Angling, a Lost Art for Survival and the Soul

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Angling, a Lost Art for Survival and the Soul When the world is coming apart and you feel like you are going to be crushed by the pressure there is but one thing to do, go fishing. Well, you could argue that its time to start prepping as well. Truly, fishing is something that will …

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A Hunter’s Guide to the Best Lighted Nock

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A Hunter’s Guide to the Best Lighted Nock Bow hunting has been one of the most challenging things I have ever done. Just learning to shoot a recurve bow and do it consistently has been a struggle. That has nothing to do with shooting it under pressure and making a clean and responsible shot. Its not …

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3 Ways to Track Animals in Tough Terrain

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3 Ways to Track Animals in Tough Terrain Tracking animals is an effective way to get a read on the area you are living in. If you have tracking skills you will be able to discern what type of wildlife are living in the area and what that means to your survival. Example. If you …

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Being Prepared and Staying Safe While Hunting – Your Hunting Trip Survival Checklist

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Todd’s Note – Hunting trips should be a great time to unwind, spend some time with friends and hopefully come home with some meat to stock the freezer.  However, just like in so many different scenarios in life, hunting trips can take a turn for the worse.  You need to consider a hunting trip survival checklist!

Recently, I read an article about an experienced hunter getting turned around and separated from his group in the Mount Hood National Forest in Oregon.  He spent three days and three nights in freezing temperatures where at some point he fell in a stream.  Luckily for him, he had some supplies and some skills at building a fire that helped to keep him alive.  To read the news article – CLICK HERE.

Embarking on a hunting trip with the right mindset and supplies is important and can save your life.  This is the topic of the article below!

Stay Safe and Prepared: The Absolute

Must-Haves For Hunting Expeditions

Have you ever wondered: “What are the absolute essentials you need when heading out to an intense hunting expedition?”

Think about it: You’re out in the open fields, silently catching some meat to bring home, all the while trying to stay as silent as possible to avoid getting injured. And while having the best weaponry and accessories will help capture your game, it won’t help you stay alive for long if you ever get caught in dangerous situations where you fight for survival.

If you feel like nothing will ever go wrong while you’re hunting outdoors, then you’re living in a fantasy! Your survival in the field is a priority because anything can happen. So to ensure your safety, you must have the right tools. This includes a survival kit and other various items you may have overlooked while packing.

Instead of packing and prioritizing only your weapons, we’ll be addressing a serious topic: The items to pack for survival while out hunting.


Sure, GPS systems have come a long way in letting us know where we are, but you can never be too prepared for what’s to come. Not only is there a chance of location inaccuracy from signal issues, but you can also lose battery from your device while trying to find a way out, wherever you may be.

It’s smart to carry the “old-school” tools, like a compass and a waterproof map. Of course, you should also bring a GPS (I recommend something to wear on your wrist and is fully-charged).


Are you planning to hunt and camp out for a few days? You can’t always depend on the sun and moon for your light, especially during inclement weather. Pack heavy-duty waterproof headlamps and flashlights to navigate your way through the darkest of nights. After all, you can’t move around as freely when you can’t see as much. Do NOT scrimp on flashlights, because you would want something durable and long-lasting. Pack extra batteries and bulbs for just-in-case!

First Aid Kit

The first aid kit of a hunter isn’t the ordinary types you might expect it to be. Sure, the basic bandaid and Ibuprofen is optimal for minor injuries, but what about the bigger ones (that hopefully will never happen)? You must have a complete first aid kit, which includes all the medicine and bandages one needs for any unfortunate injury or illness.

Start packing your first aid kit with medicine, especially if you have any special needs like for diabetes, blood pressure, or other illnesses. Then move on and pack items built for severe injuries, such as heavy-duty bandages, gauze, splints, and others. You shouldn’t only pack these items, but learn how to use them just in case anything does happen in the field.

Food and Water

This is the number one thing to add to your survival kit because no one can live without food and water for an extended period. It doesn’t matter how long you are out hunting for; you must have easy-to-consume food, such as energy bars, nuts, and freeze-dried food, which can help keep you going without the chances of it getting spoiled.

You should also invest in a portable water filtration system, which will help you in times you have run out of water and turn to any body of water you chance upon. That way, you are ensured that the water you drink for survival is cleaner.

Pack utensils as well, made out of stainless steel to use for heating and cooking purposes, as well as when drinking and eating. Do NOT bother packing disposable items, opt for something functional and reusable. Limit the trash you throw!


You never know how long you’ll be stuck in the wilderness, primarily during times you are lost or happen to be stranded from inclement weather. So with that in mind, you should also be prepared to stay warm. Space or emergency blankets are a must-have survival tool for hunters and campers alike.

Emergency blankets aren’t only windproof and waterproof, but they are also compact and can fit in your backpack. They are also functional in many ways, with you being able to use it as a sleeping bag, makeshift shelter, a heat conductor, ground cloth, or even a signaling device. It can also be used as a poncho for protection during the rain. This will keep you warm during the cold, which is recommended for those hunting deer in the winter.


You should never enter the fields without a knife. Think of it as a writer and his pen- that is the closest analogy I can think of with a hunter and a knife. A multitool that carries a knife isn’t only meant for self-defense, but it can save you during hard times in so many ways. It can be used for opening cans of food, chopping small pieces of wood to burn, to cut and skin game, or to even treat emergency injuries, such as removing splinters.
Pack the top-grade multitool with a quality knife that can cut through various textures and thicknesses.


Another critical tool for hunters would be disposable matches or lighters. They aren’t only helpful regarding bringing light to the area, but can also have you build fires for cooking, melting ice or snow, or even for warmth and comfort during the cold days.

You can opt to have disposable lighters, though it’s best also to have a small pack of matches in waterproof containers or even a flint that can spark a fire with friction, just in case the lighters do not work.

Tools for Signaling

You can opt to bring flares during your hunt to signal for help, but other signaling tools such as a whistle or signal glass mirror will come in handy for emergencies. A whistle is a valuable tool to signal other hunters or to even ward off animals that you do not plan on capturing. You can use the mirror and light for signaling, or to check any part of your body for injuries.


Having durable rope or a parachute cord (at least 50 feet) is a helpful tool to bring, as it can help build shelter, secure your backpack load, tie splints or slings for injuries, or even to rappel down inclines and steep paths!


And of course, you will need to make sure that you have a device used for communication purposes, whether you are hunting alone or in a group. Have a fully-charged phone or a two-way radio to update people on your whereabouts or to call for help if needed. I suggest that you also pack a small power bank to charge your phone as well if you expect to be in the area for a few days.

In A Nutshell

Just like targeting and shooting for the kill, your survival will depend on the tools and weapons you bring with you. It isn’t just about keeping yourself concealed with a hunting blind or the “strongest” gun. So make certain of it that you secure these items to stay prepared for anything while on a hunt.

Stay safe and pack wisely.

Author Bio:
Mitchell Wood is an outdoor, ranch and hunting guru. He is the lead guide and liaison at the Musket Hunting. He is an expert in both native and exotic hunting species as well as conservation.


How to Adjust Rifle Scope Windage Elevation

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If you want to use a rifle, then the first and foremost thing you need to know is hitting your target at the right spot. The modern rifle has an average range of 100-200 yards. The moment bullet is fired it bends its way while on its journey towards the target. It happens mostly due to wind condition as it travels quite a distance from the rifle to the target. So when you lock through your scope of your rifle, you need to make few adjustments in the scope. This adjustment comes as features attached to your muzzleloader scope.  And this feature is called windage and elevation adjustment.

 Adjusting the windage and elevation is the first step for using your rifle. It’s the primary or key step of adjustment before target practicing through your muzzleloader scope. This adjusting process helps you get the clean and accurate shots. You can quickly determine the right spot of your target with these few steps of adjustment in your rifle scope. Even if your target is surrounded by an obstacle that blocks your sight, this slight adjustment features windage and elevation will show your way out.

Identifying The Windage and Elevation

First look through your scope you will see your target point. The target point is basically the rector tube which adjusted with two screws inside the central tube of your scope. Two knobs control these two screws in scope. The one at the top is for elevation, and the one at the side of your scope is for windage. The rotate the elevation knob the target point through your will move up or down, and if you switch the windage knob, the target point will move left or right. Now you know the basics to bring a change. But you need to know when it is required in order to adjust the windage and elevation according to your requirement.

The Technical Features of Windage and Elevation

If you are a first timer for shooting practice with a target sheet, follow the steps. First, shoot two or three times at target sheet that might be at 200 yards distance. You will see that gap between your shoots and the target point.  These differences are converted to minute-of-angle (MOA) in relation to the length. You need to make impact point exact to the desired target point. Now it is the time for you to make the adjustments.

 Look at your target sheet to identify the proper distance from target point as it moved up/down and left/right.  Put your rifle at a resting first to measure the gaps. This adjusting is referred to Zoro-ing your target point, or you can say adjusting the mechanical zero to the actual zero.

There are two ways to make this adjustment.

The First way

Look through your scope you will see the measurements in hash bars. Rotate the elevation screw clockwise or counterclockwise; you will hear the clicks. Each click will move the target one hash bar up or down. Thus you will adjust the elevation in your scope. In the same procedure by rotating the windage screw, you will move the target point left or right.

The Second Way

Remove the cap from the elevation a windage screws. Inside you will see the rotation signs for moving it clockwise and counterclockwise. It’s a very easy where you can change by seeing the signs. The clicks will also help here to determine each moving measurements.

The Measurements for Adjustment

To make the adjustment, now you need to know about each of the hash bar measurement or clicks in this situation. For the first time adjust to follow the second way to make the adjustments.

Each click of the alteration changes shot effect at 100 yards by the amount showed on the windage and elevation adjustments. The adjustments are aligned in minutes of angle. One moment of the point is near to 1 inch at 100 yards. To compute the click value at distances other than 100 yards, use the following processes: separate the length  (number of yards) by 100.

Then multiply this number by the click value stated on the windage and elevation adjustments. This will tell you the actual click value of the scope at that distance. For example, your range is 200 yards. Divide 200 by 100, and that equals two. Multiply the quarter by a minute indicated on the adjustments by 2 and the adjustment at 200 yards is half an inch per click. For 400 yards, you would multiply quarter by 4, and that would give 1 inch per click and so on. After doing this, please put elevation and windage caps back at their place.

This measurement differs in different scopes. In some scopes quarter of a minute is one click and in some are half a minute, and some are a full minute. Now go out with your rifle scope and adjust your elevation and windage.

About the author

I have a deep respect for the nature and the environment. We therefore take the sport of hunting very seriously. I am writing from my experience and provide guides on how to hunt effectively, answer reader questions, and reviews of the latest hunting gear.

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Two blacksmiths looking to join someone off grid

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Hello I’m Katorii (my internet name), my brother and i are blacksmiths and also have a wide range of skills and knowledge useful for off grid living. We are both 34 years old and looking to join someone or a community living off grid already or who has the land and just wanting others to join them before making the jump them self. We are both currently in Texas and prefer to stay that way, but if something comes up to good to pass on we would be willing to go. We would like there to be some sort of wild game for hunting or trapping, we do both eat meat but raising rabbit and chickens will also work for us. We do own guns so if that’s an issue please stop reading now and just move on thank you. We are wanting to live a life without needing much if any money, we can make knifes, tools and other useful items for trade or barter if those are options, the idea is to be free after all, that being said we are also not hippy artist that sit around doing drugs and painting not that there is anything right with that haha, we do not drink or do drugs. Well that’s all i can think of for the time being please email me at if you would like to chat or find out more info.

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How to Skin and Cut Up a Squirrel in 9 Steps

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How to Skin and Cut Up a Squirrel in 9 Steps There has long been a negative connotation when it comes to the humble squirrel. People just don’t like the idea of eating squirrels. It has to do with their proximity to us and I think it also has something to do with accusations that …

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How Sketching Like a Sniper Can Help Your Situational Awareness

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How Sketching Like a Sniper Can Help Your Situational Awareness It seems like the survival and preparedness community cannot harp on situational awareness enough. The problem is that you have to be open to the fact that it’s a pretty boring subject. It’s also one that doesn’t really have a lot of subcategories. GET YOUR …

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Top 7 Survival Tips for Long Hunts

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Top 7 Survival Tips for Long Hunts

The majority of deer hunters who prep for a huge expedition sometimes forgets about one thing: Preparing for survival. You can never be fully prepared for a hunt without taking the proper steps to pack and organize what’s needed. And it isn’t just about what to pack, but physically and mentally preparing yourself for the outdoors as well. But how can you do that?

 I’ll be showing you the essential steps to help you get started when preparing for a hunting expedition.

Top Survival Tips for Long Hunts

1. Study the Fields

You shouldn’t only study the fields during the hunting expedition itself! Before anything else, you should take the proper steps into choosing the best area for hunting, based on the size and animal population.

  Once you have chosen the place to hunt in, study the area if you have the chance. This will give you the opportunity to create effective strategies and prepare your hunting blinds or set up tree harnesses. Also, it gives you time to find your way around the fields, so you avoid getting lost.

 Take advantage of the off-peak seasons to acquaint yourself with the area, learning the turf and knowing what to expect regarding trails, animals, and weather.

2. Physical and Mental Preparation

You’re going to have to ready your body for the long hunting expedition. It isn’t just a walk in the park! Start training and polishing up your shooting skills, learning about stealth and increasing your endurance. I recommend you to start trail-walking or hiking with a heavy pack, as you will be doing the same when hunting. If you need to lose weight to build strength and endurance, then start an effective meal plan and diet that still fills you with energy.

 Also, keep in mind that hunting isn’t a comfortable luxury vacation. Mentally prepare yourself to get down and dirty, with inclement weathers and discomfort along the way.

3. Getting Your License and Registration

One thing many beginner hunters forget to research on would be how to acquire a license and to study the rules of both the state and hunting area. Red tape may ruin your hunt, and if you have no license, you waste time preparing and traveling for the expedition. Even weeks before you go hunting, get a hunting license. If you plan on going to different states, research on how to acquire the license and how long processing would take (since handling may be different).

Check the regulations in the hunting area as well, as it can vary from season and state. They may have bag limits or weapon restrictions. You won’t want to unload or not be able to use certain guns while on the field because you didn’t study the rules thoroughly.

4. Training With Your Weapons

Like mentioned, you must be physically prepared as well. No matter how reliable your guns are, it won’t make up your lack of skills. That’s why it’s best to polish them up and start target practicing. Act as if you were in the hunt itself, wearing the heavy pack and doing your best to load, target, and shoot for the kill.

 You should also start stealth exercises with your gun, try to be as quiet and with no sudden movements that can mess with your aim. If you plan on hunting from longer distances, I recommend you to invest in a scope and scope mount, which will help magnify the game and make targeting more accurate.

5. Prepping Your Weapons Before the Hunt

Prep your weapons before the hunt, unloading it during the travels and loading it before entering the fields. Sharpen knives and polish off your weapons before leaving, doing a test run to ensure that everything is in tiptop shape and ready to be used for the expedition.

 When hunting with a firearm, zero-in the gun from the distances you usually do. Usually, hunters would zero-in at 100 yards and during the weather similar to the conditions of the hunting area for better accuracy. Also, always check loose screws and to stock up on ammo to avoid having to go home earlier because of no weapon to use.


 If hunting with a bow, check its strings and cables. You may need to replace it. Sight-in the bow with field points as well. And just like using your weapons, give it a test run and take a few shots, testing its accuracy and ensuring that the bows and cables are intact.

6. Assembling a Survival Kit (And knowing how to use it!)

Like what I said earlier, a survival kit is an absolute must, may you be merely camping or on a legit hunting expedition. Prepare for the worst and pack the essential items you’ll need for survival, which includes:

             •           Fully-charged phone or communication device

            •           Lighter or matches

            •           Flashlights with extra batteries

            •           First aid kit

            •           Emergency food supplies

            •           Water purifier

            •           Map and compass

            •           Emergency blanket

            •           Signaling devices, like flares

 Have a concrete plan of what may happen in case you come across a dangerous situation. To prevent this from happening, study the fields, plan your hunt on good weather, and be aware of your surroundings.

  Every few hours, update someone with your location and coordinates, may it be a family member or fellow hunter. Also, acquaint yourself with self-defense skills in case you come across animals who may attack you unexpectedly. Again, it’s better to be safe than sorry, and there is the possibility of not being able to use the gun in times of trouble.

7. Getting Your Gear and Gathering Supplies  

Besides your survival kit, you should have the proper hunting gear and supplies to keep you energized and ready for the hunt.

 Clothing and food is a priority. Prepare clothes that coordinate with the predicted weather to either stay warm or cool. Opt for camouflage patterns made of breathable material that has you move around freely and with comfort. You should also prepare the clothing you will be wearing before the hunt, spraying non-odor sprays to remain undetected.

 As for food, pack canned goods or instant foods that you can quickly open and consume immediately. Pack sweets and other satiating foods that give you energy, such as chocolates, trail mix, or anything with sugar and carbs.

 I recommend you to have a meal plan as well, so you can properly ration your food and avoid running out of it too early. Packing in advance also assures that you do not forget anything before the hunt.

 Make a checklist of all essential items and pack it correctly. Use ziplock bags for fire starting materials, medicine, and other devices that may get damaged if ever it gets wet. When organizing the things in your backpack, start off with the heaviest items and work your way up to the lightest and essential items you’ll be using immediately on the top.

Wrapping It Up

Hunting isn’t just about investing in the best hunting blind or spending oodles of money on material tools and equipment. Though the quality of your equipment helps, it all boils down to preparedness in your skills and utilizing them when on the fields.

 Hopefully, these tips and preparation and survival will help you out. Remember to pack smart and make wise choices when outdoors.

Author Bio:

Mitchell Wood is an avid hunter and freelance writer. He loves spending time in the field with his rifle more than almost anything else, and occupies his off-time discussing deer and their habits online. He is a founder of


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Best Kill Zone Shot Placements for a Deer

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Best Kill Zone Shot Placements for a Deer

deer in forest.jpg


Even though deer, such as whitetail deer and mule deer, are relatively mid to small-sized animals, it can still be difficult to get a proper shot placement.

Deer are notoriously skittish and can run away at the first sound.  Firing off a shot that does not hit them in the vital regions not only means you could get a lost animal, it’s incredibly inhumane.

This is why knowing where to shoot a deer is essential, and equally as important is knowing when to shoot.  You should only shoot a deer when it is standing still, when you have taken careful aim, and when you have a clear shot.

Here are the top vital regions to shoot a deer, and the pros and the cons that exist with each:

The High Shoulder

By properly shooting your deer in the high shoulder, you have the potential to snap its spine, break some of its ribs, and even cut its nervous system.  A proper shot here should bring your deer down instantly.

The biggest cons to shooting a deer in the high shoulder are that you could potentially mess up a lot of good meat that you may want to eat later (such as the shoulder meat and upper back strap meat), and it’s easy to place your shot too high when you are aiming here.

Heart and Lung

Ask any hunter where you should shoot a deer, and most answer with the heart and lung region.  Even though shooting a deer in the heart or lung will not always bring down the deer immediately, it will leave a massive blood trail that will be easy for you to follow, and the deer will likely die eventually.

The con to shooting a deer in the heart or lung is that since it won’t always drop immediately, you may have to follow a blood trail, and whether you locate the fallen deer or not depends on your tracking skills.

The Brain

Shoot a deer directly in the brain, and it will be killed instantly.  You also won’t mess up the meat.  Unfortunately, the brain is a small target, and it’s not easy to reach.  You could possibly hit the deer in the jaw, which won’t kill it and will be extremely inhumane.  For this shot, you will need to be an expert and use the best AR scope available as some of the best are mentioned at HuntingMark (If you are using any AR rifle).

The Neck

The fourth and final vital region to hit a deer will be in the neck.  Shoot a deer in the neck and you could deal extensive damage to its vertebrae and spinal cord.  You could paralyze the deer instantly by shooting it here. On the other hand, if you aim too low, you’ll simply wound the deer and it will take off running, and you may not be able to locate it.


Overall, it’s hard work to track down and bring down deer a deer.  Getting close to a deer and having a good shooting position is the first step. Then the second step is making sure that your shot is on target, and the above vital regions that we have just discussed will be where you should aim.


Author Bio

Jessica Kelly is the founder of and the hunter. Jessica invites several subject matter experts to share their experience at HuntingMark. Most of their guides like this Glock sights guide are written by people who have years of experience in their field. HuntingMark focuses on hunting, shooting, and survival.


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Learning Survival Archery – Is It Necessary for Preppers?

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Using the bow and arrow has been at the heart of human existence. From simple designs used for hunting to more advanced bows, empires have even been constructed around them. In the modern world, it’s easy to think that there is no place for such primitive tools, but regardless of the day and age, humans […]

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How to Avoid Careless Behavior while Hunting

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How to Avoid Careless Behavior while Hunting This article comes from a website that is based around deer hunting but I think it holds great appeal to preppers and survivalists. For those of you who are not hunting but assume you will be when the world goes off the rails, it’s not something you jump …

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Different Types of Hunting Boots and How to Choose the Right One

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Best Hunting Boots

So you are making preparations for your next hunting excursion. One of the things that need to be in top form is your hunting boots. In case to your old pair needs replacements, there a few factors that need to be considered when getting new ones.

Some of these factored will be centered on the time of year, the condition of the weather and the terrain. The boot you pick will need to perform at their optimum based on these three criteria.

The importance of picking the right types of shoes cannot be overemphasized. Without a doubt, it could be the difference between a successful hunt and a failure. There are four main problems that hunters face with regards to their footwear:

  • The weather is too cold and the shoes lack sufficient insulation resulting in the freezing
  • The conditions are too wet and the shoes fail to keep the water out
  • The terrain is too slippery and rugged and the boots do not offer the right type of traction
  • Shoes are either too loose or too tight causing friction and as a result, bruises

Types of hunting boots

There are two main types of hunting boots. These are field boots and rubber boots.

Field boots feature a variety of designs intended to make them efficient, breathable and highly durable. They are typically constructed from nylon, mesh upper or leather.

As the name suggests, rubber boots are made from, well, rubber. They are an excellent choice for hunters who chose to enter marshy and swampy areas. The added advantage is that they do not leave behind a scent trail allowing you to follow the animal without risk of it catching onto you.

The drawback is that rubber boot may get a bit too warm for comfort. Therefore, it’s good practice to check the temperature and to avoid using them during hot days.

The third category of boots are snake boots. They feature special materials that deflect snake bites are especially useful in locations where there are a lot of snakes.

How well does the boot fit?

This is a question that every hunter should ask themselves when buying a hunting boot. When out in the backcountry, you will probably wear thicker socks that provide extra cushioning. This will eat up some foot space. It is important therefore to select a shoe size that is larger than normal.

If you are an experienced hunter, you may have probably tried out different types of boots and come up with your own list of what tends to work for you. My advice, do not ignore this. Include them in your purchase decision and you should be able to find the right hunting boot for you.


The best hunting boots need to provide the hunter with adequate traction. Slipping when following your game will likely give your position away at best and at worst get you injured. If you are going after skittish quarry like deer, one false move could be the loss of a perfect chance at a shot.

Rubber cleats provide excellent grip especially in mountainous or rocky terrain.

The insulation

There are a few factors that determine the level of insulation that you will require on your boots. One of them is how much you move. Consider being perched in a tree stand for extended periods of time in cold weather. Your feet are that much more likely to get cold than if you were moving around actively looking for prey.

The temperature of the day is a no brainer. The cooler it gets, the more insulation you will require. The lack of properly insulated boots in sub-zero weather will slow you down and result in a failed hunting trip.

So how can you pick the properly insulated boots? Well, they come listed in grams per square meter of construction material.

Insulation of below 200grams is best for warm to hot conditions. Such hunting boots usually allow for breathability.

Between 400 to 800 grams, is ideal for gentler conditions that are not too hot or cold such as late fall.

Insulation of above 1000 grams is best when trekking across snowy ground. They are ideal during winter months and offer best protection from the cold. They also do a great job at keeping water out.


As you can tell by now, there is a lot involved in the purchase of a good hunting boot. From weather to terrain to the animals you are likely to face in the wild such as snakes.

With the right type of information, new hunters have a strong foundation on making their next buying decision. Experienced hunters have a refresher course and can top up to their own personal experiences.

About the Author

Kevin Fleeman is the founder of that site is dedicated to the sport of hunting. We have a deep respect for nature and for the environment and we therefore take the sport of hunting very seriously. provides guides on how to hunt effectively, answer reader questions, and reviews of the latest hunting gear.

Guest Author’s Website

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Season Hunting Pack Contents

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Season Hunting Pack Contents We all know about the value of hunting with a bow. Proficiency with a silent weapon is just such a benefit in a survival scenario. This is less of an article and more of a video. Sometimes, a good video can be the best way to explain something. When it comes …

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How to Use a Spotting Scope for Shooting

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scope for briding

When using a spotting scope for shooting purposes, the benefits can be great than just using your guns scope. You can opt to have a second person around who will be doing the actual viewing or you can simply do it yourself.

Here, we will look at why spotting scopes make exceptional shooting accessories and why in our opinion they are a must have for hunters who wish to score game at long ranges.

The first step towards shooting with a scope is to have everything at the right level. Whether lying down or standing up, ensure that both the gun and the shooting scope are at a comfortable viewing position facing the target.

Why use a spotting scope?

Before looking at how to use the spotting scope as a shooting tool, it is important to understand why you are doing it. A spotting scope offers a secondary option for viewing the target. Forhunters, this could be that plump white tail deer or moose 1000 yards away.

