General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

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Written by Wild Bill on The Prepper Journal.

As mentioned last week in our Newsletter, the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) goes into effect today.

The Prepper Journal uses MailChimp to manage its subscriber list and here is their Press Release on the subject:

MailChimp has updated its Privacy Policy and Terms of Use, effective May 23, 2018. These changes were made primarily in preparation for the EU’s new data privacy law, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

With these updates, MailChimp reaffirms its commitment to safeguarding the personal data of our members, contacts, and anyone who visits our websites. MailChimp has three core privacy principles: accountability through awareness, empowering individuals, and protecting and safeguarding information. We embrace privacy by design, which means our teams actively design and build features with privacy considered alongside innovation and functionality.

Here are some highlights of the changes we’ve made:

  • We restructured our Privacy Policy to present three primary audience groups with the information that’s most relevant to each. These groups are members (like yourself), your contacts, and website visitors. This policy will also inform these groups on how they can exercise their rights under the GDPR and control the use of their personal information through our services.
  • If you, or your use of MailChimp, are subject to EU data protection law (including the GDPR), we’ve updated your obligations when using MailChimp to reflect the new requirements under the GDPR.
  • We’ve reaffirmed MailChimp’s commitment to the responsible collection, use, transfer, disclosure, and management of your personal information.

We encourage you to take the time to review our revised Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. By continuing to use MailChimp on or after May 23, 2018, you acknowledge our updated Privacy Policy and agree to our updated Terms of Use.

As our company grows and evolves, we’ll continue to focus on strengthening and improving our privacy practices and tools, for the benefit of our members, contacts, and website visitors.

Thank you for using MailChimp.

– The MailChimp Legal Team

The Prepper Journal has read the above items and is in compliance with their requirements.

If you, as an individual, are a resident of a member nation of the European Union, you need to assure that you have taken the steps required to be in compliance with the implementation of this new rule.

The Prepper Journal can not add, delete or modify it’s subscriber list. This is by design so entities can not “pad” their lists.

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Don’t Bring Spies into Your Own Home — Echo Dot

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This should be beyond basic, yet I have friends who have “embraced this technology”

Do not put spies into your own house.   Good thing they were just talking about hard wood (floors that is). 

http://www.foxnews.com/tech/2018/05/24/amazon-alexa-records-and-shares-womans-private-conversation.html

The woman, named only as Danielle, received a phone call from one of her husband’s employees in Seattle, who received a recording of the conversation. On KIRO’s video, Danielle holds up a number of Echo Dots, claiming that “it was one of these that sent it.”

“We unplugged all of them and he proceeded to tell us that he had received audio files of recordings from inside our house,” she told KIRO news. “At first, my husband was, like, ‘no you didn’t!’ And the (recipient of the message) said ‘You sat there talking about hardwood floors.’ And we said, ‘oh gosh, you really did hear us.'”
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https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-05-24/unplug-your-alexa-devices-right-now-youre-being-hacked

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stock here — if they can abuse information, on you, they will….look back to the 1960’s and then now

Again and again, Weizenbaum witnessed ELIZA evoke an emotional response from users. And yet, he didn’t see this as a triumph. A decade after ELIZA, Weizenbaum reveals in Computer Power And Human Reason that what he “had not realized is that extremely short exposures to a relatively simple computer program could induce powerful delusional thinking in quite normal people.”
In the wake of ELIZA, Weizenbaum became an advocate for social responsibility in science and a critic of artificial intelligence. “The computer programmer is a creator of universes for which he alone is the lawgiver,” he writes in Computer Power and Human Reason. “No playwright, no stage director, no emperor, however powerful, has ever exercised such absolute authority to arrange a stage or field of battle and to command such unswervingly dutiful actors or troops.”

EDC for Women – Staying Prepared

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Everyday Carry is not a new concept. Most women already carry stuff they need with them every day in a purse, satchel, or wallet. The tools and resources they carry can vary widely, however. Women are well equipped to have an EDC kit in plain sight since most carry purses. Stashing a few extra prepping, …

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The post EDC for Women – Staying Prepared appeared first on SHTF Prepping & Homesteading Central.

Super Light and Super Tough: Why the Arc’teryx Alpha FL 30 May Be the Perfect Pack

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The battle for the best bag is a clash never ending. While we consumers are out seeking and searching, the producers are in their conference rooms discussing the next generation of pack to lure us. What’s wrong with that? To me the backpack industry is a win win situation. I am happy to see that …

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The post Super Light and Super Tough: Why the Arc’teryx Alpha FL 30 May Be the Perfect Pack appeared first on SHTF Prepping & Homesteading Central.

Garden beds, mulch and weed clean up

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Mom came over today and helped me with clean up. She attacked the grape vines runners and a bunch of weeds in the area just past the big storage tank.  I have to get more mulch to fill in that area as there are 3 garden beds that will be mounded up for the 3 sisters garden of corn beans and squash.  The square bed will be a test of the fish compost I got from the church ladies at Trinity Lutheran.  You can see the temporary fence with the white step in poles that keeps the dogs out.  I no longer have chickens in my yard but I know the temp. fence would direct chickens if you want them scratching through your beds in the fall and winter. This fence is not protection from above or even against deer but it worked great for pekes and chickens.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

These are the new garden beds tilled and mulched in. The 2 x 4’s you see sticking up at the corners are for building up the bed  height and I will add a sitting ledge for on top for when we weed or something to stand on when we prepare the garden for next year.

I still need to build/install the PVC hoops and then attach the protective cloth on these beds and lay out the drip watering system.  I will be adding a few plants this weekend though it is a little late as I should have had the plants in the ground earlier this month.  The main thing I want to accomplish is to make an simple to care for garden that I can keep under control and minimize time needed for weeding/upkeep.

Mom got most of her remaining pots and large containers for her herbs and a few plants like celery that she wants to get started around her new home.  Her Explorer was pretty  full of pots and plants when she headed back home. She can’t really do a lot of gardening on her land until she cleans it up and has a cost effective way to irrigate the pasture.  We have a lot of ideas on how to do that task.  Sadly none of them are with in the budget.

I have to say I’m amazed by how good looking Mom’s yard is now that it got a little TLC!   The pasture is going to take more time as it huge and full of cheat grass.  We are thinking of trying to plant some clover as ground cover to start improving the soil.  Plus some holly as a “wind break” so the soil does not get so dry.  Finding away to kill the weeds without killing the soil is our goal.  While I hate cheat grass it is keeping the soil in place compared to bare dirt.  We may end up burning out the cheat grass in a section, then tilling and planting a soil building cover crop in those sections.

Cash flow is bit low right now so telling me to pay for rental equipment or a contractor is not a viable option.  We will get it done but it will take some time and sweat rather than credit/debt!

Garden beds, mulch and weed clean up

Mom came over today and helped me with clean up. She attacked the grape vines runners and a bunch of weeds in the area just past the big storage tank.  I have to get more mulch to fill in that area as there are 3 garden beds that will be mounded up for the 3 sisters garden of corn beans and squash.  The square bed will be a test of the fish compost I got from the church ladies at Trinity Lutheran.  You can see the temporary fence with the white step in poles that keeps the dogs out.  I no longer have chickens in my yard but I know the temp. fence would direct chickens if you want them scratching through your beds in the fall and winter. This fence is not protection from above or even against deer but it worked great for pekes and chickens.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

These are the new garden beds tilled and mulched in. The 2 x 4’s you see sticking up at the corners are for building up the bed  height and I will add a sitting ledge for on top for when we weed or something to stand on when we prepare the garden for next year.

I still need to build/install the PVC hoops and then attach the protective cloth on these beds and lay out the drip watering system.  I will be adding a few plants this weekend though it is a little late as I should have had the plants in the ground earlier this month.  The main thing I want to accomplish is to make an simple to care for garden that I can keep under control and minimize time needed for weeding/upkeep.

Mom got most of her remaining pots and large containers for her herbs and a few plants like celery that she wants to get started around her new home.  Her Explorer was pretty  full of pots and plants when she headed back home. She can’t really do a lot of gardening on her land until she cleans it up and has a cost effective way to irrigate the pasture.  We have a lot of ideas on how to do that task.  Sadly none of them are with in the budget.

I have to say I’m amazed by how good looking Mom’s yard is now that it got a little TLC!   The pasture is going to take more time as it huge and full of cheat grass.  We are thinking of trying to plant some clover as ground cover to start improving the soil.  Plus some holly as a “wind break” so the soil does not get so dry.  Finding away to kill the weeds without killing the soil is our goal.  While I hate cheat grass it is keeping the soil in place compared to bare dirt.  We may end up burning out the cheat grass in a section, then tilling and planting a soil building cover crop in those sections.

Cash flow is bit low right now so telling me to pay for rental equipment or a contractor is not a viable option.  We will get it done but it will take some time and sweat rather than credit/debt!

Garden beds, mulch and weed clean up

Mom came over today and helped me with clean up. She attacked the grape vines runners and a bunch of weeds in the area just past the big storage tank.  I have to get more mulch to fill in that area as there are 3 garden beds that will be mounded up for the 3 sisters garden of corn beans and squash.  The square bed will be a test of the fish compost I got from the church ladies at Trinity Lutheran.  You can see the temporary fence with the white step in poles that keeps the dogs out.  I no longer have chickens in my yard but I know the temp. fence would direct chickens if you want them scratching through your beds in the fall and winter. This fence is not protection from above or even against deer but it worked great for pekes and chickens.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

These are the new garden beds tilled and mulched in. The 2 x 4’s you see sticking up at the corners are for building up the bed  height and I will add a sitting ledge for on top for when we weed or something to stand on when we prepare the garden for next year.

