An Insect Hotel Will Keep Your Pollinators Warm this Winter

Click here to view the original post.
insect-hotel

“InsectHouseMonaco” by Gareth E Kegg. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons

Looking for a cool gardening project to occupy your idle time this winter? Look no further.

Insect hotels are a great winter project, and they pay big dividends by increasing the likelihood that your garden will be graced by lots of pollinators and beneficial insects next season and for years to come.

They also have lots of fringe benefits…

You get to provide a nice, safe, and cozy home for solitary bees and their insect buddies. We hear a lot about honey bees, but there are over 4,000 species of wild, native bees in North America alone. A well-designed hotel is a safe haven for some of your local bees, and it can help them to thrive in your area. In addition to bees, you can build rooms for ladybugs, millipedes, wasps, beetles, spiders… the more the merrier.

With a hotel in or near your garden, you can increase the biodiversity of your garden; and we all know by now that diversity is a key component of healthy soil and healthy ecosystems.

Perhaps the nicest feature of insect hotels is that they provide a great outlet for upcycling materials that would otherwise end up in the landfill. Got an old wooden pallet laying around? Some surplus bricks? A pile of rocks that you’ve gathered from the lawn and garden? Some old fence posts? This is a great way to tidy up your spare bits and pieces, and put them to good use.

Insect Hotel Tips and Pointers

  • Put your hotel in a sunny spot. It’s good if you can face it to the south for full exposure—warmth is important for overwintering bugs, and it’s essential for developing larvae. Nobody likes a freezing room—so err on the side of caution and arrange your hotel in the sunniest spot available.
  • Bugs need water, just like you do. Incorporate a water source into your hotel, or keep one nearby. A plant saucer, a small cache pot, or anything else that will hold a little water should work just fine.
  • Be mindful not to expose your guests to toxic chemicals. Use untreated, natural materials as much as possible. Untreated wood will warp, twist, and break down faster. But if you want to provide a safe home, it’s better to avoid chemicals and just accept that you’ll need to replace some pieces or rebuild altogether every few years or so.
  • Be creative! Bamboo and drilled wood are the standards, but there are probably a hundred different materials right outside your door that would work great. In addition to scrap building materials, look for natural elements like pine cones and needles, fallen limbs and twigs, tree bark, straw, etc. If you have trees with thick, waxy leaves that don’t break down well in the compost—like magnolias, live oaks, ligustrums, or hollies—those might make good stuffing for any empty spaces.

I compiled a few videos that show different design ideas. As you’ll see, you can feel free to let your imagination roam, and the sky’s the limit.

Insect Hotel Videos

A Good Overview, with Instructions for 2 Simple Hotels

This video shows a whole slew of different design ideas, and that’s the part I really liked. The second half of the video walks you through step-by-step instructions to build two small hanging hotels that look something like bird houses. Nice and neat…

Posh Style for Your Discerning Bugs

These hotels are the highest in modern insect style. For those of you who keep an immaculate landscape, these are something you can do without messing up your view. This style of hotel probably won’t draw any unwanted attention from your H.O.A. or nosy neighbors.

Back when I did lots of landscape design, one of the most common requests I got was for creative screens to block the view of utility boxes, air conditioners, pool pumps, and exposed pipes. I think that a clean looking insect hotel like this one could make a great screen. If you situated this right in front of your utility box, and planted the area with a small, tidy pollinator garden—you could turn that ugly box into a win-win for you and your neighborhood insects.

The Insect Economy Inn

If you’re less concerned with style, but more interested in practical economy—this is for you. Reused materials and quick assembly make this bug hotel all about functionality. I think this style of design would actually draw more insects than some of the fancier designs I’ve seen. I’m not too sure about the planting on top . . . I might have done that a little differently.

A Rustic Bug Cabin

I really like this one. Reclaimed materials and solid construction, for a natural rustic look. I love how these folks were so creative and used many different materials to make homes for lots of different insects. And other than screws and cinder blocks, they probably didn’t need to spend a dime.

Start looking around at the materials you have available—you might find that you already have everything you need to build a nice insect hotel. Hopefully, this will give you a way to do a productive garden project or two while you wait out the winter.

(This is an updated version of a post originally published on November 12, 2017.)

The post An Insect Hotel Will Keep Your Pollinators Warm this Winter appeared first on The Grow Network.

The Ten Commandments of Responsible Preparedness Planning

Click here to view the original post.

By Denis Korn

I am once again posting this popular article.  Responsible preparedness planning is never out of date.

Be prepared for taking action!

1. Thou shalt acknowledge oneself for being responsible

You have made a wise and sound decision and have chosen to take responsibility for you and your family, and to be prepared in the event of unforeseen circumstances.  Be encouraged to continue this process with diligence, motivation, and discernment.  Read: Beginning and Improving Preparedness Planning

2. Thou shalt have the proper attitude

Yes – attitude is a decision – your attitude during a traumatic event or disaster is essential for survival – attitude is everything – emotional and spiritual.  Your attitude determines and establishes your thoughts, mind-set and beliefs.  Read: Your Attitude is Your Decision – Own it!The Emotional and Spiritual Components of Preparedness

3. Thou shalt embrace critical thinking

There is more to preparing for emergencies than the physical “stuff” you surround yourself with.  Evaluating, understanding and acknowledging all aspects of the planning process is essential for a proper and complete preparedness program.  Read: Barriers to Critical Thinking

4. Thou shalt not be deceived

In my 42 years in this industry and 46 years of related studies I have not seen more ‘mis’ and ‘dis’ information, deliberate deceit and blatant ignorance relating to matters of preparedness, end times prophesy, interpretation of world events, economic reality and the value and meaning of freedom.  Read: Are You Being Deceived? Trust – Confusion – Critical Thinking

5. Thou shalt read and study

Continue doing research and evaluation   – Write down and complete any lists, inventories, important points, insights you have received, or anything else suggested or inferred in the articles that will help in your preparedness planning – Discuss and request feedback about your plans and supplies with others, as you feel appropriate – friends, experts, suppliers.

6. Thou shalt answer the 12 crucial questions

Preparedness planning is fundamentally built on two principles – developing a philosophical or personal worldview while evaluating and assessing the current state of affairs – and then developing a specific plan of action based upon your reflective conclusions, needs, and the physical conditions that you anticipate can occur.  Read and answer: The 12 Crucial Questions of Preparedness Planning

7. Thou shalt have the proper provisions

Use this guideline of essentials to ensure you have evaluated all the possibilities given the scenarios and circumstances for which you are preparing and provisioning.  Your life may depend upon it.  Read and study: The Checklist of Essentials

8. Thou shalt be resilient – self-reliant – honest

“As a society today, we are extremely vulnerable to events over which we have virtually no control. The systems created to support our basic needs are now so complex and interdependent, that a serious emergency can cause breakdowns in the supply of essential goods and services.” – Denis Korn, 1989.  Read: Why Prepare?Honesty – The Cornerstone of Effective Preparedness Planning

9. Thou shalt not forget others

Your belief in the meaning of your life will either motivate you to take responsibility and action for yourself, family, friends and community or it will cause you to do nothing, because preparedness will have no relevance.  Your responsibility to your family is essential! Read: Preparedness and the Meaning of Life Prepare the Entire Family for Emergencies

10. Thou shalt Celebrate Peace of Mind

This will be the result of your proper attitude, serious reflection, productive research, embracing responsibility, sincere service to others, conscientious action, and earnest prayer.

As the traditional 10 Commandments is the foundation for right living, let the 10 Commandments of Preparedness be a foundation for effective readiness.

The post The Ten Commandments of Responsible Preparedness Planning appeared first on Learn To Prepare – Expert Emergency Preparedness Information.

Survival Medicine Hour: Acid Reflux, Colds vs Flus, Medical Barter Items, More

Click here to view the original post.

Survival Medicine Hour #366

Colds vs. Flus

Colds vs. Flus

Joe Alton MD and Amy Alton ARNP, aka Dr. Bones and Nurse Amy, discuss a number of topics, including honey as a treatment for burns, how to tell colds vs. flus, medical barter items, acid reflux, using glues to close wounds, and much more!

Honey, if raw and unprocessed, has antibacterial effect and may be useful to treat burns in situations where modern medical care is not a possibility.

Honey as a treatment for burns

Honey as a treatment for burns

Do you have a cold or the flu? Here’s some tips on how to tell the difference.

Most survivalists consider ammunition to be the most important barter item, but how about items that could heal, instead of cause, wounds? Dr. Alton bets that medical supplies would be important barter items in a post-disaster economy.

Glue in place

Glue in place

Medical glues and even Super-glue, may be valuable items for closing wounds. Here’s how to use glue to close a wound (remember, that it’s more important to know when a wound should be closed and when it should remain open!).

acid reflux

acid reflux

How many people do you know that have problems with stomach acid? In a disaster, those people will still be there, and they need your help. Dr.Alton tells you everything you need to know about gastroesophageal reflux disease (G.E.R.D.).

To listen in, click below:

http://www.blogtalkradio.com/survivalmedicine/2017/11/30/survival-medicine-hour-acid-reflux-medical-barter-items-colds-vs-flus-more

Wishing you the best of health in good times or bad,

Joe and Amy Alton

The Altons

The Altons

Follow us on twitter @preppershow, Facebook at Doom and Bloom(tm), and YouTube at DrBones NurseAmy channel.

Fill those holes in your medical supplies with kits and individual items from Nurse Amy’s store at store.doomandbloom.net!

 

 

 

 

Survival Medicine Hour: Acid Reflux, Colds vs Flus, Medical Barter Items, More

Survival Medicine Hour #366

Colds vs. Flus

Colds vs. Flus

Joe Alton MD and Amy Alton ARNP, aka Dr. Bones and Nurse Amy, discuss a number of topics, including honey as a treatment for burns, how to tell colds vs. flus, medical barter items, acid reflux, using glues to close wounds, and much more!

Honey, if raw and unprocessed, has antibacterial effect and may be useful to treat burns in situations where modern medical care is not a possibility.

Honey as a treatment for burns

Honey as a treatment for burns

Do you have a cold or the flu? Here’s some tips on how to tell the difference.

Most survivalists consider ammunition to be the most important barter item, but how about items that could heal, instead of cause, wounds? Dr. Alton bets that medical supplies would be important barter items in a post-disaster economy.

Glue in place

Glue in place

Medical glues and even Super-glue, may be valuable items for closing wounds. Here’s how to use glue to close a wound (remember, that it’s more important to know when a wound should be closed and when it should remain open!).

acid reflux

acid reflux

How many people do you know that have problems with stomach acid? In a disaster, those people will still be there, and they need your help. Dr.Alton tells you everything you need to know about gastroesophageal reflux disease (G.E.R.D.).

To listen in, click below:

http://www.blogtalkradio.com/survivalmedicine/2017/11/30/survival-medicine-hour-acid-reflux-medical-barter-items-colds-vs-flus-more

Wishing you the best of health in good times or bad,

Joe and Amy Alton

The Altons

The Altons

Follow us on twitter @preppershow, Facebook at Doom and Bloom(tm), and YouTube at DrBones NurseAmy channel.

Fill those holes in your medical supplies with kits and individual items from Nurse Amy’s store at store.doomandbloom.net!

 

 

 

 

Brick Oven How To

Click here to view the original post.

Brick Oven How To Cooking off the grid or cooking during a disaster has to be a priority. Many people have electric stoves and as soon as the power goes out they lose their most effective means of cooking. For many this comes as a surprise and most people make it an excuse to go …

Continue reading »

The post Brick Oven How To appeared first on SHTF Prepping & Homesteading Central.

Reveille in America

Click here to view the original post.

Reveille in America This is a very interesting article written as a warning and a call to action. This is prepper motivation in its purest form. We are so overwhelmed by the amount of content and news that we receive each day it’s really hard for us to focus. This makes it even harder to …

Continue reading »

The post Reveille in America appeared first on SHTF Prepping & Homesteading Central.

Cut Down On Trash, Be More Sustainable

Click here to view the original post.

Cut Down On Trash, Be More Sustainable We are seeing more and more natural disasters each year. The cause of this escalation is global warming and if we do all not act soon, the planet will be underwater before the century is over. Our need for consumption has poisoned the planet and we are now …

Continue reading »

The post Cut Down On Trash, Be More Sustainable appeared first on SHTF Prepping & Homesteading Central.

Post Friday Of Color

Click here to view the original post.

I gotta say, I was rather underwhelmed by the offerings during this years Friday of Color’s sale. The most interesting deal I saw was Palmetto State selling complete lowers, with Magpul furniture, for $149.99…that was kinda tempting.

I suspect one reason the bargains were kinda tin was, simply, that everyone has already marked down inventory to try and move the post-election surplus that they were sure was going to turn into gold on November 5th.

And now, the Festivus season approaches. This year has really just whipped by , hasn’t it?

Did anyone get a good deal on anything cool?

And, while we’re on the subject, I’m in the market for some BDU-style pants in ATACS-FG pattern with the usual accoutrements…reinforced knees, lotsa pockets, plenty o’ room in the crotch, etc, etc. if anyone has some reasonably priced recommendations, I’d like to hear ’em.

In the meanttime..keep calm and..well…you know….

70 years isolated and living off the land

Click here to view the original post.

Very interesting documentary. Escaping communism, the Lykov family settled in the middle of nowhere in Taiga, hundreds of miles from the nearest settlement.  Agafia Lykova was born there in isolation with her family. She lived her entire life there. Now 70 years old, she’s the only survivor of the family.

It’s very interesting to see how such conditions affect a person. The survival and preparedness community often fantasizes about such things, romanticising what is in fact a very harsh, in many ways a very sad way of living. Being ostracized, isolated all the time, it clearly has an impact on a person.

70 years isolated and living off the land

Very interesting documentary. Escaping communism, the Lykov family settled in the middle of nowhere in Taiga, hundreds of miles from the nearest settlement.  Agafia Lykova was born there in isolation with her family. She lived her entire life there. Now 70 years old, she’s the only survivor of the family.

It’s very interesting to see how such conditions affect a person. The survival and preparedness community often fantasizes about such things, romanticising what is in fact a very harsh, in many ways a very sad way of living. Being ostracized, isolated all the time, it clearly has an impact on a person.

November 2017 EDC Pocket Dump

Click here to view the original post.
November 2017 EDC Pocket Dump

I basically gave up carrying a flashlight due to a lack of pocket space. I recently found this thing on Amazon and since then have been carrying it. It’s freaking amazing (relative to its size). Side note – picked up the Matriarch Wave just in case the UK decides to go full tilt crazy and […]

This is just the start of the post November 2017 EDC Pocket Dump. Continue reading and be sure to let us know what you think in the comments!


November 2017 EDC Pocket Dump, written by Thomas Xavier, was created exclusively for readers of the survival blog More Than Just Surviving.

Privacy? They are listening

Click here to view the original post.

I grew up in the time when cable TV boxes were supposed to have a camera or at the very least a microphone inside so they could see (or hear) what goes on inside your home. I remember covering up the cable box at night before going to bed. I don’t know if that ever really happened or if it was one big conspiracy. Today however, nearly everyone has smartphones, tablets, computers, smart TVs, smart appliances… all of these have cameras and microphones, and with the apps on them, they DO listen to you, many silently await your command to come to life and answer your queries. Have you ever had targeted ads that happened because of something you merely TALKED out-loud about?

I have gotten used to targeted ads online, I know that Google and other websites actively track what I type and where I go online. Honestly, I don’t mind the targeted ads because if I am going to have to look at ads, they might as well be something I’m actually interested in. What does disturb me is the alleged eavesdropping on my conversations when I’m talking to a friend in person, not over the phone.

Do I have proof of this? No, not hard proof, BUT I have seen enough to satisfy my own suspicions. Let me give you two examples that have happened in the last few weeks and today.

About 2 weeks ago, I was with a few lady friends, we had been discussing women being abused, this is not a subject I search for online, once we moved on to another subject, I wanted to demonstrate how Google assistant works by saying “OK Google” to activate it without touching the phone, I did a search for something innocent, I think I asked “where am I”, it answered me, then it populated the the ads and some of the results with things related to women being abused, books, websites and the such.

Now fast forward to today, I was scrolling through Facebook, I noticed an ad for a FB page promoting handmade rustic dolls made of fabric, it really caught my eye because it was a different ad than I usually get, most of my ads have to do with Amazon products that I have looked at lately, watercolor related items and the such, I have NOT done any searches for handmade dolls in the last 2-3 years.

I had been in a dollar store on Tuesday, I was looking for colorful knee high socks, I explained to my friend who was with me that I intended to make sock creatures (dolls) with them as Christmas gifts, I find it quite curious that I suddenly get ads for handmade fabric dolls a couple of days after merely DISCUSSING this in person with a friend.

So now, what to do? I know this happens, even if “I” don’t have a digitally connected device on me, other people do, I need a phone for work, yes I could turn it off when I’m not using it, I could turn off all devices in my home, but quite frankly, that isn’t likely to happen. As far as I know, “they” are only using this to direct personalized ads to me, which I actually don’t mind so much, if I’m going to have to see ads, I’d rather it be for products/services I’m really interested in, I just wonder how else this data is being used for… is it being saved somewhere? Is it potentially going to be available for human consumption? Could it potentially be used against me at some point?

What say you? Has this happened to you?

Web
Analytics

The post Privacy? They are listening appeared first on Living Off the Grid: Free Yourself.

How to Choose the Best Survival Lighter for 2018

Click here to view the original post.

No survivalist or outdoor adventurer should be going about without a trusty survival lighter by his side.  It’s one of the most important things you should stash on your kit and backpack. If you’ve ever built a bug-out bag then you’ll know that it’s a must-have.

Quick Navigation

  A. Things to Consider When Choosing
    1. Usage
    2. Quality
    3. Reliability
    4. Direct Flame
    5. Water Resistance
    6. Portability
    7. Refillable
    8. Hands Free

  B. Types of Survival Lighters
    1. Quick & Versatile
    2. Butane
    3. Wind Proof
    4. Plasma
  C. The Best Lighters you Can Buy
  D. Conclusion

What’s so important about a lighter? It can be your best friend in emergency survival situations. It can mean the difference between life and death. When you’re hunting out in the woods, you’ll need fire to cook what you’ve caught. You’ll need fire to stay warm. It can keep you safe when you’re in unknown areas with wild animals prowling about. Fire will keep you from freezing in the winter.

Cold affects the extremities first, which means your fingers, head and feet should be kept warm at all times. In a blizzard, the human body can only survive for a few hours. This why where a lighter comes in handy- you won’t need to worry about starting a fire in survival situations.

A. Things To Consider When Choosing a Lighter

 Not all lighters are alike. Everyday lighters aren’t built to stand the test of time and the rigors of outdoor environments. Here’s where you should do your homework in determining the features that really matter. In short, you’ll need to think- what functions matter when looking for the best survival lighter?In choosing the best survival lighter for your needs, you’ll need to think about the following factors.

 

1) Usage

You will need to think about how you plan on using your survival lighter before you can start looking for one. A good lighter will be able to light a fire within a reasonable amount of time, but you’ll need to take in account the unexpected things that could happen in emergency situations. You will need to make sure that your survival lighter will be able to take a beating and work in different conditions.

2) Quality

Survival lighters should be durable enough that it won’t break if it falls to the ground. I put the emphasis on the word “survival” in both the situation and the product so that you can put it to use anytime you need it.

Rugged survival lighters should still create fire even if it falls at a certain distance. You should choose tough lighters that can withstand weight and impact easily. A stainless steel type of lighter serves this purpose as they are durable and rust-free even after prolong use.

 

3) Reliability

There’s a number of varying weather and climate conditions whenever you go outdoors, including snowstorms, rains and floods. Your survival lighter must be able to work most of the time when you hit the switch.You’ll come across a number of lighters, and each will have its own pros and cons. For example, wick-based lighters are good for starting a fire in freezing temperatures, but the fuel system tends to leak as the lighter ages. If you can’t get around the disadvantages of your chosen survival lighter, then it’s best to pack more than one type depending on where you’re heading.

4) Direct Flame

Don’t forget about this factor when you’re choosing your survival lighter. A regular lighter won’t work in pouring rain or in a gale, whilst a survival lighter can. You’ll need to think about direct flame as it could prove to be useful in emergency situations. Direct flame means that the fire emanating from the unit should be torch-like, which is great for quick-starting and power purposes. This means that you can flick on the switch and not worry about the rain or heavy winds.

 

5) Water Resistance

Matches are a staple in a bug out bag, but when the bag gets wet the matches are no good. Suffice to say, they aren’t the best survival firemakers around. Getting a lighter that’s waterproof is part of the survival equation.

Some lighters have waterproof casing that keeps the moisture and the air out of the unit. This is one of the most important features that you should be looking for as you can’t expect the environment to be warm and dry all the time. Some lighter brands even have the ability to produce flames even if they’re submerged in water for a short while. Finally, the base material should be resistant to corrosive effects after being exposed to air and water.

 

6) Portability

A lighter in itself is made as a portable fire-making device. One thing that you should check is the overall weight. It’s one of the few things that you should keep close on hand at all times- in your backpack and in your pocket, if possible. Moreover, the compact form should be optimized for hand-carrying in certain survival scenarios.

There are different types of portable lighters. Some assume the shape of a capsule, which is compact and has a negligible weight factor. You can take them when you go camping, trekking, mountain climbing, etc. Keep in mind that every ounce of weight is important when you’re packing a survival bag. The perfect survival lighter is one that’s tough yet hardly weighs more than necessary.

7) Refillability

If you want a lighter that you can use for a long time then you’ll have to think about refillability. There’s a certain advantage in having the ability to refill your survival lighter when it runs out, but it’s not a real must-have.

