What You Need to Know About Arrowheads for Your Survival Bow: Types, Care & Advice

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Editor’s Note: Although you might see many articles on archery, building a bow for survival or hunting, you rarely see articles on the various types of arrowheads.  A short walk through the archery section in any sporting goods store will show you that there are many types to select from.  Not only are there many to choose from, but there are care and maintenance considerations too.  I hope this article will shed some light on the subject and spur more dialogue on something that is rarely discussed on preparedness websites. To enhance this article, I added videos to elaborate on the specific topics discussed.. This is a guest post.

 


Choosing the correct arrowhead

Before making the decision to purchase arrowheads it is a very good idea to know how you are going to be using them. This may be your first time buying them or perhaps you may be trying to decide if a different type will work better for you. In either case, it is beneficial to understand the three basic categories.  

Target

These are typically the beginner’s choice as well as a good pick for those who want to get in some extra practice without the added expense of more sophisticated arrowheads. The tips of this type are constructed with a straight shaft and no barbs. The reason for this is that they are much easier to remove from a target and are typically strong enough for multiple shots. This doesn’t mean they are without risk. Target arrowheads can range from flat (blunt) tips to fine bullet points. In any case, they can cause injury or death when shot from a bow.

Blunt

Similar in some respects to flat tipped target arrowheads, blunt tips used for purposes other than hunting have a very different configuration. The purpose of this type is not necessarily to enter their intended target, but rather to hit with a force strong enough to cause enough trama to cause paralysis or even death depending on the size and location of the hit. One of the most popular of these is the JUDO point which has several spring loaded arms located just behind the tip. The advantage to the JUDO is that unlike other tip types, the arms stop the arrow from digging into grass or leaves. This makes the arrow better able to be recovered. Blunt heads are for the most part used in hunting small game.

Broadhead

There are many varieties of the broadhead, but each of them stems from a basic design idea. The characteristic shared by tips in this category are several razor-sharp blades that extend outward from the shaft center. The obvious purpose of this configuration is deep penetration and internal lacerations. The back end of the broadheads is typically pointed backward, or barbed so that it is less likely to fall out of an animal once it hits. There are specialized broadheads whose blades are retracted before shooting them, but once they are loosed from a high rated bow, the blades extend outward. In either case, broadheads are the tip of choice (and often required) for hunting large game animals.

 

Equipping for Survival

When in a survival situation, broadheads are typically going to be the best type to carry, but it wouldn’t be a bad idea to also equip yourself with a small number of blunt heads. If you find yourself in need of meat and the only game you can find are small squirrels or the like, broadheads may simply be over the top. Besides, broadheads can be somewhat fragile and the chances are greater of missing a small target and thus ruining your broadhead. This characteristic of broadheads is particularly important to remember in that the blades can separate once they hit their target. This will leave razor-sharp pieces of shrapnel inside the body cavity so take great care when dressing out your game until you are absolutely sure you have found every piece of the arrowhead.

On the other hand, while target and blunt tips can theoretically take down small game, they will only cause minor injury to large game and you will undoubtedly lose your kill. Just make sure that when you carry this type of arrowhead that you keep them in a closed container. Broadheads that are ready to be used for hunting are extremely sharp.

Sharpening Arrowheads

It may come as a surprise, but even some of the best broadheads are not sold razor-sharp. The main reason for this is safety in shipping and handling, not because manufacturers are lazy. Razor sharp blades would create a considerable hazard to those responsible for getting them from the maker to the retail store.

Like sharpening knives, being able to repeatedly ensure razor sharp edges on broadheads takes considerable practice. There are many techniques to choose from, but the simple process of hand sharpening with what is known as a bastard file would be an excellent skill to master. While many modern hunters enjoy the convenience of bench grinders or other power tools to sharpen their arrowheads, if you find yourself without power, those tools become essentially useless.

 

Filling your quiver

Once you have decided which tip or tips will work best for your application, the next question to answer is how many arrows to carry when you are in the field. There is no standard or official answer to this kind of question and the best teacher is, of course, practical experience. Some hunters find they need to carry only two arrows while others may carry much more than that. Perhaps the best advice is to take more than you think you may need on your first few hunts and work your way down to the number you typically use on a regular basis. The mixture of arrowhead tips on these arrows is also dependent upon the type of game being hunted as well as experience.

Make sure that you also consider the type of arrows you will carry. Just as there is a variety of arrowheads available, arrows come in their own varieties of material such as wood, aluminum, and carbon. The carbon arrow is likely the most popular choice among hunters because it is strong, durable, and lightweight. Even so, some of the best carbon arrows are susceptible to damage over time.

Always make sure to inspect all your arrows long before you decide to use them. Arrows with splinters and cracks can be very dangerous because they can split or even shatter. The idea is to fire a strong, safe arrow at your target, not to injure yourself or others in the process.

Editor’s Note: I added this video because it is just cool to watch! 🙂

 

Author Bio:

Kevin Steffey is an avid hunter and freelance writer. He loves spending time in the field with his rifle more than almost anything else and occupies his off-time discussing deer and their habits online. He is a founder at www.deerhuntingfield.com

 

 

Archery: Benefits of Different Types of Bows

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The different types of bows and their benefits are must-know knowledge for every bow hunter. Why? Because every bow is different and it is important that you know which one will be more effective for your needs. If you’re not sure which type of bow is right for you, read this article in its entirety to gain more knowledge essential to all bow hunters.

There are four main types of bows: recurve bow, longbow, crossbow, and compound bow. If you are a bow hunter, you would know that there are small, albeit significant differences between these bows. Moreover, you should know that there are types of bows more appropriate for hunting certain types of animals.

Recurve bow Recurve Bow

Recurve bows have a unique curved shape that allows the hunter to store and deliver a higher amount of energy in the bow than other types. Thus, it allows for increased speed of the arrows when shooting.

This type of bow was used by our ancient ancestors who required a bow that shot fast arrows but did not put a heavy burden on the hunter, especially during circumstances where the terrain is unfavorable or when the user is on horseback. In modern hunting, this type of bow can be used but requires great skill and lots of practice to shoot accurately with it.