I still need to build/install the PVC hoops and then attach the protective cloth on these beds and lay out the drip watering system.  I will be adding a few plants this weekend though it is a little late as I should have had the plants in the ground earlier this month.  The main thing I want to accomplish is to make an simple to care for garden that I can keep under control and minimize time needed for weeding/upkeep.

Mom got most of her remaining pots and large containers for her herbs and a few plants like celery that she wants to get started around her new home.  Her Explorer was pretty  full of pots and plants when she headed back home. She can’t really do a lot of gardening on her land until she cleans it up and has a cost effective way to irrigate the pasture.  We have a lot of ideas on how to do that task.  Sadly none of them are with in the budget.

I have to say I’m amazed by how good looking Mom’s yard is now that it got a little TLC!   The pasture is going to take more time as it huge and full of cheat grass.  We are thinking of trying to plant some clover as ground cover to start improving the soil.  Plus some holly as a “wind break” so the soil does not get so dry.  Finding away to kill the weeds without killing the soil is our goal.  While I hate cheat grass it is keeping the soil in place compared to bare dirt.  We may end up burning out the cheat grass in a section, then tilling and planting a soil building cover crop in those sections.

Cash flow is bit low right now so telling me to pay for rental equipment or a contractor is not a viable option.  We will get it done but it will take some time and sweat rather than credit/debt!

100 Ways The EPA Will Lie to You After a Nuclear Event

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Long ago, I did a post on the 87 one liners lies of nuclear….that post is here, and still worth visiting.

http://www.nukepro.net/2014/02/classic-one-liner-lies-of-nuke.html
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100 Ways the EPA will lie to you after a nuclear event in the USA

http://www.businessinsider.com/nuclear-disaster-government-official-messages-psa-2018-5

What they’ll say: “As appropriate: Lives have been lost, people have been injured, and homes and businesses have been destroyed. All levels of government are coordinating their efforts to do everything possible to help the people affected by this emergency. As lifesaving activities continue, follow the instructions from emergency responders… The instructions are based on the best information we have right now; the instructions will be updated as more information becomes available.”

9 Simple Tips You Need To Buy The Best EDC Flashlight

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The EDC flashlight either seems like overkill or sheer necessity to you. Light in the darkness is valuable and don’t for a second think that darkness is only available at night. There are dark places all over, dark rooms and you should be prepared to shine light on those problems. The world deserves inspection and …

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The post 9 Simple Tips You Need To Buy The Best EDC Flashlight appeared first on SHTF Prepping & Homesteading Central.

Free PDF: High Standard Firearm Manuals

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Today we are sharing 26 High Standard Firearm Manuals High Standard Firearms is an American manufacturer of firearms, based in Houston, Texas. The company was founded in Hamden, Connecticut in 1926 as a supplier to the numerous firearms companies in the Connecticut Valley.High Standard 10A Firearm Manual DVD This firearm manual DVD contains 3.55 Gigs of 1117 files including civilian manufacturer manuals, military technical and field weapon manuals, printable targets, blueprints, patent files, videos, and training PowerPoint. I did not know, but learned from wikipedia when writing this article, that Hi-Standard owns AMT, my dad carried an AMT Backup .380

The post Free PDF: High Standard Firearm Manuals appeared first on Dave’s Homestead.

Book Review: Storey’s Guide to Raising Rabbits

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Storey’s Guide to Raising Rabbits is as essential to the owner of pet rabbits as it is to the farmer raising rabbits for meat or fur. Breed selection, year-round care and feeding, safe housing, humane handling, and disease prevention and treatment are all addressed. This is the classic, comprehensive, essential reference for all rabbit raisers. I am a huge believer in rabbits as a sustainable livestock for small homesteads.  They have a good feed/meat conversion ratio, breed prolifically, can be kept in small spaces, are quiet, and their manure is wonderful fertilizer. However, my own experience with rabbits suggests that

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Book Review: Storey’s Guide to Raising Rabbits

Storey’s Guide to Raising Rabbits is as essential to the owner of pet rabbits as it is to the farmer raising rabbits for meat or fur. Breed selection, year-round care and feeding, safe housing, humane handling, and disease prevention and treatment are all addressed. This is the classic, comprehensive, essential reference for all rabbit raisers. I am a huge believer in rabbits as a sustainable livestock for small homesteads.  They have a good feed/meat conversion ratio, breed prolifically, can be kept in small spaces, are quiet, and their manure is wonderful fertilizer. However, my own experience with rabbits suggests that

The post Book Review: Storey’s Guide to Raising Rabbits appeared first on Dave’s Homestead.

Strokes (CVAs) On and Off The Grid

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Strokes (CVAs) On and Off The Grid

STROKES ON AND OFF THE GRID

Often, medics in remote areas are confronted with a major challenge. Some of these challenges relate to wilderness exposure, or perhaps, an accident while performing activities of daily survival. Give me an axe and set me to chopping wood and you’ll probably see what I mean.

Sometimes the challenge faced by the medic isn’t from some external trauma, but internal; problems so severe that, even in normal times, there are limits to the options available for treatment. One issue that fits this description is the Cerebro-Vascular Accident (CVA), also known as a “stroke”.

Although modern medicine can do more for stroke victims than the pioneer medic, it’s important for an off-grid healthcare provider to recognize the signs and symptoms of a stroke and to act quickly to improve a victim’s chances of survival.

WHAT IS A STROKE?

A CVA, or stroke, is a medical event in which a blood vessel that supplies the brain with oxygen becomes blocked or leaks blood. The effect is that tissue served by that blood vessel becomes starved of oxygen. Within a few short minutes, the region affected begins to die, and functions controlled by that part of the brain are lost or impaired.

Uncontrolled high blood pressure is considered to be a major risk factor for a stroke. Other predisposing factors include diabetes, tobacco, obesity, and some heart irregularities. In a sizable number of cases, however, no obvious cause is ever identified.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States, with about 800,000 cases a year. Of those that survive a stroke, many are left with significant permanent disability; a percentage do not survive more than a year afterward.

TYPES OF STROKES

The failure to provide oxygen-carrying blood to the brain could happen in one of two ways:

  • A blood clot obstructs a blood vessel that is needed to maintain circulation (“perfusion”) to the brain. This is called an “ischemic” stroke and is the most common type.
  • Blood from an artery, vein, or an abnormal structure leaks into brain tissue or the space between the brain and the membranes that cover it. This can happen due to trauma, blood-thinning medication, or other causes, and is known as a “hemorrhagic stroke”.

Sometimes, hemorrhage can occur in the area of an ischemic stroke, blurring the line between the two types.

ISCHEMIC STROKES

Ischemic strokes can be caused by a number of issues, including:

  • Thrombosis: A blood clot forms locally, causing obstruction.
  • Embolism: A blood clot forms elsewhere in the body and travels through the circulation to lodge in the brain.
  • Systemic Hypoperfusion: An inadequate amount of blood gets to the brain due to, say, severe bleeding, as in hemorrhagic shock.

HEMORRHAGIC STROKES

When blood leaks into brain tissue, it places pressure on sensitive brain cells, causing significant damage. Hemorrhagic strokes can be caused by uncontrolled high blood pressure or, less commonly, by a malformation of a blood vessel known as an “aneurysm”. An aneurysm is a weakness in a vessel wall that looks like a tiny balloon; if it bursts, a catastrophic bleed into brain tissue can occur.

Certain medications that suppress blood clotting may increase the risk of CVA. I mention this as a nod to my father, who survived a heart attack only to have a hemorrhagic stroke from blood thinners given to him in the aftermath. He died a few weeks later.

Hemorrhagic strokes can occur:

In the brain tissue itself: This is known as an “intracerebral” hemorrhage and is the most common hemorrhagic stroke.

Between the brain and the thin membranes that surround it: This type, albeit less common, can accumulate a significant amount of blood and cause severe pressure on brain tissue.

TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACKS (TIAs)

Occasionally, the medic may encounter a short-term event called a “Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)”. Sometimes referred to as a “mini-stroke”, a TIA can present as minimal or significant symptoms, which are, well, transient in nature. In a classic TIA, symptoms will disappear for the most part within two hours or so.

Despite this, it is impossible to know whether you’re dealing with a major stroke or a TIA when first presented with the victim. Those who experience a TIA, even if all symptoms disappear, will be at higher risk for a major stroke in the near future.

Click the link below to read an account by a real person of her TIA experience:

https://www.cdc.gov/stroke/survivor_stories/blanche.htm

IDENTIFYING A STROKE

The CDC has compiled a list of symptoms that point the medic to the diagnosis of a stroke. By learning these (often unmistakable) signs, quick action may lead to lives saved and function restored. Stroke victims will often exhibit the sudden onset of:

  • Severe headache
  • Numbness or weakness affecting (usually) one side of the face, arm, or leg.
  • Trouble speaking or inability to understand speech.
  • Difficulty with vision in one or both eyes
  • Confusion or dizziness
  • Trouble walking
  • Loss of coordination

The CDC recommends the memorization of “F.A.S.T.”, a simple way to help with stroke diagnosis and treatment:

Face: Smile. Does one side of the face sag?