Thanks to the high magnification levels achieved by spotting scopes,it is possible to view the actual trajectory of the bullet as well as the impact. With rifles, this may not be possible as the guns recoil will make you lose focus. When you are only using the guns scope, the only way to know that you have hit the target at such a long range is if it tips over.

Using the spotting scope

When shooting, the barrel of the gun and the spotting scope need to be next to each other in close proximity facing the target. Some hunters prefer the scope lying slightly above the barrel of the gun. Before making the shot, the target needs to be clearly visible through the spotting scope. You will need to adjust the focus knobs to acquire a clear image setting.

Once you have achieved this it is time to make the shot. Looking at the target and pulling the trigger, you can only hope that the line of fire is correct.

What happens when you don’t hit the target?

This is the main challenge faced in long range shooting. When hunting big horn ship on the other steep slope of a mountain range, the gun may indicate that the target is in line, but when you take the shot it misses. This is caused by weather conditions. Wind speed, wind direction can alter the projectory of the bullet as it flies towards your target making it curve right, left or downwards.

And this is where the spotting scope proves its worth. You will be able to follow the vapour trail formed as the bullet leaves the barrel of the gun and flies through the air. This will give you valuable information on how the weather conditions are constantly shifting helping you adjust your aim accordingly. It is possible to estimate how much tilt you need to put on the gun in order to hit the target.

Does this mean you will need multiple shots?

Not necessarily, shooting using a spotting scope does not mean that you will have to miss your target to make the necessary adjustment. This only happens IF you miss.

The clarity offered by the spotting scope allows the shooter to see the mirages, as well as how plants in the area are moving due to the wind direction and speed. This allows them to constantly judge the right shooting conditions.

When itis required for the shooter to wait then that is exactly what he will do. If the conditions do not however change and the wind is moving in a particular direction constantly, then it’s up to the shooter to make a decision on when to best take the shot and how to align his gun barrel.

There are plenty of advantages of using a spotting scope for hunting least of which is to make those long-range kills. Any hunter knows that one of the greatest things to master is patience. Unlike shooting in a range where the target is stationary, animals will almost always be moving. This makes hunting extra difficult. However, by learning to use the right type of equipment, you will be well on your way to being an excellent shot.


Eric John is the founder of This blog focuses on hunting/shooting/survival. As in his experienced, He will guide you through the Do’s and Don’ts of the hunting world and transform you into a better hunter. Whether you are an experienced hunting or an absolute beginner, you will find a gem!

Guest Author’s Website

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Underwater Hunting and Primitive Gourmet

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Underwater Hunting and Primitive Gourmet We often hear about the importance of hunting, foraging and being able to process meats in the wild. These are all important parts of the survival skill set. There is a lot of food in the wild, if you know where to look and how to get it. This doesn’t …

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Hunting Squirrels with an Airsoft Rifle for Wilderness Survival

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A guest post by William Bell

Squirrels are the ideal food when you’re in a survival situation. Granted they are not big, but they are usually everywhere, and it’s easy to spot and shoot them. Even more, where there is one squirrel, there will be more as it only takes them a couple of months to reproduce.

While the taste is not fantastic, squirrel meat is a 100% organic, sustainable protein that will keep you alive and functional in an SHTF situation. So, if you’ve never done this before, it’s time to start practicing!

In the interest of adaptation to any conditions the future might throw at us, I decided to try my luck at hunting with airsoft weapons. Many hunters will give you a long look before asking if you’ve gone mad, but to them, airsoft guns are just toys. Still, given the fact that you can hunt squirrels with a slingshot, why wouldn’t this work for a BB gun too?

I know from experience that there are some powerful air guns out there and they are quite effective in hunting small game. Even more, if you master hunting with a BB gun, you’ll be able to save live ammunition for the bigger game when SHTF.

How to choose the Right Air Gun & Ammo

Of course, not every BB gun will do for hunting so let’s take a look at the caliber and power you’ll need.

The Caliber – Since I didn’t feel like testing out every airsoft weapon in my collection, I reached out to an expert. So, I talked to Tom from, and he recommended I try the .177 and the .22 caliber. He also mentioned that the .177 is better for the avian game while the .22 works best with squirrels and other furry rodents. Still, I’ve had luck with both calibers in shooting squirrels.

The Power – If you’re using a .177 gun, you’ll need one that is capable of developing about 415 feet per second at the point of impact (or 3-foot pounds of energy). With a .22 caliber, you’ll only need about 300 fps.

Of course, the point of impact must be in the kill zone (head or heart/lung) for a clean shot. Otherwise, you’ll only manage to injure the squirrel, and this won’t do.

If you want to learn more about the power you need in various situations, here you can find a detailed graph and more information.

Choosing the Ammo – The main concern when you choose the ammo is accuracy. That’s why I strongly recommend testing the ammo you have before going squirrel hunting. It’s very important to find the ammo that works best with your gun, regarding accuracy. After all, you’re not shooting at a still target, and you need pellets to hit the right points.

How to Improve Your Skills

Any survivalist knows that when everything goes haywire, the time for preparedness is over. If you want to survive through hunting, you need the necessary skills, and accurate shooting is one of the most important.

If we talk about squirrels, you must be able to hit a really small target that’s most likely moving at high speeds. For this, I recommend a lot of practice, and here you can also learn a few tricks to make your gun more accurate.

One way to make sure you’ll actually hit the target is to get a scope. Since the kill zone on a squirrel is tiny, I use scopes on all my airsoft guns, and it’s not just improved my accuracy; I can also spot the little buggers better.

The squirrel is highly skilled at hiding (they try to become part of the tree by standing still), and the fur is specially colored to camouflage it. So, if you get a 3-9x scope with an adjustable objective, you may have a better chance at finding them. The adjustable objective is great at bringing things into focus, and the zoom is helpful at placing the pellet in the optimal position.

How to Prepare the Squirrel

As a hunter, you must know how to shoot and how to prepare the meat for consumption. With squirrels, things are simple as the most of the meat is concentrated in the legs, especially the rear ones. Of course, if you manage to bring down a large one, you may have enough meat to cook the whole body.

To remove the skin, make a vertical cut down the sides and pull half the skin over the head and half over the tail. Next, chop the legs off and cook them as you would cook chicken wings.

You’ll notice that the taste isn’t gamey and the texture is quite clean on the tongue, so there’s no need to wash it down with a beverage. The meat is nourishing, and it brings protein in your diet, which is very important in times of survival.

Also See: FREE PDF – Rabbit Processing

A Few Final Words…

In the spirit of being prepared for anything, knowing how to shoot squirrels with an airsoft gun is quite important. In times of need, live ammunition is important, and a BB gun can help you save it. Even more, squirrels are high in protein and can be found in almost any environment.


All the Archery Safety Rules You Need To Know About

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Archery is something that seems fascinating just by hearing the word. Everyone, including me, would want to try it out whenever we hear someone telling their experiences with archery.

It’s true that with some practice and proper guidance, everyone can eventually find their way to performing archery perfectly. But before developing a hobby, one really needs to be aware of the dangers it has.

While through archery, no one can intentionally get hurt, but in several ways, you can hurt yourself or someone else without even knowing it. In that case, knowing Archery Safety Rules becomes a necessity.

This is why we have compiled together some of the basic rules for performing archery as safely as is ever possible!


  • Why Do We Need Them?


Understand now? While you might be very confident in yourself, telling yourself you won’t be careless enough to hurt anyone else or yourself, that would not be true; because we’re all humans and we all can make mistakes.

Apart from that, if we’re not well aware of the archery safety rules, we would never know how to do it the right way. Therefore, we need these rules.


  • Shooting Safety Rules


The following things are to be taken care of while you’re shooting out there. There are no crazy archery safety rules, just simple ones you should all be aware of.

  • Take care to not point your bow towards anyone, even if the arrow isn’t in there yet. This will help you develop better shooting habits.
  • Shooting your arrow high up in the air might seem cool, but it is just as unpredictable, and you might not know where it’s land. Thus not to shoot too high, and keep it low.
  • While you nock your arrow, make sure the bow is pointing towards the ground, because if the arrow accidentally slips from your hands, you can end up hurting yourself or someone else standing in the way.
  • Wearing an armed guard is definitely recommended while you’re performing archery, as it will protect you from receiving any severe injuries during it. You can have a look at a great arm guard for your complete safety.
  • Make sure to ask the people, if there are any between you and the target, to move aside and leave sufficient space so that they don’t end up getting hurt. Do this before nocking your arrow, and don’t nock it in without making sure the path is clear
  • Don’t draw your bow more than the actual length of the arrow, as it can lead to injuries on your part, as well as it can damage your equipment pretty badly.
    • If you’re using wooden ones, before the shooting sessions take place, always examine the arrows for any cracks or breakages , so that everything goes right during the actual performance.
    • If you spot even a slight damage on the bow string, it is recommended to change it right away, as it will not function properly and can lead to random shots. Don’t wait for it to become completely damaged either.
    • Make sure you’re not wearing any watches, jewelry, or anything else while performing archery. Take any such thing off so that you don’t end up damaging your expensive stuff.
    • For additional safety measures, make sure your phone is completely charged, so that you can contact anyone at all if you find yourself in an accident or anything like that.


  • Indoor/Outdoor Range Safety Rules:
  • Now when we’ve had a look at archery safety rules which cover your  measures, here are some steps which you necessarily have to take at the particular place you’re performing Archery at, which include your environment and everything else present in it.
    • Pay special attention to what the instructor is telling you to do. Listen to him when he instructs you to stop, warns you, or says anything else. Go by his actions and you’ll stay as safe as possible.
    • At the range, make sure they have a first aid kit always present in case of emergencies if anyone receives an injury. Don’t go to the range if they don’t have one with them.
    • Go to the shooting line only after you have examined your bow and arrow carefully, and made sure they are perfectly fine and not damaged in any way.
    • When you go to retrieve your arrows, make sure to walk carefully and not run, as you can lose your balance and hurt yourself over the arrows anytime. You need to be fully aware of your surroundings while you’re at the range.
    • Do not cross the shooting line unless the instructor tells everyone to stop shooting. Keep standing there, and only after the instructor’s command should you cross the line to retrieve your arrows from the target.
    • Until you’re not at the shooting line, or told by the instructor, do not nock an arrow into your bow for additional safety measures. A slip of hand and you can end up hurting yourself or anyone else.
    • If there’s anything you dropped beyond the shooting line, never ever cross the line until everyone is told to stop shooting by the instructor. Even if the thing is in your reach, wait till everything is clear to retrieve it.You can see to have a look at the very basic of the archery safety rules being visually described to you, so that you can have a bright idea.Conclusion:

      As a whole, paying attention to every single detail and having your nerves alert is how you’ll stay safe and protected while performing archery.

      The only gears you require for archery is a basic arm guard, and always keep it with you when you’re out for performing. Make sure to keep these archery safety rules in your mind to stay completely protected and have the best archery experience.

      If you have any further queries, feel free to comment them down below and I’d love to clear them up for you. Happy Archery!

The post All the Archery Safety Rules You Need To Know About appeared first on American Preppers Network.

8 Reasons to Try Hunting This Year

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When it comes to shooting guns, more and more people are opting to spend time at a shooting range rather than going out hunting. Little do they know that hunting not only gives you the same adrenaline rush that you would get at a gun range, but you will also get additional benefits that will … Continue reading “8 Reasons to Try Hunting This Year”

Top 7 Deer Hunting Bullet Types – An Optimum Guide to Get the Success

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You are probably finding the best bullets to hunt the deer species in the best way possible. But the most common problem is to opt the hunting bullets out of the piles of countless types.

So, here is a good news for you:

I have researched upon the various kinds of hunting bullets that can give a 100% of success ratio to the deer hunters. I am going to share all those top bullets with you right now.

There are a few qualities that must be present in the deer hunting bullets for more accuracy:

  • Deer hunting bullets should provide a proper expansion.
  • They should give deeper penetration.
  • They should provide the proper destructive power to knock down the game.
  • They should provide the maximum accuracy and speedy flight.

So, all these above mentioned qualities, if present in your bullets, can give you the optimum outcomes undoubtedly.

Not only this, but also there are many other ideal features that must be provided by the deer hunting bullets to achieve the perfect results.

For this purpose, you must have to check out the Hunting Mark infographic. It contains all that necessary information that a hunter should require to get the 100% outcomes. You will have a better understanding of the subject after checking it out.

Conclusion:To sum up, a deer hunter can achieve the best outcomes by using the above mentioned 7 types of bullets. All these bullet types are chosen after a massive research and they are pretty much suitable for the deer hunting. So, the successful hunting experience is waiting for you. Just grab the right bullets and get the success guaranteed!

My name is Jessica Kelley and doing the hunting from my childhood. I spent lots of time in the hunting fields with my dad from childhood. I also have my blog named as Hunting Mark where I often write about hunting & survival.

Important survival tips and tricks for beginner hunters

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Important Survival Tips and Tricks for Beginner Hunters

Hunting is one of the most intimate ways to get your food on the table, it connects you with nature in a way that’s hard to be described in words. But it’s not an easy job either, it doesn’t just come naturally so you need to learn a few tips and tricks so you can become a better hunter.

Choose your weapon

You can’t hunt well – or at all for that matter – if you don’t choose a weapon that fits your needs and preferences. You might like a rifle for long range shooting, especially if you’re after smaller game. Or you might be more tempted to choose a crossbow or a compound bow, even if these are better at smaller ranges than rifles.

Some people boast that their firearms make more merciful kills, but the truth is you can get the same results with the fastest compound bow on the market, as long as you shoot it right and in the proper setting. That’s why you should do your research first and get the weapon you need for the hunting style you want to practice.

You should also ensure you get something that fits your dominant eye and hand, so it won’t make you feel clumsy. Besides, if you’re wearing eyeglasses and want a rifle, don’t forget to choose one with a generous eye relief.


After getting your weapon, it’s important to take it out for a test run or two. That will help you learn how to use it, and really get the feel of it before going out on the field. You’ll find out if there is additional gear you need for it to work better, like a magnifier or a night vision scope.

You’ll learn other things too, like how to adjust it for windage and elevation, you’ll know how much ammunition or arrows to bring, how long the batteries last, etc. And apart from taking your weapon out to exercise, we recommend a prep hunting trip too, so you can actually see what it’s like to go hunting.

Don’t go alone

The best advice you can give a beginner hunter is to choose a mentor, someone they trust completely with both their skills and safety. This should be someone likeminded, that understands what you’re good at, what your style is, if you’re more aggressive and interested in fast shots, or if you’re more careful when shooting.

You can go on trial hunting trips with this person, even if you ultimately choose to go solo on more extended hunts. But it’s a good idea to have the support of a knowledgeable hunter, to begin with since there are tons of accidents that happen in the wild.

You can even shoot someone by mistake or go the wrong way and become the prey to your game. We’re not making this up, beginner hunters are exposed to all sorts of dangers. And even after you become an expert yourself, it’s always wise to let people know your hunting itinerary and schedule.

Get the right gear

There are hundreds of hunters that get lost each year, so you should bring a GPS along, perhaps even an old-fashioned map and compass to ensure you can find your way back. An emergency whistle, a water purifier, waterproof matches, flashlight and plenty of rope are essential, apart from your tent and sleeping bag.

Besides, you should always wear proper-fitting, insulating clothes, made from breathable and moisture-wicking materials. Don’t forget to dress in layers, always pack a rainproof jacket and wear supportive shoes.

You can consider getting a tripod too, a camouflaged shelter, or an odor-masking spray. It’s important to get items that don’t attract the gaze of wild animals, so you should choose camouflage patterns that mimic the way trees and brush look.

You also need a good animal call, like a deer or coyote call, depending on what your game is. These imitate the sounds made by game animals, for instance when they’re in distress or when they’re trying to mate, so they’ll be sure to come your way.

Stay upwind

Apart from hiding your position with camouflage patterns and odor-masking products, you need to know and respect the territory of your game. Say you’re after wild boars, but you’re also navigating through Bear County: don’t start your adventure without making sure you’re safe.

So if you don’t want to be discovered by your game, you should stay upwind, to reduce the chance of being smelled. That said, you need to understand scents the way animals do. Your smell can travel through the air as far as a mile, which can give out your position if you’re not careful.

Play the patience game

Prepare to be disappointed at first, because hunting even with the best equipment that money can buy doesn’t guarantee you absolute success.

That’s why you should scout the environment, familiarizing yourself with the area so you can understand more tell-tale signs that your game is nearby. Knowing the habits of the animals is the first step towards a better hunt, plus you’ll minimize and chances of getting lost.

And after you inflict the fatal shot, you have to be prepared to move your game away, especially if it’s a bigger-sized animal. So you need additional equipment to carry it safely.

First and last minute preparations

Of course, you should begin organizing your hunting trip by researching the hunting laws in place. You don’t want to get an unnecessary ticket, so make sure you respect the hunting season, the game, the weapon and ammunition you’re allowed to use.

But there are other details you need to take into account before leaving, like checking the weather and making sure your equipment is fully functional.

That said, we hope you have a good hunt, but let us know how it went. And after a few more hunting trips, you can come back here and tell us if there’s anything we’ve missed. The comment section awaits below.


Author Bio

Rebecca lives in USA, but loves hiking all over the world. Her favourite is Everest Base Camp Trek in Nepal. It usually takes 16 days, but she likes to slow down, enjoy mountains, company of other adventurers and take more pictures, so it took her 28 days last time. Another of her passion is the ocean, so all short and long hikes along the ocean shore bring a lot of joy. She also writes for

Guest Author’s Website

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Going Hunting? 7 Ways to Best Prepare for Your Hunting Trip

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You have a hunting trip coming up in the very near future and want to be sure that you are well prepared for your excursion. Following these suggestions and tips will have you up and ready with a minimum of fuss and stress. They include the following:

Clean and Check Weapons

Make a point to clean and oil all of your weapons before heading out on your trip. Take them to a safe area and shoot them off a few times to ensure that they are safe and fully operational. Put them in a secure location until it is time to depart.

Stock Up on Bullets and Other Supplies

Check all of your supplies before departure. The last thing you want to do is end up in a great hunting zone and run out of ammunition. Be sure to also stock plenty of safety supplies, clothing, food, and water for the duration of your trip.

Purchase Proper Clothing

Hunting can be a rough sport so be sure to dress accordingly. Sturdy, waterproof boots, heavy camouflage pants, heavy jacket, and gloves if necessary. Dress for the weather – layering clothes from companies like Over Under Clothing can be quite effective in keeping hunters warm and cozy in very cold weather.

Apply for Hunting License

Double-check all of your hunting permits and licenses. Make sure they have not expired and that they are the correct ones for the areas you will be visiting. Keep them in a safe, waterproof place in case the game warden needs to review them.

Research Hunting Destination

If you know exactly where you are going, be sure to research the location you are heading to. This way you will know exactly where to go when you get there. Research the quality of the hunting in that spot as well as the weather expected during the time you are there. If you don’t know exactly where you are headed, research various routes and plan out exactly how to get there in advance so you don’t get lost and lose valuable hunting time.

Get in Shape

Hunting may not seem to be a strenuous sport, but it actually is. You have to be in fairly good physical condition to move across rugged terrain and treacherous water. If you have any serious health conditions, be sure to get clearance from your physician.

Practice Your Aim

Be sure to practice your aim before embarking on your hunting trip. It may have been awhile since you have had any practice, and you do want to be successful in hunting your specific game. Take extra care in selecting a target practice area that is safe and where the bullets will be effectively contained.

As you can see, preparing for a hunting trip can be quite an ordeal. Remembering all the little things that need to be done and purchasing necessities are all part of the process of ensuring a successful hunting outcome.

About the Author: Lizzie Weakley is a freelance writer from Columbus, Ohio. She went to college at The Ohio State University where she studied communications. In her free time, she enjoys the outdoors and long walks in the park with her 3-year-old husky Snowball. Twitter: @LizzieWeakley Facebook:

When Do Bow Sights Work Best?

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Hunting is an art; an expression or application of human creative skills and imaginations. It needs both time and patience to make you perfect. But once you reach the optimal perfection, it is really beautiful.

With the passage of years, renovation of instinctive aiming for the new, convenient and clear-cut approach to bow hunting had been an insistence, when there new methods always come up.  Then it is bow sight; a very reliable and prominent apparatus that is the best for aiming bows.

Why a Bow Sight?

While bow hunting, sight allows you to make a maximum genuine shoot at play during your hunting every time rather than risks wounding the animal or missing completely. It can be especially useful for the stand hunters who have a good grasp of distance knowledge from their stands.

What is Instinctive Aiming?

Instinctive aiming is an approach that completely depends on the bow hunters’ action and judiciousness. It is simply a technique that does not require the hunters to know the approximate distance between the hunters themselves and the target. Though instinctive aiming seems flexible, it is logically a tricky approach that requires time and patience to get you skilled at it.

Well. Then when do bow sights work best?

Adjusting the Bow Accurately

When you are using a bow sight, how can you know that you are on the right track to adjust your sight to use it properly?

A pair of simple and quick techniques will help you set aside your sight to make a perfect shoot.

The first you should not adjust the sight after every arrow field. Before you make your adjustment, fire three or four arrows and identify the center where the arrows have landed. The second you ought to figure out the average distance before you shoot unless you are actually on the target at your optimal distance.

Check this video how to sight in a bow

Plucking the Right Bow Sight

In the meantime, you have well realized that you need a bow sight. But you might not know what to look for in one. While picking the bow sight, make sure that you take these following factors into your account.

  • Accuracy

The way how you determine the accuracy of your bow sight is experimentation. An ideal sight looks like a circle vertically laid out with 3 to 5 pins inside of them. The topper and the bottom pin will be your close and farther distance respectively. It requires you to practice and set every pin accurately. Make sure that it is coupled with a rangefinder that let you know how far away your target is.

  • Weight

Unlike other equipment, the merely weight of a bow sight can determine its quality. Comparatively, heavy bow sight is simply troublesome. Moreover, if you have already a heavy bow, another pound will take a toll on you. The ideal and reasonable weight of a sight should be one pound or less.

  • Durability

One primary factor you need to take into consideration is its durability. There are some cheap models made of plastic that might not stand up to the long period of outdoor use. Better take a metal sight instead. Also, have a look at the fiber optic system of the sight itself that should contain a casing to protect the fragile glass wire from breaking.

Identifying the Best Distance

While getting closer to the target, you need to calculate the distances quickly in range for a clean shot. Try to measure things out and you will be able to know because you are unlikely to move more than one or two yards during the hunt.

Handling the Bow Properly

No matter what approach you are using; bow sight or instinctive aiming. It is significant to know how to handle the bow for a better result in archery.

  • If you are right hander, hold the bow in your left hand and extend your left arm forward and collateral to the surface. Use your right hand to knock the arrow on the string.
  • Once the arrow is in place, pull it back till your chin. It is called anchor point.
  • After establishing the anchor point, the aiming comes. Now depending on the technique, you love using, release your arrow. Make sure your bow arm is still pointed to the target.


Bow hunting is an adventurous outdoor game and it becomes more fun and excitement when you know how a bow works best and you make a right shot. In spite of some limitations, a sight is the best way for the amateur archer and it welcomes a novice to the world of hunting.

About the Author

Kevin Fleeman is the founder of that site is dedicated to the sport of hunting. We have a deep respect for nature and for the environment and we therefore take the sport of hunting very seriously. provides guides on how to hunt effectively, answer reader questions, and reviews of the latest hunting gear.

Guest Author’s Website

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Call Of The Wild: 4 Strategies To Prep For The Best Hunting Season

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When the hunting season’s either coming or underway, it pays to be prepared before striking out. How you decide to embark depends on how, where, and what you’re hunting, but good precautions and planning can make a good trip great. Hunting is no mere walk in the park, so consider the four hunting tips below to get a head start. Once everything’s in order, take to the woods!

Prep Weapons

Having your weapon in working condition will be key to a good start, so fine tune your rifle or bow before the season starts. It’s also a smart idea to practice beforehand, whether it’s out in the field or in a self-made shooting “range.” Try different angles and different distances if you’re feeling rusty. If you need to replace whatever weapon you use, professionals at outlets like Kidron Sports Center will help you find the right one.

Research the Area

You can end up more successful with a little added effort to understand the land on which you’re hunting. Talk to people familiar with it, like farmers and landowners, for inside tips and recommendations, as well as to form friendly relationships. Also get to setting up trail cameras and markers to know how your game is moving and behaving. You’ll be well-versed in how to proceed by the time the season begins.

Prepare the Land

When you have adequate permission, you can get your hunting grounds in shape to lure the best marks. Establish food plots, or make certain the landowners have done so before the season starts. Start clearing paths to your chosen perching and shooting spots. Keep an eye on any trails your game might leave and use it to establish hunting plans.

Be Healthy

It goes without saying that you’re at risk if you go in sick or otherwise indisposed. Be sure you’re fit enough and follow proper safety procedures. Account for where you’re hunting, including the terrain and any dangerous wildlife that could interfere with your hunt. If you know someone willing, bring a hunting partner along.

A watchful eye is important to successful hunts, but so are steps taken with care. Preparing yourself and your equipment could be the difference between a catch and nothing, so take heed this hunting season. Your game won’t wait, so take the right approach to get them before they escape. These four tips should have you on your way to big catches ahead of time.

About the Author: Emma is a freelance writer living in Boston. When she manages to tear herself away from the computer, she enjoys baking, rock climbing, and film noir.

Did You Nail That Wild Turkey? Here’s How To Do It

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When it comes to hunting, many people think of turkeys as being traditional. Hunting turkeys is not especially difficult, you must still observe some basic rules and take certain precautions.

Whether you are interested in a holiday meal, or another animal to add to your list of game to take for survival needs, learning to hunt turkeys properly will save you from hunger.

Here are some basic things to keep in mind as well as some skills you must master.

