Learn How to Manage Your Sleep for Optimum Health and Increased Longevity

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

As a prepper, you need to learn diametrically opposite things when it comes to sleep. Both are useful for different situations.

On one hand, you need to learn how to get a good night’s sleep–because this is useful for everyday performance. Without adequate levels of rest, humans deteriorate both physically and mentally to the point where our very lives are at risk. For example, extreme exhaustion can lead to impaired judgment, something nobody wants in a life or death situation. Furthermore, lack of sleep can do damage to the immune system, making us especially susceptible to illness and infections which may be difficult to treat in an environment where resources are limited.

On the other hand, you’ve got to learn about the benefits of sleep deprivation in training–because this will help you remain alert and able during an emergency when you’ve had little or no sleep. Despite the health risks posed by not getting enough sleep, the human body and mind can continue to function for a surprisingly long time without proper rest. You’ll be able to perform well despite sleep deprivation if you’ve undergone the necessary training beforehand.

Since both are topics that can be discussed at length, for the sake of focus, let’s talk about how to sleep well first and why it is essential that you understand how to get a good night’s sleep and why it’s important. We will address the benefits of learning to function better in spite of a lack of sleep in a follow-up article.

How to Get a Good Night’s Sleep

Here are three ways to make sure you sleep well:

Sleep on a good mattress: A good mattress is essential for getting a good night’s sleep. A good bedding/mattress store will offers mattresses from top manufacturers like Serta, Simmons, TempurPedic, and Taylor & Wells. So the first place to start when it comes to troubleshooting how to improve the quality of your night’s rest is with a good mattress. One that is right for you. This is one of the things that, well, getting a bargain is never a bad thing, but sacrificing comfort and function for a few buck is NOT a smart decision.

Keep your bedroom dark and quiet: Our Stone Age ancestors slept in dark, quiet and cool caves and caverns. Consequently, we may be biologically primed to respond to these conditions. When a room is dark and quiet, and when it isn’t hot and stuffy, we sleep deeply. Darkening your room is as simple as turning off bright electronics in your bedroom, like your digital clock,  computer, and television, adding window coverings and closing doors. If, for some reason, you can’t reduce the noise in the house, buy a white noise machine. And, finally, adjust the thermostat for the right temperature.

Enjoy a hot shower or bath before bed to calm your mind and relax your muscles: Although you’ll sleep better in a cooler room than a hotter one, your muscles relax more when you raise your body’s core temperature with a hot bath. Also, consider adding a few drops of a calming essential oil like lavender to the bath or as a mist on sheets to help trigger drowsiness.

Why You Need to Get a Good Night’s Sleep

Here is a quick list of the seven benefits you’ll get after a good night’s sleep:

You’ll get smarter: A good night’s sleep improves alertness and cognitive function. Additionally, sleep helps you remember important information. If you study before sleep, a process called Memory Consolidation helps your brain make connections, find contextual relationships, and build long-term memories.

You’ll be less stressed: When you’re sleep deprived, your blood pressure and stress hormones spike. Observable symptoms of stress from sleep deprivation include irritation, anger, and overwhelm. People who have not had a good night’s rest are more likely to lose patience with their spouse and children, yelling at them for trivial issues. They are also likely to be disinterested and unmotivated in things that they previously found engaging. 

You’ll live longer: Studies have shown that there’s a direct correlation between the overall quality of sleep you get every night and your longevity. Every major physiological system and organ appears to be compromised when a person does not get enough sleep. For instance, they find difficulty in thinking clearly, heart variance rates are higher, and their immune system is compromised. When you get enough sleep, it will improve your overall health.  Sleep helps your body heal from the pain of a recent injury, and it also boosts your immune system, reduces inflammation, controls blood sugar, and regulates heart rate. 

You’ll be in a better mood: If you get enough sleep every night, your serotonin levels will soar, promoting a sense of peace and a feeling of well-being. The amygdala and the prefrontal cortex play a critical role in mood regulation. Connectivity between these two brain centers is higher when you’re well-rested and much lower when you’re suffering from sleep deprivation. This enhanced connectivity results in more effective executive functioning, better reactivity, and reduced impulsiveness.

You’ll be more attractive: When you sleep, your body begins to repair your skin, adding collagen protein and regenerating cells. Collagen prevents skin from sagging, and when you have plenty of collagen your skin is plumper. Conversely, insufficient collagen causes wrinkling. 

You’ll control your weight: Weight control is managed by the hormones leptin and ghrelin. When you don’t get enough sleep, your levels of leptin go up, which, in turn, stimulates your appetite, making you overeat. Insufficient sleep also spikes up ghrelin, which stimulates appetite, reduces how many calories you burn, and increases how much fat you store. So, when leptin and ghrelin levels go up because of insufficient sleep, it becomes almost impossible to lose weight. 

You’ll be less accident-prone:  Although clumsiness caused by drowsiness might just result in bumps and bruises or dropping and breaking things, some accidents are far more dangerous. For instance, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported that drowsy driving causes fatalities. In 2014, they reported 846 deaths were due to drowsy driving. Although much attention has been paid to fatalities and injuries due to alcohol, sleepiness has also played a significant role in poor decisions and slow reaction times behind the wheel.   

The one lesson we probably all wish we’d learned years ago would be how to get a good night’s sleep. When you get good at figuring out how to get enough sleep, you’ll feel alert and ready to deal with anything that comes your way during the day. Good sleep allows you to feel happier and be healthier. You’ll be at your best the next day, ready and able to perform mental and physical tasks well.

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Chronic Pain – In Every Preppers Future?

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editors Note: Another guest contribution from Meighan to The Prepper Journal. Relish your youth and strength as some of these will catch up with us all.  As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and be entered into the Prepper Writing Contest with a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, then enter today!

These 8 conditions are the Most Common Causes of Chronic Pain

Living with chronic pain, caused by any medical condition whatsoever, is an experience that nobody wants to go through. Unfortunately, there are millions of people that are experiencing chronic pain and wishing they knew how to once and for all get some relief.

If you are reading this article, the chances are that you are one of those people, or at least you are looking to find a way to help somebody that you know is suffering from chronic pain.

Well, you are in luck because what I am going to do today is introduce you to the eight most common causes of chronic pain and most importantly – the most efficient ways to relieve them. But first, what exactly is a chronic pain?

What do you need to know about chronic pain?

We are all familiar with the concept of pain, we all have felt it at some point in our lives whether it was because we have cut our finger or broken our leg, our body has used the concept of pain to inform us that something is not quite right. However, in those examples, as soon as the reason is treated, we get lasting relief from pain. And that is the main difference between acute and chronic pain.

You see, chronic pain does not go away even though the injury has healed. You feel that annoying and challenging chronic pain for months, even years. It can occur as back pain or ankle pain or even a headache.

Chronic pain can be either mild or severe. You can feel it as shooting, burning, squeezing, stinging sensations or as a dull ache. It can lead to decreased appetite, insomnia, depression, and fatigue. And that is why it is essential to be treated appropriately. But what is causing chronic pain to occur?

There are quite a significant number of medical conditions that can lead to chronic pain. However, there are few of those that are occurring more commonly than others. And that is what I am going to talk about.

Let’s discuss these eight medical conditions that are most commonly described as the causes of chronic pain, shall we?

The 8 most common medical conditions that lead to chronic pain and the ways to relieve it

Peripheral Nephropathy – Caused by damage to your peripheral nerves, peripheral nephropathy causes weakness, numbness, and chronic pain usually in the hands and feet to occur. The cause of peripheral nerve damage could be traumatic injuries, metabolic problems, infections, diabetics, etc.

The chronic neuropathic pain can be treated with the use of medications, physical therapy, and massage therapy. You can also try exercising, which has been proven as an efficient way to relieve the pain in this case. Acupuncture has also produced results.

Fibromyalgia – Is a medical condition that causes chronic muscle pain, fatigue, depression and sleep troubles. Although none of these symptoms can be seen, they do produce a considerable impairment in the patient’s life.

Although we are talking about a chronic pain here, there are a few powerful medications that you can try. And of course, there are the necessary lifestyle changes such as a healthier diet and regular exercise.

Perhaps exercising is the last thing on your mind when you feel your muscles aching. However, activities like swimming, walking, stretching have been proven to help relieve the pain.

Arthritis – With its 100 different types is among the most worrying medical conditions out there. If you gather your information about arthritis,you will soon find out that there is no cure for Arthritis.

All that you can do is perform a few tricks to help relieve the symptoms such as pain, stiffness, inflammation and decreased the range of motion. Once again, a healthy diet, regular exercise, and moderate alcohol intake can help you combat all of these symptoms.

Headache – We ALL know this one. However, when your headache lasts for more than a few hours, then you can consider your problem as a chronic one. And with a persistent headache, depression, vomiting, nausea, and insomnia come as well.

So, what can you do to relieve it? Getting a massage, trying acupuncture and some of the famous herbal remedies for chronic headaches in combination with an active pharmaceutical might be the thing that you are looking for. Hydrate. This, like low-dose aspirin, thins the blood slightly allowing it to more efficiently the areas where the pain is being generated.

Past injuries/surgeries – Can also be the cause of your joint pain. If you surgery is relatively recent, 6 months or less, keep your doctor informed as there are many things that can affect healing. If the surgery was severe – an amputation, then these take much longer to retrain the nervous system to deal with. Again – your doctor. And who among us does not have at least one relative or friend who claims their “fill in the blank” surgery can predict the weather better than their local news source?

Again, the best thing that you can do is consult your doctor, get some over-the-counter painkillers and some of the best vitamins for joint pain if it is your joints that are giving you the trouble. Getting enough sleep and eating right can also help your body to grow stronger and healthier to fight the pain better.

Low back pain – This has taken part in everyone’s life at some point. However, for many people it becomes harder and harder to deal with the more chronic it becomes.

Previous injuries, surgery, arthritis can all be the cause of your chronic back pain. And once again, massage, acupuncture, yoga, physical therapy and, in extreme cases, traction can help you combat your low back pain.

Multiple sclerosis – This has been listed as one of the standard causes of chronic pain. Chronic pain due to multiple sclerosis can be either neuropathic pain, pain due to fatigue and immobility or illness related to a spastic condition. Of course, pharmaceuticals are the best answer to your prayers here, but you can also try the unexpected effects of physical therapy, yoga, and massage therapy as well as some dietary changes.

The curvature of the spine – Such as scoliosis and kyphosis can also be the ones that are causing your chronic pain to occur over and over again. Since you know what is causing your chronic pain, in this case, the trick is working to remove the cause and with that your chronic pain.

But how can you do that, you ask? The best thing that you can do for scoliosis and kyphosis is physical therapy and lots of functional exercises. In the meantime, you can also look to non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and over-the-counter painkillers as well, under the advice of your doctor.


What you need to remember is the fact that you may not have to live with chronic pain even if you are not able to remove its cause once and for all. As you can see, we have listed 8 of the most common causes of chronic pain and explained what you can do to recover from the illness, or at least find some relief. The recurring theme of exercise, eating right and getting enough sleep should not be lost on you.

Additionally you can try a message or physical therapy or perhaps even yoga or acupuncture, whatever you choose we hope that it will help you to combat your chronic pain, lessen its severity and bring you some sense of control over your condition.

Author Bio: Meighan Sembrano is a health enthusiast and a passionate writer. Her primary expertise is in Beauty and Skin Care, but she has also published articles on Health and Fitness. Her sincerity and thoughtfulness resonate with readers, and her enthusiasm is contagious. You can follow Meighan on Twitter and Facebook.

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What You Don’t Know Can Harm You – Plant Safety

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editors Note: A guest submission from Angie Bersin to The Prepper Journal. The next Prepper Writing Contest Award is coming! As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and be entered into the Prepper Writing Contest AND have a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, then enter today!

Along with flowers, sunshine and warmer temperatures, the spring season provides ample opportunity for families to spend time together outdoors.

Unfortunately, spring play could mean that young children are exposed to poisonous plants and pesticides.

Whether strolling through the park or romping in the backyard, there are a number of things that parents and caretakers should know and pass along, especially to young kids.

Recent statistics show that children younger than six account for a disproportionate percentage of poisoning cases, including nearly half of all poison exposures, according to the National Capital Poison Center.

The highest incidence of poisoning typically occurs in one and two-year-old, the poison center says, though all age groups are affected.

This guide will help parents and guardians know how to prevent poisonings from plants and pesticides and respond quickly to help keep kids safe.

Types of Poisonous Plants

The most common – and dangerous – types of poisonous plants found near backyards, parks, and trails include solanine, grayanotoxins, and cardiac glycosides:

Historical use: to assasinate people, arrow poisons. Historical sources: South American toad skins, African plant extracts. Modern use: to treat congestive heart failure (dropsy) aglycone structure important for activity.
  • Solanine can cause moderate nausea, vomiting, headaches or diarrhea. It’s found in a number of different foods and ornamental plants, but most often in Jerusalem Cherry, Nightshade, potato sprouts and unripe tomatoes. If a kid eats a plant that contains a lot of solanine, they might get drowsy, sweat a lot or experience changes in blood pressure and heart rate. Effects most often occur within two to 24 hours.
  • Grayanotoxins are common in azaleas, rhododendron, and other yard plants. If you’re off-road, watch out for Lambkill and mountain laurel. If a child ingests these plants, they might experience burning, tingling or numbness in their mouths. Other common symptoms include nausea, vomiting, sweating, and confusion and occur within three hours of exposure. In extreme cases, a child may have a seizure.
  • Cardiac Glycosides are most often found in Lily-of-the-Valley, foxglove oleander and squill. First signs include headaches, confusion, vomiting, stomach pain, and dizziness. Children might also experience changes in heart rate and blood pressure.

Here are some other plants to keep an eye out for:

  • Elephant ear plants
  • Daffodil and hyacinths
  • Larkspur
  • Wisteria
  • Acorn and oak leaves
  • Black locust
  • Mistletoe
  • Hemlock
  • Poppies
  • Poison oak, ivy, and sumac

How to Prevent Poisoning from Plants

The best thing parents can do for kids is to teach them never to pick or eat anything from a plant they find outside, regardless of how good it smells or looks. Make sure your children know to eat plants or fruits from outside only if they have permission and if the plant has been washed thoroughly.

Be careful not to confuse your child by picking items from a family garden and eating them outside. Be mindful of tops of potato plants and green portions of potato, which contain solanine, as well as rhubarb leaves, which are poisonous.

If you have or are taking care of a young child, take stock of backyard foliage before letting the child play. Keep berries, seeds, and bulbs out of reach, avoid using poisonous plants for decoration and eliminate all mushrooms from the yard. Be sure to double-check if it has rained recently.

In addition to regular supervision, consider constructing a safe gardening space within a raised garden or container and placing it in your yard. Fill the space with pesticide-free soil, smooth rocks or other items that are safe and will keep your child engaged.

If you’re planning a trip to the park, take a quick walk through the area and note any plants that may be poisonous. Same goes for any wilderness adventures or hikes. Remember that young kids will be attracted to plants with bright flowers or poisonous berries; avoid these at all costs.

What to Do If Your Child Touches or Eats a Poisonous Plant

If your child ingests a poisonous plant and starts to choke, has trouble breathing, swallowing or falls unconscious, call 911. If your child has come into contact with a poisonous plant but isn’t showing any immediate signs of distress, don’t wait for symptoms to show – call your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Be prepared to share your child’s age, symptoms, and your best guess of the plant he/she consumed and, to the best of your knowledge, when the plant was ingested.

If you cannot seek immediate assistance, make sure that your child doesn’t have any fragments of the plant in their mouth and give them only small sips of water. Do not try to make them vomit. If there is any skin irritation, rinse affected areas with fresh water. Again call your local poison center as soon as possible.

Pesticide Safety

Remember that all pesticides carry a level of toxicity and pose a risk to all people, but especially to infants and small children, who are extra sensitive to their toxic effects.

If you choose to use pesticides, read the product’s label thoroughly. Shop around for the least toxic pesticide you can find and keep it in its original container and far away from children and pets.

When applying pesticides, take extra care to keep your children and pets as far away from the area as possible. Remember that the pesticide will take extra time to dry. If your lawn has recently been treated, ensure your children wear closed-toed shoes and sit on blankets or use other barriers between them and the grass. Make sure your kids wash their hands after playing in the grass.

Safe alternatives to combat pests in your garden and yard include insecticidal soaps, horticultural oils, and natural repellents. Here are a few ideas:

  • Vegetable oil mixed with a mild soap for insects like aphids and mites
  • Mild soap mixed with water for insects like whiteflies, beetles, aphids, and mites
  • Neem oil mixed with mild soap and water to disrupt the life cycle of insects and to protect plants before they become infested
  • Diatomaceous earth as a natural pesticide
  • Pureed garlic mixed with vegetable oil, mild soap, and water to act as an insect repellent
  • Garlic, onion, and cayenne pepper, mixed with liquid soap as a natural insecticide

Resources for Preventing Poisoning by Plants and Pesticides

If you’re looking for additional information about poisonous plants and the effects of pesticides, check with the sources below. Note that they are listed in alphabetical order.

ASPCA Poisonous Plants reminds readers that plants also are poisonous to cats, dogs, and other pets and lists the most common plants that are poisonous to animals.

Centers for Disease Control and Poisoning Prevention is a resource offering tips for preventing poisonings at home, including those by pesticides and plants.

Clemson Cooperative Extension’s Home & Garden Information Center gives a thorough overview of poison ivy, a plant that commonly causes skin irritation in children.

Early Childhood Learning & Knowledge Center shares information about poisonous plants and lists both non-poisonous and poisonous plants in charts.

Penn State Extension Pesticide Education provides fun tools and activities to help educate families about pesticide safety.

Poison Control is the place to call when you suspect your child has ingested or touched a poisonous plant or pesticide. You can get help online or call 1-800-222-1212.

Poisonous Plants in the Home Landscape is a publication by Montana State University professor of horticulture R.E. Gough that lists 72 plants and tells which parts of the plants are poisonous and whether they are dangerous through contact or ingestion.

Quills Up! Spike’s Poison Prevention Adventure is an engaging video for preschool-aged children that includes life lessons in poison prevention including staying away from plants and pesticides.

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Earth-Kind Landscaping shares a chart of the more common poisonous plants.

The University of California, Berkeley’s CalPhotos: Plants accesses more than 300,000 images of plants to aid you in identifying plants that you may find in your yard or park to determine whether they are poisonous.

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services: Poison Proof Your Home offers tips for preventing poisoning by plants and pesticides.

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The Strains of Prepping? Some Tips to Relieve Back Pain

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editors Note: A guest submission from Dan Chabert to The Prepper Journal. Since I went through the “thrill” of moving this past week this seemed like information worth sharing. As we work to stay in shape for life in general and for a world in turmoil here are some tips for addressing those nagging pains that affect us all.

As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly receive a $25 cash award as well as being entered into the Prepper Writing Contest AND have a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, then enter today!

Back раіn іѕ a collective nаmе for various bасk соmрlаіntѕ. Mаnу people suffer from back problems. Do you also suffer from your bасk? There are a numbеr of thіngѕ уоu can dо to relieve уоur bасk pain.


With bасk раіn уоu саn often find it dіffісult to fаll аѕlеер. Often уоu dо not knоw how tо lіе down. Yоu mау be in a vісіоuѕ circle. Bесаuѕе you are sleeping poorly, your bасk раіn fееlѕ worse, a viscous circle. A bad sleeping position саn also aggravate the раіn. Trу tо lіе down оn your ѕіdе with a ріllоw between your knееѕ to kеер the ѕріnе in a neutral роѕіtіоn. Thіѕ way уоu rеlіеvе the pressure оn your bасk. Do you рrеfеr to sleep оn your bасk? Then slide a pillow under your knееѕ. Alѕо a sturdy and comfortable mattress is a must.


Dіd уоur mоthеr аlwауѕ ѕау thаt you hаd to stand up ѕtrаіght аnd not hаvе to ѕіt down lіkе thаt? Shе was rіght! A lanky аttіtudе is bаd fоr уоu. Eѕресіаllу іf уоu hаvе bееn slipping fоr a long time, behind уоur computer fоr еxаmрlе. Sіt up straight, kеер your ѕhоuldеrѕ relaxed and еnѕurе thаt уоur bоdу is ѕuрроrtеd bу the bасk of thе сhаіr. Kеер уоur feet flаt on the flооr. It can work wonders.

