6 Things You Better Know About North Korea & Potential War

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6 Things You Better Know About North Korea & Potential War

The United States and North Korea are far closer to war than most people realize. The two nations even might be on the verge of a conflict that would involve nuclear weapons.

Americans should be concerned because North Korea is believed to have several dozen nuclear weapons, according to Chinese estimates. (The U.S. count has it closer to 15.) North Korea has staged two dozen missile tests and might develop within the next year an Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM), which could have the capacity to reach Hawaii.

If that was not bad enough, North Korea might have up to 12,000 tons of chemical weapons stored for the possibility of war, The New York Times reported.

Here are six reasons you should be concerned about a potential war:

1. U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and President Trump are considering a preemptive strike to shut down North Korea’s nuclear program.

“If they elevate the threat of their weapons programs to a level that we believe requires action, that option is on the table,” Tillerson said in a press conference. Trump tweeted that North Korea has been “behaving badly.”

Yet such a strike might not be able to destroy every missile, such as ones hidden on mobile launchers or in the mountains.

2. North Korea has threatened nuclear retaliation if even a “single shot” is fired against it.

“The Korean People’s Army will reduce the bases of aggression and provocation to ashes with its invincible Hwasong rockets tipped with nuclear warheads and reliably defend the security of the country and its people’s happiness in case the U.S. and the south Korean puppet forces fire even a single bullet at the territory of the DPRK,” a press release stated.

3. The United States and South Korea currently are conducting a massive military exercise, called Foal Eagle, involving 15,000 American and 290,000 South Korean troops, The Diplomat reported.

Jeffrey Lewis, the director of the East Asia Nonproliferation Program at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies, labeled Foal Eagle as a dress rehearsal for an attack on North Korea.

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This year’s exercise included mock attacks on nuclear facilities by U.S. and South Korea forces.

4. The U.S. is deploying high-tech weapons in the region.

These include the MQ-1C Gray Eagle drone, which is capable of destroying targets on the ground with Hellfire missiles and precision bombs. One use for the Gray Eagle would be to destroy missiles. Another potential threat is the U.S. Terminal High Altitude Area Defense system (THADD), which has the capacity to shoot down ballistic missiles. It arrived at Osan Air Base in South Korea this month, CNBC reported.

5. North Korea is developing means of evading U.S. attacks and defenses.

This includes firing multiple missiles to get through THADD. It also includes the use of mobile missile launchers on all-terrain vehicles, which can be moved around to evade U.S. air attacks, Fitzpatrick reported.

6. Kim Jong-un is homicidal and potentially insane.

The North Korean leader’s estranged half-brother was murdered at the airport in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, with VX nerve agent (a chemical weapon), Malaysian police told the press. Many experts believe the murder was committed by North Korean agents. Kim John-un, 33, may have feared that his brother would try and take control.

What do you think? Is North Korea a legitimate threat? Share your thoughts in the section below:

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North Korea Warns Of Nuclear Strikes On U.S. If ‘Even A Single Bullet’ Is Fired

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North Korea Warns Of Nuclear Strikes On U.S. If ‘Even A Single Bullet’ Is Fired

 

LOS ANGELES — North Korea will launch a nuclear strike against U.S. forces and allies if even a “single bullet” is fired against it, the rogue state is warning in a press release.

“The Korean People’s Army will reduce the bases of aggression and provocation to ashes with its invincible Hwasong rockets tipped with nuclear warheads and reliably defend the security of the country and its people’s happiness in case the U.S. and the south Korean puppet forces fire even a single bullet at the territory of the DPRK (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea),” the statement, released this month, reads.

North Korea has carried out five successful nuclear tests and is believed to have 10 nuclear warheads, Yahoo News reported. The country has missiles capable of hitting U.S. bases in Japan and potentially Hawaii.

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The DPRK is trying to develop ballistic missiles that can hit North America. North Korea carried out 24 missile tests and two nuclear tests in 2016.

Military action against North Korea is on the table, U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson told reporters.

“Certainly we do not want for things to get to a military conflict,” Tillerson said. “But obviously if North Korea takes actions that threaten the South Korean forces or our own forces, then that would be met with an appropriate response.”

The U.S. and South Korea are conducting a massive war game called Foal Eagle which some view as practice for an attack on North Korea.

Do you believe North Korea is a threat to the U.S.? What is your reaction to the nation’s latest threat? Share your thoughts in the section below:

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Australia/Ukraine nuclear deal — because Fukushima turned out so well !!!

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— ‘A uranium sales deal between the country that fuelled Fukushima and the one that gave the world Chernobyl doesn’t sound like a good idea.’

~ Dave Sweeney

EARLIER this week, without much fanfare, the Federal Parliamentary Treaties Committee recommended the conditional ratification of the nuclear co-operation agreement with Ukraine — a plan initiated by Tony Abbott and advanced by Julie Bishop.

At first glance, a uranium sales deal between the country that fuelled Fukushima and the one that gave the world Chernobyl doesn’t sound like a good idea.

And all the subsequent glances confirm that it’s not.

There are serious and unresolved nuclear security, safety and governance concerns with the plan — putting more unstable nuclear material into a deeply politically unstable part of the world, that is experiencing active armed conflict, is force-feeding risk.

In a recent ABC report, the Ukrainian ambassador to Australia, Dr Mykola Kulinich, observed that the renewed violence in Ukraine could be a “precursor to something much worse”.

7 Tips For Surviving Radiation Exposure

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The world is making an increasing move towards sustainable energy sources like nuclear power, and while it’s reported a lot safer than in the years of the Chernobyl Disaster (1986), exposure to radiation is still a concern for many. Radiation leaks at Japan’s Fukushima plant – the country’s number one producer of nuclear energy – […]

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Trump’s Presidency and the Future of Nuclear Deterrence

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nuclear_weapons_arrangment_umbrella

Nuclear_weapons_states.svgA new article published in the Journal of Contemporary Security Policy endeavors to explore the impact of Trump’s Presidency on nuclear proliferation. Specifically, it brings to light the changing nature of US alliances with non-nuclear defense partners. Since the cold war, non-nuclear defense partners have been under a construct known as the nuclear umbrella. Under this arrangement, the United States gives defensive assurances to partner states. As a result, the United States is able to exert regional influence and discourage the proliferation of nuclear weapons. Trump has since challenged the existence of this paradigm by demanding NATO members pay more. Even more surprising is Trump’s suggestion that Japan and South Korea acquire their own nuclear weapons.

By D-Ray, a contributing author to SHTFBlog & Survival Cache

A superficial examination of nuclear umbrella deterrence and President Trump’s comments indicate we will see partner states developing their own nuclear programs in the next few years. Upon further examination, this conclusion is not entirely accurate. The paper notes that even if the Trump Administration wanted to, it could not unilaterally abrogate defensive partnerships with allied states. In this regard, the nuclear umbrella can only be weakened. It will always exist under Trump’s State Department.

Additionally, the partial withdrawal of United State defense assurances would not compel all states to pursue their own nuclear defense programs. Some states have no desire to build their own nuclear program for a variety of ethical reasons. Moreover, some states find that the security costs of pursuing an independent nuclear program are too high.

In any case, it would seem, at least according to this article, that international nuclear paradigms will change little under Trump’s Presidency. Nuclear deterrence arrangements constitute a very strong institution.  Contrary to what some pundits claim, the world is not going to go “totally nuclear” under Trump’s Administration.

Do you agree with the conclusion of this article? How do you see nuclear paradigms changing in the next four years?

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Micro-nuclear power plants gaining acceptance

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Dan Stout, TVA senior manager for small modular reactors

In the near future off-grid communities of ip to 20,000 population might be powered by a nuclear reactor the size of a container that is swapped out every 20 years.

Existing plants emit no emissions but overall are just too risky for some. There’s also competition now with low natural gas prices and wind and solar projects, which has allowed the small reactors to emerge. The Tennessee Valley Authority has become the first utility to apply for a permit from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to build a small reactor.

Others are following suit, there is a plan by the Utah Associated Municipal Power Systems to build one about 100 miles southwest of Yellowstone National Park; it is said to produce electricity like no other.

Small nuclear reactors may be a safer and a cheaper alternative to nuclear power plants. They can be manufactured in a factory and hooked-up on-site, potentially avoiding the huge upfront capital costs and the overruns that have plagued many nuclear plants. They are theoretically safer, reducing the need for huge containment vessels and other expensive protections.

Unlike other nuclear reactors that usually produce about 1,000 megawatts of carbon-free electricity, the small modular reactors, are designed to be a fraction of the size at 50 to 300 megawatts. Rather than using electrically operated pumps and motors to circulate coolant and keep the core of the nuclear reactor at a low temperature, as happens in traditional plants, small reactors use no pumps and motors and instead rely on passive means such as gravity and conduction ­­to cool the reactors. The size also means that it is cheaper to produce, as opposed to the $10bn and up to a decade in planning to secure permits and build of conventional nuclear.

The group wants to replace their old coal-fired plants and it won the approval from the US Department of Energy earlier this year to analyze the environmental and safety impacts of the small nuclear reactor. If it passes the test, the consortium plans to build a power plant there with 12 reactors totaling 600 megawatts in capacity.

 

The Utah consortium will hire Washington state-based Energy Northwest to operate and maintain its 12 reactors in Idaho if they are built. The Utah group expects the project to come online by 2024.

Gene Grecheck, a former president and the current co-chair of a policy advisory committee at the American Nuclear Society, which represents engineers and scientists. Grecheck says that scientists are studying other ways to improve nuclear technology. “There is also a lot of research going on for advanced reactor concepts to take used fuel and reprocess it to reduce [the spent fuel] even more dramatically,” he said.

 

Startup companies are working on using spent uranium fuel include the Bill Gates-backed TerraPoweras well as Transatomic and Terrestrial Energy. Another start-up, Oklo, seeks to create 2-megawatt reactors that fit inside shipping containers to provide electricity for remote off-grid locations. Toshiba has worked on a micro nuclear reactor that is designed to power individual apartment buildings or city blocks. The new reactor, which is only 20 feet by 6 feet, could change everything for small remote communities, small businesses or even a group of neighbours who are fed up with the power companies and want more control over their energy needs.

 

new report by the U.K.’s government-backed Energy Technologies Institute outlines what it considers to be a reasonable timeline for the country to also adopt the new smaller reactors. It has been estimated that they could be in use by 2030. For that to happen, talks between operators, developers, and the government would have to begin next year. But fears about the safety of nuclear plants have made them so costly as to discourage investors. “Creating the right environment for increasing investor confidence is critical if this schedule is to be met,” says Mike Middleton, the author of the report.

 

Even if it does happen in the U.K. they will still lag behind America. If all goes as planned, the facility in Tennessee could be up and running by the mid-2020s.

 

 

 

 

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Live Wind Patterns Map After A Nuclear Incident – Or Worse…

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Given the rhetoric and threats that have turned into dangerous and provocative actions from the United States (NATO) neocons towards the country of Syria and ally, Russia, the topic of ‘nuclear’ has been on the minds of many… The situation has devolved so badly that just last week Russia and its citizens engaged in a […]

What Are Our Enemies Up To While We Fight Ourselves

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What are our enemies up to

There’s a saying about the media, that’s been getting a lot of use lately. I can’t quote it exactly, but it’s something like, “When the media is blowing up about some insignificant story, look to see what they’re hiding from you.”

Sadly, there’s a lot more truth to that saying, than there is importance in the things that the media wastes their time blowing up over.

With the elections coming up in less than a month, pretty much everything has been about the elections. But even that has been poorly represented, with the media spending much more time talking about personal attacks between the candidates, rather than talking about substantive issues. Of all the elections I’ve seen, this one has had the least coverage of issues; in the media, in the debates and in every way possible.

But while the U.S. presidential elections are important, and even important outside the U.S. borders, they aren’t the only thing happening in the world. Events are happening in other countries, some of whom are our enemies. Statistically, it’s all but guaranteed that we will ultimately be impacted by at least some of these events.

While the U.S. media has always been extremely poor at reporting on world events, this is even worse during the presidential campaign. So you and I have very little idea of what our country’s enemies are up to.

