Understanding EMP and Why You Should Prepare For It

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Source:  giphy.com


You’ve probably read books about EMP like One Second After and have likely heard of the Carrington Event, but what is an EMP and what does it have to with a CME?

An Electromagnetic Pulse can be caused by different things like a lightning strike, or a meteor breaking up in the atmosphere, or your car engine starting up.  (The latter was corrected back in the 80’s by a law saying they had to shield starters.)  The types we’re going to discuss  are Nuclear Electromagnetic Pulse (NEMP), High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP), and Coronal Mass Ejection (CME).

By Jarhead Survivor, a contributing author SHTFBlog & Survival Cache

Nuclear Electromagnetic Pulse – Starfish Prime

Back in 1962 scientists launched a W49 thermonuclear warhead into space and exploded it 250 miles above the Earth in a test called Starfish Prime.  This caused an EMP much bigger than predicted and it drove much of the instrumentation used to measure it off scale.  It also knocked out about 300 street lights, set off burglar alarms, and knocked out a microwave link in Hawaii, which was about 900 miles away.  The yield from this weapon was about 1.5 megatons.  It also knocked out some satellites in Low Earth Orbit due to an artificial radiation belt caused by the explosion.


Soviet Test 184

Right around the same time as Starfish Prime the Soviets conducted a test over Jezkazgan detonating a 300 kiloton nuclear weapon at an altitude of 180 miles.   This is considered to be much lower than the yield from one of today’s nuclear weapons.  Since this test was conducted over land the Soviets monitored roughly 570 kilometers of telephone line.  When the bomb detonated it caused major damage to overhear power lines, underground power lines buried to a depth of 1 meter, telephone lines, power generation sub-stations, military diesel generators and electronic failures, all despite the fact that they were using EMP-resistant Vacuum Tube technology at the time.

Source: giphy.com

Source: giphy.com

Coronal Mass Ejection

Coronal Mass Ejection, or CME for short, is when the sun blows off plasma and magnetic energy.  When these hit the Earth they can cause damage similar to an EMP.  In 1859 a CME hit the Earth and caused telegraph lines to give telegraph operators electric shocks.

Telegraph systems all over Europe and North America failed, in some cases giving telegraph operators electric shocks.[15] Telegraph pylons threw sparks.[16] Some telegraph operators could continue to send and receive messages despite having disconnected their power supplies.

A solar storm of this magnitude occurring today would cause widespread disruptions and damage to a modern and technology-dependent society.[2][3] The solar storm of 2012 was of similar magnitude, but it passed Earth’s orbit without striking the planet.


There have been a few other large events like The Carrington Event since 1859; however, most have missed the planet sparing us the worst they could do.

In light of current political unrest in a nuclear capable world and Coronal Mass Ejections randomly throwing electromagnetic darts out into the solar system it seems prudent to at least do some serious thinking about what could possibly happen in a long term grid down event.  If a grid collapse were to occur it would open the door to Pandora’s Box, in this case meaning that people dependent on electricity to keep them alive would likely be dead within days, if not hours of the event.


What happens when one of the richest countries with the worlds most pampered population is suddenly thrown into darkness?

A grid collapse would lead to an economic collapse, food would no longer be distributed to cities likely causing food riots and major civil unrest would follow.  About ten or so years ago a city in Massachusetts had a water main break and people were under an order to boil water before drinking.  The city was shipping in free water to hand out to citizens, yet there were fist fights among people waiting in line.  The amazing thing is they still had electricity and running water – they just had to boil it first.  I don’t think it would be unreasonable to extrapolate large scale food riots if the grid went down and there were no more food deliveries here in the U.S.

Stores will likely start charging exorbitant rates for their goods in the days immediately following a collapse.  At least until the store owners figured out the paper they’re accepting for their goods is worthless.  Twenty bucks for a package of Oodles of Noodles?  Bargain.  Buy it quick.

In the book “One Second After” by William Forstchen the story centers around a small town in North Carolina that suddenly has to deal with a complete collapse of the grid after an EMP.  One of the things he discusses is the fact that we live in a country where everything is clean and sterile and our natural resistance to diseases has been diminished.  A good round of the flu in this situation could kill millions.  There are many diseases out there easily communicable that could cause a massive die-off of people.

It doesn’t take much imagination to see towns walling themselves off or setting up checkpoints like the small town in the book.  First, to protect themselves from people fleeing the cities and second, to stop the spread of disease.


Preparing for a long term grid down situation would be akin to learning how to live comfortably in the 1800’s.  There may be the odd pocket here and there of hardened generators or places with water turbines that could be repaired or what have you, but for the most part the country would be dark.

It’s good to have canned and dehydrated food standing by to stave off hunger for a few months or a year, but eventually you’ll have to learn how to grow crops, raise animals, and hunt and fish for your food.  And you’ll have to do it the old fashioned way – by hand or using oxen or horses to plow your fields.  If you’re lucky you might have a working tractor, but it’ll be up to you to keep it running.

Learn new skills and acquire knowledge.  Put a wood stove in your house if possible.  Have a large buck saw with a bunch of blades and an axe and splitting maul in your shed.

Set up a community of people to help each other.  No man is an island and someone who’s thought about this scenario needs to step up and become a leader, guiding those who don’t have the first idea of what to do down a path of doing something constructive instead of rioting, stealing, or even killing for a scrap of food.

Learn how to shoot a gun and know when to use it.  You will probably have to protect yourself, your family, or your possessions at some point.

Learn how to make candles, natural lamps and oil for light at night.  After the batteries are gone it could be years before you see electric lights again.

Raise chickens.  A dozen chickens can eat bugs right off the lawn and will lay eggs that will be priceless.

Grid Dependence

Stop for a minute and take a good look at how you live.  Do you wake up in the morning to your phone or tablet waking you up and immediately dive into Facebook or the news before you even get out of bed?  Are you totally dependent on electricity to cook your food, heat your water, make your coffee, and everything else you do?

Cutting wood the old fashioned way.

Cutting wood the old fashioned way.

Or if the power goes out can you get out a camp stove and a percolator and make some coffee with water you have stored away?  Have you done even the slightest bit of preparation for a power outage?

Are you comfortable camping out in a tent in all seasons?  Do you know how to start a fire in the rain or the snow?  Can you read a compass and go from point A to point B reliably?  Remember that the expensive GPS unit you bought will probably be worthless.