8) Hands-Free

One of the more advanced features in a lighter is hands-free lighting. This factor allows the user to strike and produce fire using only one hand. In certain survival scenarios where you won’t be able to use both hands, this becomes an essential factor. Today, there a number of lighters that do multiple things. They can be made to create fire or be the sole source of heat.

B. Survival Lighter Types

1) Quick and Versatile (Zippo Lighters)

Zippo lighter brands are known for their durability and long shelf life. When you buy a Zippo lighter brand, you also get the Zippo warranty. The company will replace the lighter for free and you’ll just need to pay for shipping. If you should know, the motto is “it works, or we fix it for free!”.

Zippo lighters are simple but very useful in a lot of emergency situations. You can rely on a Zippo-based lighter to ward off frostbites and hypothermia in chilly weather and in instances where finger and hand dexterity is compromised. With a Zippo lighter, all you need to do is to run your finger through the striker wheel using your pants fabric without even having to press down on the lever. Plus, you won’t need to do anything to keep the flame lit, which makes it a great hands-free device.

On the plus side, this type of survival lighter runs on flammable fuel that could be ignited with a spark. The design makes it very easy for a quick lighter refill using butane cartridges and naphtha-based fuel with a compatible nozzle. Gasoline and diesel in theory can work with a Zippo, but it’s not recommended unless in dire conditions.

The disadvantage in packing a Zippo lighter is that the flame only goes in one direction- up! Lighting something at an awkward angle will be a difficult task. You’ll also need to consider packing extra butane fuel cartridges as the gas escapes and evaporates over time.

 

2) Butane Lighters

The piezoelectric butane type lighters will serve as a great warming device for when you’re in a cold environment. Bic branded lighters may not work in extreme cold. There’s a reason why you can buy a pack of them for less than $10- they jam up, fall apart or won’t use up all the contained liquid fuel.

Some of the high-end lighters may still fail in elevated places. The beauty of butane is that they are completely replaceable and good for instant uses. You can get a good number and put one in your bug out bag, your emergency backpack and in your pocket for everyday use.

One of the things butane lighters are good at is creating a fire at ground level. The pressure inside the casing is able to put out a longer flame. The portable and lightweight nature makes it your go-to survival lighter for short trips and camping.

At best, butane survival lighters can create a spark to set small twigs and leaves alight. If you’re stuck in a real emergency having the ability to produce a spark is still better than having nothing at all. This type of lighter is an all-around device that can get the job done in many situations.

 

3) Windproof Survival Lighters

If you live in an area where there’s high elevation and windy climate, then windproof survival lighters are the best ones to get. These lighters can produce a flame even with 80mph winds- all you need to do is push one button. Moreover, the best windproof lighters can create fire in elevations up to 80,000 feet via manual control.

These lighters are made to float if you accidentally drop them in water. Choose one that has bright colors so you can easily find it in the dark. The flint strikes solidly even when they’re damp. The piezoelectric ignition makes it even easier to produce a flame even if your hands are cold or numb.

Finally, windproof lighters are designed so that they won’t leak fuel needlessly. They are also refillable with a fuel source. You’ll need to pack a separate canister.

 

4) Plasma Lighter

Instead of producing good old flame, plasma lighters put out electric plasma bolts. Housed in the casing is a battery and electric current to start a spark. USB cables are usually included, but you’ll want to invest in a portable solar charger to increase the plasma lighter’s usefulness.

Operation is an easy and painless affair. Just use any finger to click the button, and voila! instant flame. The flame in this case is either a single or a double plasma that has a higher temperature than fire. The device houses a pair of ceramic electrode material where the electrical arc forms. One of the advantages you can get when you use a plasma lighter is that it requires no fuel or fluids to generate flames. It only takes an hour or two to be completely charged.

 

C. The Best Survival Lighters You Can Buy

 

1) Zippo Emergency Fire Starter

The Zippo Emergency Fire Starter is an excellent lighter that can be relied on in a number of emergency situations. The plastic bod

y makes it superbly lightweight and easy to carry around or stash in your bug out bag.

Moisture from air and water is kept out, thanks to a water-resistant O-seal ring that keeps the parts and the fluid dry. The patented wheel flint ignition will work everytime you need it. Plus, you get 4 waxed tinder sticks as a bonus when you buy this Zippo lighter.

I recommend taking the time to practice getting the hang of the Zippo Emergency Fire Starter before using it in the field. Bottom line is that this Zippo lighter will perform as expected in a number of survival situations.

 

2) Exotac Lighter FireSleeve

Believe it or not, there are many things that could happen to make your lighter stop working. This is exactly why the Exotac Lighter FireSleeve was created. This survival lighter will work even when submerged for 30 minutes in 3 feet of water. The waterproof casing shuts out moisture.

 

The brand boasts that you won’t ever have to worry about the lighter not doing what it’s supposed to. In other words, the Exotac Lighter FireSleeve should work as advertised!

The gas lock allows you to keep the flame on even when not pressing the lever. The gas button has a safety feature that prevents the user from accidentally producing a flame when not needed. This survival lighter has been field tested before being put on the shelves to make sure it lights up in the harshest environments.

 

3) Windmill Stormproof All Weather Lighter

The Windmill Stormproof All Weather Lighter is just like its namesake. The lighter casing’s material is tough elastomer armor. A rubber O-seal makes the lighter waterproof. The fuel is basic butane and it’s refillable. It may seem like the All Weather Lighter is just like any other ligther in the market, but this is where the unique features come into play.

 

The flame output is adjustable. You’ll be able to see the fuel level, thanks to the clear sight glass. It’s one of the best lighters you can bring with you on the great outdoors and on excursions. It’s also one of the best value price lighter in the market. There’s no reason not to pack one in your bug out bag or survival backpack. Durability, stamina and a variety of functions round out the mix.

 

4) Blazer CG-001 Refillable Torch

 The Blazer CG-001 Refillable Torch comes with a lot of great features. The device is powered via a piezoelectric ignition system that can heat and light up different objects. You can use it to light twigs, burn paper and even roast a marshmallow. The electric flame may be controlled using the built-in fuel adjustment dial.

 

The blue flame that this survival lighter produces is resistant to wind, which is perfect for outdoor conditions and extreme environments. A peek at the clear fuel window will show you when you need to refill the Blazer CG-001.

One of the disadvantages of using a piezoelectric-based lighter is that it doesn’t work as well in the higher altitude. In terms of other EDC and survival scenarios though, you’ll be glad to have the Blazer CG-001 Refillable Torch by your side.

 

5) UCO Stormproof Torch Windproof Lighter

 The UCO Stormproof Torch Windproof Lighter has ticked the boxes on the features that matter most. It’s windproof and can survive a storm and still work good as new. An adjustable tripe jet flame comes out reliably on all weather conditions. Moreover, manufacturer UCO promises that the striker may be used 30,000 times and that one full tank can put out 700 ignitions.

 

You get a bonus 3 ft of survival tape for each purchase of the device. The UCO Stormproof Torch Lighter is a great survival tool that can be used for multiple survival and emergency scenarios.

 

6) UST Brands TekFire Fuel Free Lighter

 Windproof Fire Starting means you can flick the switch and get a strong flame even on the windiest days. One push of the ignition button and a powerful electric arc springs from the two ceramic points. Rounding out the essentials is a 10 second timeout safety feature and a green led light that indicates when the lighter is in use.

The lighter unit is powered by a rechargable Li-on battery. You won’t need to carry extra tanks of propane or butane cartridges. Instead, you may want to invest in a portable solar panel device or a powerbank that has a USB out.

The case is rubberized for durability and extra grip. The TekFire Fuel-Free Lighter comes with a paracord lanyard that can be extended to 3 feet. This cord can be used to increase your chances of survival, i.e., first aid, as a fishing line, suturing wounds, sewing and more.

 

7) Xikar 9660BK Stratosphere II Lighter

The Xikar 9660BK Stratosphere II works in wet and windy conditions. The windproof flame has great focus and can be used to start a fire with less effort than other lighters. The rubberized grip case makes it easy to hold even when rain is pouring down in torrents.

A spring assisted lid makes exposing and covering the flame output an easy task. What’s more, a quick thumb ignitions lights a fire each time. The brand touts that there’s little to no gas waste in the tank fuel and that the lighter can be used for a long time before needing a refill.

Like the TekFire lighter, the Stratosphere II includes a lanyard hole with a bit of rope for emergency situations.

 

8) Zippo Outdoor Lighters

Zippo Outdoor Lighters have an all-metal body construction and small enough to fit in your pocket. Along with the excellent design, you also get the flame output and the hands-free operation that Zippo is known for. Simply push the button and let the flame stand on its own without further input.

The Zippo windproof lighter will work almost anywhere, even in the rain or in windy conditions. You can put the Zippo on any reasonably flat surface and it should stay upright. This feature becomes handy in cases where you need to put the Zippo lighter on a surface with the flame on while doing other things. Moreover, the produced flame is steady and won’t be blown out easily by a rogue gust of wind or light rain.

This Zippo lighter is refillable and the company maintains that you can use it for a lifetime. Zippo recomends using Zippo wicks, flints and genuine lighter fluid for the product to last a long time.

 

9) Electric Lighter Dual Arc Flameless Windproof Eco-Friendly Lighter

Produce a lasting, powerful flame with a handy IR switch. This survival lighter can create 300 sparks in one full charge. Bring along a USB cord and a power bank or portable solar charge for unlimited use. It’s a great lighter for when you don’t plan on using a fuel tank or butane cartridge.

The plastic casing is durable and can withstand reasonable weight. The company offers a refund if you’re not satisfied. Other than that, it’s a great lighter you can bring with you when you’re on the go.

D. Conclusion

By now you should have a clear idea of the different factors in play and the type of survival lighter you’ll need for specific survival scenarios. Keep in mind that it will pay dividends to have more than one survival lighter at any given time. Stash waterproof matches and other sources for starting a fire to have a well-rounded survival pack. Heed the survival mantra, “always be prepared”. Your favorite survival lighter should be with you at all times while reinforcing its weakness with a second unit. Prepare for any and all potential survival and emergency scenarios wisely!

The post How to Choose the Best Survival Lighter for 2018 appeared first on Geek Prepper.

How To ‘Speak Chicken’ To Your Flock

Do chickens have a language? Yes – and you can learn it, too!

So says author and backyard chicken keeper Melissa Caughey, who studied her flock and concluded that chickens have behaviors and sounds that have specific meanings. There’s even scientific research proving this!

Caughey is this week’s guest on Off The Grid Radio, as she tells us why every homesteader and chicken owner should know how to “speak chicken.” She is the author of two books: “How to Speak Chicken: Why Your Chickens Do What They Do and Say What They Say” and “A Kid’s Guide to Keeping Chickens.” Both are published by Storey.

Caughey also tells us:

  • The chicken sound for “hello.”
  • The chicken sound for “I’ve laid an egg.”
  • How to watch your flock and learn their specific behaviors.
  • Why she thinks chickens are smarter than we realize.
  • How to recognize chicken emotions.

If you own chickens, then this is one show you don’t want to miss!

Why You Should Be Scared Silly About A Nuclear Winter

Click here to view the original post.
Why You Should Be Scared Silly About A Nuclear Winter

Image source: Pixabay.com

Maybe you’ve heard people say they’d like to see North Korea wiped off the face of the map. Maybe you’ve even said it yourself. You might agree with Americans who think Kim Jong-un should be taught a lesson by way of American nuclear firepower.

Perhaps you agree with those who feel, for any one of myriad possible reasons, that the immediate loss of life—on the Korean peninsula and among its neighbors—is not enough of a deterrent to the idea of unleashing nuclear weapons on North Korea. You may or may not be right, but I am not here to argue that point with you today.

Instead, I would like us to consider the possibility of nuclear winter. This is the term used to describe the earth’s atmosphere being shrouded in a heavy layer of smoke, limiting the sun’s rays and cooling the planet significantly—or worse, causing the sun to be blocked out entirely. Nuclear winter is mostly theoretical, predicted by scientists and computer models as something that could happen under certain conditions. These conditions include extreme amounts of industrial smog, massive fires, volcanoes and nuclear detonation.

I admit that I have not given the concept of nuclear winter much thought before now. It’s an idea that was around in the latter decades of the 20th century and has not gotten much attention since then. Or, at least, it hasn’t gotten much of my attention. But I heard a radio show recently that examined the possibility, likelihood and repercussions of what could happen in the event of a nuclear conflict, and it frankly scared the heck out of me.

Sun-Blocking Clouds

The idea of nuclear winter takes the concern for people living on a distant continent and transports it to my own backyard. Nuclear winter would, at the very least, have widespread impacts on agriculture, causing extensive famine. And in today’s global market, even if you and I are not directly affected by sun-blocking clouds, we will still feel its effects.

Get Free Backup Electricity — And Never Be Without Power!

I have never been the kind of prepper who believes in storing up 10 years’ worth of rice and beans and other dry staples with a long shelf life. I’ve always thought it makes much more sense to instead have land and skills, and be tough and independent. Why have a bunkerful of processed food—why not instead be able to grow and harvest and preserve my own? Sure, that stuff is great for the short term, as my pantry chocked full of both home-grown and store-bought foods will attest to, but nothing I want to rely on for the long haul.

But if the science is correct, even a small-scale nuclear event could cause a cloud to spread over enough of the atmosphere to create significant famine. And if there’s no sun at all, all the land and skills and tough independence in the world won’t be enough.

The prominent 20th-century astrophysicist Carl Sagan was among the first to warn the world about the possibility of nuclear winter. According to a New York Times video, the predictions of Sagan and other scientists influenced decisions by superpower leaders that helped bring about the end of the Cold War.

Successive studies suggested that nuclear winter was not a certainty, and that something closer to “nuclear fall” was more likely to occur. People sort of set it aside and forgot about it.

The Science Behind It

Why You Should Be Scared Silly About A Nuclear Winter

Image source: Pixabay.com

Recently, the topic of nuclear winter and its possible global repercussions is again making the news, as tensions mount between the United States and North Korea, and the threat of nuclear detonation feels more real than it has for decades. And again, scientists are telling us that nuclear winter is real, and it is a big deal. In a January 2017 “Open Letter to President-elect Trump” about Nuclear Weapons and Nuclear Winter, climate science professor Alan Robock offered this dire prediction:

“In the 1980’s…scientists…discovered that smoke from fires ignited by nuclear explosions would be so dense that it would block out the sun, turning Earth cold, dark, and dry, killing plants, and preventing agriculture for at least a year.  In the last decade…using modern climate models and computers, I found that this nuclear winter theory was correct, that the effects would persist for more than a decade, and that the New START-reduced nuclear arsenals will still be able to produce this nuclear winter.” 

Those are strong words. Strong enough to make people sit up and pay attention, and strong enough to make people like me start thinking about a bunkerful of food. Alan Robock was among the guest experts on the radio show I heard that shook me awake to this topic. The show On Point, entitled “The Ramifications of Going Nuclear,” also featured president Joseph Cirincione of the nonprofit Ploughshares Fund, which seeks to abolish the threat of nuclear warfare.

After hearing the episode, my husband and I mulled over what Robock and Cirincione had said, and we discussed the potential implications in our own lives. Should we begin building a bunker of foods that will last us the duration of a nuclear winter? Should we wait until we hear on the news that the first missile has launched and then run out and max out our credit cards on pasta and canned goods? Should we hope and pray that cooler heads prevail and the crisis is averted altogether?

Some might dismiss the likelihood of nuclear winter, or even nuclear autumn. It’s true that scientists are not always right about the future. None of them are  A cardiologist cannot tell you with absolute certainty whether you will have a second heart attack. Meteorologists don’t always get tomorrow’s weather exactly right. Intelligent people do well to maintain a modicum of skepticism.

But experts do know more than we do about their subjects. For example, I assure you that you are far better off driving across a bridge that was designed by engineers, rather than across a bridge that was designed by me. And getting your teeth fixed by a dentist is probably a better choice than asking the guy at the coffee counter to do it. We cannot realistically be specialists in every area of our lives. We can’t be our own pediatricians, electricians, software engineers, homebuilders and astronauts—along with every other area of scientific study most of us rely on in our daily lives.  In the end, we have to trust somebody else’s interpretation of science and their predictions of what might happen.

And what some scientists are saying is that nuclear warfare could spell absolute disaster for the planet. Not just for the people and landscape in its immediate vicinity, and not just for a brief period of time.  It could be quite literally the end of the world as we know it.  They may not be right, but as Carl Sagan said, “I wouldn’t want to bet my life on it.”

What do you think? Share your thoughts in the section below:

For additional information, visit:

http://www.wbur.org/onpoint/2017/09/26/nuclear-north-korea

https://www.huffingtonpost.com/alan-robock/an-open-letter-to-preside_26_b_14041438.html

https://www.ploughshares.org/

https://www.nytimes.com/video/us/100000004306826/nuclear-winter.html

Prepper Fitness Plan!

Click here to view the original post.

Prepper Fitness Plan!
Host: James Walton “I Am Liberty” Audio player below!

It is early in the evening. The long day is leaning on me. The kids are too loud and the wife is unhappy. The house is a mess but we still have one more mountain to climb. There is a pit in my stomach and the only thing that’s giving me solace is that my wife is right there with me.

Continue reading Prepper Fitness Plan! at Prepper Broadcasting |Network.

THE FLU And How To Avoid It

Click here to view the original post.

If you want to avoid the flu, then know this… during the winter months when outdoor temperatures plummet and people spend more time indoors while interacting with each-other, it increases the likelihood of spreading germs — and the flu virus. As the flu season begins to ramp up during the winter months, here are a few things to keep in mind…   WHAT IS THE FLU? The flu is NOT a “bad cold” that keeps you sick for a few days. The flu is a virus, and it can KNOCK YOU OFF YOUR FEET for a week, while enduring severe

The post THE FLU And How To Avoid It appeared first on Modern Survival Blog.

THE FLU And How To Avoid It

If you want to avoid the flu, then know this… during the winter months when outdoor temperatures plummet and people spend more time indoors while interacting with each-other, it increases the likelihood of spreading germs — and the flu virus. As the flu season begins to ramp up during the winter months, here are a few things to keep in mind…   WHAT IS THE FLU? The flu is NOT a “bad cold” that keeps you sick for a few days. The flu is a virus, and it can KNOCK YOU OFF YOUR FEET for a week, while enduring severe

The post THE FLU And How To Avoid It appeared first on Modern Survival Blog.

Consumer Debt Roulette: Debt Is Up $605 Billion BEFORE $682 Billion Is Spent on Christmas

Click here to view the original post.

The last time American consumer debt was this high was.. well…NEVER. But now, it seems we are engaged in a high stakes game of consumer debt roulette. And the House … Read the rest

The post Consumer Debt Roulette: Debt Is Up $605 Billion BEFORE $682 Billion Is Spent on Christmas appeared first on The Organic Prepper.

100 Items Likely to Disappear First when the SHTF and During Emergencies

Click here to view the original post.

scarce items during SHTFThe following list of 100 items likely to disappear first in a disaster or panic has been circulating the net for ions and is in the public domain. That does not make it any less useful.

I must admit that I am a bit surprised at the ordering, especially #92 Coffee and #94 Wine/Liquors. Still, regardless of the ordering, this is a useful checklist for all of us to consider as we plan for the future we hope will never arrive.

It is time to take inventory.

How to Build Dirt Cheap Houses

Click here to view the original post.

How to Build Dirt Cheap Houses Are you searching for the perfect tract of land? Many preppers are presented with the challenge of getting out of their current urban sprawl in order to be in a better place come the collapse. It is this mindset that pushed people to the search for land. Or preppers …

Continue reading »

The post How to Build Dirt Cheap Houses appeared first on SHTF Prepping & Homesteading Central.

Bug Out: 4 Reasons Why You Need A ‘Get Out Of Dodge’ Plan

Click here to view the original post.

Bug Out: 4 Reasons Why You Need A ‘Get Out Of Dodge’ Plan The decision to leave your home is a massive one. Your home is far and away your greatest survival asset. It is your shelter and its shelter that cannot be recreated in the wild. You aren’t going to come across a insulation …

Continue reading »

The post Bug Out: 4 Reasons Why You Need A ‘Get Out Of Dodge’ Plan appeared first on SHTF Prepping & Homesteading Central.

Prepping My Garden for Next Year

Click here to view the original post.

Over the past week, I’ve been working on preparing my garden areas for next year. I’m also buying seed and a few tools I will need for next year. Now is a good time to do so, since we are still in a “business-as-usual” atmosphere (meaning that store shelves are still full, delivery systems are still working, and the dollar still buys stuff). There is no guarantee this will still be the case when planting time rolls around next spring. 

My “Back Porch Garden.”

So, what exactly am I doing?  One example is the area surrounding my back porch. This is an area where I will be growing tomatoes and peppers  this coming year. I’ve been using this area, which surrounds 2 and 3/4 sides of the porch, for years and have it marked of with large stones. 

To prep this area, I started by pulling up by hand  all remaining plants, grass, and weeds last week. Then I placed some large pieces of cardboard on top of the soil. Next, I raked leaves (of which I have plenty) on top of the cardboard, making a really tick pile. I watered down the leaves, which helped compact down the leaves and will assist in the decomposition process. You may also wish to sprinkle some lime on the leaves, which will also help the decomposition process as well as raising your soils ph, if your soil is too acidic. Finally, I covered the leaves with some old sheets and blankets. This will hold the leaves in place (so I don’t have to keep raking them over and over) and will aid in decomposition.

The advantage to using old blankets instead of black plastic, in my opinion, is that they allow much more water- and air-flow, which will speed up decomposition. Black plastic does raise the temperature more, but cuts off most of the water- and air-flow. 

I plan to pull off the blankets a week or two before I start planting next year. I have a local source of worms that I can buy in lots of 500, so I plan on buying a couple thousand and spreading on my garden areas. The worms will quickly go to work eating the organic matter and pooping out lots of wonderful organic fertilizer throughout my gardens. 

