Link – California hiker found after 6 days missing in Yosemite park

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YOSEMITE, Calif. (AP) — A well-prepared California hiker missing for six days in the icy backcountry of Yosemite National Park was found in good health after an extensive search, officials said.

A helicopter crew spotted Alan Chow on Friday above Wapama Falls near the center of the park, where overnight temperatures dipped below freezing, the National Park Service said.

Park Ranger Scott Gediman told San Francisco Bay Area news station KTVU-TV that the 36-year-old Oakland resident got lost because usually well-marked trails were covered in snow.

Chow had done everything right to survive — he was prepared and didn’t “try to walk around and get even more lost,” Gediman said.

He “did the right thing by setting up his tent, using melted snow for drinking water, had some food, had warm clothing and was able to stay put,” the ranger said.

Not to minimize the whole thing, but I suspect this guy’s mindset and ability to remain clear-headed and think his situation through helped him at least as much as the gear.

Loses a point for not telling people when to expect him back though.

Christian Pacifism – Turn The Other Cheek

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Christian pacifism is the belief that any form of violence is incompatible with Christian faith. The phrase ‘turn the other cheek’ really, honestly means that if someone strikes you on one cheek, you are to offer them the other cheek to strike, without any resistance.

The post Christian Pacifism – Turn The Other Cheek appeared first on Just Plain Living.

How Does Sleep Affect Gun Accuracy?

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Shooting is a fantastic hobby as it helps you focus, relax, and get away from the daily problems. However, regardless of the fact that you’re doing it for fun or you’re a hunter with an impressive record, it still requires practice. So you can’t expect to maintain the […]

The post How Does Sleep Affect Gun Accuracy? appeared first on Preppers Survive.

Bug Out Bag: What Should a Prepper Pack For Those Critical First 72 Hours

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Bug Out Bag: What Should a Prepper Pack For Those Critical First 72 Hours was a free kindle book at the time of this post. 

 here are some people who think that those who create a bug-out-bag (or survival tin) for use in escaping disaster are just paranoid survivalists who always expect the worst in life.

Well guess what? The same people who think that are also the same people who come crying to the survivalists (aka preppers) to help them when disaster strikes – because the “nothing’s-going-to-happen” people weren’t prepared!

None of us knows what the future holds. Not next year, not next month, not next week, not even today!

Worldwide events show us every single day that by tomorrow (or any time, really) in any given place and at any given time – especially on a local level – our own personal world could be devastated by a man-made or natural disaster.

Don’t be taken totally by surprise – BE READY!

Read this bug out bag prepper’s guide and find out what you need to have ready – in a moment’s notice – to help you survive the first 72 critical hours of most disaster events.

It could mean the difference between surviving – and NOT!

Free PDF: Automated Surface Observing System for Pilots

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The Automated Surface Observing System (ASOS) is a surface weather observing system being implemented by the National Weather Service (NWS), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and the Department of Defense (DoD). ASOS is designed to support aviation operations and weather forecasting. This guide is designed to provide basic ASOS information to pilots and other aviation users. Refer to the ASOS Quick Reference Handbook published by the National Weather Service for additional information. If your a pilot you probably have this information, but if not, here it is. If your not a pilot, but have interest in weather then the ASOS

The post Free PDF: Automated Surface Observing System for Pilots appeared first on Dave’s Homestead.

Movie Monday – Frontier House

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Frontier House Episode 1

Frontier House is a historical reality television series that originally aired on the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) in the United States from April 29 to May 3, 2002. The series followed three family groups that agreed to live as homesteaders did in the state of Montana on the American frontier in 1883. Each family was expected to establish a homestead and complete the tasks necessary to prepare for the harsh Montana winter. At the end of the series, each family was judged by a panel of experts and historians on their likelihood of survival for each group.














 These films are presented as an exception to the copyright act as fair dealing for the purpose of research, private study, education, parody or satire. See bill c-42 article 29.

List of Companies Taking Anti Second Amendment Stands (and Their Contact Information)

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“After a shooting spree, they always want to take the guns away from the people who didn’t do it.” — William Burroughs

Here is a list of companies participating in the boycott of the NRA, or otherwise taking a stand against the Second Amendment and the people’s right to self-defense.  They want you and your family to be defenseless against the bad guys. I’m including contact information for each company so you can let them know what you think of their actions. Remember, these companies have a right to associate, or not, with whoever they want for whatever reason they want. But, so do we.  Let your voice be heard.