Painkillers and Muѕсlе Relaxants

If уоu suffer frоm bасk pain, you mау want tо consider tаking pain killers. In аddіtіоn tо paracetamol, уоu аlѕо hаvе pain kіllеrѕ with an anti-infаmmаtоrу and fеvеr-reducing effect, саllеd NSAIDѕ. These аrе anti-inflammatory раіn-kіllеrѕ. But these аrе not ѕuіtаblе fоr еvеrуоnе. Fіrѕt ask your doctor for advice bеfоrе уоu start this. Do not expect that the  bасk раіn іѕ about іt, it only rеlіеvеѕ the раіn. In ѕоmе саѕеѕ it mау аlѕо bе that a gеnеrаl рrасtіtіоnеr prescribes muѕсlе-relaxing medications.

Strengthen Your Muѕсlеѕ

Phуѕіоthеrаріѕtѕ саn tеасh уоu hоw tо ѕіt, stand аnd move іn a wау that іѕ bеѕt for уоur bасk. They саn also lеаrn your еxеrсіѕеѕ thаt strengthen your back muѕсlеѕ. Sеvеrаl studies ѕhоw thаt improving ѕtrеngth, flexibility аnd еndurаnсе in the long term rеduсеѕ back раіn.

Kеер Moving

In the past, dосtоrѕ often gаvе advice tо kеер bеd rеѕt with bасk pain. But nоw they know that lying down іѕ оnе of the worst things you can dо. It can еvеn aggravate the situation. Dо nоt rеѕt mоrе than a day оr two. It is important to kеер moving, but not tо force anything. Exercise is one of the mоѕt effective ways to quickly recover frоm back раіn. Eѕресіаllу ѕроrtѕ ѕuсh as swimming, hiking and yoga.

Iсе and Hеаt

With a bасk іnjurу оr inflammation it саn help tо рut ісе on thе раіnful аrеаѕ. Trу thіѕ a few tіmеѕ a day fоr uр tо twеntу mіnutеѕ. Alwауѕ рut a сlоth bеtwееn уоur ѕkіn and ісе tо prevent thе ice frоm frееzіng оnto уоur ѕkіn. After a fеw days ѕwіtсh tо hеаt. Thе hеаt rеlаxеѕ your muscles аnd promotes blооd сіrсulаtіоn. A hоt bаth оr a hеаt plaster (they still make these?) саn also hеlр tо rеlieve the pain. Nеvеr sleep wіth a hеаt plaster as thеѕе саn саuѕе burns (see, they should stop making these!)


It wаѕ already known that mаѕѕаgе оffеrѕ a solution fоr muѕсlе tension and muѕсlе раіn. Recent rеѕеаrсh shows that a daily massage frоm approximately tеn mіnutеѕ еvеn hеlрѕ prevent inflammation іn muscles. Thаt іѕ why it is аlѕо a gооd wау to recover frоm аn injury. Every professional sports team, including all those at the college level ;-), has massage therapists on staff who travel with the teams as this is considered the best physical therapy to keep muscles working at peak performance and to avoid injuries so it makes sense it is also a great treatment for back pain.

Author’s Bio:

Dan Chabert – Writing from Copenhagen, Denmark, Dan is an entrepreneur, husband and ultramarathon distance runner. He spends most of his time co-managing home sites like Contractorculture, That Sweet Gift, Borncute, health sites such as Runnerclick, Nicer Shoes and The Gear Hunt. He has also been featured on runner blogs all over the world.

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Is Boot Camp for Weight Loss Ideal for Everyone

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editors Note: A guest submission from Brian John to The Prepper Journal. Time to start prepping for swim suit season. As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly receive a $25 cash award as well as being entered into the Prepper Writing Contest AND have a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, then enter today!

As preppers our most important tool, and our single point of failure, is ourselves and the shape we are in so many people have been wondering whether boot camp is an efficient way to shed off some weight. You may be one such person and that is why you are looking for information about this topic. There are a lot more, only that you will never hear them talk about it publicly.

Boot camp fitness can be equated to military training (though the editor recalls being called things in military boot camp that no paid instructor would dare say). The grunting and sweating which soldiers do experience while sprinting and jumping is probably the best way to get rid of some calories. The exercise is not always meant to determine how much torture one can sustain but rather meant to gain some fitness which includes losing weight.

In the same way, boot camp draws a lot from the military training. The concepts of interval workouts that are followed by the exercise of slower paces apply to both boot camp and military training. The boot camp will also equip you to be fit, hardy and acquire the necessary shape, body size and form that will be useful if you are thinking about dry camping.

Is Boot Camp Effective in Losing Weight?

Can you imagine that it has already been proven that boot camp is the best way to lose weight compared to the routine gym? The former is known to help in losing fat and calories within a short duration. Doing away with too much fat in the reservoirs is all that is needed for weight loss.

The fact that your muscles are allowed to work by themselves without any machine supporting the body makes boot camp more efficient. More calories are burnt as the core muscles are engaged.

Video: The Workout

Activities to Undertake During Boot Camp

Not all activities undertaken during a boot camp are efficient when it comes to shedding off the extra pounds. You need to only focus on the most efficient activities in order to get it right.

These activities are:

Cardiovascular Activity

The step to losing weight starts by identifying boot camps that have programs that you are sure will meet your goals. The best boot camp is, therefore, one that supports some advanced amounts of cardiovascular activities. You can always do some research prior so that you are well equipped with options to choose from.

The best way to do it is by having at least 150 minutes of aerobic exercise in a week, that is less that 22 minutes a day – done right. You can start from moderate and change gradually to the vigorous levels as time goes by. The vascular activities can take the form of a jumping rope, sprinting, jumping sacks, navigating obstacle courses as well as running stairs.

Strength Training

There is no way you can lose weight without gaining some strength. The strength is usually gained on the muscles, core, lower and upper parts of the body. Multiple joints, tendons and muscles usually derive their strength from compound exercises like dumbbell lifting while doing triceps extensions and deep squats.

Remember to have the triceps extensions and lunges paired together. Some of the activities that are extremely good when it comes to gaining strength include:

  • Cycling
  • Squat jumps
  • Pushups
  • Pull-ups
  • Abdominal crunches
  • Jumping jacks
  • Burpees

As you gain some strength, the muscles gained replace fats which result in a raised metabolism. The end result is more burned calories. Do note that muscle is more dense than fat so a gain in weight can be a positive. Let common sense be your guide.

How Intense is it to Lose Weight?

There is no need to lie here. Losing weight is not child’s play. Exercise has to be intense to achieve the desired results. Nothing comes easy, remember that. This is not to scare you away, just to ground you expectations.

The boot camp workout should, however, be possible for any person. If it happens to be an impossible process, then I bet nobody will ever consider it as a way to lose weight. It is always a great idea to start by building your strength to endure the coming activity. From here, increase the effort gradually to get the best results.

It actually becomes easier as you progress. The challenge can, however, be felt. You should burn less fat and calories when the body starts to take the routine positively. Always try out different workouts to prevent the muscles from enjoying some comfort.

Important Tips That Should Be Followed

There are some basics that most people can ignore but they are very important. In this section, we are going to lay them bare and discuss them in details. It is only through this that no room will be left for mistakes.

Take Lots of Fluids

The first tip is to keep yourself hydrated. You are likely to sweat during the workouts. This means that a lot of water will be lost while undertaking the activities. The only way to keep your water levels balanced is by drinking some more.

Again, you need to remember that bouncing around with a belly full of liquid is difficult. Therefore, it is necessary that you take only a small amount of water. Otherwise, you won’t enjoy everything boot camp puts you through. But it is advisable to carry some bottles of water with you to the boot camp.

Build the Right Attitude

Secondly, weight loss is all about attitude. If you have the wrong attitude, you will not manage the activities involved. However challenging the workout is, just motivate yourself. At times, your muscles should burn and your heart should be racing. All you need to do is just laugh to release the tension so apparent on your face.

Obey the Instructor

Thirdly, listen keenly to your instructor. Listening is a virtue that can take you places. Do not concentrate on the pain. Quitting should never be in your vocabulary. Just keep going even if you are told of the next difficult steps ahead of you. If you keep your mind on your instructor, you will get your mind off the pain.

Take Deep Breaths

Breathing and working the abs/core are other important aspects of boot camp fitness so even though the toughest of exercises make sure to catch some breath. It should be a simultaneous process that also involves contracting your abs to protect your back.

At first, it appears uncomfortable and very awkward. Your body will, however, adjust itself with time to make deeper breaths whenever your abs gets engaged.  Your body needs a lot of oxygen at such a time.

Be Active and Always Try to Perform Well

Being the first during any fitness session is very encouraging. It does not only give you a clear view of the instructor’s directions but also makes you not feel lethargic. Whenever you are at the front, you will not be prone to the ideas of giving up.

Do not stop moving if you experience muscle soreness. Other serious health conditions like plantar fasciitis can take you down in the process of taking the routine activities. You will need the best boots for plantar fasciitis to help you work without any strains on the tendon and ligaments.

Avoid Mini Breaks

Mini breaks must be avoided to ensure that fresh blood is pumped into the muscles to prevent any kind of unwanted condition. Coming out of the boot camp injured is unrealistic. The aim of the boot camp is to lose weight and nothing else.

Take Some Electrolytes After Every Workout


Last but of equal importance as the rest is the need to load up electrolytes into the body after every workout. Sweating causes loss of essential electrolytes in excess quantities. The best you can do to your body is to ensure that the lost electrolytes are replenished by taking electrolyte-filled snacks and staying in a cool tent if you were undertaking the boot camp activities in the wilderness.

Proper Attire for Boot Camp Aids in Weight Loss

Regular workout clothes such as shorts, tank tops and t-shirts are just fine with boot camp fitness. You can always have clothes that you are not attached to if one of the activities you are likely to have is about groundwork such as rolling on the ground.

Your feet are also not left behind. Make sure that the footwear is good-fitting and breathable. This is the only way to reduce cases of having blisters on the foot while at the same time ensuring that you are comfortable during the entire sessions.


Another important thing to consider while choosing the right gear for boot camp is the weather. In the scorching sun of the summer, choose sweat-wicking and light fabrics. With such, you will surely feel like the hot sun is non-existent.

Additionally, during the snowfall during the winter, you need to stay warm and the best way is to ensure that you have heavy clothing with you. You should not overheat nonetheless.

Wrapping Up

Your desire to shed off some pounds will be like a drop in the ocean if you fail to choose an appropriate diet. Poor eating habits are what lead to your weight gain meaning that even if you perform perfectly well in the boot camp activities and maintain the usual meals, then there are high possibilities that you are not losing the weight.

I believe the tips on boot camp for weight loss have been of great help to you. Nothing has a lot of fun as enjoying an outdoor activity which at the same time doubles up as workout process.

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Author Bio

I am Brian John, I am very passionate about camping and any other outdoor activities. I take pride in interacting with nature in more special ways like camping, hiking, mountain climbing among others. I love sharing my experiences and ready to interact with other people who share the same passion with me through Enjoy The Wild blog.


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Why Even Start Prepping?

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editors Note: Another guest post from SignalSergeant to The Prepper Journal. As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly receive a $25 cash award as well as be entered into the Prepper Writing Contest with a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter today!

Many people start out with just a vague idea that they need to have a little preparedness in their lives. Maybe (like me several years ago) they just suddenly realize that they are completely unprepared for even the most minor disaster or emergency (let alone a major catastrophe!).

Take Responsibility

Most people don’t want to believe that they will ever have to use survival skills or rely completely on their own preparedness. It’s easy to be complacent when everything seems great. However, the harsh reality is that existing emergency services are quickly overwhelmed by even modest disasters, let alone during major natural or man-made disasters. Talk to people who survived hurricane Sandy, or Katrina, or Harvey. Don’t be at the mercy of others for your safety and survival! Take ownership, take responsibility, and don’t be a victim.

Take the First Steps

Here are some simple steps to begin on the path to taking your safety and wellbeing into your own hands:

  1. Define YOUR goals. Once you delve into the prepping rabbit-hole, it’s easy to get lost. “Prepping” encompasses an insanely-large amount of territory, and one can dip a toe in the prepping water, or dive into the prepper ocean. So, ask yourself a few questions about your motivations and goals. Discuss your intentions with your family, if you have one. Put it in writing. Write down your prepping goals, your budget, and come up with a plan. This will save countless hours in the long run and will give you a method to track progress.
  2. Do YOUR own research. At the time of this writing, a quick web search of the term “prepping” turns up over 22 million results. There is a nearly endless amount of material out there. The sheer volume of information can be overwhelming. That’s why one should define their goals and search for a narrower set of topics. Every journey begins with just a single step so make sure that is a step in then right direction.
  3. Get YOUR family involved early. If you have a family, then it is imperative that you include them from the start. Explain your reasoning for doing something which may seem unusual to them at first. Again, clearly defining your goals ahead of time will help a lot. From my personal experience, it’s a good idea to keep the doom and gloom to a minimum. You’re not trying to scare them. Instead, you want their enthusiastic support for your efforts to keep them safe.
  4. Create YOUR Bug-Out Bag (BOB). The bug-out bag is the low-hanging fruit of the prepping effort. This kit will contain everything you need to survive for at least 72 hours in a disaster situation. Every member of your household should have their own BOB, and you should prepare them for your pets as well.
  5. Make an evacuation plan. If there is a SHTF (“Stuff” Hits The Fan) situation, you grab your BOB and go! But where are you going? Who is going with you? Does everyone know the plan? Think about the logistics of getting where you want to go. Create a Plan B, and even a Plan C and D. To paraphrase Mike Tyson, everyone has a plan until they get punched in the face. Life will punch you in the face, so be adaptive.
  6. Get in shape. You are the most important piece of survival gear! What good does it do to have detailed plans and all kinds of cool toys if you can’t make it up a flight of stairs without taking a break? Put on that 72-hour pack and get used to the weight of it. Eat right and exercise. That goes for your pets, too! Do you really want to be stuck carrying your 120 lbs Labrador Retriever because you give them lots of treats and not enough walks?
  7. Extend YOUR network. Discuss with extended family and friends. Once you have a plan, started making some actual preparation, and have your own family on-board, it’s time to reach out to others. Spread the word among people you trust. First, you will include them because you care about them. However, there’s a more practical reason: Safety in numbers! It may seem like it will be difficult to “herd the cats” and get everyone on the same page in an actual disaster situation. But that difficulty is far outweighed by the benefits of numbers. A larger group is far less likely to be the victim of attack, plus everyone can pool their talents and resources.
  8. Get YOUR vehicle ready. You may leave on foot, or a situation may dictate that you have to “bunker down” in your home. However, it is very likely that at least the first leg of your disaster plan involves driving to some other location. Suddenly, your life may depend on the proper functioning of your car. Keep it maintained, inspect it once a week (tires, tire pressure, oil, coolant, belts, hoses, etc.). Don’t take it for granted that it’s in perfect shape just because it’s a newer vehicle. Murphy’s law doesn’t care if your vehicle was made one week ago, or ten years. Keep an emergency kit in your vehicle, as well.
  9. Adapt and change. Keep your readiness up-to-date. You have the basics in place: A good plan (well-rehearsed), a bug-out bag for each family member, your car/truck/SUV is in top-notch shape. As you learn more, refine your plan and check your kits. Make changes where necessary. Did you move from Seattle to Phoenix? You might want to adjust your plans AND your equipment. The same holds true if the nature of a likely disaster changes.
  10. Work YOUR plan. Practice your emergency plans and stay sharp. Continue to learn and grow. The best way to master any subject is to teach it to others. When sharing your knowledge with friends and family, encourage them to ask tough questions. Then find the answers. Incorporate your learning into your prepping.

Stay Focused, Be Rational, Stay Motivated

Keep in mind that you are prepping to live, not living to prep. However, preparedness should be an integral part of your life, and you should take it seriously. That means dedicating a set amount of time each week to learning and teaching others. Just like diet and exercise, it’s an insurance policy. Planning and training alleviate panic, and panic can be deadly. The military has taught me that, in a stressful situation, everyone reverts to their most basic level of training.  In other words, in an emergency, whatever you practiced is what you will do. Keep that in mind.

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What You Should Have in Your Ultimate Survival First Aid Kit

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

As a prepper, one of the most important things you can have on hand is an ultimate survival first aid kit. Although prepackaged kits are available in almost any pharmacy, relying on them will leave you ill-equipped if the SHTF.

The following lists will help you create your ultimate survival first aid kit. They are extensive, but not all-inclusive. You will have to add items for special needs you, your family, or even your pets may have. Use your best judgment on quantities. However, keep in mind a rule many preppers follow – two is one, and one is none.

The descriptions and comments within the lists are not medical advice. If you want to be prepared if the SHTF, learn ahead of time how and when to use all the items in your kit and PRACTICE with them. A chest seal looks simple, but there is an art to handling and applying them. Celox Grandules are a nightmare in the wind or in rotor down-wash, they are an eye, and throat irritant and take 2-3 minutes to clot whereas the Rapid (or Ribbon) are much easier for the non-professional to handle. Knowing how to use your medical items can NOT be over-stressed.

Primary Components of the Ultimate Survival First Aid Kit

In addition to the items below, include a comprehensive first aid reference manual. Make sure it’s a paper copy. If the SHTF you could be without power, making electronic versions inaccessible. Being able to look up a medical situation you’re not familiar with can make all the difference to the person you’re trying to help.

Item Simple Description/Comments
Adhesive bandages Get self-adhesive.
Alcohol pads/antiseptic solution Used to sterilize areas around wounds.


Antibacterial soap For cleaning wounds, hands or anything else that gets dirty or contaminated. Buy high quality grade.
Antibiotic ointment Reduces the chance of infection.
Antifungal ointment Treats fungus infections that thrive in wet and humid conditions
Battle dressing For traumatic wounds where bleeding is profuse.
Blood clotting powder May stop or minimize bleeding, especially in people who are on blood thinners.
Burn gel Helps alleviate pain associated with burned skin.
Butterfly bandages Used to close lacerations.
Compression bandages Used to treat sprained joints. Stock different sizes so you can wrap any joint.
Cotton balls/pads/swabs Cleans wounds and applies ointments. Stock an assortment of styles and sizes.
CPR barrier/masks For protection against exposure to infection.
Eye solution/wash Saline-based, helps remove debris from the eye. Used regularly can keep eyes clean.
Foot powder An alternative to antifungal cream. Powder lasts longer and is easy to apply.
Gloves Protects against contamination and any blood-borne diseases. If latex allergy is a concern, non-latex gloves are available.
Hand sanitizer De-sanitizes hands and skin. Not recommended for open wounds.
Hydrocortisone cream Helps the body recover from insect bites or stings and minor rashes.
Hydrogen peroxide Helps treat gum discomforts.
Instant hot/cold packs Helps reduce pain and swelling. Stock different varieties and sizes.
Irrigation syringe For cleaning wounds. A squeeze bottle is a good alternative.
Large cloth dressings To protect wounds. 5×9 inches is a good size since they can be cut down as needed.
Medical tape Used to secure bandages or to hold medical equipment in place. Try to stock waterproof or water resistant.
Oral thermometer For detecting fevers.
Petroleum jelly For the dressing of burns and small cuts to prevent reinfection or dirt from entering. Can also retain moisture in the skin, especially when it’s too cold. Helps keep heat inside the body.
Roll bandages Have various uses and can be cut into different sizes as needed.
Scalpel Used for minor surgery or to remove excess tissue. Surgical grade scalpels are best.
Sewing needles Helpful for dislodging foreign matter from under the skin.
Sharp scissors Cuts bandages and other materials. Have more than one set.
Splinting material There are a variety of materials and most can be cut to the size needed.
Sterile gauze pads Covers wounds. Have a variety in the kit.
Superglue Used as a waterproof, invisible bandage for small cuts, blisters, and abrasions. Also used for more significant wounds instead of stitches.
Sutures Used to close severe wounds. A good suture size is a 3-0 and above since smaller sizes might not be sufficient.  If possible, have different sizes on hand.
Syringes Can inject or withdraw fluid as necessary.
Tourniquets When used appropriately, can reduce or stop the blood flow through a vein or artery by compressing a limb.
Triangular bandages Suitable for immobilizing dislocations and fractures.
Tweezers Most often used to remove splinters or other tiny objects.
Wooden tongue depressors Used for checking throat obstructions and for splinting small fractures.


Equipment and Kits for Your Ultimate Survival First Aid Kit


The following list of equipment and kits will assist you in administering first aid in critical situations.

Item Simple Description/Comments
Automated external defibrillator (AED) Small, battery-operated unit used for starting a failed heart during cardiac arrest.
Blood pressure cuff Used to monitor blood pressure.
Burn kit For severe burns, or burns located on more than one part of the body.
Cervical collar Immobilizes a neck due to a neck or spine injury.
Dentist kit Items in the kit include temporary treatments for lost fillings, caps and crowns.
Foldable stretcher Enables the carrying of an injured person.
Locking forceps Used in combination with suturing. They can also stop hemorrhaging blood vessels.
Oral airways Keeps a person’s airway open.
Snakebite kit Generally includes an extractor pump that pulls venom from pooled areas in the body. Cannot extract venom already in the circulatory system.
Stethoscope Verifies breathing and heartbeat.
Suture kit Contains a variety of items you need for suturing wounds.