I live in Maine and we typically lose the power here three or four times a year where I live out in the boonies.  When the power goes out I have everything I need to make breakfast, wash up, have coffee, and get myself out the door with only a minimum of fuss.  I’m comfortable staying in a tipi with just a small woodstove.  My wife and kids are comfortable in the woods hanging out around an open fire and eating food cooked over it.

Small stove I use in my tipi.

Small stove I use in my tipi.

If you live in a city or urban area and have no idea how to make an open fire, or how to take care of yourself or your family if the lights go out for a few days what are you going to do when it goes out for a year?  Or two?  Could you survive?

I’ve talked with many people about this kind of scenario and a surprising amount of them have told me: “It wouldn’t matter because I’d be dead.  I wouldn’t want to live through something like that.”  Every time I hear that it blows my mind, but some estimates say we’d lose seven to nine people out of every ten if we had to live through a real long-term grid down situation, so their wish would likely come true.

Are you physically fit?  Life after the grid will likely be very strenuous.  Can you carry your bug-out bag twenty miles a day?  Ten?  Five?  Have you ever pulled it out of your closet and taken it for a walk?  Physical fitness is something we Americans lost touch with a generation ago.  Believe it or not most American’s could probably stave off 90% of the illnesses in this country if they’d just diet and exercise properly.  But it’s much easier to take a bunch of pills and medications to control high blood pressure or heart disease than to avoid it all together by eating smart.  Diet or die.  It’s your call.


Get used to a little discomfort.  Go for a hike in the woods when it’s snowing or raining.  Allow yourself to get cold and wet to see what it really feels like then multiply it by a hundred when it happens for real, because then you might not be able to get to shelter except for what you can build out of natural materials.  Go a day or two without eating and see how it feels.  Go down in your basement and turn off the electricity for a weekend and see what kind of obstacles you’ll face.

Pain lets you know you’re still alive.  At least that’s what the Drill Instructors used to tell us at Parris Island.

So how about it?  Could you survive?  Would you want to?  What kind of challenges do you see if the grid goes down?

-Jarhead Survivor


Free PDF: An Elementary Study of Chemistry

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An Elementary Study of Chemistry is another old manuscript that has lost its copyright.  Like the other posts in the Free PDF/Chemistry category, its probably overkill, but I have been swearing I would share these PDF documents for years, and I finally decided to get to it.The chemistry category is not the largest category of PDF’s I have, but it is pretty significant.  I have an interest in what is academically known as energetic materials, but as I know what prison is like my interest is purely and solely academic in nature.  I’ve been lucky enough to take some pretty

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Book Review: Ditch Medicine

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Anyone can go online and order sutures, quick clot, and fish antibiotics, and a quick trip to the co-op can net you all sorts of neat medical trinkets. If your willing to spend the money you can buy all sorts of high adventure medical kits, or military medic kits, but knowing how to use them is another thing altogether.  That is where Ditch Medicine: Advanced Field Procedures For Emergencies fits in. Ditch Medicine’s author, Hugh Coffee as been in emergency medicine since 1985 – and has been a swat medic for the last 10 years. He spends a lot of

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Oregano Essential Oil uses for Preppers

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What is oregano and why you need it in your preps.

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10 Best Ways to Store Soft and Hard Cheeses

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Who doesn’t love at least one type of cheese? It’s fresh, delicious, versatile and fit for any season. Stores have an abundance of cheeses, from soft and creamy cheese with a fresh taste or hard and aged flavored cheese. After purchasing the cheese, you will need to keep it fresh for as long as possible. However, you may not afford those expensive gourmet cheeses. Also, the cheap and processed cheese products may sound unhealthy. If you haven’t found the cheese type you want to purchase next or don’t know trustworthy cheese brands, you can find more details and options on

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Citizen Scientist Discovers “Lost” Re-Booted Satelite — NASA Befuddled but Happy!

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“But who’s going to listen to some guy in his basement with a coil of copper wire on his roof?”

stock here– indeed Citizen Scientists retain the ability to think and intuit.    Could this satellite have been rebooted by an Eclipse?

We’ve covered this before, and now here’s the backstory and timeline from NASA Goddard, it’s fun reading.

A Detailed Timeline of The IMAGE Mission Recovery

The Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration, or IMAGE, spacecraft was re-discovered in January 2018 after more than twelve years of silence. A powerhouse of magnetosphere and aurora research, the IMAGE mission was a key driver of studies of the Sun-Earth connection from its launch on March 25, 2000, until its last contact on Dec. 18, 2005.
Now a watchful citizen scientist, NASA, and a team of IMAGE scientists and engineers detected and received data from the spacecraft. Here’s how it happened.

Saturday, Jan. 20
1:39 AM EST:  Amateur astronomer Scott Tilley in Roberts Creek, British Columbia, using his home satellite detection rig, begins his nightly sky scan then goes to bed.

Here is one:
Some amazing things discovered or invented by amateurs:

  1. Gravity, laws of motion – Newton was a 23-yr old farm boy though he studied math at Cambridge U
  2. Lightning rod – Benjamin Franklin was a science hobbyist
  3. Combustion, conservation of mass – Lavoisier’s hobby was chemistry
  4. Planet Uranus – Hershel was a musician and amateur astronomer
  5. Group theory – Galois was a 19-yr old college student
  6. Conservation of energy (1st law of thermodynamics) – Joule was a brewer not a professional scientist
  7. Maxwell’s equations (in modern form), vector analysis – Heaviside was a self-taught mathematician
  8. Fundamentals of rocketry – Tsiolkovsky was a recluse who did scientific research in his home
    Airplane – Wright bros. were bicycle makers tinkering with flying machines
  9. Special theory of relativity, photoelectric effect – Einstein was a 26-yr old clerk but he had a degree in physics
  10. Continental drift (precursor to plate tectonics) – Wegener was a meteorologist dabbling in geology
  11. Electronic TV – conceptualized by 14-yr old Farnsworth, independently of other inventors
  12. Computer – Zuse was a civil engineer tinkering with computing machines in 1930s

Crabgrass: How To Get Rid Of This Weed For Good

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The post Crabgrass: How To Get Rid Of This Weed For Good is by
Lorin Nielsen and appeared first on Epic Gardening, the best urban gardening, hydroponic gardening, and aquaponic gardening blog.

