Ecological Predictions of Species Devastation Due to Biological Impoverishment

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stock here, written in 1986 1988 this prediction of species die offs and problems created by lack of diversity of life forms (sheesh, and just lack of presence of life forms) 

Let’s hope that this ecologists have about as much success as modeling the future as climate scientists.


“This utter dependence of organisms on appropriate environments (Ehrlich, 1986) is what makes ecologists so certain that today’s trends of habitat destruction and modification—especially in the high-diversity tropical forest (where at least one-half of all species are believed to dwell)—are an infallible recipe for biological impoverishment. Those politicians and social scientists who have questioned the extent of current extinctions are simply displaying their deep ignorance of ecology; habitat modification and destruction and the extinction of populations and species go hand in hand.”
The Loss of Diversity Causes and Consequences – Paul R. Ehrlich – 1988

SHTF Combat Operations and Fabian Tactics

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In one of my previous articles, I referenced several resources for you to use, and I will repeat them here.  The Field Manual for the Infantry Rifle Platoon and Squad, FM 7-8 is the manual I used when I was in the service.  (The “modern” version is FM 3-21).  Another reference is SH 21-76, the Army Ranger HandbookThese three little books war a “gold mine” of information that you will need to organize yourselves (family, extended family-friends, and allies) into a cohesive force.  Notice how I did not say “effective,” and that adjective can only be obtained by practice and repetition.  It costs to become an effective fighting force.

The cost is paid through study, time, effort, and the allocation of resources; the cost is paid through practice and repetition.

That being mentioned, why am I writing about this?  Why write about such “military matters” as combat operations?

Because after the SHTF, the Army isn’t going to be sent in to do the “dirty work” for you while you dehydrate organic tomatoes: you’re going to have to do it yourself.

“Citizen-soldier” is a unique concept that perhaps is brought to the forefront of the imagination with the citizen-soldiers of the Revolutionary War…but its roots are much older than our transposed, Northern European form of society, culture, and government.  It has its roots in much older nations, such as the ancient city-states of Greece, and the Republic (then Empire) of Rome.

Citizens were not “encouraged” to serve: they were expected to be soldiers.

Fast-forward to now.  You can do the same: for your family, for your neighborhood, and for your community.  After it hits the fan, you may have to fight any number of enemies: marauding gangs, outlaws, foreign troops, and perhaps even those of your own government gone bad.

7 Tactical Topics You Must Master Before it Hits the Fan

You have a lot of studying to do that is beyond the scope of this article to cover, but we’re going to list some topics for you, and I will cover some of them later.  These topics are not merely subjects.  They are tasks, to learn how to do and execute as an individual and as a group.  Let’s list some:

  1. Traveling formations: File, Wedge, Diamond.
  2. React to near ambush.
  3. React to far ambush (sniper fire)
  4. Setting up an ambush (L, V, and so on)
  5. Fixing and Flanking (with an “A” team/squad as base and the “B” team as flanking element) This calls for a “lift and shift” of fires on an enemy.
  6. Strategic withdrawal/Orderly retreat
  7. Setting up a cigar-shaped perimeter at night, with security

My best advice for you to train your group: LINK UP WITH A VETERAN – AN EXPERIENCED ONE. A veteran will be your best bet for being able to bring all these tasks to bear and train to standards.

A War of Attritions

You also need to follow a doctrine, and that is one of Fabian Tactics.  What are they?  Well, Fabian Tactics are also referred to as “hit and run” tactics, and are usually thought of as “guerilla,” or unconventional warfare tactics.  They can be employed as such, and usually are; however, they are also used by conventional forces when arrayed against a much larger force.

The effects of these “hit and run” tactics are not to achieve an out-and-out victory, but to delay, to harass, and to dissuade a superior force from entering into an area and conducting regular combat operations that eventually lead to taking the ground and pacifying the resistance.

The term originated with the former Consul of Rome, Quintus Fabius Maximus, who utilized such “hit and run” tactics with the Roman legions when they fought the great Carthaginian General, Hannibal.  The measure was used successfully, in which the Romans wearied the men and forces of Hannibal and dragged out the conflict for so long that the battle in Italy was unsustainable.  It forced the Carthaginian withdrawal, and then later the Romans defeated them in North Africa.

Learn from experience.  Learn from those who did it before.  Read and study about the Viet Cong…how a third-world nation held out against the United States Military.  Do you want a good read?  Invest in The Tunnels of Cu-Chi,” for an in-depth view of how the North Vietnamese Army and the Viet Cong were so successful.  Watch films on resistance…by the fighters in the Warsaw ghetto during World War II.  Do you want to know how to do it from the ground up?  Pick up the book and the film, both entitled Defiance,” about the Bielski brothers in Belorussia during WWII…how they formed and trained an effective resistance force.

Start studying these things.  One by James Michener (and not a novel, but a documentary) is entitled The Bridge at Andau,” where you can read about teenage girls that had the guts to blow up Soviet tanks during the Hungarian resistance.  Study, task organize, and train.  Above all, find yourself a vet and learn from them.

And treat the vet as a hero: as the vet should have been treated by the nation.  It may just be that the vet will end up being a hero again…in your service when the “S” hits the fan. 


Fight that good fight, fight it well, and fight it smart.  Fight it to win.  JJ out!




Jeremiah Johnson is the Nom de plume of a retired Green Beret of the United States Army Special Forces (Airborne). Mr. Johnson was a Special Forces Medic, EMT and ACLS-certified, with comprehensive training in wilderness survival, rescue, and patient-extraction. He is a Certified Master Herbalist and a graduate of the Global College of Natural Medicine of Santa Ana, CA. A graduate of the U.S. Army’s survival course of SERE school (Survival Evasion Resistance Escape), Mr. Johnson also successfully completed the Montana Master Food Preserver Course for home-canning, smoking, and dehydrating foods.

Mr. Johnson dries and tinctures a wide variety of medicinal herbs taken by wild crafting and cultivation, in addition to preserving and canning his own food. An expert in land navigation, survival, mountaineering, and parachuting as trained by the United States Army, Mr. Johnson is an ardent advocate for preparedness, self-sufficiency, and long-term disaster sustainability for families. He and his wife survived Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath. Cross-trained as a Special Forces Engineer, he is an expert in supply, logistics, transport, and long-term storage of perishable materials, having incorporated many of these techniques plus some unique innovations in his own homestead.

Mr. Johnson brings practical, tested experience firmly rooted in formal education to his writings and to our team. He and his wife live in a cabin in the mountains of Western Montana with their three cats.

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition

Another Radioactive Barrel Heading to WIPP Explodes

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The last barrel that exploded, which was in WIPP, cost over $2.5B to cleanup
This barrel was going to be shipped to WIPP
 But they want to also put the highest level nuclear waste into WIPP and are seeking approval to do so, even though it is obvious they can’t even manage the low level waste.

stock out

They couldn’t even think to put down a PVC sheet, wow
and they have no idea whats in the barrels
but gosh golly, sure good the firefighters didn’t breath anything
It didn’t rupture, it exploded in a firey mess that set off fire alarms.
And it was headed to WIPP, that cost $2.5B to clean up after a barrel exploded in WIPP

It’s not clear how many barrels are in the earthen-floor structure that’s 380 feet (116 meters) long and 165 feet (50 meters) wide. The barrel that ruptured had been moved to the containment structure in preparation for shipment to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant near Carlsbad, New Mexico.