United Airlines
Website’s Contact Page: https://www.united.com/web/en-US/content/Contact/customer/default.aspx

Delta Airlines 
Website’s Contact Page: https://www.delta.com/contactus/commentComplaint

Chubb 
Website’s Contact Page: https://www2.chubb.com/us-en/contact-us/

Symantic
Website’s Contact Page: https://www.symantec.com/ (click blue “Contact Us” button at the bottom of the page)

Wyndham Worldwide
Website’s Contact Page: http://www.wyndhamworldwide.com/contact-us

First National Bank 
Website’s Contact Page: https://www.firstnational.com/ConsumerWeb/default/contactus/SHOW_FORM/form 

Enterprise Rent-a-Car (including National Car Rental, and Alamo Rent-a-Car) 
Website’s Contact Page: https://www.enterprise.com/en/help/contact.html?icid=header.info.help-_-support-_-ENUS.NULL

MetLife
Website’s Contact Page:  https://www.metlife.com/about/corporate-profile/contact/metlife/index.html

SimpliSafe 
Website’s Contact Page: https://simplisafe.com/contact-us

Hertz 
Website’s Contact Page: https://tinyurl.com/jgbo2y2

Best Western 
Website’s Contact Page: https://www.bestwestern.com/en_US/customer-service.html#CustomerService

Any corrections or additions to this list? Please let me know in the comments section below.

What did I miss? Cowardly corporations punish NRA because FBI failed to act on info re: shooter and FL Sheriff had 4 deputies who stood outside and hid during gunfire that killed 17 innocent kids. How many NRA members did mass shootings? ZERO.” — Gov. Mike Huckabee

Plant Seed Potatoes In A Barrel For Incredible Ease & Yields

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This year I’m going to try another way to grow potatoes. I’m going to plant my seed potatoes in a barrel. Several barrels. The past few years I’ve grown them the traditional way, in garden rows. For a homesteader, growing potatoes that way is a bit tedious to say the least. Why? Because you have to keep on hilling the long rows – covering them with more dirt as they grow. It involves a lot of shoveling and the continuing need for lots more soil. I’ve known about the concept of growing potatoes in a barrel for quite awhile. I’ve

The post Plant Seed Potatoes In A Barrel For Incredible Ease & Yields appeared first on Modern Survival Blog.

It’s Time to Wake up — Fake World Is Living In Hell

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stock here, here is one of my favorite newish songs on my radar, a dear friend from central america hooked me up with this. See videos below. Submitted by Lot’s Wife (Google That), and step into the light key word “Crowd’s On Demand” This guy, drake, radak, kriaku, snowden are heroes. ——————————————————————- nice response from GOM at ENE to detractors of America (this one from South Africa supposedly, another from Belgium, who thinks it is his purpose in life to denigrate the USA). Fuck You Fauna America is what she is but at least I can walk down the street without gangs of government sponsored thugs trying to kill me over religion or some other ’cause’. I have the freedom & privilege to shop for food in clean stores, drive my vehicle on decent roads, attend schools, visit museums, go watch a movie.. If I am Gay, Lesbian, or Transgendered, I have the right to be treated human without prejudice. If I am disabled or blind, I have rights that allow me to live normally. I have a right to the freedom of speech, a right to protest.. I have the right to bear arms which gives me the right to defend myself. I have a right to sleep at night knowing my country is feared around the world. And that is exactly why so many people want to live here. We may bitch & moan, but I’ve seen enough of the world to say Thanks But No Thanks..I’ll stay here..

From the FBI’s Own Records, Here Are the Chilling Warnings About Nikolas Cruz They Ignored

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How do you stop a mass shooting before it starts? Here’s an idea:

How about if FBI agents actually investigate when threat after threat is called into your tipline?… Read the rest

The post From the FBI’s Own Records, Here Are the Chilling Warnings About Nikolas Cruz They Ignored appeared first on The Organic Prepper.

Range time

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There is not a single thing that is, pricewise, cheap about HK products. Even the clones are spendy. And the accessories as well.

