Bombing Damascus, now what do I do?

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Think of the kind of preparations you would do if there is a big storm coming and you could lose water, power or the sewer system for at least a couple of weeks and you must stay indoors for 14 days.  Wishing for more time won’t help you today.  You must start working with what you have right now. Now this might blow over like the air strike last year in Syria, so I don’t think you should panic and go max out your credit cards doing last minute shopping or buy excavation equipment for a week end bunker build project.  Now is a good time to look at the state of your preps and make sure everything you already have on hand is ready to use.

Some things you might check:

  1. Do you have a full tank of gas in your vehicle?  Do you have a couple of gas cans full of gas with sta-bil added for storage?  How about a couple of quarts of oil for your generator if you need it for power and it works.  While nukes and/or an EMP would be very bad it sounds like Russia is trying to keep things to conventional warfare strikes.
  2. Water: Do you have all your water containers full?  I have a rainwater collection system that I will top off with City irrigation water then close the water containers to keep out any possible contamination.  How is your (safe drinking) water storage looking? While 1 gallon per day per person for 14 days is consider the standard. I would try for storing 3-5 gallons per day per person and a gallon of water per day for pets.  While the average  water filter will not screen out radioactive particles, having a water filter if your safe water supply system stops working because of supply disruption is a good idea.
  3. Speaking of pets: Do you have 2 weeks worth of food for your pets?  Do you have a way to deal with the poo and pee if your pets must stay inside for 2 weeks?  I have a cat box for the cat, plenty of kitty litter but other than puppy training pads and storing the used pads in heavy duty trash bags,  I don’t have a good solution. At least I have small dogs so one big garbage bag should hold 14 days of poo/pee pads.
  4. Cooking food safely indoors without power:  Do you have butane burner/hot plate + fuel for heating up food. If you can boil water or heat a coffee pot you have a great little cooking system. Having 3-4 cans of butane will last for 14 days worth of meals if you are just a little frugal.  Also these are great for Tailgate parties or camping.
  5. Lights:  The dark can be scary and many people have no experience with no city lights. So test out all those battery powered lamps and flashlights.  In case of an EMP you will have to rely on candles or oil/kerosene lamps.  Make sure those lamps have oil and you have matches, lighter  or another way to light those candles or lamps.  A wooden match or Bic/zippo type lighter will light in spite an EMP as there are no electronics involved for making fire.
  6. Cleanup:  I tend to do most of my household chores on the weekend when power costs are low.  This weekend is a great time to get those chores done as quickly as possible in case the power or water gets cut off.  Get those clothes washed and dried, Clean the kitchen and bathroom while you have hot tap water for ease of cleaning.  Dust every thing and vacuum all the carpets.  If using power or water makes things easy to clean, start cleaning those area now before the (Storm) hits your home.
  7. Having Duct tape and heavy duty staple gun to  secure plastic or tarps over windows, accessible might be worth while.  This might be a good time to practice for a terrorist ‘Dirty bomb’ or chemical attack and you seal your home as much as possible.  I gave Mom most of my clear plastic sheeting but I have a lot of  thick construction grade trash bags and good tarps I could place over the windows to help seal off any dust. .
  8. Entertainment and jobs for 14 days:  Some people get a bit cranky when cut off from TV/internet or social media.  Have dice, card and board games ready for a boredom buster.  I love to read books so I have many books on hand already but I’m a throwback.  That being said I really hope my kindle or laptop survives as I have about 30 books downloaded I want to read.  People that are couped up for a couple of weeks together will get cranky so you need to have some distractions and try and give people a place of sanctuary as much as possible in a limited area.  People will have short tempers and get a bit annoying to each other.  You will have to deal with it, so plan for it.
  9. No one can stay hyper-vigilant  24/7/365 each year.  Disasters, Storms wars give you the opportunity to test your preparations for different types of disasters that may not affect you directly.  See what is happening in the world and ask yourself what would I do in the next 30 minutes if I knew it would happen to me/my family?
  10. Cash on hand: I’m not so sure of the value of cash in any disaster, but I know the value of paper and many others don’t. If you can trade bits of paper for something of value, good on you!

This sucks, as I hope to have 2 cords of wood delivered next week. I would like at least 7 days notice before we start screwing around with a nuclear power!  Perhaps it will be a “nothing burger” here in the west/USA, but we are bombing a Capital city in a country that did nothing to the USA.  We are screwing around with a country allied to Russia and the have nukes and a lot of data about EMPs and stuff.  Hell if the Norks made you edgy why would you screw with Russia?


Exiling Fear in Survival Mode

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In most cases, the first thing to strike in a crisis-like circumstance, be it lone-surviving a plane crash in the ocean or finding yourself stuck as a hostage to violent terrorists, is fear. As we preppers should be fully aware, it is fear that inevitably leads to panic. This is precisely what happens to many … Read more…

The post Exiling Fear in Survival Mode was written by Bob Rodgers and appeared first on Prepper’s Will.

Real World Emergency Considerations

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1- Quite a few of the times you might need that emergency cash you won’t be able to go to the bank. Physical cash on hand is king.

2- Along these lines depending on the scenario it might not work to go home and grab your emergency money (and stuff). Having a plan that adjusts for your risk level in terms of what gear is where, the kind of BOB and weapons that are in your vehicle and what is cached could change depending on the situation.

3- Caches are just so important.

4- Emergencies by definition are unplanned. Your ability to make preparations during them will be limited and you will be stressed.

4- This is obvious but if someone wants to do things you don’t want (like say arrest or hurt you) then don’t be someplace they can easily find you. 

Real World Emergency Considerations

1- Quite a few of the times you might need that emergency cash you won’t be able to go to the bank. Physical cash on hand is king.

2- Along these lines depending on the scenario it might not work to go home and grab your emergency money (and stuff). Having a plan that adjusts for your risk level in terms of what gear is where, the kind of BOB and weapons that are in your vehicle and what is cached could change depending on the situation.

3- Caches are just so important.

4- Emergencies by definition are unplanned. Your ability to make preparations during them will be limited and you will be stressed.

4- This is obvious but if someone wants to do things you don’t want (like say arrest or hurt you) then don’t be someplace they can easily find you. 

Mila de Mier — Anti GMO Activist — Travels to DC to Present 200,000 Signature Petition — Dies is DC Pool The Night Before

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For those with Facebook — Rest Assured your visit will be monitored

She died in a pool in DC the night before turning in a petition to EPA to Stop GMO Mosquitoes.

Hmmm, a “natural death” or a drowning death seem very unlikely to me.

From her face book –before it is taken down.

 Mila De Mier March 27 at 9:57pm · Key West, FL · For the last 6 years of my life, I been putting my energy, my money and more important the time that I took away form my kids, my parents, my family, my friends, my business.