Benefits of the recurve bow:

  • The recurve bow can shoot faster and straighter arrows
  • It can be easily stored and transported due to its collapsible feature
  • They can train the hunter on accuracy and precision of shots without the help of bow sights or any other accessory except the eye
  • Recurve bows are generally more affordable and are great for beginner archers.

Recommended for:
If you are a bow hunter who’d like a bit more challenge and excitement, I recommend getting a recurve bow to practice your innate skills as an archer. Without sights, this will surely be put to the test. For bow hunters, this bow will also benefit you if you’re going to be hunting in rough terrain as well as thick brush. Moreover, I recommend this type of bow for beginners and also for those who are keen on target practice. Because of its affordability and features, it’s a great way to start out on the sport of archery before you move on to other types of bows.

 

Longbow Longbow

The longbow also dates back to ancient weaponry along with the recurve bow. It is simply composed of a slightly curved bow with narrow limbs and a height that is more than half of the archer. Not many hunters use the longbow because it requires more strength, as is more difficult to aim. Therefore, the longbow tends to have less speed and accuracy when shooting compared to other types of bows. Even so, a lot of traditionalists still use them.

 

Benefits of the longbow:

  • The longbow is lighter than other types of bows
  • It can be prepared more quickly for shooting
  • Longbows are quieter
  • They can cause less hand fatigue.

Recommended for:
Longbows are handy and light, and if you’re not aiming to shoot large and wild animals with it, it can be a great bow for hunting small ones. Furthermore, because longbows are more challenging to aim and shoot, you can use them to further enhance your skills as an archer.
If you also want to feel a bit more traditional and imagine yourself in ancient warfare, a longbow would do the trick, especially one that’s made of hardwood.

 

Crossbow Crossbow

We’ve seen crossbows in many action movies and TV shows. To briefly describe it; it is a horizontal bow attached to a gun-like handle that you can shoot with a trigger mechanism. It can be used for both target practice and hunting. Aside from looking cool, crossbows have a lot of benefits that you may not realize. As a bow hunter, you may be interested in what they have to offer.

 

Benefits of the crossbow:

  • A crossbow can be easily used by a hunter who is not too tall nor too strong because 1) a crossbow doesn’t have the same height as other bows, and 2) it can be drawn easily without using a lot of strength
  • The arrow can be drawn readily so you won’t need to do it before shooting
  • For some hunters, a crossbow can be easier to aim
  • It can also be easy to carry around
  • Crossbows can be braced against a pedestal for easier aiming (e.g. a rock).

Recommended for:
Crossbows have become a popular option for hunters who live for the chase. Because the crossbow would allow the user to be more mobile (unlike vertical bows), crossbow hunters can have an easier time running around and stalking their prey. If you have similar preferences and would like to have more mobility as well as easier portability and accuracy of the bow, why not try out a crossbow to see for yourself?

 

Compound bows Compound Bow

Compound bows are perhaps the most popular bows for both hunters and archers alike. Simply put, it is a type of bow that uses a levering system composed of cables and pulleys to bend the limbs of the bow. The stiffness of the bow caused by the levering system allows for more energy-efficient and more accurate shooting.

 

 

Benefits of the compound bow:

Recommended for:
I generally recommend this type of bow for all types of hunters and casual archers, too. Because of its great features that benefit both accuracy and ease of use, this type of bow is great for almost any type of purpose. If you also prefer on building your own bow, the compound bow can be a great starter for you to attach the accessories you prefer.

 

Conclusion

Not all bows are the same, so your preference and intended use will greatly matter when choosing a bow. Whether it be a new bow or your first bow, you need to put a lot of thought into it before buying one. If you’re still not sure, re-read this article and evaluate your intended purpose for the bow.

I hope you liked this article as much as you learned from it. If you have any comments or questions, feel free to leave them in the comments below. Do us a favor and share this with your archer friends as well. Thanks for reading!

This is a Guest Post from:

Captain Hunter

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6 Reasons Archery Features in your Dystopian Future

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You’re preparing for the end of the world right? Or at least some sort of cataclysmic event that changes the game completely. Maybe a horde of blood-thirsty, bone-crunching zombies surrounds you. You’ll have to fight your way out. Luckily, you have your trusty handgun with you. You take it out, aim, and click. No ammo. No headshot. No you.

You should have chosen a bow and arrow instead.

You laugh now, but you won’t be laughing when your precious shotgun fails you, jamming up in the humid air caused by hyper global warming, failing to protect you and your store of canned goods and bottled water as you are besieged by your crazed neighbors, all signs of decency gone since the complete collapse of American society, probably caused by a particularly nasty Presidential Tweet, or PNPT, as it shall come to be known.

No Infrastructure Means No More Guns

Look, I’m not saying I don’t like guns. Of course I do! I’m not against firearms of any sort, just strongly against their misuse in the wrong hands. What I’m saying here though is once we go through armageddon or some sort of radiation-based apocalypse, guns are going to be hard to find. They’re already hard to find in some parts of the world like the UK. Unless you own a manufacturing plant or live in a foundry, you probably don’t have the means of producing a gun on your own. Once society breaks down and all the WalMarts and Cabellas have been raided and their contents stashed by the greedy, what happens? Sure, the ones you already have will still be there, until they get taken from you or need replacement parts or become damaged, without a solid government and clear social structure I doubt anybody is going to be making and supplying you with any more.

You Can Make Your Own Bow (and Ammunition)

There are lots of different bow types available today, but it is completely possible to make your own bow. How do I know? My 8-year-old nephew made a long-bow in an after-school class called “Crafts for Boys.” It used a length of PVC pipe for the bow and paracord for the string. Shot pretty decently, too. If you don’t have PVC pipe, and you find that all hardware stores have been commandeered by a soviet regime and will no longer sell you supplies, you can also fashion a bow from oak, lemon tree, hickory, yew, teak and many more hardwoods and you’ll need nothing more than a sharp knife to help you. For the string you’d be able to use rawhide, thin rope, hemp cord, fishing line or just ordinary twine.

