Natural Remedies and Recipes to Repel Bugs As the temperatures rise and the days get longer you may find yourself swatting all the time. The fish are biting and grills are cooking but so the bugs are chompin’. There are many ways to deal with these bugs and most people douse their yards in poison …
When it comes to survival in an emergency situation, everything revolves around the “holy trinity”: water, food, and shelter. The rest are luxuries.
Without water, you’ll die in a matter of days, 2-3 days tops depending on the climate and your physical fitness. Without food, you’ll last for up to 2-3 weeks or maybe more, but after the first week you’ll be pretty much disabled, both physically and psychologically, i.e. it will be all spiraling downwards from there.
The importance of finding or building adequate shelter in a survival scenario is pretty much obvious to anyone. If you’re facing extreme weather conditions in a SHTF scenario, you won’t make it for 2-3 weeks so you can die of hunger, if you know what I mean.
Now, if you can secure these three items – food, water, shelter regardless of the nature of your emergency and/or your location, you’ll be able to “hang in there” indefinitely.
Then, you can concentrate on building a fire, assessing your self-defense options, and even some basic luxuries, such as gathering leaves for a softer bed and making a cup of coffee if you’re lucky enough to have any.
Let’s talk about the basics of building a shelter via an improvised tent, as a primer of sorts.
The idea is that one the most common mistakes of wilderness survival is one’s incapability of building/finding a proper shelter.
Actually, having no shelter in a SHTF situation is a 2-fold mistake that may cost you and your family’s life: the first mistake is adventuring outdoors unprepared, i.e. not having the means to DIY a proper shelter in your survival kit (read tarp, poncho etc.). The second mistake would be one’s lack of knowledge to DIY an improvised shelter using readily available materials, i.e. nature’s tools (snow, branches, sand etc.).
When we hear news about folks dying out there in the wilderness, they usually die of exposure; this is the common reason that you’ll hear coming up time and time again.
Whether we’re talking about heat-stroke or hypothermia, the lesson to be taken home is that those guys either did not carry the means to build an improvised shelter (a sleeping bag with bivy, a tarp or a regular tent) or they lacked the skills and the knowledge to DIY a suitable shelter for shielding themselves from the elements. One of the most important rules of outdoor survival is to stay dry; remember that folks.
Getting back to our business, in order to improvise a tent, you’ll require time, effort, a good location, and, obviously, the materials needed to build it.
With regard to wilderness survival in harsh weather conditions, shelters can be improvised from readily available materials with relative ease in order to protect you from wind, sun, rain, snow, cold/hot temperatures, insects etc.
Here are a few ideas for building an improvised shelter using a piece of tarp, a poncho, or something similar (plastic sheets, parachute canopy etc.):
And speaking of materials and survival gear, always remember to pack a quality piece of tarp in your EDC survival kit in your car or your hand baggage. You never know when you’ll need it, right? And I’ve mentioned the tarp for good reason.
4 Ways to Make a Tent from a Tarp
You can improvise a pretty cool tent using a piece of tarp, preferably with reinforced corners and solid 1/2” grommets if you’re lucky enough to have the respective supplies with you (the tarp that is).
The tarp will be used in conjunction with a wooden-made frame to create a cozy shelter for the night. The frame can be improvised relatively easily. All you have to do is lean poles against a tree trunk or a lower branch in such a way that you’ll be able to fit snugly under your tarp.
Here’s how to make a tent from a tarp using readily available materials, such as wood branches and nothing more. You can configure this design in both open front and closed front by using canvas, nylon or poly tarps.
This type of improvised tent will work great with a fire in front for keeping you warm during the long winter nights.
Video first seen on Far North Bushcraft And Survival.
Here’s an even simpler design using an 8×10 tarp and a bunch of sticks, which will come handy in an emergency situation.
Video first seen on Oregon Mike.
A more comprehensive tutorial about tents improvised from tarp in storm conditions can be visualized in the video below. The idea is to build an improvised tent that can be used effectively in windy conditions.
Video first seen on PHARRAOH.
Here’s a very easy DIY project for improvising a partial tent for a quick overnight or just to keep the snow away.
Video first seen on Jarhead Survivor.
The thing is, there are many ways one can improvise a survival tent out of a piece of tarp or a plastic sheet or a poncho. However, what’s important is to know the basics, the theory so to speak.
This one can described as a life-saving skill by any metric, and the only thing to remember at all times is that the bigger the tarp, the bigger the shelter, so keep that in mind when assembling your EDC survival kit (and don’t forget the paracord).
The Poncho Survival Shelter
Besides a tarp, you can improvise a survival tent of sorts using a poncho. We’ll refer to this little project as the poncho survival shelter if you like. Here are two ideas to contemplate upon.
Video first seen on Snowalker13.
Here’s a comprehensive tutorial, with variations of the poncho-shelter.
Video first seen on UglyTent Bushcraft & Survival.
How to Improvise a Teeppee
You can always improvise a native Indian-styled tent also known as a tipi/teepee, just watch this video. This is one of my favorite projects as it’s simple to set up and fairly easy to DIY.
Video first seen on Wilderness Innovation.
And here’s a pull-up tipi, or an improvised tent/survival shelter that’s not supported by poles, by rather pulled up with cord/rope. This is the ideal emergency shelter for one person.
Video first seen on Wilderness Innovation.
Here’s another cool idea for a no-pole improvised tent.
Video first seen on mc outdoors.
How to Make a Shelter in the Woods
If you know how to use an ax, then log tents may also be an option. Log tents were built by native Indians for centuries, as their primary winter houses in North America.
This is a very basic idea for building an improvised log tent, or how to make a shelter in the woods if you don’t have a tarp or something similar available.
Video first seen on Videojug.
And here’s a more complex one, a frame super-tent if you like, using green wood for the horizontal beams.
Video first seen on Birch Point Outdoors.
If you think you have what it takes, here’s a picture depicting native American log-tents of the ancient North, which make for an excellent warm winter camp, especially if the logs fit well together and they’re properly calked with dry grass and moss.
Now that you know how to build a survival shelter, start practicing!
Will you be able to protect your own in a life or death scenario?
Click the banner below to find out!
This article has been written by Chris Black for Survivopedia.
What I Wish I Knew Before I Started Homesteading How many people are stuck in a cubicle for 40 hours a week? When I am on the road I look at all the cars and wonder how many people are stuck in a life they hate and wishing they were on about 20 acres off …
10 Best Essential Oil Diffuser Recipes for Kids Getting the family involved in your efforts to be more self-reliant or independent can be a huge hurdle. When articles like this come along you have to take full advantage of them. Its one of those great cases where you find yourself with a gravitational pull that …
This post is by Bernie Carr, apartmentprepper.com We recently stocked up on matches from the Dollar Tree- we got 16 boxes for just $1. I thought it would be a good idea to make some of them waterproof. Why would you need waterproof matches? Fire is necessary for survival, for warmth and as a way to cook food. In case of flooding or even extreme humidity, matches can get wet and you will be unable to use them. They also […]
‘Good for what ails you,’ bone broth has been soothing, nourishing and feeding people for thousands of years. During the Great Depression, which lasted from 1929 – 1939, bone broth
The post Bone Broth: Your Great Depression Era Recipe for Hard Times appeared first on Ask a Prepper.
Pegroll: the Foldable Tool Oraganiser I cant imagine a single prepper or survivalist on the planet that wont fall in love with this tool pegroll. The design is fully customizable and can be made to fit any size effort. When I happened upon the article the first thing that came to mind was: BUGOUT BAG. …
Easy Guide to Planting Cover Crops (to Improve Soil) One of the best things to happen to our country over the last 20 years is the explosion in home gardening and community gardening. I am so happy to see more and more people taking the reigns on food production. Whether they know it or not …
The post Easy Guide to Planting Cover Crops (to Improve Soil) appeared first on SHTF & Prepping Central.
It is a great season to grow your own sweet strawberries. Don’t require you much outdoor space, here’s genius planter ideas we’ve gathered will let you pick and eat fresh strawberries on your limited garden or yard.
1. Don’t have extra space for growing your favorite fruit? Making hanging baskets is a great idea to let you have a big harvest on small patios.
Tutorial —-> hgtvgardens.com
2. Grow sweet strawberry in a vertical PVC tube is great solution for small garden or yard. Vertical planter will save you a lot of space, at the same time keep plants out of reach from garden insect pests.
Tutorial —-> urbangreenspace.wordpress.com
If you are interested in making your own food then click here to find out more about this awesome survival guide on food independence
3. Build a strawberry garden in old rain gutters, they could be mounted on the side of a shed or garden fence
Tutorial —-> day2daysupermom.co
4. Build a pallet planter, you just need to take an unused pallet and cut it into 3 equal pieces
Tutorial —-> youtube.com
5. Drill the holes on the plastic nursery pots and stack them together to build a strawberry tower.
Tutorial —-> apieceofrainbow.com
6. DIY hanging strawberry planters made from recycled tin cans and then paint them
Tutorial —-> we-made-that.com
Source : www.woohome.com
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The post Creative DIY Ideas for Growing Strawberries On Small Garden or Yard appeared first on .
The DIY Outdoor Pizza Oven Project. Trying our hand at building a little outdoor living fun. Sometimes, you simply have to take a risk and try your hand at something you haven’t the slightest idea how to do. And when
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9 Firearm Training Tips to Help You Survive a Deadly Encounter We all have guns. Its one of those things that is high on the prepper and survivalists lists. You feel a strange sort of protection just by having a gun. Though you may not have the slightest idea how to use it. The truth …
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Natural Weed Control – Weed Killers and Non-Toxic Weed Control Options Once the excitement of your sprouts is over you are hit with that familiar feeling. You see those terrible weeds starting to sprout as well. Wire grasses and various other ground weeds that steal the nutrients from your soil and choke those delicious plants …
The post Natural Weed Control – Weed Killers and Non-Toxic Weed Control Options appeared first on SHTF & Prepping Central.
Fixing a broken flashlight glass might seem a bit old school, but the fact is most preppers and homesteaders have at least a few of these around the house. Your phone battery might die, but an old-fashioned flashlight with a supply of D cell batteries is a great thing. We use our flashlights during power […]
How to Make a Mini Axe The feel of a good axe or hatchet in my hands is like nothing else. I went 25 years never even considering what a great axe means. Now I am sick with axes. There are so many brands making incredible tools. You can cut wood, trim plants and even protect …
Summer Family Prepping Activities Each season offers unique opportunities for learning and practicing survival skills. Summer time is usually filled with outdoor activities anyway, why not add in some fun activities that also add to your survival knowledge. It’s a great way to discreetly hide ‘survival lessons’ by playing games instead! That trip to the …
Many advances in human society and culture occurred as different groups learned how to mine metal ore and turn it into useful tools.
You need farm tools, weapons, or machines to carry out various tasks, so keep on hand what you need for metal working. If you know how build and use a forge, you’ll have a valuable skill to barter, but also a good start for a business that can help you survive nowadays.
There are several ways to build a forge that will meet most of your needs. Aim to build at least one forge and learn how to use it so that you have a better chance of being able to make and repair metal items in the future.
What is a Forge?
At it’s simplest, a forge is not much more than a place where you can heat metals up in order to soften them for further working. If you define a forge as all the things that you will need to heat, shape, and temper the metal, then there are a few more parts to consider.
For the sake of this article, I am defining a forge as the equipment you use to heat metals only.
Every Forge Must Have These Parts
You need to obtain and maintain a specific temperature to make metal items that will be durable and useful. As a result, there are some parts that every forge must have in order to achieve maximum temperature without compromising safety:
- A place to burn fuel. If the forge is going to use coal, this area might be an open pit or tub lined with fireproof material. Forges that use gas or liquid based fuels may have a cylindrical or square shaped fireproof chamber surrounded by a metal jacket. It should be noted that coal burning forges are better for situations where you need to heat large amounts of metal or produce an unusually large shape such as a sword. Since gas fired forges produce a more even heat and are easier to operate, they are usually better for knives or other small items. That being said, if you are looking to build a highly adaptable forge, coal fired ones will be more suitable for your needs.
