Preparing for Gun Control as Responsible Gun Owners!

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Preparing for Gun Control as Responsible Gun Owners
Host: James Walton “I Am Liberty” Audio player below!

While we have seen quite a bit of blame laid across the board I have noticed that the AR15 is taking a lot of heat. I have heard some of the solutions proposed and of course, for the average responsible gun owner its all very nerve racking.

No gun owner wants to see children shot and they don’t want to exist in a world where maniacs have access to guns.

Continue reading Preparing for Gun Control as Responsible Gun Owners! at Prepper Broadcasting Network.

Arming A Squad Of Untrained Family Members

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Arming A Squad Of Untrained Family Members To best understand the importance of this article you have to understand the acceptable casualties. In war or in a battle of any kind there is a fighting force. This fighting force comes to war with weapons and the assumption of acceptable casualties. There will be a certain …

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6 Survival Guns You’ll Need After The End Of The World

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With all the different makes and models of guns, it can seem impossible to decide which ones you need in your disaster arsenal, especially if you’re new to guns or prepping. But in reality, selecting the right guns doesn’t have to be difficult. Not all guns (or calibers) are created equal, and the result is […]

The post 6 Survival Guns You’ll Need After The End Of The World appeared first on Urban Survival Site.

SHOT Show 2018

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SHOT Show 2018 What is more exciting than SHOT Show? Its one of the only good things about January, in my opinion. A giant collection of the latest and greatest equipment from brands that support the cause of preparedness and tactical thinking individuals. Well, I searched all around the internet for just the right resource …

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Free PDF: Anschutz Firearm Manuals

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This post contains 32 Anschutz Firearm Manuals.  I figure anyone who owns a specialized firearm from this company probably owns the manual, but in the interest of sharing, I had them, I share them. I’m trying to get all the firearm manuals from manufacturers that I have multiple models out first, and its easiest to stay basically alphabetical. I am not going to swear I will stay in order because I also jump around to what catches my eye at the time. From Wikipedia: J. G. Anschutz GmbH & Co. KG is a sporting firearms manufacturer based in Ulm, Germany,

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Free PDF: Colt Firearm Manuals

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Like the Browning manuals from last week, I am sharing my collection of Colt Firearm Manuals in the event you buy a gun and don’t have a manual. There are a lot here, some 46 different PDF manuals, so it may take a second to load. I probably should have loaded them individually, but even doing it this way I still have over 500 posts to write and schedule so you can access this free material. Colt 22 Caliber Conversion Series 80 Colt 22 Caliber Conversion Colt 22 Target Model Colt 25 Hammerless pdf-embedder url=”” title=”Colt 25 Hammerless”] Colt 32

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Best Non lethal EDC items

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Best Non lethal EDC items

Best Non lethal EDC items

When selecting a weapon for non-lethal self-defense, there are several essentials to keep in mind.

First, the weapon should be easy to carry on your person, located in a place that’s not too visible but not too hard to reach, either. Second, it shouldn’t be complicated to use since most of us don’t have time to go to a training session or five when we just want to protect ourselves.

Continue reading Best Non lethal EDC items at Prepper Broadcasting Network.

How to Turn a Handgun Into a PDW using KPOS kit from FAB Defense with a SIG Brace

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Carrying a handgun for self-defense (where lawful) is one of the most basic steps of being a prepared person. The old saying is that “God made All Men, and Samuel

The post How to Turn a Handgun Into a PDW using KPOS kit from FAB Defense with a SIG Brace appeared first on Ask a Prepper.

Primitive Weapons!

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Primitive Weapons!

Primitive Weapons!
Host: Dane… “The Gunmetal Armory” Audio player provided!

This week on the GunMetal Armory, we  go much deeper into the Armory where we store the Primitive Weaponry. Our topics will cover things like the AtlAtl, throwing/thrusting spears, blow guns, clubs & impact weaponry, tomahawks & hatchets, knives, bow & arrow, arrowhead types, bolas, throwing sticks, slings, etc.

Listen to this broadcast or download “Primitive Weapons” in player below!

Continue reading Primitive Weapons! at Prepper Broadcasting Network.

Gun Control Epic Fail

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Gun Control Epic Fail The battle for your guns will rage on for as long as you are alive and beyond. Even in the future I think we will see the AI and robots fighting over ways to pull the guns away from the crazy monkey people who made them. There is no getting away …

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11 Great Self Defense Weapons That (Probably) Won’t Kill Anyone

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The most popular self-defense weapon is a firearm, but that doesn’t mean it’s always the best self-defense weapon.  Many people are uncomfortable carrying a gun (as it is a major responsibility) and would prefer a non-lethal weapon instead, or they may live or work in an area where carrying firearms is not allowed. If either […]

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Free PDF: Browning Firearm Manuals

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John Moses Browning is the World’s Greatest Gun Inventor he is regarded as one of the most successful firearms designers of the 20th century, in the development of modern automatic and semi–automatic firearms, and is credited with 128 firearm patents. He made his first firearm at age 13 in his father’s gun shop, and was awarded his first patent on October 7, 1879 at the age of 24. Browning is no longer with us, but the Browning Arms Company is.  While it is now a fully owned subsidiary of FN Herstal, its firearms are all over America.  The odds of seeing a Browning firearm at a range, deer

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Video Monday: Pimping out a Mossberg 590 Shockwave

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Video Monday: Pimping out a Mossberg 590 Shockwave How about a little fun. For many in the prepping world there is just something about guns. I love looking at them, shooting them and day dreaming about them. I don’t know many preppers that aren’t up for a good mod video of a Mossberg. This video …

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Homemade Gift Knife

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Homemade Gift Knife Yes, the handle on this knife build is pink. I want everyone to know that you can change that if you want. It is incredibly intriguing that people all over the nation are making knives from scratch. Its also interesting how benign the knife has become. The idea that the knife is …

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Hollywood Myths About Using Guns That Easily Get You Killed

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Movies and TV present seemingly magical scenarios where the good guy always wins and high impact action scenes are over in a matter of minutes.  While these forms of entertainment are designed to make you suspend judgment and go with the flow of the story, they do not accurately portray how guns work in real life.

If you tried to use a gun as they are used in the movies or on TV, it may well get you killed or, at best, seriously injured. There are no shortcuts to becoming a safe, well educated gun owner and user.  If you gain nothing else from this article, at least know that movies, and TV (including reality TV and the news) are not good places to learn about guns.

Seek a qualified instructor and good quality courses.  Now let’s look at some of those misconceptions.

The “Gangster Grip” is as Useful as it is Cool

When criminals shoot in the movies or on TV, they tend to hold handguns so that the magazine port is angled about 90 degrees from the ground.   Two things always amaze me about these scenes.

First, I can’t imagine how they hit the target with the sights so far out of alignment, let alone put enough lead into the other shooter to kill him/her 10 times over.  The other thing that amazes me is that the gun never has a fail to feed problem.

Click here to get your guide to a layered survival defense!

Shooters that use the “gangster grip” claim that they hold the gun this way so they can shoot faster.  The fact is they aren’t doing more than “spraying and praying” they hit what they think they are aiming at.  In a lot of shootouts the target individuals are missed and simply escape.

Sadly, given the large number of bullets flying around, it is more than likely innocent bystanders will get hurt or killed.

The major problems with this way of shooting are:

  • You can’t accurately measure movement left or right.
  • You can’t get a reliable sight picture because you are aiming down the slide instead of via the sights.
  • There is also no way to know if the pistol is pointing down below your field of vision from the back of the pistol.
  • Even if you do hit your target, it is likely you will not make the same shot again because you are never actually aiming the same way twice.

Big Caliber Guns are Fine for Beginners

In movies and on TV, they often show a complete novice picking up a large caliber gun and firing it with no problems.  This simply isn’t the way to developing good marksmanship and safe shooting works in the real world.

You will need to start off with small calibers and master them before moving on to larger ones.  If you use a gun that has too much recoil, or is too powerful for you to control, you can easily hurt yourself and others.

Case in point. I have personally witnessed people using guns like the 50 Caliber Desert Eagle and winding up with severe head wounds when the gun escaped their hands and hit them after firing.  Aside from that, never forget that you won’t be just carrying a gun for a one or two hour TV show or movie.

You may carry the gun for years on end and never need to pull it let alone get through a problematic situation.  During that time, you will still need to practice and make sure you do not develop problems such as jerking the trigger, flinching, looking away from the target when you shoot, or being totally afraid to handle or shoot pistols.

You Will Shoot Like a Pro from the Beginning

In movies, the good guy always shoots perfectly even if they have never fired a gun in their lives. No matter whether they got a “lucky shot” at just the right moment, or managed to be some kind of genius that engaged in a complex shootout, chances are you will not have the same experience during a time when your life depends on it.

Not only will you have to manage the gun itself, your own adrenaline and stress responses can, and will wreak havoc on you.  It takes years of training and practice to become a master at shooting a pistol.

Getting Shot Looks Obvious

When a person gets shot in a movie, they are lifted up off the ground and thrown many feet behind them into glass window or some other spectacular background.  In reality the victim may only move back a little bit and then fall over dead.

If the gun is of a smaller caliber, the person is likely to remain standing.  In most cases, the impact of the average bullet has about the same force as the recoil.  This occurs mainly because the body has much more weight and mass than the bullet. In addition, remember, the bullet isn’t made to just push the target, it is made to lodge in it or punch through it.

As such, you simply won’t see a lot of movement backwards when the bullet hits a live target. Check with FBI’s Handgun Wounding Factors and Effectiveness Manual for some further insights.

The Ammo Supply is Never Ending

Even though large capacity magazines may seem like they hold a lot of bullets, the fact is  even 18 rounds can go very quickly.  Some researchers have found that even trained law enforcement officers in a situation may fire their gun many times before hitting their target.

In a situation, it is likely you will run out of ammo and still not hit your attacker.  While they never count their bullets in the movies, you must always know how many bullets you have left at every second.  You should also remember to carry spare, loaded magazines and extra ammo.

Treating ammo like they do in the movies is a good way to wind up dead regardless of your experience and skill level.

You Will Always Be Thrown Backwards When You Fire a Gun

New shooters, or those with little shooting experience believe that they will be thrown backwards regardless of the caliber of the firearm.  Smaller caliber guns have less felt recoil.  Unless you are firing  a weapon that is well beyond your capability, it is likely that only your hand and forearm will move out of position.

With proper training and skill development, you should have no movement at all backwards from the recoil of a gun.

Semi-automatic Weapons Fire Like Machine Guns

In a lot of action movies semi-automatic weapons are portrayed as if they are full-automatics.  There is a big difference between the two, which leads to the false claim that semi-automatic weapons are “assault weapons”.

A semi-automatic weapon shoots one bullet with one pull of the trigger even with or without it has a bump stock on it.  Without this type of stock, AK, AR, and other semi-automatic weapons are no different than any other gun insofar as the trigger operation.

A full-automatic weapon, which can be called a “assault weapon” shoots many bullets without needing to pull the trigger again.  This type of gun will only stop firing when the trigger is released.  It takes a lot of training to shoot a full-automatic weapon accurately.

Without this training, all the shooter is doing is wasting ammunition and spraying the area vainly hoping to hit something.  Both semi-automatic and full-automatic weapons must be aimed to get the best target accuracy.

Guns Will Always Fire When Dropped

In the movies, when actors or actresses drop a gun, it always goes off (and more than likely kills someone in the bargain).  Today, guns are designed to not accidentally fire when dropped as required by The Gun Control Act of 1968.

Guns designed before The Gun Control Act of 1968 have no safe guards to protect shooters from a dropped firearm going off.  This one movie myth alone has probably negated dozens of modern alibis to murder made by people that claimed they dropped the gun and it fired “by accident”.

While it is still possible for this to happen, the drop safety test conducted by the manufacturer ensures that 99.999% of the time, a dropped gun will not go off.  If the gun does fall out of your hands, never try to catch it while it is in motion.  It is very easy for a finger or something else to get into the trigger guard and pull the trigger.

There is no Need to Aim a Shotgun

In many movies and on TV, people just point the shotgun in a general direction of the target and fire.  To add insult to injury, once the shotgun pellets hits, everything and everyone is destroyed, dead, or dying.  You can’t just “point and shoot” a shotgun and expect to hit the target.

Good aim maters just as much when shooting a shotgun as it does shooting a pistol.  With a shotgun, the further away the target is, the greater the shotgun pellets will spread.  As such, it is easier than you might expect to completely miss the target.

Even if you shoot slugs out of the shotgun, you must aim at the target and compensate for the weight of the slug at different distances.  The farther away from the target you are, the more the slug will drop.

It is Easy to Buy Firearms and Ammo

Movies and TV often show people walking into a gun store and simply buying whatever they want. Others show people walking in and flashing enough money to buy something “off the books”.  Even worse, there are many other movies and TV that show people buying a whole arsenal from gun shows or off the streets.

The false idea here is that all you have to do is go to your friendly neighborhood gun runner and get everything you need at cheap bargain basement prices. These movies never show the gun blowing up in the buyer’s hands, or all of the problems that occur as a result of buying low quality junk that probably won’t hit the target even if it does fire.

Sadly, these movies and the cultural opinion are also being used endlessly to drive gun control legislation.

It is true that private gun sales can be made in some states without the seller having to do a background check.  Depending on the state, the seller may still have to make sure they are not selling to a convicted felon or someone else that is not supposed to have a gun.

Even in these states, it is already a crime to sell a gun to someone that shouldn’t have it.  As a result, if the buyer does get caught, the person that sold him/her the weapon will also face criminal charges.

Insofar as gun shows, there are some individuals that believe anyone can go to a gun show firearms retailers booth, lay down some money, walk out with a gun, and never file any state or federal forms.  Buying a gun at a gun show retailer’s table is no different from buying from any legitimate gun store.

All firearm retailers in the business of selling firearms must due the following:

  1. Have a Federal Firearms License(FFL).
  2. Perform background checks through the National Instant Criminal Background Check System(NICS).
  3. If you pass the background check, then and only then can you pay for the firearm and then take it home.
  4. If you don’t pass the background check because you can’t legally own a firearm, you will be arrested either right there at the show, or at home.
  5. At all legitimate gun shows you will find local, state, and federal law enforcement officers there to monitor sales and be sure all sales are lawful transactions.
  6. The so-called “gun show loophole” is a completely false construct. It is said that people can simply meet up outside the gun show and sell there; thus getting around straw purchase laws. This is no different from making a private sale in a remote location.

In fact, it is less likely these kinds of sales will be made on the ground surrounding a gun show because the police are actively looking for such sales and will act to put a stop to them.  If anything,outside of a gun show is the worst place to make a private gun sale.

Never forget that gun shows, like most gun stores, utilize cameras and other forms of surveillance equipment.  This includes on the grounds surrounding the gun show as well as inside the buildings.

In conclusion, if you believe everything you see at the movies or TV dealing with firearms you can wind up in some very bad situations. This includes being unable to defend yourself in a time of need as well as being largely uninformed about how gun laws work in the real world.

If you don’t want to wind up dead or on the way to the pokey for breaking the law, it is best to relegate “action” TV and  movies to entertainment purposes only and find a good instructor that will train you properly in gun use and ownership.

This article has been written by Fred Tyrell for Survivopedia.

Watch: Learn To Build Improvised Body Armor

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Watch: Learn To Build Improvised Body Armor Ahh, the plate carrier. It’s something many preppers watch from the periphery. Looking at body armor is a powerful moment in your life as a human being. That is particularly true if you have been a civilian all of your life. I liken it to looking at the …

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Free PDF: CETME Firearm Manual

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I used to have a CETME.  As a matter of fact I had a good time modifying it with G-3 parts.  I did a video on the roller system, as well as changing out the wood stock for a set of green hardware. I like how reliable these guns are once they are tuned up, but their ability to shoot comes with a price.  You can’t reload the ammunition because of the way the chamber is made. If you want to work on these guns, and if you own one your going to become a CETME gunsmith as most of

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Free PDF: Gunstock Finishing & Care

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Today’s PDF is Gunstock Finishing & Care. I don’t know any serious gun owner that hasn’t tried their hand at minor gunsmithing – normally it starts with refinishing stocks or bluing old guns. There isn’t anything wrong with someone modifying their own possessions, but I do caution on home gunsmithing. If you have a collectable […]

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Free PDF: Glock Firearm Manuals

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I have done several glock posts on this site.  We’ve shown how to totally disassemble both the frame and the slide of the glock pistol, as well as a lot of other tips to maintain and modify the glock, now I am sharing a couple of glock firearm manuals. I like glock pistols for the […]

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15 Improvised Weapons You Can Find Around the House

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When someone breaks into your home, you don’t usually get a five-minute warning. Oftentimes, you won’t even see the intruder until he’s already inside. If that happens, you won’t have time to run to your room and get your gun out of your safe. You might be forced to defend yourself with something that is […]

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How To Prepare A Prepper Battle Box

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How To Prepare A Prepper Battle Box You may not think of it as much as you should but your job has a emergency response plan. Hopefully, they have briefed you on that plan and offered you a packet that lays out the whole thing. This is the law and they are supposed to make …

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Concealed Carry: Important Considerations When Choosing What, How, Where and Why???

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Best concealed carry pistol

In my opinion, conceal carry is the best method to carry a personal protection handgun. To me and most folks, itbest way to carry a pistol has numerous advantageous over open carrying. Naturally, in a bad situation you wish to capitalize on all the advantages you can in order to survive and concealed carry gives you some advantage. In my role as a firearms sales person at a big box store, firearms instructor and educator, I constantly get approached by folks that are seeking firearms for personal carry. In most cases, the individuals are new to carrying a handgun; in some cases they have some experience with handguns, but not carrying.

By Dan C. – a contributing author of Survival Cache & SHTFBlog

And finally you have those with lots of carrying experience, but no exposure to training for bad events. In all cases the buyers are purchasing a personal protection handgun for the right reasons, but have a total lack of understanding about carrying in particular, the full dynamics of how to carry and the vital role it plays when you need to access your weapon rapidly.

So with that in mind, I wish to cover “five” major factors that you should consider when buying a carry handgun. Keep in mind you cannot pick any one of the 5 factors independently. The value in their roles is the sum total of all the factors combined. If you chose any of the factors independently or only pick a couple of them, then you are likely to fall short of the full advantages of carrying a concealed handgun.


It always amazes me, the number of folks that want to buy a small handgun, just because it is small. In most cases best ccw pistolthis is the first indication that the individual has very limited handgun shooting experience. So the first step in the process is to educate the individual about the role of ‘grip’. As mentioned in my previous articles “grip’ is one of the most important factors in buying a handgun. So it is important if you are considering a carry handgun, purchase one that you can grip well. Small handguns are exceedingly hard to grip correctly and thus more difficult to shoot, which means less practicing if you do not enjoying shooting it. So as much as one might think small is good, in most cases as it pertains to hand guns, small in not good. It is much better to buy a larger handgun that you can grip well and shoot comfortably than to buy a small one that you hate shooting. This point goes deeper than just practice. It also affects your mentality when a bad event happens. So if you have a handgun that you do not like shooting, you may have a reluctance to pull it out when you need to, due the negative feelings and lack of confidence you have about shooting the gun. Then what you thought was an advantage has now turned into a disadvantage, right when you need all the advantages you can muster.

Also Read: 20 Things You Need In Your Get Home Bag

So when choosing a carry handgun instead of first looking for something small, focus on a handgun that you “grip” well, feels comfortable in your hand when shooting. You will be far more confident should you ever need to draw your weapon.


Carrying concealed is an art. It is not always easy nor does it work well without planning. Carrying a handgun forbest self defense carry gun personal protection takes planning, preparation and wardrobe consideration. In order to carry effectively you must do some planning. That means you must first determine how you wish to carry and then make subsequent decisions based on that decision. I cover the topic in more detail below, but I feel inside the waist band (IWB) is the best location to conceal a carry handgun.

The next part of the planning phase is to find a very snug, well fitting holster that will provide retention for your handgun. This process has two components: (1) the holster and (2) your ability to comfortably wear the holster. Though these two components must be considered together, they also are totally independent.

As mentioned above, you want to find a holster that fits the requirements mentioned above. I prefer a kydex one that allows you the ability to change the cant. For those that are not familiar with “cant”, let me explain. The “cant” of a holster is the angle in which the holster sets in relationship to your body. I like mine to cant slightly forward thus allowing me to grasp the handgun easier and it keeps the grip close to my side when bending over. I feel leather or holsters made of malleable material inhibit your ability to reholster your handgun and sometimes can make it harder to draw from.

Related Article: Urban Survival

Once you have found a good holster, now comes the hard part for most folks, what to wear when conceal carrying. 5_Hill_People_Gear_Recon_Kit_Bag_Ruger_Alaskan_homeGet ready because I am going to cover territory here that some might be sensitive. The recommendations below are for both men and women. If you are going to wear a handgun for personal protection, then you must have the mindset that you are going to need to dress differently and take that into consideration every time you get dressed and buy clothes.

If you are used to wearing your shirts tucked in, now you will need to buy shirts that are designed to be worn untucked. In most cases to wear inside the waist band you will need to wear your shirt untucked. In colder weather you can wear a tucked in shirt then a sweater or jacket over it to conceal your weapon.

Wearing inside the waist band has several more aspects that you need to take into consideration. If you are overweight or like to wear your pants or skirts very tight. Then you are going to have a problem. In each of these cases, to address the extra space need by your handgun and holster you will need to buy pants and skirts that are at least one inch larger than you normally wear.

Also Read: Survival Situational Awareness

Next you need to consider a belt that is firm enough to hold the weight of your handgun and holster. That means even when you dress up, you are going to need a belt that has more rigidity to it. A flimsy belt or a leather one that stretches will make carrying your firearm cumbersome and uncomfortable.

Attire is the one consideration that most folks completely forget about. Most folks that wish to carry feel that they can do so with their existing wardrobe. In most cases that is NOT the case. Dena Adams makes some great undergarments for women that enable them to carry a wide range of handguns completely concealed and still wear very feminine clothing. However, in most cases, you will need to revise your attire to comfortably carry your CONCEALED handgun. For me, that meant changing the type of shirts I wore. I traditionally wore all my shirts tucked in. But when I started carrying more inside the waist band I had to start buying shirts that were designed to be worn untucked. I also had to buy belts that were able to hold my holster more secure to my side.

So once you begin wearing your concealed carry handgun more frequently you will then learn that you must dress differently. Women have another option most men don’t and that is purse carry. Again, many women look for something small to carry in their purses. My limited experience in trying to find anything in a woman’s purse is that something small is sure to get lost in there.

Related: How to Spot Someone Carrying a Gun

So what can a woman do to enhance the finding their weapon in a time of need. Here is my suggestion. Go to your local hardware store and buy and piece of Velcro that is about 4 inches by 4 inches. Then empty your purse and glue the Velcro to the inside of your purse on one of the lateral sides. Next buy a holster that has Velcro on the outside of it. Stick that to the Velcro in your purse in a position such that when you open your purse, your handgun is perfectly positioned for you to withdraw it. This will greatly enhance the likelihood of finding and drawing your handgun from your purse smoothly, quickly and confidently in the event a bad situation should arise. Remember, drawing from your purse should be practiced often so you can become very comfortable with the technique. This brings us to Accessibility.


This is the most important aspect of carrying a handgun for personal protection. If you cannot readily access yourself defense shooting firearm when you need it then you are at a major disadvantage. There are lots of sources that provide a wide range of data on shootings, but most confirm that shootings are usually fast, last less than 5 seconds and involve at least 8 shots fired. So if you cannot access your weapon fast and get on target, you are most likely not going to be in a good position. Just a note here…. Just because you draw your weapon does not mean you are going to fire it. In many cases, weapons are drawn, but the need to fire it does not happen. However, the fact that you felt the situation was significant enough for you to draw your weapon, then you must be prepared to use it.

One of the most common forms of carry that I get asked about and many buyers consider is “pocket carry”. Pocket Carry to me, is most likely one of the two worst places to carry your “primary” handgun, ankle carry being the other. The reasons for my position on this are based on the following factors. First, you must have a very small handgun to fit in your pocket. So as mentioned above, the small size will make it hard to shoot, fairly inaccurate and there are far less rounds in the magazine than I would like. Secondly, it is going to be extremely or almost impossible to retrieve your handgun from your pocket while you are experiencing a bad event, just getting the handgun out of your pocket without any extraneous factors can be problematic itself. But add to it you may be running, knelling, squatting or laying down in response to the bad event that is in progress. That even makes it more unlikely you will be able to get your weapon out of your pocket in a timely manner. So my recommendation is that you never want your “primary” personal protection handgun in your pocket or on your ankle.

In my experience the best way to carry a handgun is inside the waist band. I carry my two “go to” weapons (Sig P320 compact or Sig M11-A1) inside the waistband at 4:30 at about a 12 degree cant forward. Again, for those that might not understand this terminology, the 4:30 location is just past your hip. I feel the 4:30 location allows you to readily access your weapon while in almost any position and even while running and the 12 degree cant keeps the grip of the weapon close to you body even when bending over, thus not exposing the fact you are wearing a handgun.

Many well respected firearms experts like the appendix position and I think there is nothing wrong with that location as well. But for me and my size, the 4:30 position is more comfortable.

Now I will say that there are times when I was working private security and or based on my attire I would wear in the middle of back. There are several factors you must take into consideration when wearing in that location. First, your holster must be reversed. So if you are right handed, you will need a left handed holster to correctly position the handgun in the middle of your back. Secondly, you must consider it is going to be much harder to access your weapon and that it takes extra practice to be proficient at drawing your weapon from this position. And finally, when you are sitting down it can be very uncomfortable and in some cases your handgun can get caught on seats, if the back rest has opening in it. So there several limitations you must consider when wearing in the position.

Also Read: First Aid – An Essential Survival Skill

In an article posted by Greg Ellifritz titled “STAND, MOVE, OR SEEK COVER…WHAT WORKS IN A GUNFIGHT? They found if you stood still during a shoot out there was an 85% chance you would get shot, if you moved it dropped to 47% and if you found cover it dropped to 26%. So as we all know, there is tremendous value in moving when the shooting begins. With that said, it is important and vital that you can access your weapon while you are moving and seeking cover. So it needs to be in a location that you can readily access in those situations.

Thus, I highly recommend that your personal protection handgun should be worn on your waist, where it is readily accessible no matter how compromised your position.


The last thing you want in a bad situation where you need to draw your weapon is to wonder whether it is going toEDC_gun_bag function or not. Nothing can be scarier than not having confidence in your weapon. To prevent this from happening your must do a few things.

Related: Katrina Pistol (How to Build a Survival Pistol)

First, spend your time researching the firearm you think you might like to purchase, secondly, get lot of advice from seasoned experts and finally shoot the firearm before you buy it. Remember, the Manufacturer should be your first consideration, followed by Grip, Trigger Control, mag capacity are your main aspects of choosing your handgun. You can read my article on this site on “How to Choose the Best Personal Protection Handgun”. My top 4 personal protection handguns you may wish to explore are the Sig P320 compact, Sig M11-A1, Ruger SR9C, Glock 19 Gen 4. I firmly believe the Sig P320 is the best personal protection handgun on the market.

Secondly, get good training from a well qualified instructor. There are lots of firearms instructors out there, but there are very few good ones… Find a good one…. Then practice practice practice. Be exceedingly comfortable handling and shooting your firearm. Semi-automatic pistols can experience malfunctions due to not holding the gun’s frame firmly enough when shooting, which can allow the frame to move back at the same time the slide moves back. This is called “limp wristing” and it can happen to even strong men who have the wrong grip or arm position as they fire the gun. It is one of the last things you want to happen, so having a good grip is essential to functionality.


The discussion is always about what round is the best for personal protection based on the effectiveness of the bullet. I strongly endorse the 9mm round. Here are my reasons for that caliber, not necessarily in the order of importance, but as a sum total of all the factors.

  • It is the cheapest of all ammo so you are more likely to practice more.
  • Most 9mm handguns have larger capacity magazines than other calibers, so you have more rounds if you need them.
  • There are more handguns made in 9mm than any other caliber, so you are more likely to find one that fits your grip.
  • The lethality of a 9mm is the same as a .40 or .45 when a vital area is hit.
  • It is easy to manage the recoil and shoot thus you are more likely to hit your target.
  • The various sizes of 9mm make it an easy caliber to carry.