Having the courage to go and travel to places like Washginton Dc to meet with the FDA several times, face them face to face, witness the CEO of Oxitec lying in a congressional hearing, hundreds of calls, interviews, facing the Florida Governor cabinet, I can go on and and on… all because I think the cause is noble enough to fight for my family, my community.

Please, The time is Now to make your comments to the EPA. The original agency took a very long time and pass the hot potato to the EPA where now this antiobitic dependent mosquitoes want to be classified as Bio Pesticides and I guest we are the guinea pigs. We are talking of 50 million mosquitoes per week, yes, you read right 50 Million mosquitoes per week, 7 times per week for up to 2 years between the Florida Keys and Texas. Could imagine what potentially can do to our health, our sensitive ecosystem? the tourist economy?

What happens if something going wrong how are we are going to recall this millions of Mosquitos? Please make a comment to the EPA. Please do not consent to this medical treatment in our piece of Paradise Florida Keys.

Comment now…

Homeschooling: The Best Hope for America’s Future

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How do we prevent our school system from doing more harm? We have an antiquated school system that is creating little serfs. There is no getting around this fact. We should have a school system that creates entrepreneurs who leave school with apprenticeships and a business plan. Of course, that would start to infringe on …

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Homeschooling: The Best Hope for America’s Future

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How do we prevent our school system from doing more harm? We have an antiquated school system that is creating little serfs. There is no getting around this fact. We should have a school system that creates entrepreneurs who leave school with apprenticeships and a business plan. Of course, that would start to infringe on …

Continue reading

The post Homeschooling: The Best Hope for America’s Future appeared first on SHTF Prepping & Homesteading Central.

Book Review: Homeland Insecurity

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Every day, busy Americans scurry about attending to the needs of daily life. With pressures of family and work, most don’t have the time it takes to think about let alone fully understand the vast government bureaucracy that they trust to take care of everything else that affects them. This bureaucracy remains cloaked behind a veil of secrecy designed to keep inquisitors on the outside at arm’s length. Those “in the know” that operate behind the veil aren’t saying anything beyond the problem that is periodically fed to media sources to either document the latest agency achievement or to manage

The post Book Review: Homeland Insecurity appeared first on Dave’s Homestead.

Free PDF: Forge Practice (Elementary)

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Forge Practice (Elementary) is a must have book originally published in 1904 by John Lord Bacon. The basics of blacksmithing hasn’t changed over the years and I have seen beginners and masters alike at Hammer-ins and  Demonstrations perform these very things listed and discussed here in this book. I have said before, and its likely I will say it a bunch more, if you want to learn to blacksmith the best thing to do is find someone to teach you, failing that fall back on the old books like this and prepare to make a lot of mistakes from practicing.

The post Free PDF: Forge Practice (Elementary) appeared first on Dave’s Homestead.

November Elections, Ugh!

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It has only been a few days since several politicians and wanna-be politicians announced their candidacy and already the back-stabbing has begun.
Once again we must suffer through another nauseating election cycle which will be like the last election with all the promises made but never delivered. The last election was classic of that. I hope voters impose there own term limits and vote them out of office, yes even the so-called good ones, because there are no good politicians!

I’m sure their main topic will be the AR-15 and school shootings. I assure you none of the old and new wanna-be politicians have a solution or want one. There’s no money for politicians in solutions, but there is for chaos or kicking the can down the road.

This may be the year I simply turn off the TV and radio until the season is over.

Survival Medicine Hour: E. Coli Outbreak, Mudslides, Water Disinfection, More

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Spring has sprung, and snowmelt plus heavy rains may increase the risk of mudslides, aka debris flows, in many areas. Find out more about this dangerous natural phenomenom which is akin to a river of wet concrete, plus some early warning signs that you property is at risk. Joe and Amy, aka Dr. Bones and Nurse Amy, also discuss a new E. Coli outbreak that is hitting several states across the country but is still mysterious in its origin, plus their recommendations for water disinfection and how it compares to official EPA directives.

bacterial outbreak in 7 states

bacterial outbreak in 7 states

Also, some examples as to when the medic has to make tough decisions in survival settings, like giving medicines to someone who is really sick but claims to have an allergy to the only drug or natural option you’ve got in your medical supplies.

All this and more in the latest Survival Medicine Hour with Joe Alton, MD and Amy Alton, ARNP!

To listen in, click below:

Wishing you the best of health in good times or bad,

Joe and Amy Alton

Joe and Amy Alton

Joe and Amy Alton


Follow Joe and Amy on twitter @preppershow; Facebook at Doom and Bloom, and on Youtube at drbones nurseamy channel!

Find the award-winning third edition of The Survival Medicine Handbook at

Life on the Navajo Reservation During the Depression

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A book by Shiyowin Miller

One of the books that came out of my family was “The Winds Erase Your Footprints,” written by my wife Dolores’ mother, Shiyowin Miller.  Shiyowin, who was part Osage, was immersed in Native American culture. I remember visiting her home in Temple City, which seemed like an Indian museum with a full library, drums, pots, and artifacts from all over the country.  Shiyowin had been a music and dance teacher, and was a professional dancer. She knew Iron Eyes Cody, and worked with Luther Standing Bear, a Lakota Sioux who wrote “My People the Sioux” and other books. Luther adopted Shiyowin, and let her act as his agent for his various books and other legal matters. It brought the past alive to me when I was able to see and feel the pipes, sandals, robe, and other materials that Standing Bear had given to Shiyowin.

Shiyowin also had many friends from the Navajo lands. In the 1930’s, Shiyowin’s best friend, Juanita, fell in love with a Navajo man, Luciano, who’d been working as an extra in Hollywood.  Juanita and Luciano got married, and moved back to Luciano’s Navajo lands in New Mexico. Shiyowin kept in touch with Juanita, and wrote about the experiences that Luciano and Juanita underwent on the reservation, during the Depression when there was so little work.

To write the book, Shiyowin had interviewed her best friend to write this true story of the harsh life in the Navajo lands during the 1930s. It’s a wonderfully-told story, written mostly during the 1950s and ‘60s. Shiyowin died in 1983, and when Shiyo’s daughter, Dolores (my wife) showed me the manuscript in the late 1990s, I was amazed at the quality and depth of the story, and could barely believe it had not been published. To me, it was like reading a Tony Hillerman novel, except it was true!

Everyone said that the book accurately depicted life on the Rez during that time, mixed in with some accounts of Navajo witchcraft.  With some editing, Dolores and I got the book published in 2002 by Naturegraph Press, which features many Native American titles.  If you do an internet search with the book’s title, you’ll see some of the reviews that have been published about this book. 

The story was descriptive, compelling, and you feel as if you are re-experiencing the harsh winds, the life in the Hogan making coffee, the search for work, and all the ceremonies and gatherings that were a part of the Navajo way of life.  The books, which was 335 pages when published, also contained hints and clues in the backdrop about Navajo witchcraft, and the ma-itso, the wolf clan which was feared by most.