Thirteen Survival Tips in Case of a Civil War in America

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A current wave of discontent sweeps across America. Our institutions are weakened, and our political parties become more polarized and antagonistic by the day.  Fundamental questions divide us, and for many people—too many people—there is no middle ground. It seems that (God forbid) another civil war is looming over the horizon. Some believe it may …

Continue reading

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Thirteen Survival Tips in Case of a Civil War in America

A current wave of discontent sweeps across America. Our institutions are weakened, and our political parties become more polarized and antagonistic by the day.  Fundamental questions divide us, and for many people—too many people—there is no middle ground. It seems that (God forbid) another civil war is looming over the horizon. Some believe it may …

Continue reading

The post Thirteen Survival Tips in Case of a Civil War in America appeared first on SHTF Prepping & Homesteading Central.

Gulf Stream Shutdown making headlines around the world

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Image result for the day after tomorrow

We’ve talked about this before. A shutdown or slowdown of the thermohaline circulation. I remember posting about it a few years ago and it is indeed serious business.

You can debate all day about why this is happening, what everyone agrees on is that it is indeed happening and the consequences are serious.  In a nutshell the sea currents on the north atlantic is slowing down… a lot. These current move heat around, keeping a temperature balance. Without it expect something as in cold places getting colder, hot areas getting hotter, floods, draughts, etc.  The film “The day after tomorrow” has been mentioned in various articles but scientists say its not quite like that, but bad enough non the less. It’s highly unlikely, but that does not mean the film is a complete fabrication. “The Day After Tomorrow is clearly a very extreme version,” Dr David Thornalley.

The warm Atlantic current linked to severe and abrupt changes in the climate in the past is now at its weakest in at least 1,600 years, new research shows. The findings, based on multiple lines of scientific evidence, throw into question previous predictions that a catastrophic collapse of the Gulf Stream would take centuries to occur.

Gulf Stream current at its weakest in 1,600 years, studies show


Is the Gulf Stream about to collapse and is the new ice age coming sooner than scientists think?


Fernando “FerFAL” Aguirre is the author of “The Modern Survival Manual: Surviving the Economic Collapse” and “Bugging Out and Relocating: When Staying is not an Option”

PNG Passes Tougher Gun Laws. Genocide in West Papua!!!

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This is aimed at disarming the populous in West Papua where the Indonesian Government is committing Genocide sanctioned by the US & Australia!!!

In Australia we have had our semi-automatic rifles & pump action shotguns confiscated! DO YOU TRUST OUR GOVERNMENT NOW!!!

Shelter in Place vs. Bugging Out – How to Decide

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Your shelter is wherever you decide to hunker down and wait out the emergency. It may consist of sheltering in place, at your home or work, or even in your car. Hardcore preppers will have their “survival retreats” in place. Or you might evacuate and find outside shelter at the home of a friend or relative, or at a community mass care facility.

The decision to stay or go might be made for you by local authorities. When a disaster is imminent or has just happened, listen to the TV and radio and check the Internet to find out if instructions are being given.

It may take some time for local authorities to make their initial assessments and decide what they want the public to do, and it will take even more time to get that on the air or online. If you are aware of a large-scale emergency that has the potential to affect you, and you’re unable to find out what’s happening or what to do, your decisions might then be based on your gut instinct.

In any case, you’ll be making your decisions based on the perception of the hazard, then you’ll be choosing on-site sheltering or evacuation and off-site sheltering. The safest places will vary by hazard.

Wherever you decide to shelter, stay there until local authorities say it’s safe to leave. Manage food and water, assign shifts for 24- hour communications and safety watch so no important information or safety issues go unnoticed. Have at hand or take with you your disaster supplies kit. It’s always a good idea to take your personal survival kit with you at all times.

Mass Care Shelters

Make no mistake about it, crowded mass care facilities can be unpleasant, but it beats the alternatives. Mass care shelters will probably have free water, food, first aid supplies, medicine, first aid and medical providers, heating and air-cooling, basic sanitary facilities, blankets and cots.

If you go to a mass care facility, take your disaster kit with you to ensure you have what you need for yourself and for bartering. Do NOT take alcohol or firearms to the shelter unless you are told specifically by the shelter manager and local authorities to do so. Also be aware that smoking probably will not be allowed inside the shelter.

Sheltering in Place

Sheltering in place basically means staying at home or the office, and often means moving into a small interior room with few or no windows. This type of sheltering is likely to be used when hazardous materials, including chemical/ biological/radiological contaminants, are released into the environment.

It could also be the result of weather emergencies, civil unrest, and many other causes. The recommendation to shelter to shelter in place will probably be given over radio, TV, or the internet. Local authorities may pass the word by telephone and loudspeaker.

It’s likely the information will be repeated often on EBS and NOAA. It may happen that local authorities cannot respond and make those decisions before it’s necessary for you to make a sheltering decision. In that case, if there’s a large amount of debris in the air or the probability that the air is badly contaminated, your decision will probably be to shelter in place.

If infrastructure is still in place and you have an adequate food supply, sheltering in place may seem confining but in actuality will be little more than a simple vacation from work and school. Here’s a rather standard list of steps to take for sheltering in place at home.

Before the Event

•    Bolt the walls of the structure securely to the foundation.

•    Attach wall studs to roof rafters with metal hurricane clips.

•    Secure large appliances (especially the water heater) with flexible cable or metal stripping.

During the Event

•    Close and lock all windows and exterior doors. Locking pulls the door tighter for a better seal.

•    If there’s a possibility of explosions, close window shades, blinds, and curtains.

•    Turn off all fans, air conditioning, and heating systems.

•    Close fireplace and stove dampers.

•    Choose an interior room without windows or with as few windows as possible. In many homes this will be an interior bathroom. The room should be above ground level where gases and vapors heavier than air won’t collect. Basements are not recommended for sheltering in place during hazardous materials emergencies because chemicals can seep in even if the windows are closed.

•    Get your disaster supplies kit. Make sure the radio and lights work, and move the kit into the room.

•    Move into the room. Bring the pets, too, and make certain there’s enough food and water for them.

•    If necessary, use the battery operated LED or fluorescent lights in your disaster kit to light the room. One standard LED bulb will run for days on a single fully-charged battery. Do not burn anything for heat or light because of the limited oxygen in your shelter space and the possibility of toxic combustion products (smoke, carbon monoxide). No candles.

•    A POTS (Plain Old Telephone System) line to the room is nice to have, but nowadays very rare. If you have a cell phone, make certain you bring it with you. Call your emergency contact and let them know where you are and what phone or radio you’ll be using. Keep the cell phone turned off, or at least turn off running apps and set settings (e.g. background light, volume, etc.) as low as possible for minimum battery consumption.

