bowie knife

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The iconic bowie knife is a favorite in America and around the world.  It symbolizes the frontier, the wild west.  The knife was created by James Black for Jim Bowie in the early 19th century.  Jim Bowie went on to become a notorious knife fighter who died at the Alamo.  Other than those facts the original bowie knife has been lost to time and Jim Bowie is a character shrouded in mystery.  No one really has any hard evidence about him other than the facts I’ve stated above and that he was involved in the infamous “Sand Bar” fight on the banks of the Mississippi River on September 19, 1827.  What we do know is that knives inspired by the bowie knife were what we’d consider to be a bowie knife these days.

Bowie knife design

Usually 8” plus in blade length, 1.5-2 inches broad and about 1/4 inch thick, fixed blade with a clip point.  Most frontier knives at the time were only 4-6” so as a survival knife, that’s all you really need.  If they could manage to survive back then with only a 4-6” blade I’m pretty sure we can manage today.  The reason a bowie knife was so much bigger than a trade knife was that the bowie knife was also a fighting knife.

In close quarter combat obviously speed matters but so does reach.  If you’ve got a longer weapon than your opponent (excluding guns) you should be able to win the battle.

bowie in the trenches
bowie in the trenches – courtesy of http://bowieknifefightsfighters.blogspot.com/2010/12/bowie-knife-adopted-for-trench-fighting.html

Here are some great pics of some old style bowie knives courtesy of https://truewestmagazine.com/fighting-blades-of-the-frontier/

Frontiersman circa 1830 bowie Different bowies Bowie knife

The bowie knife these days is great for survivalists because it’s so robust.  It can be used in a very similar fashion to a kukri which is also another great fighting knife.  If you’re out in the woods and don’t have an axe or a hatchet, the bowie can be used to chop through small trees if necessary and is a great option for a knife.

The other consideration is this, the knife just looks awesome.  It’s a great feeling swinging a big bit of steel around, it’s heaps of fun as long as you’re careful!

Bowie knives were generally hidden tang

Hidden tang can be fine for knife construction.  Yes, I know most people prefer full tang but swords and kukris used to be hidden tang as well and a sword that’s a few feet long smashing into a shield or armor will have to take more force than a bowie knife trying to chop down a small tree.  The moral of the story is if a sword can handle being hidden tang, so can a knife because a sword is subjected to greater force at the critical point which is where the blade or ricasso meet the handle.  That’s where knives generally break if they’ll break because of them being hidden tang.

Here’s an example of a viking sword with a hidden tang:

Viking sword with hidden tang
Courtesy of http://www.hurstwic.org/history/articles/manufacturing/text/viking_sword.htm

Avoid cheap bowies

You’ll find a lot of bowie knives under the $30 mark.  That’s all good and well and you think you’re getting a bargain but you’re not.  Generally these knives are made with a cheap stainless steal instead of high carbon steel like 1095.  Bowies were designed to chop and as soon as you start chopping with a cheap stainless steel knife it will go blunt very quickly and a blunt knife is a dangerous knife.  They can get sharp easily, that’s not the problem, the problem is edge retention, it just won’t stay sharp.  If you’re knife goes blunt quickly, you’ll spend more time sharpening it than using it.

Not only is the quality of the steel poor, the hidden tang is usually really poorly constructed because it’s cheaper to weld a small tang onto another piece of metal than to have one continuous tang piece.  Check out the pic below:

poorly made bowie
Bowie knife tang that’s cheaply made

A bowie knife with a hidden tang should have a tang design more like this:

proper bowie tang
proper bowie tang

Bowie knife handles

Handles can come in a variety of shapes and sizes.  The one second from the left is known as a French pistol handle and the one on the right is known as a coffin handle.  Personally seeing as I use a bowie to chop with I prefer a flared out handle towards the pommel like in the image on the left.

bowie handles
bowie handles

Buying a decent bowie knife

You just have to pay up.  If you just want a cheap showpiece that won’t really get used much then sure, a cheap bowie knife will do the job but if you  want something that will actually be a useful tool, you’ll just have to pay because you’re buying a big piece of steel.  The steel used in a bowie knife could be 2-3 times as much as a 4-6 inch blade so it stands to reason that if you want a lot of quality steel, you’ll have to pay extra for it.

 

Weekly Watchman & Current Events – February 5, 2018

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Current Events and Bible Prophecy – Prepped & Aware!

 

This weekly post provides you with a select section of Current Events and Prophecy Update videos from current prophecy teachers. Be prayerful and line everything up against the Word of God.

But when these things begin to take place, stand up and lift up your heads, because your redemption is near!  Luke 21:28 HCSB

Disclaimer: I don’t agree with everything I post here.  However, I try to keep an open mind and definitely don’t want to be like the religious leaders of Jesus’ day that had the Son of God right in front of them, but didn’t recognize Him because He didn’t come the way they thought He would come!  Stay Alert!

In this week’s WW:

  • John Haller’s Prophecy Update “Did You Get The Memo?” – 2/4/18
  • Jacob Prasch – This Week in Prophecy – February 2, 2018
  • Amir Tsarfati – Update from the Golan Heights, Feb. 5, 2018.
  • Calvary Melbourne Australia – ASSAD THREATENS WITH WAR – Feb, 4, 2018
  • JD Farag – Mid-East Prophecy Update – January 28, 2018

 

John Haller’s Prophecy Update “Did You Get The Memo?” – 2/4/18

 

Jacob Prasch – This Week in Prophecy – February 2, 2018

 

Amir Tsarfati – Update from the Golan Heights, Feb. 5, 2018.