The freak death of Luciano was generally attributed to the work of the ma-itso, and Shiyowin gives the clues in bits and pieces, in the way that Tony Hillerman so masterfully slowly revealed his mysteries.

The following excerpts from THE WINDS ERASE YOUR FOOTPRINTS are Copyright  and may not be re-printed without permission of the publisher.

from chapter 7: The Sing

And then Shimah was telling him about the yellow pollen. Juanita could almost follow the story by her mother-in-law’s excited gestures. Shimah’s face was strong and tense, no room for gentleness, and her voice carried a new undertone–like fear. Only her hands seemed natural, although excited, as she gestured. Strange that Shimah should tell about the yellow pollen, rather than ask the rider about himself, about news which he was surely carrying. Of what interest could the yellow pollen be to him?

But he was interested. He leaned forward as though better to hear her words; his eyes narrowed and his face looked very grave. He asked many questions. Shimah answered and sometimes Yee-ke-nes-bah. Through their conversation one word seemed to repeat itself until it began to echo and re-echo in Juanita’s mind: ma-itso . . . ma-itso.

…And then Lorencito began to talk seriously to Luciano; Juanita heard the work ma-itso repeated

again and again. Shimah sat nodding her head as her oldest son talked, occasionally adding a word to what he was saying. Luciano turned to Juanita; his face was marked with gravity as was his older

brother’s. “Lorencito says that it is not safe to keep this from you any longer; I should tell you now.”

Juanita waited. Her mouth and throat felt suddenly dry. She could not have spoken. Her thoughts

raced: this is in some way connected, ma-itso and yellow pollen. Perhaps it’s all connected, all of the puzzling and unexplained things that have happened. And somehow, the looks on their faces, Shimah’s and Lu’s, Yee-ke-nes-bah’s and Lorencito’s, are a little bit frightening.

“Before we came here,” her husband began, “when I tried to tell you about everything which might seem strange to you, I didn’t tell you about ma-itso–the wolf clan. One reason, it no longer seemed as believable to me as it once had; perhaps all the years in school did that; anyhow, in Hollywood I seldom thought of it. When we came here, my mother told me the wolf clan was still strong in Cañoncito. I didn’t tell you then because I could see no reason why they would try to harm us. But to be sure you were safe, my mother and sisters watched you every minute.

“There were times when I almost told you, those times when you were upset about things you didn’t understand. And yet I hated to frighten you needlessly. Already there was so much for you to worry about. It seemed better to wait until I had a job, until we were living in town and then tell you. “But now two things have happened which make me sure the ma-itso is for some reason after us. I found yellow pollen in an X mark on my hat brim, and today my mother found pollen on our clothes. That is their warning. Lorencito thinks you will be safer if you know about this evil thing.”    A hundred questions sprang to Juanita’s lips, but her husband went on talking, interrupted now and then by Lorencito or his mother.

“The wolf clan is as old as the Navajo tribe. From the beginning some men turned certain powers, which should have been used for good, toward evil things. Corn pollen, used for blessing, is used by the ma-itso as a warning to a person marked for death. And death does not come in a usual manner; it comes in a round-about way which cannot be easily traced. The victim sickens suddenly; sometimes his mind leaves him. No Medicine Man can cure him. Sometimes the victim meets with a mysterious and fatal accident.       

from chapter 13: Wolf Tracks

Juanita had hung up two diapers when she became suddenly aware of something across the arroyo. When she looked carefully nothing seemed unusual; in the dim light she could see the sharp banks of the arroyo, the clumps of juniper in dark patches on the other side. Then gradually, two of the dark juniper patches began to take on the indistinct forms of dogs sitting on their haunches.

That was what imagination would do for you. She even thought now that she could see the large

pointed ears. Juanita smiled to herself. This must be what Lu had seen, the queer-shaped juniper

bushes. They looked surprisingly like coyotes, only larger. The likeness had even startled her for a

moment and her mind had certainly not been on wolves or wolf tracks. She pulled her eyes away and began resolutely to hang up more diapers.

A sudden movement, one dark figure detaching itself from the other and moving farther down the arroyo, a third form appearing almost directly across from her on the opposite bank. Juanita stood absolutely still. There was no sound except the flapping of the clothes on the line.

When Juanita reached the kitchen door, she called to her husband to bring the shotgun. “Those

figures that you saw are out there again.” This couldn’t be her voice, tight and choked.

Two of the dark forms were loping off down the arroyo when Luciano reached the bank, but the

third sat directly across from him like a very large coyote on its haunches. Luciano raised his gun and fired directly at it. The animal seemed to gather itself into a ball and plunge down the bank of the arroyo–across the wide, sandy bed.

“Lu! Watch out! It’s coming for you.”

He raised the gun to fire again …      

from chapter 20: The Wolf Hunt

“What do you know about this wolf hunt?” Juanita finally asked.

“Something has been stealing lambs this spring; the dogs bark but when the men get out to the sheep corral there’s nothing around.” Alice paused to consult Pah-des-bah.

Now that she thought of it, Ginger and Bob had been restless for a few nights. The dogs had

awakened them once, howling, and Luciano had gone outside to look around.

“There’s nothing out there,” he had said upon returning. “Bob must have started baying at the moon and now Ginger’s doing it.”

Alice began to cut potatoes into chunks; they fell plop, plop, plop into the pan. “Richard Platero

heard something around his corral last night and took his rifle with him when he left the hoghan. He saw what he thought at first was a shadow. When it moved he fired at it. It got away. He couldn’t trail it last night so he started out early this morning. The tracks were wolf tracks. When he met Pah-des-bah’s husband, they talked about it and decided to get some of the other men to go with them.”

Juanita cut the stew meat into small pieces and dropped them into the boiling water of the stew kettle. Coyotes ran near Cañoncito. Early mornings she had heard the weird yelping cries of coyotes from the direction of Apache Wash. They could have been stealing lambs. …

Alice listened for a moment. “They’ve been following the wolf tracks, and the trail doubled back

several times but always went ahead again. Then they lost it on a ledge of rock on one of the mesas.” She pointed north with her lips. “One of the men found a spot of blood below the ledge.”

Alice paused to listen again, and then the women began to talk in low voices and move away from the doorway as the men separated and went back to their horses.

“The men said the nearest hoghan was Wounded Head’s on that same mesa. They rode up there to ask him if he had seen anything or anyone that morning.”

Juanita started back to the washing machine, a frown puckering her forehead.

“Wounded Head’s wife met them at the door of the hoghan; her son stood beside her. The men could not see past them. She would not let them in. She said her husband was very sick. A horse had kicked him.”

Excitement spread through the whole community. Some of the men began to carry guns–rifles across their saddles or old revolvers in their belts. The women who gathered in the day school kitchen or sat outside around the back door talked together in low voices. But no one rode again to Wounded Head’s place on the mesa.