•    If your emergency involves an imminent known or suspected airborne hazmat threat, put on your N95 face mask. Use duct tape and plastic sheeting to seal cracks around the door and any vents into the room. Alternatively, use pre-cut N95 air filter strips to fill the bigger cracks under the door and any vents (much safer than sealing the room entirely with tape and plastic).

•    Establish a 24-hour communications/information and safety watch, monitoring radio or television and providing security.

•    Stay there until local authorities give you the all clear, call for an evacuation, or tell you to seek medical help.

Studies indicate that sealing a room with plastic and duct tape will allow enough air for a few hours. Of course, the more folks in the shelter, the less air time you’ll have, and staying in the room too long can lead to death by suffocation. Increased number of occupants, increased carbon dioxide emission rates, or increased activity resulting in oxygen depletion will seriously cut down on your air time.

For the best protection for everyone, occupants should enter the shelter before contamination, and leave the shelter after exposure. Contaminated occupants will bring the contamination in with them and nullify the protection. Contaminated occupants should do a quick “dry-decontamination” (strip down) before entering the shelter.

If you’ve done your disaster supplies right, there should be a set of clothes waiting for you in the shelter. If there’s a heavy chemical exposure, after two or three hours the shelter is likely to be compromised by contaminants leaking slowly into the room.

Authorities by that time will probably recommend evacuation. Keep listening to the radio and follow their instructions completely.

When the emergency is over, ventilate the shelter to remove the contaminated air.

Safe Rooms

A safe room is the modern version of what we used to call a storm cellar. Safe rooms are made using wood and steel or reinforced concrete, welded steel, or other strong materials. Safe rooms are usually built in a basement, on a slab-grade foundation, garage floor, or in an interior room on the lower floor.

The room is anchored securely to resist overturning. When building a safe room make certain the walls, ceiling, doors, and all connections are built to withstand extremely high winds and wind borne debris. If the room is built below ground level, it must be flood-proof. FEMA has detailed plans for safe rooms on their website.

Our friends over at The Prepping Guide have created a very helpful post about available storm shelters that will keep you safe.

Shelter in Place at Work

Your business or workplace should use a means of alerting employees to shelter in place that is distinct from the alert to evacuate. Employees should be trained in SIP (shelter in place) procedures and their roles during an emergency.

When the decision to shelter in place has been made, here are some additional recommended steps:

•    Close the business.

•    Ask customers to stay.

•    Tell employees and customers to call their emergency contacts to tell them where they are and that they are safe.

•    Turn on call forwarding or alternative answering systems. Change the recorded message to say the business is closed and the staff and clients are sheltering there until authorities advise them to leave.

•    Write down the names of everyone in the room.

Shelter in Place in Schools

In addition to basic steps already discussed:

•    Bring students and staff indoors. Ask visitors to stay.

•    Close the school and activate the school’s emergency plan.

•    A phone with the school’s listed number should be available in the shelter room, and a person should be assigned to answer calls.

•    If multiple rooms are used, there should be a way to communicate between rooms (intercom, radio, etc.). Make announcements through the public address system.

•    Change the voicemail recording to say the school is closed and the students are safe.

•    Write down the names of everyone in the shelter and call the school’s emergency contact or local authorities to report who is there.


Lockdown is used to protect people inside a building from external danger. In a partial lockdown, no one goes in or out of the lockdown area. In a full lockdown, those inside the lockdown site are confined to their assigned rooms or spaces.

Community Containment vs. Shelter in Place

Community containment is a group of measures taken to control potential exposure to patients with contagious diseases. These steps include isolation and quarantine. Local, state, and federal health authorities are all empowered with the authority to order and enforce these measures.

These agencies have what are referred to as “police powers” to “detain, medically examine, quarantine persons suspected of carrying communicable diseases” (42 CFR Parts 70 and 71). Isolation and quarantine may be voluntary or enforced. When enforced, failure to comply can result in arrest and criminal prosecution.

Isolation is the separation of person known to have an illness from those who are healthy. The separation may be for focused delivery of health care (TB, for example).

Quarantine is separation or restriction of movement of persons or things that may have been exposed but may or may not become ill. Quarantine can apply to people, vehicles, buildings, cargo, animals, or anything else thought to be exposed. Isolation and quarantine are public health’s best weapons against mass infection.

If you are placed in isolation or quarantined at home, take the following steps to protect your family and others:

•    Stay at home, and when at home stay at least three feet away from other people. If possible, stay in a separate room with the door closed.

•    Do not have visitors. Arrange to have deliveries placed outside your door, then you can bring them into the house.

•    Cover your mouth and nose with a clean tissue when coughing or sneezing. Consider wearing a surgical mask.

•    Everyone in the home should wash their hands frequently. Have some waterless hand sanitizer handy.

•    Wash hard surfaces and anything handled by the isolated patient with a 1:10 solution of bleach and water (1½ cups of bleach to a gallon of water).

•    Do not share dirty eating or drinking utensils.

•    Wash clothes in hot or warm water and detergent.

•    Household members living with an isolated patient should consider themselves on quarantine unless directed otherwise by the enforcing health department.

Emergency Shelters

If you’re forced out of your home and your neighbourhood, and you can’t get to a community shelter or to the safety of an unaffected friend’s or relative’s home, where do you go? It’s not a problem if you have actually done your preparation homework.

The Car

Survival Bug Out Vehicle

Sheltering in a car is not as uncommon as one would think. In areas where storms or hazmat incidents are in progress, the motoring public is often told to stay in the car. In a long-term incident there are lots of reasons you might find yourself sheltering in a car:

•    You may already have plans for the car to be your evacuation vehicle.

•    There are nearly as many cars as there are people in the US and Canada. That’s nearly one potential emergency shelter per person.

•    Living in a car does not expose you to the structural instability of a severely damaged building.

•    Cars provide warmth, passive solar heating, ventilated shade, storage space, a signaling device (horn), and relative privacy.

•    Cars have mirrors, tools, a battery bank, a generator, an air conditioner, a radio, a heater, and even a hotplate (the manifold) until the fuel runs out and the batteries die.

Here are some tips for using a car for shelter:

•    Along with your emergency car kit, stash a car cover and a silver-reflective windshield sunshade.

•    The sunshade will help keep the car cool during the day. The car cover will keep it warm at night and in winter. Be sure to tie the cover to the bumpers and doors or it may blow away).

•    Overnight leave the windows cracked slightly open to improve ventilation and reduce condensation (from breathing) inside the car.

•    Be hygienic. Establish a place to poop and pee well away from the vehicle. Use sanitizer to keep your hands clean, or wash them with soap and water frequently. Store trash away from the vehicle. Take daily spit-showers or wipe down with baby wipes. Keep dirty clothes in a plastic bag in the trunk or outside.

The Bivouac

A bivouac is a temporary encampment, often in a harsh, unsheltered area. Bivouacs will be those places you crash in as the sun goes down and you grow weary of looking for a better place to be. Some bivouacs are more comfortable than others. If you’re unprepared, your bivouac may consist of crawling into a hole and covering yourself with dead vegetation to stay warm.

