10 Ways Your Grandparents Stayed In Shape Without A Gym

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10 Ways Your Grandparents Stayed In Shape Without A Gym

If you are anything like me, you tend to go to the gym a few times a year. Usually right around New Year’s Day, so you can look good at the beach, and then again about September, when you realize you didn’t look good at the beach, but you want to look good for the holidays.

This got me thinking the other day: How was it that my grandparents, and even my parents, stayed in such good shape all year without ever going to the gym or running a marathon?

A close look at their lives told me a great deal. We have too many distractions and too many conveniences to do the everyday things our ancestors did to stay in shape naturally.

I want to share with you the simple lifestyle changes that can help you stay strong and slim your entire life. It has nothing to do with diet; my father ate anything and everything, but he remained slim right up until the last few years of his life. It’s all about exercise, friends, and I don’t mean spin classes.

1. Walking

When I say walking, I do mean walking … everywhere! My grandmother never knew how to drive and didn’t even know how to ride a bicycle, but she literally walked everywhere! She made sure that everything was in walking distance, which for her meant about two miles. She carried bags of groceries to and from the store, had a pharmacy down the street, and walked to visit her children by walking there. My mother, also, walked everywhere. She even took a (temporary) cut in pay to take a position at a company she worked for because the new office was about four blocks from home! Get a pedometer and aim for 10,000 steps every single day.

2. Sunlight

Our ancestors often had to work (or walk) outdoors. Everything from hanging laundry in the sun to picking vegetables, our ancestors knew and appreciated the sun. They had no idea, at the time, that they were getting healthy doses of vitamin D and vitamin E. Exposure to natural sunlight (in reasonable amounts) strengthens the bones, uplifts the spirits, and gives you a healthy-looking glow.

Beet Powder: The Ancient Secret To Renewed Energy And Stamina

Some studies even suggest that higher levels of vitamin D can prevent some types of cancer. Please don’t misunderstand me. I’m not talking about spending two hours a week in a tanning booth, but in our world of UV-resistant clothing, commuting in cars, and working at desks, very few of us get the natural vitamin D and E that the sun provides. Best of all? It’s completely free.

3. Outdoor fun

Some of my best memories are times when my grandmother, my brothers, and I would play games of hide and seek or Red Rover, Red Rover out in the backyard. Even though she was in her 70s at that time, she had very little trouble keeping up with us and playing games. Find ways to play with your children or grandchildren that involve moving and motion, not screens and sitting.

4. Standing, not sitting

Every time I hear the theme song from “The Twilight Zone,” I can picture my mother, ironing or folding clothes. My mother never sat if she could stand. She was known to pace the floor for an hour, talking to my grandmother, on the phone. Remember those super -long phone cords?! I realize now that she was getting exercise and keeping her metabolism revved up, simply by doing the simple things mentioned above.

5. Doing things by hand

10 Ways Your Grandparents Stayed In Shape Without A GymI really do appreciate not having to do laundry by hand (if you have ever tried to wash a blanket or a pair of jeans by hand, you know what I’m talking about), but the fact is that we have so many “modern conveniences” that we don’t get up off the sofa anymore! Follow your grandparents’ lifestyle and hang laundry outside whenever possible, wash those few dishes by hand, walk to the store rather than order online, wash your car yourself, cook from scratch, rather than order delivery service, and don’t forget to walk the dog!

6. Cleaning one room each day

This is a trick passed down from my great grandmother. Every day, clean at least one room. My mother used to do two rooms: the bathroom and one other room. She had a little list memorized and I knew it by heart. In addition to the bathroom, the bedrooms were cleaned on Mondays, the living room on Tuesday, the kitchen on Wednesday (because we went grocery shopping Wednesdays) and the dining room on Thursday. Fridays were a general “what didn’t get done” day, laundry day was Saturday and my mother “rested” on Sunday (which means she didn’t cook). I have adopted a similar cleaning plan, with bigger cleaning jobs squeezed in here and there. Sweeping, vacuuming, mopping, dusting, changing sheets and other types of housework equals a good workout!

7. Grow a garden

Many families had gardens to help cut their grocery bills. I’m not saying you need to get out and plow the lower 40 acres, but even a few pots of vegetables on your patio will help increase the amount of nutrition at your table, while burning a few calories as you pull weeds, water the vegetables, and pinch off excess flowers.

8. Sports and fun

Almost everyone has a hobby of some sort, including my father. He was a bit of a strange man as he didn’t like typical sports the way most men do. He did, however, love fishing and hunting. My dad was famous for eating just about anything, except what he called “rabbit food” (salad). Many people wondered how he managed to stay so slim all his life, but I knew the answer. He went fishing or hunting probably twice a month. This involved walking for miles or standing for hours. My father would have NEVER considered going walking for “exercise,” but he would walk all day in hopes of catching a pheasant. Both of my parents loved to dance, and we used to dance to the music on the radio either on the patio or in the living room. Time flies when you’re having fun and you never noticed that you got some serious exercise.

9. Old-fashioned calisthenics

My mother would often spend 30 minutes out of her day (before she went back to work) with a kitchen chair and Jack LaLanne on the TV. (Google him if you don’t know who he is). Plain old isometric exercises, occasionally a few books to use as weights, and a chair for balance was all it took to keep my mother feeling and looking good. You don’t need an expensive gym membership to keep muscles taut and strong.

10. Don’t say no

Although many of us have very busy schedules, one of the things I loved about my grandmother was that she rarely said no. No matter if we wanted to walk to the store to get a popsicle or play hide and seek, or if a friend called and they wanted her to walk over and have coffee, my grandmother almost always said yes. This kept her active and involved right up until her last two or three years of life. Don’t be so quick to say no because you might miss that marathon of your favorite show; say YES and enjoy life!

What would you add to our list? Share your thoughts in the section below:

How To Choose A Generator For Your Homestead

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Why you need a generator

In 2011, when U.S. economy looked bleak, I stocked up on food that would keep long-term, and figured out ways to filter water, wash clothes, and cook food without electricity for an extended situation. I had to figure out how to choose a homestead generator as part of an overall emergency survival plan.

Better prepared, than sorry

We used the generator for intermittent power:  a few fans and the refrigerator. These were what I thought would be the minimum appliances needed to make life bearable in Florida.

Also, in a deed-restricted community, our HOA had rules about fuel storage, so we were limited to small tanks of propane to run our generator. Luckily, our worst fears of what the economy did not materialize.

If we had been hit with a hurricane or some other disaster…

…the generator would have been  put to use immediately.

Choosing our homestead generator

On the homestead, the generator was convenient for running power tools and charging battery packs. My husband made good use of it in building a tool shed.

Now that we are building our house, our generator needs have changed. We have a well that requires more power than our first generator. The little generator can’t produce as much as we need.

Generator needs change

Our new home will be much more energy-efficient, because of the materials used in the building. We plan to have mostly propane appliances, which can also be converted to run on natural gas. Most people aren’t aware that you can have a regular-sized refrigerator-freezer that uses propane, but they are available.

Take your electricity needs into account

With most of the major electric energy hogs handled, it will be interesting to see how much electricity we will use on a daily basis. Once the house is built, we will monitor our usage. Then, we’ll move a lot of our electricity needs to solar panels on our south-facing roof. Unfortunately, Florida won’t let you live completely off-grid, but that doesn’t mean that you have to use grid power. You just have to have a connection to it.

Have you seen this article on Off-grid AC and survival cooling?

8 types of generators

There are seven types of electric generators:

1. Gasoline generators are the most common and readily available. They come in small portable sizes to larger whole-house generators.

Cons:

  • The fuel is highly flammable and cannot be stored for more than one year.
  • Produces high emissions.
  • Doesn’t start well in cold weather.

2. Diesel fuel generators has the least flammable fuel source, and are almost as available as gasoline-powered generators. The perform better and more efficiently, and starts better in cold climates.

Cons:

  • Fuel can only be stored for 24 months.
  • Diesel emissions are high, some areas limit how long they can be used in a day.
  • Does not do well in wet conditions.
  • Requires regular maintenance by a qualified mechanic.
  • Less portable.

3. Bio diesel fuel generators are starting to come on the market. They use less non-renewable sources. It is more environmentally friendly.

Cons:

  • The engines are noisy.
  • Fuel can only be stored for 24 months.
  • Sometimes not available during power outages.
  • More difficult to find in some regions.
  • Mixture must be kept at an 80:20 ratio, making it difficult to work with.

4. Emulsified diesel generators is a mix of diesel and water blended with a mixing agent. It has the same pros and cons of diesel and biodiesel.

5. Propane generators burn clean and can be stored a lot longer. It produces relativity low emissions. These types of generators are available and last a long time if properly maintained by a qualified technician. Propane generators start well in cold climates and are fairly quiet.

Cons:

  • Propane is kept under pressure, which makes it highly flammable, even explosive.
  • The fuel systems are complex and subject to failure.
  • Installation is costly.
  • More expensive to buy and operate.

6. Natural gas generators are available just about everywhere. The fuel lines are run directly to where the generator will be kept, so it never runs out of fuel or need refilling. These generators burn clean with little waste. The fuel is available even if the power goes out. The units are affordable in comparison to other choices. The system is fairly quiet and starts in cold climates.

Cons:

  • The installation cost is expensive.
  • The systems don’t last as long as diesel generators.
  • Dangerous leaks are possible with the gas lines.
  • Fracking is causing many unforeseen problems with water supplies and earthquakes.

7. Hydrogen generators are starting to become available. Hydrogen is everywhere. It is nontoxic, clean, cheap, and produces more energy than other fuel sources. These generators are portable and can be used just about anywhere.

Cons:

  • Currently expensive compared to other generators.
  • Not available everywhere.

8. Biogas Generators are also coming to the market, which produces a biogas from food waste and manures. You can make it yourself. The fuel can replace diesel, natural gas, and propane for running your stove, lights, and refrigerator.

Cons:

  • You have to know what you’re doing.
  • Gas is highly flammable, even explosive.

How to choose which generator is right for you?

Our second generator was purchased mainly to handle the well.  The well was pretty deep and has a one-horsepower pump that exclusively operates it. We are looking into a way to get the water out without electricity, but as a stopgap, the generator was quite a bit cheaper, especially since we got it on sale. I also like the fact that it will run on gasoline, propane, or natural gas; even though the last two don’t create as much power as gasoline.

Questions to ask yourself

  • Does it need to be portable or permanent?
  • What are your electrical needs? Appliances or equipment do you need to run on a generator?
  • Where do you live? Your climate may determine which is best for you.
  • What total watts do you need? This will determine the generator size.
  • What is your budget?
  • Do you want a system that comes on automatically, even if you’re not home?
  • How to do feel about these fuel’s affects on the environment?