The second component of effectiveness is to get good training. To know the correct method for drawing from a magpul_tejas_gun_belt_ruger_super_blackhawk_alaskan_riding_perfectlyholster, have an experienced instructor teach to the skills of safely drawing, presenting of your firearm, quick target acquisition and trigger control. In addition, you must learn the correct and safe means to reholster your handgun. There are numerous videos on Youtube that demonstrate great techniques for drawing from your holster. However, there is no better way to learn the skill than from a qualified instructor.

Also Read: B.O.L.T Pistol (Bug Out Long Term)

The most important aspect of effectiveness is practice. If you do not practice drawing from concealment, drawing from your purse, quickly acquiring your target and placing rounds accurately, then you are setting yourself up for failure if a bad situation should occur and you need to use your handgun. Practice creates confidence, helps you overcome fear, and builds muscle and mental memory; all important factors when dealing with a crisis situation.

So, in summary, concealed carry is not as easy as most folks assume it is. It requires you to take several aspects into consideration prior to putting conceal carry into action. Naturally, you hope you never had to access your handgun in response to bad situation. However, if you do, you want to be able to do safely, quickly and confidently.

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Top 5 Bolt Action Hunting Rifles for Survival

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by Nicholas

When assembling your survival armory, you will need to focus on buying guns that each fills a specific need. I recommend that at least one of those guns should be a bolt-action hunting rifle in a long-range caliber such as .308 or .30-06, fitted with a scope.

While a bolt action rifle may not be the gun that you use the most (in fact, it might be the gun you use the least in a SHTF situation), no gun collection or survival armory is complete without one. Let’s go over the reasons why you should own one, and then talk about the top five models to consider.


To many, a scoped bolt action hunting rifle with a blued barrel and wooden stock is the archetypal American firearm. That being said, there are still many more reasons to own a bolt-action rifle beyond trying to fit in with fellow preppers:

Big Game Hunting

First and foremost, a long-range rifle in a larger caliber does something that a smaller rifle in an intermediate caliber (such as an AR or AK) cannot do. It can take down big game. Granted, people use AR-15s in 5.56 for deer hunting all the time, but a larger round such as .308 or .30-06 is still a better choice. Especially if you plan on going after even larger game such as elk, bear, or moose.

Long-Range Anti-Personnel Weapon

All the same, you can also use the old hunting rifle you keep in your closet as a long-range anti-personnel weapon if you have to as well. If your home or property is being attacked by opponents at distances that are too far away for your pistols, shotguns, or even your AR-15, a hunting rifle in a bigger caliber will do the job. Yes, it has a slow rate of fire and reloading times, but it will still accurately reach targets at distances that none of your other weapons can.

Using a rifle as an anti-personnel weapon at great distances can be tricky, but one fellow writer (Reaper) breaks it down in his article “How to Shoot Like a Sniper”. In that article, he describes various techniques you can use to accurately engage targets at long distances. Since we’re on the subject of bolt-action rifles that can reach out to greater distances, check it out.


These days, there are plenty of semi-automatic rifles such as AR-15s, AR-10s, and FALs that are chambered in .308 Winchester. You might question why you need a bolt rifle when you could go with a semi-auto. When it comes down to it though, a bolt action is simpler. There are less parts that could fail. Simply load the magazine and chamber with a new round by manually cycling the bolt. If you’re out hunting and desperate for food, you simply can’t afford for your hunting rifle to fail. This is one advantage that a bolt gun provides over a semi-automatic.

For these three reasons, you need to have at least one bolt action hunting rifle with a scope in your survival armory. Your choice of caliber is up to you, but most survivalists would recommend that you stick with .308 Winchester or .30-06 Springfield. Both will kill practically any game in the United States, and they’re easy to find. Nonetheless, other calibers you could consider as well include the .338 Winchester Magnum, .300 Winchester Magnum, .270 Winchester, or 7mm Remington Magnum.

The next question then comes as to what specific manufacturer and model you should choose when looking for a traditional bolt hunting rifle. While there are a nearly limitless number of options, these five stand out above the rest:


The Remington 700 earns a spot on this list simply because it’s the best-selling bolt action rifle of all time. Not only does that say a lot about its quality, it also means that spare parts and accessories for the rifle are incredibly easy to find.

The Remington 700 was originally introduced in 1962, with the first models chambered in Remington’s new 7mm Remington Magnum round. Since then though, the 700 has been made available for practically any major bolt action caliber you can think of.

When the 700 was first released, the Winchester Model 70 was the top selling rifle in North America. But the Model 70 had just one problem: it was expensive to make and, thus, expensive to buy. Hunters in need of a high-quality rifle for less money were naturally drawn to the new Model 700, and it became a huge success.

The Model 700 has gained a strong reputation for accuracy, ruggedness, and reliability. Subsequently, not only has it been used extensively by civilians, it’s also been adopted by a variety of military and police forces. It features a push feed action, single stage trigger, and a two-position safety, which differed from the Model 70.

Today, the Remington Model 700 is still an excellent all-around option for a hunting or a sniper rifle. They are produced in a countless number of variants with different lengths, finishes, and stock types available. It shouldn’t be the only rifle you consider, but it should at least be one of them.

The Remington Model 770 is very similar to the Model 700, but is a more basic model. The Model 770 is limited on its options compared to its counterpart (barrel size for instance), but is less expensive. Because of this, the Model 770 is a great option for preppers looking for a more inexpensive way to engage targets at longer distances.


The Ruger American is the budget option on this list. Reasonably priced in the $300 to $400 range (sometimes with a scope combination), it certainly doesn’t offer the same level of eminence as a Remington 700 or a Winchester 70. But it does offer you the best quality for the price range.

The Ruger American is a unique rifle because it feeds from a rotary magazine, which can also be removed from the gun, so you can swap out magazines in a tactical fashion if you want to. Even though it’s fairly low-priced, Ruger still invested much time into making the American rifle as good as it can be.

To this end, the Ruger American is installed with a hammer forged barrel that has been coated in a rust resistant black oxide finish with a tang mounted safety that’s easy to use. It has a fully adjustable trigger and a composite stock that’s available in a variety of colors.

In short, if you need the best quality bolt rifle you can get for less than $500, the Ruger American should be your first choice.


Another option for a bolt action rifle from Ruger is the Gunsite Scout Rifle. This is a short, carbine length rifle with a detachable 5 or 10 round magazines, a rail for adding scopes, and chambered in the .308 Winchester round. While the Gunsite Scout doesn’t have quite the range as the other rifles on this list due to its shorter length, the trade-off is it will be more nimble in tight situations and better suited as a brush or truck gun.

The Gunsite Scout is today offered in a number of different configurations, including synthetic or wooden stocks, blued or stainless finishes, and right-handed or left-handed bolts. It’s also available in 5.56x45mm NATO. The .308 version is far better suited for big game hunting.


Also, known as the “Rifleman’s Rifle”, the Winchester Model 70 is perhaps the most iconic bolt action rifle of all times. The models made before 1964, also known as the “pre-64” variations, are considered by many to be the finest rifles ever produced in history.

Facing tough competition from the lesser priced Remington 700, Winchester lowered the price of the Model 70 after 1964, but they also changed the design to use a push feed operation rather than the Mauser-inspired claw extractor that the pre-64 used. This new Model 70 was regarded as lesser quality, so Winchester returned to producing the “pre-64” type action (only using CNC machining techniques) in the 1990s.

Winchester briefly went out of business in 2006, but in late 2007 it was announced that FN would be manufacturing new Model 70s under the Winchester name due to licensing agreements. Winchester Model 70s have been produced by FN ever since, and have sold well.

The Model 70 is today offered in practically any caliber and configuration you can think of. Not only are they very sleek looking and smooth in operation, they’re also very durable and accurate.  The Winchester Model 70 isn’t cheap by any means, but it truly offers the best you could ask for out of a production bolt rifle.


The last bolt action rifle that we will talk about is another highly influential design: the Weatherby Mark V. The Mark V was specifically designed to handle the biggest Magnum calibers there are. As a result, it uses a more durable receiver, bolt, and lugs. However, the Mark V is also available in more common calibers such as .300, .30-06, or .308.

Out of all the rifles on this list, the Mark V is easily the most prestigious and expensive. But you definitely get what you pay for, because the Mark V is specifically designed to last for many generations while also being able to handle the largest and hardest hitting calibers out there. If you want to find just the right blend between strength and luxury, and have the budget for it, the Mark V should be your top choice.

As with the other rifles on this list as well, the Mark V is available in wide variety of configurations, with different options for barrel lengths, stock types, and finishes.


In conclusion, every survival armory needs to have at least one rifle that uses a bolt-action operation and has a scope. Such a rifle will be the best gun to use for long-range anti-personnel use or for big game hunting. It’s also important that you select a rifle that will last you a lifetime and will deliver optimal performance, something that any of the rifles in this article will do.

Pros And Cons Of Modifying Your Firearms

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Pros And Cons Of Modifying Your Firearms The thoughts of a great light and a laser on your sidearm is enough to make the tactical minded prepper swoon. Maybe add a silencer to combat that attention catching gunfire and you have something that any prepper would except among their ranks. We live in a time …

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3 Best Ammo Calibers To Have After SHTF

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There are many reasons to be armed when a disaster strikes. Hunting food could be the difference between survival and starvation. A defensive weapon could prevent death by predators, both four-legged and two-legged. On the other hand, not all guns are created equal. Each caliber has its own advantages and drawbacks, and you need to […]

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Survival Gear Review: Raven Concealment Moduloader Pocket Shield

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best holster

Hello, my name is Drew, and I’m a concealed carrier. I want to stand up and admit to everyone that I perform a best concealed carry holstercardinal sin in the tacti-cool carry world – but I know a lot of you (probably) do it too. I find strength in numbers – solidarity! – so here goes: *deep breath* I carried a spare magazine for my EDC gun by throwing it in my weak-side front pants pocket. There, I said it.

By Drew, a contributing author of Survival Cache & SHTFBlog

Yes, I can feel the great disturbance in the force caused by millions of tattooed, appendix-carrying, Glock-19-with-RMR wielding pistol hipsters rolling their eyes at once. (Maybe I can alienate some more readers later.) Not only is it not terribly trendy to pocket carry a spare magazine loose, it’s admittedly not a great idea for a few reasons: Dirt, lint, and other items that are in your pocket can enter the magazine through the cartridge count holes or magazine feed opening and gum up the function of the magazine. The distinctive pistol magazine shape prints through the fabric of your pantaloons. The magazine re-orients itself constantly, since there is nothing in your bare pocket to keep it in place: one minute it can be sitting proper and vertical; a couple steps later, and the magazine has dropped down to lie horizontally with unknown cartridge orientation.

Related: 8 Tips for Flying with a Firearm (Legally)

Once that happens, trying to extract the magazine (especially during a high-stress period of your life, for instance: someone shooting at you) is damned difficult at best, and requires concentration, patience and dexterity – three qualities that you may not be blessed with if you REALLY need that spare magazine. If you carry a flashlight clipped to the inside of your weak-side pocket, add scraped knuckles and swearing to the magazine retrieval process. It’s not a great system, but like I said, I’m sure many of you also pocket carry your spare magazine – at least you have the forethought to have the extra insurance with you.

But what if I told you that there is an easier, more reliable, and straight-up better way to pocket carry your spare magazines – and other items?

Salvation By Raven Concealment Systems

Raven Concealment Systems, a company hailing from Ridgeville, Ohio, has the perfect solution to this particular waistband holster pistolconcealed carry malady: the Moduloader Pocket Shield. An odd-looking, shield-shaped polymer affair with a multitude of slots incorporated into the flat, you would never guess its purpose in life just by looking at it. However, the proudly USA-Made Pocket Shield is the perfect solution to low-profile pocket carrying and organizing EDC gear – knives, spare magazines, flashlights, even small pistols. It’s so simple you’ll feel stupid you didn’t think of it a long time ago.

The Moduloader Pocket Shield was designed by Chris Fry of MDTS Training, in conjunction with Raven Concealment Systems, to be able to retain a number of items in a fixed location while installed in your forward pants (or, upon further reflection, I suppose rear too) pocket. The slots allow the securing of any number of accessories to be mounted – MOLLE gear, Kydex holsters, clip-on accoutrements, screw-on accessories. Hell, you can even tie things to it – Raven Concealment provides line and a few Chicago screws for you to attach items to the Pocket Shield with. Your imagination, and the Moduloader Pocket Shield’s pocket-sized dimensions, are the only limitation you have for attachment possibilities.

Related: Ronin Concealed Carry Holster

The Pocket Shield is a flexible polymer that can be warped, bent, and moved around to conform to your pocket. It doesn’t have a memory per se to keep whatever shape you leave it in, but Raven Concealment Systems recommends wrapping a heavy rubber band around it (think breaking in a baseball glove) to help it keep a more curved, contoured shape.

Two hooked outer edges ensure the Pocket Shield grabs fabric and stays inside your pocket, even if you are performing a hasty emergency deployment of your pocket contents. If the provided shape doesn’t suit your needs, the unit can be cut and trimmed to your heart’s desire. Aesthetically speaking, the Pocket Shield follows the Henry Ford mentality – it comes in any color you want, as long as it’s black. (edit: it appears that Raven Concealment actually now offers Gray and Coyote Brown options as well.)

Setting up the Moduloader Pocket Shield

As stated before, the Pocket Shield is designed to be extremely adaptable, and can be fitted with any number of survival holsteraccessories. I personally wanted to be able to carry a spare magazine and a larger flashlight than my usual EDC Streamlight Microstream AAA flashlight. I set out researching accessory options that would best fit my needs.

I read about the Blue Force Gear Ten Speed mag pouch someplace – I don’t recall where – and the Ten Speed mag pouch was specifically listed as a great fit for the Moduloader Pocket Shield. The Ten Speed pouch is made from an elastic material that holds magazines and other are extracted. The Ten Speed mag pouch has a simple strap that can attach similarly to a MOLLE setup, and is retained by a hook and loop patch at its tag end. It sounded right up my alley, so I ordered one off Amazon -it set me back all of twenty dollars.

The Blue Force Gear Ten Speed pouch was indeed perfect for what I needed. The fastening strap weaved its way between the Pocket Shield’s slots, and fit perfectly, snugly. The spare 17-round magazine for my EDC Sig Sauer P320 Compact fit superbly in the pouch with perfect retention (single stack mags work too) – and there was room to spare for other goodies on the Pocket Shield.

Related: Survival Debate – Pocket Carry vs. Concealed Carry

In retrospect, I wish I’d ordered a double Ten Speed mag pouch so I could have some carry options – two spare mags, a magazine and a flashlight or larger folding knife, or flashlight and knife – or anything else I could stick in the little elastic pouch. I’ll have to remedy that someday.

As it is, the Blue Force Gear Ten Speed pouch and Raven Concealment Moduloader Pocket Shield are a dynamite EDC one-two punch. Having a spare magazine for my carry pistol and a Fenix TK20R 1000-lumen light make me feel better about life in general when the chips might be down.

Moduloading the Moduloader

So how well does this odd contraption work at its intended purpose? I have found, over the course of the past fewThe Answer Water Bottle Filtration Solution 300x250 months of using the Pocket Shield, that it works very well indeed. I keep the Moduloader Pocket Shield in my Grab ‘n’ Go pistol bag where my EDC Sig P320 and other always-with-me gear resides if it’s not on my body. When it’s time to load up, I know right where all my gear is, and I extricate it for body deployment…and the Pocket Shield is the easiest piece of kit to deploy. My spare magazine is already in the Ten Speed pouch, the Fenix flashlight is clipped on, ready to go. All that’s left is to grab the assembled unit, pinch it slightly to fit in the pocket opening, and push it right into your front pants pocket – good to go. Done.

Pulling the Pocket Shield out of one’s pocket isn’t quite so easy – those small retention spurs do a pretty danged good job at their intended purpose – namely, keeping the unit from popping out of the pocket. While that’s a desirable asset when quickly ripping out a needed reload, getting everything out at the end of the day is a wrestling match whose difficulty is directly proportional to the size of your pocket. If you wear cargo pants or BDUs, you’ll find that removing everything comes relatively easily. If you wear skinny jeans (and why would you?), you’ll need a prybar and probably a couple friends or a team of draft horses to extricate the Pocket Shield – that is, assuming you could even get it in your front pocket at all in the first place.

Is that a Moduloader in your pocket, or are you happy to see me?

I’ve been using the Moduloader Pocket Shield for several months now and have found that it fulfills its intended raven pocket shield pantsrole admirably; here’s my take on utilizing it in daily use.  It was weird at first. As someone who really hates carrying extra stuff in his pockets (including the loose spare magazine), it was mildly annoying carrying the extra bulk in that front pocket. As an added bonus, the bulk of the extra gear (spare P320 magazine and the aforementioned Fenix flashlight) in my pocket definitely made a pronounced bulge in my front pocket. It was awkward and foreign, but I stuck it out even though I was sure the gear in my pockets for stuck out….like a sore thumb.

Also Read: Rothco Concealed Carry Jacket

I found with use that this resulting payload bulge needs to be put out of mind; 99% of the people you interact with or pass by won’t be looking at that one pocket. Besides, people carry license-plate sized cellphones, wallets, car keys,and other sundry items in their pockets; bulges or printing is present on almost everyone. The bulge in one’s front pocket resulting from a loaded Pocket Shield is much less expected than a spare magazine carrier on one’s belt – that sort of printing is harder to ignore and dismiss away.

Once I got over the fresh experience of a new, foreign method of carrying gear on my person, I began to really enjoy the Moduloader Pocket Shield and all it offered. I have one set up for pistol carry, and one set up with non-lethal options for areas when I can’t carry a pistol – the Fenix TK20R is still present, but a ASP Keychain Defender OC spray/kubaton takes the magazine’s place. There’s room for a multitool too, if I feel so inclined.

Wrapping it up… and stuffing it in your pocket

The Raven Concealment Moduloader Pocket Shield is a brutally simple and brutally effective way of adding extra gear to your EDC while keeping it accessible, organized, and well hidden. A couple extra accessories (such as a magazine pouch or flashlight holder) will make the usefulness of the Moduloader Pocket Shield’s utility skyrocket. The Moduloader Pocket Shield will set you back $24.99 through Raven Concealment’s website. A 3-pack is a deal at $59.99 (when they have them in stock!).

Also Read: 10 Tips For Concealed Carry

My favorite result of carrying a Raven Concealment Moduloader Pocket Shield is the sheer convenience of having a basic EDC kit ready to go at any given time. My carry pistol’s reload and a powerful flashlight can live in my nightstand drawer, ready to plop into my pants pocket without having to thread a still pistol belt through mag carriers and other Batman gear. When the day is over and I’m home, I simply extricate the Pocket Loader and payload out of my pocket, and place it in the drawer or in my go-bag, ready for the next day.

I’ve often found that simple items work best – and the Moduloader Pocket Shield is the essence of simplicity, ease of use, and sheer effectiveness at its intended job. Get you one and discover the new best way you never knew about to carry extra gear concealed.

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“Know Thine Enemies Weapons “

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“Know Thine Enemies Weapons” I am going to warn you. This article is a little brash. It will be borderline offensive to some. It is not the author who plans to be but it is the subject matter. You see, there are enemies in this world that live all around us. It’s not just the …

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AR15 Survival Rifle Set Up: Part 1

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AR15 Survival Rifle Set Up: Part 1-
Dane… “The Gunmetal Armory” Audio player provided!

The survival rifle is a timeless classic in the rifle community and all throughout the world. Many versions of the survival rifle exist, from a specially designed rifle that a pilot might carry in his plane, to a 3 barreled rifle/shotgun combo that was carried by Cosmonauts, to an over-under rifle/shotgun combo, or just a simple 12 gauge shotgun with a couple extra accessories added to it.

Continue reading AR15 Survival Rifle Set Up: Part 1 at Prepper Broadcasting |Network.

Pros And Cons Of Modifying Your Firearms  

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Most firearm manufactures build their weapons based on what they think most shooters will want. But defensive, hunting, and target shooting all require specific adjustments, so it shouldn’t surprise anyone that most shooters wind up modifying their weapon to get the most out of it.

In addition, there are likely to be aspects of the firearms that might not totally fit your particular shooting style, eyesight, or hand size. While this not a good thing to modify your weapons just to be different, or to see if it can be done, other adjustments may fall into the category of necessary.

Click here to get your guide to a layered survival defense!

But how do you actually do it? Here are some modifications that you might take into consideration.


Night Sights

These sights give you a good sight picture even in low light conditions, which increases your chance of hitting the target. Even though this can be very useful, bear in mind that the sights must first be activated by a light source. They are also incorporate Tritium, a radioactive isotope of hydrogen.

Unlike other sights which can last for the life of the gun, night sights must be replaced every 8 – 10 years.

Fiber Optic Low Light Sights

Instead of using Tritium, these sights use small colored fiber optic inserts in the front and rear sights. Usually, the rear sight is green, while the front sight is red. They will only work if there is enough surrounding light.

Unlike the Tritium based sights, these will work as long as the fiber optic material is intact.

Trigger Spring Upgrade with After Market Trigger

This upgrade ensures the weapon to shoot easier and better. These upgrades can also address common complaints such as the trigger is hard to pull, excessive trigger creep, or the trigger is too light/heavy.

Some people prefer a lighter trigger for quick shooting, while others want a stiffer one to reduce the risk of accidental discharge when shooting or reholstering.

After Market Magazines

Even though the magazines that come with your gun are reasonable quality, the ones you can get after market are much better and are designed to give a lifetime of reliable service.

In many cases, the better quality magazines reduce the risk of malfunctions caused by bent magazines, faulty magazine springs, or followers. This increases the reliability of the weapon and also reduces the risk of damage to it. Always use match grade pistol magazines to get the most out of each unit.

Even though after market magazines are more expensive, they usually come with a lifetime warranty and are well worth the extra cost.

Upgrade the Pistol Grips

The easiest and fastest way to reduce felt recoil is to upgrade the pistol grips. Choose grips that fit your hands properly. This will also make the weapon more comfortable to shoot and improve accuracy.

If you choose slim grips, they will also make the gun easier to conceal, while thicker ones may give you a printing problem. To get the most options, try aftermarket grips that allow you to choose the side panel and back strap combinations.

AR-15 Rifles

Change the Upper Receiver to the Adams Arms Piston System

Piston driven AR-15’s function better because the hot gasses released from firing are not constantly being dumped into the body of the weapon.

The second advantage is the weapon operates more cleanly with no blow back of powder and gas into the breach. Instead, you only have to be concerned about a small amount of powder residue in a tiny area around the piston. These advantages make for a more reliable weapon that can be shot longer during each session. You can also wait longer between deep rifle cleanings.

Even though the piston system improves the overall performance of the AR-15, the complete upper is quite expensive. Since it is not a standard part like the impingement system, you will also have a harder time finding spare parts when needed.

If you are interested in this upgrade, there are two ways to go about it. First, you can buy a complete upper receiver and match it to the lower receiver that your rife came with. Second, there is also a conversion kit that can be used to modify your existing upper receiver.

Nickel Boron Bolt Carrier Groups

Nickel boron coatings on the interior and exterior make it much easier to clean the bolt carrier group. All you will need to do is rub the bolt a few times in order to remove the fouling. Even though the rear bolt will still be a little harder to clean, it is much easier than it would be if you were still wrestling with a traditional phosphate bolt carrier.

Over the lifetime of the rifle, you will also find that nickel boron bolt carrier groups are also more dependable.

As with changing to a piston system, you will find that nickel boron bolt carrier groups can be quite expensive. To get the most for your money, choose Mil-Spec to ensure your system will be compatible with military parts.

Replace Springs

If there is one chronic problem with AR-15’s, I’d have to say failure to feed issues are at the top of the list. While many people continue to believe bad magazines or fouling are the main causes, the AR springs may also be at fault.

Remember, it is the buffer and extractor springs that receive the most damaging wear and tear because they control the opposing reaction of the energy delivered by the gas.

Sadly, many weapons either have springs that are too weak to withstand this abuse and remain reliable, while others may have a buffer that is too light. The failure of these springs will render your AR-15 about as useful for shooting as a paper weight.

When replacing the springs:

  • Choose heavier ones that are on the recommended spring listings for your AR.
  • Field test the AR to insure the proper functioning of the new springs.
  • Always keep a spare part kit for every AR you own, including extra springs. You never know when something will break or wear out.
  • Never put in new springs in the AR and then fail to function test the rifle.

Use Duracoat or Cerakote as a Protective Coating

These coatings will protect your rifle from friction related problems and moisture. The additional barrier against corrosive elements will extend the lifetime of the gun and ensure its reliability. In addition, these coatings offer a tactical advantage because they can be used in camouflage patterns. Even though these coatings can be relatively inexpensive to do on your own, it is also easy to make a mess. While it costs a lot more to have a professional do this job, it is worth the cost.

Upgrade the magazines – As with pistols, upgrading the magazines for your AR-15 gives you a chance to buy better quality units that will last longer. In this instance, I recommend the Magpul PMAG. It is to your advantage to avoid cheap, poor quality magazines, or ones that do not have a good reputation on the market. Not only will they cause endless malfunctions, they will seriously hamper the performance when the rifle actually does fire.

Pistol grip – Most people replace the standard A2 pistol grip on the AR-15 because it is too small for shooters with larger hands. For comfort and increased proficiency, try the Magpul or Hogue grips.


Next to pistol grips, replacing the stock triggers is the most common upgrade for AR-15’s. There are many designs to choose from as well as manufacturers. Do your research carefully and consider what you want to use the gun for when selecting a trigger upgrade. Here are some designs to consider:

  • Single stage – These are heavier triggers that will fire after using steady pressure on the trigger until it fires.
  • Two stage – A two stage trigger will allow you to pull the trigger part way, hold it, and then fire when you are ready. It is useful for hunting or defensive shooting.
  • Match – Very lightweight trigger that improves accuracy when shooting targets.
  • 3 gun competition – If you have pistols, rifles, and shotguns, matching the trigger with the one on your AR-15 may be of interest if you have a disability or need consistency across all weapons for some other reason.
  • Adjustable – This trigger lets you set the weight, creep, and amount of trigger travel. This trigger is ideal if you want to test out different trigger configurations or want something that can be adjusted for different shooting types.
  • Non-adjustable – If you already know what you are looking for in trigger weight and other factors, choose this one to save money vs the adjustable model.
  • Straight or curved bow – This is purely a matter of personal taste. Some prefer a curved trigger, while others are more comfortable with a straight one.


Most AR-15 rifles sold today come with, in my opinion, a mediocre, cheap Mil Spec six position stock. Replacing it with a collapsible stock can increase accuracy and also make the rifle much more comfortable to shoot.

Video first seen on chanderson1.

You will still need to choose the right size stock for your rifle’s buffer tube. While a stock upgrade can give you a lot of advantages, you will need to do your homework to find a good quality stock. In this market, expensive doesn’t always mean better, and you can very easily wind up with an over-priced piece of junk.

Bump Fire Rifle Stocks

Contrary to the beliefs of some individuals, bump fire rifle stocks do not turn your AR-15 into a full auto weapon. They simply use the recoil from the past shot to operate the sliding action a bit faster. However there are people that can pull a trigger faster, and more accurately than the bump stock users! Here are some other things to consider before pursuing this upgrade:

  • Right now the BATF finds that this product is not a machine gun as defined under the Gun Control Act, 18 U.S.C. 921(a)(23), however this might change. If it does change, you will need to find out if pre-existing bump stocks will be grandfathered.
  • The stock allows the AR to shoot between 400 to 800 rounds per minute.
  • When shooting with the stock in the bump position, it will use more bullets and heat up a lot faster. As a result, it is likely to jam.
  • Bump stocks will reduce accuracy.

80% Finished Receivers

Even though this isn’t a modification of an existing gun, you can buy an 80% finished receiver and build your own. This receiver is usually made of aluminum.

Once again, contrary to popular belief, you cannot simply buy a kit and expect to produce a functional, reliable weapon with just a few hand tools and no experience in metal working. To finish the receiver, you must either install, complete or assemble the fire control group, trigger pin, hammer pin, trigger slot, and safety selector hole.

While the kit will include the instructions, jigs, drill bits, and parts, do not be fooled into thinking you can assemble with absolute ease. Drilling can go wrong very easily as can other assembly stages. If you are off in your measurements or make a mistake, the entire project will be ruined and you will have to buy a whole new 80% finished receiver.