How Risky Hunting Wild Turkeys Is?

There are two main sources of danger you will encounter when hunting turkeys. First, these animals can be stronger and more aggressive than expected. If you do not kill them with one shot, or are not certain they are dead, they will attack when you approach and try to pick them up.

A wild turkeys wings are quite strong, as are their claws. Before you attempt to pick a wild turkey up after trying to kill it, prod it several times with a long pole to make sure it is truly dead.

The small size of a turkey’s head makes it fairly hard to hit, so you better aim at the body. If you are aiming for the vital organs, hit above the drumstick and towards the back. A shot that connects with the spine will disable the bird and hopefully keep it from flying off. As you approach the bird, shoot it in the head to make sure it is dead.

The second source of danger when hunting turkeys is other hunters. Since turkeys also move very fast, some hunters may fire in the direction of a turkey call, or as soon as they see something moving in the brush.  More than a few hunters have gotten shot while hunting turkeys because someone thought a bird was approaching and not a human.

But you can stay safe from other hunters during turkey season if you follow a few tips:

  • Wear blaze orange or some other color distinctly different from turkey colors. Avoid red, white, and blue as the red and white can easily be mistaken for turkey colors. Since blue can be perceived as black or brown under certain lighting conditions, also avoid this color.
  • If you decide to wear camo colors or a ghillie suit, make sure you have at least a few patches of blaze orange visible so that other hunters can recognize you are a person and not a turkey hiding in the brush.
  • Avoid stalking wild turkeys. Even though you may be tempted to go to them or try to find them, remember other hunters may be making turkey calls to an animal you are also looking for. If they see something moving in that general direction, they may think you are the turkey too.
  • If you are using decoys, make sure you are never in the line of fire related to the decoy. Remember, another hunter may see the decoy and think it is a real turkey. If you are behind the decoy, you could get shot.
  • When hunting with a group, make sure that everyone knows what areas they will be working in, and try to avoid overlaps or moving into other hunter’s territory. Even someone in your own party can make a mistake and shoot too quickly.
  • Practice turkey “shoot don’t shoot” skills all year long. As silly as it sounds, take the time to drill in the woods with targets that will give you the chance to distinguish between animal targets and humans that you should not shoot. Building muscle memory that includes holding up and not shooting at the last second is every bit as important as aim and accuracy when it comes to turkey hunting. No matter whether you hunt turkeys with a gun or crossbow, these drills can save a life, including your own.

Best Weapons for Hunting Turkeys

When hunting turkeys, shotguns have the advantage of easily cutting through any underbrush, vines, or other material that may stand between you and the turkey.

Here are some characteristics of a shotgun that is good for turkey hunting:

  • Should be a 12 or 20 gauge shotgun. Use 12 gauge only if you are sure that the bird will come in fairly close, and you will not have to contend with underbrush or anything else that might reduce the impact of the shot.
  • Use a gun that has camo coloring, or a dark colored flat finish. Turkeys can see in full color, and will easily pick up the outline of a shotgun based on its color. Turkeys can also spot blaze orange and other hunter safety colors with ease. If you do not move around, the turkey might dismiss this odd color in their environment. It is better to have a wary turkey take longer to approach than have a hunter shoot at you because you aren’t wearing blaze.
  • Most turkey hunters prefer a shotgun with a shorter barrel and tight chokes.

Recently, hunters are paying more attention to crossbows because they offer silence and compatible kill power to shotguns. Usually, most crossbows will work for turkey hunting as long as they have camo covering on them that prevent them from being spotted easily.

On the other side of the equation, your choice of ammo is somewhat limited because turkeys have relatively small areas where you can deliver a fatal blow. Most hunters prefer to hit the spine, as it means the turkey will have a lesser chance of escaping. Broadhead arrows will deliver plenty of impact and cut deeply into the spine or any other part of the animal that you hit.

Best Seasons and Times for Hunting Turkeys

As with any other game animal, there are times when you can legally hunt, and times when you cannot. Typically, the seasons that are off limits are those in which game animals are breeding or raising their young.

You’ll have no choice but to hunt during these times in a critical survival situation, but still avoid it. Killing turkeys when they are raising young will limit your opportunity to hunt the next generation for food.

Today, you can hunt turkeys during the spring and fall in most areas that allow it. Pay attention to the dates in your local areas, as well as any place else that you might be passing through. When in doubt, make sure that you know the breeding and rearing season for any animal that you may wind up hunting on a subsistence basis.

During the fall season, turkeys move around most of the day. Some hunters prefer to hunt turkeys in the early morning, just as they do any other animal, while others prefer the afternoon, around 2 pm. Most turkey hunters will also hunt spring turkeys in the early to late afternoon.

Even though turkeys are a traditional Thanksgiving meal, most hunters avoid hunting turkeys in the fall. During this season, you are more likely to attract younger birds that are less than a year old, so they will have less meat and size on them.

If you are looking for easier animals to take from a strategy perspective, the younger spring birds are definitely less experienced. If you are new to turkey hunting, starting out in the fall may be a good option for you.

Calling Turkeys and Other Methods

If you are used to other kinds of hunting, you may be very surprised to find that hunting turkeys rarely involves stalking them. Aside from safety issues, the fact is turkeys pick up on motion in their environment with uncanny ease.  Therefore, if you are stalking a turkey, there is every chance they will run away from you. On the other hand, if you are still and make sounds like those of another turkey, they will come right to you.

During the process of hunting turkeys, you can still stalk groups of them to a point. In this case, you will always be interested in places where they gather for water and food. All you need to do is sneak up on a flock, scare them into flight, and then shoot them.  Surprisingly enough, if you make sounds like a turkey after startling the flock, some will come back to investigate.

Important Turkey Calls and Decoys

As you learn more about turkey psychology and traits, you may be amazed at what they will fall for when compared to deer or other animals. In this case, there are several sounds that will lure a turkey right to you, or direct it to an area where you can shoot it with ease. Here are some to consider:

  • Insofar as sounds a turkey makes, nothing will draw a gobbler (male turkey) faster than the sound of a hen calling. Since turkeys are not monogamous, they will always be on the lookout for females that they can breed with. Gobblers will also follow females around, which means if a hen comes into view, a male is not far behind.
  • In order to call in a hen turkey, all you need to do is gobble like a male during the spring season. The hens will be drawn to the sound of the male, who will be listening for the females to respond.
  • During the spring season, gobblers are more highly attuned than usual for the sound of a female. Therefore, you also use just about any loud banging sound or whistle to make them curious enough to approach. Some hunters prefer to use owl sounds, or even coyote as a means to lure turkeys.
  • One of the most important turkey calls you can master is the turkey yelp. It is used by both males and females to let other turkeys know where they are. In particular, during the spring season, hens will yelp to let gobblers know they are about to fly down from their roost. Since male turkeys are very interested in mating with any available female, they will rush towards that sound as quickly as possible.
  • Since many turkeys will change from a yelp to a cackle when they leave the roost, it is important to follow up the yelp with a cackle. If a gobbler is waiting to move towards a female, it may not do so until it hears this second sound.
  • Clucking is also a very important turkey call. It is used by both males and females to signal when they are about to go eat, or are moving off from one area to another. While the cluck can have many different meanings, it is still something that will draw curious birds to where you are waiting for them.
  • The putt sound is used to signal the presence of danger. Turkeys will run away from this sound. If you have a blind set up and a fire zone, it is possible to send turkeys away from where you are hiding, and right into your optimal zone of fire. That being said, it may take some work and patience to make this call work for you.
  • During the fall season, young turkeys will make a specific call when they don’t know where their mother is. You can use the “kee kee” and “kee kee run”, and then listen to see if an adult answers. If you use this call, adult turkeys may also come towards you.
  • If all else fails, you can try using the cutting sound. A female turkey will use this call when a male does not answer and she is feeling impatient. Most hunters use this one with caution because a gobbler may be approaching, and this sound may cause him to move away instead.

What to Do After You Kill a Turkey

If you have ever gone hunting or fishing, then you know that finding, targeting, and killing the animal is only the beginning of a long process that finally leads to getting something to eat. When it comes to turkeys, you will more than likely want to do some field dressing in order to preserve the meat and other usable parts.

Once you take the turkey back home, you will need to finish the process so that you can make the meat last as long as possible.

Here are the basic steps for field dressing a turkey:

  • During hunting season, you will need to put your tag on the bird and bring it to the game warden for counting. Usually, you won’t be allowed to remove the comb, feathers, or feet until the animal has been counted and noted as part of your quota.
  • Next, you will to pluck the feathers, cut the wings, and remove the tail.
  • Remove the feet and head. Try to cut the head from the neck as close to the jaws as possible since there is plenty of good meat on the neck.
  • Once the bird is down to skin and beheaded, you can go ahead and start cleaning out the insides. Make one cut on the abdominal side of the tail end of the bird. You should be able to pull out everything but the crop in one clump. Be sure to separate out the heart, gizzard, and liver. Each of these organs are edible and will provide vital nutrients in time of need.
  • Next, cut another slit near the neck to pull out the crop. This is not edible and should be buried along with the head. While some people keep turkey claws, that is up to you. The tail feathers can also be of use if you wish to save them.
  • Finally, rinse out the carcass and wrap it up so that it does not draw flies or other insects.
  • Once you get home, finish butchering and put the meat in the freezer. You can also cut turkey meat into thin strips and make jerky or smoke it if you do not have refrigeration or freezers available.

Many hunters look upon turkey hunting as a secondary interest when compared to deer, bear, or other animals. Turkey hunting can still be very important for preppers that want as many options for their meat supply as possible.

When approached with caution and the right tools during the right seasons, you will find turkey hunting fairly easy and achievable. At the very least, if you are limited in range of motion, or don’t want to stalk animals, there is nothing quite like a turkey coming to you when you make the right calls.

This article has been written by Carmela Tyrell for Survivopedia.

Deer Hunting: Best Practices For The Novice

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Deer is one of the most commonly hunted animals within the United States. For good reason too, they’re the smallest and least elusive of the large game animals and the tags usually aren’t going to break the bank.

It’s not quite as simple as sitting in a stand waiting for them to walk under you though, many of those who oppose hunting have no idea just how much goes into properly filling the freezer with venison.

So let’s talk a little about some of the lesser known practices that can help you bag a buck.

Hunting Variations and Deer

There are, essentially, three types of deer hunting which are used. You don’t just walk into the woods with a rifle and find a deer, the way many people imagine.

The most common, undoubtedly, is that of blind hunting. It’s mostly used by rifle hunters and is the “good-ol-boy’s” favored method. If you’ve got access to the land for it, you’ll build a box blind in the off-season.

One of the main things people forget is that it is not the blind which needs to be hidden. It’s the movement within the blind while you’re lining up the shot. Ideally, you should have built it large enough you can rest your rifle and sandbag or bipod as you prefer without the barrel protruding. This is obvious to all but the most obvious of hunters, of course.

The second big thing which can go wrong with a blind is not painting the interior. You need an interior color which can hide you, because you’ll stick out like crazy moving against a plain wooden interior. If you wear old olive drab BDUs while hunting? Go with OD green and you can’t go wrong.

From here, you’ll need to be still and quiet and as long as you’ve set up in the right area you’ll be in good hands.

Stand hunting is often favored by bow hunters. In this case, you’ll find that safe construction of a stand and the ability to remain still for an extended period is your best friend. When it comes to this kind of hunting, your ability to choose a proper shooting lane is your best friend.

Stalk-and-spot hunting isn’t commonly used by many, rifle or bow. This will entail you moving very, very slowly through the woods. Remaining behind cover. Your glass will be your best friend in this case.

Did we mention moving slowly? Because a step every fifteen to thirty seconds isn’t uncommon once you’re in the right area. For bow hunters this is even more essential, due to the limited range of their weapon.

It’s an extremely difficult form of hunting to master. No hunting is really just walking into the woods with a weapon, but extremely rewarding. If you’re a complete novice to hunting, you may wish to try with less wary prey than deer, many of us started with small, fast game like rabbits and ground fowl before even attempting to move on to larger game.

Deer, in particular, are notoriously difficult to hunt in this way and success isn’t guaranteed for anyone but the virtual master.

3 Second SEAL Test Will Tell You If You’ll Survive A SHTF Situation

Deer Behavior

Deer are commonly seen as peaceful, kind of docile animals.

This is a huge misconception in hunting season. A doe or buck that gets even an inkling of a human being can be gone before you can blink. While the does with young you see in more urban areas aren’t super human shy, during the hunting season in areas where you are allowed they are extremely alert.


The senses of deer are very finely tuned, but often in quite different ways than people assume.

The primary difference between being “sharp” and being different, however, lies within their sight. Their eyes see in a completely different spectrum than humans, many people think their cheap woodland camo is going to keep them hidden well.

It will… from other humans. Certain dyes used in manufacturing clothing are actually ultraviolet reactive, and it’s common for this to be seen in much of the “hunting” gear you see at large. Always test your camo.

Use a black light, if it fluoresces then you may as well be glowing to the animals while you’re hunting. This is especially important when you’re hunting from within a blind.

There are products available to kill the optical brightening of these dyes, and they can be found readily online, so test and treat your gear.

Deer vision, apart from this remarkable quality is still not great, but here’s the thing… they lack visual acuity. Movement sense and their field of vision is actually still remarkable, but they’re not as “sharp” as humans which makes it a bit easier to hide your human form.


Their hearing and sense of smell, on the other hand, are remarkable. A deer can smell you from half a mile away, they also process smells much differently than we do.

This is why it’s so important to cover your scent trail in any way possible. One of the best is simply to make sure that you go through the usuals of covering your scent.

Thankfully, in most areas this isn’t as large of an advantage as you might imagine. Deer are wary, but no one would be bagging them if they bolted at the first sign of human scent. Do your best using the traditional methods and you should be fine.


Deer hearing actually isn’t much better than a humans. They just tend to be more wary than a human, after all… you’re a big predator. If you hear a stick crack, you’re not likely to jump while out in the woods unless you’re already aware there’s a bigger predator in the area.

Deer, on the other hand, are constantly on the look-out for their predators.

They do have one distinct advantage however: their directional hearing is much better than ours. They can hear slightly higher on the scale than humans. A noise you’re likely to barely notice, a knife being slid slowly out of a sheath or a quietly moved bolt on a rifle, is enough to set most deer off.

What all of this sensory information really brings us to is one thing, however.


Humans live in noisy environments. Even the best of us aren’t likely to be spooked by a slightly off noise. A trained human might be able to discern something really off, around us. A knife clicking open, a pistol being cocked, or quickening foot steps behind us, but even the average “aware” person isn’t going to immediately react to this.

Deer, on the other hand, aren’t just being hunted by us. They live their lives surrounded by predators in an environment with predictable noises. This means that the slightest thing off makes a deer wary, and something being really off will set them running.

Keeping this in mind, in addition to the sensory information above, is your key to understanding their behavior.

Basic Scouting

Most hunters with private land have a fairly predictable method. You make a blind, you plant food plots around the area in order to ensure that you attract deer, and then you’ll spend some time waiting in a blind during deer season.

When you’re on public land, or land which is improperly prepared things are different. Even if you’re not going for proper spot-and-stalk style hunting you still need to know where to set up your pop-up or temporary stand.

This means locating animal trails, water sources, and likely food sources for the animals in question. You’ll likely be spending a good amount of time in the woods even in the off-season in a new area.

Frankly, some of us get bored doing this after five or six trips. Grab a decent Gamo and bag some rabbits or tree squirrels if they’re in season while you’re doing it if you find it too boring, but keep in mind you’re learning their habits not just small game hunting.

You need to know not just habits, but also shooting lanes if you’re a rifle hunter.

Making the Kill

Shooting lanes are possibly the most important part of your making the kill. Look, if you’re not competent enough to hit the deer in the first place, you should be at the range and not in the woods.

A shooting lane means an area where you’ll have the distance a deer can’t quite detect you without obstruction. Don’t trust “brush guns”, I’ve seen .45-70 rounds deflect by up to six inches from hitting light bushes. If your area is too densely overgrown, then you may have to make some or rely on shooting from height.

Once you have a few established shooting lanes, whether from your blind or stand, it’s time to discuss the actual kill shot.

The Best Place to Shoot a Deer

There is always going to be debate about this aspect. The obvious goal is always one-shot one-kill. However, there’s a certain level of marksmanship which will go into each and every shot that you’ll make.

At less than 150 yards a competent rifleman, shooting at a still deer, can be taken in the head. This offers the best chance of the deer dropping either instantly or within five to ten feet. There three accepted ways to do this:

  • Brain shots are very hard to pull off. You basically fire between the tear ducts, instantly destroying the animal’s brain.
  • Secondly, by shooting behind the eyes you can instantly destroy most of the brain, usually dropping the animal almost instantly.
  • Lastly, a shot into the top four pieces of the spine, just below the base of the skull has much of the same effect.

 Of course, not all hunters are expert riflemen, and I wouldn’t imply you need to be. The other commonly accepted shot is the “double-shoulder” shot. You are trying to shoot through the actual shoulder blade of the deer in question. This shot is usually done with a fairly large round, a .308 or .30-06 for example. In this case, the shot will generally lodge in the opposite shoulder blade, in effect this snaps the deer’s spine.

The typical “heart-lung” shot is perfectly viable as well. In this case you shoot through the front of the torso in the “boiler-room” area. This is perfectly viable, hard to miss, and with luck will drop the deer quickly enough you won’t have to give much chase.

As far as pros and cons go, it’s a pretty easy break down:

Head shots are an instant kill.A near miss can damage the jaw or miss the deer entirely, it’s only recommended for expert riflemen.

The shoulder shot is a big kill, and fairly easy to make. It does, however, damage a lot of meat since you’ll need to use a high caliber round to do it effectively.

The heart/lung shot is a reliable kill. It is not, however, always a fast kill and if only a single lung is damaged the deer may escape and even recover.

With a bow, you are nearly always best off taking the shot in a way that it goes through the heart and lungs. Arrows cause considerable tissue damage but lack the concussive force for a high shoulder kill and the probability of a head shot being both viable and accurate enough for it to matter is too risky to make it an ethical shot for anything but a chance encounter at fifteen yards or less with a powerful bow.

Common Mistakes

There are a lot of common mistakes that inexperienced hunters make, and to be honest most of them are drawn from misconceptions that people who’ve rarely been in the field make.

Not wearing blaze orange in deer season, especially on public land, is asking for trouble. Some hunters don’t follow safety rules, and taking a bullet wound is not worth the risk. Vests and hats should be a minimum, jackets are better.

Making tons of noise is also something common. Not just the obvious talking. Tighten knife sheathes in multiple areas to avoid “slapping.” Look for softer outer clothing to avoid scraping noises as well. Secure your pack as well as possible and if you must lean on something, then be careful getting off and on it in order to make sure you don’t make any “scraping” noises.

Always be aware of your surroundings.

And above all, this is the most common mistake I see people make: examine every piece of a failed hunt. Observe the routes you moved, the gear you used, and always question each and every possible misstep you made.

In many ways, a failed hunt can make you better at hunting than one where you got lucky.
That is what truly separates a good hunter from a failed one: the ability to analyze your mistakes. Hunting is an art, it is skill, and it is a constant learning process.

Learning to be a Better Hunter

Always learn about your quarry. Always sharpen your skills. Always examine your mistakes.

If you do all of these, you will find yourself progressing at a rate you never thought possible. You will fill tags season after season.

If you don’t, well, it’s no shame to just spend a couple of days in the woods with friends but don’t expect as much success as those who are constantly trying to better their skills.

Either way, happy hunting!

This article has been written as a guest author for Survivopedia by Kevin Steffey, the founder of Deer Hunting Field

Prep Blog Review: Today It’s About Food

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It’s only the third in line when comes to the rule of three, but you just can’t skip it in case of a crisis. You’ll need shelter first, then water to stay alive, while food will give you energy and comfort.

You have to be able to sustain your family when food will be hard to find, and have the skills to find it when you find yourself lost in the middle of disaster.

So this week is about food.

Let’s see the tips and tricks that other survival websites shared with the prepper community lately.

Prepping: How Much Food is Enough

Prepping how much food for one yearHere’s the deal:

We all come to this journey our own way. For me, I started in gardening, then moved into homesteading, and on one of the homesteading sites, I got introduced into prepping.

I will be the first to tell you that I’m not a prepper. I consider myself more of a homesteader with prepper tendencies. As such…, this article will probably reflect some of those thought processes.”

Read more on The Survivalist Blog.

Prepping 101 – How to Food Prep: 30 days Worth of Food

“The world and our country are going through some pretty rough times these days. We have imminent threat of terrorist attacks, with more threats being made against Western nations almost daily. We have a president in the United States who is not known for his intelligent (or sane) policy. We have a nuclear North Korea and Iran, both of whom have long history of very bombastic threats involving war and the Western world (specifically, the United States and select allies).

Through our overuse of antibiotics, we’re growing ‘super bugs’, illnesses that we could once knock out with penicillin but which are now immune to the vast majority of common antibiotic treatments. In the United States in particular, we have racial tension the likes of which hasn’t been seen for sixty years. We are, surely, slowly running out of oil, and our nations are sitting atop a ticking timebomb of debt. Our world is a fairly dangerous place right now, is the point I’m making.”

Read more on Authorized Boots.

4 Storage Food Mistakes You Might Be Making

“This past weekend my wife and I organized our storage / preparendess area.  We did this together so that we would both know where items of note where, instead of me just taking on the task and her having to dig for something in my absence.

We have various storage items sorted by category on heavy wooden shelving (or on the floor, example 55 gallon drums of water) and other items on commercial grade restaurant stainless steel shelving.  Mostly these are canned food items which are within easy reach, useful when making spaghetti and one is out of Ragu.”

Read more on Prepper-Resources.

How To Build A Deer Blind-Anyone Can Do it! How to Build a Box Blind

“When it comes to hunting deer, a blind is a favorite for many hunters. They can be especially useful if you own or allowed to build on the land you’re using to hunt on, since you’ll be able to build a permanent structure in their place.

No matter what your building skill level, if you follow this simple guide, you’ll soon know how to build a deer blind that’ll be unnoticeable and allow you a chance at the big ones.”

Read more on Deer Hunting Field.”

The Ultimate Survival Tree That Grows on Almost Every Street in America

“This tree is so common in the U.S. that you can see it planted on the streets, in parks, and in residential areas (due to its use as a specimen or for its dense shade). But it’s actually native to the Eastern U.S. It prefers moist soils, so it grows nears creeks, streams, and ponds.

What’s interesting about this seemingly average plant is that it has tons of survival uses. So have you guessed what tree it is? Well, I’m talking about the American basswood tree, also known as the American linden (from Latin Tilia americana).

Read more on Ask a Prepper.

This article has been written by Gabrielle Ray for Survivopedia.

Survival Gear Review: Benjamin Trail NP2 Air Rifle

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Best Survival Air Rifle

I peered through the ocular lens of the scope, reached up with my trigger hand, and cranked the Survivalmagnification dial up to 9x. I needed precision for this shot; my quarry wasn’t going to let me get a second chance if I missed. Fifty yards away, the beady-eyed, fanged animal peered back through the cross-hairs at me – almost as if it was daring me to try to end its until-then-peaceful meal, high up in the tree. I sneered, spat on the ground, and started my breath control and taking up the trigger slack as the duplex cross-hairs commenced their rhythmic dance around my opponent’s cranium.

By Drew, a contributing author of Survival Cache & SHTFBlog

I could clearly see the offal of the animal’s prey in its mouth, and falling on the ground around the tree, cascading down into a grim pile below. Time stood still as the perfect combination of heartbeats, breath, and trigger pressure coincided, and I clearly recall the magnificent beast, darkly silhouetted in the dappled light of the late afternoon sky. The fierce animal shifted on its perch, muscles tensed, ready to lunge at me, or effect its escape.  I squeezed the trigger. I felt it break cleanly beneath the pad of my finger. Perfect.

The calm afternoon couldn’t have been shattered less; the integrally-suppressed barrel of my rifle made a whispered “whap” noise as I sent the projectile hurtling through the crisp winter atmosphere, coursing towards my quarry’s cranium. The soft lead met skin-covered bone with an audible “whack!” and I saw my worthy challenger hunch up on the tree branch and freeze, as if pondering what course of action to pursue next. Gravity and high-velocity lead poisoning joined forces to hasten the animal’s decision-making, and the creature slowly toppled backwards and fell, fell, fell….meeting its ultimate demise upon sudden Earth-induced deceleration. A shower of quills, a final kick, the body relaxed, and it was over….I had prevailed. That was one porcupine that wasn’t going to eat my sugar maples anymore.

The Hunting that slew this particular Grendel’s Mother is a mighty tool indeed – but it’s not a firearm.

Air-Powered Ecstasy

Aside from the classic Red Ryder carbine action 200-shot range model air rifle with a compass in the SHTF Pellet Gunstock, and a summer’s worth of fun with an old Sheridan Blue Streak pump-up pellet rifle years ago, I had absolutely zero experience with air rifles. I’d been shooting .22 rifles since the heady age of 5, so there was never any need or want to explore the world of arms that used pressurized atmosphere to propel tiny lead pellets at high velocity. However, once Crosman sent me a Benjamin Trail NP2 to try, I quickly realized that I’d been missing out on a lot of fun and practicality without an air rifle in my arsenal.

The Benjamin Trail NP2 is a rifle-sized and -weighted pellet rifle that breaks open at the barrel to load its single shot. Offered in .177” caliber or .22” caliber, the rifle is powerful enough for serious small-game hunting, pest removal, or good old-fashioned plinking.