Arms: Raise both of the victim’s arms and see if one droops.

Speech: Have the victim say a common phrase: Does it sound strange or slurred?

Time: Call 9-1-1 right away if you notice any of these symptoms (of course, this won’t be an option off the grid).

It’s important to note when symptoms started and when the victim was last seen well. The longer the time frame between wellness and debilitation, the more likely there’ll be long-term consequences.

TREATING A STROKE

The presentation of a stroke victim is oftentimes quite striking and an observant medic will make the diagnosis quickly. Rapid action may help preserve function and even life.

The majority of CVAs are ischemic in nature. In normal times, a patient with this type of stroke can be treated with a powerful IV therapy called tPA that helps break up clots (must be given within three hours). Procedures can also be performed that might be successful in removing the clot that’s blocking the circulation.

In the absence of modern medical facilities, blood thinners like aspirin may be of use. If no aspirin is available, Salicin from the underbark of willow trees will have a similar effect.

It should be noted that a hemorrhagic stroke may actually worsen with the use of blood thinners like aspirin. As many of these are caused by elevated blood pressures, anti-hypertensive meds may help to reduce damage caused. Blood pressure is usually at its lowest if the patient is placed on their left side. If caused by an aneurysm, surgical procedures may be necessary.

Recovery from a stroke is not impossible. The National Stroke Association reports 10% will experience almost complete recovery, with another 25% with minor impairments. Reports suggest that most recovery occurs soon after a stroke, but improvement may still occur over a longer period of time, especially with rehabilitation.

With the lack of modern medical facilities in the aftermath of a disaster, the hard reality may be that major medical events like strokes may be very difficult to deal with. The medic’s motto may have to be: “Do what you can, with what you have, where you are.”

Joe Alton MD

Learn about 150 medical issues and how to deal with them when the ambulance is not just around the corner, by checking out The Survival Medicine Handbook: The Essential Guide for When Medical Help is Not on the Way, available at Amazon or on this website.

Manufacturer Demo Days: A Free Way To Test A Whole Lot Of Guns, Ammo & Optics

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Are you a big fan of guns, ammo and all things tactical? Well, what’s the problem we all face when it comes to these things? Money. Some of the best handguns on the market are pushing $4,000. They are things that are just so out of the ordinary persons reach that its hard to believe. …

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Progress Polls — What Is The Real Thoughts Of The American People? Brennan Kicker

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During 2016 election I did multiple polls mostly on my Anti Nuclear website (here) which showed about 80% thinking Trump will win.     This went so far against the MSM fabrications.   

Most anti-nuclear, aka environmental people have a liberal bent to them.    Many think that capitalism is the root of all evil.    Many would never think of supporting Trump, the vulgar, “grab ’em by the pussy” guy.   

So why the poll results that I got?   Good question.    Is part of it that low income and immigrant “voters” don’t have access to a real computer, which seems incredulous in this day of everyone having a cell phone with web capabilities.    Or perhaps they just don’t care, or don’t think that 1 second to click a choice is “worth it”.  
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I ran across another site on Twitter with 123,000 followers that puts up polls.   The results seem to
indicate that their readers support much of the things that I do.  

https://twitter.com/ProgressPolls

Why doesn’t the so-called left show up at these sites and promote their views?    Good question, let’s leave that open for now.  

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Some interesting side shoots arose from digging deeper on their polls, this one from CIA director Brennan, who left in 2017.   Brennan claims that he is “non-partisian” and I guess, maybe that is possible, i guess you could be a “Never Trumper” and hate Trump not based on party lines.   I guess that is possible, some republicans (the establishment, often globalist, ones who see corporate money as more important than the benefit of the American people)

here are some of the “rules of engagement” for CIA activity.
https://assets.documentcloud.org/documents/3416775/DIOG-Redactions-Marked-Redacted.pdf

Here is another version purportedly of the same thing, but looks like a hand scan
https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3416775-DIOG-Redactions-Marked-Redacted.html

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May 20

John O. Brennan Retweeted Donald J. Trump
Senator McConnell & Speaker Ryan: If Mr. Trump continues along this disastrous path, you will bear major responsibility for the harm done to our democracy. You do a great disservice to our Nation & the Republican Party if you continue to enable Mr. Trump’s self-serving actions.
John O. Brennan added,

Brennan’s Tag Line on Twitter is “Non-Partisian”, he only follow 28 people.   Here they are:

 https://twitter.com/SallyQYates

https://twitter.com/RepAdamSchiff
Representing California’s 28th Congressional District and Ranking Member of the House Intelligence Committee.

@nick_shapiro

Global Head of Trust & Risk Management | Fmr CIA Deputy Chief of Staff | Advises , , Culper Partners &…

Sea Salt Benefits For A Healthy Body And Mind

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sea salt benefits

Whether it’s body, mind or soul, it’s easy to enjoy sea salt benefits.

Where does your salt come from? Do you know what type of salt you’re using? Are you really getting sea salt benefits? You might think your kitchen salt is from the sea. Nevertheless, you may or may not be right as salt can also come from the land, and yes, even mountain ranges! Also, before it reaches your dinner table, sea salt is treated to take out its impurities. The primary procedure eliminates iodine, magnesium, and minerals. You should also know that companies add dextrose and iodide along with a bleaching agent to sea salt.

Before you puke, you have to understand that this is done to make it easy for you to add salt to your food. Also, all of the mentioned chemicals make salt more durable and attractive. That’s not all, however, as research has shown that salt has positive effects on the body.

Sea Salt Benefits Include:

#1: Strengthens The Immune System

The minerals that salt (particularly sea salt) preserves can improve the natural defenses of the body. This benefit means that it is a great idea to start using sea salt, especially when summer is about to end. As you may already know, this is the time when viruses, flu, and colds are rampant. Salt, surprisingly, can offer protection against the many effects of sudden weather and temperature fluctuations.

#2: Helps Fight Depression

Melatonin and serotonin are the two hormones that your brain secretes for it to control the stress that your body experiences. As you go through depression, your brain won’t secrete these hormones. As a result, anxiety and sadness will overcome you. By consuming foods added with salt, it will be easier for you to preserve these happy hormones.

#3: Improves Blood Circulation

Salt (particularly sea salt) facilitates the flow of blood throughout your body. Your blood transports oxygen to several regions of your body to perform their respective functions. In the case of poor blood circulation, your energy levels will diminish and you’ll quickly get tired. You’ll also experience a loss of appetite. Sodium is necessary for improving your blood circulation, but it has to be limited as well. Excessive amounts of salt will cause uncomfortable bloating and will also raise your blood pressure.

Other Uses For Salt

#4: Natural Dandruff Treatment

Yes, you heard that right. You can use salt as a replacement for anti-dandruff chemicals. Try salt as your pre-shampoo treatment, as it will work well in scrubbing out those flakes from your head. You can also clean your hair more thoroughly with the use of salt. All you need to do is sprinkle a bit of salt into your scalp. Afterwards, massage your scalp for five minutes and then shampoo as you would normally.

#5: Exfoliates Skin

The weather is getting hotter by the day. This fact means that it’s time for you to make sure your skin is ready for the hot summer season. When removing dead skin cells, use salt as your scrub and exfoliant. You’ll be happy to know that it’ll also boost your blood circulation!

The post Sea Salt Benefits For A Healthy Body And Mind appeared first on Off The Grid News.

Trump FBI Informant Has Shocking Identity

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Trump FBI Informant

Bigger Tham Watergate? Trump FBI Informant Stefan Halper Uses Republican Past To Leverage Connections.

President Donald J. Trump is surrounded by enemies many of whom are prominent Republicans. It became a shock to many that the Trump FBI informant was a leading Republican foreign policy expert and former presidential advisor.

Trumps FBI Informant Has Reagan Background

Stefan J. Halper spied on Presidential Trump’s election campaign for the FBI in 2016, The Washington Postreported. The most disturbing thing about Halper is his background; he was deputy Secretary of State for political-military affairs in the Reagan administration. That means Halper was a senior foreign policyadvisor to President Ronald Reagan in the 1980s.

Halper met with Trump campaign co-chairman Sam Clovis and discussed the election and foreign policy in July 2016. Halper was a “long-time U.S. intelligence resource” when he met with Trump’s foreign adviser Carter Page in 2016. It is not clear whom Halper was gathering intelligence for, but he has been named as an FBI informant by many outlets.

FBI Informant tried to Infiltrate Trump Campaign

Clovis admitted that the meeting was very high-level on the Simon Conway Show, a radio program in Iowa, CNN reported. Halper offered to help with the campaign, but the help was turned down.

The Postreported that Halper approached the Trump campaign shortly after the Donald won the Republican presidential nomination. Halper met with Clovis, and later with George Papadopoulos a Trump adviser who has been investigated by special counsel Robert Mueller.

Halper had no role in the campaign, but President Trump’s trade advisor Peter Navarro recommended Halper’s appointment as ambassador to China, Axios reported. There is no evidence Trump considered the recommendation or met with Halper.

Trump FBI Informant tied to the Bushes

Halper donated $85,000 to President George W. Bush’s first presidential campaign in 2000, The Washington Post reported. He also worked in the administration of Bush’s father George H.W. Bush.

Halper became very critical of George W. Bush after the invasion of Iraq and refused to endorse his reelection in 2004. News reports did not say whether Halper spied on the Bushes or donated money to the Trump campaign.