Essential Medications for Your Ultimate Survival First Aid Kit

Include these medications in addition to any pharmaceuticals prescribed by your doctor for ongoing medical conditions. If the SHTF, you may not be able to get to any doctor, or to any pharmacy. So stock in sufficient quantities.

Item Simple Description/Comments
Acetaminophen Reduces pain and fever.
Antacid Temporarily relieves stomach and gastrointestinal pain.
Antihistamine Alleviates mild allergic reactions.
Aspirin Common painkiller and is also used to treat certain heart conditions.
Asthma inhalers If you or a family member have asthma, put one or two in your kit and leave them in there.
Broad spectrum antibiotics Act on a wide range of diseases. Are used when the source of infection is unknown.
Cephalexin Heavy-duty antibiotic good at treating staph infections and other bacterial infections.
Diarrhea treatment Controls diarrhea and can prevent dehydration.
Dramamine Used to treat symptoms usually associated with motion sickness.
Epipen or other allergy medication Prescribed for people prone to anaphylactic reactions from insect stings or certain foods.
Ibuprofen Is an anti-inflammatory and analgesic.
Insulin If you or a family member has diabetes, ensure your kit includes a good supply of insulin and needles to administer it.
Nitroglycerin This is a treatment for patients with heart conditions.
Prednisone Is an immunosuppressant and used to treat some inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.
Stool softener Treats or prevents constipation.
Sugar pills Can quickly raise the blood sugar of a person who has diabetes.
Throat lozenges Soothes throat pain.


Handy Herbals for Your Ultimate Survival First Aid Kit

There are many oils, herbals and other natural remedies available. This list provides a few that may prove very helpful in a survival situation.


Item Simple Description/Comments
Aloe Vera Treats skin-related problems and burns.
Cranberry extract Primarily used to treat urinary tract infections.
Clove bud oil Alleviates tooth and gum pain.
Lavender oil Helps heal burns and wounds.
Peppermint oil Can release tight muscles. Mixed with lavender oil can reduce itching caused by rashes or poison ivy.


Rounding Out Your Ultimate Survival First Aid Kit

This list supports or enhances other items contained in your survival first aid kit. Pack enough for yourself, and some to barter with. Bartering materials are valuable if the SHTF.

Item Simple Description/Comments
Aqua tabs Cleans and purifies water in minutes for drinking, cooking and bathing.
Baking soda Provides relief to bee stings and can draw out excess pus from a wound.
Batteries If you have flashlights or transistor radios or even portable ham radios, have extra batteries on hand in the appropriate sizes.
Cotton sheets Used to create makeshift stretchers.
Emergency blankets Useful in cold weather and for preventing any victim from going into shock.
Ensure Can help with nutritional needs. Some products come in powder form for easy storage and transport.
Extra broad spectrum antibiotics


Antibiotics may be one of the most needed medications in your kit.
Flashlights Stock several of these in different brands and styles. It’s helpful if they use the same size batteries. Include a headset type if possible.
Hot water bottle Filled with water, can reduce muscle pain and provide warmth if needed.
Lip balm Treats and prevents chapped and cracked lips.
Magnifying glass Used to see foreign objects embedded into skin making them easier to remove.
Pedialyte Replaces fluids and minerals after a bout of vomiting or diarrhea. Comes in powder form for light and manageable storage.
Pen/pencil and paper Recording vital signs may become essential. You want to track them so you can gauge improvement or deterioration in someone’s condition.
Plastic bags Used to dispose of contaminated medical waste. Can also double as irrigation devices by poking a hole in a corner. Resealable are best.
Pregnancy test


Knowing if someone is pregnant can ensure proper nutrition.
Sunscreen Prevents sunburn.


Using and Maintaining Your Ultimate Survival First Aid Kit

Now that you have all the items assembled, you have a few more steps.

  • Place items in a durable, waterproof bag. Some have liners inside.
  • Create a list of what’s in the bag, along with any expiration dates. Check the list at least twice a year. Replace anything that that’s missing or expired. Refill medications ahead of time.
  • Become as familiar as possible with the medical kit inventory.

It’s vital that you and all the members of your family learn how to use the items in the kit. Otherwise, they are of no benefit to anyone. Keep in mind that there are common and uncommon uses for items in your medical inventory. So learn as much as you can about each thing.

With this kit you will be as prepared as you can be if the SHTF.

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How to Cope With Temper for a Happy Life

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editors Note: A guest submission from Anthony Schultz to The Prepper Journal. Since I have been working on an article for later in the month titled “Things That Drive Preppers Crazy”, and two of the things I looked at yesterday were the American Education System and The “Media”, I felt like this would make an appropriate post. I will need to reread it often as I finish the aforementioned post. There are a lot of points here that would serve us well everyday as well as in a TEOTWAWKI scenario. As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly receive a $25 cash award as well as being entered into the Prepper Writing Contest AND have a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, then enter today!

It would be wise to say that there comes a time when it’s tough to hold that fiery rage which burns inside of us when someone bullies us or hampers our self-esteem. It doesn’t matter how hard we try to control that rage, as, in an array of situations, before we could really control our tongue, we generally end up regretting the blunt snide remarks. We all regret it afterwards, don’t we? Well mostly. Anger is that emotion which has the potential to bring out the real us.

What comes as an uncanny fact is that anger is socially frowned upon. When we talk about anger management, it’s different from that of stress or even anxiety. In most of the cases when you fight with somebody, anger is the reason behind all the embarrassment. Always remember that your temper can bring out the worst side of you. It can be said that you make the worst speech when you’re angry and you might regret the same forever. It is one of the most common regrets sited at funerals.

That said, let’s dig deeper and know more about the ways to cope with temper for the purpose of attaining a happy life:

Controlling the Reaction:

Consider a heated moment and you’re burning with rage, an array of people would end up immediately responding to the situation, right? Well, let’s flip the coin, showing any reaction acts as a catalyst, rather than stopping the argument, it only ignites the rage further. We can say, the best possible approach to deal with the situation is to stay quiet. Always remember that rage is only temporary and you shouldn’t feed the same. Just try to control yourself for a minute or two, and you’ll not only save the embarrassment but staying quiet can be your best face forward to maintain your self-esteem.

Scribble The Unwanted:

According to various scientific publications, writing down the thoughts or simply scribbling them on a piece of paper can help your temper in significant ways, can act as the release needed. When it comes to expressing our emotions in a constructive way, writing them down can be your state of the art pick. In simple terms, when you tend to write what you feel on paper, you grasp your anger in the best possible way. Not only will you cope coup with the depression, but you will attain some measured control over the pain/pressure caused by this linguistic trauma. When you start writing, think about the prime reasons that made you angry, select the quietest place in the vicinity and take your time to get normal, to again gain control of your emotions.


Do you know, exercises like Jogging can help your temper management endeavors in a great way?  Well, we all know that exercise can create an ever-lasting array of positive benefits for both the mind and the body. Jogging can help you control those racing emotions, giving you time to fully process your emotions and analyze your possible next steps. Exercise is like a low-dose aspirin for a heart patient. When you exercise, you not only burn the excess energy, but you really get a chance to think about the reasons as to why the event annoyed you.  When we take the time and think about the aspects that hamper our happiness we can usually work out temper management by ourselves.


Meditation is an excellent way to get back to center, to let other thoughts push this singular-issue to where it should be as opposed to it being omnipresent. And you don’t need to assume the lotus position or hum to do this. When one meditates, they just need a peaceful image, real or remembered. Have you ever walked on a beach anywhere and NOT seen someone sitting their staring at the ocean, watching and listening to the waves or other people there. Realized or not they are meditating and processing images and thoughts and experiences. It is a much needed-break or time to themselves. Benefit are pretty obvious.  Replenishing and refocusing the human brain, calming that rage, meditation is available at your tips. Some people, mostly happy people, look forward to pulling themselves from reality for some time. Doing yoga is a personal choice and may work for you. The bottom line is this helps to acknowledge what you really feel and let it go. Swap the rage with constructive thoughts and see the magic. This would only make your present pleasant and tomorrow easier. Drifting away and escaping the temper void is our best possible pick.

Rage and Efficiency?

Ever heard about reshaping your rage into motivation to achieve something? What comes as a lucid fact is that, you can turn your rage into motivation and, through this, you can improve your efficiency. It doesn’t matter if it’s for your professional life or personal. You can use your temper as a fuel to accomplish the array of the task in a splendid way. Having a tough time with your family? Well, go out and help the community. Rage and Efficiency are highly related, the endeavors capitalize when you have physical tasks in hand to be done. Always remember that you can volunteer for hard work and get rid of the temper by literally burning the rage. When we’re angry, our mind can compile a mountain of a workload in no time.

Just Breathe:

Breathing and our emotions are closely related. Breathing controls emotions like sadness, happiness, fear and most importantly, anger in various ways. When you’re angry, you tend to breathe quickly. The science behind this is simple; you’re raising the blood pressure with abrupt breathing patterns and hence further fueling the rage (like Ferdinand the Bull when it finally dawns on him that he is NOT a sheep). When you’re angry, it’s always advised to breathe in a calming manner and maintain a constant rhythm. After effects? Well, in most of the cases, you end up with negligible to no anger inside of you. Do you know, when you breathe from the right nostril, it oxygenates the left part of the brain and vice-versa? Forcing an alternating breathing habit for few minutes can induce a balancing as well as a calming effect on your brain.


Life is a grand journey when you hold on to anger; you’re simply grasping a piece of burning coal with the intention of throwing it on somebody. If you don’t throw it, you’re the one who gets burned. Letting it go is a symbol of superiority, always remember that you can’t just afford to lose precious moments of your life just because you were angry.

I am Anthony Schultz, an independent author and as of now working for a thesis writing service. My aptitudes and ability and attitude have helped me a great deal.

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Helpers for Preppers’ Hands

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Written by R. Ann Parris on The Prepper Journal.

Editors Note: Another guest post from R.Ann Parris to The Prepper Journal. Whether this is you, a parent or grandparent, it is all something we should prepare for as either helpers, or eventually having to accept help. As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly receive a $25 cash award as well as be entered into the next Prepper Writing Contest with a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter today!

I had an odd epiphany while I tried to change a saws-all blade in heavy gloves this winter. “Sweet, this is how my father lives his whole life … okay, minus the pain.”

My father has beautiful hands. They’re swollen thick as sausages, rough, bent and gnarled from arthritis and a long lifetime of broken and dislocated bones and knuckles. They’re usually nicked up. There’s years’ worth of stains in the callous that covers them. Some of the fingers never bend. Some of the fingers never straighten. He can barely feel them.

I see them, and I see them sneaking my Baby Boo away for a bottle he was supposed to be weaning off. I see them building a doghouse and working overtime for another stray his wife/girls saved. I see them laying intricate brickwork for my mother’s flower gardens. I see them hauling and cutting for what was supposed to be a beef calf before his girls fell in love (Ollie the Ox passed at the ripe old age of 20, and we still get harassed).

When I see those abused hands, I see love. But I also see the constant daily struggles with things that used to be automatic and easy.

I see them fighting to assemble the annual Lego train, frustrated by packaging, actually working to turn the page of a catalog. My mother pre-opens the pickle jars now. He has a bag and a tray handy pretty much everywhere, because he needs a cane and that leaves only one of those beautifully scarred, swollen, twisted hands for carrying things.

This is a man who built half his home from scratch and spent a lifetime making repairs, fixing and maintaining the family vehicles, erecting the fences, fishing and hunting, pollinating squashes, rewiring the attic, jerry-rigging tractors and tow-behinds, getting ATVs and animals out of mud and pits, building models, maintaining his firearms, braiding hair, and teaching not only his children, but his grandsons, how to do it, too.

Luckily, he’s also stubborn. His hands don’t stop him.

Our hands are one of the two tools that make us the most adaptable creature that has yet walked this earth.

Not only are the hands important, but the joints and limbs leading to them. Should we find ourselves in a chair or on a walker, crutches, or canes, permanently or temporarily, we’ll also find that we can’t carry quite so much, and that our reach is seriously curtailed.

Some of us are already starting to look at our own useful, able-bodied existence due to injuries and the ravages of age. Some of us are still young but want to help keep our parents and aging friends active and independent. Some of us are also looking at examples around us, and considering the high likelihood of an injury in an even more physical world.

Happily, we live in a modern world, where there are handy gadgets that can help us stay a little more independent and capable of contributing.


The #1 go-to tool that sits around all areas of my father’s house – and now his daughters’, ‘cause we learn well – is simple pliers. Sometimes needle-nosed are the ticket, because they can close so firmly, but usually they’re there in pairs with a blunt-nosed pair, usually arc-nose.

The arc-nose are pretty darn handy, because they can help with bottle tops, small jar lids, and are a little less likely to deform the child-safety lock on my Federal HP ammo boxes and cold meds. Our arc-nose pliers all have enough of an angle and “lip” at the front that you can use them to get into a lot of blister packs that want to give you a hard time (like Advantix, and of all things, Midol – because that’s NOT a good time to make something difficult to get into).

Either can help with getting zippers up and down, pull boots on, peel tape off/up, and as a combo, can help somebody thread their zipper. They open zip-top packaging, and with careful manipulation, can help seal them, too. They can be used to snag the pull tabs on coffee tins and soda/beer cans. They can help you thread a new tag on a dog collar, or hold onto a watch band to get the buckle tongue through (I had to look up what that was called). Needle-nosed pliers can scrape/punch the holes in the back of cardboard blister packs of batteries and gadgets.

Pliers of any type can help somebody with bad hands or little hand strength, little ability to throw their upper body into providing torque, especially when glue or a gorilla was apparently involved with putting your oil or coolant cap on, or tightening your tire air nozzle.

My daddy actually carries a small pair of arc-nosed pliers even when he’s not carrying a multi-tool or going to work. It’s just part of his pocket detritus now. That’s because pliers can do the job of a lot of the things on this list, or work in concert to help the gadgets do their jobs.

Psst … Pliers are HUGELY helpful with slippery and numbingly-cold-weather tasks, no matter who you are. Also, for opening the twist-pull Henry drop-feed tube mags in freezing temps. (Editor: Amen!)

Button & Zipper Pullers

These are just what they sound like. There’s a few styles and types, with some small enough for a dress shirt or suit coat pocket and some that are longer. There are some that are even more discreet, and tuck into a pocket-knife style housing.

The ones with a loop and a hook do both buttons and zippers. If it doesn’t have the hook, it’s only going to do buttons.

You can help zippers along by adding the metal loops from keyrings, “cutesy” zipper pulls like compasses and cartoon characters – which can be bought as such, or as mini keyrings – and for some discretion with jeans and pants, a small loop or fabric tab.

Also, shake-out and pop-in multi-tool pliers will get most pants zippers up and down pretty quick.

Jar & Can Openers

These come in several styles and general formats. I call them “jar pliers”, “fabric” or “mesh” thingies, “can hooks” and “coaster-cup” thingies. Happily, you can add “jar opener” to a search and actually find them all. The mesh thingies are sometimes called manual floppy sheets and mats, too.

The most-used types in our house are the jar pliers, and Papa’s can “hook”. His hook is also a grippy that fits wide-mouth canning jars and some of the commercial pickle and pasta jars, and it has a small-bottle lid opener and a bottle cap popper. We tend to keep two of the wrench-plier types handy, because you can use one to hold a slick jar and the other to crank on the lid.

There’s a jar “key” type out there, too. It might just be us, but we can’t get them to work.


Only having one hand – or none – available for toting makes you reliant on others, or highly inefficient. With carabiners and a light laptop or musette type bag, somebody with a hand problem or who is on crutches, canes, or a walker can gain a lot of their self-reliance back – around the house, out shopping, out in the yard.

My father’s hands also make it tough for him to dig around in his pants pockets. Instead, he can clip things to carabiners and his (sturdy) belt, and his change, phone, mints, and little pocket detritus, and things like nails and bolts, stay handy in wallets and pouches he can snag, open, and tip out into his palm.

Push Cart

Got somebody who needs a cane or crutches, or has a hard time telling if they actually have a good hold on something? No need for them to feel bad about watching groceries and animal feed get hauled, or others doing the work of rearranging when bookcases are involved. No more sitting out of decorating for holidays, or getting frustrated by dropping half a fistful of utensils while setting a table. Get them back into being the grill master – without somebody toting and fetching for them.

Get them a utility cart.

Ours handle 2” steps and ruts without a hitch, are light enough and sturdy enough to be tipped for 4” rises, and have indoor-outdoor wheels that can be hosed off. Also make sure that it’s narrow enough and short-bodied enough to take the corners in the house (and consider pool noodle “bumpers”).

Reach Extenders

There are all kinds of extended-grabbers for indoors and outside, and they get used at our houses. My mother (5’5” in heels) has been using grill tongs and coated kitchen tongs for dusting and reaching shelve and cabinets for pretty much my whole memory, and they work just fine – better in some cases.

The other unexpected hero for keeping my father from losing his mind? The pole extensions and all the crazy attachments for the Ryobi battery-powered weed eater. It’s a 3’ or 9’ mini chainsaw, a 7’ saws-all, a blower, and a roto-tiller. The trigger shape makes it easy to activate and release, and he can prop it or himself against various things to use it.

Thread Helper

Look up “automatic needle threader” and “thread guide”, and if you have a machine, “sewing machine thread helper”. There are some simple, flat metal types, too. They’ll help keep you in the sewing game, but they’re also handy for beading and stringing popcorn and dried berries. Neck-hanging or clamp-anywhere magnified mirrors are also super handy.

Sock Helper

When your hands are going or gone, or if there’s a back, shoulder, or arm injury, even the basics of getting dressed can be time consuming and difficult.

There are sock helpers, some of which are intended for compression stocking, but a good quality boot sock can stretch over them, too. It seemed to me like it would be as difficult to get socks over the frames as to pull them over toes, but apparently my father takes half the time to get socks on now/again.

He also used a shoe guide, even though he typically wears construction or hiking boots. Some styles won’t hold them well enough to shove duck feet past tight ankle gaps, but it turns out, others work just dandy.

Another contraption out there, which I own just for the convenience at my muddy-boots door, is a shoe remover aid. (Editors Note: Every cowboy/cowgirl has a “boot jack!”) It lets you “toe” off your shoes by the heels without getting your sock or hands wet, grassy or dirty.

Our Hands

I’ve lived a pretty lucky existence. I learned permaculture and aquaponics from a man in a wheelchair. I learned livestock keeping from a sheep farmer with one arm and a 70-year-old woman who can’t afford her dogs if she can’t keep up with what the goats, rabbits, ducks and chickens need from her property. I live one door down from two near-retiring people who are used to doing for themselves, around pain and injuries and tight budgets, and who thus find a way to toddle along, taking care of each other as they do. The way they handle their physical “adversities” has been absolutely invaluable to my preparedness.

All the gadgets in the world won’t ease the frustration of my father’s hands, his decreasing mobility, his increasing reliance on things. But those gadgets are already in my stock, for injuries as well as age- and time-driven ravages. Because they do help, hugely.

Whether you’re older and losing strength or dexterity, looking at parents and friends who are aging, or just trying to stock for a sick room and med bay, those gadgets can be a good investment. They’re not all that expensive, they don’t have a shelf life, and they’re pretty darn sturdy.

What they can bring to us in terms of self-reliance, efficiency, and time savings is pretty priceless.


The post Helpers for Preppers’ Hands appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

Stress and Resilience: Preparing for the Days Ahead

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editors Note: A guest submission from Meighan Sembrano to The Prepper Journal. Preppers understand that the mental is as important as the physical when it come to being prepared, and what more appropriate time than just before the holiday onslaught of good food, good drink, and just maybe, too much of those and of family!

As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly receive a $25 cash award like Meighan, as well as being entered into the Prepper Writing Contest AND have a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, then enter today!

Getting enough ѕlеер іѕ a pivotal ingredient to being able tо handle the ѕtrеѕѕ that уоu encounter during the day.


It ѕtаndѕ to rеаѕоn thаt іf уоu are fееlіng tіrеd or еxhаuѕtеd, you wіll nоt bе аblе tо hаndlе thе stress level thаt уоu wоuld bе able tо handle іf you wеrе fееlіng tremendous and еnеrgіzеd. Stress uѕuаllу saps thе ѕtrеngth of an іndіvіduаl ѕо thе more еnеrgу you hаvе ѕtаrtіng off іn thе bеgіnnіng оf thе dау thе mоrе ѕtrеѕѕ rеѕіlіеnt уоu will bе.