Depending on the state of decomposition, I may or may not add a thin layer of soil on top of the leaves before planting, which I am buying and having delivered now.

Tip: You can often get large pieces of used cardboard from furniture stores (furniture is often delivered wrapped in these cardboard sheets), and grocery stores (where they are used between layers on pallets). The cardboard I used this week was from a furniture store. In the past, I’ve also gotten large sheets of cardboard my my local Aldi’s.

This coming year, I will be growing my lettuce and other salad greens, along with radishes, carrots, and onions in special containers (watch for a future article on that). Cabbages, which need to be rotated every year, will be grown in the garden area by my backyard fence. And the rest of my crops will be planted in main garden area, which I am currently working on expanding. My plan for next year is to grow more food than I ever had.  My mouth is watering just thinking about it!

I urge everyone to work on getting their gardens ready for planting next year. Right now, you can still buy the stuff you need – seeds, tools, water hoses, lime, soil amendments, etc. Who knows what the situation will be next spring. 

Of Interest: 

http://amzn.to/2nlrTrs

 Starter Vegetable Gardens –  This book contains 24 “No-Fail Plans for Small Organic Gardens.” These easy-to-follow plans are perfect for those new to gardening in general or organic gardening in particular. 

https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B01MA5TFCZ/ref=as_li_qf_sp_asin_il_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=timg0a-20&camp=1789&creative=9325&linkCode=as2&creativeASIN=B01MA5TFCZ&linkId=81b92a15f7b59d7522df0cf8970168d6

Japanese Hori Hori Garden KnifeThis hybrid knife and garden scoop can do almost anything in the garden – weed, dig, prune, transplant, measure, cut, harvest. WARNING: This is a very sharp, high-quality, full-tang knife blade.

Essential Oil Mouth Rinse for Great Oral Health

Click here to view the original post.

Essential Oil Mouth Rinse for Great Oral Health There is a direct correlation between oral health and overall health. There is also much to say about oral health and a persons lifespan. If you think your only options for oral health are trips to the dentist and fluoride toothpaste then you are way off. There …

Continue reading »

The post Essential Oil Mouth Rinse for Great Oral Health appeared first on SHTF Prepping & Homesteading Central.

What’s With the New Upside Down Christmas Tree Trend?

Click here to view the original post.

One of the strangest things to trend the social media-sphere lately is purchasing an upside down Christmas tree for your house.   Originally, it seems like this idea…

How to Create Your Own Home Defense Plan

Click here to view the original post.

Take a look at the news and newspapers and you will likely find a case of robbery and home invasion. In our minds, our homes are where we ought to feel the safest. Where we can relax from a tiring day with family. However, the reality of things is that you are not safe even in your home.

For this reason, you need to ensure that a home security system plan is in place. This will make it harder for the burglar to infiltrate and cause harm buying you and your family enough time for the police to arrive. Let’s take a look at how we can make this happen.

Make It Tough to Break In

Now there are plenty of ways that you can go about doing this. One is to ensure that the external doors are heavy duty. This is probably straightforward but you would be surprised at how many old houses still have weak external doors.

Check for the plants around your home. Are they able to conceal a would-be attacker? If so then you should probably take measures to get rid of bushes that are too close to the house. They can also be used as observation posts where the whole act will be planned from.

The doors and windows should be in proper form. This means that the locks should be able to work flawlessly. Develop a habit of locking every window and door when you are both outside the house and when you are setting up for bed.

It’s great having a police officer come over and assess the safety measures that you have put in place. With their expert advice having dealt with plenty of burglary cases, you will be able to know how you can improve your position. Normally the local police department will be more than willing to send someone over.

Have a Safe Room

When the attacker finally makes his move, the first course of action for you and your family is to get to the safe room. This should be a place where it is most difficult for the criminal to get to inside your house. It doesn’t have to be anything fancy and most households will use the master bedroom for this purpose.

Ensure that the door in this room is heavy duty and extremely difficult to break down. The room should also have the necessary supplies in place. A first aid kit is absolutely necessary to treat any injuries that one could get while trying to make their way to the room.

If there are members of the family that are trained with using guns, then firearms should be located here as well as the ammunition. break-ins typically involve the loss of telephone and power lines with the attacker trying to find a way to prevent you from calling the police. You should also have extra mobile phones and flashlights.

Everyone should stay put in the safe room. Trying to move around the house looking for the burglar puts you at risk and should be avoided at all times. The only time that it’s safe to come out is at the order of the police. It is always best if the safe room has a bathroom and toilet as you may never know how long you will be in hiding.

Be Ready for a Break In

Being ready will involve every member of the family. You should carry out drills with the family to ensure everyone is ready for the eventuality of an attack. In fact, it’s always a good idea to designate specific roles to different members based on their age and what they are capable of. Some members can be informing the police while the older ones can be ready to shoot in case the attacker tries to get to the safe room.

When talking to the police, ensure that you do not cut the phone. This is because you are in a better position to update the police on what is happening before they get to your house. You can also tell them about a different way to get to the house.

Sometimes the safe room may have an exit door. You can inform the police of this so they can conveniently get you out and then deal with the attacker when you are all safe. An exit door can also greatly help in case the attacker decides to torch the house.

The Firearms

Let’s consider what types of firearms you might have. Hunting rifles can take out a burglar but there is a huge difference between hunting and defending yourself. This is why it is important to undertake defensive training both for you and any other person in your household who is capable of using the firearms. This will ensure that you and your family members are ready for anything.

Conclusion

 

By taking proper measures beforehand, you can ensure that you and your family members will be safe when the burglar attacks. Being ready will leave him bewildered as his plans go awry making it that much easier for the police to get to him.

The post How to Create Your Own Home Defense Plan appeared first on American Preppers Network.

The Best Ways to Help Your Neighbors in an Emergency

Click here to view the original post.

Written by Laura Buckler When disaster strikes, people are prone to rely on the local community for assistance. While it’s important to save yourself, the ones you love and your property, you should also consider assisting your neighbors. Helping people who live nearby without jeopardizing your own wellbeing may seem tricky in extreme environmental conditions or another type of emergency. Still, there are things you can do without putting yourself at risk. Talk to Your Neighbors Communication is incredibly important in […]

The post The Best Ways to Help Your Neighbors in an Emergency appeared first on Apartment Prepper.

Best Off-grid Power For A Wilderness Retreat

Click here to view the original post.

By now everybody realizes that in cataclysmic SHTF event the number one ‘culture shock’ moment for unprepared crybabies will be no more electricity! At first it will be more expected than anything else.

Many of us have been through a power outage from a bad storm or equipment failure at one time or another in our lives. But what if the electricity didn’t come back on again as it usually does, in the nick of time, just at about when our flashlight batteries start to die?

Or what happens when it might be months before power is restored by the regular power companies, and maybe not for years?

Puerto Rico STILL is without power in most areas after this summer’s hurricane! We then come to the critical understanding that it might be time to have an off grid electrical power set up to fall back on if we ever want to recover from a caveman lifestyle in a SHTF event.

The problem is that there’s so much information out there now that a lot of us are still confused about exactly what we really need to be ‘off grid’ and how to go about doing this. To help clear things up, here’s a quick general intro to everything you really wanted to know about an off-grid system but were afraid to ask!

What Exactly Does Off-Grid Mean?

I know everybody has an idea of what going ‘off grid’ means. But someone answered that for me once by saying, ‘Oh, that’s like being a mountain man and living off the land with only your horse, a knife, and your gun,’ she answered.

Well, not exactly. Living off the land with only a couple tools can be called being ‘off grid’ I suppose, but to me that’s more like being in a very basic emergency survival mode, living each day just to maintain your miserable existence with only your bushcraft and survival skills. To me this is more like a temporary survival exercise until you can get back to civilization!

Having a little more than just a basic stomach filling meal and campfire to keep you from freezing at the end of the day will get worse than boring after a while.

Because I guarantee you, bare bones 18 century homesteading won’t be anything like you are used to, or ever fantasized it to be, when you were enjoying your favorite Grizzly Bear chasing the HD cable movie, on your nice flat screen TV with a bowl of hot buttered microwaved popcorn in your comfy thermostatically controlled modern habitat.

Big Power Companies Will Unfriend You

Going off-grid in prepping means that you are not going to be connected to one of these major public power company grids any longer so you also won’t be paying them outrageous monthly electric bills which also allows them to install smart meters on your house, and spy on your personal habits.

It doesn’t mean you will be without electricity for the electrical devices you need and want because it’s hard to do much without electricity except waste your entire day trying to feed yourself and keep warm.

But instead you simply are going to become your ‘own power company’ and you will be your only customer. Well that sounds interesting?

 

This smart device will help you slash an excess of 70% off your power bill overnight…

 

Obviously your personal power plant is going to have to be scaled down a bit. It won’t use a giant turbine steam engine and certainly won’t be nuclear. You don’t need miles long railroad cars loaded with tons of coal to feed the boilers for your power plant.

All you need are batteries—proportionally larger than your radio, flashlights, and cell phone equipment uses, but still similar in fundamental operational principle– and a way to keep them charged long term.

A word of caution at this point because there’s a cornucopia of appealing cool ideas on YouTube for providing off grid electricity to your place. Everything from zero point energy to perpetual flywheel motion, but most of it is so complicated and produces such limited power for practical use if it even barely proves the concept that these are really just experimental ideas and won’t really work for your survival purposes at this point in time.

The standard tried and true off grid power systems almost invariably use a combination of battery banks and solar/wind power. Even a scaled down battery and charging system for just your own personal house, won’t be ‘dirt’ cheap as most of advertisers seem to be implying.

A complete standard home electrical system converted to complete off grid power is averaging less in total cost than it was a few years ago but it still can be out of reach for most of us ‘Po Folks’ who can’t just casually lay out several thousands of ‘dead presidents’ (a.k.a. dollars) for a professional whole house commercial conversion.

But if you just intend to set up electricity for your smaller bug out location shelter which might be a tiny cabin, or travel trailer, or even a heavy duty tent like a yurt, with off grid electrical power, that’s a different and much more affordable, story.

All you need to do first is look up at the sky and find out how many days out of the week you are likely to average peak full sunlight hours. Because, again, the most common and least expensive way for small off grid applications is to use ‘ol sun to charge your batteries with solar panels.

This is so you can then start to plan how many batteries you might need, or if you might need additional battery chargers like a windmill or a small gas generator which is what many people use for a temporary outage anyway all by itself if they think ahead to store enough gas for it properly.

But if we’re talking long term survival and power needs at the BOL, we want something that lasts a long time without a lot of headaches. To put it simply your location has a lot to do with just how you balance and put together your system in terms of batteries and charging systems and solar panels.

And to keep the system cost effective, all these components become a trade-off depending upon your location and of course your power requirements.

You Can Do It Yourself!

First of all, you’ll save yourself a lot of labor money if you want to DIY and there’s all kinds of internet tutorials and books and quick guides out there.

You’ll also learn valuable useful knowledge about electricity and it’s really not hard even if you’ve never done it before. And then afterward, you can pay an electrician familiar with solar off grid set ups a one time relatively modest inspection fee to check it out for you.

So, here’s the bargain basement basics just to get you started.

“Watts” Up With That?

It all starts with WATTS! Think of it as the resulting amount of vibrating microscopic atomic electrons which can be manipulated and transformed into the electrical current ‘juice’ that powers all the plug-in stuff.

Your electrical wiring in your house has to carry electrical power to feed these watts to feed all of your electrical stuff and when you plug in the particular device just takes/draws out the amount of watts it needs to operate.

This is the electric ‘currency’ on a power system. Everything you have that uses electrical measures that usage in Watts. You pay you’re your utility company for what they refer to as Kilowatt Hours used.

Every tag on the back of every appliance tells you how many Watts your gadget needs to do what it’s supposed to do. Microwaves from 600 to 1100 watts on average, lightbulbs 30 to 200 watts on average, refrigerators and appliances between 2 and 6 hundred, and so on.

Determining how you get the amount of Watt power you want for your needs and deliver them to your home through a combination of Amps and Volts are part of the common formula, Watts=Volts x Amps.

Because volts, which is the electrical energy potential measurement in representing the electrical ‘forces’ factor which provide ‘pressure’ to move the electrical energy around the circuits through conductors which are the common types of house wiring you see everywhere.

Voltage potential can be stored, like in batteries, or generated constantly by electrical generators which are basically magnets that generate vibrating atoms to cause their protons and electrons to ‘energize’ through movement and then ‘flow’ a distance to another point through conducting wires for power use on that end.

Then we have Amps in the formula.

Amperage has to do with the ‘rate’ of the electromagnetic ‘flow’ in an electrical conducting wire. This one’s pretty easy to do an analogy for, just like a skinny garden hose trying get enough water (electrons’) to take care of a large burning building is not going to work, neither is a thin electrical wire enough of a conduit to provide enough watts to power a huge office building.

You have to balance the capacity of the wires to handle electrical ‘loads’ for optimum utility.

The Watts= Volts X Amps math can be used to determine all combinations of batteries and wiring sizing you will need to give you your necessary watts.

Remember that batteries eventually run out of stored potential energy and then must be re-charged. So, the charging system and wiring components then make it a bit more complicated, but not insurmountable for the average handy person.

Let There Be Light!

Okay, you decided that for now that you could survive comfortably in the middle of the wilderness in your survival shelter with around 1500 continuously available watts.

This means you can have on a couple 100 watt light bulbs, or a few 60 watt bulbs instead, a computer, TV, radio, and electric refrigerator, and even a microwave all on at about the same time before possibly overloading the system, and tripping the circuit breaker.

This would be only one 20 amp breaker on one main 12 gauge wire in your hard wired house system off the inverter, to split up between your mini-grid appliances and outlets, (unless you just temporarily ran a couple heavy extension cords directly off your inverter.)

So with this set up you’d be living about like they did in rural areas about 75 year ago with their electrical systems where ‘out houses’ were common and outside hand pumps into buckets brought the water in, until electric well pump motors were gaining popularity so indoor plumbing eventually became the norm.

But there were few, if any electrical washing machines and dryers or electric kitchen counter tops and heating was still virtually all done with fossil fuels.

So you want to figure out how many batteries you need for continuous 1500 hundred watts application for at least a couple days, but preferably a week of basic power before draining, and needing complete recharging if the sun or your solar panels don’t work to keep your batteries charged up. You want to keep them above 60 percent capacity during use to preserve their lifespans. Too many complete discharges/cycles are not good.

If you do live in an area where it gets so cloudy and dark that you often can go for many days without seeing the sun, then you will want to have a small wind generator to keep up the charge along with your solar panels, or a back-up portable gas generator.

There’s plenty of DIY projects on building wind turbines too, or you can get ready made commercial models. Here are some of them, to ease your research.

So having only one 12 volt deep cycle/marine battery which is not much bigger than a standard car battery but that lasts a bit longer between charging that on average says generates 675 amps and also says it gives you 100 amp hours at 20 hours, with different numbers here depending on the type/brand of battery, which is another confusing measurement of how long your battery lasts without charging before it goes dead, and is a little deceiving for practical purposes.

What you have to do is divide the 100 Amp/hour number by the other ‘@20 hour’ number to get 5 amps (to use in the equation for watts) of continuous amperage for the entire 20 hours before it drains and is discharged.

So now let’s solve for watts when watts = volts x amps. so 12 volts x 5 amps equals a whopping 60 watts. Yup, that doesn’t seem like much and sure is long way from 1500 continuous watts at one time? You can power maybe one 60 watt lightbulb for up to 20 hours. You can also power that lightbulb directly from a 60 watt solar panel on a sunny day.

Or a windmill that puts out the same wattage when it’s running at speed. All these work together on a system to cover all weather contingencies. But the ‘load’ is mostly on the batteries because they don’t care what the weather is as long as they stay charged.

However, for shorter time periods the battery can actually deliver more of the ‘cranking’ amps in its capacity and therefore more watts for a shorter time.

That’s how your single car battery starts your car’s powerful electric starter motor which needs a lot of watts and amps to crank over the gas car engine. 450 cranking amps X 12 volts is like around 7400 watts!

However, If you crank for more than a few minutes straight, you’ll usually wear down and kill the battery. And of course this energy/power trade-off is why if you accidentally leave your headlights on overnight you can’t start your car the next day because that usually pushes the 20 hour limit with only 5 amps per hour draw.

A single battery might work for a very short time for high energy needs up to a point, but not that well for extended off grid use.

The device that handles all these variables is called a power inverter. It changes 12 volt battery current to the AC (alternating current) that Tesla invented which is what is typically used in virtually all of our house and commercial electricity systems today.

You need this inverter off your 12 volt battery system because typical home wiring also uses 120/240 volts of power energy from the big power line service entrance to your house. So your TV, refrigerator, etc. is not set up for DC (direct current from the battery) and has to be ‘inverted’ to AC. The inverter changes the 12 volt battery mode to the 120 AC mode so you can just plug in your AC appliances right into the inverter with extension cords if you want. This makes the wiring for your off grid is not that complicated at all for basic purposes. It’s just like plugging into a wall outlet.

Video first seen on Power Inverters.

You find inverters at Home Depot, Amazon, and even Walmart. You can get a 1000 watt basic model for about 35 dollars or a better 2000 watt sine wave model with battery voltage gauge and charge controller for around $250.

If you just want something already to plug and play, there are quite a few portable off grid units that can be purchased ready to go, complete with folding solar panels and portable carrying case. Some of these, as expected, are a bit pricey.

But some are good deals if you have no inclination to put together your own system from components!

Separately an average new deep cycle 12v battery from Home Depot is around a hundred bucks. Solar panels are sold online for about a dollar a watt.

So you can still have your 1500 watt off grid power set up as long as you’re not burning up all 1500 watts continuously when there’s no wind or sun, which you never really would have to do when you think about it. You could get away with a basic setup of just maybe two or three batteries, a hundred watt solar panel to start with, and/or a small wind generator for charging and a cheap inverter, all for around a thousand dollars right off the commercial shelf.

If you are handy you can follow the instructions and build your own, and even your own wind turbine and solar panels for much less! This might sound a bit complicated at first, but after you get into it more, it’ll be no more difficult than changing the battery and cables on your car.

Start Small and Grow as You Become More Enlightened

For preppers who just want their bug out location or even their main residence to have basic off grid power, it’s a lot easier and much cheaper than you think if you start by getting one of these step by step detailed guides like this one here:

And then you expand as your resources permit if you want. It’s not hard to find decent used junkyard car or golf cart batteries and refurbish them for just a few bucks each and simply keep adding them to your battery bank for longer duration power potential.

So the answer to the question of what is the best off grid power system for a wilderness application, the main qualification will be the least expensive and the simplest, which will be something along the lines of what was just described here.

Your bug out location, even in the wilderness, doesn’t have to be a sensory deprived punishment sentence with miserable primitive living conditions. You can still have a decent comfortable modern electrical power setup for a relative bargain.

And why not? It’ll be bad enough otherwise trying to survive a grim long term scenario.

Modern electrical ‘work’ assistance from electricity will help you concentrate more on other necessary things like security and supplies. Maybe even watch Zombie movies from your VCD library once in awhile…to relax!

This article was written by Mahatma Muhjesbude for Survivopedia.

Come All Ye Angels!

Click here to view the original post.

     I am so blessed to be surrounded by such Godly friends who constantly inspire me with their hearts of faith!  And I recently had just a couple minutes of conversation with a good friend about one of my favorite subjects…. angels.  And then my husband, Mark, told me he was awake in the early morning hours today and while reading, he happened upon a 2014 article, titled How To Command Your Angels by Tom Brown.  I am fully aware that just reading that title will be enough to send some Christians into shock. But it was enough affirmation that perhaps this is a subject that we should discuss, and so began my research.

     First of all, I want to make it perfectly clear, I do not worship angels! And I am perfectly aware that each time [in the Bible] a man falls to his knees to worship the appearance of an angelic being, he is told, as in Revelation 19:10, “You must not do that! I am a fellow servant with you and your brothers who hold to the testimony of Jesus. Worship God.” So, I want to assure you that I take that mandate in Scripture very seriously.
     That being said, I am also very aware of the importance and purpose of angels in the Bible. And Scripture is clear about their status when it comes to both Jesus and man, so let’s establish a few things first, according to the Bible.  As Believers, there should be no question that Jesus, as God, is the Creator of all things, including both man and angels.  That’s a no-brainer.  Therefore we understand that He is superior to all things, right?  But we also need to understand, as put forth in Hebrews, Chapter Two, the following truth: But we see Him [who for a little while was made lower than the angels], namely Jesus, crowned with glory and honor because of the suffering of death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone.
     For the short time that Jesus was on earth as a man, He was made a little lower than the angels. But that is not His reality today, as Chapter One tells us:  After making purification for sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on High, having become as much superior to angels as the name He has inherited is more excellent than theirs. Jesus resumed His superior position when He ascended to Heaven to sit at the right hand of the Father.
     But what about our relationship with the angels?  Where do we fit into the hierarchy, and what is our connection to angelic beings?  I’m going to give you my rather unorthodox opinion, which I believe can be backed up by Scripture, and we will see where this theory goes…  We are made in the image of God [and are primarily spirit beings as Genesis 1:26 tells us], and we were given dominion over the earth.  I believe Scripture tells us that the angels were created before the Seventh Day:  Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them (Genesis 2:1)While the word “host” sometimes refers to God’s army or military, here it signifies angels, and is confirmed in 1 Kings 22:19, I saw the Lord sitting on his throne, and all the host of heaven standing by him on his right hand and on his left.  Yes, this could be the army of heaven, and if so, it is an army made up of angels.