A fascinating glimpse of Navajo life during the depression through the eyes of one woman. The Winds Erase Your Footprints is available from the store at, or from Amazon.

Emergency Communications If The Cell Network Went Down

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“Cell phones are great but before them people used CB’s (no license needed for CB), and today a lot of preppers are working on getting a ham license and buying a $30.00 radio.” says Chuck Findlay who recently commented here on MSB. It doesn’t take a Mad Max grid-down World to have the cell network go down. Any terror attack and it gets overwhelmed. I think I read that when the Boston Marathon bombing happened they shut down the cell network just in case there may have been cell phone bomb triggering devices. No one wants their cell phone shut

Original source: Emergency Communications If The Cell Network Went Down

5 Worst States for Concealed-Carry and Gun Ownership Rights

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Concealed carry and gun ownership are two very hot topics in today’s world. It would seem that we are staring down the barrel of the unknown. On one hand we are looking at a reciprocity bill that would allow people to rightfully and lawfully carry firearms all over this nation with a permit. There are …

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Four “Spring Hardy” Crops to Grow Before It Gets Hot

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So you’ve picked out your favorite heirloom tomatoes and cucumber seeds for summer gardening and are just waiting for a little warm weather to plant your garden, right? Perhaps, but there are some tasty vegetables you can grow before the summer heat arrives. With the addition of a cold frame in northern regions, you can start to enjoy fresh vegetables right now.

digging in soilHere are four hardy crops you should consider growing before it gets too hot.

Kale is one of the hardiest vegetables out there and belongs in any spring garden. If you plant a row of kale early enough, you’ll have plenty. There are lots of kale varieties, all with different flavors and colors, so be sure to plant a mixture to spice up your plate before the days grow longer and the sun gets hotter. Sautéed kale is a great side dish with poultry and meats. It adds a tasty zing to salads and can make a delicious smoothie in the blender, too. If you have a dehydrator, you can also make kale chips for a delicious, healthy snack.

Swiss Chard
Swiss chard is another leafy green that will thrive in the cold. Plant it right away, and like kale, it will produce in colder temperatures. In colder climates, a bed of mulch is all this plant needs to keep growing on chilly spring nights. If you live in a northern region, however, Swiss chard is an excellent candidate for cold frame growing. Chards are another vegetable that comes in a wide variety of sizes and colors. They are great sautéed as a side dish; blanching them first can soften the stems up a bit. Chard is also excellent in soups and is paired nicely with ham.

If you plant them right away, you may still be able to enjoy delicious turnips this spring, well before your neighbors get their summer gardens planted. Turnips grown in cold weather will often accumulate more sugar within them and have a delightful flavor when harvested. These root vegetables are also ideal candidates for cold frames and a protective mulch bedding. They’re a great side dish when roasted in the oven with spices like ginger. Mashed turnips are great too. You can also substitute turnips for potatoes the next time you make leek soup.

Who doesn’t love cabbage? Lucky for gardeners, this is another “cold hardy” vegetable you can grow right now. Plant cabbage right away, and it will produce, even in the north. (cabbage can withstand late spring snows and below freezing temperatures.) Cabbage is incredibly versatile as well and can add a nice variety to an otherwise mundane early spring meal. So try planting colored varieties to add pizazz to a plate. You can also stuff cabbage leaves with your favorite meats or sauté it with herbs and spices to ratchet up the flavor.

No Time Like The Present!
Late spring snows are no excuse to stop gardening! These four crops and many others will keep on growing well until the hot weather hits. Just give them what they need to thrive, and you’ll be enjoying fresh vegetables before you know it. So, don’t wait any longer; get out there and plant your cool weather vegetables before it’s too late!

Don’t Get Burned: Bugout Location Asset Protection

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The bugout is a massive undertaking. It is often under explained in the world of prepping and survival. That is not the fault of most bloggers. To really break the bugout apart you are going to need about a 10,000 word explanation to touch on it all. That’s just the reality. Its a very big …

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Survival Caches Packing & Placing!

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Survival Caches Packing & Placing!

Dane… “The Gunmetal Armory” Audio player provided

This week, On the Gunmetal Armory, we get into the Survival Cache category. This is a subject that was suggested to us by our listeners. Granted, its been covered by other folks, but not us. So we’re going to tackled the subject of Survival Caches, Gunmetal Armory style! We are going to get into what you should put into your caches, different types of caches, “practice” packing and placement, building or buying the outer case, covering or other means of concealment.

Continue reading Survival Caches Packing & Placing! at Prepper Broadcasting Network.

Podcast #174: Defined & Molded

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April 13th, 2018: In today’s show I share our current walk in faith and how God is defining and molding each of us individually and together as a family.  I also encourage you, the listener to allow yourself to be “Defined and Molded” to your true potential. 00:21:58 duration Download Transcription If you like Mountain Woman Radio […]

The post Podcast #174: Defined & Molded appeared first on Trayer Wilderness.

The Whole [And Complete] Counsel of God

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     Recently, I have been contemplating all the various theological differences among us Christians. And it saddens me that we can become so separated by our misunderstandings of Scripture. I will admit that I have had to stop and ask myself, “Do I believe ____ because the Bible says so, or because I have heard it preached from the pulpit, or taught by a Sunday School teacher, or because a well-known theologian or scholar has proposed it”?
     It’s amazing how the different translations can influence our understanding of God’s Word, too. But perhaps more than anything else, I am amazed at the number of Christians who don’t really read the Word. And I’m not talking about just following along with the two or three verses your Pastor bases his Sunday morning sermon on. I’m talking about spending hours each day immersing yourself in God’s inspired revelation to us; going back and forth between the Old and New Testament, verifying God’s continual theme of relationship with His creation; studying historical documents to understand the cultural context of what a Biblical writer was referencing.
     I find it quite arrogant for us to think that we, as 21st Century Christians, are the ultimate authorities on what God meant to be revealed through the Biblical writers! How many Westernized Christians give credence to the fact that the Bible’s roots are Hebraic? That Jesus was a Jew, and so were all the Apostles? How is that we try to mold what the Bible clearly says into something that makes sense to our modern minds?
     Today, I want to examine two very common doctrines that seem to increasingly divide the Body of Christ. They will not be new to those of you who read my blog. You will recognize them as a common theme of my writing, but I want to show you just how important it is that we read and examine our Bibles for God’s Truth. When the Word is not our primary Source for Truth, then we prohibit the Holy Spirit from helping us to grow into the image of Christ as exemplified in the Divine revelation. What a clever way for the Enemy to keep us from walking in our true identities!  