Or if you are minimally prepared, you might pull your mega-sized garbage bag(s) from your kit and crawl in. A sleeping bag helps, and something underneath to insulate you from the ground makes it even better. The bottom line is everyone should pack some bivouac equipment into their 72-hour kit.

Your decision about what to pack will depend on several things: how comfortable you want to be if you must bivouac, the range of weather conditions in your region, how mobile you wish to be, etc. The more you pack, the more comfortable you’ll be, but the lighter you pack, the faster you can move. A couple of points to help you with this:

•    Don’t plan on getting any shelter from a space tarp or space blanket, unless it’s the heavy-duty kind and you use it as a lean-to or A-frame tent. If you simply pull a blanket over you, it will be worthless as soon as the wind starts blowing. They’ll flap uselessly and dump any heat they’re supposed to retain, and flimsy versions will shred mercilessly. You’re better off with large heavy-duty plastic garbage bags. Pack several in your kit. If you look around you can find “space” bags, or just spend the money and buy a nylon bivouac sack from the camping store. Add a heavy duty fleece liner or light sleeping bag, and a layer of something that will insulate you from the cold ground (camping mattress, closed cell foam pad, or whatever you can improvise), and voila! You’ve got a comfy, relatively water- and wind-proof “bivi.”

•    Two or more individuals snuggling in a bivi are warmer than one!


Survival Shelter

Even today tents are the mainstay of modern armies and of relief agencies providing temporary housing and storage for displaced masses. Tents are a key piece of gear for anyone venturing into the backcountry.

Tents are economical, portable, and generally easy and quick to set up. In a truly massive event, one way or another you will eventually end up in a tent for shelter. Having your own may prevent you having to share shelter space with a crowd of people you don’t know.

Speaking about tents, it’s not a bad idea to improve your essential bushcraft skills.

A small two-man tent is not an unreasonable item to pack in your 72-hour kit. It’s a little bulky, but it beats a bivi bag hands down and provides some cooking space and a dry place for you to use your electronics or keep documents dry.

Two-man tents that will easily survive a week’s thrashing are available in the mega-stores routinely for under $40. If you want something that will last longer, plan on spending a few hundred on a high quality unit.

Tents are made from many materials, but nylon and cotton canvas are the most commonly used. Nylon is the material of choice due to its light weight and its inability to absorb significant moisture.

Nylon materials are often coated with substances like silicon and polyurethane that make them almost completely waterproof. The disadvantage of nylon is its tendency to break down under UV radiation (sunlight).

A tent may last through a season of hard use, but would be very lucky to last a year in the sunlight. If you’re going to store a nylon tent in your two-year kit, store at least two tents.

Cotton canvas is heavy and it absorbs water easily (making it even heavier). When it absorbs water, the threads swell and become so tightly packed that the tent eventually becomes temporarily very water-resistant.

Cotton tents are great in dry environments, but in humid environments they tend to stay wet and will rot or collect mold faster than nylon tents.

Tents come in all shapes and sizes. Most of the popular tents on the market are dome tents that are supported by external pole frames. Stress on the weak points of the tent will be reduced with poles and flies (rain covers) that are shock-corded to the main frame.

Double wall construction increases the weight of the tent but also increases durability, weather resistance, and insulation value. Bug-screened windows and doors are nice. Dual zippered doors and windows are another plus.

Speaking of zippers, be forewarned that zippers on a cheap tent will be the first thing to fail and can only rarely be repaired, leaving you with a tent that has doors and windows that won’t close.

If you’re buying a cheap tent, as soon as you get it home, make certain you check the zippers and trim away any loose threads or material that can get caught in the zipper.

The next thing to fail on your cheap tent will be the stake loops and the fabric channels that attach the tent to the frame. These fail because the material is of poor quality and the sewing is weak.

Consider using a surge sewing machine to double- or triple-stitch any of the seams and channels that will be highly stressed. Stitching a patch to a weak point may help spread the stress over a wider area and prevent it from tearing.

So, what is a “cheap” tent? Let’s just say that if you’re paying less that $1 per square foot of floor space, it’s a cheap tent. In fact, at that price it’s probably a real lemon—a disaster in its own fashion. True, this isn’t always the case, but “you get what you pay for” stands true for tents. Buy brand names you can trust.

When choosing a tent, look for:

•    Comfort

•    Space, including floor space and head space or standing room

•    Ease and simplicity to set up and take down

•    Durability of construction

•    Performance in non-ideal conditions (wind and rain).

Living area. You want plenty of room for yourself, your roommates, and your stuff. Take it from those of us who have been days and weeks imprisoned in tents, space is crucial. For a long-term event, sixty square feet of floor space per person is about the minimum you’ll need to keep from getting claustrophobic.

Add some additional space for a few other amenities (i.e. tables and chairs), and if you want to be able to fit a guest in on occasion, better add another 60. Unless you’re cooking outside or in a separate tent, add another 40 square feet for a kitchen. How are we doing?

Family of three × 60 + 60 + 40 = 280 square feet.

Do they even make tents that size? Glance through the online catalogs of your favorite budget mega-stores, you’ll see tents with 600, even 800 square feet. That’s as big as a small house.

Ceiling height is important if you’re actually going to turn a tent into a home for the long term. It sucks to not be able to stand up at home.


A tent should have hefty, strong poles that will not allow the tent to collapse or lie down in a stiff wind or under a moderate load of snow. Seams should be double-sewn and sealed, and the windows and doors should have heavy-duty zippers. A three-season tent is designed for mild climates or for use in spring, summer, and fall.

They perform well in windy conditions as long as the poles are sturdy and correctly attached, the tent is staked per instructions, all the guy lines are staked, and the fly and guy lines are tensioned correctly.

Three-season tents have fewer poles, lighter material, and less aerodynamic designs than what are called four-season tents or expedition tents.

These tents are more aerodynamic and stoutly constructed, and their frame and guy systems are built to withstand the rigors of severe winter storms and intense monsoon activity. A good four-season tent is worth the extra expense.

Protection from water

Many poorly made or poorly designed tents come without a rain fly, relying solely on waterproof material to keep the rain out. Avoid these. Condensation from breathing and cooking will collect on waterproof ceilings and run onto the floor or rain on the occupants.

On the other hand, some very expensive tents are made from breathable, vapor-barrier materials and manage to shed rain and minimize condensation.

To be on the safe side, get a tent with a rain fly. Tents that incorporate a rain fly are called “double walled tents.” The fly should cover most of the tent and certainly any windows or skylights that cannot be zippered shut.

Look for a tent whose fly has tension adjustments and is shock-corded (the tie-downs or stake loops are elasticized).

A vestibule is a floorless extension of the tent. The sleeping area of the tent can be sealed off completely from the vestibule. This makes vestibules ideal for changing out of dirty clothes and shoes before going into the main tent.

Protection from bugs

All openings, including vents, doors, and windows, should have bug screening. If you’re in an area that has a continuous problem with particularly nasty invaders (like scorpions or centipedes), use duct tape to seal any holes that are not screened (i.e. the utility port).

Go into a serious climbing or outdoor adventure store and almost everything will be very acceptable, highly durable quality. It will also be unavoidably very expensive. Buying a $1,500 tent, just to keep in a closet with your dust-covered 72-hour kit and other forgotten treasures, is a waste of money.