Also Read: Pellet Guns, Not Just For Kids Anymore

The proudly Made-in-America Trail NP2 utilizes the second generation of Nitro Piston technology epic banner 250x250 evolution of portable water filtration(hence the “NP2” moniker) to launch lead, as opposed to springs, CO2 cartridges, pneumatic pump-action, or pre-charged pneumatic (PCP) systems. The Nitro Piston system has a nitrogen-filled cylinder onboard; when the rifle is cocked via the break-open barrel, a piston compresses the nitrogen in the cylinder. Once the trigger is pulled, the compressed nitrogen drives the piston forward. This compresses the air in the chamber – and the pellet rockets out of the bore at a zippy clip, propelled by the blast of compressed air from behind. It’s a great system, and has several advantages over standard spring-powered pellet rifles.

A piston-driven air rifle can be left cocked and ready to go for a long time – days, weeks even – without any fear of a compressed spring losing its power or accuracy or messing with spring harmonics. There are no high-tension parts to wear out; however, it’s recommended you fire and work the piston system every couple months in order that the air rifle’s innards and seals don’t bond or compress semi-permanently. Temperature swings don’t fiddle with Nitro Piston air guns, either.

Related: Why Every Prepper Needs A Pellet Gun

A real benefit to the Nitro Piston system – and the Trail NP2 rifles in particular – is that they are VERY quiet. I’m told spring-powered air rifles can be quite noisy when the springs do their job, but the NP2 system’s nitrogen-powered piston is effortlessly noiseless – the only noise you hear from the rifle is a “whap!” sort of sound – about as loud as a handclap -that emanates from the barrel when the trigger is pulled. It helps that the barrel has an integral “suppressor” of sorts, with the last few inches of tube taken up by baffles that capture the noise of the compressed air being driven from the rifle. While unsuppressed air rifles certainly aren’t exactly like a .30-06 going off in your ear, the sound of compressed air rushing can be quite loud and distinctive-sounding; the baffles at the dangerous end of the Benjamin Trail NP2 do their intended job very effectively. I was able to do some target practice out the kitchen window this morning with my wife sleeping in the next room – she snoozed like a baby right through the whole process.

The Benjamin Trail NP2 does not have any fixed sights; rather, the rifle comes out of the box with a Picatinny rail mounted to the receiver. A set of inexpensive Weaver-style scope rings and a Centerpoint 3-9x scope make up the sighting package for the Trail NP2. The scope itself is not a high-priced item, especially to a guy who’s used to peering through Leupold and Burris scopes. But for the price point – and considering there is zero recoil for the scope to contend with – the Centerpoint does its job acceptably well. The crosshairs have stadia lines integrated into the reticle – why, I don’t know; you’re not going to be shooting at antelope in a 15mph crosswind 300 yards away with this rifle. But once the ocular-end focus is adjusted, the scope is decently clear and effective. It’s a solid starting point for optics on this rifle, and can be upgraded down the line simply by popping a new scope on the rings.

Rounding out the onboard accessories of the Benjamin Trail NP2 is a rear stock mounted QD sling swivel and a front sling loop for the included nylon padded logo sling. Offered in black synthetic or hardwood, the stock sports a thumbhole stock and a high comb for good cheek weld with optics use. A rubber non-slip recoil pad brings up the tail end of the Trail.

Breaking Bad – in a Good Way

The Benjamin Trail NP2 offers a newly designed “Clean Break Trigger” or CBT in the hopes of The Answer Water Bottle Filtration Solution 300x250maximizing the shooter’s accuracy experience. The CBT is a two-stage affair with a healthy amount of smooth, even take-up – probably a half inch of travel in total. After the initial take-up is pulled through, the rest of the trigger pull is decidedly short and relatively crisp, though with some definite creep. Considering that the Trail NP2 and scope is a $250 retail package, the trigger is quite good – certainly better than most AR-15s or even modern-production .22 rifles.

As a bonus, the trigger is adjustable – according to the instructions that come with the rifle, the trigger pull “second stage length” can be changed by accessing the adjustment screw that resides behind the trigger. Turning the screw clockwise shortens the length of the stage, counterclockwise increases. I fiddled with the settings a bit to make sure it worked, but then I returned the trigger to the factory setting; I was quite happy with it out of the box. Changing the “stage length” isn’t going to turn the trigger into a tuned match affair…but it does offer a bit of adjustability for those who like to tinker with their toys. It’s nice to see some effort by manufacturers put into providing a clean trigger on a rifle like this that’s capable of excellent accuracy.

Don’t Miss: 10 Best Survival Items

The safety is a positive affair, very similar to an M1 Garand. There is a tab inside the trigger guard that slides forward and back; with the tab in the forward position, the gun is ready to fire. In the rearmost position, the tab gets in the way of trigger access, and provides a tactile reminder that the safety is engaged. It works very well, gloves on or off.

Feeding the Beast

As stated, my particular Benjamin Trail NP2 is in .22 caliber – which I find preferable to the .177” for a Pellet Rifle Reviewforaging/hunting rifle due to its heavier punch, even though velocities are slower. The Trail NP2 is advertised as being capable of pushing alloy pellets to velocities approaching 1200 feet per second (fps) – which is 22 Long Rifle territory. However, the very low sectional density of aluminum alloy pellets means that the little pill will lose velocity very quickly, and penetrate miserably. Alloy pellets might work for dispatching sparrows, but for the survivalist’s consideration, they’re really only good for hyping up claims of velocity or target practice.

That brings us to lead pellets, which is where our looking for serious projectiles begins and ends. There are myriad designs for .22 pellets – domed, hollow point, flat-nosed wadcutter, conical, hybrid lead/polymer, match…the list goes on, and each has its specific usage. Domed, hollow point and conical pellets will penetrate targets more effectively and are best for hunting, while wadcutters are best for accuracy, generally speaking. But realistically, once we find a pellet design or two that works well in our air rifle, there’s no reason to stray. Lay in a healthy stockpile of your chosen pellet, and be happy. Pellets are cheap – The Crosman Ultra Magnum domed pellets my rifle likes are $8.99 for 500 projectiles. Some companies make pellet assortment packs to help you figure out the best projectile for your pellet rifle. Buy, try, then buy more of what your rifle likes best.

Realistic Performance, Not Advertised Performance

As I stated, the Benjamin Trail NP2 .22 air rifle is advertised to push a pellet around 1200 fps. While that may be true with an alloy pellet, I wanted to know what kind of velocities one could actually expect from this rifle utilizing actual useful ammunition. So I dug out my trusty chronograph, and set it up 10 feet from the muzzle when sighting at the bench. I shot ten rounds each of two different types of pellets to see what the performance really was, versus advertised.

The RWS Superpoint Extra Field 14.5 grain pellet showed a low velocity of 743 feet per second (fps), and a high velocity of 770 fps, giving up a spread of just 27 fps. Average was 762.76 fps, resulting in 19 foot-pounds of energy (fpe).

The Crosman Premier Ultra Magnum 14 grain Hunting Pellet uses that half-grain less weight to get a bit more velocity. Low chronographed velocity was 768 fps, with a high speed of 805 fps. This leaves us with a 37 fps deviation, and an average velocity of 768.17 fps for the ten shots fired. This average velocity offers – once again – 19 foot-pounds of energy.

Related: Project Squirrel Gun

In comparison, a .22 Short propels a 29-grain bullet at just over 1,000 fps for 70 foot-lbs of energy, and a .22 Long Rifle varies, but usually offers a bullet in the 40 grain range at about 1150 fps and 117 ft-lbs energy for standard velocity loads.

However, don’t “harumph” away that air rifle’s lower velocity and “only” 19 ft.lbs energy – this rifle is definitely powerful enough to harvest small game and varmints. I’ve sent countless numbers of chipmunks and nuisance red squirrels to the great stuffed cheek gathering grounds in the sky with this Trail NP2. I’ve shot three porcupines and a surprised woodchuck – all good clean kills – with the Trail NP2. A solid hit in the melon at close enough range should easily dispatch anything from small coyote sizes on down…and in a survival situation, I’d definitely see if I could head-shot a deer if the Trail NP2 was all I had to feed my family. I have no doubts that a hit in the head, especially the temple or other soft spot of the skull, could kill or incapacitate a human. This tool is not a toy, by any stretch of the imagination. As with any other firearm, all firearms safety rules definitely still apply to this rifle.

To satiate my own curiosity, I collected some scraps of lumber from my workshop and set them up outside, air rifle and some Crosman Premier Magnum domed pellets in tow. At a distance of five yards, the Benjamin Trail NP2 sent .22 caliber pellets sailing through ⅝” OSB board, and they completely penetrated every piece of ¾” wood I had – pine, maple, and red oak. 5/4 pine proved to be the rifle’s match, though, but just barely – the pellet stopped just short of breaking through. Friends, that’s pretty decent performance from a projectile that’s pushed by nothing but air.

Accuracy is quite good as well. Resting on my window sill, I can group five pellets into an inch cluster at 30 yards – the length of my backyard. I have found that maintenance plays a big part (whodathunk?), and when my accuracy starts going to pot, I run a .22 caliber bore brush through the rifle a few times and swab out the bore. Accuracy then returns again to normal.

Loves and Hates, Cheers and Jeers

I don’t have much to complain about with the Benjamin Trail NP2. My biggest beef is the lack of iron Benjamin-Trail-NP2-22-air-rifle-huntingsights and complete dependency on optics. While I understand this – the barrel is not fixed and putting a sight out on the end might not have 100% repeatable results – I still would like to have a set of iron sights for foul weather or in case the optic suffers damage.

My other complaint is pure snobbery with a touch of function – the scope. I do realize the rifle needs to be competitive price-wise so the choice of the Centerpoint scope is…tolerable…in that regard. However, I found that modest bumps or bangs will send the scope off zero – not something I find tolerable if my life depends on the rifle. I will be upgrading to Leupold rings and a 2x-7x Leupold Rimfire scope as money allows.

I do love the repeatable accuracy of this rifle (provided the scope isn’t nudged). Once I found a pellet design the rifle liked, the Trail NP2 was a shooting machine. I use the air rifle almost daily to cull nuisance critters from my garden and property, and its works terrifically well for this purpose.

The Nitro Piston design works slick as greased butter, and it’s not terribly difficult to operate. A bit of strength is required to cock the rifle, but a basic understanding of leverage principles and a little bit of practice will counteract that.

I’m also a fan of the included sling mounts. Hell, even a Ruger 10/22 Takedown doesn’t offer sling mounting locations right out of the box. This is a nice touch, and the provided Benjamin sling works well for its intended purpose. I might upgrade it down the road to a leather military sling, but that’s not a huge priority. Being able to carry your rifle slung while hunting or backpacking is a lovely option – especially for an air rifle that’s headed for the eight pound weight range.

The Clean Break Trigger is also a refreshing touch – this air rifle sports a trigger that is better than many stock modern .22 rifles. Thumbs up to Benjamin for providing a product with a decent trigger for those who appreciate the feature and will take advantage of it.

Wrapping It Up

The Benjamin Trail NP2 .22 caliber air rifle is a must-have tool. If you’re a prepper/survivalist, the Trail NP2 offers the ability to (relatively) quietly harvest small game and nuisance animals. Ammunition is very inexpensive, and its small size means you can have a huge quantity of projectiles stashed away without taking up much room.

For the everyday guy, the Benjamin Trail NP2 offers an inexpensive, ridiculously fun method of maintaining your shooting chops and providing pest control. Your neighbors won’t balk when the rifle goes off, you can order ammo off Amazon, and the Trail NP2 technically isn’t a firearm so many gun control laws simply aren’t applicable (depending on jurisdiction – research your laws!)

Overall, the Benjamin Trail NP2 is a dynamite addition to one’s arsenal – and I daresay it would be a fine choice more many who choose to have a one-gun collection. While I don’t think an air rifle could ever supplant a good .22 Long Rifle – especially when ranges are past 50 yards – I do know that I find myself reaching for the Trail NP2 more often than the Ruger 10/22 to complete shootin’ tasks around the homestead. It’s fun, lethal on small game, and supremely practical to own, even if you own a hundred firearms. I don’t want to say you’d be a fool not to have one, but, oh, what the hell – you’d be a fool not to have one.

Questions? Comments? Do you have an air rifle as part of your preps or daily use? Sound off in the comments below!

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What Primitive Hunting Requires?

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What Primitive Hunting Requires? 1. Weapon To be successful with hunting, you must have the right weapons and be skillful in using them. This is the biggest challenge with primitive hunting. Your prey is usually very fast and its senses are stronger than yours. Your defense must allow you to hit your prey at a … Continue reading What Primitive Hunting Requires?

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Everything You Should Know About Bowhunting

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Bowhunting is enjoyable and can be an addictive sport if you have the right equipment. Experienced bow hunters know the where to start because they have the required information. If you what to start bow hunting do not worry. You can learn a few things that will get you started. Experienced bow hunters also require additional tips that will enhance their expertise. Once you have the right bow and right bow stabilizer you can get started. The preparation and position are important while hunting.

How to Start Bow Hunting

First, ensure you have a draw weight of about 50 pounds. Your arrow should be about 900 grains. Before you get in the action, it is good to know the hunting policies in your state and the right season for hunting. Beginners should start practicing before engaging in real bow hunting. You can practice at your backyard before proceeding other the fields or woods. The idea is to ensure you have some knowledge of bow hunting to avoid frustrations when you go for the real action.

It’s advisable to have a good preparation if you want to be a good bow hunter. While you practice archery, consider wearing clothes similar to the outfit that you will be wearing while hunting. This tip might sound ridiculous, but it really comes in handy when you go for the real hunting. Wearing your hunting gear will orient you to the real action.

When hunting, there are different kinds of bows that you can use. Some of the best options are a cross bow, composite bow, and compound bow. You can use any of these bows, and you can also consider having the right bow stabilizer. Even if you are a skilled bow hunter, you might have to practice when you get a new bow. Beginners can start with the compound bow, but the choice will depend on your preferences. When practicing, try to shoot from different positions and angles. Remember the more comfortable you are with the specific bow, the better chances you have at successfully shooting your prey. You will also want to know how far you can shoot. Your prey might not pass close to you. Continuous practice will improve your shooting distance. If your best distance is only 40 feet, you will be unsuccessful if you target a prey at 60 feet.

Now you have practiced enough and can start bow hunting. Positioning is very fundamental in bow hunting. In case you are upwind, the prey might not come your way because they will have smelled you. So the best position is downwind. At this position, you will likely see many animals, although you will have to stalk them. At times, the positioning is a challenge. If you don’t know how to determine the best position, you will likely miss all animals. In fact, most hunters just let the prey to come their way because they choose to remain quiet. If you alarm the animal, you might not be able to shoot, and you will miss a chance.

You will have to measure draw length for the best results. Your physical size and the mechanical setting of the bow need to match. For example, if your physical size requires a draw length setting of about 29 inches, then your draw length is 29 inches. The shooter and the bow should have a draw length that matches up. To get a draw length that will be best for you, measure yourself and then search for a bow which will adjust to fit your size. Alternatively, you can just select a bow with average draw length, and it will adjust to your specific size.

In Conclusion

This bow hunting guide offers a few things that will make your hunting simple and predictable. However, there is no any guarantee you will be successful when hunting. Your success will be determined by your bow, skills, and position. Practice will, however, increase your chances of shooting an animal. Depending on the time of the day or season, the weather conditions might impact your shot. The animal might not even cooperate with you. They might keep running away. These hunting tips will give you an edge in bow hunting. Remember to prepare sufficiently before you go hunting to increase your chances of shooting a prey.

Author Bio: Mitchell is the founder of MusketHunting. At Musket Hunting, He provides guides on how to hunt effectively, answer reader’s questions, and review on the latest hunting gears. Hunting will give you the experience that nothing else in this world can provide

How To Choose Your Archery Arrows!

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How To Choose Your Archery Arrows When it comes to selecting archery arrows, you have to be ready to deal with a lot of different factors. Naturally, the price is one of the main concerns. However, you need to realize that the best carbon arrows usually cost expensive and they are high value. One of … Continue reading How To Choose Your Archery Arrows!

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What You Should Know About Coyote Hunting and their Behavior

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What You Should Know About Coyote Hunting and their Behavior Coyote hunting poses significant challenges in a hunter’s game. This is the reason why it is considered to be the hardest and one of the most dangerous activities which a hunter can ever experience. With this, it is only imperative that you keep the following … Continue reading What You Should Know About Coyote Hunting and their Behavior

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Climate of Fear- US Perspective on Australia’s Sensible Gun Laws

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“Sensible Gun Laws” Not So “Sensible”

Measure Distance Using Compass

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Your compass is a measuring tool that can be adapted to a variety of needs. As shown here, it can be used to measure more than just direction.

You can use your magnetic compass to determine the width of a stream or small body of water without having to get wet. This quick and easy method of determining distance using a compass may just come in handy. In any case, it is always a good trick you can use to amaze your fellow survivors.

Here is how it is done.

1. Standing at the edge of the water, sight an object directly across from you on the far bank. Take a compass reading on this object and mark the spot where you are standing.

2. Walk along the stream until the compass reading to the same object across the stream changes by 45-degrees and mark this spot also.

3. Now measure the distance between the two marks you set. This will be equal to the distance between the first mark and the object you sighted across the stream.

For example:

Say you are standing next to a stream and directly across from you on the opposite bank is a large tree. Take out your compass and sight the tree. 

Let’s pretend the compass reads 300-degrees (Azimuth type compass) or S30W (Quadrant type compass). Mark this spot and then walk either downstream or upstream until the compass sighting on the same tree reads 45-degrees in either direction from your first reading (either 255-degrees or 345-degrees on an azimuth type compass, S15E or N15W on a quadrant type compass). 

Mark this position also. The width of the stream is equal to the distance between your two marks on the ground. If you have practiced pacing (and every survivor should) you can count the number of paces between the two marks and calculate the width of the stream.

The best survivalists are skilled in using whatever materials at hand in novel ways that give him an edge over his environment. “Thinking out of the box” is a trademark of the true survivor.

~Urban Man~

7 Approaches to Crossbow Hunting For Forward-Thinking Preppers

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Have you had a hard time getting into crossbow hunting lately and need a little kick in the pants for better luck in 2017?

Then consider these great tips. We have compiled some of the most innovative, fun, and exciting crossbow hunting breakthroughs that are currently impacting the sport. By understanding these ideas, you can integrate them into your routine.

Not all of these ideas might be right for you, though, so make sure you carefully research or try them out first. Integrating at least a handful of these ideas should get you all the help you need to create an incredible crossbow hunting experience.

1. Don’t Be Afraid to Go Mobile

Crossbow hunters like you shouldn’t be afraid to get out their cell phone and use it to increase their mobility.

Obviously, you need to turn your ringer off. Better yet, let everyone know you’re in the woods and cannot be reached. However, you can use its GPS devices, download hunting maps, and many other bowhunting apps more to create an immersive and efficient bow hunting experience.

Even better, you can use your phone to take pictures of your game and text them to your friends and family.

There’s nothing like showing off your trophy, especially to your buddy who always gets a bigger deer than you every year. Show off that huge rack and make him hilariously jealous.

2. Don’t Be Afraid to Super Tune

So what exactly is super tuning? It requires adjusting your crossbow lines before you go hunting.

Most crossbow hunters tune their bow once before the season starts and figure that is good enough. Not usually, especially if you use broadheads. These arrows require a more precise tuning that can be tricky to maintain.

First of all, you need to shoot your bow at a target, see where the arrow lands, and adjust the tuning. This process requires many subtle adjustments, some of which might be very minute.

However, increasing your accuracy in this way at least once a week (or more) ensures quality shots.

3. Study Your Game

New crossbow hunters often fail to consider their game before going up in the tree fully. But even experienced hunters sometimes don’t know exactly what they are doing.

There are many strategies and tweaks that you can utilize to increase your bowhunting success. For example, it is important to know how to spot deer runs and to guess where they end.

Look for rubs, broken twigs, droppings, fur, and even shed antlers in the woods. These are areas where deer are concentrated.

However, if you’re hunting other animals, like bears, you need to look for rubs and broken soil. These spots indicate a hungry bear that is looking for grubs to eat.

4. Pay Attention to the Wind

Obviously, crossbow arrows aren’t as affected by the wind as traditional arrows. They move faster and typically strike the target a lot more accurately. That said, wind can still capture your shot and take it just enough off path to ruin your accuracy. So make sure to gauge the wind before shooting to see how it will affect your chances of success.

The best way to do this is to wet a finger, hold it up to the air, see which side dries first, and how quickly it dries. If you are shooting into the wind or if it is blowing too hard, wait until it dies down.

If it doesn’t calm, adjust your shot location based on the wind. Practice this skill on a course before real hunting to ensure your success.

5. Invest in a Scope

Do you have a scope on your crossbow? If you don’t, why not? Scopes work as well for bows as they do for rifles.

Unlike other bows, which typically use sites, crossbow scopes allow you the chance to use superior zooming options and increase your accuracy. If you do have a scope, maybe it is time to update it to a great red dot scope. What are these scopes and how can they benefit you?

A red dot scope is a very accurate and high-powered scope that sends a small red laser dot towards your target.

This dot helps you know exactly where your crossbow arrow should land, excluding any influence of the wind. These scopes not only increase your accuracy, but they also make you feel like a sweet sniper in an old spy film.

6. Try Out Tarsal Glands

Are you looking for a way to attract a deer closer to your shooting spot? Try tarsal gland scent. This attractant is potent and should attract a broad range of bucks.

It simulates the smell of a doe in estrous and is irresistible to any male deer. What we like about this particular attractant is that it tends to bring in many bucks, especially those with huge racks.

You should spread this scent in an area that is within the range of your crossbow. Thankfully, that should be quite an extensive area.

Put the scent on the base of trees near you and wait until they show up. If all goes well, you should have many choices from which to choose and shouldn’t have a hard time getting one.

7. Hunt During the Midday

As a hunter, you’ve probably had it drilled into your head that you need to hunt in the early morning and just before the sun goes down. Sitting out during the middle of the day is usually talked about as if it hardly matters. That advice ignores the fact that most big bucks aren’t active until the middle part of the day.

This fact is particularly the case if bucks are in the rut. They tend to sleep heavily until the middle of the day and get up looking for love. So you don’t necessarily have to get out into the tree at the crack of down to be successful. In fact, your chances of spotting a great buck are pretty slim if you try that during the rut.

These Tips are Just the Beginning

As you can see, bowhunting doesn’t have to be a major pain in the you-know-what if you follow these tips.

Hunting fans like you can get the chance to enjoy a significant resurgence in their favorite sport without having to learn how to hunt again. You should also get better equipment that improves your accuracy heavily.

Do you have any hunting tips you’d like to share with us? Please comment below or e-mail us and let us know! We love connecting with our readers and learning more about our favorite sport.

Even better, share this article with friends to help improve their crossbow hunting game.

The post 7 Approaches to Crossbow Hunting For Forward-Thinking Preppers appeared first on American Preppers Network.

Bowfishing for Survival

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Outdoor Life

Planning to bug out along the waterways, rivers, or coastal areas?

Great! You’re in the right hands.

In this post, I’ll teach you a new skill (and an effective way of gathering food while out there) – bowfishing for survival.

Also referred to as archery fishing, this practice involves using your bow to catch the fish. And you can easily do it in shallow water or from your little boat- making it one of the most flexible adventures on planet Earth.

Sounds interesting, right?

You’ll discover even more exciting details as you read our full bowfishing guide which I’ll walk you through in a few moments…


WAIT…if you think that archery fishing isn’t practical or you can’t do it, just think of the Indians who reside by the Amazon River and rely on bowfishing to catch their daily bread.


Bowfishing for Survival – How To Catch Fish With Your Bow:


Arm Yourself With the Right Bowfishing Equipment


Just like any other job, bowfishing requires you to equip yourself with the right equipment.

If you’re a serious hunter, I believe that you have most of these tools, so you’ll just need to pack them into your backpack and head to the waters.

If you don’t have them, don’t worry. You can get them anytime you want…they’re readily available on the market at reasonable prices.

These equipment include:

– A bow: yes, this is bowfishing, and you’ll need a bow to make it work. But which bow should you use? I’d suggest that you go for the compound or recurve bows. Clearly, these will give you the best results.

Both bows share a number of aspects and will offer sufficient drive force to send an arrow right into the heart of the fish…plus they consume less space in your boat.

– You’ll need a set of arrows in your bowfishing endeavors. But don’t make the mistake of picking just any other type of arrow. The perfect set should comprise of arrow made using light wood or fiberglass material. They should also have a sharp pointer that easily pierces through the fish.

– Hey, you’ll also need some bowfishing reel…and I mean the best bowfishing reel, not any reel.

(Optional, depending on the fishing situation) bowfishing gear includes gloves, rubber hip waders, and sunglasses with polarized lenses.


I assume you’ve the above “tools of work” with you right now, right?

Let the fun begin!!


#1. Pick a suitable water body

Choose a water body that will enable you to catch fish and give you the desired results easily. If you prefer a shallow after body, be sure to fish around your target fish- particularly close to the grasses and weeds that provide cover. And, of course, make sure the environment is clean so that you can see beneath the water surface.

Typically, you should be within a range of 3-4.6 meters (10-15feet) from the fish you wish to bow down. Ensure you don’t cast a shadow over the fish as this might spook and frustrate your bowfishing efforts.

Also, consider approaching your target from the upwind location.


#2. AIM your Target fish

Get ready for the most important step of bowfishing- aiming your target.

How exactly do I do that?”

Are you wondering already?

Well, all you have to do is point your bow at the target fish and shoot it…nothing new

But there’s one trick you need to learn to correctly shoot that fish you’re targeting:

That is, how to point your bow at the fish you wish to catch. See, the light traveling from one medium to next (air to water in this case) results in refractions. Thus, you’ll see the refracted image (the apparent fish) of the fish you’re targeting more clearly on the water surface.