Arrows are nothing more than sharpened sticks sometimes hardened in fire and the art of fletching them (adding the feathers) is entirely optional depending on how far and accurately you’re trying to shoot. Making your own arrows is also a pretty simple job.

You can find instructional videos to take you through the process. If you’re smart, you’ll watch a YouTube video about how to do it right now. I’m pretty sure the internet won’t be working when most of our infrastructure has been disabled or destroyed.

Hunting!

Hungry? Can’t go to Chili’s; it’s been overrun by mutants with a taste for Southwestern food and your blood. Guess you’ll have to strike out on your own. A bow would be perfect for this situation! You can hunt all sorts of game with a bow, birds, deer, your neighbor’s dog (hey, it’s the end of the world, remember?), all of which will cook nicely on a spit over an open flame. Modern bows with broadhead arrows (lethal looking things, look them up) have been used to takedown elephants, and that is no easy feat, but it shows you the versatility of the bow and why it shouldn’t be discounted.

Ever heard of Bow Fishing?

Live near a stream? If you’ve done your target practice, you’ll be able to spear a fish on the end of an arrow. You can just shoot the thing right out of the water, and the arrow may even stick into the river bed, allowing you to easily retrieve your dinner (Let’s see you do that with a .22). If it doesn’t, no bother really, the arrow will be easy enough to find and if you’re lucky to have the kit handy modern bows like the Sabercome with all the necessary fittings for bowfishing reels which allow you to reel in a freshly speared fish, just like a fishing rod. But with bowfishing not only fish are on the menu, if you can find them in the shallows or some clear water you can hunt eels, alligator, ray even small barracuda and shark all with the same bow and arrow.

Let’s get this out of the way, it’s an armour piercing weapon!

Personally I like to think that due to the fact that archaeologists discovered what they believe to be the first signs of actual bow use somewhere in a well preserved encampment in northern Europe (Stellmoor), and that the signs pointed to those bows being used to hunt reindeer, that bows were developed primarily as a tool to aid in hunting. However, should you need to defend yourself from a swarm of undead, a bow will help you out in that department as well. Just don’t eat your kill in that case. Ew.

A decent broadhead is a lethal and dangerous thing, with modern technology they are surgically sharp, but even a slimmer bullet or field point will pierce soft shell armour, and well…. just who knows exactly what you’ll be up against. I remember once reading a sci-fi book where the protagonists were protected by force fields that no metal or energy based weapon could penetrate and the only thing that would get through was a good old fashioned wooden arrow. That was a long time ago back in school, but the image never left me! I just wish I could remember the name of the book!

The Noise!

When you go to a shooting range, you wear ear protection. (And if you don’t, you really should. You’re damaging your hearing when you don’t.) But let’s say you don’t care about your ears right now because you’re fighting for your life. You’re up against one of them and they’re after you and yours… you shoot it with a firearm. Maybe it goes down, maybe not. But guess what? You’ve attracted the attention of everything within a pretty sizeable radius out there, and they’re now headed your way! In end-of-days scenarios, you always want the most silent weapon. Don’t mess with a gun and a separate silencer. A bow is naturally quiet, the truly silent-but-deadly choice. You can even silence a bow using special string silencers that help to calm the vibration, making you even more undetectable.

In The End

If you agree or disagree feel free to let me know! If you’ve any sense you’ll at least entertain the idea of learning the skill of shooting a bow, and possibly take a look at some of the best beginner recurve bows available in the market today. Who knows where you’re going to be living and just what you’re going to be up against!

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How to Make a Survival Bow

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How to Make a Survival Bow Survival bows can be made from various materials. I have not personally shot the PVC creations by many YouTubers but I have to imagine they would be capable of taking small game and perhaps some bow fishing as well. Still, there is something incredible about a hand crafted bow …

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8 Reasons Preppers Should Learn Archery

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Picture this… a lone survivor, scavenging a bio-hazardous wasteland carrying a bow and arrow. He carries some basic supplies and lives by his survival skills. There are no firearms in his world. Society collapsed years ago. There’s no infrastructure in place to manufacture any new equipment. For him food is scarce, and if he wants …

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10 Reasons Children Should Learn Archery

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Many studies have shown that students who are involved in extracurricular activities are far less likely to develop dangerous habits like smoking and drug abuse. Despite the heavy evidence supporting these facts, only 2.6 million of students from the ages 12-17 are actively enrolled in such activities. If you are looking for a good after-school […]

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Building Your Suburban Outdoor Archery Range

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Several years ago, when we first bought our house, we did a Google search for “Houston archery range.” The local archery range list was long but included nothing close to our home–yet another downside to living in a big city. The nearest was a Gander Mountain archery range about 12 miles away. It was a nice indoor range, with knowledgeable people working there. It was rarely busy, but there were often customers there with little to no experience in archery, which (with the strict archery range rules) resulted in an exhaustively slow shooting environment. After a year or so of shooting at Gander Mountain, they decided that the indoor archery range wasn’t making enough money and the range mysteriously turned into a used firearm section.

Backyard Archery Range

At that point we decided that a backyard archery range was the next step for our family. We have a pretty good size cul-de-sac yard, with plenty of room, and since we weren’t setting up a strict Olympic archery range, we could design it as we wanted. We decided that a nice big backstop was important. We wanted to have it big enough so there were two shooting lanes and so it would stop any stray arrows. Additionally, we wanted permanent distance markers on the ground so that we could know from what distances we were shooting.

Building Our Home Archery Range

First thing we did was mark off the backyard with some stakes and string. We marked off both the backstop, and the shooting lane, adjusting the backstop stakes until they were at ninety degrees perpendicular to the shooting lane so that arrows wouldn’t be hitting the backstop at anything other than a 90-degree angle. Our lot boundaries meant that our maximum archery range distance was going to be 25 yards.