With everything we are doing to produce energy on-site and reduce our energy needs, this may be the last generator we buy. Time will tell. There are many available that will automatically start if the power goes out and can power an entire house. I don’t think we are ready for that just yet.

Do you have a generator for your home or homestead? Which one did you decide on? Tell us in the comments below.

 

 

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The post How To Choose A Generator For Your Homestead appeared first on The Grow Network.

Surviving Prepper’s Digest Volume 1

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I really enjoy writing here at Surviving Prepper. But I also enjoy reading great posts from other prepping web sites around the Internet. So I have decided to start doing a series that highlights posts that I find on other prepper sites. Please click through to some of these links and explore our first Surviving Prepper’s Digest.

A Tenderfoot’s Guide to Chopping Firewood at Camp – Todd Walker over at Survival Sherpa has some really great information on his site. His writing is detailed, with helpful images and videos. This post about chopping firewood is no exception. One of our very first posts on Surviving Prepper was about different types of axes. Todd explains how to safely use an axe and what is most efficient.

10 Things I Love About the Prepper Community & 5 Things I Hate – This was a spot on post! There are a lot of really great aspects about the prepper community that I have noticed since I started. But I’ve also seen some negative traits along the way. This post on More Than Just Surviving is pretty accurate about my feelings too. Great read. Oh, and the fact that the site is a husband/wife team is awesome. My wife is a really important part of Surviving Prepper, too.

How to Build a DIY Rocket Stove – I love rocket stoves! By employing a little bit of science, you can make a super efficient cooking tool. Know Prepare Survive put together a really nice article on the subject. Showing you how to build two different types, and linking off to some good resources.

Fish For Aquaponics System – Aquaponics is a topic that gets a lot of words written about it. It is a subject that I am interested in, too. Most articles cover the equipment and the building process. This post from Prepper Dome actually covers the type of fish to use. I found that it filled in some gaps in my knowledge.

Getting Started With Solar Cooking – When most people think of using solar energy, it is all about generating electricity. But Lisa, over at The Survival Mom, has done several good posts about cooking with solar energy. This post talks about getting started with solar ovens and has some really good information.

7 Antiseptics For Your Medical Kit – If I am being honest, of all the prepping topics, medical is my least knowledgeable area. Luckily, Doom and Bloom always has good information on their site. This article is about different antiseptics and when to use them. Very informative.


I hope that you enjoy these posts as much as I did. Let me know if you find a good post that you think is worth mentioning.

If you found this article helpful/interesting, please Share it by clicking on the social media links. Thank you for helping us grow!

The post Surviving Prepper’s Digest Volume 1 appeared first on Surviving Prepper.

The Trigger: If This Ever Happens You Know You’re Days Away From Nuclear War

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thermo-nuke

By Mac Slavo – SHTFplan.com

Editor’s Note: Back in February of 2014 we published an interview and report from well known preparedness strategist and strategic relocation expert Joel Skousen in which he explained his assessment of how World War III would “go down.” At the time, North Korea was considered by most to be nothing more than a small pest that posed no real threat to the United States. President Barrack Obama, like his predecessors, had maintained America’s policy of “strategic patience” with the rogue state, while its leader, as he does today, often made threats about attacking the United States, Japan and South Korea. What’s different today is that North Korea has proven their capabilities with not only inter-continental ballistic missiles, but nuclear weapons as well. Moreover, they have threatened to launch nuclear attacks against specific U.S. targets and many in the intelligence community have argued that the North may already have the weapons systems in place to strike key population centers that include Los Angeles, Chicago and New York City.

Unlike 2014, today we have a different kind of President – one who believes strategic patience is a failed policy. Donald Trump has made it clear that North Korea will not be allowed to possess nuclear weapons and has backed his words with the might of Naval carrier strike groups off the Korean Peninsula and strategic bombers stationed in Guam. Trump and his national security team have essentially given Kim Jong Un two options. Either dismantle North Korea’s nuclear program, or war will be declared.

On that note, we encourage you to consider the following assessment from Joel Skousen. If war is coming, this may well be how it’s triggered. And when it goes down, it’s going to be thermo-nuclear.

Originally published February 10, 2014:

It’s no secret that the world is on the brink of a significant paradigm shift. With the economy in shambles and the United States, Europe, China and Russia vying for hegemony over global affairs, it is only a matter of time before the powder keg goes critical.

As was the case with World Wars I and II, the chess pieces are being positioned well in advance. It’s happening on all levels – monetary, financial, economic, geo-political. Lines are being drawn. Alliances are being cemented.

We know that a widespread depression is sweeping across just about every nation on earth. The complete collapse of the world we have come to know as it relates to commerce and consumption is a foregone conclusion. We may not know exactly when or how the final nail is driven into the coffin, but we know it’s happening right before our eyes.

Throughout history, when countries have fallen into destitution and despair, their leaders have often resolved their domestic plights by finding foreign scapegoats. This time will be no different – for all parties involved.

In the following interview with Infowars’ Alex Jones, Joel Skousen of World Affairs Brief  leaves nothing to the imagination and outlines what we can expect as East and West face off in coming years.

The trigger is clear. What will follow is nothing short of thermo-nuclear warfare on a massive scale.

The trigger event has to be North Korea… North Korea is the most rogue element in the world and yet it’s been given a pass by the U.S… We don’t do anything to stop its nuclear progress, unlike Iran.

Russia and China… it’s too early… they’re not ready to go to a third world war over Iran…

When you see a North Korean launch against the South… and they do some minor military attack every year, so you’ve got to be careful not to confuse those with a major artillery barrage on Seoul. If this ever starts you know you’re days away from nuclear war. People ought to get out of major cities that are major nuclear targets.

There has to be a reason why North Korea has been preserved… It can only be because the globalists know that they are the puppets of China and that they will be the trigger.

Here’s how I think it’s going down. I think there will be an attack against South Korea. The North Koreans have over two million troops… 20,000 artillery… they can level Seoul in a matter of three or four days. The only way the U.S. can stop that attack is using tactical nuclear weapons.

And that would give China the excuse to nuke the United States. U.S. is guilty of first-use, the U.S. is the bully of the world, Russia and Chinese unite to launch against U.S. military targets. Not civilian targets per say. There will be about 12 or 15 cities that are inextricably connected with the military that are going to get hit that I mentioned in Strategic Relocation… you don’t want to be in those cities.

You may have two days notice when that attack in Korea starts, before China launches on the United States.

And if you ever see everything blackout, because both Russia and China will use a preemptive nuclear EMP strike to take down the grid… before the nukes actually fall… anytime you see all electricity out, no news, nothing at all… that’s the time you need to be getting out of cities before the panic hits.

In his Strategic Relocation documentary, Skousen notes that the reason Russia and China have yet to take action is because they are not ready. But as current events suggest, they are making haste. Iran has apparently deployed warships near US borders and China has continually balked at internationally established air zones, encroaching on U.S. interests. North Korea continues to do whatever it wants, even after sanctions issued again their nuclear development plans by the United Nations. And, given President Obama’s refusal to attend the Olympic games with other world leaders that include Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping, it should be obvious that the relationship between the world’s super powers are strained.

No one is willing to back down. And as we saw in the 20th century, that kind of diplomacy ends with the deaths of millions of people.

No one believed it could happen in the early 1910’s and again in the late 1930’s.

And with a Nobel Peace Prize winner at the helm of the freest nation on earth, not many Americans think it can happen in today’s modern and interconnected world.

But what if history rhymes once again?

Are we really to dismiss the warnings of Joel Skousen simply because it is such an outlier that it is impossible to imagine for most? Or do we look at history, see how such situations have unfolded over the last 5,000 years, and conclude that it is, in fact, possible that it happens again?

The lives of hundreds of millions of people are in the balance. That’s a sobering thought for average people, but mere chess pieces to the elite who sit behind the curtains with their fingers on the buttons.

As before, when the circumstances suit them and the time is right, they will invariably push those red buttons as their predecessors did before them.

Those in target cities in the U.S., Russia, China and Europe will become nothing more than statistics for the history books.

But if you know the warning signs, then perhaps at the very least, you stand a chance.

If you ever wake up one morning and your TV doesn’t work, the internet is down, and your cell phone is off, then you need to assume that your city or region was hit by a super EMP weapon, such as those being developed and tested in North Korea, Russia and China.

As Skousen warns, in such a scenario you’ll have about two days to get out of major cities to a safe location outside of the blast radius. We recommend a number of resources, including Skousen’s Strategic Relocation and Holly Deyo’s Prudent Places, both of which outline safe areas in the United States based on various factors like population density, location of thoroughfares and resource availability.

When it starts all avenues for obtaining critical supplies will be unavailable.Therefore, wherever you are, prepare for the worst by stockpiling reserve food, water, and nuclear preparedness supplies. Given the scenario outlined by Skousen, nations may well engage in conventional warfare after the nukes drop, meaning that you’ll need to be prepared to adapt to changing circumstances and know, at the very least, basic military strategies and tactics to evade, defend and attack.

It’s an outlier to be sure. But it’s one that has been experienced by every second or third generation on this planet since the dawn of human civilization.

It may well be our turn very soon.

This article first appeared at SHTFplan.com: The Trigger: If This Ever Happens You Know You’re Days Away From Nuclear War

The post The Trigger: If This Ever Happens You Know You’re Days Away From Nuclear War appeared first on The Survival Place Blog.

The Trigger: If This Ever Happens You Know You’re Days Away From Nuclear War

thermo-nuke

By Mac Slavo – SHTFplan.com

Editor’s Note: Back in February of 2014 we published an interview and report from well known preparedness strategist and strategic relocation expert Joel Skousen in which he explained his assessment of how World War III would “go down.” At the time, North Korea was considered by most to be nothing more than a small pest that posed no real threat to the United States. President Barrack Obama, like his predecessors, had maintained America’s policy of “strategic patience” with the rogue state, while its leader, as he does today, often made threats about attacking the United States, Japan and South Korea. What’s different today is that North Korea has proven their capabilities with not only inter-continental ballistic missiles, but nuclear weapons as well. Moreover, they have threatened to launch nuclear attacks against specific U.S. targets and many in the intelligence community have argued that the North may already have the weapons systems in place to strike key population centers that include Los Angeles, Chicago and New York City.

Unlike 2014, today we have a different kind of President – one who believes strategic patience is a failed policy. Donald Trump has made it clear that North Korea will not be allowed to possess nuclear weapons and has backed his words with the might of Naval carrier strike groups off the Korean Peninsula and strategic bombers stationed in Guam. Trump and his national security team have essentially given Kim Jong Un two options. Either dismantle North Korea’s nuclear program, or war will be declared.

On that note, we encourage you to consider the following assessment from Joel Skousen. If war is coming, this may well be how it’s triggered. And when it goes down, it’s going to be thermo-nuclear.