Hopefully, our government has a better idea than we do, but I have little confidence in the current administration and their ability to deal with world events. It seems pretty clear that President Obama and his advisors have little idea of how to be world leaders, no matter how well they think of themselves.

Being so convinced of his own ability isn’t really much of a qualification to be a leader. Leadership is earned, and it is bestowed upon one by those who are willing followers. With that being the case, it’s clear that Obama isn’t seen by the leaders of other nations as a world-class leader. If you have any doubt about that, simply look at how poorly other nations have followed him in his limited efforts against ISIS.

This actually puts the United States in much more danger than we’ve ever been before. While there are always those who want to topple the person, organization or nation who is on top, good leadership holds those people at bay. Without the other nations of the world seeing us as being the leaders of the free world, these countries are much more likely to attack us.

So, what are our enemies up to and what does it mean to us? Here are 5 issues none of us should ignore.

1. Russia

Ever since Vladimir Putin became President of the Russian Federation in 2012, he has been making noises, showing his imperialistic ambitions. There are those in Russia who still look back to the glory days of the old Soviet Union and the power that they held in the world. Putin has been playing to that crowd, talking about restoring Russia to her former greatness.

It hasn’t all be talk either. In December,2014, Russia invaded Ukraine, taking control of the Crimea and threatening the rest of the country. Even after almost two years, it is unsure whether Russia will gobble up the rest of the Ukraine or not.

Other nearby neighbors are looking at Russian nervously, wondering how long it will be before they expand their operations to start retaking countries that were once part of the Soviet Union. Georgia especially, which was invaded by Russia in 2008, and still has Russian troops on their soil, is waiting to see what will happen.

Putin has been playing high-stakes with the United States throughout the Obama presidency. He has made it clear that he has on respect for Obama, or his former Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton. Rather than join the U.S. led coalition against ISIS, Russia started their own coalition, one which has been much more effective. Putin is boldly taking a stand as a world leader and directly challenging Obama.

In this regard, Putin is even laying the nuclear option on the table. His thinly veiled remarks about Russia still being a nuclear power can be seen as nothing less than a threat to the United States and our allies. He knows that Obama doesn’t have the guts to retaliate to a nuclear strike, so for the first time since World War II, Russia actually has a chance at winning a nuclear war.

If Hillary Clinton wins the election in November, this will most likely escalate. Putin has already been quoted as saying that there will be nuclear war, if Clinton wins the election. Considering her ineptitude as the Secretary of State, there is little reason to think that we would come out on the winning end of such a war.

Perhaps in preparation of that, Russia has moved tactical nuclear missiles into Kaliningrad, an enclave between Poland and Lithuania. This is another area of disputed territory, with Russia claiming it as their own. Yet placing the missiles there places both Poland and Lithuania at risk.

News about this deployment came on the heels of an announcement that Russia is considering restoring and reopening its military bases in both Cuba and Vietnam. Should they do that, it would be a direct challenge to the United States. We already went eyeball to eyeball with the Russians about nuclear arms in Cuba once, does anyone think that our current political leadership has the ability to do so again?

Let me add one more piece of news to this, so we can see a fuller picture of what Vladimir Putin is up to. Massive emergency drills are currently taking place in Russia, evacuating 40 million people from their homes and cities as a civil defense exercise.

While such drills are useful as preparation for natural disasters, the exact same drills are needed for military evacuations as well. In fact, these drills will practice radiation, chemical and biological protection of the population, something that speaks more of war, than it does a concern about natural disasters.

Video first seen on Inessa S

With all this going on, one must ask what Putin is preparing for. Could he, in fact, be preparing for World War III? Is Russia on the verge of a European invasion? I remember that as the biggest threat in my military career, as we waited to see if the Soviet Union would try to march to the Atlantic Ocean. It may yet happen.

2. Iran

The country which invented the chant, “Death to America” is still on everyone’s watch list… everyone that is, except our government. It seems that Obama has decided that the Iranians are innocent as lambs, so he’s gone ahead and given them permission to build their own nuclear bombs and even sent them the money to do so.

I guess that, in any other context, Obama’s actions would be seen as treason and he’d either be spending the rest of his life in prison or his life would end prematurely. But somehow, he gets away with these things. So we, the American people, can thank our soon to be former president for making the world a little less safe.

Iran has been on the move, politically speaking, for decades. Their stated desire is to create a world caliphate, much like the plans of ISIS. The big difference is that Iran is an actual country, and ISIS, no matter what they say of themselves, is nothing more than a big terrorist organization.

According to a Hillary Clinton e-mail, leaked by Wikileaks, Iran is only a few weeks away from building a nuclear bomb, their first. If that isn’t enough to give you a shiver, than nothing is. Iranian leaders have stated over and over again their desire to destroy America, followed up by the destruction of Israel.

They have a missile program as well, something else that previous treaties had denied them, but Obama allowed. The National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) has taken pictures of missile silos in IRAN, which are thought to house missiles with an intercontinental range.

The question isn’t whether Iran would use a nuclear bomb if they had one, but rather how soon they’d use it. Hand in hand with this question is who they would use it against. While the choices are limited to the U.S. and Israel, it’s hard to say which one they would choose. I’d lay my money on them attacking the United States, and in doing so by setting off a high-altitude nuclear burst, in order to generate an EMP, taking out our electric grid and our ability to interfere with their attack against Israel.

3. North Korea

Right now, it’s somewhat of a tossup whether Iran or North Korea is a greater threat to the United States. Both seem on the same path, developing nuclear weapons and long-range missiles. Even more importantly, both have clearly stated their intent to attack and destroy the United States of America.

Kim Jong-il has always seemed a bit unstable to me. After all, anyone who would have their father killed, so that they could take the throne, has to be unstable.  But when you’re a dictator, you can much more easily get away with that. There are few who are in a position to question your sanity, and those who can are easily eliminated.

North Korea has taken advantage of the elections to declare war on the United States, crossing that line, so that any action they take, can be seen as an act of war, not of terror. In their mind, or at least in the mind of their leader, they have every right to attack us, for the wrongs we’ve committed against them.

I guess stopping them from taking over South Korea was a much bigger blow to their collective ego than what we would normally have expected.

North Korea is already testing both nuclear warheads and long-range missiles. While neither is ready yet for use in an actual attack, they are close. Kim Jong-il could decide at any time that it’s time to turn against us and destroy us as an enemy.

4. ISIS and the Muslim World

The threat of ISIS hasn’t diminished in the least. If anything, they’re a bigger threat now, than they ever were before. With Obama so busy helping Hillary campaign, they are consolidating their position and spreading out to take new lands all the time.

ISIS has grown to the point where they now have strong points in several countries, outside of Iraq and Syria. Much of the northern coast of Africa is under the influence of ISIS to some extent and they have a sizable influence in countries farther east. While Obama has been sleeping, refusing to admit the danger that ISIS represents to the U.S. and the world, they have been gaining ground in their war of conquest.

They have also been busy around the world, performing terrorist attacks in a wide range of countries. Their more than 30 terrorist acts this year shows that 2016 will be their biggest year for terrorist incidents yet.

Amongst the issues which will be decided by the November election, is how the United States will deal with ISIS in the future. While I doubt that either candidate has a fully formulated plan, they both have the broad strokes of what they want to accomplish.

It’s clear that Clinton will continue to capitulate to them, helping them to grow, while Trump will do what he can to take the war to their doorstep.

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Although ISIS is the most militant Muslim group today, we can’t forget about the rest of the Muslim world. We are living in the third jihadist period, and Muslims are on the march. Specifically, they are on the march to take over Europe and the United States, forcing us and our European cousins to submit to Sharia Law or be killed.

The invasion is on in earnest in Europe, as we’ve all seen. Just because we haven’t been hearing about it as much, doesn’t mean that there has been any slowdown in Muslim migration. Syrian refugees in Europe are committing atrocities almost daily, molesting women, being obnoxious, committing crimes and generally trying to force the countries they are living in to adopt provisions of Sharia Law, as a stepping-stone towards converting those countries to Muslim rule.

Another leaked document from Hillary Clinton shows that she is in full support of this invasion and fully intends to increase it if she becomes president. Why should she want that? Is she Muslim? I doubt it, but the one-word cabal, who is trying to usher in the New World Order, is using the Syrian refugee crisis to their benefit, as a tool towards breaking down national borders and pushing the nations of the world one step closer to a one world government.

5. The One-Worlders

I have to include the one-worlders as enemies of our country, as they seek to destroy and dissolve it, merging the United States into their New World Order. Should that happen, we would no longer be the United States of America, but merely a region under the control of the new world government.

Both Obama and Clinton are one-worlders, as well as their financial backer, George Soros. But there is an even bigger, more secretive and more sinister group behind them. That is the Bilderberg Group. This loose-knit group, made up of many of the world’s movers and shakers in business and politics, is the true force behind the one-world movement. As the world’s “elite” they wish to put us all under their rule, so that they can take what is rightfully ours.

This group of people, especially the Bilderburg Group, is literally afraid of a Trump presidency and is actively campaigning against it. They see a danger to their plans in the rise of nationalism that Trump has caused. As such, they are working their nefarious plans out in the shadows, to topple Trump and put Hillary in office, as their choice.

Should this happen, it could mean the end of the United States as we know it. We’ve already seen massive changes under Obama’s presidency. Another four or eight years of the same could spell the end of our freedoms, especially considering that the next president will have the opportunity to appoint as many as four Supreme Court Justices.

Till then, keep your eyes wide opened to these 5 issues. They might change our lives before we know it!

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This article has been written by Bill White for Survivopedia.

References:

http://www.reuters.com/article/us-russia-usa-nuclear-idUSKCN1230YN

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-37600426

http://www.express.co.uk/news/world/717446/russia-evacuate-40-million-people-emergency-drill-vladimir-putin-ww3

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/wikileaks/8272345/WikiLeaks-Iran-has-had-nuclear-weapon-building-capability-for-two-years.html

http://en.koreaportal.com/articles/23263/20161003/governor-nam-kyung-pil-nuclear-armament-south-korea.htm

http://dailycaller.com/2016/10/09/trump-clintons-550-percent-increase-of-syrian-refugees-to-us-would-be-the-great-trojan-horse-of-all-time/

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The Powers-That-Be Are Driving The World Towards Nuclear War

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The current regime in Washington (and their controllers) are absolutely ‘poking the bear’ (Russia), as they and their mainstream partners in the ‘government-media-complex’ continue to manufacture a threat and vilify a nation which has not threatened the United States or NATO in any way whatsoever. I believe that the recent and accumulating aggressive actions of […]

Russia Building ‘Dozens’ Of New Underground Bunkers – ‘Getting Ready For A Big War’

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Russia Building ‘Dozens’ Of New Underground Bunkers – ‘Getting Ready For A Big War’

Image source: Wikimedia

 

MOSCOW — Is a nuclear war looming on the horizon? Russia seems to be preparing for just that, as a shocking new report reveals that “dozens” of new underground bunkers are being constructed throughout the former Soviet Union.

Citing United States intelligence officials, the Washington Free Beacon reported that construction has been ongoing for several years on the bunkers, both in Moscow and around the country.

“Russia is getting ready for a big war which they assume will go nuclear, with them launching the first attacks,” former Pentagon nuclear policy official Mark Schneider told the media site. “We are not serious about preparing for a big war, much less a nuclear war.”

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The Cold War, no doubt, is heating back up. Vladimir Putin has vowed to possess both the strongest and best equipped military on the face of the earth by 2020, having taken substantial steps over the past two years. The nuclear-proof underground bunkers are merely the most recent in a long list of disturbing developments going on behind the “Iron Curtain.”

Army Gen. Curtis Scaparrotti, the commander of U.S. European Command, has said the rest of the world should be troubled by Russia’s moves.

“It is clear that Russia is modernizing its strategic forces,” Scaparrotti said, according to the Free Beacon. “Russian doctrine states that tactical nuclear weapons may be used in a conventional response scenario. This is alarming and it underscores why our country’s nuclear forces and NATO’s continues to be a vital component of our deterrence.”