Crabgrass can invade and conquer your lawn if you give it a chance. Little tufts of quick-growing wild grasses can create trip hazards, and it’ll spread like wildfire wherever there’s any open space. So what’s the best way to get rid of crabgrass? Is there a good crabgrass treatment? Today, I’ll tell you everything that … Read more

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Better Ways than Hunting to Provide Food!

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Better Ways than Hunting to Provide Food!

Better Ways than Hunting to Provide Food for Yourself in a Survival Scenario!

There are a lot of fallacies when it comes to prepping for the next big natural disaster or other SHTF scenario. It’s great that you have managed to stockpile a large amount of food in the shelter in your home and you have greatly honed your hunting skills over the years too. Here is one thing that many preppers fail to consider and that is the fact you may be forced away from your home to survive.

Continue reading Better Ways than Hunting to Provide Food! at Prepper Broadcasting Network.

Teaching Kids to Be Prepared With Their First Emergency Kit

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As adults, it is easy to worry about what may or may not happen. As kids however, the thoughts never even cross their minds. All they want to do is eat, sleep and play. In this article I will show you how I started teaching kids the importance of being prepared. So, when is the […]

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How To Survive Radiation Poisoning From A Nuclear Attack Or Accident

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With two nuclear capable countries engaged in continuous bombardment of colorful words, one can’t help but think that at some point, someone pissed enough would push the red button and trigger the next world war.

Quick Navigation

  1. How Nuclear Radiation Affects The Body
     A. Acute Radiation Syndrome
     B. Diseases Associated With Radiation Poisoning
  2. Radiation Poisoning In History
     A. The Man Who Drank Prescription Radium
     B. The Demon Core
     C. Two Hundred Times More Concentrated
     D. The Victims Of Hiroshima And Nagasaki Bombings
    E. Earthquake Triggered
    F. Whole City Contaminated
  3. Preparing For Radiation Poisoning
    A. Be The First To Hear About What’s Happening
    B. Check The Map
    C. Expect The Worst Thing To Happens
    D. Stock Up With Prepping Needs
    E. Build An Underground Shelter
    F. Radiological Water Filter Systems
    G. Stock Up On Anti-Radiation Pills And Radiation Detoxifying Food
    H. Detect Radiation
    I. Protective Gears Against Radiation
  4. Avoiding Exposure From Radiation
    A. Bug In Or Bug Out
    B. Drinking Water Safety
    C. Remove Contaminants
    D. Learn The Symptoms And Get Checked

According to many surveys, the US-North Korea rift makes one of the greatest world security concerns today. Moreover, the news of US conducting quiet military drills in different parts of the world in its campaign to pressure North Korea adds up to the tension.

As predicted by many experts, the next world war would result to deaths of millions, probably greater than the past wars combined. Different countries may find themselves involved in this war plunging the world economy down the marsh pit. However, compared to the previous world wars which lasted for years, the next one is expected to end up quickly. Given the power of today’s weaponry, these forecasts are highly likely to happen.

If a nuclear warhead hits the city and you survived the initial attack, you’re left to deal with another problem —  a world envenomed by nuclear radiation. To live through this stage, one must prepare and execute plans with extra care to avoid becoming a casualty. What are your chances and how can you get out alive of this catastrophe?

How Nuclear Radiation Affects The Body

After a nuclear explosion, the event emits radiation particles that disperse quickly to the surroundings. These emission contains enough energy that can destroy the electrons out of every matter. When this happens, it gives existence to ion pairs or ionizing radiation which highly reacts to chemicals.

Ionizing radiation comes in different types: alpha, beta, gamma, cosmic, neutrons, X-rays and more. Regardless of what type of ionizing radiation hits you, it’s the amount of exposure that poisons and kills. The absorbed dose is measured in units of Grays (Gy) or sievert (Sv). A quick abdominal X-ray exposes you to a very light dose which makes it safe. But when your body gets fully exposed to radiation of 300 Sv or more, you only have a couple of minutes to live.

Acute Radiation Syndrome

How will you die from nuclear radiation poisoning aka Acute Radiation Syndrome (ARS)? Ionizing radiation is good when it comes to one thing — destroying DNA. It either breaks the cells enough to kill them or cause mutation that will eventually result to cancer.

The severity of ARS would depend on the amount of radiation exposure. Lower doses (< 1.0) can cause nausea, vomiting, headaches, fever and fatigue. Higher amount of exposure (1.0-4.0 Gy) kills the blood cells. You can still survive, but the treatment process involves a series of blood transfusion and administering of antibiotics. A radiation poisoning victim who received this amount of ionizing radiation will also suffer from a weakened immune system, uncontrollable bleeding, and anemia due to blood complications.

Patients who absorbed 2 Gy of ionizing radiation or more will notice an odd sunburn on different parts of their body. This condition is called acute radiodermatitis often characterized by red patches, blistering, and peeling skin.

Doses between 4-8 Gy could be fatal. However, the symptoms before death still depend on the amount of absorbed radiation poison. Patients exposed at this level suffer from severe diarrhea, vomiting, dizziness and fever. If left untreated, the victim could die in just a week.

Doses between 8-30 Gy terminates the life of a patient within two weeks after the exposure. After an hour of exposure, victims will experience nausea and extreme diarrhea.

Those who received more than 30 Gy of nuclear radiation will also experience severe vomiting, diarrhea, and dizziness. Seizures and involuntary movements are also common. Death occurs within 48 hours.

Diseases Associated With Radiation Poisoning

Due to destruction of cells and tissues or mutation that occurs in the body contaminated by ionizing radiation, different diseases may occur immediately or years after the radiation exposure. Some of these include:

  • Leukemia (bone marrow destruction)
  • Cancers of the colon, thyroid, breast, bile ducts, bladder, kidney, pancreas, ovary, small intestine, urinary tract and salivary glands.
  • Multiple myeloma (plasma cells cancer)
  • Thyroid nodular disease
  • Tumors of the brain
  • Tumors of the central nervous system
  • Sclerosis

Radiation Poisoning In History

The devastating effects of nuclear radiation will make someone wish for their life to end immediately. Looking into some famous instances, it appeared that it’s better to get caught in a  nuclear bombing where death is quick, instead of absorbing doses of radiation that leads to agonizing pain and suffering.

Listed below are well-known incidents and cases of people who died due to receiving high or repeated doses of ionizing radiation.