Despite the media claims, Halper was not part of either the Trump administration or the presidential campaign. Instead, he was teaching at England’s Cambridge University during the campaign.

Liberal Media Verifies President Trump FBI Informant Allegations

The Washington Poststory confirms President Trump’s allegations that the FBI was spying on him with informants. The President has demanded a U.S. Justice Department investigation of the FBI.

“I hereby demand, and will do so officially tomorrow, that the Department of Justice (DOJ) look into whether or not the FBI/DOJ infiltrated or surveilled the Trump Campaign for Political Purposes – and if any such demands or requests were made by people within the Obama Administration!” Trump tweeted on Sunday.

Assistant Attorney General Rod Rosenstein responded to Trump’s demand by ordering the DOJ inspector general to review the FBI’s requests for warrants from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court or FISA to see if any of them were politically motivated, Axios revealed. All intelligence operations conducted against foreign spies in the United States have to be approved by FISA.

It appears that President Trump’s allegations that the FBI was spying on him were not just correct, but understated. Only time will tell if Trump’s allegations that his predecessor Barrack Obama ordered the spying are also true.

The post Trump FBI Informant Has Shocking Identity appeared first on Off The Grid News.

Trump FBI Informant Has Shocking Identity

Trump FBI Informant

Bigger Tham Watergate? Trump FBI Informant Stefan Halper Uses Republican Past To Leverage Connections.

President Donald J. Trump is surrounded by enemies many of whom are prominent Republicans. It became a shock to many that the Trump FBI informant was a leading Republican foreign policy expert and former presidential advisor.

Trumps FBI Informant Has Reagan Background

Stefan J. Halper spied on Presidential Trump’s election campaign for the FBI in 2016, The Washington Postreported. The most disturbing thing about Halper is his background; he was deputy Secretary of State for political-military affairs in the Reagan administration. That means Halper was a senior foreign policyadvisor to President Ronald Reagan in the 1980s.

Halper met with Trump campaign co-chairman Sam Clovis and discussed the election and foreign policy in July 2016. Halper was a “long-time U.S. intelligence resource” when he met with Trump’s foreign adviser Carter Page in 2016. It is not clear whom Halper was gathering intelligence for, but he has been named as an FBI informant by many outlets.

FBI Informant tried to Infiltrate Trump Campaign

Clovis admitted that the meeting was very high-level on the Simon Conway Show, a radio program in Iowa, CNN reported. Halper offered to help with the campaign, but the help was turned down.

The Postreported that Halper approached the Trump campaign shortly after the Donald won the Republican presidential nomination. Halper met with Clovis, and later with George Papadopoulos a Trump adviser who has been investigated by special counsel Robert Mueller.

Halper had no role in the campaign, but President Trump’s trade advisor Peter Navarro recommended Halper’s appointment as ambassador to China, Axios reported. There is no evidence Trump considered the recommendation or met with Halper.

Trump FBI Informant tied to the Bushes

Halper donated $85,000 to President George W. Bush’s first presidential campaign in 2000, The Washington Post reported. He also worked in the administration of Bush’s father George H.W. Bush.

Halper became very critical of George W. Bush after the invasion of Iraq and refused to endorse his reelection in 2004. News reports did not say whether Halper spied on the Bushes or donated money to the Trump campaign.

Despite the media claims, Halper was not part of either the Trump administration or the presidential campaign. Instead, he was teaching at England’s Cambridge University during the campaign.

Liberal Media Verifies President Trump FBI Informant Allegations

The Washington Poststory confirms President Trump’s allegations that the FBI was spying on him with informants. The President has demanded a U.S. Justice Department investigation of the FBI.

“I hereby demand, and will do so officially tomorrow, that the Department of Justice (DOJ) look into whether or not the FBI/DOJ infiltrated or surveilled the Trump Campaign for Political Purposes – and if any such demands or requests were made by people within the Obama Administration!” Trump tweeted on Sunday.

Assistant Attorney General Rod Rosenstein responded to Trump’s demand by ordering the DOJ inspector general to review the FBI’s requests for warrants from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court or FISA to see if any of them were politically motivated, Axios revealed. All intelligence operations conducted against foreign spies in the United States have to be approved by FISA.

It appears that President Trump’s allegations that the FBI was spying on him were not just correct, but understated. Only time will tell if Trump’s allegations that his predecessor Barrack Obama ordered the spying are also true.

The post Trump FBI Informant Has Shocking Identity appeared first on Off The Grid News.

Bushcraft Knives 101: Why do you Need to Find a Perfect Bushcraft Knife

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Bushcraft Knives 101: Why do you Need to Find a Perfect Bushcraft Knife

Bushcraft Knives 101: 
Why do you Need to Find a Perfect Bushcraft Knife

Knife enthusiasts, we have great news for you! Trying to find yourself a good knife for your outdoor adventures? Your outdoor adventures need a survival knife that can help you with different kinds of tasks! The knife should be able enough to complete all tasks, from the smallest to the toughest.

So, why not take a look at bushcraft knives?

Continue reading Bushcraft Knives 101: Why do you Need to Find a Perfect Bushcraft Knife at Prepper Broadcasting Network.

Could Baking Soda Be Used to Treat Autoimmune Disease? Study Suggests it is Possible

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It’s a household item that is commonly used in baking and for cleaning and deodorizing.

Odds are, you have a box sitting in your pantry or refrigerator right now.

This inexpensive, versatile, and safe product can be used for so many things, including brushing your teeth, treating insect bites and stings, soothing sunburn, as an underarm deodorant, cleaning wounds and preventing infections, and heartburn relief.

Now, yet another possible purpose for baking soda has been discovered, and it is quite incredible.

Scientists have found evidence that a daily dose of baking soda may help reduce the destructive inflammation of autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis.

Baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) can encourage the spleen to promote an anti-inflammatory environment that could be therapeutic in the face of inflammatory disease, Medical College of Georgia scientists report in The Journal of Immunology.

The research found that when rats or healthy people drink a solution of baking soda and water, it becomes a trigger for the stomach to make more acid to digest the next meal and for mesothelial cells sitting on the spleen to tell the organ that there’s no need to launch a protective immune response.

Mesothelial cells are found in your blood and kidneys, and baking soda is already used in the treatment of chronic kidney disease. It was this that led the researchers to explore the mechanisms by which baking soda benefits renal function, slowing the progression of kidney disease. During this investigation, the scientists noticed that baking soda shifted the balance of immune cells in the kidneys, boosting anti-inflammatory immune cells while simultaneously decreasing inflammatory cells.

The scientists believe that drinking the baking soda-water solution tells the spleen  – which is part of the immune system and acts like a big blood filter and is where some white blood cells, like macrophages, are stored – to go easy on the immune response.

In a press release, Dr. Paul O’Connor, a renal physiologist in the MCG Department of Physiology at Augusta University and the study’s corresponding author, said: “Certainly drinking bicarbonate affects the spleen and we think it’s through the mesothelial cells.”

“The shift from inflammatory to an anti-inflammatory profile is happening everywhere,” O’Connor says. “We saw it in the kidneys, we saw it in the spleen, now we see it in the peripheral blood.”

Here’s more detail, from the press release:

In the spleen, as well as the blood and kidneys, they found after drinking water with baking soda for two weeks, the population of immune cells called macrophages, shifted from primarily those that promote inflammation, called M1, to those that reduce it, called M2. Macrophages, perhaps best known for their ability to consume garbage in the body like debris from injured or dead cells, are early arrivers to a call for an immune response.

O’Connor said the shifting landscape is likely due to increased conversion of some of the proinflammatory cells to anti-inflammatory ones coupled with actual production of more anti-inflammatory macrophages.

The researchers also saw a shift in other immune cell types, like more regulatory T cells, which generally drive down the immune response and help keep the immune system from attacking our own tissues. That anti-inflammatory shift was sustained for at least four hours in humans and three days in rats.

Before you run to your pantry to grab the baking soda, a word of caution: O’Connor warns that the baking soda solution has only been tested on rodents and people without inflammation, reports Mother Nature Network:

“It could have potential, but there’s no data behind it,” he says. “Whether or not it can have a significant effect we don’t know. There’s still more testing to come.” There’s no advantage to trying it in the meantime, he says. Baking soda has high levels of sodium, which is linked to heart, kidney and other issues.

“You certainly shouldn’t go start drinking baking soda and water without consulting a physician. I certainly wouldn’t advise people trying this at home,” he says.

However, O’Connor believes the research is promising because, if it works, it could offer a safe alternative to medication:

“You are not really turning anything off or on, you are just pushing it toward one side by giving an anti-inflammatory stimulus,” he says, in this case, away from harmful inflammation. “It’s potentially a really safe way to treat inflammatory disease.”

Using baking soda on the body and for cleaning items around the home are generally considered safe. However, it is possible to consume too much, so be careful not to exceed the recommended dose. Too much baking soda can upset the body’s acid-base balance leading to nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. In rare cases, baking soda overdose can lead to seizures, coma, and death. It is very high in sodium and can raise blood pressure and cause swelling.

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition

Lithium Battery Producer Tianqi Lithium Leads Charge To Corner Worldwide Lithium Market

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lithium battery producer wars

Tianqi Lithium is a renowned lithium battery producer on a worldwide scale.

China’s Tianqi Lithium, one of the largest lithium battery producers in the world, has made a bid to purchase 24 percent of SQM, Chile’s largest lithium mining company.