     So, at this point of the story in the Bible, it appears to me that we were given dominion over the earth, and the angels served the Lord in Heaven. And I would say that being created in the image of the Father and the Son, we were a close second in authority.  But by Genesis 3, man has turned over dominion of earth to the devil, and lost that authority. But what of the angels? Were they ever given any authority?  First of all, I want to make clear that angels are not the chubby looking babies that resemble Cupid. Nor are they people who have died; the Bible clearly calls those beings Saints. One of the clearest descriptions of angels is found in Hebrews 1:14, Are not all the angels ministering spirits sent out [by God] to serve (accompany, protect) those who will inherit salvation? [Of course they are!]
     The primary job of angels is to do the bidding of God; to serve Him in various assignments.  Those assignments include our protection, our deliverance from danger, the worship of God in Heaven, and to minister to our needs. Some angels are Messengers; chief among them is Gabriel.  Others are Chief Princes; Michael is one. Still others are Divine Attendants, such as the Cherubim and Seraphim. Then there are those whom Timothy referred to as the Elect Angels; the Living Creatures as referenced in Ezekiel; and the Watchers whom Daniel mentioned.  But in the context of this article, I want to concentrate on the “ministering angels” mentioned in Hebrews 1, because they are specifically referred to in relation to us.  It seems that their job, according to all the references to them in the Bible is (1) to worship God (Isa. 6:3; Rev. 4:8); (2) to serve as messengers of God (Dan. 9:22; Luke 1:11, 26; 2:9; Rev. 1:1); (3) to serve as soldiers in spiritual combat (Dan. 10:13; Rev. 12:7); and (4) to serve as ministers to God’s people.
     At this time, I’m going to interject the controversy that is occurring in our theological discussions today.  There are those [like me] who discern that these ministering angels can be called into service by Believers; and then there are those Believers who interpret that as giving angels more authority than they have, and it can border on worshiping them.  But it is my humble opinion that it is not the angels who have the authority, but us, the Believer!
     You see, under the prior covenant with God, [and before the Cross], man had lost his authority.  But after the Cross, Jesus has been “crowned with glory and honor”, so that the angels submit to Him and His name.  Scripture is very clear about this … Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto Him (1 Peter 3:22) … and That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth (Philippians 2:10). 
     Here is where we really need to see the Big Picture.  As I have put forward many times in the past, Believers need to recognize the power and authority given them by Jesus.  Not only were we given authority over all the power of the Enemy, but we were told that anything we asked in His Name, would be given us.  So when Jesus tells us in Matthew 18:18, Whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven, it should be clear that we are binding the power of the devil and his demons, and we also have the authority to loose the resources of Heaven.  But how is that accomplished?

     Follow this line of reasoning … Psalm 103:20 says, Bless the Lord, you His angels, You mighty ones who do His commandments, Obeying the voice of His word! By this, we should understand that angels in Heaven listen [and act] upon the VOICE of God’s Word.  We know that the Bible is His Word, right? But unless we SPEAK the Word, no voice is given to It.  So, when Jesus spoke the Word during his temptation in the Wilderness, He was able to resist the devil, and afterwards, Scripture says, Then the devil left Him, and behold, angels came and were ministering to Him.
     The same is true for us!  When we give voice to the Word of God, the angels in Heaven hear us, and are loosed to act upon the Word and carry it out in our lives!  You’ve heard the expression, “Just say the Word”, right? Well, when we quote Scripture aloud during our prayers, it looses the angels to do the assignments and work they were created to do.  They have purpose and I believe they love working with us to see God’s will done here on earth.
     Here’s another way to look at it … since Jesus announced that the Kingdom of Heaven “is at hand”, and returned to His position in Heaven, we are regaining territory from the Enemy and coming into our own identity as His co-heirs. The full reality of the Kingdom of Heaven on Earth will not be fulfilled until Jesus’s Second Coming, but it is important to know that we, as Faithful Believers, have been given His power and authority to act in His stead until He returns.  And because we have been given the authority to use His Name to accomplish God’s will, and the angels are subject to that Name, then we can loose them to help us do Kingdom work until Jesus returns.  And at that time, we will co-rule the world with Jesus.  And what does the Apostle Paul tell us in 1 Corinthians 6:3?  That we will not only judge the world, but also judge the angels!  
     In conclusion, I am clear about what Scripture says about angels and how they minister to us in our service to the Lord.  Only God is worthy of our worship and praise, but He has created angels to minister not only to Him in Heaven, but to us, here on earth to see His perfect will done.  And that’s a partnership made in Heaven!

Nehemiah 9:6    You are the Lord, you alone. You have made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them; and You preserve all of them; and the host of heaven worships You.  

How to Pass the HAM Radio Exam

Click here to view the original post.

Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editor’s Note: Another guest submission from Zac Martin. The subject of Ham communications has been touched upon in the past, once from Pat Henry –  Should You Get a HAM Radio License or Hide from the Government? back in 2013 and once from R. Ann Parris – Radio Silence, Communications Without Electronics in March of this year. This article should help in your decision on which path to take, or not take.

To be more specific, this article will tell you how to pass the Technician license exam, which is where you’ll want to start if you’re a beginner. I just finished taking my exam and I passed on the first try. I figured this would be a good chance to expand on what it takes to pass the Tech exam and what do you need to know about it to avoid any surprises.

There are three classes of HAM radio licenses available to civilians: Technician, General, and Extra. Technician is going to be where you want to start, with the other licenses being good ideas a little down the road after a little bit more practice.

The Technician license exam will have 35 questions, you can miss 9. Miss any more than that and you’re going to end up having to take the exam again. However, with the right study tips, passing on the first attempt shouldn’t be a problem. I did quite a bit of researching and studying prior to the exam, and here are the tools that I found the most helpful:

1) Hamstudy.org Fashcards– I studied from several different HAM exam prep websites, but I found this one to be the best. Not only do the flash cards on this site cover all 426 questions from the question bank that your test will pull from, but they let you know the reasoning behind each correct answer as well.

As you miss questions in the flash cards, they’ll cycle back through the stack and you’ll find yourself being asked the same question multiple times throughout your studying to help ensure that you know the correct way to answer the questions that you missed.

The website even keeps a visible graph open for you at all times showing you what percentage of questions from each submodule that you’re getting correct. Should you notice that you’re scoring low on a particular submodule then you can specifically request to only be given flashcards from that specific section, allowing you to really hammer down on what it is that you’re missing.

Over time, the website will let you know what your overall grade is. By test day, my overall grade on the website was an 81%. I ended up with an 80% on the actual licensing exam, so I’d say that the website will give you a pretty clear view of where you stand on things.

2) Hamstudy.org Practice Tests – This is the other cool part of hamstudy.org, the practice tests look exactly like the actual test will. They have 35 questions, and they pull questions from all of the different sub modules that the exam will draw from. After you finish the test and submit it, your grade will appear and you will be able to go back and see what you missed, what the correct answer was, and why. I found it to be incredibly helpful, and it really helped me to know what to expect from the exam.

As a result, when the exam was placed in front of me I had absolutely zero test anxiety. I already knew what the thing was going to look like and I felt confident with my having studied over every potential question from the question bank that there was. A good chunk of this confidence came from having taken these practice tests multiple times.

3) Dan Romanchik’s Free Study Guide – Though it is a lot of pages (40+ to be exact), I printed off the entire free exam prep e-book and read it through multiple times prior to taking the exam. This thing is worth its weight in gold. I actually recommend taking this step first. It will help you to ensure that you are prepared for hamstudy.org’s practice questions.

This free e-book will also tell you the formulas that you are going to need to know for the exam. Fortunately, there’s really only two that you need to know from Ohm’s Law E=IR, and P=EI. If you know those two equations, you’ll be good for most of the math problems.

You can find the e-book at this link: https://www.kb6nu.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/2014-no-nonsense-tech-study-guide-v20.pdf

4) Memorize the different bands – I didn’t see these anywhere within the free study guide, but found that if you don’t know them, you’re going to miss quite a few questions on the exam. You just straight up have to memorize these. I just wrote them all down in a little notebook that I’m constantly carrying with me, and would occasionally glance at them while I was at work.

10 meters = 29.600MHz
6 meters = 52.525MHz
2 meters = 146.52MHz
1.25 meters = 223.50MHz
70cm = 446.00MHz
33cm = 906.50MHz
23cm = 1294.50MHz

5) Ask around to see if there are other HAMs in your area – Initially I had been looking all over online to see where the closest testing center would be to me. The closest one I found was several weeks in the future and about a two-hour drive from where I live. Not ideal, I wanted to quickly study the material and move on my merry way, but I planned to make a day trip out of it.

HAM radio came up in conversation while at work though, and by talking with people there I discovered that there was actually a local club in my town that was able to test me and within just a couple of days. That would mean I wouldn’t have to stress for multiple weeks before taking the exam. I was familiar with Parkinson’s Law, stating that work expands to take up the time that we give it, so I knew that if I set a deadline of two weeks that would give me plenty of time to prepare while simultaneously ensuring I don’t wait until the last minute.

Anyways, thanks to that conversation at work I discovered that there were actually several local testing centers that I could have taken the exam at that didn’t show up on the official  American Radio Relay League, ARRL website. When I showed up to take my exam I notified the proctor that they weren’t popping up online, and they mentioned that they had been having trouble with that for quite some time. I suppose that’s a fairly common problem, because from what the proctor told me there were several other testing sites in my area that I could have gone to, and not a single one of those sites was popping up on the ARRL website either.

So, if you know a local HAM ask them where you can test at as it just may save you a good chunk of change in gas money.

So what did I do to Prepare?

I studied for two weeks for maybe 30 minutes every day or so. If engineering, physics, and electronics come easy to you, then you may be able to get by with less time. I’m terrible at and foreign to them, so that’s what it took me.

I spent the first week reading through the free e-book and highlighting what I thought was important. It was pretty content heavy, so just about the whole thing ended up yellow for me. You may say that’s not really productive, but it allowed me time to slowly think over what I had just read, and helped me to sift through a lot of word fluff when I would refer to the page later on.

I spent the second week taking hamstudy.org’s practice tests and flashcards. I started on Day 8. I sat my butt down for a solid 1.5 hours as I went through all 426 flash cards for the test. As mentioned before, the website keeps a tab running for you showing not only what percentage of the questions that you’ve seen, but what your grade is by that point as well. My score was abysmally low at this point. I was most definitely learning, but the knowledge was still marinating in my head and needed a bit more practice.

On days 9-14 I spent about 30 minutes every night going through flash cards and then taking 2 practice tests while my wife watched Hallmark Christmas movies. I was sitting by her on the couch and able to take a quick break if she had any questions, so this really didn’t force me to be present-yet-absent while I studied.

By the time test day came around, I showed up and paid my $15 cash in exact change (they may not have change otherwise) and sat down to a pencil and paper test. I ended up missing 6 and passing my exam about 20 minutes from when I started. Honestly, you could probably finish it even quicker than that if electronics is something that comes easily to you. I’m pretty terrible at that stuff, so if I can pass it, I know you can too.

After you pass the exam, the proctor will give you your licensing ticket. That doesn’t mean that you can go home and get on the radio that night though. You’ll have to wait several days for your name and call sign to finally be listed on the official website. Only then can you begin to broadcast over the radio using your call sign.

Mine hasn’t been posted yet, but I’ve been told it takes about a week or two. If you follow the above steps, I’m fairly confident that you’ll be able to pass this thing on the first try. As I mentioned before, I’m terrible with this type of material. It by no means come easily to me. But I do feel that I am good at studying, and by that, I mean I can sit down and force myself to go over flashcards for a confusing-to-me subject.

If I can do it, you can do it.

Follow the tips, peacefully take the test, and maybe someday we’ll talk over the radio together!

The post How to Pass the HAM Radio Exam appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

How to Pass the HAM Radio Exam

Click here to view the original post.

Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editor’s Note: Another guest submission from Zac Martin. The subject of Ham communications has been touched upon in the past, once from Pat Henry –  Should You Get a HAM Radio License or Hide from the Government? back in 2013 and once from R. Ann Parris – Radio Silence, Communications Without Electronics in March of this year. This article should help in your decision on which path to take, or not take.

To be more specific, this article will tell you how to pass the Technician license exam, which is where you’ll want to start if you’re a beginner. I just finished taking my exam and I passed on the first try. I figured this would be a good chance to expand on what it takes to pass the Tech exam and what do you need to know about it to avoid any surprises.

There are three classes of HAM radio licenses available to civilians: Technician, General, and Extra. Technician is going to be where you want to start, with the other licenses being good ideas a little down the road after a little bit more practice.

The Technician license exam will have 35 questions, you can miss 9. Miss any more than that and you’re going to end up having to take the exam again. However, with the right study tips, passing on the first attempt shouldn’t be a problem. I did quite a bit of researching and studying prior to the exam, and here are the tools that I found the most helpful:

1) Hamstudy.org Fashcards– I studied from several different HAM exam prep websites, but I found this one to be the best. Not only do the flash cards on this site cover all 426 questions from the question bank that your test will pull from, but they let you know the reasoning behind each correct answer as well.

As you miss questions in the flash cards, they’ll cycle back through the stack and you’ll find yourself being asked the same question multiple times throughout your studying to help ensure that you know the correct way to answer the questions that you missed.

The website even keeps a visible graph open for you at all times showing you what percentage of questions from each submodule that you’re getting correct. Should you notice that you’re scoring low on a particular submodule then you can specifically request to only be given flashcards from that specific section, allowing you to really hammer down on what it is that you’re missing.

Over time, the website will let you know what your overall grade is. By test day, my overall grade on the website was an 81%. I ended up with an 80% on the actual licensing exam, so I’d say that the website will give you a pretty clear view of where you stand on things.

2) Hamstudy.org Practice Tests – This is the other cool part of hamstudy.org, the practice tests look exactly like the actual test will. They have 35 questions, and they pull questions from all of the different sub modules that the exam will draw from. After you finish the test and submit it, your grade will appear and you will be able to go back and see what you missed, what the correct answer was, and why. I found it to be incredibly helpful, and it really helped me to know what to expect from the exam.

As a result, when the exam was placed in front of me I had absolutely zero test anxiety. I already knew what the thing was going to look like and I felt confident with my having studied over every potential question from the question bank that there was. A good chunk of this confidence came from having taken these practice tests multiple times.

3) Dan Romanchik’s Free Study Guide – Though it is a lot of pages (40+ to be exact), I printed off the entire free exam prep e-book and read it through multiple times prior to taking the exam. This thing is worth its weight in gold. I actually recommend taking this step first. It will help you to ensure that you are prepared for hamstudy.org’s practice questions.

This free e-book will also tell you the formulas that you are going to need to know for the exam. Fortunately, there’s really only two that you need to know from Ohm’s Law E=IR, and P=EI. If you know those two equations, you’ll be good for most of the math problems.

You can find the e-book at this link: https://www.kb6nu.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/2014-no-nonsense-tech-study-guide-v20.pdf

4) Memorize the different bands – I didn’t see these anywhere within the free study guide, but found that if you don’t know them, you’re going to miss quite a few questions on the exam. You just straight up have to memorize these. I just wrote them all down in a little notebook that I’m constantly carrying with me, and would occasionally glance at them while I was at work.

10 meters = 29.600MHz
6 meters = 52.525MHz
2 meters = 146.52MHz
1.25 meters = 223.50MHz
70cm = 446.00MHz
33cm = 906.50MHz
23cm = 1294.50MHz

5) Ask around to see if there are other HAMs in your area – Initially I had been looking all over online to see where the closest testing center would be to me. The closest one I found was several weeks in the future and about a two-hour drive from where I live. Not ideal, I wanted to quickly study the material and move on my merry way, but I planned to make a day trip out of it.

HAM radio came up in conversation while at work though, and by talking with people there I discovered that there was actually a local club in my town that was able to test me and within just a couple of days. That would mean I wouldn’t have to stress for multiple weeks before taking the exam. I was familiar with Parkinson’s Law, stating that work expands to take up the time that we give it, so I knew that if I set a deadline of two weeks that would give me plenty of time to prepare while simultaneously ensuring I don’t wait until the last minute.

Anyways, thanks to that conversation at work I discovered that there were actually several local testing centers that I could have taken the exam at that didn’t show up on the official  American Radio Relay League, ARRL website. When I showed up to take my exam I notified the proctor that they weren’t popping up online, and they mentioned that they had been having trouble with that for quite some time. I suppose that’s a fairly common problem, because from what the proctor told me there were several other testing sites in my area that I could have gone to, and not a single one of those sites was popping up on the ARRL website either.

So, if you know a local HAM ask them where you can test at as it just may save you a good chunk of change in gas money.

So what did I do to Prepare?

I studied for two weeks for maybe 30 minutes every day or so. If engineering, physics, and electronics come easy to you, then you may be able to get by with less time. I’m terrible at and foreign to them, so that’s what it took me.

I spent the first week reading through the free e-book and highlighting what I thought was important. It was pretty content heavy, so just about the whole thing ended up yellow for me. You may say that’s not really productive, but it allowed me time to slowly think over what I had just read, and helped me to sift through a lot of word fluff when I would refer to the page later on.

I spent the second week taking hamstudy.org’s practice tests and flashcards. I started on Day 8. I sat my butt down for a solid 1.5 hours as I went through all 426 flash cards for the test. As mentioned before, the website keeps a tab running for you showing not only what percentage of the questions that you’ve seen, but what your grade is by that point as well. My score was abysmally low at this point. I was most definitely learning, but the knowledge was still marinating in my head and needed a bit more practice.

On days 9-14 I spent about 30 minutes every night going through flash cards and then taking 2 practice tests while my wife watched Hallmark Christmas movies. I was sitting by her on the couch and able to take a quick break if she had any questions, so this really didn’t force me to be present-yet-absent while I studied.

By the time test day came around, I showed up and paid my $15 cash in exact change (they may not have change otherwise) and sat down to a pencil and paper test. I ended up missing 6 and passing my exam about 20 minutes from when I started. Honestly, you could probably finish it even quicker than that if electronics is something that comes easily to you. I’m pretty terrible at that stuff, so if I can pass it, I know you can too.

After you pass the exam, the proctor will give you your licensing ticket. That doesn’t mean that you can go home and get on the radio that night though. You’ll have to wait several days for your name and call sign to finally be listed on the official website. Only then can you begin to broadcast over the radio using your call sign.

Mine hasn’t been posted yet, but I’ve been told it takes about a week or two. If you follow the above steps, I’m fairly confident that you’ll be able to pass this thing on the first try. As I mentioned before, I’m terrible with this type of material. It by no means come easily to me. But I do feel that I am good at studying, and by that, I mean I can sit down and force myself to go over flashcards for a confusing-to-me subject.

If I can do it, you can do it.

Follow the tips, peacefully take the test, and maybe someday we’ll talk over the radio together!

The post How to Pass the HAM Radio Exam appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

Cooking From Scratch Is It A Thing Of The Past?

Click here to view the original post.

Cooking from scratch is it a thing of the past? This last weekend I had part of my family here for Thanksgiving. Ellie wanted to make creamed chip beef on toast or homemade rolls. I tried making a video with my granddaughter making a roux. I’m not good at editing videos YET, but I’m working on it. Anyway, I was using my iPhone and of course, at the end of the filming, someone screams “what?” Well, we all laughed and then I tried to “edit the video” to get the loud word removed.  I own it, I cannot edit videos as of today.  So I do not have a video on how to make a roux. Life is life, we just roll with it.

Every time my family comes to our home or I go to their homes, I try to teach them the skills I have by cooking from scratch. Most of my daughters cook from scratch even though all four daughters have one or two jobs each. Proud mama here that my daughters know how to work. My one daughter is a single mom and her son enjoys cooking from scratch, I love it!

Netflix Documentaries

I have watched a few Netflix documentaries that have opened my eyes to the quality of the food we are able to buy and prepare at home. It’s not good, my friends to see all the people around us dealing with weight and other health issues. We must grow our own food or buy from local Farmer’s markets if at all possible. I have watched some documentaries that show how overweight people are in the US. Here’s the deal, when we eat out the food tastes yummy because they sometimes add more butter, salt and sugar than we may realize on that oversized plate of food. We are what we eat.

Dinner Plate Sizes

Cooking From Scratch

I love comparing dinner plate sizes to the pioneer plate sizes. They used salad size plates and they worked on farms. Hard work, six or seven days a week. Picture eight-inch plates to the 12-inch plates we are using today. I swear, they bring out a platter of food at a local Mexican food restaurant here in Southern Utah for one person. The plates above show approximately the white eight-inch plate sizes years ago and the cute 12-inch turquoise plate size today.

Cooking From Scratch

Cooking From Scratch

Here are my favorite basics you need in order to cook from scratch. Feel free to tell me some items I should add to my list.

  1. Beans
  2. Rice
  3. Soups
  4. White bread flour
  5. Yeast
  6. Crackers
  7. Peanut butter
  8. Jams and jelly
  9. Powdered eggs
  10. Instant milk
  11. Popcorn
  12. Dehydrated onions
  13. Lemons juice
  14. Cocoa
  15. Garlic
  16. Raisins
  17. Spices
  18. Tortillas
  19. Chicken broth
  20. Olive oil/Coconut oil
  21. Dehydrated or fresh potatoes
  22. Pasta: who loves spaghetti?
  23. Tomato paste or flakes
  24. Salt
  25. Sugar
  26. Honey
  27. Baking soda
  28. Baking powder
  29. Cream of tartar
  30. Canned meat
  31. Wheat
  32. Dehydrated carrots & celery
  33. Salsa and green chilies
  34. Water
  35. Fruit
  36. Vegetables
  37. Oatmeal
  38. Cornstarch
  39. Fresh produce when possible

How To Make A Roux

If you are wondering how to make a roux (pronounced roo) all you do is take a saucepan and use equal amounts of butter and flour. Then add milk according to how thick you want your cream sauce or roux. For instance, melt one cup of butter in the saucepan and then add one cup of flour. Stir quickly with a whisk. Whisk until smooth and add milk slowly. Sometimes it takes 2-quarts of milk or more. You must stir or whisk constantly. I add salt, pepper, and sugar.