The Man Who Drank Prescription Radium

Eben McBurney Byers, an American aristocrat, athlete, and industrialist, injured his arm while traveling after the Harvard-Yale football game. He complained of persistent pain and took Radithor, a highly radium-concentrated patent medicine as suggested by his doctor.

Byers drank 1,400 bottles of Radithor over three years and as a result, his bones received loads of radium that it even shrank his jaw. He also suffered from brain abscess and holes in his skull. Two years after he stopped taking Radithor, Byers died from radiation poisoning in 1932.

The Demon Core

Slotin criticality accident drawing

Slotin criticality accident drawing

Harry K. Daghlian, Jr. was a physicist researching for the Manhattan Project. While conducting an experiment to build a nuclear reflector, Daghlian accidentally dropped the last tungsten carbide brick into the center of the plutonium core and brick assembly. This caused the reaction to become super critical.

To halt the reaction, he attempted to knock off the brick but failed. He was forced to get close so that he can partially disassemble the tungsten carbide pile to prevent further disaster. As a result, he absorbed a high dose of neutron radiation. Daghlian was given intensive medical care but he still fell into a coma and died 25 days after the accident.

After a few months, another researcher who worked on the Manhattan Project fell victim to nuclear poisoning. Louis Slotin, performed an experiment as eight others watched. He tried to place two half-spheres of beryllium around the plutonium core trying to create one of the first steps in fissure reaction. But an accident happened where the beryllium fell causing a critical reaction which he managed to fix. However, Slotin was already exposed to very high doses of ionizing radiation.

According to the records, Slotin experienced a sour taste in his mouth and a burning sensation in his left hand. Others observed the blue glow of air ionization and a sudden heat wave. Slotin vomited as soon as they got out of the facility, which is a common reaction to people who absorbed doses of nuclear radiation. He was rushed to the hospital but his health deteriorated in just a matter of days. After nine days, Slotin died from ARS caused by the same core dropped by Daghlian, earning the name “demon core”.

Two Hundred Times More Concentrated

In 1958, an accident involving a plutonium processing tank occurred killing an experienced chemical operator. Cecil Kelley was working in a tank that supposed to have 0.1 grams of plutonium per liter. However, due to improper transfers, the tank turned out to have held plutonium concentration of 200 times higher. Also, the concentration was not distributed evenly making it prone to criticality even before Kelley tried to began the operation. When he switched the stirrer on, the tank formed a vortex and other worked heard a dull thud coming from Kelley’s area.

Two operators rushed to help Kelley and brought him to the hospital. He was retching, vomiting and hyperventilating. When the doctors conducted a test, they found out Kelley’s body fully radioactive.

Two hours after the incident, he regained coherence but it was clear that he won’t survive for long. Test results also showed that Kelley’s bone marrow was destroyed and he began experiencing pain in his abdomen that won’t react to medication. Kelley died 35 hours after the criticality accident.

The Victims Of Hiroshima And Nagasaki Bombings

Around 70,000 to 80,000 people died immediately when the uranium bomb, “Little Boy”, was dropped in Hiroshima. After three days, 40,000-75,000 lives perished instantly after the plutonium bomb, “Fat Man”, exploded in Nagasaki. But these are not the only deaths caused by the bombings. In fact, approximately 250,000 more died of radiation burns, thermal burns, radiation sickness and other diseases caused by radiation poisoning which came from these two events.

Earthquake Triggered

Apart from human error, a nuclear tragedy may come as a result of a natural disaster such as earthquake in the case of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. In March 2011, an earthquake with magnitude 9.0 hit the northeast coast of Japan causing nuclear meltdown, explosions and radiation leaks. The incident contaminated the nearby soil and water.

Two bodies were found in the turbine room of the power plant while 167 workers were exposed to radiation. While the public received low doses of ionizing radiation, the Japanese government expects a very low amount of cancer issues to develop.

Whole City Contaminated

The biggest nuclear accident that happened so far in history took place at the Chernobyl Power Plant in Ukraine. Due to regional power issues, the workers conducting a test to figure out how turbines would supply energy to different pumps after a power failure paused the test. The night shift workers which are newbies and not fully trained were left to continue the experiment.

As a result, multiple errors were made while the automatic shutdown mechanisms were disabled. The reactor SCRAMed and issues with the design helped the core to quickly overheat. It eventually exploded releasing huge amounts of radioactive steam and fission products. One of the workers was killed immediately and his body must be identifiable as it was never found. Another one was rushed to the hospital but also died due to his injuries.

The Chernobyl incident of 1986 caused ARS to 237 people working on site. Twenty eight people died within weeks, six of them were firefighters who attended to the fires of the turbine building.  Nineteen more died between 1984 and 2004. While no one off site suffered from acute radiation syndrome, the fallout soon generated many cases of childhood thyroid cancers. The Chernobyl nuclear accident affected around one million people and made a huge part of Pripyat city contaminated up to now.


Preparing For Radiation Poisoning

Apart from nuclear attacks, a world contaminated by radiation may come as a result of human error as mentioned in many examples above, or a natural disaster. Think of the earthquake and tsunami that caused the Fukushima incident placing many nearby residents in danger of dying from conditions associated with radiation poisoning.

If you happened to survive the initial blast, you’ll continue to make it out alive if you prepped enough to shield yourself and your family from the dispersed nuclear fall out brought by the wind. Here are some things you can do to increase the chances of your survival.

Be The First To Hear About What’s Happening

The most important key to get away from nuclear radiation is to know about the incident the moment it explodes. When it happens, power lines may die and you’re left wondering what just happened. Radio signals may be affected as well as the internet. With the basic communication tools dead, how will you know about the upcoming disaster?

The government will send out warnings of fallout arrival through an official channel for emergency announcements. However, only radios with short antennas like the NOAA/All Hazard Weather Channels with Alert and Weather Scan will work as they won’t be affected by the nuclear fallout. So if you don’t have one, time to purchase from your favorite online shopping store.

Another stuff that will remain functional despite the electromagnetic pulse around the area is the 50-channel two-way radio from Midland Communications. You will receive alerts about nuclear power plant warnings with a detection range of 36 miles out. This will let you know about a nuclear power plant accident or an attack ahead of anyone giving you enough time to prepare and device whether to bug in or bug out.

Check The Map

In case of a nuclear power plant accident, it’s best to always know its distance from your home. Check the map to make sure if you reside near a power plant. You also need to know whether the site is operational or not. Do it now as soon as you read this sentence. We provided an updated map of U.S. Nuclear Power Plant location and their status below.