And if you point at the apparent fish, your arrow might go high, and you’ll perfectly miss your target!

Many bow fishers have learned this lesson the hard way, and if you ask them, they’ll all give you this piece of advice:

Point your bow as low as possible!


#3. Don’t Forget this Important Bowfishing RULE:

via bowsite.comMake a closer observation of your target fish:

If it appears about 3m (10 feet) away and 30cm (1foot) underneath the water surface, then you MUST point your bow 10cm (4 inches) low.

What if the fish appears in a different location? For instance, let’s say the fish appears about 6m (20 feet) away and 60cm (2feet) underneath the water surface. In such scenario, it means the location has doubled…

and you’ll have to double the 10cm as well. In other words, you’ll have to point 20cm (8inches) low.

It’s that simple!

If you utilize this 10-4 rule in all your bowfishing practices, I can guarantee you that you’ll bag more fish than you can imagine.


#4. Time To Make That Shot!

Congrats! You’re on the last step to catching your target fish with your bow.

But there’s a real problem here:

You have to hit your target such that it dies right away…and that means that you’ve to target the first half part of the body of the fish. Needless to explain, this section contains many vital organs such as the brain, meaning you’ll kill it on the spot.

We all know that fish can swim really FAST in water. So, you don’t have much time between pointing and shooting. I believe that your archery experience has taught you speed and accuracy which you’ll need to apply here.

What if you’re targeting the bigger fish- like alligator?

You’ll need to shoot them at least twice so that you can strike them down.

After a lucky shot, pull in the line quickly. You’ll be surprised at how easy it is to catch fishes at a single stroke with bowfishing!


Wrap UP

I told you bowfishing isn’t that hard! After reading through the above guide, I believe you can catch some fish with only your bow and arrows.

This is a fun-filled practice that does take you no time to perfect it. With the right archery equipment and our expert guide above, you’ll be awed by how easy it is to catch fish!


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Goose as a Survival Game Meat

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You may remember from Dickens, and the stories of that era, what a big deal a goose was on Christmas. The goose is one of the most underrated meats in abundance. These creatures are made up of dark, succulent meat and a nice fatty skin that crisps up when roasted. If you have ever had …

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How to Prep for Your First Elk Hunt

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How to Prep for Your First Elk Hunt Hunting elk is a trip of a lifetime for many. There’s an art to hunting; finding that prized animal takes skill, patience and a little bit of luck. With the right preparation, you too can have a successful elk hunt. Here is what you must do before …

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Top 10 Tips for Survival Deer Hunting with A Compound Bow

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Guns are overrated for survival. There’s denying that a firearm is superior to any other weapon for defense and hunting. That being said, you have to carry it, it’s ammunition, and you have to have everything that goes along with cleaning, maintaining and protecting that weapon as well.

You also have to pay a significant amount of money for all that equipment as well. There’s another compromise to make, plan on using a compound bow. It is certainly a good weapon for hunting and offers many distinct advantages over a firearm for a survival situation, here are the top 10 tips for survival hunting with the bestcompound bow.

Whenis it Survival?

Make sure when you’re tuning up and getting ready for the ultimate test of survival, do it legally. Don’t be tempted to poach deer on the outskirts of developments, that you don’t have permission to hunt on.

It’s going to be hard to practice hunting with your compound bow without a hunting license. Stay legal as you practice these skills and have either permission or a really good excuse in case you get caught.

ConserveYour Shots

Arrows only last so long. If you’re in a situation where a working bow can mean the difference between living and die, you need to be 100% you make that bow last as long as possible. Conserve a number of shots you take, during practice, during hunting, and do whatever you can to minimize the wear and tear on your arrows and the moving parts of your bow.


You need to hunt as close to your game as possible. Mostly because the closer you are, the harder it is to miss. The better your shot is, the more likely you are to kill what you’re aiming at. That is the entire point and you should do everything you can to do to kill the game you need for food. The closer you the less likely you are to lose your arrows as well, ensuring you can continue to hunt.

StayClear of Branches & Debris

When you hunt make sure you know if there’s limbs or branches in the way of your bow’s limbs. When your bow fires, your limbs are going to violently shoot forward and slam against anything in their way. This is going to also skew your shot and most likely make you lose your arrow. An impact like this has the potential to destroy your bow.


Don’t make a shot unless you know it’s worth it. You never know if you’re going to get that arrow back after you release it. Improvising arrows for a compound bow is tricky at best and you should do your best to always have your arrows after the shot.

Stayon top of Maintenance

Rust is hard to deal with, in the field but easy to prevent. Keep your bow clean, dry, and lubricated. Dirt and grime in the bearings of the cams is a kiss of death for the bow. Having a bow string caked with dirt and dust is going to kill your bow. Stay on top of your maintenance, your bow is a lifeline in the woods.

UseQuality Components

It may be tempting to buy the extremely cheap bows, arrows, and broad heads for your set up. The worst thing that can happen is when you need these components the most they fail on you. Buy gear that’s you’d consider hunting with, it doesn’t have to the name brand high end gear you’d use day in and day out but stay away from bargain basement equipment you can’t rely on.

CarrySpare Parts

Make sure you carry spare parts for your bow. You need to be able to have spares for parts of your bow set up. Extra bow wax, extra serving string, extra cord for your D loop, extra nocks, extra fiber optics for your sight …ect. You’ll need it eventually and murphy’s law says till happen at the worst time possible!

Considerlighted Nocks

Lighted nocks are great. Not only do they allow you to track your arrow in flight at dusk and dawn, they can be a huge help to finding your arrows after the shot. Seriously consider getting a set of lighted nocks for your survival set up. They’ll help you hunt longer and be a tool for finding your arrows after they’re shot. Make sure if you’re going to test them before hand, it’s legal in your state.

Don’tExpect Your Bow to Protect You

You aren’t in the huge games. Your bow is a bad self-defense weapon and you’re better off with a lance or a knife against a charging bear or moose. You should avoid hunting game, or get yourself into a situation where you may put yourself in a compromising situation. You simply won’t have time to nock, draw, aim, and fire accurately before a bear has its sights on you, or an attacker bum rushes you. Rely on other means of protection because the compound just isn’t fast enough.

Keepyour bow Ready

Your bow should be at no more than an arm’s reach when it’s protecting your life by helping you gather food. If for no other reason, you can be absolutely sure it isn’t being damaged you need to keep it in a constant state of readiness.

If you ever find yourself in a situation where you need to live off the land you’ll have a much easier time if you’ve already mastered hunting with a compound bow and have one at the ready. Get your hands on a good quality bow you can afford to keep stocked away just in case, pick upyour best hunting packs and get in the woods and hone your skills with a bow.

Even if you’re a dyed in the wool gun hunter, you might just start to love archery hunting!

Author bio: Brandon Cox loves everything hunting and regularly posts on his blog stayhunting where he shares his experiences in hunting giving you the latest hunting information. You can find more from Brandon on Twitter.

The post Top 10 Tips for Survival Deer Hunting with A Compound Bow appeared first on American Preppers Network.

Raising Dogs for Hunting and Farm life!

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Raising  Dogs for Hunting and Farm life Austin Martin “Homesteady Live“ Audio in player below! DO you want a dog for your farm that will not chase and kill chickens, and that will still retrieve birds and track wild game for you? Find out how to get that in this episode of Homesteady Live. Since … Continue reading Raising Dogs for Hunting and Farm life!

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Turkey Hunting with Compound Bow – Top 5 Best Tips

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Turkey Hunting with Compound Bow – Top 5 Best Tips Spring turkeys season has a few district sounds, gobbles and shot gun blasts! It doesn’t always have to be this way though. If you like the sound of a calm spring morning and don’t want to disturb it, consider getting some extra time in the … Continue reading Turkey Hunting with Compound Bow – Top 5 Best Tips

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Hunting vs Buying Meat: The Traditional Hunter in the Modern World

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This article was originally published by J. Townsend  on

This whole thought process was derived from a conversation about the sustainability of hunting in modern times. Many people feel that hunting for food has outlived its use in modern America. Well, with the recent changes in our eating habits, as in searching out fast food instead of fresh food, hunting had been surpassed. There is still an emerging group which believe we should kick the fast food and revert to the traditional “Farm to Table” way of eating. I agree with much of this philosophy and wish to take it a step further. I am here to represent those who feel that a family can sustain a portion of their diet with game meat. I know many of you see this and think you would have to spend your every day hunting and fishing in order for that to work. Simply not true.

In thousands of rural areas (and some non-rural areas) there are people who either are supplementing their diets partially or fully with game meat. I have to admit that when I was younger there were many things that I though you could only shoot or catch to obtain. It wasn’t until I got to college when I realized that you could buy catfish from the store. I had believed, due to my outdoor upbringing, that if you wanted catfish, you went to the river/lake/pond to catch it.

I have also heard the argument that many people could not live a lifestyle where you sustain yourself on wild game. They say that they prefer to not see where their food originates. They cannot stand to eat food with bones in it or eyes staring at them. My only advice to these people is that they trust too much in the grocery store to get their food. Those same people have not seen the cramped dirty feed lots or the packed chutes of a slaughter-house. They could not handle the sights and many would revert to vegetarianism. Me, I prefer to get my meat from the wild.

I offer up hunting and fishing as an alternative to the dependency upon store-bought meat to those people who don’t mind processing your own animals or eating a fish that looks up at you from the grill. Simply put, hunting and fishing is a healthier and more economical way of providing the necessary proteins that you need for your diet versus going to the store and buying a package of ground what-ya-ma-call-it.  I don’t wish to deceive anyone, it is certainly a lot more challenging to track and kill and animal then it is to go to the super market. But where is the independence in that?

In the end, the total cost of hunting and fishing enough meat for a family of three will be substantially lower than the cost of buying a somewhat equal product at the store. You can sustain yourself by simply securing a selected amount of five different game animals (Deer, Elk, Turkey, Rabbit, and Wild Pig) and three different fish (Tuna, Catfish, and Trout). The animals you choose to hunt can be changed to suit your specific region. Let’s break it down.

The USDA recommends the average person (children, women, and men) consume 5 – 7 ounces of protein a day broken down into 2-3 servings. So we will use is 6 ounces of protein a day for the average person. This gives us 2184 ounces of protein consumption for the entire year. Converting this to pounds will make it easier for our calculations. The average human should consume 136.5 lbs of protein a year.

Here is an average breakdown of the yield from my selected game animals.



Live  Weight

Edible  Yield


Deer (Buck)









20lbs each




3lbs each



Wild Pig




Yellow Tail Tuna

30lbs each




2lbs each




5lbs each


Total = 435lbs of meat

435lbs of meat is enough to sustain three individuals for a period of about a year. As an alternative, if the choice to hunt an elk is not reasonable then you could exclude this from the equation. You would then have 85% of your total protein consumption for two people from game meat. The other 15% would include the consumption of other sources of protein such as eggs, nuts, and beans or the addition of another fish or game animal.  There is certainly room to play around with the figures. This model serves merely as a base line for the sake of debate.

Deer and Elk would take the place of beef in your diet. Turkey and Rabbit would replace chicken. Wild Pork will substitute store-bought pork and hand caught fish would replace that fresh/frozen purchased or canned. Average prices for the store purchased meats will be combined with the total yields of wild game and fish.




Edible  Yield

Total Game Yield


Deer (Buck)






Store Bought Beef (Average price $4.71/pound) x 255lbs = $1201.00




Edible  Yield

Total Game Yield








Store Bought Poultry (Average price $1.37/pound) x 40lbs = $54.80




Edible  Yield

Total  Game Yield


Wild Pig



Store Bought Pork (Average price $3.15/pound) x 90lbs = $283.50



Edible  Yield

Total  Game Yield


Yellow Tail Tuna









Store Bought Yellow Tail Tuna (Average price $18.00/pound) x 30lbs =  $540.00

Store Bought Trout (Average price $6.50/pound) x 5lbs =  $32.50

Store Bought Catfish (Average price $3.99/pound) x 15lbs =  $59.85

  Total: $ 632.35


Total Store Bought Meat for one year for a household of three = $2171.65

I know, you are thinking to yourself, that’s not that too bad for three people. Here is how we will figure the benefit of landing your own meat. This example works for me here in California. For others it may be cheaper or more expensive depending on where you live. There will still be a substantial difference in the totals.

The total for all the necessary licenses and tags for the state of California equals $164.53. The cost of a deep-sea fishing expedition out of San Diego is $46.00. California hosts a random drawing for the Elk tags so I chose Washington for my Elk meat because the state allows an open purchase. In Washington, a Non-Resident Elk Tag is $497.00 and a Resident Elk Tag is $50.00. So that gives us a Grand Total of $260.00 or $707.00depending on how you play your cards. That is a savings of $1688.00/year on average.

There are really only two variables present in the equation. If you do not have the necessary equipment then you would have to purchase such equipment prior to hunting or fishing. This would be an upfront cost which would diminish over time as you acquired the equipment. The second would be your success rate. This model is based upon a 100% success rate. Each year you would be hunting for your food for the following year. If you failed to meet the quota for a specific season then you could modify your plan to encompass other game animals or supplement the remainder of your diet with other sources of protein depending on the time of the year.

The health benefits are certainly present. Game meat has been proven to be leaner and more beneficial to your body than domesticated livestock. The condition from which wild game is harvested is much cleaner, environmentally safer, and healthier than its domesticated counterparts. As an added bonus, the general worry about injected hormones, toxins, steroids, and additives are eliminated. What you harvest is safe for your body. Now your food is as organic and local as it gets. Not to mention, the pursuit of game requires some level of active participation which forces you to live a more involved lifestyle as you pursue your food.

So, in the end, it is more sustainable, healthier, and more economical to hunt and fish for your meat versus purchasing them from the store. What are you waiting for? Grab you pack and get outside!

The Lost Ways is a survival book that shows you how to survive using only methods that were tested and proven by our forefathers for centuries. The best way to survive the next major crisis is to look back at how people did things 150 years ago. This book is a far-reaching book with chapters ranging from simple things like making tasty bark-bread—like people did when there was no food—to building a traditional backyard smokehouse. Watch the video below:


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Tales from the Turkey Woods

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Tales from the Turkey Woods Austin Martin “Homesteady Live“ Audio in player below! This week I spent some time chasing turkeys through the woods and fields. The last eight years I have been on a mission, to kill a turkey. The last eight years I have failed. Eight years ago I started hunting. After watching … Continue reading Tales from the Turkey Woods

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Bowhunting: For Food and Survival

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Bowhunting: For Food and Survival There is definitely an enigmatic mystique and awe when it comes to archery. Most people know what archery is, but few truly appreciate it. The amount of skill, dedication and practice that it takes to become a good archer is definitely underrated. Many people, when they try to shoot an … Continue reading Bowhunting: For Food and Survival

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Life-Saving Items You Need To Carry When Hunting

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As you prepare yourself for the hunting season, it is important that you emphasize on your safety by giving it the priority it deserves. Taking into consideration what survival items you need to carry whether you plan on using them or not is paramount regardless of your hunting prowess. You never know what might happen when you are out and about in the wild. There are items that you should never forget when going out on a game hunt.

This article strives to give you the most essential must have survival items you need not miss on your hunting spree.

  1. First aid kit

    A hunter’s first aid kit is very different from the ordinary kit that just contains pain relievers and a Band-Aid. An excellent hunter’s first aid kit should be built from scratch taking into consideration all tools that you may require in case of a major accident. Some of the things that need to be in your first aid kit include; Special medication for those who suffer from a special need that requires them to frequently medicate, heavy-duty bandages and gauze, water purification tablets, tourniquets among other things.

  2. Map and compass

    Since time immemorial, a compass has been used by hunters as their primary navigation tool. Regardless of the change in technology where you can easily use a wrist GPS, it is important that you tag along with your compass just in case. A compass combined with a map is the only fail proof navigation gadget you can get.

  3. Food/water

    Whether you are going hunting for days or just for a hike, easy to eat food and water is a must have for all hunters. Stainless steel utensils are also highly recommended since you can use them for cooking purposes as well.

  4. Knife

    Just like a pen is to writing so is a knife to hunting. The importance of this tool can never be over emphasized. Before leaving for hunting, ensure that your knife is sharp. A knife is a Multi-functional tool that you can use as a weapon, for cutting rope, skinning game, opening packages, or even creating a fire starter. A knife should be kept on your person as opposed to keeping it in your backpack. Also, when cutting, ensure that you do not cut towards yourself as this may cause an accident.

  5. Communication tool

    A fully charged cell phone, its power bank and a two-way radio are a must have for hunters. These tools provide a way for hunters to communicate with other people incase an emergency arises. Unfortunately, due to poor network coverage or damage to this items, they may not be in a condition to help you convey messages. In this case, a whistle or a glass mirror will come in handy. Blowing a whistle or using a glass mirror to reflect rays of light are other ways you can communicate with the outside world as well as ward off animals.

  6. Fire Starters and flashlights

    Although easy to forget, flashlights are highly essential when going out to hunt for days. A heavy duty AA flashlight is not only bright, but it can last a long time. A flashlight may help you find your way through the night or on that dark morning. A flashlight may also help you to get your bearing at night and scare off animals.

    When you are out hunting for days, a means of making fire fast is also essential. Disposable lighters will aid you in quickly lighting up a fire to cook, for warmth, to melt snow and also to find your way through the darkness in case your flashlight runs out of battery. Ensure that you carry matches as backup lighters in a waterproof container.

  7. Cordage

    Although making a rope out of plant material is possible, bringing along a strong 50-feet cord is highly essential for hunters. You can use it to build shelter, secure loads to your backpack or to navigate through steep paths and inclines. A paracord is highly recommended because it does not add too much weight.

Once you have all these items in place, ensure that you pack them in a sturdy and durable backpack. Make a checklist where you can cross out all things you put in your bag to prevent yourself from forgetting an important item. In addition, before going out on that hunting expedition, ensure that you are geared up in appropriate clothing. Depending on the season, you may opt for some light or mid weight clothing. However, hunting boots are a must wear regardless of the season.

Remember that in order to survive adverse situations, you need to be prepared at all times. Bear in mind that preparedness is an ongoing thing that involves acquiring new survival tactics and adapting to new situations.

Author Bio:

Kevin Steffey is an avid hunter and freelance writer. He loves spending time in the field with his rifle more than almost anything else, and occupies his off-time discussing deer and their habits online. He is a founder at

When can you carry a knife – The Loose Cannon

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Survival Movies. Surviving An Outbreak. Isolation.

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I have not finished watching this video to date, but it has been very good so far. I have a dislike for Zombie movies, & this one is based on a similar scenario, but it is done very well. Well worth watching, set in England.

What You Need to Know About Arrowheads for Your Survival Bow: Types, Care & Advice

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Editor’s Note: Although you might see many articles on archery, building a bow for survival or hunting, you rarely see articles on the various types of arrowheads.  A short walk through the archery section in any sporting goods store will show you that there are many types to select from.  Not only are there many to choose from, but there are care and maintenance considerations too.  I hope this article will shed some light on the subject and spur more dialogue on something that is rarely discussed on preparedness websites. To enhance this article, I added videos to elaborate on the specific topics discussed.. This is a guest post.


Choosing the correct arrowhead

Before making the decision to purchase arrowheads it is a very good idea to know how you are going to be using them. This may be your first time buying them or perhaps you may be trying to decide if a different type will work better for you. In either case, it is beneficial to understand the three basic categories.  


These are typically the beginner’s choice as well as a good pick for those who want to get in some extra practice without the added expense of more sophisticated arrowheads. The tips of this type are constructed with a straight shaft and no barbs. The reason for this is that they are much easier to remove from a target and are typically strong enough for multiple shots. This doesn’t mean they are without risk. Target arrowheads can range from flat (blunt) tips to fine bullet points. In any case, they can cause injury or death when shot from a bow.


Similar in some respects to flat tipped target arrowheads, blunt tips used for purposes other than hunting have a very different configuration. The purpose of this type is not necessarily to enter their intended target, but rather to hit with a force strong enough to cause enough trama to cause paralysis or even death depending on the size and location of the hit. One of the most popular of these is the JUDO point which has several spring loaded arms located just behind the tip. The advantage to the JUDO is that unlike other tip types, the arms stop the arrow from digging into grass or leaves. This makes the arrow better able to be recovered. Blunt heads are for the most part used in hunting small game.


There are many varieties of the broadhead, but each of them stems from a basic design idea. The characteristic shared by tips in this category are several razor-sharp blades that extend outward from the shaft center. The obvious purpose of this configuration is deep penetration and internal lacerations. The back end of the broadheads is typically pointed backward, or barbed so that it is less likely to fall out of an animal once it hits. There are specialized broadheads whose blades are retracted before shooting them, but once they are loosed from a high rated bow, the blades extend outward. In either case, broadheads are the tip of choice (and often required) for hunting large game animals.


Equipping for Survival

When in a survival situation, broadheads are typically going to be the best type to carry, but it wouldn’t be a bad idea to also equip yourself with a small number of blunt heads. If you find yourself in need of meat and the only game you can find are small squirrels or the like, broadheads may simply be over the top. Besides, broadheads can be somewhat fragile and the chances are greater of missing a small target and thus ruining your broadhead. This characteristic of broadheads is particularly important to remember in that the blades can separate once they hit their target. This will leave razor-sharp pieces of shrapnel inside the body cavity so take great care when dressing out your game until you are absolutely sure you have found every piece of the arrowhead.

On the other hand, while target and blunt tips can theoretically take down small game, they will only cause minor injury to large game and you will undoubtedly lose your kill. Just make sure that when you carry this type of arrowhead that you keep them in a closed container. Broadheads that are ready to be used for hunting are extremely sharp.

Sharpening Arrowheads

It may come as a surprise, but even some of the best broadheads are not sold razor-sharp. The main reason for this is safety in shipping and handling, not because manufacturers are lazy. Razor sharp blades would create a considerable hazard to those responsible for getting them from the maker to the retail store.

Like sharpening knives, being able to repeatedly ensure razor sharp edges on broadheads takes considerable practice. There are many techniques to choose from, but the simple process of hand sharpening with what is known as a bastard file would be an excellent skill to master. While many modern hunters enjoy the convenience of bench grinders or other power tools to sharpen their arrowheads, if you find yourself without power, those tools become essentially useless.


Filling your quiver

Once you have decided which tip or tips will work best for your application, the next question to answer is how many arrows to carry when you are in the field. There is no standard or official answer to this kind of question and the best teacher is, of course, practical experience. Some hunters find they need to carry only two arrows while others may carry much more than that. Perhaps the best advice is to take more than you think you may need on your first few hunts and work your way down to the number you typically use on a regular basis. The mixture of arrowhead tips on these arrows is also dependent upon the type of game being hunted as well as experience.

Make sure that you also consider the type of arrows you will carry. Just as there is a variety of arrowheads available, arrows come in their own varieties of material such as wood, aluminum, and carbon. The carbon arrow is likely the most popular choice among hunters because it is strong, durable, and lightweight. Even so, some of the best carbon arrows are susceptible to damage over time.

Always make sure to inspect all your arrows long before you decide to use them. Arrows with splinters and cracks can be very dangerous because they can split or even shatter. The idea is to fire a strong, safe arrow at your target, not to injure yourself or others in the process.

Editor’s Note: I added this video because it is just cool to watch! 🙂


Author Bio:

Kevin Steffey is an avid hunter and freelance writer. He loves spending time in the field with his rifle more than almost anything else and occupies his off-time discussing deer and their habits online. He is a founder at



The Essential Things All Hunters Should Have!

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The Essential Things All Hunters Should Have! Hunting is not just all about having high-end weapons and other equipment, but it is also about overcoming the harsh and most inconvenient environment. Thus, to be an effective hunter, you should be prepared for whatever is ahead of your hunting venture. You should take note of these … Continue reading The Essential Things All Hunters Should Have!

The post The Essential Things All Hunters Should Have! appeared first on Prepper Broadcasting |Network.

Different Types of Bows And Their Benefits

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Bows are essential tools in hunting and games. They exist in different forms and shapes. Over the years, bows have evolved and are now made of components like carbon fiber and fiberglass with improved shooting mechanisms. There are different types of bows namely; compound bows, recurve bows, crossbows and traditional bows with their distinct benefits.

Compound bows

A compound bow is a modern form of a long bow. It is easy to use, highly versatile, adjustable, more compact, longer life and extremely powerful and thus preferred by many people. A pulley system is used to draw back the arms which are stiff when drawn by brute force. This bow is considered better than the other bows for its draw weight that is less than half of the original weight. They are made of aluminum alloy that does not distort or warp in the case of temperature, humidity, and moisture. Its developed stabilizers cause less vibration in the release of an arrow. These bows are mostly used in 3D archery, bow hunting and some in target archery.

Recurve bows

These are the only bows allowed by the Olympics and historically they are known to be used by the horsemen. Recurve bow is known for its standard draw weight, low maintenance and highly versatile. Its lower and upper tips curve away from the archer allowing it to store more elastic energy. Less power is needed to use the bow thus a tactical advantage to the user. Recurve bows with a bare bow recurve made of a string, bow limbs, a riser and an arrow rest are mostly used to train the beginners. Some archers also use them in 3D archery and field archery. One can also use them in bow hunting with higher poundage bows.


Modern crossbows resemble firearms with a short bow attached horizontally to the muzzle. For the archer to fire, the string is attached to the trigger mechanism and locked in place. Crossbows have the best bow sights and their shooting range is longer than all the other types of bows. This is a modified bow and arrow mostly use in 3D archery, target field and sometimes in bow hunting.