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As part of the nuclear buildup, Russia has added 153 strategic nuclear warheads, according to a State Department report. That includes new SS-27 Mod 2 intercontinental ballistic missiles and SS-N-32 submarine-launched missiles, the Free Beacon reported. Russia is also constructing a robotic drone submarine that can carry a nuclear weapon.

The National Institute for Public Policy, a U.S.-based think tank, released a report saying Russia wants to change the world’s perception of it.

“Russian leaders,” the report said, “appear to view nuclear weapons as the ultimate way to make the world ‘fear,’ or at least respect Russia, and provide a political lever to intimidate, coerce, and deter Western states from attempting to interfere militarily against Russian expansionism.”

What is your reaction? Share your thoughts in the section below:

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50 U.S. Nuclear Bombs Are Housed At A Base 70 Miles From ISIS — ‘The Warning Bells Are Ringing’

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50 U.S. Nuclear Bombs Are Housed At A Base 70 Miles From ISIS -- ‘The Warning Bells Are Ringing’

Image source: SputnikNews

 

WASHINGTON — Thousands of Turks tried to take control of a US Air Force base this summer, where at least 50 nuclear bombs are stored, raising the possibility that radical Islamists could take control of dozens of America’s most dangerous weapons.

The facility, Incirlik Air Force Base, is just 70 miles from Syria, where ISIS is fighting. Adding to the tension, Turkey Wednesday sent tanks into Syria to battle ISIS.

Some estimates put the number of bombs at the facility as high as 90.

“From a security point of view, it’s a roll of the dice to continue to have approximately 50 of America’s nuclear weapons stationed at Incirlik Air Base in Turkey,” Lucie Heeley of the Stimson Center, a Washington think tank, told the AFP wire service.

The Stimson Center issued a report August 14 that warned that the nuclear bombs kept at the facility were in danger of falling into the hands of “terrorists or other hostile forces.”

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The protestors who stormed the gates in late July blamed the US for a July 15 military coup that tried to remove Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan from power, Peter Pry wrote at Newsmax. The coup collapsed and left Turkey in chaos.

“While we’ve avoided disaster so far, we have ample evidence that the security of U.S. nuclear weapons stored in Turkey can change literally overnight,” former White House National Security Council staffer Steve Andreasen wrote in The Los Angeles Times on August 11.

Andreasen said the stockpile – what he called one of the largest in Europe — should be removed from Incirlik.

Incirlik is technically a Turkish base, although a large numbers of Americans are stationed there due to it being a NATO facility. The troops guarding the base are Turks, but those protecting the nuclear weapons are Americans.

Image source: Google Maps

Image source: Google Maps

“Leaving aside the coup, what if Islamic State were to attack Incirlik?” Andreasen wrote, using the other name for ISIS. “In March, the Pentagon reportedly ordered military families out of southern Turkey, primarily from Incirlik, due to terrorism-related security concerns. … As was the case in 1979, the warning bells are ringing.”

Incirlik is a likely target for an ISIS attack because it is the main staging area for US air attacks against the terrorist group. The base is about 70 miles from the Syrian border, and much of Syria is controlled by ISIS.

About 180 US B-61 nuclear bombs are stored in Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy and Turkey, Pry wrote.

“The axiom ‘history makes fools of us all’ may be about to come true at Incirlik,” Pry wrote. “For decades U.S. policymakers and analysts have worried that nuclear weapons might come into the possession of a radical Islamist state through Pakistan or Iran. No one anticipated that radical Islam might takeover Turkey and that Turkey might seize U.S. nuclear weapons.”

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Turkey, under Erdogan, “is well on its way to becoming a radical Islamist state,” Pry wrote.

“Now as Erdogan takes his revenge against moderates and secularists suspected of disloyalty, Turkey virtually overnight looks less like a member of NATO, subscribing to the norms of international human rights, and more like Iran.

Regen Trahe, an analysist of Indian affairs, wrote that a “Sunni nuclear axis with Turkey and Saudi Arabia might soon be a reality.”

“In the Sunni Islamist worldview . . . all non-Muslim states are . . . colluding against Islam,” Trahe wrote. “To all three, the strategic benefits of a nuclear axis are undeniable. For Pakistan . . . to emerge as a leader of the Islamic world has always been its ambition . . . As for Turkey, the government of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is turning the country into a quasi-Ottoman state . . .  For all three, the creation of a Sunni nuclear axis covering Turkic, Arab and South Asian Muslims, who make up the bulk of the world Islamic population, promises a powerful reorientation from their current secondary role in the global public space.”

Pry concluded: “Turkey could overnight become a nuclear weapons state, and leader of Traje’s envisioned Sunni Islamist axis, by seizing the B-61s at Incirlik.”

What is your reaction? Do you believe the weapons should be removed? Share your thoughts in the section below:

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The EMP Threat—Solar Flares

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The EMP Threat—Solar Flares Bobby Akart “Prepping For Tomorrow” On this episode Bobby Akart, continues his two part series on the threats our nation faces from an EMP. Bobby will focus on man-made and EMPs emanating from our Sun. Ya’ live by the sun, ya’ die be the sun. Our planet’s source of life can … Continue reading The EMP Threat—Solar Flares

The post The EMP Threat—Solar Flares appeared first on Prepper Broadcasting |Network.

The EMP Threat: Nuclear and Man-Made

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The EMP Threat: Nuclear and Man-Made Bobby Akart “Prepping For Tomorrow” On this week’s episode of the Prepping for Tomorrow program, Bestselling Author Bobby Akart, will begin a two part series on the threats our nation faces from an EMP: Electromagnetic Pulse. Bobby’s poignant analysis of the EMP threat has achieved #1 Bestseller rankings on Amazon … Continue reading The EMP Threat: Nuclear and Man-Made

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That Time The U.S. Government Told Every American To Stockpile – And No One Thought It Was Crazy

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That Time The U.S. Government Told Every Single American To Stockpile – And No One Thought They Were Crazy

If you have seen photos of recently discovered backyard fallout shelters, you would agree that they look like fascinating time capsules from early 1960s America. We see packaged foods — such as breakfast cereals and crackers with labels that indicate a time gone by – along with first-aid supplies, tools, clothing and batteries. Cots, books and games are neatly placed on subterranean shelves.

You might think that the construction of such a shelter was the brainchild of only a few people who were concerned about heightening Cold War tensions and the possibility of nuclear war.  You would be wrong.

As strange as it seems today, the U.S. government actually encouraged people to create fallout shelters in the late 1950s and early 1960s. In an effort to promote home fallout shelters, the U.S. Office of Civil Defense even issued a series of manuals that instructed Americans on how to construct their own home fallout shelters.

Fallout shelters were distinct from bomb shelters in that they were not to protect you from ground zero of a nuclear blast – which would be impossible – but from the widespread radioactive fallout that resulted from a blast.  Beginning with the Eisenhower administration, the government launched a program to convince private citizens to build fallout shelters in or near their homes.

One option was to create temporary shelter in your basement. Another was to build and stock an underground shelter in your backyard. At the time, citizens were encouraged to stockpile enough food and supplies for two weeks, since it was believed that the radiation levels from a nuclear explosion would drop to a safe level by that time.

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New York’s Governor Nelson Rockefeller started a fallout shelter program in New York in 1960, and he urged newly elected President John F. Kennedy to do the same thing on a national level.

By 1961, tensions between the Soviets and the United States had escalated, and the United States was facing the sobering prospect of nuclear warheads being stationed in Cuba. That year, the majority of Americans believed a nuclear war would occur within five years, according to the Smithsonian Institute.

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As the threat of nuclear war became more real, Kennedy addressed the nation. On July 25, 1961, he said, “We have another sober responsibility. To recognize the possibilities of nuclear war in the missile age, without our citizens knowing what they should do and where they should go if bombs begin to fall, would be a failure of responsibility.

‘Lives … Can Still Be Saved’

“In May, I pledged a new start on Civil Defense. Last week, I assigned, on the recommendation of the Civil Defense Director, basic responsibility for this program to the Secretary of Defense, to make certain it is administered and coordinated with our continental defense efforts at the highest civilian level. Tomorrow, I am requesting of the Congress new funds for the following immediate objectives: to identify and mark space in existing structures—public and private—that could be used for fall-out shelters in case of attack; to stock those shelters with food, water, first-aid kits and other minimum essentials for survival; to increase their capacity; to improve our air-raid warning and fallout detection systems, including a new household warning system which is now under development; and to take other measures that will be effective at an early date to save millions of lives if needed.

“In the event of an attack, the lives of those families which are not hit in a nuclear blast and fire can still be saved — if they can be warned to take shelter and if that shelter is available. We owe that kind of insurance to our families — and to our country.”

The concept of the home fallout shelter was hotly debated throughout the country. Some people stated that that fallout shelters would be useless in protecting urban residents near ground zero of an attack. Others thought that the idea revealed weakness and was distinctly un-American.

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However, the need for a basement or backyard shelter picked up steam for people living in suburban communities. By August 1961, a Gallup poll showed that 3 million families had made some home modifications for protection from nuclear attack, and another 9 million had stockpiled food.

Some builders reported being inundated with orders for supplies to build shelters. Office of Civil and Defense standards specified concrete or metal construction built under three feet of soil, two feet of concrete or three inches of lead. One company that made pre-fabricated shelters advertised that roof of its shelter could be used as “an attractive patio.” Some fallout shelter plans used a hand-cranked blower system for ventilation, and others had elaborate electrical systems and running water.

DIY Projects, Too

A home fallout shelter’s basic purpose was to reduce a family’s exposure to harmful fallout from a nuclear blast and its likely aftermath of radiation until radioactivity has dropped to a safer level. As a do-it-yourself project, a concrete block basement shelter could be built for about $200 in 1961.

Separate underground backyard shelters were more expensive. According to the National Archives and Records Administration records, Louis Severance built a fallout shelter near his Michigan home with a 10-inch reinforced concrete ceiling and thick earth cover and concrete walls. The Severance shelter featured a ventilation system, an escape hatch, an entrance to the home’s basement, a kitchen, running water, a toilet, and a sleeping and living area for the family of four. It cost roughly $1,000.

According to the Nebraska State Historical Society, Civil Defense agencies provided candies for use in shelters as “carbohydrate supplements,” and boxed crackers called “Nebraskits” also were available.

Be Prepared! Store An ‘Emergency Seed Bank’ For A Crisis Garden

Nebraska City’s Otoe Food Products provided canned drinking water for civil defense under the Morton House brand and Elkhorn’s Roberts Dairy packaged water in its familiar milk cartons for shelter use.

Don’t Forget Games in Your Shelter

The Office of Civil Defense recommended that people remain in a shelter for at least two weeks after a nuclear blast. Families with children were advised to stock games such as Monopoly, playing cards and journals to help pass the time.

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The tense political climate and the government’s awareness of it are reflected in this 1962 public service radio announcement by the U.S. Department of Defense:

“This is basic civil defense information from the Department of Defense, Office of Civil Defense, Washington. If you receive warning of an enemy attack, get to the nearest fallout shelter promptly. But if you’re caught in the open, and there’s a brilliant nuclear flash in the distance, take cover immediately. Even miles away you may be exposed within seconds to a searing heat wave from the explosion, followed by a blast wave and flying debris.

“Get into the nearest building immediately or into a ditch or culvert, beneath a parked car, behind a tree or wall, anything solid that will give you some measure of protection. Curl up in a ball, and cover your head with your arms. Stay there until heat and blast waves have passed.

“Then, go to the nearest fallout shelter before radioactive fallout starts drifting down. If there’s no fallout shelter within range, go to the nearest large building and take shelter in the basement or one of the inner hallways. Know in advance what to do in any emergency situation. Find out from your local Civil Defense office.”

By the end 1962, some of the worst fears from the Bay of Pigs crisis in Cuba and from the tensions in Berlin had lessened. At the same time, scientists began publicly discussing the futility of a 14-day stay in a fallout shelter, noting that survivors of a nuclear attack would need to remain underground for months in order to avoid harmful after effects.