U.S. Nuclear Power Plant Status, 2018 – (source: Wikipedia)

Your residence must sit many miles away from the plant to be safe. But if you want to completely get away from danger, consider moving to neighboring city.

A nuclear accident may come as light as an X-ray dose. However, the usual mishaps involving nuclear power plants turned out to be deadly like the Fukushima Daiichi and Chernobyl disaster. Also, a nuclear attack carried out by terrorists or enemy countries may go as far as we can imagine. Assume the worst thing to take place so you can always come up with the best course of action.

Stock Up With Prepping Needs

If you decide to bug in or stay at home, you need enough supplies to keep you alive until the government finds a way to decontaminate the area. Some bunkers can keep emergency food packs, canned goods, and other food items that will last for three to five years while giving you enough space to grow crops or raise livestock, poultry, and some aquatic goods.

But when it comes to basic human survival, preppers make sure to not just dwell too much on stocking up food. Other categories everyone would need in any dire situation would be:

Build An Underground Shelter

This may not be an option for all. However, it’s one great investment for any household as shelters serve as safe havens in many other events apart from a nuclear fallout such as an air strike or an earthquake. The Atlas underground bunker sounds like a good deal as you can get a safe place to “let it all pass” for $36,000.

A shelter must be able to sustain itself through its own water and power sources. Generators would come in handy once a national black out commenced. While a water source may become tainted with radiation, they are still safe to use for cleaning or decontamination. Radiological water filters will help solve water problems in many situations.

If you don’t have enough funds to build an underground shelter, storm shelters and root cellars will do. You can also fortify your home to make it resistant from fallout threats. Seal up windows with tough plastic sheets for pandemics and duct tape. This would provide sufficient defense against radiation.

Block the entrance with sandbags to prevent intruders from getting in. Sandbags also shields you from radiation, bullets, and explosives. Build more mass for a higher amount of protection.

Radiological Water Filter Systems

Radiation cannot be removed by just boiling contaminated water. You can only make sure of it by using a trusted radiological water filter system. The Seychelles Water Filter eliminates 100% of identified radiological contaminants from drinking water. It includes: radium 226, cesium 137, uranium, gross beta, radon 222, and radioactive iodine B1.

Stock Up On Anti-Radiation Pills And Radiation Detoxifying Food

Nuclear radiation from a distance can be carried away by the wind. When it reaches your destination, make sure you gathered enough protection from its damages. Anti-radiation tablets will not immunize you from radiation but they can prevent some damaging effects caused by radiation poisoning.

The thyroid, the part of the body that is most sensitive to radiation, uses iodine to make a thyroid hormone. When ionized radiation made contact with the thyroid, it scoops up radioactive iodine.

Anti-radiation tablets are usually potassium iodate pills. These pills protect the thyroid by supplying it with enough iodine so that it is no longer necessary to absorb any further. This prevents the thyroid from getting radioactive iodine that causes the development of thyroid cancer.

Sodium bicarbonate also counts as a radioactive medicine. Like potassium iodate, it reduces some effects caused by radiation exposure. Sodium bicarbonate or baking soda prevents kidney failure and protects other sensitive tissues from damage.

Dietary pectin is also known as a radioprotective agent. Apple pectin effectively sweeps toxins and contaminants in the digestive tract. A report from Swiss Medical Weekly says that a study confirmed the reduction of 137Cs update on kids exposed to the radiation emitted by the Chernobyl incident. Apple pectin was administered orally in many cases and showed great performance in flushing out radiation from the affected body system.

Other foods known to detoxify radiation include: bee pollen, beets, broccoli, brown rice, garlic, ginger, leafy greens, olive oil, onions, pumpkin, sea weed, and wheat grass.

Detect Radiation

A way to reduce radiation exposure is to detect if it’s already in the air. While you may be contaminated by the time you found out about it, detecting radiation early and immediately taking action increases the chance of survival. For as low as $20, you can purchase some radiation detection kits or devices online.

The RADSticker Dosimeter is an easy to use and portable stuff that can detect radiation. It’s a post stamp you can keep inside your wallet or stick to your bug out bag. The RADSticker becomes darker as it detects radiation. It also provides users of information about the amount of radiation you were exposed to so you’ll know whether you need immediate medical attention or not.

A fancier way to detect radiation is a Geiger counter. It’s got a more advanced radiation software technology for a bit of a price. The best affordable radiation solution we can find is the Radex Geiger counter which only costs around $200.

Protective Gears Against Radiation

Purchase radiation protective gears as you may need to get out of your shielded shelter at some point. This allows you to freely go out without the worry of radiation exposure. You also need to stock up on these suits if you live near a power plant.

The Demron full body radiation protective unit fully shields you from fallout dust and radiation. As not everyone can afford this specialized suit, a disposable Tyvec suit or one that’s used in a pandemic may provide enough defense. However, you may need to be quick as it can’t handle prolonged exposure to radiation.

On the other hand, a Faraday Cage shields your gadgets from electromagnetic pulse which may occur during a nuclear attack or accident. It can take a form of a square, rectangle or cylinder. The Faraday Cage are usually made of non-conductive material such as wood or cardboard, wrapped in aluminum foil.

The conductive layer of the cage reflects fields and absorbs incoming energy while the cage itself generates opposing fields. This device protects your gadget from absorbing excessive field levels. Faraday bags with the same function are available online.

Avoiding Exposure From Radiation

To thwart the deadly radiation, minding the time of exposure is essential. The longer you swim in a contaminated field, the larger dose you’ll get leading to more damaging effects. Always keep a radiation detector with you, and immediately keep away from potential radiation sources.

Bug In Or Bug Out

Bugging out may not be the best option during a nuclear fallout. But if in case that you need to get out of the shelter, you need to keep protective gears on hand. Don’t forget to bring a gas mask to prevent inhalation of dust particles. If you happened to be outside while the nuclear attack or accident happened, check the map and get as far as you can. If you can’t do so, seek for shelter.

Bugging in appears as the most likely scenario for survivors of the nuclear attack. But this only works if you gathered everything you need before the fallout. While most experts would advise three days of food ration, it’s best to keep a year’s supply of food and water. Also consider growing your own food source inside the shelter.