Strеѕѕ аnd ѕlеер рrоvе tо hаvе a robust relationship that саn be utіlіzеd to combat ѕtrеѕѕ аnd іtѕ negative еffесtѕ. Mоѕt hеаlth еxреrtѕ will tell you thаt gеttіng еnоugh ѕlеер іѕ key to оvеrаll hеаlth and wеll bеіng and ѕраnѕ beyond уоur аbіlіtу tо wіthѕtаnd ѕtrеѕѕ. Immune ѕуѕtеm funсtіоn аnd рhуѕісаl hеаlth саn bе соmрrоmіѕеd іf аn individual іѕ nоt gеttіng аdеԛuаtе sleep.

Sleep dерrіvаtіоn саn аlѕо hаndісар brain funсtіоn аnd сrеаtіvіtу during thе dау whісh can also соmроund ѕtrеѕѕ rеlаtеd thіnkіng аnd behaviors. Onе may fіnd еvеn standard daily tasks mоrе of a сhаllеngе when they аrе ореrаtіng іn a ѕlеер-dерrіvеd ѕtаtе.

One оf the bеѕt wауѕ tо achieve thе аррrорrіаtе amount of ѕlеер еасh nіght is tо get іntо a routine of sleep and follow thаt ѕаmе rоutіnе. Yоur bоdу becomes ассuѕtоmеd to a раttеrn оf sleep and whеn уоu stay wіthіn that pattern уоu wіll find thаt falling аѕlеер аѕ wеll аѕ wаkіng up аt around the ѕаmе tіmеѕ bесоmеѕ muсh еаѕіеr.

Even оn thе wееkеndѕ оr days оff, try tо keep thе same rоutіnе of ѕlеер thrоughоut. Thіѕ hеlрѕ tо keep your bоdу іn thе ѕаmе sleep раttеrn аnd wіll hеlр уоu аvоіd ѕlеерlеѕѕ nіghtѕ of tоѕѕіng, turnіng and some symptoms of depression.

Many rеlу on fеw well-known home remedies to hеlр them nоd оff tо sleep. Drinking a wаrm cup оf mіlk іѕ ѕаіd tо hеlр оnе fаll аѕlеер. There are also ԛuіtе a fеw hоt tea rесіреѕ іnсludіng ѕlеер-іnduсіng herbs such as valerian rооt and раѕѕіоn flower thаt can hеlр оnе fаll аѕlеер. Whаtеvеr thе case, fіnd ѕоmеthіng that wоrkѕ fоr you аnd a rоutіnе thаt you саn stick tо. The bоdу of each іndіvіduаl is dіffеrеnt, and еxреrіmеntаtіоn mау be rеԛuіrеd.

Slеер can hаvе a роwеrful еffесt оn ѕtrеѕѕ and on improving memory either роѕіtіvеlу оr negatively. Mаkе ѕurе уоu аrе getting еnоugh ѕlеер еасh nіght ѕо уоu fееl rejuvenated and rеаdу tо tаkе on the activities of thе соmіng dау with еnеrgу аnd еnthuѕіаѕm.

If you аrе gеttіng the appropriate аmоunt of sleep and rest, уоu will fіnd thаt fіghtіng ѕtrеѕѕ will be muсh lеѕѕ of a сhаllеngе. Yоur rеѕіlіеnсе оr аbіlіtу to bе flеxіblе and аdарtаblе when fасеd wіth stressful situations is a hugе factor for ѕurvіvаl аnd, ѕuссеѕѕ.

Onе роwеrful mеthоd for improving уоur rеѕіlіеnсе durіng ѕtrеѕѕful есоnоmіс tіmеѕ іѕ сhаngіng уоur attitude аnd reframing thе рrоblеm, so you see іt as аn opportunity for bеttеrіng уоurѕеlf. So fаr, you may rеѕеnt bеіng fоrсеd to cut back, sacrifice, оr еlіmіnаtе luxuries аnd еvеn ѕоmе things you рrеvіоuѕlу ѕаw аѕ nесеѕѕіtіеѕ.

That rеѕеntmеnt is multірlуіng your stress lоаd, tо thе dеtrіmеnt of your hарріnеѕѕ аnd hеаlth. If іnѕtеаd оf focusing оn “What’s wrong wіth thіѕ рісturе?” уоu choose tо look for creative ѕоlutіоnѕ, you can rеduсе a great dеаl оf mеntаl and еmоtіоnаl stress.

Creatively Simplifying Lіfе Dеmоnѕtrаtеѕ Rеѕіlіеnсе

Whаt would hарреn if уоu ѕеt аѕіdе rеѕеntmеnt аnd dесіdеd tо lооk at whаt you саn do wіth whаt уоu hаvе tо mаkе thіngѕ wоrk just аѕ well аѕ роѕѕіblе?

Whаt wоuld hарреn іf you сhоѕе tо lооk аt the current ѕіtuаtіоn as an opportunity tо live mоrе creatively, to gеt іn closer touch wіth your іnnеr рurроѕе, tо соnnесt mоrе рrоfоundlу wіth уоur family and frіеndѕ, to fіnd wауѕ tо gіvе аnd rесеіvе wіth loving kіndnеѕѕ?

Whаt wоuld happen if уоu сhоѕе tо simplify lіfе wіth a goal оf improving your ԛuаlіtу of life, to lеt it rерrеѕеnt уоur соrе values, аѕ wеll аѕ mаnаgіng wisely during a сусlе оf есоnоmіс rеѕtrісtіоn?

Sіmрlіfу wіth Purроѕе аnd Crеаtіvіtу

Thе аnѕwеrѕ tо ԛuеѕtіоnѕ lіkе this саn bе a foundation fоr ѕіmрlіfуіng уоur life with purpose and creativity, as wеll аѕ рrоvіdіng рrасtісаl ѕоlutіоnѕ tо many of thе ѕtrеѕѕful сhаllеngеѕ you face.

Whеn you look fоr opportunities tо ѕаtіѕfу nееdѕ аnd wаntѕ using dіffеrеnt methods thаn before, уоu are dеmоnѕtrаtіng hеаlthу resilience. High lеvеlѕ оf rеѕіlіеnсе іnсrеаѕе your сhаnсеѕ fоr thrіvіng, not mеrеlу surviving, in a wіdеѕрrеаd economic downturn.

Sіmрlіfуіng mау seem like a nесеѕѕіtу, and whеn уоu use іt аѕ аn орроrtunіtу tо іmрrоvе your lіfе, it nееdѕ nо lоngеr feel lіkе a раіnful ѕасrіfісе.

Hеаlthу Strеѕѕ and Success

Working tоwаrd practical solutions creatively for a more straightforward, mоrе есоnоmісаl lіfеѕtуlе, mау involve еffоrt, lеаrnіng, аnd grоwth, but thеѕе рrосеѕѕеѕ рrоduсе positive аnd healthy ѕtrеѕѕ — the kind thаt kеерѕ уоu enthusiastic аnd уоuthful.

Embrace a ѕіmрlеr way of life with rеѕіlіеnсе аnd you mау bе surprised аt hоw much ѕuссеѕѕ уоu enjoy a year frоm now, nоt juѕt financially, but mentally, еmоtіоnаllу, and іn уоur реасеful quality оf life.

Here are some of the ways on hоw to cope with ѕtrеѕѕ and live a better life:

Stress іѕ a hugе рrоblеm tоdау аnd саn rеѕult in ѕеrіоuѕ іllnеѕѕеѕ іf nоt managed рrореrlу. Hоw саn you соре wіth ѕtrеѕѕ? One of the most essential ѕtерѕ to tаkе whеn trying tо dеаl wіth ѕtrеѕѕ іѕ іdеntіfуіng thе саuѕе оf your ѕtrеѕѕ.

Stress еxіѕtѕ whеn certain рrоblеmѕ, whether physical or psychological, keep thе bоdу оn аlеrt all thе time. Often tіmеѕ just іdеntіfуіng the source of thе stress саn mаkе the ѕtrеѕѕ dіѕарреаr.

Adарt Tо It

Many people try earnestly tо gеt аwау frоm whаt produces thе ѕtrеѕѕеѕ in life. They mау еnd up moving аwау to trу tо еѕсаре thе stressing соndіtіоnѕ, ѕuсh аѕ wоrkіng іn a buѕу, nоіѕу city.

Whіlе that may hеlр tо rеduсе уоur ѕtrеѕѕ lеvеlѕ, it іѕ not аlwауѕ thе mоѕt еffесtіvе or nееdеd thing tо do.

Fоr еxаmрlе, іf уоu gеt rеаllу ѕtrеѕѕеd ѕіttіng in bumper tо bumреr trаffіс, lеаvіng a lіttlе earlier or later might help to rеduсе thе ѕtrеѕѕ of being stuck in trаffіс.

Bу adapting to thе this it will hеlр уоu gain confidence thаt уоu are in соntrоl оf your lіfе, whісh іѕ аn important thіng to hеlр cope with ѕtrеѕѕ.

Rаіѕіng children can оftеn bе very ѕtrеѕѕful fоr раrеntѕ, еѕресіаllу whеn thе сhіldrеn аrе out of соntrоl. Whаt may bе nееdеd tо decrease thе ѕtrеѕѕ frоm this ѕоurсе is tо establish fіrm аnd соnѕіѕtеnt guіdеlіnеѕ for the сhіldrеn to lіvе by.

After аdарtіng guіdеlіnеѕ fоr children mаnу раrеntѕ оftеn fееl a hugе sigh оf rеlіеf.

What іf nоіѕе іѕ саuѕіng уоu tоо muсh ѕtrеѕѕ іn your lіfе? If уоu are аt уоur house, уоu соuld сlоѕе a door tо rеduсе thе noise соmіng frоm thе other rooms in thе house.

If thе ѕоurсе іѕ external, реrhарѕ closing thе wіndоw аnd drареѕ wіll help to dampen thе nоіѕе. Ear plugs can also be аn еffесtіvе form tо drоwn out thе noise.

Mаkе sure your ѕurrоundіngѕ аrе рlеаѕаnt bу mаkіng sure thе аrеа уоu are іn іѕ nеаt and сlеаn, this оftеn hеlрѕ in rеlіеvіng ѕtrеѕѕ as wеll.

While this may hеlр tо reduce the ѕtrеѕѕ you аrе facing it will nоt lіkеlу eliminate the ѕtrеѕѕ. But even іf it hеlрѕ juѕt a tad, you wіll bе better off.

Tаlk It Out

Bottling uр уоur ѕtrеѕѕ іnѕіdе is nоt hеаlthу fоr you. Thіnk оf how muсh mоrе rеlіеvеd уоu will feel if уоu gеt іt off уоur chest bу confiding іn a friend who you love аnd trust.

Your frіеnd mау bе аblе tо give уоu hеlрful advice. It іѕ оnlу natural fоr uѕ tо rеflесt оur рrоblеmѕ іnwаrd, but you won’t bе аnу less оf a person if уоu dіѕсuѕѕ your trоublеѕ wіth a truѕtеd frіеnd.

Yоu mау bе аblе tо bеnеfіt from thе practical ѕuggеѕtіоnѕ of a frіеnd аѕ wеll аѕ brіng yourself еmоtіоnаl rеlіеf.

Exercise Rеgulаrlу

Regular physical еxеrсіѕе саn be bеnеfісіаl tо help уоu burn аll thе еxtrа ѕugаrѕ аnd fat іn thе bloodstream саuѕеd bу stress. This will hеlр counteract thе effects оf ѕtrеѕѕ and hеlр to restore уоur bоdу tо a bаlаnсеd ѕtаtе.


If уоu dоn’t раrtісulаrlу like exercising trу fіndіng ѕоmеthіng уоu are interested, perhaps a sport. If you dоn’t lіkе sports еxеrсіѕе anyway! If you dо thіѕ, уоu wіll fееl bеttеr, especially іf уоu make іt a dаіlу rоutіnе.

Rather than tаkіng thе car tо dо your еrrаndѕ, іf the рlасе іѕ close еnоugh to trу tаkіng a brisk wаlk. Thіѕ mіght help you tо “burn оff stress.”

Fіnd Bаlаnсе

It is рrореr to fіnd a bаlаnсе between work and rесrеаtіоn. Whіlе both hаvе thеіr рlасе, too muсh оf оnе оr the оthеr саn cause ѕtrеѕѕ in уоur lіfе, so thеrеfоrе іt is vеrу іmроrtаnt tо fіnd a bаlаnсе between thеѕе twо.

Many оf uѕ hate іt, especially gеttіng up in thе mоrnіng. But wоrk іѕ, not аn еvіl plague оut tо get uѕ. It is bеnеfісіаl tо bе асtіvе аnd рrоduсtіvе, and іt hеlрѕ that thе fact еаrnіng a living аllоwѕ uѕ to рlасе.

When уоu аrе wоrkіng be sure tо regularly tаkе a fеw moments tо rеlіеvе thе ѕtrеѕѕ оf wоrk. Pеrhарѕ gеttіng up аnd ѕtrеtсhіng or walking аrоund thе оffісе, іf permitted, саn help rеlіеvе the tense feeling іn your muѕсlеѕ, whісh wіll rеduсе thе buildup of stress.

Mаkе ѕurе that уоur life іѕ not dominated by wоrk. Mаnу people dо thіѕ and аrе very stressed оut because of thе рlасе thеіr jоb hаѕ taken іn their life.

Make ѕurе уоu mаkе tіmе fоr rеlаxаtіоn as wеll. Pеrhарѕ уоu hаvе a hоbbу thаt уоu enjoy thаt wіll dіvеrt уоur thіnkіng аwау from уоur stresses.

Slеер Iѕ Vіtаl

Many реорlе tоdау stay uр rеаllу lаtе, реrhарѕ enjoying a cup оf соffее with a frіеnd, оr wаtсhіng lаtе nіght TV that thеу say hеlрѕ them tо unwind. But whаtеvеr claimed relaxation they аrе gеttіng frоm thаt оutwеіghѕ thе dеер ѕlеер that thеу need tо hеlр unwind.


Sleep dеfісіеnсу is a stress оn thе bоdу and mind аnd makes ѕtrеѕѕеѕ in lіfе even mоrе difficult tо соре wіth.

Sleep аllоwѕ уоur body tо rераіr itself. Sо if уоu аrе a stress vісtіm trу gеttіng more sleep, аnd try gоіng tо ѕlеер at thе ѕаmе time аnd form a habit оut оf іt.

Changing Yоur Viewpoint

Oftеn tіmе оur mеntаl аttіtudе іѕ еnоugh tо make uѕ ѕtrеѕѕеd оut. How dо уоu vіеw lіfе and thе рrоblеmѕ thаt уоu аrе fасіng? If уоu аrе аlwауѕ ѕо negative аbоut thіngѕ, it іѕ оnlу nаturаl tо аѕѕumе thаt уоu will fееl nеgаtіvе.

Learn to еvаluаtе уоur life’s рrіоrіtіеѕ. Pеrhарѕ уоu have a nеw ѕосіаl gаthеrіng tо gо tо оr are having a baby. Whаtеvеr it mау tаkе the time оut tо thіnk about hоw уоu аrе going tо соре with thе stresses іnvоlvеd, аnd how іmроrtаnt thеу rеаllу аrе tо уоur lіfе. An еvаluаtіоn ѕuсh as thіѕ will hеlр уоu rеаlіzе уоur рrіоrіtіеѕ аnd thе lіmіtаtіоnѕ уоu ѕhоuld lіvе bу whісh іn turn will hеlр уоu bе a muсh hарріеr реrѕоn.

Stress tоdау is unаvоіdаblе no mаttеr how we live or hоw happy we аrе. There аrе juѕt so mаnу things thаt can саuѕе stress. So уоu much lеаrn to ассерt іt аnd соре wіth іt whеn іt dоеѕ аrіѕе.

Author Bio

Meighan Sembrano is a health enthusiast and a passionate writer. Her primary expertise is in Beauty and Skin Care, but she has also published articles on Health and Fitness. Her sincerity and thoughtfulness resonate with readers, and her enthusiasm is contagious. You can follow Meighan on Twitter and Facebook.





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The Fourth “B”

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editors Note: A guest contribution from Texan to The Prepper Journal. I have had this one for awhile as the subject matter required some extra-special handling. As you will read it may be easy for some of the statements made herein to be labeled as sexist, or worse, and that clearly is not the authors intent. The material, heavily edited by me, is intended to raise awareness of an issue that one needs to prepare for as it is a fact of life. To the authors credit he included a number of steps to deal with complications, like excessive bleeding, and while I don’t doubt his proposed method, I also am not qualified to offer medical advice so I edited them out. All true preppers will seek the information needed through their own network of medical professionals and certified instructors, which is what both the author and I encourage.

As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly receive a $25 cash award as well as be entered into the Prepper Writing Contest with a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter today.

This is one of the least talked about subjects in open forums across the “prepper-verse.” I see YouTube videos of people’s preps, I do not see a lot of building up supplies for this. Yes, this is a natural thing that all animals do, but for humans a lot of the  “natural” has been replaced with an abundance of medicines and medical devices in the sterile environment of a doctors office, birthing center or hospital.


At some level of abstraction we talk about “prepping” as generally the “Three B’s”  – Beans, Bullets, and Band-Aids. (Editor Note: I actually think there is an “S” as well for “shelter” but could not find a “polite” way to add that to the title ;-)

We all know how important each is in everyday life, as well as in prepping for unexpected, or expected, events. What we don’t talk about much in open forums is “The Fourth B” – Babies, and birth control, in a post-normal world. Babies are part of life and therefore we cannot ignore babies in our preps. Because at some point in time either someone in your group will get pregnant or you will be joined by someone from the outside who is pregnant. Additionally, we all know that when humans are ruled by their hormones, their desires, their need for closeness and acceptance and that, when bored they look for ways to entertain themselves, and one of those ways is through activities that may result in the reproduction of the species. As such, we have to deal with the reality that people will be doing the act of reproducing after the SHTF and it is prudent plan for contraception, and birth.

For the woman who are on birth control it is safe to assume that one would run out in about 1-3 months time, which is the normal prescribed amount for birth control, unless they have an IUD or other implanted devices. Stocking up on chemical birth control is only ideal for the short term and it becomes less effective as time passes. After that one would have to resort to condoms or other methods of birth control, if one so wishes to remain childless. This is obviously a personal choice, one that should be understood and planned for before it becomes an emergency.

Something you can do right now is rethink how you store your on-hand birth control supplies. For chemical birth control I recommend keeping them in a dry area of the house, not under the sink in the bathroom like so many of us keep our OTC and prescription drugs. Keeping them under the sink or in a medicine cabinet degrades the shelf life and potency of the drug when it comes time to finally use it. Try this instead.

For stocking up on condoms, I recommend 10-15 boxes, and not lubricated because these can be used as for other purposes as well. (Editor Note: I recommend not viewing the YouTube videos on how much water they can contain, unless you too are in junior high school.)

So you’re pregnant!

Congratulations could be in order! That again is a personal matter and weighing the choices of self, and others impacted by this result. Now comes the first challenge – trying to “reproduce” all of the conditions that all of the current literature says you should follow, when you are living the normal life. Advice that matters like “You need to eat, a lot! Don’t miss seconds, if there are seconds.” Easily said, difficult in a hunter/gather society.  A lot of preppers I know or have seen are only planning for a 2,000 calorie a day diet, some even less, this is enough to sustain us now, but since we are much more sedentary than our ancestors 2,000 cal are enough for today’s lifestyle.


Most pregnancy books, doctors, and websites say a pregnant woman should increase there intake by 300-350 cal a day, in the first and second trimester and by 500 cal in the third trimester. Just how do you achieve a diet of at least a 3,000 cal diet after the SHTF? This in an environment without home delivery of meals, drive-thru’s and where, for everyone, just for daily survival, they are seeking more calories in their diet to remain capable of the more strenuous activities, such as farming and hunting, and other normal tasks which are now chores as a result of the situational change. The point here is not some Hallmark movie plot where everyone sacrifices to support the coming baby, though, that is what would most likely happen. And that has an impact on the group that needs to be understood and talked through.


I would recommend every couple of birthing age buy a book on birthing and at the very least attend a birthing class. In a perfect situation your will have a midwife, doctor, or OBYGN nurse as a part of your group perhaps, but that is a conjecture few can depend upon. Of course this will also help when the going gets rough from illness and wounds. If you are planning as a “group” this is a positive add. Additionally, some pieces of medical equipment in your stash, such as a good stethoscope would be a plus as would a manual blood pressure device.