- Fuel Inlet – for simple coal forges, you might simply layer some coal in the bottom of the pit, and when more fuel is needed, simply drop it into the burn area. If you are going to use natural gas or propane, then the fuel might be fed into a central chamber via a pipe and nozzle. In a similar fashion, if you are going to use a liquid fuel form, you will most likely want to pipe it in and be able to control the flow via a nozzle.
- Air Inlet or Tuyere – since burning fuel requires oxygen, the forge must also have a means for introducing larger amounts of air. This is usually done via a tube or pipe extending into the main burn area.
- Bellows – in order to reach and maintain higher temperatures, more air needs to get into the burn area in a shorter period of time. Bellows are used to push the air into this area as quickly as possible. Coal burning forges might have the Tuyere located under the burn area, and then a pipe would lead from the bellows so that air comes up from the bottom. Gas burning forges usually have a blower or fan that is used for the same purpose.
Materials in Nature You Can Use to Build a Coal Fired Forge
No matter how experienced you may be as a prepper, there are bound to be things that don’t seem very useful right now that will turn out to be very important later on. A metal forge is one of those items that can easily be left out of your plans, or just as bad, left behind if you have to evacuate.
If you are in a situation where you absolutely need a forge, here are some natural materials you can use to build each part of a coal forge:
- Burn Pit – a pit or even a hole in the ground can serve as a burn pit. You can line the pit with rocks and small stones so that it retains heat better.
- Air Inlet – create something like a Dakota Firepit design so that you have an easy way to introduce air into the burn area.
- Bellows – the simplest form of bellows will only force air into the fire when the handles are compressed. On the other hand, if you are going to forge metal, the supply of air must be steady, yet easy to adjust as your working needs change.
There are two forms of bellows that will be suitable for this task. First, the double-acting bellows is not so different from the simpler form.
You will need animal hide, leather, and other soft material to make the bag and attach the pipe, paddle, piston, valves, and handles. The pipe is a simple hollow tube that you can make from wood, bone, or even sturdy reeds or bamboo. Finally, you can make the paddle, piston, valves, and handles from wood harvested from trees.
The second form of bellows is known as a Fuigo Box Bellows. Unlike the Double Acting Bellows, this form does not require a bag. You can make everything but the sealing from wood.
Video first seen on Cut Marks.
How to Make a Gas Fired Coffee Can Forge
As a prepper, I find no end to the usefulness of institution sized, or #10 food cans. From making large bins for storing devices to building stoves, there is truly no end to what these sturdy cans can be repurposed for. In this case, they serve as the beginning material for a forge that you can make knives, spear points, and many other useful items with.
Here are the basic instructions:
- Start off by making sure the can is clean and dry.
- Most people do not remove the bottom can lid, however having one end of the can closed limits the amount of room you have for heating metal. I recommend removing the bottom lid so that you can extend the metal past the back. While you may have to move the metal back and forth to keep it heating evenly, it is better than having a forge that is too small for anything larger than a 2 -3 inch item.
- Next, attach a base to where the bottom of forge will be. It should be big enough and wide enough so that the can will not roll over. Be sure to use fireproof material. The base should also be sturdy enough so that it will no collapse under the weight of the can, the lining, and any other attachments you will be adding to the can. If at all possible, try to make the base wider than the size of the can opening. When you are working with metal in such a cramped area, it is all too easy to bump the metal or the tongs holding it into the sides of the can. If the base is not sturdy enough or tips easily, it can make for a disaster as well as more than a few injuries. While many videos and “how-to” guides show coffee can forges with substantially narrower bases, it is better to be on the safe side and realize that accidents can and will happen, especially when you are in a stressful situation or working with unfamiliar equipment.
- Take a propane torch and measure the tip of it. You will need a metal pipe that is large enough so that the tip of the torch can fit through it easily.
- Once you locate a suitable metal pipe, drill a hole in the can to accommodate it. If you removed the bottom lid of the can, it might be best to put the hole near the center of the can so that heat will radiate evenly to the front and back of the can. Attach the pipe to the can. The hole should be in an area where you can easily place the torch into the pipe and not have it or the can tip over. If necessary, add a cinder blocks or something else beneath the base of the can so that the torch tip will be at the right height in relation to to the can.
- Even though a natural gas or propane flame produces quite a bit of heat, tin cans aren’t very good at retaining heat. Therefore, you will need to line the inside of the can with fireproof material. Plaster of Paris, cement, and even mud will work as insulators. When lining the can with an insulator, do not forget to leave the hole open for the torch inlet. Try not to get insulating material in the pipe used for this purpose.
Video first seen on Andrew W.
How to Make a Gas Fired Forge From Natural Materials
It is fair to say that a coal fired forge is easier to make mainly because you don’t have to be overly concerned about constructing a viable fire pit. While you will always have to be concerned about the size of the pit in order to conserve fuel, at least you will not have to spend as much time forming a more robust enclosure.
Overall, I would most recommend using fired clay or adobe to make the enclosure for a gas fired forge. When making the enclosure, do not forget that clay shrinks well over 20% from its original size as it loses water. It is better to make the enclosure a bit bigger so that you don’t wind up starting all over again.
Here are some basic rules for making a clay enclosure that can be fired successfully without the benefits of a modern kiln and all it’s heating controls:
- As with any other clay construction that must be fired, always avoid making air pockets in the clay. Pay extra attention to joining areas and overlaps where air pockets are likely to form.
- Don’t forget to poke holes in the clay so that it heats evenly. Since it will be much harder to control the speed at which temperatures change in a field kiln, these holes can reduce the risk of the entire vessel cracking.
- Always make sure the clay is as dry as possible. While moisture isn’t quite as dangerous as air to a clay object being fired, it can still lead to war page and cracking, especially if some areas are thicker than others.
- Try to make the clay thickness as even as possible throughout the vessel.
You can also make the enclosure from slabs of stone and then join them together with mud or adobe. It will take less work than making a clay vessel, however, you must choose the rocks carefully. Porous rocks can retain water and air that will cause them to explode when heated. They may also release toxic gases that can kill you or leave you with severe health problems. Learn about which rock types can be heated safely, and make sure you know how to recognize them in any terrain.
At the same time, you can also learn more about which rocks carry metal ores or point to veins of ore. This is especially important if you wind up in a situation where you don’t have much metal to work with, or the metal is of the wrong type for your needs.
How to Find Fuel for the Forge
You can use charcoal in a coal fired forge as long as you have enough air flowing through from the bellows. Even if you do not have coal, you can still turn wood or other materials into charcoal and use them in the forge.
Insofar as natural gas fired forges, try getting natural gas from large compost piles or septic waste systems, but it can be difficult to store this type of gas and also ensure that you remain safe. You’ll also need suitable piping and a valve system so that you can control the gas flow. To make these, you will need softer metal ores, or, you can start out with a coal fired forge to make these items, and then build the gas forge.
While forges aren’t especially complicated in terms of the equipment used, they are vital for building and repairing metal items.
No matter how far back society slides, the path back up to a more modern lifestyle cannot happen without metallurgy skills. At the very least, if you have metal forging skills, you and your descendants will have a better chance of surviving and thriving after a major disaster scenario.
Grab your tools and start practicing your skills!
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This article has been written by Carmela Tyrell for Survivopedia.
The Enemies of Food Storage This is an article on food safety. In fact, I would encourage anyone who is truly interested in food storage, canning and other ways of growing, cooking and processing foods to take a course in food safety. It is great information for the smooth sailing of today or the rough …
How to Carry EDC Gear There is so much written and so much said about the topic of EDC. Those items that you carry on your person Every Day are always a hot topic in the prepper and survivalist world. This article takes an angle that I feel is never discussed. How do you carry …
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The Best Food to Dehydrate for Long Term Survival Storage First you back stock your pantry and keep it at a level where it could sustain you and your family for 72 hours. Then you step it up a notch, get some shelving, and store enough food for a few weeks. Before long you have …
The post The Best Food to Dehydrate for Long Term Survival Storage appeared first on SHTF & Prepping Central.
Most people today rely on municipal water supplies, but they are not beyond the risk of water shortages. In fact, as more areas deal with uncontrollable forest fires and droughts, you can expect the water crisis to get even worse.
Potable water supplies are more and more contaminated with dangerous drugs, commercial pollutants, and other unwanted additives that need to be filtered out.
If you have your own water pump, you take control of your water supply and also make it easier to obtain water regardless of the situation you find yourself in. But if you don’t have one, you should learn how to build it.
And here’s what you need to learn about it!
PVC Hand Pump for Wells
If you have a well that has water within 25 feet of the surface of the ground, a manual hand pump is one of the best options.
The simplest and cheapest form you can make is made of PVC pipe and shaped like a “T”. To make a “T” shaped pump from PVC you will need:
- PVC tubing – if you must make a manual well pump in a natural setting, you could use a hollowed out tree limb. Even though it will rot out fairly quickly, this pump will still buy some time until you can find something that will not rot or corrode easily.
- Check Valves – at its simplest, a check valve allows water to flow only in one direction. You can make a check valve by cutting a rubber sphere in half and inserting it into the main PVC tube. If you have no plastic or actual check valves available, try making them from plant based rubber.
- O-rings – most people use rubber o-rings for preventing leaks in a manual water pump. In a time of need, you can also use leather, or make the rings from plant based rubber.
Video first seen on Grant Thompson – “The King of Random”.
Reciprocating Displacement Pumps
These are the more traditional looking manual pumps that you may be accustomed to: they have a long handle off to the side of the main shaft that you raise and lower, and there is a piston inside the pipe that fits very close to the sides.
As you move the handle, it creates a vacuum in the pipe as the piston moves upward. As long as water can get into the pipe, then it will be pulled upward until it reaches a spout for the water to flow out of. When you move the handle again, the rod attached to it sends it back down the pipe.
For the most part, you will find these pumps easier to make using natural materials. As with the PVC hand pump, you can still use a hollowed out log until you can make pipe from a more durable material. The handle and bar attached to the piston can also be made from wood.
While you can also make the piston from wood, you will need to wrap something around it that will make a tight seal. You can use plant based rubber or just about anything else that will withstand being immersed in water and will also form a tight seal with the pipe.
Remember, you may need a thicker seal layer as well as find some means to make sure the inner surface of the pipe is as smooth and even as possible.
Archimedes Screw for Surface and Underground Water
As its name implies, the Archimedes Screw makes use of the angle of a helix to move water from a lower level to a higher one.
Here are the basic parts you will need to build an Archimedes Screw:
- A pipe that extends into the water. The bottom of this pipe will always have to be below the water level.
- A screw-like structure that fits into the pipe. Unlike a screw, this form needs to have deeper blades that rise at an angle up the length of the shaft. The lowermost part of the screw must also be submerged in water.
- You will also need a crank or something else attached to the upper part of the screw to make it turn. Historically speaking, animal labor was commonly used to turn the screw. More modern versions make use of motors.
- A sealant that prevents water from slipping back downward while not seizing against the wall of the chamber. This is especially important if you need to use animal or human labor to keep the pump turning. While some 20 – 50% leakage may not be a problem if you have a motor and plenty of power at your disposal, it can spell disaster if your resources are more limited. Use a rubber edging on the screw itself, and then perhaps coating the wall of the surrounding pipe with food safe silicon or some other lubricant. This would give you a better seal and still enable the screw to turn with the minimal amount of resistance.