Yes, sugar, it makes my sauce taste fabulous! You can cook it for 20-30 minutes to make the flavors stand out and to reach the full flavor and thickening. Again, you will add more or less milk depending on how thick you want your roux or creamy white sauce to be.

If you make a roux, you can make creamed chipped beef on toast or biscuits, add cheese to make mac and cheese, or add clams simmered with onions and celery to make clam chowder. The possibilities are endless. You can make just about any creamy soup you can think of with leftovers, love this recipe!

  1. Beans: you can buy dried beans in a bag or purchase ready to use canned beans. You can make soups, hummus, side dishes, or chili, and you have a great protein meal at the same time. I can make a meal with beans and my favorite spices then add some tortillas and salsa.
  2. Rice: white rice has a longer shelf life than brown rice, so I store very little brown rice. I can use rice to stretch so many frugal meals, love it! It’s fairly inexpensive even in smaller bags. I like to buy white rice in #10 cans, the shelf life is 30 years (unopened) because it is commercially packed compared to the bagged rice from supermarkets. I prefer not to use mylar bags. I only want to buy food storage once with zero waste. Brown rice lasts about 6 months from the grocery store because it has a higher fat content over white rice. You can store brown rice in the refrigerator for 2-3 months longer if kept in an airtight container.
  3. Soups: some people make their own creamed soup from scratch. I buy Campbell’s cream of chicken by the case. I can make just about any casserole or soup with it. I watch for the case lot sales in the fall. Be sure and check the expiration dates.
  4. White bread flour: if you can make bread you can barter and survive. Trust me, people love hot bread right out of the oven. You can make muffins, pancakes, waffles, cookies, cakes and so much more with flour of any kind.
  5. Yeast: I purchase the brand SAF Yeast for my bread and biscuits. Period. I have not had good luck with other yeast brands. I store the amount of yeast I will use for a month in the refrigerator. The rest of the packages I store in my freezer. They have lasted three years for me in the freezer if unopened. If you can’t find it where you live, you can buy it online: Saf Instant Yeast, 1 Pound Pouch
  6. Crackers: need I say more. Crackers are great with chili, soups and topped with your favorite chicken salad made with mayonnaise.
  7. Peanut butter: sometimes my husband and I have a peanut butter and jelly sandwich for lunch. I make homemade whole wheat bread which is a bonus for my budget.
  8. Jams and jelly: for sandwiches, biscuits, rolls, and bread
  9. Powdered eggs: for baking only, it’s nice to have a can of powdered eggs in the pantry if you run out of eggs. Of course, fresh eggs are better, but if you have an ice storm you can still make cookies and stay off the icy roads if your egg cartons are empty.
  10. Instant milk: this is a bonus for every family. I store my opened #10 can of instant milk in the refrigerator so it’s ready in a flash if I run out of milk. It’s good for two years opened. Check the date on the milk you buy because every manufacturer is different.
  11. Popcorn: popcorn is a great tummy filler and comfort food in a bad storm. Add some melted butter to popped corn with a smidge of salt and you have a great treat for everyone! You can add other spices as well and flavor the popcorn to your preference.
  12. Dehydrated onions: I personally rarely buy fresh onions except maybe in the summer if my garden hasn’t produced enough yet. I love knowing I can add a scoop of dehydrated onions to taco meat, soups, chili, casseroles, omelets and not have to peel, cut or chop them. Love it!
  13. Lemon juice: I do buy lemon juice for the refrigerator, but I also buy these packets I use every day and for emergencies: True Lemon Bulk Pack, 500 Count
  14. Cocoa: can you smell the chocolate cake baking or relish the taste of hot chocolate right now?
  15. Garlic: now you can buy a HUGE jar like my daughter, Heidi and store it in the refrigerator, buy some fresh garlic or buy it like I do from North Bay Trading Company.It’s air-dried minced garlic and it is so awesome! I love that I can store it in my pantry, no refrigeration necessary.
  16. Raisins: these are great for snacks, muffins, bread pudding, etc.
  17. Spices: be sure and keep your pantry full of your favorite spices. I can’t get by without vanilla, chili powder, and cinnamon. You know the ones you need, right?
  18. Tortillas: I can make my own tortillas with the stuff on this list, except my corn tortillas. Keep a few tortillas on your pantry shelves (check the expiration dates) and a few in the freezer. If you feel so inclined, learn to make tortillas. They taste yummy and fresh!
  19. Chicken broth: if I have some leftover from cooking a chicken I will freeze it, but I prefer to use: Better Than Bouillon Chicken Base 8 oz. Of course, you will need water. If I see a good buy on canned or boxed chicken broth I will pick up a few for the pantry.
  20. Olive oil/Coconut Oil: we can make so many things with oil. I just added it to the list because we know we need some.
  21. Dehydrated or fresh potatoes: we can mash, fry or bake potatoes. I love dehydrated potatoes to add to soups and chowders. No peeling, chopping or dicing. I can add them right from the can to my soups.
  22. Pasta: who loves spaghetti? Oh, and mac and cheese. Everyone needs pasta in a pantry, right?
  23. Tomato paste or flakes: you can make soups, spaghetti, chili, stews, etc.
  24. Salt: it’s all about flavor.
  25. Sugar: I have to have sugar to make my bread, cookies, cakes and to put on certain cereals.
  26. Honey: you can make bread with honey, peanut butter with honey sandwiches, make cookies and all kinds of other baked goods. I only buy honey from Cox’s Honey because it’s pure, raw honey. Honey is a natural food and is so good for you.  Give it a try in place of sugar next time.
  27. Baking soda: I need it for baking muffins, cookies, etc.
  28. Baking powder: I need it for baking, muffins, biscuits, etc.
  29. Cream of tartar: I know this is a spice, but I need to make my biscuits and play dough for kids.
  30. Canned meats: if you can your own that’s awesome! I buy mine at Costco. I like the chicken and tuna with water. I stock up big time when they go on sale.
  31. Wheat: if you can grind wheat and make bread that is awesome. You can also make hot cereal with just the wheat and water to make a wholesome meal. Here is how I make hot whole wheat cereal: 1 cup washed whole wheat berries, 3 cups water, 1/4 teaspoon salt (optional), place all the ingredients in a slow cooker at night for 12 hours and you will have hot cereal in the morning. Drain off excess water and store unused wheat in the refrigerator. Add a little milk and honey when serving, if desired. You can double or triple the recipe if your slow cooker will hold it. You can add the cooked wheat to many meals as you do rice or quinoa.
  32. Dehydrated carrots and celery are always in my pantry. I can throw them in soups and stews.
  33. Salsa and green chilies: I can eat these on everything, just saying.
  34. Water: store as much as your budget allows. We need water to survive and to make most meals out of our pantry stash.
  35. Fruit: cans of fruit, freeze-dried fruit (longer shelf life), or dehydrate your own for a short shelf life.
  36. Vegetables: canned, freeze-dried or dehydrated.
  37. Oatmeal typically lasts about 2-3 years depending on the type you buy whether it’s steel cut, old-fashioned or instant (quick). Always store these in airtight containers in a cool place.
  38. Cornstarch, we can always use a thickener, right?
  39. Fresh fruits and vegetables.

Let me know if you have ideas to bring back cooking from scratch, we need to keep these skills going. Thanks again for being prepared for the unexpected. If you have time to teach classes to your neighbors, please do it. We will all need to know how to cook from scratch, I promise.

Back To Basics Bread Making by Linda

Back To Basics Emergency Kitchen by Linda

Please be prepared: “Prepare Your Family For Survival”  by Linda Loosli, thank you!

The post Cooking From Scratch Is It A Thing Of The Past? appeared first on Food Storage Moms.

6 Important Things You Should Have In Your Hunting Backpack

Click here to view the original post.

Do you consider yourself as an adventurous person? Do you frequently go on hunting in your spare time? Hunting in the wilderness is one of the most adventurous and beautiful experience that one can have. It can be fun, tiring or even a near-death experience; depending on the area, you go to and simply, your … Read more…

The post 6 Important Things You Should Have In Your Hunting Backpack was written by Bob Rodgers and appeared first on Prepper’s Will.

7 Ways Being A Prepper Can Save You Money

Click here to view the original post.

There are many reasons to start prepping, but the most important is so you’ll be prepared if a disaster ever heads your way. The problem is, prepping can be very expensive. I know many people who are worried about being unprepared in the event of a hurricane or civil unrest, but since they make less than […]

The post 7 Ways Being A Prepper Can Save You Money appeared first on Urban Survival Site.

An In-Depth Look at Trauma Kits with Kevin Reiter (Part 1)

Click here to view the original post.

When it comes to medical supplies and first aid, the basics are fairly simple. As you start thinking about the more serious injuries, you need to think about the trauma kits and skills to treat those injuries. This week we take an in depth look at trauma kits with Kevin Reiter of the Wilderness Safety […]

The post An In-Depth Look at Trauma Kits with Kevin Reiter (Part 1) appeared first on Survivalist Prepper.

Plastic in the Garden: Good or Bad?

Click here to view the original post.

Earlier this year I had a conversation with my friend Craig of Permie Flix after he asked about plastic in the garden in the comments of my video on making potting soil:

“I noticed you used a plastic tarp, bag, and bag pots. Most gardeners are cheapskates and do similar. What are your thoughts on plastic use in gardening?”

I answered:

“I go back and forth on plastic. I hate throwing it away. I do like the DeWitt/Sunbelt woven nursery fabric for occultation of new beds/no-till. Water comes through from the top but not light. Plus, the stuff will last a decade or so. It’s a pretty good trade-off. As for pots, discarded metal soup cans with holes punched in them work okay. Clay is too expensive. I just don’t see anything other than plastic for nursery work being feasible at this point. These plastic bag pots last for a few years and cost a few cents.”

Craig in turn raises some good points:

“Plastic is so useful in ag, and everyone seems to be using plastic green houses, plastic mulch, and fabric row covers like the DeWitt/Sunbelt. Plastic fertilizer bags, plastic pots, fabric pots, plastic trays, plastic irrigation, plastic totes. That’s a lot of plastic in ag. I’ve just been wondering what the Earth’s carry capacity for plastic might be before ecosystems are irreversibly damaged, and how much is acceptable, because I can’t see it’s use going away, only accelerating. I’ve read that the doubling time for plastic is around every 11 years. And that there are end-of-life problems like toxic materials such as heavy metals that leach out of the plastic as the products decay over a span of years. Tad at KIS organics wrote an interesting post about fabric pots last year containing lead and BPA among other things: https://www.kisorganics.com/blogs/news/fabric-pots This week I’ve read two articles, one on the isolated Henderson Island that was found to have 671.6 items per square metre of debris on North Beach, 99.8% of which were plastic. And another that showed of 17 brands of sea salt only one had no microplastic in it. Previous studies in Sydney harbour showed >30% of the mullet sampled had microplastics in their guts, and over 90% of seabirds feast on plastic and then defecate it on land. It’s also entering our soils through ag and municipal compost. I know that worm growth rate is significantly reduced at 28% w/w microplastics and that they distribute microplastics in their casts throughout soils. Considering that plastic was only synthesised in 1907, I’m on the go back side of plastic use and planting directly in the ground where possible. But like you mentioned there aren’t many other options for nursery work if you want to save your back and pocket. And I can’t see consumer demand for biodegradable products making a dent in regulatory or commercial practices anytime soon either.”

Dang it, Craig, why do you have to be so smart?

It really is a conundrum. I would certainly like to go without using plastic, yet sometimes there really isn’t a better option.

What About Other Options?

Back in Florida people used to ask me, “What about soil blocks for transplants?”

They’re great except Florida’s “soil” won’t hold together. It’s like beach sand. You have to get some clay from somewhere else to make them stick. And with the time involved in hunting materials, you might as well get some plastic trays.

When I ran my plant nursery, many of my pots were scavenged from other nurseries. I reused pots over and over again and would give extra plants to people that brought back pots after planting my plants in their gardens . . .

. . . yet eventually those pots would wear out and be thrown away.

I don’t like the large amount of plastic ending up in the environment. It’s everywhere. Even recycling may not make sense as I’ve read it takes more energy to recycle plastic than it does to just throw it in a landfill.

Yet try building a greenhouse without plastic! If you’re lucky, you’ll be able to scavenge old windows, but still—the construction is much more time-consuming than just throwing up a plastic sheet.

But eventually that plastic wears out and is discarded.

And what about your rain barrel or cistern? Did you cast one out of concrete? Plastic is a lot cheaper and easier.

Tough.

Getting Rid of Plastic?

It’s tempting to burn plastic to get rid of it, but that releases some nasty toxins into the air.

“Current research indicates that backyard-burning of waste is far more harmful to our health than previously thought. It can increase the risk of heart disease, aggravate respiratory ailments such as asthma and emphysema, and cause rashes, nausea, or headaches, damages in the nervous system, kidney or liver, in the reproductive and development system.

The burning of polystyrene polymers—such as foam cups, meat trays, egg containers, yogurt and deli containers—releases styrene. Styrene gas can readily be absorbed through the skin and lungs. At high levels styrene vapor can damage the eyes and mucous membranes. Long-term exposure to styrene can affect the central nervous system, causing headaches, fatigue, weakness,
and depression.”
Yeah, that’s no fun. You can also burn yourself if you run through the ashes barefoot. My little brother did that when he was a kid, stepping on a piece of molten plastic and burning his heel badly.
Takeaway: don’t run through molten plastic and ashes barefoot.
no-bare-feet-on-fire plastic in the garden - dont burn it
That brother is a firefighter now. No kidding.

All burning of plastic may not be bad, however. There may be the possibility of using plastic as fuel in the near future:

“Burning plastic in the traditional manner creates extremely polluting byproducts, as evidenced by the black smoke produced by the cup. But this didn’t thwart Levendis, who noted that plastic contains the same amount of energy per pound as premium fuel.

“We wanted to tackle the problem by preprocessing the plastics,” said Chuanwei Zhuo, a doctoral candidate in Levendis’ lab. Toward that end, the team developed a combustion system that adds a simple step to the burning process that allows for turning plastic into a fuel that burns just as cleanly as natural gas.

That simple step has a daunting name: pyrolytic gasification. Instead of directly setting the cup aflame with a match in the open air, the team’s reactor heats the material to a whopping 800 degrees Celsius in a completely oxygen-free environment. This causes the plastic to become a gas, which is then mixed with air before it is burned as a clean fuel.”

So is Plastic in the Garden Good or Evil?

Realistically, it’s probably evil—yet it’s an evil without good alternatives right now, at least that I can find.

And sometimes it’s an “evil” that is so useful it might push on through to being good. Herrick Kimball’s “Minibeds on Plastic” gardening idea, for instance.

That’s pretty impressive.

Plastic, though! Plastic! It’s a conundrum.

I like it when people like Craig ask, “have you thought about . . . ?”

I’ll keep thinking about plastic in the garden. I’m still on the fence. I don’t like the environmental impact, but I also don’t know what else to use. Greenhouses, pots, weed barriers, cisterns, row covers . . . plastic everywhere!

So, what are your thoughts?

The post Plastic in the Garden: Good or Bad? appeared first on The Grow Network.

Conflicted: Danger From An Unstable Friend – What Would You Do?

Click here to view the original post.

The game BEFORE the SHTF!

 

Conflicted is a Survival Card Game.  Each card in the deck has a scenario that will stretch how you would respond in an SHTF situation.  What would you do?  Leave your thoughts in the comment section below!

SCENARIO – One of your friends became a problem that could put at risk the lives of the entire group, including your family. Your friend won’t stop his reckless behavior and refuses to be thrown out of the group since he contributed to it and his wife and children have nowhere to go.  He has lost it and now he is putting the entire group at risk, but no one has the heart to deal with this but you. You tried to have a serious conversation, but that still didn’t work.  How would you handle this situation and why?

Don’t forget to leave your thoughts in the comments below.

If you are interested in purchasing your own Conflicted deck – CLICK HERE.

Peace,
Todd

Home Invasion & Attempted Murder. Give us our human rights, give us our guns back.

Click here to view the original post.



https://au.news.yahoo.com/vic/a/38055974/gang-of-thieves-attempt-to-run-down-mum-baby-after-stealing-car/
The government claims we do not need guns for self defence. I beg to differ!!!

It is even illegal in Australia for law abiding citizens to purchase or carry pepper spray or tasers. I say forget about the pepper spray & tasers, we want to be legally allowed to purchase & carry firearms for the purpose of self defence & for the defence of our families. This is a human right that we Australian citizens are being denied by our government.

Gun confiscation was never anything to do with the safety of Australian citizens, the fact that there have been no mass shootings since the Port Arthur massacre has nothing to do with it. People are killing other people with knives, such as the massacre in China, & the terrorist attack in London, no guns were used in these killings. But we NEED to be able to use a gun for our defence, do you really want to have to get into a knife fight or defend yourself with just your fists against a bigger person? This is not sensible or practicle.

Home Invasion & Attempted Murder. Give us our human rights, give us our guns back.



https://au.news.yahoo.com/vic/a/38055974/gang-of-thieves-attempt-to-run-down-mum-baby-after-stealing-car/
The government claims we do not need guns for self defence. I beg to differ!!!

It is even illegal in Australia for law abiding citizens to purchase or carry pepper spray or tasers. I say forget about the pepper spray & tasers, we want to be legally allowed to purchase & carry firearms for the purpose of self defence & for the defence of our families. This is a human right that we Australian citizens are being denied by our government.

Gun confiscation was never anything to do with the safety of Australian citizens, the fact that there have been no mass shootings since the Port Arthur massacre has nothing to do with it. People are killing other people with knives, such as the massacre in China, & the terrorist attack in London, no guns were used in these killings. But we NEED to be able to use a gun for our defence, do you really want to have to get into a knife fight or defend yourself with just your fists against a bigger person? This is not sensible or practicle.

Deadly Plague Could MUTATE And Become Untreatable As It Spreads Globally

Click here to view the original post.

Deadly Plague Could MUTATE And Become Untreatable As It Spreads Globally The pandemic is a terrifying disaster because it comes in silence. When we think about the collapse of society it is often heralded by some serious violence or a massive disaster. You think of things like war and natural disasters when the idea of …

Continue reading »

The post Deadly Plague Could MUTATE And Become Untreatable As It Spreads Globally appeared first on SHTF Prepping & Homesteading Central.

North Korea claims new ‘significantly more’ powerful missile puts entire US in range, & Australia!

Click here to view the original post.

So the whole of Australia is now in range! We are only just hearing of this & the USA has known it for days!

https://au.news.yahoo.com/world/a/38054278/north-korea-claims-new-icbm-missile-puts-entire-us-in-range/

North Korea Launches New Missile That Can Reach ‘Everywhere In The World’; 8,100-Mile Range; Rogue Country ‘Confident’

Click here to view the original post.

North Korea Launches New Missile That Can Reach ‘Everywhere In The World’; 8,100-Mile Range; Rogue Country ‘Confident’

North Korea tested a powerful new Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) Wednesday that experts say can reach any location on Earth.

The Hwasong-15 missile has a range of 8,100 miles — enough to hit any target in the United States.

“Such a missile would have more than enough range to reach Washington, D.C., and in fact any part of the continental United States,” said David Wright of the Union of Concerned Scientists.

The Hwasong-15 was reportedly launched from a mobile launcher outside the North Korean capital of Pyongsong, and flew 4,000 kilometers (2,485 miles) to 4,500 kilometers (2,796 miles) in the air before crashing into the Sea of Japan, CNN reported.

Get Free Backup Electricity — That Works Even During Blackouts!

U.S. Defense Secretary General James Mattis conceded that the Hwasung-15 gives North Korea the ability to hit “everywhere in the world.”

“The bottom line is, it’s a continued effort to build a threat — a ballistic missile threat — that endangers world peace, regional peace and certainly the United States,” Mattis concluded.

“It went higher, frankly, than any previous shot they’ve taken,” Mattis added.

The Hwasong-15 is capable of carrying a “super-large heavy warhead, which is capable of striking the whole mainland of the U.S.,” according to a statement from North Korea’s official Korean Central News Agency.

“This range could cover all of the mainland United States, including Florida,” Melissa Hanham, a senior researcher at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, told National Public Radio (NPR).

Other experts agreed.

“I think they’re confident now that they can hold the U.S. Eastern Seaboard at risk, which is a big deal,” said Vipin Narang, an assistant science professor at MIT.

Narang believes that New York is North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un’s ultimate target.

“Do they need to hit New York with certainty and accuracy? No. A 30 percent chance that they can park one on the Upper East Side is enough to deter us,” Narang said.

What is your reaction? Share it in the section below:

Review: Human Japanese

Click here to view the original post.

This past summer, I had the chance to visit Disney Sea in Tokyo, Japan. While we were there, we attended a show where Ariel sings a song from The Little Mermaid. As I watched the world’s favorite mermaid sing one of the most fantastic Disney songs ever, I realized that I wanted to be able to do that.