Next we bought supplies:

  • two pressure treated 4x4s at ten foot length,
  • two sheets of 1/2″ plywood,
  • 3″ deck screws,
  • one bag of concrete, and
  • one gallon of returned exterior paint from the “oops” section at my local hardware store’s paint department.
  • four hinged metal loops
  • four quick release clips

There’s really nothing fancy about the construction of our backstop. We laid the 4x4s on the ground and screwed one sheet of plywood to them with 3″ deck screws, leaving two feet at the top of each post. Then we dragged the backstop to the desired backstop location, marked where the post holes needed to be, then used a sharpshooter shovel to dig the holes. Once the holes were dug, we raised the backstop, dropped the legs into the holes, leveled it, and used spare 2x4s to brace it in place.

One the backstop was level and braced, we poured half a bag of dry cement into each hole and then added water, using a long stick to thoroughly stir on all sides of the 4×4 posts, making certain the cement was mixed. Then we let the cement set overnight.

After the cement was completely set we added the second sheet of plywood to the top, then added a few spare 2x4s on the back for reinforcement (see pic). Then it was time to paint. We weren’t really painting for appearance sake, but mostly to seal the wood so that the backstop would last longer. The wood was thirsty, and we used the entire gallon of paint to seal the backstop, front and back.

First step of building the backstop Painting to waterproof the backstop  Backstop braces

Archery Targets

The Rag Bag

We put a lot of thought into the actual targets that we wanted to use. We wanted a system that would be easy to put up and take down, but tough enough to endure consistently placed bulls-eye shots–because some of us are just that good. 🙂 The typical styrofoam targets don’t last long for us because they quickly get hollowed out near the center of the target. And since the Houston weather (especially the heat and humidity) can be brutal, we didn’t want to leave our actual targets in place 24/7. So we needed targets that were durable and lightweight enough for our kids to put up and take down whenever someone wants to shoot.

We did our research and decided to buy a couple of Third Hand Bag (better known as “Rag Bag”) targets. Rag bags are nearly indestructible sacks made of the same (or similar) material as an Army sand bag. They’re very durable, large sacks with Velcro closures across the top. Rag bags are inexpensive to ship, because they come with no filling. You are responsible for stuffing it yourself. The manufacturer suggest rags or old clothes, but we filled ours with outdoor furniture cushions that we picked up at our local thrift store. We prefer the cushions because they are made to endure all-season outdoor conditions and are less dense (therefore lighter weight for putting up and taking down) than bunched up rags or old clothes.

Since we don’t leave the targets up all the time, finding a way of easily (but securely) attaching and detaching them was important. We attached a short length of rope and a quick release clip to each bag so that we can lift the targets up to the backstop and connect the quick-release clips to metal loops (see pics) onto the backstop. The metal loops hold the targets securely in place, and they make placing and removing the targets easy enough for our kids to do by themselves. Fast, easy, and secure. Attach, shoot, detach, then store. This keeps the targets from weathering and deteriorating prematurely.

Sound Dampening

Once we had the backstop built, and rag bags stuffed, we were really excited to start shooting. The first two shots hit the targets and all was well. But the third one missed the bag by a few inches with a loud “thud” as it hit the backstop. This was discouraging, and we wondered how much attention the sound might draw from the neighbors. Upon inspection of the arrow, we found that not only was it a loud hit, but the 40# recurve bow that we shot with had put that field-tipped arrow through the 1/2″ plywood. We decided that we need to add something to the front of the backstop to dampen the noise and also make it so the missed arrows don’t penetrate as far.

We went back to the hardware store to figure out what we could do. We needed a solution that was both waterproof, and durable, and after a bit of walking the aisles we left with interlocking rubber floor tiles and some outdoor carpet. Once home, we screwed on the tiles first, and then added the carpet, turf side facing the backstop. Now the arrows made much less noise when hitting the backstop directly, doing less damage to the arrow tips, and making stray arrows much easier to pull out.

Adding foam tiles

Distance Markers

Now it was time to shoot! It didn’t take us long to realize that, for skill honing (and bragging rights) we needed a way to have a general idea of how far we were shooting. With simplicity in mind, we wanted to put in permanent markers so we wouldn’t have to constantly be measuring for placement. We decided to sink 4″ PVC pipe (cut into 18″ pieces) into the lawn at 10, 20, and 25 yards from the backstop to serve both as distance markers and convenient arrow quivers. We buried them halfway into the ground so they were secure, but also high enough that we could weed eat the grass around them. This solution worked pretty nice. Until it rained and each holder completely filled up with water. We thought about drilling holes in the bottom of the PVC to drain, but decided that making a cap with a string attached to them would be easier. It’s not much of a hassle to uncap the pipes as needed, and pop the cap back on after use.

A Few Modifications

Not long after we began using it, we added a small shelf along the base so that our kids could put cans on it to shoot at with their pellet rifles. We also attached a couple of strings from the top of the backstop to use to suspend soda cans for a more interesting dynamic archery target. And we put a large hook on each side of the backstop to have a place to hang our bows while we pull arrows.

Two lanes of shooting

Conclusion

That is it! Our very own personal free archery range has been used for several years now and it has performed flawlessly. We haven’t had any neighbors complain about it, and we have only lost one arrow; it didn’t go over the backstop, but rather it went under and completely buried itself into the ground.

The pics posted here were taken at time of construction AND just yesterday, two-and-a-half years later. Can you tell the difference? It’s held up nicely, stopping arrows from our entire archery arsenal, including a 25# PSE Heritage Razorback, 40# Bear Kodiak Hunter, and 45# Hoyt Tiburon recurve, a 50# long bow, and a 65# Diamond Infinite Edge compound bow.

 

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Practical Tips On How To Craft The Perfect Survival Bow

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Practical Tips On How To Craft The Perfect Survival Bow
Practical Tips On How To Craft The Perfect Survival Bow

Practical Tips On How To Craft The Perfect Survival Bow

Today I have a guest post on Practical Tips On How To Craft The Perfect Survival Bow. Making a survival bow is something I have been meaning to do for a while. This post has several grerat tips to get me building. Enjoy -James.