About the only advantage you will get is you will not need an FFL to buy the receiver, and you will not have to fill out all the paperwork. As long as AR-15s are legal in your state, you will be able to own it where you live.

Pump Shotgun Upgrades


These are the most common and useful upgrades for the pump shotgun. You can shorten the stock to reduce the overall length of the weapon without making it illegal. Pistol grip stocks, top folding, and collapsible stocks will all make the gun more accommodating for people with longer or shorter arms.

You can also try a complete stock replacement system that includes a 6 position collapsible stock with shell holder, front picatinny rail, and military length forend. Even though there are several different materials available, the best and most durable stocks are made from lightweight carbon fiber reinforced polymer.

Rail Systems

Upgrading to a M1913 Picatinny top rail with key-mod mounts at the 3, 6, and 9 o’clock positions makes it easy to mount scopes and other accessories. When choosing a rail system, make sure it does not hang over the muzzle. An aluminum rail will keep the weight down without sacrificing the options offered by this rail upgrade.

Magazine Tube Extensions

Magazine extensions come in either 2 or 3 round capacities. When it comes to home defense, the addition of these two or three rounds can be a lifesaver.

This upgrade is also very easy to install and can be attached without making any modifications to the gun. Just remember that these extensions can extend past the muzzle. This can lead to a carbon buildup or discoloration of the magazine tube.

Upgrade the Barrels

If your pump action shotgun comes with the capacity to change barrels, you may want to have shorter and longer lengths on hand. This will make your weapon suitable for different purposes without needing to buy a whole new gun. You can use shorter barrels for home defense, and then longer ones for hunting.

Regardless of the length of the barrel, changing them out is no harder than cleaning the shotgun; and can be done with no tools. Just remember different barrel lengths have advantages and disadvantages:

  • Longer barrels improve accuracy, however they are harder to maneuver in tight spaces and weigh more than shorter barrels
  • Shorter barreled shotguns have a shorter sighting plane, more noise, more muzzle flash, and more recoil, all of which reduce accuracy and make them harder to manage when firing.

When you buy a new gun, that is only the beginning of a journey to make it as useful as possible for your needs. From customizing the gun so that it is more comfortable when firing to managing physical impairments, there are endless options to choose from.

As you consider the possible upgrades for your weapon, always keep in mind what you want to improve about the weapon’s performance, the reputation of the manufacturer, how best to accomplish the upgrade, and the laws in your area.

Once you know all of these, look at the cost and figure out if these upgrades are truly worth your while, so you could keep your family safe!

This article has been written by Fred Tyrell for Survivopedia.

Buffalo Leather Sheath for a Carving Knife

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Buffalo Leather Sheath for a Carving Knife It’s hard to believe that just 100 years ago if you were looking to sheath a firearm or a knife of any kind it had to be done in leather. There was no kydex or even plastic in 1917. This really puts our advancements in perspective. Still, we …

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The Designated Marksman Carbine (DMC)

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best survival rifle

The concept for the Designated Marksman Carbine or DMC has been around for awhile now, but not in the pure DMC form. Instead it was eithersurvival carbine hopping up a 5.56mm to maximums, or dumbing down a larger cartridge so it could be shot effectively off-hand. To really capitalize on the Designated Marksman Carbine concept, I had to do it myself to ensure the spirit of the DMC was in play for my imagined needs.  The Designated Marksman Rifle or DMR is a middle ground between a battle rifle and a sniper rifle. 

By Doc Montana, a Contributing Author to SHTFBlog and 

It is usually a semiautomatic in the pattern of the M16 or AR15 rather than a bolt action hardstock version that could be mistaken for grandad’s hunt’n rifle. Almost. The removable box magazine options of the DMR allow a larger capacity than bolts, and the manual of arms is often nearly identical to the battle rifle like the M4A or the SOCOM 16.

The DMR is an accurate long distance shooter when compared to a battle rifle built with a 16-inch or shorter barrel. But compared to the 24-inch barreled sniper rifle, the DMR is a medium distance shooter with near-MOA accuracy out to 500 meters any day of the week and 800 meters on Sunday. But the DMR is not without it’s issues. First and foremost, it is yet another rifle to ruck around the battlefield. And second, it requires a DM or designated marksman to operate with it. A third issue that may or may not be of concern is that the DMR usually takes a different larger cartridge compared to the battle rifle with accompanying need for different mags, different bore brushes, and it is likely mounted with a heavy optic that prevents fast operation in close quarters.

Related: Review PWS MK214 Battle Rifle

Just as the DMR ran interference between the carbine and the sniper rifle, I saw a need in my personal preparation for something that closed the gap The Answer Water Bottle Filtration Solution 300x250between the AR15 carbine, and the bolt action hunting (think sniper) rifle capable of reaching half a mile with enough energy to make the trip worthwhile. While the 55 grain .223 round can reliably touch targets at 700 yards, it won’t make much of a statement when it’s get there. Even if the 5.56mm bullet extracts its pound of flesh, its effectiveness is limited to flesh and not hide, leather, canvas, plastic, glass, wood, sheet metal, and especially not sheet metal. At 800 meters, the .223 bullet drops into double digit energy. That’s almost a 90% drop compared to the energy the .223 has at 100 yards and might even be less than a traditional .22 long rifle at 100 yards!

Contradiction as Opportunity

So while the need for a Designated Marksman Carbine seems obvious, I’ve found many of the off-the-shelf AR10 (.308 in an AR pattern) carbine rifles to be less reliable than I’ll tolerate. I don’t live on the gun range, and don’t imagine that a dark future will have covered bays or sunny days on the square range. Therefore, any AR10 in my preps will need to be above average and with hand-picked Designated Marksman Carbine components.

In a nutshell, the AR10 I built up started with a matched pair of Mega Arms upper and lower receivers with the Mega Arms nickel-boron finish. The receivers are named the Maten presumably for “Mega Arms Ten” instead of AR10. Umm. Whatever. I was hoping the Maten was some exotic jungle dwelling apex predator that captured prey at long distance.

The parts that matter include a single stage CMC drop-in flat-shoe trigger set at 3.5 pounds, and locked in place with anti-roll pins. An Aero Precision stainless steel 16”  barrel with matching Aero Precision bolt with phosphate finish. The handguard is a smooth round aluminium beauty from Unique AR, a McCall, Idaho based ARtisan company that makes CNC artwork where a boring quad rail used to live. For a build like this Designated Marksman Carbine I wanted a smooth round handguard to allow for an unobstructed rest when on rough or non-level surfaces.

Level Headed

A rifle is only sighted in as well as it’s held level. A perfect vertical alignment between optic, barrel and gravity is imperative if you want to know withEpic Smart Shield ad - kids water glasses with frame 300x250 certainty if the bullet will hit is mark. Since the optic is not affected by the pull of the earth, but the bullet is, sighting in a long gun means dialing in the intersection between crosshairs and bullet drop (or rise) while holding gravity as a constant. Like shooting a basketball towards a distant hoop, the arc of the projectile’s flight whether ball or bullet is only as precise as it’s vertical alignment with gravity. If a rifle is tilted, the arc is at an angle to the direct force of gravity so the accuracy is compromised. For close shots, the difference is minimal but still, the offset iron sights should be on target for a 45 degree counter-clockwise rifle rotation of the rifle.

Also Read: Survival Debate .308 vs. .223

Back to the round handguard, when a railed handguard is placed on a compromising surface, it either tugs the rifle in a rotational direction as it searches for stability, or balances precariously on a point causing the rifle to teeter back and forth. A round handguard can sit still on many surface shapes.

For those shots where a bipod is prefered, a bipod is available. Sitting out near the muzzle, it usually won’t interfere when not active, but the free-floating barrel allows the bipod to be at the furthest point away from the stock providing a rock-solid platform on such a short marksman sight radius.

Welding Flesh

Rounding out the other end of the Designated Marksman Carbine is a Magpul UBR or Utility Battle Rifle stock. What makes this an Unusual Buttstock MAGPUL Battle Rifle StockReplacement (UBR?) is that the cheek weld remains fixed and only the shoulder pad section moves. The two benefits of this design are, first the position of face to sight (cheek weld) remains constant regardless of the position of the stock. And second, the lockup of the stock in any position absolutely rivals a fixed stock in solidity and quietness. Of course that does come with a bit of a weight increase, but it’s not as bad as it seems given that the UBR comes with its own buffer tube.

In the middle of muzzle and stock is a Leupold 3x-9x tactical scope on a Mark 2 integrated mount. The premise behind integrated or single stage mounts is that the scope has only one large point of contact with the rifle rather that dual scope rings. Dual rings can work great and are the staple of hunting rifles, but in that case the scope was not to be removed unless another sight-in session was possible. Integrated mounts like this Leupold maintain zero much better, and can cross rail lines between receiver and handguard if necessary without much if any loss in accuracy. In the case of this Designated Marksman Carbine, the Leupold mount resides completely on the upper receiver rail. If you scope has long eye relief you might have push it further down the barrel crossing real estate lines that can introduce alignment disputes.

Related: Review Windham Weaponry R18FSFSM-308

Since the point of the Designated Marksman Carbine is to manage the territory between 300 and 800 meters with enough dignity to bother with, the survival ammo.308 Winchester seems a perfect round. It’s almost as common as the 7.62 NATO, and just as good. Plus it’s one of the most common rounds available surpassed only by the 9mm, .223/5.56, and perhaps the 12 gauge. In other words, don’t worry about availability. But if you want something smaller like a 6.5 whatever, or larger like a .33x, I won’t be able to share ammo with you. And likely nobody else will either. That said, I appreciate the finer nuances of the recent calibers and cartridges for long range shooting, but there is no room in the Designated Marksman Carbine concept for nuances.

Magpul is THE source for magazines, providing a mild choice of capacity and color for the AR10 platform. With cartridges as large at the .308, weight adds up literally twice as fast compared to the .223. A boxmag of twenty .308 rounds is about the same as a box of forty .223s. Further, the size of a container holding noticeable and anything longer will mess up the rifle’s ability to move freely when bipod or resting low. This is the reason that hunting rifles and most sniper pipes don’t use or even have so-called high cap mags. Accuracy trumps volume every time. However, the Designated Marksman Carbine is not a ridiculous choice for CQB and janitorial work, but it is near the threshold of overkill and awkwardness. So considering a more-than-20 .308 mag is not foolish, just not as practical as it might seem.

Can It

Cans, suppressors, silencers, regardless of what you call them, they are an excellent idea for many reasons. With a noticeable reduction in the loudnessDesignated_Marksman_Carbine_Mega_Arms_308_Magpul_Silencerco_Omega of a rifle shot, there is also a reduction in stresses on the trigger pull from flinching and apprehension. Setting off a 60,000 PSI explosion inches from your face is bad enough, but a literally defining concussion is something to be avoided. The can on this Designated Marksman Carbine has a muzzle brake built in that really does noticeably reduce recoil to a pleasant level. With a recoil impulse up to four times more than a .223, while not scary for most shooters, it certainly is not enjoyable. Recoil is just a fact of life so lessening that fact is always a welcome change.

Home on the Range

Mobility is a key to Designated Marksman Carbine success so building a go kit for the Designated Marksman Carbine was the next logical step. As a Designated_Marksman_Carbine_Mega_Arms_308_Magpul_go_kit_511_casecarbine with collapsible stock, the entire rifle and bipod minus the can easily fits into a 36-inch gun case, the 5.11 Vtac MK II Double Rifle Case in particular for this project. Thirty-six inches is just a yardstick. It’s barely noticeable in the big picture.

Rather than a tube or pouch-type gun case, the 5.11 Vtac MK II Double Rifle Case completely unzips along three of the four sides turning it into a 36” by 24” range mat. Not as good a as a dedicated mat, but far better than nothing and much better than a tarp.

Also Read: The Best Survival Carbine (Part 1)

Other additions to the Designated Marksman Carbine Go-Kit include a Leatherman MUT multitool for the AR platform, a wind speed meter, A Sig KILOleatherman mut 2400 Ballistic Rangefinder (with Applied Ballistics/SIG app on iPhone), a flashlight that can turn on in lowest mode (non-tactical), a camo baseball cap, and ear protection. And on the ear pro side, if possible I carry electronic ear muffs that can amplify the local sounds and take a radio input if needed. Regular earplugs/earmuffs block all sounds to a degree so it easy to miss things like someone sneaking up on you. Amplifying the sounds through electronic earmuffs is truly a bionic upgrade. They ate also a go-to for inhouse personal protection when you really want to hear those bumps in the night.

Another addition to the go package is a tarp of 3-D camo material. Behaving as a ghillie suit for a prone shooting position, the tarp is a quick and versatile concealment option that runs double duty as a hunting blind as well.  Gearing up for when it matters is never inexpensive or flawless. Choices have to be made, and money must be spent. Moving forward on your preparation plan ends in action. All the best intents will be meaningless if there is no action before the deadline.

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Have You Included a Tactical Laser in Your Preps?

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UPDATE: The tactical laser linked to in this article is completely sold out and due to changing regulations, it will not be returning for sale. I’m leaving this article up for informational purposes, since you may very well find a similar product elsewhere, if interested.

Most guys I know tend to focus on 2 categories of self-defense weapons: firearms and knives. On this blog, plenty has been written about both categories, and it’s interesting how some guys identify themselves, “I’m a knife guy,” or “I’m a gun guy.”

Have You Included a Tactical Laser in Your Preps via Preparedness Advice

Well, I’ve never heard anyone say, “I’m a laser kind of guy,” but with this Tact Laser, it’s something that’s worth checking out.

Not many people consider a laser when it comes to defense, but they are used by the military very effectively. In most cases a military-grade tactical laser isn’t something you can easily find on the marketplace. In fact the Tact Laser is in very limited supply because of changing regulations. By the time your read this, it may already be sold out.

Just as a firearm, knife, walking stick, slingshot, and heck, a flame-thrower, for that matter, are all most effective in trained hands, so is the Tact Laser. The good news for those of us with limited time to master yet another self-defense skill, is that this laser is about the size of a smaller flashlight, just a little over 6 inches long, and is as easy to use as flipping the switch and pointing. In a woman’s purse or backpack, it would pack an effective and powerful punch against an attacker.

Because the Tact Laser uses a particularly powerful beam, bright enough to light up a dark room and certainly bright enough to overpower an attacker, it’s easily effective without a lot of training and without the expense of additional ammo. It’s powered by a rechargeable battery, so you don’t even have that cost to cover.

It’s not a toy, though, and therein lies my one caveat. Kids are used to seeing lasers and bright lights sweep over the skies of Disneyland — nope. This isn’t that type of laser. This is the type of laser that can cause blindness, which is why it comes with a key-lock. And, since it looks like an ordinary flashlight, a lot of inquisitive kids would probably leave it alone.

Currently, Survival Frog is including safety goggles with the purchase of each Tact Laser, just as a precaution.

As I’m writing this, the biggest gift-giving season of the year is drawing closer and closer. I’m not a genius when it comes to buying the perfect present for anyone, ask my wife!, but the Tact Laser is unique and intriguing. It would be really hard to go wrong with this choice.



The post Have You Included a Tactical Laser in Your Preps? appeared first on Preparedness Advice.

Air Force Error Allowed Texas Gunman to Buy Weapons

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Air Force Error Allowed Texas Gunman to Buy Weapons We are learning more and more about the situation in Texas. There are some staggering reports about the mental condition of the killer. It is clear he was a bad person to say the least. These accusations seem to spread throughout much of his life. We …

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Host: Dane… “The Gunmetal Armory” Audio player provided!

This time, we’re going to be talking about “Building the Prepper Armory: Part 2”. In the next installment of Building the Prepper Armory, we’re going to talk about various accessories, Optics, calibers and which calibers to stockpile, primitive weaponry, slings and sling bows, archery, blowguns, ammo for the more primitive of these weapons, and a whole lot more.

Continue reading BUILDING THE PREPPER ARMORY part 2 at Prepper Broadcasting |Network.

USAF Developed A New Bomb that Creates General Darkness: “CHAMP”

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Electromagnetic pulse attacks are one of the most alarming threats facing the western world. There are two reasons for that: #1. The damage the attack would actually do, would be

The post USAF Developed A New Bomb that Creates General Darkness: “CHAMP” appeared first on Ask a Prepper.

Meet The NBC Guy!

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Meet The NBC Guy! David Jones “Prepping Up with the Jones “ Audio player provided! This Premier episode will be packed full! Dave introduces himself and how he became the NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) Guy. Learn about his back ground and find out why you can trust him when he tells you personal experiences with … Continue reading Meet The NBC Guy!

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BUILDING THE PREPPER ARMORY Dane, The Gunmetal Armory” Audio player provided! Listen in to this premiere episode of The Gunmetal Armory, Dane will dive into what you should stock in your Prepper Armory, and its purpose. We talk firearms, edged implements, ammo, accessories, optics, and more. Get ready, cause this is going to be an epic … Continue reading BUILDING THE PREPPER ARMORY

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Survival Gear Review: Fällkniven MB Modern Bowie

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Trigger Alert: This article is about a very big knife. If that scares you, then click here.  March 6, 1836 was aFallkniven_MB_Modern_Bowie_Knife_Cobalt_posing-survival bad day for Jim Bowie. In fact the two weeks prior weren’t much better since the small mission building in which Jim and a hundred others took a stand was under attack.  Remember the Alamo? But long before that fateful Sunday morning James Bowie was famous for his knife prowess whether true or not. In 1827 Bowie (pronounced BOO-ee) was involved in a skirmish known as the Sandbar Fight where Jim Bowie essentially won a gunfight with a knife. A very large knife. And, as they say, the rest is history.

By Doc Montana, a Contributing Author to SHTFBlog and 

Modern Sporting Knife

The Bowie Knife is a pattern much like the AR15 is a pattern. The so-called Bowie Knife is general form withfallkniven knife review some characteristics, but there is no one type of Bowie, nor any particular feature that makes or breaks a Bowie Knife. In general a Bowie Knife is a large blade, something eight or more inches, an overall length more than a foot, a crossguard separating the blade from the handle, and a clip point blade tip. Finally, there is the appearance of a false edge running along the top of the blade from tip through a curve ending at the spine proper. The false edge may or may not be sharpened, and thus the Bowie might cut both ways. Today, however, most Bowie Knives are not sharpened on the upper portion of the blade due to weapons laws in many jurisdictions. But originally as a fighting knife, that was the point.

Related: CRKT Redemption Knife 

The origin of the Bowie Knife is a little tangled in lore and opinions. Even the facts depend upon which story Fallkniven_MB_Modern_Bowie_Knife_Cobalt_Granfors_Bruks_hand_hatchetyou subscribe to. But in the end, and even with all the unknowns, the Bowie Knife is one of the most recognizable and famous blades in the world. And just as the initial Bowie Knives were evolving and upgrading as each one was pounded into existence on the blacksmith’s anvil, the Bowie is evolving even today some 187 years after James Bowie brought a wooden model of his ideal knife to an Arkansas blacksmith named, of all things, James Black who then pounded Bowie Knife life into an old file. So a blacksmith named Black made a Bowie for Bowie. Even more, David Bowie, the famous rock star, took his stage name “Bowie” from the knife because, as David noted in an interview, the Bowie Knife “Cuts both ways.”


In addition to the famous Rambo blades of Hollywood fame, the silhouette of the Bowie Knife can be found inBest Rambo Survival Knife real life in the popular Buck 119 hunting knife, the famous leather-handled USMC KA-BAR fighting knife, and in a smaller form factor, the SOG Seal Elite, Seal Pup and their multitude of versions. However, the rich history of Bowie Knives and its variants are pretty much still using historical designs and antique blade technology. Until now, that is. At the moment, the most modern, the most durable, and the sharpest Bowie Knife in the world is the Fällkniven MB or Modern Bowie.

Although Jim Bowie did not travel much beyond the southern territories of a fledgling United States, the Bowie Knife is a worldwide phenomenon and therefore fair game for all knife makers. But with that fame comes a majority of so-called “Bowies” that are more art than substance, or those versions that substitute size for quality. For Fällkniven to produce such a monster knife rich in American history and then to openly name it a Modern Bowie takes guts. And confidence. So I’m very happy to announce that the Fällkniven Modern Bowie truly honors Jim Bowie and adds yet more cutting magic and lore to the never ending supply of tall tales that Bowie Knives generate. I certainly intend to add my own Bowie adventures to the story line.

Also Read: Review of the SOG Pillar Knife

A Muscle Blade That Would Make Jim Proud

The MB version is not completely new for Fällkniven, but in fact building on both their large Northern LightsFallkniven_MB_Modern_Bowie_Knife_Cobalt_A2_compare series of knives crossed with their professional survival knives. An NL1 crossed with an A1 Pro to be more specific. And the result is bigger, thicker, and certainly badder. The Modern Bowie, abbreviated MB by Fällkniven, is a true Muscle Blade (abbreviated MB by me) . Borrowing heavily from the Survival Pro series, the MB including cobalt steel, a convex edge, a protruding tang, and a Thermorun handle. Even the presentation box and included DC4 diamond sharpener are straight out the Pro playbook. However, three notable deviations with the Modern Bowie include a larger, thicker handle, a double sided guard, and a mild index finger groove just aft of the stainless steel crossguard.

Dynamite in the Hand

The balance of the Fällkniven Modern Bowie is exceptional. The grip provides both the comfort and control necessary to wield such a large blade with elegance and precision. This is especially important since a key feature of the Bowie concept is a sharp and deadly point effective for stabbing and piercing. In reality the point of the clip point blade is to move the blade point lower and more line with the grip when thrusting the knife like a sword. Unfortunately the clipped nature (almost like a bite (clipped) was taken out of the spine of the blade) causes some limitations in daily work. Fällkniven preserved the spirit of the Bowie clip point but tempered it with the wisdom learned from the A1 Pro blade.

The original Bowie was from a time before multi-shot handguns existed. Once a holster full of bangs replacedThe Answer Water Bottle Filtration Solution 300x250 a sheath full of large fighting knife, the Bowie spirit moved on to embrace the rest of its original list of tasks. Those other chores, by the way, include work as an axe, a machete, a sword, a razor, and even a canoe paddle. Some add being a mirror to the list since a variant of Bowie Knives had a huge girth of shiny steel. But also notice on many of those deep shiny walls of metal in that they often have spine covering of a softer metal like copper, bronze, or aluminium. The metal blanket covering the back of the blade is not for trapping an opponent’s blade during a fight, but rather preventing one’s own blade from breaking during a strike due to brittle or poorly forged iron. The mirror polish on those knives is, at best, lipstick on a pig.

Related: The Mora Camp Axe

The brute thickness of the Fällkniven MB is a staggering 7.4mm or a few hundredths shy of a third of an inch! Survival SHTF Fallkniven Knife Bowie The blade length is a full 10 inches and the overall length of the Modern Bowie exceeds 15 inches. Fällkniven’s laminated cobalt steel uses an incredible edge steel sandwiched between durable and stain resistant stainless steel faces. Laminated steel can be much stronger than solid steel. Fällkniven also uses its famous convex edge profile adding further strength and sharpness to its world class supersteel composition. Add a beefy stainless steel crossguard that is effective without being a tripping hazard, a swollen Thermorun grip, and a full tang that is bigger than some knives and you have a Muscle Blade worthy of proudly wearing the name Bowie.

Bring It On

The Fällkniven Modern Bowie cuts with dangerous impunity whether a small task or massive challenge. WhileBest Fallkniven Survival Knife the Modern Bowie sadly lacks as a canoe paddle, it does chop wood like a beast, and behaves very well when batoning. You can shave arm hair with care, and clear brush with reckless abandon. You can lunge and slope and long point without embarrassment, but when the MB is sheathed on your belt you will be conspicuous.

The Modern Bowie is a vastly different experience than carrying the Fällkniven A2 Wilderness Knife. In factFallkniven_MB_Modern_Bowie_Knife_Cobalt_A2_grip_compare the MB is almost as large as the A2 is when inside its overbuilt leather sheath. And the MB is certainly longer. The A2 seems a perfectly reasonable camp knife when compared to the Modern Bowie, yet in proximity of popular knives the A2 is eye-openingly large on its own.


The sheath the Fällkniven Modern Bowie sleeps in is a four-layer double stitched leather dangler that wouldFallkniven_MB_Modern_Bowie_Knife_Cobalt_in_hand double as a canoe paddle. Perhaps that’s what Mr. Bowie wanted given that swinging a two pound sharpened steel blade back and forth in the water might be a dumb idea. The blade slides into the sheath in either edge direction, and the single leather snap strap is reversible by rotating it vertically. The stern end of the sheath has two grommet holes that are necessary for using a leg strap which is not a bad idea for field work since the Modern Bowie dangles just north of my knee. On the A2 sheath, there are also two grommet holes on each end of the insertion slot of the sheath. On the MB sheath, east and west of the insertion slot are removable screw bolts opening similar holes but without grommets presumably for some more creative mounting options.

The Third Century

Knives claiming to be Bowies range in price from $10 to $10,000 with the extremes for show only. To get a Bowie that actually performs like the Bowie you will need to spend something much closer to four figures than two.  The Fällkniven MB Modern Bowie is a brand new knife with deep and rich history. If you have a weakness or need for a Bowie-class knife, then the MB should be your starting point. And for everyone else, the Bowie Knife will be waiting right here for you just as it has for the past two centuries.

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3 Types of Guns Every Prepper Should Own

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Every prepper knows that disaster could strike at any time – be it nuclear war, asteroids striking the Earth, or simply Mother Nature going haywire. Regardless of the method, we are definitely on a path towards fundamental destruction, and if we want the human race to survive in a post-apocalyptic world, we need to be […]

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What’s In Your Holster? Personal Safety

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What’s In Your Holster? Personal Safety Guest, Cherie Norton Cat Ellis “Herbal Prepper Live” Audio player below! Special guest is Cherie Norton, an accomplished firearms instructor. More and more women are taking up shooting for sport and self-defense, and I couldn’t be happier. Cherie is such a woman who has attained high marksmanship skills. She … Continue reading What’s In Your Holster? Personal Safety

The post What’s In Your Holster? Personal Safety appeared first on Prepper Broadcasting |Network.

Survival Gun Tips: How To Buy A Rifle Scope

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There is a sheer volume of different scopes and rifles on the market, so it can take some research to figure out which one will best match the types of shooting you intend to use it for.

Some hints can be followed though, so you could choose the best for you.

Read the article below to find them! 

Overall, there are three basic steps to take when choosing a rifle scope:

  • Start off by deciding what kind of shooting you plan to do.
  • Look at basic scope features and make a list of those that will best meet your needs.
  • Study manufacturers, models, and testimonials to determine which scope will give you the best quality for the lowest price. Speaking of price, since some scopes can cost hundreds to thousands of dollars. Rather than cover all possible options, I will focus on features that you can get on most scopes for under $500.00.

Two Questions to Ask before Buying a Scope

Why do I need a scope?

A scoped weapon can enhance accuracy over longer distances, improve range estimation, and improve target estimation. That being said, even the best scope cannot compensate for poor shooting technique or lack of practice.

3 Second SEAL Test Will Tell You If You’ll Survive A SHTF Situation


What type of shooting will the scope be used for?

There are three basic types of shooting:

  • Target – Consider whether the distance is greater than 100 yards, the size of the targets, and your eyesight.
  • Hunting – Think about the kind and size of the game, and the terrain you will be hunting in.
  • Self defense – The amount of land you must cover is important. A high magnification scope will not be of use for a small parcel. In this case, you will need to focus on low magnification scopes.

12 Aspects to Consider when Buying Your Rifle Scope

Beside the purpose of buying the scope, you should take into account a few more things before purchasing this item.


A scope can cost anywhere from fifty dollars to thousands, however most people spend between $400 – $1200.00. Here are some of the most important features to consider while you are shopping:

Power Settings (X Settings)

A 10-14x power scope will give you a reasonably clear picture of the target. If you need something clearer for target identification and spotting, move to a 20X or greater.

The better you can see the target the more accurately you can place the cross-hairs as long as you don’t outdistance the rifle’s accuracy range.

For lower caliber rifles, a 4 or 6x power scope will work well because it has a shorter maximum effective range.