After the second trimester most women should not be out in the fields helping with hard manual labor. At this point they should be doing light work, keeping their bodies regulated should be the main focus of pregnant woman after the SHTF. Woman will not be willing to just lay around all day while others are out supporting the group. They will be wanting to help all of the time, as they should, but it is in their best interest to reduce their physical labor. As everyone knows arguing this point can be futile, so therefore I suggest you just request that she finds and sets her own limits.


Giving Birth

This will be the hardest part. We will not have the luxury of an epidural, nor the luxury of morphine or other advanced pain killers, the best most preppers will have on hand is some ibuprofen, which won’t even touch the pain a pregnant woman is experiencing.

The baby and the mother should be monitored as much as possible, mother’s blood pressure should be checked every 30 minutes. We will not have the help of fancy machines that take vitals when we need them to, so everything will have to be done manually, take an EMT class to learn the basic vital signs and how to calculate them. Vitals can tell you if something is wrong and what the fix could be, if you have some training.

We live in a world where the medical help is just a phone call away, so if something were to go bad you would be at a hospital in a matter of minutes. After the SHTF medical help and a team of doctors will not be a phone call away. They could be a day’s walk or longer. Most  Americas have not experienced a still birth. The reality is that most woman in the 1800’s, and up into the mid 1950’s, had at least one still birth and/or faced a real chance of death while giving birth during their lifetime. This is the scary reality that awaits us on the other side, after TSHTF. This is not meant to scare you, just give you an idea of what to expect.

One of the many realities of giving birth is complications, lots of them. In the third world the number one killer of woman after giving birth is blood loss. Many rural places  do not know how to handle it, then again most rural farmers do. There are ways to be prepared for this with things most preppers normally have and I would recommend you investigate this through a trusted medical professional.  (Please consult a doctor before attempting any medical procedure! Training can not be over stressed.)

Hurray a baby!

This now presents the second hurtle after a successful birth. Has the mother had a sufficient diet to be able to feed the baby naturally? If not then one need to be prepared to supplement the mother with a stored source of milk or other options.


Most baby formula stores for three years unopened, which is very critical for women already pregnant or those becoming pregnant in the first two years. After that, people will have to look to other resources such as farm animals (cows and goats, etc.). And because, nothing is perfect, not all women can produce enough milk to support their baby, even on a regular diet. Learning how to use cloth diapers is the next hurtle as the disposables will disappear quickly, and are seriously “single use” – seriously! Unless you have a tractor-trailer filled with tons of disposable diapers in you bunker. And if you do, well, you better know how to dispose of them properly to keep the other members of you group from disposing of you.

Personally I store and buy about 36 large containers of generic baby formula, I look at a cost pre ounce and buy that way, and the year prior to the expiration date I give the baby formula to the local food bank. This gives me the ability to always have formula on hand for people who need it, and gives me a good quantity should I need it. I store all of this to give out as presents when my friends are having babies or if I need it in the future. I also store about 100 packages of Walmart brand wet wipes and about 20 large tubes of A&D ointment. Because from personal experience, I have a 10 month old son, A&D ointment is absolutely critical to baby’s sore butt (I buy the generic brand), and you can never have enough wet wipes. I do dedicate quite a bit of space to baby stuff, but I think it will be worth it in the long run, especially if I can save the life of one baby post SHTF.


I hope that moms intend to breastfeed their new baby, because there are so many good things in breastmilk. Antibodies, the baby digests breastmilk better than formula, its cheaper than formula, it will store longer. I personally have bought 4 manual breast pumps so my wife can use them and again as gifts or for charity. The best item we have ever bought was 10 pairs of Lacticups which are amazing, they collect milk leaking out of the nipple. Then you can put that milk into storage containers or straight into a bottle to give the little one. This saves so much milk it is absolutely amazing!

Giving birth after the SHTF scares me personally, because I have seen the pain it caused my wife and she had an epidural. I know most woman in today’s age and society are not ready for that kind of pain. (Editors Note: yet I have observed cancer patients with a strength beyond description.) With that said I know babies are going to happen, which is why I am writing this so we the people will store and stock up on those baby items which will be desperately needed in a world without modern manufacturing or the convenience of modern baby formula and supplies.

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10 Must Have Natural Remedies for Preppers

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editor’s Note: This post has been contributed by Saqib. If you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly win a $300 Amazon Gift Card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter the Prepper Writing Contest today.

Imagine women giving birth centuries ago or imagine you suffer from some critical injury or serious ailment. Centuries ago, there was not the concept of technology and there certainly weren’t the advances in medical science we have today. Your best option would be to call the tribal medicine doctor or shaman. Someone who knew how to use a leaf as a bandage and how to break and pull a teeth out with a stone. Could you survive? Could you stay healthy? Could you even live long enough to see the next sunrise? Thinking of those types of situations now, it hardly seems possible, but we humans are tenacious and if it was impossible,  then how did mankind make it this far? If modern medicines and advances in science are the only reason we are combating serious diseases now, then how did we make it this far?

The answer to this question is simple – Mother Nature has her own secrets.  There are many who fear that humans won’t be able to survive without the conveniences of modern medicine. Granted, we won’t be able to say life on the scale that we can now, but there are natural options.  Humans made it pretty far along the span of history without any complicated and advanced sciences. For sure there is something much greater reserved in nature. Today we will discuss 10 must have natural remedies that will could offer comfort and healing when the possibility of modern medicine is gone.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Everything from stomach related disorders, to vitality upgrade, to counteract diseases . Taken before suppers, it even assists with weight reduction! Likewise, the vinegar is one of those ‘100 uses’ wonder items. It has topical applications from eye drops to against tingle treatment and numerous other first guide employments.


Yes the gift of God, the food of heaven, honey is one of those natural remedies that you need to have around in your house. The food of God, honey is both good for medicinal purpose and equally serves as a dessert. Honey also has 1st aid and topical skin care application benefits that are far superior to toxic cosmetic treatments.


In the event that anything upgrades nourishment season or enhances well-being better, it’s yet to be found. There’s an excessive number of advantages to list here that range from extraordinary against viral and hostile to bacterial properties to keeping up sound blood cholesterol levels to treating sort 2 diabetes.

Coconut Oil

Coconut milk and coconut oil on wooden table

Coconut oil has hundreds of uses not to mention as a cooking oil and is one of the best skin “creams” you can put all over and hands. Furthermore, it even fills in as a weapon lube oil when absolutely necessary. It can be put away effectively as it doesn’t ruin at room temperature and cements beneath 76 degrees.

Hydrogen Peroxide

A slightly different solution, hydrogen peroxide is good for skin care and nurturing. We’re talking about 35% FOOD grade, which is NOT the same as what you normally purchase. The 35% grade can actually burn your skin if you put too much in one spot. But you can dilute a drop or so depending upon the requirement in a glass of water and you have a prophylaxis or potential cure.


China seeds are viewed as the ideal natural nourishment since they contain an excessive number of advantages to list here. More to it, who might trust that what gives off an impression of being simply one more “weed” with entirely blue blooms would be a characteristic of well-being.

Steam Water – Distilled Water

Refined water is a more dissoluble than different waters, particularly “hard” water. It cleans independent from anyone else, particularly the skin, without cleaning added substances. It has an alternate particle structure than non-refined water that pulls in overwhelming metals and different poisons in your framework and removes them from your body when it experiences your urinary procedure!

Red Chili

Red chilli pepper

Looking for immediate skin care of for some nerve pain relief, the red chili is your spicy go to product. Beware heavy eating can bring about some serious trouble. Proceed with caution.


Bergamot is also a good source of vitamins and is said to have super anti-oxidant and other unique properties that enhance well-being and promote anti-aging. Exemplified by all the dancing and bike riding you see 100-year-old Italians doing.

Aloe Vera

This is viewed as an attempted and demonstrated must have mending plant that as a rule is related with skin medicines, particularly consumes, yet it is much more flexible than simply that. Make ointments and medicine from a mix of coconut oil, aloe, and nectar for astounding skin revival properties.

Author Bio: Saqib Khan, is an inquisitive blogger and loves to spread his knowledge. With a penchant for politics and current affairs, Saqib’s new field of interest social development. He is currently associated with an online video curation site in Pakistan named Ravapk offering news and entertainment, intelligently and with utmost credibility.

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10 Medical Resources You Can Get from Nature

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Your list of home remedies is about to get even more interesting and spicier. Although these natural herbs are have been used hundreds of years, doctors and scientists are now recommending them to be used for healing purposes. These natural medical resources can be easily substituted as traditional methods of medication. The plants have capabilities to heal and reduce cholesterol, high blood pressure and arthritis pain to name a few. Some of the best healing herbs even have the ability to treat cancer cells and also help alcoholics to curb their drinking habit.

The natural medical resources or herbs and other natural remedies are as effective as traditional treatments. In some cases they are even more effective without any side effects. Here are some of the best medical resources that you can get from nature. These super-healers can be added into your natural medicine or herbal products cabinet along with your favorite recipes. Fitting a few of them in your daily routine can be beneficial for the body.


Turmeric is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. It is native to southern Asia

Turmeric contains anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancerous properties. Who ever thought an ingredient used for taste in curry can help to relieve pain? This spice which is popular for its use in curry contains curcumin that helps to treat arthritis. Curcumin is a powerful anti-inflammatory and an important element that works just like Cox-2 inhibitors drugs to reduce the Cox-2 enzyme which results in the swelling of arthritis.

The herb is known for doing wonders. Another reason why turmeric is popular because it reduces precancerous lesions when taken with quercetin which is found in apples, onions and cabbage. Turmeric also helps to clear plaques in the brain that are important characteristic of the disease.


A recent study on type 2 diabetics showed that taking cinnamon extract everyday reduces the blood sugar level in the body by 10%. It reduces risks related to heart and slash cholesterol by about 13%.

1 g capsules of cinnamon extract everyday helps to tame blood sugar while 1 to 6 g capsules reduce cholesterol. However, a large amount of actual spice in not good for health. Thus, it’s better to stick to water-soluble extract.


Heterocyclic amines or HCAs are some vital carcinogens that are present in several types of cancers. These amines are created after grilling, frying and broiling meat at high temperatures. Rosemary extract which is a common powder mixed in beef after cooking reduces HCA levels in the body.

Rosemary extract also prevents carcinogens from binding with DNA and stops them from entering in the body. It is the first step of the formation of tumor and rosemary extracts helps to prevent cancer at an initial stage. Thus, taking rosemary extract will kill carcinogens before they turn into a tumor. This research has been only carried out on animals but the extract has a tendency to prevent cancer.

In order to reduce HCAs in the body, make sure that you add rosemary extract in any spice mix. It will also enhance the taste, making the dish stronger in flavors. You can mix the herb with oregano, parsley, thyme and onions for a perfect mix.


Ginger can protect your stomach from various sources including motion sickness, pregnancy and chemotherapy. This is an old home remedy that we often hear from our mothers and grandmothers. They are right because it really works!

Ginger is a powerful anti-oxidant that blocks the effects of serotonin in the body. It is a chemical that the stomach and body produces when you feel nausea by stopping the production of free radicals which is also another cause of an upset stomach.


High consumption of garlic have cured colorectal and ovarian cancers. People have also experienced reduction in the number and size of precancerous growths. The benefits of garlic are not only limited to lowering risks of cancer, but it also decreases high blood pressure. There are about 70 active phytochemicals in garlic including allicin that deceases blood pressure by 30 points.

Garlic in your diet slows down the arterial blockages and prevent strokes. Fresh and crushed garlic offers the best cancer-fighting and cardiovascular benefits. However, one should have at least five crushed garlic cloves to enjoy maximum benefits.

Holy Basil

Several animal studies back holy basil, a special variety of the plant you use in your pesto sauce, Holy basil is effective in reducing stress by increasing the noradrenaline and adrenaline along with decreasing serotonin in the body. The herb is also popular to relieve headaches and indigestion. Tea leaves of the holy basil is a great natural resource which is more effective than traditional methods of relieving pain.

Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera was used in traditional medicine for treating skin disease, constipation, infections, worm infestation and colic. In Chinese medicine, it is popular for treating various fungal diseases. In today’s modern times, the herb is used in various cosmetics to make skin softer.

Surprisingly, Aloe Vera consists of more than 78 active components. Studies have shown that the herb also contains antiviral, anti-inflammatory and anti-fungal properties. It builds up the immune system and does not cause any allergic reaction.


FeverFew is a natural herb that has been used over centuries to ease headaches, toothaches, stomach-ache, infertility, menstruation problems and labor during childbirth. The healing effect comes from a biochemical present in the herb known as parthenolides. It fights against the widening of blood vessels during migraines. The herb also prevents blood clots, dizziness, relieve allergies and reduces arthritis pain.

St. John’s Wort

St. Johns Wort herbs are not used to treat the physical symptoms but also used for relieving anxiety and mild to moderate depression. The best thing about it is it works effectively as any other drug without any side-effects.

Saw Palmetto

Saw palmetto is used as a supplement consumed by men to treat prostate cancer. It also contributes to several health issues related to men such as hair loss, libido and enlarged prostate. Other than that, it is said to promote relaxation, treat respiratory conditions and boost immune function.

Author Bio: Saqib Khan, is an inquisitive blogger and loves to spread his knowledge. With a penchant for medical innovations and developments, Saqib’s new field of interest is herbal medicines. He is currently associated with a top online medical pharmacy in Pakistan offering variety of Pathological & Herbal Medicines such as flu medicine, first aid kits, cough medicine, etc.

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Emergency Medical Preparedness: Prepare Yourself for a Medical Emergency

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editor’s Note: This post is another entry in the Prepper Writing Contest from Suzanne S.. If you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly win a $300 Amazon Gift Card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter today.

When it comes to prepping, there is a lot of talk about what material needs we should have on hand. A bug-out bag, freeze-dried food, water, transportation, first-aid kit, weapons for protection and a place to bug-out to. The idea is to have the basic needs of food, water and shelter readily available. The problem is; when the SHTF not everyone gets to just go merrily about their way, to easily head out and get gone. In fact, it is quite likely that many of us will sustain significant injuries that need to be tended to. Whether it is ourselves, our loved ones, or the friends who will be with us, we will need to know how to take care of each others injuries and illnesses.

I am an Emergency Medicine Physician Assistant with more than 20 years of Emergency Room experience, the majority of it in Level I Trauma centers (where the most severe cases…crashes, gunshots, severe work injuries, falls from heights, etc. go). Prior to becoming a PA, I was an EMT. I have a great deal of experience dealing with trauma victims and worked in an ER where we saw multiple gunshots daily. I have lectured at several colleges in the Chicago area as well as being responsible for teaching EMT, Physician Assistant, Medical and Podiatry students. I have also been an instructor for the American Red Cross teaching First Aid, CPR and Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) classes.

There is a lot of information out there about what makes up a good medical kit for your bug-out bag. Everything you need can be either assembled by you or purchased as anyone of a variety of pre-stocked kits. While the kit you have with you when you bug out is obviously important, it is also completely useless if you have not taken the time to learn how to use it. The truth is you can stop most bleeding with direct pressure. Sometimes you need a torn shirt, some duct tape and a pair of trauma scissors. You don’t have to be MacGyver to do it. You do need proper training.

Pamela Rauseo, 37, performs CPR on her nephew, 5-month-old Sebastian de la Cruz, after pulling her SUV to the side of the road. The baby was rushed to Jackson Memorial Hospital, where he is reportedly doing OK.

That said; EVERYONE who expects to deal with the aftermath of when the SHTF needs to know basic CPR and at least basic Trauma First Aid. That means taking classes and practicing what you learn. I can tell you stories about people attempting to administer first aid who had no training, but I won’t. Suffice it to say the outcomes were less than desirable.

The Survival Medicine Handbook: A Guide for When Help is Not on the Way

Let’s think about some injuries you can expect in the woods, hiking or running to find cover. Or for that matter, just being in a place where help is not going to come anytime soon. Falls are very common and can result in anything from a scrape to sprains to more serious injuries like fractures and head injuries. So ask yourself; do I really know how to treat a sprain? What about a fracture? Do I know how to stop bleeding and properly clean a wound? Have I ever done those things? Would I be able to actually do the job the right way should I need to? What if it was something life threatening? Could I save a person’s life?

If the answer to any of the above is NO, then you can have all the gear in the world at the ready, but YOU are not ready to bug-out!

I’m going to give an example of injury event that can be a tragedy if you are not properly trained to treat it. Remember, this is about knowing: both what TO do and what NOT TO do.

You and your companion are moving quickly through a heavily wooded area and your companion falls. When you reach them, you see a branch has impaled their arm. They are essentially stuck to a tree because of a branch sticking all the way through their arm. Your companion is in shock and not even aware of the extent of the injury. They are confused. There is blood coming from their arm and also from a gash on the right side of their head which is bleeding profusely. You think you see bone exposed through the head laceration and it seems that one of their legs has something wrong. Closer examination shows you that the ankle is sitting at a strange angle. What do you do now?

If you are like most people, you freak out, try to compose yourself so you don’t freak out your companion, get really pale and nearly pass out and then reach for your cellphone to call 911. Oops, no connectivity, so no help coming. So what now? The first aid kit! You have a first aid kit with a manual in it to walk you through caring for these injuries. You dig out the kit, open and it and check the book only to find it’s great for small cuts and bruises and simple things, but it has nothing remotely close to what you’re dealing with now.

Suddenly, you realize that maybe it wasn’t such a good idea to cancel that first aid class you had signed up for but decided you were too busy/tired to take. Besides, someone else will know what to do or I’ll call 911 anyway, I’ll never need to use it.

WOW! Talk about contrary to prepper philosophy. Or is it? It would seem that Emergency Medical preparedness training is a no-brainer, but in reality, most prepper sites and stores that cater to preppers are focused on the medical equipment you need rather than the training required to use it.

So anyway, I can’t teach you the how to do it in this article. I can give you a good idea of what good, accurate care and treatment of this fall will require. And yes, you can look all these things up on the internet. However, unless you learn from a real, live person who can guide you and correct mistakes you will surely make as you learn, you are never going to be able to really address the problems this very real scenario depicts.


The very first thing required in any trauma/accident situation is an evaluation of the site of the accident. Stop, take a breath and look at where you are about to go. Is it a safe place to enter? In the urban world this is akin to a Paramedic called to the scene of a gunshot victim. In that situation, the Paramedic cannot help the victim until the Police have arrived and determined that the Paramedic is safe from the danger of being shot herself when she goes to help. At that point the scene is declared “safe” and the Paramedics can get to work.

In the wilderness or woods, the dangers are different but still just as potentially deadly. Is the ground stable? Are there dangerous branches or rocks that could fall onto you as you make your way to your companion? Will you slip and fall as well if you attempt to help? Do you need to take time to tie off before going to the person? What about wildlife? Are you in danger of animal or insect attack when you go to help? Can you find a way to make the scene safe?

Only after you treat the area as if it were a busy street corner will you be safe. You have to STOP, LOOK, and LISTEN.

Once the scene is determined safe, or made safe the next thing is to get to the injured person and take stock of the situation by doing an initial survey of them. This is done by looking and speaking to them without touching them. Encouragement to stay still is recommended at this point. Usually saying “Hold on, try not to move, I’ll be right there,” is a good start.

Look carefully at the person and where they are lying. Do you see any blood? Where is it coming from? What about limb deformities? If so, which ones. Are there any objects that will cause difficulty in treating the injuries? Can they be cleared or do you need to find a way to work around them.

Now it’s time to your ABCDE’s: Airway/Head and Neck, Breathing, Circulation, Disability/Deformity, and Exposure assessment.

Airway: If the person is conscious and talking, then they have a clear airway, but they might have a neck injury which will require stabilization. In the case of any significant fall, or one with an accompanying head injury, be sure that the cervical (neck) spine is stabilized. If the person is unconscious or can’t talk, be sure that the airway is clear of obstruction before going further. Gently lowering the jaw while holding the forehead steady will allow you to see if anything is causing an obstruction. Look for broken teeth, blood, dirt or some foreign body causing an obstruction. Remove any obstruction you can see. Do not blindly probe their mouth. You could push an unseen object backward and cause an obstruction where none had previously existed.

Breathing: Is the person breathing on their own? If they can talk, they are breathing. Is there any reason to suspect a possible lung injury? Do they have any evidence of a chest injury that could have broken a rib? A broken rib can puncture a lung and lead to air in the chest collapsing the lung on that side. You can check this several ways. One is to watch the rise and fall of the chest and see if both sides rise equally. Another is to put your ear on one side of the chest, then the other and listen for breath sounds to be equal on both sides. If you notice that the trachea, the tube that runs down the middle of your neck, is pushed to one side; that is a clear sign of a lung injury. The best case scenario is that you have a stethoscope in your kit that will allow you to hear the actual breath sounds easily. If there is a lung injury, this is a true emergency and will need to be treated quickly, but that is a procedure that requires specialized training.