I wanted to be able to sing in Japanese.
I wanted to be able to speak Japanese.
So, instead of sitting around hoping I’d magically learn how to do this, I started studying.
Japanese is unlike anything I’ve ever studied before, and to be honest, I wasn’t quite sure where to begin. I’ve been studying Chinese for years, but starting a new language from scratch is completely overwhelming. There’s just so much information that it’s tough to know where to start.
This week, however, I had the opportunity to try out a Japanese learning program called Human Japanese. (Check out their website here.)
Human Japanese is a program you can use on your computer or phone and it presents the Japanese language in a way that’s perfect for beginners. 
I tried out the desktop version and I really enjoyed how easy it is to use. I tend to prefer studying on my phone because it’s so portable, but I actually really liked having the full screen for studying Japanese.
The introduction on Hello Japanese is pretty solid. It goes through a great description of the different methods you can utilize for learning Japanese and it talks about what to expect from the program. As you can see, the right-hand side of the screen makes navigating through the program really easy and there is an XP bar which means THIS IS JUST LIKE A VIDEO GAME, YOU GUYS. I am definitely one of those people who will do just about anything if it means I’m going to get XP for it, so Human Japanese didn’t disappoint.
 Human Japanese includes:
  • Chapters
  • Explanations of grammar and vocabulary
  • Summaries for each chapter
  • Quizzes
  • Highlighting and note-taking abilities
  • AND MORE
Getting Started: Chapter One
In Chapter One, Human Japanese begins to dive into the Japanese language. What makes Japanese unique? How is it different from English? How does studying Japanese through the Human Japanese program work? I love the break-down here because for some people who are complete newbies, like me, figuring out where to start can be tricky.

When I walked into Chinese class on my first day, I realized there would be no English spoken. My teacher taught primarily through immersion and expected us to figure things out. For learners like me, this can be a stressful way to learn. Human Japanese isn’t like that. Instead, chapter one explains what to expect, how to pronounce things in Japanese, and how to understand the difference between the way things are printed in English versus Japanese.

I want to point out that Human Japanese is taught in a way where you feel like you’re conversing with an old friend. There’s definitely this understanding that one person is teaching you, which I really enjoy. As I worked through this lesson, I felt like I was being taught by a good friend, rather than someone who didn’t know or understand me. It’s a great feeling and it definitely takes away some of the pressure that often accompanies learning a new language or skill.

This chapter offers some fantastic explanations of basic pronunciation. For example, there’s a great explanation of stress modulation. Do you know what this term means? I didn’t! After working through Chapter One, however, I feel like I have a pretty solid understanding of what it means and how it will affect me as I continue to study Japanese.

Checking Your Progress
With Human Japanese, you’ll be able to quickly assess how well you’re doing with each lesson. If you feel like you’re struggling and need to repeat a section, you can easily do this. I love that it’s so simple to review sections and go back and forth as needed to make sure you’re really understanding the material.

You can also take quizzes to check whether you’re getting the vocab down correctly! Don’t shy away from quizzes when you’re studying. In language-learning, it’s really important to make sure you’re getting everything down completely. Sometimes when I’m studying, I’ll feel like I understand the material, but taking a quiz will show me just how far I have to go.

The quizzes are in a great format and the word or phrase you’re being tested on IS pronounced clearly, so even if you’re struggling to read, you can work on your listening as you take the quiz.
Closing Thoughts
I’m still a new Japanese learner, but I’m really enjoying Human Japanese and would recommend it for anyone who wants to learn Japanese from scratch. If you’ve never studied Japanese before or you know just the basics and really want to solidify your knowledge, you’ll love this program.

Where to Buy

If you’re interested in checking out Human Japanese, you can find this on the Human Japanese website or directly on Amazon.
Have you tried Human Japanese? Are you thinking of trying it out? Let me know what you think in the comments!

Author’s note: I was provided with a complimentary copy of Human Japanese in exchange for a fair and honest review.

Review: Human Japanese

This past summer, I had the chance to visit Disney Sea in Tokyo, Japan. While we were there, we attended a show where Ariel sings a song from The Little Mermaid. As I watched the world’s favorite mermaid sing one of the most fantastic Disney songs ever, I realized that I wanted to be able to do that.

I wanted to be able to sing in Japanese.
I wanted to be able to speak Japanese.
So, instead of sitting around hoping I’d magically learn how to do this, I started studying.
Japanese is unlike anything I’ve ever studied before, and to be honest, I wasn’t quite sure where to begin. I’ve been studying Chinese for years, but starting a new language from scratch is completely overwhelming. There’s just so much information that it’s tough to know where to start.
This week, however, I had the opportunity to try out a Japanese learning program called Human Japanese. (Check out their website here.)
Human Japanese is a program you can use on your computer or phone and it presents the Japanese language in a way that’s perfect for beginners. 
I tried out the desktop version and I really enjoyed how easy it is to use. I tend to prefer studying on my phone because it’s so portable, but I actually really liked having the full screen for studying Japanese.
The introduction on Hello Japanese is pretty solid. It goes through a great description of the different methods you can utilize for learning Japanese and it talks about what to expect from the program. As you can see, the right-hand side of the screen makes navigating through the program really easy and there is an XP bar which means THIS IS JUST LIKE A VIDEO GAME, YOU GUYS. I am definitely one of those people who will do just about anything if it means I’m going to get XP for it, so Human Japanese didn’t disappoint.
 Human Japanese includes:
  • Chapters
  • Explanations of grammar and vocabulary
  • Summaries for each chapter
  • Quizzes
  • Highlighting and note-taking abilities
  • AND MORE
Getting Started: Chapter One
In Chapter One, Human Japanese begins to dive into the Japanese language. What makes Japanese unique? How is it different from English? How does studying Japanese through the Human Japanese program work? I love the break-down here because for some people who are complete newbies, like me, figuring out where to start can be tricky.

When I walked into Chinese class on my first day, I realized there would be no English spoken. My teacher taught primarily through immersion and expected us to figure things out. For learners like me, this can be a stressful way to learn. Human Japanese isn’t like that. Instead, chapter one explains what to expect, how to pronounce things in Japanese, and how to understand the difference between the way things are printed in English versus Japanese.

I want to point out that Human Japanese is taught in a way where you feel like you’re conversing with an old friend. There’s definitely this understanding that one person is teaching you, which I really enjoy. As I worked through this lesson, I felt like I was being taught by a good friend, rather than someone who didn’t know or understand me. It’s a great feeling and it definitely takes away some of the pressure that often accompanies learning a new language or skill.

This chapter offers some fantastic explanations of basic pronunciation. For example, there’s a great explanation of stress modulation. Do you know what this term means? I didn’t! After working through Chapter One, however, I feel like I have a pretty solid understanding of what it means and how it will affect me as I continue to study Japanese.

Checking Your Progress
With Human Japanese, you’ll be able to quickly assess how well you’re doing with each lesson. If you feel like you’re struggling and need to repeat a section, you can easily do this. I love that it’s so simple to review sections and go back and forth as needed to make sure you’re really understanding the material.

You can also take quizzes to check whether you’re getting the vocab down correctly! Don’t shy away from quizzes when you’re studying. In language-learning, it’s really important to make sure you’re getting everything down completely. Sometimes when I’m studying, I’ll feel like I understand the material, but taking a quiz will show me just how far I have to go.

The quizzes are in a great format and the word or phrase you’re being tested on IS pronounced clearly, so even if you’re struggling to read, you can work on your listening as you take the quiz.
Closing Thoughts
I’m still a new Japanese learner, but I’m really enjoying Human Japanese and would recommend it for anyone who wants to learn Japanese from scratch. If you’ve never studied Japanese before or you know just the basics and really want to solidify your knowledge, you’ll love this program.

Where to Buy

If you’re interested in checking out Human Japanese, you can find this on the Human Japanese website or directly on Amazon.
Have you tried Human Japanese? Are you thinking of trying it out? Let me know what you think in the comments!

Author’s note: I was provided with a complimentary copy of Human Japanese in exchange for a fair and honest review.

Review: Sun Tail Mermaid

Click here to view the original post.

As I’ve mentioned before in my posts about Japan, I’m a huge Ariel fan. The Little Mermaid is one of my favorite fairy tales. When I was little, I even had a hamster named Ariel! If you like mermaids, too, you’ll be happy to know that now, you and your kids can be your very own mermaids in your swimming pools at home.

Here’s how.

Photos courtesy of Sun Tail Mermaid

Sun Tail Mermaid offers a variety of mermaid-themed products for both kids and adults. You can use these to dress up as mermaids at home or even at the beach! I’m a cosplayer, so I have an assortment of outfits for my favorite characters. This is no different! If you want to cosplay as a mermaid, have a unique Halloween costume, or even just play in the water in your personal pool, you may really enjoy the items Sun Tail Mermaid offers.

You can check out all of their products directly on the Sun Tail Mermaid website: www.suntailmermaid.com.

Photo courtesy of Sun Tail Mermaid
Make sure to utilize the Sun Tail Mermaid size chart, as this may be different than what you’re expecting. There are a number of different size options available, which is fantastic! No matter what size you and your littles are, you’ll be able to find an option that works for you.
There are MANY colors and sizes available on the Sun Tail Mermaid site. As you can see from the pictures, you can mix-and-match your favorite swimsuits and tank tops with your monofin or tail!

Photos courtesy of Sun Tail Mermaid

Now, one thing I really do love about Sun Tail Mermaid is that they provide Mer-Shield tape for use with your monofin. If you have youngsters who love to be rough and tumble, you’ll appreciate this, too!

Photo courtesy of Sun Tail Mermaid

Best of all?

My readers get a 10% discount!Receive a 10% discount on your order at SunTailMermaid.com by using coupon code: BestGiftEver

I was provided with a complimentary mermaid tail in exchange for a fair and honest review. Opinions expressed within this post are my own.

Leeks: Everything You Need To Know To Grow And Harvest Them

Click here to view the original post.

The post Leeks: Everything You Need To Know To Grow And Harvest Them is by
Lorin Nielsen and appeared first on Epic Gardening, the best urban gardening, hydroponic gardening, and aquaponic gardening blog.

Luscious, delicious leeks! They’re on every fine chef’s menu somewhere. In the UK, they’re a staple part of the daily diet, and they appear heavily in Asian cuisine as well. Leeks are found in the most elegant dishes and at the finest restaurants. But they’re also in the finest of gardens, too. Today, we look … Read more

The post Leeks: Everything You Need To Know To Grow And Harvest Them is by
Lorin Nielsen and appeared first on Epic Gardening, the best urban gardening, hydroponic gardening, and aquaponic gardening blog.

5 Reasons Why You Should Have a Dashboard Camera When You Are Going Camping with Your Car

Click here to view the original post.

For those of you who are familiar with what a dashboard camera is you know that apart from the common job of recording accidents, they offer an especially interesting way of recording your traveling adventures.

A dashboard camera often referred to as a dashcam is a portable and compact video recorder that is manufactured to be mounted on the windscreen of your vehicle or the dashboard. Indeed, it’s always a great idea to bring memories home with you after an adventure. One of the ways that you can do this is via taking pictures and videos.

When you are out on a camping trip, the experiences you are likely to get are very much unlike what you are usually used to. You need them to last. If you are using your car on a camping trip, a dashcam will benefit you in more ways than one. Here are top 5 reasons why you should have a dashboard camera when you are going camping with your car.

Record Adventures

As we saw, the original purpose of mounting a dashcam was to record any eventual accidents. This is quite negative don’t you think? When you are on a camping trip, the dashcam will help you to capture moments from your home to the time you get to the camp.

Don’t take the road trip itself for granted friends. There are many wonderful things that you can come across on the road. Whether it’s a large grizzly bear going about its day or it’s a heard of bison, you would want this moments and adventures captured. Needless to say, the time when something spectacular is happening right there in front of you is when you aren’t prepared. The dashcam comes in handy.

Dashboard Cameras Make You a Better Driver

Consider a situation where you made a mistake on the road and got the car stuck somewhere in a ditch. By reviewing the footage, you will be able to check what went wrong that time and decide what you can do to improve your driving.

This is especially true with off-roaders. Make a wrong turn or drive on the wrong terrain and you are likely to be stuck for a lot of hours. When it comes to camping, this can easily mean the end of your trip. Reviewing makes you plan ahead. You will know how to work the off roads to get to your destination in one piece.

Keep Recording Even While Away from Your Vehicle

Remember what we said about interesting things happening when you least expect and when you are not prepared. Sometimes when camping, you might decide to take a stroll to the river and catch some fish. Raccoons may raid your camp or a black bear may walk within meters of the car without you even knowing. Times like these require you to have a dashcam ready and rolling.

In Case of an Accident

When on a camping trip, it is possible for accidents to happen with other motorists. If the location is where there are few passersby who can offer witness, the case can go on for a long time without any hard evidence. A dashboard camera will provide all the information required provided the accident was in its range of view.

Avoiding Fraudsters

There are people who will actually try to get hit by a car with the intention of receiving large insurance payoffs. Inroads where there are not a lot of people, it can be your word against that of someone who you’ve hit with your car. A dashcam can help protect you from a court sentence.

Conclusion

 

So there you have it. Our top 5 reasons why you need a dashboard camera when you are going camping with your car. Some reasons are for fun others are for your own protection. The bottom line remains, there are plenty of benefits of having a dashboard camera with you. 

The post 5 Reasons Why You Should Have a Dashboard Camera When You Are Going Camping with Your Car appeared first on American Preppers Network.

North Korea Launched Another ICBM and Here’s What We Learned

Click here to view the original post.

Despite warnings to from the international community to stop, North Korea tested the most powerful ICBM to date last night. The hermit kingdom launched yet another Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) … Read the rest

The post North Korea Launched Another ICBM and Here’s What We Learned appeared first on The Organic Prepper.

Skill-Based Gift Ideas to Suit Every Survival Kid

Click here to view the original post.

gifts for adventurous kids

My kids were raised in an adventurous family. We live to swim against the stream and take on challenges of all kinds. At times, it seemed as though I was raising feral children, but now in their teen years, they’ve turned out okay after all! Adventure is good for kids because it developed self-confidence and an “I can do it attitude.”

Over the years on this blog, we’ve posted lists of skills kids should have and it occurred to me that kids who learn these skills are leading lives of adventure, filled with challenges

On this blog, I have several lists of skills kids should know — many are skills that will lead kids into new Browsing through the lists of skills kids should know and have, it occurred to me that those lists are excellent resources for gift ideas! Here are just a few gift suggestions from each list.

What’s extra tricky about these lists and gift suggestions is that they make learning a new survival skill fun and will most likely involve everyone in the family. It’s hard to beat that combination.

From our original, classic list, “32 Survival Skills Your Child Should Know and Be Able to Do ASAP!”

SKILL: Grow vegetables from seeds.

GIFT: A Grow Bottle from SeedsNow.com. I love the idea of giving a gift that is an all-in-one kit for growing a practical and edible plant. Just for fun, check out these holiday ornaments that contain seeds for plants like Dog Grass, Catnip, and Wintergreen.

SKILL: Know basic first aid.

GIFT:very kid-friendly first aid kit, the medibag.

SKILL: How to read a map and use a compass.

GIFT: A copy of Survivor Kid and a good quality compass.

To see the complete list of these skills and, hopefully, generate some gift ideas for the young ones in your life, click here.

From our list, “32 Basic Survival Skills Kids”

SKILL: Pack your own survival pack.

GIFT: One of the very nice, quality packs from Flying Circle Bags. Include some basic supplies, like a LED flashlight or UV Paqlite, some high calorie “survival bars”, a roll of duct tape, and some paracord.

SKILL: Follow a recipe.

GIFT: A fun kids recipe book, measuring spoons, and other basic kitchen supplies.

SKILL: Make a meal without power.

GIFT: Materials to make a solar cooker, instructions, and the promise to work on this project together. The Solar Cooking Science Kit is a good place to start. I’d suggest the Sun Oven, but that’s a little pricey for a kid’s gift!

SKILL: Know and use home and natural remedies.

GIFT: A basket of mild essential oils (lavender and lemon, for example), seeds for an herb garden, and a copy of A Kid’s Herb Book. Buy the book ahead of time to get more ideas of what to include in that basket! We reviewed the book here.

Read the entire list of skills here.

Suburban and urban kids need plenty of skills, too! Here are gift ideas from “32 Mental and Urban Survival Skills for Kids”

SKILL: Know how to manage money and set a budget.

GIFT: Financial Peace Junior and a small stash of Christmas gift cash to get the budget/savings process started.

SKILL: Self-defense.

GIFT: A series of lessons at a good, local martial arts school.

SKILL: Shoot a gun, including the use of eye and ear protection.

GIFT: An air-soft rifle, BB gun or .22 rifle. Include goggles and good quality ear protection.

To review the entire list of mental and urban survival skills, click here.

Finally, wilderness survival skills from our list, “32 Wilderness Survival Skills for Kids”

SKILL: Tie different types of knots.

GIFT: A roll of paracord and knot-tying instructions. This game, Knot So Fast, combines knot tying with some fun competition.

SKILL: Dutch oven cooking.

GIFT: Their own Dutch oven, a Dutch oven cookbook, heat-safe mitts, and a chimney charcoal starter. Boys and girls alike will love learning this skill!

SKILL: Identify and understand animal tracks and scat.

GIFT: The Who Pooped…? series of books features animal scat information for different parts of the country, including the Black Hills and a few other National Parks. A book my kids thoroughly enjoyed is Tracks, Scats and Signs.

Our entire list of wilderness skills can be found here.

 

Enjoy these gift suggestions now in the holiday season and for every special occasion throughout the year!

Pin this article to your boards:

gifts for adventurous kids

 

 

 

 

 

 

Save

5 Most Vital Knife Care Tips

Click here to view the original post.

This is a guest article by Billy Trotter, a knife designer in the UK. His website is at: https://perkinknives.com/

Sure, you may have never even thought about sharpening your knife before, but that doesn’t mean that you can’t do it. In fact, that means that you should definitely do it. No two ways about that, really. Otherwise, a few months will simply pass, and before you even know it, all your knives are dull and pretty much useless in the grand scheme of things. Now that isn’t a desirable situation by any means. Especially if you’re the kind of person who uses your knives a lot.

Now, whether it’s for a stainless steel folding knife or a survival knife, knives on the whole do require a great deal of care and looking after. If you happen to be a knife enthusiast, you will most certainly know exactly what I am talking about. If you don’t know even a single knife care tip, having so many knives is really not going to be of much use, whatsoever. Making yourself aware of a few vital tips is pretty much the first step towards taking good care of your knife or knife set.

On that very note, let us take a good look at some of the most important knife care tips:-

  • Testing your knife with a piece of paper: Though it may sound a bit silly to some of you out there, this is the best way of figuring out whether they really need to be sharpened or not. If the knife cleanly cuts through, then you know for sure that you’ve found the razor edge that you need.
  • For sharpening, start with a paring knife: In this regard, it is recommended that you start with a much lighter and smaller 8-10 inch plastic paring knife. Also, remember to try and avoid any knives that happen to have bolsters. That is one aspect that you cannot afford to forget about.
  • Honing your knife is just as important as sharpening it: Don’t automatically assume that just because a knife isn’t cutting cleanly means it isn’t sharp. The sharp edge might have rolled over, or it may even be out of alignment. Make sure that you use a honing steel to fix a rolled edge.
  • Apply more pressure when sharpening: One of the most common knife sharpening mistakes is a lack of properly applied pressure. You need to make sure that you are applying the proper amount of pressure.
  • The angle of sharpening does matter: If you take a look at all the expert knife sharpeners, you will see that all of them use specific degrees for particular tasks. It is as simple as that, provided you want to achieve as much accuracy as possible. Like splitting chickens would be about 20 degrees and cutting cucumbers would be about 10.

At the end of the day, be it getting to know and implementing different types of ATT00022sharpening, or slowly getting on your way to becoming a master bladesmith, you need to take care of your knives in every way possible. After all, what’s the point of getting some of the most expensive and exquisite knives on the market if you’re not going to take good care of them and simply neglect them?

Apart from the above tips, make sure that you know exactly which of them are most important for your knife in particular and focus on those tips in particular. After all, not all knives are made equally or from the same materials. Keeping that fact in mind at all times is a must.

For additional information on blade sharpening equipment, check our article “Sharpen Those Blades”

Filed under: Azweaponcraftprepper

5 Most Vital Knife Care Tips

This is a guest article by Billy Trotter, a knife designer in the UK. His website is at: https://perkinknives.com/

Sure, you may have never even thought about sharpening your knife before, but that doesn’t mean that you can’t do it. In fact, that means that you should definitely do it. No two ways about that, really. Otherwise, a few months will simply pass, and before you even know it, all your knives are dull and pretty much useless in the grand scheme of things. Now that isn’t a desirable situation by any means. Especially if you’re the kind of person who uses your knives a lot.

Now, whether it’s for a stainless steel folding knife or a survival knife, knives on the whole do require a great deal of care and looking after. If you happen to be a knife enthusiast, you will most certainly know exactly what I am talking about. If you don’t know even a single knife care tip, having so many knives is really not going to be of much use, whatsoever. Making yourself aware of a few vital tips is pretty much the first step towards taking good care of your knife or knife set.

On that very note, let us take a good look at some of the most important knife care tips:-

  • Testing your knife with a piece of paper: Though it may sound a bit silly to some of you out there, this is the best way of figuring out whether they really need to be sharpened or not. If the knife cleanly cuts through, then you know for sure that you’ve found the razor edge that you need.
  • For sharpening, start with a paring knife: In this regard, it is recommended that you start with a much lighter and smaller 8-10 inch plastic paring knife. Also, remember to try and avoid any knives that happen to have bolsters. That is one aspect that you cannot afford to forget about.
  • Honing your knife is just as important as sharpening it: Don’t automatically assume that just because a knife isn’t cutting cleanly means it isn’t sharp. The sharp edge might have rolled over, or it may even be out of alignment. Make sure that you use a honing steel to fix a rolled edge.
  • Apply more pressure when sharpening: One of the most common knife sharpening mistakes is a lack of properly applied pressure. You need to make sure that you are applying the proper amount of pressure.
  • The angle of sharpening does matter: If you take a look at all the expert knife sharpeners, you will see that all of them use specific degrees for particular tasks. It is as simple as that, provided you want to achieve as much accuracy as possible. Like splitting chickens would be about 20 degrees and cutting cucumbers would be about 10.