Drinking Water Safety

Tap water may be contaminated during a nuclear fallout. Do not drink water from well or tap water unless you collected them in a sealed container beforehand. It’s safest to drink bottled water so keep plenty of stock in your bunker or shelter.

Boiling water is not sufficient in removing radiation. A specialized radiological filtration system that really works is what you needed.

Remove Contaminants

If you got exposed to radiation, the next step is always decontamination. For shorter times of radiation subjection, you may only receive external damage. To make sure it remains that way, you need to know how to decontaminate.

Take off all your clothes immediately including your underwear and discard them in secured plastic bags. This will reduce 90% of radiation contamination.

Shower with clean water and soap. Scrub hard to remove potential radiation from the surface of your skin. This step will annihilate the remaining 10%.

Learn The Symptoms And Get Checked

While we don’t want our readers to reach a point of experiencing the symptoms, an excellent prepper assumes the worst. A human exposed to radiation may experience nausea, vomiting and dizziness. If this happened after a nuclear incident, decontaminate and get to the nearest hospital as soon as possible for immediate treatment.

The post How To Survive Radiation Poisoning From A Nuclear Attack Or Accident appeared first on Geek Prepper.

Shrimp Scampi Recipe – Garlic Butter Shrimp Served Over Pasta

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Shrimp scampi is a beautiful, elegant meal that is super easy to prepare. In fact, this delicious dinner can be on the table in under 30 minutes. The most time consuming part of this meal is making your own shrimp

The post Shrimp Scampi Recipe – Garlic Butter Shrimp Served Over Pasta appeared first on Old World Garden Farms.

Tips on How to Care For Your Plants During Winter

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editors Note: Another guest post from Angela Williams to The Prepper Journal. As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly receive a $25 cash award as well as be entered into the Prepper Writing Contest with a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter today!

Surviving in cold geographical areas can be challenging even to plants. No season is as harsh to both indoor and outdoor plants and flowers as winter. The biting cold temperatures and extreme weather conditions can take toll on our once healthy garden plants. Without taking care of your plants during winter, you could risk losing all your favorite blooms.
I bet no gardener would appreciate starting anew each year. Fortunately, you can do a few simple things to help your lovely plants make it through the winter and maintain their best health. Let us learn about a few tips that can help save your plants in the harsh winter weather.

Caring For Indoor Plants During Winter

Winter conditions are never better for indoor plants. Even with the protection from certain environmental elements, the cold weather and relatively shorter days during winter months can interfere a lot with the life of indoor plants. Here a few things you can do to care for your in-house plants during winter

Provide Light

The amount of daytime light during the middle months of winter may be too little for plants to survive healthily. The problem is compounded if your house is not situated to receive the most light. Move your plants close to windows and areas that get adequate sunlight during winter. To promote the entry of more light, ensure you clean the windows thoroughly. Clean off any dust that might have settled on the leaves of the plants to maximize their light absorption.

Change Watering Routine

People make a mistake of soaking their indoor plants with water during winter. This can damage your plants during the cold months. This is because water loss due to evaporation is nearly nonexistent. Besides, plants tend to grow slower during winter. Combined, these factors demand that you reduce the watering routine of your plants. A golden rule to determine when to water the plants involves sticking your finger about two inches into the soil. If it results in a dry finger then you need to water.

Mist Your Plants

If yours are indoor tropical plants, it would be wise to spray them with a light mist a couple of times a day – preferably twice or thrice a day. This is because tropical plants thrive in humid conditions. Alternatively, you can place the plants in a humid environment such as the bathroom or where there is a water feature.

Dilute or Avoid Fertilizer

As we mentioned previously, all plants have reduced growth rate during winter. This means their nutritional need will also reduce. In case your plants are healthy, there is no need to fertilize them. If you really need to then you can dilute the fertilizer by at least 50 percent before applying. A better time to fertilize is during the fall.

Caring For Outdoor Plants During Winter

For obvious reasons, outdoor plants need much more attention during winter. Also the cold temperatures and extreme weather conditions can rein terror on these plants. Here are the most important things you can do to care for your outdoor plants during winter:

Remove Any Debris from the Plants

Summer plants are usually vegetative and bushy in response to the higher temperatures. As the temperatures start to plummet, they begin to die in preparation for what we call floral hibernation. You cannot prevent this process from happening. However, you can help the plants by clearing away any debris. You must also shield the delicate parts of the plant to protect them from biting cold.

Spread a New Layer of Mulch

The extreme winter temperatures can take a toll on your garden soil causing it to crack. The frost caused by cold temperatures can harden the ground especially the soil type in your garden. Such cracks are bad news, especially for bulb beds. This is because the cracks in the soil can cause the bulbs to rise to the surface. The result will be catastrophic to your plants. A good tip is to spread new mulch (I’d preferably evergreen boughs) on the garden to protect the soil and the plants. The mulch will also prove help in the coming spring.

Trim Your Plants Back

Trimming is an important practice when it comes to taking care of your plants during winter. This is especially true with annual flowers, vegetables, and plants. While trimming, remove blackened stems and withering foliage completely. Such dying stems and foliage provide hiding grounds for pest and diseases that could compromise the health of your plants.

Do Not Fertilize Outdoor Plants During Winter

As with all plants, growth rate reduces considerably during the cold temperatures of winter. Overgrowth will predispose them to frost vulnerability. An important tip in taking care of your outdoor plants during winter is to avoid applying fertilizer completely in order to minimize foliage growth. In fact, you should stop fertilizing them from midsummer. However, you can water them regularly but ensure you do not over water them. Test the amount of water in the soil with your finger.

General Tip

Transfer outdoor plants indoors to mitigate the effects of winter whenever possible. Indoors, the plants will be closer to you and therefore you can take better care of them. Besides, the conditions indoors are much better and your plants will most likely survive.

If you have tender plants then you will do well by moving them to a frost-free location such as a garage, a shed, indoors or in a greenhouse prior to the first frost. This is especially true for outdoor potted plants since frost can pierce the exposed sides of the pot thus damaging plant roots. Temper this with regular and extended exposure to sunlight.

Final Verdict

That’s all we have for you today. If you love your plants then you will deal with the burden of taking care of them. If you care well for them, you will not have to start anew when spring finally comes. It does not matter whether your plants are outdoor or indoor. We believe these are the most valuable tips you can ever find online on how to care for your plants during winter.

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The post Tips on How to Care For Your Plants During Winter appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

Weekly Watchman & Current Events – February 11, 2018

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Current Events and Bible Prophecy – Prepped & Aware!