When it comes to getting the most from the scope’s power settings, remember that higher power optics also have more distortion from the wind; and mirage will distort the clarity. If shooting from an unstable position, choose the lower power settings to cut down on the target “jump”.


No matter which scope you choose, it should be easy to make sight adjustments. Some scopes you may need a screwdriver to make adjustments, while others may only require turning a knob.

There are scopes that use ¼ MOA, ½ MOA, or 1 MOA adjustment increments. Some scopes also have bullet drop compensators. They have bold numbers on them that once zeroed will act as a guide for which yard line equals what scope setting to use.

Good bullet drop compensators have a fine tuning of ¼ MOA or ½ MOA for more accurate adjustments.


If you drop your scoped rifle, it is always important to re-check the zero before any serious shooting is done.

If the scope can’t hold a zero, or there isn’t a distinct click when turning the adjustment knob, or the scope body is bent, don’t use the scope. Even though most scopes are built to take rough (but not abusive) handling, it is still important to examine the warranty details as well as what is required to keep the scope in good condition.


There are many reticles that are commonly used in scopes. They are Cross hairs, Dot, Mil-dot, BDC, and Duplex.

  • Cross hairs – This is an older reticle that uses one horizontal and one vertical line that cross in the center to make the aiming point.
  • Dot – Uses just a dot in an open circle to tell you where the target is. This reticle may also include cross hairs to extend through the full field view.
  • Mil-dot – These ballistic reticles are measured in Miliradians (Mrad) At 100 yards 1 Mrad = 3.6”. At 1000 yards= 36”. This reticle was designed for the military as a ranging reticle and doesn’t use MOA. It is used to give the shooter the approximate size and distance of the target as well as the bullet drop. Some hunters use this reticle type for extreme long distance hunting shots with excellent results.
  • Duplex – Uses thicker lines that thin out to draw your eye to the center of the cross hair. This is the most popular reticle for hunting, and is also considered useful for general purposes.
  • Bullet drop compensation (BDC) – This reticle will give your true point of aim for a known distance to compensate for bullet drop. It is an excellent scope for long range hunters.

Low light capabilities

In low light conditions, the target may be visible, but not the cross hairs. To resolve this problem, choose a scope with an illuminated reticle (ILR). There are different types of (ILR) scopes.

Depending on manufacture, the scope may only light up a red dot, the center cross hairs, or the entire reticle.

Size of the objective lens

The larger the objective lens, the more light that you can gather into the scope, which makes longer cross hairs more visible in lower light conditions.

You will also have a larger field of view, especially in the lower power settings. If you do choose bigger objective lenses, however, remember that you will need higher scope rings, and possibly a higher cheek piece.


The following accessories should be bought as a package to insure they are correct for the scope you intend to buy:


  • One piece – The one piece base is made of a single piece of metal. It is better than a two piece base because it flexes less and also keeps the scope and rifle together better. This enhances your ability to shoot tighter groups.
  • Two piece – This base is made of two pieces of metal. It won’t give good consistency, and will also flex more.
  • Tapered and flat – This base will be needed for longer ranged shooting. Some scopes run out of adjustments for elevation after 500 to 600 yards. A base that is tapered to approximately 20 MOA enables the shooter to save some elevation adjustments on longer ranged shots.


  • Use a good quality ring that will not strip out easily if you need to change it or readjust it.
  • Always use hex head screws over Allen screws. The hex head screws are stronger and will not strip out as easily as Allen screws.

Scope covers and flip up caps

  • A good scope cover or flip up cap is a necessity. It keeps the scope lens and scope body protected from dirt and dust.
  • If the scope cover is padded, it can give some protection to the scope if it’s dropped or bumped.

Shooting data information cards

These cards give you a good point to experiment with rifle loads to get the optimal performance. They should have the following sections listed on them:

  1. Date, time, and location where the shooting took place.
  2. Type of rifle and scope used.
  3. Type of ammunition used.
  4. Distance shot to target.
  5. The altitude, humidity, and barometric pressure of the area you were shooting at.
  6. The temperature of the location you were shooting at.
  7. Number of shots fired.
  8. Record the elevation and windage adjustments used on the scope from the scope’s known zero.
  9. Your call of each shot as to where it hit the target (on target, pulled shot up, down, right, or left).
  10. Type of targets used.
  11. Light conditions when shooting.
  12. Record the speed and wind direction of each shot.
  13. Notes section used to record other important information dealing with that day’s shooting.

How to Setup a Rifle Scope

Let’s say you bought your prefered rifle scope and now you want to make use of it. You need to set it up first, and here’s what you need to do.

Mounting the scope to your rifle

Buy scope bases and rings that are compatible to your rifle. When using scope rings, remember the inside diameter of the rings must match the outside diameter of the scope. Mount the rifle base and rings to manufacturer’s instructions.

Setting up your scope

Before you can use any scoped rifle, it must be setup correctly. The first thing that must be adjusted is the reticle and the eye relief.

To adjust the reticle, loosen the mounting rings a bit and turn the scope until the reticle is upright and centered. Once the reticle is in the proper position and you can see normally in the firing position, lightly tighten down the rings to hold the reticle setting in place.

The eye relief is properly adjusted when you see the target clearly through the scope when they eye relief is 3 – 6 inches from your eye. On most scopes you will have to move the entire scope back and forth through the scope rings slowly to get the correct sight picture.

After you have set the reticle and eye relief, apply Loctite to the lock ring screws and firmly tighten the mounting rings.

Scope adjustment knobs

On most scopes, there are two and sometimes three control knobs that must be adjusted to get the scope zeroed in.


This knob is usually located on the right side of the scope. This adjustment moves the reticle from side to side to compensate for the blowing wind and any effects the wind has on bullet travel.


This knob is located on the top of the scope and allows you to control the adjustment of the reticle up and down. On long shots, the reticle will need to be elevated slightly to make the bullet travel further.

By adjusting the the elevation, it is possible to bring the target back to zero even though the bullet must travel in an arc to get there.


Scope manufactures usually set their scopes up to aim properly out to 100 yards. If you are not using a zoom scope or other ways to increase the magnification, your scope will not have a parallax knob.

If you are using high magnification on the scope, there should be a parallax knob located on the left side of the scope.

You will only need to make parallax adjustments at higher magnifications if the position of your eye changes to see clearly though the scope while keeping your aim on the target.

Sight picture

Before firing the rifle your sight picture should be perfect. To check the sight picture of your scope:

  • The reticle should be upright and centered.
  • The target should be crisp and clear. Any black on one side or the other should be symmetrical.
  • If any of these properties are not exact, readjust them now.
  • Check to make sure your eye relief setting is correct. If you feel the eye relief is too close, this is the time to add another inch to be on the safe side. Remember, you will not want the rifle’s recoil to push the scope backwards into your face.

Basic sighting

In this sighting phase you will be sighting in the target through a scope with live ammunition. At this stage, you might have to make several adjustments before hitting a bullseye. Just take your time and work through the steps until the scope is properly sighted.

Adjust elevation and windage adjustments

Elevation adjustments moves the point of impact up or down.

  1. Aim through the scope putting the reticle exactly on the target. Before making any adjustments, shoot a 3 shot group.
  2. If the bullet hits too high, move the reticle upwards. Alternatively, if the bullets hit too low, then move the reticle downard.
  3. Continue adjusting after each 3 shot group is fired until the bullet hits at the exact height where the reticle is on the target.

Windage adjustments moves the point of impact left or right

  1. Aim through the scope putting the reticle exactly on the target. Before making any adjustments, shoot a 3 shot group.
  2. If the bullet hits to the left, then move the reticle to the left. If the bullet hits to the right, adjust the reticle to the right. Keep firing and adjusting until the bullet hit is at the exact center of the target.

Zeroing in

  1. Place the rifle in on a rifle stand so it will not move. Use the adjustments on the stand to zero the reticle onto the target.
  2. Just like basic sighting, fire a 3 shot group, and check the results.
  3. Use the elevation and windage knobs to zero in the scope.
  4. Fire as many shots as needed until each shot is hitting consistently in the center of the target.
  5. Once the scope is properly sighted, you should hit the bull’s eye. In the field, if you keep the rifle perfectly aimed and still, all of your shots will be directly on target and zeroed in.

Preset scope adjustments for non-zoom scopes

If you are going to shoot targets at a certain distance, it will be to your advantage to zero in the scope for that distance.

  1. Set up a target at the required distance.
  2. While the rifle is on a stand, adjust the reticle to compensate for the bullet arc. Once you make this adjustment, you will not have to guess how much elevation to add in order to make the shot hit in the center of the cross hairs.

Preset scope adjustments for zoom scopes with parallax adjustment knob

  1. Set up a target at the required distance.
  2. Once again, set the rifle on a stand and adjust the reticle until you see it and the target clearly at the desired magnification and distance.

In conclusion, now that your scope is mounted and zeroed on your rifle, it is time to practice with it at many different distances.

This will help you to learn the capabilities of the rifle and scope. If you want to be a better shooter, there is still no substitute for practice and patience. These are the skills that save your life!

This article has been written by Fred Tyrell for Survivopedia.


Worker flees as armed thugs storm Melbourne store with bats, hammers.

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Yet again this store worker was not able to defend himself because it is illegal for any law abiding citizen to purchase and or carry ANYTHING for use in self defence. The criminal on the other hand abides by no such law & can use anything they want. In this case they were carrying base ball bats & hammers!
The police can not be on hand all the time, in fact they are rarely there when you need them! They can’t reach you in time either when you call 000 & yet the government persists in keeping us defenceless. Why is this? My first thought was that if you make it legal for citizens to purchase guns, pepper sprays or tasers for defence, then it will mean that criminals can do the same thing, BUT THE CRIMINALS ALREADY ARE ABLE TO USE WHATEVER THEY WANT! It is only the law abiding people that are being disadvantaged!

Bug Out Travel Security

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Bug Out Vehicle Security

During an emergency situation or a full blown SHTF caused by any of a wide variety of events, a big part of the Best Car Gunimmediate concern may not be that you have a backup site in mind, but in getting there.  Some of the most perilous times can be during the travel from home or work or Point A to Point B, or Z as the case may be.

By Dr. John J. Woods, a contributing author to SHTFBlog & Survival Cache

The Imminent Reality of Evacuation

During Hurricane Katrina those evacuating the coastlines even a little too late in responding to advanced landfall warnings, were caught literally out in the open.  In many of the cases that “open” was an interstate highway with all lanes headed north away from danger.  This was the worst kind of bumper to bumper traffic.  And in some cases these people were in fact heading into a different sort of danger, often defined as the unknown.

A great number of the storm escapees in fact had no real end game destination in mind.  I think many of them thought they could drive a hundred or two hundred miles to find a motel room or another safe haven with hot food, showers and air conditioning.  Wrong!  Often they had to keep moving, some over a thousand miles or more just to find available space in a shelter or a hotel.  Then it was weeks before they could return home to find everything was gone.

Related: How To Build A Hurricane Katrina Rifle

Along the way their immediate supplies depleted quickly if they brought any at all.  Gas lines were long, fuel non-existent in many places along the prevailing evacuation routes, station tanks long emptied by the traffic flow.  Food stocked shelves also ran out.  Tough lessons learned.

In time many reports were verified of robberies, assaults, and other crimes upon the evacuees, and first responding law enforcement were tied up with other duties.  Those escaping the wrath of the storm were simply left to fend for themselves.  Many could not.  So what are the lessons learned here and how can you better prepare for the next crisis?

Being Ready

A stocked and ready Bug Out Bag is not a theory.  You had better have one that is ready to go.  Depending on family The Answer Water Bottle Filtration Solution 300x250size, it could take several.  Pack the essentials of food stuffs that don’t need cooking, medical supplies, clothing, important papers, cash money, personal hygiene items, and all else needed.  Have other stocked supplies like cases of bottled water, blankets, and such ready to toss into your vehicle quickly.  Have your personal protection gear locked, loaded, and ready to deploy.  Trust in redundancy.

The evacuation rationale here is to supply for 72 hours at a minimum.  If it is a natural type disaster that has driven many hundreds of people onto the roadways heading away, then it would be prudent to plan for a longer time frame just in case.  As was evidenced in the case of Katrina, even well-meaning communities with established evacuation centers, found their supplies and patience quickly ran short.  These are tense times with stresses and pressures maxed out.

Related: How To Build A Katrina Pistol

Though you may find help along the way, the smart thing to do is to not count on it.  Have your own supplies, food, water, personal and general medical, clothing, hygiene and security bases covered, and provided by you.  Don’t rely on others for your survival.  Keep to yourself and all your supplies and preps under wraps.

Bug Out Vehicle Readiness

Keep one essential escape vehicle tuned up, gassed up and ready to roll at a moment’s notice.  This vehicle should be SHTF Bagkept at peak maintenance at all times, with good tires properly inflated, belts, hoses, brakes, good front and rear wiper blades, fluid levels, licenses, title, paperwork, and everything else in absolute readiness mode.  All scheduled maintenance should be performed and kept up to date, always.

Such a vehicle designed as the Bug Out choice should never be allowed to have a gas tank fall below at least half a tank, ever.   Finding available fuel along an official evacuation route can become problematic within hours of a full scale event.  Nobody prepares for such things including gas stations, convenience stops and grocery stores.

As to the Bug Out vehicle choice itself, it needs to be large enough to be comfortable, powerful enough to carry a load, and strong enough to stand up to the rigors of a Bug Out including breaching a road block if necessary.  It does not need to stand out in a crowd per se.  Forget blatant graphics, window logo stickers or bumper adornment that offers any clues.

Know Where to Go 

If you are running from a natural disaster, a chemical plant leak, or a riot, your established plans should naturally Best Bug Out Planinclude some options on where to escape to from multiple places you and family are likely to be, home, work, school, out, etc.  Once you Bug Out and are on the highway or back roads is no time to pull out a map to pick a final destination.

Such plans should be worked out way ahead of time, long before the necessity to enact them.  Then such plans and routes should be run and practiced several times taking note of available resources along the way.  Jot down everything on the map or in a travel plan notebook.  On each dry run trip note anything that has changed to update the escape travel book.  Keep this book close.

Also Read: Holsters For Bug Out Carry

You may be fortunate enough to have established a Bug Out escape camp or site.  A cabin at a faraway lake, another home in a rural location, a remote hotel or resort, or maybe a campsite in a forested area, or even more primitive, hidden away from the public and open view.  Plan out multiple routes to this same location to give yourself options.  Options are good.

In Route Security

The entire time you are on the road in an escape mode you are subject to threats.  These can come in many forms from innocuous local police at traffic stops, or a state highway patrol roadblock checking licenses, and residency paperwork.  That’s the good news.  All those stops you should pass with flying colors if you behave yourself.

Let me interject here that if you have a concealed weapons permit or other gun ownership papers, admit to them only if asked, then show them.  Be absolutely sure you know the gun laws, carry laws, guns in vehicles laws in your state.  For these reasons you should avoid crossing state lines if possible.  If you have to go to another state, know their laws, too.

Now comes the other possible threats which could be virtually endless.  Regardless of what they might be, you should be prepared to handle anything.  This means equipping you and your ride with ample security support gear from personal carry to vehicle compartment support with adequate loaded magazines as well as an additional backup supply.  You choose what.

Also Read: How To Bug Out From Mother Nature

Having said that, we assume you and your riders if appropriate have had the appropriate training to handle all this.  That will be essential.  If at any time you may become overpowered or you can back out, get away, and escape any threat, then do so.  Never get yourself into a bind, if you don’t have to or have a way out.  It is after all called survival.

So, long story short.  These are complicated times.  We can’t predict the future for natural disasters, but they will happen again.  The daily news would tell us the seasons are ripe for the unnatural kind.  There is still a lot of unrest in this country and in the world.  We all need be on our “P’s” and “Q’s” when it comes to survival readiness.  Our Bug Out travel security plans play a crucial role in all of this survival business.  Be ready, stay ready.

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8 Types Of Knives Every Prepper Needs

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The knife is one of the most important, versatile, and practical tools ever invented by man. As such, it is an invaluable item to have for survival and disaster preparedness. In fact, a case can be made that if you could only have one tool in a survival situation, a knife would be the one […]

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A Firearm Is a Weapon but Not All Weapons Are a Firearm

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The kids are playing on the floor surrounded by toys. You are putting lunch on the table when the door crashes in. It is a smash and grab, and the intruders are inside in seconds. You have a firearm in the home however, as a responsible gun owner it is locked up. Anyone that owns […]

The post A Firearm Is a Weapon but Not All Weapons Are a Firearm appeared first on Preparing for shtf.

Comparison: Beretta 92FS vs. Taurus PT92

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by Nicholas

One of the most popular handguns was a former U.S military sidearm (they switched to the Sig Sauer in 2017), the Beretta 92FS/M9 and related variants. The Beretta 92 has firmly established itself as an accurate and reliable pistol that serves well in hostile environments. The Beretta is a great choice as a home defense weapon or as a SHTF sidearm. The Beretta 92FS can be price prohibitive for some.

Fortunately, there is a less expensive clone of the Beretta 92-series called the Taurus PT92, which has been around since the 1980s and uses the same profile. Is it wise spending less money on a PT92, or should you save up your money and get the Beretta?

While we won’t tell you what to do, we will list the differences between the two so you can make that decision.

History and Development

Many people believe that the Taurus PT92 is a recreation of the modern day Beretta 92FS, when it is in fact a clone of the earlier Beretta 92 pistols.

In the mid-1970s, Beretta released the very first Beretta 92 pistol that utilized a heel magazine release, and a framed mounted safety similar to a 1911. Brazil decided to use the new 92 as the official sidearm of the Brazilian Army, so Beretta set up a factory in Brazil to begin producing the 92.

Taurus was an incredibly small Brazilian gun manufacturer that had been most well known for making economic revolvers. When Beretta’s contract for the Brazilian military ended in 1980, they sold the factory (including the blueprints, machines, and workers) to Taurus. It’s a decision Beretta has probably regretted, as in a few years, Taurus went from a small gun company into a major competitor.

The Beretta 92 later evolved into the Beretta 92S, which placed the frame mounted safety to the slide like we see in today’s modern Berettas. The 92S evolved into the 92SB, which moved the magazine release from the heel to the traditional position behind the trigger guard.

The 92SB developed into the 92F and then the 92FS, which squared off the trigger guard and replaced the blued finish with Beretta’s tough Bruniton finish. The Beretta 92FS serves in the U.S Army designated as the M9.  Beretta has since developed many more variants of the Beretta 92FS since then, such as the 92A1 and the M9A1, but the 92FS has remained the mainstay in their 92-line.

The Taurus PT92 has undergone many developments in its history. Unlike Beretta, Taurus kept the frame mounted safety but moved the heel magazine release to the traditional location behind the trigger guard.  Later, a decocker was added to the PT92 that allowed you to decock the gun without engaging the safety.

PT92 pistols remained in this configuration until 1997, when the cocking serrations on the slide were widened and an internal trigger lock was installed into the gun (all Taurus guns have this).  The next major change came in 2005, when Taurus added rails to the PT92 increasing the magazine capacity from 15 to 17 rounds.

Today, the new Taurus PT92 pistols are sold with rails and available in either a matte bluing or polished stainless steel finish.  They are consistently available for $150 to $250 less than the Beretta 92FS.

Here is an actual demonstration of the Beretta vs. Taurus:

Advantages and Disadvantages

While the Beretta 92 and Taurus 92 are definitely in the same family of guns, significant differences exist between the two.

Safety location

The most significant advantage to the PT92 is the location of the safety. Granted, if you prefer the Beretta’s slide mounted safety, you may disagree. The safety of the PT92 is located on the frame like a 1911, making it more accessible than the Beretta’s slide safety.

Decocking and safety

The decocking and safety are separate on the PT92.  Press the lever down to decock the pistol, and press it up to engage the safety. This means it is possible to carry the PT92 ‘cocked and locked’ like you do with a 1911. The decocking and safety lever on the Beretta are the same: press the lever down, and the gun decocks and engages the safety simultaneously. The Beretta cannot be carried cocked and locked like the PT92.


Both can have the corrosion and rust resistant Bruniton finish, of have one of several finishes including stainless steel,

Frame construction

Both use aluminum alloys in the frame construction. While the PT92 is slightly more lightweight in build, the Beretta’s is still slightly longer (though both pistols will probably last longer than you can shoot them).


The two pistols have minor differences. The forward part of the grip frame on the PT92 is straight, whereas the Beretta’s is curved at the end (it’s been that way since the U.S military requested it) for a fuller grip.

While the Beretta 92FS is not railed like the PT92, Beretta does sell a railed option called the M9A1.


The 92FS also ships with 15 round magazines out of the box, in contrast to the PT92’s 17 round mags. Factory Beretta 17-round magazines are available for purchase separately. Mec-Gar (an aftermarket supplier of pistol magazines) manufactures 18 round magazines for both pistols. Firepower between the two pistols is equal.

Which is more reliable: the Beretta 92FS or the Taurus PT92?

In terms of reliability and accuracy, the Beretta and Taurus seem to be on equal footing. The Beretta definitely has a superior track record having served the U.S military servicemen and law enforcement officers, and military units all over the globe. The PT92 has seen military and law enforcement service across the world, but not nearly as much as the Beretta.

Quality and accuracy

This isn’t to say that the Taurus is a worse gun than the Beretta. The two pistols are nearly identical in basic design. After all, the PT92 was constructed based on Beretta 92 blueprints with the same machinery and workers, and what they perfected Taurus went back and added details to their newer ones. In that regard, overall quality and accuracy between the Beretta and the Taurus should be considered on equal ground as they used one another to improve the original design.

Optimizing the Beretta 92 for Self-Defense:


When it comes down to it, if you’re on a budget or have been trained to use a 1911, you’ll probably prefer the Taurus due to its lower price and safety position respectively. If you want the original manufacturer of the 92-series, prefer the slide mounted safety, or feel more comfortable with Beretta’s track record go with the Beretta 92FS or one of its variants.

Survival Gear Review: Benjamin Trail NP2 Air Rifle

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Best Survival Air Rifle

I peered through the ocular lens of the scope, reached up with my trigger hand, and cranked the Survivalmagnification dial up to 9x. I needed precision for this shot; my quarry wasn’t going to let me get a second chance if I missed. Fifty yards away, the beady-eyed, fanged animal peered back through the cross-hairs at me – almost as if it was daring me to try to end its until-then-peaceful meal, high up in the tree. I sneered, spat on the ground, and started my breath control and taking up the trigger slack as the duplex cross-hairs commenced their rhythmic dance around my opponent’s cranium.

By Drew, a contributing author of Survival Cache & SHTFBlog

I could clearly see the offal of the animal’s prey in its mouth, and falling on the ground around the tree, cascading down into a grim pile below. Time stood still as the perfect combination of heartbeats, breath, and trigger pressure coincided, and I clearly recall the magnificent beast, darkly silhouetted in the dappled light of the late afternoon sky. The fierce animal shifted on its perch, muscles tensed, ready to lunge at me, or effect its escape.  I squeezed the trigger. I felt it break cleanly beneath the pad of my finger. Perfect.

The calm afternoon couldn’t have been shattered less; the integrally-suppressed barrel of my rifle made a whispered “whap” noise as I sent the projectile hurtling through the crisp winter atmosphere, coursing towards my quarry’s cranium. The soft lead met skin-covered bone with an audible “whack!” and I saw my worthy challenger hunch up on the tree branch and freeze, as if pondering what course of action to pursue next. Gravity and high-velocity lead poisoning joined forces to hasten the animal’s decision-making, and the creature slowly toppled backwards and fell, fell, fell….meeting its ultimate demise upon sudden Earth-induced deceleration. A shower of quills, a final kick, the body relaxed, and it was over….I had prevailed. That was one porcupine that wasn’t going to eat my sugar maples anymore.

The Hunting that slew this particular Grendel’s Mother is a mighty tool indeed – but it’s not a firearm.

Air-Powered Ecstasy

Aside from the classic Red Ryder carbine action 200-shot range model air rifle with a compass in the SHTF Pellet Gunstock, and a summer’s worth of fun with an old Sheridan Blue Streak pump-up pellet rifle years ago, I had absolutely zero experience with air rifles. I’d been shooting .22 rifles since the heady age of 5, so there was never any need or want to explore the world of arms that used pressurized atmosphere to propel tiny lead pellets at high velocity. However, once Crosman sent me a Benjamin Trail NP2 to try, I quickly realized that I’d been missing out on a lot of fun and practicality without an air rifle in my arsenal.

The Benjamin Trail NP2 is a rifle-sized and -weighted pellet rifle that breaks open at the barrel to load its single shot. Offered in .177” caliber or .22” caliber, the rifle is powerful enough for serious small-game hunting, pest removal, or good old-fashioned plinking.

Also Read: Pellet Guns, Not Just For Kids Anymore

The proudly Made-in-America Trail NP2 utilizes the second generation of Nitro Piston technology epic banner 250x250 evolution of portable water filtration(hence the “NP2” moniker) to launch lead, as opposed to springs, CO2 cartridges, pneumatic pump-action, or pre-charged pneumatic (PCP) systems. The Nitro Piston system has a nitrogen-filled cylinder onboard; when the rifle is cocked via the break-open barrel, a piston compresses the nitrogen in the cylinder. Once the trigger is pulled, the compressed nitrogen drives the piston forward. This compresses the air in the chamber – and the pellet rockets out of the bore at a zippy clip, propelled by the blast of compressed air from behind. It’s a great system, and has several advantages over standard spring-powered pellet rifles.

A piston-driven air rifle can be left cocked and ready to go for a long time – days, weeks even – without any fear of a compressed spring losing its power or accuracy or messing with spring harmonics. There are no high-tension parts to wear out; however, it’s recommended you fire and work the piston system every couple months in order that the air rifle’s innards and seals don’t bond or compress semi-permanently. Temperature swings don’t fiddle with Nitro Piston air guns, either.

Related: Why Every Prepper Needs A Pellet Gun

A real benefit to the Nitro Piston system – and the Trail NP2 rifles in particular – is that they are VERY quiet. I’m told spring-powered air rifles can be quite noisy when the springs do their job, but the NP2 system’s nitrogen-powered piston is effortlessly noiseless – the only noise you hear from the rifle is a “whap!” sort of sound – about as loud as a handclap -that emanates from the barrel when the trigger is pulled. It helps that the barrel has an integral “suppressor” of sorts, with the last few inches of tube taken up by baffles that capture the noise of the compressed air being driven from the rifle. While unsuppressed air rifles certainly aren’t exactly like a .30-06 going off in your ear, the sound of compressed air rushing can be quite loud and distinctive-sounding; the baffles at the dangerous end of the Benjamin Trail NP2 do their intended job very effectively. I was able to do some target practice out the kitchen window this morning with my wife sleeping in the next room – she snoozed like a baby right through the whole process.

The Benjamin Trail NP2 does not have any fixed sights; rather, the rifle comes out of the box with a Picatinny rail mounted to the receiver. A set of inexpensive Weaver-style scope rings and a Centerpoint 3-9x scope make up the sighting package for the Trail NP2. The scope itself is not a high-priced item, especially to a guy who’s used to peering through Leupold and Burris scopes. But for the price point – and considering there is zero recoil for the scope to contend with – the Centerpoint does its job acceptably well. The crosshairs have stadia lines integrated into the reticle – why, I don’t know; you’re not going to be shooting at antelope in a 15mph crosswind 300 yards away with this rifle. But once the ocular-end focus is adjusted, the scope is decently clear and effective. It’s a solid starting point for optics on this rifle, and can be upgraded down the line simply by popping a new scope on the rings.

Rounding out the onboard accessories of the Benjamin Trail NP2 is a rear stock mounted QD sling swivel and a front sling loop for the included nylon padded logo sling. Offered in black synthetic or hardwood, the stock sports a thumbhole stock and a high comb for good cheek weld with optics use. A rubber non-slip recoil pad brings up the tail end of the Trail.

Breaking Bad – in a Good Way

The Benjamin Trail NP2 offers a newly designed “Clean Break Trigger” or CBT in the hopes of The Answer Water Bottle Filtration Solution 300x250maximizing the shooter’s accuracy experience. The CBT is a two-stage affair with a healthy amount of smooth, even take-up – probably a half inch of travel in total. After the initial take-up is pulled through, the rest of the trigger pull is decidedly short and relatively crisp, though with some definite creep. Considering that the Trail NP2 and scope is a $250 retail package, the trigger is quite good – certainly better than most AR-15s or even modern-production .22 rifles.