Originally published February 10, 2014:

It’s no secret that the world is on the brink of a significant paradigm shift. With the economy in shambles and the United States, Europe, China and Russia vying for hegemony over global affairs, it is only a matter of time before the powder keg goes critical.

As was the case with World Wars I and II, the chess pieces are being positioned well in advance. It’s happening on all levels – monetary, financial, economic, geo-political. Lines are being drawn. Alliances are being cemented.

We know that a widespread depression is sweeping across just about every nation on earth. The complete collapse of the world we have come to know as it relates to commerce and consumption is a foregone conclusion. We may not know exactly when or how the final nail is driven into the coffin, but we know it’s happening right before our eyes.

Throughout history, when countries have fallen into destitution and despair, their leaders have often resolved their domestic plights by finding foreign scapegoats. This time will be no different – for all parties involved.

In the following interview with Infowars’ Alex Jones, Joel Skousen of World Affairs Brief  leaves nothing to the imagination and outlines what we can expect as East and West face off in coming years.

The trigger is clear. What will follow is nothing short of thermo-nuclear warfare on a massive scale.

The trigger event has to be North Korea… North Korea is the most rogue element in the world and yet it’s been given a pass by the U.S… We don’t do anything to stop its nuclear progress, unlike Iran.

Russia and China… it’s too early… they’re not ready to go to a third world war over Iran…

When you see a North Korean launch against the South… and they do some minor military attack every year, so you’ve got to be careful not to confuse those with a major artillery barrage on Seoul. If this ever starts you know you’re days away from nuclear war. People ought to get out of major cities that are major nuclear targets.

There has to be a reason why North Korea has been preserved… It can only be because the globalists know that they are the puppets of China and that they will be the trigger.

Here’s how I think it’s going down. I think there will be an attack against South Korea. The North Koreans have over two million troops… 20,000 artillery… they can level Seoul in a matter of three or four days. The only way the U.S. can stop that attack is using tactical nuclear weapons.

And that would give China the excuse to nuke the United States. U.S. is guilty of first-use, the U.S. is the bully of the world, Russia and Chinese unite to launch against U.S. military targets. Not civilian targets per say. There will be about 12 or 15 cities that are inextricably connected with the military that are going to get hit that I mentioned in Strategic Relocation… you don’t want to be in those cities.

You may have two days notice when that attack in Korea starts, before China launches on the United States.

And if you ever see everything blackout, because both Russia and China will use a preemptive nuclear EMP strike to take down the grid… before the nukes actually fall… anytime you see all electricity out, no news, nothing at all… that’s the time you need to be getting out of cities before the panic hits.

In his Strategic Relocation documentary, Skousen notes that the reason Russia and China have yet to take action is because they are not ready. But as current events suggest, they are making haste. Iran has apparently deployed warships near US borders and China has continually balked at internationally established air zones, encroaching on U.S. interests. North Korea continues to do whatever it wants, even after sanctions issued again their nuclear development plans by the United Nations. And, given President Obama’s refusal to attend the Olympic games with other world leaders that include Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping, it should be obvious that the relationship between the world’s super powers are strained.

No one is willing to back down. And as we saw in the 20th century, that kind of diplomacy ends with the deaths of millions of people.

No one believed it could happen in the early 1910’s and again in the late 1930’s.

And with a Nobel Peace Prize winner at the helm of the freest nation on earth, not many Americans think it can happen in today’s modern and interconnected world.

But what if history rhymes once again?

Are we really to dismiss the warnings of Joel Skousen simply because it is such an outlier that it is impossible to imagine for most? Or do we look at history, see how such situations have unfolded over the last 5,000 years, and conclude that it is, in fact, possible that it happens again?

The lives of hundreds of millions of people are in the balance. That’s a sobering thought for average people, but mere chess pieces to the elite who sit behind the curtains with their fingers on the buttons.

As before, when the circumstances suit them and the time is right, they will invariably push those red buttons as their predecessors did before them.

Those in target cities in the U.S., Russia, China and Europe will become nothing more than statistics for the history books.

But if you know the warning signs, then perhaps at the very least, you stand a chance.

If you ever wake up one morning and your TV doesn’t work, the internet is down, and your cell phone is off, then you need to assume that your city or region was hit by a super EMP weapon, such as those being developed and tested in North Korea, Russia and China.

As Skousen warns, in such a scenario you’ll have about two days to get out of major cities to a safe location outside of the blast radius. We recommend a number of resources, including Skousen’s Strategic Relocation and Holly Deyo’s Prudent Places, both of which outline safe areas in the United States based on various factors like population density, location of thoroughfares and resource availability.

When it starts all avenues for obtaining critical supplies will be unavailable.Therefore, wherever you are, prepare for the worst by stockpiling reserve food, water, and nuclear preparedness supplies. Given the scenario outlined by Skousen, nations may well engage in conventional warfare after the nukes drop, meaning that you’ll need to be prepared to adapt to changing circumstances and know, at the very least, basic military strategies and tactics to evade, defend and attack.

It’s an outlier to be sure. But it’s one that has been experienced by every second or third generation on this planet since the dawn of human civilization.

It may well be our turn very soon.

This article first appeared at SHTFplan.com: The Trigger: If This Ever Happens You Know You’re Days Away From Nuclear War

The post The Trigger: If This Ever Happens You Know You’re Days Away From Nuclear War appeared first on The Survival Place Blog.

Master the Wild with Your Powerful Camping Knife

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Master the Wild with Your Powerful Camping Knife Have you not given thought to a fixed blade knife yet? Sure that foldable knife in your pocket is great but in a survival situation you need something with a little more oomph. This article is a look into finding the right camping knife but I think …

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The post Master the Wild with Your Powerful Camping Knife appeared first on SHTF Prepping & Homesteading Central.

Sew Your Own Carbon Air Filter for $10

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Sew Your Own Carbon Air Filter for $10 This is such an interesting technique to learn that I had to include it. The survival use is not clearly defined but there are so many directions you can go once you understand the basics of this creation. Are you keeping carbon on hand? I recommend keeping …

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The Fifth American War

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The Fifth American War We are a nation of individual with the highest levels of freedom and individualism on on the planet. Its not hard to understand how a population like this can wind up at each others throats. In nations with less freedom people are merely butchered when they are of a differing opinion. …

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The Basic Emergency Plan – The Foundation of Preparedness

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The Basic Emergency Plan – The Foundation of Preparedness A simple, basic, foolproof plan should be the starting point for any prepper. The catch-all plan is much more likely to be used than your specialized scenario plans. They are easy to make and practice, and TruePrepper has made it even easier by creating a simple …

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Preppers Need to Know Their Limitations

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Preppers Need to Know Their Limitations At the sight of this article I knew it would be a good one. This is an issue in much of the prepper and survivalist world. This strange idea that our will can overcome legitimate injury or poor training is just as dangerous as not being prepared at all. …

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12 Outdoor Survival Skills Everyone Should Master

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12 Outdoor Survival Skills Everyone Should Master   If you want to be able to make it on your own in the wilderness, there are a few things that you’re going to have to know first. We’ve come a long way since our hunter gatherer days as humans, and unfortunately this means that our basic …

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What to Do When Your Tree Is Dying: 6 Things You Need To Know

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What to Do When Your Tree Is Dying: 6 Things You Need To Know If you plan to manage a homestead or a bug out property you will be taking care of trees. Now, the taking care of trees is an interesting topic because it can be for very different reasons. Trees do a lot …

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I’m Baaccck

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Hey Folks, I think my technological issues are fixed. I nuked my laptop deleting everything and just starting over. It seems to be working normally now. Expect more regular posting (say 3 posts a week) to commence forth with.

A Mystery Investor Has Made A 262 Million Dollar Bet That The Stock Market Will Crash By October

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A Mystery Investor Has Made A 262 Million Dollar Bet That The Stock Market Will Crash By October While no one in their right mind would dare set a date for the collapse, as we have seen that fail time and time again, there are watchers out there. I would gladly refer to this author …

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How To Grow Equisetum Hyemale

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Equisetum hyemale is commonly called scouring rush or rough horsetail. Equisetum is not a rush, fern, or reed. This horsetail is a non-flowering, rush-like, perennial, which is native to Europe, North America, and Asia, and is invasive in most places. It is very easy to grow Equisetum Hymale!

It is a single surviving genus that dates back 350 million years. Its name comes from the Latin word equus meaning “a horse” and seta meaning “a bristle.”

The stems

It occurs in wet woods, moist hillsides, and the edges of lakes, rivers, and ponds. This species has rigid, rough, hollow, jointed-and-segmented, bamboo-like, dark green stems that are about 1/2 inch in diameter at the base.

Photosynthesis happens in the stems of this plant. Fertile stems bear pine cone-like fruiting heads about 1-inch long, which contain a lot of spores.

If you live in an area that is frost-free, the evergreen stems are pretty in winter.

The stems are also high in silica and were used by early Americans for polishing pots and pans. (1)

The leaves

Tiny, scale-like leaves attached to the stem and fuse into an ash-gray sheath, which is a 1/4-inch long. The leaves end in a fringe of teeth marks at each stem node (joint). During the growing season, these teeth shed.

grow-equisetum-hyemale

Grow Equisetum Hyemale

This ancient plant spreads by rhizomes (underground stem that acts like a root). It is commonly called horsetail or winter scouring rush, but there are several varieties. This particular species is one that has been used for centuries for tooth and gum care.

In your landscape

Horsetail reeds (Equisetum hyemale) is a great addition to the edges of backyard ponds and water features. The reeds thrive where soils are moist, but the plant remains above water. Depending on where you live, it can be invasive. This species of horsetail multiplies in a “thicket.”

The reeds may stay green where frost is not a concern. The reeds are typically grown only as a potted plant, because they spread quickly via underground rhizomes. It grows to a height of 2 feet to 4 feet.

Soil

Equisetum Hyemale tolerates a wide-range of moist soils It will even grow in up to 4 inches of standing water. A large colony of reeds forms in the wild. Equisetum Hyemale is a very aggressive plant, which needs to be restrained by a pot. Once established, it can be challenging to remove because the rhizomes spread wide and deep. Any small section of rhizome left behind will sprout a new plant. In water gardens, plant in pots, or it will choke out other plants.

This horsetail species likes a slightly acidic soil with a clay, loam, sand mix. It particularly likes wet sites. It is perfect for a bog garden, containers, or water gardens.

Light

Grow Equisetum Hyemale in full sun, partial sun, or partial shade depending on your particular climate.

Climate

This species of horsetail grows well in Zones 4 through 9.

Click here to find your hardiness zone.

Maintenance

Indoors or outside, be sure to cut off any rhizomes growing out of the pot. This will keep the horsetail from spreading into the pond or surrounding soil.

Place the pot so the rim is above the water surface, near the edge of a pond or water feature is perfect.

Prune the dead stems after they turn brown in winter. Provide some winter interest by leaving the stems in place until new stems emerge.