Which is why I should not have been surprised to find that the PTR I picked up shot about 6″ to the left and 18″ low at 50 yards. Why? Because unless you’re willing to spend about $80 for a genuine HK tool, or $45 for a knockoff, your ability to zero your rifle is rather limited. (Yes, you can use snap ring pliers but the marks it leaves on that sight drum ain’t pretty.)

Fortunately, being an evil yuppie survivalist, I actually have an HK sight tool and was able to zero the gun properly. But I did learn something I did not know. The sight drum has three aperatures and a v-notch. The idea is that the v-notch is your quick acquisition sight, and the subsequent “2”, “3”, and “4” aperatures are for 200, 300 and 400 yards respectively. Ok, fine. What I did not know is that the v-notch is not a 100 yard sight. I just assumed it was. As it turns out, from what I read, the V-notch and the “2” aperature are the same elevation. Didn’t know that.

I’ve posted it before, but here’s one of the best instructions on sighting in your G3-type rifle.

Years ago, Cheaper Than Dirt (home of the $99 Pmag) had a sale on surplus G3 furniture kits…stock, forend, and pistol grip….for ten bucks. I bought a bunch of them and since I have so many spares, I could afford to whip out the Krylon and DIY some winter white.

Might send this gun out to be dipped or coated in a winter camo pattern.

Yup..thats the ancient WGerman snow camo. I desperately want the new Danish or Finnish snow camo but its a colossal pain in the ass to find that stuff here. I may have to make friends with someone overseas, figure out the Byzantine metric clothing size system, and ask them to hit the surplus stores for me. Didn’t wear the matching pants to the range because..well..I figured I was already looking a little tinfoil-y with the color-coordinated rifle and outerwear. Which reminds me…anyone know a vendor for white 3-point rifle slings? I suppose I could order up some white webbing and fab up my own, but……..

Tara Westover – Off-grid abuse

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The shocking story of Tara Westover which she tells in her recently published memoir ‘Educated’ casts an undeserved shadow on off-grid-families and their ways of life. Off-grid abuse is not the norm.

It seems like Tara came a long way from growing up on a mountain in Idaho with her radical Mormon family of survivalists to studying at Cambridge University and writing a book that is surely going to make waves. Just the story of her being sent to work in a rubbish dump make scary reading.  But there were compensations as well.

“There’s a sense of sovereignty that comes from life on a mountain. It calms with its very magnitude, which renders the merely human of no consequence.”, Westover says as she describes her old home in the book.

Tara Westover - Portrait

From Idaho mountains to Cambridge Uni, UK.

Young Tara suffered from severe emotional and physical abuse by family members and had no access to medical care or higher education for most of her life. ‘All abuse is foremost an assault on the mind.’, Westover states.

While this story is heartbreaking it is a shame that it may give the alternative lifestyle of being off-the-grid a negative reputation.  Living in a remote, self-sustained community can be a wonderful experience, even for families.

I personally think that children should be given equal opportunities when it comes to education or going to college and be given the choice whether they want to spend their lives living off-grid or not. The issue in Tara’s case, so it seems, is that her parents were very anxious and paranoid about the ‘outside world’ (Westover had no birth certificate for 9 years, she was told to sleep with a knife and her and her siblings weren’t given medical care when injured).

There is no excuse for parents to abuse their children in any way, and although I don’t believe living off-the-grid has led to that kind of behavior, it certainly makes it easier to conceal.

I think it is crucial to always be open when raising children and to show and teach them as much as possible, to allow them to find out what is right and good for them, and give them the option to set goals and follow their desired path in life, even if it something the parents disagree with.

Tara’s parents allegedly did not give here those options and tried to keep her away from society as much as possible while limiting her physically and mentally for many years growing up.

The author has taken impressive steps to get to where she is today and I am very excited to read ‘Educated’ and find out more about her view on off-grid-living and also perhaps some of the positive aspects of it.

Tara Westover now is on her way to becoming a confident successful author and despite her strict Mormon upbringing she seems to have recovered from her childhood of off-grid abuse and enjoying her new lifestyle to the fullest.

When asked about her family and whether she misses home or not she replied “You can cut someone out of your life and miss them every day but still be glad you don’t have to see them again.”

We have a feeling ‘Educated’ is going to be a great read. (buy from Amazon UK)

Book review coming soon!