As a bonus, the trigger is adjustable – according to the instructions that come with the rifle, the trigger pull “second stage length” can be changed by accessing the adjustment screw that resides behind the trigger. Turning the screw clockwise shortens the length of the stage, counterclockwise increases. I fiddled with the settings a bit to make sure it worked, but then I returned the trigger to the factory setting; I was quite happy with it out of the box. Changing the “stage length” isn’t going to turn the trigger into a tuned match affair…but it does offer a bit of adjustability for those who like to tinker with their toys. It’s nice to see some effort by manufacturers put into providing a clean trigger on a rifle like this that’s capable of excellent accuracy.

Don’t Miss: 10 Best Survival Items

The safety is a positive affair, very similar to an M1 Garand. There is a tab inside the trigger guard that slides forward and back; with the tab in the forward position, the gun is ready to fire. In the rearmost position, the tab gets in the way of trigger access, and provides a tactile reminder that the safety is engaged. It works very well, gloves on or off.

Feeding the Beast

As stated, my particular Benjamin Trail NP2 is in .22 caliber – which I find preferable to the .177” for a Pellet Rifle Reviewforaging/hunting rifle due to its heavier punch, even though velocities are slower. The Trail NP2 is advertised as being capable of pushing alloy pellets to velocities approaching 1200 feet per second (fps) – which is 22 Long Rifle territory. However, the very low sectional density of aluminum alloy pellets means that the little pill will lose velocity very quickly, and penetrate miserably. Alloy pellets might work for dispatching sparrows, but for the survivalist’s consideration, they’re really only good for hyping up claims of velocity or target practice.

That brings us to lead pellets, which is where our looking for serious projectiles begins and ends. There are myriad designs for .22 pellets – domed, hollow point, flat-nosed wadcutter, conical, hybrid lead/polymer, match…the list goes on, and each has its specific usage. Domed, hollow point and conical pellets will penetrate targets more effectively and are best for hunting, while wadcutters are best for accuracy, generally speaking. But realistically, once we find a pellet design or two that works well in our air rifle, there’s no reason to stray. Lay in a healthy stockpile of your chosen pellet, and be happy. Pellets are cheap – The Crosman Ultra Magnum domed pellets my rifle likes are $8.99 for 500 projectiles. Some companies make pellet assortment packs to help you figure out the best projectile for your pellet rifle. Buy, try, then buy more of what your rifle likes best.

Realistic Performance, Not Advertised Performance

As I stated, the Benjamin Trail NP2 .22 air rifle is advertised to push a pellet around 1200 fps. While that may be true with an alloy pellet, I wanted to know what kind of velocities one could actually expect from this rifle utilizing actual useful ammunition. So I dug out my trusty chronograph, and set it up 10 feet from the muzzle when sighting at the bench. I shot ten rounds each of two different types of pellets to see what the performance really was, versus advertised.

The RWS Superpoint Extra Field 14.5 grain pellet showed a low velocity of 743 feet per second (fps), and a high velocity of 770 fps, giving up a spread of just 27 fps. Average was 762.76 fps, resulting in 19 foot-pounds of energy (fpe).

The Crosman Premier Ultra Magnum 14 grain Hunting Pellet uses that half-grain less weight to get a bit more velocity. Low chronographed velocity was 768 fps, with a high speed of 805 fps. This leaves us with a 37 fps deviation, and an average velocity of 768.17 fps for the ten shots fired. This average velocity offers – once again – 19 foot-pounds of energy.

Related: Project Squirrel Gun

In comparison, a .22 Short propels a 29-grain bullet at just over 1,000 fps for 70 foot-lbs of energy, and a .22 Long Rifle varies, but usually offers a bullet in the 40 grain range at about 1150 fps and 117 ft-lbs energy for standard velocity loads.

However, don’t “harumph” away that air rifle’s lower velocity and “only” 19 ft.lbs energy – this rifle is definitely powerful enough to harvest small game and varmints. I’ve sent countless numbers of chipmunks and nuisance red squirrels to the great stuffed cheek gathering grounds in the sky with this Trail NP2. I’ve shot three porcupines and a surprised woodchuck – all good clean kills – with the Trail NP2. A solid hit in the melon at close enough range should easily dispatch anything from small coyote sizes on down…and in a survival situation, I’d definitely see if I could head-shot a deer if the Trail NP2 was all I had to feed my family. I have no doubts that a hit in the head, especially the temple or other soft spot of the skull, could kill or incapacitate a human. This tool is not a toy, by any stretch of the imagination. As with any other firearm, all firearms safety rules definitely still apply to this rifle.

To satiate my own curiosity, I collected some scraps of lumber from my workshop and set them up outside, air rifle and some Crosman Premier Magnum domed pellets in tow. At a distance of five yards, the Benjamin Trail NP2 sent .22 caliber pellets sailing through ⅝” OSB board, and they completely penetrated every piece of ¾” wood I had – pine, maple, and red oak. 5/4 pine proved to be the rifle’s match, though, but just barely – the pellet stopped just short of breaking through. Friends, that’s pretty decent performance from a projectile that’s pushed by nothing but air.

Accuracy is quite good as well. Resting on my window sill, I can group five pellets into an inch cluster at 30 yards – the length of my backyard. I have found that maintenance plays a big part (whodathunk?), and when my accuracy starts going to pot, I run a .22 caliber bore brush through the rifle a few times and swab out the bore. Accuracy then returns again to normal.

Loves and Hates, Cheers and Jeers

I don’t have much to complain about with the Benjamin Trail NP2. My biggest beef is the lack of iron Benjamin-Trail-NP2-22-air-rifle-huntingsights and complete dependency on optics. While I understand this – the barrel is not fixed and putting a sight out on the end might not have 100% repeatable results – I still would like to have a set of iron sights for foul weather or in case the optic suffers damage.

My other complaint is pure snobbery with a touch of function – the scope. I do realize the rifle needs to be competitive price-wise so the choice of the Centerpoint scope is…tolerable…in that regard. However, I found that modest bumps or bangs will send the scope off zero – not something I find tolerable if my life depends on the rifle. I will be upgrading to Leupold rings and a 2x-7x Leupold Rimfire scope as money allows.

I do love the repeatable accuracy of this rifle (provided the scope isn’t nudged). Once I found a pellet design the rifle liked, the Trail NP2 was a shooting machine. I use the air rifle almost daily to cull nuisance critters from my garden and property, and its works terrifically well for this purpose.

The Nitro Piston design works slick as greased butter, and it’s not terribly difficult to operate. A bit of strength is required to cock the rifle, but a basic understanding of leverage principles and a little bit of practice will counteract that.

I’m also a fan of the included sling mounts. Hell, even a Ruger 10/22 Takedown doesn’t offer sling mounting locations right out of the box. This is a nice touch, and the provided Benjamin sling works well for its intended purpose. I might upgrade it down the road to a leather military sling, but that’s not a huge priority. Being able to carry your rifle slung while hunting or backpacking is a lovely option – especially for an air rifle that’s headed for the eight pound weight range.

The Clean Break Trigger is also a refreshing touch – this air rifle sports a trigger that is better than many stock modern .22 rifles. Thumbs up to Benjamin for providing a product with a decent trigger for those who appreciate the feature and will take advantage of it.

Wrapping It Up

The Benjamin Trail NP2 .22 caliber air rifle is a must-have tool. If you’re a prepper/survivalist, the Trail NP2 offers the ability to (relatively) quietly harvest small game and nuisance animals. Ammunition is very inexpensive, and its small size means you can have a huge quantity of projectiles stashed away without taking up much room.

For the everyday guy, the Benjamin Trail NP2 offers an inexpensive, ridiculously fun method of maintaining your shooting chops and providing pest control. Your neighbors won’t balk when the rifle goes off, you can order ammo off Amazon, and the Trail NP2 technically isn’t a firearm so many gun control laws simply aren’t applicable (depending on jurisdiction – research your laws!)

Overall, the Benjamin Trail NP2 is a dynamite addition to one’s arsenal – and I daresay it would be a fine choice more many who choose to have a one-gun collection. While I don’t think an air rifle could ever supplant a good .22 Long Rifle – especially when ranges are past 50 yards – I do know that I find myself reaching for the Trail NP2 more often than the Ruger 10/22 to complete shootin’ tasks around the homestead. It’s fun, lethal on small game, and supremely practical to own, even if you own a hundred firearms. I don’t want to say you’d be a fool not to have one, but, oh, what the hell – you’d be a fool not to have one.

Questions? Comments? Do you have an air rifle as part of your preps or daily use? Sound off in the comments below!

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10 Defensive Shooting Tips That Could Save Your Life

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Owning a gun is one thing, but knowing how to wield it is something else entirely. If you don’t know how to properly use your firearm in a self-defensive situation, not only do your chances of survival go down, but your chances of accidentally harming yourself or somebody else go up. Fortunately, this can all […]

The post 10 Defensive Shooting Tips That Could Save Your Life appeared first on Urban Survival Site.

32 DIY Projects for Preppers

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If you’re the type of prepper who likes to spend time in the garage or outside building your own things, then you need to check out these articles from Skilled Survival. There are enough DIY projects here to keep you busy for a while. The first article is about DIY survival gear and includes a […]

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The Best SHTF Rifle Cartridge

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by a guest contributor

The AR 15 has a reputation as a SHTF firearm, and while there is a reason for this reputation, a lot of us forget exactly why it’s one of the better options. We stock up on the 5.56×45 NATO and the tactical rifles that are chambered for this cartridge, and we can tell you why we believe it’s the best SHTF rifle cartridge out there.

Before we jump into the meat of the article, we do want to point out that there is no one all around, godsend, holy-grail of a cartridge out there. While we have gone with the 5.56×45 round, we are in no way downplaying the effectiveness of other combat rifles or even hunting rifle cartridges. At some point, you just have to make a choice and have the facts to back it up.

Why the 5.56×45

In this article we are going to look at several performance categories and compare the data from five 5.56×45 rounds. Below are five rounds that we have selected for looking at these categories. This is a small sample size for the options that are out there but will give us a look at what this cartridge can do.

  • 56×45 NATO Hornady BTHP Superformance Match 75gr
  • 56×45 NATO Federal American Eagle FMJ 55gr
  • 56×45 NATO Winchester FMJ 55gr
  • 56×45 NATO Hornady FMJ Black 62gr
  • 56×45 NATO Magtech HPBT 77gr


While having ammo stocked away somewhere might make this section irrelevant for some, the lighter weight of the 5.56×45 NATO compared to other cartridges is important to note.

If you’re having to go on the move for a few days or haul out somewhere quickly, these lightweight rounds are going to allow you to carry much more ammo without being fatiguing. In survival situations, cutting down on unnecessary weight and reducing the amount of fatigue can be a major factor in staying alive.


The effective range of a cartridge, especially one to be used in survival situations, is extremely important. From CQB to shots at several hundred yards, a go-to SHTF rifle cartridge needs to have the capabilities for all of these ranges. While up close and personal isn’t an issue for most rifle cartridges, not all shots are going to be at 25 yards. If you are put in a position where you have to take shots at 50 to 200 yards, are you going to be confident in taking the shot?

Using our selected rounds, let’s take a look at the short range trajectory measuring bullet drop (in inches) over the course of the bullet’s flight.

Graph 1

Most 5.56×45 ammunition you go with can handle shots out to 100 yards. If you have good optics, you can even extend that range with the flat trajectory of this cartridge. The heavier bullets are going to take some more adjustments.

But what about extended ranges?

Graph 2

The trajectory for the 5.56×45 rounds and the cartridge as a whole is still relatively flat out to 300 yards. Once you get into the 400-yard range, you are looking at some heavy adjustments to shot placement while 500 yards is tough shooting for just about anyone. However, if you compare the trajectory of the 5.56×45 vs the 7.62×39, the latter just shows too much bullet drop to even be an effective round out past the 300-yard mark, which is one of the reasons we picked the 5.56×45 for this article.

Of course, none of this matters if the bullet doesn’t have any pop behind it.

Stopping Power

When things go south, and you are fighting for survival, the opportunity might arise that you have to protect your own or you must go out and hunt for food. Both of them require a cartridge that is going to be able to provide enough stopping power to deter and kill targets.

Stopping power encompasses several different factors such as the energy associated with the bullet traveling downrange, the bullet’s penetration, and the wound created. In this section, we will take a look at our selected 5.56×45 rounds and discuss how their kinetic energies make them a viable cartridge when SHTF.

Like the trajectories, we are following the bullets from the muzzle out to 500 yards.

Graph 3

What we are measuring is the force (ft.lbs) that is associated with the bullet and will be transferred to the target on impact.

While there are more deadly cartridges on the market, these 5.56×45 rounds are carrying over a 1,000ft.lbs of force at 50 and 100 yards where the vast majority of shots are going to fall. Even out past these ranges we are still talking about 500-800 at 400 yards.

Most criticism for the 5.56×45 is that it loses its effectiveness at distances out past 100 yards. And yes, they drop off, but 700ft.lbs of force slamming into is going to make you turn the other way, and we can’t be told otherwise.


The low recoil of this cartridge provides the biggest reason we like the 5.56×45 cartridge for when SHTF. Take a look at the recoil of the five 5.56×45 NATO rounds we have been looking at.

Graph 4

photo source: Shooter’s Calculator

All of the 5.56×45 rounds we have selected and most factory loads have less than 10ft.lbs of recoil energy generated when firing. What this means in our eyes is you have a firearm that can be handled easily in close quarters and can be fired in semi-auto or auto for successive shots without losing too much accuracy. That’s a game changer for survival situations.


Look, you can read all the blogs you want of some guys groupings, but the simple fact is that accuracy depends so much more on the shooter than on the equipment. While your firearm, optics, and the cartridge itself needs to be of high enough quality to perform reliably, most factory loads are going to perform as well as the rifle operator is trained.

The 5.56×45 has minimal recoil compared to other cartridges used for similar purposes, short range trajectory is relatively flat, and even long range trajectory is manageable with a high-quality scope that has been sighted correctly. With some time on the range, the 5.56×45 cartridge’s bullet is going to go where you put it.

Price and Availability

Below, we have listed some of the retail prices for the rounds that we looked at in this article. As you can see, it can be expensive, or it can be relatively cheap. These rounds can often be found in bulk quantities as well. What matters is that you are compiling a stock of ammunition that you are comfortable and confident in and that will fit your shooting situation.

Availability, as most of us have experienced, can swing one way or the other pretty wildly depending on a lot of outside influences. For right now, things are looking good, and you should not have any problems getting your hands on the specific round you need. With that, things can shift any day so don’t put off stocking up for too long.

Ammunition Price
5.56×45 NATO Hornady BTHP Superformance Match 75gr


$17.79 (20 rounds)
5.56×45 NATO Federal American Eagle FMJ 55gr


$53.99 (120 Rounds)
5.56×45 NATO Winchester FMJ 55gr


$8.99 (20 Rounds)
5.56×45 NATO Hornady FMJ Black 62gr


$12.49 (20 Rounds)
5.56×45 NATO  Magtech HPBT 77gr


$600 (1,000 Rounds)

The Drawbacks

We don’t believe there is a perfect round, especially when SHTF. There are cartridges that have better performance characteristics for certain situations. The 5.56×45 cartridge, while an excellent self-defense round for when things go south, it does have its weaknesses when compared to other cartridges.

It does not have the stopping power of other cartridges used on the AR platform and other high powered rifles. This, of course, means you get some of the better qualities of the 5.56×45 that we have discussed earlier. For possible intruders, it’s got enough force behind it to dispatch, incapacitate, and at the least deter unwanted guests.

Where it falls short is in the big game hunting category, especially at distances of 200 yards or more. When SHTF, sooner or later hunting is going to be a factor in your ability to survive. Small game and even deer within 100 yards are still possible. With the right shot, you might even be able to take deer a bit further than 100 yards without having to spend the day or night tracking a wounded animal. For anything larger, the 5.56×45 just falls short compared to other cartridge options.


Like we stated at the beginning, there are plenty of cartridges available that are viable options. What we hope is that we presented the case for the 5.56×45 NATO round as a go to rifle cartridge for when SHTF.

Its low recoil makes it fabulous for handling in tight situations, it has a flat trajectory that allows you a wide range of shots and has the knockdown power to bring down targets within 200 yards and at the minimum deter them at increased distances. It’s readily available ammunition, and we think that if you give it a go, you might find you have a new favorite cartridge to stock up on.

How to Make Gunpowder Step by Step (With Pics)

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In the Chinese culture, there are four great inventions that are celebrated. You may have recognized them at the Beijing Olympics as they made an appearance at the games. They are: papermaking, printing, the compass, and gunpowder. Although there is a widespread belief that the Chinese only used gunpowder for fireworks, they also used it […]

The post How to Make Gunpowder Step by Step (With Pics) appeared first on Urban Survival Site.

The USA: The Ultimate Survival Arm

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Best Survival Rifle

In the never-ending journey for the ultimate survival arm, a quest buried deep in the DNA of everyone concerned Best Survival Riflewith preparedness, yet another giant leap in the evolution of survival arm capability just spread it wings across the USA (via gun stores, UPS and FedEx). The Magpul X-22 Backpacker Stock for the Ruger 10/22 Takedown is finally available!

By Doc Montana, a Contributing Author to SHTFBlog and

It took almost 50 years for Ruger to take the 10/22 from a one-piece 37” wooden stocked masterpiece to a two-piece 37” plastic stocked vision of the future.  Then a scant five years later, Magpul teased us with it’s X-22 Backpacker at SHOT Show 2017. Magpul took the essence of the Takedown to it’s rightful destiny creating a dynamic, integrated, self-contained survival rifle that is just at home in a home, active in the field, or packed away discreetly in a the bug out bag.

For the moment, and likely for many more moments into the future, a Magpul X-22 Backpacker stock filled with Ruger 10/22 and upgrades is the best, yes the best option for such a compact bullet-throwing machine. Add in the shear depth of importance of such an item when the SHTF making every decision and purchase and rifle build just that much more critical. So for this build, I addressed three particular survival gun tangents that are critical to preparedness and performance. The three tangents are 1) Mobility and Concealment, 2) Operational Accountability, and 3) Overall Durability.

Magpul Magic

On the Mobility and Concealment side of things, the stock and a daypack sum up the magic of this tangent. SBRs or Best Short Survival RifleShort Barreled Rifles are advantageous, not in long range shooting, but dexterity and speed. Uncle Sam needs at least 16 full inches of barrel to avoid the SBR label, and this U.S.A. build delivers on that four-squared promise, but when separated into pieces, all bets are off. No matter the law, you have the right, without tax or paperwork (in my neck of these here USA woods anyway) to carry a short rifle as long as it takes time to assemble it into a viable weapon from pieces as long as the pipe is 16 inches chamber to muzzle.

Also Read: Ruger 10-22 Takedown Review

Operational Accountability is both a critical step and demand. As much as I would like firearms to flow from factories with the utmost of perfection there is an unfortunately large number of almosts, nearlys, and close-enoughs. And those are just the ones that work out of the box. In the case of the 10/22, there are some maddening aspects of the gun that Ruger really need apply some attention. Look, I get that Bill Ruger, had specific intents for the 10/22 back before we ever went to the moon, but today, more than five decades later, we have greater expectations that need addressing. Lucky Ruger has plenty of help namely from TandemKross, Volquartsen, and now Magpul.

So to turn up the volume on Operational Accountability, it means that those elements you see fit to enhance on the 10/22 platform are all fair game and likely even some aftermarket competition in that particular space.

Durability is found in both design and materials. The for a semi-automatic, the 10/22 is remarkably durable, but it pure pitcher made in usa EPIC20 english 99.99 400x250 USAdoes have its wear points and limits. Essentially, the 10/22 is an aluminum receiver shell holding steel parts and pins connected to a blued or stainless barrel. The trigger group has some non-ferrous parts, and of the few spring, only one is actually needed to get the rifle to fire. Two if you want the trigger to reset. Three if you want the bolt to cycle. Four if you want the case to eject, and five and six if you want the magazine to stay inserted and actually feed. With a little help and low expectations, it’s often surprising just how few parts are required to make a bang. All the rest of the parts and cost are only essential for making subsequent bangs.

Taking Stock in Stock

The origin of this Ultimate Survival Arm build centers on Magpul’s new X-22 Backpacker stock for the Ruger 10/22 Best 10-22 StockTakedown rifle. Magpul has been in the stock business since shortly after it’s start in 1999. Magpul eased into the residential gun market using the Remington 700 bolt action as the transitional bridge between military pattern accessories to hunting and target shooting upgrades. It seems everything Magpul’s polymer finger touches turns to gold. And the Ruger 10/22 is no exception. Currently Magpul makes three stocks for the Ruger 10/22 rifle. The X-22 Hunter for non-takedown 10/22s, the X-22 Hunter Takedown, and now the X-22 Backpacker Takedown. And it is this latter and latest stock that is catching the attention of just about everyone with more than a passing interest in the Ruger 10/22 Takedown. In fact a few folks I’ve talked to are interested in getting a 10/22 takedown just to take advantage of this new Magpul X-22 Backpacker stock.

The magic of the Magpul X-22 Backpacker stock is that when in two pieces, the foregrip portion of the pair snaps into a receiving mechanism in the main stock locking together the two halves of the 10/22 Takedown rifle. The single unit now can be packed, carried, and mounted numerous ways without concern of separation all while the chamber-end of the barrel is protected inside the receiving hole of the buttstock. The barrel is attached with the top pointed away from the stock meaning that the two halves will mate perfectly regardless of optics or top-rail mounted accessories.

Related: EOTech vs Aimpoint

The Magpul X-22 Backpacker stock has two storage compartments, one on the stock’s comb under a swinging door Survival Riflethat also provides an adjustable cheek weld platform.  A suggested use for this particular compartment is to store extra Ruger 10-round rotary magazines. The space will easily hold three mags, or one mag and a box of shells. The aft end of the compartment dips down about three inches allowing some creative options for storing cleaning supplies or survival gear.

The second storage closet is a lightly watertight O-ring sealed compartment inside the grip similar to those found on AR-15 pistol grips. It is less convenient to access and of interesting shape, but a great long-term storage that leans towards those items you may or may not need anytime soon.

Takedown Lowdown

The rifle choice for the Magpul X-22 Backpacker stock is limited to the Ruger 10/22 Takedown. However, there are many options when it comes to off-the-gun-shelf Takedown variations and almost every part has an aftermarket option. For this U.S.A. build, I kept everything Made in America, and about the only true Ruger parts were found in the receiver, and the mags. Alway use Ruger’s mags. Well, at least until Magpul addresses that. Of the two larger pieces I swapped out, the Magpul X-22 Backpacker stock was the obvious starting point. After that was the pipe. So for the barrel, I chose the Volquartsen carbon fiber bull barrel for its lightweight yet durability composite design, improved accuracy, and thread muzzle. The optic mounting platform on Volquartsen’s barrel is a bolted-on five inch rail that rides above the barrel. The rail is reversible so to minimize the overall length of the folded X-22 Backpacker, the rail was reversed. The downside is that optics are moved further down the barrel and away from the eye. Running a red dot sight on this platform, however, is not significantly affected. And speaking of red dots…

A Dot of Red

For this project, I selected the American made Leupold Deltapoint Pro red dot sight. It is a fine sight that plants a Best Red Dot for Survival Riflerock solid crystal clear red dot on the target. It mounts securely on a standard rail, and is operated by a center push-button just behind the glass display window. Running on the common battery that is changeable without removing the sight from its base such as is required with the Trijicon RMR sights that I used on my Katrina Pistol project.

The Leupold Deltapoint Pro mount attaches with a simple twist of a 3/32” Allen wrench. And that’s the same 3/32” wrench that will separate the DeltaPoint Pro from the Cross Slot Mount, or retighten it to the rail. Additionally, Leupold thoughtfully provided a removable rubber housing that completely covers the DeltaPoint Pro when not in use.

Red dot sights are an incredible invention that gives superpowers to new shooters and simplifies the aiming process when any number of events intervenes with aligning the muzzle and target. In fact, the parallax-free wonderment of spec-ops grade red dot optics leaves little to the imagination: Dot = hit. Well, more or less.

But Wait, There’s More…

A couple other things I built into my build before taking it to the field include Magpul QD ports, a sling, a few receiver action upgrades, and some magazine enhancements. The Magpul X-22 Backpacker stock contains two double-sided round ports for accessory Quick Detach (QD) plugs. I added QD ports fore and aft, which then begged for a sling. The Magpul MS1 Sling with QD points to be exact.

There are four receiver action upgrades I feel are essential for every one of my 10/22s. So when I started this U.S.A. Survival RifleUltimate Survival Arm build, I immediately headed to the TANDEMKROSS website. The four essentials include 1) a better extractor, 2) a bolt buffer, 3) a bolt release plate, and 4) a Takedown Knob that allows you to free the receiver from the stock without tools. While this last upgrade may not be critical for occasional firing operation of the 10/22, but for those of us who launch lead with the 10/22 on a regular basis, taking the system apart is a common practice. So imagine when things go south and you don’t have a nice gun cradle and cleaning supplies, you will thank me and TandemKross for a simple solution to unplug your Ruger receiver from the stock. At that point, you can knock out any necessary pins and work on your gun with reckless abandon.

Related: The Katrina Pistol

The bolt-release plate makes up for Ruger’s insistence that one fiddle with an oddly behaving piece of sheet metal in Best Survival Rifleorder to close the bolt. For a few bucks and a few minutes, you can install TandemKross’s Guardian Bolt Release. And then your 10/22 bolt behaves just like a good bolt should.

As a semi-auto, ejection of a spent case is just as important as feeding a live round. And the key to a good ejection is a good ejector. The stock 10/22 ejector is nothing special, likely make of the same stamped steel as other receiver parts. However, the hooked end on this tiny piece of metal is where all the important stuff happens. If the hook doesn’t grab the case firmly and instantly during its one shot at it, a failure will occur. By using hardened tool steel and a stronger spring, TandemKross’s Eagle’s Talon extractor is an essential upgrade even if the end of the world is not in your plans.

The final essential, so to speak, is a non-metal bolt stop. At the back of the 10/22 receiver is a pin that the bolt crashes into when the gun is fired. While rare, with enough collisions bad things can happen. But the simple remedy is to replace the bolt stop with a bolt buffer. The buffer is a softer polymer material that the bolt can slam into all day long without complaining. Plus it’s quieter, produces a softer vibration, and won’t fall out into the mud should you need to remove your receiver from the stock while outdoors.

Move Out

One of the great things about the QD attachment points is they are at the polar opposites of the stock side of of this stock. With a total length of 19.5 inches, the buttstock of this stock is surprisingly short. That means a small footprint on your back, in your daypack, backpack, car, truck or Bug Out Bag. And it is this last area where I think my Magpul X-22 Backpacker will shine. But for more on that, you will have to wait for part 2 of this story.

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Survival Gear Review: Remington TAC 14 Shotgun

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Bests self defense shotgun

Shotgun manufacturers have been long overdue for a handy smoothbore gun for a Bug Out defense from a vehicle or shtf mad max shotgunother modes.  Remington has really stepped up to the plate with this one.  The new Tac-14 is a prepper dream based on the time honored reliable model 870 pump action 12-gauge shotgun.  First out of the chute is to understand this shotgun has a 14-in barrel.  So, why does it not have to be an NFA registered short gun?

By Dr. John J. Woods, a contributing author to SHTFBlog & Survival Cache

Because, Remington purposed this design to defeat those NFA rules by making the Tac-14 with a 26.2-inch overall length.  These dimensions comply with all NFA compliance rules.  Hoorah, a legal “short” shotgun.

Tac-14 Specs

This shotgun version of the 870 platform is indeed true to form in features and functions.  It works exactly like a The Answer Water Bottle Filtration Solution 300x250standard 870 of any other configuration including loading, unloading, pump cycling, the push button safety, and take down procedures, cleaning and maintenance.  The receiver is the same with its durability, and steel construction.

The obvious differences other than the size of the shotgun, first, is its pronounced grip handle which is a Shockwave Raptor Pistol Grip.  The forend hardware comes from Magpul with M-Lock slots, so you know that is good stuff.  Everything is finished in black and all the metal on the gun is set in a black oxide finish.  It is designed for stealth work, unobtrusive, and covert.