At the end of the day, be it getting to know and implementing different types of ATT00022sharpening, or slowly getting on your way to becoming a master bladesmith, you need to take care of your knives in every way possible. After all, what’s the point of getting some of the most expensive and exquisite knives on the market if you’re not going to take good care of them and simply neglect them?

Apart from the above tips, make sure that you know exactly which of them are most important for your knife in particular and focus on those tips in particular. After all, not all knives are made equally or from the same materials. Keeping that fact in mind at all times is a must.

For additional information on blade sharpening equipment, check our article “Sharpen Those Blades”

Filed under: Azweaponcraftprepper

This Is The Old Fashioned Way To Wash Your Clothes In A Stream

Click here to view the original post.

A massive EMP or other event that eliminates electricity and municipal water supplies means you’ll have to find some other way to wash your clothes. Regardless of what is going on in your life and in the society around you, clean clothes are necessary for good health and proper hygiene.

If you have a stream of clean water nearby, or can reach one in a reasonable amount of time, you might use this resource for laundry, as well as many other water related needs.

Here are some tips for using streams to do laundry, as well as preserve the water for other purposes as much as possible.

Choosing the Best Place to do Laundry

There are five basic characteristics of a good location to do laundry.

Location should be as far downstream as possible from the area where you obtain water for drinking, cooking, and other needs. It should also be as far as possible away from areas where animals you plan to hunt may drink or use for their own needs.

Even though fast moving water can carry dirt and soap a long distance, the fact remains it will still add pollutants to the water and surrounding land. If you don’t want those items on your clothes, consider that you also don’t want to be consuming them with your beverages and food.

Water should be clean and fast moving. Fast moving water will make it easier to rinse clothes, and will also give you more options for automating the whole washing process. Needless to say, water that is muddy, full of algae, or other contaminants will not be suitable for washing clothes.

Choose an area where you can lean easily into the water without having to actually be in it while washing clothes. A stable rock outcrop or other location that leads into the water will give you a stable area to work, and also reduce the chance of slipping and falling in mud at the bottom of the stream.

Water should be deep enough to allow you to soak your clothes easily. It will also be of some help to choose an area where you can easily build a containment area to while you are working. You can use this area of slower moving water flow while using soap, and also for pre-soaking.

Washing Clothes Without Detergent

Many people are surprised that it is not always necessary to use soap or detergent to wash clothes.

Some people ruin their clothes, or shorten the lifespan of their garments by several years when they add too much soap. In fact, if you rinse out your clothes fully without using detergent or soap, you would find that more than half the “dirt” coming out is actually old laundry detergent. As a result, when you have nothing but a stream available for washing clothes, you can get clean clothes without using detergent or soap for routine cleaning.

To wash your clothes without using soap, you will need plenty of fast moving water and a means to ensure the garments are agitated as briskly as possible without tearing them apart.

Among other things, you can use a series of buckets and water traps to create plenty of agitation as well as sufficient water flow to get your clothes clean.

While using this kind of system, bear in mind that more delicate fabrics may only be able to tolerate a small amount of agitation. You can try using a less turbulent system, or make some detergent for these fragile fabrics.

Ways to Make Laundry Cleansing Agents

If you hunt any kind of mammal, you can combine some of the fat from the animal with lye made from potash. Try to choose ferns, or hardwood trees that will yield the highest amount of potassium in the ash.

A homemade liquid soap will get your clothes clean, however you can expect them to be quite stiff. You will need to use lavender, white vinegar, or other softening agents to create a detergent that leaves your clothes feeling more comfortable. Peppermint and aloe are also often used in laundry detergent to improve the odor and cleansing capacity. Overall, as with any other kind of laundry detergent, the less you use, the better.

This Timeless Collection of Forgotten Wisdom Will Help You Survive!

Contrary to popular belief, you don’t always need to use a detergent based cleanser to get your clothes clean.

Here are a few natural alternatives that you can try. Bear in mind that you should not use these every single time you wash clothes because they can also be retained by the fabric and accelerate rotting. If you use lye based detergent one week, you may want to try one of these the next time you wash, and then go back to the lye soap the next time you wash.

  • Wash you clothes with baking soda. If you do not have baking soda on hand, you can make it from lye. Bear in mind, however, the chemical formula for baking soda is NaHCO3, which means it is best derived from sodium based lye, or NaOH. Potash, on the other hand, has a much higher potassium (K) content, so the “lye” made from potash carries the formula KOH. If you are going to try and make baking soda from potash, you will be best served by looking for plants like kelp and seaweed that have a higher sodium (Na) content.
  • Use essential oils. There are many formulas for pre-treating stains as well as washing that you can use depending on what plants are available in your area.
  • Try an EcoEgg – this fascinating device is easy to carry, and can do several hundred loads of laundry before it needs to be replaced. Since it works best with high levels of agitation, it may also be one of your best options for washing clothes in a stream.

Using Rocks as a Scrubber

One of the oldest methods for washing laundry in a stream requires little more than a large, smooth, clean rock, some detergent, and two buckets. In order to make the rock work as a scrubber, you must first start off by soaking the clothes in water and ensuring that the detergent is already mixed in with the clothes.

Next, you will need to take each garment and slam it into the clean rock. The garment should spread out as much as possible so that the impact with the rock dislodges as much dirt and soap as possible. Once you are done slamming the garment into the rock, you can go ahead and set it up for rinsing.

As you saw in the video on washing clothes without soap, you can get plenty of agitation from running water to get your clothes clean. What happens, though, when you encounter a slow moving stream, or you don’t have time to set up a bucket and water falling system to increase the water flow?

In these situations, you may still be able to adapt the sytem to use with rocks. For example, you can try tying rocks to one line or rope. In this case, palm sized, smooth, rounded rocks would work best for sturdy fabrics. Next, take another line and suspend your laundry from it. Place the two lines in the water together, and the rocks should beat into the clothes and increase the amount of agitation from the water.

Wood Based Agitators and Scrubbers

If you look at the history of devices used for laundry, you are bound to see many references to wooden paddles, poles, and scrubbing boards. Any one of these devices can be used with a fast moving stream of water. Even if you have only a few branches to work with, it is still possible to create a wash board that will provide a suitable surface for scrubbing clothes.

Make a Scrubbing Board and Bag

No matter whether you have to do just one load of laundry or several over the course of weeks and years, it can be a very time consuming and strenuous activity.

Therefore, even if you are in a crisis situation and settle down near the perfect stream for doing laundry, you may want to do something other than continue pounding your clothes against rocks. You may also grow tired of using wooden board or other methods that take a lot of time and labor. In a similar fashion, as time goes by, you may also need to look for a clothes washing method that is less harsh on delicate fabrics, as well as one that will conserve on soap and detergents.

As another advantage to consider, when washing your clothes in a bag, you can also avoid spilling soap and other debris into the stream. Instead, you can pour the dirty water into a hole, or some other location further away from the stream. Needless to say, if you must move away from the stream for other reasons, a scrubbing bag for laundry will also help you make the most of any water that you may have on hand.

Even though your current washing machine may use a hard tub, you can use a flexible, waterproof bag to wash your clothes. Unlike most other methods, this one will enable you to wash clothes using a minimal amount of soap and water. Here are a few ways that you can make a flexible, waterproof bag from natural resources:

  • Properly tanned animal hides can be made into waterproof bags. You can make the bags just about any size, however a 1 ½” x 2 ½” internal area will work best of 5 or 6 garments. Remember, you will have to push and punch the bag with your hands to agitate the clothes. A larger bag will only make this job hard to achieve.
  • Layers of pine pitch mixed with animal fat will also make a flexible, waterproof material. You will also need to make sure the seams are waterproof, and find a way to ensure the bag remains closed during the wash cycle.
  • Make Tincloth – if you have old canvas from a tent, or other suitable fabric, you can sew it into the shape of a bag, and then coat the fabric with equal parts linseed oil and beeswax. This will make a fireproof coating as well as a waterproof one. Be sure to coat both sides of the fabric as evenly as possible.

Once you have a waterproof bag, you will need to be able to open and close the bag easily without having to deal with leaks when the bag is sealed for washing. If you make the bag a few inches longer, you can probably get by with simply knotting the bag shut before washing. You may also want to try creating a clip that will hold the fabric together tightly enough so that no leaks will occur.

In order to get the most out of washing clothes in a bag, you will need to put something in the bag that will dislodge dirt and debris as the clothes are agitated. Wooden boards with slats will work well for this purpose.

Round out any rough or sharp areas so that they do not punch holes in the bag. You will also be well served by making different boards for different kinds of fabric. For example, if you are washing denim, or some other tough material, you can use a board with fairly large strips of wood and not worry about the fabric being damaged.

On the other hand, if you want to wash a summer weight cotton or something else that is more delicate, you might want to have a smoother surfaced board on hand.

Build a Waterwheel Box and Agitator

When it comes to simple, inexpensive, and low labor methods for doing laundry, you are likely to feel that a scrub bag will meet most of your needs. In fact, when compared to striking your clothes against rocks, or using a scrub board in an open stream, it is most certainly easier.

What happens, however, when you can’t move your arms much because the weather is too hot or cold, or you are injured?

Under these circumstances, you may want a system available where you can just throw the clothes into a box and let the stream do the vast majority of the work.

At its simplest, if you can build a water wheel and a box, it is possible to combine these devices to create a stream powered washing machine. Here are the basic steps:

  • Start off by building a waterwheel that will turn easily in the water. Leave an extended shaft on one end of the wheel.
  • Create a T joint so that you can attach an upper and lower shaft to the central one. Make sure there is enough room between the shafts so that the laundry can be picked up out of the water, and then fall off the shafts easily enough as they rotate. Depending on the speed of rotation, you may also want to set the upper and lower shafts so that they angle inward toward the center of rotation. This may help ensure the clothes fall off the shafts instead of just getting wrapped around them.
  • Next, make two boxes. One should have grates on it so that water can pass through easily. The other should fit inside the grated box and be waterproof.
  • Setup the waterwheel so that it sits outside the box, while the extended shaft sits inside the box. One of the shaft extensions should sit above the laundry and the water line.

To use this waterwheel washer, all you need to do is add clothes, soap, and water to the waterproof box. As the external wheel turns, it will also turn the internal shafts. They will, in turn, agitate the clothes and also keep the water in constant motion. Even though the shafts will not create a traditional back and forth agitation, they will still be entering and leaving the water, which will disrupt it considerably.

After you are done with the wash cycle, go ahead and remove the waterproof bucket. Water from the stream will flow in through the second bucket, and carry away the soap and dirt. This process should also go faster with the increased agitation provided by power from the waterwheel.

From extended camping trips to surviving hurricanes and major social collapse, the ability to do laundry is an obvious, yet often overlooked need.

While washing laundry in streams has been done for thousands of years, there are several ways to optimize in order to reduce the amount of water, labor, and detergent used.

As you consider different methods to experiment with, remember that sometimes building a simple device can make the difference between being able to have clean clothes even if you are injured or don’t have the strength to utilize more labor intense forms of doing laundry.

In the end, this what our ancestors use to do too!

This article has been written by Carmela Tyrell for Survivopedia.

References:

http://www.cooksinfo.com/saleratus

Vitamin C: A Powerful Weapon During Cold and Flu Season

orange public domainFollowing Benjamin Franklin’s saying, “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure,” you can bolster your chances to avoid the headaches of cold and flu season by an intake of Vitamin C.  Every article I have written on supplements I have included the caveat of asking your friendly family physician for permission.  This is not to cover my backside (although it does help), but because there are many people who may have underlying health problems that do not permit the use of certain supplements.  If you fall into that category, then check before you indulge.

(Sign up for our FREE newsletter to get the latest prepping advice, gardening secrets, homesteading tips and more delivered straight to your inbox!)

That being said, let’s discuss Vitamin C and the benefits that can be derived from its intake.  The normal “FDA Recommended Daily Allowance” is 60 mg per person per day.  It is hard to “overdose” from Vitamin C, as it is a water-soluble vitamin.  What this means is that any excess of it not utilized by the body’s metabolism is excreted in the urine.  As a “Nice to Know factoid,” all vitamins are water-soluble except for Vitamins A, D, E, and K, the fat-soluble vitamins.  These guys are taken in and then stored in the fatty tissues of your body.  A good acronym to remember this by is the acronym “All Dogs Eat Kids,” as a mnemonic to help you recall this checklist when buying your vitamins.

The common cold occurs as exposure to the cold virus (usually of indeterminate type or origin) and then can progress to a bacterial infection when the tissues of the nose and throat are weakened and permit entry of bacteria.  Secondary infections, replete with blood and purulent discharge (pus) then follow.  Truly a miserable one-two punch but with proper planning, you can prep for this season!  Linus Pauling (a double Nobel Laureate: for Chemistry, and also the Nobel Peace Prize) recommended a daily intake of 70 to 250 mg of Vitamin C, also known as Ascorbic Acid.

This recommendation came not only as an answer to the common cold.  Pauling found in his research that Vitamin C is very important for wound healing and recovery from burns.  The pioneer in the field was Dr. Irwin Stone of Staten Island, New York, a biochemist.  His principal thesis based on studies and research conducted for more than thirty years concluded that the FDA recommendation of 60 mg was inadequate.  Dr. Stone determined the optimal amount of Vitamin C for the human body is between 3 grams and 5 grams…. translating into 3,000 mg to 5,000 mg.

Dr. Stone recommended a regimen of taking 1.5 grams (1,500 mg) of high-quality, high-level ascorbic acid in the form of a powder as a standard daily dose, taken in water or juice.  His self-tested method was to take 1,500 mg whenever the symptoms of a cold developed, and then repeating this for a total of (3) doses given with one hour in between each dose…until the symptoms abated.    In 1968, a Dr. Edme Regnier discovered that large doses of Vitamin C were effective both in preventing and treating the common cold, and his research completely corroborated the work of Dr. Stone.  His studies arrived at these results over a five-year period.

Dr. Linus Pauling (mentioned earlier) in his pioneering work also defined Orthomolecular medicine as the “preservation of good health and the treatment of disease by varying the concentrations in the human body of substances normally present in the body required for health” in 1968.  His work and research with Vitamin C is a study in holistic health that was taken very seriously by a young New Yorker who eventually earned a Ph.D. in Epidemiology from Berkeley in California.  That New Yorker, a Michael Weiner wrote several books based on Pauling’s studies and is today best known on his talk radio show as Michael Savage.

The good thing about Vitamin C is that it is a “wonder-vitamin” that is not dangerous nor invasive.  It does not come with the problems associated with other treatments of antibiotics and pharmaceutical regimens and can be readily found in vitamin form and by consuming foods rich in it such as fruits and vegetables.

One of the problems people face with nutrition in terms of vitamins and supplements is that they feel the need to have some “central authority-figure” certify their every move and consumption of them.  Although we mentioned there are some people that need to consult the doctor first, these are people with specific health concerns.  Ben Franklin also said, “In this world, nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.”  You can use Vitamin C as a powerful aid to prevention and treatment of colds during the cold season.  It is not a “certain” cure-all, but it certainly will benefit you and is not dangerous as are many prescribed medications out there on the market.

These pioneers in medicine, such as Dr. Stone, Dr. Regnier, and Dr. Pauling all took a chance and went against the traditional medical establishment.  For every man or woman who states, “I can!” there are at least a hundred telling them that they can’t.  Advances for the entire human race are only made because a few take chances and learn from the failures and successes.  This is the spirit that will allow survivalists to survive what is coming…to rely on knowledge tested and earned by the exertions and sacrifices of others…so that we don’t have to continually reinvent the wheel.  Keep in that good fight, and fight to win.  JJ out!

Jeremiah Johnson is the Nom de plume of a retired Green Beret of the United States Army Special Forces (Airborne). Mr. Johnson was a Special Forces Medic, EMT and ACLS-certified, with comprehensive training in wilderness survival, rescue, and patient-extraction. He is a Certified Master Herbalist and a graduate of the Global College of Natural Medicine of Santa Ana, CA. A graduate of the U.S. Army’s survival course of SERE school (Survival Evasion Resistance Escape), Mr. Johnson also successfully completed the Montana Master Food Preserver Course for home-canning, smoking, and dehydrating foods.

Mr. Johnson dries and tinctures a wide variety of medicinal herbs taken by wild crafting and cultivation, in addition to preserving and canning his own food. An expert in land navigation, survival, mountaineering, and parachuting as trained by the United States Army, Mr. Johnson is an ardent advocate for preparedness, self-sufficiency, and long-term disaster sustainability for families. He and his wife survived Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath. Cross-trained as a Special Forces Engineer, he is an expert in supply, logistics, transport, and long-term storage of perishable materials, having incorporated many of these techniques plus some unique innovations in his own homestead.

Mr. Johnson brings practical, tested experience firmly rooted in formal education to his writings and to our team. He and his wife live in a cabin in the mountains of Western Montana with their three cats.

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition

How To Stock Your Kitchen For Survival

Click here to view the original post.

Have you thought about how to stock your kitchen for survival? If you think about it, in most cases after a disaster, what we have today in our home may be what we will have to eat or drink for days or weeks and possibly, months. Now, this is assuming our home or apartment is still standing. Today, I drove into town (ten miles) and it was beautiful to see the Christmas decorations, like the trees, the brightly colored lights, and Poinsettia plants. I actually ran into a hardware store looking for a pickle crock for my home. I accidentally dropped my favorite one and it broke into bits and pieces. Luckily, the store had the exact one I wanted. It’s a plain and simple cream-colored pickle crock and I love it.

As I walked around the store I could see beautifully wrapped boxes underneath Christmas trees in several locations. I thought to myself, I’m so glad my family is practical, they don’t want or expect a lot for Christmas as far as gifts go. They are thankful for one gift from their parents. Maybe two, and the second one would be underwear and socks. Yay, for new underwear, right?

Practical Gifts

Here’s the deal, if you have ever thought you needed to give practical gifts, this is the year. Just think about Hurricanes Harvey and Irma. My heart still aches for the people trying recover from those disasters. Plus, there will be more to come, I promise. We all know that. Please keep in mind I am not, and I repeat, I am not a survivalist. I can survive anything because I am prepared for the unexpected. I will not go up in the hills to a cabin or tent and be ambushed by some crazies out there, and there seems to be a lot of them lately.

We have to remind ourselves we have good people around us, but we need to be prepared to take care of ourselves if we can’t leave our homes. I will not leave my home under any circumstance unless our neighborhood is evacuated or is swallowed up by an earthquake. Please, purchase practical gifts this year that can be used year after year for survival.

Like-Minded People

We need to live near like-minded people and work together as a team. You have heard me say this before, but we must do it now. I don’t have a glass ball that tells me the exact date something will happen. But it seems mother nature is stronger or has more effect on families nowadays than ever before. Maybe it’s because we’ve become more of an urban society living in big cities for the most part. Therefore we must be able to stay in our homes and stock our kitchens for survival. Period.

Tents, Cabins, or Trailers

If you have plans to take a tent somewhere or go to a cabin, drive a motorhome, pull a trailer somewhere, that’s awesome but I don’t have any of those. My home is stocked with food and water for Mark and myself.

Stock Your Kitchen

Here are just a few ideas to remind us all to be prepared before we have to be prepared. We will not be caught off guard, right? Yes, disasters happen, but if our kitchen is stocked with food and water, we can survive. Of course, we need other items, but the local grocery stores will be empty within 24-48 hours if an unforeseen emergency happens. Please buy cloth diapers if you have a baby, I know it’s not in the kitchen, but please get some. If the stores close we will not be able to buy disposable diapers. That one popped into my head, I’m always thinking of other items we will all need. It may be your neighbor’s baby.

Water in the kitchen

If you know me, I recommend four gallons of water per person per day. That may seem like a lot, but you will need a whole lot more than this amount. You may have neighbors that only have the contaminated water from their kitchen faucet if the water lines even work.

Please keep in mind if our water supply is compromised we will not be able to use that hot water heater we all have which may be a 40-50 gallon tank. Your swimming pools will become a haven for algae without electricity. You can purify it if you have water purifiers stocked. I have a Big Berkey and several Life Straws and Berkey Sports Water Bottles. This is somewhat new, Family Life Straw Unit.

You need water for cooking, hydrating yourself, personal hygiene and washing at least your underwear. While we’re talking about it, please give lots of underwear this year to family members for Christmas.

Food in the kitchen

My favorite food storage is from Honeyville Grain and Thrive Life. I only buy freeze-dried fruit, freeze-dried meat, and freeze-dried vegetables. You still need the basics in your kitchen, but just buy an extra can or two every time you have a little extra money. These would make great gifts, hint, hint. I highly recommend Jodi and Julie from Food Storage Made Easy (.net) they sell Thrive Life and they are awesome to work with.

Sign up for their emails and then you can find out when they have sales going on with really good discounts. Here is my post on the basics you need in your kitchen. Basics To Cook With by Linda

I also buy lots of canned beans. I can no longer bottle them because of my arthritic hands, but they taste fabulous! Don’t forget to have at least two to three can openers. You can eat some foods right out of the can. Yes, we can survive with the food we have in our kitchen!

Cash

Please store one dollar bills, and five dollar bills, you will need them. Yes, you will need them.

Thanks again for being prepared for the unexpected. May God bless this world.

My favorite things:

Survival Food Storage by Linda

Butane Stove and Butane Fuel

WaterBricks

ReadyMade Food Storage Bucket

Hand-powered mixer

Toilet Paper

Paper Plates and Cold Paper Cups and Hot Paper Cups

Cloth Diapers

Thin Cloth Diapers-Instead of Paper Towels

Cookie Sheets

The post How To Stock Your Kitchen For Survival appeared first on Food Storage Moms.

7 easy techniques to make your home more secure

Click here to view the original post.

Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editors Note: Another guest contribution from Kevin Fleeman at LifeUnderSky.com to The Prepper Journal. As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly receive a $25 cash award as well as be entered into the Prepper Writing Contest with a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter today.