Circulation: Check for obvious bleeding, but also in the case of extremity injury, is there good blood flow to the far portions of the extremity? Is the color of distal (far) limb pink or pale/bluish? Is it warm to the touch or cool/cold? Pink and warm = good. Anything else indicates blocked blood flow which may be due to arterial injury or compression. Arterial injury needs repair soon. Compression can often be correct by adjusting the limb to an appropriate angle.

Disability/Deformity: Is neurologic function intact or are they confused, unable to answer questions or showing other signs of significant head injury? Are there limb deformities, obvious chest or facial depressions indicating broken bones? Depending on what you find, a variety of things may be needed from re-evaluation of the airway, to splinting or bandaging.

Exposure: How long has it been since the injury took place? Are they becoming chilled or hypothermic? Cold =shock. Putting a warm cover over an injured party ASAP is essential even in hot weather.

The important thing to do now is stay calm and determine what needs to be treated first. If there is copious bleeding indicating probable arterial involvement (this can also be characterized by blood that sprays with each pump of the heart) apply direct pressure and if necessary a tourniquet that can be tightened and released easily. If there is no major bleeding issue, then recheck the airway and breathing. If there is chest deformity and/or other evidence of a collapsed lung, that is the next thing to deal with unless there is now evidence of airway obstruction or the person is not breathing on their own. The former requires clearing the airway, the latter requires rescue breathing. The collapsed lung requires specialized training you can’t get from the internet or a book. Any other injuries can wait. Remember; the brain starts to die after 3 minutes without oxygen. Airway is first unless bleeding is so profuse that not stopping it would mean there would not be enough blood to circulate oxygen.

Back to our fall victim; we have bleeding, limb deformity, confusion and a fall. The fall means we have to have high suspicion of a neck injury and the confusion could be shock or it could indicate a more serious injury such as concussion or a brain bleed. We also have a penetrating injury which may have been an insult to a major artery. This person is seriously injured and qualifies as a trauma patient. Ideally, we would get this person stabilized and out of there ASAP, but that is not an option. Instead, we have to stabilize and create a sheltered space as close to where we area as possible so we can begin to treat the various injuries.

Assuming there are no immediate life threats (Excessive bleeding or collapsed lung/blocked airway) we begin by stabilizing the neck. A towel, shirt or thick cloth of some kind can be rolled and taped carefully in place to accomplish this. Next stabilize and splint any limb deformities so that we can move the victim with the least amount of discomfort to them. Continue to talk to them to assess their mental status. At this point, things get tricky…

People’s first instinct when presented with something sticking out of or through a body part is to remove it. STOP! Don’t do it! Not only is it exactly the wrong thing to do, it could quite possibly be the thing that kills the person. I know it is scary looking and seems like the danger comes from it being stuck in the person, but at this point the person is alive and has survived impalement. Leaving the object embedded is not dangerous at this point; it is actually the safest thing to do. As long as the object is left in place, it is acting to tamponade (stop) the bleeding. That is, it is putting pressure on any lacerated vessels and preventing any major bleeding. Yes there will be some oozing around the injury site, but it will be minimal as compared to what happens should the object be removed. NEVER REMOVE AN IMPALED OR IMBEDDED OBJECT FROM A PUNCTURE WOUND unless you have been trained to handle this procedure. This is another procedure that requires specialized training courses.

But what about infection, you ask? Yes, infection risk is high, but it is not a life threatening problem at this time. A neck injury or brain injury will need prior attention as will the bleeding from the head wound. Antibiotics are something you can give, but not at this time because the victim has a decreased mental status and it is not clear if they can swallow a pill without causing an airway obstruction or aspirating it into a lung.

For the time being, the safest and most efficacious thing to do is to cut both ends of the branch so that your companion can be maneuvered to the sheltered spot. Start with the end of the branch still attached to the tree and try to keep the arm as immobile as you can while doing so to minimize pain. You can then trim the protruding opposite side.

Don’t cut the ends short. Leave enough to be able to grasp both ends firmly to assist removal when it is time. Use your gauze or Ace wrap to secure the branch so that it moves as little as possible during transport to avoid causing undo pain.

Continue to monitor the ABC’s and mental status and address what need to be done ASAP. Once you have done as much as you can, find a way to get this person out of there and to an emergency care center as quickly as possible otherwise, they will likely not survive for very long.

This all started out as a fall but resulted in multiple injuries placing your companion in danger of dying. With the proper training, you could swing the odds much more in favor of a good outcome. So before you buy that cool medical kit, or put one together on your own, get out there and get trained. If you know someone who has been trained and can teach you the emergency survival techniques you’ll need, ask them to teach you. Meanwhile there are a multitude of courses in first aid, tactical lifesaving, wilderness emergency medicine, survival medicine and CPR. Don’t forget to look into classes that teach herbal remedies. Know what plants can ease pain or prevent infection, they may be the only medications you’ll have available.

So go out and get prepared. Learn.

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The Importance of a Medical Kit in Your Preps

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Editor’s Note: This post is another entry in the Prepper Writing Contest from Audra S. If you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly win a $300 Amazon Gift Card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter today.

Medical Kit: Is it important?


Whether your bugging out with a group or bugging out alone it is extremely important to have someone with some degree of medical knowledge and/or skill. If you’re bugging out with a group and you’ve got a plan in place, but no designated “medic”, you have a problem. If you’re bugging out alone and you don’t have any basic medical knowledge, again, you have a problem.

It’s easy enough to say “I never get sick” or “Ill tough it out” when it comes to an illness or injury in everyday life, but if you’re bugging out, everyday living will cease to exist. Whether you’re hunkering down in a bunker or climbing up foothills or mountains, sh*t is bound to happen. Maybe someone in your family brought in a simple cold. It doesn’t take long for that simple cold to turn into a sinus infection, which once your immune system is beat down enough, can turn into pneumonia. Consider you’re climbing in the foothills or hunkering down in a forest and you drink some bad water…maybe your Lifestraw has already filtered its limits, or maybe your water wasn’t heated for long enough. Bacteria can take hold of your body’s systems within days, sometimes hours, and cause unfortunate and inconvenient effects such as vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration and eventually, death. You get my point.

So what can you do to prevent this? Well, stay healthy, take your vitamins, and boil your water. Stating the obvious, right? Prevention is great, but like I said, and I’ll say it again, sh*t happens. A contingency plan for those SHTF moments is the key to efficiency and more importantly, survival. You can create a top-notch medical kit addition to any bugout bag or kit easily and cheaply. All it takes is basic medical knowledge and a small pack to potentially save you, your family or your friends in a SHTF situation.

The Survival Medicine Handbook: A Guide for When Help is Not on the Way

I am a trained EMT and I’ve dealt with massive injuries from car accidents, physical violence, and other traumatic events. I’ve also dealt with medical emergencies such as heart attacks, diabetic episodes and anaphylaxis. If you’re a true prepper, I know you’ve spent hours thinking about all of the things that could go wrong while bugging out. Gunshots, car accidents, sickness, poison, you name it. I can definitely say the same for myself, and I refuse to be the helpless ninny that stands over and screams and begs someone with a gunshot wound or knife wound not to die. It won’t work. Don’t be that guy.

I’ve spent a solid 6 months researching and developing a small, compact and lightweight medic “bag” that has the potential to be helpful and effective in almost any type of medical emergency. Check out my pack, and some of the emergency’s I’ve planned for below.

The Basics of a Medical Kit:

Ibuprofen: So Underrated. It’ll help with mild pain, but more importantly, it can help take down and break a fever. How fun is it trying to function at your day job with a fever that turns into a massive headache that turns into hot flashes and cold sweats? Now imagine dealing with that while you’re lumbering through the wilderness. Not fun.

Pepto Bismol: Once again, underrated. Not only will this reduce your burning desire to throw up those repulsive MRES, but it has the potential to get diarrhea under control. Having to stop every 5 minutes to see a bush about a horse? Inconvenient AND unpleasant.

Benadryl: Works for both people and dogs, making it a vital part of my personal bag. Hiking through the woods and your dog steps on or eats a wasp? I know I don’t want to carry my almost 50 pound dog for very long, how about you? 1 MG per pound of body-weight will take care of that problem. It can also be used to ease a dog’s anxiety, just lower the dose a bit. If you’re traveling or hunkering down with someone who has an allergy whether it be to a food or animal, a quick response with a dose of Benadryl can make a bigger difference then you would expect. I carry a bottle of Benadryl and a tube of Benadryl Cream for topical use.

Medi-Lyte: Uncommon, but not unimportant. I used to work in the oil fields during the big boom, and this was something I always kept stocked for my guys. It is used to replace electrolytes from excessive loss of liquids. I’m talking sweat, vomit, whatever. You can purchase 500 tablets on Amazon for twenty bucks. 100% WORTH IT. Oh, and try two tabs for a hangover, it’ll do wonders 😉

Hydrocortisone Cream: Once again, suitable for both you and your dog. Hiking out in the woods comes with a price. While an occasional bug bite is not something that will really bother you, being covered in them probably will. The same goes for your dog. Mosquito bites, tick bites, flea bites, poison ivy, weird rashes; it covers it all. Literally.

Triple Antibiotic: This one is basically the jack of all trades. Use it on burns, cuts, scrapes, and anything else you’re worried about getting infected. I would suggest only using it the first 1-2 days after the injury is sustained. After scabs are formed it won’t do much and there is no point in wasting precious supplies.

Everyday Allergy Meds: Sudafed, Zyrtec, Claritin, because there is nothing worse than trying to walk long distance or climb bluffs or mountains with a runny nose.

CPR Rescue Mask, Adult/Child Pocket Resuscitator

CPR Mask and Sterile or Nitrile Gloves: I don’t care how well you know someone; do you really want to take a bath in their bodily fluids? I didn’t think so. Carry a CPR mask with you in your medic bag and remember the basics from CPR Class, compressions and breaths, 30:2. Compressions should be done by finding the middle spot between the nipples and pumping your overlapped hands down onto their body. They won’t tell you in your average CPR class, but I will; you will hear ribs cracking, if they survive they will be in pain from it, and it is not easy on the body to lean over and perform compressions on someone. You will be sore. Saving someone’s life though- 100% worth it. If you haven’t taken a basic CPR class yet, don’t be a dummy. It’s 50$ on average and takes only a few hours of your time.

Hot Hands: There is nothing worse than being sweaty, cold, and out in the wilderness. Once you’re cold it is very hard to get warm, but a hot hands pad can make the world of difference. Toss one onto the top of your head and cover it up with a hat. My dad has told me since I was little; heat rises. Keep your head warm and your body will be warm.

Various sized Band-Aids, bandages, ace wraps and anti-bacterial wipes: Obvious, but easily overlooked. I was on a mountain climbing trip in Montana this fall, and I got stuck coming down at night. Not smart, and not fun. I tripped on a tiny rock and my ankle bent and twisted. The next morning I had a 7 mile hike to a primitive forest service cabin across two mountain ranges and I could barely walk without my ankle giving in. An ace wrap and some duct tape made the world of difference.

The Not-So-Basics:

I don’t expect you guys to have giant stockpiles of these things lying around, but I can guarantee you if you dig through your cabinets and junk drawers you’re bound to find one or two of these things lying around. Please also remember I am not a doctor, and I’m not god, so take everything I say with a grain of salt. Having these things does not guarantee a life saved.

Elite First Aid Fully Stocked GI Issue Medic Kit Bag, Large

Epi-Pens: Unfortunately, these have gotten harder to come by recently, on account of obnoxiously high prices, but if you or your family member has an allergy that requires you to carry one of these, don’t leave it behind when you bug out. Not only could it save your life for what it was intended, but it could save someone in your groups life should they encounter an unexpected allergy source.

Muscle Relaxers: If you’ve done any hiking, walking or running long distances you know how exhausting it can be on your body. Imagine doing it for days at a time while trying to find the perfect camp location. These come in handy to both relax your body and your mind, making it much easier to carry on hiking or even sleep. Personally I can take one of these and continue on with my day, but I’ve heard stories of people taking them and falling asleep within the hour, so remember that everyone responds differently.

Antibiotics: I know I can’t be the only one that’s been prescribed antibiotics and not taken all of them. Do you have a stockpile of half taken antibiotics? In everyday life it’s not a good idea to take half of a dose and leave the rest behind, as it puts you at risk for antibiotic resistance, but if you’re in the wilderness or an emergency situation and you need antibiotics, I think you can afford to take that risk. The same goes for your basic antifungals.

Higher Dose Pain Relievers: If you have left over pain killers from a surgery or injury, pack them up and take them along. I will let you imagine all the possible injuries that may require their use.

Israeli Pressure Bandages: These bandages have been carried by the Israeli Army for ages for a good reason. They compress, clot, and cover a wound. The instructions are on the packaging, and they are fairly simple, lightweight, and about 9$ a piece on Amazon. Worth it.

Suture Kits: Also available on Amazon, although they are usually labeled “for veterinary use only.” They will work in time of need. It’s basically a needle and thread. Buy a few and practice stitching up an orange, or if you’re looking for a little more “real world” (and gross) experience, a pigs foot. It’s pretty much what you see on TV. Unless you went to medical school, you will not be an expert, but if it’s absolutely and undeniably necessary, you’re better than nothing.

I have all of these things in my bugout bag, and it only takes up a very small portion of it. Scrounge up what you can from what you already have, and buy the rest when it’s convenient or on sale to keep costs low. If you’re low on space, take the pills out of the bottles and package them in plastic instead, but remember that the bottles can have other uses in your bag.

I have no doubts that with even 1/2 of these items in your bag you will be better off than your average prepper. Never underestimate the power of basic medical knowledge and preparation. Good luck out there!

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Radiological Medical Response Kit: Ideas to Manage Injuries in a Radioactive Environment

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Written by Huples on The Prepper Journal.

Editor’s Note: This post is another entry in the Prepper Writing Contest from Huples. If you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly win a $300 Amazon Gift Card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter today.

Seems everyone online is focused on prepping for a nuclear war these days. Shows the stupidity of humanity that this is even a thing but it is, so I thought I’d share the contents of my radiological medical response kit. There are plenty of excellent sources out there covering the other issues around this topic but get a hard copy of Nuclear War Survival Skills. There is a free download is the 1987 version. There is a 2012 updated version for purchase but I do feel some books require owning as hard copies and this is one of them.

My kit started in 2008 before I became a prepper after attending a compulsory Canadian Government conference for a few days on the Medical Emergency Treatment for Exposures to Radiation (METER) . I am sure some of you have had more recent training and I’d love to read about USA and UK equivalent training. The course enrolment in 2008 was managers of trauma hospitals and emergency services and included a dirty bomb table top exercise. It was fascinating stuff and great speakers. I am including some more recent information from the Ontario Government Radiation Response Plan.

I did not use FEMA for this article but this slide show is interesting if you want more background of a general nature on Medical Management of Radiologic Casualties

I am including some directions to take materials and over the counter medications to limit radiation dosing but you should only take these on medical advice and under medical supervision. No self-treatment even in the apocalypse!

Treating a Casualty

Read More: Generic Procedures for Medical Response During a Nuclear or Radioactive Emergency.

I am not going through the types and methods of exposure, or the protective materials/clothing/masks. Look that information up but there are a few things the average person might overlook. I am giving the general ideas here and some will not work in a nuclear war but work great if it was a dirty bomb or power plant incident so adapt as required.

Exposure to Radiation

Exposure to Radiation

If treating an exposed casualty keep them outside an established Cold Zone (an area where outside material, clothing, foot wear never enters. The area of treatment is a Hot Zone so protect yourself as best you can while there. Try to avoid treating for prolonged periods near the casualty as they might be radioactive enough to give you a lethal dose. Have your Cold Zone at least 5 metres (About 20 feet) away from any casualties and preferably with a concrete wall in between. Alter this if contamination is everywhere but even if they have driven to you still remember they might be a radioactive source internally or externally.

Decontamination is supposed to occur after treatment of any regular injuries but honestly I would decontaminate first to avoid exposing yourself while treating. Minimum here is double gloves and plastic suit with duct tape sealing the arms and legs. An NBC mask would be great but goggles and a N95 mask might be all you have. None of these supplies should be reused if possible or left anywhere near the Cold Zone after use. Be checked or check yourself every 5-10 minutes to make sure your gear is intact. Approach the casualty with the wind to your back if possible. Remove all their clothes by cutting gently to avoid making anything airborne and dispose away from the casualty and the Cold Zone.

Use potassium iodide to block your thyroid's absorption of radiation.

Use potassium iodide to block your thyroid’s absorption of radiation.

Water is not recommended for decontamination but likely it will be all you can find to achieve removal of visible and invisible external contamination. Pour clean water over them and hose them down if you can. Try to make sure this water runs away from the Cold Zone and think about any drains it might enter. If you have enough consider using wet wipes rather than water and will you have enough clean water anyway for this sort of thing in a nuclear war? The goal is to remove anything visible and then hopefully wash off any invisible sources of radiation. This will not make them safe to enter the Cold Zone as they might have absorbed, ingested, and/or inhaled radioactive material and remain deadly to you. A few hours to a day will tell as they will show obvious signs they are going to die. If you can keep them outside the Cold Zone for at least 24 hours and a week would be good but again depends on who it is and circumstances locally.

Treat injuries but place Cold Zone equipment in minimal amounts on doubled clean tarps not the ground. Remember not to kneel down or rest against walls or the casualty. Ideally the casualty should be doing all of these interventions themselves with you shouting encouragement and throw gear to them. If you have to move them then place them on a thick clean tarp and a sheet and literally wrap them up entirely to avoid contact for the transport.

They are contaminated until a Geiger counter says they are not or several days have gone by and they are showing no major progressive radiation illness. Until then treat them as if they are radiative to you. Do not forget this ever. As the hours and days go by the threat of this lessens but it does not take much source material to kill.

Radiation Sickness

Occurs a few hours to several weeks after exposure and are mainly the signs and symptoms from dead stem cells that you will see. Of interest if you have seen Threads or any film it takes 2-4 days before you see gastric signs. Diarrhea and abdominal pain take about 48 hours for most lethal doses to appear so being fine a day afterwards means nothing for survival. Gastric symptoms lead to a horrible death in about ten days so if they get to two weeks it looks good but… it takes 30 to 60 days before you know they will not die from blood failure. The earlier lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting (persistent), and lack of energy occur the more likely it is the casualty will die.

See graph page 21

The most useful sign is their consciousness as it gets hit hard early by lethal and high radiation. It can kill in 24-48 hours but expect drowsiness and feeling very ill even in none lethal exposures. Diarrhoea is always a bad sign for survival and remember that poop might well be radioactive so keep away from it and keep it away from your Cold Zone.

Bleeding and vomiting and diarrhea can all occur within minutes of high level exposure. Interestingly a type of pneumonia can occur after about 50 days and pulmonary fibrosis can occur about a year afterwards. Carry a few N95 or similar masks with you everywhere you go as inhaling is the easiest way to become contaminated in a nuclear incident.

Radiation Symptoms and Management.

Radiation Symptoms and Management.


This gets complex but basics are needed such as an antiemetic (Gravol). Antipyretic such as Tylenol but do not use Aspirin as they are likely to bleed and this really won’t help that. Keep hydrated and warm. Treat other injuries as best you can. Use ciprofloxacin and/or cephalosporin antibiotics and consider also using Vancomycin (Gram Positive antibiotic) and Amphotericin B (anti-fungal). You will need a Doctor to prescribe these but Vets have these and there are sources available to treat your tropical fish that might help in a pinch. Antivirals (acyclovir) are good but there is no information on using HIV treatments for Acute Radiation Sickness but if available I would consider it. The casualty is going to feel really ill from this therapy but worth a try if available and if not obviously dying.

Cutaneous Syndrome

Typically a hand or foot might develop this even if there are no signs of systemic Acute Radiation Sickness. Of note the First Aider is at high risk from this if the casualty has high doses. This is basically a really bad burn that swells and then develops tissue death. Treat with removal of dead tissue, ingesting steroids, eating lots of protein, and avoiding nicotine (vasoconstrictor). Pain killers will be nice here as it is agony so consider early amputation if loss of the area is clear.