This weekly post provides you with a select section of Current Events and Prophecy Update videos from current prophecy teachers. Be prayerful and line everything up against the Word of God.

But when these things begin to take place, stand up and lift up your heads, because your redemption is near!  Luke 21:28 HCSB

Disclaimer: I don’t agree with everything I post here.  However, I try to keep an open mind and definitely don’t want to be like the religious leaders of Jesus’ day that had the Son of God right in front of them, but didn’t recognize Him because He didn’t come the way they thought He would come!  Stay Alert!

In this week’s WW:

  • John Haller’s Prophecy Update “Trouble From the North” – 2/11/18
  • Jacob Prasch – This Week in Prophecy – February 10, 2018
  • Amir Tsarfati – Middle East Current Events Update, Feb. 10, 2018.
  • Calvary Melbourne Australia – ISRAEL STRIKES IRAN IN SYRIA –Feb 11, 2018
  • JD Farag – Mid-East Prophecy Update – February 11, 2018
  • Jason A – Something Biblical is Going On!


John Haller’s Prophecy Update “Trouble From the North” – 2/11/18


Jacob Prasch – This Week in Prophecy – February 10, 2018


Amir Tsarfati – Middle East Current Events Update, Feb. 10, 2018.


Calvary Melbourne Australia – ISRAEL STRIKES IRAN IN SYRIA –Feb 11, 2018


JD Farag – Mid-East Prophecy Update – February 11, 2018


Jason A – Something Biblical is Going On!



How To Be Prepared To Cook Emergency Meals

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Today’s post is to help people be prepared to cook emergency meals outside. If and when we have a power outage, and we will, we need to be able to cook emergency meals. Some of you may have purchased packages of food where you just add tepid or boiling water. Well, you will need a way to boil that water. I’m going to give you the choices I recommend because I have used all of these and have them stored ready to cook food for my family. Here’s the deal, you need fuel as well, so I will suggest some fuel options for you to use with your cooking devices.

I have taught classes for several years on how to use the following cooking devices. I will say this, I have cooked inside buildings (for classes) and my own home with a butane stove. I recently saw a box at a store containing a butane stove that stated: “designed to cook outside.” So, I will leave the decision to you whether you feel safe using one inside your home. I gave all four daughters a butane stove with butane canisters. Here’s the deal, you would never cook for several hours on a butane stove, it’s designed to boil water, make coffee, heat up a meal, make some hot chocolate or warm up a can of beans in a pan. Here’s my homemade hot chocolate post: Linda’s Hot Chocolate

Cook Emergency Meals

Butane Stove

Butane Stove

Pro: Inexpensive, uses very little fuel to boil water and you can cook emergency meals

Con: It can only hold a small pan or pot

Fuel: Uses butane fuel, once the fuel is gone it cannot be used with any other fuel Butane Canisters

Kelly Kettle

Here is my post on how to use a Kelly Kettle

Pro: Uses pine cones, leaves or dry twigs, basically free fuel

Con: You may say it’s a little pricey, but you can gather free fuel, in most cases, so for me, it is not pricey

Fuel: Pine cones, leaves or dry twigs

Dutch Oven

I prefer a 6-quart cast iron Dutch oven or smaller because of weight. I can’t handle the 8-quart size, but I know they are popular. I also like to buy the Dutch ovens with the lids with a lip like this one: Dutch Oven because you can stack them when cooking meals.

Pro: They will last forever if treated and stored properly, fairly inexpensive, you can cook emergency meals in these

Con: They will rust if not properly stored and cleaned (but you should be able to salvage any cast iron pot, within reason)

Fuel: Fire pit, wood stove if it has a cooking shelf, directly on charcoal briquettes, or lump charcoal or wood

Lodge Cast Iron gave me permission to print this cooking sheet for Dutch Ovens: Dutch Oven Chart

Volcano Stove

Here’s a post on how to use Volcano Stove: Volcano Stove Pictures by Linda

Pro: You can boil water, cook on a griddle, you can also cook emergency meals in one of these with a tent, if desired, you can use a medium size cast iron pot on this stove

Con: Fairly expensive but it uses three different fuels, wood, charcoal briquettes, propane (make sure you have the right adaptor for the small tanks of propane and/or the larger propane tanks

Camp Chef Stove/Oven Combo

This is a great one because I can bake a casserole or bread in the oven, if I remove one shelf for the bread, anyway. Camp Chef

Pro: You can bake, fry, boil, and make just about any meal on the top of the stove or inside the oven

Con: Uses propane, once the propane is gone you cannot use this stove with other fuels

Fuel: Propane only, make sure you have both adaptors for the large propane tanks or the small canisters

Camp Chef Two-Burner Stove

I love this one because you can cook with fairly large pans. I picture boiling water for spaghetti with this baby when we have a grid down in our neighborhood. Camp Chef two-burner stove

Pro: Extremely sturdy, and somewhat expensive but uses fairly large pans to cook emergency meals

Con: When you run out of propane this unit will not work, fairly expensive

Fuel: Propane only


I really don’t want to talk about the gas barbecues since they will waste so much fuel just to boil water. But it is an option.

Pro: Just about everyone has a gas barbecue

Con: Once you run out of fuel, the barbecue is less attractive for use, although briquettes can be used, just not as efficient for general use

Fuel: Propane and briquettes, unless you have a pellet one, but once the fuel is gone you’re out of luck

Fire Pit

I bought two different fire pits, one from Amazon and one from Lehman’s. Lehman’s had a great sale one and I had to wait to have it crafted and shipped, but it is so worth the wait.

Cook Emergency Meals

Pro: You can buy different sizes in so many different materials, I opted for a copper one and a steel one. You can build one fairly inexpensive with bricks and adding gravel inside the pit

Con: Expensive if you buy one premade

Fuel: Depending on the material, you can use wood, charcoal briquettes, and lump charcoal

Sun Oven

I actually have two Sun Ovens, I was given one for a review and then I purchased a second one because I love them so much. I live in Southern Utah so sunshine is pretty consistent in our area. Sun Oven 

Pro: Sunshine, if available, is free to cook emergency meals

Con: Fairly expensive and I do not recommend these if you have very little sunshine in your area

Fuel: Sunshine

I hope this post today gets you excited to be prepared to cook emergency meals when you need to after a disaster. Please practice now with any cooking device you may have purchased. Please get them out of the box and learn how to use them if you haven’t already. Practice cooking with them today before an unforeseen emergency hits your neighborhood. May God bless you for being prepared.