Watering

Water horsetail reeds twice-a-week or more, so the soil stays moist, almost wet. Pots sitting in water need less watering. Water pond plants only if the potting soil surface looks dry.

Pests

Equisetum Hyemale does not have any serious insect or disease problems. The only problem is its very aggressive and spreading nature.

Fertilizer

When the reed is actively growing in spring and summer or every two months, apply a fertilizer made for pond or bog plants. Follow the recommended applications on the fertilizer bag.

Here are 35 Homemade Organic Fertilizers to try!

Grow Equisetum Hyemale Indoors

Although a bog plant, horsetail reeds are low-maintenance and do well in pots on your patio, too. Plant Equisetum Hyemale in a non-perforated, 1-gallon pot with drainage holes.

Lift the pot once-a-month to examine the drainage holes. Cut back any rhizomes that are trying to escape.

Indoors, grow Equisetum Hyemale in moist soil and with a lot of light. A sunny window is perfect.

Use a potting soil that works best for bog and water garden plants. Set the pot in water that is no more than 4-inches deep.

Will you be growing Equisetum Hyemale? Tell us your thoughts in the comments below.

Research:

1 Missouri Botanical Garden. [http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=c670]

 

 

Beautiful, Squeaky Clean, HEALTHY Teeth
… Without Going To The Dentist!

Click here to get this holistic approach to caring for your teeth

The post How To Grow Equisetum Hyemale appeared first on The Grow Network.

Two Wild Alternatives to Coffee

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Two Wild Alternatives to Coffee The dawn of a new workday brings many things to the forefront. Kids have to be ushered to and fro, reports completed, meetings held or postponed and all the while we must carry on as the survivors we are. For most of us, the morning routing requires less doomsday and …

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Guest Post: Fine Gold versus F.I.N.E. Central Banks, by Gary Christenson

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Guest Post: Fine Gold versus F.I.N.E. Central Banks, by Gary Christenson In today’s world economy there are still forces at work that wish to see the dollar succeed as a world currency. These forces keep the dollar releavent and hide the scars of its past. They hide the massive debts and the bloated lives the …

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Factory farming in Asia creating global health risks, report warns

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We have already had health problems here in Australia caused by contaminated frozen fruits from China, this threat though could trigger TEOTWAWKI!

The Awan Brothers, A Symptom of the Incredible Corruption at the Top

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stock

way OT, but this is worth getting on your radar.

http://beforeitsnews.com/alternative/2017/08/what-is-the-awan-brother-doing-behind-trey-gowdy-3541629.html

Just wow….one of the Awan brothers is seen here at a House Committee hearing sitting directly behind Trey Gowdy, seemingly coaching the measured and scripted responses out of Jeh Johnson (who was Barack Obama’s Homeland Security Secretary). He also appears to be making threatening faces at Jeh Johnson. It’s obvious Jeh Johnson is being blackmailed. ————————————————————————————

6 Low Cost And Low-Tech Ways To Test Drinking Water When SHTF

Click here to view the original post.

When the worst you can ever imagine took place, instinct tells you to find a safer place to crash. After some crazy fleeing and heart-pounding action, you get to rest for a bit.

Alongside the short relief, your body starts to check itself and assess what it needs at the moment. You may feel pain from wounds, muscle aches, or hunger. You can endure all these for as long as you got safe drinking water near you.

But when the scariest scenario hits the fan, will you have clean and safe water to drink? As you wander along the place of your refuge, you may find lakes, streams, ponds, and even jars of water around.

Quick Navigation

  A. Know the possible Contaminants
  B. Ways to Test Water
    1. Home Test Kit
    2. ID Water Source
    3. Soap Suds Test
    4. Use Your Senses

Pretty convenient, eh? Not really.

People who don’t just chug drinks are more likely to outlive others who would gulp whatever liquid flows around them. Severe diarrhea is the least you’d want to carry along while running away from whatever dangers humanity is pitted against.

Now that you see water in front of you, whether it is contaminated or not comes as the next concern. What will you do to determine if the water is safe enough to drink?

Of course, in a highly unexpected SHTF situation, you may be out there alive without the huge, high-tech machines to depend on.

Yes, no robots and fancy gadgets around. Such valuables will only catch the interest of others who would kill for many reasons. No matter how useful, these high-tech machines and its operators are always the first to go in a world thrown into chaos.

Civil war, alien invasion, zombie apocalypse, or whatever it is, keeping a low profile increases the chances of your survival. And with low profile approach, comes low-tech but reliable ways to do things.

With limited resources, you need to go for low-tech, low-cost drinking water testing methods. Despite this, you need a testing process giving accurate results for your safety.

Know The Possible Contaminants

test drinking water contamination

You cannot observe most of these contaminants with the naked eye. But even so, it’s a good thing to know about them to let you understand the importance of a DIY water testing. So before we let give some advise on how to check the water quality, make yourself aware of these harmful elements.

Nuisance Bacteria

Holds a very low chance to cause harm. But if you failed to treat water contaminated with nuisance bacteria, their numbers multiply and they generate iron and sulfur making them more dangerous overtime.

Disease-Causing Bacteria

This active contaminant showcase a different level of harm. Examples of this type include e.coli and coliform which requires strong and continuous medication for a patient to fully recover.

Iron

Water with iron may cause yellow and orange stains in fixtures, wells, concretes, and many kinds of surface. Technically, iron in great amounts produce rust and you certainly don’t want this in your drinking water.

Manganese

This mineral stains fixtures and causes black or purple color to the areas affected. It tastes bitter and exposure to extremely large amounts of manganese greatly affects psychiatric and motor skills. The symptoms resemble those of patients with Parkinson’s disease.

Hydrogen Sulphide

This component may smell like rotten egg. Sometimes, it naturally occurs in water while others may have been caused by bacteria.

Lead

A toxic substance that targets the neurons. Intake through inhalation and digestion may cause lead poisoning. It results to abdominal pain, headache, vomiting, constipation and long-term effects such as inability to produce children and memory problems. Severe cases recorded show patients suffering from anemia, coma, seizures, and even death.

Now that you know a few of possible water contaminants and their effects, it should give you enough reason why you need to know how to test the quality of your drinking water before you take a gulp. Here we list different low-tech drinking water testing methods you can use.

#1 – Using A Home Water Test Kit

test drinking water home testing kit

A home test kit makes one of the easiest ways to determine the quality of water. If you happened to keep one in your emergency bag or pockets, then you probably had a decent SHTF preparation. But before we proceed with the explanation, a few tips for those who are just about to prep up.

Although many companies produce home water quality testing kit, they all function similarly. Home drinking water testing kit packages contain strips which changes color depending on the mineral content. Lastly, you get to match the color with a chart to determine whether the water you have is safe or not.

We recommend buying home test kits with multiple strips each made to detect different water contents such as strip for bacteria, hardness, chlorine, pesticides, nitrites, and pH levels. Read the package inclusions in the box. If the kit has only one strip, it most likely will let you measure the pH level of the water which makes it far from what you really need.

Always read the direction before using the drinking water testing kits. This important section of the home water testing kit gives important info such as how long the strip needs to be dipped in the water and the required temperature to get the best results.

Take the strips out of the water after the recommended time. Compare the color of all strips to the chart and this will show the level or amount of substance in the subject. The color chart shows designation of different concentration levels ranging from safe or acceptable to hazardous.

#2 – Identify The Source Of Water

test drinking water sources

Where your water is coming from, tells a lot about its quality. Gather all data that you need, and ask help if necessary. If you wander alone in the wild, choose the water source which is least likely to have been contaminated.

Ask For A Water Quality Report

When the local municipality remains up and servicing its people when something bad happened, you can ask the city or township staff for a water quality report. Contact your city hall and ask for this info if you doubt the quality of the water in your area.

If no government body is available to assist you in this matter, try visiting the website of your city or town for updated info about the water quality in your area. You can also contact your village hall to get help on contacting resource person who can provide info regarding your water concern.

Ask The Water Company

You can also try contacting your water company. A representative of the water provider should be able to supply you with the information that you need.

Surviving Alone In The Wild

If you happened to be in the wild, you need to know which water source is safer to drink. Clear flowing water coming from areas without a population or village serves as the best choice. So if you come across a clear, flowing stream or spring, take that opportunity and fill your water bottles.

Stagnant water bodies such as lakes and ponds may hold heightened levels of bacteria and some disgusting things. On the other hand, rivers may continuously flow but most of them are full of pollution. Typically, the water from large rivers have come from an overpopulated area or factories.

Do not drink sea water or urine. This will make you urinate more water than you take up. If you keep on drinking sea water, you only become thirstier and eventually, you will die from dehydration.

#3 – Soap Suds Test With Castile Soap

test drinking water soap suds

You can conduct a quick in-home and outdoor water test using basic soap like the Castile. This multi-purpose soap is 100% natural, free from detergents, dyes, and perfumes.

Fill an empty bottle one-third full with cool water you want to test. Next, add a few drops of Castile soap or any basic soap available.

Shake the bottle forcefully for a few seconds and observe what happens to its contents. If you see cloudy or milky water with few bubbles, it indicates a hard or contaminated water. If you see abundant bubbles and clear water, it only means that the water is a soft water and a lot safer to drink.

#4 – Test Drinking Water With Your Senses

test drinking water taste

In complete absence of all water testing tools, you may rely on your senses to check on the quality of the water. Although it won’t let you extract the exact amounts of bacteria and other elements in the water, what you will find out in this water test can give you enough clues to reach a conclusion. Keep in mind that even experts smell, taste and

Examine The Water’s Appearance

Observing the physical appearance of the water will not generate 100% accuracy. Some hard water may appear clear while the safe ones you should drink may appear a bit hazy. However, this guide will still help you in weeding out a subject after seeing obvious signs of contamination.

Place the water in a transparent container such as glass and hold it up towards the light. Look for particles and cloudiness. Reddish and brownish particles may indicate iron rust contamination from the pipes or fixtures. On the other hand, black particles usually come from the dirt inside the hose where your water goes through. White and tan particles may show signs of other mineral excess such as magnesium or calcium carbonate.

If the water comes from a faucet, let the water run down the drain especially if its hazy. This is caused by buildup of dirt in the water fixtures which happens if the line or pipe remain unused for a while. This can also happen with a newly setup water source or system.

Smell The Water

Professional sanitation consultants and water engineers will surely smell the water when they went to your home to test it. This proves the efficiency of this drinking water testing method. You can also give it a try and start with giving it a good sniff.

Bleach smell occurs after the local treatment plant added chlorine water to make it safe to drink. This smell should go away after a few seconds of exposure to air. You may use a home water filter to remove the bleach odor. Usually, bleach smell does not carry harmful elements.