The post Tara Westover – Off-grid abuse appeared first on Living Off the Grid: Free Yourself.

How To Become A Successful Deer Hunter

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Whether you are a professional deer Hunter or someone who is just starting out as a deer Hunter one thing you would crave for is to become successful. And as you know, success is not something you can achieve in a day. It is a gradual process. It means for you to be a successful […]

The post How To Become A Successful Deer Hunter appeared first on American Preppers Network.

What Can The Greatest Generation Teach Millennials?

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Sometimes when I’m browsing through social media posts, I feel like I live in a different world than many of my fellow citizens, especially those a good deal younger. There is no denying we live in a world of contrasting opinions and worldviews. Modern technology has made it more convenient than ever to display our unique […]

4 Ways to Hide Your Survival Garden!

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4 Ways to Hide Your Survival Garden!

4 Ways to Hide Your Survival Garden

If you already have your plans for a survival garden in the works, you are definitely heading down the right path. Food prices have skyrocketed and the predictions project the cost of food will continue to rise. When SHTF, many people will be forced to leave their homes when their meager supplies run out. This means they will be scavenging food from houses that are nearby or on their route to wherever they believe is a safe location.

Continue reading 4 Ways to Hide Your Survival Garden! at Prepper Broadcasting Network.

Incorporating off-grid into my daily life

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Hi, I am Eva, a German student currently living in London, UK. 

The idea of living off the grid has always intrigued me. My parents and I lived in very remote regions and I grew up in a very safe, countryside environment. 

At the age of 22 I have traveled parts of the US, Australia, Asia and Europe by myself and have loved my kind of nomadic lifestyle. 

I never liked the idea of being part of the ‘system’, studying, getting a degree, buying a house, working full-time in an office for 40 years to then be old and finally have time to enjoy life. I want to work for myself, be able to make my own ours, be financially independent and not stuck in the rat race for the rest of my days. 

I am currently studying nutrition online and I am here in London to do acting training. The problem with acting is that the best opportunities lie in big metropolitan regions like NYC, LA or London which are – obviously – far from off-the-grid. 

 

I got thinking – how can I imply some of the off-grid principles into my daily life here in such a big city? 

I registered on here to both share my ideas with you but also find like-minded people who might be in a similar situation. 

 

Some of the things I want to do are buying as much local and organic produce as possible, spend time in nature, do a regular phone, social media and technical detox. My flatmates and I also meditate regularly as it helps us to stay sane in the crazy, busy city life. 

 

I am curious to know – what are ways that you implement the off-grid-idea into your daily life? 

Are you from the UK and know any off-grid communities or places? I am looking to travel around and learn more about off-the-grid living. 

 

All the best, 

 

Eva 

The post Incorporating off-grid into my daily life appeared first on Living Off the Grid: Free Yourself.

4 Special Ammo Types You Should Know About

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Sponsored post by Ammunition Depot, where you can find a wide variety of ammo online.   The world of bullets is even more vast and expansive than the selection of firearms. Each ammunition is designed to perform a specific task from a specific firearm. Pairing the best ammo for your desired goal will offer astounding results compared to simply relying on traditional full metal jacket rounds. Some special types of ammo have unique effects or features. Here are a few […]

The post 4 Special Ammo Types You Should Know About appeared first on Apartment Prepper.

Aerobic Compost Tea, Worm Tea, and Leachate—A Clarification

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In the course of preparing for our Texas Master Gardener Worm Bin Workshop, I came across a lot of inconsistent information. Among the most confusing issues was that many sources both online and in print seem to confuse the terms referring to leachate and worm tea. The same sources also seem to blow it again when talking about worm tea versus aerobic compost tea. It’s easy to find yourself hopelessly confused!

In this article, I hope to demystify the subject a bit and provide clarity on a confusing topic.

 

Myh Worm bin

 

Let’s start with leachate, the liquid that comes off the worm bin.

What is Leachate?

One of the most contentious issues in worm composting is what to do with the leachate. The most common definition of leachate is any liquid that, in the course of passing through matter, extracts soluble or suspended solids, or any other component of the material through which it has passed.

Leachate is a widely used term in the environmental sciences industries, where it has the specific negative meaning of a liquid that has dissolved environmentally harmful substances that may come to enter the environment. But for the purposes of this article, we are defining leachate as the raw liquid runoff (or seepage) that settles in or below the vermicompost or worm castings in a worm bin.