Unlike many other pump listed in this article, it can move water over large distances or from great depths. As long as you have the power to turn the screw, and the material that you’re using is durable enough, you can deliver water to just about any location.
Historically, screw designs were made from fairly weighty metals that required a lot of energy to move. Today, there are many fiberglass compounds that are almost as durable as metal, and will not be ruined by exposure to water. If you can mold these compounds into a suitable form, then you will have a light weight but durable Archimedes Screw.
You could also design a tube that will seal better so that less water drops back down to lower levels. Do not forget that you can also use rubber and other materials to form better seals than were possible in historical times.
Mini Electric Pump for Moving Small Volumes of Water
Many Americans are concerned about the reduced safety paired with the soaring cost of municipal water supplies, while local and state governments insist on preventing people from using wells or harvesting water by other means. Consumer level water collection is still possible, and will become inevitable during a major crisis.
One of the biggest overlooked problems surrounding collecting your own water is moving it from one place to another. Consider a situation where you are collecting rainwater and intend to use it to flush your toilet. Even though you may be able to gather enough water using a simple system to reduce your municipal water usage by 20%, you must still get the water from the outside into the toilet.
Initially, you may feel that simply dipping a pail into your water cache and dumping it into the toilet may be good enough. While this system will work, there are easier and more convenient ways to achieve your goal plus utilize the stored water for other means. You can use a mini pump attached to a water barrel to pump water directly into the water tank of the toilet.
Many modern heating systems rely on a blower to move warm or cool air through access paths located in the walls and floors of your home. If you cannot generate electricity, it won’t matter if you have fuel to run the furnace, in part because the furnace may be in a basement or crawl space where it won’t deliver heat to important areas of your home.
A few inexpensive pipes and radiators can be used to move hot or cold water around your home. Aside from installing a boiler and a water tank on your heating and cooling system, you will also need one or more pumps to move the water into the pipes and radiators. If you choose models that run on battery power, it should be possible to recharge those batteries with solar capture devices or wind turbines.
You do not need a huge or very powerful pump for this purpose, many motors that you scavenge from both battery and conventionally powered appliances can be used. Once you have a working motor, all you need to do is create an impeller and an impeller chamber.
Make sure that you do not take everything you see in videos or instruction sites as matter of fact. For example, more than a few videos show plastic covering the air vents of the motor. Not only is this useless, it is dangerous and can cause the motor to overheat and catch fire. Even though there are submersible motors used in aquarium filters and other applications, you cannot expect to simply close off the vents on a regular pump and achieve the same results.
You can make your own motor using magnets and coils of wire, as long as you have these materials. Just remember you will need to practice winding motors so that you can build the best possible model.
The hydraulic ram pump is one every prepper should practice building because it does not require electricity to run and can move water from lower elevations to higher ones. As long as you have a source of moving water such as a stream or river, a ram pump will deliver a steady amount of water with very little in the way of maintenance.
It does not matter if the water is flowing above ground or below ground. In order for the ram pump to work, the inlet pipe only needs to be about 18 inches below the water level. That being said, if the underground stream or river is too low in relation to the area where you want to collect the water, you will need a stronger pump, or find a way to collect the water at a lower level.
Even though most commercial ram pumps are made from iron or other metals, you can make one from PVC pipe, a check ball, and a few fittings. It should be noted the PVC version of the ram pump is very different from the manual pump version.
To begin, in order to use the manual pump, you will need to apply steady physical force to the pump. On the other hand, the ram pump gets all of its power from the movement of water as it moves through the inlet pipe. While both pumps require a check ball, their modes of operation are truly different, and also ideal usefulness in different settings.
Video first seen on joshuaburks.
Your water resources are extremely low? A diaphragm pump will be less likely to fail if thin mud, grit, or grime get into it. Even though you will need to separate the best of the water out from these solutions, at least it is better than nothing.
At its simplest, a diaphragm pump relies on an empty chamber that changes shape as energy is applied to a diaphragm or membrane at one end of the chamber. While diaphragm pumps are often used for pumping air, they are also very useful for pumping water.
All you will need is some PVC pipe, a source of flexible rubber (this can be as simple as rubber gloves), two check balls, and some PVC piping for the diaphragm chamber, inlet, outlet, and main body of the pump. You will also need an electric motor or some other means to cause the membrane to vibrate. I would recommend experimenting with sound waves, which are used to make speakers vibrate.
Gravity motors and other simple non-electric motors may also be used to power the diaphragm pump. Just make sure that you try out different systems and methods now rather than wait until an emergency occurs. A mistake made now can be overcome with adjustments. Once a crisis occurs, it will be too late to obtain other materials or find needed information.
Across time, people have used many different methods to move water from one location to another. Once municipal water supplies and electric pumps are no longer operable, you will need some way to pump water on your own.
Depending on the water source available or the specific application you are interested in, one or several of these pump designs may be of interest to you.
Learn how to build and use these devices. Worst comes to worst, you will have a few extra pumps in your stockpile, or you will know exactly how to build what is needed during and after a major social collapse.
This article has been written by Carmela Tyrell for Survivopedia.
Paracord Zipper Pull Paracord has made its way into many avenues of my life. I am sure you can say the same of yours. This paracord zipper pull is so much more than what it appears to be. When we are talking about fixing a zipper its a great little tool. What this article teaches …
How to Seamlessly Camouflage a Hidden Floor Safe Concealment is everything. When it comes to preparedness concealment is always a great option. Its an even better option when you are talking about your weapons. Our guns are constantly under attack. It seems we cannot go a week without hearing about the latest piece of legislation …
The Every Day Carry Bag aka EDC There are numerous articles written on this topic and most of them claim to be the end all, be all of Every Day Carry bags (also calls an EDC bag). Do a Google search and you will get literally thousands of hits from multiple companies who are eager …
New To Prepping? 12 Tips To Get You Started If you are new to the prepping world let me first applaud you. You see, this is no easy road. You will be ridiculed for merely planning to protect your family but you are taking on a noble cause that could change everything. The better prepared …
The idea of consuming bleach horrifies most people. Obviously consuming undiluted bleach should be avoided at all costs, but using a few drops to disinfect water and make it safe
The post Disinfect Huge Amounts Of Water With This Common Household Item appeared first on Ask a Prepper.
Essential Backpacking Gear Checklist Sometimes you just need a good old fashioned list. This is a great one. It doesn’t come from a prepper or survivalist website. Rather I thought we go to the source. As peppers we may practice a bugout a couple times a year but for backpackers they think about backpacking every …
The Urgency of Doing: Knowing is NOT Enough Its an old concept in the survival world. The title may not seem like something ground breaking. I think many of us wonder how our skills match up in comparison to our political posturing. In today’s world it is easy to be informed and hard to be experienced. That …
Anytime a major storm is approaching, time is of the essence to prepare. We all see the same thing on the news, images of first responders and volunteers constructing sandbag barriers to hold back a potential flood. But have you ever seen that and asked yourself if you know how to build a sandbag barrier? I’d wager that most people don’t, because by all appearances, building up a wall of sandbags is a very simple task. It’s physically demanding, but not complex at all, so most people probably assume that if they ever had to protect their home from a flood, working with sandbags would come naturally.
However, just because a task is simple, that doesn’t mean that it lacks finer points. There is definitely a right way and a wrong way to build a sandbag barrier. If you’ve never been taught the right way, check out the following video. It was produced by Australia’s SES, a volunteer organization that provides emergency services during disasters. In a few short minutes, it explains all of the most basic and important tips you need to know to protect your home during a flood.
That tells you pretty much everything you need to know about using sandbags to hold back minor floods. However, if you think that a storm is going to produce a more serious flood, you may need to build a much more extensive barrier; perhaps something that will fully surround the perimeter of your home.
If that’s the case, you should check out this video from Canada, which also offers a more in-depth analysis on sandbag construction.
Of course, the best way to ensure that your home will be safe from flooding is to have the tools you need in place, long before the flooding starts. If a major storm system is moving in, then people are going rush to the stores to buy things like sandbags, so they’ll be in short supply during an emergency. You should buy plastic sheeting and sandbags ahead of time. And if you don’t think that you’ll have access to sand, there are several varieties of bags that don’t require it. They work by absorbing large quantities of water, which form a barrier that can hold back the rest of the water.
80% of the population lives near a coast. If you haven’t prepared for hurricanes, get the step-by-step guide on how to prepare for any disaster.
Joshua Krause was born and raised in the Bay Area. He is a writer and researcher focused on principles of self-sufficiency and liberty at Ready Nutrition. You can follow Joshua’s work at our Facebook page or on his personal Twitter.
Joshua’s website is Strange Danger
This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition
11 Charming DIY Chicken Coops You Will Love I don’t know about you but I am a sucker for a great chicken coop or project. I love seeing the creativity of others in what they house their chickens in. I think chickens in cute coops help to balance the world ending scenarios that we as preppers …
10 Ways To Save Money Raising Chicken Of the many benefits that come along with raising chickens, there are a number that can actually effect your wallet. Chickens cost you feed, bedding and the occasional meds for keeping your flock as well as other rare costs. For the most part they are such a giving …
Tax-Free Emergency Preparedness Supplies – Here’s how! It’s always surprising to find out how few people are taking advantage of what I call the preppers tax cut. I don’t know the full scope of how it hits nationally but I know many states in the Union participate in tax-free weekends for emergency preparedness. This is …
The post Tax Free Emergency Preparedness Supplies – Here’s how! appeared first on SHTF & Prepping Central.
How to Make a Log Splitter – Kindling Splitter The minds of regular Americans never cease to amaze me. There are people innovating on a daily basis and their products or ideas just never make it to Amazon. When I look at this article about building a log splitter from rebar I am again reminded …
Secure Home Gun Storage: The Prepper’s Essentials What I can say about preppers is that within our ranks we probably have some of the most irresponsible gun owners around. This is not a knock on all preppers. Many people are well trained and do the right thing. Just the nature of what a prepper is, …
Today I’m going to show you 13 ways to make a shelter out of your poncho. Every shelter that you’re about to see has its own strengths: some will better protect
The post 13 Shelters That You Can Build With A Military Poncho appeared first on Ask a Prepper.
Considering Building an AR-15 Pistol? Here’s the 411 This is a very interesting article about the AR-15 pistol. This may be a new concept for you but its one that is really worth exploring. There are legal ramifications that can be taken advantage of with an AR-15 pistol as opposed to a rifle. You will see …
The post Considering Building an AR-15 Pistol? Here’s the 411 appeared first on SHTF & Prepping Central.
Make Your Own Microstill This microstill design and instruction was created to allow someone to make their own spirits. Not a bad tool to have around in a SHTF scenario. I am sure there will be serious addictions that will need to be fed as the stress compiles and resources diminish. You could find yourself …
Make Kombucha There is a war brewing in your gut. You may thing what happens in your intestines inconsequential but scientists are learning more everyday about the health of your gut bacteria and how it affects overall health. The good news is fermented foods like those that are pickled can do wonders for our gut …
25 Tip All Dog Owners Need to Know Recently I featured an article on the 9 Best Guard Dogs For Home Defense which was very popular. Who doesn’t love their dog? They are fiercely loyal and your best friend at the same time. They are always excited to see you, and can’t help but make you happy (OK, most of …
Who hasn’t seen that cool piece of gear advertised and just thought, “I would like to have that?” Thanks to Youtube and social media outlets like Facebook, videos are shared that make gear look very attractive.
I recently took the bait and watched a video for the Sportes MITI-001 Lightweight Swedish Fire Torch Log Grill. Although I can’t find the exact video anymore (see VID at the end for the MITI-001 in action), I remember that I thought the concept was interesting and so I went to Amazon to see if they carried it. They did! But the price was $71.00! I thought that was way too crazy a price for something like this.