 

Survival Bow
Survival Bow

Adding the Bow Cord

One thing that nobody prepares you for is an emergency situation. You only realize that you were not ready when it is too late to save the day. In everyday life, there are some skills that you would deem irrelevant. For instance, on an average day, where would you require to start a fire without the use of a lighter? Another such skill would be how to make a survival bow. In the event you find yourself in a position which requires you to utilize some of your caveman skills, this article clearly elucidates how to go about making a perfect survival bow. 

One thing you need to get clear is that a survival bow is nothing like the modern day compound bow and crossbow. It is a quickie bow that is designed with a single thought in mind; convenient assembly for immediate use. 

When you are in the wild, one thing is for sure; you have limited time and resources. When it comes to fashioning a bow, you are lucky because nature is on your side. The primary resource which is wood is most likely in abundance.

Below are some quick and easy tips for creating a Survival bow which you can use for hunting game and self-defense if the need arises.

Choosing the right wood

Choosing the right Wood Survival Bow
Choosing the right Wood 

(Via: survivalmastery.com)

The first step is picking out the right kind of wood. This is like the backbone of your bow. So that you know not any wood can be used to make a bow. You want to go for hardwood. This includes the likes of ash, yew, black locust, oak, hickory, beech, and maple. It is possible that you may not know the identity of your trees and if that is the case, here is how you can test if the wood is good enough for a bow.

Take a twig the size of your pinky finger and bend it slightly. Allow it to snap back. Observe whether it responds quickly or sluggishly. Next, bend it into a c-shape, does it stay intact? Lastly, break the twig. If it breaks easily into two, it is a wrong candidate. If it refuses to break, but it kinks and forms a fibrous fracture, you’ve got yourself a match.

Shaping the Bow

Shaping the bow Survival Bow
Shaping the bow 

(Via: bushcraftdays.com)

Now that you’ve got the right wood, you will need an excellent piece of it to make the best bow. A good bow stave should meet the following criteria;

· A length of 5-6 feet

· A thickness of 1.5-2 inches

· Minimal to no twists or knots

· Have a steady taper from one end to the other

· No cracks

The next thing to having the perfect stave is to find its back, belly, and handle. Here is how you do it;

· Set the bow upright on the ground with one hand holding the top

· Push on the center lightly and allow the stave to rotate revealing the part that is slightly curved

· The inside part of the curve is the belly

· The outside part of the curve is the back

 

arrow Survival Bow
arrow

Now to find the handhold, determine the center of the branch and mark out three inches from either side of the center. The gap in between is your handle. Next, you need to ensure that your stave achieves a perfect bend. To do this, first, you need to curve the stave to see how the limbs bend. Some areas of the limb bend more easily than others.

Now, whittle away wood from the belly until both limbs are bending equally. The result should assume the shape of a parabolic curve. However, it is prudent to take your time when doing so because too much of it will spoil the branch and you may have to start from scratch. Also, do not remove anything from the back because it can easily break as it endures a lot of tension. 

The next bit is modifying the limbs so that the strings sit easily without sliding off the tips. Cut two knocks on either side of each limb to form a 45-degree angle facing the handle just deep enough for the string to rest and make sure not to touch the back.

 

Adding the Bow Cord

Adding The Cord Survival Bow
Adding The Cord

Some materials you can use for bowstring include; 

· Rawhide

· Twine

· Sinew

· Nylon rope

· Milkweed

· Nettle

· Dogbane

· Yucca

Point to note is that you can use any synthetic cord of a small diameter, the stiffer, the better. Elasticity messes up with the bows snap power. Now you can string your bow but just make sure that the cord is -6 inches from the bow’s handhold. One final process and you can begin using your bow.

 

Tillering your bow

Tillering Your Bow Survival Bow
Tillering Your Bow

(Via: popularmechanics.com)

This is one of the most crucial processes of shaping your bow. You need to find a piece of scrap wood or use a branch to hang your bow up horizontally by the handle. Pull the string down a few inches to see how the limbs bend. Both limbs should bend evenly throughout, and each bend should be a complete replica of the other. You have nothing to worry about if you did a good job shaping the bow.

At this stage, if you are equipped with some bow hunting tips, you are ready to hunt. Take caution to never fire the bow without an arrow as it can break the bow. If you are not in life and death situation and would probably like to do some finishing, you can sand the belly to make it smooth and also apply some light oil to prevent it from drying out fast.

Get yourself some arrows, shoot your bow frequently, oil it and tiller it when necessary. Now that is what a pro hunter does. 

If you are just at home and would like to take on this fun and creative learning process, you can do it out of materials that are probably available in your backyard within a very short time. Why not give it a try? You will carry on the skill forever, and it may come in handy one day when you need it.

Author Bio:

Kevin Steffey


Kevin Steffey is an avid hunter and freelance writer. He loves spending time in the field with his rifle more than almost anything else, and occupies his off-time discussing deer and their habits online. He is a founder at www.deerhuntingfield.com

 

 

 

 

 

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The post Practical Tips On How To Craft The Perfect Survival Bow appeared first on Survival Punk.

The Versatile, Do-Everything ‘Survival Berry’ The Native Americans Prized

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The Versatile, Do-Everything ‘Survival Berry’ The Native Americans Prized

Image source: Cody Assmann.

The modern back-to-basics food movement has led many people to rediscover plants used for centuries in the past.

One particularly useful plant that grows in abundance around the country is the versatile chokecherry. Due to their quick and abundant growth, along with their tart berries, chokecherries have been planted in tree rows for wind protection, for wildlife habitat and for erosion control. Today they grow in a variety of climates and regions around the country. Odds are you may not be far from this useful berry.

The many uses of chokecherry were not lost on pioneers, Native Americans, and other people who lived off the land. Lewis and Clark even ate them on their journey. These valuable plants were cherished and visited often when they were ripe.

If you happen to discover chokecherries in your neighborhood, here are four ways you can put them to work:

1. Nutrition.

The Versatile, Do-Everything ‘Survival Berry’ The Native Americans Prized

Image source: Cody Assmann:.