Some very good, durable tents in a moderate price range can be had from companies like Kelty and Eureka. If you’re like average preppers, though, you’ll be heading straight for Costco, Walmart, or Kmart to check out the big tent sales. Let the buyer beware.

From 480 tent models by 23 companies, the highest marks most consistently went to Coleman, with Ozark Trail in second place, and Texsport right behind. I won’t say which companies were at the bottom. Let’s just say a tent from one of these three companies is less likely to be a lemon than from any of the other budget tent makers.

Trailers, Campers, and RV’s

Truck Camper: Any shelter or living unit carried in the bed of a pickup truck (aka slide-in or cab-over). Campers range from a simple single-walled shell with no amenities, to an enormous mini-home with kitchen, bedroom, shower, and dining facilities. At some point, a truck camper unit basically becomes an RV.

RV, or Recreational Vehicle: Also known as a motor home, an RV is an enclosed motorized platform dually used as a vehicle and a dwelling. As an emergency shelter they offer greater mobility, comfort, and protection than a tent. RV’s decked out specifically for emergency travel, evacuation, and mobile shelter are often referred to by survivalists as a “BOV”—a bug-out vehicle.

Again, as with tents, there are some bargains out there, especially for a used camper or RV, but you generally get what you pay for.

At a minimum an RV will contain at least one bed, a table, and food preparation and storage areas. Large, more expensive units will have their own bathroom, plumbing, a refrigerator, and may include a living room and master bedroom.

Onboard appliances run off the 12-volt system of the vehicle but may also have a converter, which changes the AC current from a grid source or generator to the DC power needed to run most of the onboard appliances.

Many RV’s will have what are called two-way or three-way appliances. Two-way appliances can run on either 110V (grid current) or 12V (battery current). Three-way appliances can also run on LP gas. For an emergency shelter or BOV, multi-way appliances are a big plus.

Fancier RV units will have satellite TV, satellite internet, slide-out sections (some slide out on both sides of the unit to make a huge living room), and awnings.

Who wouldn’t want to have one of these in a disaster? Realistically, though, an RV is a big target. If the house and neighborhood has been obliterated, what makes anyone think a huge unprotected RV will fare any better? In addition, the convenience of the vehicle and all its appliances and electronics seems less important when you consider how much fuel it’s going to take to run it all.

Outfitting the RV with solar panels and/or a wind turbine and an adequate battery bank makes this mobile paradise seem more practical, but again it’s likely to be destroyed, and if the disaster hasn’t flattened the RV, chances are the house is also intact enough to provide shelter, and you won’t have needed the RV in the first place. The real advantage of the RV is as an evacuation vehicle.

Trailers: Travel trailers and “5th Wheelers” are towed behind a road vehicle to provide living quarters. A mobile home is a prefabricated home, built in a factory, with a chassis and wheels. It is pulled behind a tractor-trailer to its permanent or semi-permanent site. The general public often refers to all of these as “trailers.”

One way or another, trailers often become shelters during and after large-scale disaster events. In the US, FEMA has a fleet of thousands of travel trailers and small mobile homes for those who qualify to receive them.

The post Shelter in Place vs. Bugging Out – How to Decide appeared first on Survival Preps.

61 Plants That Attract Honeybees

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We have decimated the bee populations. Its a sad reality among others. These great pollinators have suffered the slings and arrows of our society and now we have a responsibility to the. We have to make good on this situation. I think that knowing about what types of plants attract honey bees is hardly enough. …

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Build a Garden Bench from a Bed

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These little DIY projects can be as much about preserving memories as they are about repurposing. On the prepper journey there are a number of places you end up. You will find that the word prepper is merely a vehicle. Its a vehicle to get you to a certain place. If you are a person …

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Get Away From Google, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube

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Just starting this page.   My new saying recently coined:

We need to use the machine to beat the machine. 

Soldiers of Ra “We are not machines” What a great song if you can find it, wish I could find the lyrics.
Yahoo and Bing are suspect, way too establishment!

If anyone has internet websites or tools like TOR that allow us to step back the overly concentrated and potentially evil power of the “Establishment Techrocracy” please drop in comments.

Some alternative search engines to Google — Note your search results will definitely be different than Google.   Sometimes Google provides the best, but it is 24/7 slanted.

Cookie Free, no Search History

We don’t store your
personal information. Ever.

Our privacy policy is simple: we don’t collect
or share any of your personal information.


USA Disease Incidence Rates — Detailed — But They Leave Out Environmental Pollution and Radiation

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Saw this at Majia’s blog.    She is a liberal university professor, and a friend, but we won’t always see

eye to eye.   There is also plenty of room for common ground and common causes.  

Don’t worry about Fukushima though….the new censorship — just make old articles unavailable, LOL sheesh

Just a thought — I am worried when not just Zerohedge is not “counted” as hits to my website by blogger when they used to be the largest source….but I worry that also Zerohedge now has 30% articles that I completely disagree with, look like controlled opposition or worse, straight propaganda.   


A very comprehensive analysis of disease incident rates was just published in the Journal of the American Medical Association by The US Burden of Disease Collaborators:

The US Burden of Disease Collaborators. The State of US Health, 1990-2016Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Among US States. JAMA. 2018;319(14):1444–1472. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0158

Below I review the data collection and results. These are directly quoted:
And another favorite blog by Mark Brewer who not just understands, but has great prose too.

Finally one of my favorite “discoveries”, I try to consume 3 or 4 pro-biotic foods every day, as simple as yogurt.    You don’t have to be a health nut and spend tons of time or money.    I do love fermenting though, and brewing, and can’t wait until my brewing room is complete, probably waiting until fall and hopefully no trip to Hawaii next winter. 

Preparedness Quick Tip #53: Leave a Voicemail Message

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Are you into survival hacks? I am a big fan of these little steps that often add up to something that is very impressive. These little hacks can make all the difference in surviving a disaster. There is also the argument that time is money and in a survival situation money can often be replaced …

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Free PDF: Cyclopedia of American Agriculture

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The Cyclopedia of American Agriculture is a popular survey of the agricultural conditions, practices, and ideals in the United States in Canada in the early 1900’s As such it shows how farmers produced food well before the industrial factory farms of modern times.  They were able to feed the country without all the fertilizers and feedlots we use today. The food may not have been as cheaply produced, and it wasn’t as “efficient” as modern techniques, but the food was of better quality – food produced using the old methods would be considered premium “organic” produce. If you look at

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Book Review: The Chemistry of Powder and Explosives

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If you are interested in pyrotechnics, then The Chemistry of Powder and Explosives is a good starting place. It is an older title but it is still relevant, as are all classics. This book does a great job of explaining the chemistry behind energetic materials. If you have an interest in this area then you need to read his book. It has a really nest section on making fireworks, a large section on black powder, Manufacture of single based propellants, various nitrates and nitric esters, primary explosive compounds, and great history of this field. As I stated earlier, this is an

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9 Ridiculous Things About the Omnibus Budget Bill

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Do you have good days? Sometimes you look at the world and see only the good. You might even wonder, ‘why am I prepping,’ or ‘whats the point of all this. Things aren’t so bad.’ Then you get smacked in the face by the recent Omnibus spending bill. I am sure you have heard of …

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Article – I Lived Exclusively Off Doomsday Prepper Food for a Week

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After 9/11, my dad filled a duffel bag with some energy bars, a couple gallons of water, some penicillin, and a map. Amid scaremongering headlines about imminent anthrax and “dirty bomb” attacks in the city, he wanted to have some supplies on hand in case we needed to get out of Brooklyn fast. Were he to assemble such a bag today, he’d likely stumble on a number of companies promising a more wholesale brand of disaster preparedness: a box full of shelf-stable freeze-dried meals, to be revived from their dessicated state with the addition of boiled water.