“When they stopped to think about the magnitude of the potential disaster, they realized that there wasn’t much they could do,” explains David Monteyne, author of Fallout Shelter: Designing for Civil Defense in the Cold War.

Looking back, it is fascinating to consider that the government actually encouraged its citizens to build fallout shelters and to stockpile. Yet even today, the US government still encourages Americans to keep a three-day stockpile. Even though a nuclear attack may not be as likely, other threats remain — and millions of Americans remain committed to preparing for an unknown future.

What do you remember, if anything, about the threat of the 1950s and 1960s? Share your thoughts in the section below:

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5 Assumptions People Make in a Doomsday Scenario

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5 Worst Assumptions People Make in a Doomsday Scenario

Is it going to be some kind of nuclear holocaust? Are zombies going to start rising from the dead? Will there be a mass infection that wipes out the bulk of our species, or a spiritual rapture that leaves only a handful of us on the Earth?

These scenarios don’t seem especially likely, and they seem even less likely when you consider the sheer number of times people have predicted the end of the world that turned out to be false. Still, the curious and most prepared among us always keep the prospect of a “doomsday” in the backs of our minds, considering how we’d survive in a post-apocalyptic society. Some of us even have shelters or supplies stashed away, just in case—but there’s a problem with these doomsday preparations. They’re almost always based on a number of false assumptions.

The Dangers of False Assumptions

All forms of preparation rely on some assumptions; this is unavoidable. However, when most people picture a “doomsday,” they approach it with a set of preconceived notions that they’ve gathered from books, movies, or ideal projections of what the apocalypse might be like. If these assumptions are incorrect, you could end up preparing wrong, reducing your chances of survival and making all your efforts worthless.

The Worst Assumptions You Can Make

These are some of the worst—yet most common—mistakes you can make about the ambiguous coming “doomsday:”

  1. Some forms of technology will still work. We’ve come a long way in terms of being able to protect our data and protect our devices against natural elements and disasters. But on a big enough scale, it’s unlikely that any of our technologies will survive a massively destructive event. That means all forms of Internet and electricity will become unusable, and even portable, analog devices like radios might be useless. Does that mean you shouldn’t include a radio in your emergency stash? No—it might still come in handy. But you shouldn’t plan for it to work, just like you shouldn’t plan for cars, phones, or any other form of technology to work. Count on absolutely nothing surviving, and you’ll be prepared no matter what.
  2. You’re more likely to survive than someone else. This is an assumption most of us live with, and we can’t really help it. Imagine you’ve just learned that a new illness is going to wipe out 95 percent of the U.S. population—you’ll imagine yourself as part of the 5 percent who survive, even though this makes little logical sense. You can’t really plan on dying, though you do owe it to yourself to be more realistic about the scenario. Even if you survive the initial effects, the aftereffects (think: secondary infections, nuclear fallout, etc.) could catch up to you.
  3. Your supplies will be safe. When most of us prepare for a doomsday scenario, we focus on physical goods, sometimes going overboard with the amount of supplies we store. All of this is usually based on an assumption that we’ll be able to keep these supplies safe and available for our own use. In reality, having this many supplies is probably going to make you a target rather than providing a cushion for your lifestyle. In reality, it may be wiser to only store what you absolutely need for survival.
  4. Supplies matter more than skills. This assumption also involves our tendency to horde supplies; people generally assume that as long as they have the right materials, they’ll be able to survive. And it’s true that additional food and water can keep you alive for longer, but it’s more important in a post-apocalyptic scenario to have the skills and abilities necessary to support your own continued survival. It’s the “teach a man to fish” moral, but applied to post-doomsday survivalism. Instead of spending more money on supplies, spend money on survival training and experiences that will keep you alive.
  5. Short-term survival is what really matters. Most people end up planning for a few weeks of survival after a doomsday event. Some go nuts and plan for a few months. But the truth is, your body will probably be able to survive for a few weeks on its own, without much need for additional resources. If you really want to survive after a doomsday event, you need to think in longer terms. How are you going to survive in a year? In five years? In ten?

Predicting the Unpredictable

Even though this article has been centered on false assumption, it’s probably making some false assumption of its own. Why? Because by its very nature, a doomsday scenario is unpredictable. It may never come. It may come tomorrow. And if it does come, it could take any one of an infinite number of forms. It’s impossible to prepare for everything, so the best you can do is prepare for the greatest number of possible events, and prepare yourself—mentally and physically—for the most demanding situations you can.

The post 5 Assumptions People Make in a Doomsday Scenario appeared first on American Preppers Network.

How To Monitor Real Time U.S. Radiation Levels Online

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How To Monitor Real Time U.S. Radiation Levels Online U.S. Radiation Levels Online.. Never be in the dark again! Nuclear radiation is obviously nothing to take lightly and there are ways to measure and determine if there are dangerous levels of radiation in the area. These are great websites offering radiation monitoring results, all results …

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The Ultimate Guide to Surviving a Nuclear Attack

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The Ultimate Guide to Surviving a Nuclear Attack How likely is a nuclear attack to occur in our lifetime? Nobody can answer that for sure. But there’s one thing that can be said for certain: if it happens and you’re unprepared, you’re as good as dead. While WW3 hasn’t happened yet, there isn’t anything, in …

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How To Buy A Quality Gas Mask For Survival

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Gas Mask in A Broken WindowThe iconic gas mask.

It’s that one piece of survival gear we always associate with chaos, war, terror, and mass destruction. Just its image alone conjures up thoughts and feelings of spine-chilling events that most of us prefer not to think about. Events where the air we breathe is not safe. Where air is toxic. Where air is deadly and the world as we know it is officially over.

In my opinion, way too many survival articles on the web begin by pointing out that water is the number one survival need. It’s not.

Now, I’m not saying that clean water isn’t crucial for survival (it’s essential), but it’s secondary. Access to clean, abundant, breathable air trumps water every single time. Why? Because while it’s a well-established fact that you can only survive 3 days without water (less time in intense heat), you can only survive a few MINUTES without oxygen (and you’ll go unconscious well before that). I just honestly think most people take clean breathable air for granted…which can be a deadly mistake.

But you might argue that “air won’t just vanish”. And you’re right; unless our entire atmosphere instantly and completely vanishes, we won’t go from air to no air. However, just because air is breathable doesn’t mean it’s not deadly.

So you may not drop dead immediately, but if you breathe highly toxic chemically infused air, even just a couple of small gulps, you’re headed for an early grave.

Of course, this all depends upon the actual toxin involved and its intensity, but for the worst case scenarios, your ultimate fate will be set in stone.

What really sucks in this situation is that you CAN’T NOT breathe. You can only hold your breath for a minute or two. But at the same time, each necessary breath brings you closer to your premature demise. In other words “damned if you do, damned if you don’t”.

So if the idea of such a dire situation frightens you (and it does for me…) then you’re highly motivated to invest in a high-quality gas mask.

There a good reason why the military, police departments, and firefighters all have gas masks. They must be prepared to rush headlong into the worst disasters to assist their communities; even if it’s a chemical or nuclear attack. So they are equipped to survive even if the air is too deadly breathe.

So if you’re like me, and you’re serious about getting prepared then you also need a quality gas mask to survive.

Single Filter Full Faced Gas MaskGas Mask Basics

A gas mask is simply a small, portable, personal air purifying device. It’s an invention with one simple yet exceptionally important task – providing detoxified “clean” air. Similar in concept to a portable water filter that cleans water prior to drinking. The difference being you can avoid drinking water for much longer than 3 minutes.

Similar in concept to a portable water filter that cleans water prior to drinking. The difference being you can avoid drinking water for much longer than 3 minutes.

And it is older than you probably realize.

The first known gas masks were made by the ancient Greeks. They crude versions that used sponges as air filters.

A few centuries later, a pair of Iraqi brothers produced a rough prototype of a 19th-century version of the gas mask. Ever since they have been used by soldiers, miners, doctors, and civilians under wildly different circumstances, but always to achieve the same end goal: air purification.

But these were all very primitive. They did not work well, at least not well enough to ensure survival. But to be fair, chemical and nuclear warfare had yet to be invented.

The first practical gas mask with real survival potential was created by a Brit named Edward Harrison in 1916, shortly after the invention of chemical warfare during WWI.

Ever since the gas mask has morphed into a symbol of the apocalyptic. But as menacing as they may look; they save lives.

They are in fact, they are crucial to add to your survival cache, in your home, or in your bug-out-bag.

A Quality Gas Mask Is Item #94 Of My #104 Item Bug Out Checklist.  Click Here To Snag Your FREE Copy Of It.

But they do require research, preparation, upkeep, and  a little bit of know-how to get right.

Gas Mask Half Vs Full2 Types Of Gas Masks – Pros And Cons

The first step to making an informed gas mask purchase is to determine which style gas mask is right for you. And you do this by deciding what level of protection you desire. We need to figure out the right style and type of gas mask and then discuss your filter options.

Let’s start with style first, essentially you have 2 options:

1 – If you want a down-n-dirty, quick, easy, and cheap solution you could buy an air-purifying respirator. But these respirators only cover your nose and your mouth. While they do technically keep the air your breathing clean, it leaves your eyes totally exposed.

And yes, eyeballs are extremely vulnerable to chemical damage and biological infection. And to be blunt, you need your eyesight if you want any chance to survive a real chemical attack. Stumbling around in the dark during an attack seems like a recipe for failure.

2- The second option is a full face gas mask. As you probably already guessed, this version includes eye protection. 

These gas masks are the ones you normally think of when someone utters the word, “gas mask”. They include a large filter attached below the mouth area and they cover the entire face. Your eyes are inside this sealed mask and you can see out of glass or plastic plates.

My advice? You really only have one option. Get a full face gas mask.

Man with Full Faced Gas Mask In Hoody Standing In Front Of Barbed Wire FenceFull Face Gas Mask Options

The next most important decision to make is what type of respirator.

Here we have 2 basic options to choose from:

1 – The first variety is called an “air-purifying respirator”. These are the cheapest and simplest full faced gas masks available. The filter canisters on these units are replaceable and  they screw directly into the mask. It’s designed to use the power of your lungs to pull and push air through the filter.

This setup works fairly well as long as you get can get and keep a good seal. You see, air pressure always takes the path of least resistance. As you pull air in and push air out with your lungs YOU are creating this air pressure.

Now if you have a good seal around the outside of the gas mask, then the path of least resistance is the filter itself. Which is what you want. However, if the seal breaks or fails for any reason, the path of least resistance is no longer through the filter; it’s through the breach. The breach route will have less resistance than the filtered route (hence the term “path of least resistance).

And that’s the one big disadvantage to this type of gas mask: any prolonged leak makes it 100% ineffective. If there is a gap between your chin and the mask, outside air will bypass the filter and enter through the leak. And you may die.

So just make sure that seal is absolutely airtight and you’ll be just fine.

Two notes of caution here:

1) If you have a legit beard, you are going to have to shave it off because facial hair makes these masks difficult to seal.

2) Also, be careful what tasks you are performing while in the mask. You don’t want to accidently run into anything that could break the air seal. So try not to be clumsy or perform any unnecessary acrobatics if you can help it.

The bottom line is: Even if you initially establish a good seal, you still need to be diligent enough to KEEP a good seal.

2 – The second variety of mask is by far the most effective, and the heaviest. It is the type of mask that firefighters use to breathe in smoke-filled rooms. It is called the “self-contained breathing apparatus system” (or SCBA).

These masks require you to carry around a tank full of air (usually strapped to your back). But they provide the highest level of protection and security of any respirators on the market.

The air tanks contain high-pressure purified oxygen and it keeps pumping it into the mask at a constant rate. This design keeps a positive pressure in the mask at all times, which essentially eliminates the need for a perfect seal. Why, you ask? Because of physics. Air moves in one direction only. From high pressure to low pressure. 

One simple way to understand this concept is by thinking about flat tires. An inflated tire contains pressurized air. Or another way to say it, is that it has more pressure in the tire than the surrounding atmosphere. Hence, when a tire is punctured the air moves from its higher-pressure environment (in the tire) to the lower pressure atmosphere (out of the tire); never the other way around.

