out of the user’s grasp.  I would recommend using a gripper type shooting glove(s).  I intend to wrap this grip with a couple strips of two-sided sticky tape like that used on a carpenter’s hammer or big mechanics wrench.
But What For?

Also Read: 1887 Model T Shotgun Review

For sure this is a unique shotgun and a timely introduction for both preppers and survivalists or just home owners pure pitcher made in usa PURE20 english 99.99 400x250 USAlooking for some personal security.  I could envision using this shorty shotgun for a wide variety of applications.  Primarily its main suitability is as a personal self-defense shotgun.  It could be used at a Bug In location to protect against short order threats in the drive way, yard, up the sidewalk or even at an entry doorway.  I suspect 4-5 shots from this rig would disperse just about any crazed zombie.  Be sure to keep extra ammo close at hand though.

This gun is equally as important and adaptable for an escape mission to avoid a coming SHTF or to head out to an alternative Bug Out location.  So, it can find a good use for carry in a vehicle where it can be placed beside the driver’s seat, or just across the center console or floor hump.  If driving solo, it could be placed in the opposite seat.  Someone riding “shotgun” in the back seat could deploy this gun that way, too.

Stuff That Works: Remington Model 870 Shotgun

In these manners with practice and training, the user can deploy the Tac-14 out an open window or with the vehicle door open.  This takes practice.  This gun can also be carried rather discreetly by the grip just behind the hip, letting it hang down to the knee.  You have to work at carrying the gun this way, then wielding it into action in a second nature second.  Again, these motions and use modes takes some practice to be proficient.  Plan for that.

At a Bug In, the Tac-14 can not only provide short range security, but it could be used to collect small game meat for the pot.  By stalking within short ranges, this gun should be able to take squirrels, rabbits, game birds and other food animals with the proper game loads.  It’s an easy shotgun to tote about camp or on patrol ready to take advantage of any edible targets of opportunity.  Any active prepper or survivalist knows these situations well and how to act upon any chance to provide food.  The Tac-14 can do this work well enough.

Final Afterthoughts

Preppers and survivalists both for a lock down hunkered Bug In or an escape Bug Out scenario will find great use for best car shotgunthe Remington 870 Tac-14 shotgun.  It’s not a conventional shotgun by any means without a standard buttstock to steady shots.  A shotgun using various choke tubes has more hunting options.  This gun has to be hand gripped with the bore muzzle thrust forward into the shot as the fore end is held up for aiming.  You have to be prepared to manhandle this one.

Accessories could be added, but personally I would probably avoid any barrel attached items for this gun like a light.  It might be worth trying so long as it does not throw off the balance of the gun, one of its most positive attributes.  There are plenty of other modes to provide illumination not to have a light attached directly to the gun, especially short barreled shotgun like the Tac-14.

Related: Cut Shotgun Shells For Survival

Though the Tac-14 has a Magpul fore end with M-Lok slots, my own personal preference is not to lock something onto a pump shotgun fore end that has to be pulled back and forth to eject spent shotshells and to load fresh ones.  Such action is not only critical to the function of the pump action gun, but doing so could constantly loosen up whatever is attached.  Again, it might be worthy of a trial, so each user has to assess their own judgments on such things.  My only suggestion is to keep this short shotgun as unencumbered and handy as possible.

A shoulder strap carry can be applied by replacing the factory magazine cap with one that has a swivel stud feature to accept a standard screw lock sling attachment loop.  The rear trigger assembly pin can be slowly tapped out to install a GG&G or GrovTec replacement pin that has a push button sling attachment receptacle built on.

Other users may find other accessories to adapt to the Tac-14.  Another item to consider would be a 5 or 6 round shotshell saddle attached to the side of the receiver.  This may not work with the sling rig detailed above.  These are choices the user has to make depending upon their own personal priorities of use for such a weapon.

Related: Survival Shotgun Selection

The Tac-14 is a grip full, but it is not overwhelming especially with 2 ¾ inch game or defense loads.  With some judicious practice, I think most users will get to the point of being able to handle the heavier 3-inch shells.  There are a lot of shotshell load choices that can be used for a variety of purposes when deploying this shotgun.  Try trial, error, and experience.

One more thing for this shotgun.  Get a discreet nylon shotgun carry sleeve that are so popular now to house thisbest shtf shotgun mad max gun.  These heavy duty sleeve cases have a shoulder strap, a lash down strap to hold the gun in the sleeve as well as Molle strap attachment points should you want to add other items.  With such a case the gun can be secured and protected in a vehicle, on a UTV or ATV or over the shoulder for field carry.

That about sums up the Remington 870 Tac-14.  These are new to the market and could be hard to find at dealers right now.  Retail pricing should be under $450.  I saw two at a recent gun show for well under that amount.  If you see one, grab it quick.  I think these short barreled shotguns are going to be very popular in short order.

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