The plain Jane barrel has a cylinder bore choke or open choke as some know it.  There are no screw in Rem-Chokes on this shotgun.  The front barrel “sight” is a brass-like bead set up on a platform so it stands out from the contour of the barrel.  The receiver top is flat and matte for a clean sighting plane.  This is a basic point and shoot smoothbore gun.

Related: Survival Shotgun: 6 Reasons Why You Need One

The factory spec sheet does not mention an official weight for this shotgun, but it tips the not-so-accurate bathroom best shotgun for self defensescales at between 4-5 pounds.  It feels heavier, but upon handling it and carrying it around the house for a trial run, it is easy to move into action, swings up naturally for a point-shoot mode.

The Tac-14’s shotgun shell capacity is one in the chamber and 4 up the magazine tube.  This works for either 2 ¾ or 3-inch shells.  I would suggest trying some of the shorter shells first before stepping up to the 3-inch stuff to see how the shooting recoil control goes for the individual shooter.  For self-defense you are likely going to want a heavy load like buckshot, so be prepared to experiment to see which loads pattern the best for close range self-defense.   I am not for certain yet, but I am guessing the Tac-14 is a 30 yard gun, maybe 40 max.  After all, it is a defensive intent shotgun, not a duck gun.

The only initial issue I have with the Tac-14 so far is how slick handling the pistol grip knob is going to be in every day practical use.  If operating the Tac-14 in wet weather, snow or icing conditions, I could see this gun slipping out of the user’s grasp.  I would recommend using a gripper type shooting glove(s).  I intend to wrap this grip with a couple strips of two-sided sticky tape like that used on a carpenter’s hammer or big mechanics wrench.
But What For?

Also Read: 1887 Model T Shotgun Review

For sure this is a unique shotgun and a timely introduction for both preppers and survivalists or just home owners pure pitcher made in usa PURE20 english 99.99 400x250 USAlooking for some personal security.  I could envision using this shorty shotgun for a wide variety of applications.  Primarily its main suitability is as a personal self-defense shotgun.  It could be used at a Bug In location to protect against short order threats in the drive way, yard, up the sidewalk or even at an entry doorway.  I suspect 4-5 shots from this rig would disperse just about any crazed zombie.  Be sure to keep extra ammo close at hand though.

This gun is equally as important and adaptable for an escape mission to avoid a coming SHTF or to head out to an alternative Bug Out location.  So, it can find a good use for carry in a vehicle where it can be placed beside the driver’s seat, or just across the center console or floor hump.  If driving solo, it could be placed in the opposite seat.  Someone riding “shotgun” in the back seat could deploy this gun that way, too.

Stuff That Works: Remington Model 870 Shotgun

In these manners with practice and training, the user can deploy the Tac-14 out an open window or with the vehicle door open.  This takes practice.  This gun can also be carried rather discreetly by the grip just behind the hip, letting it hang down to the knee.  You have to work at carrying the gun this way, then wielding it into action in a second nature second.  Again, these motions and use modes takes some practice to be proficient.  Plan for that.

At a Bug In, the Tac-14 can not only provide short range security, but it could be used to collect small game meat for the pot.  By stalking within short ranges, this gun should be able to take squirrels, rabbits, game birds and other food animals with the proper game loads.  It’s an easy shotgun to tote about camp or on patrol ready to take advantage of any edible targets of opportunity.  Any active prepper or survivalist knows these situations well and how to act upon any chance to provide food.  The Tac-14 can do this work well enough.

Final Afterthoughts

Preppers and survivalists both for a lock down hunkered Bug In or an escape Bug Out scenario will find great use for best car shotgunthe Remington 870 Tac-14 shotgun.  It’s not a conventional shotgun by any means without a standard buttstock to steady shots.  A shotgun using various choke tubes has more hunting options.  This gun has to be hand gripped with the bore muzzle thrust forward into the shot as the fore end is held up for aiming.  You have to be prepared to manhandle this one.

Accessories could be added, but personally I would probably avoid any barrel attached items for this gun like a light.  It might be worth trying so long as it does not throw off the balance of the gun, one of its most positive attributes.  There are plenty of other modes to provide illumination not to have a light attached directly to the gun, especially short barreled shotgun like the Tac-14.

Related: Cut Shotgun Shells For Survival

Though the Tac-14 has a Magpul fore end with M-Lok slots, my own personal preference is not to lock something onto a pump shotgun fore end that has to be pulled back and forth to eject spent shotshells and to load fresh ones.  Such action is not only critical to the function of the pump action gun, but doing so could constantly loosen up whatever is attached.  Again, it might be worthy of a trial, so each user has to assess their own judgments on such things.  My only suggestion is to keep this short shotgun as unencumbered and handy as possible.

A shoulder strap carry can be applied by replacing the factory magazine cap with one that has a swivel stud feature to accept a standard screw lock sling attachment loop.  The rear trigger assembly pin can be slowly tapped out to install a GG&G or GrovTec replacement pin that has a push button sling attachment receptacle built on.

Other users may find other accessories to adapt to the Tac-14.  Another item to consider would be a 5 or 6 round shotshell saddle attached to the side of the receiver.  This may not work with the sling rig detailed above.  These are choices the user has to make depending upon their own personal priorities of use for such a weapon.

Related: Survival Shotgun Selection

The Tac-14 is a grip full, but it is not overwhelming especially with 2 ¾ inch game or defense loads.  With some judicious practice, I think most users will get to the point of being able to handle the heavier 3-inch shells.  There are a lot of shotshell load choices that can be used for a variety of purposes when deploying this shotgun.  Try trial, error, and experience.

One more thing for this shotgun.  Get a discreet nylon shotgun carry sleeve that are so popular now to house thisbest shtf shotgun mad max gun.  These heavy duty sleeve cases have a shoulder strap, a lash down strap to hold the gun in the sleeve as well as Molle strap attachment points should you want to add other items.  With such a case the gun can be secured and protected in a vehicle, on a UTV or ATV or over the shoulder for field carry.

That about sums up the Remington 870 Tac-14.  These are new to the market and could be hard to find at dealers right now.  Retail pricing should be under $450.  I saw two at a recent gun show for well under that amount.  If you see one, grab it quick.  I think these short barreled shotguns are going to be very popular in short order.

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What Primitive Hunting Requires?

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What Primitive Hunting Requires? 1. Weapon To be successful with hunting, you must have the right weapons and be skillful in using them. This is the biggest challenge with primitive hunting. Your prey is usually very fast and its senses are stronger than yours. Your defense must allow you to hit your prey at a … Continue reading What Primitive Hunting Requires?

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Weapons, buying, caring for, and using knives and guns!

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Weapons, buying, caring for, and using knives and guns! Sam Coffman “The Human Path” Buying, caring for and using knives and guns can be overwhelming to a lot of people. Learning enough practical information about these very important tools and weapons before making a purchase can help save a lot of money and frustration. Listen … Continue reading Weapons, buying, caring for, and using knives and guns!

The post Weapons, buying, caring for, and using knives and guns! appeared first on Prepper Broadcasting |Network.

How To Choose Your Archery Arrows!

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How To Choose Your Archery Arrows When it comes to selecting archery arrows, you have to be ready to deal with a lot of different factors. Naturally, the price is one of the main concerns. However, you need to realize that the best carbon arrows usually cost expensive and they are high value. One of … Continue reading How To Choose Your Archery Arrows!

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Gun Cleaning 101 – Clean Your Guns the Right Way

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by Frank

Did you know that every time you fire your gun, a small amount of carbon, copper, lead and plastic residue is left in the chamber and barrel? If you don’t take the time to clean your gun after firing it, this residue (known as fouling) can build up over time and eventually have a devastating effect on your gun and effect its reliability.

There aren’t any rules for when to clean your gun. Each gun is different and each type of ammunition is different as well, making it impossible to make standard gun cleaning rules. However, over the years I’ve picked up a few tips from hunters, gunsmiths, retired law enforcement and military.

Gun Cleaning Kits and Solvents

Before you can begin cleaning your firearms, you’re going to need the right tools. Generally, the least expensive option for people with a few different guns is a simple universal gun cleaning kit and a good bottle of solvent. Purchasing all the tools separately will cost you a bit more money. Currently, many of the best gun cleaning kits on the market are very inexpensive.

Cleaning Rods:

The most important tool in your kit is going to be the gun cleaning rod. This tool is used to attach brushes, jags, and mops. You want your cleaning rod to be made of a soft material such as brass. A material that’s harder than the barrel of your gun can easily scratch the inside of the barrel.

 Cleaning Brushes:

Brushes come in a wide variety of different materials and sizes. The bronze brush is the best choice for a good deep cleaning. They will remove the majority of carbon buildup without damaging the inside of your gun. A nylon brush comes after the bronze brush to clean up anything left behind.

Jags & Loops:

After you’re done with the cleaning brushes it’s time to make everything shine. A cotton cleaning patch is placed on the tip of the jag and used in a similar manner as the brush. A drop of cleaning solvent on the patch will remove anything left behind by the brushes.

Cleaning Toothbrushes:

These brushes look just like a toothbrush, but the bristles are made of hardened steel, bronze, or nylon. Use these to get into all the nooks and crannies.

Gun Cleaning Solvent:

Without a good gun cleaning solvent you’ll have a tough time getting your gun clean. You can either opt to use an all one in CLP or use separate bore cleaners, lubricants, and protectors.

How Often Should You Clean Your Gun?

The answer to this question is different for every person that you ask. A good friend of mine, who’s been in law enforcement for 20 years, told me that you should thoroughly clean your gun after every time you go to the range. This means disassembling it and breaking out the gun cleaning kit and cleaning solvents.  Carbon and copper buildup in the barrel of your gun will impact the velocity and accuracy of the bullet over time. If you’re in law enforcement, then your life depends on having a clean and reliable firearm.

The general consensus is that you should at least use a bore snake to do a quick clean after you fire your gun. You can take a bore snake to the range and use it there to clean your gun in only a couple of minutes.

What Happens if you Don’t Clean your Gun?

Many people can disagree about how often to clean their gun, but there’s no doubt that not cleaning your gun is a very bad idea. Everyone knows that rust can cause some serious damage and eat away the metal. If you plan to store your guns for longer periods of time, there are a few preventative measures you should take.

If you have guns in a safe they should be taken out at least once a year for a good deep clean, even if you haven’t used it. Over time, your firearms will gather dust and can accumulate moisture, which can lead to rust. Once a year, you should take them out to inspect them for any signs of this, as well as apply a good gun grease to prevent dust and moisture buildup from occurring.

Cleaning Your Guns Too Often?

Similar to not cleaning your gun enough, over cleaning your firearms can also damage them. For the most part it’s not easy to over clean your guns and I know people that do a deep clean after every time they fire with no adverse die effects. The only downside is that you will be spending a bit more money on cleaning solvents and broken brushes.

Most people agree that it’s a good idea to clean your gun after each visit to the range. Either with a bore snake or a cleaning kit depending on the type of firearm. Most people, including myself, find it very enjoyable and relaxing to take apart their guns are clean them.

gun cleaning kit

Cleaning a New Gun

If you just purchased a new gun you’ll want clean anything that might be on it. Often times the gun may have been sitting on a display shelf for a long time. Companies tend to put grease and a rust inhibitor on all their new guns. Most guns won’t function well if you leave this rust inhibitor on.

It’s a good idea to put these solvents on new guns because they may be sitting on the shelves for a long time, exposed to weathering. However, before you fire your gun for the first time, you need to make sure that all traces of grease and other solvents have been removed.

Gun Cleaning Tips

The first rule to gun cleaning is to always make sure the chamber is empty and there’s no magazine. Double or triple check this step! Visually inspect to make sure that there’s nothing inside your firearm before cleaning it. Keep your gun unloaded until you’re ready to fire it. If you’re storing it away then there’s no need for it to be loaded. If it’s for home protection then you should keep it loaded.

Before you begin, you should always clean your guns in a room where nobody’s going to bother you. Keep the door locked! The last thing you want is for a child to come in your room.  Always clean from the chamber to the muzzle to prevent damaging the barrel. Cleaning towards the end of the barrel protects the muzzle and will help to keep debris out of the chamber.

Using a gun vise is a great way to keep your firearm secure. A regular vise is not a good idea because it can scratch the sensitive components of your firearms. A gun vise has padded clamps and allows you to rotate your firearms. Most gun vises also include an accessory tray which is designed to hold all your cleaning supplies and gun parts.

Use a generous amount of gun cleaning solvent on your cleaning patches. Use your cleaning jag to push it down the barrel to remove anything left over from the brush. I like to let sit for about 5-10 minutes and let the cleaning solvent soak into everything, this makes it much easier to clean.

Take a bronze cleaning brush of the proper size and run up and down the inside of the barrel several times. You can then use a nylon brush and repeat this process, followed by a jag and cleaning patch. Be sure not to put CLP on your cleaning patch on your finishing pass. An excess amount of cleaning solvent inside the barrel is not desirable.

The action of the firearms is generally cleaned with a bronze toothbrush and cotton swabs with long handles. Spray a little CLP on the tip of the cotton swabs and target any fingerprints, which can cause excess oil which will lead to rust.  When your firearm is free of marks and you’re done cleaning it, it’s time to put it away for storage. A good gun safe if the best place to store your gun.

Always be sure to put a little bit of gun grease on your gun to prevent dust from building up. If you don’t have children, then you can store your guns in a closet or box but it’s still a good idea to use grease.

Regular Gun Maintenance

Properly taking the time to maintain and care for your firearms is very wise. They are a big investment and you want them to perform as they should. Often times I see many people neglecting their cleaning responsibilities and just throw them in s safe after firing and they say they’ll get around to it when they have the time.  Moisture and carbon buildup can easily lead to rust. If you’re not taking good care of your gun, then it’s not going to take care of you. You need to treat it like a machine. If a machine is not properly cleaned and maintained on a regular basis it will break down and stop functioning properly.


Whether you’ve just decided to purchase a firearm or have owned guns for years, it’s important to clean them properly. There’s no rulebook when it comes to gun cleaning. It’s up to you to learn from other with experience to avoid common mistakes and accidents.  Hopefully, you’ve learned a thing or two from this brief guide and have become inspired to take more time to care for your firearms.

There’s a wealth of knowledge out there, with great video guides on youtube that you can watch for free. Take the time to learn as much as you can about your firearms, care for them and if you’re good to your guns, they’ll be good to you.

About the Author  Frank is a firearms collector, gunsmith, and hunter. He runs the Gun Cleaning HQ along with his wife, where you can learn everything about properly cleaning and maintaining your firearms and read reviews on the latest gun maintenance products.

10 Questions To Ask Before Buying Your First Firearm

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Purchasing your first firearm is a very big decision. Not just the type of gun to get, but the very decision to purchase one in the first place. Owning a gun, regardless of your reasons for owning it, is a major responsibility. It’s not a decision that you can make lightly or on a whim. […]

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Top 5 Best Pistols for SHTF

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by Eric

Ahhh, guns, my favorite subject. What are the top 5 pistols, or should we say handguns, for a SHTF event? Well, that would depend on a few factors.

  • One would be the users experience with handguns.
  • Another would be whether it is intended to cover all your needs or solely intended as a sidearm.
  • Finally, your location would be a deciding factor. If you live in an area that has large, dangerous animals then you need a larger caliber handgun.

However, before I go recommending anything, the first thing I will recommend is that if you have no experience handling firearms, you need to go and get professional training. If you don’t know where to go then you should ask the guy selling the gun to you if they offer training classes or if they can recommend one.

A weapon is only as useful as the person wielding it is skilled. So you can go out and buy the biggest, baddest, most expensive hand gun in the world but if you don’t know how to use it then what good is it really?

Semiautomatic pistol or revolver

This factor depends on the user’s experience with firearms. If the user is experienced with handguns then I would strongly suggest a high capacity semiautomatic pistol. However, if the user is inexperienced with handguns I would strongly suggest that they stick with the simplicity of a revolver. While you’re at it, don’t forget to get a good holster and the best gun belt after doing your due diligence of course.

Simplicity of a revolver

Revolvers are pretty simple, so there isn’t a lot to learn or remember with a revolver. There are no external safeties to be concerned about; the safety is your finger (which is the most reliable safety I might add). There are no concerns about racking the slide and de-cocking the weapon with a revolver either.

De-cocking a pistol can be dangerous if you are inexperienced, especially if the pistol doesn’t have a de-cock mode. Even with a de-cock function some are still dangerous. Of course de-cocking doesn’t apply with striker fired guns (which I abhor, but we’ll get to that later).

This video shows how a revolver works.

With a double action revolver (or double/single action) it’s as simple as:

  • Swing out the cylinder
  • Push ejector to eject spent casings if it has been fired
  • Load all chambers in the cylinder
  • Close the cylinder
  • Aim
  • Pull the trigger [double action only (DAO), if it’s double/single you can cock it first for a more accurate shot]

If it’s a single action revolver like a Colt .45 or similar (cowboy style) then to use the handgun you perform the following steps.

  • Put the gun on half cock
  • Open the loading gate
  • Push ejector rod and eject one casing
  • Rotate cylinder one chamber and push ejector rod to eject spent casing, repeat 4 more times until empty.
  • Load one cartridge
  • Rotate the cylinder by hand to the next chamber and load a cartridge
  • Repeat until 5 cartridges are loaded (you can load all six in a modern version)
  • Close the loading gate
  • Cock the weapon
  • Aim
  • Then pull the trigger to fire.

taurus judge .410

photo credits: Ben Branam on

Taurus Judge/Smith & Wesson Governor

As you can see by the steps involved, a modern double/single action revolver is far superior to the old single action style. But if you want to use .45 LC caliber, a single action revolver is pretty much your only choice unless you buy a .454 Casull, a Taurus Judge, or a Smith & We$$on Governor.

These two revolvers fire both .410 shot shells as well as .45 LC cartridges. They are both also double/single action and can be a suitable choice for SHTF as the .45 LC is fairly common. After all, the .45 LC is one of the oldest handgun cartridges, having been around since 1872.

The .45 LC loaded to higher pressures can take game like whitetail deer from short distances from a handgun. It is also a very good man stopper even in lower pressure loads. The .410 shot shell spreads quite a bit from a short 3” barrel. But if you get the 6” barrel version the gun is better balanced, holds a tighter shot pattern (barely) for small game, and has a higher muzzle pressure with the .45 LC.

Between these two handguns I can’t really say that one is better than the other. But what I can say is that the Taurus Judge is going to cost less than the Smith & Wesson.

Taking all of these things into consideration I would say that the stainless steel, 3” magnum chambered, Taurus Judge with a 6” barrel, is an excellent choice for a SHTF handgun. With its versatility you could probably get by with just that if you could only buy one gun and you need it to serve multiple purposes. Another reason would be that you are trying to keep your pack lighter and don’t want to carry a rifle.

A quality 4” .357 magnum revolver (no EAA)

Another good choice for a SHTF handgun in a revolver is a .357 magnum. I would recommend getting one with a 4” barrel. The reason why is that it is a happy medium between the conceal ability of a 2” barreled snub nosed, and the higher pressures, greater accuracy, and range of a 6” barrel.

The 4” barrel will still allow you to carry the gun concealed fairly easily, and it will be suitable for hunting. I suppose that you could hunt with a snub nosed, but it would definitely not be ideal. The 4” will cover both self defense and hunting quite well.

Another good point for the .357 magnum is that beside the .357 magnum cartridge, it will also fire the .38 special cartridge. This gives you a little more options for ammo availability. In a pinch you can even chamber and fire .38 short colt and .38 long colt cartridges from a .357 magnum revolver.

Keep in mind though, if you fire a lot of shorter cartridges, make sure to clean the chambers in the cylinder thoroughly before chambering a .357 magnum cartridge again. If you don’t, there could be issues with the cartridge fully seating due to chamber fouling.

This choice, just like any other handgun that offers it, I would also recommend a stainless steel version. Stainless steel is more durable when faced with the elements, and there is no finish to rub off in a holster or pocket.

The make and model of the .357 magnum revolver doesn’t really matter, as long as it is a quality firearm. Never trust your life to a cheap firearm. By the way, in this use of the word, cheap doesn’t mean inexpensive, cheap means poorly made. I wrote an article a short time back about cheap vs. inexpensive handguns that can clear that up for you.

Semiautomatic pistols

My next suggestions are for semiautomatic pistols. As mentioned at the beginning of the article, if you have no or little experience handling a semiautomatic pistol, you should get professional training. Just because someone may have handled a .22 or .38 or whatever revolver before, or their uncle handed them a “9” that they emptied the magazine from, doesn’t mean they can dive right in to a semiautomatic on their own. GET TRAINING.

This video shows how a semiautomatic pistol works. As you can easily see it is much more complex than a revolver.

9mm or .40 cal

Now that we cleared that up, if you want to get a pistol for self defense in case of SHTF, there are literally 100’s of options. The first consideration is caliber. Do you solely intend for this handgun to be for self defense against humans? If so, then a 9mm or .40 caliber pistol will do quite well for this.

These calibers were actually designed with shooting humans in mind. Also, because they are prolific in military and police use, the ammunition availability will probably be pretty fair even after supply lines dry up.

The 9mm and .40 caliber will also handle medium game somewhat reliably. Humans, large dogs, or whatever you might encounter up to about 200 pounds in the woods can be dealt with reasonably with these calibers. However, if you live where there are larger animals, or if you also want to hunt with the pistol, then I would recommend moving up to a .45 ACP.

45 acp

The .45 ACP

The .45 ACP was also designed with the human animal in mind being a cartridge designed for a military sidearm. However some people actually like to deer hunt with this caliber. With a quality, accurate pistol a deer can be taken at ranges out to about 40-50 yards.

Maybe even farther out if you are awesome. Also, because the cartridge has been in production in most parts of the world for over 100 years ammo availability should not be an issue.

Now, the make or model of any of these calibers pistols relies solely on you. Myself, I prefer stainless steel pistols with a hammer and decocker, but many other people prefer plastic striker fired guns.

For the sake of this article I will not suggest any particular brand of pistol. I will only say that you should buy the best quality firearm that you can afford. You do not want to trust your life to a cheap gun. Again, cheap here meaning of poor quality, like I mentioned earlier in the article I wrote another article that discusses this subject.

Here is a video comparing the effects of a 9mm, a .40 caliber, and a .45 ACP on a pig head.

Number five – big bore handguns

Since I listed three calibers for the semiautomatic, and I’m going to mention two here, then technically I listed more than “5 top guns”, but it had to be done to cover all the ground.

Here I will say that if you live in an area that has very large, very dangerous animals, then I would get a larger caliber handgun. This larger caliber handgun can be a revolver or a semiautomatic, depending on what caliber you choose. But for larger, dangerous game I would recommend the following calibers.

.44 magnum (available in a revolver or semiautomatic)

.454 Casull (revolver)

.460 Ruger (revolver)

.500 S&W (revolver)

There are a couple of other .50 caliber semiautomatics available but the ammunition is somewhat obscure so I wouldn’t get one for SHTF scenarios.

Honorable mention

Some people say that their go to gun for SHTF would be a .22 LR because they will be able to carry a lot more ammunition with them. I can’t argue that point, but I can argue that if this is the only gun you can have then it cannot possibly meet all of your needs, especially if there are large, dangerous animals where you live.

Still others have sworn by the .22 magnum semiautomatic Kel Tec PMR 30. This is a polymer pistol that holds 30 rounds of .22 magnum ammunition. A neat gun, no doubt, but I don’t think I would swear by it as my only handgun or weapon in case of SHTF.

Here is a video showing the effect of a .22 magnum fired into ballistics gel.

Final words

In the end it’s like I’ve said many times before. The best gun is the gun that you have. The best gun is the gun that you are comfortable with and that you can hit the target with.

Some may say “oh, a .22”, but I guarantee you that if they are on the receiving end of ANY firearm and they start hearing BANG, BANG, BANG, they are ready to go. Especially if when they hear bangs happening they also start feeling extreme pain in a part of their body.

I’m not going to sit here and tell you a .22 is the best gun, but I’m also not going to tell you to leave it behind if that’s all you have. I myself hope that if the S ever hits the F, I will be able to get to my safe place with all of my stuff.

If I have to hunker down at home (bug in), then I am fairly heavily armed, better than average I’d say. Even for an American. I can only hope that if anyone on the outside wants inside, that favor smiles on me.

Expert Advice: Why You Need Physical Training For Shooting

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There is no doubt that physical conditioning is overlooked a lot of times. Human beings get older, and as they get older they have health conditions and they get lazy.

We’re not all in the same shape that we were in our prime, and some of us in our prime are not in the shape that we should be, so there’s no doubt that it affects your overall combat effectiveness.

Does it mean that a person that’s overweight or out of shape can’t shoot as well as somebody that is in great shape?

Not necessarily, when you’re talking just strictly shooting, but when you put the whole package together, then yes, because in order to survive you have to be able to do three things: shoot, move and communicate.

Why You Need Physical Conditioning for Gun Training

In order to shoot, yeah, it can be physically stressful, more so the ability to lower your heart rate and to be able to keep and have good enough cardio that your breathing doesn’t have an effect on your shot group, and that’s something that can happen.

Moving, of those three, is probably the biggest factor in why it’s important to stay in good shape. It just goes without question that the better shape that you’re in, the better you can move. You need to be able to go over obstacles, under obstacles, upstairs, down stairs, down ropes, to high points to see or gain a better shot, to run for cover, or to perform individual movement techniques.

Those things take energy, and the better shape you’re in, obviously the better you’re going to be to do those things. In a real-life situation, you may have to run towards the aggressor, or you may have to run away from the aggressor. Those actions take energy and at least a bit of agility. In order to expel that kind of energy you need to be in good shape, or at least in better shape than the person that’s shooting at you.

So yes, when you look at it as a full package of shoot, move and communicate, being in shape is very important. As far as shooting, I would say that it’s more about being able to control your involuntary physical reactions – those things that we do that physically affect our shot group.

When we aim at something and then we shoot, there are physical factors that are involved that can affect the shot group – your breathing can make that shot go too high or too low if you don’t have anything to support your weapon and you’re just using your body as support. Understanding your breathing and understanding how to shoot during that natural respiratory pause are very important factors in accurate gunfire and they can be affected by the type of physical conditioning that you have.

That is true about just shooting, but more so about everything else. I would say physical fitness affects movement, the ability to move from one covered and concealed position to another. The ability to move quickly under fire and still shoot accurately is all going to be dependent on the type of shape that you’re in. Being in good shape is always going to be a bonus, or it’s always going to be something that can give you that tactical edge that you need to become the victor in any gunfight.

Whether you’re in shape or not could also affect others around you. For instance, what if you get shot and somebody has to drag you? Is it better that they’re trying to pick up a regular sized guy or are they now trying to drag somebody that’s 350 pounds? Think about others around you that may be involved in a gunfight with you. It’s important that you don’t throw them under the bus by making them have to carry your big butt because you didn’t want to do any physical training.

If you get shot, your physical conditioning has a lot to do with your ability to stay alive – the better shape that you’re in, the better your chances of survival when your body goes through a traumatic situation; that’s a proven statement, so it’s very important to stay in shape for that reason, too.

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Being in good shape helps yourself and others, because you can survive a traumatic gunshot wound or getting blown up or fragged or something like that, better if you’re in good shape. If you’re in decent shape, you’re not so heavy that it becomes a burden on others around you to have to carry you out of a bad situation, and also vice versa; your ability to carry other people if they get shot or to drag them to a covered and concealed location.

Those things are all dependent on how strong you are as well, so yes, it is always a good thing to stay in shape and be in the best shape that you can be, that’s why when you look at our elite forces, physical conditioning is such a big part of what they do. It’s for that very reason that they are able to endure hours and hours and hours of high-stress situations.

I guess that the last thing I would say is that it’s also a proven fact that the better shape you’re in, the longer you’re able to endure high stress environments without them having an effect on your heart, on your mind, or on your body. Being in shape has a lot of benefits; enough so that the benefits far outnumber the drudgery of the time that you have to put in to staying in shape. It’s worth it when you do a risk versus reward analysis, so get out there and walk, run, do exercises, keep your cardio strong and maintain (or improve) your ability to lift weights.