Always interesting when someone does this sort of thing. They seem that the point of this food isn’t to replicate your pre-collapse culinary habits, but rather to keep you alive.

Ready To Eat Canned Food Suggestions For Your Prepper Stockpile

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A staple of all preppers is their food stockpile. In fact, its arguable that Americans need to focus on creating their own stockpile to deal with the increasing threat of regional disasters. The month of March has featured a nor’easter every week of this! Its important for people to start taking note and being more …

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The post Ready To Eat Canned Food Suggestions For Your Prepper Stockpile appeared first on SHTF Prepping & Homesteading Central.

Video: Mudslide Survival

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Video: Mudslide Survival

Aftermath of a mudslide or "debris flow"

Aftermath of a mudslide or “debris flow”

Snowmelt and Spring rains can saturate the ground and destabilize the substrate, leading to what is known as a debris flow, mudslide, or landslide. When communities establish themselves on or at the bases of slopes, they are at risk for being in the midst of a river of, essentially, wet concrete. To avoid injury and loss of life, it’s important to recognize an impending mudslide and what you can do to shore up your property to defend against it.

Here’s Joe Alton, MD’s video giving you advice on how to identify conditions leading to debris flows and a plan of action to survive one if it comes. To watch, click below:

Wishing you the best of health in good times or bad,

Joe Alton, MD

Joe Alton MD

Joe Alton MD

Learn more about mudslide and how to medically prepare for other disasters by getting a copy of the 2017 Book Excellence Award winner in Medicine, the Survival Medicine Handbook: The Essential Guide for When Medical Help is Not on the Way, now in its 700 page third edition! And Fill those holes in your medical supplies with kits and individual items from Nurse Amy’s store at

Bricks of 22

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Was up at the local chain outdoors shop and saw, stacked high, bricks of Federal .22 for the first time in what seems like quite a while. $24.99, which, if you do the math, comes out to $0.0476 per round. I just picked up about 50,000 rounds for $0.0410 per round, so, on a brick of ammo, the difference is about $3 a brick. Multiply that by..uhm…100 bricks…and you get a savings of about $300. I can live with that.

I’m the first to admit that I do not get out into the stores as much as I’d like, so perhaps the availability has been high lately and I simply haven’t noticed, but I actually cannot recall the last time I saw bricks of bulk Federal sitting on the shelf with no limits on purchase.

Did I buy some? Yes, actually. One brick just for some recreational shooting. Yes, I just bought 50,000 rounds but thats Deep Sleeper ammo. It’s for that Really Bad Decade..not for busting rocks at the range. (Well…it might also be used for barter purposes with hungry, desperate, short-sighted coeds who were woefully unprepared for the end of the world.)

Even though I have a bunch of .22 ammo sittinghere, there’s still a part of my lizard brain that has been conditioned over the last several years to grab all the bricks whenever I see them. I have to remind myself “It’s’s cool…you’ve got plenty.”


Mass Shooting Survival – Before, During And After A Shooting Occurs

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Our hyper focused, gun biased, solutions to the mass shooting problem is assuring that we will deal with this problem for a very long time. That’s a scary thing to deal with but its real. It leaves the average person with very clear choices. My experience with the modern human and clear choices is that …

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The post Mass Shooting Survival – Before, During And After A Shooting Occurs appeared first on SHTF Prepping & Homesteading Central.

The Russians Are Being Instructed To Prepare For Armageddon

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Evidently, the Russians are being instructed to prepare for Armageddon. Russia’s State TV is broadcasting instructions for survival in a bomb shelter. Will you ever hear or see this on American mainstream news? No. Never. However I found it surreal to watch/listen to what the Russians are telling their citizens today (actually yesterday). Yes this is really happening. (Read on for transcript translation)   First, The situation in Syria may soon turn into lots more that just a situation. Trump has promised missiles. Putin has promised to strike back. The MIC Deep State may have false flagged the trigger –

Original source: The Russians Are Being Instructed To Prepare For Armageddon

What You Cannot Live Without!

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What You Cannot Live Without!
James Walton “I Am Liberty” Audio player below!

As survivalists and preppers its pretty common that we get asked or ask ourselves the question of what 5 things or what 10 things would you bring into the wilderness or whatever scenario. While there are some prepping items that must be part of the equation in a collapse scenario I want to discuss something that many preppers are not considering at all.

Continue reading What You Cannot Live Without! at Prepper Broadcasting Network.

5 Reasons Why Pure Silver Will be the Currency of the Collapse

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Commodities such as gold and silver have a world market that transcends national borders, politics, religions, and race. A person may not like someone else’s religion, but he’ll accept his gold. Robert Kiyosaki There is something that just feels right about silver. Its coded in our DNA. It has to do with the weight and […]

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An Amazing Way To Grow Cucumbers With Little Effort!

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When it comes to trying to find a better way to grow cucumbers – we are always up for the challenge. After all, cucumbers are one of our family’s favorite vegetables. Not only are they amazing fresh from the garden,

The post An Amazing Way To Grow Cucumbers With Little Effort! appeared first on Old World Garden Farms.

Choosing the Perfect Puppy

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Men feel natural attraction for puppies as they are very loyal and trustworthy friend for us. That’s why many people cherish desire to bring a pet at home. Before bringing them at home, you should take a wiser decision. Generally, most families take a wrong decision in selecting the right one for them. Definitely, you need to observe them at first. It’s very important to evaluate a pet as you want to raise it not less than your child. Sometimes, bold puppies become quiet and change their nature drastically. That’s why it’s difficult to identify right one. No need to

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3 Quick Bread Recipes You Will Love To Make

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I have 3 quick bread recipes you will love to make in your kitchen today. There is something awesome about smelling bread baking in your oven. I can walk outside to get the mail and I can smell it about 50 feet away from the kitchen. I have a very small home, but still, baking bread smells yummy! I must apologize to my readers for not sharing any gluten-free bread recipes. Oh, my goodness, they are not easy recipes, and the worst part is the gluten-free flours go rancid very quickly. I can only store so much flour/food in my freezer.