Lithium Battery Producer Leads Charge

The U.S. and other lithium importers are expected to lobby Chile’s regulatory agency, CORFO, in an attempt to stop the sale. The proposed purchase is the latest in China’s attempt to corner lithium production worldwide. It should be easy for anyone to understand the reason for the aggressive investment strategy.

Lithium is seen as the future of energy as lithium-ion batteries become a driver in many new technological innovations. These breakthroughs will include many solar and wind energy applications. Lithium batteries have many advantages over traditional AMV batteries. They are dramatically lighter in weight, smaller in size and possess a battery life that is four times longer.

History Of Lithium Battery 

Experimentation with lithium goes all the way back to 1912. However, it wasn’t until six decades later that companies began producing and selling the first lithium batteries. The early batteries were not rechargeable, but as primary batteries, they worked by chemical breakdown. These early lithium batteries were predominantly used in hearing aids, electronic watches and other applications which needed small, lightweight batteries.

Three separate developments, all of which happened in the 1980s, helped to turn those first lithium batteries into the lithium ion (Li-Ion) rechargeable batteries we know today.

-Development of the LiCoO2 cathode, which serves its function as the positive lead.

-Development of the graphite anode, which finds use as the negative lead.

-Building of the first lithium-ion battery.

Please note the distinct difference between lithium and a lithium-ion battery. Lithium batteries are not rechargeable, while lithium-ion batteries are. Also, not only are lithium-ion batteries rechargeable, but they solve a number of the problems associated with other rechargeable batteries. As a result, lithium battery producer output has shifted to newer technologies.

Tremendous Future Lithium Battery Producers

Developers created the third type of lithium battery, the Lithium-Ion Polymer Battery (Li-Po), during the latter end of the 1990s. This battery differed from the standard Li-Ion battery in that it uses a solid polymer electrolyte, rather than a liquid one.

Since the electrolyte is solid, one can laminate the electrodes and separators together, allowing a soft, flexible wrapping, rather than a hard, metal casing. Because of flexibility, these batteries are the number one choice for portable electronics, such as mobile phones, PDAs, RC aircraft and tablets.

Tesla’s Rising Lithium Battery Demand

In a related story, one of the largest users of lithium-ion batteries, Tesla, has recently contracted Kidman Resources. Tesla wants the Australian natural resource giant to provide the lithium necessary for Tesla’s lithium car batteries. Ironically, Kidman is a current partner of Chile’s SQM, which now looks as if China’s Tianqi will own it.

Even as the number of independent lithium producers steadily declines, enormous amounts of investment capital are flowing into the remaining lithium producers. SQM’s share price has risen from $13.06 (in July of 2015) to a high of $62.15 (in January of 2018) in the last 2 years. Tianqi Lithium has risen from $6.20 in 2012 to over $60.00 in late 2017.

The lithium battery industry has made it easier to get to off the grid and still have electrical power. Make sure lithium batteries are part of your core survival stash.

 

The post Lithium Battery Producer Tianqi Lithium Leads Charge To Corner Worldwide Lithium Market appeared first on Off The Grid News.

The Secure Dad and Parenting!

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The Secure Dad and Parenting
James Walton “I Am Liberty ” Audio player below!

I wish I could say that there has been a gap since my last installment of this school shooting series. I wish I could say that the importance of this topic was fading and that maybe this collection of shows that I have done is going to be irreleavant. I would like to say that I had any confidence in the fact that this was an issue that was going to go away.

Continue reading The Secure Dad and Parenting! at Prepper Broadcasting Network.

“OPSEC” (Operational Security) on the World Wide Web

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Guest post by ‘restoringBrad’ World Wide Web- Buckle up, it could be a bumpy ride! ISP: ISP (Internet Service Provider) It’s the company you pay to provide you with access to the internet. Some ISP’s will record, to some degree, everything you do. Some state they do this in order to provide you with better service, a more personalized experience, etc. Some may be recording everything you do. IP Addresses (Dynamic vs. Static) Shortly after we got onto the internet back in the 1990’s (yep- the stone age of the web) we switched from dial-up to broadband. Every time we

Original source: “OPSEC” (Operational Security) on the World Wide Web

What you May NOT know About Preserving Eggs

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I did this experiment myself years ago now and, surprisingly, it worked out rather well, even after four months of only being preserved with mineral oil. In the video she says the coated eggs can last up to nine months, I’ve seen others say a year, and my experiment lasted 18 weeks because that’s how … Continue reading “What you May NOT know About Preserving Eggs”

5 Secrets To Fertilizing Vegetable Plants And Flowers – Grow Big Naturally!

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When it comes to fertilizing vegetable plants, flowers, containers or hanging baskets, a few simple secrets can create big success! Of course, growing healthy, vibrant and great looking plants all starts with good soil. But even the best of soils

The post 5 Secrets To Fertilizing Vegetable Plants And Flowers – Grow Big Naturally! appeared first on Old World Garden Farms.

What you need to know about “Truck Guns”

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You have most likely heard the old adage “I have my pistol to fight my way to my rifle.” This is certainly something I believe in, though I hope to never have to. But I also believe in the old adage, “Better safe than sorry.” Especially in my line of work. I hope for the […]

The post What you need to know about “Truck Guns” appeared first on Plan and Prepared.

Supercharge Your Garden! 4 Steps to Vibrant Soil Using Compost and Crop Rotation

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Pest management and pathogen control are great reasons to use crop rotation. For me, though, nutrient management is my most important reason.

Our soil was devoid of organic matter when we moved to our homestead. I sheet-mulched, piled my beds with fresh compost, cover-cropped, chopped and dropped, trench-composted, and spread worm castings like I was icing a cake.

In short order, we had incredible yields. I thought I was a gardening genius…

Parsnip - Crop Rotation

The first clue that I’d run up against diminishing returns on compost applications was my parsnips. The tuber-tops peaking from the soil were 5 inches wide. The greens were shrubs. I expected a lifetime supply of parsnips. Then I harvested. My parsnips were only 2-3 inches long and looked like parsnip pancakes.

That’s when I learned about nitrogen overload from compost. I yanked my disappointing parsnips and planted corn. My corn was supposed to grow 6 feet tall and have 1 large ear and 1-2 small ears. I got 3 full-sized ears on 10-foot stalks.

With the magic of crop rotation revealed to me in that experience, I studied it and experimented extensively to create optimal crop rotations. Here’s what I learned.

1. Start with a Soil Test

If you haven’t had a comprehensive, professional soil test recently, get one. You’ll be surprised by how much they can tell you about your soil and gardening practices.

Mineral Content

Soil tests include listings of mineral content. If you have deficiencies, they will include application rates for minerals to bring your soil up to par.

They’ll include the phosphorous and potassium (the PK in NPK) content. If you are a regular compost user, it’s easy to overload soil with phosphorous and potassium. This test can let you know if your compost habits put you at risk for excesses.

Soil pH

Soil tests divulge soil pH. Unless your pH is right for what you plan to grow, you might as well be planting on the moon. Most vegetables like a pH around 6.5.

You may have to add lime to make soil alkaline (e.g. raise the pH). Alternately, you may have to add sulfur to acidify soil (lower the pH). A soil test should include recommendations for this, too.

Organic Matter Content

Tests also tell you how much organic matter is in your soil. Less than 3% and you need to add a ton (or tons) of organic matter to get your soil into shape for growing healthy vegetables.

Nitrogen

Nitrogen level is the one thing a good soil test will not tell you. Or, it should warn you that nitrogen results are unreliable. Nitrogen, in the soil, is inherently volatile.

Nitrogen changes based on what you plant (or your weeds), tilling and harvesting practices, amendments used, weather (e.g., lightning adds nitrogen), and water sources. Heavy rain can leach nitrogen, while acid rain adds it.

This volatility is why nitrogen is one of the most difficult forces to manage in a vegetable garden. It’s also why professional growers tend to use slow-release fertilizers, or multiple applications.

If you are like me, though, you want to use stuff you can produce at home without spending a fortune. In that case, consider rotation plans that include rotating your food crops, cover crops, and homemade amendments for nutrient management.

Start by making the adjustments determined by your soil test. When you have a good soil-health baseline, start using crop rotation for long-term nutrient management and soil improvement.

2. Rotate Food Crops by Nitrogen Needs

Nitrogen is like candy to plants. They love it. Some plants can eat all the nitrogen they want and grow better. Others eat too much and end up sick. And just like people sometimes do with candy, plants are prone to eat too much nitrogen when it’s available—even when it’s not good for them.

Plants do need some quantity of nitrogen to grow. The right quantity is good for them (I can’t say the same about candy for people). Still, this analogy offers an easy framework for understanding nitrogen and its use in crop rotations.

To manage plant consumption of nitrogen, the first thing you do is load up the nitrogen in your soil. Then start the rotation party!

  1. Start with plants that thrive on nitrogen—a.k.a. heavy feeders.
  2. After the heavy feeders, bring in plants that benefit from moderate nitrogen. These are your medium feeders.
  3. When the nitrogen is nearly depleted, bring in the candy addicts. These plants can’t handle much nitrogen, but they love it so much they’ll suck every speck of it out of your beds. We call these light feeders, but they are really more like the cleanup crew.
  4. Once your bowl is empty, refill it and start the progression again. Grow nitrogen-fixing plants or add nitrogen-heavy amendments like fresh compost. Or do both.