So a gas mask filled with pressurized air will leak out, never in. As long as the gas masks maintains a relatively higher air pressure than the surrounding atmosphere leaks are not dangerous.

Ok, enough science for one day…

But the SCBA setup is not without its tradeoffs: for one, it’s bulky, heavy and unwieldy in all circumstances. SCBA equipment is also a challenge to store in small spaces. It takes up serious square footage in a regular sized closet. Also, most tanks only contain about 30-60 minutes of fresh oxygen anyways and can only be refilled using special equipment.

So as you can see, there are upsides and downsides to each of your options. It is totally up to you to determine what kind of chemical or biological threat you plan to face, how much you are willing to spend, and how protected you want to be.

Bottomline: Not all gas masks setups are created equal – some are glorified surgical masks while others are only used by serious professionals in the most dangerous circumstances.

Now at this point I could cop out leave it at “just do your own research” but that’s why you’re here; looking for advice. So here’s my advice. Go with a full-face air purifying respirator and practice putting it on and getting a good seal.

And if you rock a large and gnarly beard and refuse to part ways with it, well good luck with that…

Here’s a short video covering the basics of using a full faced gas mask. You should watch it if your a gas mask newbie.

Ok, before you pull the trigger on a purchase we still have some more technical groundwork to cover. So stay with me…

gas masks and several different filtersHow The Filters Actually Work

The common full faced air purifying respirator gas mask uses filter canisters to keep the air you breathe, poison and disease-free. There are three general types of filter designs:

  1. Particle Filtration
  2. Chemical absorption
  3. Chemical reaction to neutralize other chemicals

Particle filtration is the most common and the simplest of these three options (and it’s also the oldest). Just like the ancient Greeks who held sponges up to their faces, particle filters act to block foreign substances from entering your lungs.

Recall a time when you’ve pulled your shirt over your nose in an attempt to block the smell of a particularly repulsive fart. You were employing a crude version of particle filtration.

Very fine particulate filters are helpful against biological threats, like anthrax. However, these filters have a limited life. They can only hold so much particulate matter before they clog, so you have to replace them after every 20-24 hours of use (always verify these numbers on any gas mask filter you intend to purchase).

If you are trying to prepare for a chemical threat, then you will have to take a different approach. While particle filtration is an effective system, it does little to purify the air of chemical agents. For that, you will need to use an activated charcoal system for chemical absorption.

Most deadly chemical warfare agents come in the form of gaseous vapors (not particulates) and will slip straight through your particle filtration filter system and kill you. Your best bet, whether you are trying not to breathe household chemicals or a neurotoxin, is activated charcoal.

Charcoal is a highly porous form of carbon. So porous, in fact, that it chemically attracts gaseous or liquid substances strongly enough to trap the harmful chemical vapors. But it doesn’t catch everything.

Certain chemical agents aren’t chemically attracted to carbon, and will pass straight through (such as sodium and nitrates just to name a couple). This is to say that the activated charcoal will absorb some chemical agents while totally ignoring others. Chemicals that could be as equally dangerous.

The final type of filter option uses chemical reactions to neutralize. This is a very effective way of defending against one specific chemical agent or another, but you have to know exactly what you are up against so that the respirator is loaded with the right counteractive chemical.

For instance, in WWI during chlorine attacks, soldiers would be fitted with masks containing sodium thiosulfate, which would react with, and neutralize the chlorine in the air.

When you buy these filters they are color coded to indicate which type of gas or acid they work to diffuse. Unfortunately, for most people, this type of mask is ineffective, because it’s impossible to predict what kind of chemical will be present in any given attack.

No matter what type of filter you end up choosing, you will have to invest regular time and money in keeping them maintained. No filter lasts forever – in fact, most only last about 20-24 hours of use.

So every time you use your mask, you will probably have to replace the filter afterward. Filters usually run for between $40-$60 a pop, and it is highly advised that you keep several on hand for each gas mask at all times.

They also have a limited shelf life, so you will have to check up on them every so often and replace them once they expire (even of you did not get the chance to use them yet).

A final note of caution: Don’t use any filters that were made during WWII or early. Back then, asbestos was considered the ideal filter medium. Now we all know that breathing asbestos is highly dangerous and will lead to asbestosis and lung cancer. You’ve been warned.

Gas Mask On A Man With A Rifle

The Final Word and Recommendation

Here’s the ultimate rub: when it comes to any gas mask, a little late is almost always too late.

Even if you buy the most expensive, advanced, top-of-the-line gas mask and keep yourself stocked and loaded with innumerable back-up filters, if you put your mask on after you realize there is a chemical agent in the air, you are probably already dead.

Real life doesn’t happen like it does in the movies. Every second of respiratory exposure, be it biological or chemical, is a second closer to death.

It is also impossible to tell when or where you are going to need your respirator. Soldiers and police often get a heads up and can deploy the mask quickly because they always carry it with them.

Civilians often do not get such advanced notice. We are at work, or in the car, or with friends most of the time. And should word of a chemical/biological attack reach you while you are away from home, you are going to wish you had your respirator with you.

The best way to avoid this is to buy several gas masks and store them in various places where you often spend time. Keep one in your car, one in your office at work, one at the house, one in your bug out bag.

A Quality Gas Mask Is Item #94 Of My #104 Item Bug Out Checklist.  Click Here To Snag Your FREE Copy Of It.

If there is a place you spend a lot of time, and you are worried you will be there when the shit hits the fan, hide a gas mask nearby. Not only does this provide peace of mind, but it also increases your chances of chemical attack survival by tenfold.

Finally, gas masks are not a fool proof solution. They are actually a means to an end, rather than an end in themselves. For instance, you can’t live your entire life in a gas mask. You can’t hang out in a room full of noxious chemicals forever just because you are wearing one.

Eventually, you will need to eat and drink. Eventually, the filter is going to go bad and you are going to have to replace it.

So gas masks are a defensive measure, a temporary solution to a hopefully temporary problem. So do not put too much faith in your gas mask to get you through a prolonged emergency/disaster/attack. Gas masks are a survival tool, meant to buy you time in a toxic situation. It may just be enough time to escape and keep your life. That is the hope, at least…

And this article wouldn’t be complete without a final recommendation.

If your not a gas mask enthusiast and just want to get something simple and cost effective for protection hen get an Israeli Gas Mask. It’s a simple proven design, replacement filters are readily available, and it can be purchased at a reasonable price point. I won’t say it’s the best gas mask you can buy, but I do think its one of the best from a cost per dollar standpoint. Allowing you to get a couple.

Make sure you check out the reviews for even more information about the Israeli gas mask.

The post How To Buy A Quality Gas Mask For Survival appeared first on Skilled Survival.

The Effects of Nuclear Weapons and Dirty Bombs

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One thing that I rarely do is repost someone else’s article, but today I am going to make an exception.  This article was first published in Defense One  and was written by Keturah Hetrick.  It gives  some good information on the effects of nuclear weapons and dirty bombs.

How Bad Would A Radiological Terror Attack Be?

APRIL 1, 2016BY KETURAH HETRICK

When it comes to human health, all nuclear scenarios are not created equal. The Chernobyl disaster caused an estimated 16,000 cases of thyroid cancer, while the Fukushima power plant accident barely produced any. A dizzying number of variables go into understanding the damage that a particular nuclear or radiological device might have. But modeling the effects of such devices has become also become easier, and more public, thanks to the Internet.

AUTHOR

Keturah Hetrick is a Washington, D.C.-based journalist. She previously worked at The Futurist magazine and as a private investigator. Full Bio

It’s “no secret” that organizations like Al-Qaeda and ISIS “are interested in securing nuclear materials so they can use them for terrorist attacks,” Dr. Timothy Jorgensen, a professor of radiation medicine at Georgetown University and the author of Strange Glow: The Story of Radiation, told an audience at the Center for Strategic International Studies on Monday.

How might we be able to predict the effect of a particular attack? The type and size of bomb, materials used, detonation from the air versus ground, population density, and even wind can help us to predict increases in cancer risk, deaths from a bomb’s blast, and the timing of deaths from radiation sickness.

“The distribution of doses within the population determine the survivors,” says Jorgensen. “You can predict the type and severity of health consequences by just knowing the doses among individuals.”

Our bodies absorb radiation through the course of normal life experiences. For example, we absorb 3.0 millisieverts (a common measurement of the body’s radiation absorption, abbreviated as mSv) from a single mammogram. Eating 1,000 bananas adds another 0.1 mSv to our bodies. (Bananas, like all potassium-rich foods, contain very small amounts of radioactive material.)

Of course, our bodies absorb far more radiation if we’re near a more-potent source, like an atomic bomb explosion or power plant accident.

At 1,000 mSv, radiation sickness sets in as cells begin to die. Symptoms include spontaneous bleeding, ulcerated organs, and skin that sloughs off. But, you will likely recover, with only a somewhat higher chance of developing cancer later in life.

About half of a population that receives a 5,000-mSv dose will die. This point is known as the Lethal Dose 50 (LD50).

Doses above 10,000 mSv cause gastrointestinal (GI) syndrome, leaving the afflicted with less than two weeks to live. Above 50,000 mSv, brain swelling causes Central Nervous System (CNS) syndrome. Death will come in hours.

Currently, there’s no treatment for CNS syndromes. According to Jorgensen, treatment for CNS “wouldn’t make much sense” because of GI syndrome’s imminence.

nuclear weapons

Simulated effects of a 16-kiloton nuclear device detonated at Union Station in Washington D.C. (Alex Wellerstein)

In a normal distribution of radiation doses, that leaves a small number of treatable victims.

Unfortunately, our abilities to treat victims within that range haven’t improved much. Most deaths from the U.S. bombing of Hiroshima were caused by fires or the detonation’s blast, and less than 10 percent of total deaths fell within the treatable range. If the Hiroshima bombing occurred today, we would be able to reduce the number of deaths by only 5 percent, Jorgensen says.

Dirty Bombs

Reports show that last week’s Brussels attackers are among many ISIS affiliates pursuing dirty bombs, renewing fears about the group’s nuclear ambitions.

Dirty bombs, also known as radiological dispersal devices (RDDs), aren’t actually nuclear weapons. Though they distribute a small amount of radioactive material upon detonation, their blast is far deadlier, and most people exposed to the radioactive blast wouldn’t receive a lethal dose.

According to a recent report from the Nuclear Threat Initiative, a dirty bomb “would not cause catastrophic levels of death and injury” but “could leave billions of dollars of damage due to the costs of evacuation, relocation, and cleanup,” contributing to the weapons’ reputation as “weapons of mass disruption.”

“Recent reports out of Iraq warn that Islamic State extremists may have already stolen enough material to build a [dirty] bomb that could contaminate major portions of a city and cost billions of dollars in damage,” the report states.

Experts agree that terrorists are more likely to use a dirty bomb than other radioactive devices because dirty bombs are less technically complicated to build and require materials that are relatively easy to obtain.

INDs

While experts believe that terrorist groups are more likely to use dirty bombs, uranium-based improvised nuclear devices (INDs) aren’t out of the question. But all INDs, which Jorgensen describes as “homemade atomic bomb[s],” are not alike.

Ground detonations and air blasts result in different casualties. Terrorists are more likely to detonate an IND from the ground, rather than dropping it from a plane. This kind of blast would cause a greater amount of fallout, which increases radiation exposure and thus, health risk.

If a terrorist group were to detonate a 15-kiloton nuclear bomb (the size of the Hiroshima bomb, considered a plausible size for a terrorist group to build or obtain), the radius for radiation sickness deaths and the radius for deaths from the blast would be about the same size.

Interestingly, the more energy that an explosion releases, the percentage of people who die from percussive blasts increases, while the percentage who die from radiation sickness decreases. That information helps us to predict deaths from the percussive blast versus deaths from radiation—and to better predict the proportion of the population who might be treatable.

If a 50-kiloton bomb were detonated over a civilian population, radiation sickness wouldn’t kill anyone – because anyone close enough for a lethal dose would already have been killed by the blast.