I then thought about the possibility of making something that worked on the same concept, that kept the logs together, but WAY cheaper and lighter…something someone could put in their bug-out bag. I remember seeing that one video where someone used a chain and stretch band to cut firewood. I thought a chain around a Swedish Torch could work!
As I was thinking about how heavy a chain would be needed, I decided to look for a video and low and behold….it’s been done before.
You can even do a Swedish Torch with small logs and a vine to tie it all together. Like in this video.
I know the concept of the Sportes MITI-001 is to provide a grill-like surface, but you really have to think about if the price is worth it. I mean, if you are in the woods every weekend, maybe. But if not, a chain would work. The important thing is to keep the wood upright long enough to cook your food.
If you’re building a Swedish Fire Torch for backyard fun, this video might inspire you to split some wood easily.
Do you use any “tricks” or have you see any online that you would like to share? Drop them in the comment section.
Keep it Safe and Secure with a hidden floor safe
Do you have valuables? Would you like to keep these valuables hidden without it being obvious that they are hidden? If you are like most people, I’m sure you answered “yes” to both of those questions. Fortunately, there is a way of keeping those valuables safely tucked away, unseen to any “wandering” eyes.
Hidden floor safes are becoming more and more popular. Since you don’t have the limitations that are usually in place with wall safes, you can dig your hole as deep as necessary with a hidden floor safe. Unlike a bulky safe that might sit in a corner or a closet, you don’t have to worry about someone seeing your safe, because it is safely hidden beneath you.
In order to enjoy these hidden flooring solutions, you would need a few things, one of those things being concrete.
Concrete is a very important factor, and plays a huge role in flooring and hidden floor safes. Concrete flooring is incredibly strong, hard, durable, and are easily repaired in case of concrete cracks. When sealed properly, concrete flooring resists grit, dirt, spills, stains and hard impact. This all works in conjunction to keep your valuables safe from burglary and time. Most people envision an ‘industrial’ or ‘prison’ look when they think of concrete flooring, but that is on the contrary. These days it has the ability to take on color and a polished sheen, offering a warm and elegant look.
In order to successfully take advantage of all hidden flooring solutions one would definitely need a few tools and tricks. Unless you are prepared to use a lot of ‘man-strength’ and sweat, a jack hammer is highly suggested to break up any existing concrete. Waterproof sheeting is recommended as an extra combat against the effects of moisture. Concrete would need to be poured in the bottom of the hole and allowed to dry before lowering the safe and filling the space left around the sides. This concrete encasement will make it virtually impossible for any potential thieves to steal without being excessively loud. To get the safe out of the encasement and hole, and carry it out to work on opening it would take too much time and a lot of noise.
Once you have your safe safely in the floor and encased in concrete you would need a camouflage or disguise for it. This is where you can get creative. You can choose to overlay the concrete with tile, so that every square inch is identical and only you know where the safe is. Dawn plank cork flooring and rubber flooring can also be used to cover the concrete floor and seamlessly conceal your hidden floor safe. There are countless other DIY ideas that are easy and affordable.
Rest easier with your valuables protected, secured and tucked away safely in a hidden floor safe, encased in concrete. I think it’s “safe” to say it’s not likely that anyone is going to walk off with that. Join the hundreds who have found that concrete floors and hidden floor safes go hand in hand, and never worry about your valuables again.
Owen is a marketing specialist at Affinity Building Solutions having his primary focus on development and implementation of marketing ideas. His main talking points are flooring solutions, marketing and advertising of concrete flooring.
6 Experts Give Their Top 3 Gardening Tips on How to Keep Pests Out of Your Garden Starting and maintaining a garden takes hard work, patience, and some basic awareness. Don’t let garden pests ruin all that hard work, and your beautiful garden, by taking some preventive steps that are easy and effective. BugsBeGone site …
The post 6 Experts Give Their Top 3 Gardening Tips on How to Keep Pests Out of Your Garden appeared first on SHTF & Prepping Central.
3 Methods For Handling Human Waste After A Disaster Human waste is a touch topic, to begin with. It’s one of the more dangerous substances that will pile up over time in a post-disaster world. Human waste is highly infectious and can contaminate water sources and even growing lands. Most of the worst bacterial illnesses …
The post 3 Methods For Handling Human Waste After A Disaster appeared first on SHTF & Prepping Central.
An Easy Guide To Growing Herbs – 12 Herbs You Should Have In Your Garden Keeping a flourishing garden is never an easy task and success comes only after hard work. When it comes to growing plants, all gardeners prefer growing herbs as starters. The reason behind their choice is quite simple: you can never …
The post An Easy Guide To Growing Herbs – 12 Herbs You Should Have In Your Garden appeared first on SHTF & Prepping Central.
34 Primitive Survival Skills All Survivalist Should Know Humans have existed for hundreds of thousands of year and our ancestors have moved from places to places to find a home. It is without any doubt that they possess an incredible willpower and a repertoire of survival skills. The latter, unfortunately, was forgotten over the course. …
The post 34 Primitive Survival Skills All Survivalist Should Know appeared first on SHTF & Prepping Central.
Everything you Need to Know About Prepper Shelters Recently I asked a friend if he thought he was prepared for a disaster scenario, something like a severe weather event or a human-caused catastrophe. He said: “Sure I am. I have a week or so worth of non-perishable food in the pantry and my AR-15 in …
The post Everything you Need to Know About Prepper Shelters appeared first on SHTF & Prepping Central.
Completely Sustainable Gardening Gardening starts as a fun hobby and before you know it your buying gas masks! Well, maybe its not that bad. After a while it gets under your skin though. From a small raised bed you often wind up taking more and more real estate from the backyard. The good news is …
Tarp Tents We are always looking for new and exciting shelter options. There are a lot of options when it comes to using tarps as shelters. When I happened upon this article I didn’t think I would find out so much about the opportunity of tarps. There are some serious methods for creating legitimate shelter …
Easy DIY Wood Pallet Projects Wood pallets are one of the best materials you can use for DIY projects. They are readily accessible and usually free to acquire. Most of the pallets you will find are free of dangerous chemicals, and the ones that aren’t are clearly marked. To top it all off, pallet projects …
If you’ve never tried making soap at home before, this beginner’s guide will give you the confidence you need to start making soap like a pro!
We have another guest post for you with 7 Simple DIY Projects for Survivalists from Sarah Jones. 7 Simple DIY Projects for Survivalists Nothing is as bad as having to be caught off guard. I Read More …
Have you ever wondered which are the first items to disappear from the shelves in an emergency situation? If you did, I bet you’ve reached the same conclusion as yours truly: water, food, and guns, in no particular order.
Because water and food are essential survival items needed on a daily basis – never mind an emergency/SHTF situation – they’re among the first to make the “extinct” list at any grocery store or seven-eleven.
And while you can live for a couple of weeks sans food, the story with water is way more dramatic; you’ll croak in 2-3 days tops without water.
And what’s even worse, even if you manage to get some water from a – let’s say dubious – source, drinking impure water is almost as bad as not drinking at all. Besides the fact that you can get sick from bacteria/chemical pollutants, you may spread the disease you’ve contracted from unfiltered water to the members of your community, to your children etc. You got the idea.
You should also be aware of the fact that a community’s water supply is one of the first essential resources to be compromised/contaminated in a disaster.
This short preamble is aimed at emphasizing the fact that water filters are essential, must-have items in every respectable prepper’s paraphernalia. Some of the water filters on the market can be described as the rock star of water filters, one of those inventions which made prepping great again in North America!
About the Best Water Filters on the Market
For example, Berkey water filter systems are arguably the most popular brand among preppers and regular folk living in areas where water is not safe for drinking for various reasons: disaster sites, rural areas etc. Using one of these bad boys, you’ll be able to produce potable water from various sources like rain water or water from rivers, streams, lakes, or wherever.
They are so popular thanks to their high quality and their performance, and that’s due to their proprietary/state of the art cleanable micro permeable ceramic filter elements. This type of ceramic filter is long-lasting, highly effective, and if we’re talking about a gravity fed water filtering system, it requires no electricity. This type of water filter system will cost you around $250-$300 (depending on your location) and I am talking about the 2.5 gallon system. The Imperial Berkey, which is a 4.5 gallon system will easily cost you north of $350.
Now, for example, if you take a look at the Big Berkey, which in my neck of the woods will drain around $400, what you really have here is a couple of fancy-looking, stainless steel-made, big buckets, and that makes for an accurate description if there ever was one, at least in my opinion. I’m not saying that it’s not worth the price, but if you can’t afford to spend that kind of money, relax; there are ways around it.
What’s not so great about the the best water filters on the market is that it will cost you beaucop dollars. However, the good news is that you can save a lot of dough DIY-ing your own water filter in the same style. I am talking about saving approximately $200 here, which can be used for more useful things, like stockpiling food and ammo, or paying your bills.
How a Ceramic Walter Filter Works
This water filter works something like this: the top bucket contains the aforementioned state of the art ceramic filters. The water leaves the top bucket, gets filtered through the filters, and then it drains into the lower bucket. That’s all there is to it, really, simple and effective. All gravity-fed water filters work the same, regardless of the brand.
However, there’s another, less expensive way to get your own high-quality water filtering system by using just the Berkey filters and ditching the rest of the fancy-looking assembly.Yeah, you got that right: you’ll still use those top notch Berkey-made filters, but you’ll DIY the rest of the device, saving big bucks in the process.
How to DIY Your Own Expensive Water Filter on a Budget
Of course, since you’ll most likely be using plastic buckets for the DIY job, your homemade filter will lack the “wow” factor of a stainless steel-made one, but the water quality will be just the same, and that’s all that matters in final analysis. This is not a beauty contest.
What You Need
As per materials required, you’ll need a couple of 2- or 5-gallon food-grade plastic buckets (pay attention to the food grade part) with lids.
The buckets can be usually procured for free from restaurants or grocery stores. Stay away from pickle buckets if you can, as the smell is hard to wash out. If you can’t find free food-grade buckets, you can go for the out-of-pocket option and buy them new. They aren’t very expensive; 5-10 bucks. You can go for stainless steel containers (especially if you already have them) instead of plastic buckets, as stainless steel is more sanitary than plastic.
Besides the plastic/steel containers, the main component in your DIY water filtering system is the Berkey filter element. You’ll need two of those (they always come in pairs) and they’re easy to get on the Internet from places like Amazon.com.
And here comes the crux of the trick: a genuine Berkey replacement filter costs anywhere between 30% and 50% of the whole water filter; here’s where you save the big bucks. If this filter is too much for your budget, don’t worry; there are many other brands to choose from on Amazon which are cheaper. Just look for .01-.02 micron ceramic water filters and make sure you read the reviews, thus making sure you’re buying the good stuff.
Finally, you’ll need a spigot, and obviously you can get a Berkey system spigot or that kind used for water coolers from Amazon or Ebay.
As per tools, all that’s required for a basic DIY water filtering system is a power drill.
With the gear taken care of, you’ll have to drill some holes through the plastic buckets and then attach the water filtering elements and the spigots. It’s a pretty straight forward job and very simple.
Keep in mind to prime the filters prior to installing them into the pails; i.e. flush them with water at your kitchen sink. Don’t worry because there are instructions for doing this included in the package.
Another thing: after you’re finished with assembling your water filtering system, discard the first 2-3 batches of filtered water.That’s because you’ll want to flush out all the potential residue left inside the filters from the manufacturing process.
If you want to filter the fluoride from the water (regular black Berkey filters don’t do that) you’ll have to go the extra mile and buy a couple of optional fluoride filters. They’re easy to install, as they just screw on the bottom of the regular filters. There are attaching instructions in the bundle.
Black Berkey filters are good enough for providing you with 6000 gallons of crystal clear water before requiring replacement, meaning that they’re last you for at least a couple of years if not more. Fluoride filters must be renewed sooner: every 1000 gallons or so, approximately. If you’re going to use 5-gallon buckets for your DIY job, you’ll have to buy replacement filters for the Imperial Berkey system.