     Take for example, the modern doctrine of Replacement Theology. If you’re not familiar with this term, it is essentially a Christian doctrine that teaches that “the Church” has replaced Israel in God’s plan of redemption. In other words, this doctrine purports that with the rejection of Christ as the Jewish Messiah, the Biblical people of Israel are no longer God’s chosen people, and the modern Church now holds that coveted title. Furthermore, adherents believe that not only has the Church replaced Israel in God’s plan [and heart], but all the promises made to Israel are now fulfilled in the Christian Church.
    But this doctrine cannot be substantiated by Scripture! And in order to “prove” the doctrine to be true, the concept of “replacement” has to be interpreted or represented symbolically, or allegorically. Why don’t we just read what the Bible says? I challenge anyone who upholds the doctrine of Replacement Theology to read Romans, Chapter 11. And if they only consent to read one or two verses, then let it be verses 11 and 12. It’s as though God inspired the Apostle Paul to be as clear as possible, speaking down through the centuries, as he declares: So, am I saying that Israel stumbled so badly that they will never get back up? Certainly not! Rather, it was because of their stumble that salvation now extends to all the non-Jewish people, in order to make Israel jealous and desire the very things that God has freely given them. So if all the world is being greatly enriched through their failure, and through their fall great spiritual wealth is given to the non-Jewish people, imagine how much more will Israel’s awakening [full restoration] bring to us all?
     Then, if there is any doubt left at all in the mind of the modern Christian, I would point them to Romans 11:15, For if their temporary rejection released the reconciling power of grace into the world, what will happen when Israel is reinstated and reconciled to God? It will unleash resurrection power throughout the whole earth!
     After reading this passage, how can anyone assert that God is through with Israel, or that we have replaced them? Where do they get the idea that “Israel” can now be understood to be “the Church”? It simply doesn’t exist in Scripture! We should be thankful for God’s mercy towards us, allowing Salvation to become our inheritance; while praying for the restoration of Israel so that Jesus might return and the fullness of the Faithful be resurrected to eternal life!
      This is just one example of the modern Church getting it wrong! It is so important that we know what the Bible says, rather than relying on our denominational interpretation, or even the scholarly opinions of our favorite evangelists or teachers. Everything should be verified by Scripture. And we must be careful not to define our theology based on one verse or passage, but seek to discover God’s whole counsel on the matter. Again, Paul warned that Even some from among our very own ranks will rise up, twisting the truth to seduce people into following them instead of Jesus.
     I have found this to be true when attempting to discuss the concept of our Power and Authority as disciples of Jesus. Rather than reading what the Word (Jesus) says about it, I have encountered many faithful Christians who refuse to consider this truth because it is unfamiliar to them. But instead of seeking the revealed counsel of God through Scripture, they cling to their lack of knowledge [or the teachings of their particular church] as their basis for denial. 
     Even a cursory examination of the Bible should reveal enough affirming Scripture to cause one to seek the full counsel of God on the matter. Matthew 10:1 says, Jesus gathered his twelvedisciples and imparted to them authority to cast out demons and to heal every sicknessand every disease. To “impart” means to “give, confer [on], bestow”.  Later, in verse 8, Jesus tells those same disciples, Freely, you have received the power of the kingdom, so freely release it to others”. There is so much here to glean, that it should illuminate our spirits! Scripture tells us that Jesus passed on (imparted) the authority He was given by the Father to the twelve disciples so they could join in doing the work the Father told Him to do. Then He makes it clear that with that authority, they have been given the power to do the work, and that power came directly from the Kingdom of God in Heaven! Furthermore, the power was the same power that worked through Jesus (the man) — the power of the Holy Spirit!
     But remember, this is the first time He is loaning His authority and the power of the Holy Spirit to them. He only has three years to train them up and prepare them to carry on His work and establish the Kingdom power and authority of the Believer [until the time He returns]. They are only apprentices at this point, and they are not ready to receive their full commission. They weren’t ready to walk in their full power yet, so in essence, Jesus lent them His, while He oversaw their education, so to speak. Three years later, they would be instructed to go to Jerusalem and wait for their own mighty power of Heaven to fall upon them. 
     A careful study of Scripture will confirm this revelation: Jesus came not only as the Son of God to redeem us from God’s righteous wrath. But He came as our role model to show us how to live as Sons and Daughters of God on this earth. The following Scriptures verify this truth:  Matthew 10:1, Luke 9:1, Luke 10:19, Matthew 16:19, Luke 4:36, Ephesians 1:19-20, and Colossians 2:9-10.
     Can you see how important it is to know and study the Word — every page, and verse, and word of it! We cannot rely on someone else to teach us. Yes, we have pastors and teachers and prophets and evangelists to enlighten us, but they are to equip and train us to become MATURE Believers — so that we may no longer be children, tossed to and fro by the waves [novel teachings] and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by human cunning, by craftiness in deceitful schemes (Ephesians 4:14). We are to experience the fullness of what it means to know the Son of God and the Father. And that is only revealed when we spend time with Them. I know it sounds trite to implore that you “spend time in the Word”. But it is the one place you will encounter the fullness of God — where you can receive the undefiled and pure revelation of the One who loves us perfectly. Know Him from His Word first, and then let all other authorities measure up to His absolute Truth.  

Psalm 119:130    Break open Your word within me until revelation-light shines out! Those with open hearts are given insight into Your plans. 

Starting A Generator For the First Time

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You bought a new generator so you would be all ready for hurricane season or a potential power outage, it is in the box in your garage, or maybe you unboxed it but it is just sitting in your garage. Now is the time to start it up for the first time, don’t wait until […]

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Emergency Water Storage How to Store It

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I’ve talked about emergency water storage many times, but it needs to be shared over and over as a reminder to do it. I had a long-time friend text my husband and asked him to ask me “ask Linda if 24 cases of Blue Can water is enough?” I laughed because I knew he was teasing me because I wrote a post about Blue Can water and his wife ordered a bunch. Why, because it’s the best water ever! Let’s be clear here, I recommend several types of emergency water storage. There are so many ways to store water for long-term.

We all have different budgets and space needed for emergency water storage. I’m going to share some ideas today that hopefully work for you. Keep in mind you don’t have to buy ALL of it today. I have slowly collected the water I need for my family of two for many years. I add a new container or storage source every year. You may remember, I don’t use bleach in my BPA free water storage containers. You can use bleach if desired, but you need to rotate the water every six months. The formula for bleach is 1/8 teaspoon per one gallon or 1/2 teaspoon per 5-gallon containers.

Emergency Water Storage

I prefer NOT to rotate my water every six months, so I did the research and highly recommend Water Preserver Concentrate. I quote from Amazon:

  • Use with tap water to store emergency drinking water for 5 years. To be used with 55-gallon water storage barrel.
  • Water Preserver is the first and only product recognized and proven effective for 5-year water storage, registered and licensed by federal and state EPA.
  • Water Preserver was scientifically tested for 10 years to ensure its potency for 5-year storage.
  • Guaranteed 100% effective.
  • Water Preserver is a proprietary formula of stabilized, ph-balanced sodium hypochlorite with highly effective residual action that kills bacteria, viruses, mold, and fungus. Accept no substitutes. End of quote.