 

Calvary Melbourne Australia – ASSAD THREATENS WITH WAR – Feb, 4, 2018

 

JD Farag – Mid-East Prophecy Update – January 28, 2018

 

Peace,
Todd

US Stock Market Plunges over 1800 points in last two Days of Trading

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On Monday, the Dow dropped 1,175 points, following Fridays drop of 666 points. Today’s historic losses mark the largest single day decline the markets have ever seen. […]

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US Stock Market Plunges over 1800 points in last two Days of Trading

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On Monday, the Dow dropped 1,175 points, following Fridays drop of 666 points. Today’s historic losses mark the largest single day decline the markets have ever seen. […]

The post US Stock Market Plunges over 1800 points in last two Days of Trading appeared first on Off Grid Survival – Wilderness & Urban Survival Skills.

Book Review: Artisan Bread in Five Minutes a Day

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This is one of the few “mainstream” books in my library, I heard about Artisan Bread in Five Minutes a Day on some cooking show, and figured it was just some “arty” book, but I leafed through it at a bookstore, and found a lot in this book that I could put to use as a prepper. Its no secret that I am not a talented baker – my breads tend to either – look good, or taste good, but seldom do they do both. I think it is because I am slightly impatient. I don’t want to wait around all

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Free PDF: AL0926 Basic Hydraulic Systems

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AL0926 Basic Hydraulic Systems is a military correspondence course, I have long held the belief that if you absolutely need to know something and cannot fail then get the military to teach you.  Where else can you take a hormone filled teen, take them away from their family, and stick them with other teens, then give them the keys to multimillion dollar tanks missiles, computers, and heavy equipment.  Military training allows us to do that with total confidence that our soldiers will operate that equipment correctly under the stress of combat. Our military knows training.  We would be fools to

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Free PDF: AL0926 Basic Hydraulic Systems

AL0926 Basic Hydraulic Systems is a military correspondence course, I have long held the belief that if you absolutely need to know something and cannot fail then get the military to teach you.  Where else can you take a hormone filled teen, take them away from their family, and stick them with other teens, then give them the keys to multimillion dollar tanks missiles, computers, and heavy equipment.  Military training allows us to do that with total confidence that our soldiers will operate that equipment correctly under the stress of combat. Our military knows training.  We would be fools to

The post Free PDF: AL0926 Basic Hydraulic Systems appeared first on Dave’s Homestead.

Free PDF: AL0926 Basic Hydraulic Systems

AL0926 Basic Hydraulic Systems is a military correspondence course, I have long held the belief that if you absolutely need to know something and cannot fail then get the military to teach you.  Where else can you take a hormone filled teen, take them away from their family, and stick them with other teens, then give them the keys to multimillion dollar tanks missiles, computers, and heavy equipment.  Military training allows us to do that with total confidence that our soldiers will operate that equipment correctly under the stress of combat. Our military knows training.  We would be fools to

The post Free PDF: AL0926 Basic Hydraulic Systems appeared first on Dave’s Homestead.

2018 Edition: FREE Resources for Preppers, Survivalists & Homesteaders

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Welcome to the 4th annual edition of FREE Resources for Preppers, Survivalists & Homesteaders. This 4th edition updates the listings for the prior three years, and adds a number of new FREE resources for 2018.

1) The Fate of Empires and Search for Survival (link opens as a ,pdf). The 1978 classic by Sir John Glubb explains why all empires eventually fall. Recommended reading for those concerned with the fate of the American empire.  

2) FEMA – Are You Ready (opens as a .pdf) – This 204-page book by FEMA is a treasure trove of information on preparedness for many disasters – natural and man-made.

3) The Art of Manliness (website) – Traditional masculinity has been under serious assault for generations now, leading to the rise of metrosexuals and pajama boys lacking in the skills of self-reliance. This website takes a fun and somewhat humorous approach to the lost art of manliness, and has lots of articles on self-reliance, traditional manly skills, and other items useful to preppers, survivalists, and homesteaders, be they male or female. 

4) The CIA World Factbook – This is a very informative resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency with almanac-style information about the countries of the world. A good aid when trying to understand world events.

5) Nuclear War Survival Skills by Cresson H. Kearny – The 1987 edition of this classic nuclear survival guide is available for free download as a .pdf file or .html documents. 

6) Planning Guidance for Response to a Nuclear Detonation (link opens as a .pdf) – This 135 page report by the National Security Staff (a whole bunch of government alphabet departments + the American Red Cross) came out in 2010.

7) Selecting a Survival Battery of Firearms is an excellent article found on the Alpha Disaster Contingencies website. Check their website for many other articles.

8) Backwoods Home Magazine – Many  articles from back issues of this self-reliant living magazine are available online for free in their archive. 

9)  Prager University (Dennis Prager) – A great You Tube channel for homeschoolers or those just wanting to better understand the world. Contains hundreds of five-minute videos explaining topics ranging from history and economics to politics and science, without the “progressive” ideological spin found in most schools and universities today. Pro-Capitalism. Pro-Traditional Values. Pro-Western Civilization. So refreshing. 

10) Gardening and Seed Saving How-Tos – Seed Savers Exchange has a section on their website devoted to teaching folks how to save seeds and grow food. 

11) A Plan for Food Self-Sufficiency – This article is available for free on the Mother Earth News website. You can find other free articles on self-reliance, organic gardening, renewable energy and other topics by browsing the website.