And here come the video tutorials.
The simplest of the bunch, this is a guy using 2 recycled plastic buckets and a screwdriver (not even a power tool!) for DIYing his own water filtering system. It’s a 15 minute job.
Video first seen on Steve Spence.
And here’s another, with the whole DIY job made by a nice lady.
Video first seen on namegatherer.
Finally, a higher-end job: a water purifier built using 16-quart stainless steel stockpots with lid. This job is a little bit more difficult, as it involves cutting through steel and all that, but it’s doable.
Video first seen on thebossoftheswamp.
I hope the article helped. If you have any question or comments, feel free to speak your mind in the dedicated section below.
Never worry about having safe water again.
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This article has been written by Chris Black for Survivopedia.
Having a healthy insect population in your garden is a good thing, but when you’re camping you can run into all sorts of things like mosquitoes, flies, spiders, ticks, fleas, ants and mites. If you’re an avid gardener, you might also want to keep the insect population on your lovelies in check. Pesticides and insect repellents can contain harmful ingredients (or you might not have access to them), and you might want to opt for a natural way that doesn’t harm you, your family or the bugs in question.
By Alex Coyne, a contributing author of SurvivalCache and SHTFBlog.com
Here are some of the most effective ways to repel bugs naturally…
#1: Crushed basil leaves
What’s homemade Italian cooking without some basil? It’s an essential addition to any herb garden – as most chefs will tell you! Fresh, crushed basil leaves placed on a table will keep flies away while you’re eating: This is especially handy for camping trips, picnics or hot days.
#2: A solution of yeast, water and sugar
Yeast is something you should always have in the house. A solution of yeast and sugar – to feed the yeast and attract the bugs – will keep flies away. This is the natural version of the bug-zapper. Just remember to change it out every couple of days – or hours, depending on how huge your fly problem is.
#3: Homemade fly strips
There’s no reason you should have to buy fly strips. (If you’ve ever tried getting one down again without sticking hundreds of fly corpses to yourself, you might not want to buy them again….). Boil some sugar water (or water with a bit of money in it) and add strips of paper. Hang these up, and they will attract flies pretty much just like a fly strip would. Again, change and dispose of these periodically.
Read Also: Oak Trees and Survival Food
#4: Clove essential oil
Flies (and some humans) absolutely hate the scent of clove oil, so if you’re trying to get a handle on a fly problem, get some essential oil to make a spray with and spray in the areas the flies happen to frequent. Keep clove oil as part of your natural arsenal anyway, as it can also be used as a natural and very effective (though temporary) remedy for toothache: If you do not have the oil, bite down on a clove.
#5: Yellow globes
Yellow light naturally repels bugs (including moths and mosquitoes) at night, so if you have an ongoing problem with either, start by changing your lights – and, it should go without saying, getting a mosquito net to go with your bed. They’re cheaper than getting treated for malaria, or, y’know, being buried.
#6: Burning coffee grounds
Used coffee grounds can be burned – over a fire, like you would incense or dried herbs – to get rid of mosquitoes. If you’re a regular camper, it’s likely that you love the smell of coffee by a campfire, so it doesn’t cost you anything to do this as part of your process anyway.
#7: Rose geranium for ticks
Ticks can carry diseases like tick bite fever, and if you’re going to the woods or African bush you’ll want to check your body regularly. Rose geranium, in an essential oil on the skin (or diluted in a spray), is commonly recommended to get rid of ticks. This works on both man and beast, by the way, so it’s even great for your dogs.
#8: Black pepper for ants
Black pepper, sprinkled where you don’t want them to go or diluted in a spray, will keep ants in check and away you’re your food. Of course, don’t leave open food lying around for ants either – get containers that seal (and seal properly). Cayenne pepper works just as well, but you don’t want to get that in your eyes.
Vinegar is commonly recommended as a repellent for spiders: Diluted, spray it if you don’t want to follow the spiders. Apple cider vinegar (again, diluted in water) will also keep away ticks and fleas on both humans and animals. Keep in mind that cats hate the smell of vinegar (and it’s also a cat repellent), so dilute pretty well if you plan on using it on your cats. Internally, it’s given to cats and dogs to treat a bladder infection.
#10: Caffeine for mites
Caffeine is a naturally occurring pesticide, and a weak coffee spray on plants will keep all sorts of pests away, including mites.
Garlic keeps away more than just vampires. You can also increase the amount of garlic in your diet to keep away mosquitoes: They really don’t like the smell of it. (If your camping mates don’t either, chewing on some parsley will neutralize the smell of garlic on your breath after some buttery garlic bread.)
Check Out: Protecting Your Soil Over Winter
#12: Mint leaves
Mint leaves, fresh and crushed, in an oil or in a spray will keep away mosquitoes – and a range of other bugs including moths. Catnip is technically family of mint, and much of the same properties that apply to mint apply to catnip. (For those with heart problems, take care when ingesting mint.)
#13: Lavender for moths
Lavender has been recommended for years as a remedy for calm and aiding sleep, but it turns out that dried lavender pouches work just as well for keeping moths out of your clothes. (This tip comes courtesy of Martha Stewart – the queen of homemaking hacks.)
#14: Citronella for mosquitoes
Citronella candles or oil should always be part of your camping kit as a bug repellent. It’s commonly recommended for mosquitoes, and is a great natural replacement for mosquito coils.
Both sage and rosemary can be burned over a fire to get rid of mosquitoes naturally. (And again, both are great additions to whatever you’ve got cooking on the fire, too!)
What have you used as a natural bug repellent? Use the comments to let us know.
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How to Make Fire With a Lemon – Fact or Fiction? When SHTF, sometimes we need to get creative. While you may not have all of these items on hand, I just wanted to show you what you can do with items you may be able to scavenge and a little ingenuity (MacGyver anyone?). Ok, …
When the air smells bad, and the water tastes awkward, you know something is wrong with them, and most probably they are polluted.
While many people have traded the safety and cleansing power of activated charcoal for all kinds of poisonous air sprays and dangerous municipal water supplies, activated carbon can save your life now as well as in the future.
You can make activated carbon at home, if you have proper tools and materials. This substance has a lot of uses, and air and water filtration is on top of them as it offers the widest range of protection against a range of chemicals.
Read the following article and learn how to deal with it!
How to Make Activated Carbon
Even though activated carbon is not especially difficult to make, you will still need the right tools and materials. Here are the basic steps:
Step 1 – You will need wood or some other dense plant fiber to burn. Hardwood, coconuts, or just about anything else that is porous and will burn well can be used for this purpose. Make sure the material is as dry as possible before burning it.
Step 2 – Put the material in a pot and cover it. The pot should have some ventilation holes in it, however the flow of oxygen should remain limited. If you know how to make tinder cloth, then you can use a similar process for making charcoal.
Step 3 – If you have a campfire going, set the pot on the fire. The temperature will have to be hot enough to cause the material within the pot to burn. Your goal is to burn off everything but the carbon. It may take several hours for this process to complete. During that time, you should see smoke and gas escaping from the pot.
Step 4 – Let the charcoal cool, and then rinse it to remove any ash or other debris.
Step 5 – Grind the charcoal into a powder. As you get better at making activated carbon, you can try leaving it in small chunks. Remember that later on, the charcoal will need to be saturated with a chemical that will increase pore size.
If the chunks are too large, you may not achieve this goal, and the resulting activated carbon will not be as efficient or as effective. Make sure the charcoal from Step 5 (this step) is completely dry before mixing it with anything else.
Step 6 – Next, you will either need bleach, calcium chloride, or lemon juice to turn the charcoal into activated carbon. Of the three materials, calcium chloride can be made from natural resources as long as you observe some basic safety precautions.
To make calcium chloride, work outdoors or in some other well ventilated area, and wear goggles, safety gloves that are resistant to acids and other chemicals, and other protective gear. Start off with hydrochloric acid (you can obtain this from the stomach of any animal you have hunted and refine it from there) and limestone (your main source of calcium carbonate).
Put the hydrochloric into a glass beaker, but don’t fill more than ¼ of the vessel (some people go as high as half. It is best to start with small amounts until you are more sure of how the chemicals will react to each other).
Carefully pour calcium carbonate powder into the hydrochloric acid until the solution stops bubbling. Once the reaction is complete, pour the solution through a strainer so that any lumps are removed. Next, you can heat the solution to remove any excess water. The powder left behind is calcium chloride.
Step 7 – Next, mix the material you choose from step 5, and combine it with 75% water.
Step 8 – Pour enough of the mix from Step 7 into the charcoal so that the charcoal is completely covered.
Step 9 – Let the charcoal sit for 24 hours.
Step 10 – Drain all liquid from the carbon and rinse it to remove any stray chemical left behind.
Step 11 – Remove as much water as possible. The charcoal should be wet without being completely saturated.
Step 12 – Place the charcoal back in the metal pot and let it cook for about 3 hours. If the fire is hot enough to boil water, it will be just the right temperature to finish converting charcoal into activated carbon.
How to Use Carbon for Filtration
Do you ever notice that when you travel to certain areas, the air smells really bad? Do you also notice that this sensation seems to fade after a few days? The air around you is so dirty it is probably making you and your family members very sick even though your nose had adapted to it.
From higher volumes of cars passing to garbage dumps and industrial smokestacks, there are actually very few places left where there is safe, clean air to breathe. Here are just a few contaminants that trigger everything from asthma to increased risk of panic attacks, heart problems, and other diseases:
- Aside from carbon monoxide, automobiles also release other dangerous chemicals into the air, and some of them are known to trigger asthma and other breathing disorders.
- Medical waste and rubbish dumps release dangerous chemicals into the air. If you smell something bad in the air when downwind of a dump, then this is the natural gas released by the piles of garbage. The dump may also be releasing all kinds of chemicals created when trash mixes together and new substances begin to form. You can’t tell just how many of these substances cause cancer or other health problems simply because you inhaled the disgusting odor of rotting trash.
- Factories and power plants also release volatile organic compounds and other chemicals into the air. You may be able to smell some of them, while others are odorless.
If you spend the money and time to build an air quality sensor capable of detecting specific chemicals, you’ll be amazed at how dangerous the air around you really is. It will get much worse after a crisis because of increased numbers of fires and a lack of tools, labor, and resources required to manage dangerous chemicals.
Activated carbon can be used to remove most volatile organic compounds, and many other chemical based contaminants from the air. In fact, if you suffer from chronic medical problems, you might need a pre-fabricated carbon filter attached to a fan or some other source of air flow. Aside from cleaner smelling air, it will ease your health problems.
If you are concerned about gas attacks or other social collapse related scenarios – these kinds of filters will be essential if you plan to stay in your home. While there is much more to prepping for an air quality related disaster, activated carbon filters are a good place to start.
There are a number of furnace filters available that have activated carbon in them. In most cases, these are little more than a liquid solution of activated carbon added to the filter media. You can try experimenting with your own versions to see if you can get a filter that effectively removes odors (and therefore their cause) from the air.
Make Respirators and Gas Masks Using Activated Carbon
Even if you could seal off your home entirely from the outside world, it would not be a feasible option. Gases and bio weapons will easily seep through even the tiniest crack and can be devastating, and there will also be times when you have to leave your location. And if you are away from your bug out location, you’ll need to protect your lungs as much as possible.
These are reasons why making and wearing a viable gas mask or respirator is very important. As with air filters, activated carbon offers the widest range of protection against a range of chemicals. Considering the rising rate of smog and other air pollutants, activated carbon masks are also very important for improving and maintaining a reasonable level of health. In fact, in many Asian countries, people don’t go outdoors or exercise without wearing an activated carbon mask.