It’s your home; you should feel safe and secure here. People are always worried about the safety and security of their family. Everyone wants to make sure that their family is safe in their homes. Family security always starts at home. If you feel your family is not safe at home, you need to take action immediately.

Most home safety improvements are just common sense put into action. Put a Home Security System in your plan. While you can’t ensure your home security by a single action, and no single product will completely protect you, taking the many smaller steps to provide the highest security of your home and your family, is worth it just for the peace of mind.

Here are 7 easy steps to make your home more secure.

  1. Get a Burglar Alarm System

Burglar alarm system can detect intrusion – unauthorized entry – into your home. Burglar alarms have become standard equipment in stores and other businesses, and they’re becoming increasingly common in private homes as well. Most alarm systems are actually built around the same basic design concepts. While you can’t prevent any unauthorized entry at your home by simply setting a burglar alarm, you can make yourself, your family, the neighbors and the Police aware the instant it occurs. There are a lot of burglar alarm system available in the market at various prices, and a lot of options. Do your homework.

 

If you can’t afford a real one you can buy a fake alarm system too, complete with a sign. One other note. Wireless is all the rage – no mods to the homes electrical system, wireless communications between the system and emergency response personnel. wireless control by you from anywhere. All pluses. One minus, wireless systems can be hacked. Repeat, do your homework.

  1. Secure the Doors

Perform an inspection of all doors around your home. Doors frames should be strong; the hinges should be protected and make sure the wood is not hollow. All exterior doors should be solid and made from Fiberglass, solid wood, solid wood core or metal. If installing a new door and frame, consider a fiberglass door that swings outward rather than inward. Having a door open in this way helps absorb any forced entry.

   

There is a downside, it is easier for an intruder to pull open an outward opening door, than push an inward open with you blocking. Install a deadbolt lock build into the doorknob. You can also add a dead-lock which is an exit only lock. While it might be noticeable in the entryway, it can’t be broken into without pulverizing the door. You should secure the sliding entryways doors by installing keyed locks at the best and base and install cylinder guards around the lock cylinders. Additionally a large dowel along the bottom rail will delay an intruder, though a glass door is, after all glass.

  1. Get a Dog

 

Dogs are the first security system and have been called man’s closest companion for quite a long time which is as it should be. One of the fundamental jobs of the trained dogs has been to ensure its proprietors and prepare for undesirable individuals or animals. If a person your dog doesn’t know approaches you on your lawn, your dog starts barking and some dogs can become aggressive. Dogs, for one, are loyal to the death. A dog is probably going not just to assault any intruder to your home; they’ll make a plunge directly into the face of potential threat to secure you and your family if they need to. Dogs can act and react a lot faster than any human could.

 

Even a small dog can help keep you safe at home by being a reliable and very noisy alarm. Barking can hinder many would-be-criminals and, in the occasion that woofing doesn’t drive away interlopers, the noisy quarreling of any pooch is sufficient to influence neighbors to crest out a window to see what’s going on, potentially notifying police.

  1. Get Familiar with the Neighborhood

Having friendly neighbors improves neighborhood security and makes things easier for everyone. Knowing your neighbors is always a good thing. Wouldn’t it be nice to know somebody was watching over your property when you’re on holiday or down in your rural home? A favor you can not ask of a stranger. You might also discover it means you can share backyard equipment like cloth hanging lines, childcare, recipes, movies or transport. Your neighbors will do something if they see anything suspicious around their home and yours. Neighborliness is a valuable part of everyone’s life, and there are compelling reasons to know your neighbors.

Say hello to your neighbors, go pick your child personally from the neighbor’s house, Attend neighborhood meetings. Be active in virtual neighborhood groups and be proactive.

  1. Add Security Signs

 

Yard signs and stickers that say a security system protects your home can scare off potential burglars. Those that say things like “We Don’t Call 911” may be your position BUT they are not as effective as ones from known security services. Usually, thieves search for homes with a simple entrance and escape route, yet security frameworks don’t take that into consideration. The clearest advantage of using yard signs and window decals rather than a security framework is that it’s substantially less expensive. Buying yard signs and stickers with home security logos will just set you back about $10, and a significant number of the most well-known security brands logos can be bought online. The sign helps, potential thieves may pass you by for an easier target.

  1. Install Fake Security Cameras

This method is along the same lines as having fake home security signs, but it might be enough to keep intruders away. You can really purchase fake security cameras online beginning at around $10 to $20 and these will help deflect thieves from coming into your home.

They look like genuine security cameras and even have red squinting lights to add to the act. It’s just a cheap and easy idea to consider if you don’t want to invest in a more expensive security measure.

  1. Put up Motion Detecting Outdoor Lights

Nothing makes burglars run faster than bright lights flooding the cover of darkness. You can find motion-sensing floodlights for $25 and up and these don’t require a full-fledged home security system. Motion sensor lights basically consist of a little focal point that detects quick changes in heat or movement.

 

You could get motion sensor lights in a standard hard-wired version, which are generally introduced by experts, or as a remote, battery-powdered set which could be easily set up; other versions could also be solar powered. As for alarms, the device could produce a siren or be silent, depending on your preference. Motion sensor lights should be set 6-10 feet over the ground with the goal that it covers the main section spots and conceivable blindsides around your home. The area the gadget covers at that point relies upon how you set it up,  particularly how you set its angle and distance range. Point range could be balanced and set somewhere in the range of 180 to 270 degrees. The separation could likewise be balanced up to 70 feet or more.

These seven inexpensive steps will again, add peace of mind to your home and maybe, just maybe, prevent you and your family from harm. Be safe out there.

The post 7 easy techniques to make your home more secure appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

Doom and Gloom is for Losers

Click here to view the original post.

Did that title capture your attention? Doom and Gloom sells. However it doesn’t sell like it used to. Why? Partly because the doom & gloom market has been saturated to the point of ridiculous. And it has gone on for years. Many sites have been falling to the wayside given the shift in political landscape which had been helping to fuel the scare factor in years gone past. Not as many people are ‘worried’ about doom and gloom these days (despite the real threats) and it has affected the doom and gloom industry in general.   Doom and Gloom gets

The post Doom and Gloom is for Losers appeared first on Modern Survival Blog.

19 Best States To Go To When SHTF

Click here to view the original post.

If you live in the United States, which state do you live in? If the grid went down nationwide and society as we know it collapsed, would be people be escaping from your state, or escaping to your state? Hopefully, you live in one of the latter states. If not, you might want to think […]

The post 19 Best States To Go To When SHTF appeared first on Urban Survival Site.

Exercising our Preparedness Muscle!

Click here to view the original post.

Exercising our Preparedness Muscle
Lynna… “A Preppers Path” Audio player provided!

Becoming prepared in life covers a wide range of aspects and topics in our everyday lives, we often focus primarily on our basic disaster preparedness. There are websites ranging from governmental to private, profit and nonprofit all clamoring for our attention about becoming prepared. But what about ourselves, our personal being? How’s your health?

Listen to this broadcast or download “Exercising our Preparedness Muscle” in this player!

Continue reading Exercising our Preparedness Muscle! at Prepper Broadcasting |Network.

Exercising our Preparedness Muscle!

Exercising our Preparedness Muscle
Lynna… “A Preppers Path” Audio player provided!

Becoming prepared in life covers a wide range of aspects and topics in our everyday lives, we often focus primarily on our basic disaster preparedness. There are websites ranging from governmental to private, profit and nonprofit all clamoring for our attention about becoming prepared. But what about ourselves, our personal being? How’s your health?

Listen to this broadcast or download “Exercising our Preparedness Muscle” in this player!

Continue reading Exercising our Preparedness Muscle! at Prepper Broadcasting |Network.

Active Shooter Situation in Reno, Nevada: Shooter Firing from Elevated Position

Click here to view the original post.

Reno, Nevada police have confirmed that there is an active shooter situation in which a shooter was firing from an elevated position into downtown Reno. […]

The post Active Shooter Situation in Reno, Nevada: Shooter Firing from Elevated Position appeared first on Off Grid Survival – Wilderness & Urban Survival Skills.

Why Leather Belts Could Prove To Be Indispensable In The Wild

Click here to view the original post.

By Rachel Stinson – The Survival Place Blog

Leather belts are still very useful in the wild even with the advent of belts made of newer fabrics and other materials such as plastic, jute and reptile skins. However, it is essential to take care of leather belts as they are prone to deterioration than any other material used to make belts. Leather belts as a part of clothing had been around for quite some time.

Can Be Used As a Tourniquet for a Deep Cut to Stop Bleeding

There may be a life and death situation in the wild during which you encounter someone who is bleeding excessively. In these situations, you may need to make a tourniquet for a limb. A leather belt can be used as a tourniquet for a deep cut to stop bleeding. It can be wrapped loosely around an arm or leg and twisted to tighten it, to control bleeding below that point.

The work of the leather belt is to stabilize the victim and keep him from bleeding out. Whenever you are in an emergency situation in the wild where someone is bleeding profusely, pouring (or even spurting), always try using a leather belt to stop the bleeding.

First Aid Purposes As an Emergency Arm Sling or Help Secure A Leg Splint

Injuries can happen during normal conditions let alone in the wild where you need to evacuate an area due to a man-made or natural disaster. A leather belt can be an essential emergency first aid that you should know in case someone you love has a hand, arm or shoulder injury and needs to be immobilized to prevent further damage and alleviate some pain.

Hand, arm, or shoulder injuries in the wild need to be immobilized, and supported in a raised position by a leather belt. Use a leather belt for a suspected fracture of the collarbone or elbow when a triangle sling is not available.

Can Be Used To Help Build an Emergency Shelter

An emergency shelter is a place for people to live temporarily when they cannot live in their previous residence, similar to homeless shelters. The main difference is that an emergency shelter typically specializes in people fleeing a specific type of situation, such as natural or man-made disasters, domestic violence, or victims of sexual abuse.

Whether you are in the wilderness, a safe place to stay could save your life. In any disaster situation, advance preparation is always more effective than improvisation. Stock your car or basement with emergency supplies and Nike footwear now, and learn how to seek shelter before you’re forced to.

Great for Holsters and Knives

When it comes to an ideal leather belt, there is likely to be several points that need considering in the process. Firstly, it will be extremely beneficial if the chosen belt can complement the clothing and Adidas footwear that it is likely to be worn with.

To maintain the quality of the leather belts, it will certainly help if able to invest the time into properly caring for them. A leather belt needs to be protected and kept clear of water since that this has the potential to cause mildew and mold, which will ruin the quality of the leather within quite a short period. A leather belt might also experience oxidation, which might mean the surface of the belts starts to break or crack.

About the author:

Rachel Stinson has always had a knack for writing, food, fashion, and places. Blogging has combined all four for her with an added bonus of enthusiastic audiences. She expertly analyzes real estates, restaurants and online fashion stores with respect to pricing and people involved and can express her opinions in an unhesitant, engaging manner for all matters.

The post Why Leather Belts Could Prove To Be Indispensable In The Wild appeared first on The Survival Place Blog.

Human Rights. David Leyonhjelm is correct: Australians should be able to arm themselves against terror

Click here to view the original post.
These basic human rights are:

Universal: they belong to all of us – everybody in the world.

Inalienable: they cannot be taken away from us.

Indivisible and interdependent: governments should not be able to pick and choose which rights are respected.

Article 1 Everyone is born free and equal in dignity and with rights.

Article 2 You should never be discriminated against for any reason. Rights belong to all people, whatever our differences.

Article 3 Everyone has the rights to life, liberty and security.

Article 4 No-one shall be held in slavery or servitude.

 Article 5 No-one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6 You have the right to be treated as a person in the eyes of the law. Article 7 You have the right to be treated by the law in the same way as everyone else. Everyone has a right to protection against violations of their human rights.

Article 8 If your rights under law are violated, you have the right to see justice done in a court or tribunal.

Article 9 No-one shall be subject to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile. Article 10 You have the right to a fair and public trial by an independent and impartial tribunal.

Article 11 Everyone is to be presumed innocent until proven guilty in a fair trial. No one should be charged with a criminal offence for an act which wasn’t an offence at the time the act was done.

Article 12 No-one has the right to intrude in your private life or interfere with your home and family without good reason. No-one has the right to attack your good name without reason.

Article 13 You have the right to freedom of movement within your country. Everyone has the right to leave a country and to return home.

Article 14 You have the right to seek and to enjoy asylum from persecution in other countries. You may not invoke this right if fleeing just laws in your own country.

Article 15 You have the right to a nationality.

Article 16 You have the right to marry and to raise a family. Men and women have the same rights when they are married and when they are separated. Article 17 You have the right to own property and it cannot randomly be taken away from you.

Article 18 You have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion and to peacefully express those beliefs in teaching, practice and worship. Article 19 You have the right to freedom of opinion and expression.

Article 20 You have the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.

Article 21 You have the right to take part in the government of your country. Article 22 As a member of society, you have a right to social security.

Article 23 You have the right to work, to good working conditions, to equal pay for equal work and to form and join unions.

Article 24 You have the right to rest and leisure.

Article 25 You have the right to a decent life, including enough food, clothing, housing, medical care and social services.

Article 26 You have the right to an education.

Article 27 No-one may stop you from participating in the cultural life of your community.

Article 28 You have the right to live in the kind of world where your rights and freedoms are respected.

Article 29 We all have a responsibility to the people around us and should protect their rights and freedoms.

Article 30 There is nothing in this declaration that justifies any person or country taking away the rights to which we are all entitled.

The Australian government has denied us a human rights, as law abiding citizens we SHOULD have the right to protect ourselves & our families, but that right has been taken from us with a law which states that we are not legally allowed to purchase or carry: Pepper spray, Tasers, or guns for the sole purpose of self defence & the defence of our families!
This law does not stop crime, it does not stop home invasions, muggings, beatings, rapes or murders. All it does is leave us defenceless.
So what are you going to do about this? Our government system is totally corrupt to the core, there is little point in begging to the government. I have started petitions, but hardly anyone bothers to sign! You still think we live in a free country? Think again. Most people are totally apathetic to the loss of our human rights & exist with their heads buried in the sand.
Australian Human Rights Commission.
”The Australian Government has agreed to uphold and respect many of these human rights treaties” . But not all!

Bow hunting for beginners

Click here to view the original post.

I have enjoyed hunting with a bow most of my adult life. I don’t get out as much as I did when I was younger, but still like toting the bow around in the woods when I get a chance.

Most of the people I run into think you need to spend big money to get into bow hunting when that just isn’t true. If you are patient, take your time and look around you will be able to set yourself up for under $100 easy.  You purchase could even double up as a survivalist bow.

From small game to bears, just about every game animal on this continent can be taken with a bow. If you are adding another layer to your preps or just want a new challenge in taking down a deer, bow hunting will fit the bill.

Traditional or Modern

When you decide to take the plunge into the world of archery you will be faced with a decision right at the start.

Do you want to shoot a modern compound bow, or go the old traditional way of the recurve and longbow?

Each type has its own advantages. Both can be found cheaply and both will cleanly take game for the archer who has put in the time to become somewhat proficient.

The compound holds the edge in performance, and will deliver an arrow faster and at a flatter trajectory. However they tend to be louder on the release, weigh considerably more, (ask me about lugging my compound around the Colorado Rockies for years) and they are somewhat limited in being able to produce your own equipment.

On the other hand a traditional bow will allow you to shoot a heavier wooden arrow that will deliver more energy down range to the target. (Don’t shoot wooden arrows from a compound since they can splinter and skewer your arm under the high stress of those bows) The traditional bow is much lighter, which you will appreciate after tramping over mountains all day. A real plus on their side is that you can craft them yourself. Native Americans created bows from local wood in all parts of North America, and you can do the same with a little research and some gumption.

Where to buy a beginners bow

My go-to place for picking up cheap functional bows has been ebay.

You will need to be patient and know what you are looking for, but something inexpensive will usually show up within a week.

Ebay is a little tricky for archery since they have two categories…Archery, and Bow Hunting…make sure you check both.

Always be sure to watch the shipping prices because some otherwise good deals are ruined by high shipping costs, maybe you will get lucky and bid on something local.

Always look closely at the description and the pictures to check the condition and be sure to ask any questions.

I have bought most of my bows here but I  also check yard sales, auctions, pawn shops and craigslist when I am in the market for something or just digging around for a deal.

Arrows

I admit getting up in years I don’t like change much. I learned to shoot with wooden arrows, graduated to aluminum arrows when I was a compound shooter and now I am mostly back to wooden arrows with my recurves. I have a dozen or so carbon arrows but just don’t see the point when I have a bunch of old wooden ones that work just fine.

Shop around ebay for arrows being sold in lots. You might have to do some refletching but you will learn about your arrows in the process and develop a bond with each one as you personally make it yours.

Other Accessories

Again Ebay is the way to got. You will find used accessories sold in lots that will set you up.

You should keep your eye out for junk bows being sold, online or otherwise. I picked up a bow at an auction for $5. It was a Bear compound probably 10+ years old that looked like it had been left out in the woods for a few years. The plastic is coming off of the cables and one of the pulleys is broken. The reason I bought it is that it had bolted on a Bear removable quiver, and set of bear pin sights and a short field stabilizer, all in good shape.

As you can see deals are where you can find them, even on junk bows.

After a while bow hunting becomes and art and whichever route you take it is an enjoyable hobby that can put food on your table.

3 Things Every Mom Needs in Her Bug Out Bag

Click here to view the original post.

If you’re a mom and you’re trying to create the perfect bug out bag, there are a few essential items that you shouldn’t be without. No matter what your personal situation might be, whether you’re a country mom or a city girl, whether you have five kids or just one, here are three items you need to have in your bag.

1. Tampons
Obvious, right? Moms have their periods, don’t forget your tampons. Haha, we all get it. The truth is, though, that tampons can serve as much more than just emergency period protection. In fact, you can use tampons for a temporary water filter or even to stop a nosebleed. Make sure that you have at least a few in your bug out bag.

2. Q-Tips
Don’t leave home without them. While you’re probably used to using Q-Tips for things like paint projects, they can be useful in a variety of situations. One important use for Q-Tips would be applying antiseptic to wounds, for example.

3. Vodka
Head to your local liquor store and pick up a few mini travel bottles of vodka. Even if you don’t drink vodka (but let’s face it – during an apocalypse you might want to), you’ll be able to use it as a pain-numbing agent or to sterilize wounds.

DISASTER!! Tips & priorities for dealing with emergencies…

Click here to view the original post.

Its an emergency. The s**t just hit the fan. You’re facing a major crisis. Disaster is all around. Quick… What do you do now?

Here are some tips to help you figure out what you should so in an emergency, and what your priorities should be:


Follow the STOP plan: Stop. Think. Observe. Plan.

>>>Stop. Don’t panic. Stay calm. Don’t get overly emotional. Take a few deep breathes. Maybe even sit down if you need to. What happened, happened. Panic and overly-emotional reactions will only make matters worse.

>>>Think. Take a moment or two to consider your situation. Are you in immediate danger (e.g. your house is own fire)? Or, are you in a more drawn-out sort of danger (e.g. the economy just collapsed)? Either way, you need to make rational, well-thought out, decisions at this point.

>>>Observe. Look around. What is your situation. What are your immediate threats? Near-term threats? Long-term threats? Take stock of what resources you have available (knowledge, skills, supplies, tools, people, money, etc.).

>>>Plan. Decide how you are going to deal with the crisis. Make a plan, share your plan with others with you, and stick to the plan, making changes only in relation to changing circumstances. (Making unneeded or frequent changes only adds confusion and ensures that your group are NOT all on the same page.)

!!! Depending on the circumstances, you may have only seconds to do the above. Or you may have hours, days, or even longer. Do the best you can do in the time you have. Thinking through possible scenarios ahead of time helps.

Tip: Make sure everyone in your family or group is well-versed with the STOP plan. Practice it in various scenarios.

Know the priorities in any emergency:

1) Safety. Quickly remove yourself and others out of the path of immediate danger. If your house is on fire, your first priority is to get yourself and your family out of the house. If a riot or civil unrest is happening, get out of the area.Safety may also mean “bugging out” to a safer/better location during a time of political or economic turmoil.

2) Address any serious medical concerns. Here is the basic order of concern for most injuries:

  1. Make sure the person can breathe.
  2. Stop any major bleeding.
  3. Immobilize the neck/back if there is any possibility of injury to those regions.
  4. Treat shock, hypothermia, hyperthermia, and/or heart attack. 
  5. Treat dehydration.
  6. Treat broken bones (immobilize/splint).
  7. Treat lesser injuries.

*****Please take a good first aid & CPR course before an emergency hits! 

 3) Shelter from the elements. This may mean a formal shelter, a tent or other temporary shelter, or just warm clothes, rain gear, and/or blanket.

4) Water. Clean water is a must in any situation, emergency or not.

5) Food. Last on the list, and likely unimportant in the short run. You can go longer without food than anything else on this list.

Important: Plan ahead and practice what to do in various scenarios. The more you practice, the more ingrained your responses will be. This practice will help you remain focused on what you need to do during an emergency. This is why schools hold fire drills, basketball players shoot free throws in practice, and nations hold war games.  
——–
This article replaces an article I wrote on this subject a few years ago. 

Of Interest: 

http://amzn.to/2h6mXzCACEP First Aid Manual, 5th Edition – Everyone, prepper or not, should learn first aid. This first aid manual of the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) is much more up-to-date (2014) than the American Red Cross manual, which hasn’t been updated since 1992. 


http://amzn.to/2gkzXmK 
 

326-Piece First Aid Kit for Home or Office – This is an affordable and fairly complete first aid kit that meets OSHA and ANSI guidelines. Compartmentalized and very well-organized so you don’t waste much time hunting for what you need.