If I use Water Preserver Concentrate I only have to rotate my water every five years. Here is the formula/ratio for this product:

  1. One whole container for a 50-55-gallon container
  2. WaterBricks 1.6-gallon containers-1/4 teaspoon
  3. WaterBricks 3.5-gallon containers-1/2 teaspoon
  4. 160-gallon container-3 bottles
  5. 250-gallon container-4.5 to 5 containers

You can check the bottle of Water Preserver Concentrate for ratios to be used with larger high capacity emergency water storage containers.

Please remember, you must store ALL your water containers at least two-inches off the concrete with 2 by 4’s so the chemicals do not leach into the plastic containers. I highly recommend a LEAD-FREE hose to fill your containers outside. This is the one I use and share with my neighbors: Lead-Free Hose

Emergency Water Storage

Emergency Water Storage Containers

We all need water to stay alive, please do not be one of those families standing in line at a grocery store when the aisles are empty after a disaster. I highly suggest 4-gallons per person per day. I get thirsty just thinking about The American Red Cross recommending one-gallon per person per day.

Yes, that is better than nothing. Just giving you the heads up, the government may not be able to get water for anyone after a major emergency for days, weeks or months, please keep that in mind. Please, okay I am begging you, please be prepared to hydrate YOUR family ASAP for any disaster when it happens, and it will.

1. 55-gallon barrel containers:

Pros: fairly inexpensive, you can buy them at Walmart.

Cons: hard to pump the water out. Please remember to purchase a pump and bung to tighten the opening on top. You may need a UV bag/cover to protect the barrels from the sun.

2. 24-Bottle Cases

Pros: fairly cheap

Cons: short shelf life. I quote Dasani ” DASANI will hold its crisp, fresh taste for up to 12 months. After that, it’s best to recycle the old one and start with a fresh, new bottle.” End of quote.

You could still use this water for laundry, or personal hygiene well after the expiration dates. My issue would be if the plastic containers become brittle from the heat and start to crack, then leak.

3. 30-Year Drinking Water

Pros: the water containers shown above in the white cans with blue lettering last 30 years.

Cons: the water tastes like a can, expensive.

4. Envelopes of Water

Pros: they fit in a backpack or the car, 5-year shelf-life

Cons: not enough water for me, very small.

5. WaterBricks for Emergency Water Storage

Emergency Water Storage

Pros: they are available in two sizes, 1.6-gallons and 3.5-gallons, they are stackable.

Cons: I hate to say they are expensive because nowadays everything is expensive. I have 16 of the 3.5-gallon WaterBricks stored beneath my guest queen size bed. This equals 56 gallons under that bed. Here is the link to see the post I wrote: WaterBricks Under The Bed

They are stackable and you can even store them behind a couch in the living room. There is always a way to store water in a small home, apartment or mobile home. My motto has always been, buy right the first time.

6. Bathtub Bags

Pros: cheap and they hold up to about 100 gallons.

Cons: you better hope the water lines are still safe to drink when you fill those water bags. I am not a fan of them for this reason. But water is water, you decide. I worry our water may be contaminated so I have opted not to recommend these.

7. Blue Can Water for Emergency Water Storage

I quote: “Two-Day Supply Cases, each case of Blue Can Water contains 24 cans, which is 288 oz or 2.25 gallons per case. The box is made from double-thick cardboard, making it perfect for storage. The water and packaging comply with standards for purified drinking water with a 50-year shelf life. All cans are also made of corrosion-resistant aluminum and are hermetically sealed.

• Standard Case Pack: 24 12 oz (354.88 ml) Units
• Gallons/Case: 2.25 Gallons (8.51 Liters)
• Case Dimensions: 16″L x 10.6″W x 5.5″H
• Case Weight: 20.4 lbs. (8.98 kg)
• Storage Temperature: 33 to 150 degrees F (1 to 60 degrees C) ” End of quote.

Pros: they are expensive but so is a diet drink from a convenience store. Save your money and invest in good water that lasts 50 years with the safest water containers ever. They can be stored up to 150 degrees!!! Great for our car emergency bags.

Please remember to have a way to purify water in case you have to hike to get some from a lake or stream near your location or home. Big Berkey’s are great with the black ceramic filters, Sports Berkey Bottles, and LifeStraws are awesome! Please be prepared for the unexpected. May God bless this world.

Copyright pictures:

Water Jugs: AdobeStock_193941143 by Lightfield Studios

The post Emergency Water Storage How to Store It appeared first on Food Storage Moms.

April Question of the Month

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TGN Community members, please let us know:

In addition to The Grow Network, what are your favorite resources for information on gardening, homesteading, and home medicine? (What magazines do you read, sites do you visit, and groups do you belong to?)

Please leave your reply in the Forums by clicking here:

Then, stay tuned—we’ll be compiling your answers into an article soon!


The post April Question of the Month appeared first on The Grow Network.

Things We Can Do RIGHT NOW to Make Schools Safer

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It is the question that is on everyone’s mind. Depending on what part of the spectrum you fall on you might have different ideas. As an onlooker you cannot help but be inundated with information on how we can solve the problem of mass shooters. What can be done to take care of the kids …

Continue reading

The post Things We Can Do RIGHT NOW to Make Schools Safer appeared first on SHTF Prepping & Homesteading Central.

Bags for Survival

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Written by John Hertig on The Prepper Journal.

Editors Note: Another guest contribution from John Hertig to The Prepper Journal. As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and be entered into the Prepper Writing Contest with a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, then enter today!

It seems that everybody (or nearly everybody) has heard of the “BOB” or “Bug Out Bag“.  Some may have heard of other “bags” and concluded they are all the same.  They are similar, but not the same.  The “bags” we will consider are:

EDC Every Day Carry

GHB Get Home Bag

GOODGet Out of Dodge bag

BOBBug Out Bag

INCH I’m Never Coming Home bag


Survival Kit

The Rule of Threes

Whenever thinking about survival, it is good to keep the “Rule of Threes” in mind.  This is a set of guideline about what can kill you fastest, and provides a guide for the priority of survival equipment and tasks.  Simply stated, this is:

In any extreme situation, a person usually cannot survive for more than:

– 3 minutes without air (or blood circulation or with arterial bleeding)

– 3 hours without shelter

– 3 days without water (or treatment for some medical conditions)

– 3 weeks without food

Note that lack of food will kill you just as dead as lack of air; it just takes longer.  That does not mean that considering food in your survival planning or tasks should not be done, just that it should not be done first.  Also, this is not a guarantee.  Depending on conditions, these problems could kill you sooner, or even later.  Again, this is merely a guide to priorities to be used in choosing equipment and supplies in advance of need, and scheduling tasks in an emergency situation.