My Radioactive Medical Response Kit

Most radioactive elements are not easily absorbed by the bowels but Iodine, Tritium, and Cesium are 100% absorbed. Strontium is about 30% absorbed while most other elements about 10%. This is an ongoing issue in a radioactive environment so consider using double bag clean soil and secure water barrels to construct your Fall Out shelter with and using these for food production later on after clear vegetation and soil from your garden (this is arguable as might put you at risk of inhaling)

Metamucil. High fiber intake promotes bowel clearance to flush out any ingested radioactive materials. Start as soon as you think there is a radiation issue. Vegans clear the bowel in less than 24 hours and meat eaters about five days.radiationsickness

Use Potassium Iodide tablets to block radioactive iodine from being absorbed by the thyroid gland in the neck. Ontario Government gave me free ones but I’d go for 14 days supply for all members of the group and a 28 day supply for all people under the age of 25. Make sure they are not allergic to iodine (shell fish) and it only works if taken before exposure and only helps the thyroid not the entire body. A 130mg tablet provides protection after six hours and last about 36 hours. One tablet for adults a day and half a tablet ages 3-18. Under 3 years give a quarter of a tablet. Under one month an eight of a tablet. Only used if intake of radioactive Iodine is likely. 130mg of Potassium Iodide is equivalent to 170mg of Potassium Iodate.

Drink fresh water in large quantities (3-4 litres a day) as it helps flush some elements out and you need to be hydrated if you get sick. Urinate outside the Shelter and think about drainage away from the Shelter. Not likely to be radioactive but no point doing all this and overlooking the portable toilet in the shelter that is emptied every week. The goal is to reduce all radioactive exposure as far as possible and for as long as possible.

Barium Sulphate (not commonly available but see if you can get a friendly ICU nurse to get you a supply). Not an enema but the oral version as it is really good at binding to Strontium and excreting it via the bowels. Your poop will by clay like and you should consider it to be radioactive. Use one oral dose of 300mg but repeat is ingestion reoccurs. I’d basic this on where the food is from and if your poop is normal again but honestly do not eat or drink anything that is not from your stores to avoid this fate. It causes constipation so a mild laxative added to the Metamucil is a good move.

Use Prussian Blue by mouth as it is absorbed in the bowel instead of Cesium, Thallium, and Thorium which is then pooped out. Your poop is highly radioactive in this case. Use about 3gm per day for a minimum of 30 days. It is not absorbed by the body and is relatively harmless. It will cause constipation and your poop will turn blue. If used, maintain a high potassium diet as it rips this out of you as well and that can easily kill you.

Maalox or similar. You want colloidal Aluminum Phosphate or Aluminum Hydroxide (antacids). Hard to find these days as the anti-aluminum movement due to Alzheimer’s risks means many brands no longer contain Aluminum. Read the label. Use about a 2.5 gm dose once a day for five days. It binds to the radioactive elements in the bowel allowing you to excrete them in your poop .

Sodium Bicarbonate. This helps depleted or enriched uranium leave the body by the kidney. I can only find intravenous doses but it seems a spoonful a day for a week might help if you can stomach it. The dose is two tablets every four hours until three days after there are no symptoms but tablets might be hard to find. Use pure sodium bicarbonate powder and check the label for additives.

You might consider charcoal ingestion but this is not recommended for radioactive contamination as it does not do much to block absorption and can lead to vomiting and then aspiration of radioactive material into your lungs which is a far worse issue than in the bowels.

I also have the ability to stop all treatment humanely. Well that is my kit and the background to it. Enjoy!

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Survival Sanitation: Cat Litter Overlooked Prep?

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editor’s Note: This post is another entry in the Prepper Writing Contest from Bic. If you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly win a $300 Amazon Gift Card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter today.

Quick: what do you do if you’re in the city, the grid is down, and the toilet won’t flush? Break out the cat litter, contractor bags, and a trusty 5 gallon bucket, of course!

But how long is that single tub of cat litter in the back of the garage going to last your family? Is your pallet of fifty pound bags actually a year’s supply? We know “one gallon of water per person per day,” but how much litter is needed to clump it all up afterwards?

The role of cat litter in sanitation is to bind up the moisture in the gloppy mess of sewage making it easier to handle, inhibiting bacterial growth, and thus reducing odor. We need enough to bind the moisture and cut the smell to acceptable levels. As you cannot measure smell, this estimation will be based on the amount of water we need to bind.

Why do you need cat litter?

The average human produces about 4.5oz of solid waste per day of which 3.5oz is water [1]. We also produce about 1.5 quarts (3lbs) of liquid waste per day [2]. In total, there is about 3.25lbs of water in our waste per person per day.

There are several kinds of cat litter on the market: clay, clumping clay, silica crystal, and natural litters like pine and paper. What we’re concerned with is how much water an amount of litter can absorb per pound.

Silica-crystal based litters can absorb about 40 times their weight in water [3]. Sodium bentonite clay (‘clumping’ litter) is good for 10-15 times its weight [4], and other clay (non-clumping) is good for half of that – about 6 times its weight [4]. Pine litter can absorb 3 times its weight [5] and cellulose (paper) litter can handle 1.5 times its weight [6].

Read More: Importance of Sanitation after SHTF

Note that a lot of manufacturers give “x times more absorbent than clay” ratings, but don’t tell which clay, per volume or per weight, and so on, so I stuck to claims of “absorbs x times its weight in water” to have a better common point of reference. This could also vary by manufacturer, so read up on your litter of choice to get the most accurate estimate.

These are maximum ratings reported by the sellers, so they are likely spruced up. We have to keep surface area in mind as well: even if you can technically dry your daily solid waste with 0.1oz of silica litter, if that’s not enough to cover the leavings, the litter is not going reach everything without stirring. Gross!

Reliance Products Luggable Loo Portable 5 Gallon Toilet

Reliance Products Luggable Loo Portable 5 Gallon Toilet

In a stressful emergency situation, no one is going to have the patience to scientifically ration the litter by weight, either. Litter absorbs by the pound, but you will use it by the scoop. Even if you get a scoop sized to your litter’s absorbency (you do have your custom titanium grid-down scoop, right?), you might scoop a level scoop while junior uses heaping scoops.

All this suggests we should build in some wiggle room. Silica is powerful, but also likely to be surface-area restricted. I would estimate silica litter can easily handle 20x of its weight in water, clumping clay litters 10x, clay 3x, pine 2x, and paper 1x. Given that in a sanitation emergency you will need to account for drinking extra water if it is hot or you get sick, we should also round-up the amount of liquids to 4lbs to be safe.

Thus, a fast and loose estimate of the amount of litter you need per person per day is going to be 4lbs divided by the absorbency number above. For instance, silica litter is 20x, so 4lbs divided by 20 is going to be 0.2lbs per person per day. A standard clay litter is 3x. 4lbs divided by 3 is 1.33lbs of clay litter per person per day, or a family of four using a whole 20lb bag of litter in 4 days!

If you’re in a hi-rise where the grid going down will take the sewer pumps with it, it might not be unreasonable to have a week supply of litter, so that family of 4 will need close to 40lbs of standard clay litter! I don’t know about you, but I don’t want to drag that much cat litter up the stairs or find a place to store it. Thankfully, with a bit of planning we can reduce this number by a factor of 8.

Liquid waste is the bigger problem – 3lbs vs 0.25lb of solid. Liquid waste is also sterile, and an airtight lid keeps the smell down, so you could separate solid from liquid and use litter on the solids only without creating too much of a health risk. Even doubling for wiggle room would leave us with 0.5lbs of water in solid waste per person per day. That 20lb bag now lasts a family of four for a whole month!

In practice, this means putting an airtight jar or jug next to your waste receptacle to be emptied into an airtight bucket away from the living space such as in the far corner of your balcony or just outside your door. Keep in mind small children may need instruction and prompting to make sure they’re with the program. The ladies may also appreciate certain accommodations. Talk to them for ideas.

What to do with all that mess?

But what do you do with a full bucket? Depending on fluid intake, you might be dealing with around 1.5 quarts of liquid waste per person per day or 1.5 gallons for four people.

Though liquid waste is sterile, I would not recommend dumping. Venturing outside your apartment in a densely populated area sans utilities is a bad idea to start with, and would you just let someone dump 5 gallons of waste on your lawn? The city might fine you when order is restored as well. You have to do what you have to do, but don’t plan on being that guy!

Eliminate the worry of #2 with this simple makeshift toilet.

Eliminate the worry of #2 with this simple makeshift toilet.

I would also avoid depending on your garden, especially a container garden which has no subsoil for the waste to leach into. Liquid waste has high concentrations of salt and nitrates, which most plants can’t handle without dilution. This requires water, which is precious in a grid-down situation. It also risks exposing your food supply to any medications or supplements you’re taking, and if you’re eating heavily preserved foods like MREs, all those chemicals are going into your plants too. Yuck!

Buckets are cheap and stack-able, so it is feasible to maintain 1.5 quarts of bucket per person per day, or 9-10 five gallon buckets per month for a family of four. 15 three gallon buckets would also work if you would rather lug 24lbs at a time rather than 40lbs. Figure out a place to store full buckets and you’ll be all set.

Remember kitty litter and buckets will run out. A week’s supply is a good idea, and a two-week supply will probably be enough for most circumstances. If you’re planning for a month, you would be better off figuring out the logistics for a longer term solution such as a latrine or leach well dug deep into a nearby flower bed.

So there you have it – a “gallon per day” rule of thumb for a cat litter sanitation solution:

First check what type of litter you are buying to figure out its absorbency. Silica crystals: 20x, sodium bentonite clay: 10x. Other clay: 3x. Pine: 2x. Cellulose: 1x.

Divide 4lbs of waste per person per day by the absorbency number above to get a ballpark estimate of how much litter you need. Just like with water, multiply by 2 or 3 if you want to be cautious.

If you have a plan to deal with liquid waste separately, you can get away with replacing the 4lbs above with 0.5lbs, but remember to add extra in case of illness.

Remember that people won’t weigh litter scientifically each time they need to go, so get a grid-down scoop sized for your litter at the dollar store and make sure everyone in your household understands your litter strategy. And don’t forget the needs of your actual cats!


[1] Average human solid waste production:
[2] Average human liquid waste production:
[3] Silica litter absorbency:
[4] Clumping and non-clumping litter absorbency:
[5] Pine cat litter absorbency:
[6] Paper cat litter absorbency:

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Dealing with Gunshot Wounds in SHTF

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Written by Huples on The Prepper Journal.

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Editor’s Note: This post is another entry in the Prepper Writing Contest from Huples. If you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly win a $300 Amazon Gift Card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter today.

The mantra of Guns, Bullets, and Beans is a reasonably common one but bullets go both ways. Almost everyone who has served in active duty involving gunshot injuries or has been involved in treating them will tell you never to engage in a fire fight unless you have no other choice. Rather than focusing on building a fortress to defend your supplies it is safer to build a home you can walk away from without compromising your supplies or getting on the wrong end of a gunshot wound.

Rule One: Do not get shot.

Rule Two: Get shot in a leg or arm without any bone involvement.

Rule Three: If you have to be in a fire fight make sure you kill them all before they can return fire.

I have never been shot and I have only had two guns pointed at me but I have nursed a fair number of shot ICU patients over the years. In SHTF things will be different and trauma care for shooting patients (I dislike the term ‘victims’ as it implies powerlessness) needs a hard look at especially if you live in an area of the world that has a lot of armed people around you. This article will have some biology (science is fun!) and I am not talking about body armor or types of ammunition (not my specialty but here are penetration estimates. If Pat uses them there will be graphic photos and I hope these will not trigger anyone but knowledge is power.


The article is long and I am not going into lung, abdominal, brain care as basically you are likely dead. Please look up lung injuries as knowing what tension pneumothorax, septic shock, and paralytic ileus are good ideas.

Basic Field Care if you are Shot

Avoid being shot again. Disengage and get to the safe area. All home and bug out locations should have a stocked and safe area away from the main buildings that is believed to be safe in the event of an attack.

A wounded man is helped to get away from gun shots Picture: AFP

A wounded man is helped to get away from gun shots
Picture: AFP

Do not scream “medic!” or “I’m hit!” There is a fire fight going on so do not give tactical information to the enemy or distract your side. Everyone on your team is a field medic and has practiced for this so no one helping you needs to be screaming for help either. You and/or they deal with it until after the fire fight. Stay off the radio until the fire fight is over and give no tactical details if summoning help. “Jimmy I’m at X and I’d like to see you” is better than “Jimmy! They shot me in my leg. It hurts. I need help now”

Look for the entrance area and check if there is an exit area. Survey yourself quickly for other injuries. Entry wounds can look insignificant and exit wounds can look dramatic. The actual issue is what was in the way and what is happening beneath these entry and exit points.


Exit wounds can look dramatic

Cover the wound’s entry and exit points with thick cloth or blood stopper bandage as soon as you can. Limit the blood flow by partial or a full tourniquet if you have knowledge to safely use one. Blood looks dramatic and it is hard to assess the amount. Pulse rising, blood pressure dropping, consciousness failing are signs of massive blood loss. Without intravenous infusions and/or blood transfusions you will likely die. I know some are prepping to give blood transfusions but this is a really dangerous and specialized intervention. Giving a basic intravenous of normal saline (0.9% sodium chloride) is simple and easily learned. Both are illegal to use but not to learn unless you are a medical doctor.

Leave this initial thick pad on no matter how wet it gets. Add more and do not remove any. I do not feel a blood clotter like the Israeli Bandage should be applied at this stage unless you have several in reserve. If you have one only consider using it after the next phase of care or buy more than one. Technology keeps evolving but if you use it can you remove it without an Operating Room?

If possible elevate the wound above your heart. This lowers the blood pressure locally and should decrease bleeding. Realistically it probably will be easier to raise your heart above the wound site.

If bone is injured splint it as it is for transport and apply the initial pad over the splint.

If it is not an abdominal injury drink as much water as you can and keep drinking one pint an hour. Sports mixes are a good idea as well. If abdominal you will likely die but stay nil by mouth (NPO) as you might get lucky and abdominal trauma is always worse if you take anything by mouth.

It is going to get painful quickly so use the brief pain-free period to move away from the bullets and get to safety.

Basic Field Care if you are the Medic

Yeah! We won and all the bad guys and girls are dead. As in all First Aid situations assess the area for possible threats prior to giving care. Any snipers waiting as your team-mate was screaming for help giving away his location? Has the shooter who did the hit been dealt with or are you next? Consider dragging the injured away from the scene before doing anything else.

When safe have a look and verify if they are alive or just barely alive? If dead or barely alive then do not waste time, energy, and supplies.

If you can see bits of their bowels, chances are slim for survival.

Reasonable signs of potential viability are that they are conscious and can talk to you in sentences. If they are able to do this has the wound caused abdominal contents to become free?

Sorry but without a surgeon and a good hospital/surgical set up your friend’s dead if you can see bits of their bowels. Brains oozing out of the wound, eyes, nose, or mouth are equally untreatable in SHTF so do not waste supplies on a futile attempt.

Then follow the steps you would take if you had been shot. Starting to go beyond these in the field is just not a good idea. Get them to the safe zone.

Safe Zone Preliminary Care

Everyone in your group should know how to do this as you might have to do it for yourself.

 Emergency War Surgery: The Survivalist's Medical Desk Reference

Emergency War Surgery: The Survivalist’s Medical Desk Reference

Unlike every film you have ever seen getting shot is extremely painful and shock is likely for the pain alone even if blood loss is minimal. Get calm and practice deep breathing techniques to slow and steady your breathing and your heart rate. If you have alcohol available do not drink it if you are shot. If you are the medic have a small amount. Seriously, I have a small bottle of brandy in my kit for me to swig if I am facing a major injury and it can also be used to sterilize instruments and your hands.

Okay. Now what are we facing here? If they are unconscious check for other wounds as there are many cases where the obvious and none fatal wound gets all the care while the insignificant and overlooked wound slowly kills the patient.

Strip them naked. Use scissors or a knife but get them fully naked unless they are conscious and are sure they have only one wound. Even so I am stripping them and doing a quick body search. Note where all the wounds are and where you see swelling and bruising. Is this survivable? If there is flank and/or side deep bruising from an abdominal wound likely means the spleen is damaged if on their left side or the liver if on their right side. Frankly they are going to die unless you can do surgical repair which is highly unlikely and is highly skilled. Wounds that go through the body are more survivable than those where the bullet remains inside but a through shot going through the deep abdominal area or chest is likely not one you can treat. No worries they will die quickly from blood loss or lack of oxygen.

If the decision to treat is made then clean the area around the wound and your exposed arms and forearms with something. Clean water if that is all you have or use the remaining brandy to clean your hands carefully. Soap and water is awesome hence having a stocked safe area previously set up for major injuries away from the areas likely to be in a fire fight is a good move. You can use multiple different liquids but the aim is to pour the external stuff AWAY from the wound and never towards it.

Having done that move them onto a fresh laundered sheet or have one placed under them. If possible have the room warm to avoid cold shock but you need the area naked to do this care. Avoid using beds as they are too low and the mattress will be ruined. A massage table or a folding plastic table is a good idea.

Using a powerful flash light (have a head lamp if you cannot get an assistant) pick out and remove everything you can see in the wound that is unattached to the patient. Clothing and bullet and bone fragments have to be removed or infection will occur for sure.

Now reassess blood loss. Is it arterial (bright red maybe but you can see it pulsing) or venous (dark for sure and steady stream)? If arterial use a tourniquet between the wound and the heart if possible, get sterile gloves on, and go in. Find the sight of bleeding and suture it. This can result in limb loss but most arteries can be sealed and blood flow can take alternative routes. At a pinch you can seal it with a hot piece of metal from a fire but frankly you likely will have the patient die of shock. This is not the movies. Still I’d consider it for a wound in a limb that cannot stop bleeding no mater my digging around in there.

Yes you can use back powder but only if it is a limb and the bleeding cannot be stopped. This will hurt and inflict a severe burn on top of the other injuries.

Set bones if you can and have to at this stage. The wound is as clean as you can get it and you have flushed it out with loads of cooled boiled water after adding a bit of salt. 0.9% sodium chloride is normal for the human body but flush it out a lot until most of the bleeding has stopped. You have removed every bit of dirt, clothing, and bullet you can see in there. You have stopped all major bleeding. Doing this on yourself is unrealistic despite the movies so everyone in your group needs to know how to do this not just the doctor or the nurse. They might be the one shot.

Start broad spectrum antibiotics and ensure 3-4 liters so fluid intake a day. Use the intravenous if you have to but keep them hydrated.

Broad Spectrum Antibiotics:

  • Amoxillin
  • Levofloxacin
  • Gatifloxacillin
  • Streptomycin
  • Tetracycline
  • Chloramphenicol

If bone involvement it is very important to use a broad spectrum antibiotic to avoid issues later on with chronic bone infection. If you have antibiotics then use them if the wound penetrated deep into the body. Hopefully their tetanus is up to date especially if soil has entered the wound which in SHTF is likely from clothing in a fire fight. Antibiotics will not help tetanus and it basically kills people horribly.

Ongoing Care

Evacuate them to a hospital with a trained doctor as soon as possible. If you can do this within 60 minutes you dramatically increase their chance of living. Okay if you cannot then try this!

Wound Care

If the outside of the dressing is clean and dry and there is no obvious smell, swelling, or severe pain then leave it on for 7 days. Do not peek!
Change the dressing using clean materials if sterile ones are unavailable. Laundered sheets work fairly well for this so have a supply kept aside for health care use. Unopened packs of baby wipes can also be considered very clean. Wash your hands and arms well with soap and water before and after giving all care and especially wound care. You do not need a face mask but do not breathe into the wound even if you are wearing one. The outsides of face masks are extremely contaminated and the human mouth is as well even if you floss frequently. Use cooled boiled salt water to soak and dressing that are stuck and take them off gently.

If the wound is bulging or leaking pus (yellow smelly stuff) then remove one or two sutures and let it be open to drain. Be aware that 7-14 days afterwards this can occur and the entire wound site might burst open. Flush everything with loads of cooled boiled salt water and attempt to push gently back into the body and then suture really well. Probably will die but worth a try if you have got this far. Open it carefully being sterile if possible and remove obviously dead tissue and wash everything out. Have a good look for any debris you missed the first time you treated this. This is a wound infection and needs 12-24 hour dressings until it heals (once or twice a day). Change the antibiotic given if you can at this point.
Do not use triple antibiotic cream, honey, or anything inside the body. Just don’t ever no matter the temptation. Flush with cooled boiled water and if open and you need to pack it use cooled boiled water-soaked sterile gauze.

General Care

Use limited bed rest. However sick they are turn them every 1-2 hours in bed and get them up in a chair as soon as possible and totally ignore their complaints about this. Immobility kills. Keep them hydrated well and use higher protein foods if available. Add a stool softener into the mix early on if they are immobile. Metamucil works fine if used early on. Let them rest a lot and avoid strain on the wound area but also make them feel useful. They can cut up clothing for toilet paper and other chores so make them earn their keep.