But energy output and altitude are far from the only variables that help us to forecast a nuclear bomb’s health impact.

Enter the Nuke Map, a project from nuclear historian Alex Wellerstein. The interactive map lets you plug in variables to see the outcome of various nuclear bomb scenarios.

For example, a 15-kiloton nuclear bomb (the size of the Hiroshima bomb, considered a plausible size for a terrorist group to obtain) dropped from a plane on downtown Washington, D.C. would leave hundreds of thousands of casualties within city limits. That same bomb set off at ground level would result in fewer immediate casualties—but fallout that extended for miles, due to the region’s northeast winds, Jorgensen explained.

And, even at non-lethal doses, radiation exposure introduces myriad concerns: How far away from the detonation site does cancer risk increase? Is it worth the risk to evacuate hospital and nursing home residents? When is it safe for displaced residents to return home?

According to Jorgensen, the best way to answer these questions later is public education now. “People… can’t even discuss the topic because they don’t know the difference between radiation and radioactivity dose. They need to have at least that much information to be engaged in the process,” he says. “We, as public health officials, should do a much better job at bringing this message to the public.”

P.S.

One thing that I want to be sure and point out is that even if you survive the blast from nuclear weapons you still have to protect yourself from fallout.  Learn about how to do this and make plans to take advantage of the best level of protection you have available.

Howard

The post The Effects of Nuclear Weapons and Dirty Bombs appeared first on Preparedness Advice Blog.

Build a Nuclear Go Bag for Fallout or Radioactive Incidents

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nuclear go bag

A US soldier wearing a contamination avoidance suite

Yesterday I wrote an article on the locations of nuclear facilities that are scattered all over the US.  In reality there are probably additional secret ones that we are unaware off.  So today, I am writing to suggest that if you live near one of the facilities you may want to build yourself a nuclear go bag.  This is a bag that you would grab in addition to your bug out bag, if you had to flee your home because of a dirty bomb, power plant accident or nuclear incident.   It also contains most of the items you would need to survive, if you have to shelter in place because of radiation.

These items are not listed in order of importance.

  • A radiation detector – This can be something as simple as a homemade Kearny Fallout meter as shown in Nuclear Warfare Survival skills . You can also get personal radiation detectors such as the RADTriage, which is a U.S. Military-grade personal dosimeter.   This detects radiation exposure in the event of a dirty bomb, nuclear reactor accident such as Fukushima and Chernobyl. This is a wallet size card that requires no batteries.  Personally, I have one of the Old Civil Defense Radiation Detectors sets that were made for the cold war.  I was able to find it through connections with a volunteer fire department.
  • Potassium Iodide tablets to help protect your thyroid from radiation damage. Potassium Iodide and Radiation
  • A good quality gas mask with extra filters for every member of your family. Spend some time in researching these.  You need ones that will prevent radioactive particles from entering your lungs.
  • A good rain suite consisting of a waterproof hooded jacket, pants and boots plus gloves. You need one for every member of you family.
  • A good size sheet of plastic to help you seal opening into a room in a building to help keep radioactive particles out.
  • Duct tape, lots of it, if for some reason you have to go outside in a fallout area, you can use it around the openings in your rain suite to help keep dust out.  It can also be of use if you have to seal a room.
  • N95 particulate masks will help to keep you from inhaling fallout particles.
  • Soap, sponges and/or a bristled brush (vegetable scrubbing brush) for decontaminating family members
  • Knowledge – this may be the most important thing. The items that are listed above are no good if you don’t know what to do with them.  Here is a link you may want to read. Rules on Nuclear Fallout . But the best book is Nuclear Warfare Survival skills, put it in your bag
  • A good bag to store them in.  It will teach you how to build a survivable shelter.  Don’t forget to read the links in yesterday’s post.

Take a bit of time and put this nuclear go bag together, if a nuclear emergency occurs these items will help you whether you shelter in place or bug out.

Howard

The post Build a Nuclear Go Bag for Fallout or Radioactive Incidents appeared first on Preparedness Advice Blog.

Nuclear Reactors and Materials are Vulnerable to Attack

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nuclear reactorsOne of my biggest concerns resulting from the recent terrorist attacks made by Isis in Europe is that they had been doing surveillance on nuclear power facilities.  An attack on nuclear reactors could result in major casualties and widespread decontamination.  If they are working on this in Europe, I am reasonably sure they will also be working on it in this country.

The first thing that I did was to spend some time doing research on the location of nuclear reactors and other nuclear materials.  I found a website put up by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission  that has a good map showing the location of all the nuclear power plants in the US.   Now at first glance this makes a lot of the US safe from potential problems.  However as you do further research in their site you find another page that lists all the nuclear materials and reactors by state.  This shows many sites that are not on the first map.

Check these maps and see what is located near you.  I found a small one I did not know about that is only about 50 miles as the crow flies from my house.  Once you know where they are located, this should help you to plan your evacuation routes in case of a terrorist attack.

Plan your evacuation routes to take you to spots that are upwind from any potential sites if possible.  You may also want to consider making a go bag for nuclear emergencies.  This would contain items that would help you to survive this type of threat.  In tomorrow’s blog, I will post an article on what nuclear go bag should contain.  In the meantime, here are a couple of links you may want to study.

There is some good information in them that help you in an emergency.

Howard

 

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What is your TEOTWAWKI?

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What is your TEOTWAWKI?
Bobby Akart “Prepping for Tomorrow

3-17-16 teotwawkiOn this week’s special episode of the Prepping for Tomorrow program, Author Bobby Akart takes the mic and discusses a topic sure to stir some conversation: WHAT IS YOUR TEOTWAWKI?

The End Of The World As We Know It.
It DOES NOT MEAN the end of the world. This is why we prep. The threats that we face are many. As preppers we want to survive TEOTWAWKI. The collapse events vary in degree, but your preparedness plan should prepare for the worst.

3-17-16 TEOTWAWKI-500x350Whether fantasy, or reality, we all have collapse events that we prepare for. Those who are not preppers still have their collapse event. TEOTWAWKI could be loss of a job for which they maintain a rainy day fund. It could be damage to their home from storms, fire or vandals, for which they carry insurance. For the weakest among us, TEOTWAWKI could mean a zit on their chin before a big date for which they have no makeup concealer.
So WHAT IS YOUR TEOTWAWKI?
In our annual poll on FreedomPreppers.com, the results were as follows:
(1) Economic Collapse
(2) EMP, natural and man-made
(3) Pandemic, BioTerror
(4) Cyber Attack
(5) Natural Disaster
(6) Near Earth Objects
(7) Nuclear War
Is this fear mongering? Is it too conspiratorial? Some say fear is a great motivator. Whatever it takes to lead more people to a preparedness lifestyle, then I am all for it.
Visit Bobby Akart website HERE! 
Join us for “Prepping For Tomorrow” “LIVE SHOW” every Thursday 9:00/Et 8:00Ct 6:00/Pt Go To Listen and Chat

Listen to this broadcast or download “What is your TEOTWAWKI?” in player below!

Get the 24/7 app for your smart phone HERE! 
Put the 24/7 player on your web site HERE! 
Archived shows Prepping For Tomorrow at bottom of THIS PAGE!

The post What is your TEOTWAWKI? appeared first on The Prepper Broadcasting Network.

3 Minutes To Midnight And A Terrorist With A Suitcase Nuke

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(a scene from ’24’) “The probability of global catastrophe is very high,” reads an excerpted statement from the Science and Security Board on the 2016 time of the Doomsday Clock. The infamous ‘doomsday clock’ was recently moved forward during 2015 to… three minutes to midnight. During their 2016 update they noted: “The probability has not […]

Would a Long-Duration Blackout Cause Nuclear Armageddon?

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Would a Long-Duration Blackout Cause Nuclear Armageddon?

By Dr. Arthur T. Bradley

According to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, there are sixty-one active commercial nuclear plants spread across the United States. A question on the minds of many is what would happen to those plants if the nation experienced a widespread, long-lasting power outage? Let me start by saying that there is a quite a bit of misinformation on the web about this subject, so my advice is to be careful about what you choose to believe.

Many of you may know that I have a background in science and engineering (Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering), so I believed that if I could talk with a knowledgeable person working in the nuclear power industry, I could get to the bottom of this question. To find answers, I consulted Jim Hopson, the Manager of Public Relations at the Tennessee Valley Authority. As readers may point out, it was in Mr. Hopson’s interest to assure me that nuclear plants are safe, but to be fair, I found him to be forthright about the industry’s safeguards and vulnerabilities.

Probably the best place to start is with a basic discussion of how a nuclear power plant operates. There are two types of reactors in the U.S., boiling water reactors (BWRs) and pressurized water reactors (PWRs). For purposes of our discussion, the differences in their operation aren’t terribly important. Nuclear reactors use an atomic process called fission to generate heat. The heat is then used to create steam that turns large turbines to generate electricity. The steam is later condensed and returned in a closed-loop process within the reactor system.

The nuclear reaction itself is beyond the scope of this brief write up (and my expertise), but the gist is that an energetic neutron is absorbed by a uranium-235 nucleus, briefly turning it into a uranium-236 nucleus. The uranium-236 then splits into lighter elements, releasing a large amount of energy. The physical system inside the reactor consists of tens of thousands of nuclear fuel rods placed into a water bath. The rods are essentially long metal tubes filled with ceramic nuclear pellets that are bundled together into larger assemblies. Trivia bit… a nuclear fuel pellet is about the size of a pencil eraser but equivalent in energy to one ton of coal.

The risks of nuclear power are many, but two stand above the rest. The first is that the fuel assemblies in the reactor might overheat. That would only occur if the fission process became uncontrolled or if the cooling system failed. Should overheating occur, the fuel rods’ zirconium cladding and nuclear materials could both melt, resulting in a nuclear sludge akin to molten lava. That slag would be so hot that it might melt through the bottom of the reinforced reactor. Eventually, it would cool enough to harden, but not before it had spewed nuclear contaminants into the air. Melting zirconium also releases hydrogen, which could lead to an explosion that might actually expel the nuclear material into the surrounding area—think Fukushima.

The good news is that nuclear fission can be stopped in under one second through the insertion of control rods. Those control rods are automatically inserted near the fuel rods either by a hydraulic system or through the use of an electromagnetic dead-man switch that activates when power is removed. That means that when the electrical grid goes down or an emergency shutdown is initiated, fission would automatically stop one second later. That’s a good thing, but it doesn’t make the reactor inherently safe. Even without fission, the fuel rod assemblies remain incredibly hot, perhaps a thousand degrees C. If they were not actively cooled, pressure and temperatures would build in the reactor until something breaks—not good. After three days of active cooling, however, the reactor would be thermally cool enough to open, should it be deemed necessary to remove the fuel rod assemblies.

The second major risk has to do with cooling of the spent fuel rod assemblies. Nuclear fuel rod assemblies have a usable life on the order of 54-72 months (depending on reactor type). Every 18-24 months, the reactor is brought down and serviced. While it is down, the fuel rod assemblies are removed, and 1/3 of them are replaced with fresh assemblies. Think of this like rotating cans of food in your emergency pantry. In the U.S., fuel rods are not refurbished like in other countries. Instead, they are carefully stored in giant pools of water laced with boric acid—imagine a swimming pool at your local YMCA that is 75-feet deep. Those spent fuel rod assemblies are still incredibly radioactive, and they continue to generate heat. Water in the pool must therefore be circulated to keep them cool. How long must the fuel rods be cooled? According to Mr. Hopson, the answer is 5-7 years. After that, the rods are cool enough to be removed and stored in reinforced concrete casks. Even then, the rods continue to be radioactive, but their heat output can be passively managed.

Nuclear plants obviously require electricity to operate their cooling pumps, not to mention their control systems. That power is normally tapped off of the electricity that the reactor generates. If the plant is offline, the power is provided by the electrical grid. But what happens when the grid itself goes down? The short answer is that large on-site diesel generators automatically activate to provide electricity. And if those should fail, portable diesel generators, which are also on-site, can be connected. Recent standardization has also ensured that generators can be swapped between plants without the need to retrofit connectors.