Traditional bows

A traditional bow is also known as long bow or self-bow. It is the oldest form of a bow with a long piece of wood that is either straight or curved having a bowstring fixed on each end. These bows are easy to make since their materials are locally available. They are easy to maintain, easy to carry and easy to use. It requires a very clear environment to fire a target. When used in bow hunting, it is usually at higher draw weights.


There is a total of four types of bows; compound bows, crossbows, traditional bows and recurve bows. They are useful in hunting, shooting the target, shooting on a course, and competitive shooting. The purpose of the course determines the type of the bow to use. For instance, a recurve bow is instrumental in field archery such as Olympic Games, compound bows in target archery and crossbow in 3D archery with their best bow sights and traditional bows in bow hunting.

Joseph Gleason is the founder of Captain Hunter. is a site dedicated to the sport of hunting. We have a deep respect for nature and for the environment, and we therefore take the sport of hunting very seriously. Never think that you are alone in the woods again. Our goal is to share what we know with who needs it most.

Best Animals to Hunt During SHTF

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Best Animals to Hunt During SHTF Host: Highlander “Survival & Tech Preps “ Audio in player below! As with most topics we have a lot of what if’s? Food storage with preppers is a big deal and we think we have enough. We prepare for so long the amount we think we’ll need, but alas … Continue reading Best Animals to Hunt During SHTF

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Spring Scouting for Deer

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Spring Scouting for Deer Springtime is one of the best times to get out! After a winter of hiding and shivering its time to get back to work. This is a short article and a great video on scouting for deer. If you plan on having any hunting success the scout is so important. There …

Continue reading »

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The New Range in Cross Bows

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“Modern crossbows offer comfort and performance far beyond that of their predecessors. Here’s now manufacturers have changed the game.” Every time I hear how crossbows provide an advantage in the woods, I roll my eyes and shake my head. Chances are, folks who claim and preach such fallacies have never hunted with a crossbow or…

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How to Get Started with Hunting

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A lot of survival sites advise “learn how to hunt for food” in the event of a collapse.  Indeed, in Venezuela, where there is widespread hunger, desperate people are killing animals that are not normally considered as food.  However, unless you have a family that hunts, many city dwellers would not know the first thing about hunting.  I thought it would be interesting to find out how do you get started with hunting for readers who are curious about what’s […]

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How to Hunt Deer with a Bow Effectively

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

4.4/5 (5)

Editor’s Note: This post has been contributed by Joseph. If you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly win a $300 Amazon Gift Card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter the Prepper Writing Contest today.

Deer hunting can be done in two ways; either by using rifles or using bows. If you are one of the many hunters who prefer the latter option, this is the perfect article for you to know the practice tips to hunt deer with a bow. Dedicated hunters will know that practice sharpens your skill on shooting a bow with precise and accurate shots. Thus, here are a few tips to pave your way to become a skilled bow hunter.

Practice during unfavorable conditions

Obviously, a good hunt is scheduled during the peak seasons when the weather is favorable for hunting and trekking. However, weather can be a greatly unpredictable thing, and while out on a hunt, it’s better to be prepared for anything.

Practicing in windy conditions where the direction and force of the wind can greatly affect your accuracy can improve your bow skills. Think of this way; if you can shoot well in crappy weather, then you can do so better in normal conditions. More importantly, you are prepared for any kind of situation when you’re out hunting.

Take it slow

If you’re planning to shoot your first buck from a tree stand, you cannot do so successfully without learning how to shoot from a higher position.


It’s not wise to push your limits while at the beginner stage of bow hunting. The best strategy to gauge your skills is to start slow. Start shooting at small distances until you can perfect your shot at that distance. Only then should you further increase the increments.

This strategy can also minimize frustration because it will let you know the farthest distance where you can shoot most accurately. On the field, it will help you gauge your Effective Kill Range (EKR), or the distance range wherein you are most likely to take down a deer without messing up the shot.

Learn how to use a bow sight

A bow sight is an essential tool when shooting long distance. The best bow sight can greatly enhance your long-distance shooting by a tenfold. Basically, it has pins set at different distances which can help you shoot long-distance targets from stagnant position, such as a tree stand.

Other than a bow sight, you should also use other essential bow accessories such as a bow stabilizer. A bow stabilizer, on the other hand, is an accessory that helps minimize torque, stabilize shots, and increase the accuracy of your shots.

Know how to shoot from a higher position

If you’re planning to shoot your first buck from a tree stand, you cannot do so successfully without learning how to shoot from a higher position. Because the trajectory will change once you shoot from an elevated place.

So one of my tips is to practice shooting dummy targets from a tree stand. Once you get a hold of this skill, you’ll find tree stand hunting an easy task.

Target for easy-kill areas

The most humane way to kill a deer is to shoot it in the chest area, where the arrow can pierce through the lungs or heart and deliver almost instant and painless death. To practice this skill, you can use target print-outs of a deer in order to enhance your ability to kill instantly.

Moreover, this will also minimize the possibility of the deer running away because of a shot in the belly, hind, or legs. With accurate shots to the chest area, you can harvest your kill easily.

Don’t hesitate to ask questions

If you’re not sure about something, ask a more experienced bow hunter than you. Remember that it’s not a competition of who is best. Every great bow hunter starts somewhere, and while you’re a beginner, it’s best to take advice from experts and use it to work on your weak points.

Other than constructive criticism, you can also form bonds with other bow hunters and potentially join them on their next bow hunt. This will be a big plus for you: because not only do you have new hunting buddies, you also have a lot of people to help you work on your skills.

Practice with your bow in low-light conditions

You can also master shooting with it during near sunset or near dawn conditions.

Most often, whitetail deer make an appearance before sunset when the light is dimming and your bow sight is getting difficult to use. Although most bow sights come with a glow-in-the-dark pin feature, it will be much wiser and a skill-builder to practice shooting in low light.

If you have a bow sight with a low-light feature, you can also master shooting with it during near sunset or near dawn conditions. In this way, you won’t need to fumble with your bow sight while on the field.

Adjust your bow according to the wind

The wind plays a big role in the accuracy of your shot because, as said before in this article, it can affect the direction and/or trajectory of your shot. When hunting deer with a bow, you’re also most likely confined to shooting from far distances. Therefore, it’s better if you learn to adjust your aim with the wind.

Most importantly, with this skill you can reap rewards when a supposed to be sunny day turns into a windy one. Remember: the weather is completely unpredictable, and as a hunter, don’t expect it to always be in your favor.

Work on your form

As a beginner, the best form for archery is one of the most difficult aspects to master. It’s imperative that you work on your form every time you practice shooting. Moreover, you can also ask an experienced bow hunter to evaluate your form and tell you the mistakes that you’re making.

Why does this need to be done? Well, a great form will directly affect the accuracy of your shot and help you shoot better. Otherwise, a bad form can lead to inaccurate and imprecise shots that will just leave you discouraged. Thus, remember to work on this aspect along with everything else.

Learn how to wait for the perfect shot

In deer hunting, timing is everything, whether you shoot with a bow or a rifle. The proper timing of your shot will decrease the chances of a botched kill. Since deer are highly receptive of sound, you can scare away a bunch of them if you have off timing with your shots and they end up on a nearby tree or the ground.

Unfortunately, the only way to practice your timing is to do it on an actual deer. Because automated practice targets have predictable movements, they aren’t great options for practicing timing. Unlike with deer, you can learn how to assess their movements and make it predictable to you.


Here, we’ve highlighted the best practice tips to hunt deer with a bow. It’s not the actual camping and hunting that’s the most difficult part, but the practice on shooting a bow. Thus, the best option you have in order to be the most prepared hunter in the world is to practice at every chance you get.

Did you like this article? If you did, leave us a comment below and tell us what you think. You can also share this with your friends. Thanks for reading!


About the author: Joseph Gleason is the founder of Captain Hunter. is a site dedicated to the sport of hunting. We have a deep respect for nature and for the environment, and we therefore take the sport of hunting very seriously.

Never think that you are alone in the woods again. Our goal is to share what we know with who needs it most.

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Why The Rangefinder Binocular Is The New Must-Have Tool For Hunters

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editor’s Note: This post has been contributed by Daren. If you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly win a $300 Amazon Gift Card to purchase your own prepping supplies, enter the Prepper Writing Contest today.

There are many things that can cause you to miss the target when hunting, one of which is a misjudged range. Speaking of underestimated range, have you ever tried to measure a target’s range and field miserably? If you have, then it might be time to invest in a rangefinder binocular.

The best rangefinder binoculars give you the best of both worlds. It is for this reason that I consider a rangefinder binocular to be an infallible asset to any hunter. Rangefinder binoculars are becoming more mainstream as more and more hunters continue discovering their usefulness.

So why are they so important to hunters? To answer this question, we have to look at what you get from a rangefinder binocular, which is,

Ease of use

Ask any hunter who uses rangefinder binoculars, and they will probably tell you that they are easier to use than laser rangefinders. Rangefinder binoculars weigh more compared to ordinary binoculars. The added weight gives them stability and makes them easier to hold. The two-hand grip of these binoculars guarantees more accurate range readings. Additionally, with a simple push of a button, you are able to get the range of your target within seconds.


As a hunter, you will have to carry some accessories to aid you in your hunting. These accessories can include a rifle or bow, a binocular or a scope, and a rangefinder. Transitioning from one device to another can be time-consuming.

For example, let us say you have spotted an animal with your binocular but do not know how far away it is from you. The logical thing to do is pull out your rangefinder to measure the range. This process can be time-consuming.

With a rangefinder binocular, you spot the animal and are able to know how far it is when you spot it. Binoculars with a built-in rangefinder often have an impressive range. There are rangefinder binoculars that will offer you a 1000 to 2000 range. Thus a rangefinder binocular is a two-in-one device that will serve you exceptionally well.

Overcome rangefinder shortcomings

A rangefinder functions by sending out a laser beam. The beam hits the intended target, and the rangefinder measures the distance of the beam’s reflection. This essentially means that rangefinders do not work well in thickly forested areas. With a rangefinder integrated into a binocular, this problem is solved.

With a binocular, you can scope an area before turning on the rangefinder. Scanning the area first helps you know if there is anything that might be in the way of the laser beam. This increases your chances of hitting the target and getting an accurate range.

Also, you will be able to identify vantage points where you can get a more accurate range. The binocular’s ability to give you a clearer view of your surroundings enhances the rangefinder’s performance. Thus, the two devices built into one gadget complement one another and improve your hunting skills and reduce the chances of you missing.

Angle compensations & ballistic information

Apart from having a built –in rangefinder, most rangefinder binoculars come fitted with an angle compensator feature. This comes in handy when you are aiming from a tree stand. Some models come with pre-programmed ballistics charts that will be useful in your hunting.

This information allows you to adjust your shot based on the ballistics curve of your firearm’s bullet. This information integrated into the binocular improves your accuracy and minimizes guesswork. The ballistics technology found in some models consider factors such as temperature, air pressure, and ballistics curves. This is the kind of information that professional snipers rely on when making a shot. Therefore, with a rangefinder binocular, you will have this information at your fingertips.


Most animals are creatures of habit. This means that they frequent specific parts. This is a weakness that you can exploit. To do so, you will need first to scout the specific areas where your prey frequents. Next, you will need to identify the perfect vantage point to take the shot.

With a rangefinder binocular, you will be able to scan and get a range simultaneously. You will need to identify a good spot from where you will stalk your prey. The binocular will come in handy when measuring the range between this spot and your prey’s preferred spot.

This preparation is best done during the day, and the hunting is done at night or dawn. At night, light conditions are not so good you will be able to know where to go to make a kill.

Avoid getting close

One of the biggest mistake you can make as a hunter is getting too close to your prey. Animals have heightened senses and can hear things at longer ranges than we can. With a rangefinder binocular, you will be able to stalk an animal from a safe distance.

Some of the best rangefinder binoculars out there offer a range of up to 1300 yards. It is hard to spook an animal off at 1300 yards. Average rangefinder binoculars normally have a range of between 600 and 800 yards. Thus, a rangefinder binocular minimizes the chances of you getting too close to make a shot. Also, this binocular helps improve your long-range marksman skills.

Continuous scoping

Every second count when you are hunting. Thus, taking your eyes off your prey for even a minute can change things. The rangefinder binoculars are designed to be sophisticated. Thus, there are models that feature an in-view LED display. The latter display usually resembles a fighter jet’s display area or HUD. All crucial information is displayed on the LED display. This way you can keep your eyes on your prey for a longer period of time.

Additionally, binoculars have a wider field of view compared to rangefinders. Thus, a binocular’s eyepiece can accommodate more information than a rangefinder’s eyepiece. Therefore, you get all the information you need clearly.


Rangefinder binoculars are the future, and it is estimated that in the next decade or two, rangefinder binoculars will render conventional binoculars obsolete. In summary, as a hunter having a rangefinder binocular will make work easier for you.


About the Author: Daren Rifen Founder of Binoculars Guru is an enthusiastic hunter with over 10 years’ experience. A native of Texas, Daren hunts everything from whitetail deer to ducks. Daren has mastered different hunting techniques including archery, using rifles and handguns. As a native of Texas, Daren learned his hunting skills from his father, who learned from his grandfather. He possesses an extensive knowledge of everything firearms, hunting binoculars and riflescopes. When he is not hunting, Daren is either hiking or fishing.

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Top 5 Rabbit Hunting Tips with Bow

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Is rabbit bow hunting becoming a lost art these days with the obsession people have towards the latest firearms? Do not just count out rabbit bow hunting yet as it is very crucial in a survival situation. Learning to use your bow and make a kill is one of the greatest survival skills to learn. One of the tastiest meals you can have in the wild when lost is meat from a rabbit.

Using a bow to hunt a rabbit is a real challenge but also a rewarding one filled with excitements. The odds of killing a rabbit with an arrow and a bow are extremely low when you compare to the gun hunting. However, in a survival situation, a bow and arrow might be the only things available that can be made with easy. In fact, you don’t want to waste your precious ammo on a rabbit when you can use arrows that are reusable.

Let me share with you five rabbit hunting tips with a bow and arrow. Make no mistake; getting a rabbit from the field to a meal on the plate is no easy job. You need to be patient, understand their habits and have the best compound bow and hunting arrow.

Here are five rabbit hunting tips

Find the hidden food sources

If you need to hunt rabbits effectively, you must know where they feed. This means knowing the hidden food sources where rabbits are more likely to feed. Places with lots of green plants, vegetables and weeds are ideal places to start your hunt. Even if you don’t find rabbits, hung around they will come with time. Sometimes when hunting for rabbits, you have to wait for them to come to you. This requires an understanding of the feeding times and their best foods. Most rabbits will feed early in the morning when the sun has just risen. Getting to their feeding grounds early enough gives you a good hiding spot and a clear angle to make a clean shot.


Bow hunting is a waiting game that requires you to be patient at all times. In several ways, hunting rabbits is like fishing with a crankbait where you have to maintain rhythm at all times. Do not rush anything. When walking through the evergreen boughs, fence rows and brush piles, maintain a steady pace. Make 10-18 steps before stopping and surveying around for any movement and the glistering dark eyes of rabbits. If hunting with your dog, keenly observe his cues.

Practice makes perfect

Shooting with your bow is not that easy as most people think especially when in the wild. Real preppers practice out of their comfort zone. The way you shoot your best hunting arrow in the comfort of your backyard while smoking a cigar does not happen in a real survival situation. When in the wild and in need of a kill, you’re most likely going to botch the shot. Real archers know how to hit the target from a long distance, and this only happens with good practice. Practice for a real survival situation trying to hit the target with just a few seconds of setting the arrow, aiming and releasing. Learn to shoot your arrows in all manner of position. In the wild, you sometimes have to go vertical which takes us to our next tip.

Go vertical

Walking a level ground while hunting for rabbits looks pretty simple, but climbing can maximize your chances for a kill. Look for a brush pile, forgotten stack of cordwood or anything that you can climb on and observe the hunt area properly. The vibrations and noise above you can help you notice a rabbit and have a shooting opportunity.

Take care of things that indicate your presence

Rabbits are among the swiftest animals in the wild and run away with the slightest of hint that there is a human presence. You must learn to remain hidden at all times and never expose your arms or face. Try and be natural avoiding things like perfumes that alert the rabbit that there is someone around.

Try and avoid obstacles on your way like flowers and grasses that affect your aim. You can remain still and wait for the rabbit to move to a clear place instead of you changing positions. The most productive time to hunt for a wild rabbit is when the weather is cloudy, damp and cold. A foggy morning is also ideal when the air is filled with mist and woods are real quiet. This allows you to sneak close to the rabbits stealthily and get a good shot.

Final Verdict

Knowing how to hunt for rabbits in the wild using a bow and arrow can mean the difference between surviving and dying. Rabbits are a tasty meal that can provide you with proteins and get you going. You just need to learn how to stalk rabbits, stay still and motionless waiting for the rabbit to come to you.

Brandon Cox is the founder of StayHunting, who is passionate about all things of hunting and fitness. Through his hunting website, he would like to share tips & tricks, finest tech that will excite all of the intricacies of hunting whether you be an amateur or a professional.

Gun control explored at Clark University program.

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Ms. Schwoerer said firearms were around in England since the late 13th century, but didn’t play an important role in society until the early 1500s, when Henry VIII ramped up production of guns with the hopes of proving his prowess on the battlefield by making war with France. He purchased artillery from elsewhere in Europe and encouraged gunmakers to set up shop in Britain. In addition to bolstering the military, the focus on production eventually put guns in the hands of people “up and down the social scale,” she said.

Guns helped people hunt more effectively, putting more protein on the table. There was an early interest in hunting for sport and protection, but early on, increased access to game meat was a major factor, she said. In a less practical sense, the gun was a novelty and carried with it an aura of power and authority.

How to Use a Wire Snare

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How to Use a Wire Snare Many people think that hunting is a pretty easy endeavor. In fact, I have been in arguments about how unfair the hunters advantage is. For those of us who hunt we know it couldn’t be further from the truth. In a true survival situation you will want to focus …

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A Preppers Guide to Prepping for the Hunt

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After the SHTF, let’s assume you picked out a hideout spot far enough off the grid to avoid other hunters and in a region well populated with deer and other wild game. If you don’t have any experience hunting but plan to harvest game that you’ll ration throughout the year, consider these steps you to ensure a successful harvest season after season and year after year.

Location, Location, Location

Every region is different, and finding wild game can be difficult if you don’t know where to look. One of the best ways to locate top hunting spots is to break down these areas by elevation, including low, middle and high. Once you locate the mule deer based on elevation, you’ll be able to hunt across different terrain using the altitude as your reference.

Lay of the Land

Familiarize yourself with the area in which you plan to hunt. You’ll need to lay out a grid of the landscape and understand how to navigate the entire area. Memorize wind patterns and locate watering holes and well-traveled game trails, so you know where these animals might move if spooked. In other words, use the terrain to your advantage.

Additionally, stick to southern-facing slopes and areas with preferred vegetation for hunting mule deer. Plan out your hunting movea, as many mule deer will bed down on hillsides or against breaks. This activity protects them from attack above and allows them to scan for predators below. Pay attention to the weather as you get ready for your hunt. Something as simple as rain can move mule deer out of an area altogether.

Game Behavior

Familiarize yourself with the movements and behaviors of the deer you hunt. Mule deer tend to reside within a few miles of each other until it’s time to move feeding grounds. Pattern your game so you know their summer, fall and winter feeding grounds and when they make their move. Take note of the herd’s size and when they go into rut so you’ll know if more deer are in the area.

The hour before and after daylight is when deer move most, so plan your hunts at dawn and dusk. You won’t see much movement during the hottest portions of the day, so glassing hillsides or posting up by a watering hole is a great way to extend your hunt.

Your Weapon and Gear

Optics can help you spot mule deer from up to four miles away. When glassing, train your eye to look for the flick of an ear or the sun shining off the tip of an antler. Once you find your weapon of choice, learn everything about it and acknowledge your limitations. For example, you’ll want to be able to answer these questions:

  • From what distance are you most accurate?
  • Are you comfortable hunting with your weapon in all weather conditions?

Ethical Hunting Practices

The quickest way to hunt a species to extinction is to make that animal the only source of sustenance for a large population of hungry, desperate and panicked people. If you are far enough off the grid, then you won’t need to worry as much about hunting your local herd to extinction. Still, it’s important to consider the benefits of ethical hunting and where to draw the line.

Animal Harvesting

Learning how to properly harvest your animal is critical so that you waste little to no meat. If you’re hunting in hot climates, make a kill and quickly retrieve it before the meat spoils. You’ll then want to cool it down as quickly as possible. Be prepared with the right gear so you and your vehicle can navigate in even the most difficult off-road conditions. That means ensuring your vehicle has quality off-road tires, which will make your life easier if you find yourself in a difficult spot.

Casea Peterson: Creative copywriter and content marketing specialist living in the PNW.

The Backwoods Hunting Weapon You Can Make In 1 Hour (No, It’s Not A Bow)

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The Backwoods Hunting Weapon You Can Make In 1 Hour (No, It’s Not A Bow)

Image source: YouTube/Nat Geo screen grab


When suddenly confronted with a wilderness survival situation, finding or building shelter from the elements should be your first priority. However, once you have either located or constructed suitable shelter and found a source of fresh water, obtaining enough food to maintain your heath is of paramount importance — and obtaining sufficient protein is essential. Thus, knowing how to construct and use primitive hunting tools, such as a sling or an atlatl and darts, is extremely beneficial, since they require very little construction time and can be easily made from the materials at hand.

Many if not most survivalists would say a self-bow — any simple bow made from a single piece of wood – should be constructed first. But this requires a significant amount of time to make, because you first have to find a straight sapling of an appropriate species and cut it down, and then you have to remove the bark and wait for the wood to dry before carving it to shape. Also, there is the issue of finding appropriate material from which to construct a bow string that does not stretch.

Consequently, constructing an atlatl (a “spear thrower”) and darts is often a far better strategy, because an atlatl can be built with as little as an hour’s work, and atlatl darts need not be nearly as sophisticated as arrows for a bow; atlatl darts are not subjected to the same stresses that firing an arrow from a bow produces. This is the weapon used by our ancestors to kill small animals, long before there were bows.

Let’s Get Started

In order to make an atlatl, start by finding a straight sapling, approximately 1 1/2 inches in diameter and preferably one that is of a very lightweight species of wood, such as poplar. Cut a section from it, approximately 24-28 inches in length. Use your camp knife and a baton to split the sapling down the middle, into two halves. You will need to choose the thicker of the two halves and proceed to use your bushcraft knife to flatten and smooth the split surface while leaving the other side half-round. Next, find an appropriate tree limb with a symmetrical fork, and then cut the fork from the limb, leaving approximately two inches below the fork and then cut each fork to a length of approximately one inch. Then cut a peg, approximately two inches in length.

Story continues below video

Next, drill one hole in the end of the flattened section of sapling using an auger or bow drill with sand for an abrasive and, once the hole is drilled, insert the peg firmly into the hole so that it extends approximately one inch above the flattened surface. Carve a handle on the other end of the sapling section by first rounding the edges and then carving shallow groves in either side for your index finger and thumb to help you retain your grasp on the atlatl when using it to launch a dart. Once you have the grip and finger grooves carved, drill a second hole in the flattened side, approximately one inch above the point where your thumb and index fingers meet when grasping the handle section of the atlatl, and then firmly insert the fork into that hole and you will have a completed (although very primitive), fully functional, atlatl.

Ultimate Tactical Self-Defense And Hunting Weapon That Doesn’t Require A Firearms License!

Now you need to make atlatl darts. They can be made as simple as cutting a reasonably straight section of sapling to approximately 36 inches in length, removing the bark, sharpening one end, and then cutting a nock in the other end that will mate with the peg on your atlatl. Then, to launch your dart at a prospective target, all you have to do is place the dart’s nock against the atlatl’s peg and then lay the shaft into the fork and hold it in place by positioning your thumb and index fingers over the dart’s shaft. Raise the atlatl over your shoulder, point the dart at your intended target, and then move the atlatl forward in an arc while releasing the dart’s shaft from your fingers. This will cause the dart to launch with great speed and momentum. If you’re confused, then watch the video below.

Story continues below video

With more time to work with, you can make much finer atlatl darts by cutting an appropriate sized sapling to length, removing the bark, and then straightening the shaft by suspending the dart over a fire for a short period in order to cause the moisture contained within the wood to heat. Also, you can harden the tip of the shaft by placing it in the coals of a fire for a short period and removing it. Then, sharpen it with your bushcraft knife.

So, although an atlatl and darts may not be as sophisticated a hunting tool as a bow, it requires significantly less time and effort to make it – and yet is every bit as effective at harvesting both small and large game animals. The range over which they can be cast is mainly dependent on the strength of the hunter, but the average person can easily cast a dart 50 yards using an atlatl and, with a little more effort, 100 yards.

What advice would you add on making an atlatl and darts? Share your tips in the section below:

If You Run Out Of Ammo, What Would You Do? Learn How To Make Your Own! Read More Here.

How to Be a Marksman Year-Round For Less!

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How to Be a Marksman Year-Round For Less! Shooting an air rifle is a great hobby to keep your marksman skills sharp. While shooting .22 caliber ammo can chew through your wallet quicker than a honey badger, air rifle pellets are about as cheap as they come. There is nothing quite like picking up a heavy …

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What You Need To Know For Hunting During Winter

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Winters can be harsh and if hunting is a hobby you enjoy, it is important to be aware of the equipment requirements, hunting laws, gun certifications and proper apparel necessary to have a successful hunting trip in the winter.

Hunters aren’t required to have a degree, ACLS certification or CPR training, but they should be familiar with the basic demands of hunting.