Note that “darkness” is not on the list as a killer, but it kind of should be.  Not because darkness itself can harm you, but not being able to see what you are doing or where you are walking can kill or harm you.  A source of light should be high in every list of survival supplies.

Survival Kits

These are designed for PERSONAL emergencies, not major disasters affecting a large number of people.  As such, they should have a significant focus on signaling for help.  With good signaling capability, usually this situation will only last for a day or two, so your primary focus is on severe bleeding and shelter, with water and other medical supplies secondary.  Food should be a distant third priority.

A survival kit can fit in your pocket if there is very little chance you’ll need it (around town), in a belt pack if you are close to civilization, or in your backpack when you are really heading into the wilds.  In addition to light and signaling, it should include something which can be used to stop severe bleeding, and a way (better is a couple of ways) to start a fire and a basic sewing kit.  As space permits, add a “space blanket” or even better “bivy”, other materials to aid in building shelter from the elements, and then water purification tablets and a container to use them in, or a container in which to boil water.  And so on, until the likely scenarios are covered, or you reach your size goals.

Every Day Carry

This is what you “Carry” on your person “Every Day”, or at least whenever you leave your house.  It is not so much a “survival kit”‘ as a “life kit” with survival applications.  For more details, see the article on EDC.

Get Home Bag

If you are at work or shopping or otherwise not at home when disaster strikes, everyone in your family should have getting home as a priority.  That is where your primary preparations, or your means of getting to your primary preparations are located.  It is also a place where your loved ones are or can be.  You may be able to get in your car and drive home, but don’t bet your life or your family’s lives on that.  The car might not work, or the roads may be jammed or the bridge might be out.  You may need to “hoof it” home, and if you are not dressed or equipped for that trek, your odds of succeeding will be lower.

In the car is a good place for your GHB.  This will contain or be with the clothing and shoes you need to walk home in the most severe conditions likely, as well as PPG (Personal Protection Gear – air filtration mask, goggles, gloves and weather specific gear), an appropriate survival kit, and to the degree practical, defensive weaponry.  The survival kit need not be heavy on signaling gear, as in a wide-spread emergency, the odds of getting help are lower then usual, and the odds of attracting predators is increased.  A key aspect of your GHB is “knowledge” – knowing several routes home from wherever you happen to be, knowing which areas to avoid (gang territory, nuclear or chemical plants, flood or fire hazards and so on) and likely “choke points” where the disaster or human action can cut off or restrict travel.

Bug Out Bag

A lot of people talk about “bugging out” if there is a disaster.  And the bag of equipment and supplies they plan to take with them is called a BOB.  The problem is that many of these people don’t know the actual definition of “bugging out”.  It was originally a military term describing what happens when a position is in danger of being overrun by the enemy.  The personnel at the position are moved from there to another position which is currently safe(r).  The key here, is not the “leaving” but the having a safer destination.  Thus a “true” BOB is designed to specifically get you from where you are bugging out from, to where you are bugging out to. You may be able to do it by vehicle, in which case you can carry a lot more stuff.  In case you can’t go by vehicle or your vehicular movement is permanently interrupted, you should have an actual BOB, usually a backpack, which you can carry as you walk to your bug out location.  Ideally, you have supplies at that location, or you can carry them in the vehicle as long as you can and hopefully not have to abandon them.  If you are limited to a BOB, you won’t be able to carry long term supplies for your new location.

Unlike a survival kit, where you tend to stay put and wait for rescue, when bugging out, you will be on the move.  You’ll need lots of energy, so food is rather more important.  “Life boat rations” or energy bars are compact, or freeze-dried meals can be tasty and light but need cooking (water boiling) capability.  Of course, you still need first aid supplies, weather appropriate clothing and the capability of making shelter when you are not moving.  And water and the capability to get more.  Probably some defensive capability is in order.  Depending on the distance you need to go, you may not be able to carry enough stuff to get there, in which case you might need the capability to scavenge abandoned supplies.  See the article on scavenging. Another option is to set up “caches” of supplies along the way.

Unless you have a stocked location to bug out to, bugging out is not a good scenario, bordering on “fleeing”.

Get Out of Dodge Bag

This is something I came up with, or perhaps saw somewhere in the past.  No matter the source, this GOOD bag is what many people really mean when they talk about BOBs.  This is what I call a bag which is designed to make “fleeing” less of a disaster.  You don’t have a place to go to, but where you are is too dangerous to stay there, so you leave and search for a safer place.  Perhaps outside the disaster area, or a cave or some place which can provide you with shelter, water and food, and some isolation from predators.  As such, the contents are oriented towards short term movement, self defense and long-term acquisition of water and food from likely areas.  It’s a BOB without a designed schedule or destination.

I’m Never Coming Home Bag

I’ve heard of these, but can’t really understand why a person would have as a primary goal, never coming home.  Unless they were trying to avoid capture by people (the government perhaps) who knew where they lived and have the resources to wait there for them for a really long time.  In every case I can conceive of, I would hope that coming home eventually would be a possibility, unless there was a high probability that home wouldn’t be there.  Basically, I’d consider it a “minimal move”, so I would concentrate on what I needed short term, and what I could not replace long term.

How Many Bags Do I Need?

Ideally, since all of these bags (should) have different goals, you would have all of them available.  You leave the house, you have your EDC.  You step away from the pavement, you have a survival kit.  Something happens while you are away from home, you have your GHB.  And if you have to leave your home, you have either a GOOD bag or BOB depending on whether you have a location to go to.  If you are running from the mob or the law, or your house is about to be destroyed, you have your INCH bag.

The problem is, there is a high degree of commonality among these, and most people can’t afford the cost of all of these, or the space to store them, or the effort to keep them stocked with fresh items.  So lets consider how to minimize those factors.  One key is modularity.  If you have the items for each facet of your bags packaged separately, you can quickly assemble the needed bag.  It is best that your GHB stays in your vehicle, completely separate from your other bags.

First of all, EDC is a no-brainer.  Unless you spend all day on the couch in your underwear, you already HAVE an EDC kit of some sort.  The trick is to optimize it, not only for your life, but for emergencies.  Next you will want a decent survival kit which will fit into any of the other bags.  Because of how basic this is to all the bags and how much trouble it would be to move it around a lot, you might want to have at least two of these, one in your GHB in the car, and one or more in the house to go into whichever other bag it is needed for.  It is most convenient if these are identical; and since signaling is not a need in any but a personal survival event, you can save money by having a separate signaling module to add for non-disaster survival scenarios.  There is no reason to have both a GOOD bag and a BOB, since they have different, mutually exclusive goals, but having the appropriate one is critical, since no matter where you are, no matter what happens, you cannot guarantee that you can stay in your home.  Nature and/or man is entirely capable of making it unlivable.  Personally, I do not bother with an INCH bag, but I do have critical stuff in my BOB just in case my home is destroyed or stripped.