The controversy stems, in large part, from the debate over aerated compost tea versus non-aerated compost tea. Fans of aerated compost tea do not like the fact that worm bin leachate is anaerobic, which they believe encourages the growth of microorganisms unfavorable to plants. They like to point out that worm bin leachate is not aerated compost tea.

This is completely true, but I am not so convinced that this is a big problem. Those critical of using this “worm juice” do make valid points, and I, too, recommend using leachate with care, but I did find two peer-reviewed studies showing the benefits of unaerated worm compost leachate: “Vermicomposting Leachate (Worm Tea) as Liquid Fertilizer for Maize” and “Vermicompost Leachate Alleviates Deficiency of Phosphorus and Potassium in Tomato Seedlings.” I also found several Extension Service publications that tout the use of worm bin leachate.

It is not at all unusual for folks to be a little hazy on what to do with their “worm juice.” One lady I spoke with the other day said, “We just changed our bins to add a drainage system. I just pulled the cork out and got nearly two cups of worm juice. My husband is trying to convince me that I should go ahead and feed it to my house plants, but I’m worried that adding this cocktail to my basically inert potting soil might stir up problems. Is it safe to use this stuff as a fertilizer?”

Another person said, “I get this dark liquid from my worm bins. I’m thinking most of the juice came from the castings and might have some great stuff in it, and not a lot of rotten stuff, and that’s why I kind of want to give it to the plants. Is that a bad idea? I just want to know what the heck to do with it. It’s winter here, so I can’t put it on my garden beds outside. I really don’t want to waste it, though! What do people do with it? Do you put it on your house plants, and have you gotten a good reaction from it?”

These are excellent questions. I’ve talked and written about this topic a number of times, but it’s definitely one that continues to confuse people and deserves to be revisited from time to time.

Unfortunately, there seems to be misleading information provided by some worm bin manufacturers (and website owners). The terms “worm tea,” “worm compost tea,” “castings tea,” or “vermicompost tea” should actually refer to the liquid fertilizer created by steeping (soaking) quality castings/compost in water (often aerated) for a period of time.

The problem is that many people refer to the liquid that drains out from a worm bin as “worm tea.” This is incorrect. The proper term for this is actually “leachate.”

Obviously, we’re only talking about semantics here, so it may seem that I’m splitting hairs, but keeping the distinction between these terms is actually quite important.

While leachate can certainly have value as a liquid fertilizer (especially when drained from a mature worm bin and diluted), it should be treated with a lot more caution than good-quality worm tea.

As water passes down through a worm bin, it can pick up all sorts of unstable metabolites (various products/intermediates of the decomposition process). If, for example, you have some fairly anaerobic zones in your worm bin, you can end up with various phytotoxins (toxins that can harm plants and humans). Some of these toxins are created by bacteria.

Every worm bin has good and bad microbes. This is perfectly fine and is even expected—provided, of course, that the good ones outnumber the bad ones.

Some leachate can contain harmful pathogens because it has not been processed through the worms’ intestinal tracts. It is often recommended that it should not be used on garden plants you plan to serve to your friends and family.

During decomposition, waste releases liquid from its cell structures as it breaks down. This leachate seeps down through the worm composter into the collection area. The leachate should be drained regularly, and if you are getting more than 2-4 ounces of liquid in a week, the worm composter is probably too wet!

If your composter has a spigot attached, I would recommend leaving the spigot open with a container underneath to catch the leachate. This will prevent it from building up in your system. Just keep an eye on it to make sure your container doesn’t overflow!

If, like me, you have a homemade worm bin, you can keep a drip pan underneath to catch the leachate.

 

worm castings

 

Finished composts are much better to use for brewing worm tea because they are much more uniform in composition, and the vast majority (if not all) the potentially harmful compounds have been converted into something more stabilized.

The microbial community present in these materials tends to be more beneficial, as well.

I’m not trying to scare you here, and I am not implying that leachate is “poison” and should never be used. I’m simply saying that while leachate can have value as a liquid fertilizer, it should be treated with caution. For every story extolling the benefits of using leachate, there is one lamenting problems from having used it.