Real Garden Crop Rotation

In a real garden scenario, this would look like adding a whole bunch of compost and fertilizer to your beds. Then, plant corn, followed by cucumbers, and finally turnips. Next, add more fertilizer and/or bring on the beans (or peas, or clover…).

If you spread this cycle over a four-year period, you have also created a rotation schedule that works for pathogen management by using four different families of plants.

Identify Heavy, Medium, and Light Feeders

When I tried to find a good list of plants by feeding type, I found a lot of discrepancies. I recommend you make your own lists based on what you actually plan to grow and on your own experience in your garden.

Whether you like big agribusiness or not, they sure know how to manage nitrogen for optimal production. Checking nitrogen application rates for commercial fertilizers is a great way to identify your feeder type (even if you won’t be using their products).

Here’s the list I used to glean this information. It’s geared for Wisconsin, but the general reference tables have universal utility.

Page 43 starts a table of nitrogen application rates for many common crops. Those rates change based on the amount of organic matter in soil. Compost-rich beds need less nitrogen than tilled dirt because the biological life in the soil continues to make nitrogen if soil is kept moist.

A table on page 30 tells you how much potassium and phosphorous plants need—as well as which plants will remove it from the soil—which conveniently brings us to our next topic!

Cover Crop - Crop Rotation

3. Rotate Cover Crops for Healthy Soil

In addition to rotating food crops, rotating cover crops is important for nutrient management. Different cover crops serve different functions.

Cover Crop to Remove Excess Potassium and Phosphorous

Compost adds humus and fertility to your garden. However, without good crop rotation, compost can overload soil with phosphorous and potassium in the long run. To prevent this, you need to rotate in plants that are effective at extracting those nutrients.

Alfalfa and red clover are exceptional at extracting potassium and good at extracting phosphorous. Hairy vetch and field peas are excellent for removing excess phosphorous. These plants are also potential nitrogen fixers.

For phosphorous and potassium removal, harvest the above-ground greens to feed your greens-eating livestock or add them to your compost pile for later application. Do not use them as chop-and-drop, or they will just end up right back in the soil. Always leave the roots in the ground, though, for nitrogen-fixing benefits.

Cover Crop to Add Nitrogen

Nitrogen fixers are plants that pull nitrogen from the air and store it in nodes on their roots. When the plants die, the nitrogen nodes decompose and release that stored nitrogen into the soil. Nitrogen fixers add more nitrogen when they are killed before they flower. If they set fruit (e.g., peas or beans), they are more like “nitrogen neutral.”

Nitrogen fixers work best when inoculated with a beneficial bacteria that encourages them to store more nitrogen. Planting rates are different for nitrogen fixing than for food production. To kill plants being used as nitrogen fixers, scythe or mow them to the ground. Leave roots in the ground and greens on the beds.

Cover Crop With a Biofumigant

Mustard is a beneficial biofumigant to break up soil pathogens and pest problems. Mustard also scavenges minerals in deeper soil and makes them available to plants that don’t root as deeply.

When using mustard as a biofumigant and mineral source, you need to purchase cover-crop mustard seeds (not edibles). Before the plants flower, cut them to the ground and gently turn them into your soil.

Cover Crop to Preserve Nitrogen

Grasses like wheat and annual rye are used as cover crops because of their ability to protect soil and scavenge nitrogen. While they don’t technically fix nitrogen like legumes, the biological organisms in your soil will quickly decompose those grasses if they are cut while green and allowed to decompose in the beds they were grown in. As the grass decomposes, it releases nitrogen into the soil at the surface, making it more readily available to next-round crops.

Choosing Your Cover Crop

Cover crops work best when selected based on either what you plan to grow next or on what you harvested, to correct for deficiencies. For example, corn is a heavy feeder. It sucks up nitrogen like a vacuum—as in, everything easily in reach.

After corn, wheat would be a good option. Wheat will pull nitrogen from all the areas the corn missed. If chopped and left on the bed, it decomposes and disperses that nitrogen more uniformly for the next planting (e.g., cucumbers).

Alternately, if nitrogen depletion is suspected, Austrian peas or clover used as a nitrogen fixer would work better than wheat. Rather than having a set schedule for cover crop rotation, make decisions based on the needs of your beds. There are fewer pests and pathogens in cooler weather, so strict rotations are not as necessary with winter cover crops.

Compost - Crop Rotation

4. Rotate Your Homemade Amendments by Crop Needs

If your main amendments are of the homemade variety, you also want to consider rotating the kinds of amendments you put on your beds along with your crops.

4 Types of Compost and Their Uses

Humus Compost

Humus compost is the stuff made by layering browns and greens at a ratio of 25 parts carbon to 1 part nitrogen, making a large pile that heats to at least 130°F, turning it a few times, and then allowing it to age for 2 years. Humus increases the air- and water-holding capacity of soil and allows biological life to thrive. This kind of humus compost doesn’t have a lot of nitrogen.

Fresh Compost

The biological life that makes compost also creates nitrogen through their digestive processes. The longer a pile ages, the more nitrogen and other nutrients leach out by way of rain, air, etc. Fresh compost is made by the same process as humus compost. It’s just been aged less than six months and so has more nitrogen.

Composted Manure

Composted manure—i.e., a pile of manure mixed with fallen feed and bedding materials not necessarily at a rate of 25:1—can radically vary in nitrogen and nutrient content. Store-bought chicken manure has a 3-2-3 rating for NPK. Meanwhile, uncomposted chicken manure could have an NPK rating of 40-60-40, 55-55-47, or other variations.

Personally, I use a mix of chicken and goat manure that’s been aged for 3-6 months as a nitrogen source. I don’t know the exact nitrogen content, but it doesn’t burn my plants and it grows huge corn and cabbage.

Mystery Compost

Mystery compost happens when you throw a bunch of stuff together and wait. The nitrogen content will vary by what’s in the pile and what decomposed it. You could just throw it on your beds fairly fresh and hope you get lucky! Or, you could age it and use it for humus.

With these compost definitions out of the way, on to when to use them for nutrient management crop rotation.

Rotating Compost Applications for Nutrient Management

Here’s what my amendment rotations generally look like:

Year 1: Apply 4 inches of fresh or manure compost.

The risks from E. coli and other bad bacteria are minimized if your compost materials are 6 months old when your food is harvested. If you are growing lettuce, aim for 6-month-old compost to start. If you are growing vegetables like winter squash, aim for 3-month-old compost, because it will be over 6 months old by the time you harvest.

Year 2: Apply 2-4 inches of humus compost

Humus compost will still provide some nitrogen and other nutrients. Mainly though, it will help preserve any leftover nitrogen from the fresh compost in year 1 and replace the organic matter you harvested.

Year 3: Apply 2 inches of mulch to preserve moisture.

By year 3 in this plan, you are organic-matter heavy. You may also have extra potassium and phosphorous. For light feeders, just use mulch to protect your soil and preserve moisture rather than piling on compost.

Mulch is essentially browns with no greens. Straw, leaves, or wood chips work well. Mulch will eventually decompose and add nutrients, but not within the planting period that you apply it.

Year 4: Add nitrogen; remove phosphorous and potassium.

This is when you want to plant your nitrogen-fixing, phosphorous- and potassium-extracting cover crops.

Personally, I like to eat some peas and beans, too. I plant peas and beans to eat in early spring through mid-summer. I cover-crop from late summer through winter. I mulch the plants I grow for me and leave them on the beds. I remove the greens and leave the roots from my cover crops.

Year 5: Soil test and repeat.

Start the cycle again. But first, get another soil test and make adjustments as necessary. That second soil test is like a report card on how you are doing with your crop rotations for nutrient management.

Be Flexible in Your Use of Amendments

Just like with cover-crop rotations, if your beds seem depleted, then you may need to add fresh compost rather than humus compost. You may want to add humus compost rather than mulch if your beds feel dirt heavy and humus short. You may also need to up your game at times and apply worm castings or other stronger amendments. Use the health of your crops as your guide.

Crop-Rotation Conversation—What Do You Think?

To do crop rotation really well, you need to make it specific to your soil, pests, pathogen risks, crops, and amendments. There’s no canned crop-rotation plan that is going to work well for every garden.

Personally, I love the challenge of figuring out effective crop rotations. Gardening could get boring really fast if you weren’t taking your skills to the next level, paying attention to your plants, and improving your processes.

My intent with this series has been to inspire you with some of my crop-rotation concepts. Now, I’d like to hear from you!

What kind of rotations are you thinking of, what are you using now, and what is your intuition telling you? What works? What doesn’t?

(Also, include your growing region and soil type (loam, sand, clay) if possible so others can decide whether your ideas will work for them. I started with clay, but now have what I call clay-loam.)

Please join the conversation on crop rotation and share your comments below!

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The post Supercharge Your Garden! 4 Steps to Vibrant Soil Using Compost and Crop Rotation appeared first on The Grow Network.

How A Funnel Trap Can Turn A Tomato Cage Into The Ultimate Fish-Catcher

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funnel trap

Image source: Jenifer Jost

Learning how to make a funnel trap is an important skill, because it can be used on land and water, and in almost any terrain in the world. Plastic bottles can be turned into funnel traps for minnows, rodents, toads, crayfish, and other small animals. Larger funnels can be made for muskrats and big fish.

In this article, I will specifically explain how I made a funnel trap out of an old tomato cage and discarded grapevine. This project inspired two recon missions into my husband’s garage and (oddly) a trip to Hobby Lobby to satisfy a hunch.