12) LDS Preparedness Manual (you’ll have to give them an email address to download) – The Mormons have taught/required preparedness and self-reliance of their members for generations, and have accumulated much practical knowledge on the subject, much of which is presented here.The link is to the current edition, but if you don’t want to give them your email address, you can get the  2011 edition at this link (link opens a .pdf).

 

13) The Complete Book of Self-Sufficiency (link opens a .pdf) by John Seymour. I found the link to the 1976 book edition of the book on the City Farmer News website, so check them out. 

14) Veteran’s Crisis Line 1-800-273-8255   Website: https://www.veteranscrisisline.net/  

15) The Complete Outdoorsman’s Handbook (link opens a .pdf)  A guide to outdoor living and wilderness survival by Jerome J. Knap.
 

16) Back To Eden Organic Gardening Film  “Back to Eden Film shares the story of one man’s lifelong journey, walking with God and learning how to get back to the simple, productive organic gardening methods of sustainable provision that were given to man in the garden of Eden. The food growing system that has resulted from Paul Gautschi’s incredible experiences has garnered the interest of visitors from around the world. Never, until now, have Paul’s organic gardening methods been documented and shared like this!” 

17) Bee Basics: An Introduction to Our Native Bees (link opens a .pdf) – a publication of the US Forest Service. Bees are, of course, very important to the pollination process, and our gardens depend on them. Its important to understand their role, and how to protect them.

18) Plans For a Complete Beekeeping System (several downloading options available) – Again, bees are important for your garden and fruit trees. Besides, I love honey. 

19) Where There is No Doctor – A Village health Care Handbook (link opens as a large .pdf, so it may take a minute or so depending on your connection) – “The manual provides practical, easily understood information on how to diagnose, treat, and prevent common diseases. Special attention is focused on mutrition, infection and disease prevention, and diagnostic techniques as primary ways to prevent and treat health problems.

20) Basic Physical Health with Limited Resources (.pdf automatically downloads) – an LDS publication. Maintaining good health before, during, and after a SHTF event is extremely important.  

21) Surviving The New World Order (several downloading options available) by B.A. Brooks. I’m typically not one to buy into grand conspiracies, but this 20-page booklet has a lot of really usefully prepper and survivalist information.

22) LDS Nutritution and Diet Manual (link opens a .pdf) – another LDS publication dealing with health and nutrition.

23) The Alpha Strategy: The Ultimate Plan for Financial Self-Defense for the Small Investor (link opens a .pdf) – a famous, but now out-of-print, book from 1980. The Alpha Strategy presents a plan to protect your assets from both high inflation and depression, as well as high taxation and political manipulation.

24) The Xerces Society is a insect conservation group which provides a variety of fact sheets and plant lists for promoting native bee and butterfly populations, which are VITAL to gardening and agriculture.

25) Permaculture – Sustainable Farming, Ranching, Living – by Designing Ecosystems that Imitate Nature (link opens as a .pdf) is a excellent six-page introduction to the concept of permaculture.

26) Popular Mechanics has both DIY Projects and Home How To sections on their website, with lots of greats ideas, projects, and information.

27) Countryside and Small Stock Journal has a free online library of articles (well over 200) relating to gardening, homesteading, livestock, poultry, and self-reliance. The also have a series of free guides to topics including vegetable gardening, beekeeping, dairy goats, raising ducks, and so forth. To get to the free articles, click on the “Daily Stories” tab on their website’s menu. To get the free guides, click on the “Free Guides” tab on their menu. You may have to register (for free) with them to get access to the free guides. 

28) Article Archive of The Backwoods Home Magazine –  100s of free articles on homesteading, gardening, raising food, self-reliance, and other topics of interest to preppers and survivalists.

29) Local Parks and Greenways offer lots of opportunities for free exercise, recreation, and family time. My local parks have walking/jogging trails, tennis courts, basketball courts, softball fields, and even a lake for fishing at one one of the parks. Some offer free programs on weekends or during the summer. Hiking greenways is great exercise. Bring along some nature identification guides and turn it into a learning experience.

30) The Public Library – Use your library card. Libraries are a great source of free entertainment and free information. You can check out a wide range of books on gardening, country skills, food preservation & canning, sewing, health & first aid, home improvement, auto repair, small engine repair, fishing, hunting, nature field guides, edible wild plants, wilderness survival, personal finance, and so forth. Entertainment, too, can be had for free at your local library, and not just books to read. Many libraries today have movie DVDs, music CDs, board games, puzzles, and other types of entertainment that you can check out for free, as well as story times for kids and lectures for adults.

31) Cooperative Extension Offices are an agency of the US Agriculture Department, with local offices in every county in the United States. They are a great resource of free information, and free or low-cost services. Local offices can provide garden planting times specific to your area, soil testing, canning classes, and other information and services. Visit https://extension.org/ to find your local office and contact them to learn of the specific services offered in your county. They can also help you get into touch with 4-H clubs, gardening clubs, bee keeper associations, and other related organizations in your area.

32) USGS Disease Maps tracks disease outbreaks and epidemics in the US on a county-by-county basis. 

33) ProMED-mail – the Program for Monitoring Emerging Diseases – is an Internet-based reporting system dedicated to rapid global dissemination of information on outbreaks of infectious diseases and acute exposures to toxins that affect human health, including those in animals and in plants grown for food or animal feed. Electronic communications enable ProMED-mail to provide up-to-date and reliable news about threats to human, animal, and food plant health around the world, seven days a week.