If you decide you want to use leachate, I recommend taking some extra steps:

1. Do not use it if it smells bad! It should smell like earth (and not gross) when it comes out of the worm composter. If it smells bad, pour it out on an area like a roadway or driveway where it cannot harm living plants or animals.
2. Dilute it at a ratio of 10 parts water to 1 part leachate (10:1).
3. Aerate it with an air pump if available.
4. Use it outdoors on shrubs, ornamentals, or flowering plants only. Do not use on plants you intend to eat.

What Is Worm Tea?

Now let’s move on to the next confusing liquid: worm tea. Worm tea is about what it sounds like—worm castings steeped in water for a certain amount of time.

“Fresh earthworm castings contain more organic material—nitrogen, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, and potassium—than soil itself,” according to Texas Agrilife Extension Service. Worm castings and the tea you make from them also ward off root-knot nematodes—a parasitic creature that causes deformed roots and drains nutrients out of plants. Plants like strawberries that tend to attract fungal spores will also benefit. Castings contain anti-fungal chemicals that help kill the spores of black spot and powdery mildew.

 

Worm tea

 

Making simple worm tea is really nothing more than steeping—much like making any other tea you would drink yourself. It is very easy, and it is good for your plants, too.

In the process of steeping, water is added to the earthworm castings to simply extract the microbes from the castings into the water. The resulting liquid solution is then applied to plants or soil in various ways.

Many bottled teas you see on the shelf use this method.

To make your own, just take a bunch of worm castings and put them in the bottom third of a bucket. Fill the rest of the bucket with rainwater or non-chlorinated water (or tap water left out in the sunlight for 24 hours if you must). Let the mixture steep for 24 hours. Strain out the solids, dilute with water at a 1:1 ratio, and apply directly to your plants or soil.

What is Aerobic Compost Tea?

 

aerobic worm tea

 

Aerobic compost tea is also known as aerobic worm tea, and it is known mostly for its ability to boost microbiological activity in soil by adding beneficial bacteria, fungi, acinomycetes, and protozoa to the soil. It is brewed either by soaking a porous bag full of worm castings in water or by simply dumping the castings into a container of clean, chemical-free water. Molasses, corn syrup, or another microbial food source is then added to the water as a catalyst to stimulate growth of the microbes. And finally, an air-pumping system is installed to create an aerobic (or oxygenated) environment for the multiplying microorganisms.

Aerobic compost tea is beneficial in many ways. The microbes delivered in aerobic compost tea help plants by out-competing anaerobic and other pathogenic organisms within the soil. These beneficial microorganisms can also move in to occupy infected sites on plants’ root and leaf surfaces. Brewing aerobic compost tea speeds up the growth rate of microbes such as bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and nematodes, and multiplies their numbers exponentially. As a result, this method populates your garden with beneficial microbes more rapidly than applying worm castings alone.

When you spray or pour the tea on the soil, you are not only feeding the plant, but also increasing the number of beneficial microbes in the soil, thus crowding out the bad ones. It has been proven that the tea, along with the castings, can significantly increase plant growth, as well as crop yields, in the short term (a season) and especially in the long term over a period of several seasons.

Along with these great benefits come a boost in the plant’s own immune system, enabling it to resist parasites like the infamous aphid, tomato cyst eelworms, and root-knot nematodes. Plants produce certain hormones that insects find distasteful, so they are repelled. Aerobic compost tea also helps a plant to resist diseases such as Pythium and Rhizoctonia.

When either worm tea or the more effective aerobic compost tea is sprayed on leaves and foliage, detrimental and disease-causing microbes are again outnumbered and cannot grow their numbers to dominate any single plant. The teas also aid the plant in creating the “cuticle,” a waxy layer on top of the epidermis, or plant skin. This waxy surface protects the leaves from severe elements and reduces attacks by certain harmful microorganisms and insects.

Making Your Own Compost Tea

Making any type of organic compost tea involves a few key steps:

  1. Choosing the right compost
  2. Choosing the right nutrients
  3. Brewing and applying the tea correctly

Please note that the instructions below are only meant to give you some background about tea making, not a step-by-step guide on how to make the teas. We provide information on that elsewhere on the site, such as in this article by David the Good:

Read More: “Compost Tea: An Easy Way to Stretch Compost”

The compost used in making tea is like the starter you use in making yogurt. The compost inoculates the tea with organisms. Thus, you want the compost you begin with to have a good diversity of beneficial organisms. Worm castings are super for this purpose!