Rotten-egg smell indicates thriving and multiplying bacteria in the water. Pour or run some water in a glass and set it aside for a few minutes. If the smell disappears, your pipes or fixtures need cleaning. If the smell stays, it indicates a huge hard water problem. Do not drink the water and report it to the local municipality or the water company.

A musty or earthy smell indicates decaying matter in the fixture. It is usually safe to drink, but if it is really bothersome, get it treated or ask a plumber to check on your water pipes.

Taste The Water

Tasting the water should serve as the last step. The goal of the above water testing methods is to avoid you from ingesting a highly suspicious water into your body. But if you did not detect any problems, try tasting a few drops or sips of the water.

If the water tastes foul, do not swallow. Spit it out immediately.

If the water tastes metallic, it indicates excess in minerals or low pH levels. If the water tastes like bleach, it only implies excess in chlorine. On the other hand, salty water signals serious contamination which may be caused by irrigation drainage or industrial waste.

Do not continue drinking the water if it tasted like the above. Get the water treated, contact your local municipality, report it to the water company, or find a different source of water.

6 Low Cost And Low-Tech Ways To Test Drinking Water When SHTF

When the worst you can ever imagine took place, instinct tells you to find a safer place to crash. After some crazy fleeing and heart-pounding action, you get to rest for a bit.

Alongside the short relief, your body starts to check itself and assess what it needs at the moment. You may feel pain from wounds, muscle aches, or hunger. You can endure all these for as long as you got safe drinking water near you.

But when the scariest scenario hits the fan, will you have clean and safe water to drink? As you wander along the place of your refuge, you may find lakes, streams, ponds, and even jars of water around.

Quick Navigation

  A. Know the possible Contaminants
  B. Ways to Test Water
    1. Home Test Kit
    2. ID Water Source
    3. Soap Suds Test
    4. Use Your Senses

Pretty convenient, eh? Not really.

People who don’t just chug drinks are more likely to outlive others who would gulp whatever liquid flows around them. Severe diarrhea is the least you’d want to carry along while running away from whatever dangers humanity is pitted against.

Now that you see water in front of you, whether it is contaminated or not comes as the next concern. What will you do to determine if the water is safe enough to drink?

Of course, in a highly unexpected SHTF situation, you may be out there alive without the huge, high-tech machines to depend on.

Yes, no robots and fancy gadgets around. Such valuables will only catch the interest of others who would kill for many reasons. No matter how useful, these high-tech machines and its operators are always the first to go in a world thrown into chaos.

Civil war, alien invasion, zombie apocalypse, or whatever it is, keeping a low profile increases the chances of your survival. And with low profile approach, comes low-tech but reliable ways to do things.

With limited resources, you need to go for low-tech, low-cost drinking water testing methods. Despite this, you need a testing process giving accurate results for your safety.

Know The Possible Contaminants

test drinking water contamination

You cannot observe most of these contaminants with the naked eye. But even so, it’s a good thing to know about them to let you understand the importance of a DIY water testing. So before we let give some advise on how to check the water quality, make yourself aware of these harmful elements.

Nuisance Bacteria

Holds a very low chance to cause harm. But if you failed to treat water contaminated with nuisance bacteria, their numbers multiply and they generate iron and sulfur making them more dangerous overtime.

Disease-Causing Bacteria

This active contaminant showcase a different level of harm. Examples of this type include e.coli and coliform which requires strong and continuous medication for a patient to fully recover.

Iron

Water with iron may cause yellow and orange stains in fixtures, wells, concretes, and many kinds of surface. Technically, iron in great amounts produce rust and you certainly don’t want this in your drinking water.

Manganese

This mineral stains fixtures and causes black or purple color to the areas affected. It tastes bitter and exposure to extremely large amounts of manganese greatly affects psychiatric and motor skills. The symptoms resemble those of patients with Parkinson’s disease.

Hydrogen Sulphide

This component may smell like rotten egg. Sometimes, it naturally occurs in water while others may have been caused by bacteria.

Lead

A toxic substance that targets the neurons. Intake through inhalation and digestion may cause lead poisoning. It results to abdominal pain, headache, vomiting, constipation and long-term effects such as inability to produce children and memory problems. Severe cases recorded show patients suffering from anemia, coma, seizures, and even death.

Now that you know a few of possible water contaminants and their effects, it should give you enough reason why you need to know how to test the quality of your drinking water before you take a gulp. Here we list different low-tech drinking water testing methods you can use.

#1 – Using A Home Water Test Kit

test drinking water home testing kit

A home test kit makes one of the easiest ways to determine the quality of water. If you happened to keep one in your emergency bag or pockets, then you probably had a decent SHTF preparation. But before we proceed with the explanation, a few tips for those who are just about to prep up.

Although many companies produce home water quality testing kit, they all function similarly. Home drinking water testing kit packages contain strips which changes color depending on the mineral content. Lastly, you get to match the color with a chart to determine whether the water you have is safe or not.

We recommend buying home test kits with multiple strips each made to detect different water contents such as strip for bacteria, hardness, chlorine, pesticides, nitrites, and pH levels. Read the package inclusions in the box. If the kit has only one strip, it most likely will let you measure the pH level of the water which makes it far from what you really need.

Always read the direction before using the drinking water testing kits. This important section of the home water testing kit gives important info such as how long the strip needs to be dipped in the water and the required temperature to get the best results.

Take the strips out of the water after the recommended time. Compare the color of all strips to the chart and this will show the level or amount of substance in the subject. The color chart shows designation of different concentration levels ranging from safe or acceptable to hazardous.

#2 – Identify The Source Of Water

test drinking water sources

Where your water is coming from, tells a lot about its quality. Gather all data that you need, and ask help if necessary. If you wander alone in the wild, choose the water source which is least likely to have been contaminated.

Ask For A Water Quality Report

When the local municipality remains up and servicing its people when something bad happened, you can ask the city or township staff for a water quality report. Contact your city hall and ask for this info if you doubt the quality of the water in your area.

If no government body is available to assist you in this matter, try visiting the website of your city or town for updated info about the water quality in your area. You can also contact your village hall to get help on contacting resource person who can provide info regarding your water concern.

Ask The Water Company

You can also try contacting your water company. A representative of the water provider should be able to supply you with the information that you need.

Surviving Alone In The Wild

If you happened to be in the wild, you need to know which water source is safer to drink. Clear flowing water coming from areas without a population or village serves as the best choice. So if you come across a clear, flowing stream or spring, take that opportunity and fill your water bottles.

Stagnant water bodies such as lakes and ponds may hold heightened levels of bacteria and some disgusting things. On the other hand, rivers may continuously flow but most of them are full of pollution. Typically, the water from large rivers have come from an overpopulated area or factories.

Do not drink sea water or urine. This will make you urinate more water than you take up. If you keep on drinking sea water, you only become thirstier and eventually, you will die from dehydration.

#3 – Soap Suds Test With Castile Soap

test drinking water soap suds

You can conduct a quick in-home and outdoor water test using basic soap like the Castile. This multi-purpose soap is 100% natural, free from detergents, dyes, and perfumes.

Fill an empty bottle one-third full with cool water you want to test. Next, add a few drops of Castile soap or any basic soap available.

Shake the bottle forcefully for a few seconds and observe what happens to its contents. If you see cloudy or milky water with few bubbles, it indicates a hard or contaminated water. If you see abundant bubbles and clear water, it only means that the water is a soft water and a lot safer to drink.

#4 – Test Drinking Water With Your Senses

test drinking water taste

In complete absence of all water testing tools, you may rely on your senses to check on the quality of the water. Although it won’t let you extract the exact amounts of bacteria and other elements in the water, what you will find out in this water test can give you enough clues to reach a conclusion. Keep in mind that even experts smell, taste and

Examine The Water’s Appearance

Observing the physical appearance of the water will not generate 100% accuracy. Some hard water may appear clear while the safe ones you should drink may appear a bit hazy. However, this guide will still help you in weeding out a subject after seeing obvious signs of contamination.

Place the water in a transparent container such as glass and hold it up towards the light. Look for particles and cloudiness. Reddish and brownish particles may indicate iron rust contamination from the pipes or fixtures. On the other hand, black particles usually come from the dirt inside the hose where your water goes through. White and tan particles may show signs of other mineral excess such as magnesium or calcium carbonate.

If the water comes from a faucet, let the water run down the drain especially if its hazy. This is caused by buildup of dirt in the water fixtures which happens if the line or pipe remain unused for a while. This can also happen with a newly setup water source or system.

Smell The Water

Professional sanitation consultants and water engineers will surely smell the water when they went to your home to test it. This proves the efficiency of this drinking water testing method. You can also give it a try and start with giving it a good sniff.

Bleach smell occurs after the local treatment plant added chlorine water to make it safe to drink. This smell should go away after a few seconds of exposure to air. You may use a home water filter to remove the bleach odor. Usually, bleach smell does not carry harmful elements.

Rotten-egg smell indicates thriving and multiplying bacteria in the water. Pour or run some water in a glass and set it aside for a few minutes. If the smell disappears, your pipes or fixtures need cleaning. If the smell stays, it indicates a huge hard water problem. Do not drink the water and report it to the local municipality or the water company.

A musty or earthy smell indicates decaying matter in the fixture. It is usually safe to drink, but if it is really bothersome, get it treated or ask a plumber to check on your water pipes.

Taste The Water

Tasting the water should serve as the last step. The goal of the above water testing methods is to avoid you from ingesting a highly suspicious water into your body. But if you did not detect any problems, try tasting a few drops or sips of the water.

If the water tastes foul, do not swallow. Spit it out immediately.

If the water tastes metallic, it indicates excess in minerals or low pH levels. If the water tastes like bleach, it only implies excess in chlorine. On the other hand, salty water signals serious contamination which may be caused by irrigation drainage or industrial waste.

Do not continue drinking the water if it tasted like the above. Get the water treated, contact your local municipality, report it to the water company, or find a different source of water.

6 Low Cost And Low-Tech Ways To Test Drinking Water When SHTF

When the worst you can ever imagine took place, instinct tells you to find a safer place to crash. After some crazy fleeing and heart-pounding action, you get to rest for a bit.

Alongside the short relief, your body starts to check itself and assess what it needs at the moment. You may feel pain from wounds, muscle aches, or hunger. You can endure all these for as long as you got safe drinking water near you.

But when the scariest scenario hits the fan, will you have clean and safe water to drink? As you wander along the place of your refuge, you may find lakes, streams, ponds, and even jars of water around.

Quick Navigation

  A. Know the possible Contaminants
  B. Ways to Test Water
    1. Home Test Kit
    2. ID Water Source
    3. Soap Suds Test
    4. Use Your Senses

Pretty convenient, eh? Not really.

People who don’t just chug drinks are more likely to outlive others who would gulp whatever liquid flows around them. Severe diarrhea is the least you’d want to carry along while running away from whatever dangers humanity is pitted against.