I would say, one of the things about exercise that I took from my years in the Special Operations community is that just going through the motions of running or lifting weights can be boring and mundane, but when I got over to the Special Operations community, we did a lot of realistic training that was also very physical. I think that’s one great way to stay in shape.

If you can, set up a big range where you have to run and lift “guys” (aka full feed sacks) up and carry them to safety and then shoot your rifle and do things like that where you get your heart rate way up there. Then you’re incorporating shooting into it, so you’re putting shooting, moving and communicating all into one activity. Do that on a regular basis and you’ll be able to stay in shape. You’ll also be able to shoot, move and communicate which is incredibly important in any type of a situation.

Video first seen on trainmetoday1

Here’s an example of a drill that can help you get fit as well as prepared.

Run a couple of laps, and then get down into the prone or maybe the kneeling unsupported position. Take a couple of shots at a target, then run to a covered position. Get into the standing position, take a shot from either side of an obstacle or a wall, then put your weapon on safe. If you have a wall, climb it.

Once you get to the other side of the wall, take another shot then low-crawl under some wire that you’ve set up. When you get to the other side, take a shot from the prone unsupported position, then run 100 meters to another position and take a shot from the prone supported fire position where you have maybe a sandbag or something like that and you’re laying down.

Make it a competition; go against somebody else and see who gets the best time and the most accurate shot groups. Make it fun but make it realistic.

Incorporate shooting, moving, and communicating into one event and get out there, have a good time, stay in shape or get in shape and become a better shooter.

Why Breathing While Shooting is Part of the Training

How you breathe depends on the type of shooting we’re talking about. The more accurate and the more distance-related the shooting event is, the more breathing is going to be a factor. The further the distance a shot is, the more every little thing is going to influence it.

Video first seen on Rated Red

If you’re talking about a long-range shot, everything’s a factor. Your body position, stance, breathing, trigger control, trigger squeeze; all those things are going to have an effect on where that round impacts. Would you be able to keep them up if not being fit?

Now, is that true at short range or close-quarters combat? Sure, but it’s nowhere near as much of a factor as when you’re talking about long-range shooting, so I guess I would say that I’m going to break this up in two parts.

The first part is about close-quarters combat. When you’re talking about close-quarters combat, the biggest thing about breathing is just to breathe naturally and make sure you don’t forget to breathe when you’re under stress. I know that was an obstacle that I had to overcome in my early days of learning how to shoot in a close-quarter type situation. I tend to hold my breath when I’m under stress, and that’s not a good thing because now you’re cutting off oxygen to your body and to your brain.

It starts influencing cognitive thought and you physically cramp up; it does all kinds of things to you physiologically based off of the fact that you’re not breathing. It also helps you to relax when you breathe. When you relax, you are a better shooter, you make better decisions, and you can think clearly, so breathing is very important when you’re talking about close-quarters combat from that perspective.

When you start talking about the effect of breathing on point of aim/point of impact, we’re talking about those long-range shots, those technical shots, and shots in closer ranges also. When I say technical, I mean maybe there’s a hostage situation and you may not be that far away but you’re trying to take a shot 6 inches away from the person that’s being held hostage. A 6-inch difference in movement of that round could be the difference between the bad guy getting the bullet between the eyes and some innocent woman getting shot in the head.

Breathing is a factor in those types of situations. That and obviously long-range shots where everything that you do influences a round, I mean if you breathe in while you’re pulling the trigger the rounds tend to go low, if you breathe out when you’re pulling the trigger the rounds tend to go high, so that vertical point of impact is going to be affected seriously by your breathing in and out. Also, if you’re not breathing, you can shake and it can do all kinds of things to your composure that are going to influence pulling the trigger and on where that round goes.
When you fire your weapon, you pull. If you don’t breathe, it may cause you to jerk the trigger because you’re not thinking straight.

Be careful about the horizontal shifting left and right. If you are left-handed and you jerked the trigger, you tend to shoot to the right of the target, and if you’re right-handed and you jerk the trigger, you tend to shoot to the left of the target, so those things can all be affected by breathing as well. Mainly, though, when you’re talking about breathing, you’re talking about the vertical impact of the round.

Let’s talk about the natural respiratory pause. What is that? You hear that term a lot in shooting schools. When people are learning the fundamentals of marksmanship training, we’ll teach them about the natural respiratory pause; every 4 or 5 breaths, there’s a natural pause that you take where you’re not breathing but you’re calm and you have plenty of oxygen to the brain at that point. They, whoever they are, say that that’s a really good time to take a shot. But I think that “they” are not reflexive shooters, they are more talking about those long-range shots.

So if you’re talking about using natural respiratory pause to take a shot, my personal opinion is that it’s either for long-range shots or for very technical shots at closer ranges.

When you’re talking about reactive shooting where you’re reacting to something and then you’re using reflexive fire where you’re either putting that aim point of your long gun or the front sight-post of your pistol onto the target and pulling the trigger, I don’t think that breathing is as important as it is for those longer or more technical shots.

It takes practice and time to build the mindset of a warrior, but once you got it you ease your steps to survival.

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This content has been written by Brian Morris for Survivopedia.

Top 5 Best SIG Sauer Pistols

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With the news that the United States military will officially adopt the SIG Sauer P320 pistol to replace the Beretta M9 that has served since the 1980s, it would seem like an appropriate time to discuss SIGs in general.

The manufacturer, SIG Sauer, is regarded as being a premium brand on the firearms market.  Their products tend to be much more expensive than the counterparts released from other companies. In fact, it was only because SIG Sauer’s P226 was slightly higher priced than the Beretta 92FS that it was not chosen during the Army trials in the 80s.

So yes, you will pay more for a SIG Sauer handgun (at least a new one).  But at the same time, you will definitely get what you pay for. SIG pistols are made to the absolute highest quality and are designed to last. These are pistols that your descendants will continue passing down many years from now.

Any SIG pistol is a superb choice for anything from home defense to concealed carry to a duty sidearm or even a simple range weapon.  But what are the very best SIG pistols that you should consider?  We’ll talk about five of them in what follows.

sig sauer p220

The P220

The P220 was not the first pistol SIG Sauer released or even their first successful pistol (that honor goes to the P210), but it was the pistol that gained them worldwide attention and established them a slice of the marketplace in the United States.

The P220 is a full size, single stack, DA/SA semi-automatic pistol with an all-steel frame and that is hammer fired.  It was originally offered in both 9mm and .45 ACP, but new P220’s are now offered in just .45. There are many who consider the P220 to be the finest double action .45 ever produced, even today when many new models of .45’s have been produced.

Releasing the P220, particularly into the United States, was not a riskless endeavor for SIG. At the time, the 1911 ruled the handgun market and was the pistol of choice for many civilians and police departments. But one significant factor that the 1911 had was that it was single action only, meaning the weapon could only fire when cocked.

In contrast to this, the P220 has a long first trigger pull that also naturally acts as a safety. While the 1911 is designed to be carried cocked and locked (AKA hammer down with the safety on), it’s still not the safest way to do it, and generally not recommend for novice gun owners.  A decocking lever on the side of the frame of the P220 is easily accessible and will return the pistol to double action after being fired.  There are no manual safeties on the P220, which was a major innovation at the time of its release.

The P220 has spawned an entire generation of pistols, with the most notable variants being the P225, P226, P227, P228, and P229.

The P229

The SIG P229’s history began with the development of the P228.  The story goes that SIG decided to manufacture a compact version of the P226 that would be better for concealment or for shooters with smaller hands. The P228 was the result of this, and it was adopted by the U.S Air Force as the M11 pistol as well as by numerous law enforcement agencies.

SIG later updated the P228 to the P229 in order to handle the higher pressure .40 S&W and .357 SIG rounds. The only differences between the two weapons was in the slide (the P228 used a forged carbon slide while the P229’s is constructed out of stainless steel). SIG then decided to discontinue the P228, when they released they could just make the P229 in the 9mm caliber.

So in essence, the P229 is a more compact version of the P226 and would be a better choice for you if concealment is an issue or if you have smaller hands. That being said, the P229 is still large enough to be used for duty use as well, and indeed remains in use with many military departments today.

The P229 is available in 9mm, .40 S&W, or .357 SIG. As with the P226, only a change in barrels is needed to fire .40 or .357 in the same weapon.


sauer p226

The P226

A true classic, the P226 is probably SIG’s most famous firearm.  It quickly became world renowned right when it was released in the 1980s, and entered into the U.S Army’s trail.  The United States was looking for a double stacked and double action 9mm auto to replace the aging Colt M1911A1 .45.  SIG basically took a 9mm P220 and made it a double stack that held 15 rounds and the result was the P226.  Other than that, the two weapons are virtually identical.

The P226 made significant headway in the trails and eventually it came down between it and the Beretta 92. Regardless of which of the two pistols actually performed a little better, the Beretta was selected because it cost less than the SIG. While the Beretta is a fine and respectable weapon, there are many people who feel that the P226 was the pistol the U.S Military deserved.  That being said, the Navy SEAL’s actually did select the P226 over the Beretta 92 (and continued to use it until recently when they replaced it with the Glock 19).

The P226 is today available in 9mm, .40 S&W, and .357 SIG.  The .40 and .357 SIG models are actually identical and you only need to swap the barrels when switching between calibers; even the magazines for the two weapons are the same. This means you can have a kit consisting of a P226, magazines, and two barrels and you’ll be able to fire two separate calibers, which could be a major advantage in an SHTF situation (as this essentially gives you two pistols in one).

Countless variations of the P226 exist on the market today, with newer models all being released with an accessory rail for adding lights, lasers, or other accessories.

The SP2022

The SP2022 is often known as the ‘poor man’s SIG.’  It was SIG’s very first polymer framed pistol and was marketed to those who could not afford the higher priced P226 or P229, while still not sacrificing quality.

In the 2000s, the handgun market became increasingly competitive and budget minded, which led to the SP2022’s release.  It remains an excellent though largely forgotten pistol today.  Available in 9mm, .40 S&W, and .357 SIG, the main appeal of the SP2022 is that it is much lighter than the comparable P229.

Despite this, the basic controls of the two weapons are the same. The SP2022 is also a DA/SA hammer fired pistols still features a slide release directly above the grip along with a decocking lever on the side of the frame. The SP2022 also has an accessory rail on the frame and interchangeable back straps; the early P229s did not have the former and still don’t have the latter even today.

All in all, the SP2022 is a pistol that is still worth a look despite the fact that it has not been given as much notice as the P220-series or SIG’s more recent P320.

The P320

Finally, we come to the P320, the latest in SIG pistol, a striker fired polymer framed pistol designed to compete primarily with the Glock, Smith & Wesson M&P, and the Springfield XD-series.

But what makes the P320 stand out in general, and a primary factor that led to its adoption by the U.S Military (besides its reliability), is the fact that it is a fully modular handgun system. The weapon is very simple and only consists of the slide, frame, barrel, trigger assembly, and the magazine. You can then purchase multiple frames of the P320 while only keeping one slide, barrel, and trigger, essentially giving you a full size, mid size, and compact pistol all in one (you would only need to get a shorter magazine for the compact frame).

The P320 will be designated the M17 in the U.S Army (which will incorporate a manual frame mounted safety) but will continue to be sold on the civilian market. The P320 isn’t just great if you want to own a striker fired SIG pistol. It’s also a great pistol to own if you want to alternate between different sizes without actually having to buy a new pistol.


SIG Sauer has continued to set high standards in the firearms world and it’s easy to see why they have been so widely accepted by militaries, law enforcement units, and civilians all over the globe.  These truly are premium pistols that are designed to endure many years of hard use.

The five specific SIG models that we have covered in this article are their most popular ones on the marketplace today and the top five that you should consider if you are ever looking to purchase your very first SIG.

Survival Gear Review: The Fallkniven S1 Pro Knife

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1_Fallkniven_S1_Pro_review_blade_mark_polishThe quest for a Goldilocks Knife, or one that’s just right, is less a journey and more of a marriage. To trust one’s fate to one single blade especially for survival situations, there must be a commitment to making the best of the situation regardless of the challenges. Thick and thin, sickness and health, and all that.

By Doc Montana, a Contributing Author to SHTFBlog and

In additional to personal preferences, there is a small handful of knife characteristics that can be adjusted by blade makers including those addressing the grip such as size, thickness, materials, guard options, and shape. And for the blade there is steel type, length, thickness, grind, shape, and overall size. Of those eleven characteristics, even if each one only had two options, that would be 2 to the 11th or over 2000 combinations. But of course each option has many more than two possibilities, with some nearing an infinite number of choices.

Quest for Perfection

2_Fallkniven_S1_Pro_review_winter_snow_handleGoldilocks might be a fairy tale, but the Fallkniven S1 Pro Survival Knife is very real and very sharp. Even in its own lineup of Pro Knives, puts it right down the middle. Not too much. Not too little. Flanking the S1 are the larger A1 Pro and the smaller F1 Pro. With the A1 being noted for its large size and the F1 a designed for smaller cockpit carry, something in between should be just about right. But “just about” is not enough to be “right” when looking for the perfect knife.

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Looking at the features of the Fallkniven S1 Pro, it is clear that while this particular knife is smaller in some aspects, but no less potent. For instance, the blade thickness of the S1 is an amazing six millimeters or just shy of a quarter inch. And that’s on a blade only 5.1 inches long.

5_Fallkniven_S1_Pro_review_meat_slicingSpeaking of the blade on the Fallkniven S1 Pro, it’s a cobalt steel convex edged masterpiece. The steel is amazing from both the standpoint of overall sharpness and durability. In the never ending search for the perfect steel, blade steel makers have been dabbling at the atomic level with chemistry, crystal structure and the optimum blend of edge shape and cutting performance. The best steel can be neutered by a poor choice of grind, and a marginal steel can be given superpowers with the right shape and grind. But ultimately, one wants the the best of all worlds; the best steel with the best grind, and the best performance characteristics. And it seems the Fallkniven S1 Pro has come as close to this Goldilocks formula as anyone ever has.

Convex Grind

4_Fallkniven_S1_Pro_review_wood_choppingFallkniven uses an enhanced convex grind on the Fallkniven S1 Pro as well as its other Pro blades. The convex grind is an advanced grind with no simple characteristics or ease of manufacturing which is why the convex grind is not a common option among knifemakers. The convex grind is a graceful arc from blade side to blade edge. Most designs transition the blade from flat side tapering linearly to a point where a sharper angle dives towards the absolute edge. It’s an effective strategy for 99% of the uses, but what about the 1% that really matter when it matters? That’s where the convex edge shines.

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The heavy blade chops like a dream. A small dream, but one nonetheless. And the S1 Pro can slice all day long without a sharpener in sight. For a perfect sized knife, the Fallkniven S1 Pro as close to perfect as perfect can get.

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9 Guns You Can Count On After The SHTF

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As the post-civil war slogan famously said, “Abe Lincoln may have freed all men, but Sam Colt made them equal”. Firearms themselves, however, are not all created equal. This is especially true when you put them under the pressures and strains that a post-disaster weapon would have to live up to. When the SHTF, you […]

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This Survival Shotgun Can Fire 8 Different Calibers and It Fits in Your B.O.B.

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Do you know what the most versatile firearm is for survival? The single barreled shotgun. Why the single barreled shotgun? A single barreled 12-gauge shotgun is by far the simplest

The post This Survival Shotgun Can Fire 8 Different Calibers and It Fits in Your B.O.B. appeared first on Ask a Prepper.

Terrorism on the Rise: 5 Tips To Survive The Attack

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The annual celebration of Ramadan, the Islamic month of fasting, is one of the most important events on the Muslim calendar.

Sadly, it is also one of the most important times for radicalized Islamic terrorists as well. There is always an increase in terrorist activity, because according to Muslim beliefs, there is an increased reward for those who are martyred or who die in a jihad.

Would you survive if caught in the middle?

In 2016, the total casualty count, both dead an injured, during Ramadan was 1,150, a horrifying number. But that number is nothing, compared to what the final casualty count will be for 2017. During the first half of the month, Islamic extremists accounted for 1,003 fatalities and 1,036 injuries.

Of course, the mainstream American media doesn’t bother covering this, as it sheds a poor light on the supposed “religion of peace.”

But the fact is real, regardless of any media cover-up. That is made easier by the fact that not one of the 73 attacks happened on US soil and only three happened in Europe, one in London, one in Paris, and the other in Germany.

The vast majority of these attacks happened in Muslim controlled countries or countries with a strong Muslim population. As President Trump noted in his speech in Saudi Arabia, Muslims themselves are the biggest victim of Muslim terrorism, all the more reason for them to join the fight against extremism and terrorism. It is in their own best interest to curtail terrorism.

It is clear that Muslim terrorism is on the upswing. While the majority is still limited to the Muslim controlled countries themselves, Europe has seen an increase in both terrorism and general violence propagated by supposed Syrian “refugees.”

We too have seen a rise in Muslim violence here in the USA, although the statistics don’t back that up. During Obama’s presidency the FBI wasn’t allowed to record and report acts of Muslim terrorism as what they were.

So in many cases, killers yelling “Allah akbar” were recorded in the statistics as “workplace violence.” The mainstream media even tried to pin such events as the Orlando and San Bernardino shootings, which were clearly acts of terrorism, on conservatives.

Perhaps this is something that the new FBI director can get straightened out. It would be nice to see some accurate figures about terrorism in the United States, rather than allowing the liberals to have their talking point of there being a greater chance of being killed by a white supremist here in the USA, than being killed by a Muslim terrorist.

But even without those records being corrected, we all know that Muslim terrorism is on the rise. Therefore, it merely makes sense, from a survival point of view, to be ready to react to it, when it rears its ugly head. You and I may never find ourselves in the midst of a terrorist attack, but that’s no longer something that we can count on.

With that being the case, it is merely prudent to be ready for the eventuality of a terrorist attack taking place somewhere where we are. Attacks like the San Bernardino and Orlando shootings have shown us that the terrorists are no longer limiting themselves to big cities. Those were both cities of around a quarter million people, yet became sites of a couple of the most horrendous acts of terrorism in our country’s history.

So what should we do to help ensure that we don’t personally end up as nothing more than a terrorism statistic? There are a few important steps that we should take.

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Be Aware

The most important single thing that any of us can do to avoid becoming a victim, not only of terrorism, but of crime, is to increase our awareness.

Few acts of terrorism happen without some preparation and the terrorists having to make an entrance on the scene. While the amount of time between their first appearing and the time they start trying to kill people may be short, there will be some time. That’s time in which you can detect them and begin to prepare your own defense.

Most people walk around totally unaware of what’s going on around them. If their face isn’t buried in their smartphone, it might as well be. They could walk right past someone they know, without even seeing them; let alone stopping to say hi.

We need to develop situational awareness, which really means nothing more than being aware of the situation we are in. We should be constantly looking around, with the intent of identifying possible threats. Once identified, we should watch those threats, to make sure that they don’t do anything untoward.

To start with, identify what is the norm in whatever location you find yourself in. What are the people like? How do they dress? How do they act? What noises are part of the background? How is traffic moving? What stands out? What’s hidden in the shadows? Where are likely avenues of arrival and departure? All this, and a whole lot more makes up the background atmosphere, wherever you are.

Knowing what the norm is, allows you to spot things that don’t look normal. The person wearing a winter coat, when everyone else is in shirtsleeves. The delivery van that is parked in the wrong place. A deliveryman carrying a flower box down the street, without a delivery van in sight. Someone moving against the flow of traffic. Workers in uniform who aren’t working on anything.

Anything out of the ordinary can indicate danger. It may not, but it definitely deserves further study and even investigation. Don’t assume that it’s safe, unless you have some empirical evidence to back that up. Assume that there is a risk out there and try to spot it.

Avoid Target Areas

Even though terrorists aren’t limiting themselves to large cities, they still want to make a splash when they go loud. They aren’t going to try and so something in the shadows, but rather in the spotlight. They want to hit as many targets as they can and they want as many witnesses to the act as they can get.

Therefore, they are going to do their acts of terrorism in places where there is a crowd to use as both victims and an audience. They’re also going to try and pick a target that’s going to arouse the ire of their target population.

We can see this in the Orlando, Florida shooting, where the killer picked a gay nightclub for their attack. In doing so, they ensured national attention and a little extra outcry from both the gay population and liberals in general.

Granted, it’s more or less impossible to live our lives, while always avoiding potential target areas. We all need to go shopping, to church, to entertainment and sporting events, and take our kids to school.

But we should recognize those areas as what they are, potential targets. Therefore, we can’t let our guard down when we are there, but rather need to be more aware and more ready to respond to a potential attack.

Always Carry

If you don’t have a concealed carry license, you should get one. While some terrorists use knives and trucks, most today are using guns. Defending yourself against a gun, or even against a knife, without your own gun to use, is risky at best.

Most states now have a Shall Issue policy towards concealed carry licenses, and more and more states are moving towards Constitutional Carry. So, chances are, you can get a license to carry in the state where you live.

You’ll probably need to attend a class, will need to undergo a background check and there will be fee to pay. But once you do, you will have the legal right to carry the necessary tool to defend yourself.

That doesn’t mean you’ll have the right to brandish a gun in people’s faces when road rage kicks in or that you have any more of a right to shoot a bad guy than anyone else does. But then, it’s a principle of American law that you can kill in self-defense. If shooting a terrorist who is actively engaged in an act of terrorism isn’t self-defense, I don’t know what is.

But let me add a couple of notes of caution here. First of all, you will probably be outgunned, even if you are carrying a gun. Chances are, terrorists are going to use a rifle, not a pistol. That means they will have more range, more accuracy and more rounds to shoot. Those rounds will do more damage as well, passing through walls, the body of your car and even Kevlar body armor.

So you don’t want to do a John Wayne and just stand up and expect to hit them in the eye with your first shot. Learn to shoot from cover and to identify what will make good cover. Choose a handgun which will give you a reasonable chance of success; and carry extra magazines.

I personally carry a .45 caliber semi-automatic pistol, with two spare magazines. That’s a fair amount of extra weight and bulk to carry on my body, every day of my life. But as far as I’m concerned, it’s merely a minimum amount of firepower. Should I actually get into a firefight with a terrorist or two, that’s not going to be enough.

Another thing you might want to consider is carrying more firepower in your car, in addition to what you are carrying on your person. I haven’t done so yet, but I’ve considered keeping an AR-15 in the trunk of my car.

The area in which I live is a known transit point for terrorists entering the country, so I feel the risk of terrorism is fairly high. Granted, most will want to move farther into the country before doing anything, but if they feel a threat, they could let go right here in my area. In that case, having that AR-15 in my car might make the difference, assuming I could get to it.

Get Trained

Owning a gun or even carrying a gun isn’t enough. You’ve got to work on becoming competent with it.

Most shooters who don’t shoot very often can only hold their shots to a 6 inch group or larger. What that means is that when they are caught in an active shooter situation the adrenaline coursing through their veins is going to turn that 6 inch group into about a 30 inch group.

In other words, chances are more likely they will miss their target, rather than hit it.

This happens to everyone, no matter how good you can shoot. The difference is, if you can shoot a 4 inch group, it will turn into a 20 inch one. If you can shoot a 2 inch group, it will turn into a 10 inch one. If you can shoot a 1 inch group, it will turn into a 5 inch one. The better you are when shooting at a target, the better you’ll be able to be shooting for real.

But just shooting at a fixed target isn’t enough. You also need to get involved in some tactical training. That means shooting in a tactical (real life) situation.

Most shooting ranges offer some tactical shooting events, allowing you the opportunity to try them out and get some more realistic training.

The main difference between these tactical shooting events and normal shooting is that you would be shooting at silhouette targets, set up to be a life-like scenario. There will be several targets, at different ranges and different angles. Some might be partially hidden or moving.

You might also be required to move or to shoot from behind an obstacle. Finally, you will shooting against the clock, with only one shooter at a time. That clock does a pretty good job of imitating the stress of a real situation.

Have an Escape Planned

Regardless of who you are or where you are when a terrorist goes loud, your first priority is to save your own life. Your second is to protect your family. Shooting may be a part of that, but running might be as well.

Discretion is still the better part of valor, so knowing when it’s time to fight and when it’s time to run is important. Don’t put your family at risk, trying to be a hero.

Everywhere you go, look around to see the available avenues of escape. If possible, check doors to make sure that they are unlocked. Plan out how you will get yourself and your family out, if you are forced to do so.

Having a plan for how you will escape, when everyone else is running around like a chicken with their head cut off, may just be what you need to have, in order to be counted amongst the survivors.

I make it a habit of quickly thinking through a plan of action, everywhere I go. That way, if someone comes in shooting, either a terrorist or a criminal, I have something to fall back on. Is that paranoid? No, it’s prudent. I don’t dwell on the possibility, I just create a plan A and a plan B. Plan A is to shoot and plan B is to flee.

A major part of plan A is to select a good place to shoot from, so that I can hit the bad guys, without hitting any innocent bystanders. Some places, especially crowded ones, make it difficult to shoot safely. There was a man with a concealed carry license in the mass shooting at the Batman Premiere. He never drew his gun, because of the crowd and the confusion. He recognized that his chances of hitting the shooter, without hitting anyone else, were minimal.

A major part of plan B is always using my gun to protect myself and my family, as we flee. Just because I’m running doesn’t mean I’m leaving my gun in the holster. I may start my escape plan, but not be able to make it all the way. Perhaps the shooter has someone stationed outside that door. I need to be ready.

To Conclude

Following these five steps will not guarantee that you’ll get out of a terrorist situation. A lot will depend on what the terrorists do and how you respond to it. Your training will be a factor as will the actions of the other people who are there.

But it will do one thing. That’s to increase your chances of survival, by giving you a chance to fight back. Regardless of how good a chance that is, it’s one worth taking.

Because the alternative, if you can’t fight back, is to be nothing more than a lamb led to the slaughter.

Learn from the experts the secret of self-defense. Click the banner below to grab your guide!


This article has been written by Bill White for Survivopedia.

The SW22 Victory: A Project Squirrel Pistol (Part 2)

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2_Smith_and_Wesson_SW22_Victory_Leupold_DeltaPoint_Front_sightIn Part 1 of this Project Squirrel Pistol using a Smith and Wesson SW22 Victory .22 long rifle semi auto pistol, my focus was on the gun and its parts. For part 2, let’s take the Victory out for a spin. The Victory is not a light pistol. Not even of average light. The Victory is heavy. Out of the box, the Victory weighs in at 36 ounces. Compare that to the Ruger 22/45 Lite I used for my B.O.L.T. Pistol build at 25 ounces. So when I add an optic, suppressor, and 11 round mag, the Victory is approaching three pounds. That’s well over halfway to a lightweight .22 rifle.

By Doc Montana, a Contributing Author to SHTFBlog and

My initial field tests of the Victory highlighted three main things. First, the Victory is accurate. Its heavy barrel balances the gun while holding the front sight on target easily. Second, it ate all the regular .22 ammo I threw at it. Whether rapid fire or slow and deliberate, the Victory cycled 100% of the time. No light strikes, no FTF, and no FTE with or without a silencer. However, when loaded with several different brands of subsonic .22 ammo, about half the time there was a failure to eject leading to a very predictable and easy to clear stovepipe. In fact, the odds of a successful reloading cycle with subsonic ammo can be improved by holding the ejection port down. Yes, gangsta style. Most of the time, the bolt was slamming down on an almost-ejected case. Put a little gravity in your favor and your odds improve. So much so I wondered if maybe the ridiculous sideways gang-style holding of an autopistol was a natural evolution of getting a cheap-crap gun to eject the spent round. Probably not though.

Precision Shooting

3_Smith_and_Wesson_SW22_Victory_rail_rear_sight_ironThe factory sights on the Victory are excellent. In fact, they could easily be mistaken for an aftermarket upgrade. A green horseshoe fiber optic on the rear sight provide to bright zombie-green dots in which to center the front fiber optic green dot. Frankly, I think it would be a nice touch to have an orange front sight dot rather than another green one. Or even a fiber optic color kit like some Rugers come with. For precision shooting, a black front blade is sometimes more welcome than an in-your-face bright dot, but for this build I am going to leave the irons alone and move on to both a red dot and a scope. The Project Squirrel leanings of this project require more than irons can deliver consistently. Low light, long distance, and tiny targets all tax the irons. When shooting golfball sized objects at 30 yards, the target can disappear behind the sight, or be hard to see above the trio of green dots.