They will out of commission for a long time so have stored food available and firewood and drinks they can reach even in a weakened state. You might not be able to do this for them.

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Keeping Order and Saving Lives Following a Disaster

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editor’s Note: This post contributed by Roger Miller. If you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly win a $300 Amazon Gift Card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter the Prepper Writing Contest today.

Helping others

It has been discussed here at the Prepper Journal that helping others may be a vital component to your survival strategy. While protecting yourself against bandits and those that want to do you harm is a top concern for individuals and groups when SHTF, you are likely to come across situations where helping your own group or helping those you come across will not only be the right thing to do ethically, but will also be tremendously advantageous to your situation.

But following major natural disasters or other sudden, large-scale emergencies, first aid, even advanced medical services, may not be enough. Here are some other factors to consider when preparing your skills and gear for coping with a disaster event.

Organization and Triage

Effectively organizing a disaster scene can be as difficult and as important as directly treating victims. Prioritizing which survivors are in need of immediate care, cordoning off sections for different levels of need, and helping those who will most benefit from immediate attention can reduce treatment times, decrease the burden on those administering aid, and bring some sense of order to what is sure to be a chaotic scene.


Triage Code tags makes identifying and prioritizing people with injuries simpler.

The practice of triage is a time-tested method for effectively managing personnel and resources in the immediate aftermath of a disaster. The system works by categorizing victims into three categories:

  1. Those who are likely to live without treatment – survivors with only bumps and bruises, non life-threatening injuries, and unharmed bystanders can be immediately categorized as low priority.
  1. Those who are unlikely to live regardless of treatment – Medical personnel working in the field can often do little for those who are barely clinging to life, and while every life counts, there are likely victims who could benefit much more from immediate attention.
  1. Those whose lives could be saved by immediate care – these are the highest priority victims, and should be where medical personnel’s resources should be focused in the early stages. Victims who need tourniquets to stop bleeding, burn kits to mitigate damage, and measures to avoid victims going into shock can all be applied immediately in the field and can be the difference between life and death for the victims.

Prioritizing survivors in this way can be facilitated with triage kits that include color-coded tags, tarps, and markers. While you may not be able to set up a perfect triage clinic in the immediate aftermath of a disaster, being familiar with how these operations are organized, and preparing yourself with the adequate tools for the job can go a long way.


Natural disasters like earthquakes, tsunamis, and tornadoes can come without warning, leaving victims tremendously disoriented and potentially panicked. Similarly, building collapses, terrorist attacks, and structural fires have the tendency to induce chaos and confusion in their aftermath. In a situation where the institutions we depend on to return order to a scene are no longer able to fulfill that function, you may need to contribute to restoring calm and jump starting life-saving procedures.

MOUNTAIN HOME AIR FORCE BASE, Idaho – Staff Sgt. Kalani Kaauamo, 366th Medical Group, performs triage after a simulated car accident at the base hospital.

2-Way radios2 Way radios can be essential tools for communicating both with off-scene resources as well as on-scene organizers who are managing resources. Having a few 2-Way radios and spare batteries will help you get the most out of personnel.

Bullhorns – Sometimes, you need to communicate to a large audience all at once. Giving instructions, warnings, tips, or procedures during the commotion of a disaster scene can be impossible without the aid of technology. Using bullhorns can help speed up the communication process while improving its overall efficacy.

Combined with a working knowledge of how to triage patients, these tools can all contribute to effective emergency management. While these may not be at the top of your bug-out list, you should consider keeping them handy at the office, at your home, or in your car.

Personnel Safety

The scene following an emergency can continue to be a dangerous area. Damage to surrounding structures, the possibility of a second disaster, and lingering environmental effects like air pollutants and hot surfaces can all bring severe injury to otherwise healthy survivors. Hard hats, dust masks, safety vests, goggles, and work gloves should all be on hand to keep response teams safe while survivors are triaged or removed from the scene altogether. CERT kits often include all of this gear for quick access to everything you may need to respond to disaster.

Medical Aid

This is typically the first thing people think of when they imagine treating a disaster area. As we’ve discussed, there’s a lot more to successfully managing the immediate aftermath of a disaster. With that said, proper medical tools and training will be the most direct aids in saving lives and mitigating the effects of injuries.

Trauma kits Trauma kits can be purchased in a variety of sizes and should include blood clotting materials, burn care kits, sterilizers, tourniquets, hardware like paramedic shears, and various assorted bandages and first aid essentials. Make sure you’ve got an accurate inventory of what tools are available and get at least a basic grasp of first aid.

Finding a Job

Even if you’re not directly administering aid, there will likely be a job for you to make things better. Serious medical attention should be left to trained personnel, as unskilled hands could wind up doing more damage than help. But if you find yourself at the scene of an emergency, especially in a post SHTF scenario, there are going to be dozens of jobs for you to fill. Finding survivors, directing them to the proper triage zones, fetching tools for those administering aid, and generally contributing to a calm and orderly atmosphere can go a long way towards saving lives.

Being able to navigate the confusion and panic surrounding a disaster event is difficult even in the most developed and high-functioning societies. If an emergency situation were to present itself following an economic collapse or in the midst of an unrelated failure of the support infrastructure we so often take for granted, it will be those closest to the event that will need to step up and help those around them.

About the author: Roger Miller is an avid hiker, camper, cyclist, and writer. He’s worked with a variety of outdoor retailers and prepping supply providers, including EmergencyKits.com to learn and teach preparedness and the value of having the proper knowledge for survival.

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Prepping for Medical Emergencies

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Written by Laura Johnson on The Prepper Journal.

Editor’s Note: This post contributed by Laura. If you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly win a $300 Amazon Gift Card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter the Prepper Writing Contest today.

Planning for medical emergencies is one of the biggest challenges one faces. This is especially true if the situation will occur with limited outside resources on which to rely. There are several things you can do to improve the odds for yourself and your loved ones, including solid medical knowledge, the leadership skills necessary to create a makeshift hospital, and a comprehensive medical stockpile.


Many people underestimate the immense value an education in a practical field like medicine will have in emergency situations. These types of skills can be bartered for goods and services in addition to being beneficial for yourself and those in your party. Training as a nurse or doctor is obviously going to be at the top of any resident wish list. However, any medical training will include basic skills that could be valuable.

Any career in the medical field will pay well and allow you to make interpersonal connections, receive continuing education, and give you access to information earlier than the general public. All of these are important considerations when preparing for an uncertain future. Be sure to keep any textbooks and potentially useful class materials with your supplies to use for reference.

Medicinal foraging and herbalism are other medical skill sets that will be indispensable for the long-term maintenance of medical supplies. There are local courses in most regions that will teach participants to identify plants native to the area and the best places to find those plants with medicinal and nutritional value.

Herbalism studies will teach people to prepare those plants as effective treatments and remedies for a variety of medical concerns. While many natural remedies are not as effective as their modern-day counterparts, they are far more effective than no care at all. The ingredients to prepare them will also be more readily available if modern amenities are unavailable.

Makeshift Hospital

One’s leadership style will play a significant role in how well any makeshift hospital is organized and run, as well as the type of patient outcomes it produces. In times of disaster, everyone looks for one person to take control and make them feel safe. That person will wield substantial power within the community, and knowing how to competently care for others is an excellent starting point.

The list of supplies needed, and the organizational effort required to run a field hospital are immense.  Start with basic supplies and build as your training and budget allow. The most important component of successful adaptation will be in the training and implementation of any plans you make. Make an effort to have quarterly or annual preparedness training for everyone who will be working together in the event of a disaster. If everyone knows their role, where supplies are located, and how to handle specific scenarios the real event will go much more smoothly.

Medical Stockpile

It is important to have a portable medical kit as well as a more comprehensive stockpile for larger emergencies. The portable kit should contain everything necessary for basic survival. The American Red Cross is a great place to find resources on a personal kit with basic components. The CDC and the WHO have excellent resources for planning on a much larger scale.

Don’t let the larger preparedness options overwhelm you initially. They are only appropriate after personal planning has reached maximum capacity. However, it is a good idea to begin looking ahead to create a plan for those who think they will want to take the initiative for their personal or local communities.

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Providing Hospital Care in SHTF

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Written by Huples on The Prepper Journal.

Editor’s Note: This post is another entry in the Prepper Writing Contest from Huples. If you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly win a $300 Amazon Gift Card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter today.

I have three decades experience in trauma ICU care at a level three trauma center (used to be level one was the worst category. That was flipped a few years ago) and recently saw yet another YouTube video where the Israeli bandage was being waved around like it is the savior for all SHTF issues. Quick clot and compression bandages will certainly save lives if applied and monitored correctly. As ever get training for health care needs before you need them and try to get real life training not just videos and books.

However I got to thinking about what I would do with 32 years nursing experience and most of that in trauma if I had a person laid up in bed and was faced with providing hospital care in SHTF and why. It seemed to me the knowledge is not that widely available or known but please, as ever, correct me in the comments below. As ever Doctors are really smart and any advice I give here is intended only for my own use and you should not use any of the advice given unless you have had a smart Doctor agree with it.

Bed Rest

Back in the dawn of time a lot of my surgical and medical patients used to experience sudden cardiac arrest. I was around for as medical science figured out why and how to treat this reasonably common (in the 1970s) complication of bed rest. Deep Vein Thrombosis leading to Pulmonary Embolism (same thing that kills discount airline passengers. Always fly business class!).

Bed rest is an easy prescription especially if the injury is severe. Bed rest is what I love to do when sick and getting me out of bed is hard. However with eight hours of lying around the venous blood flow through the large veins of the legs and calf slows. Pain, fear and lower levels of consciousness will make this worse. Dehydration also encourages the venous blood to slow and thicken deep within the person’s legs and calves.

However many injuries in SHTF might well need bed rest so what can you do?


Low Molecular Heparin injections are really good but you likely will not have any. T.E.D. ™ anti-embolism stockings are a good thing to have in your trauma kit. Reasonably cheap and come in a variety of sizes. You can also use tight bandages wrapped around the legs but honestly they are more likely to cause venous congestion than minimize it. Here is what you should do if you have appropriate stockings or not. Move the legs and the joints carefully trough a range of motion (depends on the injury of course) every one to two hours throughout the stay in bed. Get them up into a chair and make them walk as soon as practical. In the 1960s you got to lie in bed for a week being hand fed if you had a heart attack to minimize cardiac stress. This caused a lot of deaths from embolism! This is also why new mothers get booted out of hospital in hours as well. Beds are very dangerous places if you lie in them for ages. Give a bit of daily Aspirin but read the next section carefully first.

Start gentle laxatives as early as possible and encourage high protein foods and drinks. Monitor their temperature twice a day at the same time of day and consider gram negative antibiotics if they develop even a slight temperature.


Most people are familiar with aspirin. If the person is a child or a baby do not give ever. Rarely it can kill the child. However if you are taking a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) you should also never take aspirin. Advil, Motrin, Aleve are common pain killers but never, ever take them and aspirin. Take one or the other, never both. If you have asthma try to avoid taking aspirin. The reason is that a severe asthma attack can be triggered by aspirin especially if you have asthma and/or are also taking an NSAID (this is arguable). The aspirin also makes the NSAID ineffective (this is true). Now I know some people are going to be saying “but I have asthma or I took Advil and aspirin and I am fine”. You were lucky and most times you will be lucky but you might not always be lucky. These are rare but fatal complications.


If you are bleeding actively (gushing or oozing blood or bruising under the back- check frequently when you turn the person on bed rest who has had a trauma) never give aspirin. It is an excellent blood thinner which is why small doses if safe should be consider if your person on bed rest can safely swallow. I also have aspirin that absorbs via the mouth for those too ill to swallow liquids safely. Pulmonary embolism is a proven killer of people on bed rest who do not have access to regular injections of low molecular heparin. If you have ulcers, gout, kidney, or liver diseases do not take aspirin. It is to be avoided in hypertension but frankly I consider it too valuable to avoid if primary hypertension unrelated to kidney disease.

Read More: Medicine to Stock up on for When There Is No Doctor

Broken bones should also avoid aspirin for at least three days. A bad femur fracture can cause several liters of blood loss into the tissues. A bad pelvic fracture can easily bleed so much internally they die. If you can use transfusion but battle field transfusion without cross and typing has many risks and is unlikely to be available in SHTF. Even if you have the same blood type there can easily be dramatic and deadly effects from a blood transfusion as incompatibility is not just the blood type. For me if you need a blood transfusion to survive in SHTF you are a gonna anyhow so why bother?

In the third trimester of pregnancy do not take aspirin as both the mom and the baby may well bleed to death during the delivery. Do not use it is you are breast feeding (breast is best and possibly the only option in shtf) as the baby will get dosed and it really is not a good thing. If the aspirin bottle smells strongly of vinegar it may no longer be effective but if it is all you have then take it anyway. Consider researching Willow Tree Bark (and the leaves to some degree). Natural analogue for aspirin and an okay pain killer (beats nothing).

Many people use “baby aspirin” to avoid strokes and heart attacks. This low dose aspirin is expensive, Buy normal aspirin and take half a tablet.

Real Trauma Kits

Elite First Aid Fully Stocked GI Issue Medic Kit Bag, Large

Elite First Aid Fully Stocked GI Issue Medic Kit Bag, Large

You can buy good trauma kits and Israeli bandages and I would encourage everyone who is trained to use one to have one and plenty of extra supplies but then what? Your friend stopped a bullet in her right leg and it seems the bone is broke judging by the screams when she moves and the bits of hard white stuff sticking out. Step one is to control the bleeding and step two to avoid infection. You slap on the Israeli bandage (likely your will need more than one), use the splint to immobilize the leg, and start her on fish antibiotics.

Then what? She’s going to be laid up for weeks and will take a lot to get her back on her feet. Do you have a bedpan (urinal for the males too slow to dodge bullets) to make washroom times less messy? Do you know how to remake a bed with a person lying in it and to wash them? Back in the 1980s as a student nurse we did these things on each other. These days they do not and their skills show it. Have a night where you try this on a loved one after reading up on how to do it. It is honestly a lot of fun. Can you make and use skin traction to get the bones in a better alignment? Again it is not hard and is easy to do but you need to know how to do it right to avoid crippling them. Do you have electrolyte drinks in large quantities and understand that urine needs to be clear or they are dehydrated? Real trauma kits will let you start intravenous infusions, pick out the bone bits, and suture internally and externally. The focus is on the first hour in prepping but rarely do people think about care the next day, the next week, the next month. Pool shock used to make strong bleach is a great thing to wash the bed sheets and to swab the area around the person who is stuck in bed. Can you make a frame and a hand hoist to let them sit upright frequently and relieve pressure on their bum and back? Pressure ulceration is not fun. Again look up basic nursing and at least have a text book available if you have avoided actual practice.

The one of the best things to get is an Emergency RN and keep him or her in your ‘kit’. An medical Doctor is helpful but they rarely have to do the thinking and creating that the RN has to do and RN who has worked in ED for a couple of decades knows much more than more a ED Fellow.

Fish Antibiotic

These are achieving a fair degree of popularity amongst preppers and for good reason but are you treating a Gram negative or gram positive infection? Generally speaking gram negative infections are more harmful than gram positive ones and tend to be more resistant to antibiotic use. Use penicillin and sulfonamide for gram positive and use streptomycin, chloramphenicol, and tetracycline for gram negatives. Use ONE for one week or two weeks (look up treatment regimens). Use another if the person is getting worse or is unimproved at the end of the full course of the initial drug.

Other than using gram staining (yes you can but I’d not bother) you need to assume it is a gram negative bacterial infection. These tend to kill more than the positive ones and are more common. If there is zero improvement then consider using a gram positive antibiotic. Gram negative is your go to antibiotic first off except if the bowels and/or stomach has been opened but frankly the person will likely die of sepsis in this case no matter what you do in SHTF. Try gram positive but give nothing by mouth if the bowels and or the stomach have been hit. Can you use a stethoscope and assess bowel sounds? A basic and a useful skill but can you give intravenous fluids and use a nasogastric tube? It gets complex very fast in trauma and stopping the bleeding is vital but there is more than this to ongoing treatment.

If you are thinking of using antibiotics at least take a look at this and realize many fish antibiotics are really not used much in humans anymore as they can cause issues. Still if nothing else then I’d use them. Prepper Princess recently mentioned she is worried about cholera in SHTF. This is a reasonable worry in SHTF and is likely if you fail to treat all water and food sources as possibly infectious. A quick search uncovered this so fish antibiotics used wisely would be useful. However I would go with doxycycline as a first use in cholera and the other advice on treatment here is highly appropriate to most infections in SHTF. You can and should do this for all infections you think are likely in SHTF and that you wish to treat. A standard drug book is too detailed and confusing for most people.

Within one month of a specific antibiotic not being used the rates of its efficiency start to rise. Store lots of antibiotics especially the gram negative ones as they will work very well after a year or two. Penicillin will again be great for sexually transmitted diseases which will also dramatically return in SHTF. Of course abstinence is the best practice but what else are you going to have to do in the bunker?


They will come along in SHTF as they have since humans first appeared on the Earth. Do you have contraception and/or methods to avoid unwanted pregnancies? Returning to the 1800s and each fertile woman popping out 10-16 children would happen fast. This Wikipedia article, (I know but it is reasonable) shows that death three to five days after birthing for women will be very common in SHTF. What the article fails to say is death rates were 40-60% for women having their delivery from a Doctor and 5-10% (or lower) from the Midwife in the same maternity ward. The lesson here then and now is wash your hands and forearms in bleach before and after every examination, do not use long sleeves (of note this applies now in health care), have lots of soap and clean water. Scrub clean beds between uses. Basic stuff but easily overlooked.

Babies get sick and die. Always have and always will but most infectious diseases had very little mortality (death rates) prior to antibiotics and vaccines (maternal deaths are the exception here). Chlorinated water, sleeping one person to a bed, quarantine of infectious people, hand washing, and good old fashioned nursing are absolutely critical in SHTF and now to avoid dying for infections. Sure antibiotics have saved millions but we are in the billions.

Hope all of this gives you some food for thought.

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Sanitation: The Often Overlooked Necessity

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Although food, water and security are definitely necessary to keep you alive, there is one aspect of prepping that is often overlooked and it can hurt even the most knowledgeable and well equipped survivalist.

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Diseases That Will Be Making a Comeback – and What You Can Do To Prepare

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

When our society collapses, so to will unlimited access to clean water, quality food, and medical care. Most diseases that have long been eradicated in the developed world will once again rear their ugly heads, and many will die. Preparing now will ensure that we and our loved ones have a better chance of surviving.

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Getting the Most from Food and Water During a Disaster

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

5/5 (6) Editor’s Note: This post is another entry in the Prepper Writing Contest from RubyMae. If you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly win a $300 Amazon Gift Card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter today. I recently read an article about what a woman learned from […]

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Ultramarathoning Tips for Non Running Preppers

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editor’s Note: This post is another entry in the Prepper Writing Contest from Huples. If you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly win a $300 Amazon Gift Card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter today.   Around six years ago I stopped running (got suddenly sick of it) […]

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Fitness for Preppers

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editor’s Note: This post is another entry in the Prepper Writing Contest from TekNik.   Whenever I meet preppers, I’m usually fascinated by their level of preparedness. The majority have ample supplies of food and water, weapons and the latest technological gizmos. However most seem to be failing to prepare their most indispensable asset, their […]

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Bugging out with Someone Who Has Dementia

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

4.25/5 (8) Editor’s Note: This post is another entry in the Prepper Writing Contest from Saffron. We routinely discuss the prospects of leaving our home and trudging off into the wilderness in search of safety from whatever environmental factors make staying hazardous to our health. There are arguments for and against bugging out but we […]

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Must Have Everyday Items for Home Remedies

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

3.33/5 (3) Editor’s Note: This post is another entry in the Prepper Writing Contest from TC. In the scenario where you and your family members would have to be able to rely on yourselves for a while or maybe even an indefinite time, first aid and home medical care should be among the skills you […]

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SHTF Medical Alternatives You Can Use for Treatment

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4.38/5 (8) Editor’s Note: This post is another entry in the Prepper Writing Contest from David Paul Smith. David discusses three medical alternatives that you should investigate further to see if their use is something that could benefit you during a SHTF event if all the traditional avenues for medical assistance are unavailable. We know […]

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The Salty Part of Your Survival Plan

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Written by Pat Henry on The Prepper Journal.

One of the most diverse prepper considerations from the standpoint of a long-term disaster is heath. By health I am not specifically referring to the risks to your health from the disaster itself. If you are living through a hurricane or earthquake, there are natural risks to your health that you need to mitigate in […]

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