My Book: “Prepare Your Family for Survival” by Linda Loosli

Copyright Images:

Firepit: AdobeStock_11610595 by Acik

Dutch Oven: AdobeStock_57870160 by svetlankahappy

The post How To Be Prepared To Cook Emergency Meals appeared first on Food Storage Moms.

Underground Walipini Pit Greenhouse Construction

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Here is an excellently written PDF document on how to build an underground Walipini pit greenhouse. These greenhouses are an excellent technique to use in arid Southwestern climates.

Click here to download the 29-page PDF document on “Constructing A Walipini Pit Underground Greenhouse.”

Deep appreciation is extended to the Benson Institute, which created the document. The Benson Institute was founded in 1975 at Brigham Young University as part of the College of Biological and Agricultural Sciences. It was named in honor of Ezra Taft Benson’s service as Secretary of Agriculture during the administration of United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower. The Benson Institute strives to teach families in developing countries how to become nutritionally self-sufficient and how to improve their economic circumstances. Participants learn techniques for food production, nutrition, diet, and home food storage. Families learn to grow vegetables and fruits or raise small animals appropriate to their circumstances in order to better provide for themselves.

Find out more about the Benson Institute here.

(This article was originally published on August 26, 2014.)


The post Underground Walipini Pit Greenhouse Construction appeared first on The Grow Network.

Chemtrail Poisoning: 3 Natural Herbs That Protect Against and Detox Your Body From Heavy Metals

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ReadyNutrition Guys and Gals, undoubtedly you have all read articles that I wrote on several herbs that I recommended as a mainstay to help you fight disease and maintain good healthy systems.  How many times have I figuratively jumped up and down to expound on the benefits of garlic?  Well, garlic is back in the picture again, along with two other herbs.  This time to help you to protect yourself against the chemtrails, and against the heavy metals you find in food, water, air, and virtually omnipresent throughout the home.  In truth, we face a toxic array of chemicals: a labyrinth that is difficult to find an exit from.  These herbs are the “clew” to give you a good start.

Chelation Therapy Could Be the Key

First, what is chelation therapy?  It is a little-known and often misunderstood arena of holistic health care.  It is a simple concept.  Chelants are organic substances that (through the activity of ions) manage to bind themselves to metal ions, termed chelation; in so binding, chelation makes it possible for the metal to be excreted from the body.

Studies too numerous to count have found that chemtrails (those lovely, wispy, cloudlike-trails in the sky) produced by jet contrails) contain numerous chemicals and metals, especially Aluminum and Magnesium among others.  These metals (when inhaled or ingested, such as when they settle on crops and fresh produce or penetrate the water supply) cause many different ailments in the body, such as Alzheimer’s Disease, and other associated degenerative disorders of the brain and its neuron complex.

We’re going to cover three herbs you can use to start out your medicinal arsenal to battle the intake of these metals, from whatever source they originate.  Let’s do it!

3 Herbs That Protect Against Chemtrail Poisoning

  1. Garlic (Allium sativa): Aww, you knew it was coming! Yes, JJ’s favorite…the greatest of all the herbal “broad spectrum” healers!  Metals are no different: garlic does a number on them.  Garlic chelates lead, mercury, and cadmium…major “pests” of metals found in water and food.  It binds to them and effectively pulls them out of the body.  Safe, not invasive, and inexpensive…be advised: the stuff you buy fresh in your grocery store is indeed excellent…soft-neck garlic possesses the greatest and strongest herbal medical potential.
  2. Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum): Oh, yeah, baby! Cilantro is another “big gun” for your arsenal.  The herb neutralizes intercellular deposits of metals…those are metals that go into the cells.  Cilantro changes the ionic charges of the metals, and this enables their grasp on the cells to be broken…where they pass into the urine.  Mercury, lead, and aluminum are the ones that it acts upon the most.
  3. Chlorella (Chlorella regularis): The last batter up, for the winning home run! Yes, indeed, chlorella binds to the metals and takes them out of bone, brain, vital organs, and muscle to pass through and away from you.  Chlorella is green algae that is unicellular that contains several types of chlorophyll.  It is also high in protein (45% after it’s dehydrated), along with other nutrients.  It is inexpensive and available in Wal-Mart as well as health food concerns.

So, what we have outlined are three that you can use immediately in the battle to detoxify yourself and reduce the amount of heavy metals in your system.  I have recommended these because they are safe, effective, readily available, and not at all expensive.  You can blend them into your diet effortlessly and get off to a flying start.  If you research each one, you’ll find they have numerous other uses.  They can be cultivated with ease (yes, even chlorella), and stocked up for your supplies.  JJ out!

Jeremiah Johnson is the Nom de plume of a retired Green Beret of the United States Army Special Forces (Airborne). Mr. Johnson was a Special Forces Medic, EMT and ACLS-certified, with comprehensive training in wilderness survival, rescue, and patient-extraction. He is a Certified Master Herbalist and a graduate of the Global College of Natural Medicine of Santa Ana, CA. A graduate of the U.S. Army’s survival course of SERE school (Survival Evasion Resistance Escape), Mr. Johnson also successfully completed the Montana Master Food Preserver Course for home-canning, smoking, and dehydrating foods.

Mr. Johnson dries and tinctures a wide variety of medicinal herbs taken by wild crafting and cultivation, in addition to preserving and canning his own food. An expert in land navigation, survival, mountaineering, and parachuting as trained by the United States Army, Mr. Johnson is an ardent advocate for preparedness, self-sufficiency, and long-term disaster sustainability for families. He and his wife survived Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath. Cross-trained as a Special Forces Engineer, he is an expert in supply, logistics, transport, and long-term storage of perishable materials, having incorporated many of these techniques plus some unique innovations in his own homestead.

Mr. Johnson brings practical, tested experience firmly rooted in formal education to his writings and to our team. He and his wife live in a cabin in the mountains of Western Montana with their three cats.

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition

Restoring a Cast Iron Treasure: How to clean and season the old time cooking utensils

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A little elbow grease, and some steel wool, can help you salvage a badly rusted cast iron cooking implement. Somebody’s rusty, dust-covered survivor of a failed camping trip may end up becoming a valuable addition to your cooking tools.