While this is a fairly rare sight in the United States, those who know the truth are doing the exact same thing. If you have asthma or other chronic breathing problems, even a surgical style mask with activated carbon in it can make a big difference.
I have personally noticed a 50% reduction in noxious odors from insecticides, smog, and other fumes when wearing this kind of mask. Others that have tried them notice a 70% or better reduction. While I have not tried the wrap-around designs more common in Asian countries, I suspect they would be more effective because they would seal off the areas where I tend to get the most air leaks.
A surgical style activated carbon mask is better than nothing, however you will need a more robust respirator design for gas attacks and other dangerous situations. You can try making them from soda bottles or purchase one made for this purpose, as you see in the video below.
Video first seen on BlackScoutSurvival.
Just remember to practice breathing with these masks, and they can and do restrict air flow. Also make sure you keep the mask clean and change the cartridges on a regular basis. As good as activated carbon is at filtering out many kinds of chemicals, the pores in it still fill up quickly, hence the need to replace the cartridges often.
You can and should try taking used cartridges apart to see if you can find a way to refill the activated carbon part. Even if you cannot obtain or make the other filter media, at least you may be able to keep this vital part of the mask working for a longer period of time.
Using Activated Carbon for Water Filtration
As a prepper, you may already be giving a lot more thought to water quality than air quality, but activated carbon isn’t only useful for removing the bad taste from water after it has been boiled. That bad taste is an indicator that the water isn’t as clean as you think it is.
Boiling water will kill off bacteria, however it will actually cause an increase in the concentration of heavy metals, pesticides, and even dangerous drugs that have leached into just about every potable water supply at the surface level. While activated carbon will not remove all heavy metals, it is excellent for removing most other dangerous chemicals and drugs.
Typically, filtering water with activated carbon is a lot easier than filtering air. At the simplest, just add some activated carbon to a clean sock and pour the water through it. You can also make your own cartridges and add a pump for larger volumes of water.
Video first seen on MakerBoat.
When designing your own system, don’t forget to make it easy to change the cartridge as well as detect when it needs to be changed. Since many water quality issues reflect in changes in pH, you may want to try building a pH sensor into your system so that you know when to change the filter.
As you can see, making activated carbon isn’t especially difficult. No matter whether you are concerned about improving your health and lifestyle now, or want to do as well as possible during and after a social collapse, activated carbon should be a household staple.
Even if you get started by simply buying products with activated carbon, it will give you a chance to see how useful it is before you delve into making your own activated carbon exclusively from natural resources. Once you acquire this skill, you will be well on your way to managing a number of emergencies that may not be as high on your priority list as others.
Nevertheless, when the situation demands, at least you will have something on hand to deal with it.
Never worry about having safe water again.
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This article has been written by Carmela Tyrell for Survivopedia.
Nearly every part of the common dandelion, from its brilliant yellow petals, to its roots have been foraged throughout history for food, drink and medicine. A rich source of beta-carotene,
Compared to regular paraffin candles, soy candles might not seem all that different at first glance. A candle’s a candle, right? The similarities between paraffin candles and soy candles are only surface-deep. There are many reasons why these vegetable oil-derived candles are much better than regular ones. Because they’re made from soybeans, they’re natural and completely renewable. Soy candles also burn longer and cleaner than paraffin ones, producing less black soot once they’ve finished burning. They’re non-toxic as well, unlike paraffin candles which have been shown to release carcinogenic chemicals when melted.
Picture it: you’re enjoying a nice night at home when the power suddenly goes out. You stumble through the darkness to get your box of emergency candles. You light them up them up and wait for the power to come back on. The candles burn quickly and leave soot behind. These store-bought candles will do in a pinch but they could be better. You could do better…and you can by making your own soy candles.
You don’t need anything super fancy to make your own soy candles. You just need a few materials and time. You would need:
- Soy wax flakes
- Containers (Canning jars, normal glasses, and even tin cans will do)
- Tabs and wicks (If you don’t have access to these, rolled cotton is a good alternative)
- Double boiler or two pots
- Optional: wooden spoon
- Optional: scented oils (We recommend lemon and lavender)
- Optional: Aluminum foil
- Prepare everything beforehand. Melted wax solidifies quickly, so you’ll want to make sure that you’ve have your jars or cans ready. Place your wicks and tabs inside their containers.
- Place your double-boiler on the stove. If all you only have two different pots, fill the larger pot with water a third of the way and then insert the smaller pot inside the larger one. Turn on the heat, bring your double boiler (or pots) to a boil, and then add the soy wax flakes.
- Wait for your soy wax flakes to completely melt. You can stir the melting wax with a wooden spoon to speed up the process. If you want scented candles, this is the time to add the scented oils. Remove the pot from the stove and then stir in your scented oils. For every pound of melted wax, use one ounce of essential oils.
- Once the soy wax flakes have fully melted, pour them into their containers. Don’t fill the containers up all the way toprevent the wax from spilling out. Leave a one-inch margin between the rim of the container and the wax. If you used rolled cotton wool, be sure to add them after you’ve poured in the wax to prevent the steam from making them soggy. Use aluminum foil to center the cotton wool inside their containers.
- Cool down your soy candles and wait for them to harden. It’s best to let them sit overnight at room temperature to prevent the soy candles from cracking.
That’s all it takes to make your own soy candles. These are great to have for around your home because they’ll burn for hours at a time. If you’re planning on making soy candles for camping, it’s best to use aluminum cans and keep them unscented for safety purposes. Otherwise, you’re free to make and use them as you wish.
Source : naturalnews.com
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In choosing to live a life that is more self-reliant, one should value being a good steward of their resources and learn how to reuse or recycle items to serve other purposes. If we are in a downward economic spiral, like many believe, we will need to learn how to do more with less, to be frugal, value DIY and become resourceful.
I tried to put some “walk to my talk” a few weekends back when I reused old hangers as landscaping staples.
After the demise of my two backyard chickens, my coop started to fall into disrepair. Since I didn’t want to raise chickens anymore (although we all loved the eggs), I put the coop up on Craigslist and eventually gave it to a family that was homesteading. As you would expect, the chickens tore up the ground, including ripping up the weed blocker that was WAY below their coop. As the coop laid empty, weeds started popping up everywhere. Since we have a pool and people come over often, I wanted to get it ready for Summertime pool parties and such.
I knew when the local Boy Scout troop came around selling bags of mulch for a fundraiser, that I was in luck. I would have normally purchased bulk mulch, had it dropped into the bed of my truck and then spend the time carrying it from the truck bed to the backyard. But, by supporting the local Boy Scout troop, I was able to get the mulch delivered and dropped off right in my backyard!
I had weed blocker left over from previous years, so that wasn’t an expense. I didn’t have the landscaping staples to hold the weed blocker down in the ground, and in all honesty, my experience with them is that they are not very useful anyway. They are usually too short and start to pop-up.
I have a ton of wire hangers from getting my clothes laundered at the cleaners. I know it is an expense, but it is worth it to me. I used to spend a lot of time ironing my clothes in the morning, this way, I get to spend more time in prayer and reading my Bible. So, it’s worth it to me!
In the past, I have come across various articles that give tips on how to reuse wire hangers for various purposes. I usually take loads of wire hangers up to the country to have them up there for whenever we might need some wire. But, I decided to use about nine to make some super long landscape staples to hold the weed blocker down while I spread the mulch.
The only tools I used were some pliers and snips. I really didn’t even need the pliers!
See the pics below.
I started by cutting off the hanger’s hook.
I then cut the long piece even with one of the shorter ends, and did the same to the other side. This left me a small 2″ piece to throw away. I straightened out the “hanger” staples a little before inserting them into the weed blocker.
Weed blocker before the DIY Landscaping Staples.
Because the DIY Landscaping Staples are so much longer than regular landscaping staples, they really stuck into the ground, even when I was walking all over the weed blocker.
The Boy Scouts made this easy…
This isn’t groundbreaking, earthshattering preparedness here. But, it does speak to reusing items to benefit your quality of life. I see many people give their hangers back to the cleaners when they pick up their clothes. I’m ok with that. That is their version of recycling. However, I figure that the hangers are part of my payment for the cleaning, so I want to use them for something that I can benefit from.
This little project didn’t take me anytime. But I know that the hanger staples will stay much better than landscaping staples I could have purchased from Home Depot or Amazon.
What other ways have you used hangers?
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If you’re an outdoor enthusiast or just well versed in the fine arts of prepping, I bet you already know about alcohol stoves, either DIY or commercially available ones. The thing is, if you’re looking for the lightest, cheapest and most reliable stove possible, the alcohol stove is the one for you.
There are plenty of companies out there who manufacture and sell alcohol stoves, but the good news is that you can build your own for next to nothing while using basic tools and skills.
There are a few myths and lies out there about DIY alcohol stoves. For example, some say that they don’t really work and they’re not reliable. Yes, they actually do work in real life, just ask old school hikers or your local bum.
Alcohol Stove – Myths Debunked
An alcohol stove is not suited for just any situation, as it has obvious limitations. For example, a small DIY alcohol stove is not the ideal tool for melting large amounts of snow or for cooking food for a family of ten.
A homemade, lightweight and compact alcohol stove makes for the perfect companion while camping, hiking or backpacking solo. Thousands of outdoor enthusiasts have been using them regularly for decades now with zero complaints, so yes, alcohol stoves do work admirably in their niche.
Another myth about alcohol stoves is that they’re not reliable. Very fake news folks. A well-built alcohol stove will last you forever, as it has no moving parts, i.e. it’s that kind of “Russian design”, simple and sturdy. Also there are no filters to get clogged and so on and so forth.
The most common type of DIY project is a soda-can alcohol stove; the point is, even if it “breaks”, you can build another one on the spot with readily available materials (back to that in a jiffy), so the reliability issue is pure nonsense.
Some say that alcohol stoves are dangerous. Again, very fake news, considering that playing with fire is always dangerous, hence in that regard all stoves are “dangerous” if you’re not paying attention.
The problem with alcohol stoves is that if you knock them over while cooking, the fuel inside can easily spill.
Just remember a few simple rules while cooking with these bad boys and you’ll be fine: don’t cook on flammable surfaces, keep flammable materials away from your lit stove, always keep a bottle of water nearby when cooking (or a fire extinguisher, whatever), be careful when cooking during the day as the alcohol flame is almost invisible (don’t get burned), avoid cooking in windy weather as it makes controlling the flame difficult, don’t add fuel if your stove is already burning, never cook inside your tent, and avoid using your alcohol stove in enclosed areas which lack proper ventilation (think carbon monoxide poisoning).
Also, never leave the burning stove unattended and, after using it, let it to cool down for 10 minutes before handling it.
Another thing about DIY alcohol stoves is that they have a bad rep for crushing easily. That’s somewhat true, considering that they’re often built using soda cans, which are basically thin sheets of aluminum.
Even the ones manufactured from (tougher) tin cans can get crushed if you step on them, but that’s a feature, not a bug! I am only kidding; however, the simple solution to the issue is not to step on them. Store them inside a hard sided box/container like your cook pot when you’re not using’em.
Finally, there’s another myth about alcohol stoves not working at high altitudes and/or in low temperatures. I can tell you from firsthand experience that a DIY alcohol stove works just fine at 6,000 feet above sea level, so for all practical purposes, assuming that you’re not climbing Everest using DIY alcohol stoves, you’ll be just fine.
The thing is, given the fact that the oxygen content in the atmosphere decreases with altitude, an alcohol stove (or any other open-flame type of stove) will not be as efficient at 5000 feet as it is at sea level, but then again, that holds true for any type of fire.
Also, I’ve used soda can stoves in temperatures as low as 15 degrees Fahrenheit and without noticing a degrading in terms of performance. Just to give you a picture about how efficient these babies are, I’ve read that the Finnish and Swedish army uses alcohol stoves all year round, and it gets pretty cold out there in northern Europe (think -10 Fahrenheit winters).