34) RSOE EDIS – Emergency and Disaster Information Service – provides maps and information on man-made and natural disasters worldwide. It tracks almost everything – droughts, wildfires, hurricanes, earthquakes, volcanoes, chemical spills, biological hazards, nuclear events, and more.

35) Exploit FREE blogs and You Tube channels on preparedness, survival, and homesteading. If you are reading this, you’re on the Internet anyway. There are a lot of great websites and YouTube channels full of useful information for you to read or watch. This website is full of prepping & survival information. Other blogs and You Tube channels I like include:

  • PrepperWebsite – Daily links to the best prepper & survivalist articles on the web
  • SurvivalBlog.com – James Wesley Rawles’ website is the “Granddaddy” of all prepper/survival websites
  • Survival Medicine – the website of Dr. Joe Alton and Nurse Amy Alton
  • Dr.Bones/NurseAmy – You Tube channel of Dr. Joe Alton and Nurse Amy Alton
  • PrepperRecon – The website of  Mark Goodwin, where you can get the new episodes of the Prepper Recon Podcast.  He no longer posts episodes to his You Tube channel, but you can still listen to his old shows there.
  • The Patriot Nurse – Great YouTube channel for medical preparedness
  • VikingPreparedness – You Tube channel of Pastor Joe Fox. He only posts there occasionally now that he has a pay channel, but there is still lots of great free videos on You Tube. 
  • SouthernPrepper1 – Great preparedness You Tube channel 
  • Futurnamics – The author of the Going Galt series of survival books has a great website worth checking out.

There are, of course, lots of other great websites and You Tube channels. The above list is just a few of my favorites.

36) Spiritual Preparedness – Getting right with God costs nothing. I encourage everyone to pray, read the Bible, and attend the church of your choice. Not sure about God? Talk to a local minister or priest. Or read The Roman Road. Or check out Peace with God. Don’t have a Bible? Most translations are available for FREE online at BibleGateway.org (many audio versions, too). 

37) The Drudge Report is a constantly updated collection of links to news stories in the mainstream and alternative news media. I include it here because an important part of self-reliance and being prepared is being aware of what is going on in the world around you.

38) The Liberty Mill is a great source of alternative news headlines aggregated from over 35 alternative news outlets. 

39) Mother Earth News – There are a large number of articles available for free on the website of Mother Earth News. 

40) Finally, I humbly suggest this website (www.TimGamble.com) as a source of free information, ideas, and tips on self-reliance and preparedness. Please take the time to explore the variety of articles and information found here. 

40A) #HistoryHub – a part of my website, #HistoryHub has the texts of over 40 primary historical documents, and over a dozen secondary sources. Whether you homeschool or just want to understand real history (not the ideological propaganda taught in public schools), you should check it out.

40B) My Foresting Gardening articlesSeveral years ago I wrote a series of articles on forest gardening (aka woodland gardening, food forests, or edible landscaping). I have since posted them to this website.

Brushbeater On Mountain Men And Survivalist

Brushbeater spells out the winning combination of the skills and mindset which made the mountain man a world class Survivalist. ______________ The Mountain Man as a Rifleman: An Analysis of a Better Survivalist Strategy ON FEBRUARY 5, 2018 BY NCSCOUT When it comes to survivalism, prepping and general self reliance, an overtone of a militant […]

When and Why You Need Body Armor

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In recent years gun-related incidents and attacks have been on the rise. This poses the need for civilians, security personnel, military and law enforcement agents in the US to look into their options for body armor. While no vest is 100% bulletproof, it can significantly increase the wearer’s chances of survival in the event of getting shot. With this in mind, there are different types of ballistic armors suitable against the different types of calibers available in the US today; from soft “lightweight” body armor, to hard body armor with heavy ballistic plates.

To understand how to use body armor in protecting yourself and your loved ones, you need to know what the different levels are and what they protect against. According to the internationally-approved standards of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), there are IV levels of body armor, classified as follows:

  • Level I: Offers protection from .22LR, 40gr/1050fps up to .380 ACP FMJ RN 95gr/1025fps. This level is no longer in use.
  • Level IIA: Offers protection from 9mm FMJ RN 124gr/1090fps up to .40S&W FMJ 180gr/1025fps in addition to all Class I threats. This is also a light vest and can be worn all day without interfering with your mobility or movement.
  • Level II: Offers protection against 9mm FMJ RN 124gr/1175fps (+P?) and .357Magnum JSP IIA 158gr/1400fps, plus all Class I and a threats. This is somewhat bulkier and is worn full time by many law enforcement officers.
  • Level IIIA: Offers protection against 9mm FMJ RN 145gr/1400fps and .44Magnum JHP 240gr/1400fps as well as most other handgun threats and class I through II threats. The aforementioned calibers all being commonplace in many gun collections, class IIIA is a reasonable purchase. This level of protection is the highest available that can still be concealable. Its bulk can make it an issue for daily usage in warmer climates, which can result in health issues, like heat exhaustion. Some of the newer models can be augmented with steel plates that offer further protection, but this adds to weight and heat.
  • Level III: Offers protection against 7.62mm FMJ (M80) 148gr/2750fps as well as class I through IIIA threats as well as against the .223 Remington (5.56×45mm NATO). This armor is heavy and not suitable for daily use. Its benefit comes from tactical use, such as breaching and overcoming barricades. Some of the newer vests can be augmented with hard plates to increase their protective properties. The issues with this level are the same as class II but to a somewhat greater extent.
  • Level IV: Offers protection against .30 Caliber Armor Piercing bullets (M2AP) 166gr/2850fps plus all previous threats and the .308 Winchester, which is similar to the military 7.62x51mm specifications. Other rounds Level IV is effective against are the sniper 7.62×54mmR, the .30-06 Springfield cartridge, the .300 Winchester used by gun enthusiasts, hunters, the Military and Law Enforcement, the long-range sniper .338 Lapua Magnum and the .50 Browning machine gun cartridge. This is the highest level of protection and not suitable in urban settings, for prolonged use, or by untrained individuals. It is for military and law enforcement agents who operate in high-risk, war-torn environments.