Don’t forget, each of these bags is for one person or possibly one person with a small child.  Each person in your group should have as similar a setup as they can carry.  If some members of your party are significantly less able to bear a load than others, you’ll have to “spread the load”, with the people who can carry more, carrying more.  Just make sure each person has enough to get by with in case they get separated from the group.  Make sure each person (this includes you) knows how to use the stuff they are carrying.

Choosing Your Bags

There are three components of any bag.  These are the bag itself, the contents of the bag, and the knowledge and experience to use the contents of the bag.

When choosing a bag, you need to consider size, weight, durability and long term comfort.  And there is another concern.  Keep in mind that YOU have made the effort to be prepared for this disaster, but a large percentage of the people around you have not.  And some of them are eager to, and some of them feel forced to, take advantage of your preparations for their profit or their family’s needs.  Thus, you want to remain as unnoticeable as possible, having a “gray man” persona.  Any pack you choose should have dull, unobtrusive colors, with no obvious brand name marks or designs.  For in-town use, you want to use packs like “everybody else” uses, and for bigger bags for out of town travel, ones which look “distressed” (dirty, duct tape “patches”).  Camouflage and black are “dull” colors, but they, as well as military style or “tacticool” packs, tend to bring to mind “government” or military, and everybody knows those guys are loaded with cool stuff.  Obviously, don’t have anything desirable or attractive hanging on the outside.  You don’t want to be noticed, and if you are noticed, you don’t want to be an (or the most) attractive target, and if you are a target, you don’t want to appear to be worth much effort.


There are two paths to follow:  you can find a pack you like and then put into it what you can, or you can figure out what you will carry, and then choose a bag which will hold it.  Either path will force you to make compromises.  I prefer to compromise on the bag rather than the contents.  In the case of a GHB or BOB you should have a good idea how long the trek is likely to take, and this allows a decent guess at what items and how many of each should be included.  All size estimates need to be accompanied by weight estimates.

When choosing a bag, size is the first concern, and that is determined by how much stuff you need to put into the bag.  Packs often are rated in “liters” which for the metrically challenged can be estimated by dividing them by four to approximate “gallons”.  If you have a guess at the size you will need, it is best to choose a pack which is a bit bigger, because you can put nine gallons into a ten-gallon container, but you can’t put eleven gallons into that container.  However, the bigger the bag, the more stuff you will be tempted to put into it, and the more it will weigh.  Be prepared to lower your size estimate if your weight estimate gets to be too high.

And that brings up the other key concern, the weight.  A person in good physical condition and trained up for it, can probably carry a load of 25% of their body weight.  People in poor condition will be able to carry less.  Keep in mind that pretty much anybody can carry more than they should, briefly.  But can they carry it all day, for several days sequentially?  Can they hike or climb uphill?  Are they able to avoid tripping, or developing foot or ankle injuries?  Can they run short distances?  Jump over narrow obstacles?  As you can see, ideal load weight is a matter of experimentation, and the entire party should work at increasing their capabilities.  But at any point in time, there is a practical maximum weight.  When you hit that, you have to stop packing things in.  If you don’t have enough stuff, you will have to exchange things already in there for things which are lighter (and probably more expensive).

Now that you have an adequate size and not too much weight, consider the comfort.  A pack which distributes the weight and rides well will make your trek less of a torture.  For a large pack such as a GOOD, INCH and most BOBs, you will want to transfer as much of the weight as possible to your hips.  This requires an internal or hybrid frame and a padded waist belt.  External frames should be avoided; they tend to get caught on things. and usually are less comfortable.  A few BOBs and many GHBs may not be that heavy and can get away with using a smaller, frameless pack.

Frankly, if you can find a pack which meets all these criteria, durability may not be a major concern.  The longer the trek and the more rugged the terrain, the more important it becomes.  Keep an eye out for the material.  Nylon, canvas and leather are durable; plastic and cloth are not as durable.  Thick is more durable than thin.  But thick and canvas and particularly leather tends to be heavy, and every extra pound the pack weighs is a pound of stuff you can’t carry.  Thus generally, a mid-weight nylon is best.  You want it to be water proof or highly water resistant or have a water proof cover.  If not truly water proof, make sure that any contents which can be affected by getting wet are packed in water proof bags and even if the pack IS waterproof, you want your critical stuff in their own waterproof protection.

Finally, there is organization.  Having everything you need is great, but being able to find it or access it as needed can be important.  A bag which has lots of pockets may be handy, but every pocket adds more material and thus more weight.  This is a trade-off, and fewer pockets can be somewhat compensated for by intelligent packing.  If you need something quickly, you want to get right to it, and if you use something a lot, you don’t want to take everything else out to get to it.

Maintaining Your Bags

As mentioned, your GHB is best kept in your vehicle, so you will always have it with you when not at home.  Except what if you are not taking your vehicle?  That is a conundrum, and assuming you “have” to go and can’t take your car, you have three options:  risk going without it, taking it with you, or taking a subset with you in your pockets or other containers.  As for your other bag(s) and modules, you need a storage location which is readily available but not in the way, protected from casual access, where they won’t get mixed in or blocked, and are not subjected to environmental extremes.

Some things you put in your bag(s) will have expiration dates.  You need to keep a record with each bag or module stating these dates, and it is a very good idea to put in fresh things before the old ones “expire”.  This usually does not mean they become useless or dangerous, so if you happen to be a month or two late, it’s not a big deal.  But going years past the date is not wise.  Be aware of the storage conditions where you keep each bag (most particularly the trunk of your car) and its effect on the items in the bag.


Finally, do NOT take stuff out of your bags for “temporary” use.  If you take something out of one of your bags, the odds that you will remember to put it back (and replace anything partially used up) are depressingly low.  Which reminds me.  I can’t tell you how many fancy flashlights I’ve lost to battery leakage.  Keep the batteries out of your emergency gear until the emergency happens or is right around the corner, or use lithium batteries, which so far have not leaked on me.

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Training Your Dog Through Positive Reinforcement

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Leaving your dog for keep chewing or just to sit on a couch and watch some animal discoveries kind of things make your dog to get bored. You have no idea how much energy your dog loses during that boredom. So the mental exercise like training them for different lifestyles can burn off their boredom, make them active and reduce the chances of wasting their energy and preserves them from getting slow or dull. In addition to this, it is good for behavioral development of your dog. Try to train your dog by positive reinforcement because if dogs are trained

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The Best Bushcraft Knife: Finding the Optimal Tools for SHTF

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What is your favorite knife for bushcraft? It is surprising how many people have different tastes when it comes to a tool as simple as a knife. We strode out to determine the best bushcraft knife using our own experience and the input from those that do it daily. Trimming the list down to just …

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