Related: The SW22 Part 1

3_Smith_and_Wesson_SW22_Victory_Leupold_DeltaPoint_Pro_red_dotFor a red dot, the Leupold DeltaPoint Pro seemed a perfect match. Lightweight, low profile, simple interface, and rock solid. The Leupold DeltaPoint Pro also has the advantage of being able to swap the battery without tools and without removing the sight from the gun. Further, the topside sealed battery compartment allows the Leupold DeltaPoint Pro to mate with any mount without the need for additional sealing plates. Using a 2.5 MOA dot, it’s possible drill target after target with a simple accuracy one reserved for those with extensive shooting experience. The Leupold DeltaPoint Pro uses a steel housing shell over the core aluminium housing. The steel shell transfers the force of blows around the important parts of the sight. Another feature of the Leupold DeltaPoint Pro is that it has “Motion Sensor Technology” meaning that the red dot turns on automatically when the sight moves. So the DPP as it’s known will shut off when still, yet fire back up instantly when moved. Of course you can shut off the DPP completely if you like.


4_Smith_and_Wesson_SW22_Victory_Leupold_scope_3To run an optic on the Victory, you may need to replace the back sight rail with an included picatinny rail. The included S&W rail is polymer so there are aftermarket machined aluminium versions available to maximize a stable zero for competitive target shooting. I considered one, but then I havn’t noticed any issues yet with my optics on the Victory. The Leupold DeltaPoint Pro has zero magnification, and the scope is a 2x. Plus both are held at arm’s length from the eye. Now if I was using a 4x or higher rifle scope on a polymer rail, I would have serious concerns about zero retention. Another hesitation with an aftermarket rail is that the factory one has a notched rear sight so if you lose your optic, you can still use your irons with the rail as a traditional matte black rear iron sight. Given the growing number of aftermarket barrels for the Victory, and that the competition barrels have no front sights, I’ll probably upgrade the rail if ever upgrade the barrel. But for the moment, the factory match grade heavy barrel works perfectly for this project.

Check Out: Weaponized Nanotechnology

On the muzzle-end of this Victory is a factory-threaded barrel. It came with a heavy steel thread protector so when not running a suppressor, use a TandemKross compensator. While adding only three-quarters of an ounce to the mix, the compensator at four times longer than the factory option gives direction to the muzzle exhaust providing a reduction in muzzle rise and even some indexing potential. And I’ve experienced shooting with the TK compensator on the B.O.L.T Pistol on snowy surfaces only to have the “dust signature” of the snow be an issue without the compensator, and be a non-issue with one.

So if Project Squirrel Pistol matches your bug out needs, than the S&W SW22 Victory is a great starting point. And ending point.

The EDC Gun Kit

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EDC_gun_bagAlternatives to the traditional Bug Out Bag (BOB) and the Every Day Carry (EDC) bag may be a viable option for many preppers and survivalists.  Though the purpose of these two standard type supply bags can be quite different, they do not have to be exclusive.  Different kit bags can be tasked for different conditions, situations, or circumstances.Another such kit bag to consider has the main and sole purpose for expedient self-defense and very short term survival.  This bag or kit could be stored hidden in a vehicle, locked in a bottom drawer, file cabinet or desk at work along with the bottle of brandy, or added as a supplemental kit to a brief case, satchel, or backpack used in everyday travel or carry.

By Dr. John J. Woods, a contributing author to SHTFBlog & Survival Cache

It could be carried alongside the diapers in a stroller, in the zippered ball bag as part of a golf bag or tennis gear bag.  It could be in a gym bag as part of your workout gear or exercise facility equipment.  The general idea is to have it available when or if it is needed.  

The EDC Gun Kit can go anywhere, be anywhere that there is a reasonable expectation that a threat could exist or develop.  This implies situations outside of the house or primary residence.  There you should already be protected with self-defense weapons, ammo, and supplies.  Outside your home or at work this may not usually be the case, hence the need for such a specialized kit bag.  

EDC Gun Kit Purpose/Justification

8_Ruger_Super_Redhawk_Alaskan_44_Magnum_Galco_chest_holsterSure, it would be just as simple to carry a concealed weapon on your person as have to worry or keep up with another bag to grab.  Well, maybe.  Concealed carry is not always the best option or even a legal one in some circumstances.  Besides, in this case, we are talking about more than just having a handgun hidden in the small of your back, or inside the waistband.  CCW often just implies a single occurrence.  A threat appears, defend yourself, and move on to safety.  Such as a parking garage mugging attack or assault.  That is obviously oversimplified, but after your pistol mag is empty, what then?  

The EDC Gun Kit is intended for providing safety for a relatively short period of time.  Such as, getting down the street to your parked car, or out of a park or zoo, or shopping center, or around the block to a police station or other secure area.  

Related: 10 Bug Out Bag Essentials

It might also become a circumstance where you are forced to hunker down overnight until the run rises so you can move on.  Under these conditions, you are going to want a little more gear and supplies than a gun in the pocket, but perhaps not as much as you might have put together in a full bore survival every day carry bag with food, fire, and sheltering provisions.  

This becomes a fine line of course, between one kind of supply bag or kit and another one.  Those choices are yours, but it is worth considering to have options and to create other kits for other uses or even multiples of them for caching at different locations, different vehicles, or other secure places.  

EDC Gun Kit Bag

3_Hill_People_Gear_Recon_Kit_Bag_with_backpackThis bag should be small, light, but highly durable.  It can be a carry bag with handles, a satchel with shoulder strap, a sling bag, fanny pack, or downsized backpack.  It needs to have multiple pockets with secure closures and loops for attaching things or loops to latch onto.  It could have Molle loops as well.  A bag that is waterproof or at least water resistant is best.  There are some larger pistol or gun cases, range bags, or tactical type bags that might do.  Military map cases, computer bags, attaché cases, or tactical shoulder bags can work too if that are not too large or present too obvious a profile.  Roller bags, or wheeled cases, or even small luggage type bags are too big for this job and too cumbersome to move quickly and travel fast.

Check Out: Hill People Gear Recon Kit Bag


Stay with a low(er) profile styling and a black or blend in color like an earth tone.  Stay away from anything designer type that might attract unwanted attention.  Case in point, during a trip to Costa Rica one of our party was attacked and robbed on a main street in town while carrying a pink backpack with a Disney character on it that screamed “Hey, I am an American tourist”.  I advised her to ditch it on day one, but she paid the price for not listening by losing her passport, credit cards, IDs and cash money.  

Leave the statement patches off the hook and loop stickers.  Don’t snap lock on name tags or political do-dads or anything trying to make a statement.  Your statement is to go unnoticed in a crowd, in the office, or walking down the street.  Just another average Joe or Jane on a stroll or trying to get home.  

EDC Gun Kit Contents

5_Hill_People_Gear_Recon_Kit_Bag_Ruger_Alaskan_homeWhat should go in this every day carry or stash bag?  We call it a “gun kit” so naturally the primary item for this bag is a self-defense or offensive weapon.  In theory of course, it could be any handgun for which the user is comfortable and proficient in using.  This means a revolver or semi-auto.  Pick one that works for you, but choose a firearm that has enough power to handle potential confrontational situations.  

My opinion, but for this gun kit, get at least a .38 Special, .357 Magnum or maybe a .44 Special in a revolver.  For a semi-auto pistol choose the 9mm at the very least.  If you can handle a bigger gun such as a .45 ACP then choose that.  However, don’t go overboard.  You don’t need a Desert Eagle in .44 Magnum.  Your EDC kit gun should be as small and portable as possible.  

Reloading is a consideration, too.  For revolvers you can keep a couple of extra speed loaders that holds five or six extra rounds in a quick release device.  Just insert the 5-6 held cartridges into the revolver cylinder after ejecting the fired cases, and quick turn the speed loader release.  This reloads the entire 5-6 round cylinder all in one motion.  

Read Also: How to Pick the Best Personal Protection Firearm

SHTFblog-tactical-survival-cache-sig-sauer-p220-sao-p220sao-browing-hi-power-high-power-practical-40-big-bore-cocked-and-lockedLikewise, consider keeping at least 2-6 extra loaded magazines for your gun kit pistol in the bag.  There are no “usual or normal” circumstances that one may encounter during a SHTF, but hopefully 30-50 rounds should be enough to get you out of trouble and safely away from any threat or problem scene.  Some of the bag types mentioned above will have pistol magazine holding loops ideally inside the bag out of public view.  Practice withdrawing them to reload and practice those motions, too.  

You got the gun covered.  Now what else?  The list could be endless or personalized to your concerns, but keep it limited to bare essentials.  Remember the gun kit can be altered, modified or changed out as use over time yields new experiences or input.  

The gun kit needs to be kept light and handy.  Again it is not a full bore EDC bag.  So, maybe add a knife, flashlight, light gripper gloves, and maybe a full day of meds that you may have to have for health reasons.  Perhaps there is room for a single bottle of water and a nab or two.  Try to think of keeping this bag under ten pounds total.  

Personal customization is the key to your use and reliance upon such a gun kit bag.  You may want to add a cigarette lighter, or box of matches.  Your cell phone may be in this bag or a secondary backup phone.  What else would you add, while maintaining the restrictions?  

3_Smith_and_Wesson_SW22_Victory_Magpul_DAKA_carry_OptionThere is no rocket science in building an EDC Gun Kit.  Just realize its narrow function in terms of short term defense and very basic survival for not much longer than over one night at the most.  It is only designed to protect and sustain you long enough to get you out of a building, store, or any such location in order to reach your vehicle or to then drive to another safe place or home.  Again, considering adding another prepper-survival bag might sound like overkill and it may be for some.  However, this is just an option to consider.  Only you can ultimately decide what bag, weapon, gear, supplies, and self-defense posture you want to take.  Just don’t get caught without something to rely on when SHTF happens.  


Top 5 Popular Types of Guns Not Suitable For SHTF

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by Nicholas

Selecting your firearms is one of the most important things you can make as a prepper, because these are the guns that you will use to keep your, your family, and your property safe in the event of a disaster or a home invasion.

The purpose of this article is to outline five specific types of popular guns or guns that are commonly cited as being ‘good choices’ for a survival situation and then discuss why these guns will actually be poor ones for your survival armory.

That’s not to say that these gun types are bad by any means.  Most of them have their place and are fun toys for the shooting range. They just aren’t the best options to have with you in a self-defensive or survival situation.

Here are the top five most popular types of guns not suitable for SHTF:

Single Shot Shotguns and Rifles

Single shot breech loading shotguns and rifles are often cited as being good SHTF rifles.  Yes, they only hold one round obviously, but proponents will argue that because they are so simple they will never fail you.

You simply press a button or lever and the barrel drops down.  Load your round, snap the barrel back into place, and cock the hammer to fire.  There are so few moving parts in a single shot shotgun (especially in comparison to modern shotguns and rifles), that you can most likely count on them still running flawlessly a hundred years down the road.  Plus, single shot firearms such as these tend to be dead cheap as well.  So why are they such a poor choice for SHTF weapons?

Let’s answer this question by citing an example of what could happen in an SHTF situation. Let’s say the power grid has collapsed and will stay down for a very long time.  You’ve wisely stocked up on enough food and water to last you a year, but word has gotten out and now you have a group of five or ten armed (and desperate) marauders descending into your home, looking to kill you and your family members and steal your stockpile.

Answer honestly: in this kind of a situation, is a single shot shotgun or rifle really the weapon you would want, knowing full well that many of your opponents could be armed with semi-automatics? This should end the discussion right there.

Beretta Cx4 storm

By Rama – Own work, CC BY-SA 2.0 fr,

Pistol Caliber Carbines

Pistol caliber carbines are also often commonly cited as good choices for SHTF weapons.  The logic goes that you only need to stock up on one kind of ammunition because your pistol and carbine will both fire it.  Sometimes, both a carbine and pistol will even accept the same magazines: the Beretta CX4 Storm Carbine, for example, will accept either Beretta Px4 or 92FS magazines depending on the model.

Here’s a piece of advice: if you have a shoulder fired weapon, it should fire rifle ammunition, plain and simple. The reason for this is because pistol ammunition is significantly underpowered in comparison to rifle rounds, and while velocity will be a little higher when it’s fired out of a longer barrel, it’s still underpowered.

This proves to be a liability in a defensive situation. A rifle round such as 5.56x45mm or .308 will be much more likely to do this than 9mm or even .45.

Furthermore, a pistol round is not a suitable choice for big game hunting such as deer or elk. This is another situation where it would be more desirable to have a larger caliber.

All in all, while it does undeniably sound appealing to have a handgun and a long gun that fire the same round, you would still be better off having a long gun that fires a rifle round.  Rather than invest your money in a pistol caliber carbine, invest it in something such as an AR-15, AK-47, or M1A instead.

mini revolver in holster

Pocket Pistols

The pocket pistol market is booming right now, because many people strongly want something that all they have to do is place it in their pockets. This could also initially make a pocket pistol such as a Ruger LCP or Kel-Tec P-32 an appealing choice for an SHTF sidearm, because it will be so easy to hide on your person when you absolutely don’t want anybody to know that you have a gun on you.

The reality, however, is that you should never consider a pocket pistol as an SHTF sidearm.  They are extremely close range weapons due to their small size and caliber. Most pocket pistols are chambered for .22 LR, .25 ACP, .32 ACP, or .380 ACP. None of these rounds is considered by experts to be an effective man stopper.

The overall small size of a pocket pistol not only means that you can’t get a full firing grip on the weapon, the short barrels also translates to the velocity out of these guns being very low on top of the fact that they are underpowered. In addition, pocket pistols tend to have high recoil for their caliber because of their lightweight, which doesn’t permit fast follow up shots against multiple opponents.

In short, if you need a gun that you can just throw into your pocket before heading to the restaurant or the gas station, a pocket pistol will do. But if you need something you can count on to defend yourself and your family in an SHTF situation, leave it in the safe.

Single Action Revolvers

Not only are single action revolvers such as the Colt Peacemaker or Ruger Vaquero incredibly beautiful, they are also a blast to shoot. They point naturally and the accuracy is superb.

That being said, a single action revolver of any kind is an absolutely terrible choice for an SHTF sidearm. There are three reasons why…

The first reason is that single action revolvers tend to lack the strength and durability of double action revolvers or semi-automatic pistols. Spare parts for these guns are not cheap and will likely be very hard to find in an SHTF situation.

The second reason is that reloading times on a single action revolver are slow; you have to open the latch on the side and then remove each spent shell casing and load in a new one individually.  This could be detrimental in a self-defense situation where you need to get back into the fight now.

Finally, you have to manually cock back the hammer each time you pull the trigger (hence it being single action) to fire.  If you need to send a lot of lead downrange against multiple opponents who are trying to kill you, this will naturally put you at a disadvantage that could prove fatal.

russian sks military surplus

Military Surplus Rifles

This one may surprise you, especially because surplus rifles such as the Mosin-Nagant are commonly cited as being excellent SHTF rifles due to their durable build quality, cheap price, and generally affordable ammunition.  Other rifles besides the Mosin-Nagant that fill this criteria include Mauser rifles, Lee-Enfields, Springfield 1903s and Arisaka rifles.

So if you’re on a budget, a military surplus rifle will understandably sound like an enticing option.  Nonetheless, you should still strongly consider other options.  The short answer is that these rifles were built for another time (early 1900s) and are therefore outdated by today’s standards.  Not only are these bolt-action rifles, but they also have very long barrels that can make them difficult to maneuver in home defense or close quarters situations.

Furthermore, the ammunition for them may be cheap now, but will unlikely last long in the event of an ammunition shortage or disaster situation. Surplus rounds such as 7.62x54r, 8mm Mauser, or .303 British will not be nearly as commonplace as rounds such as the 5.56x45mm NATO or .308 Winchester.

If you want a surplus rifle as a collector or for hunting on a budget, it’s not a bad choice. But for a serious SHTF defensive weapon, there are far better options out there.


When putting together your personal survival armory, we highly recommend that you skip over any firearms that fall into the above categories for the reasons we have explained.  Your chances of survival and your ability to defend your family and property will go up if you opt for different options instead.

7 Collapsible Weapons: Packable Weapons for Your Bug Out Bag

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7 Collapsible Weapons: Packable Weapons for Your Bug Out Bag Weapons that disassemble or collapse are even more useful for bug out bags. Where every amount of space and weight matters, collapsible weapons can give you the opportunity to hunt and defend yourself as you could with a larger weapon. Not only do they take up …

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9 Firearm Training Tips to Help You Survive a Deadly Encounter

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9 Firearm Training Tips to Help You Survive a Deadly Encounter We all have guns. Its one of those things that is high on the prepper and survivalists lists. You feel a strange sort of protection just by having a gun. Though you may not have the slightest idea how to use it. The truth …

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Walther PPQ vs. HK VP9

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by Nicholas

It’s safe to say that the striker-fired pistol market today is dominated by Glock (as it has been for sometime), and while there’s no denying that Glock made readily available quality guns, there are a variety of great pistols out there. If you want a pistol other than Glock, you have many options. Two of these options are the Walther PPQ and HK VP9.

The PPQ and the VP9 both stand out from the Glock in a number of ways. While the basic design is the same as the Glock, both the PPQ and VP9 feature improved ergonomics that could make them more appealing to different shooters.

Let’s go over the PPQ and VP9 in detail so you can understand the main differences between the two pistols.

walther ppq

Walther PPQ

The Walther PPQ is slightly older than the VP9, being released in 2011. The PPQ is simply an updated version of their previous P99 series of pistols.

While the P99 was striker fired, it was unique in that the first trigger pull is long while all subsequent shots are short. The P99 also features a decocker button to put the pistol back to the double action pull.

The P99 was quite successful in Europe, but noticeably less so in the United States. It seems that American shooters prefer their striker fired pistols to have a single consistent trigger pull like the Glock.

A video going over the Walther PPQ:

Walther picked up on this and released the PPQ, which unlike the P99 is not a DA/SA design, and has a consistent trigger pull. However, this trigger is also the main hallmark of the PPQ: it’s no ordinary trigger, at least not when compared to the Glock.

Whereas other striker fired pistols such as Glocks will have a little bit of creep before the gun can be fired, the PPQ’s trigger is noticeably lighter and crisper. This allows the shooter to not only have a more pleasurable shooting experience; it also allows them to fire faster follow up shots.

A major advantage to the PPQ is its ergonomics, particularly in the grip. The engineers of Walther spent much time (as in years) in developing the ergonomics for their P99 and PPQ pistols, wanting the gun to have a natural point of aim and for it to feel as if it melts in your hand.  Ergonomics are entirely based on one’s personal preference, but most agree that the ergonomics to the PPQ are superior over the more block-like feel of the Glock.

Today, the PPQ is available in four calibers: .22 LR (12 rounds), 9mm Luger (15 or 17 rounds), .40 S&W (11 or 13 rounds), and .45 ACP (12 rounds).

Heckler & Koch VP9

The HK VP9 is another highly regarded striker fired pistol and one of the main rivals to the PPQ.  As with the PPQ, there is a lot of history in the VP9’s development.

What makes the VP9 special is that Heckler & Koch actually built the original polymer framed striker fired pistol 12 years before Glock: the HK VP70.

The only issue with the VP70 was that it was expensive, and admittedly not the best design in the world, so it didn’t see much success. Glock perfected making the polymer framed striker fired pistol, which is why they were so successful.

HK went on to mainly make hammer fired pistols, eventually producing the HK USP and later the HK P30 with improved ergonomics over the USP. They were still itching to get back into the striker fired market, however, so they continued their VP series and produced the VP9 in 9mm (15 rounds) in 2014 and then the VP40 in .40 S&W (13 rounds) in 2015.

A video exploring the Heckler & Koch VP9:

The HK VP9’s ergonomics and looks closely resemble that of the HK P30. The trigger on the VP9 is improved over the Glock and closely rivals that of the PPQ.

There are two major appealing points to the VP9 in terms of its ergonomics. The first is the addition of what are called ‘bunny ears,’ or short polymer protrusions (on the right hand and left hand sides of the slide). These allow the shooter to grip the VP9’s slide firmer to rack it, should one ever be in wet conditions.

The other major plus of the VP9’s ergonomics is that not only can the back straps of the grips be swapped out like with the PPQ, but the sides of the grips can also be swapped out. This means you can literally make the VP9 as comfortable as you want it to.

PPQ or VP9?

So the main question is: should you go with the PPQ or the VP9? Both pistols are high quality, come from reputable manufacturers, and underwent years of development. So it’s safe to say that you can’t go wrong in choosing either pistol.

In terms of ergonomics, it’s entirely up to you as to whether you prefer the PPQ or the VP9. To determine which one you like more, you’re just going to have to hold them for yourself in a sporting goods store.

The biggest point of contention between the PPQ and the VP9 however, is in the trigger. When the PPQ was released, Walther marketed it as having the best pull of any production striker fired pistol. When HK released the VP9, however, they also claimed that the VP9’s trigger was the best on the market.

Again, whichever trigger you personally like comes down to your preference. A general consensus has seemed to form, however, that the VP9’s trigger is superior on the take-up while the PPQ’s trigger is superior on the actual break.

Both pistols also utilize a Picatinny accessory rail for adding lights and lasers. They are roughly the same size and weight, although the VP9 is just a tad larger. Both are suitable for concealed carry or home defense. In addition, price between the PPQ and the VP9 is about the same, though usually the PPQ can be had for just a tad less.

This video shows a contrast between the PPQ and VP9:


When it comes down to it, both are top-tier German manufactured pistols that were the culmination of many years of development. Both are going to do exactly what you ask of them, so in that regards, you won’t be disappointed in either. Whichever pistol you choose should be based on which one you prefer when handling or when shooting on the range.

The PPQ and the VP9 are great alternatives to the Glock series of handguns because they both offer a number of out-of-the-box improvements. That’s not to say that they are superior in quality to Glock, but it is to say that you may prefer them for the reasons this article has gone over.


The US in Syria: Boots on the Ground or Get the Heck Out?

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Remember the high hopes for the “Arab Spring” in 2011? It’s almost forgotten now, apart from one grim legacy – the Syrian Civil War. This has now been raging for

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Bowhunting: For Food and Survival

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Bowhunting: For Food and Survival There is definitely an enigmatic mystique and awe when it comes to archery. Most people know what archery is, but few truly appreciate it. The amount of skill, dedication and practice that it takes to become a good archer is definitely underrated. Many people, when they try to shoot an … Continue reading Bowhunting: For Food and Survival

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Survival Gear Review: SIG Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder

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Cutting to the chase, the Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder works as advertised. So now that’s of the way, let’s consider the philosophy behind owning and using such an advanced handheld ballistics computer. And just to get it out of the way, the Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder retails for $1700 and has a street price in bad breath distance of $1500.

By Doc Montana, a Contributing Author to SHTFBlog and

1_SIG_Kilo2400_laser_Rangefinder_Business_endAs a lifelong hunter and one who was shooting iron sights out a hundred yards, and bringing down big game at two and three hundred yards with 4x scopes, I do find it interesting that the AR15 has enlightened many folks to the capabilities of shooting long distance. The weird thing is that our simple bolt action rifles in .270, .308 and my favorite 30-06 have been around for almost forever and have been capable of hitting targets well beyond 500 yards with minimal skill and out to 1000 yards with considerable skill. Of course, extreme long range, or ELR as the extreme long rangers like to say, has better options including the .338 Lapua and the .50 BMG, but regular old hunting cartridges can easily outshoot most shooters. Well, unless they are using the Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder.

Spell Check for Long Range Shooting

A ballistics solution is the information you need to place your bullet on your target regardless of distance. angle, or atmospheric conditions. It is an adjustment in aiming that takes into consideration every realtime consideration worth taking into consideration. And when the ballistics solution is dialed into the profiled rifle, a scary degree of long range accuracy can be achieved by someone with more brains than skill. Kind of like spell-check for long range shooting.

2_SIG_Kilo2400_laser_Rangefinder_App_screenshot_2The Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder really is a computer surrounded by a 7x optic and a laser rangefinder. If you pair your Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder to your phone using Bluetooth and the Sig App, you can view and enter data via the phone providing the Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder all pertinent info to put your specific bullet on your specific target.

Where the Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder deviates from traditional laser rangefinders, even the good ones, is that the Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder has capabilities well beyond what most shooters expect from their rangefinders. By entering all necessary information into the onboard Applied Ballistics Solutions calculator, the Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder will spit out the exact adjustments necessary to hit the target. If you miss, then bad info entered the equation because the equation is perfect.

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The Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder is a complete kit that includes a wind speed meter, a tripod mounting frame, an over-engineered case, three batteries, and tactical pen. Oh, and an App available for both iOS and Android. The Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder can easily work without the App, but the App allows an easier input of data, and the ability to upload rifle profiles into the Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder.

So where’s the magic? It is in the ballistic solutions the Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder provides to anyone who asks. I’ve long been a proponent for upgrading a firearm as much for the added performance as to learn how it works. After a few teardowns and rebuilds, you will have an intimate knowledge of the gun and feel comfortable tearing into it for whatever reason, or even fabricating your own parts if something goes south. So using or even just playing with the Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder, you will gain important insights into ELR shooting whether or not you ever pull a trigger on a 1km shot.

3_SIG_Kilo2400_laser_Rangefinder_in_handI know it sounds like ELR blasphemy, but dropping a grand and a half on a ballistics computer with range finder is something you will not have a second chance at when the EMP hits, or the store shelves go bare. For those who don’t think much beyond their apartment hallways, or even the end of the block, shooting long distance is low on the preparedness checklist. The problem is that in a real SHTF situation, the environment changes. Flinging lead down the street or from rooftop to rooftop is not just for the movies. It is something that urban combat across the world has taught us is a realistic skill. Sorry to burst any bubbles, but in a real SHTF WROL, you just might want to have some ELR shooting skills whether by practice or by electronics; the target doesn’t know or care.

One of the odd things about extremely long range shooting is that that the firearms community believe that it requires specialized equipment and near superhuman skill. In reality, anyone who wants to lob bullets an eighth of a mile can do so. But to hit something requires just a little bit more. If you have an endless number of shots, you can walk something in even at five miles, but human threats are of human size and realistic encounters are at the limits of vision, optics, and even the curvature of the earth. But protecting one’s bug out location with a thousand yard shot is not out of the question, but certainly might be out of your plan.

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The Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder provides near-instantaneous adjustment suggestions that when dialed into your scope or DOPE will do wonders even you have never ever attempted a shot over 500 yards. I know that’s a scary thought for traditional hunters who wander the woods with their 200 yard guns that can actually shoot a thousand yards, but the reality is that with the right information and understanding, few long guns are short range tools.

The Brass Tacks

Where the Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder really impresses is with it’s ability to quickly provide accurate distances out to thousands of yards. Depending on the reflectiveness of the target, the Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder can push the two mile limit with no problem, and exceed that where the physics allow. As if that kind of accuracy and precision isn’t enough, the Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder has a hyperscan mode that gives a distance value every quarter second. The moment I first tried it, I thought of Jason Bourne.  The optically absurd rangefinding monocular he scans with in multiple movies has a fast reaction output zapping range values as fast as he can move the monocular.

4_SIG_Kilo2400_laser_Rangefinder_user_endThe Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder is powered by a single CR123 battery which is a welcome change (upgrade?) over the CR2 battery that many other high-end rangefinders use. Not only is the CR123 more powerful in advanced size, but is also a common battery size in many other quality field electronics including holographic gun sights, gun lights, flashlights, and night vision scopes. The battery life of the Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder is an interesting question. The Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder ships with three batteries which can be taken several ways. It might be that the Sig Kilo2400 ABS Laser Rangefinder eats batteries, but I haven’t found that to be the case. However, if extended use of the Hyperscan mode is used, I would suspect that the battery will be exhausted rather quickly. This guess is based on a tidbit in my Leica rangerfinder instruction book that mentions that when the low battery indicator comes on, about 200 ranges are left. The Hyperscan mode would blast through 200 ranges in less than a minute of use. The Hyperscan mode ranges at four times a second but for no more than 20 seconds of continious use.

In real life, even if your training and shooting adventures don’t allow the long range stuff, you can count on the SIG Kilo2400 to take you to the next step when it really matters.

6 Guns to Buy Before a Gun Ban or Civil Unrest

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Guns are an issue. They have always been an issue and they will always be an issue. There is always someone out there with the great utopian idea that if we simply take away all the guns we will eliminate all the crime. This idea has been proven to fail for many reasons. And yet […]

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