How to DIY an Alcohol Stove
Now with the misconceptions taken care of, let’s concentrate on the DIY part.
Why DIY instead of buying one? Well, first, it’s lots of fun doing things on your own, especially if you’re into prepping. Secondly, you’ll save money in the process and third, you may end up caught in a hairy situation someday with no hardware store around, so you’ll be forced to improvise your own gear.
And yes, a DIY alcohol stove can be improvised with ease almost anywhere in the world, provided you have the fuel available. The simplest alcohol stove can be built using nothing more than 2 empty cans of soda, a nail for puncturing holes, a razor blade, a penny and a thumbtack. Yes indeed, it’s that simple folks.
As per the fuel, you can buy large amounts of (at least 70%) methanol/methyl alcohol/rubbing alcohol at any hardware store for a few pennies.
Alcohol Stove Comparison
If you’re the picky type of person, take a look at this alcohol stove comparison and make up your own mind about what type of “design” you want to concentrate on.
Video first seen on ITS Tactical / Imminent Threat Solutions.
The Beverage Can Stove
The easiest DIY project is the beverage can stove. There are other ideas, usually more complicated, but the beverage can stove is the hikers all-time favorite. Its beauty is its simplicity, like a Swiss watch, if you know what I mean.
In the first step, you’ll have to cut the bases of the 2 cans approximately 1.5 inches from the bottoms.
Next, drill the burner holes in the top can, including the fuel drainage hole, then there’s the cutting of the top can. The base of the bottom should be filled with a material that will soak up the alcohol (acts like a wick); for example, fine sand or even more fancy stuff, like perlite (a siliceous rock, easy to find at gardening centers).
In the next step, you’ll fit the 2 parts of the stove together; just take a look at the next video tutorial and you’ll see about the fine details.
Video first seen on IntenseAngler.
Just remember to prime the stove before use, i.e. you’ll have to pour a tsp. of fuel in the dimple of the stove (on top) and light it up. In this way, you’ll heat the fuel inside, which will evaporate, and your oven will magically start working.
Here’s another video about how to make a soda can/beer can stove, which compares 2 types of designs.
Video first seen on Andrew W.
The Tornado Wick Jet Alcohol Stove
Here’s a Tornado Wick Jet Alcohol Stove, a fancy DIY project by all means and a more elaborate one, which is more of an exercise in cool design and mad skills.
Video first seen on tetkoba’s Alcohol Stove Addict.
The Tin Can Stove
An alternative to this relatively flimsy (yet very easy to DIY) beverage can stove is the tin can stove. This baby is not made of aluminum but from tin, which makes it more stable, hence more difficult to knock over.
Also it’s stronger and less prone to accidental crushing. Finally, steel retains heat better than aluminum. Soup/baked bean cans are made of tin for example.
The problem with this type of DIY alcohol stove is that tin is harder to cut/process than aluminum.
Here’s an idea (this guy doesn’t use tin cans but that’s not the point) and you’ll see what type of tools are required for processing stronger tin.
Video first seen on Nick Van Leuven.
The Cream Box Stove
Video first seen on Mr. Llega.
Here’s an idea for an alcohol stove improvised from a Nivea cream box (made of tin) and it makes for the best of both worlds, i.e. it’s not aluminum made (it’s stronger) and it doesn’t require too much effort to build it (all you have to do is to drill a few holes).
If you have any question or comments, feel free to speak your mind in the dedicated section below. Good luck, have fun!
This article has been written by Chris Black for Survivopedia.
A tree stand was referred to as a deer stand back in the days as it was constructed for deer hunting purposes only. A tree stand is a structure that helps hunters in spotting the game from a considerable height. And what this does is improve the accuracy of your shot. So why wouldn’t you want to learn how to build a tree stand?
It’s not important for you to use tree stands to hunt deer only. You can also build one for other types of game. Spotting your target from a great distance and height goes a long way in capturing all kinds of prey.
So it’s better that you learn how to get the job done yourself instead of hiring someone, which might put a hole in your wallet.
A step by step guide
What you see below is a step by step guide to building the basic tree stand with a ladder. This structure is considered to be the simplest yet most popular tree stand for all kinds of purposes. The only factor that you need to keep in mind while performing the procedure is safety.
What you will need:
- 2 wood beams (2-inch thickness, 4-inch width, and 20 ft long)
- Additional 2 x 4 inches wood beams
- Plywood measuring 55 x 46 inches
- Building the ladder
Lay down both the wood beams next to each other. You need to make sure that the wood beams have a width of 4 inches and thickness of 2 inches. Place them in such a way that the 2-inch thickness is facing upward.
Now it’s time to cut out the rungs for the ladder. Cut at least 14 pieces measuring 2 feet from the additional wood beams.
Place these rungs between the two original wood beams in such a way that each rung is at least 18-20 inches vertically apart. You can fasten the rungs with the help of screws and a screwdriver.
- Building the seat
This is an important step when learning how to build a tree stand. Setting up the platform or seat is a procedure that should carry out keeping in mind two essential factors. These are safety and comfort.
Look for two sturdy parallel branches. These you’ll find in large trees. Cut 2 pieces of 2.5 ft in length from the 2 x 4-inch additional wood beams. Nail these to the branch, at the top. You can do this using a hammer. And remember to fasten them in a perpendicular manner.
Now it’s time to nail the plywood over the wood boards installed earlier. The standard size of the plywood piece is 55 x 46 inches, but this can vary. It all depends on how big or small the hunter is.
For better seat support, it’s important to nail two additional 2 x 4-inch beams under the platform. The beams should be nailed diagonally to the tree trunk at the lower point. This provides enough support to keep the plywood platform high and steady.
- Connecting the seat to the ladder
The final step is to nail two other additional pieces of 2.5 ft in length from the other wood beams. Nail these to the ladder, at the top and perpendicular to its rungs. You can screw the pieces under the platform to add the perfect finishing touch to the structure.
Here’s another way:
The different kinds of tree stands
There are three different types of stands. And do you know why? It’s because every tree stand serves a different purpose. These are suitable for specific areas and hunting styles. So you need to decide based on your preferences and hunting skills.
The primary or most common type of tree stand, discussed above, comes with a ladder. Let’s find out more about it and the other two models.
- The ladder stand
You know how to build a tree stand with a ladder now, don’t you? This is the one that has a ladder and seat. You should be aware that such tree stands are not portable, obviously. Since the seat and ladder are immovable, you can’t transfer the structure from one place to another.
- The lock on stand
This version is comparatively safer and lighter than the other two. Think of a small-sized tree house built with screws. The screws are attached to the tree, which makes the stand difficult to remove. So this is yet another non-portable option.
- The climber stand
This is considered to be the most suitable choice for bowhunters. You can attach them to trees with the help of ratchet straps. The process is easy to perform even if you’re a beginner.
The best part about climber stands is that you can detach them and use it in another spot or take them home after your hunting expedition. These are the best and only portable options available in the industry.
How to choose the correct hunting location?
Knowing how to build a tree stand is important, isn’t it? But what we, as hunters, fail to understand is that finding the right location for hunting is equally crucial.
Areas where you spot deer frequently are hard to locate. But here’s a useful tip. Try to identify deer tracks, scrapes, or rubs. These are signs that lead you to crowded deer locations.
It is highly likely that you might find a deer in that particular place daily. This is how they move around, isn’t it? Another sign to look out for is fresh water pond or water shortage. The chances of spotting a buck in such vicinity are pretty high. It’s around these areas that they tend to shack up.
Picking the proper tree for your tree stand
Learning how to build a tree stand is not enough. You need to know how to pick the right tree for the job. So let’s find out, shall we?
- The tree that you select should have tall, straight stems without too many branches. Otherwise, ascending the tree becomes slightly difficult. And this might lead to removing the branches. Such a practice does not abide by the law if the property is not private and prohibits chopping down trees.
- The most suitable trees for stands are those that are perpendicularly downwind. They should not be in the traveling direction of the animal. This helps in keeping you away from your target’s sight and attention.
- Bow hunters typically select a tree located as far as at least 15-20 yards away from the hunting area.
- It doesn’t matter what your size is; the tree should offer sufficient width. The goal is to avoid the possibility of being spotted by the animal. So pick a tree that will do an excellent job at hiding the silhouette of your entire body.
- The sitting area of every tree stand is above 25 feet, right? Please remember this when learning how to build a tree stand. So in such situations, the tree should be able to provide sufficient coverage. This comes in the form of abundant leaves.
Trees that offer such coverage are maple, cedars, and oak. They are considered to be the best when it comes to providing camouflage during this part of your hunting expedition.
[YouTube video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kXpVsooXCvM]
Hunting deer requires you to make use of efficient yet easy strategies. And a high tree stand is one of them. If you’re an avid hunter, building an elevated stand in your favorite spot that you know you’ll use for hunting all your life is an excellent idea. Plus, a well-constructed tree stand adds more convenience and comfort to the whole experience.
On the other hand, setting up a portable tree stand is a time-consuming activity. And you don’t have to go through the trouble of doing that every time you want to hunt. On top of that, removing them and carrying them back to the house is also another form of inconvenience. This is why you need something that’s easy to use and will be able to stand the test of time.
We hope that the step by step guide was elaborate enough for you to follow. There’s no need to stick to the exact measurements; you can always use different specifications too. It all depends on your size, hunting style, and personal preferences. The goal is to be able to get on the stand without any difficulty and stay there without being spotted by the animal.
If there’s anything that you would like to add, then please let us know. Feel free to leave your feedback in the comments section below.
We hope to see you again soon. Stay safe!
About the author:
Tony Lohman is not just a writer who talks about outdoor gear and ways to use or build it. He is an enthusiastic adventurer himself. So everything that you read here has been a part of his personal journey – OutdoorHole.com. His articles contain useful tips and information about outdoor activities and suitable equipment. Surviving in the wild is a part of every journey, so Tony Lohman talks about the different ways of doing so in the most practical manner.
The post How to Build a Tree Stand Even for the First Time? appeared first on American Preppers Network.
How Compost Heals Your Soil Its all about the soil. If you plan on growing a survival garden or would like to start seeing real results from your current garden I have to tell you step one is great soil. I spent years trying to push my clay based soil into becoming something more than …
Dating a Non Prepper? Prepping is not an easy thing to admit to. After the damage done by Nat Geo’s terrible Doomsday Preppers show we were all turned into laughable nuts. Of course, that narrative is the one that the general public seems to be stuck on. Its normal to feel guarded and secretive about …
I love spring! Is the perfect time to start new projects around the house, in my garden, for my homestead, and take my prepping goals to the next level. Every new projects means learning a new survival skill or practicing an old one, and you can transform these activities into a fun family activity.
If you are having some extra time and you are looking for cool, fun and easy spring prepper projects, for this week’s Prep Blog Review I’ve gathered four articles on this topic.
Do you have other spring projects on the way? Share them in the comment section!
1. 50+ Things You Can Make Using Essential Oils
“While essential oils have been used for aromatherapy for hundreds of years, these all-natural scents are seeing a spike in popularity as more people are learning about their de-stressing and energizing abilities.
Derived from plants or flowers, most often through steam distillation, essential oils can be used to make scented candles, oil diffusers, even pest repellants.
To show you all the possibilities a little bottle of essential oil holds, we rounded up some of our favorite things to make with essential oils—along with our guides to picking the right scent.”
Read more on Apartment Therapy.
2. Making Furniture and Other Structures With Sticks
“If you’re living off the grid, chances are you are in a rustic setting and possibly/most likely have a rustic dwelling, maybe even a log cabin that you built by hand (that would be awesome).
Well, what would fit with that rustic theme better than rustic furniture?