These dark purple, red, or almost black berries are high in fiber and Vitamin K. Today, chokecherries are most often used in jellies, vinegar, syrups and juice. They can be easily processed, but do require the removal of the leaves, stems and pits. Each of these parts of the plant contain hydrocyanic acid, posing a significantly higher risk to livestock than people, as animals are more likely to consume large quantities of the leaves. However, there have been a few reported instances of children dying after consuming too many seeds.

Just 30 Grams Of This Survival Superfood Provides More Nutrition Than An Entire Meal!

Native people across America routinely smashed the fruits, dried them thoroughly in the sun, and added them to a pemmican mixture. Even though the seeds were consumed by Native people, they lost their toxicity after drying. Anyone interested in this primitive process is advised to spend time with an expert on the subject and learn more about removing the toxins. Chokecherries are not a dangerous plant, and with more modern techniques you can easily and safely enjoy these bountiful fruits in a variety of ways.

2. Archery equipment.

Portions of the tree that develop acceptable girth can be tillered to make quality hunting bows. In fact, these bows are reputed to be some of the finest bow-making materials by many modern bowyers. A good hunting wood is hard to find, since it must have two important attributes. First, the wood must have the ability to withstand tension forces on the back of the bow. Also, at the same time the back in under tension forces, the belly of the bow is being compressed. Finding a wood capable of both forces is not easy, and chokecherry fits the bill nicely.

In addition to the ability to be made into bows, the young straight shoots can be cut and made into arrows. Similar to the wood needed to make bows, arrows need a wood with particular properties. The two biggest attributes wood need to be made into arrows are straightness and spine. Spine refers to the wood’s ability to bend upon the shot and then straighten out as it flies downrange. Finding a wood with just the right amount of spine is not always easy. It takes quite a bit of experience and know-how to construct bows and arrows, but even a novice who understands the basic concepts can create bows and arrows that serve their purpose marginally well.

3. Dye.

The Versatile, Do-Everything ‘Survival Berry’ The Native Americans Prized

Image source: Cody Assmann:.

If you’ve ever picked chokecherries, then you can attest to the potential for creating a dye with the fruit. The dye from chokecherry juice can be used to identify dye-wooden objects like arrows or bows, and cloth projects, as well. Although the dye will not keep you alive in a survival situation, it can definitely come in handy for projects down the road. To make a dye, simply collect an adequate amount of berries and fill a container.

The Secret To Making Powerful Herbal Medicines, Right in Your Kitchen!

With the collected berries in the container, you need to pulp the fruit and create a mashed mix of juice and berries. Any item placed in this mixture will take on the beautiful pinkish red color of the dye. For lighter stains, leave the product in for shorter periods, and for deeper and darker stains leave it in the dye for longer.

4. Medicine.

True to form, the versatile chokecherry has a variety of medicinal uses, as well. In the past, dried berries were used to treat a variety of bowel conditions, from diarrhea to loss of appetite. It was also given in some form to people suffering from ulcers and other conditions of a weak stomach. Additionally, the bark is reported to be an outstanding remedy for respiratory ailments, such as a bad cough. As with using any plant medicinally, folks interested in this practice are encouraged to consult an expert in the subject.

If you plan on heading out to harvest some of the bounty chokecherries offer up, then make sure to take the time to learn how to correctly identify the plant. There is a toxic lookalike called common buckthorn. Once you learn a few rules to follow and how to identify a chokecherry, don’t be afraid to enjoy all the versatility it has to offer. Whether you are looking for a nutritious treat, a beautiful deep dye, archery gear, or to sooth a medical ailment, the chokecherry offers up a gift.

What other uses have you discovered? What advice would you add? Share it in the section below:

This article is for informational purposes only and is not intended to diagnose or cure any particular health condition. Please consult with a qualified health professional first.

Learn How To ‘Live Off The Land’ With Just Your Gun. Read More Here.

Purify Water Using Chemical Treatments

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Water purification tablets are a great back up form of water treatment. They are excellent Bug Out Bags and survival kits because they are light weight and inexpensive. Water purification tablets are also great to store in your vehicle or your bug out location to disinfect water on demand.  If the water supply I am drawing from is extremely shady I combine both a filter and the tablets to ensure my safety. Also, be aware that water purification tablets have a shelf life. Check the expiration dates on your tablets and replace any that are expired.

Water purification can come in tablet or droplet form. The tablet form is better because it is a lighter weight that droplets and easy to use when in a stressful situation.

Two water born pathogens that commonly found in untreated water- Cryptosporidium and Giardia.

Cryptosporidium is a genus of apicomplexan protozoans that can cause gastrointestinal illness with diarrhea in humans. According to the CDC it is one of the most frequent causes of waterborne disease among humans in the United States. In a disaster situation where government maintained services are effected, it is highly likely that this protozoa parasite will find its way into our water supply.

Giardia attached to the wall of the small intestines. Giardia is also an infectious protozoa and it is a big deal in emergency preparedness because it can have such a dramatic effect on your health. The symptoms of Giardia, may begin to appear 2 days after infection, include violent diarrhea, excess gas, stomach or abdominal cramps, upset stomach, and nausea. 

The typical infection within an individual can be slight, resolve without treatment in about 2–6 weeks, although sometimes longer and sometimes the infection is more severe requiring immediate medical attention. 

There are three main types of water purification tablets on the market (Chlorine (NaDCC), Iodine and Chlorine Dioxide) . Not all are equal as each one has its strengths and weaknesses. Choose the purification tablet that works the best with your situation and location.



Chlorine Dioxide Tablets (Potable Aqua, Katadyn and Aquamira Brands). Even though the word “chlorine” is in the name, chlorine dioxide is neither iodine nor chlorine. It uses a highly active form of oxygen to purify water so it leaves absolutely zero taste. As a nice bonus the action of chlorine dioxide causes a lot of sediment to drop out of suspension (fall to the bottom) leaving the container of water more clear and further improving flavor. Chlorine dioxide tablets are a good choice for those allergic to iodine, with thyroid problems, or on lithium. Always follow product usage instructions.

