Gram Conversions for Baking

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Baking is an exacting science. Measuring by weight/grams is far more accurate than measuring by volume, therefore is more likely to achieve reliable and consistent results especially when baking bread. Refer to the chart below to convert baking measures into grams.
All Purpose White Flour:
          1/2 cup = 60 grams

1 cup = 120 grams

          2 cups = 240 grams

          3 cups = 360 grams

         

Whole Wheat Grain Kernels, to Be Home Milled:
1/2 cup = 100 grams

1 cup = 200 grams

2 cups = 400 grams

         

Water, Milk:
1 oz = 30 grams

4 oz = ½ cup = 120 grams

8 oz = 1 cup = 240 grams

Oil:

          1 oz = 28 = grams

2 oz = ¼ cup = 56 grams

4 oz = ½ cup = 112 grams

8 oz = 1 cup = 224 grams

                  
Butter:

          1 tbs = 15 grams

2 tbs = 30 grams

4 tbs = ½ stick = ¼ cup = 60 grams

          8 tbs = 1 stick = ½ cup = 120 grams

          16 tbs = 2 sticks = 1 cup = 240 grams

Shortening:
Can shortening be substituted for oil? Yes in equal weights.

Not only does shortening have 50% less saturated fat than butter and 0g trans fat per serving, it gives you higher, lighter-textured baked goods.

Sugar, White or Light Brown (lightly packed):

          ¼  cup = 50 grams

          ½ cup = 100 grams

          1 cup = 200 grams