This sport in the winter can be enjoyable, if hunters prepare by studying the different types of animals and birds, know the right clothing and equipment they should use, and understand other important techniques of hunting.

Any activity is dangerous if the participants are not aware of or do not understand rules and regulations surrounding that activity. Hunting, specifically, can be a very dangerous game if you aren’t aware of its basic guidelines and procedures.

Here are our top tips for understanding the do’s and don’ts of hunting when it comes to the winter hunting season.

Licensing and Certifications

We know it’s basic, but let’s state it again. All states require a hunting license or a tag that allows people to hunt. Whether they are using a gun or traps, all hunters need licenses in order to go out and hunt. Certain states also require licenses to set out traps for different animals.

Before leaving for a weekend trip, hunters must gain a license or certification showing they are able to own a gun and/or set a trap. Getting the correct paperwork can prevent hunters from paying hundreds of dollars in fines.

Animal and Bird Seasons

As winter continues, it’s important that hunters know the rules and regulations regarding animals and their hunting seasons. Depending on the state, specific animals and birds aren’t allowed to be hunted during certain months of the year.

Each state has different regulations when it comes to the hunting of animals, so it’s important that hunters are familiar with state regulations wherever they are.

Never leave for a hunting trip without having a hunting license and knowing which animals are in season. Before starting a weekend of living in tents and hunting food, hunters should do their homework and find out what animals and birds they are allowed to hunt to avoid paying a few hundred dollars in fines.

Fighting the Weather

Keeping warm is essential in the winter, especially for those who spend hours tracking and hunting animals. The cold can make it harder to concentrate. When it is bitterly frigid outside, the weather is often all people can think about.

Focusing on the weather instead of the gun in your hand can be dangerous to yourself and those around you. When planning hunting trips, look at the weather forecast. It is best to be flexible and adjust your plans when there are clear signs of a storm.

Think about the Donner Party and how that brutal snow storm found our forefathers trapped in the mountains. They learned the survival lesson the harsh way, but you can prepare now and don’t repeat their mistakes.

Discover the secrets that helped our forefathers survive in the wild! 

If you do need to hunt during a storm, there are three time periods that are safe for hunters: before the storm, mid-storm, and post-storm.

Hunting ahead or behind the storm will allow hunters to know if they need to stop or if it is safe to keep going. Mid-storm can be a more dangerous time to hunt in, but if you watch the storm you can track where it is going or when it starts to lighten up.

A mistake many hunters make on their winter hunting trip is thinking they need several layers. The more layers a hunter wears, the more they will perspire and the harder it will become for the hunter to move about quietly and efficiently. Adding layers will keep you warm, but the layers can often add unwanted bulk.

Mobility while operating any type of weapon is essential. If you cannot move efficiently, the risk of someone getting hurt increases. As important as dressing warm is, it is good to keep in mind the question whether you can move efficiently or not.

There are several options of clothing that keep you warm without adding bulk. Below are listed six useful pieces of clothing that provide warmth and protection while still giving hunters the mobility that they need.


Purchasing a parka that is designed to keep in the warmth, but also cut down the bulk, will help the hunter stay warm without having to worry about cutting out mobility. Proper insulation doesn’t have to mean a bulky jacket. A simple layer of fur on the inside of the jacket can keep a hunter just as warm as if they were wearing several layers.

A parka will help keep out the cold without adding resistance to the hunter’s movements.

Elevation jacket

At any elevation, weather can change and fluctuate drastically. In addition to keeping warm, hunters often need to find ways to keep dry. An elevation jacket is a lightweight jacket that can stay that way even in the pouring rain. With water-repellent fabric, it is able to keep heat in while keeping water out.

An elevation jacket will allow the hunter to stay warm, dry and able to still move without limiting mobility.

Coldfront Bib Pants

Legs need just as much coverage as the upper body. Hunters need pants that use the same technology and fabrics as their jackets to keep them warm and dry without preventing mobility. Coldfront Bib pants are meant to do just that. With micro-grid fleece lining, these pants administer an extra layer of insulation to keep a hunter’s legs warm. This material also helps keep legs dry in snow or rain.

Not only do coldfront bib pants keep legs warm and dry, they also have the ability to shield against harsh winds.

Hunter Extreme Overalls

Hunters looking for clothing that covers their whole body and helps keep them warm should look to the 70’s trend of overalls. Hunter Extreme Overalls are built to trap body heat, keeping the hunter warm even in extreme weather conditions. They give the warmth needed and also the room needed for hunters to move properly.

Some overall designs contain removable hoods, removable hand muffs, and hand warming pockets designed to withstand rain, snow, and wind.

Wooltimate Ninja Hood

Covering the mouth and nose is important for keeping a person warm and preventing frostbite. A Wooltimate Ninja Hood covers the head, mouth, and nose. With a blend of wool and fleece, a ninja hood has the abilities to block out rain, snow, wind, or any other extreme weather condition. The hood also covers the neck so a hunter is truly covered top to bottom. Due to the eyes being left uncovered, pairing a Wooltimate Ninja Hood with goggles or glasses can provide the best results.

Infrared Scent Control Gloves

With jackets sporting extra layers, pants to keep out the wind, and a hood to cover the face, all that is left for a hunter to keep warm as they hunt is protection for their hands. Hunters need gloves that keep their hands warm without taking away mobility.

Infrared scent control gloves take it one step further. Animals can detect a human from several miles away based on their distinct human scent. Scent control gloves eliminates natural body odor which can allow hunters to sneak up on their target. These gloves also absorb body heat and radiates it back into the gloves to keep hands warm.

Tracking Tips

When tracking animals, hunters can find them by their footprints, broken twigs and places where they have slept. Another way hunters can find a group of animals is by looking for water. Wherever there is water, animals are not far from the source.

An animal’s main goal in the winter is to stay warm. This means wherever the sun is shining is where animals tend to be. They can often be found on hills or ridges facing the sun to keep warm. Hunters should try to hunt in sunny areas and avoid shady spots.

Snapping twigs in the woods is unavoidable. When it happens, hunters should wait a full minute before continuing their hunt. By waiting a full minute, it will give the animal time to forget about the noise and go back to what they were doing.

When deciding on a location, keep in mind that putting yourself in a single location and expecting animals to come to you is unrealistic. Moving about will increase your possibility of coming across an animal to hunt, especially in cold weather.

Animals don’t stay in one place and neither should you. Animals also tend to shift to different resting places every day. When deciding where to hunt or when, hunter’s should study the animals they’re tracking and take notice to how they react to the cold.

Winter causes many animals to switch into survival mode where they begin to find food more carefully. If hunters study different animals and how they behave in the winter, they can find ways to catch the animal without scaring it off.

Whether you’re hunting ground consists of green trees or snowy mountains, learning game-scouting techniques will help the hunter find animals in any type of environment.

Click the banner below and discover how to prepare traps and hunt wild animals, the old way!

This article has been written by Ryan Thompson for Survivopedia. Follow Ryan on Twitter – @ryan_thompson03


Preppers and Survivalists Must Be Hunters and Gatherers

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empty_grocery_shelvesIt just isn’t realistic to think all of our prepping supplies will hold out forever. My family, friends, and I may have devised the best survival plan there is, even better than most of the selection of “you can make it” books at the big box book store.  But, as time dwells on, the supplies will dwindle. Maybe our Bug In survival scheme has enough food stocked for the millennium.  Good for us.  Tell me again how long that is?  Not unlike the Lord’s return if you believe in that survival book, we know not when the end comes.  So, how do you plan for it?  

By Dr. John J. Woods, a contributing author to SHTFBlog & Survival Cache

Likewise, my loved ones and I had the forethought and the financial commitment to branch out to secure a designated Bug Out backup survival location.  This comes complete with a farmhouse, water well, and rural power.  A backup generator with a 1000 gallon fuel tank surely ought to last long enough until stability returns.  Well, we hope so anyway.

At the Bug Out, our panty is chocked full of long term foods, a mix of food types, and tastes.  With the available water we can mix up just about any variety of menu concoctions for breakfast, lunch, and dinner with a few snacks thrown in.  We are among the lucky ones to have provisioned so well for the long haul.  

Time Bears On

We’re six months into the SHTF and doubt is starting to creep in.  The food stocks have gone past the first three rows in the cabinets, and now variety selections are waning.  Everybody is getting tired of canned meats, and if they eat another helping of tuna, they may start to grow gills.  Everybody’s eyes are not green with envy, but green from all the green beans and green peas.  Sure we are fine, but we all want something more, something different.  

Our Bug In residence is only two blocks away from a wooded area, and open sage fields teeming with natural life, both plant and animal.   The Bug Out escape house is near a huge forested area.   So far, neither area seems to have been approached by anybody else in the immediate area.  Scouting hikes provides good Intel that nobody seems to be using these available resources.  It’s time to take advantage of this situation.  

Hunting Becomes Necessity

squirrel_hunting_meatThis section is not so much about how to hunt, but more emphasis on the why we should.  Apart from whatever food supplies we laid by in store, we should be mixing in available game meat to supplement our diets.  Actually this should be done from the get go.  This makes our pantry supplies extend further well into a longer period of unrest or instability, or no new food supplies at the usual outlets.  We have to learn to supply some of our own food resources. The argument here too is for the value of this supplemental food source.  I am not a nutritionist, but everything I read about food recommends that protein is a good thing.  In a SHTF survival situation, adding meat to a diet would seem to be a very wise move.  

Read Also: Fallkniven Professional Hunting Knife 

What will you hunt?  If you have never hunted before and nobody in the group if there is one has never hunted, then you need to start to learn how now.  Books, videos, hunting television, seminars, and other participation activities can bring you up to speed fairly quickly.  I highly recommend a good library of hunting books, and everything to do related to the subject.  

Now, if you are an experienced hunter already, then you know what to do.  Generally this activity is initiated by on the ground scouting to inventory what game might be available to harvest.  This can be done by simple stealth hikes into prospective hunting areas.  Maintain as secret and as low a profile as you can.  Once you fire a gun to hunt, then you have given notice of your presence.  Archery is also an option to consider.   

Scouting can also be accomplished to a certain degree by observing via optics from a distance away.  You must have good binoculars and or a spotting scope to do this part well.  You are looking for obvious signs of game movement, tracks, deer rubs, and other game sign.  Visual confirmation of game in the areas is a really good start.  

hog_hunting_survivalWhat game might you expect to find?  Naturally this essentially depends on where you are in the country.  The United States is very blessed with a long list of wild game species available for pursuit via hunting.  The short list is white-tailed and mule deer, elk, antelope, goats, sheep, big bears, big cats, wild hogs and wild turkey.  Small game could be rabbits, squirrel, raccoon, and such.  Upland game will include all kinds of bird species from quail, dove, woodcock, pheasant, grouse, and the list goes on.  If water is around, you may find waterfowl in ducks and geese.  Find out what is normally available where you live and where your Bug Out site is located.  Your state wildlife agency will have a web site and likely pamphlets for this information.    

For hunting you will likely already have the necessary firearms including a decent, accurate, scoped rifle, one of at least .30 caliber, but a .223 or others can be used with the correct hunting type ammo.  Small game can be hunted with a rimfire rifle or handgun.  A shotgun will be useful for birds, waterfowl and small game.  Have a variety of shotshells on hand besides self-defense type loads. Certainly, you can add all types of hunting gear and accessories including hunting clothing, camouflage, knives, game bags, and everything else to help you secure the game meat you need.

Sport Fishing for Sustenance

fishing_survival_nutritionWhen we highlight hunting, we do not mean to slight or ignore the freshwater or saltwater fishing opportunities where you might reside during a SHTF.  As you have prepared for hunting, also prepare for fishing.  Fish are a high priority, good quality food to add to the menu. As with game animals, research what fishing opps are available to you and which types of fish can be caught.  I won’t list all the possibilities here, because the variety is so regional.  You should know your area well enough to know about fishing lakes, rivers, streams, and even small rural farm ponds, any water source that might hold edible fish.  Take the same advice on fishing as with hunting, if you do not know how.

Stock up on basic fishing tackle, rods, reels, line, lures, tackle supplies, hooks, weights, etc.  Have the whole shooting match on hand.  Again, a good book on general fishing will describe what to buy, and how to use it.  You may find also like hunting that fishing is a good recreational activity as well.  You’ll need that as well to support mental health during trying times.  


survival_garden_forage_foodThis is my own weakness beyond knowing how to grow a garden.  By all means make plans and provisions for growing a garden of any size.  As you know Mother Nature also provides many sources of plant life that can be eaten raw, added to salads, or cooked. Again a good regional resource book will be valuable for finding greens, flowers, seeds, legumes, mushrooms, wild fruits, and other plant-vegetable life that is indigenous to your area.  This resource will be valuable so you’ll know what to gather and how to process it for food.  

Related: Tree Bark as an Emergency Food

So, obviously this was a quick treatise just skimming the bare essentials of food harvesting skills you will need to acquire and practice.  Ideally, you have stored up enough food stuffs to grind it out over a long period of time.  However, it is just smart to learn to supplement these supplies with fresh foods found in your local habitats.  Learn now what these resources are in your area, how to harvest or gather them as supplemental food sources.  

Photos Courtesy of: 

John Woods

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Survival Deer Hunting Techniques

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The deer hunting season is always so brief yet so intense that it calls for any deer hunter to be thoroughly prepared for it so as to take advantage of each situation that will present itself. The aim is to become a deer hunter that has all the tricks and skills that are necessary to […]

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What Is a Crossbow And How Are Crossbows a Great Hunting Weapon

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Every hunter out there who hunts regularly must have heard of or is familiar with Crossbows.  Crossbows date back to medieval times, about two thousand years and still thrive well in today’s market, among hunters, artifact, relic and weapon collectors alike. A crossbow is a type of bow that consists of horizontal bow-like assembly mounted […]

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$3 DIY Bamboo Longbow

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$3 DIY Bamboo Longbow The long bow! One of the earliest weapons made by man. You can make your own from Bamboo for around 3 bucks! This is pretty powerful and will be plenty adequate to hunt small game and maybe even mid size animals. I found a great tutorial that shows you how to …

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How To Make An Archer’s Thumb Ring From Bone, Antler Or A Spoon

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How To Make An Archer’s Thumb Ring From Bone, Antler Or A Spoon I am no expert what so ever on archery or hunting with bows… That being said I did a little research and learned that you can have a steadier aim and hold the bow drawn longer than most people who do not …

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6 Solid Reasons to Invest in a Survival Bow and Arrow

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6 Solid Reasons to Invest in a Survival Bow and Arrow

Modern day survival enthusiasts are never without a trusty rifle or handgun. These weapons are often used for hunting game and for self-defense, which may become a very real necessity when you’re trying to survive in the wild. Of course, guns are easy, convenient, and powerful. But if you’re a survival specialist that’s looking for a real challenge, it’s probably better that you invest in a survival bow and arrow instead. In fact, a survival bow and arrow isn’t really something you should ever be without.

If you’re thinking you can get by without a bow and arrow, and you’re questioning whether you should really get one or not, this list of solid reasons should swing you towards the right decision.

  1. Lightweight and Portable – It’s any survivalist’s priority to maintain the lightest possible weight when in the wild. That’s because a heavy pack will make you feel more tired much faster, and can restrict the movements you can comfortably make. With too many guns and ammo in your bag, you might find yourself panting heavily before midday.

A survival bow and arrow can be very lightweight, collapsing into just three pieces or less, depending on the model you choose. This means you can easily fit it into a standard backpack or carry it around without working up a sweat.

  1. Versatile – The different parts of a survival bow and arrow can be easily adapted to perform several other functions. For instance, the bow can be used as a makeshift fishing rod, arrows themselves can be used as part of your shelter, and you can even utilize your bow to start a fire much easier. All that said, it’s easy to see that when you take a survival bow and arrow with you, you’ve got more than just a weapon.


  1. Silent – The best way to hunt down as much game as possible would be to take each one down without scaring off the others. When you shoot a rifle or a handgun, the reverberating noise can startle any other game in the area, meaning you’d have to go through the entire luring and calling process all over again. With a bow and arrow, you can take down your game without causing too much of a commotion, so you’d have more chances to hunt more down in the same proximity. Throw in the shooting rest you can find, and you can spend hours in the same spot, shooting down game without getting noticed.


  1. Endless Ammunition – When your rifle or handgun runs out of ammo, you become nothing more than a sitting duck. That’s why it’s any shooter’s priority to make sure they make the most of each bullet they have. With a survival bow and arrow however, you can have access to an endless supply of ammunition. Even so, if you don’t bother to retrieve your arrows, you can make your own from twigs, sticks, and wood you find around you. So you can be sure there’s always something you can use to make the most of your bow.


  1. Less Limited – Depending on where you live, there could be a plethora of different gun rules that you’d have to follow unless you want the cops at your doorstep. What’s more, buying a gun isn’t all that simple. There are lots of paperwork, documents, and requirements you need to submit just to register a gun to your name, and it could take weeks before you get your hands on your purchase.

With survival bow and arrows however, you won’t have to worry about the same issue. You can literally walk into a store and purchase one without any questions, and you can even have it shipped straight to your home when you buy it online.

  1. Adaptable – When using a gun for your hunt, you’d have to consider the size of your chosen game and select a corresponding gun caliber. If you’ve only got a few firearms in your possession, you may not be able to hunt down other sizes of animals because of the inappropriate caliber of your available gun.

With a survival bow and arrow however, you can screw on different arrow heads to allow you to take down literally any size animal you want to. Simply interchange the attachments to adapt your arrow to your chosen target and you’re good to go.

Another plus when it comes to adaptability is the endless number of attachments you can purchase for your bow. For instance, if you feel that your bow isn’t accurate enough or if you struggle to aim with a bow, you can purchase other attachments to make it easier to use. Often, the best bow sight can be bought for a very reasonable price, making the bow itself an economic choice compared to guns.

A survival bow and arrow can be a major investment, especially if you take your time to learn the ropes and master this uncommon survival weapon.

So, what are you waiting for? Up your hunting game and become a true blue survival expert by purchasing your own survival bow and arrow today.


About the author : 

Kevin Steffey is an avid hunter and freelance writer, the founder of Deer Hunting Field. He loves spending time in the field with his rifle more than almost anything else. He also occupies his off-time discussing deer and their habits online. But more than anything, he wants to teach and educate about hunting …

                    WHAT TO READ NEXT !!

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5 Techniques To Preserve Meat In The Wild You Should Practice

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5 Techniques To Preserve Meat In The Wild You Should Practice There are several methods to preserve meat in the wild and before we look at them below. I’d like to remind you that while a preservation method or technique you use to keep your meat safe for days, or even weeks, it’s ultimately pretty …

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Bow and Arrow vs. Guns: What is the Best Weapon when SHTF?

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Bow and Arrow vs. Guns: What is the Best Weapon when SHTF? For thousands of years, humans relied heavily on archery as their means of survival for both hunting and combat. After civilization kicked in and we no longer had to rely on game for our survival, archery fell terribly. Well, it was the introduction …

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While Hiking or Hunting You May Discover Human Remains: What Do You Do

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While rare, it does happen, hikers, hunters, and others out enjoying the day do stumble upon recent and not so recent human remains. What would you do in this case, what is the law, and what should you do as a practical matter.

In some states, like Utah, for example, it is a felony in the third degree for anyone besides an archaeologist, a Medical Examiner, law enforcement or a licensed mortician to disturb, remove, or conceal human remains. Many states have similar laws regarding this, in particular when it comes to ancient grave sites and sacred sites of Native Americans.

What are you required to do by law? In Washington State, for example, you are required by law to notify the County Coroner and local law enforcement, and you must do it in the most expeditious manner possible if you find suspected human remains. Of course expeditious can be subjective. You may not have cell service in that area, so you have to wait until you get back to notify anyone, and this could take hours, so your best judgment would have to be sufficient.

The law in Washington State goes on to state, “Any person engaging in ground disturbance activities that resulted in the exposure of human remains must cease all activity which may cause further disturbance to the remains” (Washington State Department of Archaeology & Historic Preservation, 2017).

Documenting the scene, without disturbing the scene, with pictures or sketching a map of the area may make sense in some cases, as well as, noting GPS coordinates. You may have to lead law enforcement back to the scene. Some people simply would not, or could not wait for police and others to arrive if they called the authorities from the scene. If you call and identify yourself, and then leave, it is likely the police would want to talk to you in person about the discovery and/or ask for you help in locating the remains.

States have various laws so it is a good idea to know what they are. Of course, if you are alone and do stumble upon a body or bones you have a decision to make. Discoveries of this nature are traumatic and it takes some time for the fact to register. A body or bones on the ground in a place you do not expect them is incomprehensible for the first few minutes. It is shocking, and some may actually run from the area. Some may want to avoid any involvement altogether, and others may even decide it’s an inconvenience and simply do not want to waste time dealing with it and leave without notifying anyone. It is decision time, if you find remains, and what you decide is up to you.

As a practical matter, however, you need to keep your wits about you from this point on. Is this a crime scene, how recent is it if that is the case, and are you in any danger. Hikers, hunters and others do die in the woods from natural causes, and from accidents, and their remains may lay there for months or even years, or they may have passed on just minutes before you arrived.

On the other hand, remote areas are ideal dumping grounds for those wishing to get rid of a body. People that commit murder may drive for miles to dispose of the body, or two or more people out hiking or hunting may have gotten into a fight resulting in the death of one, so you want to ensure you are safe first and foremost. The person or persons responsible for the dead body may still be in the area.

Remains that have been in the woods for months or years are someone’s loved one. Someone disappears and the body is not found, so perhaps, you finding remains in the woods would solve a cold case file that could bring closure to a family. It doesn’t mean there was a crime committed. The person may have gotten lost and fell victim to the elements, a heart attack, or a bee sting and so on.

Coming upon human remains will leave you with a feeling of horror in some cases, unease at the very least, and with other feelings, you cannot quite describe. It also reminds you of your own mortality. For some, the feelings will remain for weeks, months or even years. They will diminish over time, however. You are human and there are things such as this in which you may have to deal with as you go through life.

Washington State Department of Archaeology & Historic Preservation. (2017). Retrieved 2017, from

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The World’s Most Versatile (And Underappreciated) Firearm?

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The World’s Most Versatile (And Overlooked) Firearm ...

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The shotgun is perhaps the most versatile firearms on the face of the planet. From big game to small game to game birds, a shotgun will do the job. For home defense, the shotgun is more than capable and intimidating. Need a survival gun? The shotgun can cover it all in the most adverse conditions.

The choices of action types, gauges, barrel lengths and stock configurations are also an added incentive for owning a shotgun. Pump action, semi-auto, single or double barrel and even lever actions. The most commonly used gauge today is the 12 gauge, with the 20 gauge being a close second. There are others, but the old 16 gauge seems to have lost its popularity. Another, the 28 gauge, is primarily used by upland game bird hunters. The 10 gauge is a rarity in today’s times.

Let’s take a look at some specific uses for the shotgun today and my top choice for an overall shotgun.


No surprise here. The shotgun has been used in this realm for more than 150 years. I personally have taken everything, including small game, varmints and big game. While the hunting of game birds is probably the most thought-of use for a shotgun when hunting, there are numerous other hunting uses. Use buckshot and you now have a viable option for critters such as coyotes, foxes, hogs and even big game at close distances. Deer hunters have long used a shotgun coupled with rifled slugs. Slugs are completely capable of taking larger game to include bear and elk. Distance is the only limitation for the shotgun and slugs, but the 100-yard mark is certainly within its capabilities.


It has been in use for decades by police and military and the everyday citizen to protect and defend. The fact that the shotgun comes in so many configurations and offers such a wide range of ammunition choices makes it hard to beat.

Be Prepared. Learn The Best Ways To Hide Your Guns.

The World’s Most Versatile (And Overlooked) Firearm ...

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Consider adding an ammo carrier, sling and a light to your home defense shotgun. These add-ons will greatly enhance the defensive use of your smoothbore, but in the end these items are not absolutely critical for the home defender. It would benefit the defensive-minded citizen to obtain some credible training and recommendations in this category before proceeding too far down the road.


It should be apparent that the shotgun has to be a top contender for an all-around survival gun; there is one in my vehicle at all times.

Consider the following. With the right selection of ammo, I can take winged game, small game, big game, defend myself and home from all manner of unwelcome visitors out to a distance of at least 100 yards, breech a door, launch tear gas (within legalities, of course) and create a high level of anxiety in anyone determined to do harm to me or my family. Another viable attribute is the durability of a good shotgun. It is generally very weather and harsh condition resistant — a good quality for any survival gun.

Other attributes include switching out barrels, chokes and the addition or deletion of any tactical option with ease. Areas of concern surrounding the shotgun for some folks could be weight, recoil and length. But in today’s world there are enough variations to fit most any person’s needs and abilities.

My personal pick for one shotgun to do it all: a Remington 870 pump action, 18-inch barrel, 3-inch chamber, extended magazine tube, interchangeable chokes with a ghost ring-style iron sight system. I prefer a butt stock ammo carrier and a two-point sling. A side rail or comparable attachment point for a light would be a nice option. I can live without a red dot or other optic system.

In today’s world of short-barreled rifles and high capacity magazines, the shotgun is often overlooked. Even many police agencies have eliminated it from their armory – which is a mistake, in my opinion.

Don’t have a shotgun? Get one!

Do you believe the shotgun is the ultimate survival gun? Share your thoughts in the section below:   

Pump Shotguns Have One BIG Advantage Over Other Shotguns For Home Defense. Read More Here.

7 Best Bow Hunting Tips

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In order to be a great bow hunter, you’ll have to go through years of training and experience. It’s just like playing a musical instrument; at first, you don’t know what you’re doing, but with a lot of practice and determination, you’ll find yourself playing sonatas. It’s just the same with archery and bow hunting, but sometimes, you can’t improve by yourself. Thus, I’ve put together this article on bow hunting tips for all beginner hunters. Enjoy!