Chlorine NaDCC Tablets (Potable Aqua, Oasis Plus, Aquatabsand Rothco’s Military “Chlor-Floc“ Brands). NaDCC, also known as sodium dichloroisocyanurate or sodium troclosene, is a form of chlorine used for disinfection. NaDCC tablets are different and improved over the older chlorine based (halazone) tablets. When added to water, NaDCC releases hydrochloric acid which reacts through oxidization with microorganisms and kills them. Many tablets advertise no chlorine after taste. Unopened NaDCC tablets have a shelf life of 3-5 years, if opened they should be discarded after 3 months. Always follow product usage instructions. 

Iodine Tablets (Potable Aqua,Coleman, and Coghlans brands). Iodine Tablets use iodine to purify contaminated water. Most iodine purification tablets tend to leave a funny taste to the water and some discoloration, however vitamin C or ascorbic acid can be added after the treatment time to improve the taste and remove the color. This often comes in the form of two bottles with two separate tablets. Iodine water treatment has been proven to be somewhat effective against Giardia and not effective against Crytosporidium.  Always follow product usage instructions. 
[Source:www.swordofsurvival.com]

Field Reload Kit With Brass Shotgun Ammo

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“Urban Man: Here is another great video from a friend of mine.”
Warning: For educational purposes only. Use these techniques at your own risk.

Tools/Equipment:

1. Brass shot shells (size for weapon system being used, 12 gauge, etc.)
2. Shot
3. Pyrodex Rifle and shotgun powder (or preferred brand)
4. 209 shotgun primers
5. Large pistol primers
6. Wadding material
7. Over shot card material
8. Lighter and glue stick
9. Primer crimp tool or “C” clamp setup with deep well socket
10. Primer removal tool
11. Powder tamper tool
12. Powder and shot measuring tool
13. Container for brass shells
14. Container to store kit
15. 15/64 inch drill bit
16. 23/64 inch drill bit
17. Wad and over shot cutter tool
18. Drill
19. Flat piece metal stock
20. Rubber hammer or similar 
21. Flat piece of wood stock

Converting brass shell to accept the 209 primer:

1. First use the 15/64 drill bit and drill out the primer hole.
2. Using a 23/64 drill bit, drill a slight recess in the primer hole deep enough to allow the primer rim to seat flush with the bottom of the shell. See photo above.
3. Seat the 209 primer like you would a regular 12 gauge shell when reloading.

Note: Shotgun firing these types of reloads need to be cleaned more often than factory loaded ammo.

Reload 209 Shotgun Primers Using Field Expedient Methods

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Warning: For educational purposes only. Use these techniques at your own risk.
Tools used for field expedient reloading
Items needed to reload 209 primer
Removing 209 primer components
209 primer assembly

“Urban Man” My survival buddy sent me another post in a series of reloading shotgun ammo. This video shows how to reload the primer as well when you have no primer replacements.”


Suggested tools used:

1. Antique hand primer crimp tool
2. Wood dowel for powder, wad and shot compressing
3. Primer removal tool with socket base (5/8 inch socket)
4. Rubber hammer
5. Wad cutter tool (for what ever size shell you are loading)
6. Flat punch that fits inside primer cup to flatten out dimple
7. Flat piece of metal stock
8. Flat piece of wood
9. Strike anywhere matches
10. Powder and shot measuring cups
11. Wad material (paper, plastic, wool, etc)
12. Over shot card material (cardboard, playing cards, etc)
13. 5.5 mm socket (used to remove primer cup)
14. Pin or finishing nail used to pound out primer cup.
15. Lighter or similar flame source
16. Glue stick
17. Rifle and shotgun powder with container (I used Pyrodex RS)
18. Bird shot with container (I used #7 1/2 in the video) 


Note: Do not allow the ammo to get wet. Do not jar the ammo around by throwing into an ammo can or something of that nature. Protect the ammo until it is needed. It is best to shoot this ammo from a single shot or double barrel shotgun rather than a pump action. A pump action can be used if you load and fire one round at a time rather than using the pump action.

One drawback from reloading spent primers is the chance that the match head powder or what ever other ignition source was used may not ignite and you get a dude fire.

In the event the primer does not ignite, wait about 60 seconds with the end of the barrel pointed on target in the event there is a cook off. A cook off is when the powder could be smoldering but has not yet ignited. If it ignites and the end of the barrel is pointed toward someone, there may be a chance of an accidental shooting.

Always inspect the shells for damage and cracks. Do not reuse or shoot damaged ammo. Use safety glasses when loading your ammo and keep open flames away from your powder. 

Fielding Expedient Ammo Reloading

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“Urban Man~ Here is an interesting lesson from a survival buddy of mine.”

Caution: This lesson is for educational purposes only. Gun powder is dangerous. Firing damaged or incorrectly loaded ammo is dangerous as well.

There may be a time in ones life when it may become necessary to have to reload ammo in the field, especially in a wilderness survival situation or the collapse of society. 

We are comfortable in knowing that at the moment we have access to ready made store bought ammo. But, what if that luxury was some how taken away? What if there were no stores left or available to purchase our ammo?

In such as situation, ammo can still be available if one knew how to obtain what was needed to reload their own. Spent ammo shells, especially shotgun shells can be found laying around all over the desert. Primers can be reconditioned and reloaded. Black powder can be homemade. Lead shot can be made from scrape lead.

You really do not need fancy reloading equipment in order to reload ammo in an emergency or self reliant situation.

Learn now to start saving your spent ammo hulls and shells. Set them aside to be reloaded at a later date when the time is needed.

Here are the steps that were covered in the video to reload a 12 gauge shell: (if this is the first time a plastic shotgun shell is being used, cut the top crimp fingers off the shell where the crimp line meets the star crimp.)