I must admit, if I had to eat gluten-free bread I would not be making it unless I made natural yeast bread like my friend, Melissa Richardson. I have helped her, keyword helped, by handing her materials and ingredients when she was teaching a few of her classes. I would show people how to stir the yeast, but she is the expert in natural yeast. Anyway, these recipes today can be made by hand, they do not need a bread mixer. If you have a bread mixer, you can use it. These recipes are pretty small so you may be able to use a 6-quart Kitchen Aid Mixer.

quick bread

I get nervous recommending a 6-quart KitchenAid mixer to make bread because I have a daughter that tried to make bread (whole wheat) and it burned up the motor. She now has a Bosch Bread Mixer. My mother was somewhat famous for making the best brown bread. She would make about 15 large loaves at a time. Only 1/3 of them would make it to her freezer. She was generous to all of her neighbors. I will share her brown bread recipe one day. I will cut the recipe down, I promise.

Please note, I only buy white bread flour because I make things like dinner rolls, French bread, and cinnamon rolls. I grind wheat berries for my whole wheat bread. It’s just me, but I prefer white bread flour. There is a difference between enriched and bread flour, to me at least, when making any quick bread. Please remember white flour has a shelf-life of about 12-18 months at the most.

Quick Bread

1. Lemon Bread


6 tablespoons butter

1 cup sugar

2 eggs

1-1/2 cups bread flour

1 teaspoon baking powder

Dash of salt

1/2 cup milk

Grated lemon rind

Juice of one lemon


Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Combine all the ingredients above and bake in a well-greased loaf pan. Bake for 1 hour.

Glaze: Mix juice of one lemon and 1/2 cup of sugar and pour over hot bread.

PRINTABLE recipe: By Food Storage Moms

2. Casserole Onion Bread


1 cup milk, scalded

1-1/2 tablespoons butter

3/4 cup warm water

2 teaspoons SAF instant yeast

1 envelope onion soup mix

4 cups bread flour


Combine the ingredients in a large mixing bowl and beat vigorously for about 3 minutes. You can use a heavy-duty hand mixer or mix by hand. Knead as required to make sure the dough is pliable and mixed together. Cover the dough with greased plastic wrap. Let rise about 45 minutes. Remove plastic wrap, punch down dough, and mold the dough to fit the greased casserole or loaf pan. Bake at 375 degrees for 50-60 minutes uncovered, or until golden brown.

PRINTABLE recipe: By Food Storage Moms

3. Dilly Bread


4 teaspoons SAF instant yeast

1/2 warm water

2 cups creamed cottage cheese

2 eggs

1/4 cup sugar

4 teaspoons dill seed

2 tablespoons instant minced onion

2 tablespoons vegetable oil

1 teaspoon salt

1 teaspoon dried dill weed, crushed

1/2 teaspoon baking soda

4-1/2 to 5 cups bread flour


Slightly warm the cottage cheese, stirring constantly. Combine the ingredients in a large mixing bowl, stir in the cottage cheese and start mixing by hand or with a heavy-duty mixer. Keep mixing until thoroughly mixed and smooth. Knead for 2-3 minutes. Cover with greased plastic wrap and let rise about 50-60 minutes. This recipe will fill two well-greased 2-quart casseroles or two well-greased loaf pans. Let the casseroles or loaf pans rise again after molding, covered with the greased plastic wrap about 30 minutes or until double. Preheat oven to 350 degrees for 40-50 minutes or until golden brown. Brush top with butter after baking.

PRINTABLE recipe: By Food Storage Moms

I hope you try some of my quick bread recipes because some are so old that you may never have heard of them. I will say the Dilly Quick Bread is one of my all-time favorite loaves of bread. If we have a disaster or emergency, and we will, all of these quick bread recipes can be baked in a Dutch oven outside. Please stay prepared with water, pantry basics and practice making food items like these that will fill the belly and you can survive. May God bless this world.

Linda’s Tips For No-Fail Recipes

My Favorite Things:

Can Opener

Copyright pictures:

Bread: AdobeStock_66674020 by gitusik

The post 3 Quick Bread Recipes You Will Love To Make appeared first on Food Storage Moms.

Companion Planting Favorites (Your Answers to the Question of the Month!)

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What Are Your Favorite Combinations for Companion Planting?

Recently on the site, we’ve been talking about Three Sisters Gardens. Of course, this classic symbiosis is a great example of companion planting …

… which got us wondering …

… what do you do in YOUR garden?

You let us know in your replies to TGN’s March Question of the Month.

Answers encompassed a range of uses for companion planting—from keeping pests away to extending the season by providing shade.

Here’s how your fellow TGN Community members put companion planting to work for them:

  • Frances Graham has found that interplanting herb barbara (Barbarea vulgaris) with brassicas helps keep whiteflies under control.
  • Scott Sexton uses a number of planting combinations to his advantage: “I like strawberries with blueberries. I also like comfrey with my fruit trees. It helps shade out the grass. I’m planning on trying a muscadine cultivar growing up my fruit trees. I haven’t tried it yet, but I think it will work. They’d be growing up trees in nature. I’ve had some unintentional overlap between my passion flowers and sunchokes. The passion vines climb up the sunchoke stalks, and they both die back in the winter. So far, they both seem to be okay with the situation.”
  • Tasha Greer uses a clever trick to provide a microclimate for her arugula in warm weather: “Since I am a total arugula addict and really want to eat it year-round, I discovered a trick for germinating arugula outdoors, even in mid-summer. I interplant my arugula with buckwheat. The buckwheat comes up quickly, providing some shade and a bit of a microclimate for the arugula. I don’t know if this will work in extreme heat, but it has worked for me in 80-90ºFtemperatures as long as I keep my buckwheat/arugula patch well-watered.

Read More: “Growing Arugula: The Rocket in Your Salad Bowl and Garden (With Recipe)”

  • Marjory Wildcraft offers this tip for keeping lettuce from bolting so quickly when the weather warms up: “Lightly shading lettuce plants can provide enough of a temperature drop to keep them from bolting, sometimes up to 3-5 weeks. Shade can be from a shade cloth or a row cover on a low tunnel, or by companion planting tall, wide-leafed plants such as some types of pumpkin.”

Read More: “Growing Lettuce From Seed”

  • Riesah likes growing strawberries and asparagus in the same bed, and Kathy does the same with tomatoes, peppers, and lettuces.
  • Carolyn says she gets better crops of both basil and tomatoes when she plants them together. “Although,” she says, “marigolds with about anything is good, too.”
  • Willow likes marigolds, too, and says she places them in her bed borders or rows about every 3 feet. “They work for the broadest spectrum of insects in all stages.” She also interplants mint and chives among her crops, and says she’s found that “plants that taste good together, grow well together.” For example, squash grows well with dill and garlic.
  • Sdmherblady interplants marigolds with bush beans, and also grows carrots and onions together. “I had read they are great companions,” she says. “They repel each other’s biggest insect pests.  I had my doubts, as they are both root crops and I thought they would compete for specific nutrients. But planting them in an alternating grid pattern worked fantastic. Both crops produced very well, made large healthy roots, and there were NO pests to be seen throughout the entire bed.”

What about you? What crops do you plant together, and why? Let us know in the comments!


The post Companion Planting Favorites (Your Answers to the Question of the Month!) appeared first on The Grow Network.