While it’s nearly impossible to procure body armor that protects against all firearms in existence and use, there are ways to improve your chances of survival. Knowing the type of environment you will be moving through and the likely threats you are expected to face can help you choose the right bullet proof vest. Be aware that it’s not a good idea to automatically go for the highest possible level with hard plate add-ons as this may add unnecessary weight and visibility to your gear.

In recent years, the most commonly used firearms in random and terrorist attacks are semi-automatic AR-15 rifles and low-caliber handguns. While the latter can be stopped by a standard Level III vest, you will need additional ceramic plates to ensure protection against the 5.56 mm ammunition used in most AR-15 rifles. There is currently a large variety of covert and overt bulletproof vests that have pockets, where extra plates can be fitted to increase the security level. Both carry their advantages in different situations. For example, covert vests work better in urban environments, where you don’t want to draw attention to the fact that you are wearing body armor while overt vests are easy and quick to put on in the event of an unforeseen situation.

These days, access to weapons that combine the firepower of a rifle with the high-capacity ammunition magazines designed for assault rifles with the increased concealability of a handgun is easier than ever. This poses a lot of security issues, the biggest one of them all of how can civilians equip themselves against this type of danger. With proper research and assessment of the crime statistics of your local urban environment, you can take the necessary precautions to ensure your safety in the event of any attack and always be adequately prepared.

The post When and Why You Need Body Armor appeared first on Surviving Prepper.

The Best MURS Radios

best murs radioShort range radio communications have some major advantages at times. First the radios used are often much more functional and rugged for general use than a cell phone and besides the initial purchase price and the cost of keeping up the batteries, they are less expensive than a cell phone. When cells won’t work, your. . . Read More

Signal Mirror for your Survival Kit

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A ‘real’ signal mirror is a mirror with a built-in way to precisely aim it’s reflection (from the sun), and is intended to alert others of your location. While an ordinary reflective mirror can also be used as a signaling device, it cannot be precisely aimed and ‘flashed’ at a target like a purpose-built signaling mirror. The secret to a true signal mirror is this: “Retro reflecting” material. A reflective mesh which assists while aiming the mirror. “Retro reflective”. In the context of a signal mirror aiming device (with a round hole and ‘mesh’ in the middle), the mesh material

The post Signal Mirror for your Survival Kit appeared first on Modern Survival Blog.

Signal Mirror for your Survival Kit

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A ‘real’ signal mirror is a mirror with a built-in way to precisely aim it’s reflection (from the sun), and is intended to alert others of your location. While an ordinary reflective mirror can also be used as a signaling device, it cannot be precisely aimed and ‘flashed’ at a target like a purpose-built signaling mirror. The secret to a true signal mirror is this: “Retro reflecting” material. A reflective mesh which assists while aiming the mirror. “Retro reflective”. In the context of a signal mirror aiming device (with a round hole and ‘mesh’ in the middle), the mesh material

The post Signal Mirror for your Survival Kit appeared first on Modern Survival Blog.

Movie Monday – The Colony Season 1 Episode 9

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The Colony Season 1 Episode 9

The Colony is a “survival experiment” broadcast on The Discovery Channel, in which ten people (and later more) must rebuild after a simulated viral outbreak kills most of the human population. They are given several blocks of abandoned industrial park bordering the Los Angeles River in downtown Los Angeles, where they are allowed to do anything they want and scavenge any supplies they can find.

Emphasis is placed on dealing with resource scarcity, novel uses of common (and not-so-common) found items to provide for the group in such a situation, and weighing the survival of other groups against the survival of one’s own (i.e. stealing). There are several semi-scripted encounters with others (various wanderers, raiders, and a trader), which demonstrate possible social interactions in such an environment and the play between compassion (give them food because it’s the right thing to do?) and pragmatism (keep it for yourself because you need it more?). All actors are forbidden to directly harm the Colonists (lest they risk an insurance nightmare and subsequent cancellation), but panic, emotion, and malnutrition (on the Colonists’ side) meant that accidents could still happen.














 These films are presented as an exception to the copyright act as fair dealing for the purpose of research, private study, education, parody or satire. See bill c-42 article 29.

Movie Monday – The Colony Season 1 Episode 9

The Colony Season 1 Episode 9

The Colony is a “survival experiment” broadcast on The Discovery Channel, in which ten people (and later more) must rebuild after a simulated viral outbreak kills most of the human population. They are given several blocks of abandoned industrial park bordering the Los Angeles River in downtown Los Angeles, where they are allowed to do anything they want and scavenge any supplies they can find.

Emphasis is placed on dealing with resource scarcity, novel uses of common (and not-so-common) found items to provide for the group in such a situation, and weighing the survival of other groups against the survival of one’s own (i.e. stealing). There are several semi-scripted encounters with others (various wanderers, raiders, and a trader), which demonstrate possible social interactions in such an environment and the play between compassion (give them food because it’s the right thing to do?) and pragmatism (keep it for yourself because you need it more?). All actors are forbidden to directly harm the Colonists (lest they risk an insurance nightmare and subsequent cancellation), but panic, emotion, and malnutrition (on the Colonists’ side) meant that accidents could still happen.