1. Remove primer
2. Install a new primer
3. Measure powder and add to shell
4. Using dowel rod, gently compress the powder in the shell
5. Add correct amount of wading (plastic, paper, animal hair, leather, etc.)
6. Using dowel rod again, gently compress the wad into the shell
7. Add correct amount of shot. (insure that there is enough room at the opening of the shell to add the over-shot card)
8. Add over-shot card and compress gently with dowel rod
9. Add glue over top of shot card ensuring that the inside walls of the shell receive glue as well
10. Immediately add another shot card over the top of the first one and apply gentle pressure to allow glue to spread out

Note: Do not allow the ammo to get wet. Do not jar the ammo around by throwing into an ammo can or something of that nature. Protect the ammo until it is needed. It is best to shoot this ammo from a single shot or double barrel shotgun rather than a pump action. A pump action can be used if you load and fire one round at a time rather than using the pump action.

Always inspect the shells for damage and cracks. Do not reuse or shoot damaged ammo. Use safety glasses when loading your ammo and keep open flames away from your powder. 

How to Make a Powerful Bow in Your Garage for $15

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arrow target wikimedia

One of the benefits of archery is that in the long run, it’s not a very expensive hobby. Unlike firearms, you don’t need to spend an arm and a leg on ammunition to maintain your proficiency. And since bows aren’t as loud or destructive as firearms, there’s a good chance that you won’t need to pay to visit an archery range unless you live in the city. Your backyard would be sufficient for that.

However, there can be some steep up front costs. Still not as bad as the cost of a firearm in most cases, but a really high quality bow can you set you back. If you’re just starting to get interested in archery and you’re not sure if you want to commit to those costs, check out the video below. It’ll show you how to make a very powerful and effective bow with little more than PVC, paracord, and driveway markers.

Joshua Krause was born and raised in the Bay Area. He is a writer and researcher focused on principles of self-sufficiency and liberty at Ready Nutrition. You can follow Joshua’s work at our Facebook page or on his personal Twitter.

Joshua’s website is Strange Danger

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition

Is Archery a Good Skill for Good for Preppers?

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archery

The English longbow in use

The other night I was watching an old movie on television and they were showing archery with the English longbow.  Now I am a history buff, and have read extensively about the use of the longbow during the hundred year war between England and France. This got me to thinking about the use of archery in prepping.

Now I am not a good archer and will never be, because it takes considerable training and strength and I am too old..  During the 14th and 15th centuries, English archers were expected to shoot ten “aimed” shots per minute during battle. A skilled archer would be capable of around twenty shots. As the typical archer was provided with 60-72 arrows, this permitted three to six minutes of continuous fire.  The range of their bow was estimated to be in the area of 300 yards, although accurate shots are probably much shorter.

Now I am not suggesting that you get rid of your firearms and replace them with bows and arrows.  But I think that this is a very effective backup skill to develop.  A recurve bow, which is the type I would suggest you get, is pretty close to silent. It is capable of taking small to large game effectively and silently.

There are basically two types of bows, recurve, and compound. They both have pros and cons.

archery

The compound bow

  1. Compound bows are easier to shoot and have good sighting systems. However they are more complicated and require more maintenance. You probably could not repair one yourself. The compound bow is definitely the winner when it comes to power and accuracy. The longer strings allow the archer to pull back farther to generate more power. They also make the bow easier to hold because it doesn’t take as much strength to hold the arrow back, which helps improve stability.  They are more expensive than a recurve bow
  2. archery

    the recurve bow

    Recurve bows take more skill to use. The English longbow was a recurve bow. There’s no sighting system like on a compound, and the shooter has to rely more on instinctive shooting and a lot of practice to really become accurate. But it has been proven that you can hunt very effectively with one. The recurve bow is less expensive to shoot, maintain and with a few tools and the right wood you can even make a recurve bow yourself. You can also get a takedown bow in a recurve, which may be a good choice for preppers

Personally I would encourage you to learn to shoot a recurve bow.  They have a long history and were only replaced by firearms when they had more penetration and it became easier to train people in their use.  I think that studying archery for prepping is good especially for the young.  Get a good bow and start training your children.

Howard

The post Is Archery a Good Skill for Good for Preppers? appeared first on Preparedness Advice Blog.

Learn From a Pro: A Beginner’s Guide To Archery

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archer

Archery is undoubtedly one of the most useful survival skills. Even though the bow and arrow has been largely replaced by firearms as the weapon of choice for most hunters, it is far from obsolete. Unlike firearms, bows are quiet, lightweight, and affordable. The “ammo” is reusable, and it’s much easier to find a safe place to practice.

But more than that, archery is also a deeply fulfilling hobby. That’s not to say that firearms aren’t as fun, but archery is fun in its own unique way. It’s a much more physical activity that will test your strength, endurance, and focus, in ways that a firearm won’t. In short, archery is a lifelong pursuit that is tons of fun, and mastering it will leave you feeling gratified in more ways than one.

Like any challenging skill however, getting started is the hardest part. Shooting a bow isn’t as simple as pulling a string, and there’s a few tips and techniques that you need to know right off the bat. If you’ve ever been interested in getting involved in the fine art of archery, take a look at the video below.  It’s a beginner’s guide made by Jake Kaminski, a professional archer who won the silver medal at the 2012 Summer Olympics. After watching this, your first time at the archery range won’t be any more difficult than it needs to be.

Joshua Krause was born and raised in the Bay Area. He is a writer and researcher focused on principles of self-sufficiency and liberty at Ready Nutrition. You can follow Joshua’s work at our Facebook page or on his personal Twitter.

Joshua’s website is Strange Danger

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition

The Bow pt 2

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The Bow pt 2
Highlander “Survival and Tech Preps

BowPart two from last week “The Bow and Survival Advantages” recapping and a more in depth look on the advantages of the bow in a survival situation. The focus on this episode will be the different types of construction, advantages and disadvantages. If you missed last weeks show “The Bow and Survival Advantages” you can listen in HERE.

Part of this episode will also delve into the care, maintenance and construction. What are the brands to look for and what are the one’s to stay away from? There are some cheap ones and some expensive ones and some that are in the middle; how to choose?

Join us for Survival and Tech Preps “LIVE SHOW” every Monday 9:00/Et 8:00Ct 6:00/Pt Go To Listen and Chat

Listen to this broadcast or download “The Bow pt 2” in player below!

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