Now that you see water in front of you, whether it is contaminated or not comes as the next concern. What will you do to determine if the water is safe enough to drink?

Of course, in a highly unexpected SHTF situation, you may be out there alive without the huge, high-tech machines to depend on.

Yes, no robots and fancy gadgets around. Such valuables will only catch the interest of others who would kill for many reasons. No matter how useful, these high-tech machines and its operators are always the first to go in a world thrown into chaos.

Civil war, alien invasion, zombie apocalypse, or whatever it is, keeping a low profile increases the chances of your survival. And with low profile approach, comes low-tech but reliable ways to do things.

With limited resources, you need to go for low-tech, low-cost drinking water testing methods. Despite this, you need a testing process giving accurate results for your safety.

Know The Possible Contaminants

test drinking water contamination

You cannot observe most of these contaminants with the naked eye. But even so, it’s a good thing to know about them to let you understand the importance of a DIY water testing. So before we let give some advise on how to check the water quality, make yourself aware of these harmful elements.

Nuisance Bacteria

Holds a very low chance to cause harm. But if you failed to treat water contaminated with nuisance bacteria, their numbers multiply and they generate iron and sulfur making them more dangerous overtime.

Disease-Causing Bacteria

This active contaminant showcase a different level of harm. Examples of this type include e.coli and coliform which requires strong and continuous medication for a patient to fully recover.

Iron

Water with iron may cause yellow and orange stains in fixtures, wells, concretes, and many kinds of surface. Technically, iron in great amounts produce rust and you certainly don’t want this in your drinking water.

Manganese

This mineral stains fixtures and causes black or purple color to the areas affected. It tastes bitter and exposure to extremely large amounts of manganese greatly affects psychiatric and motor skills. The symptoms resemble those of patients with Parkinson’s disease.

Hydrogen Sulphide

This component may smell like rotten egg. Sometimes, it naturally occurs in water while others may have been caused by bacteria.

Lead

A toxic substance that targets the neurons. Intake through inhalation and digestion may cause lead poisoning. It results to abdominal pain, headache, vomiting, constipation and long-term effects such as inability to produce children and memory problems. Severe cases recorded show patients suffering from anemia, coma, seizures, and even death.

Now that you know a few of possible water contaminants and their effects, it should give you enough reason why you need to know how to test the quality of your drinking water before you take a gulp. Here we list different low-tech drinking water testing methods you can use.

#1 – Using A Home Water Test Kit

test drinking water home testing kit

A home test kit makes one of the easiest ways to determine the quality of water. If you happened to keep one in your emergency bag or pockets, then you probably had a decent SHTF preparation. But before we proceed with the explanation, a few tips for those who are just about to prep up.

Although many companies produce home water quality testing kit, they all function similarly. Home drinking water testing kit packages contain strips which changes color depending on the mineral content. Lastly, you get to match the color with a chart to determine whether the water you have is safe or not.

We recommend buying home test kits with multiple strips each made to detect different water contents such as strip for bacteria, hardness, chlorine, pesticides, nitrites, and pH levels. Read the package inclusions in the box. If the kit has only one strip, it most likely will let you measure the pH level of the water which makes it far from what you really need.

Always read the direction before using the drinking water testing kits. This important section of the home water testing kit gives important info such as how long the strip needs to be dipped in the water and the required temperature to get the best results.

Take the strips out of the water after the recommended time. Compare the color of all strips to the chart and this will show the level or amount of substance in the subject. The color chart shows designation of different concentration levels ranging from safe or acceptable to hazardous.

#2 – Identify The Source Of Water

test drinking water sources

Where your water is coming from, tells a lot about its quality. Gather all data that you need, and ask help if necessary. If you wander alone in the wild, choose the water source which is least likely to have been contaminated.

Ask For A Water Quality Report

When the local municipality remains up and servicing its people when something bad happened, you can ask the city or township staff for a water quality report. Contact your city hall and ask for this info if you doubt the quality of the water in your area.

If no government body is available to assist you in this matter, try visiting the website of your city or town for updated info about the water quality in your area. You can also contact your village hall to get help on contacting resource person who can provide info regarding your water concern.

Ask The Water Company

You can also try contacting your water company. A representative of the water provider should be able to supply you with the information that you need.

Surviving Alone In The Wild

If you happened to be in the wild, you need to know which water source is safer to drink. Clear flowing water coming from areas without a population or village serves as the best choice. So if you come across a clear, flowing stream or spring, take that opportunity and fill your water bottles.

Stagnant water bodies such as lakes and ponds may hold heightened levels of bacteria and some disgusting things. On the other hand, rivers may continuously flow but most of them are full of pollution. Typically, the water from large rivers have come from an overpopulated area or factories.

Do not drink sea water or urine. This will make you urinate more water than you take up. If you keep on drinking sea water, you only become thirstier and eventually, you will die from dehydration.

#3 – Soap Suds Test With Castile Soap

test drinking water soap suds

You can conduct a quick in-home and outdoor water test using basic soap like the Castile. This multi-purpose soap is 100% natural, free from detergents, dyes, and perfumes.

Fill an empty bottle one-third full with cool water you want to test. Next, add a few drops of Castile soap or any basic soap available.

Shake the bottle forcefully for a few seconds and observe what happens to its contents. If you see cloudy or milky water with few bubbles, it indicates a hard or contaminated water. If you see abundant bubbles and clear water, it only means that the water is a soft water and a lot safer to drink.

#4 – Test Drinking Water With Your Senses

test drinking water taste

In complete absence of all water testing tools, you may rely on your senses to check on the quality of the water. Although it won’t let you extract the exact amounts of bacteria and other elements in the water, what you will find out in this water test can give you enough clues to reach a conclusion. Keep in mind that even experts smell, taste and

Examine The Water’s Appearance

Observing the physical appearance of the water will not generate 100% accuracy. Some hard water may appear clear while the safe ones you should drink may appear a bit hazy. However, this guide will still help you in weeding out a subject after seeing obvious signs of contamination.

Place the water in a transparent container such as glass and hold it up towards the light. Look for particles and cloudiness. Reddish and brownish particles may indicate iron rust contamination from the pipes or fixtures. On the other hand, black particles usually come from the dirt inside the hose where your water goes through. White and tan particles may show signs of other mineral excess such as magnesium or calcium carbonate.

If the water comes from a faucet, let the water run down the drain especially if its hazy. This is caused by buildup of dirt in the water fixtures which happens if the line or pipe remain unused for a while. This can also happen with a newly setup water source or system.

Smell The Water

Professional sanitation consultants and water engineers will surely smell the water when they went to your home to test it. This proves the efficiency of this drinking water testing method. You can also give it a try and start with giving it a good sniff.

Bleach smell occurs after the local treatment plant added chlorine water to make it safe to drink. This smell should go away after a few seconds of exposure to air. You may use a home water filter to remove the bleach odor. Usually, bleach smell does not carry harmful elements.

Rotten-egg smell indicates thriving and multiplying bacteria in the water. Pour or run some water in a glass and set it aside for a few minutes. If the smell disappears, your pipes or fixtures need cleaning. If the smell stays, it indicates a huge hard water problem. Do not drink the water and report it to the local municipality or the water company.

A musty or earthy smell indicates decaying matter in the fixture. It is usually safe to drink, but if it is really bothersome, get it treated or ask a plumber to check on your water pipes.

Taste The Water

Tasting the water should serve as the last step. The goal of the above water testing methods is to avoid you from ingesting a highly suspicious water into your body. But if you did not detect any problems, try tasting a few drops or sips of the water.

If the water tastes foul, do not swallow. Spit it out immediately.

If the water tastes metallic, it indicates excess in minerals or low pH levels. If the water tastes like bleach, it only implies excess in chlorine. On the other hand, salty water signals serious contamination which may be caused by irrigation drainage or industrial waste.

Do not continue drinking the water if it tasted like the above. Get the water treated, contact your local municipality, report it to the water company, or find a different source of water.

Back to School Specials

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Fall is fast approaching and we’ve been busy with back to school shopping, doing all of the last fun things, and just reveling in the easier schedules and sleeping in. We know that once kids go back to school it’s the time that a lot of people start looking at their preparedness plans again because we actually have time to think about these things again and make them a part of our routines.

We’ve put together a list of back to school specials to help you get back into the swing of things this year and to get ready for National Preparedness Month which is always a lot of fun around here. Stay tuned by signign up for our BabyStep Checklists for more information on exciting things we are planning for September!

Food Storage Made Easy Book:

SALE ENDS 8/17/17

Digital Version:
Regular Price: $15
Sale Price: $10
CLICK HERE TO BUY NOW

Print Version:
Regular Price: $25
Sale Price: $20
CLICK HERE TO BUY NOW

WonderMill Wheat Grinders:

SALE ENDS 9/15/17

Electric WonderMill:
Regular Price: $239.95
Sale Price: $199.95
CLICK HERE TO BUY NOW

Wonder Junior Deluxe (hand grinder):
Regular Price: $219.95
Sale Price: $199.95
CLICK HERE TO BUY NOW

All-American Sun Oven:

SALE ENDS 8/17/17

Back to School Special Package
All-American Sun Oven Price: $298
Sun Oven PLUS Accessories: $298 + $42 (retail value of accessories over $100)

  • Hanging Turkey Roasting Rack
  • Multi-Level Dehydrating & Baking Rack Set (With one roll of parchment paper)
  • Two Easy Stack Pots with interchangeable enamel and a glass lids
  • Two Loaf Pans
  • Multi-Fuel Water Pasteurizing Indicator (WAPI)
  • SUN OVEN eCookbook & Emergency Preparedness CD

CLICK HERE TO LEARN MORE OR BUY NOW

Thrive Life:

Back to School Bundles:
Huge savings on 6-packs of popular freeze-dried foods including fruits, vegetables, and meats, perfect for stocking up.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ALL SALE BUNDLES

New Simple Plate Meals:
The freeze-dried version of meal delivery services such as Blue Apron or Hello Fresh. Great for busy nights as a replacement for eating out during the busy school year. Or stock up and have easy-to-make meals for an emergency.
CLICK HERE TO LEARN MORE

In case you missed it last week, we sent out a sneak peek of our new “Preparing Kids For Life” project. Thanks so much to everyone who contributed ideas to add and gave us feedback. We are so excited to start sharing these activities with you as we teach our own kids valuable life skills. Make sure to subscribe to our checklists to get the full details!


The post Back to School Specials appeared first on Food Storage Made Easy.

Back to School Specials

Fall is fast approaching and we’ve been busy with back to school shopping, doing all of the last fun things, and just reveling in the easier schedules and sleeping in. We know that once kids go back to school it’s the time that a lot of people start looking at their preparedness plans again because we actually have time to think about these things again and make them a part of our routines.