 These films are presented as an exception to the copyright act as fair dealing for the purpose of research, private study, education, parody or satire. See bill c-42 article 29.

How To Make An Efficient Air Purifier Using Box Fans

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People today that suffer from allergies and breathing problems already know that decreasing air quality is only making them sicker. On the other side of the equation, actually improving air quality in the home may seem like a hopeless task because it impossible to get rid of all the air leaks and drafts.

In most cases, these drafts aren’t the actual problem. Rather, it is the lack of good air flow throughout the building that allows dust, toxic gasses, and other pollutants to build up. This is just one of many reasons why you may benefit from building a DIY air purifier based on a box fan.

Why You Need to Purify the Air in Your Home

Even if you aren’t suffering any effects from air pollution, it is still important to make sure that you can remove any number of toxins in the air during a major crisis. For example, a major wild fire outbreak, gas attack, nuclear attack, and other problems will either force you to wear a gas mask all the time, or be able to control the air quality enough so that you do not need to wear a mask.

While the basic DIY air purifier described in this article will not filter out 100% of toxins all the time (this version filters out about 50 – 70% depending on the pollutant and the filter lifespan position), it will give you enough difference in air quality to manage a number of situations.

In addition, with a a few changes in the filter media and changes to the air flow in your home, it forms a vital basis for any air purification system that will have close to a 100% efficiency level.

DIY Box Fan Air Purifiers vs. Pre-Built

As a means of summary, DIY box fan air purifiers are more efficient and have greater potential for expansion across every comparable measure when compared to pre-built air purifiers that you commonly see in department stores. Have a look at how a 20 x 20 box fan can easily beat just about every model on the market for a fraction of the cost:

CFM (cubic feet per minute) – this is the amount of air that the unit is capable of circulating through the filter apparatus. The higher the CFM, the better. Most small air purifiers only produce about 100 CFM, while larger units designed for medium sized rooms will produce about 400 CFM.

By contrast, a 20 x 20 box fan on its highest setting will produce about 2500 CFM. You may lose around 400 – 500 CFM when using higher capacity filters, however even at that reduction, the CFM is easily 3 – 4 times more than the maximum output of more expensive options.

Filter surface area – in general the greater the surface area, the better the filter will be at capturing particles without clogging up or impeding air flow. Most conventional air purifiers on the market have decidedly puny air filters that measure well under 10” x 10”.

In fact, most purifiers have filters that are around 6” x 8” or 9”. On the other hand, when you fit a filter for a box fan, the most active area will extend across the entire diameter of the blades. In most cases, this is about 15 – 16” across (including the subtraction for the fan motor vent area).

This Device Easily Turns Air Into Water!

Here, you have double the surface area with good air movement across the area. Depending on how you arrange your filter layers, it is also very easy to double or even triple this extended surface area and even recapture some of the lost CFM.

Easy to customize – no matter whether you need to get rid of gasses and fumes with activated carbon, get rid of bacteria, or manage mold, pollen and mildew, there is likely to be a filter or combination of filters that will meet your needs.

While pleated filters tend to allow a larger surface area, do not overlook padded versions that offer excellent air flow, and sometimes a lower cost. By contrast, when you buy a conventional air purifier, you must also purchase the pre-made filters. If the manufacturer does not offer a permanent filter, an activated carbon pre-filter, or decides to stop making replacement filters altogether, you will be stuck with a useless unit.

Box fans and filters are much cheaper and last longer. Conventional air filters will cost a minimum of $60.00 off the shelf for a relatively small unit. On the other hand, a brand new box fan costs about $20.00.

A good quality 3M Merv 12 filter with an electrostatic grid costs about 15.00, and an activated carbon pre-filter costs between $10.00 and $20.00 depending on the brand and design. If you decide that you want a HEPA grade (Merv 13 and above), the cost per filter ranges between 12.00 per filter and up, depending on where you buy them and the quantity.

Your total cost for a DIY box fan filter can be as low as $40 – 50.00 (including incidentals like duct tape), or higher depending on the filter options. Insofar as filter changing costs, you will find that it is still much cheaper to buy furnace filters and variants of them without sacrificing on quality or air cleaning capacity.

Speaking of filter ratings, most air purifier manufacturers only state that the filter is a HEPA filter. While you may assume this means the filter is at a hospital grade or above, they may be using a filter that is barely above the top level filter you would use for your heating system.

On the other hand, when you buy filters for your box fan, you will always know the exact efficiency rating. Depending on the manufacturer, you may also be able to see the test results for each filter.

Filter Options and What They Mean

Before you decide on a specific filter or combination of filters, it is very important to know how they are rated and what you can expect.

Efficiency Ratings – this refers to the particle size that can be removed by the filter. Typically, the higher the efficiency rating, the more particles the filter can remove without becoming clogged up. Higher efficiency ratings also give you some information about the size of the particles that can be captured.

Filters with a higher efficiency rating can capture a higher percentage of smaller size particles. For example, a MERV 10 filter may capture as much as 70% of pollen and mold spores, but only 20% of bacteria, while a MERV 12 will capture as much as 90% of pollen and mold, but as much as 40% bacteria.

Even though both filters will be rated for capturing these particles, the higher MERV rating still means a better rate of capture. Aside from MERV ratings, you may also see some other scales being used such as FPR and MPR. Most filters will come with a handy guide for showing what each filter will remove.