Clearing the Land
When you make your homestead location, chances are there will be a lot of trees there that you will be cutting down to clear a spot for your home and garden areas.
Besides the heavier logs that come from cutting trees that can be used for making boards, beams, and split rails, you are also going to amass quite a pile of sticks.
No, seriously, there will be a huge pile of sticks. So why not put those sticks to good use? After all, waste not want not, right?”
Read more on Survival Sullivan.
3. The Prepared Home: 5 Prepper Project to Start in the Spring
“ReadyNutrition Guys and Gals, as many of you know, planning is an important aspect of emergency preparedness.
Each year, you should make new plans and practice your new skills.
I wrote an article a little while back about planning (and possibly starting) an icehouse/root cellar during the wintertime.
As of this writing, spring is just around the corner (officially), and the cold weather is starting to retreat bit by bit. We’re going to cover a few ideas for you to pursue during the spring months for building projects around your property.
Let’s jump right into it, with a description of the projects and the reason for building them.”
Read more on Ready Nutrition.
4. Smart Ways to Reuse Things
“My grandparents never threw away a thing that could have been used later on.
They were the old time preppers: stockpiling and re-purposing almost everything.
Today we live in a throwaway society, where even our water comes in a disposable, single use bottle.
Electronics and other consumer goods are expected to last until the next, better model comes out.
Our landfills are filling up and this throwaway mentality benefits only the producer who can sell more.”
Read more on Ask A Prepper.
This article has been written by Drew Stratton for Survivopedia.
When it comes to survival, water is of utmost importance. The problem with water is that it’s pretty hard (as in heavy and voluminous) to carry it on your person, especially when you’re on the move.
That makes the problem even more difficult: if you don’t have water with you when you’re hiking, walking, riding your bike, or whatever, chances are you’ll get dehydrated, and then you’ll be in a world of hurt. Dehydration is a very serious problem, especially in extreme climates (very hot and very cold), as it sets in quickly and makes your life miserable.
That’s why hydration packs were invented in the first place –keeping your body hydrated at all times is absolutely crucial for staying healthy, especially for elderly folk.
As you get older, your body literally dries out, causing your ligaments and tendons to lose their resistance and flexibility. Staying hydrated if you’re a senior citizen is critical to maintaining optimal health.
Regardless of one’s age, poor hydration leads to dry/itchy skin, which is a pest for women, not to mention constipation, nose bleeds, fatigue, headaches, sinus pressure, sneezing/coughs, urinary tract infections (the body can’t wash out the germs accumulating in the bladder if you don’t drink enough water).
All of these conditions result of toxins accumulating in your body. Also, poor hydration is the main enemy of your immune system and it leads to all sorts of imbalances: pH, nutritional, and chemical.
Chronic dehydration is the main cause of daytime fatigue, which seems to be endemic in our modern society, especially among teenagers who rarely drink water nowadays. They have Gatorade, right?
Overall, we lose 3 quarts of water per day and half of that is through breathing alone. If you have a dynamic/active lifestyle, i.e. you walk a lot or you’re into physical labor. If you jog or you’re a workout aficionado or whatever, you’re playing in a different league.
The simplest way to determine if you’re properly hydrated is to check out the color of your urine. If it’s light yellow, you’re okay; if not, chances are you’re not drinking enough water.
Keep in mind that eating certain foods like carrots, beets, fava beans, or asparagus may turn your urine orange, green, red, or brown and the same goes for certain types of medication.
This preamble brings us to the camelbak idea, an interesting piece of gear that is currently used in various scenarios by both civilians and military forces, basically in every type of strenuous outdoors activity.
Now, the question is: do you want to spend (at least) 40-50 bucks on a water bag or would you rather DIY? I bet you fall in the latter category; that’s why you’re reading this article.
The good news is that you can DIY your own water bag with minimal costs and you’ll end up with a very convenient way to carry half a gallon of water on your person – a nice trick which comes handy during camping trips and what not.
How to DIY a Water Bag
A CamelBak water bag is basically a fancy looking plastic bladder/reservoir with a straw. That about sums it up.
The hydration capacity ranges from 1.5 to 3 liters (50-100 oz) and it comes with all sorts of bells and whistles you’d expect from a professional piece of gear.
But simply put, what we’re dealing with here is a bladder filled with water with a straw which can cost up to 150 bucks. Paying that kind of money for a plastic bladder is a little bit rich for my taste.
So, the main thing to do to make a DIY water bag is to get yourself a dirt-cheap/free-of-charge bladder, and that’s not very hard if you know where to look for it.
To begin with, there’s a school of thought that says something along these lines: DIY-ing your water bag (the bladder respectively) is not very smart, as most plastics and glues are not food-safe and, after all, you’ll be filling them with water and all that jazz (think BPA).
However, you can still buy a food-grade bladder from a local camping store, but the price may be a deal breaker now and then. The best things in life are free, right?
That brings us to the first DIY water bag project. This guy recycles the innards of a Dunkin Donuts Box of Joe. The bladder inside these bad boys is not made of plastic, hence it doesn’t leave that unpleasant taste of plastic, water-hose like, in your water supply. And that’ s because the bladder inside that box is made from Mylar.
In order to prevent the bladder from getting punctured and what not, you may use a dry-bag for protection.
Video first seen on Don Yackel.
Here is another guy with a pretty cool idea about how to protect the Mylar/plastic bladder from getting punctured.
Spoiler alert: he uses 12 feet of duct tape for creating some sort of armor/outer shell for his water bag.
Video first seen on Snowalker13.
The second idea is to use the bladder that can be found in certain types of boxed wine. The bladder can be removed and re-used as a water container.
The bag inside the boxed wine is just as good as the more expensive platypus, not to mention that you’ll end up with 2 liters of wine in the process (if you don’t pick up the box wine from the garbage, like our guy).
Video first seen on 123Homefree.
Another interesting idea about how to make a sleeve for your water bag (regardless of what type of bladder you end up with) is to use a large envelope. Just think about those 3M bubble mailers cushioned with plastic.
Now that you know how to make your own water bag, discover how to DIY your own portable device for an endless water supply.
Click the banner below for more!
This article has been written by Chris Black for Survivopedia.
5 Things You Need for Solar Energy Solar is getting better. In the near future we will be looking at solar energy options that are comparable with that of our on grid providers. That said there are still viable options for solar use today. What this article offers are 5 necessities if you wish to …
How to Can Beef Stew I love these canned chickens and canned beef stews. For me they close the loop on sustainability. Its one thing to be able to grow or rear it, its another to be able to process it, its another skill set entirely to be able to prepare it. Then, to be …
Make Your Own Butter Most people think that butter is something magic that can only be found in refrigerated display cases. The fact is we have been making butter for a very long time. Its a skill that is not often taken advantage of because the access to heavy whipping cream is limited to what …
Tips for Using Emergency Generators A backup generator can be a godsend during power outages, but making sure you’re prepared takes more than just buying one and “waiting for a rainy day.” In addition to making sure you understand how much power your property needs to function, you’ll want to make sure you get a …
Beautiful to look at in full bloom, the sunny orange calendula – also known as marigold – has a wealth of herbal uses that are worth learning about. With both
The post How To Make a Powerful Marigold Extract to Keep in Your Medicine Cabinet (with pictures) appeared first on Ask a Prepper.
Spring is perhaps the best time of the year to experiment with super-efficient heating and cooling systems, since the temperature can flip from chilly one day to warm the next.
However, another reason why spring may be a good time to get those systems up and running is because temperature swings can strain our AC systems. Allow me to explain. Much like automobiles, the stopping and starting of the AC motor — again and again — consumes lots of energy and also can lead to earlier-than-expected repairs. This is especially true for homes that have a heat pump on their system.
But there are innovative, off-grid, eco-efficient ways to stay comfortable during spring, no matter the temperature. And all three can run without the grid:
1. Compost hot-water system
Whether the idea came from a Ph.D. in engineering or a backwoods farmer with a huge amount of creative common sense, I wish I could shake that person’s hand for inventing the compost water heater. The system is set up by winding a heat-capable hose through the compost pile, and then routing it back into the building that requires hot water.
Hey, it’s no secret that compost generates heat. Heck, when piles of hay and mulch are left alone, they can spontaneously combust. So, why not put that kind of thermal energy to work? Chances are that you probably have a compost pile somewhere on the homestead, right?
2. The 5-gallon bucket swamp cooler
For those of you who live in the west or southwestern part of the U.S., you’re probably well-acquainted with the concept of the swamp cooler. When water evaporates, it will expend a tiny amount of energy and remove heat in the process – similar to how our sweat glands work. That’s how swamp coolers work.
Obviously, this system doesn’t exactly serve those of us who live in traditionally humid summer climates, but there’s one extremely handy way to harness the science of a swamp cooler and combine it with a ridiculous level of portability. And since this thing will make even a small solar panel array barely break a sweat, I figured the bucket swamp cooler made the cut.
3. Improvised geothermal climate control
And last but not least, I give you the whole kit-and-caboodle: the improvised geothermal climate control system. This one will also require low-wattage pumps and fans, but again, solar panels ought to do the trick with this one, as well.
The system essentially works like this: Even just a few feet below the ground, temps tend to settle at around a brisk 55-60 degrees Fahrenheit, holding steadily all year-round. In fact, if you’re able to dig deep enough, temps even can approach freezing. That’s why, for this particular system, the climate-control magic is derived from its subterranean water supply. In its most basic form, the system uses cool underground water from your homestead’s well to get the job done. To learn more, check out this great article.
All you need to do is move a little water and air, and the earth itself can take care of the hard part.
Have you experimented with any of these systems? Share your tips in the section below:
How Our Ancestors Survived When SHTF SHTF isn’t just a modern phenomenon. Our ancestors survived many disasters. It’s best to learn their lessons. The Gila Cliff Dwellings are a great example. In the mid-13th century, SHTF when a 24-year drought uprooted Native Americans throughout the U.S. Southwest. One band of the Mogollon (muggy-YON) people resettled …
Small Wood Splitting With Axe: Reliable In Camp & On The Trail Splitting wood on the home front is a completely different endeavor than when you are on the trail and I really enjoy the angle on this great article because of that. When we generate a skillset in the comfort of our own homes …
The post Small Wood Splitting With Axe: Reliable In Camp & On The Trail appeared first on SHTF & Prepping Central.
Password Manager, Typer, Macro, Payload … All in ONE This is a great tool created by one of the amazing folks over at instructables. I couldn’t help but bring this interesting device up because of all it is capable of. When you talk about an all in one EDC this creation fits the bill. This tool …
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Mastering Morse Code I am always a fan of old skills getting a nod in this new age. Something as archaic as Morse code you think would hold very little appeal. This article breaks down a little bit about the history of Morse code and how it came to be. It then gives some serious …
How To Make Yogurt At Home Easily With Or Without A Yogurt Maker If this is the first time you are hearing about making yogurt at home, it may just sound like a joke. But it is real. You can easily make yogurt at home with or without a yogurt maker. There are different ways …
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Making Time for Prepper Fitness Its always an ugly topic to face, fitness. No one really wants to get in Post Apocalyptic shape. One of the greatest enemies of prepper fitness is time. The greatest excuse is that there is no time in the busy day for a fitness plan. The next best excuse is …
I stockpile a lot of canned goods, from tomatoes to chicken, to beans and beef. But my favorite canned goods are Libby’s chicken Vienna sausages (see picture). So I tried to
The post How to Make And Can Vienna Sausage (2 Years Shelf Life) appeared first on Ask a Prepper.
2 Simple Ways To Eliminate Garden Weeds This Year The bane of any gardeners existence is the consistent and unrelenting growth of weeds. Its a nightmare each and every year the plucking and picking. Most gardeners threaten to place weed blocker down to assure nothing can grow through it and into your garden. But even …