We’ve put together a list of back to school specials to help you get back into the swing of things this year and to get ready for National Preparedness Month which is always a lot of fun around here. Stay tuned by signign up for our BabyStep Checklists for more information on exciting things we are planning for September!

Food Storage Made Easy Book:

SALE ENDS 8/17/17

Digital Version:
Regular Price: $15
Sale Price: $10
CLICK HERE TO BUY NOW

Print Version:
Regular Price: $25
Sale Price: $20
CLICK HERE TO BUY NOW

WonderMill Wheat Grinders:

SALE ENDS 9/15/17

Electric WonderMill:
Regular Price: $239.95
Sale Price: $199.95
CLICK HERE TO BUY NOW

Wonder Junior Deluxe (hand grinder):
Regular Price: $219.95
Sale Price: $199.95
CLICK HERE TO BUY NOW

All-American Sun Oven:

SALE ENDS 8/17/17

Back to School Special Package
All-American Sun Oven Price: $298
Sun Oven PLUS Accessories: $298 + $42 (retail value of accessories over $100)

  • Hanging Turkey Roasting Rack
  • Multi-Level Dehydrating & Baking Rack Set (With one roll of parchment paper)
  • Two Easy Stack Pots with interchangeable enamel and a glass lids
  • Two Loaf Pans
  • Multi-Fuel Water Pasteurizing Indicator (WAPI)
  • SUN OVEN eCookbook & Emergency Preparedness CD

CLICK HERE TO LEARN MORE OR BUY NOW

Thrive Life:

Back to School Bundles:
Huge savings on 6-packs of popular freeze-dried foods including fruits, vegetables, and meats, perfect for stocking up.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ALL SALE BUNDLES

New Simple Plate Meals:
The freeze-dried version of meal delivery services such as Blue Apron or Hello Fresh. Great for busy nights as a replacement for eating out during the busy school year. Or stock up and have easy-to-make meals for an emergency.
CLICK HERE TO LEARN MORE

In case you missed it last week, we sent out a sneak peek of our new “Preparing Kids For Life” project. Thanks so much to everyone who contributed ideas to add and gave us feedback. We are so excited to start sharing these activities with you as we teach our own kids valuable life skills. Make sure to subscribe to our checklists to get the full details!


The post Back to School Specials appeared first on Food Storage Made Easy.

20+ Inspiring and Free Gardening Documentaries

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The post 20+ Inspiring and Free Gardening Documentaries is by
Kevin and appeared first on Epic Gardening, the best urban gardening, hydroponic gardening, and aquaponic gardening blog.

I don’t know about you, but I’m obsessed with gardening videos and documentaries. There are so many different ways to garden and such a wealth of knowledge on YouTube these days that it’s hard not to be addicted to it. Plus, everyone is sharing all of this information for free! There are some truly inspiring gardens and gardeners … Read more

The post 20+ Inspiring and Free Gardening Documentaries is by
Kevin and appeared first on Epic Gardening, the best urban gardening, hydroponic gardening, and aquaponic gardening blog.

8 Reasons Why People Refuse to Prep

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I’m always fascinated to hear the many reasons why people don’t prep. In our neighborhood, my wife learned from a friend that a mutual acquaintance was planning on coming over to our house in the case of a dire emergency. My wife has met this woman exactly once. So why doesn’t she prep herself? Apparently, she’s just too busy.

Too busy to look out for her own family but not too busy to make the calculated decision that she, her strong, young husband, and their 3 kids will drive a few blocks to our house and, basically, steal from us.

So what other reasons do people have for not prepping? Well, in no particular order, here’s what I came up with:

Sheer stupidity

Yep. In a world filled with vapid video games, celebrity worship, and a shallow understanding of how anything works, anything at all, there are people who have simply never considered doing something today to prepare for tomorrow. They’re the same ones who couldn’t handle a $500 emergency and have to run to the store hours before a hurricane hits to buy milk, bread, and eggs. We know them as “French toast people.”

Their IQs are probably adequate for getting through the mild ups and downs at life, but when thrown a curve ball of any magnitude, their choice is to sit back and wait to be taken care of.

Denial

“It can’t happen to me.” “It’s never happened here.” We’ve all heard these sad refrains and can only pity the people who believe them. If all emergencies came with a 1-month warning, they wouldn’t be emergencies, would they? No matter your income, education, status, or title, sooner or later bad things will happen to you, but, for now, it’s easier to remain in denail than actually think about those scary scenarios and prepare for them.

Fear

We know from basic human psychology that when the human brain is confronted with something terrifying, it sends 1 of 3 signals to the body: freeze, flee, or fight. For Americans who have never had to deal with much out of the ordinary, thinking about a nuclear war, an economic collapse, or a geography-changing earthquake causes them to often freeze. Acknowledging potential and possible scenarios like these is too difficult and they remain frozen in their inaction.

People in this category would do well to read Gavin De Becker’s best-seller, The Gift of Fear, and understand that very often, fear makes us do some pretty smart things, and that includes prepping.

Peer pressure

Now here’s a weird one but I’ve seen it in my wife’s family. Back in the days of Doomsday Preppers, I heard some of them make fun of the preppers depicted in the show and then laugh at a couple of relatives who had thought of prepping themselves. Those folks backed down, as in, “Well, I guess it is kind of silly, huh?” when facing ridicule. Hard to imagine that mature adults, with kids, mortgages, jobs, and other responsibilities would back down, but they did.

Procrastination

I’ve heard it said that TEOTWAWKI has a date. You just don’t know what it is, yet. That dire medical diagnosis, news of a loved ones death, the loss of a job, a Category 5 hurricane, “the storm of the century”, they will all happen at some point. We just don’t have the ability to peer into the future to know exactly what will happen and when. So, most people procrastinate. They’re busy, money is short, the spouse isn’t on board, or maybe they just aren’t all that worried, but for whatever reason, they don’t prep because they’re rather put it off for another month, anothery year.

Normalcy bias

Normalcy bias differs a bit from denial because denial is a conscious choice. Normalcy bias is a little trick our brains play on us. It’s a survival mechanism that causes us to believe that everything will be okay. The Survival Mom writes about witnessing a tragic traffic accident and, to her eyes, seeing a scarecrow fly through the air. In fact, that scarecrow was a human being who had been jettisoned from the car’s window, but her brain insisted, “It’s a scarecrow. Humans don’t fly, silly!”

Our brains for survival and normalcy bias is one way it prepares us for the most traumatic life events. So, for those who insist that really, really bad things will never happen may just be suffering from normalcy bias.

Sense of superiority

If your above average intelligence, wealth, and overall superiority naturally places you in a lofty position, high above the riff-raff, then you probably also scoff at the idea of stocking up on cans of beans. After all, you know best and those dummkopfs on Doomsday Preppers are just a bunch of redneck hillbillies. What could they possibly know that you don’t? Right?

I know people with this attitude, and maybe you do, too. It seems to be a combination of arrogance and denial, a dangerous blending of 2 potentially lethal beliefs. You quickly learn to not even try to reason with these people. After all, if you had their bank balance and degree from a fancy university, you, too, would realize your own invincibility. You poor sap.

Life’s overwhelming burdens

I don’t have much patience with people in the previous categories, but this one, well, I’ve been there — burdened down with a stressful job, behind in paying taxes, rowdy and loud kids, a wife always behind in household chores while trying to keep a smile on her face.

Sometimes life just seems to keep you under its heavy boot and the last thing you need to hear is, “Hey, you’d better start prepping for the end of the world, man.”

Where will the money come from? Where will I get the time when I’m already working 50 hours a week, plus some weekends? On top of everything else, the last thing I need is to start worrying about an economic collapse, a civil war, nuclear bombs going off — I just want to take a nap and maybe escape for a while in front of the TV.I understand and sympathize. I really do.

In the past 9 years, my wife and I have gone through some of these mindsets, or excuses, depending on your point of view. A lot of preppers do but since we understand the need to be ready for when the S really does hit the fan, we eventually get back on our prepper feet and keep going, a little at a time.

With others, though, I don’t nag or even talk anymore about prepping. I don’t want my friends to start avoiding me and in the case of co-workers and family members, I need to maintain a positive relationship with them. They know where to find me if/when they change their mindset about being prepared.

Have I covered all the reasons people avoid prepping or have I missed one?

The post 8 Reasons Why People Refuse to Prep appeared first on Preparedness Advice.

5 Benefits Of Exercise And Physical Activity

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Exercise leads to a healthy body (we all know that, right?) and may be what people prepare for the least. Today’s modern world and lifestyle requires little exertion compared to just a few generations ago. When you think about the amount of physical labor that was required by our ancestors compared to today, it really is quite remarkable. We are living in a very cushy, easy world where we can get all that we need without hardly any physical effort. We need to exercise and compensate for that. If you are truly preparedness-minded beyond Level-1 then you really need to

The post 5 Benefits Of Exercise And Physical Activity appeared first on Modern Survival Blog.

5 Benefits Of Exercise And Physical Activity

Exercise leads to a healthy body (we all know that, right?) and may be what people prepare for the least. Today’s modern world and lifestyle requires little exertion compared to just a few generations ago. When you think about the amount of physical labor that was required by our ancestors compared to today, it really is quite remarkable. We are living in a very cushy, easy world where we can get all that we need without hardly any physical effort. We need to exercise and compensate for that. If you are truly preparedness-minded beyond Level-1 then you really need to

The post 5 Benefits Of Exercise And Physical Activity appeared first on Modern Survival Blog.

Call Of The Wild: 4 Strategies To Prep For The Best Hunting Season

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When the hunting season’s either coming or underway, it pays to be prepared before striking out. How you decide to embark depends on how, where, and what you’re hunting, but good precautions and planning can make a good trip great. Hunting is no mere walk in the park, so consider the four hunting tips below to get a head start. Once everything’s in order, take to the woods!

Prep Weapons

Having your weapon in working condition will be key to a good start, so fine tune your rifle or bow before the season starts. It’s also a smart idea to practice beforehand, whether it’s out in the field or in a self-made shooting “range.” Try different angles and different distances if you’re feeling rusty. If you need to replace whatever weapon you use, professionals at outlets like Kidron Sports Center will help you find the right one.

Research the Area

You can end up more successful with a little added effort to understand the land on which you’re hunting. Talk to people familiar with it, like farmers and landowners, for inside tips and recommendations, as well as to form friendly relationships. Also get to setting up trail cameras and markers to know how your game is moving and behaving. You’ll be well-versed in how to proceed by the time the season begins.

Prepare the Land

When you have adequate permission, you can get your hunting grounds in shape to lure the best marks. Establish food plots, or make certain the landowners have done so before the season starts. Start clearing paths to your chosen perching and shooting spots. Keep an eye on any trails your game might leave and use it to establish hunting plans.