You should still compare the scales to gain some ideas about the percentage of particles removed.

Pleated Filters and Pleat Sizes – as you may be aware, folds can greatly extend surface area without taking up more space in terms of length and width. As with your brain and intestinal tract, pleated filters also have double or better surface area as filters without pleats.

That being said, there is a delicate balance between having so many pleats they interfere with each other and ones that don’t take advantage of the maximum surface area expansion. The depth of the pleats is also very important. Deeper pleats can translate to longer lasting filters without necessarily sacrificing efficiency.

You are best served, however, with starting off with conventional 1/2” pleats, and then move up from there if you feel it is needed.

Pad Filters – these filters do not have pleats, and are usually made from various fibers. They are not as efficient as pleated filters, and usually do not go above MERV 8 or 9. These filters are good for pre-filtering, however the best quality will still come from pleated variants.

Electrostatic Grids – dust and many other airborne particles carry a weak electrical charge. When air passes over the metal electrostatic grid, it also generates a very weak charge that attracts airborne particles. This can draw in more particles faster and increase the overall efficiency of the filtering system.

If you are going to build your own filters or trim down rolls of pleated material, it is worth your while to buy media that has the electrostatic grid included.

Activated Carbon – if you are concerned about poison gasses, volatile organic compounds, automobile exhaust, and other fumes, filter media impregnated with activated carbon will be absolutely essential. Since the MERV ratings for these filters doesn’t exceed an 8 or 9, you will have to use it as a pre-filter.

Fortunately, MERV ratings don’t have anything to do with the overall efficiency of the carbon layer. It will still remove the same amount of gasses and toxins regardless of the percentage and size of solid or liquid particles removed by the supporting media.

Reusable Filters – at this time, it is very hard to find a good quality, inexpensive reusable filter with a guaranteed MERV efficiency rating. If you are committed to using reusable filters, try to see if you can find a company to custom manufacture some on your behalf.

This is an expensive option, however if you can get the quality you need in a filter that will last a lifetime, it will save money and concerns over stockpiling filters in the long run. Just make sure that you have a reliable system onhand to test the quality of the filter once you receive it, and that the company has a good reputation and warranty system.

Items and Tools You Will Need

Once you purchase the fan and filters, it will take very little in the way of tools and time to assemble a Box Fan Air Purifier. In most cases, you can complete the initial installation in about half an hour. Later on, when you change the filters, allow for an additional 10 minutes or so to vacuum out the motor and remove dust from the fan blades.

  • Duct tape
  • cardboard (you can use the box the fan came in for this part)
  • permanent marker
  • drafting compass
  • scissors
  • padded work gloves
  • fan (20 x 20 box fan, any model and manufacturer)
  • filters (depends on your needs and research findings). This article is based on the 3M MERV-12, 20 x 20 pleated filter and the WEB Absorber Cut to Fit 20 x 25 filter.

Building the Box Fan Air Purifier

Start off by unpacking the fan and making sure that it works. Run the fan on high speed for at least 48 hours to make sure it does not have an strange odors or burning smells. If you detect anything bitter, foul, or “electrical”, return the fan immediately and exchange it for another one.

A fan with a smelly motor at the beginning will continue to smell. It’s just not worth the effort to put up with it.

Next,

At the back of the fan, carefully measure the diameter of the motor vents.

It is very important to keep these vents open because the motor will get quite hot from constant operation. Covering the vents will only shorten the life of the fan and provide little in the way of useful filtration.

Take a drafting compass and make a circle on the cardboard large enough to cover the motor vents. Next, cut the cardboard into the shape of a circle. You now have a template to use for cutting the holes in any filter you decide to attach to the fan.

Attach a small piece of duct tape (or clear tape) to the template so that some of the sticky side touches template, and more sticky surface is exposed to the air. Place the template over the fan motor holes.

Lay the innermost filter on top of the fan and template. Make sure that the air flow arrows on the filter match the direction the air will flow through the fan. Press down slightly on the center of the filter. At this point, the template should stick to the filter. Simply lift the filter up and you will know exactly where to cut the hole into the filter.

Use a permanent marker to trace a circle around the template. When drawing the circle on pleated media, you only need to mark the top of the pleat.

Put on padded work gloves for the next few steps. The electrostatic grid on the filters is very thin and can cut into your skin easily. While these aren’t necessarily big wounds, it is still best to avoid them.

Remove the template and proceed to cut out the circle area from the filter with the scissors. The easiest way with pleats is to snip the top as far down as you can reach with the scissor. Next, flip the filter over and match the scissor snips on what is now the top surface of the pleat. Do not cut the electrostatic grid during this process.

Carefully reach into the pleated area, and pull the cut circle area through the electrostatic grid. Work the paper back and forth until you get a feel for how to pull on the paper to bring it through the grid without breaking the metal. If the paper feels to thick or bunches off, cut some off and continue pulling through another hole. When you are done, the filter should look like this:

If you are using a prefilter, you will also have to cut a hole in that one. Keep the first filter in place and fit the template back over the hole. Make sure some sticky tape is exposed.

Place the prefilter on top of the template so that it fits correctly on the fan.

if the filter is too large in length or width, use the scissors to cut it down to size.

Press the second filter down in the center region to engage the tape. Lift the filter and flip it over so you can see where the template is stuck.

As long as the filter is not pleated, you can just use the scissors to cut around the template.

Make sure the inner filter is in proper position.