First, let’s go over the concepts.

The Basics Of Funnel Traps

A basic funnel trap is made of two cones: one large cone that holds prey until you remove it, and a smaller, open-ended cone that allows animals to enter the trap. The opening should be just a bit larger than the animal you plan to trap. Traps also must include a door you can open to remove the prey; usually, the smaller cone is detachable from the larger cone, and serves as the door.

Some types of funnel traps are designed so animals physically cannot escape. A rodent cannot escape a bottle trap, for instance, because the plastic is too slippery for it to climb the inverted cone. Fish can physically escape a funnel trap, but their hard-wired behavior almost always prevents them from doing so. They follow a scent trail (bait) into the trap, but the shape of the funnel discourages them from finding the way back out. While a few fish luck their way out of it, they usually do not.

Materials To Use

As I was preparing my yard for spring, I came across an old wire tomato cage and a pile of discarded grapevine. Those are a great combination for a funnel trap because the cage provides a framework, while the grapevine can be wrapped (not woven), around the cage, in very little time.  The wrapping process took me about two hours, but weaving would have taken an entire day.

Because grapevine is so prolific, I cut it all the way to the ground every fall. It would have been much easier to manage had I used it when freshly cut. Because it had dried over the winter, the canes thicker than one quarter of an inch had to be wrangled, even after I soaked them in water for 30 hours.

Wrapping The Grapevine Around The Tomato Cage

I started at the small end of the cage with the thinnest, most flexible, and least brittle canes. I used them as ties to bind the lower spokes of the tomato cage, then continued to wrap the vine until I reached the first rib.

At that point, I switched to the thicker vine, which was so unruly that I performed embarrassing wrestling moves in my yard before going on the first recon mission to my husband’s garage. After scoring a fistful of zip ties, I was able to twist and secure the grapevine around the cage.

Next, I bent the protruding wires from the small end of the basket over, and tucked them into the grapevine. Most of the vine was neatly wrapped, but there were a number of loose ends on the inside and outside, which I crudely wove into the erratic pattern.

At this point, my project looked like something sold at Hobby Lobby. I checked, and there are, indeed, small grapevine cones sold at Hobby Lobby for under $10 dollars per piece. Unfortunately, they are a bit too small for my purposes, or I’d be making one each for my besties.

Making The Funnel

The smaller cone, which is both a funnel and a door, takes three times as long to make as the larger cone, because you must create a framework for it. Start by making three rings of graduated diameters with vines. The first ring should be the same diameter as the opening of the larger cone. Make the second ring just a little bit larger than the animal you’re baiting, and the third ring in between the sizes of the first two.

funnel trap

Image source: Jenifer Jost

The vine ring in my hand in the photograph is the smallest ring. My trap is large enough to hold small-sized fish such as perch, bullheads, and brook trout, so I made the smallest ring accordingly.

Use sticks to create the spokes of the funnel. I was able to secure the sticks to the largest and smallest rings, but I had to use temporary cloth ties to secure the middle ring.  Once the framework was in place, the funnel was made by crudely weaving and wrapping the vines around the framework. Then I wove twine perpendicular to the spokes to help the funnel hold its shape in water.

The Finishing Touches

Most basket-type traps will not be heavy enough to sink in water. You can weigh it down with rocks, or, as I did, take another recon mission to your husband’s garage. This time, I found old fishing weights that I tied to the inside of the basket.

Attach the cones with whatever you have on hand. I’m using twine, but I have seen traps of this type that are secured with several small sticks.

Finally, the trap must be baited. I’m certain I will catch crayfish if I hang bacon on the inside, or I might try a general approach by filling a small muslin bag with scraps and letting it float around on the inside.

Of course, funnel traps can be made without tomato cages, using only supplies found in the woods – vines, sticks and willow bark cordage, for instance. The result, though, is the same: a trapped animal, and sometimes, lunch.

(Editor’s note: the video below shows how to make a funnel trap in the woods.)

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The post How A Funnel Trap Can Turn A Tomato Cage Into The Ultimate Fish-Catcher appeared first on Off The Grid News.

Ration Bar Roundup (And Alternatives)

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Written by R. Ann Parris on The Prepper Journal.

Emergency food bars are commonly talked about in the prepper and survivalist world as an alternative to meals and a bug-out bag item, but they also have a lot of value in boosting calories, which can be low on a beans-and-rice diet and in a lot of the food packages available for long-term storage. There are already endless reviews on individual five-year ration bars. Here I want to do a side-by-side comparison between the most common to help narrow down choices, and weigh them against a handful of supermarket alternatives.

Planks of Blocks & Packs of Shingles

Most ration bars come in two formats, with very similar packaging. It’s either big blocks of bricks that we break (saw) apart into serving cubes that are about 2×3”, or thinner bars or shingles.

Most portions are about 400 calories. Datrex’s bars are 200 calories, but they call for two per serving. Most of them recommend 1200 calories daily for survival on land. One of the newer options, Tac-Bars, provides for more – each of their one-day packs is three 833-calorie servings.

Mayday, Mainstay, ER, UST, and Grizzly are big flats with scored cubes. Tac-Bars are also scored planks, but break (easily) into thick bars instead of cubes.

The original SOS Food Labs bars are the size of a king-size candy bar (or old First Strike Ration’s shortbread dessert bars, if you were around for those). So are their Millennium bars (sold as 400-410 calorie singles). Datrex bars are thinner and nearly square. Those all have individually packaged portions. You’ll still likely want zip-bags for the additional portions of the SOS and Datrex bars. The cellophane usually isn’t robust.

One packaging standout is the ER plank o’ cubes. It has a zip-close bag. Most of the outer packaging is tear-open foil (Tac-Bars: Mylar). Once opened, they don’t reseal.

You will want a blade to open all these rations. If you’re portioning the planks evenly (multiple users), you might also note how often reviewers pull out a decent knife and a cutting board.

Solo or in company, another factor is that the longer these things are open, the harder they become – to eat, and to break. So, there’s convenience to the pre-portioned rations (and Tac-Bar’s ease and servings-per-package), but there’s also a practicality aspect.

Texture & Taste

Taste is hugely personal, as is our sensitivity to chemical smells/flavors. Texture is relative, but most of these guys are hard and very dense in a way that cannot really be appreciated until you’ve had your hands and teeth on them (Exceptions: Datrex & Tac).

I actually like the Mayday apple-cinnamon flavor (bare hits of apple-cinnamon), but it’s pretty powdery – cloggingly as you go. I also like the shortbread-meets-graham-cracker flavor of UST bars. I find SOS bars very similar to the old FSR shortbread bar. They’re hard, but they’re more manageable due to the shape, and the mild flavor works for me.

To me, Grizzly and Mainstay are indistinguishable. They’re supposedly lemon, but taste more like that stage where you’ve creamed butter/shortening and sugar for cookies. It’s very gritty-sugary sweet, and very dense.

Full disclosure: I did not make it to the only-bars testing for Mayday – Three days of nibbling one cube throughout the day with normal foods otherwise was already too much for me 10-15 years ago. I pushed through one Grizzly 400-cal cube about a year ago, and it was so similar I refused to play.

For comparison: I can manage 5-day 2000-cal trials on rotating Pop-Tarts (eek), FSR/MRE turnovers (blech), and FSR/MRE chocolate-banana muffins (yummy). Supermarket birthday cake and ice cream don’t faze me. It’s not like I’m that gourmand/spoiled/sensitive.

The Mayday single-serve option is very closely akin to Millennium bars. They’re both still hard and brittle, but because it’s a much thinner bar instead of a cube, it’s way easier to eat.

Millennium bars are little sweeter than Datrex, SOS, or Mayday, but not over into the “too sugary” category that Mainstay and Grizzly fall into for me. I can’t actually identify most of the flavors, but some variety versus “exact same again” is a positive. There’s almost a graham cracker taste under all of them. The flavoring is mostly just fruity-floral hints, so even flavors I wouldn’t normally like don’t bother me.

Datrex is a much softer kind of bar; crisp, not hard, as easy to bite as a Vanilla Wafer. It’s not nearly as textured as those colored blobs make it appear, sadly. It’s uniformly very fine crumbs. It smells like coconut, but it doesn’t really have much flavor at all. There’s a waxy mouth coating that lingers, but it doesn’t bother me.

I drink far less water just consuming these than any other ration, which is a big “pro”. Plus, we can all still consume caffeine on 3-5 day trials with them, no tummy upset. (That’s an enormous “pro” to us and those around us … maybe less so for others.)

*Datrex only somewhat looks like the European BP/NGR types; it doesn’t taste like them. Although, I actually like those. And so do the pups. And they have pretty good packaging and texture … with any luck MRE Mountain or American Amazon will carry them soon.

Heading the opposite direction entirely is the Tac-Bar. It’s very mild, more akin to UST or SOS bars in flavor, but it’s somehow chewy with the crumbly. Think … half-dried modeling clay or brown-sugar shortbread that’s pulled out before it’s hard. It’s another mild flavor, and reminds me of the old military compressed cereal bars, but softer. It has more textures than the other bars.

Nutrient Priorities

I don’t much sweat vitamins and minerals in ration bars. They’re for add-on calorie boosts or short-term use. Unless somebody is chronically, dangerously low on something, it’s a non-issue for 2-7 days. I’m after edibility and total calories, fats, and proteins. I do sweat, so the sodium isn’t a big deal to me, either.