There are also a couple of additional emergency systems that can be used specifically to cool the reactor. These include the turbine-driven-auxiliary-feedwater pump, which uses steam generated by the reactor to power a cooling turbine. The pump requires an operator, but it runs completely without electricity. This system, however, is meant only for emergency cooling of the reactor during those critical first few days when the fuel rod assemblies are being brought down in temperature, not for long-term cooling. And finally, in the worst case, most plants have a method of bringing in river or ocean water to flood the reactor. This typically damages the cooling system, but again, it helps to cool and cover the reactor core should all else fail. Unlike in other countries, permission from the federal government is not required to flood the reactor.

With backup systems to the backup systems, it would seem that there’s nothing to worry about, right? Under all but the direst of circumstances, I think that assessment is correct. However, one could imagine a scenario in which the grid was lost and the diesel generators ran out of fuel. Speaking of fuel, how much is actually stored onsite? It depends on the plant, but at the Watts Bar Nuclear Plant, for example, there is enough fuel to run the emergency diesel generators for at least 42 days. I say at least because it would depend on exactly what was being powered. Once the reactor was cooled down, a much smaller system, known as the Residual Heat Removal System, would be all that was required to keep the fuel assemblies cool, both in the reactor and the spent fuel rods pool. The generators and onsite fuel supply could power that smaller cooling system for significantly longer than if they were powering the larger reactor cooling system. Even if we assumed a worst case of forty-two days, it’s hard to imagine a scenario in which that would not be enough time to bring in additional fuel either by land, water, or air. Nonetheless, let’s push the question a little further. What would happen in the unlikely event that the diesel fuel was exhausted?

Even with the reactor having been successfully cooled, the biggest risk would continue to be overheating of the fuel rod assemblies, both in the reactor and the spent fuel rods pool. Without circulation, the heat from the fuel rod assemblies could boil the surrounding water, resulting in steam. In turn, the water levels would drop, ultimately exposing the fuel rods to air. Once exposed to air, their temperatures would rise but not to the levels that would melt the zirconium cladding. Thankfully, that means that meltdown would not occur. The steam might well carry radioactive contaminants into the air, but there would be no release of hydrogen and, thus, no subsequent explosions. The situation would certainly be dangerous to surrounding communities, but it wouldn’t be the nuclear Armageddon that many people worry about.

The bottom line is that in the event of a long-duration blackout, several things would need to occur. First, fission would need to be halted by the insertion of control rods, a process that takes less than one second. Next, the reactor would need to be cooled for at least three days using the large diesel engines to provide electrical power. After that, the fuel rods would be cool enough that the reactor could be opened, and the plant’s Residual Heat Removal System could be used to provide cooling. That smaller system would need operate for 5-7 years to ensure that the fuel rod assemblies, both in the reactor and in the spent fuel rods pool, didn’t overheat. Only then could the fuel rod assemblies be moved to concrete casks for dry storage and final dis-positioning. During those 5-7 years, electricity in one form or another would be required. If it was not maintained, radioactive contamination could be released into the air, but the temperatures of the fuel rods would not be high enough to cause a complete meltdown or the dangerous release of hydrogen.

The point of this article wasn’t to convince anyone that nuclear power generation is safe. I would argue that history has already proven that it comes with some very serious risks. Rather, it was to discuss the impact of a long-duration blackout. Specifically, it focused on the safeguards that are currently in place, and more importantly, discussed the magnitude of the catastrophe that might result if we allowed those safeguards to fail.

 

 

Arthur Bradley, Ph.D.

Author Biography

Dr. Arthur Bradley is an Army veteran and father of four. He holds a doctorate in engineering from Auburn University and currently works for NASA Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia. Having lived all across the United States, he writes from personal experience about preparing for a wide variety of disasters, including earthquakes, tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, house fires, snowstorms, electromagnetic pulse attacks, and solar storms. His books have been featured in the New York Times, Toronto Sun, Money, Popular Mechanics, Costco Connection, and numerous blogs and radio shows.

Since 2009, Dr. Bradley has sold more than 250,000 copies of his books, which include:

  • Handbook to Practical Disaster Preparedness for the Family
  • Disaster Preparedness for EMP Attacks and Solar Storms
  • Prepper’s Instruction Manual
  • The Disaster Preparedness Handbook
  • Process of Elimination: A Thriller
  • The Survivalist Series (Frontier Justice, Anarchy Rising, Judgment Day, Madness Rules, Battle Lines, Finest Hour, Last Stand)

 

Contact: Arthur Bradley, 757-332-0829, arthur@disasterpreparer.com

Free preparedness information at: http://disasterpreparer.com

The post Would a Long-Duration Blackout Cause Nuclear Armageddon? appeared first on American Preppers Network.

An Earthen Filter For Radioactive Water

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The following earthen water filter will effectively remove radioactive particles from water… All soil found around the United States include different combinations of the following three things… sand, silt, and clay. With that said, the soil type that’s best for a earthen water filter to remove radioactive particles is that with a high clay content. […]

EMP Survival: Surviving The Darkest Days Of Disaster

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EMP Survival - Blackout City

Imagine a powerful EMP blast casts darkness in our cities. Is your EMP survival plan ready for this?:

  • Across the affected area, planes and helicopters would helplessly fall from the sky. While the panicked masses leap from their dead cars and tried calling 911 on their dead phones.
  • The police would have no organized way to respond. The firemen would have no idea where to go. Our paramedics would be virtually immobilized and the Internet would vanish.
  • All the money in your bank accounts would be lost. Chaos and anarchy would slither out of the masses, slowly at first, but with increasing intensity and speed…

An Electro Magnetic Pulse (EMP) as described above, is a very real and terrifying threat. It could come from one of our national enemies, or from a natural phenomena.

An EMP is a burst of electromagnetic energy. It can disrupt and destroy electronic equipment and even entire power grids. Cars, computers, engines, lights, satellites, trains, planes and anything else that requires electricity is vulnerable.

EMP’s aren’t uncommon either. Solar flares release magnetic energy that could easily create this effect on Earth. Lightning strikes are electric pulses powerful enough to cause physical damage. And perhaps most frighteningly, weaponized EMP’s are relatively easy to make and exist all over the world.

What do you do? How do you survive? When all emergency services are disabled, and law-enforcement has been brought to its knees things could get ugly fast.

That is why it’s so important to create a EMP survival plan for such an event. Premeditate the chaos.

This way, if (or more likely, when) an EMP cripples our gizmos, gadgets and communications you are ready to cope with the impending turmoil.

EMP Survival Preparation

Different theories describe the effects of an EMP with great variation. Some say any and all electrical equipment will be rendered useless, instantly, and without exception.

Others assert that while powerful, an EMP would not knock out everything electric. There would still be some functioning cars or radios in existence. In either case, your preparation is correlated to how easily and how long you will survive in a post-EMP world.

This is by far the most important part of building your plan.

bug out bike 2Start Collecting Non-Electric Goods and Gadgets

First, get a bicycle or a horse. While there may still be a few cars leftover from an EMP blast, they will probably be rare, and they will certainly make you a target.

Solar ovens and propane stoves will beyour best bet for cooking food (aside from a campfire).

Hand powered water pumps, manual can openers, and grain / meat grinders will also prove extremely useful.

Brainstorm, and think of ways to replace necessary tools with non-electric options.

Canned Food Shelf Life StorageStockpile Non-Perishables

Everything in your fridge is going to go bad in a matter of days or weeks. So plan ahead and start a collection of your favorite canned goods, dehydrated foods, anything that has a long shelf life.

If the effects of an EMP blast last long enough, food will start to become a dangerously scarce resource.

More frightening than this, water will also become VERY rare. The machines that are responsible for pumping clean, fresh water up through pipes and into your home will have likely died in the EMP, so make sure you’ve got enough H2O to kill a herd of camels.

Jump Over RiverGet A Bug Out Bag Prepared

Bug Out Bag (BOB) is going to be your best friend.

When things start going south, it is smart to have a bag packed. One with all the necessary go-items, so that you can get-the-hell-out without the hassle of packing bags.

Here’s our comphrenesive guide to building your personalized BOB:

Free Bonus: Download your 104 Item Bug Out Bag Checklist that will show you exactly WHAT to put in your bag and WHY.

You would also be wise to gather a Bug Out Group (BOG) before an EMP disaster scenario.

This way you can put together an A-Team of your favorite people, and your most useful friends – but remember: be cautious whom you include. Some people are better at weighing their group down than helping out.

Finally, pre-plan with your group and identify a Bug Out Location (BOL).

This doesn’t have to be where you will settle down; it just has to be a rendezvous point at which you and your BOG can reconnect, outside of the chaos.

A deserted location on the outskirts of town would be my choice, but you may choose to meet up at someone’s house, or at a prominent building.

The BOL is all about meeting up with your BOG, so make it work for you.

ruger gunsite scoutSelf-Defense Will Help Keep You Alive

It’s no secret that human beings can be violent and ruthless in nature, especially when there isn’t an authority there to enforce the peace. So to make it through this, you will certainly need to get your hands on some weapons, ammo, and cojones.

Knives, swords, axes, hatchets, guns, baseball bats, DIY survival gear – collect anything that can be useful in a skirmish.

To supplement this, don’t forget that guns need ammo and cleaning, and blades rust and dull.

Prepare for this and make sure that you have a healthy backup supply of ammunition, gun oil, and whetstones.

Having weapons is great, but they do you no good if they just decay into uselessness.

line of medical kitsBuy or Build a Medical Bag

This action can fall under the section about BOB’s, but it wouldn’t do any harm to get yourself a excellent, highly personalized medical bag full of personal meds, over the counter meds, and trauma gear.

Here is an extremely thorough guide to creating exactly such a med bag.

Wall Of ToolsBuilding Tools Are Going To Be Very Important

Whether you plan on posting up at your home, bunkering down at someone else’s, or creating an entirely new life out in the wilderness, owning a good collection of building tools will be invaluable.

Fortifying homes against potential intruders, repairing damages, maintaining structures, and building new ones all require tools. If you don’t have a good collection going when the EMP strikes, you will eventually have to go scavenging for them.

Fire Survival SkillFire and Light

Heating systems, gas fireplaces, stovetops, ovens, light fixtures, and flashlights cannot be relied upon in EMP survival. It’s back to the Stone Age with us!

You will never have enough matches or lighters. Buying a gas lantern is highly recommended. So is stockpiling fuel (though, fuel goes bad after a few years so be careful how long you keep it sitting around) and buying MASS amounts of candles.

If an EMP strike occurs, people will be cooking over fires and enjoying candlelit dinners for a while…

DIY Tools (smaller)Collect Barter Items

If every computer in America dies, it’s possible that all the money people have saved in banks will simply disappear with the data. The economy will crash like it never crashed before.

Cash and coin will be as useless as electronics at that point, so what will people do?

Revert to the barter system! Vices like candy, cigarettes, alcohol, cannabis, and pornography will suddenly skyrocket in value.

Even if you are clean and sober, it could do you a lot of good to have a surplus of these things hidden up your sleeve.

Matches, lighters, ammunition, weapons and canned foods would also serve well for this purpose. But you need those too, so it’s better if your barter items are “wants” instead of “needs”.

Of course, if you were to collect all of these recommended materials in preparation for a EMP survival, it would be very expensive, and it would take up your entire garage.

There’s no way you are traveling very far with all of that gear – especially when motorized vehicles will likely all be ruined.

Keep this in mind. If you want to GTFO as a part of your EMP survival plan, prep lightly and take into account the fact you’ll be moving. No single plan works perfectly for everyone, but everyone can perfect a single plan. Also, remember no plan survives first contact.

Also, remember no plan survives first contact so be flexible and have a plan B and C.

Bug Out Location Self Reliance PropertyLife After The Blast

Verify What Happened

No one wants to be the person to pack up and blast off in a frantic, panicked shuffle, armed to the teeth and loaded with non-perishable food, over a short term routine power outage.