Be Healthy

It goes without saying that you’re at risk if you go in sick or otherwise indisposed. Be sure you’re fit enough and follow proper safety procedures. Account for where you’re hunting, including the terrain and any dangerous wildlife that could interfere with your hunt. If you know someone willing, bring a hunting partner along.

A watchful eye is important to successful hunts, but so are steps taken with care. Preparing yourself and your equipment could be the difference between a catch and nothing, so take heed this hunting season. Your game won’t wait, so take the right approach to get them before they escape. These four tips should have you on your way to big catches ahead of time.

About the Author: Emma is a freelance writer living in Boston. When she manages to tear herself away from the computer, she enjoys baking, rock climbing, and film noir.

Did You Nail That Wild Turkey? Here’s How To Do It

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When it comes to hunting, many people think of turkeys as being traditional. Hunting turkeys is not especially difficult, you must still observe some basic rules and take certain precautions.

Whether you are interested in a holiday meal, or another animal to add to your list of game to take for survival needs, learning to hunt turkeys properly will save you from hunger.

Here are some basic things to keep in mind as well as some skills you must master.

How Risky Hunting Wild Turkeys Is?

There are two main sources of danger you will encounter when hunting turkeys. First, these animals can be stronger and more aggressive than expected. If you do not kill them with one shot, or are not certain they are dead, they will attack when you approach and try to pick them up.

A wild turkeys wings are quite strong, as are their claws. Before you attempt to pick a wild turkey up after trying to kill it, prod it several times with a long pole to make sure it is truly dead.

The small size of a turkey’s head makes it fairly hard to hit, so you better aim at the body. If you are aiming for the vital organs, hit above the drumstick and towards the back. A shot that connects with the spine will disable the bird and hopefully keep it from flying off. As you approach the bird, shoot it in the head to make sure it is dead.

The second source of danger when hunting turkeys is other hunters. Since turkeys also move very fast, some hunters may fire in the direction of a turkey call, or as soon as they see something moving in the brush.  More than a few hunters have gotten shot while hunting turkeys because someone thought a bird was approaching and not a human.

But you can stay safe from other hunters during turkey season if you follow a few tips:

  • Wear blaze orange or some other color distinctly different from turkey colors. Avoid red, white, and blue as the red and white can easily be mistaken for turkey colors. Since blue can be perceived as black or brown under certain lighting conditions, also avoid this color.
  • If you decide to wear camo colors or a ghillie suit, make sure you have at least a few patches of blaze orange visible so that other hunters can recognize you are a person and not a turkey hiding in the brush.
  • Avoid stalking wild turkeys. Even though you may be tempted to go to them or try to find them, remember other hunters may be making turkey calls to an animal you are also looking for. If they see something moving in that general direction, they may think you are the turkey too.
  • If you are using decoys, make sure you are never in the line of fire related to the decoy. Remember, another hunter may see the decoy and think it is a real turkey. If you are behind the decoy, you could get shot.
  • When hunting with a group, make sure that everyone knows what areas they will be working in, and try to avoid overlaps or moving into other hunter’s territory. Even someone in your own party can make a mistake and shoot too quickly.
  • Practice turkey “shoot don’t shoot” skills all year long. As silly as it sounds, take the time to drill in the woods with targets that will give you the chance to distinguish between animal targets and humans that you should not shoot. Building muscle memory that includes holding up and not shooting at the last second is every bit as important as aim and accuracy when it comes to turkey hunting. No matter whether you hunt turkeys with a gun or crossbow, these drills can save a life, including your own.

Best Weapons for Hunting Turkeys

When hunting turkeys, shotguns have the advantage of easily cutting through any underbrush, vines, or other material that may stand between you and the turkey.

Here are some characteristics of a shotgun that is good for turkey hunting:

  • Should be a 12 or 20 gauge shotgun. Use 12 gauge only if you are sure that the bird will come in fairly close, and you will not have to contend with underbrush or anything else that might reduce the impact of the shot.
  • Use a gun that has camo coloring, or a dark colored flat finish. Turkeys can see in full color, and will easily pick up the outline of a shotgun based on its color. Turkeys can also spot blaze orange and other hunter safety colors with ease. If you do not move around, the turkey might dismiss this odd color in their environment. It is better to have a wary turkey take longer to approach than have a hunter shoot at you because you aren’t wearing blaze.
  • Most turkey hunters prefer a shotgun with a shorter barrel and tight chokes.

Recently, hunters are paying more attention to crossbows because they offer silence and compatible kill power to shotguns. Usually, most crossbows will work for turkey hunting as long as they have camo covering on them that prevent them from being spotted easily.

On the other side of the equation, your choice of ammo is somewhat limited because turkeys have relatively small areas where you can deliver a fatal blow. Most hunters prefer to hit the spine, as it means the turkey will have a lesser chance of escaping. Broadhead arrows will deliver plenty of impact and cut deeply into the spine or any other part of the animal that you hit.

Best Seasons and Times for Hunting Turkeys

As with any other game animal, there are times when you can legally hunt, and times when you cannot. Typically, the seasons that are off limits are those in which game animals are breeding or raising their young.

You’ll have no choice but to hunt during these times in a critical survival situation, but still avoid it. Killing turkeys when they are raising young will limit your opportunity to hunt the next generation for food.

Today, you can hunt turkeys during the spring and fall in most areas that allow it. Pay attention to the dates in your local areas, as well as any place else that you might be passing through. When in doubt, make sure that you know the breeding and rearing season for any animal that you may wind up hunting on a subsistence basis.

During the fall season, turkeys move around most of the day. Some hunters prefer to hunt turkeys in the early morning, just as they do any other animal, while others prefer the afternoon, around 2 pm. Most turkey hunters will also hunt spring turkeys in the early to late afternoon.

Even though turkeys are a traditional Thanksgiving meal, most hunters avoid hunting turkeys in the fall. During this season, you are more likely to attract younger birds that are less than a year old, so they will have less meat and size on them.

If you are looking for easier animals to take from a strategy perspective, the younger spring birds are definitely less experienced. If you are new to turkey hunting, starting out in the fall may be a good option for you.

Calling Turkeys and Other Methods

If you are used to other kinds of hunting, you may be very surprised to find that hunting turkeys rarely involves stalking them. Aside from safety issues, the fact is turkeys pick up on motion in their environment with uncanny ease.  Therefore, if you are stalking a turkey, there is every chance they will run away from you. On the other hand, if you are still and make sounds like those of another turkey, they will come right to you.

During the process of hunting turkeys, you can still stalk groups of them to a point. In this case, you will always be interested in places where they gather for water and food. All you need to do is sneak up on a flock, scare them into flight, and then shoot them.  Surprisingly enough, if you make sounds like a turkey after startling the flock, some will come back to investigate.

Important Turkey Calls and Decoys

As you learn more about turkey psychology and traits, you may be amazed at what they will fall for when compared to deer or other animals. In this case, there are several sounds that will lure a turkey right to you, or direct it to an area where you can shoot it with ease. Here are some to consider:

  • Insofar as sounds a turkey makes, nothing will draw a gobbler (male turkey) faster than the sound of a hen calling. Since turkeys are not monogamous, they will always be on the lookout for females that they can breed with. Gobblers will also follow females around, which means if a hen comes into view, a male is not far behind.
  • In order to call in a hen turkey, all you need to do is gobble like a male during the spring season. The hens will be drawn to the sound of the male, who will be listening for the females to respond.
  • During the spring season, gobblers are more highly attuned than usual for the sound of a female. Therefore, you also use just about any loud banging sound or whistle to make them curious enough to approach. Some hunters prefer to use owl sounds, or even coyote as a means to lure turkeys.
  • One of the most important turkey calls you can master is the turkey yelp. It is used by both males and females to let other turkeys know where they are. In particular, during the spring season, hens will yelp to let gobblers know they are about to fly down from their roost. Since male turkeys are very interested in mating with any available female, they will rush towards that sound as quickly as possible.
  • Since many turkeys will change from a yelp to a cackle when they leave the roost, it is important to follow up the yelp with a cackle. If a gobbler is waiting to move towards a female, it may not do so until it hears this second sound.
  • Clucking is also a very important turkey call. It is used by both males and females to signal when they are about to go eat, or are moving off from one area to another. While the cluck can have many different meanings, it is still something that will draw curious birds to where you are waiting for them.
  • The putt sound is used to signal the presence of danger. Turkeys will run away from this sound. If you have a blind set up and a fire zone, it is possible to send turkeys away from where you are hiding, and right into your optimal zone of fire. That being said, it may take some work and patience to make this call work for you.
  • During the fall season, young turkeys will make a specific call when they don’t know where their mother is. You can use the “kee kee” and “kee kee run”, and then listen to see if an adult answers. If you use this call, adult turkeys may also come towards you.
  • If all else fails, you can try using the cutting sound. A female turkey will use this call when a male does not answer and she is feeling impatient. Most hunters use this one with caution because a gobbler may be approaching, and this sound may cause him to move away instead.

What to Do After You Kill a Turkey

If you have ever gone hunting or fishing, then you know that finding, targeting, and killing the animal is only the beginning of a long process that finally leads to getting something to eat. When it comes to turkeys, you will more than likely want to do some field dressing in order to preserve the meat and other usable parts.

Once you take the turkey back home, you will need to finish the process so that you can make the meat last as long as possible.

Here are the basic steps for field dressing a turkey:

  • During hunting season, you will need to put your tag on the bird and bring it to the game warden for counting. Usually, you won’t be allowed to remove the comb, feathers, or feet until the animal has been counted and noted as part of your quota.
  • Next, you will to pluck the feathers, cut the wings, and remove the tail.
  • Remove the feet and head. Try to cut the head from the neck as close to the jaws as possible since there is plenty of good meat on the neck.
  • Once the bird is down to skin and beheaded, you can go ahead and start cleaning out the insides. Make one cut on the abdominal side of the tail end of the bird. You should be able to pull out everything but the crop in one clump. Be sure to separate out the heart, gizzard, and liver. Each of these organs are edible and will provide vital nutrients in time of need.
  • Next, cut another slit near the neck to pull out the crop. This is not edible and should be buried along with the head. While some people keep turkey claws, that is up to you. The tail feathers can also be of use if you wish to save them.
  • Finally, rinse out the carcass and wrap it up so that it does not draw flies or other insects.
  • Once you get home, finish butchering and put the meat in the freezer. You can also cut turkey meat into thin strips and make jerky or smoke it if you do not have refrigeration or freezers available.

Many hunters look upon turkey hunting as a secondary interest when compared to deer, bear, or other animals. Turkey hunting can still be very important for preppers that want as many options for their meat supply as possible.

When approached with caution and the right tools during the right seasons, you will find turkey hunting fairly easy and achievable. At the very least, if you are limited in range of motion, or don’t want to stalk animals, there is nothing quite like a turkey coming to you when you make the right calls.

This article has been written by Carmela Tyrell for Survivopedia.

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