If you care, Tac-Bar crushes it on the nutrients – 80-100% or higher on DRVs with their 2500-cal serving suggestion.

They also win on protein – 8.64g per 400 calories (18g per 833-calorie portion). SOS’s original and Millennium bars both pace them (8g per 400 cals), with ER bars right behind at 7g/400cal.

Sadly, Tac-Bars are only available in a $70 kit. They average out to be $0.55-0.60 per 100 calories, compared to $0.18-$0.30 per 100 cals for the other rations – that’s calorie-to-calorie, not serving size. You can re-evaluate subtracting values for all the stuff that comes with it, if those would be additional purchases. I don’t need a new wallet tool, hooks, or button compass with every five ration packs.

Seniors, Kids, & Injuries

Datrex and Tac both have something the others lack: the ability to easily bite. That applies to toddlers, denture-seniors, or gap-toothed grade-schoolers, as well as the ill who already don’t feel like eating. It would suck to invest in foods that the people we most want to take care of can’t eat.

It can also apply to getting socked in the jaw, nursing a hand or wrist injury, coming out of dental work, or other situations. We’re preppers. Prepare for bad things to happen at bad times.

You can absolutely chop/saw to cube most bars and turn them into a mush with water. That requires also packing a container and spoon. There’s a lot more effort there (and risk of knife injury) than using a hand to crumble and snap Datrex chunks, or working off little pieces of the chewier Tac versions.

The milder bars are also a major consideration for those who do not typically start and end their days with a sugar rush and sugar-ill tummy.

Tummy Troubles

Speaking of tummies… ours need fiber. Most service members on MREs for a few days will warn you about fiber. Funnily enough, of the 7-10 adults age 25-60 who have repeatedly tortured themselves with us on these 3-5-day challenges over the years, none get MRE syndrome. Half, however, have tummy troubles in the complete opposite direction.

This is a biggie. Not only are you losing precious calories and fluids when you’re ill, a “trapped” scenario is a bad time for tummy issues, either way. A stealth/speed packing scenario is a really, really bad time, too.

So, pack Imodium and ExLax in your kits if this is your primary travel/emergency food, not just a calorie booster.

Seriously, tummy troubles suck as an adult on deployment, camping, or in regular life. Stomach illnesses put packers, campers, ocean-going boaters, seniors, and kids in very serious conditions very quickly from electrolyte loss and dehydration. Again, preppers here – prepare for it.

Alternatives

Some alternatives to emergency ration bars that I see recommended are even pricier than Tac-Bars. It’s hard to find ready-to-eat options that can repeatedly fluctuate from 20-120 degrees and still offer 5-year shelf lives, I get it. However, there are plenty of supermarket items that can easily handle 2-3 years (or more) in ugly freeze-boil conditions, pretty inexpensively. They also offer texture and flavor options to add to ration bars without much more space or weight.

Lance’s peanut bars are one. They’re $3-4 per 6-pack at Walmart, each 360 cals, 160 from fat (a good thing in survival), 13g protein, 19g sugar, and 3g fiber (total nulls on vitamins). That puts them $0.14-$0.19 per 100 cals.  *The Planters peanut and “Big Nut” bars are way lower in my priority categories.

Nature Valley makes some brittle-type “nut crunch” bars that range $3-4 for 6 bars, each type around 190 calories (120 from fats), 6g protein, 3g fiber, and 160mg sodium for $0.26-0.35/100 calories.

BelVita’s regular biscuits are $3/5pack, averaging 230 cals (70 fat cals), 3g protein, 55mg sodium, 3g fiber, and some minor vitamins ($0.27/100 cals).  *There’s a 10g-protein belVita, but it’s $0.83/100 calories.

Quaker makes a set of breakfast cookies, too – $3/5-pack, 180 calories, 3g protein, 2.5g fiber, 140mg sodium ($0.34/100 cals). Their original soft breakfast cookies range $3-4 per 6-pack, 180 cals, 3g protein, 5g fiber, 190mg sodium ($0.28/100 cals).

Regular Nature Valley granola bars aren’t powerhouses, but with regular packs for $1-2 at discount stores, they become a very viable option as an emergency food for 2-5 days, and store 2-5 years.

For that matter, Toast’ems (Pop-Tarts) at Dollar Tree are 200-220 calories each, 4-6g protein per pair, and a buck for six. Yeah, they need rotated more often. Nutritionally, though, they’re not so different from many emergency ration bars.

We can also head entirely different directions. Calorie/nutrient tabs are one option. Protein and energy gummies intended for hikers and athletes are another. Other options include DIY ration bars (not hardtack – hardtack has to soak).

The options are pretty endless, as add-on boosters or as primary rations. Whatever we opt for, make sure it’s not in competition with our other water needs, and that everybody we’re preparing for can eat it. When you run trials and samples, make sure they’re in the same proportion they would be in an emergency – all day, 3-5 days if that’s the goal.

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5 Natural Insect Repellents

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This post is by Bernie Carr, apartmentprepper.com Living in a warm, humid environment, we are always dealing with a lot of insects.   We can have our apartment treated for pest control, but we all know insecticides can be harmful in the long term.  So we keep chemical insecticide use to a minimum.   When we do use them, we use a non-toxic spray. You can also make insect deterrents from readily available items. Here are my 5 favorite natural insect repellents: […]

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Smith Wesson Model 19 Is One Of 5 Classic Guns Your Grandfather Owned

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5 Classic Guns Your Grandfather Owned That Have Stood The Test Of Time

Grandpa’s guns are worth keeping around.

 

Firearms are tools and often represent technological trends, if you think about it. Today’s firearms are lighter, more durable and sometimes more accurate than they were even a generation ago. That does not, however, mean that people ought to mothball older guns, such as the Smith Wesson Model 19, or turn them into scrap. As a matter of fact, some of Grandpa’s guns are almost essential to own today.

Let’s take a look at five:

1. Winchester 1894 Lever-Action Rifle

You do not see too many lever action rifles in today’s gun market, unless they are specifically designed for Old West reenactors. Yet, these rifles literally tamed the West and have brought meat to the table for over a century and a half. The 1894 represented the ultimate refinement of the design. Purists prefer their Winchesters made prior to 1964 due to manufacturing changes, but even a post-1964 rifle is still a keeper.

Ultimate Tactical Self-Defense And Hunting Weapon That Doesn’t Require A Firearms License!

A Winchester ’94 chambered in 30-30 Winchester represents a fine hunting and brush rifle, even for today’s shooters.

2. Smith Wesson Model 19

One of the finest double-action revolvers made this side of the Colt Python is the Smith Wesson Model 19. Built on the classic K-Frame, this mid-sized revolver served as a police sidearm and is still used today by hunters and outdoorsman. Notwithstanding, they can be a bit hard to find and were eclipsed by the slightly larger models 586/686 built on the L-Frame.

Chances are that if your grandfather owned a 357 Magnum wheel gun, it was most likely a model 19.

3. Colt 1911

If your grandfather served in the US military, it’s more than likely he carried a Colt 1911. This 45 semi-automatic from Colt is an iconic handgun made by numerous manufacturers today and has been popular with those who participate in shooting sports.

I’m not talking about an accurized modern handgun made from CNC, MIM or stainless steel. I’m talking about the original, slab-sided Colt version. These were hand-fitted pistols assembled by master craftsmen and saw service from World War I through Vietnam.

A great addition to any collection, US Property-marked Colts are going through the roof in price now. Runner-ups include those made by Remington Rand, Savage, Union Smith, and Signal and Ithaca. Barring that, a commercial Colt as late as a Series 70 will suffice.

4. Springfield 1903

5 Classic Guns Your Grandfather Owned That Have Stood The Test Of Time

Springfield 1930. Image source: Wikipedia

The 1903 Springfield is a classic bolt-action rifle based on the 98 Mauser action that saw service as late as the Vietnam War. Chambered in 30-06 Springfield, this rifle became popular as a hunting rifle between wars.

Do You Know The Best Way To Hide Your Guns?

In its original configuration, it is a fine example of a classic military rifle. Still, even a sporterized version makes for a perfect deer camp candidate.

5. Winchester Model 12

This pump-action shotgun has probably dropped more ducks and taken more deer than just about any other model in existence. Originally offered in 20 gauge only, Winchester soon offered the model 12 in the more popular 12 and 16 gauges and later in the 28 gauge.

The company made more than 2 million between 1912 and 1954. They included riot and trench gun variants and deluxe pigeon-grade variants with better wood and finishes. Winchester’s first internal hammer-pump shotgun set the standard by which people judge every other pump shotgun produced since then.

Even if your grandfather didn’t own any of these firearms, these five examples represent what I think are the true classics of days gone by.

What would you add to this list? Share your ideas in the section below:

If The Grid’s Down And You Don’t Have Ammo, What Would You Do? Read More Here.

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80 Last-Minute Items To Get At The Supermarket

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I want you to imagine something for a moment. You wake up tomorrow on what seems like a typical day, go to the bathroom, get your coffee, or do whatever you do in the mornings, and then you check your phone or computer or TV… and discover that it’s happening. The shit has officially hit […]

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Surviving One Year in Hell: Interview With Selco of SHTFSchool

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Those of you who know about Selco of SHTFSchool already know this is a must listen to episode. For those of you who don’t, you are in for a treat. We all do our best to think about all the different aspects of preparing for a large scale SHTF event, and hearing from someone who […]

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