Weigh between speed and accuracy

Sometimes, you have to choose between the two. And as a beginner bow hunter, you’re bound to have trouble accomplishing a shot with both. Personally, I recommend practicing accuracy first. You’ll need to be more experienced with hitting a target dead on that hitting it at a fast rate.

On the other hand, speed is something that comes naturally (at least for me). I’d say speed will come when accuracy is improved. In other words, once you start hitting those bulls-eyes dead on, your speed is bound to improve as your confidence increases as well. Vice versa, speed will help your accuracy, as faster arrows bound to fly straight at the target.

For beginners, it’s important to master both. But not necessarily at the same time. When you’re out hunting, however, accuracy is more important, but speed weighs in a good amount, as well.

Pick a bow and stick with it

When it comes to archery and bow hunting, mastering your weapon is the best way towards experience. Choosing the right bow is a little bit of trial and error, so I don’t blame you for switching between bows. However, keep this in mind: the right bow will just feel right in your hands, and you’ll know when you have it. Under this, we consider weight of the bow, style, design, length, and these factors relative to your own dimensions and preferences.

If you do, however, find a bow that you can stick with, I highly suggest that you do so. Mastering your weapon will make your bow more of an invaluable friend than a hunting tool, and shooting an arrow will feel like a second instinct.

Generally, the more you master your bow and practice with it, I’d say that your accuracy and precision will improve as well. This is especially important if your target is to go bow hunting soon.

Work tirelessly on your form

The better the form, the higher the accuracy, speed, and precision of your shots. Find and practice the right form, with the proper stance, torso position, and grip relative to the target.

On this matter, I recommend asking an experienced bow hunter or bow hunting expert to assess your form. Ask for an evaluation afterward, which you can use to point out the things you need to do right/better. It also helps to watch Youtube videos wherein you can see bow hunters demonstrating a proper form.

Tip: practice in front of a mirror and compare your stance, torso position, and grip to a standard.

Practice in different settings

Actual bow hunting entails practice shooting in different situations and settings. For instance, you need to know how to keep your bow straight on a windy day, as much as you need to know how to shoot in low light.

It’s best if you practice when the weather is not that good, maybe a little windy. That way, you get to practice your aim in the wind. Another example is practicing near sunset, which will allow you to train with your bow sight in low light settings.

The trick here is to set yourself in a little diversity. After all, you never know what you’re going to expect in the wilderness.

Study, study, study

Reading goes a long way. When you’re a beginner bow hunter, it immensely helps if you read on your niche. Deer hunting tips, bow sight usage, accuracy and precision tips—all of these stored in your mind can help you apply them on the field and in practice.

Also, I emphasize the importance on reading about survival tips. These are the bits of information that you need stored at the back of your head at all times, especially in risky hunting situations and seasons.


Invest in high-quality equipment

When I was a beginner hunter, I wore all the wrong things and hated myself while freezing on the field. So, take it from me and choose the right equipment and clothing to take with you on your hunting trips.



My major recommendation is to splurge a bit—on your first pair of hunting boots or hunting knife, for example, because these are practical investments. When you choose the right products, you will get the quality that you paid for.

Choosing the right equipment also goes for hunting backpacks, kits, knives, clothes, and other gear that you take on a hunting trip. As a beginner, you tend to be not used to the wilderness and discomfort can come creeping up on you unexpectedly. So, choosing the right type of equipment can get you a long way.

Practice being stealthy

When you’re a bow hunter, you have the advantage of silence unlike gun users. When hunting skittish animals like deer, most especially, it helps a great deal if you know how to carry yourself, stalk, and shoot the target in a stealthy mode altogether.

For beginners, it may be a little hard controlling your footsteps and movement in order to make the noise as minimal as possible. It’s also a bit challenging to master the way on how to carry yourself and stalk your prey effectively. However, this skill can be learned just like any other.

The key is to practice in the field. You may not succeed on the first tries, but experience is the best teacher when it comes to stealth. Just make sure to take note of your mistakes and think of ways on how you can improve them afterward.

Under stealth, you also need to learn how to be unseen. This includes masking your scent against the sensitive noses of deer and bears, as well as wearing the right color of clothing. On this matter, you can read up on tips on how to do that and apply it the next time you go buck or bear hunting.


We all start somewhere, and in bow hunting, it takes more than just a little bit of practice to master your weapon and shred in the field. This article is meant to open you up to the basics of bow hunting, which are useful if you want to learn fast in this area. To conclude, I give you this quick rundown of our tips to remember:

  • Practice both your accuracy and your speed, with accuracy as your priority. Speed will follow soon after
  • Stick with one weapon if it feels right, then master it
  • Work on your form tirelessly
  • Practice shooting in different situations and settings (e.g. low light, windy, high up on a tree stand)
  • Study on the field of bow hunting to find all the best tips and basic information you need to know
  • Invest in high-quality weapons and equipment
  • Acquire and practice the skill of stealth


That’s all for this article, and I hope you learned a lot of tips. If you liked this piece, don’t forget to share it with your hunter friends. Leave a comment below, too, if you have questions or anything to add to this post. Thanks for reading!

Joseph Gleason is the founder of Captain Hunter. We provide guides on how to hunt effectively, answer reader questions, and reviews of the latest hunting gear. We specialize in providing expert information that does exactly what it claims.

Our dedicated staff members are each seasoned professionals with a passion for hunting built upon years of in the field experience.



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Using A Slingshot As A Survivalist Hunting Weapon

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Using A Slingshot As A Survivalist Hunting Weapon

Is a slingshot right for your preps? Learn why and see how to use a slingshot for survival, hunting (small and large game!), fishing, and as a weapon.

When you think of survival weapons you probably don’t immediately think of slingshots.

In fact, when you think of slingshots, you probably imagine Bart Simpson causing havoc in his neighborhood. The story of David and Goliath also probably comes to mind.

However, a slingshot could be a great survival weapon for hunting game and for a little self defense.

When we say slingshot, we mean the rubber band type. Various types of slingshots can be bought or even bushscrafted out of vines, but for the purpose of this article we mean the classic “Y” shaped or over-arm type of slingshot that uses a rubber band.

In a survival scenario, you never know what you’ll face or how long it’ll be before you get home. In this situation, it is essential that you have an easy to carry weapon on your person at all times.

If you need some convincing, we have great reasons you should add a slingshot to your bug out bag.

Ammo Is Everywhere

Unlike pretty much every other weapon, you don’t need to bring any ammo when you plan to use your slingshot. Slingshot ammo is literally everywhere, every little rock you see can be ammo.

In comparison, if you bring a gun, you’ll eventually run out of bullets and you’ll have to scavenge for more. With a slingshot, all you have to do is find a pile of rocks and you’ve got a hundred pieces of ammo that will work.

While nearly any rock will work as slingshot ammo, ball bearing slingshot ammo works much better. They are smooth and aerodynamic, making them much more predictable to aim with. And boy do they penetrate!

If you want smooth rocks that are guaranteed to fly well, you should look near riverbeds.

They Are Lightweight And Small

Slingshots don’t take up much room in your bug out bag and they’re easy to use, even for a beginner, and they are also lightweight.

You can always fit a slingshot and a few extra rubber bands into any bag.

Slingshots are Self-Defense Weapons

While everyone thinks of slingshots as a kids toy, a shot to the head can crack a skull or knock someone out quite easily.

Slingshots can also be used as self-defense weapons. David, Goliath, and Bart Simpson all showed us how powerful a slingshot can be during a conflict. So can the many youtube videos of backyard slingshot shenanigans on watermelons and cinder blocks.

RELATED : Compound Vs Recurve Bow: Which is The Best For SHTF Scenario?

In fact, slingshots are a great way to defend yourself against aggressive humans and animals alike, if you can trust your aim.

Other Advantages To Using A Slingshot

Slingshots are easy to conceal because of their small size. You don’t have to worry about it getting wet, it will work just as well. And for the most part they are completely silent when fired, making stealth hunting easier.

How to Use a Slingshot in Real Life Survival Scenarios

In a real life survival scenario, you can use a slingshot for self-defense and hunting. A slingshot may not seem like the perfect hunting weapon, but they work well.

It gives you an active, stalking approach to hunting small game. With the right pellets, you can kill small game like a bird, rabbit, or squirrel at distances as far as 30 feet away.

RELATED : What’s the Best Close Quarters Weapon: Knife or a Gun?

Obviously you won’t have your scope with you, so you’ll have to aim the slingshot based on your best guess from experience. This is why practice is so important.

You could use other weapons you may have brought with you, but every weapon has its own issues. For instance, you could set a snare, but not use the right bait or just be unlucky (you’ll need a dozen of them and a lot of luck actually).

Can You Take Down Larger Game?

You can feed a couple of mouths hunting small game with a slingshot, but if you have a large group, you’re going to have to knock down a bunch of squirrels to feed them.

So what about larger game?

If you can snag a buck or a wild hog, you’ll be able to feed more people and fill up their bellies better. But will a slingshot take out larger game?

Find out more about using cold weapons for survival on Bulletproof Home.

Yes, you can. It’s a bit harder, obviously, and requires good aim, but a slingshot can take down large animals (and people). You can do it with ball bearings or rocks, but it’s a lot easier with arrows.

With some simple modifications your slingshot can also fire arrows, typically called a slingbow mod. You can also buy pre-made slingbows, but the DIY mods are easy and it is significantly cheaper.

All in all it’s a whole lot easier to stick with small game and craft a bow or bring something like a crossbow if you really expect to hunt large game on a regular basis, but if the opportunity presents itself and all you have is a slingshot you should know that it can be done.

It just takes a bit of patience, practice, and the right opportunity. You’ll have to get closer than a bow, but that’s a small (but dangerous) sacrifice for a slingshots portability.

Usually you will stun the animal if you’re only firing rocks, so aim for the head and be ready to finish it off with a spear or knife while it’s down.

Slingshot/Slingbow Fishing

You can also take your slingshot fishing in shallow water. Remember that, just like bow fishing, the water will refract the light and the fish will actually be in a slightly different position than it looks.

RELATED : 3 Deadfall Traps That You Should Know How To Make


Since the water will slow down the velocity of your ammo, the fish will likely only be stunned. After you stun the fish, you can grab it with your hands.

You can adapt your slingshot to shoot arrows as discussed above, and adding a fishing reel to make hauling in the fish easier is just as easy.

Build Your Own Slingshot

If you don’t have a slingshot in your arsenal when the manure hits the fan, you can always make one.

Here’s a great DIY video that shows you how to build a slingshot from scratch.

RELATED : Wilderness Survival Skills: When You’re Lost in the Woods

All you need to create a slingshot is a Y shaped base, small forked hardwood saplings are great for this, so are split and melted PVC pipes. You’ll also need some sort of rubber or latex band (rubber first air tourniquets are perfect), and some rocks.

if you don’t have the luxury of going to a store for these supplies, most of these items can be found in abandoned buildings, lying on the ground, or put together from other items in your bug out bag.

Disadvantages of Using a Slingshot

To be fair, there are disadvantages to using a slingshot as a survival weapon and tool.

A slingshot is not very predictable, especially if you’re using rocks of various weights and aerodynamics instead of ball bearing slingshot ammo. With practice and repetition you can guesstimate where to aim with excellent accuracy, but it’s always a little bit of a guess.

Another disadvantage revolves around the band used in most slingshots, usually made of latex. Over time, latex will harden and wear out all by itself. The more you pull and shoot the slingshot, the faster the band will wear out. It will also wear out quickly if left in the sun all the time.

However, if you’re lost in the woods for a few days/weeks this obviously isn’t a concern, but the band could break. Similarly, if the SHTF, looking for alternatives while you scavenge for other items won’t take much effort. Having a few backup bands stored up will allow you to be proactive in case your band snaps unexpectedly.

The other disadvantage to using a slingshot as a survival tool is eye, teeth, and facial injuries. They do happen, hundreds every year actually. As the band is pulled back, it is very near the shooter’s face. If you’re unlucky enough to have one break it’s going to come back at your face and hands.

Final Thoughts

Slingshots can be used by anyone – male, female, young, and old preppers. The weapon is a formidable weapon after you’ve trained with it and can hit a target reliably.

Slingshots are not a kids toy, a shot to the head can crack a skull or knock an animal or someone out, and they can easily kill small game. They are an extremely good choice for anyone that isn’t comfortable using firearms.

However, using a slingshot isn’t easy, you will have to practice…. a lot!

Practice makes perfect after all.

Source :

About the author :

Brandon Cox is the founder of StayHunting, who is passionate about all things of hunting and fitness. Through his hunting website, he would like to share tips & tricks, finest tech that will excite all of the intricacies of hunting whether you be an amateur or a professional.

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How To Butcher a Rabbit

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How To Butcher a Rabbit Whether you’re homesteading or prepping for when SHTF, you are undoubtedly sharpening your hunting., trapping, and foraging skills. Rabbit traps are fairly easy to set up, and these creatures provide an excellent source of protein that will see you through all of your chores. While you may be able to …

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Bugging Out. Carrying all that weight.

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You can travel light and carry all you need for long term wilderness living/survival, all that is accept perhaps enough water and food! If there are water holes on your route then there is no problem. If you are able to hunt & forage on the way then there is no problem. But what if you get diverted have to by-pass those water holes? What if you are trekking in winter and there are few edible plants to find and the game is scarce? Then you have a problem. You can survive for three days without water, but this also depends on how hard you are working. You can survive three weeks without food, but again, this is dependent on your exertion level. You probably know as well as I that when you are working hard your need for water and food increases. You are drinking all the time to stay hydrated and come lunch time you are very hungry. To go without water and food is dangerous, because the lack of water and food effects how you perform, mentally and physically. One minute you think you are doing fine, the next minute you are feeling sick. Keep going and you will collapse.
Sharing the load with a partner is fine, you can carry the shelter, kettle, arms and ammunition, your partner can carry the water. But water is heavy, and to be safe and practicle your partner also needs to carry at least some of her/his own equipment. Simply put, you can never really carry enough water for a long trek unless you can find a water source along the way to refill your water bottles. Even then to be safe you will need to stop and boil that water before you can drink it.
So what is a simple and practicle alternative? Using a trekking trolley. A trekking trolley can carry a lot of weight, and there is a wide variety of different trolleys to suit your needs. On a level surface pulling a trolley is easier that carrying a heavy load, but going uphill you will need to pace yourself. Even so, when you stop for a rest on the trail and take a drink of water, you are not still bearing that load. If you are travelling with a partner or a group, you can use a rope to link you to another trekker who can help pull the load up steep inclines. If you can afford it, you can purchase a trekking trolley, if you don’t have the funds, then you can make your own without too much trouble.
An Australian made trekking trolley.
A trekking trolley that the author made from old wheelbarrow parts and bush timber. This one only has one wheel, but the author plans to make another one from an old golf trolley.

When you reach your destination this trolley will still be of use, and can be used for: transporting game, transporting water from a water source, carrying firewood, transporting rocks for a fireplace, moving camp if needs be. Perhaps you can think of further uses?

Comfort Equipment.

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Comfort Equipment.
Definition of Paleolithic. Of or relating to the earliest period of the Stone Age characterized by rough or chipped stone implements. Merriam Webster Dictionary.
Humans have been surviving for thousands of years, back in the Paleolithic period life was hard, even so these people must have had some creature comforts, perhaps local flora placed on their beds to make it softer and keep them up off the ground. Tools were very basic being made of wood, stone bone, horn or antler, and yet these people survived.

Make no mistake, most of the equipment we carry today is for comfort, to make life easier, but we could survive as a people without the equipment we carry. Some items I deem essential, a good medical kit for instance. But as for the rest, no it is not a necessity, just a preference. So why all this modern so called “survival gear”? Does it add to our comfort? In some cases perhaps, but it also has drawbacks. Take the sleeping bag for instance. Great until it gets wet, then it will not retain as much of your body heat as an ordinary pure wool blanket! I am not going to list all the fancy gadgets here that are basically designed to attract people that like gadgets, people that have no real sense of what is needed to survive long term in a wilderness situation. But I would like you to think about this. Every time you add a piece of equipment to your pack, ask yourself these questions: Do I need this? Is this piece of equipment sustainable? If it breaks can I fix it? Will this piece of equipment serve a needed purpose, or is it just taking up room where I could be carrying something else that is more important, such as water, food and ammunition?

Think about the tools that you carry or are about to purchase, think about their purpose. The knife, what is it used for? Skinning and butchering game, and for defence; Is the blade long enough for defence use? Can I kill with this blade or is it too short? The axe, used for many tasks that involve the cutting and shaping of wood as well as for defence and possibly needed for hunting. How easy would it be to replace a broken helve? How heavy is it? Can I use the poll as a hammer to drive stakes into the ground? And so on and so on. Your equipment needs to be versatile & sustainable, it needs to be able to perform the function that it’s namesake was originally designed for. Paleolithic flint knives were not used for cutting down small trees; they made flint hand axes for that purpose. In today’s modern world of survival equipment manufacturers seem to have forgotten this common sense approach that those primitive people in the Paleolithic took for granted. Think about that, your life may depend on it!

By David Wright.

Silent Hunting After The Collapse

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Pick any post-SHTF scenario. Maybe from your favorite novel or maybe from your imagination… One of the major points of post-SHTF survival is staying off the radar, staying of the ‘X’, laying low, being the gray man, blending in, keeping silent. While many or most of you reading this may have an adequate (or more) […]

Survival, Then and Now.

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Survival, Then and Now.

What do you think has changed  in the last 300 years regarding our survival needs? Anything? Whether it be long term wilderness living as it was for the New World settlers in the 17th and 18th centuries or whether it be a lost in the bush survival situation, I don’t see as though anything has changed. Our requirements are still the same, sensible tools, good survival provisions and primitive survival skills. Yet here we are in 2016, and people are obsessed with using dryer lint. stubby so called “bushcraft knives”, camo clothing, ferrocerium rods, pop-up nylon tents, RAT packs and freeze dried foods, special hiking boots, fuel stoves, battery operated equipment and no skills to speak of except invented ones like “battening”, making Vaseline cotton balls and other “homemade” fire starters and inventing new ways to lay a fire so they can take photos of it for their favourite forum!

300 years ago the main tools you needed to survive were the gun, the axe, the knife and flint and steel for making fire. You could even survive without the flint and steel if you had to because you could use the lock on your flintlock gun to make fire. You needed skills such as trap making and the knowledge of trapping. You packed only the essential equipment and provisions, and if you made mistakes in packing too much useless gear, then you ditched it along the track and learnt a hard lesson. Generally you asked experienced people for their advice, some ignored that advice to their own peril, and others profited by it. Today many so called survivalists and preppers also seek advice on internet forums, or at least they appear to. Most though have already made up their minds, and really all they want to do is share on the forum what they have chosen and carry. Giving correctional advice to these people is usually a waste of time, and in some cases you will be answered with rudeness and ridicule. Most of us, who have been there and done that, had a lot of experience in long term wilderness living simply ignore this and perhaps go to the persons profile and click the “Ignore” button. After all, we don’t have to put up with abuse, and the less people that survive after tshtf the better for us, less hunting and foraging competition.

For those of you that are serious about survival, and genuinely think that a shtf situation could arise in the future, here is my advice, take it or leave it: Think about your needs, think about the tasks you will be faced with if you have to survive in a wilderness situation. Choose you tools carefully. You will need a tool or tools for hunting, you will need an axe for cutting wood for shelter construction and trap making, you will need blades for skinning and butchering, camp chores and trap making, and perhaps a spare just in case. You need a hunting knife with a blade long enough to be used in self defence. You do NOT need a tool for skinning and butchering that was designed to cut wood, and you don’t want to have to cut saplings down with a knife! Each tool should have a specific purpose, don’t skimp on tools to save weight, you need the right tool for the specific job in hand.

Think sustainable, if you purchase something that is going to break, wear out or run out and you are unable to repair it, then it is just extra weight in your pack you don’t need, and it is going to compromise your safety. Carrying good sustainable gear may mean that you are carrying extra weight, and may mean that you will have to travel slower and take more breaks, but long term it will pay off.

Learn the skills you will need now. Having a good pair of hiking boots may help you initially, but what happens if they break or wear out? Do you know how to make a moccasin pattern? Do you know how to make moccasins? Do you know how to tan an animal skin to make leather? If you make a pair of moccasins now, then you will not only have learnt the skill, but you will have the moccasins and the pattern for another pair. This is the way you need to think. A modern firearm is great providing it remains functional, but what if it ceases to work? Can you fix it? How much weight in ammunition can you afford to carry? How much ammo do you use on an average hunting trip? You may shun primitive hunting tools such as the traditional bow, the crossbow and the muzzle-loading gun or rifle, but these tools have certain advantages over the modern firearm for long term wilderness living. By all means if you are travelling in company have someone carry a modern firearm, but make sure it is not the only hunting tool you are taking with you.


How Much Ammo is Enough For SHTF?

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bullets_mass_stockpileIf you have ever spent any time at all on a survival or firearm forum, you are bound to come across the phrase “Buy it cheap, and stack it deep”.  This phrase is, of course, referring to the amount of ammunition one should have if disaster strikes. After years in the shooting community, I have heard many reasons people stockpile ammunition for emergencies.  There are really only a few loons out there who prepare for impossible and downright foolish reasons.  One guy, I met really believed in an alien invasion followed by an Illuminati takeover.

By Zach Dunn a Contributing Author to SHTFBlog and SurvivalCache

Sure, there are always a few crazies, but there are many normal people who do have a fear of what could happen in our increasingly volatile world.  Like it or not, we have to admit that this is not the 1990s anymore and we are seeing an increase in danger daily. The economy can be compared to a savage ocean. ISIS is rampaging through the Middle East and their sympathizers are attacking innocent people in the USA, Europe, and Canada. Iran’s nuclear program.  The riots following Trump’s election.  I could go on.

shells_bucket_rifleIn fact, I can’t tell you how many times I have heard the question, “how many rounds should I have on hand in case something happens?”   If you read the forums and even some articles, a lot of armchair generals and self-described “experts” say you need to amass 100,000 rounds per caliber, minimal.  And while 100,000 rounds is an impressive amount of ammunition, enough to fight a small war, it is completely insane to think you will ever need that much ammunition. Well, if you are going to invade a small Caribbean nation, go ahead and pursue your 100,000 rounds.  With the price of ammunition today, you’ll go broke.

Related: Surviving Alone

In all truth, it is impossible to see the future and know how much ammunition you will need.  My crystal ball stopped working a long time ago.  But I doubt you will be engaging in a firefight after firefight with gangsters or looters every day in a survival situation.  Even if you did, what are the odds of you surviving dozens of gunfights?  I have done my best to put together a realistic minimal goal for ammunition needs during a survival situation.  The focus here is of course hunting and defense.  


22_lrA .22 is about the most versatile firearm when it comes to food procurement you can own.  From squirrel to a feral cat, a .22 can put meat on the table for you and your loved ones during hard times.  I strongly suggest everyone have at least one reliable .22 for emergencies.  The bare minimal I believe you should have is around 1000 rounds of .22 ammunition.  Ideally, 2-5,000 rounds are best.  Buy .22 in bulk, in tubs of at least 500 rounds to purchase cheaply.

The Shotgun

shotgun_stock_ammoA .12 gauge or .20 gauge should be something every gun owner owns in addition to a .22 long rifle.  A shotgun can be used to kill waterfowl, turkey, game birds, and with a slug or 00 buck loads can be used to kill the larger game and be used in home or self-defense.  I strongly recommend pump action guns as they are by far some of the most reliable. To be wise, I would say one should have 2 barrels for each shotgun unless the shotgun is a dedicated home defense weapon.  If it is a hunting shotgun, you should have a longer “bird barrel” for shooting bird shot, and a smoothbore “slug barrel” for shooting slugs and 00 buck loads. I suggest at least 300 rounds of game loads such as number 6s or 7s, 50 turkey loads, 200 slugs and 200 rounds of 00 Buck.

The Big Game Rifle

If in addition to a shotgun and .22, you are blessed to own a game rifle, this can be a real tool in keeping your family fed.  If it all goes downhill, a game rifle can, of course, be used to hunt game, and it can also be used to hunt feral cattle, pigs and other such domesticated animals that tend to go feral in dark times. For every game rifle I own, I like to have at least 100-200 rounds of game loads. More if you can afford it.  If your rifle is properly sighted in, 100 rounds can last you years of procuring larger animals for food.

The Semi Auto Sporting Rifle

ak-74_ammo_prepIn the USA, this includes AR-15s, AK-47s, AK-74s, and so much more.  These are not the true assault weapon. In Canada, these usually mean the SKS, M1A/M-14, M1 Garand, and maybe an AR-15 kept for target and competition shooting.   A true assault weapon by the true definition is a rifle chambered in an intermediate cartridge that has the ability to switch between semi-automatic and full automatic gunfire.  In truth, the inner-workings of these firearms are no different than a semi-automatic hunting rifle.

Read Also: Quick Buyer’s Guide to Imported AK Market

These rifles are highly versatile and can fill the role of both home defense firearm, personal defense weapon, game rifle and varmint rifle.  If you only have 1 gun, one of these are your best options.  If you have a rifle with a detachable magazine, be sure you have at least 12 magazines.  That is my minimum. If the firearm you have is an SKS, M1a, Garand, or any other semi auto that uses at least a 5 round magazine, you probably have noticed they are bullet eaters.  In fact, a semi auto can eat more ammunition than a college kid eats pizza.

Photos Courtesy of:

John Woods
Joshua Engler