Keep in mind that different plants differ in their soil preferences. Some need a bacteria-dominated soil, others want a fungi-dominated soil, and still others like a soil that’s somewhere in between.

When making an organic compost with more fungi, mix in larger amounts of cardboard, paper, sawdust, wood shavings, and heavy stalk plant material as you prepare the compost. For bacterial dominance, use food waste and green plant waste. Whatever compost you use, be sure it is finished, well-stabilized compost, and that it’s fairly fresh. Again, worm castings are ideal for this.

As I mentioned above, I really like to use rainwater whenever I can, but you can always use dechlorinated water. One old-timer I talked to said he only ever uses pond water to make his compost teas. I have seen his garden, and I can tell you it looks to me like using pond water is a good way to go!

The nutrients you introduce while brewing also influence the finished tea.

To encourage the development of fungi in the tea, you can mix two parts humic acid; two parts yucca, saponin, or aloe vera; and one part fish hydrolyzate or other proteins into the water.

For bacterial dominance, you can feed one liquid ounce blackstrap molasses per gallon of tea and and an equal amount of cold-water kelp. For the molasses, you can also substitute brown sugar, honey, or maple syrup if you like.

 

Raised bed results

 

Go to the library or search online for information on leachate, worm tea, and aerobic compost tea and you will find many sources of conflicting information, mainly over the terminology involved in determining what is actually leachate and what is a worm tea (be it aerobic or simple tea). The main thing to remember is that while any form of worm tea may not sound too appetizing to you and me, our plants will really love it.

Worm tea lets you fertilize without adding bulk to your soil, and water your garden with something really healthy for your plants. Trust me here, your garden will practically jump up and shout “Hallelujah!” when fertilized with either worm tea or aerobic compost tea, and you will be amazed at the growth, flowering, and fruiting that results.

Spray your plants liberally on the leaves, stems, and surrounding soil. Use teas on clay soil to begin its transformation to humus. Use them on your flowers indoors and out, and on your other house plants to feed and nourish both the plants and the soil.

Read More: “Fertilizing Container Gardens: A Beginner’s Guide”

Use teas on your compost pile to introduce the microbial activity and hasten the compost pile’s beneficial breaking-down process. Inoculate the ground surrounding your fruit trees. Use them on manure piles that stink and marvel at how fast the stink and flies go away! A properly brewed worm tea is child, pet, and wildlife friendly.

A few things to keep in mind:

Foliar Spray/Wash: It’s best to spray all surfaces of your plants in the early morning or late afternoon when the suns angle is low and less intense. When possible, do your foliar spraying on clear days, since rain may wash away some of the microbial activity.
Soil Inoculant/Drenching: Always apply teas out of direct, intense sunlight. Use them pure or dilute them (10:1 is a suggested maximum dilution rate). Dilution ratios vary for different application techniques and equipment. An ideal time to apply is during periods of mist or fog, but not heavy rain. Alternately, irrigate a little before your application to ensure the microbes will survive and can travel more quickly and safely to their new job locations. Always use nonchlorinated water.
Smell: If a tea stinks, do not use it on your vegetables, as it is demonstrating anaerobic properties and may contain pathogens. Some suggest you use this stinky mix on an undesirable weed bed!

In Summary

Leachate–The correct word for the dark liquid that comes out of the bottom of your worm bin. If your bin is maintained correctly, you should have very little leachate and what you do have can be used safely (in 1:10 diluted form) on your ornamental plants. Sometimes leachate is incorrectly referred to as “worm tea.” Some sites refer to it as “worm wee,” but even that is technically incorrect.

Simple Worm Tea–A mix of worm castings and water. Useful if you don’t have an air pump but still want some liquid fertilizer from your worm bin.

Aerobic Compost Tea–An aerated mixture of worm castings, nonchlorinated water, and molasses or another microbial food source. It contains an active culture of microorganisms and should be used immediately, otherwise the benefit of aeration is all but lost.

I really hope that this article helps clear things up. I know that many of you may not agree with the terminology I have used in this article, but I think that using the above will help to demystify an area of gardening that can be of great benefit to all of us!

(This article was originally published October 2, 2015.)