How to Rebuild A Business Organization After a Natural Disaster

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editors Note: A guest contribution from Herman Davis to The Prepper JournalAs always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and be entered into the Prepper Writing Contest with a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, then enter today!

A natural disaster can occur at any time without warning and have a devastating impact, not only on homes but businesses as well. For owners, this could end up feeling like a Hollywood movie or a nightmare, but the reality, however, is that this is something thousands of businesses experience every year. A natural disaster can affect your company in a number of ways. To make matters worse, your employees, customers, vendors, competitors, and the local community can also be impacted by the chaos.

Assessing the damage done to your organization, of course, will help you put a plan together so you can clean-up and make the necessary changes to get your business up and running again. Having an emergency plan is your best bet because research shows that 74 percent of all small businesses don’t have disaster recovery plans to help their company survive the aftermath. The same study shows that another 84 percent don’t even have disaster insurance, which could leave the company paying for everything out of pocket, forcing them to close their doors permanently.

Remember, disasters come in all different shapes and sizes. Even a malfunctioning sprinkler system could lead to a company being forced to close their doors for weeks or months to come. If you’re already dealing with a disaster, then time is something you can’t waste. However, if time isn’t against you and you have a chance to prepare your company for an emergency, then be sure to look at things from a different perspective.

In other words, don’t just focus on small tasks; instead, take everything into consideration. Evaluating your threats is just one of five ways to protect your business income, which means there are plenty of other areas (like customer service) you’ll need to develop a plan for. That said, make sure you keep the following in mind:

Contact Your Insurance Agent: After a natural disaster has occurred, what’s the first thing you should do before cleaning up and removing items? The answer: contact your insurance agent. Even if you don’t know how many items were damaged while you were away, the insurance company will tell you everything they need to know to further support your claim. Some insurance companies — like Progressive, for example — requires you to make a list of everything damaged, lost, or destroyed. You might even be asked to take photos or record anything that’s been ruined. Other companies might send their own agents out to document the damage and get an estimate of the overall cost. Taking photos of specific valuables and assets BEFORE there is an emergency and filing them with your insurer is a good start to an emergency plan.

Whatever the case, always follow the instructions your insurance agent gives you, especially at a time like this, so you aren’t stuck paying for everything yourself. During that time, you should also get familiar with their policies. Most insurance companies have policies in place that require owners to take reasonable actions ahead of time to minimize as much damage as possible. For instance, if your roof is broken from a flood, your agent might encourage you to put a tarp over it as soon as possible to prevent any more leaks from happening. If you have furniture that hasn’t been damaged, then they’ll more than likely ask you to store it somewhere safe.

If insurance documents get lost due to the high winds from the disaster, don’t panic. Insurance companies keep electronic copies of policies at their location; therefore, all you need to do is confirm who you are — the business owner. If your organization isn’t covered by insurance, then see if you can make a claim under your income insurance protection.

Reach Out to Your Employees: Going digital truly does grant a fresh perspective, which makes it easier for organizations to stay in contact with customers, vendors, and most importantly, employees. A company’s ability to recover from a catastrophic event typically depends on how quick their employees can get back to work. If you’re in the marketing industry, for example, recovering might be a little bit easier since employees can still find ways to improve your business right from home. If you’re in the construction industry, however, then things could be a bit more difficult. As a general rule, construction companies should make sure that all employees, supervisors, and superintendents have everyone’s contact information.

This will make touching base with your employees a lot easier — not only to discuss work projects but to check on their family’s and communicate emergency news as well. If everyone is safe and out of harm’s way, the next thing you can do is reach out to customers, and vendors to let them know where the company stands at the moment. This will help you and your employees determine if there are any projects that need to be postponed or delayed.

Save for the Unexpected: It should come to no surprise to hear that every business strives to be successful, but is it possible to save for an emergency while trying to build up your company? Of course, as long as you’re willing to put in the time. Although planning for a disaster isn’t easy, starting a solid plan for your business early on is key to your success, and that includes smart budgeting.

As a general practice, you should have at least three months worth of savings to cover any expenses. Why? Well, because setting aside emergency funds can help your company get by in case the building needs any urgent repairs. If the idea of putting thousands of dollars away into a saving account is foolish, just remember, this is an investment that will help your business in the long run.

As owners, there are things you can control — like your organization — and there are things you can’t — like mother nature. So, taking steps to create an emergency account should be a part of your business plan. What’s equally important is knowing how to spend it — the when and why. To help with this process, create a sheet that has sufficient reasons why you should pull from your emergency funds. Some reasons might include things like:

  • Disability
  • Disasters
  • Injuries
  • Increase in material cost

Not every event has to be a natural disaster for owners to dip into their emergency account, but let’s imagine it is. The most common question regarding emergency funds is: “How much should I have stored away in my savings account?”

As stated before, you want to have at least three months minimum to help cover those unexpected bills. In order to do so successfully, calculate your monthly budget, and make sure you include payrolls, all bills and additional expenses (like property cost). Once you have those numbers all figured out, the last set of numbers you need to add in are from your salary. This will help you figure out your goal when it comes to saving.

Think of your savings account as another utility bill. Depending on your income and the company’s expenses, it might take you eight months or two years to reach your financial goal. But you’ll get there as long as you stick to your budget plan. The success of your business depends on how much time you’ve invested in the preparation. After all, an emergency fund could make the difference between your business rising or it closing its doors for good.

The author loves taking advantage of the sunny weather outside. If you can’t catch him online, you might be able to catch him out playing football with friends or cheering on the Boise State Broncos. You can follow him on Twitter at @Davis241.

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10 Multipurpose Items for Your Bug-out Bag

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by Dan Stevenson A well-equipped Bug out Bag (BOB) must contain all the essential items.  There are many specialty items each with a specific application.  If you were to package each of these items, some of which are bulky, I’m sure you will run out of space.    A clever way to go about it is to pack items you can use for more than one application. These multipurpose items will save space.  So, you can pack all the necessary […]

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30 Urban Survival Items You Forgot To Buy

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My most popular article by far is 50 Survival Items You Forgot To Buy. The list is interesting to both newbie preppers and experienced preppers because both groups usually find at least a few items they overlooked. Since this site is mainly focused on urban survival, I realized I should make another list, this time […]

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DIY Moonshine: A Renegade American Icon

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Moonshine has a been a de-facto currency in the United States since its inception. That tradition continues on today, speaking to moonshine’s ability to represent deep American values. So what is moonshine? It’s actually just a jar of whiskey that was produced in a way that did not give the government their cut. We are …

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Getting Started Prepping & The Basics

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So, over the next few weeks, Lisa and I will be doing a series of podcasts and articles that will go through getting started prepping & the basics. Something that seems pretty simple on the surface can get a little confusing the more we get into it. When we first come to the realization that […]

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What To Do When A Group Member Goes Missing

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It is definitely important to understand how to survive if you ever find yourself lost or stranded and all alone; but have you put much thought in what you’d do if your buddy or a group member goes missing and doesn’t return to the car or camp when expected? Being the preppers that we are, … Read more…

The post What To Do When A Group Member Goes Missing was written by Bob Rodgers and appeared first on Prepper’s Will.