Place outer filter on top so that the holes line up with the holes in the fan motor.

Place the grille that comes with the Web Absorber Cut to Fit pads over the two filters.

Take some duct tape and slice the strip down the middle about 1 ½ inches.and place it on the grille so that the slices are separated by the bars in the grille.

Fold the tape over the bars so that it sticks to itself, like this:

Finish off the taping by attaching it to the side of the fan. Use at least two pieces of tape for each side of the fan to ensure the filters stay in place.

Your DIY air purifier is now ready to use. Put it near heating vents, doorways, or other areas where dust and contaminated air are most likely to come in. Do not forget to change the filters at recommended intervals, or more often if they become soiled quickly.

During this process, always vacuum out the motor and fan blades so that dust does not build up. At the beginning, you may go through more filters simply because there may already be a sizeable build up of pollution that you are so used to you don’t notice it anymore.

Rest assured, however, as the air gets clearer and cleaner, you will definitely notice when the filters need changing!

Safety Precautions

As with any other electrical appliance, there is always the risk of overheating or a fire. You should never leave the fans unattended. If you must leave the house, even for a short time, close them down and unplug them.

Remember, even though you are allowing air flow for the motor, this is still not a listed “safe” application for a box fan. Never trust these devices to be unattended. As a final note of safety, use this design at your own risk. Results and outcomes may vary. Neither the author nor the publishers are responsible for any injuries or other damage that may result from using this design or recommendations.

When it comes to affordable and efficient air purification methods, I have found nothing that works as well as attaching regular heating system filters to the back of box fans. While there are some important precautions that must be observed, this system can work and produce clean air for years to come.

If you have experience already with this kind of system, or have tried other air purifiers, I would love to hear about your results and see if they match mine.

This article has been written by Carmela Tyrell for Survivopedia.

Best Outdoor Security Lights at Night

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As mentioned in my post Bad Guys Don’t Like Light, darkness is a bad guys best friend, the last thing they want is to have a light turn on, or for that matter a dog bark, both of which are a signal that something is going on and bad guys don’t want anyone to know […]

The post Best Outdoor Security Lights at Night appeared first on Vigil Prudence.

How to Make a Bacon Grease Emergency Candle

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This post is by Bernie Carr, apartmentprepper.com I made a Bacon Grease Candle based on the instructions found in Willow Haven Outdoor.   After all, bacon is my favorite breakfast food.  I’ve made other lamps before, and I wanted to see how if this one would work. You will need Bacon grease   (If you don’t have bacon grease, lard, tallow or Crisco should work just as well.) String (I used a tampon string, but you can use other types such as cotton twine […]

The post How to Make a Bacon Grease Emergency Candle appeared first on Apartment Prepper.

How to Make a Bacon Grease Emergency Candle

Click here to view the original post.

This post is by Bernie Carr, apartmentprepper.com I made a Bacon Grease Candle based on the instructions found in Willow Haven Outdoor.   After all, bacon is my favorite breakfast food.  I’ve made other lamps before, and I wanted to see how if this one would work. You will need Bacon grease   (If you don’t have bacon grease, lard, tallow or Crisco should work just as well.) String (I used a tampon string, but you can use other types such as cotton twine […]

The post How to Make a Bacon Grease Emergency Candle appeared first on Apartment Prepper.

The Kidney Wrap: Prepare Your Body For Winter

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Have you ever heard of a kidney wrap? It’s a simple but powerful technique to take care of your body during the winter months.

It soothes the adrenals and ensures your body will be ready to have a fabulous spring. This amazing health technique used to be well known by folks who lived in cold climates, and you’ll recognize the truth of it when looking at the fashions people wore in old photos.

Learn how to protect your own body with a kidney wrap in this video featuring Doug Simons (the master herbalist who teaches “Treating Infections Without Antibiotics”).

(This is an updated version of an article originally published in October 2013.) 

 

The post The Kidney Wrap: Prepare Your Body For Winter appeared first on The Grow Network.

8 Tips On How To Get A Good Night’s Sleep In The Outdoors

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Getting back to nature is one of the last remaining pleasures we as Americans can all agree on. The great outdoors, however, is not a place to be taken lightly. Every year campers tragically die in situations that could’ve been easily avoided. Thankfully this is rare. What’s more common is that every year countless campers … Read more…

The post 8 Tips On How To Get A Good Night’s Sleep In The Outdoors was written by Bob Rodgers and appeared first on Prepper’s Will.

11 Highest Calorie Crops for Your Survival Garden

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Right now, most of us live in a world where the fewer calories a food has, the better. Should the day ever come when food is in short supply, though, that trend will reverse. When preparing to grow a survival garden, the number of calories a crop offers is an important consideration. Although veggies like […]

The post 11 Highest Calorie Crops for Your Survival Garden appeared first on Urban Survival Site.

Off-Grid Dental Care and Emergencies!

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Off-Grid Dental Care and Emergencies!

Off-Grid Dental Care and Emergencies
Cat Ellis “Herbal Prepper Live” Audio player below!

This  Herbal Prepper Live show explores the preventative and emergency dental care for off-grid scenarios. Preppers tend to think a lot about what life would be if there were no doctor, hospital, or pharmacy around. This week, we’re looking at strategies if there is no dentist or commercially-prepared dental hygiene products available.

Herbal Dental Care

Listen to this broadcast or download “Off-Grid Dental Care and Emergencies” in player below!

Continue reading Off-Grid Dental Care and Emergencies! at Prepper Broadcasting Network.