Indicators are not proof. So before you take any drastic measures, run through a checklist, in order of importance:

  • Vehicles, dead?
  • Lights, out?
  • Phone lines and phones, dead?
  • Flashlights, unresponsive?
  • Computer, fried?

If in fact, what just happened was an EMP don’t be afraid to talk with your neighbors. Just don’t freak them out. The last thing you need on top of an EMP disaster scenario is a wild and agitated neighbor in a full panic-stricken freak-out.

Bring up the subject lightly, and without sounding distressed. Avoid elaborating on the catastrophic consequences of the situation. Instead, focus on making an ally by offering advice.

Circuit BoardWhat To Expect

Honestly, no one knows for sure. It could be totally underwhelming. The lights may just flicker, the clocks reset, and everyone just goes on with their lives without even really noticing.

Or, it could be the beginning of an era of prolonged anarchy. A meltdown so dark and powerless it pulls the plug on humanities electrical power grid entirely.

What we do know is this: though the effects and intensity of an EMP blast could vary, the potential for a very large and highly effective EMP exists, and it isn’t small.

Our sun is a HUGE source of energy, and if it releases a sizable solar flare in the direction of Earth we could expect the worst.

Similarly, the technology to build an advanced EMP weapon is not unknown. China, Russia, and the U.S. all have the technology, and it’s believed that North Korea does as well. This technology is only going to become known my more countries over time.

If an enemy of America had the means to build and deploy an EMP weapon (and got angry enough), we could be facing a sinister future.

The Next Step

Do you leave or do you stay? The question is not an easy one.

The power might be back up and working in a few days or possibly weeks. Do you want to try and tough it out from the comfort of your own home?

Or does this seem like a permanent situation that is getting worse?

Personally, I am drawn to the wilderness.

The cities will, without a doubt, be the most dangerous place to scrap out a living. Grocery stores will be pillaged and water will be incredibly scarce. People will get more dangerous every day that goes by without law and order.

This might be avoidable in the wild. By escaping for enough into nature, you give yourself the freedom of space and peace, and a chance to survive the EMP chaos on your own terms.

Natural water will still be running, animals will still be there to hunt and trap, fruits and veggies will still be there to grow. You and your group can collectively work to build a community, and protect each other.

But of course, you can’t take everything with you if you escape into the wild. This is one of the biggest drawbacks to abandoning your home in an EMP survival scenario. Greedy looters will probably ransack it as soon as you’re gone.

Anything you choose to leave behind, you forsake.

So the choice is both a personal one and a circumstantial one. Just make sure you think it through before making any drastic moves.

Whichever route of EMP survival you choose to take, the next part is extremely applicable:

Scavanging 2Scavenging

Now, if there is still a semblance of society after an EMP blast knocks us back into the Stone Age, don’t go destabilizing the situation by looting and pillaging.

If people are still using money or some form of credit, USE IT TOO. This is important and not trivial. Just because there’s no power and no organized police to control us, does not mean we must act like animals.

By all means, try and keep life as normal as possible, play along with everyone who also plays nice. However, feel free to be ruthless to those who do not play nice.

Regardless, when our society crumbles and collapse without electric power you are going to have to scavenge.

Just like in zombie apocalypse movies or fantasy video games, you may have to venture outside of your safe zone in search of necessary supplies.

In which case, here are some brief guidelines on what is useful to collect:

  • Any canned or otherwise non-perishable foods.
  • Bottled water, and water containers for storage.
  • Water filters.
  • Vegetable and fruit seeds (to put down some roots and grow your own fresh produce).
  • ANY WORKING COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT
    • This one is particularly important because it is possible for some radios to survive an EMP. If there are a few that are in working condition you could potentially communicate with the government or other people and exchange information. Communication equipment is as important as food, water, and shelter in an EMP survival scenario.
  • Fuel and fire-starter.
  • Weapons and ammunition.
  • Books and games (entertainment will be invaluable).
  • Bells or chimes (these can be used as crude alarm systems if set up on strings in a yard or on a porch).
  • Soaps, toothpaste, deodorant, disinfectants, and other useful hygiene/cleaning supplies.
  • Bicycles, bicycle tools and bicycle parts.
  • Cooking supplies and utensils.
  • Trash bags and other storage devices.

The Final Word

“I know not what weapons WWIII will be fought with, but WWIV will be fought with sticks and stones.”

-Albert Einstein

It is terrifying to think about an EMP disaster that renders our society lawless and brings an advanced nation to its knees. But it is not an illegitimate fear.

Of all the threats facing our western world today, it is hard to conceive of one more ominous than a massive EMP attack.

In the case of a severe EMP blast disabling our society, it will be those who prepared, planned, and premeditated the event that who will survive.

It will get ugly. It will be hard. And it will sure as hell, change the world forever.  

So make sure your EMP survival plan is well rounded and flexible. Here a further source of information that I’ve found useful:

  • http://emp-survival.com/ – this guy bought an entire domain and dedicated it specifically to describing what an EMP is, how it could be used against us, and how he thinks people will survive most efficiently.

With a bit of luck, we’ll never have to put our EMP survival plan into real action.

It would be a Dark Day indeed if ever this situation realized, but besides hope and luck, the best thing we can do is: Plan for the worst and praying for the best.

The post EMP Survival: Surviving The Darkest Days Of Disaster appeared first on Skilled Survival.

EMP… Lights Out!

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EMP… Lights Out!
DJ Cooper “Surviving Dystopia

EMPMost of us have heard of this thing called the EMP, but what exactly is it?  E.M.P. is short forElectro Magnetic Pulse, in essence a surge of electricity capable of frying modern electronics.

nuclear_power_01There is some history behind the EMP, it was discovered as a side effect of nuclear detonation.  However, that is not the only thing that can produce an EMP and modern electronics are not the only thing possibly effected.  In 1859 a solar storm, also known as the Carrington Event produced one of the largest geomagnetic storms ever recorded.  A coronal mass ejection also known as a CME hit earth’s magnetosphere producing this geomagnetic storm which also had the E.M.P. effect.  This was so large that U.S. telegraph operators reported sparks leaping from their equipment some were bad enough to set fires.

nuclear blast125x231An EMP can also be produced by detonating a nuclear explosion at extremely high altitudes, when striking the upper atmosphere the intial gamma ray burst creates high energy electrons that become trapped in the earth’s magnetic field generating a pulse of electromagnetic energy.  An EMP was discovered as a side effect of the Starfish Prime nuclear test on July 9, 1962.  All it took was a 1.5 Megaton bomb that blew up street lights and tv sets in Hawaii 1,000 miles away, even destroying a number of satellites including the Telstar I.

The findings of the EMP commission report of 2008 clearly shows we are indeed vulnerable to an EMP attack.  If something similar happened today with all the high tech equipment that maintains and runs even our most basic of services the world would come to a screeching halt.  Our power grid is seriously in need of upgrade and even our vehicles today have susceptible computers that keep them running.  Power, internet, phones all would disappear.  Your water would cease to flow and even the trucks that bring food to your local stores might cease to run.

Join me as we discuss EMP issues and find out how you can win a copy of Ted Koppel’s book titled Lights Out that is an excellent example of what might happen in this country if the power grid was to fail.
Up Next Week: Protecting your preps
Surviving Dystopia Get The Book HERE!

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The post EMP… Lights Out! appeared first on The Prepper Broadcasting Network.

Hunting and Plant Gathering After Nuclear Fallout

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nuclear falloutI was recently doing some research on radiation and came across some information in a government publication on gathering wild food after nuclear fallout.  This was written for the US military.  The first part talked about gathering packaged and canned foods.  Canned foods should have the labels removed and then be washed.  The food inside will be good.

Foods stored inside closed containers or protected areas like cellars should be safe.  However, you need to wash them prior to handling or eating.

Now what about Hunting Animals

First, assume that all animals, regardless of their living conditions have been exposed to nuclear fallout.  Nuclear fallout affects animals in the same way it affects humans.  Most animals that are exposed will get sick or die within the first month. If no other foods are available you will have to use these animals as a food source.

  • Follow these rules
  • Do not eat any animals that appear to be sick. It may have developed a bacterial infection because of poisoning from nuclear fallout.  This meat even if thoroughly cooked could cause illness or death.
  • Carefully skin all animals to prevent fallout particles from the skin and fur from contacting the meat. Do not eat meat close to the bones and joints, as 90% of the radiation is in the animal’s skeleton. Leave at least an 1/8 inch of meat on all bones.  Discard all internal organs such as the liver, kidneys and heart, since they concentrate beta and gamma radiation.  The remaining muscle meat should be ok to eat.
  • Cook all meat until it is well done.
  • Use fish, aquatic animals or plants only in an extreme emergency. They will be much more contaminated than land animals.
  • All eggs should be safe to eat.
  • Avoid all milk in contaminated areas.

Gathering plants after nuclear fallout

Plants become contaminated by the accumulation of nuclear fallout on their leaves or by absorbing it through their roots.

  • Your first choice of plants should be plants that grow their eatable portions underground. Examples would be potatoes, turnips, carrots, or Jerusalem Artichokes.  These should be safe to eat, once you scrub them and remove their skins.
  • Your second choice is plants that have a smooth skin that you can remove after thoroughly washing. Examples would be bananas, apples, oranges, lemons, tomatoes, or similar foods.
  • Your third choice would be any smooth skinned fruit, vegetable or plant that that you cannot easily peel. Wash them thoroughly.
  • Just remember the effectiveness of scrubbing is directly related to the roughness of the surface of the plants surface. Washing can remove up to 90% of the nuclear fallout from smooth skin plants, but only 50% from rough skinned ones. Eat rough skinned plants only as a last resort.

This information comes from the latest version of the U.S Army Survival Manual.  Hope you never have to use it.

Howard

 

The post Hunting and Plant Gathering After Nuclear Fallout appeared first on Preparedness Advice Blog.

Potassium Iodide Tablets Shelf Life

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In case you have been wondering about the shelf life of potassium iodide tablets, also branded as iOSAT, I discovered that what I had thought about it has been incorrect… For those of you who don’t know what they are, they’re basically ‘nuke pills’ that help prevent radioactive iodine from getting into the thyroid gland […]

Free Civil Defense manuals from Various Countries

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civil defense manualBack during the height of the cold war, the US had a fairly well developed civil defense system in place.  There were fallout shelters identified in many areas and the government had some excellent manuals on civil defense that are now out of print.  Over the years these programs have been done away with and most of this information is not readily available to the public.  Much of this older information is still valid and would be useful in case of any type of emergency involving nuclear weapons or radiation.

While doing some research on this, I found an interesting new site The Civil Defense Museum.  This site has a lot of older information from when the United States actually had a civil defense plan in place.  There are detailed shelter plans both for improvised and permanent shelters.  In addition, for those of you who may have older radiation instruments, there are instructions and maintenance manuals.  There is also information on the old civil defense hospitals and their contents.  All of this information is available for downloading.

An additional site is Emergency Preparedness and Civil Defense eBooks.  This site has a number of downloads of various US civil defense manuals that are now out of publication, but contained good information.  This site includes information as recent as from the late 1980’s.

Another site that I recently encountered lets you download the current Japanese Disaster manual from Tokyo.  While this manual is primarily centered on earthquakes it does have some information that will apply during any type of disaster. The English language version is available for download.

The Israeli government has one of the best-developed civil defense systems, they have an extensive system of bomb shelters and good access to gas masks and other survival equipment.  However, I am disappointed in the only manual I have been able to find in English.  Here is a link at which you can download it.

You may want to consider adding some of these books to your library.

Howard

 

The post Free Civil Defense manuals from Various Countries appeared first on Preparedness Advice Blog.

The Illusion of Safety

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The events of 11 September, 2015 are definitely something that none of us Americans should ever forget, being that it was both an earth-shaking tragedy as well as a singular moment of unity for a people commonly divided about so many things. 
And, unfortunately, it also marked a moment in our shared history that began a period where our individual rights as citizens have sometimes unwisely been set aside or abridged in the name of trying to make us more safe. The sad truth, however, is that none of that has succeeded. We remain a vulnerable people living in a harsh world, maybe even…

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