 

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Four All-Purpose Firearms That Every Prepper Should Consider

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When it comes to tools and weapons, preppers need to get the most out of the things they own. They need gear that is low maintenance, portable, and perhaps most importantly, it needs to be versatile.

That’s because when you’re preparing for a disaster, you’re essentially getting ready for a situation where your very survival will be reliant on whatever you can store in your home. Or worse, whatever you can carry on your back. So no matter what kinds of gear you buy, you have to consider how many different uses you can get out of it in a pinch.

If you apply that standard to firearms, you’ll be asking yourself about how many situations that weapon would be appropriate for. The more versatile it is, the better it is for a prepper. You want firearms that can use a wide variety of munitions. Or better yet, you need weapons that are modular, and can be turned into multiple configurations. The following firearms fit that bill better than their competitors:

Sig Sauer P320

Weapons that are adopted by the military often go on to become iconic and popular among civilians. The Sig Sauer P320 isn’t one of those firearms, but it’s going to be real soon, because the US Army recently decided to adopt it as a replacement for the Beretta M9. And one of the biggest reasons why they adopted it, is that it’s incredibly modular.

What makes this gun so unique is that the serial number is etched onto the fire control unit, which is where the trigger, sear, and hammer are located. It’s a small metal mechanism that as far as the law is concerned, is the actual firearm. This means that literally everything else can be replaced, which arguably makes the Sig p320 the most modular pistol on the market today. There are tons of configurations. You can have a full sized .45 caliber pistol, and by switching out parts, you can easily turn it into subcompact 9mm, or a compact 40 s&w.

Pump Action Shotgun

Most shotguns are only somewhat modular. It’s pretty easy to change out the barrel, the choke, or the tubular magazine, and replace them with different sized parts. What makes the shotgun so versatile however, is the ammunition. You can fire birdshot for hunting or buckshot for close range self-defense. You can use slugs for longer distances, or you can use less than lethal beanbag rounds. A good shotgun can cover a lot of different bases.

Multi-Caliber Rifles

These types of weapons typically aren’t ideal for most dangerous encounters, on account of the fact that they are usually single shot firearms. They make up for that flaw by being very portable and versatile. They make a great “weapon of last resort” and are typically designed with preppers in mind.

That’s because they can fire a multitude of calibers. Guns like the Chiappa M6 come with a 12 gauge barrel on top, and a .22 WMR barrel on the bottom. You can buy a wide variety of rifled inserts that slip into the shotgun barrel, and allow you to shoot a total of 13 different calibers. As an added bonus, the gun weighs less than 6lbs and comes with a folding stock. With a gun like that, you can rest assured that no matter how bad things get, you’ll always be able to find compatible ammunition.

AR-15 Platform

This list wouldn’t be complete without the AR-15. Due to its design and popularity, this rifle has become one of the most modular weapons on the planet. Once you own a receiver, you can attach countless uppers in a wide variety of calibers, ranging from tiny rimfires, to pistol calibers and sizeable rifle calibers like the .308.

But that’s just the tip of the iceberg. There are nearly 400 different companies that make AR-15 type rifles, and thousands of different parts. Sights, stocks, handguards, and everything in between come in countless variations. You can build an AR that is a precision long range shooter, or a pistol caliber short barrel rifle. For every individual, there is a single AR build that is absolutely perfect for them. And by owning multiple uppers, you can reconfigure the gun to be useful in almost any situation.

Joshua Krause was born and raised in the Bay Area. He is a writer and researcher focused on principles of self-sufficiency and liberty at Ready Nutrition. You can follow Joshua’s work at our Facebook page or on his personal Twitter.

Joshua’s website is Strange Danger

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition

Top 20 Prepping Mistakes to Avoid

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With the abundance of bad information out there and the overwhelming amount you need to learn, it’s easy for new preppers to make a lot of mistakes. I’ve made many mistakes myself and I’m sure I’ll make more, but that’s part of the learning process. To help you speed up this process, here are some […]

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Prepper’s Gear – Pressured Jerry Can Water Filter Review

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Not having enough water when the brown stuff hits the fan is one of my greatest fears. After all, water is quite essential for all the living creatures on this planet. As preppers, we aspire to have clean water for drinking and usage when the public utilities get shut down. I for one, I’m always … Read more…

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